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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 23, 1906)
THE MORNING OREGONIAN, TUESDAY, JANUARY
rl TURN ON ROOSEVELT
Packers Quote His Letter
Support of Plea.
SAY GARFIELD THREATENED
President's Statement to Moody Al
leged toSupport"Claim to Im
. munity Cudahy In Dan-
ger of Imprisonment.
CHICAGO. Jan. 22. President Roose-
"velt has been made the central figure
around -which revolves the entire case
involving: the pleas of the indicted
packers for immunity from further
prosecution by the Government on
charges of being In conspiracy to com
bine In restraint of trade and com
merce. W. J. Hines, attorney for the
defendants, in his opening statement
today for the jury "hearing the immu
nity pleas, read an excerpt from a let
ter written by the President to Attorney-General
Moody In the Atchison.
Topeka Santa Fc rebate case, -which
-was a part of the communications be
tween the two men called for by Con
gress some time ago. This letter la
taken by the packers as an admission
by the President that the Department
of Commerce and Labor and the De
partment of Justice worked together to
indict the -packers, supporting the con
tention of the packers upon which they
rest for Immunity.
The defendant packers will endeavor
to Interject the letter Into the case as
evidence. Just as If the President were
here and testified concerning it.
What Roosevelt . Wrote.
The letter was written by the Pres
ident June 12, 1905, at the time the Fed
eral grand Jury was sitting In Chicago
on the beef Triqulry." That' part of the
letter read by Mr. Hines and which will
be Introduced by the defendants, if pos
sible, as evidence from President
"With my approval, the Department of Jus
tice, -with the assistance of the Department
o Commerce and Labor, has for some
months been endeavoring to find out whether
or not they can obtain legal evidence of such
--llful and deliberate violations of the In
junction by any Individual. If the grand
Jury now sitting; In 'Chicago finds an indict
ment against any Individual connected with
the packing corporations. It will be because
in their Judgment such 'evidence of the viola
tion of the Injunction has been laid before
The letter purports to be signed by
the President and is taken by the de
fendants as proof of .their contentions.
"That letter is a public document
and we will introduce it as evidence in
this case," said John S. Miller, one of
the packers' attorneys. "If the Gov
ernment contests It, we can, of course,
call for an original copy."
Cudahy Threatened With Jail.
The reading of excerpts from the let
ter came as a climax! to ihe opening
statement of the defendants late to
day. John C. Cowln. who talked for the
Cudahy Interests in the morning, as
serted that Edward A. Cudahy, the
Omaha packer, was directly threatened
with Imprisonment by Commissioner
Garfield if he refused to give the Com
missioner Information regarding the
packing business. Mr. Cowln argued
that the securing of evidence against
the packers themselves in itself con
stituted a promise of Immunity to the
District" 'Attorney C. B. Morrison will
make the opening statement for the
REFORM FOR LAND LAWS
(Continued 'From Page I.)
bidder, with the" result that the market
price has been obtained.
Some means should be provided by which
the matured timber upon the unreserved
public lands may be sold, not only for tli
use of individuals, but also to supply tho
demands of commerce. There Is now a pro
vision of law for the free use of timber In
limited Quantities for domestic and mining
purposes -which meets the requirements of
those needing small quantities, but there is
no provision for the sale of timber except
from forest reserves.
Sell Timber by Auction.
TVe recommend the enactment of a law
under which it shall be lawful for the Secre
tary of the Interior to sell to the highest
bidder, at public outcry or otherwise, under
such rules and regulations' and subject to
such conditions and restrictions and in such
quantities ar he may prescribe, the right to
cut and remove, within such period of time
as he may fix. any timber from any unappro
priated, nonmlncral, surveyed public lands,
after first having had "such timber duly
appraised, and after giving public notice of
the time, terms, manner and place of such
sale; that he shall have power and author
ity to reject any and all bids offered at
any such sale and that It shall be unlawful
for any purchaser at such sale to sell, trans
fer, assign, or In any manner alienate the
rights secured by him under this act. except
as authorized by said Secretary: that the
act entitled "An act for the sale of timber
lands In the States of California, Oregon,
Nevada and Washington Territory." ap
proved June 3, 387S, and all acts amendatory
thereof be repealed and that no lands valu
able chiefly for timber shall hereafter be
patented under the commutation provisions
of the homestead laws; that any person who
violates any of these provisions, or any regu
lation or requirement prescribed pursuant
thereto, shall forfeit to the United States all
benefits "conferred, and all moneys paid by
him, and that any right to cut and remove
timber which he may thon hold shall be
canceled and revoked.
