THE MORNING OREGONIAN, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 27, 1905. Entered at the Postofflce at Portland, Or... as second-class matter. SUBSCRIPTION KATES. INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE. Oaljy and Sunday, per year $9.00 Dally and Sunday, six months 5.00 Dally and Sunday, throe months....... 2.55 Dally end Sunday, per month... 65 xiauy without Sunday, per year i.&u Daily without Sunday, six months 3.00 Dally without Sunday, trree months.... -l5 Dally without Sunday, per month C3 Sunday, per year 2.30 Sunday, six months 1.25 Sunday, three months.,.. .65 Dally without Sunday, per week .15 Dally, per week. Sunday Included .; .20 THE WEEKLY OREQONIAN. (Issued Every Thursday.) Weekly, per year 1.50 Weekly, six months 75 Weekly, three months 50 HOW TO REMIT Send postofflce money cruer, express order or personal cnecic on your local bank, stamps, coin or currency tre at mo sender's risk. EASTERN BUSINESS OFFICE. The S. C. lieckwlth Special Agency New York, rooms 43-50 Tribune building. Chicago, rooms -510-512 Tribune building. KEPT ON SALE. Chicago Auditorium Annex, Postofflce News Co., 178 Dearborn Btreet. Denver Julius Black. Hamilton & Kend rlck, 906-012 Seventeenth street; Pratt Book Store. 1214 Fifteenth street. Des Moines, la. Moses Jacobs, 309 Fifth street. Goluucld, Nev. Guy Marsh. Kansas City. Mo. Rlcksecker Cigar Co., Ninth and Walnut. Los Angeles Harry Drapkln B. E. Amos, C14 West Seventh street; Dlllard News Co. Minneapolis M. J. Kavanaugh. 50 South Third. Cleveland, O. James Fushaw, 807 Superior treet. New Tork City L. Jones & Co.. Astor House. Oakland, CaL W. H. Johnston, Fourteenth and Franklin streets. Ogdeu Ooddard & Harrop; D. L. Boyle. Omaha Barkalow Bros., 1012 Farnam; Mageath Stationery Co.. 1308 Farnam; 210 South 14th. Sacramento, Cal. Sacramento News Co., 429 K street. Salt Lake Salt Lake News Co.. 77 West Second street South; National News Agency. Lone; Beach B. E. Amos. San Francisco J. K. Cooper & Co.. 746 Market street; Goldsmith Bros.. 230 Sutter and Hotel St. Francis News Stand; L. E. Lee. Palace Hoftl News Stand; F. W. Pitts. 1008 Market; Frank Scott. 80 Ellis: N. Wheatley Movable News Stand, corner Mar ket and Kearney streets; Foster & Orear, Ferry News Stand. Washington, I). C Ebbltt House, Pennsyl vania avenue. PORTLAND, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 27, 1905. ABHORRENT HEATHEN PRACTICES. During: the last few days The Orego T..an has been deeply pained to observe that numbers of our best men and v. omen have been disappointed with the result of their "drawings" of art goods, of curios, and of articles of vertu, from the foreign exhibits at the Fair grounds To our admirers of art of whom, let us say, with pride, that Portland has as great a number. In proportion, as any "camp" in the West tickets were so'd at one dollar each, and every ticket vas to draw a valuable prize. Articles t.ere exhibited which our people cov eted our women especially, but which they wished to get and expected to get at bargain-counter and even at lottery prices. Each of those who put in her dollar looked for substantial re turns. Each expected something of rare workmanship and value, which would "be the envy of her neighbors. But the thing, it seems, is pronounced fraud." Some got 5-cent dolls, some bunch of hatpins worth a cent apiece while the articles worth from twenty ddlars to fifty, and from one hundred dollars to a thousand, were not numer ous enough to go round. This has,, In deed, been a terrible disappointment Our sympathies cannot be withheld from those who deem it an outrage. It is an outrage, indeed. Many of our best people feel that they have been "taken in." They thought this an hon est game, in which every one was sure to get a rare and valuable commodity. It turns out that the heathen Japanee has principles little better perhaps no better than our own Christian Amerl cans, who have been living so long un der the divine light. The effort of our good people to take advantage of the foreigner and to get high values for Jlttle or nothing has been an earnest and an honest one. The r.ames of a few of the victims have been given in our general news reports, but The Oregonlan has not the heart to attempt publication of a full list. It "will merely say that this is about the most outrageous attempt yet made to victimize a moral and Christian com munity. Indignation naturally Is greater because the smooth confidence operators are heathen foreigners. No. The Oregonlan will not print a full list of the members of the society of our artidmlrers. Most of them are known to oppose games of chance, lot terles, schemes to get something for nothing, In all their forms. Sincerely opposing everything of the kind, they cause raids to be made on poolrooms; tney induce the pulpit to thunder against everything that savors of the game of luck or chance; they will not allow horseraclng. These things are vu.gar and immoral. It is the more to be deplored that these good people have been led into an attractive art scheme. aa oy Heathens and aliens. If Dr. demand and should be in demand now. The farmer who owns a beautiful hill Bide, in a good location, with trees that can be made into a pretty grove, and a stream of pure, cold, spring water. has a tract of land for which he can some day, in the not distant future. secure a price that would now seem fabulous. An oak grove, or a grove of evergreens cannot be grown In one season or in ten. The beauty of nature's arrangement cannot be surpassed by the gardener's art. That man, there fore, wno owns