Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
; ""' - Tr"
THE- MORNING OREGONIAN, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY
I CHAMPION UF HiS
' FOREIGN POLICY
President Finds Able Defender
in Spooner on Mo
ACTS WITHIN HIS POWER
Tillman and Morgan Irritate Spooner
with Interruptions Vigorous
Reply to Bacon's Attack on
"WASHINGTON. Jan. 23. For more
than three hours today Spooner occu
pled the time of the Senate In explana
tlon and defense of the course of the
Administration relative to the Moroc
can conference at Algeclras, Spain, and
In connection with Santo Domingo. The
speech was delivered to crowded galle
rlcb and to a well-filled Senate and re
eelved careful attention throughout. It
was in the main a response to the
speeches of Bacon and Tillman and its
purpose was to Justify the President's
acts in both the matters under discus
Thero were frequent interruptions by
Tillman and some sharp exchanges of
repartee between him and Spooner.
These amused the galleries, but once
or twice Spooner showed that he w-as
annoyed and once he made serious pro
test against Tillman's imputation that
his appearance In the case was that of
a special advocate for the Administra
tion. There were also interruptions by
Bacon, Morgan and others.
In the Moroccan matter Spooner con
tended that the President had merely
followed precedent in appointing dele
gates and said that. If he had failed to
do so, he would have been guilty of
dereliction of duty, while in the case
of Santo Domingo he asserted that the
President had made no effort to carry
the treaty between Santo Domingo and
the United States into effect in advance
of its ratification by the Senate.
Culberson followed Spooner with a
brief speech. In which he said the
President had taken complete Jurisdic
tion or the subject matter of the Do
minican treaty, thus usurping the pow
ers of the Senale. Lodge gave notice
of a speech on the Dominican and Mo
roccan questions tomorrow.
McCumber and Heyburn spoke on the
pure food bill. ,
Warren Introduced a bill giving to wom
en the right to vote in all states for Rep
resentatives In CongreBs. The bill was
referred to the committee on woman suf
frage. The pure-food bill was laid before the
Senate, and Mr. McCumber continued his
speech In support of that measure. Hey
burn also addressed the Senate In advo
cacy of the bill.
Spooner then addressed the Senate on
the conduct by the President of our for
eign relations. The precipitation of this
discussion had been, it seemed to him,
quite unjustifiable, because many of the
questions spoken of involved executive
matters, and should have been considered
behind closed doors.
Need Not Consult Senate First.
Speaking generally, he felt the plan of
dealing with foreign questions In execu
tive session to be the wise one. He out
lined the powers of the President to ne
gotiate a treaty and said that he could
not be compelled to conduct such nego
tiations under the tutelage of the Sen
ate, nor. for that matter, of the entire
"How can the Senate advise to any ad
vantage after a thing is done?" Tillman
asked, and. replying, Spooner enlarged
upon his theory that at no stage of the
negotiation of a treaty -was the President
required to take the Senate Into his con
fidence. The correspondence in a pending
negotiation might be productive of mis
chief and he believed that to be true In
the case of Morocco, for example.
In reply to an inquiry from Tillman,
Spooner said that the members of the
committee on foreign relations were, like
other Senators, advisers to thi "President. '
"A member of that committee in his re
lation to the President is only a Senator
ana, is a servant or the Senate." he said
"A Senate committee has no relation to
Tillman quoted a newspaper article re
ferrlng to Lodge and Spooner of the for
eign relations committee as having been
called upon to pass upon foreign ques
tions. He wanted to know, whether, as a
matter of common sense, a President
would not ordinarily desire to have the
aavice or such members of the commit
tee as were also leaders of the Senale.
Repartee From Tillman.
Referring to Tillman's characterization
of his own observation as one of common
sense, Spooner said that he felt Impelled
to say that the character of the remark
was such as to justify that characteriza
tion. "For which." responded Tillman, "I am
"But," responded Spooner, "I say so
only from a sense of politeness."
