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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL. XLVI.- XO. 14,111.
PORTIAIS'D, OREGON, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 28, 1906,
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
PROFIT IN GSS ST
Oil Is Cheapest Source
on Pacific Coast.
PLENTY AT VERY LOW-PRJCE
Sair Francisco Has Made a
CHARGE NOW EXORBITANT
Monopolistic Company Puts Manu
facturing and Delivery at 79 1-2
tents, but Supervisors Find
t Figures Much Inflated.
SUMMARY OF INVESTIGATION.
The Investigation made by the San
Francisco Board of Supervisors has
First That .gas which the company
sells to consumers for Jl and which it
alleges costs "PVi cents to make and
distribute can in reality be made and
distributed at a cost of -45 cents.
Second That the value of the gas
company's plant Is a matter of mys
tery, no official of the gas company
possessing the necessary figure, but
a general claim put forth that the
value of the plant Is more than ?2rt.
000.000. while, the Supervisors say It
will not exceed $12,000,000. and the
sssesMnent stands at $8,000,000.
Thin! That the ras company In
estimating the cost of making gas
includes the interest on more than
59,000.000 of bonds. These bonds be
ing Jargely held by the stockholders
of .the company, this amounts to
an attempt to extort a double Inter
est on the plant from the people.
Fourth That gas pipe costing 32
a. ton Is listed at $40 a. ton.
.Fifth That superfluous mains and
discontinued stations are Included In
the cost of distributing gas by tire,
RlxthTfittrTlu? Wrvice is poor, in
adequate and that arbitrary methx,
ods are in use.
SAN FRANCISGO, Feb. 27. (Special.)
San Francisco is sharing in the con
troversy which Is raging: from one end
of the countryto the other over the ques
tion of gas rates. The Board of Super
visors is now holding an investigation
preparatory to establishing the cost of
gas for the year. The present rate in
San Francisco is $1 a thousand cubic
feet, but the present Board of Super
visors was elected last November pledged
to reduce the rate. .
The campaign cry whs "75-cent gas."
It Is generally understood that the pres
ent rate Is to be reduced, if not to 75
cents, at least to S5 or 90. The company
alleges, however, that the average price
now secured is 97 cents, but as consum
ers pay 51, this Is recognized as the of
ficial rate. . . - .
The Investigation by the board has
been far-reaching and the Inside opera
tions of the gas monopoly have been
laid bare. The Supervisors have ap
proached the question, not from an ab
solute standpoint, but with the view of
making the rate as low as possible, at
the same time giving the gas company
a fair rate of Interest on Its Investment.
It may thus at the outset be seen what
a conflict of views is bound to arise as
to a proper gas rate.
First there has been a wide divergence
of opinion as to the amount the gas
company has invested In its plants, the
corporation claiming twice as much as
the Supervisors are inclined to allow.
Again, in presenting figures on the cost
of making gas. the company has Inserted
Items which the Supervisors declare they
will rule out. These include such things
as Interest on bonded indebtedness, main
taining old mains, and the like.
Interest on Inflated Debt.
Tt will be noted that the company in
U03 estimated the cost and distribution of
gas at 72.22 cents, but at present figures
that it is 79.50 cents. This increase is as
cribed to the greater cost of labor and
materials by the gas company, but the
truth is that It Is in large part due to
the Interest being paid on Inflated In
debtedness. Th'e following figures repre
sent the cost of making and distributing
gas In San Francisco, according to vari
as company $ -rO
Oss-expert of the cltv. O. M. Tupp'e'rl .fi172
hupervlsors' committee fror UD3 met
Estimate after eliminating Interest on
on landed Indebtedness, depreciation
and the like 4,Vo
In the foregoing estimates the original
figures of the gas company are taken as a
basis on which to make computations.
These figttres are in many Instances In
flated. Too much Is figured for the cost
of pipe, old pumps and stations discarded
for years are Included - In operating ex
penses. The -45-cent cost has been shown to be
practicable by the figures of the Equit
able Company as well as by proper
study of the figures of the local monopoly.
Allowing for the . fact that a large sub
urban population must -be served in either
g, San Francisco or Portland, It appears
.hat SO-cent gas should be possible on the.
