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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THEaiQRNING 0REG0NIA, THURSDAY FEB<AKY 8, 1906.
Jlutered at tho Postoffice at Portland, Or.,
as Second-Class Matter.
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ww.iT.AVn. THURSDAY. FEB. 8, 1906.
unmerciful "lambasting" that the Seat
tle papers have been giving Mr. Bal
lalne, who is earnestly and conscien
tiously seeking to improve transporta
tion and trade conditions of Alaska.
Mr. Ballalne, being fully Impressed
with the greatness of Alaska and the
wonderful possibilities for development.
.knows that the best results will be im
possible so long as the rich territory is
hampered and retarded by attempts to
keep It for the exploitation of Seattle
alone. It is too big a country to be
handicapped with the poor transporta
tion facilities and the poorer business
methods of the. windy city on Puget
Sound, add all the abuse and ridicule
that ma'y be heaped onlMr. Ballalne
will not prevent other ports sharing the
business with Seattle. .
RAILWAY' REGULATION BILL.
All the -work In Congress on railway
rates thus far is merely tentative. It Is
o or'nprimpntal effort. So complicate
is the subject that it cannot possibly be
known, till experiment has naa iisaj.
what the results will be. Pretty soon,
modification of the legislation will be
nPRPssafv. We'shall not strike out an
entire and perfect system of Tallway
legislation at a single heat.
But a beginning must be made; and
beginning has been made in the bill
that has passed the House of Repre
sentatives. Expert railroad men -will
nMo at once to Dolnt a thousand in
congruities in it.. But the principle of
governmental control asserted in it w in
maintained for all time. Adjust
ments, numerous and necessary, will
be made; but the principle win stano.
First, it is assertion of a rightful
-nsi-a'A. tho nnvemment Second, it
will tend to abolition or prevention of
discriminations. It is not so much that
rates are too high, and ought to be- re
duced: for they may not be too high
But they may be unequal to producers
and .to .shippers, .and they often are
This is the main burden and chief In
justice. Supervision that -will put an
end to these Inequalities and oppres
sions 4s to be-providcd. H ls-rhe rem
edv for the greater evils-
"We are well aware that It Is urged
bv those who. profess to deal on "scien
tific" principles with the problems of
railway rates that discrimination is tne
secret of the efficiency of American
railways. That is, discrimination fs a
method through which the richer and
Greater coirimunlties are made to con
tribute to the creation and support of
facilities of transportation of the poor
er; just as a city, controlling its sup
ply and distribution of water, main
tains higher water rates than otherwise
.would be necessary, in order that water
supply may be extended to the poorer
and sDarser districts. But in tne case
of the :ity this power is not left to in
dividual judgment and caprice. It fol
lows a general principle or plan pre
ciselv the contrary of "taking what the
traffic will bear." It is pursued for the
benefit of the whole fcody, not for the
enrichment of localities or .Individuals.
Besides, only small part of the evils
complained of lnthe matter'of railway
discrimination arises from interest of
the railways to favor one place over
another. It is discrimination between
producers and shippers, similarly situ
a ted, who have a right to claim equal
treatment, .because standing on the
same ground, that constitutes the worst
of the oppressions. Some are crushed
and others mightily favored and en
rlehed. It is a kind of discrimination
that "comes home to men's business
and bosoms'-when they are the vie
tlms of it. The work that Congress is
dong Is intended to prpvide a remedy
and to give relief Irom. the abuse.
Yet undoubtedly ,lt is to small extent
a buna etiort. isoooay can tea wnai
the effect of the new, legislation will be;
Experience must determine that; and
then amendment will he in order. "The i
1)111, however, will hardly become a law
in the form In which it may i)ass the
lHo'use. The Senate will insist on
amendments, the nature of- which can
scarcely be predicted.. The report of,
the New York Times from "Washington
says: "The Senate will not turn a
wheel on the rate question until an
agreement has been reached between
the conservative leaders and the Pres
ident. Conferences are proceeding daily,
but as yet with no result." We are told
that the proposition which the Senator
ial leaders insist upon is for an amend
ment of the Hepburn bill, which shall
specifically provide for the right of ap
peal to the courts toy the railroads.
"Mr. Root and Mr. Taft," says the
Times correspondent, "counselled the
President to accept It. Mr. Moody held
out against it. The President all but
agreed to it, and ' then cHanged his
mind.' - -
So there may be no rate bill this ses
sion. Yet there will be u rate bill. The
people will "'ndtT be-unreasortable, but
are determined to stop . a. great abuse.
They agree with the President, who has
said: "I regard this power to establish
a maximum rate as. being essential to
any scheme of real reform in the matter
of rate regulation. The first necessity
is to secure it; and unless It ds granted
to the commission there is little use
in touching the subject at all."
than that of a. slave. People wXa ffk. to
the contrary either do ot txllere Jt, or da
not think what It Is to be, a slave. Anything
in better than that. The. negro may be a
Insensate and as coarse-grained and aa ani
mal as some are wont to describe him, but
there are mighty few negroea .who would not
rather die on a hlllMde under freedom's
banner than live aa a slave In k' palace.
