Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, October 27, 1905, Page 8, Image 8

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Entered at the Postofflce at Portland, Or...
as second-class matter.
Oaljy and Sunday, per year $9.00
Dally and Sunday, six months 5.00
Dally and Sunday, throe months....... 2.55
Dally end Sunday, per month... 65
xiauy without Sunday, per year i.&u
Daily without Sunday, six months 3.00
Dally without Sunday, trree months.... -l5
Dally without Sunday, per month C3
Sunday, per year 2.30
Sunday, six months 1.25
Sunday, three months.,.. .65
Dally without Sunday, per week .15
Dally, per week. Sunday Included .; .20
(Issued Every Thursday.)
Weekly, per year 1.50
Weekly, six months 75
Weekly, three months 50
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ket and Kearney streets; Foster & Orear,
Ferry News Stand.
Washington, I). C Ebbltt House, Pennsyl
vania avenue.
During: the last few days The Orego has been deeply pained to observe
that numbers of our best men and
v. omen have been disappointed with the
result of their "drawings" of art goods,
of curios, and of articles of vertu, from
the foreign exhibits at the Fair grounds
To our admirers of art of whom, let
us say, with pride, that Portland has
as great a number. In proportion, as
any "camp" in the West tickets were
so'd at one dollar each, and every ticket
vas to draw a valuable prize. Articles
t.ere exhibited which our people cov
eted our women especially, but which
they wished to get and expected
to get at bargain-counter and even at
lottery prices. Each of those who put
in her dollar looked for substantial re
turns. Each expected something of rare
workmanship and value, which would
"be the envy of her neighbors. But the
thing, it seems, is pronounced
fraud." Some got 5-cent dolls, some
bunch of hatpins worth a cent apiece
while the articles worth from twenty
ddlars to fifty, and from one hundred
dollars to a thousand, were not numer
ous enough to go round. This has,, In
deed, been a terrible disappointment
Our sympathies cannot be withheld
from those who deem it an outrage.
It is an outrage, indeed. Many of
our best people feel that they have been
"taken in." They thought this an hon
est game, in which every one was sure
to get a rare and valuable commodity.
It turns out that the heathen Japanee
has principles little better perhaps no
better than our own Christian Amerl
cans, who have been living so long un
der the divine light.
The effort of our good people to take
advantage of the foreigner and to get
high values for Jlttle or nothing has
been an earnest and an honest one. The
r.ames of a few of the victims have
been given in our general news reports,
but The Oregonlan has not the heart to
attempt publication of a full list. It
"will merely say that this is about the
most outrageous attempt yet made to
victimize a moral and Christian com
munity. Indignation naturally Is
greater because the smooth confidence
operators are heathen foreigners.
No. The Oregonlan will not print a
full list of the members of the society
of our artidmlrers. Most of them are
known to oppose games of chance, lot
terles, schemes to get something for
nothing, In all their forms. Sincerely
opposing everything of the kind, they
cause raids to be made on poolrooms;
tney induce the pulpit to thunder
against everything that savors of the
game of luck or chance; they will not
allow horseraclng. These things are
vu.gar and immoral. It is the more to
be deplored that these good people have
been led into an attractive art scheme.
aa oy Heathens and aliens. If Dr.
demand and should be in demand now.
The farmer who owns a beautiful hill
Bide, in a good location, with trees that
can be made into a pretty grove, and
a stream of pure, cold, spring water.
has a tract of land for which he can
some day, in the not distant future.
secure a price that would now seem
fabulous. An oak grove, or a grove of
evergreens cannot be grown In one
season or in ten. The beauty of nature's
arrangement cannot be surpassed by
the gardener's art. That man, there
fore, wno owns an ideal spot for a
country home will do well not to mar
Its beauty for the few dollars he can
secure for the trees in the form of
Edgar P. Hill shall prove to be among
mese victims, as we fear he may be.
our sorrow will be all the deeper.
-me oregonlan, belonging to the
is icked world but never expecting to get
something for nothing, never sitting or
moving among inose wno tie their hopes
io cnance or to fickle fortune, but be
i:evlng in honesL equivalents of ex
change, hasn't invested in this under
taking that promised so much to many
cf our best people. But it sympathizes
i itn the victims, and it shares the in
dignation of the good people who, upon
investment of a dollar, were led, false
'j, to believe they would get returns
worth a hundred. "Who could have be
lieved that the heathen races, invited
to our Fair, could be so crafty, so un--
principled, so unchristian, as to "take
3n" our bost people in such fashion?
It is an awful case of misplaced con
fidence. We must renew our effort to send
missionaries to the Orient. It is the
need of the times. We are not to re
form ourselves, but the Japanese.
The movement of city people toward
the country, and the desire of men of
is ealth to establish themselves In beau
tiful farm homes has not been felt
much in Oregon because most of the
towns are comparatively small. Few
electric lines have been extended
through the country districts, and it is
not convenient for" city business men
to live many miles from their offices.