V modern plant equipped with all the
ip-date machinery, owned by men with
'cajttakenough to operate it without float
ing an' enormous debt and economically
ateitercd. should too able to supply
good QUtlity; gas. to consumers la asj ot
the large, cities of fthe jTaclflc Coast for
GO cents a thousand feel.
It "is 'hardly to be 'expected that this
reduction can come all. at once, but there
Is every reason to believe that it 'will be
an accomplished fact in five' years. A few
years -ago Portland was pajing JL50 for
gas and when mention was made of & re
duction, the icry went up from the gas
company, "It is impossible." Still It has
already been reduced to $1.15, which is
out of proportion to the rate of $1 (soon
to be less) 1n San Francisco, and the S5
cent rate In Los Angeles. The Los
Angeles rate-was re-established at the
S3-cent mark this week.
Larger Cities In One Class.
, ' To 'return to 'the . real question. What
is Rfair:jHice to consumer and company
to be .charged for gas? t The "question is
strikingly, like-- that, favorite of tha
schoolboy, "How many straws In a hay
stack?" Verily, -It depends on the stack.
Let us inquire Into the stack.
For all purposes gas should be 'fur
nished at a cheaper rate, all things be
ing equal, in a largeclty than a small
one. For the purposes of this article we
will consider cities of 10000 people orl
over, conditions being almost the same
whether the city be, San"" .Pranclsco, New
Tork, Chicago, Los' Angeles -or Portland.
Cities with a smaller population belong
to a. different class and merit separate
Taking these large cities however. It
Is impossible to say the gas rate in New
York is $1, therefore it should be $1 In
San Francisco and Portland and Los
Angeles. Conditions vary slightly in
each big city, but after allowing for this
divergence the rate can be computed
which, would apply to all.
Taking the case of San Francisco to
begin with, the rate charged Is depend
ent first of all on the locality served.
There was a company in San Francisco
which was purchased by rivals in 1M3.
which was supplying gas at 60 cents a
thousand. Moreover, It was making
money and had established the low rate
of its own free will, despite the fact
that the Supervisors allowed of a greater
charge. But the secret of this low rate
lay In this the company only supplied
patrons living between Van Ness ave
nue and the Ferry. This is the busi
ness section of the city, and Is, there
fore, thickly settled. The cost of dis
tribution was reduced to a minimum.
Cost of Making Gas.
Here It should be stated that the cost
of gas to the consumer by no means rep
resents, the cost of making gas. " The cost
of making the gas Is less than one-third
the amount the consumer is asked to
pay. "Why this wide difference? It is
thlH the cost of distribution (pipes,
meters and the like) and the cost of ad
ministration (office organization, etc.)
eat up the other two-thirds.
The company which supplied the 50-cent
gas, Tcnown as the Equitable, was able to
do this because ft .did 'not reach Into tho
suburban or residence district. In these
lX2:lJ wher. the Icon. ? .Jrj-mMm
rises. Thtjre are long lines of pipes cost
ing thousands of dollars which reach Into
a section where a scanty-dozen or so
hou&cs are supplied. While a fair down
town rate might be 50 cfnts, a suburban
rate would be $1.j0, but In fixing one gen
eral rate, it comes to pass that the man
down town pays a great part of the bill
of the suburbanite. This Is the accepted
practice, and no objection is made to It.
.Four Methods of Making.
Let us now Inquire into the cost of mak
ing and distributing gas in San Francisco.
The gas made in San Francisco Is what
is known as water gas. To understand
this, let it be remembered that four meth
ods -of securing gas are now in general
use in the United States. First and sim
plest is the natural gas. This is used In
many places In Kansas, Pennsylvania and
in some cities in . California where gas
wells have been discovered. The second
method Is the manufacture of coal gas,
too well understood to need elucidation
The third is what is known as water
gas. This is a mixture of gas made from
coal and that made from oil. The one is
used to reinforce the other, and In most
cases the coal gas forms the base. This
is the method in use in Portland and San
Francisco. The fourth system Is the man
ufacture of gas from crude oil.
