Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, October 26, 1905, Page 8, Image 8

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Entered at the Poatofflce at Portland. Or.
as eecona-class matter. -SUBSCI1IPTIOX
(Br Mall or Express.)
Dally and Sunday, per year $9.J0
Dally and Sunday. lx months 5.Q0
Dally and Sunday, three months j5
Dally and Sunday, per month mjoa
Dally without Sunday, per year .j0
Dally without Sunday, six months 3.B0
Dally without Sunday, ttree months.... 1.05
Dally without Sunday, per month -Oj
Sunday, per year 2.00
Sunday, six months
Sunday, three months "
Dally without Sunday, per week....... .15
Dally, per week, Sunday Included....... .-0
(Issued Every Thursday.)
Weekly, per year L50
Weekly, six months .
Weekly, three months 50
HOW TO REMIT Send postotflce money
order, express order or personal check on
sour local bank." Stamps, coin or currency
are at tho sender's risk.
The S. C. Ucckwlth Special Agency New
York, rooms 43-50 Tribune building. Chicago,
rooms 010-512 Tribune bulldlnp.
Chicago Auditorium Annex, POBtofflce
News Co., 178 Dearborn street.
Denver Julius Black. Hamilton & Kend
rlck. 000-012 Seventeenth street; Pratt Book
Store, 1214 Fifteenth street.
Des Molnca, la. Moses Jacobs, 309 Fifth
Goldiield, New Guy Marsh.
Hamafc City. Mo. Rlcktecker Cigar Co.,
Ninth and Walnut.
Los Ancelc Harry Drapkln: B. E. Amos,
C14 West Soventh street; Dlllard News Co.
Minneapolis-M. J. Ksvanauch. 50 South
Cleveland, O. James Pushaw, 307 Superior
New York City L. Jones & Co., Ast.or
Oakland, Cal W. H. Johnston, Fourteenth
and Franklin streets. -
Ogden Goddard & Harrop; D. L. Boyle.
Omaha Barkalow Bros.. 1C12 Farnara: .
Mageath Stationery Co.. 1308 Farnam; 240
South 14th.
Sacramento, Cal. Sacramento News Co..
429 K street. .
Salt Lake Salt Lake News Co., West
Second street South; National News Agency
Long Beach B. E. Amos.
San Franclhco J. K. Cooper & Co.. 40
Market street; Goldsmith Bros.. 230 Sutter
and Hotel St. Francis News Stand: L. E.
Lee, Palace Hotel News Stand; F. W. Pitts.
1008 Market: Frank Scott. 80 Ellis: N.
Whcatley Movablo News Stand, corner Mar
ket and Kearney streets; Foster St Orear,
Ferry News Stand.
Washington. D. C Ebbitt House. Pennsyl
vania avenue.
Whatever one may think of the ab
stract principle of municipal ownership,
nobody can deny that it has gained a
following in this country which makes
it respectable. It Is therefore all the
greater pity that the cause has not
found a respectable champion in -New
York. Mr. Hearst is waging a cam
paign of commendable vigor and with
prospects of success which surprise his
friends and astound Tammany, but it
is difficult to take Mr. Hearst seriously
when he professes decency, and impos
sible to respect him at any time. In
some ways this surprising man recalls
the evil genius of Athenian democracy,
Alclbiades, gifted, wealthy and Teck
leps. -who persuaded the people to em
bark in enterprises which ruined their
country, and finally deserted them in
their hour of extreme peril. "Whether
Mr. Hearst will ever acquire any such
ascendency over the American rabble
as Alcibiades did at Athens is a ques
tion which may seem absurd to propose,
and yet, before calling it .quite absurd,
consider the strides which, as a politi
cian of National figure, he has mude in
the last few years. It may also be well
to perpend whether Mr. Hearst's follow
ing deserves as a whole the epithet
"rabble," which is a word of oppro
brium. He is the modern exponent of
the same idea in National life which
Andrew Jackson stood for, and those
who agree with him are neither
the lowest socially nor the most Ignor
ant of the American people. Some
years ago the principle of municipal
ownership was generally denounced as
socialism in fhis country: now it is
known by all disinterested thinkers to
be neither less nor more socialistic than
public schools, the postofiice and the
army. The army, by the way, is a pure
piece of socialism, and should be vigor
ously denounced by all opponents of
municipal ownership who wish to culti
vate consistency among their other vir
tues. In the present municipal campaign
for the control and spoils of New York
three parties are taking part. Tam
many, for one, which, besides its irre
pressible desire to steal, desires also a
form of municipal ownership only less
pronounced than Hearst's; the Republi
cans, who really cut little figure, though
their candidate for Mayor, Mr. Ivins, is
astonishing everybody by his unex
pected resurrection from the burying
ground of dead politicians; and the Mu
nicipal Ownership League, whose can
didate for Mayor is Mr. Hearst. The
significant fact in this election contest
is neither the indifference of the Repub
licans nor the anticipated triumph of
Tammany, but the avowed or implicit
acceptance of the principle of municipal
ownership of public utilities by all
three parties. Does this mean that,
whether -we will or no, municipal own
ership is upon us like the Philistines
upon Samson? Or rather, is it coming
like an angel of light to take away all
the evils of ignorance, graft and bad
citizenship and make our Government
run Xorevermore like a perfectly auto
matic machine, without care or atten
tion from the voters? That has been
the American ideal of government in
the past a perfectly automatic ma
chine which would run Itself a. sort of
political perpetual motion. And we are
learning to bur sorrow that in politics
as well as in mechanics the perpetual
motion Is a ruinous chimera.