"Then." said Tillman, "the Senator
convicts himself of insincerity."
The galleriea enjoyed the exchange of
pleasantries and laughed aloud, so much
so as to render necessary a rebuke from
Spooner outlined "the prerogatives"
of the different branches of Congress.
"The Senator uses the word 'prerog
ative." too broadly," remarked Morgan.
"The President has no prerogative like
that of royalty."
Replying, Spooner said that in the
last analysis he considered the Ala
bama Senator to be Tight, "but," he
added, "Mr. Morgan has heard the word
used a thousand times as I have used
"A thousand times too often," re
Spooner said that Bacon, the author
of the resolution calling upon the
President for -information about the
Algeclras, conference, had deprecated
the departure from the doctrine of non
interference In foreign matters laid
down in Washington's farewell address.
As for himself, Spooner said he be
lieved that in appointing delegates to
that conference the President had act
ed clearly ywithin his constitutional
capacity and in the Interest of the
country and Just obedience to the 'de
mands or the situation." He did not be
lieve such action to be in contravention
of the declaration of the farewell ad
dress or the spirit of the Constitution.
"The framers of the Constitution did
tiot mean to create a baby Nation or a
hermit Nation," he said, and then quot
ed precedents to show that this country
participated in international confer
ences to advantage.
CONSIDER ENGINEERS' REPORT
Senate Committee on Types ot Canal
and Plan of. Work.
WASHINGTON. Jan. SC. Chief Eagi-.
neer John T. Stevens appeared be-fore the
HB or twice Spooner showed that he was ? $mkji I
9nate committee on lnteroceanlc canxls
today for examination concerning the
type of canal to be constructed across the
Isthmus of Panama. The majority and
minority reports of the Board of Con
structing Engineers furnished the basis
or the testimony.
Members of the committee agreed that
there ought not to be any public discus
sion of these reports until they have been
acted, upon by the Isthmian Canal Com
mission and approved by the President.
It was stated, however, that at the morn
ing session the question of the relative
cost of the two types of canal had not
From the general discussion of the re
ports, it appeared that the committee
was almost a unit in favor of building the
canal by contract.
WHEELER'S ILLNESS MILD
Doctors Expect Recovery From At
tack or Pneumonia.
NEW YORK. Jan. 23. That Brigadier
General Joseph Wheeler, of the United
States Army, retired, has a mild attack
of pneumonia was announced today at
the home of his sister, Mrs. Sterling
Smith, in Brooklyn, where General
Wheeler is 111.
General Wheeler was stricken with
pleurisy Thursday night. Pneumonia de
veloped Sunday. Dr. A. J. McCorkle is
In charge of the case, and had Dr. E. G.
Janeway in consultation Monday. The
case is a mild one. the temperature being
only about 100. He Is resting easily and
there Is hope for a speedy recovery. His
son. Major Joseph Wheeler, Jr., and two
or nis daughters- arc with him.
It was announced this afternoon that
General Wheeler's condition was un
LEARN AND-MAKE FRIENDS
Chinese Commissioners IJcin Their
Work at Washington.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 23. The Im
perial Chinese Commission sent to this
country to study American government
meuious arrived nere today, visited the
State Department this afternoon, later
took luncheon at the Chinese legation
and tonight the party was entertalnea
at the legation. The members of the
commission were cordially greeted at
the state Department
Nearly all the members of the com
mission speak English fluently and
several of them donned Western cloth
ing and started sightseeing through
the city, a number began to prepare
ior me investigation which will be
made during the next few days.
The mission was chiefly sent to
study the methods of government of
this country and to see how far the
Chinese educational and military cus
toms can be benefited by Introducing
some elements of American education.
At the same time the commission will
endeavor to bring the two countries
cloBer together nnd convince the Am
erican people that the boycott was per
petrated by private persons and had
in no way the sanction of the imperial
On their arrival the commissioners
were met at the station by Mr. Denbv.
cnier cieric or me state Departments
who will look after their comfort dur
ing the ten days that they will be in
me city. Sir. Dcnby was chosen tnt
this work on account ofchis knowledge
or tne uninese language and customs.