In a few years, however, this will be
changed. Portland will be doubled in
population, there will be electric rail
roads running throughout the length
and breadth of the Willamette Valley,
and those business men who so desire
may live n the country. This means
that desirable places for .country homes
built on an elaborate plan will be in
A revolt against standpatism is
going on "in Massachusetts of such di
menslons that Senator Lodge is fright
ened. The revolt Is practically directed
against Eben S. Draper, standpat can
didate for Lieutenant-Governor. Tariff-
reform Republicans are deserting him
by wholesale. To correct this defection
Senator Lodge has issued an appeal to
the party which exhibits the logical
straits his extreme standpatism has
driven him into. "A vote against Mr.
Draper is not against him personally,"
says Lodge, "but against the Republi
can ticket" This means that a voter
who scratches a single name on the
ticket scratches the whole ticket, which
is arrant nonsense. Mr. Lodge adds
that the effort is to punish Draper "for.
holding views which the Republican
party both in state and nation main
tain." This Is not true, even if we ad
mit that the views of the leaders are
the views of the party, for the leaders
are as much divided on revision as the
people are. What right has Mr. Lodge
to set up the views of one particular
faction, the standpatters, as those of
the Republican party? Standpatism is
not the historic doctrine of Republicans.
It was not the doctrine of arty accepted
leader up to the time of "Mark Hanna's
later extravagances. It is a new thing
in the party. But, passing that, it is by
no means conceded . that the views of
the leaders are the views of the party.
When the great mass of the voters hold
a certain opinion it is the duty of the
leaders to pay attention to them. The
voters are the party, and their views
are the views of the party. The moun
tain has never come to Mahomet in this
country yet- The prophet has always
gone to the mountain, and Mr. Lodge
may as well learn that he will have to
do the same. Which is guiltier, the
people for not agreeing with Mr. Dra-
per or Mr. Draper for not agreeing with
the people? Which Is worse, for Draper
to give up his convictions to satisfy
million voters or for tlyi million voters
to give tip theirs to satisfy Draper?
Mr. Lodge adds in his pathetic appeal
that the way to get tariff revision from
Congress is to vote steadily for stand
patters; otherwise the committee on
finance will be offended and will grant
no relief. This is midsummer madness
The way to get tariff revision Is to
vote for men who are in favor of it and
vote against the standpatters. The
committee on finance will report in fa
vor of tariff reform when they are
scared into it, and not before. The
most effectual argument to use upon
them is this: "You see what has hap
pened to these other standpatters. The
same thing is going to happen to you
if you don't begin to move toward re
vision." What tariff relief the peopl
obtain they must fight for, and the way
to fight Is to drop the standpatters out
of office. It is time the politicians be
gan to see that It pays Just a little bet
ter to serve the people than to serve the
trusts, and that the people have intelli
gence enough to stand by their friends
and fight their foes, just as the trusts
do. without paying too much attention
to mere words and empty names.
tnat Great Britain was In the field
many years ahead of Its competitors,
and at the present time its capitalists
are practically in control of the finances
of the country. In the case of the
United States, there will always be a
slight handicap through our Inability
to purchase the grain, beef and hides
which form the bulk of the exports
from the Argentine. The European
countries need these great staples, and
they admit them duty free, and thus es
tablish a trade balance with the Argen
tine that we can never hope 'to have
until we cease to raise enough grain
and livestock for our own demands.
Incidentally it is much to our commer
cial advantage that it is unnecessary to
purchase commodities. The show
ing made by Mr. Hutchinson is so con
clusive that It ought to silence for a
while this cheap, ship-subsidy claptrap
aoout lack of shipping facilities ham
perlng our trade with South America.
same cause that has frequently ruined
the hopes of Ireland lack of cohesion'
among the people.
Perhaps, after the Wisconsin timber
seekers think It all over and have given
the question time to soak in, they may
be ready to congratulate themselves
that they failed to get the timber land.
A yearning desire for Government land
has been the means of producing all
kinds of trouble for a large number of
prominent Orejsonians who were right
here on the ground and presumably In
the hands of their friends. Under such
circumstances, outside talent coming
from the other side Qf the Rocky Moun
tains could hardly hope to secure any
thing worth having and still keep out
side of the penitentiary. The experience
of Mr. Hartzheln, late of- Oshkosh, has
been sufficiently exciting to serve as a
warning to others, and the "locating"
Industry will probably suffer a relapse
for a while.
When Secretary Shaw addressed the
American Bankers' Association last
week, instead of discussing the financial
situation, with which he is supposed to
be familiar,-he devoted the greater part
of his speech to a plea for a ship sub
sidy, a question with which he is un
familiar. Any plea for a ship subsidy
would, pf course, be incomplete without
some mention of the diminutive propor
tions of our trade with South America
and the attendant hackneyed assertion
that Its smallness is due. to the lack of
a liberal subsidy for American ships.