an ideal spot for a country home will do well not to mar Its beauty for the few dollars he can secure for the trees in the form of cordwood. Edgar P. Hill shall prove to be among mese victims, as we fear he may be. our sorrow will be all the deeper. -me oregonlan, belonging to the is icked world but never expecting to get something for nothing, never sitting or moving among inose wno tie their hopes io cnance or to fickle fortune, but be i:evlng in honesL equivalents of ex change, hasn't invested in this under taking that promised so much to many cf our best people. But it sympathizes i itn the victims, and it shares the in dignation of the good people who, upon investment of a dollar, were led, false 'j, to believe they would get returns worth a hundred. "Who could have be lieved that the heathen races, invited to our Fair, could be so crafty, so un-- principled, so unchristian, as to "take 3n" our bost people in such fashion? It is an awful case of misplaced con fidence. We must renew our effort to send missionaries to the Orient. It is the need of the times. We are not to re form ourselves, but the Japanese. The movement of city people toward the country, and the desire of men of is ealth to establish themselves In beau tiful farm homes has not been felt much in Oregon because most of the towns are comparatively small. Few electric lines have been extended through the country districts, and it is not convenient for" city business men to live many miles from their offices. In a few years, however, this will be changed. Portland will be doubled in population, there will be electric rail roads running throughout the length and breadth of the Willamette Valley, and those business men who so desire may live n the country. This means that desirable places for .country homes built on an elaborate plan will be in THE FLEEING STANDPATTERS A revolt against standpatism is going on "in Massachusetts of such di menslons that Senator Lodge is fright ened. The revolt Is practically directed against Eben S. Draper, standpat can didate for Lieutenant-Governor. Tariff- reform Republicans are deserting him by wholesale. To correct this defection Senator Lodge has issued an appeal to the party which exhibits the logical straits his extreme standpatism has driven him into. "A vote against Mr. Draper is not against him personally," says Lodge, "but against the Republi can ticket" This means that a voter who scratches a single name on the ticket scratches the whole ticket, which is arrant nonsense. Mr. Lodge adds that the effort is to punish Draper "for. holding views which the Republican party both in state and nation main tain." This Is not true, even if we ad mit that the views of the leaders are the views of the party, for the leaders are as much divided on revision as the people are. What right has Mr. Lodge to set up the views of one particular faction, the standpatters, as those of the Republican party? Standpatism is not the historic doctrine of Republicans. It was not the doctrine of arty accepted leader up to the time of "Mark Hanna's later extravagances. It is a new thing in the party. But, passing that, it is by no means conceded . that the views of the leaders are the views of the party. When the great mass of the voters hold a certain opinion it is the duty of the leaders to pay attention to them. The voters are the party, and their views are the views of the party. The moun tain has never come to Mahomet in this country yet- The prophet has always gone to the mountain, and Mr. Lodge may as well learn that he will have to do the same. Which is guiltier, the people for not agreeing with Mr. Dra- per or Mr. Draper for not agreeing with the people? Which Is worse, for Draper to give up his convictions to satisfy million voters or for tlyi million voters to give tip theirs to satisfy Draper? Mr. Lodge adds in his pathetic appeal that the way to get tariff revision from Congress is to vote steadily for stand patters; otherwise the committee on finance will be offended and will grant no relief. This is midsummer madness The way to get tariff revision Is to vote for men who are in favor of it and vote against the standpatters. The committee on finance will report in fa vor of tariff reform when they are scared into it, and not before. The most effectual argument to use upon them is this: "You see what has hap pened to these other standpatters. The same thing is going to happen to you if you don't begin to move toward re vision." What tariff relief the peopl obtain they must fight for, and the way to fight Is to drop the standpatters out of office. It is time the politicians be gan to see that It pays Just a little bet ter to serve the people than to serve the trusts, and that the people have intelli gence enough to stand by their friends and fight their foes, just as the trusts do. without paying too much attention to mere words and empty names. tnat Great Britain was In the field many years ahead of Its competitors, and at the present time its capitalists are practically in control of the finances of the country. In the case of the United States, there will always be a slight handicap through our Inability to purchase the grain, beef and hides which form the bulk of the exports from the Argentine. The European countries need these great staples, and they admit them duty free, and thus es tablish a trade balance with the Argen tine that we can never hope 'to have until we cease to raise enough grain and livestock for our own demands. Incidentally it is much to our commer cial advantage that it is unnecessary to