Of course, the natural gas Is cheaper
than all others, but can only be found In
favored sections, sometimes being piped,
however, hundreds of miles, as In Kan
saswhere It Is sold as low as 23 cents a
thousand. There is a settlement in South
ern California where gas Is supplied free
to any one who will lay his own pipes.
In -coal-bearing regions the coal gas is
cheaper, while in oil-producing states the
gas from crude oil is cheaper. The mix
ture of coal and oil gas is used where
coal-gas plants have been' Jong cstab-
(Concluded on Page 4.)
MILLIONAIRE TrPIST A BRIDE.
Mrs. Slmea Kne.
Mlii Edna Dlckerson. who recently
came Into a fortune ot $1,000,000 be
queathed by her uncle, Albert John
son, of Minneapolis, is now the bride
of Simon Kruse. a Chicago attorney,
and the couple- has left for New Tork
to pass the "honeymoon. Hlja Dlck
erson was a court jtenograjher In
Chicago for eight yer.
. j; -( , i
T,: . -sr.
CAUGHT BI MUSI
Himself a Member of the Or
der, He Fails to Answer
SUSPICION !S AROUSED
Ex-City Marshal Froman,' of Cald
well, Is the Man Entitled to
Credit for Arrest of
BT W. G. MAC R-AE.
CALDWELL. Idaho. Feb. 27. (Staff
Correspondence) Harry Orchard, the
assassin of ex-Governor Frank Steu
nenberg Is a Mason. He was raised
in Detroit, and was -& member of
Ashler Lodge. A. F. & A. M-. No. SL
This fact has been strictly guarded by
local authorities, who have been sitting
on the lid, but there seems to be a rift
In the Hd, and by the way of the under
ground route a part of the confession
In which Orchard has told the story of
his life came out today.
Not only Is Orchard a .Mason, but he
tried to work bis way Into Mount Maria
Lodge. No. C?, and would have been pres
ent at an installation and banquet given
there about the middle of December but
for. the suspicions of G. W. Froman. who
was really the man who is today respon
sible for tho arrest of the slayer of cx
Governor Stcuncnbcrg. Mr. Froman un
til today has never been given credit for
the part he played in the arrest of the
man of many murders. H was loath to
talk about it. In fact, what he had to
do with the arrest of Orchard was told
by A.' " K. Stcuncnbcrg, a brother of
Posed as a Itanchcr.
When Orchard first came to Caldwell
he posed as a man looking for a farm,
and after sheep. Mr. Froman had been
the City Marshal, and years before this
was for two years a deputy at the Boise
penitentiary. He has a splendid record
as a thief catcher and a terror to es-'
caped convicts and evildoers. For a num
ber pt yearn past he has been In the real
estate bustiirrwrnna'-ir was through' his
business that he met Orchard.
6rctianl called upon Froman to make
inquiries about a farm. In the talks which
followed. Orchard posed as a Mason, and,
without questioning him closely, Mr. Fro
man took It-for granted he was on "the
square." :A few days before the time
for the banquet and Installation of offi
cers of Mount Maria Lodge. Mr. Froman
extended to Orchard an invitation to visit
the lodge and sec the installation.
Orchard Falls Down on Quizzes.
Just what aroused his suspicions. Mr.
Froman cannot tell, but he took it upon
himself to test Orchard. Orchard was
unable to answer the .questions put to
him, and -Froman not only '.cancelled a
proposed trip into the country to look at
a ranch, but also refrained from asking
him agatn to visit the lodge. Orchard's
excuse for being unable to answer the
questions, he said, was due to the fact
that he had not been In a lodge for a
number ot years. He assured Mr. Fro
man that he had recently paid up his
back dues, and that he expected his re
ceipts almost any day.
Another Mason who lives here, with
whom Orchard became acquainted, how
ever, says that Orchard stood the test
when he quizzed him. and the night be
fore his arrest was to take him to tho
lodge. It was not until the Information
came out tonight, giving the name pf the
lodge to which Orchard1 belonged, that It
was definitely determined that he was a
Froman Warns the Governor.