This stock argument has been repeated
so often by the Shaws, and other stu
dents of the superficial side of the mat
ter, that a great many people are led
to believe that the United States Is not
getting all to which it is entitled in the
South American trade field.
After years of this indirect misropre
sentation, it is refreshing at last to hear
from an official source that the United
States Is not only holding its own in
the trade with South America, but Is
actually making heavier gains than
are being scored by any other country
doing business with the Southern Hem
lsphere. In a report to the Department
of commerce and Labor, Special Agent
Jtiutcninson, under date of August 29,
presents some very interesting figures
which demonstrate beyond question
that American enterprise Is suffering no
nanaicap in trade with South America.
The only detrimental feature to trade
expansion, according to Mr. Hutchin
son, Is the almost universal disposition
of the Americans themselves to. belittle
their trade. To quote from Mr. Hutch
inson's report: "One has but to look
through the various articles on South
American trade published in the maga
zines or tne united states in the last
few years to discover how widespread
this sort of pessimism is." To refute
this commercial slander, Mr. Hutchin
son presents an elaborate set of tables
covering the business for two five-year
penoas. By this method there is nlentv
ot leeway for any violent and abnormal
fluctuations, and exceptional value is
accordingly given the statistics.
In the trade with Argentine, exoorts
from the United States for the five
ears 1894-98 averaged $5,260,000 per
ear. In the succeeding five rears.
the annual average was 510.540.000. an
Increase of more than 100 per cent. For
tne same period the trade of the United
Kingdom showed a gain of but 26.4 per
cent, Germany 50.1 per cent, Italy 25.7
per cent, Belgium 10.9 per cenL and
France, the only country mentioned
hich pays a heavy ship subsidy. L8
per cent. Mr. Hutchinson explains these
highly satisfactory statistics with a
wealth of detail showing hevond nil
doubt that the gains have not been
made In any special line, but are gen
eral throughout the list of exports from
tnis country. It is, of course, oultn
generally known and understood that
Great Britain, while showing much
smaller gains than the United KttM
still handles a larger volume of busi
ness than the other countries.
In the case of the other EuroDean
countries, this is explained by the fact
The attention of the world returns to
Russia. The revolution has broken out
uferaui, it seems. une is naturally a
little suspicious of the staying qualities
of Russian revolutions; their way of
dying out just when they are blazing
brightest is disconcerting to patriots
and friends of freedom. But this one
looks a good deal as If the real thing
had come at last. The people are flght-
ing the troops in the streets of St. Pe
tersburg; the tralnhands have struck
all over the -empire, which means that
soldiers- cannot move to the points of
aanger; striKes, evidently preconcerted.
are on at all the industrial centers; the
peasants are taking a hand simultane
ously with the other" elements of the
population, and, most significant of all.
the "upper classes" are beginning to
emigrate. The Czar, it is said, wish
to flee from his dominions and take
refuge In Denmark. All this looks prom
ising. A revolution In Russia would.
of course, be a verv tprriht thinr
but it Is a comfort to remember thai.
whatever calamities a popular uprising
may bring upon the country, they will
necessarily be less than those inflicted
by the autocracy in times of profound
peace; and that, whatever happens to
tne .Komanorrs, they have richly de-
servea it.
a e enect or rank and cower to
oiunt the moral judgment and wrvert
the understanding Is wonderfullv shown
In the way we look upon the rulers of
nusjfin. mey are really monsters of
criminality, but we habitually speak of
mem witn the same respect as of mon
archs like Edward of England, or the
raiser, whose hands are unstained with
Innocent blood and whose careers have
been beneficent rather than calamitous
to their dominions. Just how much re
sponsibility rests upon Nicholas himself
ior tne woes of his people it is difficult
to say. Opinions about him differ wlde-
i. ay some he is believed fo be a hoin
less imbecile, neither morally nor Intel
lectually accountable. By others he Is
said to be a man of extraordinary men-
iai vigor, wno decides affairs by his
own judgment and rules by his own
will. Fortunately for Uie reputation of
isicnoias. there Is little ground for the
latter opinion. If it were true, then In
the black records of tyranny his name
noma stand alone, and historv would
award him the palm as the ruler whose
reign naa achieved the climax of hu
man misery; but very likely the opinion
From an evening newspaper we learn
that the people of the East Side "are
beginning to sit up and take notice of
things." That is, they "have reached a
stage where they wan what they are
entitled to." They want nubile im
provements; they want betterment of
streets; they want modern sidewalks;
and they "should not rest until the
larger owners of vacant lots have done
their little to help." This seems to be
an appeal to the "angel" of the concern."
If the Ladd estate "should take the les
son to heart," or would merely get out
oft the way of the Improvements neces
sary In East Portland, the necessary
Improvements, questionless, would be
greatly expedited. The Grand-avenue
bridge, for example. Will somebody
send Mr. Ladd a copy of his paper?