With a few more deaths the race of
blacks with whom he was born and
reared will be gone, but with true phil
osophy Mr. Wise adds: "I need not
bother. I will be gone, too." But the
chronicles that .he and others of his
class and time leave of their early
years and recollections will serve to
take the annals of an extinct race from
the shadowy realm of tradition, and
give them to history.
NEW PHASE OF SUNDAY LEGISLATION".
Demand lor Sunday legislation is. as
suming a- peculiar phase in Virginia.
The Legislature of that state, moved by
a body of .people who wish to enforce
"proper .wscrvance or tne iioras aay,
ls'considerlng a -bill drawn for the spe
cial purpose ot "shutting .Virginia up
tight on -Sunday." One feature that
provokes remonstranpe all. through the
Southern States Is prohibition f -Sun
day railway traffic : It would not -only
stop the state's own traffic, but forbid
the running of all trains through the
state on Sunday. This would suspend
traffic between the greater -part of the
South and Northern cities during one
day In the week, with immense loss to
shippers of perishable freight. The
matter is so Important the Boards of
Trade throughout the south are ad
dressing- remonstrances to Virginia
against the bill.
The great market of the South for
early fruits, vegetables, berries, -poultry
and eggs is In the Northern cities. The
best of this market the Southern pro
ducer always gets, for his products are
much earlier than those of the North,
and prices are higher; for by the time
Northern vegetables and fruits are
ready the Squth has had the cream of
the market and the best of its profits.
Arihually from the vicinity of Charles
ton, S. C, 10,000 carloads of "truck" are
shipped to the Northern market; and
the same is going on from all sections
of the South, largest -shipments or
these products bf the orchards, fields
and gardens of the South -pass through
Virginia on Sunday, and reach the
great Northern cities on Monday morn
ing, in time for the opening oi me
The question doubtless wcould be
raised whether a state would be per
mitted to pueh its power over Sunday
legislation to the ipolnt of "holding up"
interstate traffic on Sunday. It might
become a vexatious question. Of course
it might be done in our Pacific States
as well as in others It the demand for
Sunday legislation should assume this
phase; which, however, is not very
probable, since there would seem to oe
no considerable body of publio opinion
that would put suspension of railway
traffic on Sunday in the same class with
the demand to close barber or other
shops, or the liquor trade, on Sunday.
The Seattle assumption. that Alaska
and everything thereunto appertaining
belongs .by divine right to Seattle has
long "been one of the noteworthy and
grotesque features of the Puget Sound
metropolis. Perhaps the -most rldlcu
Ious exhibition of this particular Seat
tie "hobby that "Has yet been made Is the
AN EXTINCT RACE.
Hon. John S. Wise, formerly of Vir
glnte. discourses in a recent number of
the Saturday Evening Post, with the
simple airectness ana corroDorauve in
cldent of a man- who knows what he Is
talking aboutt, upon the negroes of the
domestic class in the slave era. .Ke
.garding' this class as practically ex
tinct, be conceives., that -those -who re-
jnember anything auout slavery as it
was before the war and who are now
on the "firing line of memory" ought
to chronicle their Jmpresslons of it be-
lore they go. Proceeding upon this
asls, Mr. Wise draws word .pictures of
the blacks upon his father's Virginia
estates that convince the reader that
he truly speaks of an "extinct race.'
His impression, vivid, distinct and cer
tain, is that the Southern negro as he
existed in slavery prior to the John
Brown raid of 1859 is a type as extinct
as the dodo or the ichthyosaurua The
successors of these he declares are no
more Hkethem than jackrabblts are
like guinea pigs. The whole relation of
the races toward each other is xadlcally
changed, and he grieves to see the deep
antagonisms and prejudices existing
between them, remembering "when
they loved each other well."
Mr. Wise declaree that Jhe would not
have slavery- back upon any terms. He
admits that It was a "curse and a
crime," adding: "It may have .been a
venal crime, under the circumstances,
and most assuredly It was in some re
spects a most convenient curse." Yet
he holds the abolition of slavery right
and says that it did more for the
emancipation of the white slaveowner
than It did for the black slave
We pass what Mr. Wise has to say. of
the negro born since slavery ended, who
has grown up hating the white race in
his heart, and of the young white of
the South who has inherited all his
father's resolve of mastery over the
black without one softening feeling to
offset It. To one who has seen much of
the real affection and trust between
the races, we may well believe this con
templation is pitiful. Hence Mr. Wise
turns from., this picture and softens its
asperities by recalling some old-time
memories of a genuine affection be
tween the extinct races of master and
At the head of the list Is old Char
lotte, -who had nursed Governor Wise
as a baby and camo to him by his
father's will. Black as ebony, she
boasted of her genuine African descent.