purchase th.se commodities. The show ing made by Mr. Hutchinson is so con clusive that It ought to silence for a while this cheap, ship-subsidy claptrap aoout lack of shipping facilities ham perlng our trade with South America. same cause that has frequently ruined the hopes of Ireland lack of cohesion' among the people. Perhaps, after the Wisconsin timber seekers think It all over and have given the question time to soak in, they may be ready to congratulate themselves that they failed to get the timber land. A yearning desire for Government land has been the means of producing all kinds of trouble for a large number of prominent Orejsonians who were right here on the ground and presumably In the hands of their friends. Under such circumstances, outside talent coming from the other side Qf the Rocky Moun tains could hardly hope to secure any thing worth having and still keep out side of the penitentiary. The experience of Mr. Hartzheln, late of- Oshkosh, has been sufficiently exciting to serve as a warning to others, and the "locating" Industry will probably suffer a relapse for a while. OUR TRADE WITH SOUTH AMERICA When Secretary Shaw addressed the American Bankers' Association last week, instead of discussing the financial situation, with which he is supposed to be familiar,-he devoted the greater part of his speech to a plea for a ship sub sidy, a question with which he is un familiar. Any plea for a ship subsidy would, pf course, be incomplete without some mention of the diminutive propor tions of our trade with South America and the attendant hackneyed assertion that Its smallness is due. to the lack of a liberal subsidy for American ships. This stock argument has been repeated so often by the Shaws, and other stu dents of the superficial side of the mat ter, that a great many people are led to believe that the United States Is not getting all to which it is entitled in the South American trade field. After years of this indirect misropre sentation, it is refreshing at last to hear from an official source that the United States Is not only holding its own in the trade with South America, but Is actually making heavier gains than are being scored by any other country doing business with the Southern Hem lsphere. In a report to the Department of commerce and Labor, Special Agent Jtiutcninson, under date of August 29, presents some very interesting figures which demonstrate beyond question that American enterprise Is suffering no nanaicap in trade with South America. The only detrimental feature to trade expansion, according to Mr. Hutchin son, Is the almost universal disposition of the Americans themselves to. belittle their trade. To quote from Mr. Hutch inson's report: "One has but to look through the various articles on South American trade published in the maga zines or tne united states in the last few years to discover how widespread this sort of pessimism is." To refute this commercial slander, Mr. Hutchin son presents an elaborate set of tables covering the business for two five-year penoas. By this method there is nlentv ot leeway for any violent and abnormal fluctuations, and exceptional value is accordingly given the statistics. In the trade with Argentine, exoorts from the United States for the five ears 1894-98 averaged $5,260,000 per ear. In the succeeding five rears. the annual average was 510.540.000. an Increase of more than 100 per cent. For tne same period the trade of the United Kingdom showed a gain of but 26.4 per cent, Germany 50.1 per cent, Italy 25.7 per cent, Belgium 10.9 per cenL and France, the only country mentioned hich pays a heavy ship subsidy. L8 per cent. Mr. Hutchinson explains these highly satisfactory statistics with a wealth of detail showing hevond nil doubt that the gains have not been made In any special line, but are gen eral throughout the list of exports from tnis country. It is, of course, oultn generally known and understood that Great Britain, while showing much smaller gains than the United KttM still handles a larger volume of busi ness than the other countries. In the case of the other EuroDean countries, this is explained by the fact THE UPRISING IN RUSSIA. The attention of the world returns to Russia. The revolution has broken out uferaui, it seems. une is naturally a little suspicious of the staying qualities of Russian revolutions; their way of dying out just when they are blazing brightest is disconcerting to patriots and friends of freedom. But this one looks a good deal as If the real thing had come at last. The people are flght- ing the troops in the streets of St. Pe tersburg; the tralnhands have struck all over the -empire, which means that soldiers- cannot move to the points of aanger; striKes, evidently preconcerted. are on at all the industrial centers; the peasants are taking a hand simultane ously with the other" elements of the population, and, most significant of all. the "upper classes" are beginning to emigrate. The Czar, it is said, wish to flee from his dominions and take refuge In Denmark. All this looks prom ising. A revolution In Russia would. of course, be a verv tprriht thinr but it Is a comfort to remember thai. whatever calamities a popular uprising may bring upon the country, they will necessarily be less than those inflicted by the autocracy in times of profound peace; and that, whatever happens to tne .Komanorrs, they have richly de- servea it. a e enect or rank and cower to oiunt the moral judgment and wrvert the understanding Is wonderfullv shown In the way we look upon the rulers of nusjfin. mey are really monsters