The extraordinary Interest of the New
York campaign makes it worth while to
recall the principal arguments for the
municipal ownership of monopolies like
street railroads. Perhaps the best ar
gument of all Is the fact that It is prob
ably inevitable. Democracy seems ir
resistible in its march, and whatever
opposes it will ultimately be over
whelmed. "And whosoever shall fall on
this stone shall be broken; but on
whomsoever It shall fall It will grind
him to powder." Let it console the mo
nopolist who dreads the oncoming of
municipal ownership and groans to be
hold his special privileges and oppor
tunities for unlimited graft slipping
away with every new chance the people
find to express their wish upon the
question, that wherever ownership of
utilities by the public has been tried in
Europe it has proved popular and prof
itable. Conditions, to be sure, are dif
ferent here; we acknowledge ourselves
to be so far from honest In our public
life that we cannot administer a street
railway as they do in Europe. But it is
urged that this prevalent corruption in
public life is very largely caused by the
private ownership of franchises in the
streets. The holders of these, franchises,
Jt is said, devote themselves to system
atic corruption to perpetuate and ex
tend their privileges, and if the fran
chises were held by the city this perni
cious, activity of .theirs would cease
from lack of motive and public officials
would Jurn honest from lack of temp
tation. It is quite likely that, so long
as we elect to office men who are sus
ceptible to temptation, an adequate
tempter will be found in one guise or
another, but there Is, nevertheless,
much to reflect upon in the argument
that removal of franchises In the
streets from private hands would tend
largely to cure political corruption.
There Is probably still more In the
argument that public ownership would
stop stock-watering which now goes on
so merrily wherever there is a public
utility in private possession. Stock
watering is a peculiarly mean sort of
theft of the same nature as the green
goods swindle. It Induces confiding
people to give their money for nothing,
and at the same time milks the general
public to make them think they have
something; These- are some of the con
tentions of the municipal ownership ad
vocates; but the one many of them rely
on most is the fact that all the value a
franchise has the people have created;
therefore, they say. the public should
own it.
It distresses the Astorian to learn
that the Government experts find so
considerable a depth of; -water at the
mouth of the Columbia River. From
that paper we reproduce this statement,
. The pilots iwy that twenty-four feet i the
safest margin of loading to which skippers
can go. The Federal experts have declared,
from their latent soundings, that twenty-wen
feet Ik a safe maximum. Here the gauge lies
thrown down by the only authorities Jn the
world; and right here the Asrtarian Ia going
to leave It. until It Is taken up by one or the
other in victory or defeat This paper has
Flood manfully for the pilot and their prac
tical conclusion?, believing them the eafret
because of the daily measurements taken by
these men, whose sole bualncra It Is to know
thla If they never learn anything else. Tho
statement of Government findings muft be
treated with respect, and will be, until It.
Is forced to tho rear by demonstrations on the
bar Itedf by vessel loaded to the greater
limit; nor will the findings and declarations
of the pilot association be treated with less re
spect than It has been until the same dem
onstration shall confute thena. The whole
thing Is tip to the bar and the plilps that cross
Oh, no! What Is really wanted Is a
competent Pilot Commission, and su
persedure of the ancient mariners of
Astoria, who have 'outlived their use
fulness. By the passage of vessels of
maximum draft it. has been demon
strated repeatedly that the findings of
the Government officials are trust
worthy. It is regrettable to. be obliged
to fight for the commerce of the Colum
bia River without the assistance of As
toria. However, It would no doubt be
unjust to say or Imagine that the anti
quated pilot outfit Is representative of
the town.
There is a large number of- enterpris
ing, public-spirited people In Astoria
who are fully as Indignant as are the
Portlanders over the attempt to place
the Columbia River on a .twenty-four-foot
basis, at a time when vessels of
twenty-six feet draft are crossing the
bar In safety. The "demonstration"
that the bar is In condition for twenty-six-foot
ships has already been made.
The only "demonstration" that can be
made to please the Astorian and the
timid pilots is to have a ship steered out
of the channel and grounded. A pilot
who could find but fifteen feet of water
between the bar and the quarantine
station would experience but little dif
ficulty In striking bottom at certain
places on the bar even with a twenty-four-foot
ship. With Portland's busi
ness interests at present tension over
the matter. It is doubtful If the Interces
sion of their obedient commission could
save the pilots from the consequences
of such a blunder, should it be made.
Cow-Creek Canyon and the Siskiyou
Mountains have offered great scenic
effects for the passenger traffic which
the Southern Pacific has been handling
between Portland and San Francisco.
It is doubtful, however, If the company
has made enough money out of the
traffic attracted by the scenery to pay
for the additionol cost of moving trains
over such tremendous grades instead of
by an easier route. Mr. Harrlman,
with his $140,000,000 expended In three
years for reducing grades and straight
ening curves, would hardly be expected
to permit to remain untouched such a
fearful handicap to economical opera
tion of trains as the Siskiyou and Cow
Creek Canyon' route. For this reason
it Is highly probable that the proposed
new line from Natron, Or., to Weed,
Cal., will speedily be constructed.