'It's an ill wind," etc While mutiny.
murder, pillage, starvation and a long
train of attendant woes are shaking the
foundation of the Russian government,
the effect in this country Is an advance
In the wheat market that will add thou
sands of dollars to the profits of the
farmers and speculators. It Is not Im
probable that the great unrest that has
been prevalent -in Russia for so many
months has been a factor in hastening
the movement of wheK.t for at no previ
ous time In her history have there been
such enormous quantltfe of the cereal
shipped to the English markets. Never
theless, restoration of peace would un
doubtedly be followed by renewal of
the heavy exports that have been hold
ing down the price of wheat for so
many months.
We are profligate creatures. We never
appreciate the viUue of friends, until, by
neglect, we lose them.
A genius and a fool fraternize only when
they are both in love.
There may be no efficacy In prayer, but
tor those who pray there is consolation.
Much respectjs due gray hair. Espe
cially when It Is premature.
The call of duty is frequently a dare of
tne devil which one mistakes for a divine
God makes character; the newspapers.
Wise men do not carry lanterns before
blind men. Neither do they try to reason
with fools.
I wish the banks had women cashier
If they had wc could borrow the capital
Vtnflr -nV. . ,. . . .
w "uuuui collateral, oroviaed w
knew how to pay compliments.
Little things turn the current of history
awry. If Cleopatra and Da Barrv had
been afflicted with crossed-eyes, how dif
ferent the story of the world might have
Those who have dpne evil are readiest
to oelleve eviL
Faith travels by electricity; doubt, by
Men should always take a witness along
en tney call upon a prude.
Ta 1 ,
"C, oi every mature man and
woman there Is a death-chamber, and
tnerein lies youth.
It is better to love a young housemaid
man an old empress.,
They are selling the buildings at the
Fair grounds. If I owned any poultry.
ia Duy the Colorado building for a hen
A St. Louis woman wants to give $1,000.-
oro to found a college for the study of oc
cult science. She plans to provide a thor
ough course fa life Insurance.
The Idaho Federal "grand Jury goes
at Its work as if it suspected that some
of the eminent citizens and statesmen
of that country had looked with feloni
ous longing upon, the Government do
main. We should be pained to see any
of our neighbors suffering the same
deep humiliation that has overwhelmed
Oregon; yet it is proper to say that be
trayal of their state has not been the
peculiar and exclusive habit of Oregon
politicians. It Is -proper to say, too,
that. If Oregon politicians were eullty.
Oregon juries pronounced them guilty;
so there is here an acute public con
science that lawbreakers will not again
Police Court News.
Sing a song of sixpence, '
A pocket full of pie.
Four and twenty bounders
Sopping up the rye.
When the rye got In Its work
The bounders couldn't budge
Wasn't that a saucy bunch
To bring before the Judge,
Dicky Dingbat's Essays.
First Grade Aged 9.
Series A No. 6.
sosiety is In 2 varltles oolite and
Impolite, in the former a man juat has
to have a Dress sute and munney to
get In. in the Later thow a man must
have a Record to get In. hens we see
that Iti8 esler to get into Polite than
Stevens and Sumner Its Authors.
jamcs Jt-ord Rhodes, the well-known
autnor or the History of the United
oiuies wnicn covers the period of the
Civil War and of Reconstruction, In a
recent lecture at Boston on "Reconstruc
tion and Negro Suffrage," showed that
tne scheme of Congressional reconstruc
tion was really due to Stevens and Sum
ner. although it fell short of the extreme
which they desired. Stevens advocated
a wholesale confiscation of the property
of the late Confederates, and Sumner
wished the confiscation of enough land
to give every freedman a small farm.
When Congress assembled after the holi
days in January. 1S67, a majority of the
Republican members did not favor fore
ing universal- Negro suffrage upon the
boutn; nevertheless, on March 2, 1S67.
two-thirds of Congress passed the
"Thorough" bill over the President's
veto. The result was accomplished by
tho partisan tyranny of Stevens and the
pertinacity of Sumner. Without them
the scheme would not have been enacted
In the Thirty-ninth Congress and pos
sibly not at all.
Mr. Rhodes referred to the able leader
ship of Stevens, citing Blalne'3 judgment
that Clay, Douglas and Thaddeus Stevens
were "the three most distinguished par
liamentary leaders developed In this
country." The comparison between
Douglas and Stevens are especially apt.
Of? "Douglas's repeal of the Missouri
Compromise wa3 In the interest of slav
ery and precipitated the Civil War. while
Stevens's Reconstruction acts, ostenslbly
In the Interest of freedom, were an at
tack on civilization."
Regarding Sumner's share. Mr. Rhodes
cited his remark In the Senate on Jan
uary 21. 1S70. when he himself claimed
the authorehlp of the provision In the
reconstruction act conferring universal
Negro suffrage; and also the statement
or Edward L. Pierce. hi nnrMntiv
friend and faithful biographer. "For weal
or for woe, whether It was well or not
ioi me oiacK man and the countrv. it
is ft Sumner's credit or discredit aa
statesman that suffrage. Irrespective of
color or race, became fixed and universal
in uie American system."
