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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
m itA, i MLaBsiilF '
ill HI III
VOL. XLY.- XO. 14,068.
PORTLAND, OREGON, TUESDAY, JANUARY 9, 1906.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
Standard Oil Man's An
HiS IGNORANCE IS GREAT
Does Not Know Where
Company Has Office.
ACCOUNTANT TELLS TRUTH
Former SUindard Employe Exposes
Connection of Standard With
Competitors Rogers' Con
tempt for Missouri.
NEW YORK, Jan. S. H enry H. Rogers,
vice-president of the Standard Oil Com
pany of New Jersey, and a director of
the Standard Oil Company of Indiana,
which Attorney-General Herbert S. Had
ley Is trying to oust from the State of
Missouri, was on the witness stand today
on quo warranto proceedings brought by
Mr. Hadley took up with him only these
point: "Whether the Standard Oil Com
pany of Indiana has an office in the
building at 26 Broadway, this city, where
the Standard Oil Company of New Jor-st-y
lias its offices, and whether the
Standard Oil Company of New Jersey
owns or controls a majority of the stock
of the Indiana company, the Waters
Tierce OH Company, of Missouri, and the
Republic Oil Company, of New York.
Mr. Rogers said thaC he did not know
that the Indiana Company has offices at
26 Broadway; that he supposed its affairs
are conducted in Indiana and that he
imagined that James A. Moffett, presi
dent of the Standard OH Company of In
diana, has an office at 26 Broadway, but
that he (Mr. Rogers) was never in it- He
declined to answer the question whether
the Standard Oil Company of New jer
sey owns tho stocks of the companies
which, Mr. Hadley alleges, have com
bln'vi to ptltU- competition in Missouri.
Mr. Hadley prvsd uv quwtioji with
much insistence and demanded an answer
-without evasions. Mr. Itogers was testi
fying when the hearing adjourned to
day. Willing to Hear Xiitwson.
After the adjournment, Mr. Hadloy's
attention was called to some published
advice to him concerning the proceed
ings from Thomas W. Lawson, of Boston,
and he -was asked:
"Do you want Mr. Lawson to come
down here and testify in this case?'
"Certainly. If Mr. Lawson knows any
thing, I should like to have him come
down." said Mr. Hadley.
Ttogcrs Again Dodges.
When Mr. Rogers was called, Mr. Had
ley repeated his previous question:
"Explain what you meant by 'You did
not learn that there were any commit
. "The answer explains itself," said Mr.
"Did you mean that there arc no com
mittees at 26 Broadway that had any
thing to do with the Standard Oil Com
pany of Indiana?"
"I did not."
"Do I understand you that there are
not at 26 Broadway committees which
have charge of the trade of the Stand
ard Oil Company of Indiana?"
"Are there such committees."
"I can't answer."
"Does the Standard Oil Company of In
diana soil oil in New York?"
"I don't know."
"Does it have an office at 26 Broad
"I don't know that It does.'N
"You are a director in that company?"
"Do you mean to say that Mr. Moffett
has not an office at 26 Broadway or that
you don't know whether lie has or not?"
"I don't know, except by hearsay."
"Do you know If the secretary and the
treasurer of the Standard Oil Company of
Indiana -sjtay at 26 Broadway?"
"If Mr. Stahl is the treasurer, as I sup
pose him to be, and Mr. Cowan is vice'
president, as I believe him to be, I don't
know that they have offices there."
Slap at Missouri Supreme Court.
"Do you mean to say to the Supreme
Court of Missouri that you don't know
where the company's offices are?"
""It is' quite immaterial to me what the
Supreme Court of Missouri expects me to
say." said Mr. Rogers.
Mr. Hadley repeated the question.
"Do you want it for personal informa
tion?" asked. Mr. Rogers.
"You understand my question, without
evasion, and I ask the commissioner to
direct the witness to "answer," said Mr.
At the commissioner's suggestion, Mr.
Hadley changed the question to:
"Do you not know, as a director, where
the general offices of the Standard OH
Company of Indiana are located?"
"I do not know as a fact, but I sup
pose they arc in Indiana, where the com
pany is incorporated, and I prefer to trust
to records rather than to my memory."
said Mr. Rogers.
"I still want an answer. Do you know
if the Standard Oil Company of Indiana
has an office at 26 Broadway?"