In Its second report the commission has
this to say of the timber and stone act:
The recommendations mad lor the repeal
or the timber and stone .act in .the previous
report are renewed and emphasised. ' Addi
tional facts showing the destructive effect of
thlslaw have strengthened the belief of your
Commission that on the whole Its operation
is decidedly harmful. This law has ben
made the vehicle for Innumerable frauds and
the Government has. lost and is still losing
yearly vast sums-ot money tnrougn the sale
of valuable timber lands to speculators, and
hence lndlrcctjy to, large corporations, at a
price far below their actual value. From
the passage of the act, June 3, 1878. to
June SO. 1&04. 53,372 claims tor 7.596.078
acres of timber land were patented under lte
provisions, and on last date 7G(4 claims for
1,108,380 acres wero pending. Many trans
fers of land patented under this law aro
made immediately upon completion of title.
often on the same day, to Individuals and
companies. In this way a' monopoly of the
timber supplies of the public-land states Is
being created by systematic collusion. Un
.der the existing rules and practices of the
courts It Is difficult to prove this collusion.
except in cases of open fraud, and it is
therefore practically Impossible to secure
conviction. Furthermore, under bona fide
compliance with the actual provisions of the
law. the effect Is almost equally bad. The
Ikw itself is seriously defective.
It has been -urged in behalf of this act
that It enables poor men to enjoy the bounty
of the Government by obtaining tracts of
timber which they can afterward sell -with
advantage. A careful study eeems to show,
on the contrary, that the original entryxnen
rarely realize more than ordinary wages for
the time spent In making the entry and
completing the transfer. The corporations
which ultimately secure title usually absorb
by far the greater, part or the profit.
Settlement Is Obstructed..
In addition to the direct loss to the Gov
ernment from., the. aale. of the lands Jar be
low their real value, -.timber lands which
should have bees preserved for the use f
the people are withdrawn from such use. and
the development of the country is retarded
until the corporations which own the timber
see fit to cut it. The bona fide settler who
comes into a country, the timber resources
of which have thus been absorbed, may be
very aerldusly hampered by his inability to
secure timber except from a foreign corpor
ation. All of the timber land has often
passed beyond his reach, and the develop
ment of his farm may be retarded and his
expenses greatly increased because he can
no longer obtain the necessary supplies of
fuel, rails, posts and lumber.
As in the case of other laws, instances of
th beneficial operation of this act may be
cited, but when It Is considered from the
point of view of the general Interest of the
public It becomes obvious that this law
should be repealed.
Dcscrt-Land Law Evaded.
Taking up the desert land act, the com
Careful analysis of the operations of this
act and of the practices which have grown
up has led your Commission strongly to
the conclusion that this law should be modi
fied In essential particulars.
Tour Commission recommended last- year
the repeal of the assignment clause. This
provision has been made the convenient ve
hicle for evading the spirit of the law and
for facilitating the acquisition of lands in
By repealing that provision of the law and
requiring the claimant to show that he has
made the entrj; for his own use and benefit
and not for the benefit of any other person or
corporation and that he has made no agree
ment by which the title shall inure to any
other person or corporation, the evils incident
to lar$e holdings of such lands under the
sanction of law will be materially lessened.
It Is a striking fact that theoe large hold
ings of desert land are not reclaimed and de
voted to their best use. Three hundred and
twenty acres of Irrigable land Is entirely too
much for economical handling by one person.
On the other hand, inspection shows that In
the same locality and under the same cli
matic condition the homestead entries, where
not commuted, are reclaimed and utilized.
The desert-land act as It rtands upon the
statute books appears to have many features
which commend it, but, as before stated, the
practices governing it have largely nullified
Ita good features, and the resulting evils can
not be fully overcome without legislation.
The area, of tfie desert entry should be cut
down from 320 acrea to not exceeding 160
acres, and discretion should be given to the
Secretary of the Interior to cut it down still
further where It is apparent that intensive
cultivation is practicable. A farm of 320
acres. If Irrigated. Is entirely too large for
a single family and its possession simply
prevents other ttlem from coming into the
country. Furthermore, it makes, land monop
oly easy and induces speculation.
What Law Should Require.
Actual living at home on the land for not
less than two years should be required before
patent. Tour Commission cannot understand
why any settler should be given both a home-,
stead and a desert entry, either of wblh
without the other should suffice, under the
law, to furnish him a home. The desert-land
law should be a means of settlement and act
ual bona fide residence should be rigidly re
quired. The actual production of a valuable crop
hould be required on not less than one-fourth
of the area of the entry. At present, a a
rule, the greater part of the desert entries
are never actually watered. Hundreds of des
ert entries were examined by members of the
Commission in the last year, and the great
majority of them were found to be uninhab
ited, unlrrigated. uncultivated and with no
improvements other than a fence. This ap
plies both to desert entries upon which final
proof is now being offered and to other entries
to which title has been given.
Frauds committed through conventional
forms of perjury and through lack of proper
verification of the facts as to the reclamation
of the land Justify the taking of Immediate
and radical steps In the revision of the law.
The law should absolutely require an actual
adequate water supply, and the llmlta as to
quantity should be defined.
In short, the law should render impossible
the continuance of the practices ' by which
dert lands without water, without cultiva
tion and without crops are passed into the
poeeession of claimants.
Commutation Xtaw Defective.