of criminality, but we habitually speak of mem witn the same respect as of mon archs like Edward of England, or the raiser, whose hands are unstained with Innocent blood and whose careers have been beneficent rather than calamitous to their dominions. Just how much re sponsibility rests upon Nicholas himself ior tne woes of his people it is difficult to say. Opinions about him differ wlde- i. ay some he is believed fo be a hoin less imbecile, neither morally nor Intel lectually accountable. By others he Is said to be a man of extraordinary men- iai vigor, wno decides affairs by his own judgment and rules by his own will. Fortunately for Uie reputation of isicnoias. there Is little ground for the latter opinion. If it were true, then In the black records of tyranny his name noma stand alone, and historv would award him the palm as the ruler whose reign naa achieved the climax of hu man misery; but very likely the opinion From an evening newspaper we learn that the people of the East Side "are beginning to sit up and take notice of things." That is, they "have reached a stage where they wan what they are entitled to." They want nubile im provements; they want betterment of streets; they want modern sidewalks; and they "should not rest until the larger owners of vacant lots have done their little to help." This seems to be an appeal to the "angel" of the concern." If the Ladd estate "should take the les son to heart," or would merely get out oft the way of the Improvements neces sary In East Portland, the necessary Improvements, questionless, would be greatly expedited. The Grand-avenue bridge, for example. Will somebody send Mr. Ladd a copy of his paper? 'It's an ill wind," etc While mutiny. murder, pillage, starvation and a long train of attendant woes are shaking the foundation of the Russian government, the effect in this country Is an advance In the wheat market that will add thou sands of dollars to the profits of the farmers and speculators. It Is not Im probable that the great unrest that has been prevalent -in Russia for so many months has been a factor in hastening the movement of wheK.t for at no previ ous time In her history have there been such enormous quantltfe of the cereal shipped to the English markets. Never theless, restoration of peace would un doubtedly be followed by renewal of the heavy exports that have been hold ing down the price of wheat for so many months. SILHOUETTES We are profligate creatures. We never appreciate the viUue of friends, until, by neglect, we lose them. A genius and a fool fraternize only when they are both in love. m There may be no efficacy In prayer, but tor those who pray there is consolation. a Much respectjs due gray hair. Espe cially when It Is premature. . The call of duty is frequently a dare of tne devil which one mistakes for a divine summons. God makes character; the newspapers. reputation. Wise men do not carry lanterns before blind men. Neither do they try to reason with fools. I wish the banks had women cashier If they had wc could borrow the capital Vtnflr -nV. . ,. . . . w "uuuui collateral, oroviaed w knew how to pay compliments. Little things turn the current of history awry. If Cleopatra and Da Barrv had been afflicted with crossed-eyes, how dif ferent the story of the world might have oeen. Those who have dpne evil are readiest to oelleve eviL Faith travels by electricity; doubt, by ml Men should always take a witness along en tney call upon a prude. Ta 1 , "C, oi every mature man and woman there Is a death-chamber, and tnerein lies youth. It is better to love a young housemaid man an old empress., They are selling the buildings at the Fair grounds. If I owned any poultry. ia Duy the Colorado building for a hen house. A St. Louis woman wants to give $1,000.- oro to found a college for the study of oc cult science. She plans to provide a thor ough course fa life Insurance. The Idaho Federal "grand Jury goes at Its work as if it suspected that some of the eminent citizens and statesmen of that country had looked with feloni ous longing upon, the Government do main. We should be pained to see any of our neighbors suffering the same deep humiliation that has overwhelmed Oregon; yet it is proper to say that be trayal of their state has not been the peculiar and exclusive habit of Oregon politicians. It Is -proper to say, too, that. If Oregon politicians were eullty. Oregon juries pronounced them guilty; so there is here an acute public con science that lawbreakers will not again Police Court News. Sing a song of sixpence, ' A pocket full of pie. Four and twenty bounders Sopping up the rye. When the rye got In Its work The bounders couldn't budge Wasn't that a saucy bunch To bring before the Judge, t Dicky Dingbat's Essays. First Grade Aged 9. Series A No. 6. Sosiety. sosiety is In 2 varltles oolite and Impolite, in the former a man juat has to have a Dress sute and munney to get In. in the Later thow a man must have a Record to get In. hens we see that Iti8 esler to get into Polite than FORCED NEGRO SUFFRAGE. Stevens and Sumner Its Authors. jamcs Jt-ord Rhodes, the well-known autnor or the History of the United oiuies wnicn covers the period of the Civil War and of Reconstruction, In a recent lecture at Boston on "Reconstruc tion and Negro Suffrage," showed that tne scheme of Congressional reconstruc tion was really due to Stevens and Sum ner. although it fell short of the extreme which they desired. Stevens advocated a wholesale confiscation of the property of the late Confederates, and Sumner wished the confiscation of enough land to give every freedman a small farm. When Congress assembled after the holi days in January. 