"I answered that in regard to the office
of Mr. Moffett, the president of the com
pany." "Do you know whether it.has-or bag not
an eSce there?"
"As I Implied in my answer."
"Answer without evasion, lias It or has
"I am trying to give you a fair and
square answer, but I cannot go further,
but I will look into the question and lot
Mr. Hadley: I am not satisfied. Do
you know that Mr. Moffett. president of
the Standard Oil Company of Indiana, has
an office at 26 Broadway?"
"I have answered that.".
"You can answer twice the same way.
can you not?"
"I imagine that he has an office there.
but I never was in it. My previous answer
covers the quostion exactly." '
Again Declines to Answer.
It is charged In this case that the
Standard Oil Company of Indiana, the
"Waters-Pierce Oil Company and Republic
Oil Company are in confederation and an
agreement in violation of the trust laws
of Missouri; do you now know that the
Standard Oil Company of New York owns
or controls, either through iteelf or other
party, a majority of the stock In all those
"I object,' Mild Mr. Hagerman, "as the
question of stock ownership Is still in
Mr. Hadley said the question of stock
ownership is not ponding in any court
in Missouri, but on the contrary the com
missioner appointed In Mipsouri to take
evidence in this ca has ruled that such
evidence is admissible and It lias boon
admitted In Missouri.
Mr. Hagerman said that was not cor
rect, ns he understood it. but the quostion
is still undecided.
Mr. Sanborn found the question com
petent and instructed Mr. Rogers to an
swer. Mr. Rogers declined to do so.
Mr. Hadley asked if Mr. Rogers de
clined for any othor reason than on
the advice of counsol, and Mr. Rogers
said he did not. -
Mr. Rogers was .still on the witness
stand whon the hearing adjourned un
Before interrogation of witnesses, be
gan Mr. Hadley Informed the commission
er that Wade Hampton, auditor of the
Standard Oil Company, one of the wit
nesses summoned, had not responded.
Oil Trust Stock in Kvldcnec.
Mrs. Ida M. Butts, stop-daughter of the
late George M. Rice, of Marietta. O.,
whs the first witness. Mr. Had
ley rend a certificate of six shares
in the Original Standard Oil Trust
Issued by the board of trustees of that
trust in 1S92 to George M. Rice. It was
signed by John D. Rockofotlcr, Henry .M.
Flaglerand "William T. WardwolL It was
indorsed as having been issued in com
pliance with an order of the Supreme
Court of Now York, made In IBM. Mrs.
Butts Identified It as having bolonged to
Mr. Hadley also road a certificate of an
assignment of legal title of one share In
the Standard OH Trust to George M. Rice,
and asked If this was Issued after the
Standard Oil Company of Ohio was or
dered by the courts t" b- dissolved in
3K2. 'Qiec wore the waners about which
Mrs. Butts was questioned on Saturday,
but which she could not then produce.
They were signed by John D. Rockefeller,
li. it. Rogers, W. H. Tilford. attorney.
and F. O. Barstow. as secretary.
Frank Hagerman, counsel for the Stand
ard OH Company, objected to this ques
tion, as asked only for the purpose of
publication by the 20 reporters present.
The objection was overruled. Mrs. Butts
said the paper was owned by Mr. Pice.
These six shares arc said to be the only
shares of the original Standard Oil Trust
now In existence.
Watcrs-Picrcc Was In Trust.
Mrs. Butts said the Waters-Pierce OH
Company was a member of the original
Standard OH Trust- Mrs. Butts said Mr.
Rice had another assignment of title
which he converted into scrip of the con.
stltucnt companies of the Standard OH
Company of New Jersey.
Mr. Hadley again brought from tho
witness, as on Saturday, that these as
signments of title were Issued 'in course
of what Mr. Hadley called the "pretended
dissolution" of the Standard Oil Company
of Ohio, and the final ejection of that
company from Ohio In contempt proceed
ings. Mrs. Butts said these shares of
stock were exchangeable for shares of
stock In the Standard Oil Company of
"Did the Standard OH Company of New
Jersey become the holding company of
these companies in the Standard OH
Trust?" asked Mr. Hadley.
"It did." said Mrs. Butts.