The party at once took the carriages
which tvere waning ror them ana
arove to me Arlington, the Chinese
legation not being large enough to
proviae rooms ior the 60 guests. The
memDers or tne commission spent the
morning resting rrom the fatigue ot
me long trip.
Home Ruler Lord Mayor of Dublin.
DUBLIN. Jan. 23 Joseph Patrick Nnn.
netl. Member of Parliament In the Irish
National interest for the College division
of Dublin, and chief compositor of the
rTeeman s journal, was today elected
ura .Mayor or Dublin.
Jeph T. GUddea.
Joseph F Qlldden, -who celebrated
his 834 birthday at DKlb. Ill, hu
been one of the moit prominent &ure
In DeKalb County for 60 years. He
is the. Inventor of barb wire, from
which he amajssed a handsome for
tune, as did many others who were
associated with him In that enter
prise. For many year all persons en
gaged In the manufacture or barb
wire paid royalty on Mr. GllddCn'a
patent. Mr. GUdden was born In New
Hampshire in 1S13. He voted for An
drew Jackson ior President In No
vember, 1S32. although he was hot of
legal age until the following January.
For 30 years he was a farmer and
incidentally a hotelkeeper. He Is in
goqd health and In possession of all
; Central Joseph Wheeler.
o BARB WIRE INVENTOR IS 93.
0OIT0N WILL HELP
Chairman Renews Pledge of
Aid to Columbia-Jetty.
PLANS NOT YET DEFINED
Tells If. V. Scott He Will Do Utmost
to Secure Appropriation Other
3Icmbcrs of . Congress
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wah-
ington, Jan. 23. Chairman Burton, of the
House river and harbor Committee, In
conference today with H. W. Scott, of
Portland, gave renewed assurance ot his
friendliness toward the Columbia River
and repeated his desire to procure an ap
propriation this session sufficient to pro
tect tne unfinished Jetty until an appro
priation can be made in the next regular
river and harbor bill for its completion.
He repeated what he said at the confer
ence with the Oregon men last week.
showing not only that he .fully appreciates
mo importance or this Improvement, but
mat ne realizes the advisability of mak
Ing an ample appropriation to protect the
unfinished Jetty and tramway, which
must necessarily sustain heavy loss tin
less several hundred thousand dollars are
Immediately appropriated, as recommend
ed by the Army engineers.
Mr. Burton assured Mr. Scott that he
would do everything in his power to Pro
cure the necessary appropriation, but he
nas not yet determined what plan to fol
low in order to get the money. There Is
danger, which every one recognizes, that
any legislation . for the Columbia River
alone, or for that and three or four other
emergency projects. Is ant to be loaded
down with appropriations for works that
do not demand Immediate attention, mak
ing a general river and harbor bill. and.
If this is done, the entire measure Is very
apt to fall.
From talks with Representative Jones
and other Congressmen directly Interested
in the Northwest, as well as others -who
were instrumental in passing the Lewis
and Clark Exposition bill, Mr. Scott find
considerable friendliness for Columbia
River improvement, and he Is satisfied
that everything possible Is being done to
procure the needed appropriation without
unnecessary delay. But at this time it
is impossible to say what will be accom
MOKE TIME OX TIIEIR JOURNEY
Tdaho Shccnmcn Fnvor Chnncc In
Stock Shipping Law.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU
Washington, Jan. 23. The House com
mlttcc on interstate commerce devoted
the whole ot today to hearings on the
bill of Representative French of Idaho
to regulate the shipment of livestock
by rail. This bill proposes to author
ize shipments for periods of 36 consec
utive hours without a stop, instead o
28 hours as required by the present
law, and furthermore provides that.
where this 36-hour period expires at
night, no stop need be made until next
morning. Stops must then be made.
stock unloaded and given at least five
hours for feeding and water before re
sumlng the Journey.