She was of unknown age, a wpnderful
cook, overflowing with affection, but a
tyrant in her domain. Her son George
followed, a competent, faithful servant,
who, after he was made free, lingered
long about the old home, loth to leave.
Her second son, Jim, was a body ser
vant, faithful, affectionate and abso
lutely trustworthy, tand withal a most
sympathetic nurse, and so on through
a long list -of slaves who served -with
fidelity and affection- and withal un
The picture presents many details of
light and shade, and because 'of Its very
simplicity and evident fidelity to truth,
Is pleastjint to contemplate. It dpeB not
touch the dark side of slavery upon the
plantation and the auction-block as de
picted and perhaps overdrawn by Mrs.
Stowe, yet, following its tnovlng figures
through the dirk panorama of war- and
across the threshold of peace, they earn
ing for freedom even in the breasts of
these simple, favored household slaves
takes active form at the first sound
of the emancipation proclamation and
endows all except the very aged and de
crepit with new life, and-hope. Ttoie
alone, says Mr. Wise, can solve the
great problem of whether the negro,
Ireed and left to work out his own des
tiny, can maintain himself against the
whites master and liberator who are
now both his.cmpetitors, adding:
If he faUa Ma ceatUes. casot be worx
nSHERIBS OUTPUT INCREASING.
The annual report of the State Fish
Warden makes an interesting showing
for the year's businessin one of Ore
gon's prominent industries. According
to this report; the valuer of the fish pack
of the state last year was 53,100,000.
Any single Industry that contributes
throughout the year an average of $5500
ner day to the circulating medium of a
state so sDarsely settled as Oregon is a
most important factor In our industrial
situation, xne nsmng umusuj -
ceptkmally valuable for the reason
that larce oroDOrtlon of the gross re
turns are distributed for labor, the trib
ute whch capital levies on the industry
helntr but a small percentage of that
which is secured by fishermen .and can
nery operatives. Another most vaiuea
feature of the fishery business Is the
assistance It extends to the Industrious
settler who is endeavoring to make" "a
home for hlroeelf.
AH along the Xiower Columbia and in
the vicinity of Tillamook, Nehalem, Slu
slaw and other fishing' streams are
scores and hundreds of hardworking
homesteaders "Who work through Fall
ond Winter 4n clearing up their farms.
and In the Spring and Summer go out
to the rivers and engage In fishing to
secure money needed for Improving the
hfarm and bringing It up to a productive
state. Perhaps the most gratifying
feature of the -Fish Warden's -report is
that which shows a liberal Increase in
the catch of chinook and steelhoad
salmon.uand a decrease in silversldes
and bluebacks. This showing is oi in
terest because it again demonstrates
the value of hatchery work, and It ali-o
encourages the belief that the royal
chinook. which has placed the Colum
bia River salmon Jn a class by Itself,
Is not to be crowded xjut by inferior
grades of fish.
The steelbead salmon, which in the
earlier years of the industry was
thrown aside as worthless, has, since
establishment of - the cold-storage
plants, come into great favor as a tld
storage fish. It can never approach" be
royal chinook in the favor of the epi
cures' who pay the highest price for
table dainties and luxuries, but It pos
flosses qualities of merit as a cc-Jd-stor-age
fish, which have steadily Increased
its value. For this reason the formerly
despised steelhead win probably re
main with us, but we hope next year
to note a still further decline in the
number, of silversldes and bluebacks
and a corresponding increase In the
number of chinook salmon turned out.
The hatchery statistics made a -very
good showing for the chinook last year,
for out of a total of 35,500,000 eggs han
dled by the Oregon hatcheries. 27,500,000
were chlnooks. The pre-eminent lm
portance of the Columbia River In thel
industry Is reflected '"by the figures.
which show that with a catch for the"
entire state of approximately 30.000,000
pounds more than 24,500.0000 pounds
were taken on the Columbia River from
The Orecon side.
The increasing value of the product
of our fisheries as well as the Increase
.In the output Is sure to result In better
-nPMtlnn between Oregon and
Washington, and the ultimate passage
of a joint law which will afford protec
tion to the Industry on the Columbia
River, regardless of the side of the river
on which lawbreakers may essay tc
operate. If Oregon and Washington
can frame up a law which will reconcile
the fishing Interests of the two states,
it may then be jossible to bring about
mutual action between the United
States and British Columbia, there be
ing a common interest to be served by
proper protection and artificial propa
gation on streams flowing through txtn
In universities, has been dethroned and
the bleeps Is its noble successor.