1S67, a majority of the Republican members did not favor fore ing universal- Negro suffrage upon the boutn; nevertheless, on March 2, 1S67. two-thirds of Congress passed the "Thorough" bill over the President's veto. The result was accomplished by tho partisan tyranny of Stevens and the pertinacity of Sumner. Without them the scheme would not have been enacted In the Thirty-ninth Congress and pos sibly not at all. Mr. Rhodes referred to the able leader ship of Stevens, citing Blalne'3 judgment that Clay, Douglas and Thaddeus Stevens were "the three most distinguished par liamentary leaders developed In this country." The comparison between Douglas and Stevens are especially apt. Of? "Douglas's repeal of the Missouri Compromise wa3 In the interest of slav ery and precipitated the Civil War. while Stevens's Reconstruction acts, ostenslbly In the Interest of freedom, were an at tack on civilization." Regarding Sumner's share. Mr. Rhodes cited his remark In the Senate on Jan uary 21. 1S70. when he himself claimed the authorehlp of the provision In the reconstruction act conferring universal Negro suffrage; and also the statement or Edward L. Pierce. hi nnrMntiv friend and faithful biographer. "For weal or for woe, whether It was well or not ioi me oiacK man and the countrv. it is ft Sumner's credit or discredit aa statesman that suffrage. Irrespective of color or race, became fixed and universal in uie American system." T. j - . . ' is noteworthy that Sumner, "the scholar in politics" showed no aDDrecIa- tlon of the great facts which were being ueveiopea by science- "Science has now maae visible to even-body." wroti Mat. tnew Arnold, "the great and nreenant elements of difference which He In race." i-Tom his personal friend. Louis AjkmsI Sumner might have learned the teach- ."o ouu naming or science in regard io me practical question with which he had to deal, in a lonsr letter whirh Agassiz wrote to Dr. Samuel G. Howe on August 10. 1S63. he described acutely the character of the Negro and showed the danger of giving- him the sutfratra. concluding In prophetic words. "Let us beware of granting too much to the Negro w,e Beginning, lest it become necessary hereafter to deprive them at some of their privileges, which they may usc lo -neir own and our detriment." But Sumner did not embrace universal Negro suffrage without due flnMr tt said to John C. Ropes that tn Impolite. They don't Jibe thow for the easily trifle with. Let us see what Former calls the later rufllns and the ch,se this uneducated ma Idaho does with its land frauds. later calls the former Flat Heds. Neth- to nL convictions and his whole habit ,.w.w niuvik iiicj aon c nave I "6iu uui me iact or It wa3 the Time. They are Vagrents In Each class. sTiffrage was necessary to protect the There blow outs are a Good deal "cgro. Agreeing With FflnrfloM c... uic noias tne czar to be a man of in- iU'",m w "J lu jusmy us oic omy at one mey urinic i -unes aumner wao a great man aepenaent judgment and volition Is not tu"'B "e Preceaenis ot past oumpuin ana me wimmen let there 1113 aosoiute fidelity to principle, his auumiiououuiia. j. ma uuininisirauon is I u"wn hi me iop. - xnes are j ""'""""S courage, his. perfect sincerity 7.1 uevouon to duty, his In airrerence to selfish rnncM.rati nigh scorn of anvthlnir ,- Mr. Rhodes thoucht that in hi t-,' In .o. ..... . . 3 ""CLtt" """"""; siaiesmanshin c,, KAISER TALKS 0E- WAR. Significant Speeches .Made on Three Occasions. BERLIN. Oct. 26. Recent events ap parently have turned the thoughts of Emperor William toward the probability of Germany's soon becoming involved in war. Ills speeches at Dresden yestorday and in Berlin today contained polnte-l references to the probability of war and tne necessity of being ready Tor It. Addressing the officers of a Saxon grenadier regiment at Dresden, the Em peror said: "We live In a time when every younsr German capable of bearing arms must be. ready to sive himself to the father land." At a banquet given In his- honor In the Dresden Schloss last evening, the Em peror, replying to the King's toast to his health, said: "If the German empire continues to prosper, then we can calmly, with raised visor and with the courage of free Ger man men. confront anyone who should venture to cross our path or to disturb "s in the promotion of our reasonable Interests." After unveiling the statue of Field Marshal von Moltke todav, his majesty addressed the highest army officials who were assembled around him at a dinner at the Schloss. saying: "How matters stand with nt In h world you know. Therefore, keep vour powder dry. and your swords whetted." LOUBET CAUSES A QUARREL Gift of Decorations May Split Span ish Cabinet. MADRID. Oct. 26. President rH-- vlslt to Madrid was concluded this eve ning. He was accompanied to the sta tion by Klnjr Alfonso and left foi- t.Iok, at 6:15 o'clock. He will reach the Portu guese frontier early tomorrow morning. The ministerial crisis augments owing to the peculiar attitude of the frlenrt nr Minister of Marine Villa A 11 evil- Tx.