The principal arguments were madv
by a delegation of Idaho sheepmen
Fred W. Gooding. W. H. Phllbrlck and
T. G. Johnson. They advocated the 36
hour law as against the present law
not only because It Is more humane
but because it enables sheepmen to get
their sheep to Eastern markets In let
time and in better condition than they
can now. Stockmen from other states
were also heard, and It was forcibly
Impressed upon the committee that the
stock Interests of the entire West are
In favor of the French bill, or some
The bill was referred to a sub-com
mittee itnd from the questions asked
today, it Is believed a favorable report
win soon follow.
Examinations for Midshipmen.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
Ington, Jan. 23. At the request of Senator
Ankeny. a competitive examination will
be held at Whitman College, Walla
Walla, February 10, at which aspirants
for appointment as midshipmen at the
Annapolis Naval Academy will have an
opportunity to undergo physical and men
tal tests. The Senator proposes to give
mis appointment to the young man mak
Ing the best record.
New Northwest Postmasters.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington, Jan. 23. Postmasters appointed:
Oregon Merlin. George A. Guild, vice J.
G. Lantcrman. removed.
Washington Albion, James P. Harper.
vice j. m. LAwior. resigned; Bluelight,
John W. Graves, vice Nellie E. Carroll.
resigned: Western. Charles D. Phillip
vice P. E. Cameron, resigned.
Change in Examining Board.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
Ington, Jan. 23. First Lieutenant James
Regan, Jr., Fourteenth Infantry, Is de
tailed as Recorder of the Examining
Board at Vancouver Barracks, vice First
Lieutenant Lawrence Cabell, Fourteenth
DEFENSE ALL CLAPTRAP
MORRISON MAKES LIGHT OP
Says Claim to Immunity Is After
Thought Statements Under
Oath Alone Prlxilegcd.
CHICAGO. Jan. 23. The Govern
ment, through District Attorney Mor
rison, made its opening statement in
the packers case today. The District
Attorney entered upon his address to
the Jury with such vigor that the at
torneys for the defense at once Inter
"The claims of the defendants In this
case declared District Attorney Mor
rison, "are only a part of their clap
trap defense presented by men of in
fluence in the effort to unfit the Jury
for fair deliberation In this case. Theee
men have not only the ingenuity of
criminal lawyers, but they are cor
poration lawyers trust lawyers."
Attorney William J. Hynes. who
slosed the opening address for the
packers yesterday with an attack upon
the District Attorney, made stronir ob
jections to the statements of the Dis
trict Attorney, and the court was
called upon for a. decision. It ruled In
favor of District Attorney Morrison.
Another clash occurred when the
District Attorney declared that tha
plea, of the packers that they are en
titled to Immunity "was an after
Ta&ee mini," ceatlaueg the District At
We want you to feel near
enough to our officers, so
that, when you want any ad
vice in regard to your busi
ness, or any investment you
want to make, you will not
hesitate to freely consult with
them, and feel that any ad
vice is freely given, as it al
ways will be.
WE PAY 4 INTEREST
Sixth and Merrlftoa Strrrts.
General Banking Business
We Issue Drafts on All Parts
of the World
W. H. MOORE. President.
E. E. IST I.E. Vlce-Preldfnt.
W. COOPER MORRIS. Cashltr.
torney, Indicating the attorneys for the
packers, "while the grand Jury was In
session went before the biggest law of
ficer In the land and put forth every effort
and Influence to stop this prosecution.
They said nothmc about Immnnitv thon
Attorney John 9. Miller, who appears here
for the packers, was there, and he never
said one word about Immunity."
"I object to that statement because the
District Attorney cart never hops to prove
it," aid Mr. Miller.
"I can prove, I siy I can." replied the
attorney for the Government. "I will put
Mr. Miller himself on the stand and he
will tell about that Interview. I was
present, and I know what he said."