The faculty of the University of
Washington will -be condemned by the
judicious for Interfering with Professor
Roller' plans for employing the .stu
dents' time. Those- plans are strictly In
'accord with' the spirit and aim of the
modern college. When a student has
spent two or three years acquiring the
accomplishments of a circus periormcr,
it Is a hards'hlp, my It Is cruelty, to be
forbidden to exhibit - them. Especially
Is It cruel when the show is sure to be a
"big money-maker." as Professor Roll
er's was? for next to worship of the
biceps the modern college cultivates the
worship of money. It holds before the
student two ambitions as worthy of the
perfect man, one to be a beefy athlete,
the other to be a millionaire. The Se
attle faculty have therefore struck the
hrgher education a deadly blow In its
most vital -part. If they are not. all
dismissed and the university placed un
der the sple charge of Professor Roller,
education In Washington will scarcely
recover its prestige In half a century.
RAILROApiNGV EN TIIE "rTEST.
Railroading In the West has not yet
reached the stage of perfection possible
on the parlor tracks of the East, "Where
the block system, double tracks and
every possible convenience and equip
ment demaCnded by an enormous traffic
tare instantly available In case of wreck.
At the same time, necessity has bred
a class of railroad men in the West
who are unapproachable by their East
ern brethren in case of emergency.
The remarkable work df Superintend
ent Buckley, "of the Harrlman -system,
and his able lieutenants. In handling
the enormous crowds during the Fair
last Summer was a constant source of
wonder to Eastern railroad men who
were unfamiliar with the possibilities
of the single-track road. Equally re
markable was- the rapidity and clock
like -precision with which the bad wreck
at Bridal Veil Tuesday was handled.
A corps of doctors summoned from
points forty .to fifty miles from the
scene of the wreck were caring for the
wounded In but little over- an hour af
ter -the -disaster happened, and, after
pressing- needs of the victims were pro
vided for, they were hurried to Port
land on a special train, and four hours
after the collision were in comfortable
quarters In Portland hospitals. The
track was cleared within a couple of
hours, so .-quickly, in fact, that there
was no -delay whatever In the traffic
aside from the two trains Involved, and
long before nightfall the wrecked -en
glne and cars -were In the repair shops
forty miles away.
While no very definite proof of mis
conduct In the Richards place has been
presented, and though the jury In the
Police Court acquitted him on the
charge brought against the place, yet
probably those who bring accusations
against the general character of the
Richards establishment are not jnls
taken. The Common Council has asked
the Mayor to appoint a committee of
Its members for a full examination.
While there are those who think the
liquor license ought' to be withdrawn,
if not on specific testimony at least on
the general reputation of the place, it
may now be hoped that there will be a
searching examination, not- only In this
case, but in numerous others that pre
tend perhaps to greater respectability.
Since the "inquiry Is now on, tt Is well
that It should be made as thorough as
possible. . Indeed, It oughE to JeT
A BLOW AT EDUCATION.
At the University of Washington, in
Seattle, a strange misapprehension
seems to prevail about what a college is
for, how students should employ their
time and what ambitions they should
cherish. The faculty of that institution
of higher learning are behind the age;
the world spirit seems to have moved
on and left them floundering In a quag
mire of outworn superstitions. Natur
ally, therefore, they do not appreciate
the progressive spirit and advanced
ideas of Professor B. F. Roller, the
physical director of the college. But If
lack of appreciation were all the pro
fessor had .to contend wtlh, he would
grin and bear it! L.lke Wagner, Milton
and other great men, he can stand neg
lect; he expects to stand It. What he
cannot and will not endure Is to see the
faculty treat wjth scorn and contempt
his noble projects for boosting the uni
versity into the front rank of modern
schools.. Therefore he has shaken the
mud of Seattle off his feet. He has ex
iled the University of Washington from
his presence. He has resigned
To show how badly Professor Roller
has been treated, let his case be sub
mitted to a candid world. iAst year
he "pulled off a circus at the univer
sity that was a big money-maker.1
This year heeslred to pull off another.
but the faculiy interfered. The young
man he nad chosen for ringmaster was
degraded, perhaps, to the menial task
of learning his Greek, grammar. The
clown, was set to solving cubic equa
tions and the star bareback rider was
compelled to -waste his precious hours
over chemistry. What could have been
the motive"1 of the" faculty for so mis
treating Professor Roller and his prom
ising young disciples?. Certainly the
pursuits of college students lit them
better for circus performers than for
any other occupation in these latter
It was anciently -believed that a. col
lege was 'a place where - young men
should go to Improve their .minds. That
primitive belief has passed away, and
It is now admitted everywhere except
in remote and backward cities like Se
attle that a college is emphatically a
place for the cultivation of the muscle.