In the preceding report a statement was
made that our investigations respecting the
operations of the commutation clause of the
homestead law were still in progress. AVe
were not at that tlme'prepared to recommend
its repeal. Investigations carried on during
the past y-ar have convinced us that prompt
action should he taken In this direction and
that, in the interest of settlement, the com
mutation clause should ho greatly modified.
A careful examination of the districts where
the .commutation clause Is put to the most
use shows that there has been a rapid in
crease of the use of this expedient for pass
ing public lands into the hands of corpora
tions or large landowners.
The commutation clause, if It is to be re
talned to cover special cases, should be ef
fectlvc only after not less than three yeara
actual not constructive living at home on the
land. Under present practice, the commuta
tion period being 14 months, six months of
this time is generally taken to establish rest
dencc, so that only elrhtTmontha remain.
This time Is usually arranged to Include the
Summer, so that the shack built need not be
habitable in tevere "Winter weather and the
residence on the land may consist merely In
a Summer outing. Obviously It is essential
that residence should be far more strictly
defined. It Is probable that lax Interpretation
and enforcement of the provisions of the law
regarding residence is responsible for more
fraud under the homestead act than all other
It may be urged that the frauds which have
taken place under the operations of the com
mutation clause are due largely to lax admin
istration. The tact is that the precedents
established by decisions rendered on special
cases have so far weakened the powers of
administration that$addltlonal legislation is
Farm Land WTlthIn Reserves.
However carefully the boundaries of forest
reserves may be selected. It is practically In
evitable that more or less agricultural land
should be Included. Such land usually lies
In the narrow valleys of the rivers. Ita oc
cupation for agricultural purposes is in the
Interest of the region in which it Ilea and of
the settlers who would make homes upon it.
The presence of the latter in the reserves
would, under wise laws, operate distinctly for
the protection and general advantage of the
reserves. It is essential to the prosperity of
the public-land states both that the foret
reserves should' be maintained and that all
of the land within their borders should be put
to its best use. To exclude all agricultural
lands by Presidential proclamation is not
feasible, because of their small area, scat
tered location and Irregular boundaries. There
fore we recommend that such lands be opened
to 'agricultural entry.
Lease Grazing Lands.
Referring to the control of public graz
ing lands, the Commissioner says: "
The general lack of control in .the use of
public grazing lands has resulted, naturally
and Inevitably. In overgrazing and the ruin
of millions of acres of otherwise valuable
grazing territory. Lands u-tful for grazing
are losing their only capacity for producUve
ness. as, of course, they must when no legal
control is exercised.
Tour Commission concurs in the opinion of
the stockmen that some form of .Government
control Is necessary at once, but 'is opposed
to the immediate application of any definite
plan to all of the grazing lands alike, regard
less of local conditions or actual grazing
value. The following plan Is intended to bring
about the gradual application to each local
ity of a form of control specifically 'suited to
that locality, whether It may be applicable to
any other locality or .not. Tour Cemmlsvlon
recommends that suitable authority "be given
to the President ta set aside, by proclamation,
certain grazing districts or reserves. .To the
Secretaary of Agriculture, in whose depart
ment la found the 'special acquaintance with
range conditions and livestock questions which
is absolutely necessary for the wise solution
of these problems, authority honld he given
to classify and appraise the grazing value of
these lands, to appoint such officers as the
care of each grazing district may require, to
charge and collect a moderate fee for grazing
permit, and to make and apply definite and
appropriate regulaUefta to each grazlag dl
Irlct. These regulations should be frasaed
and applied with. 'special referesce to bring
lng about the largmt permaaeat occupation
of the country by actual settlers aad horse
seekers. All land covered by any permit so
given should continue to he .subject to estry
under reasonable regulations aotwiibataBMag
GUSH IN DEBATE
French and German Delegates
SKIRMISH LASTS ALL DAY
Patrol Against Contraband Develops
First Trouble In Morocco Con
ference Moorish Delegate
Made Jxng Speech.
ALGECIRAS. Jan. 2. The plenlpo
tentiaries were entertained at today's
sitting of the Moroccan conference by
an almost continuous skirmisn oe
tween M. .Revoll, head of the French
delegation, and Count von Tattenbaclt,
the second of Germany's delegates.
While the amenities were carefully ob
served, the other delegates were con
scious that today was the beginning
of fresh controversies between France
and Germany, which are likely to be
long- protracted and of increasing earn
The differences displayed by the two
plenipotentiaries suggested their dif
ference of race. m. Revoll was Keen,
analytical of mind, skillful in fine dip
lomatic phraslngs and with a gTace of
expression and n .winning' personality.
Count von Tattenbach was downright
of speech and soldierly In manner.
trusting- to the solidity of his Ideas and
to his facts.
The two plenipotentiaries are not in
sympathy and draw apart outside the
council room. Both are of high ambi
tion and It will be difficult for either
to yield to the other.
APPROVES CONTRABAND RULES
Confercncc'-Acts on Report and Hears
Speech by Moors.