When the old Oregon & California
Railroad started south from Portland
Its promoters expected that It vould
eventually reach San Francisco. At
the same time the ultimate destina
tion was so remote that necessity for
locating an economical route south of
the Willamette Valley did not appeal
very strongly to them. The road
through the Willamette Valley, like all
of the early railroads, was built with a
view to economy of construction instead
of operation. It pushed on south-of the
point where it was proposed to swing
to the southeast and secure an easier
grade to California, and followed Cow
Creek Canyon over into the riqh Rogue
River Valley, where early mining op
erations had brought into existence a
number of good towns.
For many years this road Temalned a
feeder to Portland and the transconti
nental, railroads that had reached this
port- Under such circumstances, when
the Southern Pacific builders prepared
to close up the gap which prevented
through rail connection between Port
land and San F.ranclsco, it was but nat
ural that they should build straight
.iver the mountains and join with -the
road that already extended about 150
miles south of the point at which they
would emerge had they followed the
more economical route which it Is now
proposed to open. But development of
the country and growth of both local
and through traffic have been so great
that a Saving of time and money can be
made by following the course of least
resistance -with a line by way of Klam
ath Falls.
The experience of the Southern Pacific
in this case is similar to that of nearly
all hurriedly constructed roads in the
West. Years after the completion of
Its line between this city and The Dalles
the O. R. & N. practically rebuilt the
road at a cost which, for the greater
part of the distance, was in excess of
the cost of original construction at a
period when wages and material were
much higher. Reduction In the cost of
operation brought good returns on the
Increased Investment, and similar re
sults -will follow with the new branch of
the Southern Pacific The Northern Pa
cific, In its haste to get Into the Clear
water country, built a crazy piece of
road 'down Potlatch Canyon, but ex
pense of operation is so great that It
will be abandoned as. soon as the Rl-parla-Lewiston
branch Is completed.
The same company for many years
hauled wheat from the western part of
the Big Bend, 100 miles east to Spokane,
thence almost due west to market on
Puget Sound, but the opening of the
Adrian cut-off. two years ago, saved a
haul of nearly 200 miles on the freight
from some localities in the Big Bend.
Competition has brought about re
duction In railroad rates, and this re
duction has' demanded greater economy
of operation. The early 'railroads were
constructed to handle a small traffic at
high rates. Today It- Is a question of
heavy traffic at low rates, and to meet
the changed conditions perfection in
I physical construction, is of much greater
importance than any other factor In
volved in the science of modern rail
"Let us sincerely hope," says the Se
attle Trade Register, "that Congress
will not allow another session to pass
without taking sensible steps to revive
and make profitable our merchant ma
rine. Let peanut politics give place to
National necessity." The Post-Intelll-genccr
Is also very much distressed
over the alleged necessity for the
6peedy administering of some Govern
ment pap to our neglected merchant
marine. The apparent distress of our
neighbors over the "National. necessity"
for a subsidy bill would be a little less
ludicrous If there was not already more
tonnage In the world than there Is any
employment for, and If It were not pos
sible to ship American products to all
parts of the world at bargain rates.
There is an object-lesson as to what
subsidies will do for a ship as -well as
for the country which pays the sub
sidy, right under the eyes of the Puget
Sound editors.
The French bark General de Souls,
which arrived at Port Townsend last
week, like other French vessels, draws
a liberal subsidy from the French gov
ernment. This vessel arrived in San
Francisco December 22, 1D04. She found
the harbor full of ships which were
obliged to accept very low rates or" to
remain Idle. The latter alternative was
accepted by the unsubsldlzed American,
British and German ships, but the Gen
eral de Son is could not draw a subsidy
except for the miles she sailed. In Feb
ruary she sailed in ballast for Newcas
tle, Australia. Arriving at the Anti
podes, she found freights low there, and
with the good fat mileage subsidy lur
ing her on she bore away for Cape
Town. At the South African port the
Lsame oversupply of tonnage was in evi
dence, and, without lingering, the vessel
was headed on the back track for Syd
ney. ' There was still no business offer
ing except the accumulation of a
bounty by keeping on the move, so Ho
bart, Tasmania, for orders, was the
next,pomt touched.
Here the vessel received, orders to
proceed to Puget Sound, and now. after
wandering around the world in ballast
for nearly a year, she Is to carry back
to the Old World, not some traffic that
will be of any advantage to France,
which pays the subsidy bills, but
Instead a cargo of American wheat for
a British consumer. The raid which J.
P. Morgan and other high-finance buc
caneers tried to make on the United
States Treasury with the last ship-subsidy
bill was planned to produce just
such results as have been secured by
the French shipowners.
Tnslead of widening the market for
American goods by reducing the freight
and giving us an advantage over other
countries which pay no ship subsidies,
the system would merely result in Idle
ships sailing around the -world in bal
last to earn the subsidy. Meanwhile
their withdrawal from active service
would force shippers to pay higher
rates on the decreased number of ships
left In port while the ballast fleet -was
sailing around the world, for the two
fold purpose of earning a subsidy and
stiffening the freight rnarket for the
ships that were not so engaged. If our
merchant marine cannot be made prof
itable without robbing the producer In
the way of Increased freights as'well as
taxation for a subsidy. It might as well
go out of business. There will never be
lack of tonnage to handle our products,
and It will be secured without the ne
cessity of paying a subsidy.