-h- Vi Jected to President Loubet's bestowing the Kranu cross oi tne xeglon of Honor on him after conferring a higher order on General Weyler. the Minister of War. The action of Senor Villa Nueva created a serious incident, and Is threatening a disruption of the cabinet. Villa Nueva maintains that, as supremo head of the navy he should not receive a lower decoration than the head of the army. French circles hold that Villa Nueva's action fa the result of his un sympathetic sentiments towards France and It Is said that the incident will result in his retirement from the cabinet. Tho Premier Is seeking to prevent the disrup tion solng beyond the ministry of Ma rine, but other retirements, including that of the Minister of Finance, are considered to be Imminent. In government circles It is said Senor Montero Rios will not surrender tho premiership until after the conclusion ot the Moroccan difference. SHEPARD SENTENCED TO JAIL true. It Is less probable than the one wnicn makes him an Imbecile and much less probable than the one which makes him a cringing slave to the priesthood, a vain, vacillating, supersti tious oisot, wrapped in perpetual dreams of his own graudeur and the greatness of his family. The historical cnaracter whom the Czar Nicholas seems most to resemble Is Philip II of Spain, a man not entirely without abll- out timid, remorselessly cruel, su perstitious and the abject slavo of th pnestnooa. under Philip the downfall of Spain began, and under Nicholas, who so much resembles him in ehararl ter, the downfall of the older state of imngs in Russia seems well under way. xne resolution of Xicholas to flw irom nis dominions, if he has taken it. confirms the common opinion of his cowardice and feeble judgment. It may uc uopeu mat ne win ilee. for nrobnhlv nothing would contribute more to thi ruin or the autocratic system of which ne is me reputed master. Modern his tory furnishes one conspicuous nm pie of a monarch who escaped from his kingdom in the hour of nersonal and political danger and of one who tried to escape and failed. The one was JmM II of England: the other was Louis XVI oi j? ranee. Had James remained in England when William of Orange made his descent from Holland, he mlcht not nave retained his crown, but he would nave lost it less Inglorlously. Had .L,ouis remained steadfastly with his people and trusted and helped them, he would not have lost his life. What im mediate effect the flight of the Czar would have upon the Russian revohi tlon is an interesting speculation. Thi French were frenzied by the attempt of iouis. Decause it was believed that he was going to join the national enemies who were conspiring upon the frontiers against the Revolution. No nation is intermeddling with Russian affairs. No foreign army Is waiting to receive the Czar and make war in his behalf James flight was construed by his enemies as an abdication of the crown it is quite likely that the flleht of Nirh olas, if it occurred, would be taken as an abdication, though by the memher of his own family rather than by the enemies or nis dynasty. Mr. TVItte is now the effective head f me Russian Bmplre, and the storv mn that. In the event of the Czar's fllirht he would be made regent. Should he be permitted to exerela ih .,o power of such an office, he would dn it iMtn crarty and sinuous wisdom, un possibly with prosperity. He is an adept In the art of wily manipulation of public opinion; his success in flat tering ana befuddling American sent! ment aunng the peace negotiations shows that; but It Is likely that tho Russians, who have been fooled n often with vain promises and wheedling laisenooas, can now dc tooled no longer. j.ne sxriKe on tne railroads has, of course, oeen called to prevent troops moving, and If it persists troops cannot move. What Mr. Witte can accomplish by force without rapid transportation of the Cossacks to critical points It li difficult to see. One is almost tempted to believe that the success of the revo lutionists very largely depends upon the fidelity of the railroad men to thb com mon cause. The failure of Irish upris ings against England has often been immediately brought about by treach ery among themselves. If this UDris ing, now so auspiciously begun, should fall as the others preceding It, have railed in Russia, it will be from the to be Judged upon its own promises and professions. All administrations that preceded it have been very sinful. This one was to be perfect secured by di vine illumination against error. It is to be judged, therefore, by Its own plat form and pretensions, not upon com parison with the works of the common sinners of a former time, who never professed alltwisdom nor promised all perfection. MrCunllffe, the Adams Express rob ber, who got away with $101,000. was In court yesterday and pleaded guilty. A dispatch conveying the news says that the belief Is growing that Cunliffe is mentally unbalanced. This leaves It open to surmise as to whether the act of taking the money or the confession of guilt Is the evidence of Imbecliltv. No one has yet accused any of the life insurance thieves of being mentally un balanced, but their thievery was all on a much more colossal scale than that of Cunliffe. The new Russian Minister to Wash ington Is searching for cheaper aiart- ments than those occupied by his prede cessor, ana the Japanese Minister is said to be negotiating for one of the most magnificent houses in Washing ton. As an Illustration of the changed fortunes of the two countries, this in cident is certainly a straw which de notes the direction of the wind. caned Functions, at the other Kind they drink beer out of kegs and the wimmen tuck there dresses up at the bottom and are called roughhouses. which the polls Pinches and puts In the patrole wagon but the oflcers "empllfled the dictum of Bishop Stuhh rsi cause has often been with the most heroic vlr . never with the Innocent Murth of the form er. The 1st kind is told about in the sosiety colums and the other in the polls court news for the 1 is rich and the other is Poor. Illustrated tue." A .Lullnby In Doggerel. It la understood that the managers ot ths Isorrote village have changed their plans, and. insieaa or going rrorn here direct to Lo Anxeles, will secure a circus tent and barn storm the snail towns of the Coast wih their pack of dog-eating barbarians. BecauM I love dogn more than Igorrotes I affectionately dedicate this ragtime lullaby to the mother dogs who live along their route of travel with the suggestion that eternal vigilance la the .price ot safetr: Lie low on yo'.mammy's breast: Don't ki-yl. but cuddle In yo nest: For I'm weary, dearie, watchln' out fob you; I'm fcolin skeery. dearie, don know what to do. Big: ole moon's a-shinln yander In de sky, Daddy'g quit a barkin' an is gwlne to die. 