The attorneys of the packers again of
fered objections, but Judge Humphrey
"I gave you gentlemen a wide latitude,
and I am now disposed to grant the Gov
ernment a very wide latitude."
After some additional legal sparring,
the District Attorney went on with his
The District Attorney declared that the
packers are not entitled to Immunity be
cause their statements were not made un
der oath. It made no difference, he de
clared, how much a man talked not un
der oath, he would still be subject to the
operation of the law.
FRANCE'S. SPLENDID GIFT
GIIEAT GOBELIX TAPESTRY IS
JIADE FOR TILE CZARIXA.
It Will Excel Gifts From Other For
eign Nations to Bride of
the White House.
PARIS. Jan. 23.-(Spec!al.)-The magnifi
cent piece of Gobelin tapestry which the
French government has decided to send as
a wedding present to Miss Roosevelt rep
resents the highest skill of the famous
The tapestry was completed some time
si as u was originally intended as a
gift to the Empress of Russia, but the
latter disappointed the Parisians by not
coming to the capital on the occasion ot
ner last visit to France. Since then the
great work of art, nearly 40 feet square.
nas decorated one of the walls In the
Elysee Palace, and on state Occasions as
when King Edward visited Paris, 'has
been used In the Hotel de Vllle.
Thus France Is confident that no Euro
pean government or moncarch will bestow
a more splendid gift, despite the rivalry
that will be natural under the circum
stances. The tapestry Is being packed for
immediate shipment to New York.
ARE SHUTUPJN KANSAS
Independent Refiners Appeal to Gar
field Against Standard.
CHICAGO, Jan. 23. A dispatch to the
Tribune from Chanutc. Kan., says: The
independent on renners of Kansas have
mailed to James R. Garfield. Commission
er of Corporations, an appeal for justice
against the alleged conspiracy between
the standard Oil Company and the rail
roads to shut Kansas oil out of the mar
ket The refiners who signed the aDDeal have
Invested more than $1,000,000 in refineries,
tank cars, storage tanks, wagons and bar
rels. They claim that by reason of a
conspiracy between the Standard OH Com
pany and the railroad systems of the
Southwest, they are limited to the State
of Kansas for a market for their refined
oil; that to all points outside of Kansas
the freight rates on all tho products of
crude petroleum are unreasonably high.
and ve been maintained at such unrea
sonably high rates for the express pur
pose and for no other purpose than to
confine business of the Independent re
finers to the State of Kansas.
Hadley Will Take More Evidence.
JEFFERSON CITT. Mo.. Jan. 23. A
motion was filed in the Supreme Court
today by Attorney-General Hadley.
asking- that the court consider some
briefs in the case pending here to de
termine the right of witnesses to re
fuse to answer questions filed In the New
WE ARE GIVING
For $22.50 we will make a suit to your meas
ure and give you an extra pair of trousers of
the same or different material FREE
You may choose a suiting from'a black Thir.
bet, a blue Serge, or an all-wool Cheviot.
Come in today and see the fabrics
Elks Building, Corner
Men's 35c to 50c Hosiery
19c a Pair
Not only is there a remarkable price attraction but the variety, styles and
assortment are equally as powerful an inducement to buy. High-grade socks in all
the newest weaves and styles, 3oc to 30c values at only 19 pair. Now is the
best time to lay in a big supply of hosiery for present and future wear.
Colored Dress Goods
i is4fc-'i ,i
-"Tr"; $ j H rgJIsssfc
y-gtf1! SSiVt ranama suitings, o4-iuch VSq
y''"?'' Vfe $1-25 plain Panamas, 54-inch wide, new shades 9Sr
zti - ?.KSsrrrv?-Vi.y
1 md1 1 ittMl fi U m L
'akj i a
York court. Mr. Hadley has departed for
Cleveland, O., to resume taking testimony
In the oil cases. It Is stated as probable
that officers of the Republic Oil Company
will be called as witnesses.
Take Evidence In Cleveland.