From the moment that Orchard fell
down in his Masonic test to the night of
the murder. Mr. Froman kept his eye on
him. He was at his home when a tele
phono message told him of the assassina
tion, and he made up his mind at once
that the crime had been committed by
Orchard. The first thing he did was to
hurry to the Saratoga Hotel. In search of
Hogan, as Orchard was known then. Fro
man found him In the lobby, and, after
telling a friend to watch htm, he hurried
to find Governor Gooding and the officials
who bad come here from Boise by special
train. To Governor Gooding, to W. E.
Borah and to several others he said;
"There is a fellow here that must not
be allowed to leave town. I am con
vinced he either did the Job or knows
No attention was paid to Orchard that
fatal night. Sunday morning Mr. Froman
and the officials were viewing the scene
of the assassination, and while they wen
discussing the tragedy. Orchard walked
up the street within 50 yards of the Stcun
cnbcrg house. Froman saw Orchard and
pointed him out.
. Searches Room at Hotel.
It was from this moment that Orchard
fell under suspicion. Not content with
merely having Orchard watched, Mr. Fro
man took It upon himself to enter his
room in the Saratoga. Hotel, and what was
found in that now justly famous room No.
19 Is too well known to repeat.
It soon became noised about that Orch
ard was the man wanted for the crime.
Some of the officials were for placing him
under arrest at once, but Mr. Froman
persuaded them to wait, believing that
Orchard would leave the city and Join
Slmpklns and the others believed to be
partners In the murder. While waiting
for this move, Andy Johnson, a Boise po
liceman, who was anxious to gather In
the 1159 reward and pining, to be a detcc-
tlVf. aStfi Sfhriff. Xlrail .ml' kj.li- l.JI.'t
r- - -
xwre out a warrant charging Orchard
with the murder of Steuaeafeerg.
The ecers-were gc4ag to take their
prisoner to Seise, but Judge Smith got
wind of the matter and. made them place
Orchard la the County Jail. Thia was all
accomplished before the detectives got to
work on the case. So while both detec
tive agencies are claiming credit for un
raveling the mystery, it seems ithat the
only thing they can really claim credL
for was that of obtaining the confession
from the man after he was undr arrest
and held for murder and the corrob
orative evidence now In the hands of the
defense. . ,
Harry Orchard, alias Hogan, or what
ever his name Is, was' born near Green
field, illeh.- He was educated In the
country schools and. Is ,42 yearx. oldn He
drifted about the state and finally went
'to Detroit, where he Joined. the-Ia sons.
He ' was first heard of In the West "In
Butte and when" he -went-therehe was
traveling with a man named Thomas
Orchard Robbed Roommate. -
From Butte Orchard went to the Coeur
d'AIcnea and appeared, tfcere- aoon be for"
tho riots of April, He waa next
heard of In Provo. Utah. In IMC From
"there he went to Cripple Creek, where he.
met and -married his present wife, a
widow named Mrs. Tony. Mrs. Tony had
two children and had a bank account of
several thousand dollars. This was In
1P05. Ho was married under the name of
Orchard and shortly after his marriage
he began drinking and refussdto. work
until all of his wife's money was spent.
One of the many crlrpea of which the
authority .liiMTwTrdge was the rob
bery of his roommate, John Thompson.
Orchard and Thompson were rooming
with a woman named Xrs. E. M. Neville.
One night Orchard disappeared and with
him went 40 pounds .of very rich ore,
Thompson's gold watch and pearl
handled revolver. Orchard showed up at
Victor, Colo., pawned the, watch and re
volver and sent the tickets to Thompson
In a letter telling him where to find his
watch and revolver.
Ills Xante Is Not Orchard.
Orchard is not the right name of the
man who placed the bomb that killed ex
Governor Stcunenbcrr. An effort Was
made to obtain his right name from Gov
ernor Gooding; but'he refused to dlvulgs
It. on the grounds that he wished to savo
Orchard's family and relative." from the
disgrace and odium which would fall
Detectives have jtried In vain to got
Orchard's right name from his wife. She
maintains that her husband never talked
of his mother or father, beyond saying
that they-lived In Michigan. She says he
never wrote to them while he was with
Prosccntlon Very Secretive.
"BOISEi Idaho, Feb. 27. (Special.1) So
4nr no witnewes connected with tlic
StuenenNsrrg aE-isjfntfcn hare appeared
boTon- the Krcrmr-jary: TUe past two dnys
the Jury has been busy with cases of
long standing, but It Js believed that they
are about ready to take up the evidence
against Moyrr. Pettlbone and St. John.