'Caustr de heathens' got him an' '11 eat him by and by. Lie low. little yaller pup, hush yo sad kl-yl. The the wero and not John D. Rockefeller, Jr.. ha3 DubHrlv -Jsorrotcs comln. I can hear 'em sllppin uunuuncea nimaeir as favoring the -elec tion ot Air. Jerome. This Is a handicap which It will be difficult for the excel lent record of the past to overcome. If there was ever a man who could sin cerely ask deliverance from his friends that Individual will be Mr. Jerome when he learns of the action of John D., Jr. On close Inspection, the doesn't seem to think much of civil service for rhauffeurs. Some of these uays tne Washington Civil Sen-Ice fix tures will wake up to find out that somebody from Oyster Bay, and not themselves, is running this Government. In naming a committee to investlerate the Mutual Life. President McCurdy Is merely proceeding on the good, old- fashioned principle that the true way to revise the insurance business, or any thing else, is to have It revised by its friends. .Mr. Harrlman saw that famous gaso line motor at Omaha and pronounced It good. It will be used, we suppose, to replace those equally celebrated au tomobiles on the hot-air branch of the Columbia Southern from Shnnlko south. Each of the branches of the Legisla ture ought to pass a resolution declar ing the seat vacant of any member who may leave the capital during the ses sion. That would keep the members from spending their time in Portland. by. If dey fin us now. mah honey, t won't help none to cry; Maybe dey won't look foh us here behln de log; Mus be mighty quiet, little baby dog. Lie low on yo mammy's breast. Try hard, 'cause dey's ketched de rest; Igorrotes comin. dey'Il git yo' If yo' cry. So cuddle close to mammy an hush dat sad kl-yl. . ARTHUR A. GREENE. City of London Honors Booth. LONDON. Oct. 26. The freedom of the City of London, a distinction which many statesmen and warriors have held at great store, was today bo stowed on General Booth, of the Sal vation Army. The presentation was made in the presence of a distin guished company. Including civic of ficials, several thousand citizens and many officers of the Salvation Army. The address referred In glowing terms to tne work of General Booth and his organization, not only In Lon don, but throughout the world. The General. In reply, referred to the diffi culties which beset him in his early days, and which are only now becom ing officially recognized. Instead of the usual gold casket, the address was Inclosed In an oaken cas ket, the balance of tho money voted by the Municipal Council being, at the "re quest of General Booth, given in the shape of a check towards the funds of the organization. When the District Attorney is called on to prosecute homeless and friendless citizens, his tender heart rebels, and he lets them go, or some of them. Now let us see whaL the ferocious prosecutors of the city administration will do. The President showed the New Or leans people yesterday how many things he can do. see, say and hear in nine hours; and the late yellow fever inch dent may be4 regarded as closed. Scalded to Death With Soup. SALT LAKE; Oct. 26. The bodies of two little children who were scalded to death yesterday at Oasis. Utah, were brought here today. The children. Arthur and Verne Fuller, aged S and 3 years, were with their parents In the cook's car of a construction train on the Salt Lake route, when a switch engine bumped Into the car, upsetting on the children the contents of a soup boiler which was one the range. Both children died within a few hours. Their parents Mr, and Mrs. W. L. . Fuller, are from Eprlngville, Utah. Oregon Is Knotm Through ' Oregonlan." CORVALLIS. Or.. n ' b ..... - ' U'CRU i nave oeen asked frequently . uc me acenerw n nn. T. WUlUIHUiB, . matter of fact It was neither, and permit, i am now- going to tell "-ti.y wnat it was. Th thin h nlosl m uregon was to read the vituperation which is heaped upon The Ore gonlan newspaper by certain sheets pub lished In Portland and country towns. Up to the date of the Lewis and PlnrV iroi wnat me country knew about Oregon It had leamca rrom The Oregonlan. Whatever name Oregon had In other narta of the wnrirt lnc uregonlan had given It. The geography eccnery ana resources of the state Known through The Oregonlan otherwise. For at least a generation the editorial of ine uregonlan have been quoted with re spect in the best periodicals of the count rv Eastern people often tay that Oregon must nave an Intelligent population. Why? Be cause iney support a newspaper like The Oregonlan. Whenever anybody undertakes to- enumerate the three or four worthiest papers In the Union, The Oregonlan Is In variably Included In the list. It ranks with the New Tork Evening Post, the Boston Her ald and the Springfield .Republican for sheer merit