T. j - . . '
is noteworthy that Sumner, "the
scholar in politics" showed no aDDrecIa-
tlon of the great facts which were being
ueveiopea by science- "Science has now
maae visible to even-body." wroti Mat.
tnew Arnold, "the great and nreenant
elements of difference which He In race."
i-Tom his personal friend. Louis AjkmsI
Sumner might have learned the teach-
."o ouu naming or science in regard
io me practical question with which he
had to deal, in a lonsr letter whirh
Agassiz wrote to Dr. Samuel G. Howe
on August 10. 1S63. he described acutely
the character of the Negro and showed
the danger of giving- him the sutfratra.
concluding In prophetic words. "Let us
beware of granting too much to the Negro
w,e Beginning, lest it become
necessary hereafter to deprive them at
some of their privileges, which they may
usc lo -neir own and our detriment."
But Sumner did not embrace universal
Negro suffrage without due flnMr tt
said to John C. Ropes that tn
Impolite. They don't Jibe thow for the
easily trifle with. Let us see what Former calls the later rufllns and the ch,se this uneducated ma
Idaho does with its land frauds. later calls the former Flat Heds. Neth- to nL convictions and his whole habit
,.w.w niuvik iiicj aon c nave I "6iu uui me iact or It wa3 the
Time. They are Vagrents In Each class. sTiffrage was necessary to protect the
There blow outs are a Good deal "cgro. Agreeing With FflnrfloM c...
uic noias tne czar to be a man of in- iU'",m w "J lu jusmy us oic omy at one mey urinic i -unes aumner wao a great man
aepenaent judgment and volition Is not tu"'B "e Preceaenis ot past oumpuin ana me wimmen let there 1113 aosoiute fidelity to principle, his
auumiiououuiia. j. ma uuininisirauon is I u"wn hi me iop. - xnes are j ""'""""S courage, his. perfect sincerity
7.1 uevouon to duty, his In
airrerence to selfish rnncM.rati
nigh scorn of anvthlnir ,-
Mr. Rhodes thoucht that in hi t-,'
In .o. ..... . . 3 ""CLtt"
""""""; siaiesmanshin c,,
Significant Speeches .Made on Three
BERLIN. Oct. 26. Recent events ap
parently have turned the thoughts of
Emperor William toward the probability
of Germany's soon becoming involved in
war. Ills speeches at Dresden yestorday
and in Berlin today contained polnte-l
references to the probability of war and
tne necessity of being ready Tor It.
Addressing the officers of a Saxon
grenadier regiment at Dresden, the Em
peror said:
"We live In a time when every younsr
German capable of bearing arms must be.
ready to sive himself to the father
land." At a banquet given In his- honor In the
Dresden Schloss last evening, the Em
peror, replying to the King's toast to
his health, said:
"If the German empire continues to
prosper, then we can calmly, with raised
visor and with the courage of free Ger
man men. confront anyone who should
venture to cross our path or to disturb
"s in the promotion of our reasonable
After unveiling the statue of Field
Marshal von Moltke todav, his majesty
addressed the highest army officials who
were assembled around him at a dinner
at the Schloss. saying:
"How matters stand with nt In h
world you know. Therefore, keep vour
powder dry. and your swords whetted."
Gift of Decorations May Split Span
ish Cabinet.
MADRID. Oct. 26. President rH--
vlslt to Madrid was concluded this eve
ning. He was accompanied to the sta
tion by Klnjr Alfonso and left foi- t.Iok,
at 6:15 o'clock. He will reach the Portu
guese frontier early tomorrow morning.
The ministerial crisis augments owing
to the peculiar attitude of the frlenrt nr
Minister of Marine Villa A 11 evil- Tx.-h- Vi
Jected to President Loubet's bestowing the
Kranu cross oi tne xeglon of Honor on
him after conferring a higher order on
General Weyler. the Minister of War.
The action of Senor Villa Nueva created
a serious incident, and Is threatening a
disruption of the cabinet.
Villa Nueva maintains that, as supremo
head of the navy he should not receive a
lower decoration than the head of the
army. French circles hold that Villa
Nueva's action fa the result of his un
sympathetic sentiments towards France
and It Is said that the incident will result
in his retirement from the cabinet. Tho
Premier Is seeking to prevent the disrup
tion solng beyond the ministry of Ma
rine, but other retirements, including that
of the Minister of Finance, are considered
to be Imminent.