ALGBCIRAS, Jan. 22. The international
conference on Moroccan reforms assem
bled at the Town Hall at 10 o'clock this
morning. The presiding officer, the Duke
of Almodovar. read messages from the
Spanish Senate and Chamber of Deputies
expressing hope for a successful Issue of
The Marquis VIscontI, head of the Ital
Ian mission, replying In the name of the
delegates, made a significant reference to
the International qharactcr of the agree
ment to be concluded here. This was In
tcrpreted as referring to the Franco-German
difficulty over the question of the
International control of Morocco.
The conference adopted five of the IS
articles contained In the report on con
traband arms. Then, as the sitting had
lasted two and a half hours, discussion
of the remaining articles went over until
Wednesday, tomorrow being reserved for
the ceremonies attending the feast day
of King Alfonso. The discussion brought
out a lengthy discourse from Sidi Mo
hammed el Mokhri. the second of the
Moroccan delegates; concerning Morocco's
general attitude toward the conference.
As he spoke In Arabic, the delegates
listened silently, not comprehending
word. Later they decided to have
translation distributed to the members of
The next incident occurred when M.
Revoll, head of the French mission, an
swering the Moors request for time to
refer certain features of theltv report to
the Sultan, remarked that the Moors
appeared desirous to refer some portions
of It and not to refer others. Thereupon
Sidl Mohammed declared that they were
obliged to refer everything without ex
ception to the Sultan. This .brought on
a discussion among the delegates, show
lng that they arc all similarly obliged to
refer lmiortant points to their respective
The draft of the report under discus
slon. besides providing repressive laws
by the powers, charges the Moroccan
customs authorities with the repression
of -contraband along tho coast. Before
seizing a foreign ship, they must notify
the legation of the country to which the
ship belongs and, pending action on the
part of the legation at Tangier, the Mo
roccan authorities shall Install a guardian
on board the ship. Upon the legation's
approval of the seizure, the contraband
cargo will be condemned, the proceeds
going to the Moroccan treasury, while
the fines will be distributed between the
Informers and the Moroccan treasury.
The draft gives France exclusive con
trol over contraband on the Algerian
frontier, and gives Spain exclusive con
trol along the frontiers of Spam s pos
sessions in Morocco. The general prin-
clole of the plan is to leave the coast
surveillance with the Moroccan customs.
but. as the question of Frances admin
istcring the customs comes up later, the
Franco-German contention remains open.
CHINESE INVADE TONQUIN.
Repulsed With Great Slaughter by
French and Native Army.
MARSEILLES. France. Jan. 22. The
Chinese mall which arrived here to
day brought an account of the invasion
of Tonquin, French Indo-Chlna. by !
Chinese regulars, who encountered a
Frencn force numbering 0 men. of
which 150 were Europeans. Three
hours" battle ensued, resulting In the
defeat of the Chinese, who lost 300
killed and 300 wounded. Tho French
lobt 1$ men of the foreign legion and 23 !
BALKAN STATES ARE DEFIANT
Forming Customs Union Despite Ob
jections of Austria.
VIENNA. Jan. 21 A dispatch received
tonight from Belgrade says the Austrian
frontier has been closed against Servla.
This marks an acute stage In the trouble
between Austria and Bulgaria on one side
and Serrla on the other as the result of
secret negotiations between the Balkan
states for a mutual customs union. The
efforts of Austria-Hungary to dominate
the negotiations looking to the conclu
slon of this customs union, have been un- I who called the court's attention to cer
avatllnsr. In the last note on the subject tain evidence which he held did not cn-
the Servian government rather insolently
declined to be guided by Austria-Hun-
rstlnn In the mailer
The negotiations between Austria-Hun-
rarv and Servla for the conclusion of a
commercial treaty were officially broken
off today because of Servian persistence
In endeavoring to form a union with the
other Balkan states.
The Incident brings three points out-
first, the weakening of the Influence of
Austria-Hungary In the Balkans: second.
the beginning of the formation of an eco
nomical union between the Balkan states
leading possibly to a revival of the old
dream of political union for the purpose
of resisting the influence of the' powers,
and. third, the commercial advantages
accruing to Germany from the embroil
ment of the Balkan states with Austria
Hungary, as Germany would win trade
LONDON, Jan. 23. Telegraphing from
Sofia yesterday the Times correspondent
"Contending that Bulgaria has no right
ujtfer the-provlifecis ef tfc-Berlin trty
to conclude such a. convention, Turkey
has presented a, note requesting that Bul
garia abandon the Servia-Bulgarian con
vention. Bulgaria refuses to comply with
the request. Turkey's intervention appar
ently Is attributable to Austro-Hungarian
Inspiration and Introduces a new factor
In the situation, but It la not known
whether Turkey Is ready to enforce the
demand by frontier regulations."
REBELIiIOX IX BESSARABIA
Bulgarian Mob Suppressed by Gov
ernor With. Machine Guns.