The tlKfe spent by our fathers in read
Ing Virgil and learning the calculus is
now" known to have been wasted. Their
iwne occupy themselves ' to 'vastly
greater profit at the training. table and
on the bloody football field. . The Intel
lect, .which so long held pernicious swuy
Captain Cox, of Victoria, another of
those brave navigators who was on the
steamship Queen and who sighted the
passengers clinging to the wreck of the
Valencia, has added-his testimony -to
that of Captain Cousins. He says that
Captain Cousins was prudent in not
getting closer t6 the wreck. The aver
age landsman who was not on the
Queen and is dependent on stories of
survivors for his knowledge of the sit
uation at the time of the wreck -will ex
perience extreme difficulty 4n distin
guishing prudence from cowardice. It
he accepts the Cousins demonstration
of prudence as the real thng.
Mr. James H. Brown, who quieted
the fears of the country several weeks
ago by assuring President Roosevelt
that the Chinese boycott is dying out
and was of small consequence anyway.
Is again in Washington. In view of the
threatening nature of the advices from
the Far East, It Is not surprising that
Ir. Brown's-conversation at the capital
is confined to a discussion of a tele
phone franchise which he Is seeking for
THE SILVER LINING.
Anyway, Captain Bruin Is keeping his
detectives busy. They may have no time
to catch footpads and burglars, but they
will earn their salaries by writing detailed
reports of their masterly inactivity to the
de facto head, of the department.
Judge Cameron Is a brave man. He
told an indignant mother-in-law to hold
hr tongue In his court. But she wasn't
his own mother-in-law. It was a case
where circumstances alter cases.
An effective antl-scalping -law would
have been hailed with greater public ap
proval if it had been passed in Oregon
In about 1S5S-55.
Pacific Coast Master Mariners' Trust
should finish up the Job by voting Cap
tain Cousins a medal for distinguished
'Mah Creole Sue." of coon-song fame.
knows Just how Mah. Sue, the Portland
highbinder's victim, feels. She has been
murdered in all styles of the art.
Dr. -BrouBhers Interview suggests the
thought that Ke-may have to box his
own particular compass after the reform
storm has ceased to brew.
It seems to be a choice between crip
pling the navy and crippling most of the
undergraduates at Annapolis.
The periodical howl is going up against
the flood of Immigration at present inun
dating our shores from foreign lands. The
riff-raff and tho good from many coun
tries are seeking their natural goal
America, the land of the graft and the
home-of the busy capitalistic bee. Wo
can assimilate the worthy and the health
and the Intending workers, and we don't
want. the-scruff of the universe any more
than we ever did. But "when. the multi
tude of agents continue to boom this fine
America as a place where anyone can
pick up high-wage work for the asking
and money In the streets where land is
given -away, and all you have to do is to
stretch out your hand and gather In a
harvest, where positions on the police
force arc ready waiting for Irishmen,
where peanut venders may amass a for
tune: and take it back with them to sweet
old Italia, where the merry "German band
may earn its breakfast with a few toots.
where all . arc welcome and no one is
turned away empty-handed why. the
flood will continue to come until we can
do something practical about checking it.
China is making wry faces at us. Who
ever saw a worse looking face than
Chinaman can make? His own facial
appurtenance is calculated to popularize
even the regulation mothcr-ln-law. When
he seeks to heighten the j natural effect
it warrants suicide on the part of the
The beef trust and President Roosevelt
ih a contest of truth-telling seems out of
After the opera is over, why what shall
The large number of schoolgirls attend
ing the grand opera performances is a
good sign. There are few cities of the
size of Portland in this country where a
more genuine Interest is felt In good
"Bill." said the Western editor to his
assistant, "I thick you'd better prepare
an ; obituary notice of Colonel Tuttle."
Wbat!" demanded Bill. "Why, he
ain't dead. Look, that's him comln along
the street now."
"Yes." replied the editor coolly, feeling
for his hip pocket, "he's coming to see
Two Miles a Minute.
Two miles a minute!
Tho pheasant's not in it.
The "swift Is a poky old thing;
The pigeon and swallow
Are beaten all hollow.
The duck seems asleep on the wing.
Two miles a minute!
The snipe and the linnet
Are quite stationary and slow;
The ibex and eagle
May think themselves regal,
But not when it comes to the go.
Senator Patterson, of Colorado, per
slsts In "his defiance of the Democratic
caucus. He stands witn -President
Roosevelt- -on the three or four great
measures of his Administration. Pat
terson Is not seeking re-election and
wants nothing of party. But all Dem
ocrata are asking, "Who struck Tommy
The good members of the National
W. C T. U. may not be able to bar the
bubble water from the first breakfast
In the Longworth family; but they can
comfort -themselves with the thought
that at all subsequent morning repasts
the wine will keep the pie In the Ice
chest from getting lonesome.
Judging from the testimony before
the Senate committee In the Reed
Smoot case, coeducation at Brlgham
Young Academy was attended with re
sults .thab fully Justified the lnstltu
A traveling circus In Lisbon was
mobbed by the audience after a fatal
accident to a Joop-the-loop performer.