In government circles It is said Senor
Montero Rios will not surrender tho
premiership until after the conclusion ot
the Moroccan difference.
true. It Is less probable than the one
wnicn makes him an Imbecile and
much less probable than the one which
makes him a cringing slave to the
priesthood, a vain, vacillating, supersti
tious oisot, wrapped in perpetual
dreams of his own graudeur and the
greatness of his family. The historical
cnaracter whom the Czar Nicholas
seems most to resemble Is Philip II of
Spain, a man not entirely without abll-
out timid, remorselessly cruel, su
perstitious and the abject slavo of th
pnestnooa. under Philip the downfall
of Spain began, and under Nicholas,
who so much resembles him in ehararl
ter, the downfall of the older state of
imngs in Russia seems well under way.
xne resolution of Xicholas to flw
irom nis dominions, if he has taken it.
confirms the common opinion of his
cowardice and feeble judgment. It may
uc uopeu mat ne win ilee. for nrobnhlv
nothing would contribute more to thi
ruin or the autocratic system of which
ne is me reputed master. Modern his
tory furnishes one conspicuous nm
pie of a monarch who escaped from his
kingdom in the hour of nersonal and
political danger and of one who tried to
escape and failed. The one was JmM
II of England: the other was Louis XVI
oi j? ranee. Had James remained in
England when William of Orange made
his descent from Holland, he mlcht not
nave retained his crown, but he would
nave lost it less Inglorlously. Had
.L,ouis remained steadfastly with his
people and trusted and helped them, he
would not have lost his life. What im
mediate effect the flight of the Czar
would have upon the Russian revohi
tlon is an interesting speculation. Thi
French were frenzied by the attempt of
iouis. Decause it was believed that he
was going to join the national enemies
who were conspiring upon the frontiers
against the Revolution. No nation is
intermeddling with Russian affairs.
No foreign army Is waiting to receive
the Czar and make war in his behalf
James flight was construed by his
enemies as an abdication of the crown
it is quite likely that the flleht of Nirh
olas, if it occurred, would be taken as
an abdication, though by the memher
of his own family rather than by the
enemies or nis dynasty.
Mr. TVItte is now the effective head f
me Russian Bmplre, and the storv mn
that. In the event of the Czar's fllirht
he would be made regent. Should he
be permitted to exerela ih .,o
power of such an office, he would dn it
iMtn crarty and sinuous wisdom, un
possibly with prosperity. He is an
adept In the art of wily manipulation
of public opinion; his success in flat
tering ana befuddling American sent!
ment aunng the peace negotiations
shows that; but It Is likely that tho
Russians, who have been fooled n
often with vain promises and wheedling
laisenooas, can now dc tooled no longer. sxriKe on tne railroads has, of
course, oeen called to prevent troops
moving, and If it persists troops cannot
move. What Mr. Witte can accomplish
by force without rapid transportation
of the Cossacks to critical points It li
difficult to see. One is almost tempted
to believe that the success of the revo
lutionists very largely depends upon the
fidelity of the railroad men to thb com
mon cause. The failure of Irish upris
ings against England has often been
immediately brought about by treach
ery among themselves. If this UDris
ing, now so auspiciously begun, should
fall as the others preceding It, have
railed in Russia, it will be from the
to be Judged upon its own promises and
professions. All administrations that
preceded it have been very sinful. This
one was to be perfect secured by di
vine illumination against error. It is
to be judged, therefore, by Its own plat
form and pretensions, not upon com
parison with the works of the common
sinners of a former time, who never
professed alltwisdom nor promised all
MrCunllffe, the Adams Express rob
ber, who got away with $101,000. was In
court yesterday and pleaded guilty. A
dispatch conveying the news says that
the belief Is growing that Cunliffe is
mentally unbalanced. This leaves It
open to surmise as to whether the act
of taking the money or the confession
of guilt Is the evidence of Imbecliltv.
No one has yet accused any of the life
insurance thieves of being mentally un
balanced, but their thievery was all on
a much more colossal scale than that of
The new Russian Minister to Wash
ington Is searching for cheaper aiart-
ments than those occupied by his prede
cessor, ana the Japanese Minister is
said to be negotiating for one of the
most magnificent houses in Washing
ton. As an Illustration of the changed
fortunes of the two countries, this in
cident is certainly a straw which de
notes the direction of the wind.
caned Functions, at the other Kind
they drink beer out of kegs and the
wimmen tuck there dresses up at the
bottom and are called roughhouses.
which the polls Pinches and puts In
the patrole wagon but the oflcers "empllfled the dictum of Bishop Stuhh
rsi cause has often been
with the most heroic vlr
. never
with the Innocent Murth of the form
er. The 1st kind is told about in the
sosiety colums and the other in the
polls court news for the 1 is rich and
the other is Poor.
A .Lullnby In Doggerel.
It la understood that the managers ot ths
Isorrote village have changed their plans, and.
insieaa or going rrorn here direct to Lo
Anxeles, will secure a circus tent and barn
storm the snail towns of the Coast wih
their pack of dog-eating barbarians. BecauM
I love dogn more than Igorrotes I affectionately
dedicate this ragtime lullaby to the mother
dogs who live along their route of travel with
the suggestion that eternal vigilance la the
.price ot safetr:
Lie low on yo'.mammy's breast:
Don't ki-yl. but cuddle In yo nest:
For I'm weary, dearie, watchln' out fob
I'm fcolin skeery. dearie, don know what
to do.
Big: ole moon's a-shinln yander In de sky,
Daddy'g quit a barkin' an is gwlne to die.