BENDER, Bessarabia, Jan. 22. There Is
a serious uprising In the vicinity of
Kamarat, a Bulgarian colony in the gov
ernment of Bessarabia. The entire popu
lation has risen and made prisoners of the
local authorities. The Vice-Governor, who
set out yesterday with a squadron of
dragoons and two guns, encountered a
mob of 15,000 persons, many of whom were
The Vice-Governor immediately sent or
ders for reinforcements and macmne
guns. It is reported that many persons
have been killed In the neighboring vil
lages. RED SUNDAY CELEBRATED
NOT A RIOT MARS 3IARMOiT IN
Strong Patrols Scatter workmen
and Newspapers Dare Not Ex
press Candid Opinions.
ST. PETERSBURG, Jan. 22. (7:30 P-
M.) The anniversary of Red Sunday has
passed In the tamest fashion. There were
no developments or disorders. Early dis
patches from the Interior report that no
serious trouble occurred anywhere.
The day here was absolutely tineventful.
except for the stoppage of work at some
of the factories, but the attempt to make
the strike general was a failure. A large
proportion of the workmen disregarded
the appeal. The electric light plants an,
the street-car service are both working.
All was quiet today, the most turbulent
being overawed by the Imposing military
Guards were especially thick In the
Vasslll Ostrov district, which, because of
Its large Industrial population, is Infested
with disorderly persons. Joint patrols of
cavalry and Infantry swept up and down
the streets at Intervals and pickets were
stationed at every corner. The many
workmen on the streets drifted together
and then separated as the patrols came
and went, evidently being In fear of the
Cossack whips. Near the Narva gate the
Putlioff works were patrolled by police
men In squads of five, carrying pistols In
addition to their usual swords. At the
Putlioff. works, where all except 4C0 or
the men have been paid off on account of
lack of contracts, crowds of unempioyea
workmen gathered in front of the gates,
hoping to secure work.
The afternoon papers did not appear.
but most of the morning papers were
Issued. They printed articles contain
ing reminiscences of January 22, but
were In an unsually temperate tone, on
account, perhaps of the sentence of one
year imposed upon Alexis Alexlevltch
Souverln, editor of the Russ. The
Radical papers will not appear tomor
row, but the strike of the printers is
MONEY TO BUY DYNAMITE
(Chicago Socialists Give It -After Pa
rade Through Snow.
CHICAGO. Jan. 22. A thousand men
and women, carrying red nags. last
night marched miles through slush,
sleet and wind In parade to commemo
rate the "Bloody Sunday" doings of a
year ago In St, Petersburg. The parade
ended at a ball where a meeting was
held. Red flags fluttered applause to
Impassioned demands for revenge for
those shot down In Russia. The name
of President Roosevelt was hissed wlien
mentioned by Seymour Stedman In
connection with the sending of condol
ences on the af-sasslnatlon of Scrgiu.
When the collection was taken up.
Chairman Thomas J. Margon an
This money will be sent to the Inter
national Bureau at Brussels nnd from
there to Russia to help widows and
orphan? and. If necessary, to buy dy
New York Socialists Parade.
NEW YORK. Jan. 22. In commemora
tion of St. Petersburg's Red Sunday. So
cialists of New York to the number of
more than 15.0C0 marched in procession
i through the streets of the East Side to
night and held a mass meeting In Union
Square. The parade, which was ar
ranged In pursuance of a call from the
International Socialist Bureau, whose
headquarters is In Brussels, was partici
pated in by more than 23) Socialist and
workmen organizations with bands play
ing the "Marseillaise." displaying red
flags and banners Inscribed with revo
lutionary devices. Only two American
flags were visible in the parade.
Red Flag Waves in Boston.
BOSTON". Jan. 22. To the strains of the
MarseiUaI.se more than 4000 former sub
jects of the Russian Emperor marched
through the streets of Boston tonight and
later held a mass meeting In Faneuil Hall
In memory of "Red Sunday." Torches.
banners and red flags were greatly In
evidence In the parade.
ENSIGN WADE ACQUITTED
Court-Martial Docs Not Change Find
ing In Bennington Case.
WASHINGTON. Jan. 22. Ensign Charles
T. Wade, charged with responsibility for
the explosion on the gunboat Bennington
In San Diego harbor. California, has been
quitted by the court-martial.
This action was taken after a reconsid
eration of the case at the instance of the
Secretary of the Navy, who was not en
tirely satisfied with the original finding
acquitting the officer of the charges and
tlrely Justify the conclusion. The court's
action, however, having adhered to Its
I original finding and acquitted the officer.
I the action Is binding on tfie department
1 and closes tho case.
An order was Issued at the Navy Dc-
partment today detaching Ensign Wade
from the Navy-yard. Mare Island, and dl
rectlng him to proceed home and await
Crew, mad Hew ta 1reTeat It.
Thi cold weather of the Winter I usu
allv dreaded by the parents of young
chfldren. as. be as careful as they inay,
colds are liable to be contracted, croup
to follow and the wisdom of the house
hold tested. The first requisite In the
treatment of croup Is promptness. Given
as soon as the child becomes hoarse, or
even after the croupy ceugh appears.