Presumably the act did not come up to
the 'bullfight standard. In bloodshed and
Miss Maud Sheek's announcement of
her intention to go upon "the stage Is
strangely delayed. It may be, however.
that the young lady intends favoring. us
with a historical novel.
Members of the Knocker's Club, who
knew young Mr. Mlxner In Alaska say
he always managed to live well without
working while up North. And the habit
stillr clingy to him.
The President has nominated Tfed
Grant to be a Major-General". Sorry he
did It. HI merit is that he Is the son
of hia father. There. Is no other.
The -market editors seem to have
overloelced- the connectlon'-'between, the
hog shortage and an unusually well
celebrated. Chinese New Year.
Asteria 'continues to put on- Metro-
polltan ahrs. A "graft scandal In the
City Council Is her latest acquisition.
'CHARGE" OP "LIGHT BRIGADE ' FEARS AiMERICAN INVASION.
All la league, all in league.
All leagued together.
All for tho greed of gain
Joined the gas barons.
"Forward the 'Light brigade."
"Charge high for gaa," they said
Into the thickest graft
Flanged the gas barons.
"Forward the 'Light brigade 1"
"Was there a man dismayed:
No. tho consumers swore
Some one had blundered.
Theirs not to make reply.
Theirs not to reason why.
Theirs but to pay or buy
Coal oil and lamp wick
Cruel gas barons! .
Kickers to right of them.
Growlers to left of them.
Complainants In front of them
Threatened and thundered.
All who had woes to tell
"Were told to go to well.
"Where -gas was not needed,
"Where there's strong sulphur smell.
The place for graft barons.
Then all th gas jets fair
Flashed as they turned In air.
Making the burners flare. -Crashing
gas chimneys, while
Consumers all wondered.
They whooped up the meter's stroke.
All the past readings broke.
Town and suburbanite
No more their wrath could choke
"When bills were presented.
Graftersto right of them,
Trustes to left of them.
Stockholders behind them
"Urged them to ptunder.
Make the consumers "shell.'
All their objections quell.
Let them their neighbors tell. '
Kicking is useless.
They must in patience dwell -
Under the tyranny " : " "
Of the gas barons.
When will thelriprestlge fade? - ,
When Wtll a mate be made
That will forever
Banish to. farthest shade
The graft of the "Light" brigade.
Grasping gas barons?
EDITH L. N1LES.
UNCLE SAM'S CUSTOMS.
New York Sun.
Since S53 the expense of collecting tho
customs revenues of the country has
Russia Takes Steps -Against osing
Trade of Eastern Siberia.
CHICAGO, Feb. 7. (SpeclaI.)The St.
Petersburg correspondent of the- Dally
News', reporting an interview" with ..a
General, who Is an aide-de-camp to the
Czar and a- member of the national de
fense committee, quotes him as follows:
'General Grodekoff Is hurrying on a
special train to Harbin, not only lo set
tle the military mutiny, but. to arranre
certain International matters mainly re
lating to Americans. While military order
has been restored to some extent. Ameri
can relations remain unsettled. Vladivo
stok, the Amur regions and northern
Manchuria are commercially nearer
America "than Russia, and the greater
part of the Imports there- befbre the war
were American. The nature and. require
ments of the country are such as to make
the inhabitants gravitate towards Amer
ica, while those farther south tend toward
"While welcoming American enterprise
In the trans-Baikal territory, we object to
political encroachment. The company
formed by Ferdinand W. Peck. Samuel
M. NIcke'rsoh and other Chicagoans and
New Yorkers for Siberian development
may possibly be pursuing only commer
cial alms, but Americans are too prac
tical to contemplate the building of a
Bering Straits railroad line to unite the
.hemispheres or the Petichora line, or to
obtain other Siberian mines, fishing and
railroad concessions. The natural infer
ence is that the Americans,' fearing tho
loss of the Chinese markets and possibly
the Philippines, are striving to acquire
foothold in tho Amur regions, where
the conditions and people favor them.
Hence we think it timely to consider
these questions with a view to readjust
ing our American relations, and General
Grodekoff has been instructed accord
PEASANTS DEMAND IxAND.
Object to WItte's Plan of Buying and!
Want It as Gift.
ST. PETERSBURG. Feb. 7. A dele
gation of citizens of Ekaterinosdar,
Caucasia, sent to St. Petersburg to
obtain the Emperor's personal assur
ance that the land question would not
be settled by the present Government
fallen from 6.54 ner cent to 3. wr rnnt but by the National Assembly, was rc-
of the total paid in. At some -ports the ceived in audience by Premier Witte
r l vtnrilnv Art IntoPMtlnir norntinr Of
wot ui uaiuiaimiiB me vjuaiuuia iuti.es -i,. Ir,.!,,-. -.-a- nnhllshi?d tod.1V.