The prosecution would not say tonight
whether they would take Orchard before
the. grand Jury tomorrow. There Is an
effort on the part of the prosecution to
prevent the public from knowing Just
when they will, take the confessed mur
derer to CaldwelL
CONTENTS TODAY'S PAPER
TEfTTErtDAT'S Maximum temperature,
deg.: minimum temperature.-35 der; pre
cipitation. .04 Inch.
TODAY'S Showers, wind mostly southerly.
Small hope of settlement of Moroccan dis
pute, though Cur tries to mediate.
Chinese official's device to provoVe massa
cre of missionaries. . Tage
American. French and BrlMsh warships go
ing to Nancban. Pace 2.
Wedding of Trlnce Eltel Frederick of Ger
many and Grand Duchess of Oldenburg.
Senate will altow Arlrona and New Mexico
to vote on union, thus defeating state
hood. Page 1-
Hous defeats . move to abolish rank of
Lieutenant-General. Pace 3.
Dr. Willy shows House committee how to
make whisky. Page 3. .
Cromwell and Morgan have another verbal
contest. Page 3.
Dubois causes Heyburn to drop Nampa post
office fixhU Page 4.
Judge Landts renders Important decision on
rate law. Page 4.
President recommends Army and Navy to
follow Togo's advice. 1'age
Death of Professor Langley. of Smithsonian
Institution. Page 4.
Mob burns negro quarter of Springfield. O.,
and militia Is called out. rage 1.
Many coal operators will resist concessions
to miners. Page 3.
Steunenberg assassin was delivered to Jus
tice by a brother Mason. Page 1.
Exorbitant rates charged for gas disclosed
. by investigation at San Francisco. Page 1.
Dakota, arrives with distinguished guests
from the Orient. Page 5.
Paul Rader, Anti-Saloon League organiser,
assaulted with knife at Salem. Page 8.
Albany will have mence from switching
cars removed. Pag ft.
Oregon Land Board sets aside more certifi
cates bought by Easterners. Tage 5.
Commercial asd Marlae.
Light stocks of canned and dried fruits on
Coast. Page IT.
Depression in stock Hsu Tage IT.
Chicago wheat marVtt affected by weather
news. Page 17.
Large blocks of wool sold at Boston.
Another drop In butter at San Francisco.
High prices paid for sheep, at Wallowa.
Portland shipped 13.00).0V) feet of lumber
by water during February. Page 10.
Unknown schooner goes ashore off Cape
Henry. Page 1U.
Barkenttne Amorauth makes steamship time
across the Pacific. Page 16.
Sailor from the ship Mlltonburn runs
amuck and then leapt into river. Page 1C
PerUaM asd Tldaltr.
Gas inquiry will be resumed this evening.
Page 10. '
O. It. & N. wins In court over North-"Bank
Road In contest for right of way at
Maegly Junction. Page II.
Stock coropaay will apptar at tha Marquaia
during the Summer. Page 9.
Toung French gtrl lured to shameless life
wlllbe deported. .Page 10; .
Hsrriraw and Newjjall-' forces' discuss' Thlrd
, street fraachise at East Side meeting.
Bridge draw stilt matter or d!pute among
members of Purtef Portland. PagelR.
Late Pence gets -' ,yermlt -through
Macly Park. PiygetlS-Ji '
Day's b"wMc!x'' Jtlux4elMlCurt,1
ONLY ONE STATE
TO BE ADMITTED
Arizona arkJNew Mexico Will
Be -Allowed to Vote
THEN 'NEITHER WILL' COME
Canvass of Senate Shows Majority
for Forakcr Amendment to State-,
hood 3111 Date -Is vFLxcd
for Pinal Vote.
OREGOXIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington. Fob. 27. Senators who have can
vassed the situation carefully declare
that, when the statehood bill is brought
to a vote on March 9. the Foraker
amendment will surely be adopted. If this
Is accomplished, there Is every reason to
believe that the House will concur and It
will then be- left to Arizona and New
Mexico to vote separately on the ques
tion whether they shall be Joined and ad
mitted to the Union ax one state.