Chamberlain s ceiUB itemeuy will pre
vent the attack. When this Is not done,
or when the attack appears suddenly In
the middle of the nlsht. as It sometimes
does, give this remedy freely until vomit
ing is produced and a cure will be effect
ed. It has ba in u for tftere.tkaa a
third of a eeAtwry. and 1ms sever been
kaoTva t TaH.' For le ky &U drugst
Advance of Wages in All Coal
OPPOSE WORK BY MINORS
Mitchell Denounces Officers of West
ern Miners Federation as Iilars
and Champions National
INDIANAPOLIS. Jan. 22. The general
scale committee of the United Mlnework-
ers of America today made Its report to
the convention. The report will be taken
up for consideration tomorrow morning
at 9 o'clock. The report makes the fol
.First We recommend that districts 13, H,
21. ZK and 25 be admitted to the Joint con
ference: also the admission of atl outlying
districts whose operators are willing to par
Second Wa demand a general advance of
1214 Pr cent over the present scale.
Third Ye demand a' run of mine basis.
Fourth We demand that the differential
between pick and machine mining shall be
Fifth TVe demand a uniform outside day
Sixth We demand that all yardage and
dead work be advanced to 12? per cent.
Seventh We demand that nobody under IS
years of age shall be employed In or around
Eighth We demand that our contract be
effective April 13, IPOS, and expire April 1,
Ninth We demand that elsht hours shall
constitute a day's work.
Tenth That when the men go into the
mines in the morning they shall be entitled
to two hours pay. whether or not the mine
works the full two hours, but after the first
two hours the men shall be paid for every
hour thereafter by the hour for each hour or
fractional part thereof. If tor any reason the
regular routine work cannot be furnished the-
Inside labor for a portion of the flmt two
hours, the operators may 'furnish other than
regular labor the unexpired time.
Mitchell Calls Enemies Liars.
There was a sensational scenn in the
convention which was an echo of the at
tack made on John Mitchell by Robert
Randall, of DIetz. Wyo., In last year s
convention. Randall charged Mitchell, at
that time, with having sold out the rain
ers In the Colorado strike, and Mitchell
made reply, branding the statement as a
Today a delegate named A. F. Germer,
of Mount Olive, 111., made the charge that
some of Randall s statements were cor
rect last year. He presented a letter
from Secretary Heywood, of the Western
Federation of Miners, in which Heywood
denied the statement made In Mitchell:
address of Saturday, that Western Fed
cratlon members were taking the places
of the Lnlted Mine workers on strike.
Mr. Mitchell made reply to this In
very heated statement, denouncing Ran
dan's speech last year, branding Hey
wood's statements as false, and citing
the places where Western Federation
Miners had taken the strikers places,
He named several places In Colorado and
cited districts 2 and 14 and parts of
Washington State Mr. Mitchell again
referred, to the charge that he had
sold out the Colorado strike, and was
strong in his denunciation -of those mak
ing the charge. He was loudly cheered, i
Defends Civic Federation.
Mr. Mitchell said the association he had
with the members of the Civic Federation
had always been turned to the advantage
of the United Mlneworkcrs of America.
He had not committed the organization
to anything. The Civic Federation was
composed of 12 honorable gentlemen.
themselves employers of union labor. The
cardinal prin:lple of the Civic Federation,
he said, was to maintain frienuty rela
tions with organized labor. The Civic
Federation had. favored the trade agree
ment and In recognizing the trade agree
ment had recognized organized labor.
True," he said. "It has men like Mr.
Elliott but If we all thought alike there
would be no organized labor and no mine-
workers' organization. There would be
no necessity for them."
John H. Walker, a Socialist leader, was
recognized by Mr. Mitchell. He said the
argument was tending to widen the
breach between the mineworkers and the
Western Federation of Miners. He urged
The credentials committee made Its final
report. It seated 3000 delegates, repre
senting 16) locals and having 2325 votes.
OPEN SHOP ON ALL CONTRACTS
Structural Workers Shut Out by
XEW YORK. Jan. 22. The "open shon"
rule went Into effect today on all the con
tracts of the Allied Iron Trades, iron
Tfleu and Employers' Association In
this city, all of which are included In tho
National Association of Structural Steel
and Iron Work. It was said that many
of the independent contractors have also
Joined In the "open shop" movement. The
enforcement ot tnc open snop ruic is
nractlcallv a lockout against the Inter
national Association of Iron Workers?, the
local branches of which are the House
rnlths and Brideemen's Unions.
The contractors declared that they have
about 30CO non-union men at woric today.
and In addition 500 experienced ironwork
ers who have deserted the unions. The
officers of tho Housesmlths Union deny
that any of their men have deserted the
union- -They also assert tnat tne struce
has not been lost, and that the. members'
of thi Allied Iron Trades. Iron league
and contracting firms will have to yield
to the union s terms, wnen Dusiness gets
Strike In Humble Oil Field.