and ability. Why then does The Ore gonian draw upon Itself so much vitupera tion rrom Its small contemporaries In Its own state? Can It be because of the vers- fact that they are small? Does the flea bite be cause It cannot help biting? NEWCOMER. A Regiment of Brigadiers. Philadelphia Inquirer. Artemus Ward created some amuse ment in 1861 by proposing to raise a regiment of brigadier generals to go to the front. The Joke was consld ered a good one. considering that there was a rush for commissions even in a day of patriotism. The last Issuo of the Army Register discloses the In terestlng fact that there are consider ably over 200 Major-Generals and Brigadiers on the retired list, and the number Is rapidly increasing, so that the Artemus Ward regiment Is pretty well completed. The process is likely to continue for some years, especially In the ranks of the Major-Generals, who are going out of office, thus rapidly promoting line officers to he Brigadiers. Almost every man In the Army who served in the Civil War Is now a general officer, ac tive or retired, and the. few remain ing: veterans will soon have promotion. We will have several Lieutenant-Generals in the next year, and then Gen eral Wood Is expected to be at the head of the Army for a long period. An interesting feature has Just arisen whereby General Fred Grant was kept back from his promotion to which he was entitled by seniority. He will probably get his double star next year, along with Funston. There after we will have general officers who are not known to the general public at all, most of whom have "never set a squadron In the field." And there will also ensue a long period of years in which promotion will be slow, when we will again have gray-haired lieu tenants and captains who are grand fathers. Tho chance of the young West Pointer of this day is not very encouraging, unless there should be" another war, which God forbid. Severe Penalty for Scorching Amer ican Autoist In France. PARIS. Oct. 26. The ninth correctional tribunal of the Seine today sentenced El liott Fitch Shepard. son of the late Colo nel Elliott F. Shepard. of New York, and grandson of the late W. H. Vanderbllt. to three months Imprisonment and $120 flno and to pay 54000 damages to the parents of Madeline Mardul. who was killed by Shepard's automobile at St. Ouen. April 21. Friends of Mr. Shepard said later that he Intended to appeal from the fine and Imprisonment part of the sentence, but tnat the company insuring- the automo bile would not appeal from the award of 51000 damages to the parents. The ap peal will postpone the Imprisonment until a nnai decision is given. Mr. Shepard says he deeply regrets the affair, but feels that the prosecution as sumed undue proportions owing t thy recent popular agitation against fast au tomoblling. Maltre Polncare, counsel for the prose cution, emphasized the need of making an example of Mr. Shepard. declaring that American millionaires had the habit of coming to France and running over peasants like chickens. IuST STEP IN DISUNION TAKEN Treaty Between Sweden and Norway Signed at Last. STOCKHOLM, Oct. 2S. Representatives of the Swedish and Norwegian govern ments tonight signed the treaties Involved In the Karlstad agreement. The treaties, which are drawn In Swedish, Norwegian and French, operate without ratification, and the Swedish government has author ized the Minister of Foreign Affairs to notify the foreign powers of Its recogni tion of Norway as a separate govern ment. All the formalities of the dissolution have now practically been concluded. INVEST IN CENTRAL AMERICA' Big Bank Organized by the Leading Bankers of Europe. NEW YORK. Oct. 25. Cable advices to day from Berlin announce that tho Deutsche Bank and the Deutsche Ueberzelsche Bank of Berlin, Lazard-Speyer-Elllsen of Frankfort-on-the-Maln and the Schwelzerlsche Credltanstalt of Zurich have founded a bank with a capl Cal of J2.3OO.00O to be called the Bank of Central America, which will have Its head office in Berlin. The business of the bank will be started in Guatemala with tho ultimate intention of opening branch offices In the surrounding central Ameri can countries. BUYING ARMS FOR LIBERALS Rumor That Gomez Will Start Rev ohition in Cuba. HAVANA. Oct. 26. An uncreditcd ru mor is In circulation that General Gomez, until recently a candidate for the Pres idency of Cuba, and who is now In tha United States, Is buying 6000 rifles in tho United States for the purpose of organ izing- a revolution In Cuba. Senator Zayas. president of the Liberal party, says Gomez has not the money to buy guns. Army's Memorial of Von Moltke. BERLIN, Oct. 26. A statue of Field Marshal von Moltke. the gift of the army to the German people, was unveiled hero today, the 105th anlversary of his birth. in the presence of Emperor William,, tho Imperial family and all the great person ages of state and many thousands of peo ple. Five other men. contemporaries of Von Moltke who served on his staff during the war with France, were there. Ten thousand troops of the Berlin garrison In parade uniform were massed near tho scene of the unveiling. The exercises were simple. Heaping Honors on Togo. TOKIO. Oct. 26. (7 P. M:) The Busi ness Men's Association, today gave a grand reception to Admiral Togo. Tho people of Toklo continue feting the offi cers and men of the navy.- Vlce-Admlral Kamimuras squadron sailed today for Shlnagawa. Unionists Win Election. LONDON. Oct. 26. The bye-election at Hampstead for Member of Parliament re sulted In the election ot the Unionist candidate, J. S. Fletcher, by 422 votes.