Vital statistics, as applied to the In
dian tribes under the care of the Gov
ernment, show that the full-blooded In
dians of the United States are scarcely
holding their own in numbers. Cap
tain Downs, special Indian agent, re
ports that in some of the tribes there is
a slight Increase, but this is among
the mixed breeds, and not among those
of purely aboriginal stock. The deadly
foe of the Indian, now as for some
years. In the seml-clvlllzation that has
been forced upon him. Is tuberculosis.
A malady unknown to Indians in their
savage state. It has come to rage with
the fury of a pestilence among them
in their half-housed life on the reserva
tions. ,
Agent Downs is inclined to disbelieve
that this disease is a parasite, so to
6peak, at least a follower of civiliza
tion. He thinks a more reasonable ex
planation is found in the habits of these
people. In building their tepees or cab
ins they make no provision for ventila
tion, and sleep in quarters from which
fresh air is practically excluded.
This Is simply another way of stat
ing the fact that the confinement of
Indians is responsible for the decima
tion of their numbers by consumption.
In their wild state they knew not
houses or sheltered places In which to
sleep, but bivouacked, when on the
chase, wherever night overtook them,
with only such protection from the
weather as they could hurriedly Impro
vise from their equipment and knowl
edge of woodcraft.
It is surprising that observation upon
this point did not years ago develop
the open-air theory In the treatment of
consumption that Is now being so suc
cessfully practiced. Doubtless the In
dian's habits, his sloth, his personal
uncleanness, his unventllated tepees,
the common pipe that Is passed from
mouth to mouth, and the wretched food
that he eats, have, each and all, in
fluence In making him a ready subject
for consumption; bu his withdrawal
from the chase, -with Its exhilarating
motion and resultant game diet, and
his sleeping indoors, are the real causes
of the great prevalence of tuberculosis
among the various tribes.
Truly, the men paid by the. Govern
ment to direct Indians In the ways of
civilized life have been culpably re
miss In their duty If .they have per
mitted them, from lack of proper in
struction, to "nuddle together for sleep
In quarters from -which fresh air Is ex
cluded. Enervation that Invites disease
and presages the decline and ultimate.
extinction of the race. Is the sure result
of this habit. Death Is the thing least
to be deploredas Its consequence. The
utter degeneracy, physical and moral,
that precedes It Is a condition that Is
far worse a death In life which,
through Its baleful Influence, causes
the approach of the silent messenger to
be slower than humanity could wish or.
a wise public policy warrant.
Noting a letter from Mayor Lane,
printed today. The Oregonlan will say
that It does not assume, has not as
sumed, the government of the City of
Portland, nor responsibility for It. All
allegations, therefore, as to the con
sistency or Inconsistency of The Orego
nlan, or of Its editor, are out of order.
Conditions, .moreover, under the old
charter were very different from condi
tions now. It is a cheap method on the
part of the Maj'or. who now takes his
stand against certain contracts, to al
Iegethat The Oregonlan heretofore has
favored some of like kind. That meets
nothing, answers nothing. We know
not why the Mayor affects to be at all
sensitive to anything The Oregonlan
may say or contain. For in fact he
makes it a point to go contrary to It.
He Is not sensitive at all to the criti
cism, as he professes to be. But he
wants to make a statement through the
columns of The Oregonlan, and it
grants him the space. The Mayor
poses. His letter is characteristic. The
Oregonlan Is kind to the Mayor, and not
only prints his letter, but refrains from
the comment upon It which its spirit
would invite. It will only say that the
Mayor Is playing the part he has as
sumed. Observe further that this Is a
"reform" administration, on a tran
scendental basis. It has no right to try
to justify Itself by comparison with any
former wickedness. The rest of us are
liable to mistake. This administration,
backed by the spirit of reform and led
by Its lights, should not be.
The followers of Candidate Hearst, In
his great municipal ownership cam
paign for Mayor of New York,
put In all their time looking
wise or as wise as they can saying
much and doing little. So says The
Oregonlan's New York correspondent,
who Is on the ground and ought to know
what he is writing about. Yet we find,
In the New York American enthusiastic
reports of the spontaneous and irresist
ible uprising throughout the whole city
In behalf of the people's candidate. Edi
tor Hearst. We dislike to discredit the
testimony of a contemporary so disin
terested and Impartial as the American;
and we can scarcely be expected to go
back on our own correspondent. Possi
bly we shall And In the end that the
Hearst outburst was exclusively lor
Hearst newspaper purposes.
Wo learn from a traveled Portlander
in The" Oregonlan yesterday wh'at su
perior facilities there are In Europe for
enjoyment of some of the pleasures and
comforts of life; and we learn, this, too,
from the same Interview:
In Munich women are employed as treet
cleaners, and In Vienna we saw women carry
ing brick and mortar for buildings In course
of construction and aw women working on
railroad grades. In fact throughout Europe
women work more than men. and It I not
unusual to see women and dogs drawing small
wager, performing labor that In this country
is done with horses.