Mrs. Butts also possessed, as admin
istratrix of George M. Rice, a certi
ficate of shares of stock held by him
in the Standard Oil Company of In
She said that Alexander McDonald &
Co., of Cincinnati, .were In existence be
fore the Standard OH Trust and became
the Consolidated Tank Line Company and
a member of the original Standard OH
Trust. . The Chess Carley Company, of
lyouisviiie, -K.y., sne said, was also a mem
ber of the trust. Mrs. Butts was then
Republic OH Co. Has Back Door.
H. D. Hardcastle was the next wit
ness. He was an accountant of the Stand
ard OH Company. He said he lived In
New York and entered the employ of the
Standard OH Company at Albany, N. T.,
m awl. me manager or tne company
at Albany then, he said, was L. P. Cutler.
Witness was employed there eight years,
and then went to Cleveland. O., where he
worked for the Republic OH Company.
Witness was transferred, through or
ders of W. II. Tilford. 26 Broadway, t
director of the Standard OH Company.
Mr. Tilford said the Standard Oil Com
pany had Just absorbed Schofield, Schur
mer a ueagte, and reorganized it as
the Republic Oil Company.
Hardcastle gave details to show that
the new company was an arm of the
trust, remarking that 73 New street. New
York, the address given for the Republic
OH Company, was merely a rear entrance
to 26 Broadway, where the -Standard Oil
Company's offices are. C. J. Nichols,
president of the Republic Oil Company,
had offices at 26 Broadway.
Witness was in Cleveland about four
weeks and visited the territory served by
the Republic Oil Company. The Republic
OH Company was doing business under
that name in Kansas City and St; Louis.
"What Instructions were given by
the Republic Oil Company to its agents
XCwchMlHl ml Pftfe 12.)'
Chicago Preacher Denounces
Its Abolition as Disas
ter to the Army.
TELLS WHAT HE HAS SEEN
Ring of Groggcrlcs Around Fort
Sheridan Convinces Dr. Rogers
TJint Abolition of Canteen
Was Injury to Army.
CHICAGO. Jan. S.-fSpccal.) "When a
man puis on the uniform of the United
States, he does not put on petticoats. He
is supposed to be a fighting man. not a
pink tea or milk-and-water individual. The
bad soldier has no mask, political, finan
cial or social, to hide his defects. The
average civilian or meddling 'reformer is
not in a position to pass Judgment on the
soldier as he is found In the average
Army post. The difficulty has been in
wanting to find the soldier as wc think
he ought to be. not as he is. Particularly
Is this true as to drink."
In this vigorous fashion Rev. George D.
Rogers, pastor of the First Baptist Church
of Hlghwood, adjacent to Fort Sheridan.
hands his compliments to the meddling re
formers who arc almost directly respon
sible for the shocking conditions around
the big Army post. Since - the abolition
of the canteen, a fringe of low groggerics
and disreputable haunts has sprung up
all around Fort Sheridan, like a dado of
crimson 'sin, bordering the post.
Army Officers for Temperance.
Dr. Rogers, who has studied the matter
carefully at first hand, continues, in part:
"It has always- seemed to inc that, as I
have followed the discussion of many
good and wise persons, they took it for
granted that the "United States Army
officers advocated the use of intoxicating
liquors, and were encouraging the men to
become habitual drunkards. I have had
the advantage of two years' constant as
sociation with the Army at Fort Sheridan.
I find conditions quite the contrary. Tho
Army officials have dealt wisely and in
telligently with tills question for years.
Any one who has fairly noted the United
States statutes . and Army regulations
CONTENTS TODAY'S PAPER
TEKTERDAVK Maximum tempf-alur. -Ifi
deg.; minimum. -10. Precipitation, 0.41 of
TODAY'S Rain. Southerly wlndf.
Germany fear war abeat Morocco lest So
cialists break out. Paso 4.
British Parliament dlsselx'ed and election be.
rins Saturday. Page 4.
France protests against rrcth Insult from
Castro. Pago Z:
RurMan rebel driven from town after
pitched battle. Page'-l.
President declares canal work Ik well done
and charges are baseless. Page S.
Taft's report on Panama Railroad bonds and
Market contract. Page 3.
German calls for Investigation of canal ex
penditures. Page 2.
Rayner speaks acaint RAOsevelt's view of
Monroe doctrine. Page
House discusses Philippine tariff. Page 2.
Hermann turns up ia Washington sick.