Is much greater than the gross amount The Premier pointed out that tho
collected. At a number of these ports J agrarian problem could .not bo solved
collectors are stationed for the conven- I by a division of the state land alone.
ience of the public, or to prevent smug- amounting only to lb.oqo.ooo acres,
., .... ' . ? much of which la forest land. Tho
,&. aim iucii uauuiucu la nui iu us
gauged by tho amounts they turn into the
Treasury. Many of them are useless.
however, by consolidating districts and
discontinuing some ports of entry, would
peasants "must be prepared to buy pri
vate land on the easy installment
plan, as provided by the Imperial
ukase of November last.
The spokesman of the delegation re-
result In a considerable saving to Undo plied that the peasants did not wish to
Sam. This table, prepared by the Treas
ury Department, gives the ports at which
the customs expenses exceeded the re
ceipts for the fiscal year ended June 20
of last year:
Two miles a minute!
Why did they begin it?
I'd much rather potter along.
Confound all the hurry.-.
Tho worry and flurry.
Teat kill all the romance and song!
W. W. Whltclock In New York Times.
If' the Winter remains open much
longer it won't have a chance to shut.
Foxhall Keen liked automobiles
better than his wife, and she says she
went away from him. Now he appar
ently seems to continue to stand pat
upon his choice. He is going to sue
for divorce. Is he to sue a racing ma
chine or only his running mate in life's
You must do your own climbing.
says Arthur Brisbane. Right you are.
and I hope your words may reach bil
lions of drones and dependents.
It is astonishing how many people
are added every day to the list of per
sonages who think they can run the
world better than the Lord can.
Ella Wheeler Wilcox asserts posi
tively that the most stubborn, unpro
grcsslve, conservative science on earth
Is the science of medicine. That's
straight enough. Now let's hear from
the doctors. This is not advertising.
It won't break any ethical rules. An
swer up and tell this Iconoclastic Wll
dor voice what's what. Assert your
selves .and Justify yourselves.
Joke On a Jokesmlth.
.New York Times.
Burglars entered the home' of Joseph
Keppler, editor and proprietor of Puck,
at Smith terrace and Richmond road,
Stapleton. 8. L, on Monday night. After
carrying off H00O worth of valuables they
left a note saying:
"We appreciate a good Joke, but we
think the Joke's on you."
In the lsng, long nights of "Winter,
When the frcat la at tho door.
"When the wind cries round the casement.
"Sumaser comes no more' " "
Memory. - eenlllnr. brings us treasure
From her store.
When the lonely storm, grown wilder,
Shrieks its rune of death and fate,
"When misfortune's footsteps linger
Near the dene barred rate
Hop, bedde the heathstone nedtled,
Ovir road and doorway drifted
Heaps tha star dust of the man.
Tet we reck not since beside u.
In the firelight's glow-,
Leapa the deep-eyed Lore that all men
Fain would know.
Elizabeth Roberts MacDonald ia New Or
Total H7.242.94 S136.185.67
At Albemarle. N. C, the cost of collect-
Albemarle, N. C S
Beaufort, N. C
Beaufort, S. C
Brazos de Santiago,
Brldgcton, N. J
Burlington. Ia t.
Burlington. N. J.
Eastern. Md.... ......
Frenchmans Bay, Me..
Georgetown. S. C . .
Gf, Ekz. Harbor, N.'J.
Little Egg Kar.. N. J..
Nantucket, Mass I
Pamlico. N. C
Fatchogue, N. T.
Port Jefferson. N. T. .
Portsmouth. N. H
Hock Island. Ill
Sag Harbor. N. T
St. Marys. Ga........
Salem and- Beverly.
Southern Oregon. Or..
"Wheeling. W. Vs.....
Wilmington. N. C
buy the land, but were determined" to
receive it as a gut irom tne government.
At the close of an informal discus
sion, the Premier thanked heaven
that the conditions In Russia were
different from those prevailing In other
countries. He said, according to the
published report, that a French Presi
dent was dependent on the electors
and an English King on Jewish bank
ers, but the Russian Emperor was in
dependent. The consummation de
sired by the revolutionists that the
country be ruled by Poles. Armenians
and Jews would not be realized. The
Premier Is said to have added:
"The greatness" and happiness of
Russia Is due to the Emperor. Without
the Emperor you who now wear long;
coats and high hats - would still be
The Premier 13 reported tonave re
marked ia -conclusion: "If only-.Jt-had
wot been for this -Unhappy war? if only
victory ..had been on our- side, all
would now bo well, but God did not
so will It.'-
At the conclusion of the conference
the Premier promised the delegation
that It would be received In audience
by the Emperor,
PUTS DOWN SIBERIAN REVOLT,
Rennenkampff Retakes Chita and
Captures Many Rebels.
ST. PETERSBURG. Feb. 7. General
Linlevitch. commander of the Manchurian
armies, telegraphed to the Emperor yes
terday as follows:
"General Rennenkampff entered Chita.