It looks to us as If Europe Is a good
place for women to stay away from.
Yet we have In this country many peo
ple who say that -women are not well
treated or at least not so, well treated
as they should be. Far De It from us
to deny that It Is all true.
A lot of Portland women are unhappy
because they say they have been bun
coed by some Japanese concessionaires
at the Fair. They bought tickets In a
lottery at $1 each on the solemn assur
ance that all would draw prizes ranging
from $1 to $1000. The women got the
prizes, but they weren't all they ex
pected. Who'd 'a thought It? If this
fine get-Tsomething-for-nothing scheme
had been proposed by some of our own
financiers, we should not have been as
tonished at the unsatisfactory outcome.
But the Japs, possessors of all the vir
tues! That shows what civilization
does, even -for a Jap.
Of old there were those, who thanked
God they were not as other men. The
children of their loins and the heirs of
their pretensions are the professional
reformers of today. Ceaseless vigilance
Is necessary to checkMhelr activity In
jobbery. He was a profound observer
as well as a great wit who said that
when Johnson defined patriotism as
"the last refuge of a scoundrel," the old
lexicographer and moralist was Ignor
ant of the modern possibilities of the
word "reform."
Nobody has run across the name of
Russell Sage In these insurance revela
tions. Your uncle may be a leetle nigh,
but he is no thief, and he never con
ducted any sklndlcate operations with
anybody's money but his own. Some
how we are beginning to regard the old
man as a solitary figure- of light and
purity among the vultures of frenzied
Professor Mitchell is possibly a
heretic because he has some notions of
his own about higher crltlolsm; but iLhe
Methodists are really overlooking a,
chance to show what the church mili
tant can do when It tries by their fail
ure to knock that chip off the shoulder
of Colonel Fred V. Holman, biographer
of Dr. McLoughlin.
Mayor Lane has no right to plead that
his government of the city is no worse
than that of common sinners, and to
cite acts of former wickedness for ex
cuse or precedent. The rest of us do
not make profession of absolute virtue
and the illumination of a peculiar holi
ness. That role Is for the pretensions
of "reform."
General Manager Mohler denies posi
tively that the President asked Mr.
Harrlman to run his special slower be
cause his daughter was aboard. The
denial was superfluous. Asking any
body or anything "to go slower isn't a
Roosevelt trait.
A Nevada rancher who tried to give
away all his money In Chicago yester
day was arrested. A new era has
dawned; yet somebody ought to take up
the grand free gift distribution where
the insurance companies left off.
The South has definitely found out
that we have a President who is Pres
ident of and for forty-five states no
We're not hanging Jeff Davis on the
sour apple tree nowadays. Which Is
lucky for the doughty Arkansas Governor.
If Prince Charles, of Denmark, ac
cepts the Job of ruling Norway, he will
have to tote tho title of King Haakon
VII. Still he can find consolation In
the fact that the Czar of Russia and
the Sultan of Turkey have both been
called worse names than that.
Those who scout the Idea of a life
after death should consider the caso
of Terry McGovern. who has Just chal
lenged Battling Nelson for the cham
pionship. Should Hearst be elected Mayor of
Greater New York, he will probably
make JImmie Montague or Wcx Jones
poet laureate.
My anticipation of the Joys of heaven
receives a severe jolt every time I try
to eat angel-food.
The Dalles threatens to rival New-
York as a theatrical centeY. Both
"Uncle Tom's Cabin" and Tablo Ro
man!" have Jbeen played there already
this season.
The members of the Cabinet seem
to be almost as uncertain of their
tenure of office as- the members of
Portland's police force.
Now that Venezuela has quieted
down, anotherputbreak of Tom Law
son is In order.
Admirers of the recent Mr. Tom
Paino threaten to erect a monument to
his memory. How much honor do they
want to heap "on him? He already has
a cigar named for him.
Sir Thomas Lipton announces that
lie will make another try -for the cup
in 1907. Here's hoping he will winlt
I am reserving an expression of my
osteem for "Wltte until I know whether
or not he contemplates a lecturing
"Fire Alarm" Foraker and "Steve"
Elklns will have charge of the railroad
interests In the forthcoming rate fight
in the Senate. It would seem that this
combination of fortissimo and pianis
simo ought to prove effective In pro
tecting both ends of the present scale.
Common Occurrences.
Father "I see another prominent
Methodist Is charged with heresy."
Son "Yes. Isn't that what they
lynch people' In the South for?"
If Russia keeps up Its reputation for
labor troubles It will soon become the
Chicago of .Europe.
There was another daring daylight
holdup In the heart of New York yes
torday. Jerome should organize a
Wild East show and tour the West
with It.
An Appeal for Aid.
Owing to failure of the American"
Inn to yield the customary 600 per
cent profit, the, stockholders In that
unfortunate enterprise, who are also
stockholders In the Lewis and Clark
corporation, besides a number of other
ventures, are unable to spare their Ex
position dividends for the purpose of
providing a park or a memorial build
ing. They needed tho money so badly that
their wall over the failure of the Inn
to pay out must touch everyone who
is charitably inolincd.
They are facing the prospect of a
hard Winter at a time when coah flour,
water pipe and other necessaries of
the like are unusually high.