Xew Mexico may vote for 'Joint state
hood, but Arizona Is overwhelmingly op
posed, and the effect of the Foraker
amendment will be to' admit only one
state. Oklahoma and Indian Territory
combined, while Arizona and "Xew Mexico
will remain territories Indefinitely.
CORPORATIONS RULE ARIZONA
Senators Debate Qualifications of
Territories for Statehood.
WASHINGTON. Feb. 27. The Senate to
day agreed to vote on the statehood bill
before adjournment on Friday. March 9.
The proportion was made by Bevcrldgc.
and there was little difficulty In reaching
an understanding. The suggestion Im
mediately followed a speech In support of
the bill by Hopkins, during the course ot
which Hale suggested that the territories
were not prepared for statehood, and sug.
gested that their admission be deferred.
The remainder of the day was devoted
to the discussion of the bill providing for
the settlement of the affairs of the five
civilized tribes of Indians, the niajor por
tion of the time being given to the pro
vision for the dlspoal of the coal lands
In Indian Territory.
Clay presented and had read from the
desk a proposed amendment to tho rail
road rate bill, which makes It unlawful
for common carriers to own coal or oil
lands, to deal in coal or oil. to attempt
to monopolize the trade In those commod
Itlos or to control their price. A penalty
of Imprisonment for one to three years
Hopkins for Joint Statehood.
Hopkins then addressed the Senate in
support of the statehood bill. He said
the entire country was profoundly In
tcrcstctl In the proposed admission of two
new states and made an appeal for tho
'ratification of the report of the commit
tee on territories in recommending the
consolidation of the four territories of
X?w Mexico, Arizona. Oklahoma and In
dian Territory Into two states. He espe
cially urged the wisdom of joining Ari
zona and New Mexico.
In the course of his remarks. Hopkins
referred to the Foraker amendment giving
Arizona a separate vote upon the Question
of admission as "Insidious and danger
ou5." but when Foraker objected to the
language, the Illinois Senator withdrew
the word "Insidious." What he had meant
to say was that the adoption of the
amendment would only accomplish the de
feat of the object of the pending bill, but
would ultimately result In the admission
of Arizona as a separate state.
Foraker admitted that he hoped to see
both New Mcx'lco and Arizona admitted
as separate states at some time in the
Corporations Rule Arizona.
Hopkin discussed the charge that the
railroad and mining corporations of Ari
zona were standing In the way of the
union of that territory with New Mex
ico, and when Dubois asked some ques
tions on that point. Nelson replied that
those two Interests "dominate the Legis
lature of Arizona." and he added the
opinion that the union of the two terri
tories as one state would have the effect
of minimizing the evil.
In reply to Dubois as to' how the union
would Improve the situation. Nelson said
that, while no protests against consolida
tion had come from the corporations of
New Mexico, most of the opposition In
Arizona came from the railroads and the
copper mines. He added that these In
terests pay less taxes in proportion to the
value of property than do other Interests.
Carter made the point that under Con
gressional control It would be easier to ac
complish that result In a territory than
in a state.
Nelson replied to this point with a gen
eral exposition of conditions In both Ari
zona and Nctf Mexico, not altogether
favorable to those territories.
Hale Would Delay Statehood.
This statement brought Hale to his feet
with the Inquiry "whether It Is not logi
cal to conclude that the territories should
not be admitted at all at this time." He
added that he did not want to be under
stood as Indicating a purpose to vot'a
against the bill, but that it seemed to him
that It would be wiser to permit jlhe two
territories to remain as they now stand.
Hopkins replied that, owing to the
persistency of the advocates of making
two states. It would be- better to make
one state now. and thus dispose of the
Perkins replied to some of Hopkins' re
Aectlons on the improbability of growth
In Arizona by saying that the prospects
of 'Arizona were as good now as wera
those of California when that state was
presented, a proposition for an agreement
to .vote on the. statehood bill on Thurs
day. March S, After further debate the
date was fixed at 4 o'clock, Friday,
March 9. . .
Sale of Indian Coal Xa'nds.