Gevernor Cummins of Iowa speaks en Insur
ance supervision. Page
Governor Paulson of Ohio wants rigid liquor
Rogers evades questions In Standard Oil "in
quiry and refuses answers. Page 1.
Chicago preacher favors restoring canteen.
Fitzflmmons sued for wrecking blacksmith
shop. Page 3.
Edwards proved to have committed suicide
at New Haven. Page 4.
Eight houses wrecked In landslide and
burned with 10 Inmates. Page 4.
Dr. Morris answers Congressman HulL
Baseball grounds will be established at the
Oaks and outlaw teams will play there.
C A. Johns, candidate for Governor of
Oregon, announces his principles. Page 0.
Hogan. alias Orchard. Is Identified as man
wanted for Cripple Creek dynamite out
rage. Page ft.
A. T. Kelllher sentenced to fire years " In
penitentiary for land sale fraud. Page 6.
Graft investigation at Tacoma a farce.
Union Labor party candidates are installed
at San Francisco. Page 6.
Chinese boycott threatens to close Puget
&ouna rains, .rage .
Commercial aad Marine.
California citrus crop not seriously dam
aged Dy rrost. i'age 13.
Orange auctions resumed at San Francisco.
Fluctuations in wheat at Chicago. Page IX
Front-taking sates check advance In stocks.
Important hop laje at Independence. Page
Portland handled a large fleet of vessels dur
ing year 1003. according to statement of
Collector of Customs. Page 12.
French bark laid on berth at Antwerp for
I'oruina. rage jz.
Pertbad asd Ylchalty.
United States Clear Company - leases the
Dekum and Washington' buildings from
cnarles sweeny, rage L
Commerclal Club decides to enlarge the
scope of Its work in advertising Oreron.
Council may seek to regulate the Gas Com
pany. Pago 14.
"Helney" Rassman confesses that he and
"Tatoo" Kelly robbed the Centennial bar
and that Kelly Killed Fleramtnga.
Malarkey takes witness-stand to show worth-
lessnes of witness for the Oregon "Water
Power & Railway Company. Page 8.
"Walter mistakes Bruin for a footpad and U
arrested. Page S.
Deputy City Attorney Fitzgerald favors chain
gang ror vagrant. i-se iv.
Richards will fight in courts raid of police
on his establishment. Page V.
Applegrowers wlN make fine exhibits at the
fcortlcttltsrai Mccuag. rage s.
must admit the progress and growth of a
Good Jlcsults of Canteen.
There arc abundant statistics at hand
to prove that. Immediately following: the
abolition of the Army canteen, confusion
reigned and drunkenness and kindred evils
multiplied. Statistics also prove that
there was a marked improvement in the
morals of the men at nearly every post
where the canteen was established. The
rate of desertion fell 26 per cent, for in
stance, during the first year of the canteen.
Before the canteen, the rate of desertions
had grown to 101 in every 10M men. Just
before its abolition the rate had been re
duced to 50 iu every 10.
T think It is important to note that
throughout nil these years the men who
are the head of the War Department and
many of the officers of different military
stations have given the question of in
toxicating; liquors the most careful study.
and that they have the best Intorcst of
th,c common soldier at heart, Let It bo
understood that for the shocking: condi
tions around Fort Sheridan and other
Army posts the Army is not responsible.
ICffcct of Misguided Sentiment.
hc Army would have kept, and still
would have, the canteen as the best so
lution to a great problem of discipline. It
was the Influence of misguided sentiment
that forced the abolition of the canteen
and permitted hundreds of the lowest
dives on earth to creep, up to the very
.Kates of Army posts and lie In wait for
"That the canteen will be restored goes
without question. The Army demands it.
and It seams to mc that any intelligent
study of real conditions at any Army post
will thoroughly convince any one that It
is the best solution to a groat problem.
The policy of the War official Is to raise
the standard of the Army in every re
spect. It should be the part of every loyal
citizen to rally to their support. Prcsidont
Roosevelt has taken decisive steps toward
the recognition of the United States uni
form. He should receive the heartiest co
operation of every citizen of this country."
HIS CELEBRATION GDSTLY
F1TZ IS SUED FOR WRECKING
B LACKS. IITH-SUOP.
Action Delays Departure From Di
vorce City Plans Physical Cul
ture School for 100.
SIOUX FALLS. S. D.. Jan. S.-(Speeial.)