Therefore, in view of the threatened
widespread dlstross among the F. F. P.
this department proposes to tako the
Initiative in raising a fund for their
relief, such fund if possible to be equal
to the amount which the F. F. P.
would have realized had tho American
Inn secured a sufficient number of vic
tims during the past Summer to pay
the anticipated 600 per cent on the in
vestment. The ordinary plug people of Port
land, to whom the philanthropic and
public-spirited F. F. P. have done so
much during the past two generations,
should bo moved by this appeal, to con
tribute as much as posslblo of their
means to so worthy a cause. Remem
ber,xthe Lord lovfeth a cheerful giver,
and he who turneth a .deaf" ear to the
howl of the hungry Is 'worse than a
In order to start the movement, thi3
department heads the subscription list
with $.01 and a handsome steal engrav
ing of Saint John Rockefeller play
ing a symphony on a cash register.
Who will be the next?
Alleged Murderer Coin m Its Suicide
In Butte Jail.
. BUTTE, Mont, Oct. 23. An autopsy on
the remains of James F. Barnes, the al
leged murderer of Patrick Hanley. who
died In the county Jail last night, showed
that he had committed suicide by eating
oft the heads of phosphorous matches,
much phosphorous being found in his
Barnes hailed from Cpico, Cal., where
a wife and two children reside. Barnes
apparently had been eating the matches
for a number of days, which accounted
for his eating nothing for several days,
leading to the belief that the prisoner
was starving himself to death,
Denies Slander on Irving
LONDON, Oct. 26. In connection with
the attack on certain alleged events In
the career' of Sir Henry Irving, made by
George Bernard Shaw in the Neue Freie
Presse. of Vienna, Ashmead Bartlett Bur-dett-Coutts.
M. P., husband of Baroness
Burdett-Coutts, writes to the Times of
this morning categorically denying that
the Baroness ever gave, lent or provided
the actor with money In any shape or
form, or that Irving ever asked the Bar
oness for money.
Sultan Accepts Programme.
PARIS. Oct. 26. A detailed dispatch
from St. Rene Taillandler. French Minis
ter at Fez, which was received at the
Foreign Office today, says that the Sul
tan of Morocco accepts the Franco-German
programme for the Moroccan confer
ence, and also that Algeclras, Spain, will
be the meeting &Iace of the conference.
The Minister will leave Fez tomorrow
and Count von Tattenbach-Ashold, the
head of the German mission, will leave In
two or three days.
Russian Loan Not Allotted.
ST. PETERSBURG. Oct. 25. The nego
tiations for the new Russian loan are
Hearing completion, but any announce
ment of the allotments Is premature, as
the exact amount of the loan Is not yet
fixed. This $elng the first International
loan transaction In which -America is par
ticipating, J. P. Morgan, Jr., and George
W. Perkins are oroceedlng with, great
nlrci imxnectlas.
Harrlman and Miss Roosevelt Far
Ahead of Schedule Time.
CHICAGO. Oct. 25. The special train of
B. H. Harrlman, upon which Miss Alice
Roosevelt Is a passenger, arrived In Chi
cago tonight at 8:03 o'clock. 50 hours and
44 minutes, actual running time, since
starting from Oakland. Cal. The train
pulled Into the Northwestern yards some
thing over an hour earlier than expected.
It was at? once transferred to the Belt
Line and switched around the city to
the tracks of the Lake Shore fc Michigan
Southern Railroad at Forty-third street,
and from this .point was started 'on Its
Journey east at 9:07 o'clock; having been
within the city limits of Chicago one hour
and two minutes.
The crew of the train and the passen
ger officials of both the Northwestern and
the Lake Shore railroads asserted that no
effort whatever was being made to estab
lish a record, but the train was being
pushed through at a swift and steady
pace, with the Idea 'of having as little
delay as possible. Despite this, however,
the train made the distance from Oakland
to Chicago In just IS hours less time
than that required for tho Overland Lim
ited, which Is the fastest train of the
Chicago & Northwestern and the Union
Pacific between Chicago and San Fran
cisco. The run from Omaha to Chicago. 4924
miles, was made In 10 hours and 50 min
utes. The time scheduled for the Over
land Limited between Omaha and Chi
cago is 12 hours.
Ilnrrlman Hurries Out Half Dressed
to Inspect It.
OMAHA, Neb Oct. 25. (Speclal.)-Flf-tcen
minutes of E. H. Harriman's valu
able time as he tore across the continent
were spent In. an examination of the new
est Union Pacific gasoline motor car "in
the station at Omaha this morning. The
magnate was In bed when the train pulled
Into the depot, and It was left for Julius
Kruttschnltt. director of maintenance, to
discover that the motor was waiting for
inspection. He hurried back Into the
train, and It took Mr. Harrlman just one
minute and a half to throw on some of
his. clothes and hurry from the car. He
wore a pair of shoos, a long gray ulster
nnd his traveling cap as he descended to
tho platform.
Mr. Harrlman was especially pleased
with the new hygienic seats, with no up
holstering and with springs concealed,
and he remarked to President Felton. of
the Chicago & Alton, who had como to
Omaha to journey to Chicago on the spe
cial: "Those seats are Just the thing."
The car Is all steel, and Superintendent
McKeen, Its designer, said today: "Mr.