HOUSTON. Tex.. Jan. 22. The strike
in the Humble oil field now Involves about
00 men there- jion-recognltion of tne
So many mothers have writ
ten us, tellinf how much Mcllin's
Food has done fcrtheirfcabiea, taat wo
have thousand of mothers' letters ki
our file. If you feel interested, we
wHseadywacses oT aay ef thaae Utters,
aad vm caa write to the matbera y wan elf
afldrertfrtacar. Yery Mealy ws have letter
kvm aerasaae la yaw jiclcky wham ye
aaykaew. A um?U f MtOfa'a Fm4 Mat
Tk MCLT IaCaata' t4 :
Frt4, tr. 16.
MXLLWS FOOD CO., 0TOH. MAI.
union, and discharge ef union men is giv
es as the cause of the strike. It Is stated
by the strike leaders that the strike will
be extended into other fields ony as a
last resort. The managers of the com
panies affected have declined to treat with
ALFARO'S FURIOUS FIGHT
Victorious Rebel Recognized as the
President of Ecuador.
GUAYAQUIL. Jan. 22. It now devel
ops that during the attack made on the
barracks by rioters on Friday night
only 59 persons were killed and 84
wounded. The soldiers resisted until
the next morning and then recognized
the new government.
Before entering Quito, the capital,
General Alfaro, the leader of the rev
olution, nad a four hours fight at the
village of Machahi with the govern
ment troops under Colonel Larren, re
sulting In 330 men being killed and
Ex-President Garcia's troops under
Colonel Andrade are on their way to
Quito, where they will surrender their
arms. The people generally nave al
ready recognized General Alfaro's gov
.LIBERAL GAINS CONTINUE.
Grandson of Peel, the Free-Trader,
Loses His Seat.
LONDON. Jam 22. The Liberal gains
continue. Hon. Robert W. Peel, son and
heir of Viscount Peel and grandson of
Sir Robert Peel, was defeated for the
Harrow division of Middlesex today by
the Liberal candidate.
The seats are now distributed as fol
lows: Liberals 262. Unionists 117, Nationalists
79, Laborites 42.
TREATS AFFAIR AS JOKE
Venezuelan Minister Refuses Expla
nation of Taigny Incident.
WILLEMSTAD, Jan. 22. Advices re
ceived here today say that the dean of
the diplomatic corps at Caracas, the
Belgian Charge d'Affalres, has con
ferred with Senor Tbarra, the Vene
zuelan Foreign Minister, on the inci
dent attending the embarkation of the
ex-French Cnarge d Affaires, M. Taig
ny. on board the French steamer Mar
tinique off La Guayra, January The
Belgian official pointed out that the
diplomatic corps considered M. Taigny
to be a member of tno corps until rc
moved by his government and asked the
Foreign Minister for an explanation of
the position of Venezuela toward the
members of the corps.
Senor Ybarra evaded the request and
treated the Taigny Incident lightly, re
marking that M. Taigny had "allowed
himself to be caught like a rat in
There la a great lack of news at Ca
racas. The people of Venezuela are en
tlrely ignorant of the situation.
Kills One of the Robbers.
FORT WORTH, Tex.. Jan. 22. An un
successful attempt was made to rob the
vault of the bank at Montague, Tex., this
morning, and as a result one of the rob
bers Is dead and another is believed to be
Early thlsjmorning. G. W. Bradley, who
nas sleeping apartments In the bank build
lng, was awakened by the mu filed report
of an explosion. On approaching the room
where the vault Is located, he was fired
on from within. He returned the fire,
killing one of the robbers. Two of the
men ran from the building and escaped.
Cardinal Gottl Dying.
ROME. Jan. 22. Cardinal Gottl, pre
fect of the propaganda, who has been
seriously 111 -of pneumonia for some
days, is dying.
Trust to Nature.
A great many Americans, both men
and women, are thin, pale and puny, with
poor circulation, because they have ill
treated their stomachs by hasty eating
or too much eating, by consuming alco
holic beverages, or by too close confine
ment to home, office or factory, and in
conseqaenedthe stomach must be treated
in a natural way before they can rectify
their earlier mistakes. The muscles in
many such people, In fact in every weary,
thin and thin-blooded person, do their
work with great difficulty. As a result
fatigue comes early, is extreme and lasts
long. The demand for nutritive aid is
ahead of the supply. To insure perfect
health every tissue, bone, nerve and
muscle should take from the blood cer
tain materials and return to It certain
others. It is necessary to prepare the
stomach for the work of taking up from
the food what is necessary to make good,
rich, red blood. We must go to Nature
for the remedy. There were certain
roots known to the Indians of this
country before the advent of the whites
which later came to the knowledge of
the settlers and which are now growing
rapidly in professional favor for the cure
of obstinate stomach and liver troubles.
These are found to be safe and yet cer
tain in their cleansing and invigorating
effect upon the stomach, liver and .blood.
These are: Golden Seal root, Queen's
root, Stone root, Bloodroot, Mandrake
root Then there Is Black Cherrybark.