Robert FItzsimmons lata this afternoon
was made the defendant In a damage
suit growing ont of the wrecking of the
blacksmith shop In which he on Satur
day attempted to make souvenir hqrse-
shoes. The suit was instituted b- Sirs. C.
Carpontor. owner f tho building, who
asks damages In the sum of
Owing to the commencement of the
suit Fit nnd his wife will now remain
In Sioux Falls until tho close of the
There Is a possibility that he and his
wife may not rotum to the stage after
all. FItzsimmons is now considering a
proposition to establish a physical cul
ture school In New York City, on the or
der of that of Billy Muldoon. It Is his
purpose to secure the patronage of the
wealthy classes, both men and women,
and make the establishment, if he era
barks in the enterprise, one of the most
aristocratic of the kind in the world.
SEEK $5,000,000 IN GRAFT
Chicago Officials Say Contractors
Have Jlobbcd City Wholesale.
CHICAGO. Jan. S. In a search for
$S.0X,0 graft, said to huve been dis
bursed among builders of water tunnels
and sewers in Chicago, a committee ap
pointed by the Council Council will In
vestigate the books Jn the offices of the
City Controller and Commissioner of
The Inquiry, which will cover the last
decade, was prompted today when As
sistant Corporation Counsel T. J. Suth
erland declared that grafting on an
enormous scale had been ppssiblc through
a combination of corrupt contractors,
broken agreements, bills for "fake" work
and connivance on the part of municipal
officials. He said that at least $3,COi).000
could be recovered If suits were brought
in the courts.
PUSHING ST. PAUL SURVEYS
Road May Enter Portland Over
Track of O. R. & X.
NEW TORK. Jan. 8. (Special.) The St.
Paul survey Is progressing rapidly. Since
July engineers have pushed from Evarts.
S. D., into Montana. They are also
working In the LoloVPaas and it Is prac
tically certain that the route will He
through this pass.
It Is not regarded asvprobable at pres
ent that the original SL Paul surveys
will Include Portland. They will run to
Spokane, Tacoma and Seattle. Probably
running rights may be obtained over tho
Oregon Railway & Navigation Company's
line Into Portland.
CORPSES FILL STREETS
large Mortality In Puerto Plata Bat
tic Ca ceres "Wins Again.
TURKS ISLAND. Bahama. Jan. . Ad
vices brought here by the steamer Chero
kee from Puerto Plata, Santo Domingo,
yesterday, dated January 6, say the re
cent fighting near that port was very
sharp. 150 of the SCO men engaged on both
sides "being killed or wounded. Dead bod
ies were lying In the streets of Puerto
Plata for two days.
An attack on Puerto Plata by the In
surgent General. Pedro Alvarez's, forces
was expected when the steamer left there
and it was believed It would result in tne
General Guillito and General Navarato
Insurgents, were defeated on January 5,
In their attack on Santiago, which was
defended by Ca ceres troops.
General Lasala, who is fightinjr for Jim
Inez, is afeeut to attack La yoga, about 23
aMcs Mrtfcwest o Saato lamingo
BIG LEASES BY
' CIH COMPANY
Trust Secures the Dekum antf
the Washington Buildings
From Mr. Sweeny.
HERE TO FIGHT GUNST
Owners ot the Two Structures Will
Receive Sixty Thousand Dollars
n Year Xct, Which Is Six
Per Cent on a Million.
That the United Cigar Store Com
pany, the allied interest of the Amer
ican Tobacco Company, is entering:
Portland with the purpose of carrying:
on extensive operations In this city,
was shown beyond dispute yesterday
when the corporation secured from
Charles Sweeny, the Spokane million
aire, a lease upon the Dekum and the
Washington buildings, two of- the most
important business blocks in the heart
of Portland's commercial dlstrlcL Tho
lease is of ten years duration, and
gives the tobacco company sole con
trol of the two buildings during; that
time, subject to the leases now held
by several of the tenants, none of
which extend as long as two years.
The lease was acquired in the name
of the United Merchants Investment &
Realty Company, which is simply an
other way of designating the United
Cigar Store Company.
Rental a Good One..