The Indian - settlement bill was then
taken up, and Aldrich suggested that In
view of the Importance of -the subject
Involved and the lack of information on
the part of the Senate, the whole matter
should be deferred. He urged the adop
tion of a resolution extending the tribal
government ,until June 4. 1506. and asked
for the immediate consideration . of the
resolution, but Spooner objected, and It
went over, until tomorrow.
" The reading -of the bill was proceeded
with tuntil' the' provision for the sale ot
-the coal -lands. In, Indian Tqrrltory was
vreached, t when Bailey expressed tha
.opinion. that the lands should be held for
the education - of the Indian children,
saying. the Income-wquld be.-sufficlent to
give a university education to all the
Indian children- in the" territory. Hs
thought this dispositIdntWould.be prefer
able to permitting the lands to becomo
the property of tha railroad company,
'as they were likely to do. He quoted a
recent decision of the Supreme Court to
(.show -that road3 carry their own coal
more cheaply than they do that of other
La Follctte "Would Bar Railroads.
Clark (Mont.) moved to reject the com
mittee amendment and La Follette pro
posed an amendment prohibiting rail
roads or the owners of railroad stock
from acquiring the coal lands.
Clark (Wye.) opposed the motion to
strike out. saying that to sell the lands,
outright was preferable to the present
leasing system. To continue the present
plan, he urged, would be to place a mon
opoly of the production of coal In the
hands of 2f or CO people.
Without disposing of any of the mo
tions or amendments the Senate went
Into executive session.
RED LIGHT ON THE POLICE
Trial of Bertha Clachc Causes Ex
posure of Bad Conditions.
NEW YORK. Feb. 27.-(Spcciat.)-TestI-
mony brought out today in the trial of
Bertha Clache. accused of murdering
Emil Gerdron, that the defendant and
the dead man lived happily together un
til an Italian known as "Dago Willie"
ilorenzo visited Bertha while Gerdron
was out of town. This precipitated a
quarrel between the couple.
Policeman Billafcr testified- to the re
lations existing between the defendant
and policeman Morton, and other police
witnesses gave testimony Indicating that
the relations between the women of the
tenderloin and police who do duty' there
are such as; to prevent the police frotp
doing their full duty. In "fact, the feat
ure of tho revelations has not been the
extent, of the white slave' traffic, an an
ticipated, but. Tathcr. the uncovering of
a police scandal of wide magnitude.
As a result of the revelations at the
trial. Polfqc Commissioner- Bingham to
day transferred all the tenderloin pre
cinct Sergeants and plain clothes men,
sending others to the precinct.
SIX KILLED IN EXPLOSION
Majority of Twelve Injured Alabama
311 iters Also Doomed.
BIRMINGHAM. Ala.. Feb. 27.-Six men
were killed and 12 50 badly Injured that
most of them arc expected to dip before
morning by an explosion In Little Ca
haba mine. No. 2. at Piper, Ala., at 4
o'clock this afternoon.
The mine is owned by the Little Ca
haba Conl Company. Details of the ex
plosion arc unobtainable tonight.
LOOKS 'BLUE FOR COREY
Steel Magnate's Wife Arrives at Di
OMAHA, Neb.. Feb. 27. A special to
the World-Herald from Sioux Falls, S.
Mrs. Corey, wife of William E. Corey,
the steel magnate, arrived here today,
accompanied by a maid, and took rooms
at a leading hotel.
John D. Sprcckcls Very III.
SAN FRANCISCO. Feb. 27.-John D.
Sprcckcls ia seriously ill at his home in
this city, suffering from an attack of the
grippe. He Is said to be in no immediate
SATS WEST YIKG"17A IS IX
CLUTCH OF RAILROAD TRUST.
Governor Dawson of West Virginia
Is making a fight on the' railroad
coal combination and has appealed
to Congress for aid. In a recent In
terview he said:
"West Virginia is at the mercy of
a powerful railroad combination. This
condition Is wrong in theory, vicious
In practice, blighting In effect. In
jurious in coasequeaees, and at abso
lute variance with the rights of a
'This copilnatlon, directed by A. J.