Harrlman Is more enthused over these
new steel cars than I am. and I am
spending my whole time at them."
The fourth car will be finished next
week, and from now on the cars will
come from the shops In rapid succession.
The car which Mr. Harrlman saw this
morning will be sent to Galveston at once
to go Into service between that city and
A bottle of champagne had been pro
vided, that Miss Alice Roosevelt might
christen the new car. but she was still
In her berth when the train pulled out of
Harrlman Train Behind Time No
Protest From Roosevelt.
OMAHA, Oct. 23. A special train hav
ing on board H. H. Harrlman and party
arrived hero from the West at 3:26 A.
M. today, one hour behind schedule time
After changing engines and switching to
the tracks of the Northwestern road, the
train left at Q-J5 A. M. It was stated that
no attempt will be made at fast running
from here to Chicago. Forty hours were
consumed In the run from Sans Franelsee
to Omaha.
General Manager Mohler, of the Union
Pacific, who accompanied the Harrlman
parity East from Cheyenne, made this
"The Harrlman special made the run
from San Francisco to Omaha in 30 hours
and 34 minutes, including all stops for
water, coal and changing engines, the dis
tance covered being 17S7 miles.
"The statement made to the effect that
President Roosevelt requested that the
special be run at a slower rate of speed
Is absolutely Incorrect, as no such com
munication was received from the Presi
dent, and. furthermore, there was no ne
cessity for such a communication, as the
Presldont rode over the Union Pacific lines
last Summer from Denver to Omaha,
when the speed was still greater, and he
expressed himself as being delighted with
the trip."
Speeding Through Indinnn.
ELKHART, Ind.. Oct. 25. The Harrl
man special, with Miss Roosevelt aboard,
pulled Into the Lake Shore station at
11:20 tonight. The 101 miles from Chi
cago .was easily covered In one hour and
55 minutes. Including a stop at La Porte.
Salem Schoolteacher Defeats Two
Small Bequests of Aunt.
SALEM. Or.. Oct. 25. (Special.) The
First Methodist Church won out today
in the contest brought by Miss Mabel
Robertson for possession of $300 be
longing to "the estateof the late Mrs.
Ellen Bagley. of this city. Miss Rob
ertson defeated Miss Galbralth. a
nurse. In her claim for a $25 bequest,
and Rev. W. H. Heppe In his claim for
a $25 bequest.
Mrs. Bagley died about -a year ago,
leaving an estate of about $3000. She
left various small bequests, among
them $300 for a new pipe organ for the
Methodist Church, of which she was a
devoted member. $25 to. be paid to Miss
Galbralth. her nurse at the Salem Hos
pital, and $25 to her pastor. Rev. W. H.
Heppe, now a Portland minister. Other
bequests of small amounts were made,
and the remainder, aggregating about
$2500, was left to Miss Mabel Robert
son, a niece of Mrs. Bagley, and a
teacher In the Salem public schools.
When John W. Reynolds, the ex
ecutor, filed , his final account recently,
Miss Robertson filed objections to the
payment of the bequests to the church,
the nurse and the preacher. The
grpunds of the objection were purely
technical. County Judge Scott filed
his decision today, ordering that the
$300 bequest be paid to the church,
but that the bequests of $25 each to
the nurse, and the pastor be not paid,
for the reason that Mrs. Bagley did
not die from the effects of the Injury
from which she was suffering at the
time she made her will. The bequests
were made upon the condition that she
died of her present Illness.
Of the $50 won In the court by Miss
Robertson. $3S.40 will go for costs.
No Chance to Vote on Franchise.
OREGON CITY. Or., Oct. 25. (Special.)
By a vote of 5 to 3, the Oregon Ctiy
Council last night refused to submit to
the legal voters of the city the proposal
of granting the Oregon Water Power &
Railway Company a 35-year freight fran
chise to Main street. At an election a
few weeks ago. the people, by a vote of
193 for, to 312 against, expressed their op
position to the pending franchise, but It is
alleged that the election was not regular.
Brandt, Chapman, Justin. Kelly and
Mason defeated the motion which had the
support of Knapp, Koerner and Williams.
Straight did not vote.
By the same vote of 5 to 3, EL D. Kelly
was elected over J. M. Tracey to sucoeed
William Sbeahan as Councilman from the
Second Ward
After 60 Arc Killed and 200 Injured,
Troops Restore Pence.
WASHINGTON', Oct. 25 The State
Department today received a cable
gram from Santiago. Chile, stating
that the reign of terror said to have
existed In that city since Monday Is
passing, and conditions were quieter
yesterday, the casualties Monday num
bering 21 killed and 100 wounded.
Details of the occurrences of Octo
ber 22-23, .the days on which .the dis
turbances reached their height, show
the situation to have been more seri
ous than dispatches hitherto received
would indicate. On Sunday afternoon
a public meeting of 25.000 people was
held at Alameda, which soon degener
ated Into a riot. A free fight ensue I
between the police and the crowd.
Windows were broken and 20 street
cars were demolished, six lives were
lost, and several hundred rioters were
Imprisoned Monday morning.
The whole city was in a state of ter
ror on Monday, the streetcars stopped
running, the stores were closed, banks
were In some instances closed ar.J
guarded, while others had a sing!o
door open. Business generally was at
a standstill.