According to reliable information, it
is known that the price received by
Mr. Sweeny for the two buildings is
$50,000 a year net. In other words,
he will draw a cloar profit from his
two investments equal to the interest
upon JJ.000.000 at 6 per cent. In addi
tion to the -stipulated figure of the
lease, the United Cigar Store Company
will have to pay the Incidental ex
penses of the buildings including the
taxes. The assessed value of tho
Dekum for the present year is S343.000,
and that of the Washington Is 5132,000.
Upon this basis the company will pay
in taxes at the present rate of 14.8
mIUsMTUiajfcycar. Tho price paid.
th4STiJy 567.130 annually.
pr'NDJjQK'csmc'nt and .the
rate ot r5wa2!W-remain tho sump
throughout tho duration of the lease.
tfbe two buildings are on adjacent sites,
occupying the entire block on the south
side of Washington street, between Third
and Fourth. The Dekum covers the north
cast quarter of the block, and Is eight
stories high. The Washington, which Is
a four-story structure, has 100 feet front
age on Washington street and 50 feet on
Fourth. Mr. Sweeny purchased the De
kum for 533O.0O). and paid $200,000 for the
Washington. On his Investment of $550,
KO. he will receive for the next ten years
an income on a sum more than double
his money, figured at 5 per cent.
First Gun in Fight.
The acquisition of this important prop
erty by the United Cigar Store Company
Is the first gun In the fight which Is to be
waged in Portland between the American
Tobacco Company and M. A. Gunst, of
San Francisco, who already has entered
heavily into the local retail tobacco trade.
The Eastern firm, to fortify Itself strong
ly In this city, will, it Is understood, re
model the Washington building and estab
lish there a cigar store which will be sec
ond to none upon the Pacific Coast. Its
store will occupy the corner of the Wash
ington building, where the establishment
of ILB. Litt, the modiste. Is now located.
No expense will be spared in transforming
this corner into a thoroughly equipped,
beautifully finished, modern cigar store.
In addition to this, a handsome plate
glass front will be installed along the en
tire Washington-street face of the build
ing. It is believed that no changes are. con
templated in the Dekum building, at least
for the present. LIpman & Wolfe, who
occupy the lower floor, hold a lease to
their quarters which will not expire until
September, 1S07. This would preclude any
immediate changes which the lessee might
have in store for this block. Moreover,
the building at present Is drawing a hand
some revenue, and It seems probable that
the tobacco people will simply let it out
to the present occupants as long as they
desire to stay there and meet the figures
which they may set. The Dekum Is one
of the best-equipped office buildings in the
city, and the upper floors are occupied by
desirable tenants, and draw good rent.
Sweeny Returns to Spokane.
Charles Sweeny came down from Spo
kane on purpose to carry through the
deal and after its consummation returned
to that city last night. George F. Whalen.
of New York Citv president of the United
Cigar Store Company, was on hand to
look after the Interests of that corpora
tion. He will remain In Portland some
time to direct the policy of his company
during its entrance Into the local business
world. The negotiations between the two
Interests were carried on by the firm of
Rountree & Diamond, who are the agents
of Mr. Sweeny. B. B. Rich, the Pacific
Coast agent of the United Cigar Store
Company, was out of town yesterday, but
It is understood that he wis .thoroughly
In touch with the operations here.
For some time it has been known that
the United Cigar Store Company was
seeking an entrance into Portland, the
definite announcement being first made
by The Oregonian. It offered $13,000 a
month ground rent for the Failing prop
erty at the southeast corner of Fifth and
Washington streets, which was subse
quently leased to L. Swetland at the
same figure. If it had acquired this
property It would have erected upoa it
a large business block. Not receiving this
site, it sought elsewhere and. as is tho
policy of the company In every city, se
lected one of the best corners to be had
at any price.
Leases Other Corners, Too.
It Is reported that the company al
ready has leases upon other prominent
corners in Portland where It will es
tablish cigar stores, but the headquarters
In this city will naturally be the Wash
lngtorf building. With the firm foothold
which It now has, it is certain that there
wfll be between it and the Gunst interests
a competition unprecedented in the local
tobacco trade. The situation will soon
closely resemble that In San Francisco
where the two firms are fighting for the
The entrance of the American Tobacco
Company, more commonly known as the
trust, into Portland is an Indication qf the
utmost confidence in the city on the part
ot the Eastern capitalists who are behind
it. The company operates only in the
large cities and In choosing a new field
examines carefully Into future prospects.