'Caustr de heathens' got him an' '11 eat
him by and by.
Lie low. little yaller pup, hush yo sad
and not
John D. Rockefeller, Jr.. ha3 DubHrlv -Jsorrotcs comln. I can hear 'em sllppin
uunuuncea nimaeir as favoring the -elec
tion ot Air. Jerome. This Is a handicap
which It will be difficult for the excel
lent record of the past to overcome. If
there was ever a man who could sin
cerely ask deliverance from his friends
that Individual will be Mr. Jerome when
he learns of the action of John D., Jr.
On close Inspection, the
doesn't seem to think much of civil
service for rhauffeurs. Some of these
uays tne Washington Civil Sen-Ice fix
tures will wake up to find out that
somebody from Oyster Bay, and not
themselves, is running this Government.
In naming a committee to investlerate
the Mutual Life. President McCurdy Is
merely proceeding on the good, old-
fashioned principle that the true way to
revise the insurance business, or any
thing else, is to have It revised by its
.Mr. Harrlman saw that famous gaso
line motor at Omaha and pronounced
It good. It will be used, we suppose,
to replace those equally celebrated au
tomobiles on the hot-air branch of the
Columbia Southern from Shnnlko south.
Each of the branches of the Legisla
ture ought to pass a resolution declar
ing the seat vacant of any member who
may leave the capital during the ses
sion. That would keep the members
from spending their time in Portland.
If dey fin us now. mah honey, t won't
help none to cry;
Maybe dey won't look foh us here behln
de log;
Mus be mighty quiet, little baby dog.
Lie low on yo mammy's breast.
Try hard, 'cause dey's ketched de rest;
Igorrotes comin. dey'Il git yo' If yo' cry.
So cuddle close to mammy an hush dat
sad kl-yl.
City of London Honors Booth.
LONDON. Oct. 26. The freedom of
the City of London, a distinction which
many statesmen and warriors have
held at great store, was today bo
stowed on General Booth, of the Sal
vation Army. The presentation was
made in the presence of a distin
guished company. Including civic of
ficials, several thousand citizens and
many officers of the Salvation Army.
The address referred In glowing
terms to tne work of General Booth
and his organization, not only In Lon
don, but throughout the world. The
General. In reply, referred to the diffi
culties which beset him in his early
days, and which are only now becom
ing officially recognized.
Instead of the usual gold casket, the
address was Inclosed In an oaken cas
ket, the balance of tho money voted by
the Municipal Council being, at the "re
quest of General Booth, given in the shape
of a check towards the funds of the organization.
When the District Attorney is called
on to prosecute homeless and friendless
citizens, his tender heart rebels, and he
lets them go, or some of them. Now let
us see whaL the ferocious prosecutors
of the city administration will do.
The President showed the New Or
leans people yesterday how many things
he can do. see, say and hear in nine
hours; and the late yellow fever inch
dent may be4 regarded as closed.
Scalded to Death With Soup.
SALT LAKE; Oct. 26. The bodies of
two little children who were scalded to
death yesterday at Oasis. Utah, were
brought here today. The children. Arthur
and Verne Fuller, aged S and 3 years,
were with their parents In the cook's
car of a construction train on the Salt
Lake route, when a switch engine
bumped Into the car, upsetting on the
children the contents of a soup boiler
which was one the range. Both children
died within a few hours. Their parents
Mr, and Mrs. W. L. . Fuller, are from
Eprlngville, Utah.
Oregon Is Knotm Through '
b ..... - ' U'CRU i nave
oeen asked frequently .
uc me acenerw n nn.
. matter of fact It was neither, and
permit, i am now- going to tell
"-ti.y wnat it was. Th thin h
nlosl m uregon was to read the
vituperation which is heaped upon The Ore
gonlan newspaper by certain sheets pub
lished In Portland and country towns. Up
to the date of the Lewis and PlnrV iroi
wnat me country knew about Oregon It had
leamca rrom The Oregonlan. Whatever
name Oregon had In other narta of the wnrirt
lnc uregonlan had given It. The geography
eccnery ana resources of the state
Known through The Oregonlan
For at least a generation the editorial of
ine uregonlan have been quoted with re
spect in the best periodicals of the count rv
Eastern people often tay that Oregon must
nave an Intelligent population. Why? Be
cause iney support a newspaper like The
Oregonlan. Whenever anybody undertakes
to- enumerate the three or four worthiest
papers In the Union, The Oregonlan Is In
variably Included In the list. It ranks with
the New Tork Evening Post, the Boston Her
ald and the Springfield .Republican for sheer
merit and ability. Why then does The Ore
gonian draw upon Itself so much vitupera
tion rrom Its small contemporaries In Its own
state? Can It be because of the vers- fact
that they are small? Does the flea bite be
cause It cannot help biting?
A Regiment of Brigadiers.
Philadelphia Inquirer.