In. the afternoon of Monday tirt mob
gathered again on Alameda, and after
excitable speeches marched agatnet
the government building and resi
dence of the President, but both were
well guarded by police.
Three thousand troops at Inst ac
counts were on their way to the cap
ital to reinforce the police, and tre
department's Informant rehiarks that
there seemed on Monday no danger cr
a further serious outbreak, although
the rioters continued to surge around
the streets near Monedn.
The cause of the outbreak is said to
have been dissatisfaction over the
high cost of meat. Owing to tho tarll
on Argentine beef prices have ad
vanced, while wages remained low.
Resolutions were adopted, which were
presented to the President, who prom
ised to do what he could to relieve the
News comes that the American Le
gation was safe throughout the dis
turbances. LONDON. Oct. 25. A dispatch to
Reuter's Telegram Company from San
tiago. Chile, today says that 3000
troops arrived there last night and or
der has been restored. The troops are
still-patrolling the streets. Probably 63
people were killed, and 200 were
wounded during the recent rioting.
Hceclvctl by Pope, Tliey Give II lm
Three Cheers.
ROME. Oct. 25. The pope today re
ceived Lieutenant Frank E. Rldgley. Pay
master Hugh R. Insley. Professor "Will
iam Elchelberger and Professor Frank B.
Llttell, of the Navy Observatory at Wash
ington, and 4$ Catholic sailors of thn
United States cruiser Minneapolis, now
at Naples.
To each he gave his hand to kiss while
he spoke kind words, especially to tho of
ficers. The pope was then presented
with a basket of flowers, tied with rib
bons from the caps of the sailors. This
presentation greatly plenced His Holi
ness, who expressed his pleasure at tho
thought which prompted It.
The pope then delivered a short address
In Italian, which was translated by Mgr,
Kennedy, thanking the Americans for
coming to see him and expressing his
pleasuro at meeting so many representa
tives of the American Navy. Addressing
the sailors, he said ho was glad of tha
opportunity to enjoin upon them "the ne
cessity of obedience to the Government
and to their superiors, as by such obedi
ence capable willors and soldiers are
His Holiness gave his blessing to aK
present, and then their families nnl
friends, and presented each with a souve
nir medal. When the pope left the ha'.l
the sailors saluted him with .three hearty
cheers, which resounded throughout tho
Norwegian. Government Will Then
Submit Clioico to People.
CHRISTIANIA. Norway. Oct, 25. Thn
government at a secret session of tho
Storthing today asked to be endowed
with full power to negotiate with Prince
Charles of Denmark for his acceptance
of the crown of Norway, on the under
standing that the people of Norway In
dorse the decision of the Storthing and
the government by a referendum similar
to that taken August 13 on the question
of the dissolution of the union. The de
bate was postponed until Friday.
More Taxes for Poor Germany.
BERLIN, Oct. 25. The committee of
the Bundesrath has accepted the plan of
Baron von Stengel. Secretary of the Im
perial Treasury, for Increase of the im
perial revenues. These plans embrace an
lnteritance tax. which, however, will mi
affect the husbands or wives and descend
ants of decedents, and an extension or
the taxes on tobacco and beer. An Ir
crease of the stamp tax on the listing
and sales of stocks is also contemplated.
The tobacco tax will affect chletly tho
better qualities of cigarettes. JJaron von
Stengel's reform measures provide for a
regular extinguishment of the national
Will Approve Separation Bill.
PARIS Oct. 23. The Senate committee
on the separation of church and state baa
considered the programme for the discus
sion of the bill at the opening of the
Senate on October 30. The chairman has
submitted a draft of the report setting
forth the necessity for the abolition of
the concordat and the resumption of the
state's complete police powers over all
civil and religious organizations. The re
port approves the bill, which hns already
passed the Chamber of Deputies, as en
suring liberty of conscience and the Inde
pendence of the state.
May Demonstrate Against Turkey.
ODESSA Oct. 25. The whole of the
Black Sea fleet, with the exception of tho
battleship Patelelmon. formerly tho
Knloz Potemkln, has left Sobastopol. un
der command of VIce-Admlrals BirllefC
and Chouknln. It Is surmised here that
possibly the government is preparing for
a naval demonstration against Turkey. In
the event of the powers deciding that
such a step Is necessary in connection
with their demands for the financial re
form of Macedonia. '
Order of Garter for Mikado.
LONDON. Oct. 25. It was officially an
nounced this evening that King Edward
had commanded that a special mission
headed by Prince Arthur of Connaught
be dispatched to Toklo early In 1906 to
confer the Order of the Garter upon the
Emperor of Japan. The King has de
cided to Immediately raise the British
legation at Toklo to an embassy.
Loubet and Alfonso Go Hunting-.
MADRID, Oct. 25. President Loubet
and King Alfonso started today for a
day's hunting In the royal preserve at
Rio Frio. Premier Rouvler and James
Cambon. French ambassador to Spain,
are among the .party.
New Japanese Steamer Line.
SAN FRANCISCO. Oct. 23. The Osaka
Shosen Kalsha. a rich Japanese com
pany. Is about to build a fleet of passen
ger steamers to ply between Japan and
Seattle, Australia and European ports.