It now owns about 500 cigar stores in the
United States, almost all of which, with
the exception of the San Francisco es
tablishments, are east of the Mississippi.
CHAMPIONS WIFE WHO WAS
EJECTED FR03I WHITE HOUSE
Barnes, Hull and Secret Service Men
AH Come In for Severe Ver
WASHINGTON. Jan. $. Dr. Minor
Morris, whose wife was ejected from
the White House last Thursday, to
night gave out a public statement In
which he severely arraigns those re
sponsible for her removal, denounces
the Imposition of a fine in her case
as adding to her humiliation, and re
plies to the statement of her brother.
Representative Hull of Iowa, regard
ing the will and codicil of her father.
The statement Is addressed "To Whom
It May Concern." and begins as fol
lows: A woman of the highest culture, of the rar
est attainments, who has devoted her life to
her hoxp. her family and her tyeals. whose
only thought has been to do good, and who
ban always considered others before herself,
a wife and mother, has been seized- from be
hind in th walUngr-room of the White House
and maltreated with a brutality which hu
manity woutd revolt at seeing accorded to ltrf
lowest type. The details of the sickening
thing, unnameable. are now known to the
Dr. Morris alleges that an effort was.
made to noiu Mrs. Morris at tne nous
of Detention until his arrival two
days later to make "It appear that she
wjis friendless and Insane." He says
that the physicians sent to examine
her manifested their Indignation, and
that, us It "became dangerous to press
the Insane charge, she stands today
recorded .as the disturber of tne peace
to the extent of 55."
Dr. Morris says her sufferings will
not have been in vain "if the larger
purposes of truth and Injustice are
strengthened in the community." His
wife did not scream, he says, until
"the violent seizure of Secret Service
men surprised her with the command
to 'come on. " The statement makes
sarcastic allusions to Assistant Secre
tary Barnes, who it says, after order
ing her removal, tried to defend him
self. Dr. Morris says that the mental
and physical bruises which Mrs. Mor
ris has sustained would be dreadful
in any environment, but at the por
tals of the National residence of Ex
ecutive authority the pain Is intensi
fied a thousand times.
The question of tho disputed will is
then taken up, and the expressions
given out by Representative Hull in
recent Interviews denounced as for
getful of the most sacred relation
ships of life "In the hour of her cruci
fixion." The statement alleges that,
while the testator. Mrs. Morris' father,
said "I owe no debts," a debt of al
most the entire estate was put through
a court, and that the removal from the
War Department of Dr. Morris, who
mentions himself as the beneficiary's
husband, was made in connection with
the pressing of the latters claims.
Ia conclusion Dr. Morris declares
that the Nation'3 sense of decency has
been 3hocked that one woman has to
bear all this, and that the "vital fact
In the limelight is that this outrace
.is the gravest insult to the politeness
of American life or In the memory of
men and women now living."
Texan Champions 3Irs. Morris.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 8. Representative
Shepard. of TeJcas. today Introduced a
resolution providing for the appointment
of a commission of Republican and Demo
cratic members of the House to Investi
gate the "recent violent expulsion of an
American mother from the White House
offices and grounds by executive officials
and employes while she was seeking an
audience with the President of the United
The resolution was referred to the com
mittee on rules.
MARZ0NI CASE DECIDED
Annapolis Court-Martial' Will Try
Decatur Again Today.
ANNAPOLIS. Jan. 8. The court-martial
of Midshipman Peterson B. Marzoni, al
leged to be connected with hazing in six
different Instances, continued today. Most
of the morning session was devoted to the
remarks of George H. Mann for the
defense, and Judge-Advocate Harrison
for the prosecution. The court at 2:30
o'clock announced that a verdict had
been reached In Marzonl's case, but that
It will not be made public until it has re
ceived the approval of Admiral Sands,
superintendent of the Naval Academy.
The court also announced that It would
take up the second case against Midship
man Stephen Decatur. Jr., tomorrow
morning at 10 o clock.
Midshipman John P. Miller of Lancas
ter. Ky., who has- been expected to grad
uate at the. head of his class this year,
was put under arrest today on charges
of hazing Henry G. Cooper. Jr., of Ox
ford. N. C. and Max B. Demott of Niles.
Mich., members of the fourth class.
Cooper Is the midshipman who was
stricken with paralysis wniie in a class
room about a month ago.