Trans-Baikalla, February 5. without
bloodshed. The inhabitants of the town
have been disarmed and work has been
resumed. Two hundred of the revolu
tionists have been arrested, but a number
of the leaders fled.
General Helsjeonikoff. the Military
'SL32.? SiF!' 1' Governor of Chlia, has been relieved of
It was $200. Many of these porta once
were prosperous centres with large trades,
but have fallen Into decay of late.
Shipping on Chesapeake Bay.
There are 40.000 tons of steamboats en
gaged on the Chesapeake Bay arid 10,000
sailing vessels employed transporting oys
ters, fruits, grain, lumber, etc., to Bal
timore. About halt of the tonnage re
ceived at Baltimore is reshlpped East and
West by rail.
Moravian "Women's Victory.
After a struggle of many years, and
for the first time in 119 years, women a
few days ago voted in the councils of the
Moravian. Church at Lltltr. This is tho
result of a victory they wrested from the
opponents of woman suffrage a year ago.
The Worm Has Turned.
Philadelphia North American.
A Philadelphia man In St. Louis had
a boy arrested for soiling his collar with
a snowball. Things have changed since
the .days when the people of this city
thought it quite proper that they should
get it In the neck.
The French 3ray Shoot It.
"I write with hat In hand to salute the
American people," says- President Castro.
It has been known that Castro talks
through his hat. but this is the nrsUIntl-
matioa that he does his writing the same
hi3 post for Inaction. General Rennen
kampff reports that the meanures taken
assure a speedy pacification of Trans-Baikalla.
"Quiet is restored among the troop
at "Vladivostok and Harbin."
The Province of Trans-Baikalia, where
the peasants under the leadership of rev
olutionists raided the government ammu
nition magazines and seized 2o,C00 rifles
and much ammunition, Is far from pa
cific Many of the rifles have been re
ceived in Chita In a damaged condition.
The captured revolutionary leaders were
tried by drumhead court-martial and shot.
The telegram to the Minister of the In
terior added that a famine Is threatened
in Trans-Baikalla. The supplies of flour
are exhausted, and relief measures must
be immediately taken.
"Papa, what Is a 'gentleman of the old
school T" "Ona who allows hlmoelf to be
run over by a horse, son." Puck.
"Do you think your daughter could live on
my salary?" "Perhaps she could, but what
would you dor' Cleveland Plain Dealer.
"Skinner always ahavea himself." "What's
the matter! Ioen t he trust the barber!"
Ten. but the barber won't trust him!" De
troit Free Press.
"Ton talked all through my solo," said tha
musician a little resentfully. "Oh, that's all
right," said the elf-sufllclent sage. "I wasn't
saying anything you would care about bear
ing." Washington Star.
"No." said Borroughs. "f don't like Mr.
Sharpletgh much." "But." said Guscher,
when you get him Into a remlnlwnt mood
Isn't he really delightful? "Huh! I got him
into that sort of mood once and he recalled
a five-dollar loaa hs had mace me." Phila
"Mercy, what a crush 1" exclaimed a fair
bst fat strap-hanger on a Wade Park car
last, night, "I've had to stand on one fot
for eight blocks." "I'm well aware of that.
saa4aro," pat In her neighboring victim, "but
I wish you hadn t picked out my foot as
Vi ost, 3eveland Leader.
DRAGNET FOR LETT REBELS.
Columns of Troops Closing In to Cap
ture Them All.
ST. PETERSBURG, Feb. 7. Tho reports
from the' Baltic provinces say that Gov
ernor-General Sollogub's plan of sweep
ing the revolutionists and their leaders
from the province is rapidly approaching
completion. The columns of troops com
manded by General Orloff, which have
gradually closed In on Riga, are driving
the Llvonlan revolutionists before them.
The advance guard has arrived at the
outskirts of the city. In Courland, the
columns are approachimr front the south.
The trap will soon be sprung and 'the
revolutionary chiefs who are being gath
ered by the hundreds into Riga, will be
captured. The disorders now arc chlefty
conflned to the northern part of Cour
land and Riga.
Medals for Russian Veterans.
ST. PETERSBURG, Feb. 7. Medals" for
all who nartlcipated In the war with
Japan have been ordered, according to an
Imperial rescript. Those wno uercnaea
Port Arthur "will be given, a silver medal,
and light bronze medals will be bestowed
on those engaged in battles on land or
sea. Soldiers who were not- under fire
will receive dark bronze medals.
Anarchist Leaders Captured.
ST. PETERSBURG, Feb. 7. Twenty
leading anarchists were arrested ; to
night in a police raid at a meeting of
a circle or revolutionists, a quantity
of bomb3. dynamite and anarcnlstic
literature was seized.
Court-Martlal of Mutineers.
SEVASTOPOL. Feb. 7. The court-martial
of three officers and 70 sailors who
took part in the mutiny on board tha
Russian battleship Hnlaz Potemkln begaa