CLEVELAND. Jan. 23. The Judicial In
quisition In which a number of prominent
business men of this city are expected to
testiry in connection with the action of
the State of Missouri against the Stand
ard Oil Company will commence here
tomorrow. The list Includes Frank
Rockefeller, brother of John D. Rocke-1
feller: James F. Corrigan. Charles TV.
Scofield and Daniel Schurmcr.
tie eotira Qulaiae predectlea ef tha "WnrU im
MmtuBcu ctctjt jrsr bv saucers 01
Laxative Bromo Quinine
.W.QROVE'Salpwtiireoabox. 2 Jo
Seventh and Stark
I IS COTS ZAC3?2TQ. A QUAJOTX 1
I v?w,Efq' PEABOPY & CO I
75c to $1.25 Values
From S o'clock in the morning until 6 at night our Hosiery counters
were crowded with very busy Hosiery buyers. Hundreds of splendid
bargains left for today. Come this morning if possible, shopping is
less strenuous than in the afternoon. Here are Hosiery bargains that
are simply irresistible. Every pair is the prime product of world
famous manufacturers Hosiery of high standard grade Hermsdorf
dye. Big variety of plain and fancy weaves in lisle thread and cotton.
Black, tan, champagne, biscuit, sage, Alice blue, gray, navy, brown,
Dresden, green, bronze, fancy stripes, plaids, lace boot, lace allovers,
drop-stitch, polka dots, solid colors, etc., in greatest variety. The
more you know about Hosiery the better yon will appreciate today's,
great hosiery bargains; 75c, Soc, $1.00, $1.23 values at 29p
30c Shirtwaist Suitings in checks and plaids 39c
iwc vooi ouuiuss, irray ana
- (i5c best wo1 French fhallies,
J b'Oc all-wool Albatross, cream
"3 5125 and $L30 (lftrk Novelty
i.sn Krr;nnna o,i ,i;om.i
. ...Quu.av. uu U1UUIUUU
brown and myrtle
,aAs. wo gray Tweed bmtings; new
( oFvS2'25 PrieStley,S inch CrowneUes, all colors $1.48
ouc ringnsn juonair tsniiiantiuc
65c English Mohair Brilliantine
00c English Mohair Brilliantine
$1.00 English Mohair Sicilian,
(J $1.00 50-inch Panamas, bright
i.za or-incn inEiisii jjevonsnire aer?es . .hs
'Str7 'I1!5 Pure Mohair Turkish
.ov ouk and lUonair isovcity Suitings
$1.75 50-inch Armures, Melrose and Novelty Weaves S1.33
LADIES' OUTFITTERS LEADING FURRIERS
Fourth and Morrison Streets
For Tomorrow Only
Ladies' and Misses' Gloves
This lot of Gloves will create a sensational item for tomorrow. They'll
go in a jiffy, so don't delay if you want a pair of high-class 7Qr
gloves for 79c Values up to $1.60, tomorrow I
On display in our Fourth-Street Window.
A Clearing' of Women's
We are still clearing our stock of Women's Suits, "There are
many styles, but not many suits of any one style; all are this Fall's
newest styles, all siaes, colors and materials, to be cleared quickly as
8.00 for $15 Tailored Suits $16.35 for $80.00 Tailored Suits
11.50 for $20 Tailored Suits $18.75 for $37.50 Taflored Suite
$ 14.35 for $25 Tailored Suits $26.75 for $45.00 Tailored Suits
mixtures, etc 47c
all styles 49
and all colors .43?
Suitings, 54-inch wide 65
lUkvn UClptO, OU'IIIUI UUtJ
stripes. ,)4-irtch S1-.33
4S - inch 83
worsted finish 79
Crepe at $1.29
Clearance prices prevail on every gar
ment in our great stock of fashionable
Furs. The prices on the popular Mink
Garments are lower now than we will
ever be able to offer them again, as this
muchly-favored fur is sure to greatly
advance in the coming London sales.