Autos for Rural Carriers.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 8. Postmaster
General Cortelyou today approved a rec
ommendation for the use by rural carriers
of automobiles In serving their routes.
Has Been in Washing
ton Since Friday.
HAS ATTACK OF ERYSIPELAS
Son-in-Law Admits Fact and
Hermann Confirms It.
TRIAL BEGINS IN FEBRUARY
Unless He Pleads Privilege, Must
Face Jury for Destroying Letter
books Hcney Will Conduct
Prosecution There. '
WHAT MK. HERMANN SAYS.
WASHINGTON. Jan. 8. (To tho
Editor of The Oregonian.) Klndly
lnsert following to correct erroneous
report from here, which. I am In
formed. Is In today's Issue of The
Oregonian: I arrived here recently
and have been confined since to my
room by a renewed attack of ery
sipelas. I was detained In my journey
at St. Paul for a number of days
from the same cause and was under
a physician's constant care until able
to proceed here.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington, Jan. 8. The Hermann mystery Is
solved. The Hon. Bmgcr Hermann, crafty
as usual, slipped into Washington last
Friday night contrary to his custom, and.
to avoid detection, he summoned a cab
and drove to the home of his son-in-law
and took to 'his bed. He has been flat on
his back ever since, suffering from an
other attack of erysipelas. At any rate
that Is the statement given out today at
Hermann's Washington home by H. P.
Galley, hta aon-ln-law and attorney.
True, this same Mr. Gatley only yester
day stated most emphatically that his Il
lustrious father by marriage was not In
Washington, denied all knowledge of his
whereabouts and said he had no word
from Hermann since the receipt of a let
ter written before he left Portland. No
one outside his immediate family and his
physician has seen Hermann since his
arrival and it may be some days, if not
weeks, before he appears In public. Mr.
Gatley says Hermann is quite sick, too
ill. indeed, to receive callers or give In
terviews. This is the reason ho assigns
for having repeatedly denied that Her
mann was in Washington, and that is the
only explanation he offers for his own
statements and those of Mrs. Gatley.
What Smoked Him Out.
In all probability Mr. Gatley's state
ments today are correct, but they were
forced out by telegrams received from
Portjand today advising Hermann to come
out from under cover and throw asldo the
veil of mystery with which he had sur
rounded himself. No other explanation
Is offered of Mr. Gatleys change of po
sition over night.
But when Mr. Gatley 13 questioned
about his father-in-law's trial ho relapses
into that state of know-nothing which
he exhibited yesterday. He himself has
been 111 for several weeks with typhoid
fever and Is Just getting around. Mr.
Gatley says he doe3 not know whether
Hermann's case will be set for trial In
February, as planned by the Government;
he does not know whether Hermann will
take refuge behind his Constitutional
privilege and avoid trial until after the
adjournment of Congress; he does not
know anything about his client and
father-in-law's wishes in this regard and
will not make any Inquiry until Hermann
has recovered hl3 health.
That is what he says. It Is impossible
to go behind that, for Hermann can't be
seen. Representatives of Washington and
other Eastern papers who have made re
peated Inquiries at his house since his 'ar
rival have received the same information.
The Oregonian correspondent received likf
Begin Trial In February.
Regardless of what Mr. Gatley says, and
what he declines to say, the Government
will make an effort to bring Hermann tc
trial in the middle of next'nionth. pro
vided his health will permit him to ap
pear in, court. Of course, if he cares tc
take refuge behind the privilege granted
all Congressmen by the Constitution, h
can avoid trial until next Summer, , but
he must be tried in the end, and", despite
the bold front which he and his attorneys
put up. Hermann in his heart fears a
trial in Washington, for he has little hope
The evidence, against him is said to be
overwhelming. The Government Is firmly
convinced it can convict Hermann when
his case is submitted to a Washington
Jury, and the prosecuting officers would
like to have the trial as early as possible
in order to clear the docket. They are
ready for this trial any time Hermann is.
and Francis J. Heney is ready to take up
the prosecution upon very short notice.
Heney Will Manage Trial.
Mr! Heney goes to San Francisco tomor
row, hut will return to Washington when
ever Hermann consents to stand trial.
While he was District Attorney for Ore
gon Mr. Heney did not expect to conduct
the prosecution of Hermann ln'this city,
Concluded on Page 4.)