Artemus Ward created some amuse
ment in 1861 by proposing to raise a
regiment of brigadier generals to go
to the front. The Joke was consld
ered a good one. considering that
there was a rush for commissions even
in a day of patriotism. The last Issuo
of the Army Register discloses the In
terestlng fact that there are consider
ably over 200 Major-Generals and
Brigadiers on the retired list, and the
number Is rapidly increasing, so that
the Artemus Ward regiment Is pretty
well completed.
The process is likely to continue for
some years, especially In the ranks of
the Major-Generals, who are going out
of office, thus rapidly promoting line
officers to he Brigadiers. Almost every
man In the Army who served in the
Civil War Is now a general officer, ac
tive or retired, and the. few remain
ing: veterans will soon have promotion.
We will have several Lieutenant-Generals
in the next year, and then Gen
eral Wood Is expected to be at the
head of the Army for a long period.
An interesting feature has Just
arisen whereby General Fred Grant
was kept back from his promotion to
which he was entitled by seniority.
He will probably get his double star
next year, along with Funston. There
after we will have general officers who
are not known to the general public
at all, most of whom have "never set
a squadron In the field." And there
will also ensue a long period of years
in which promotion will be slow, when
we will again have gray-haired lieu
tenants and captains who are grand
fathers. Tho chance of the young
West Pointer of this day is not very
encouraging, unless there should be"
another war, which God forbid.
Severe Penalty for Scorching Amer
ican Autoist In France.
PARIS. Oct. 26. The ninth correctional
tribunal of the Seine today sentenced El
liott Fitch Shepard. son of the late Colo
nel Elliott F. Shepard. of New York, and
grandson of the late W. H. Vanderbllt. to
three months Imprisonment and $120 flno
and to pay 54000 damages to the parents
of Madeline Mardul. who was killed by
Shepard's automobile at St. Ouen. April 21.
Friends of Mr. Shepard said later that
he Intended to appeal from the fine and
Imprisonment part of the sentence, but
tnat the company insuring- the automo
bile would not appeal from the award of
51000 damages to the parents. The ap
peal will postpone the Imprisonment until
a nnai decision is given.
Mr. Shepard says he deeply regrets the
affair, but feels that the prosecution as
sumed undue proportions owing t thy
recent popular agitation against fast au
tomoblling. Maltre Polncare, counsel for the prose
cution, emphasized the need of making
an example of Mr. Shepard. declaring
that American millionaires had the habit
of coming to France and running over
peasants like chickens.
Treaty Between Sweden and Norway
Signed at Last.
STOCKHOLM, Oct. 2S. Representatives
of the Swedish and Norwegian govern
ments tonight signed the treaties Involved
In the Karlstad agreement. The treaties,
which are drawn In Swedish, Norwegian
and French, operate without ratification,
and the Swedish government has author
ized the Minister of Foreign Affairs to
notify the foreign powers of Its recogni
tion of Norway as a separate govern
ment. All the formalities of the dissolution
have now practically been concluded.
Big Bank Organized by the Leading
Bankers of Europe.
NEW YORK. Oct. 25. Cable advices to
day from Berlin announce that tho
Deutsche Bank and the Deutsche
Ueberzelsche Bank of Berlin, Lazard-Speyer-Elllsen
of Frankfort-on-the-Maln
and the Schwelzerlsche Credltanstalt of
Zurich have founded a bank with a capl
Cal of J2.3OO.00O to be called the Bank of
Central America, which will have Its head
office in Berlin. The business of the bank
will be started in Guatemala with tho
ultimate intention of opening branch
offices In the surrounding central Ameri
can countries.
Rumor That Gomez Will Start Rev
ohition in Cuba.
HAVANA. Oct. 26. An uncreditcd ru
mor is In circulation that General Gomez,
until recently a candidate for the Pres
idency of Cuba, and who is now In tha
United States, Is buying 6000 rifles in tho
United States for the purpose of organ
izing- a revolution In Cuba. Senator
Zayas. president of the Liberal party,
says Gomez has not the money to buy
Army's Memorial of Von Moltke.
BERLIN, Oct. 26. A statue of Field
Marshal von Moltke. the gift of the army
to the German people, was unveiled hero
today, the 105th anlversary of his birth.
in the presence of Emperor William,, tho
Imperial family and all the great person
ages of state and many thousands of peo
Five other men. contemporaries of Von
Moltke who served on his staff during
the war with France, were there. Ten
thousand troops of the Berlin garrison
In parade uniform were massed near tho
scene of the unveiling. The exercises
were simple.
Heaping Honors on Togo.
TOKIO. Oct. 26. (7 P. M:) The Busi
ness Men's Association, today gave a
grand reception to Admiral Togo. Tho
people of Toklo continue feting the offi
cers and men of the navy.- Vlce-Admlral
Kamimuras squadron sailed today for
Unionists Win Election.
LONDON. Oct. 26. The bye-election at
Hampstead for Member of Parliament re
sulted In the election ot the Unionist
candidate, J. S. Fletcher, by 422 votes.