Cassatt. says what measure of pros
perity and opportunity shall exist In
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IN EN MOB
Houses at Springfield,
Ohio, Are Burned
BEYOND CONTROL OF POLICE
Shooting Affray With Railroad
Man Starts Riot,
MILITIA ARRIVE ON SCENE
Houses Battered Down, Sacked and
Burned In Xcgro Quarter Sleep
ing Children Narrowly Es
cape Rain of Bullets.
SPRINGFIELD. O.. Feb. 27. Mob vio
lence resulted tonight from a shooting in
the railroad yards early this morning. In
which M. M. Davis, a brakeman, waa per
haps fatally shot by two negroes. Preston
Ladd. ot Bcllefontalne. and Edward Dean,
of this city. Ladd was taken to the hos
pital this morning, as a result of Injuries
received, presumably in connection with
the shooting or Davis, and lies in a ward
adjacent to his victim. Dean was t?kcn-
to Dayton, after a hurried conference of
Mob Marches on Jungles.
A mob of ICO) men' and boys formed and
marched to the "jungles." a locality in
habited by colored people, with the an
nounced purpose of 'burning that' section.
The mob soon reached the "jungles" and
battered one house to pieces with stones
and posts used as battering rams.
At 10 P. M. the mob entered Kcmplcr'a
saloon on East Columbia street, and com
pletely looted It. Kcmpler and his wife
fled, leaving their three little children
asleep In a room over the saloon. Tho
building was riddled with bullets and
stones, and It was only by the hardest cf
, forts of the police and firemen that, a way
was forced thr6ugh Jhe.rhob and- tins
House Burned and .Mob Drunk.
After the pillaging of the saloon, drunk
enness was an added feature of the riot.
At 11 o'clock members of the mob broka
through a cordon of police and set fire
to a house in the "jungles." which was
quickly burned down. Sergeant Creager.
who had charge of the squad of police,
was hit on the head with a brick and
A request was sent out at 10 o'clock for
the Xenla military company, but tha
troops had not arrived at 11 o'clock.
Police Lose Control.
At midnight six houses, which had been
fired by the mob: were burning fiercely,
and the police had apparently lost control
of the situation.
Only six members of the local militia,
responded to the Mayor's call, and tha
Xenia company, which is expected, has
Cnlls for .More Troops.
12:4. A. M. Sheriff Aimoncy has just
wired Governor Pattison the following:
"Send all possible troop? tonight and
hold others in readiness for tomorrow."
Sergeant Creager, the policeman hit In
the face with a brick. Is In a serious
The mob is stoning and jeering the mili
tiamen, but a show of bayonets has suf
ficed so far to keep the rioters on tha
move. The rumor that out-of-town troops
aro momentarily expected is having a.
quieting effect on the mob.
Troops Awaiting Orders.
COLUMBUS, O., Feb..2jj-Sbortly after
midnight four companies of the Fourth
Regiment In Columbus were ordered to
assemble at their armory and await
further instructions. Two companies of
the Third Regiment at Dayton and an
other at Urbana arc also under waiting
A joint request was made by Sheriff
Almoney and Mayor Todd, of Springfield.
for all available troops to be dispatched
to Springfied tonight and at least two
companies to be held in readiness to pro
ceed to Springfield tomorrow.
Troops Drive Buck: Mob.
SPRINGFIELD r O.. Feb. 2S. (12:30 A.
M.) The city authorities succeeded at
12:1? A. M. In assembling parts of Com
panies B and E of the Third Regiment.
O. N. G.. which are stationed here. The
total force numbers about 73 men. They
3ire now on the scene of the tire, and have
pushed the mob back both ways on Co
lumbia street, east from Water street and
west from Foster street.
Just as the troops arrived, one monx
building was flrcd. and no effort was
made to save It. The effprts of the polico
and firemen and Guardsmen are now di
rected solely to forcing the rioters back
and saving-, the property outside of tho
- Militia Going From Dayton.
DAYTON. O., Feb. 27. Companies. G and
K. or Third Regiment, ot this city, have
been ordered to Springfield and will leave)
by the first train.
Cotton and Lumber Burned.
LA GRANGE, Tex., Feb. 27. The? com
press owned by Schumacher, Rosenberg
i& Co.. and the lumber yard of the Alamo
Lumber Company, at this place tonight,
with 213S bales of cotton stored. In tha
compress, were destroyed by flr thia