The medicinal principles residing in these
native roots wlien extracted with glyc
erine as a solvent make the most reliable
and efficient stomach tonic and liver in
vlgorator, when combined in just the
right proportions, as in Dr. Pierce's
Golden Medical Discovery. Where there
is bankrupt vitality such as nervous
exhaustion, bad nutrition and thin
blood, the body acquires vigor and the
nerves, blood and all the tissues feel the
favorable effect of this sovereign remedy.
Although some physicians nave been
aware of the high medicinal value of the
above mentioned plants, yet few have
used pure glycerine as & solvent and
usually the doctors prescriptions called
for the ingredients in varying amount,
The "Golden Medical Discovery" Is a
scientific preparation compounded of the
glyceric extracts of the above mentioned
vegetable Ingredients and contains na
alcohol or harmful habit-forminf drugs.
" Cunt Whit Yaa Slp "
Whpln-Cu h , Craup,
CmfI4cace can be placed in a rem
edy, which for a quarter of a century
nas esxnea unquaunea praise. jx.esuui
nights are assured at once.
Cres9lcae Is a Boom ta Asthmatics
Send testa! far dt-
Threat TaKett for the
irritated, throat, of
year drsggtot er from
Ik Ytt.CfsefcM Glu,
1 m Hi St. M. Y.
OF WHAT WE EAT
Young People Especially Are Sus
ceptible to This Influence
The Secret of Health.
"The nourishment taken by body and
mind, the extent to which this nourish
ment is assimilated, the form and propor
tions in which it is taken Into the" sys
tem, the amount of food and drink con
sumed, and the care given to the body and
Its various functions all profoundly af
fect the health," says a recent editorial
in "Good Housekeeping." that great au
thority on matters pertaining to the home-:
'Some Individuals think they can abuse
the laws of Nature with impunity, but
even generous endowments of physical
vigor eventually succumb while the great
mass of people, especially the young are
peculiarly susceptible to the food 'they
As "Good Housekeeping" in an editorial
suggests, health depends not s0 much on
the nourishment taken Into the stomach
as on the extent to which this nourish
ment is taken up by the system. Malta
Vita, the perfect malted whole-wneat
food, so rich in nourishment, containing
every food element necessary to the sus
tenance oi the human body and mind, is
readily assimilated, even by the weakest
stomach, because of the large percentage
of iiaitosc. or malt sugar, which it con
tains. Maltose Is a natural sweetening
agent and forms rich, healthy blood.
Malta-Vita is especially beneficial for
children, and It is so good to eat not at
all like the tasteless variety of breakfast
foods that the whole family welcome Its
appearance on the table. Always ready
to eat. Now for sale by all grocers.
ALL THAT MAN. MONEY
AND REFINEMENT OF AGE
CAN MAKE IT THE HIGH
EST STANDARD OF EXCEL
LENCE THE AMERICAN
Sold at all nrtt-!aii rafts and azJobbyrfc
WM. LAXA&Uf S. SUS. Bajtlmr, Md. ,
Dr. W. Norton Davis
We treat successfully all private nerv
ous and chronic diseases of men. also
blood, stomach, heart, llvor. kidney and
throat trouble. We cure SYPHILIS (with
out mercury) to stay cured forever. We
remove STRICTURE, without operation
or pain. In 15 days.
We stop drains, spermatorrhoea and
night losses by a new method, in a short
time. W ean restore the sexual visor of
any man under 0, by means of local treat
ment peculiar to ourselves.
WE CURE GONORRHOEA IN A WEEK
The doctors of this institute are all reg
ular graduates, have had over years
experience, have been known In Portland
for many years, have a reputation to
maintain, and will undertake no case un
less certain cure can be effected.
w mianmtee a cure In every case we
undertake or charge no fee. Consultation
free. Letters connaeniiai. insixuciivo
BOOK FOR iliZPi majiea iree iu jjiu.ui
Tf von cannot call at office, write for
question blank. Home treatment success
ful. Office hours, 9 to 5 and 7 to 8. Sundays
and holidays, 10 to 12.
Dr. W. Norton Davis & Co.
Offices in Van Nby Hotel, 52 Third 3t
Corner Pine, Portland, Or.
UNPRECEDENTED SUCCESS OF
C. Gee Wo
AtNo. 162 First St. Cor. Morrison
No misleading statements to the afflicted.
I guarantee a complete, safe and lastlnk cura
la the quickest possible time, and at the
lowest cost possible tor honest and success
ful treatment- I cure catarrh, asthma, luns.
throat, rheumatism, nervousness, stomach,
liver, kidney and lost' manhood.
FEMALE TROUBLES AND ALL PRIVATE
My remedies are harmless, composed of
roots, herbs, buds and barks especially s
lected and Imported dlreet by us from tha
Interior of China.
XT TOU ARE AFFLICTED DON'T DELAT.
DELAYS ARE DANGEROUS.
If you caaaot call, write for symptom
Tslaak asd circular. Inclosa 4 casta In stamp.
The C. Gee We Cfelaese Med tela Ce- 12 Vi
First &W Cer. Merrlse. rertkuta Or.
' Jflcasa ssestloa this aiw. '