s THE MORNING OREGONIAN, THXJRSDAT, OCTOBER 26, 190o. Entered at the Poatofflce at Portland. Or. as eecona-class matter. -SUBSCI1IPTIOX RATES. INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE. (Br Mall or Express.) Dally and Sunday, per year $9.J0 Dally and Sunday. lx months 5.Q0 Dally and Sunday, three months j5 Dally and Sunday, per month mjoa Dally without Sunday, per year .j0 Dally without Sunday, six months 3.B0 Dally without Sunday, ttree months.... 1.05 Dally without Sunday, per month -Oj Sunday, per year 2.00 Sunday, six months Sunday, three months " Dally without Sunday, per week....... .15 Dally, per week, Sunday Included....... .-0 THE WEEKLY OREGONIAN. , (Issued Every Thursday.) Weekly, per year L50 Weekly, six months . Weekly, three months 50 HOW TO REMIT Send postotflce money order, express order or personal check on sour local bank." Stamps, coin or currency are at tho sender's risk. EASTERN BUSINESS OfTTCE. The S. C. Ucckwlth Special Agency New York, rooms 43-50 Tribune building. Chicago, rooms 010-512 Tribune bulldlnp. KELT ON SALE. Chicago Auditorium Annex, POBtofflce News Co., 178 Dearborn street. Denver Julius Black. Hamilton & Kend rlck. 000-012 Seventeenth street; Pratt Book Store, 1214 Fifteenth street. Des Molnca, la. Moses Jacobs, 309 Fifth ureet. Goldiield, New Guy Marsh. Hamafc City. Mo. Rlcktecker Cigar Co., Ninth and Walnut. Los Ancelc Harry Drapkln: B. E. Amos, C14 West Soventh street; Dlllard News Co. Minneapolis-M. J. Ksvanauch. 50 South Third. Cleveland, O. James Pushaw, 307 Superior urecu New York City L. Jones & Co., Ast.or House. Oakland, Cal W. H. Johnston, Fourteenth and Franklin streets. - Ogden Goddard & Harrop; D. L. Boyle. Omaha Barkalow Bros.. 1C12 Farnara: . Mageath Stationery Co.. 1308 Farnam; 240 South 14th. Sacramento, Cal. Sacramento News Co.. 429 K street. . Salt Lake Salt Lake News Co., West Second street South; National News Agency Long Beach B. E. Amos. San Franclhco J. K. Cooper & Co.. 40 Market street; Goldsmith Bros.. 230 Sutter and Hotel St. Francis News Stand: L. E. Lee, Palace Hotel News Stand; F. W. Pitts. 1008 Market: Frank Scott. 80 Ellis: N. Whcatley Movablo News Stand, corner Mar ket and Kearney streets; Foster St Orear, Ferry News Stand. Washington. D. C Ebbitt House. Pennsyl vania avenue. PORTLAND. THURSDAY. OCTOBER 20. MUNICIPAL OWNERSHIP. Whatever one may think of the ab stract principle of municipal ownership, nobody can deny that it has gained a following in this country which makes it respectable. It Is therefore all the greater pity that the cause has not found a respectable champion in -New York. Mr. Hearst is waging a cam paign of commendable vigor and with prospects of success which surprise his friends and astound Tammany, but it is difficult to take Mr. Hearst seriously when he professes decency, and impos sible to respect him at any time. In some ways this surprising man recalls the evil genius of Athenian democracy, Alclbiades, gifted, wealthy and Teck leps. -who persuaded the people to em bark in enterprises which ruined their country, and finally deserted them in their hour of extreme peril. "Whether Mr. Hearst will ever acquire any such ascendency over the American rabble as Alcibiades did at Athens is a ques tion which may seem absurd to propose, and yet, before calling it .quite absurd, consider the strides which, as a politi cian of National figure, he has mude in the last few years. It may also be well to perpend whether Mr. Hearst's follow ing deserves as a whole the epithet "rabble," which is a word of oppro brium. He is the modern exponent of the same idea in National life which Andrew Jackson stood for, and those who agree with him are neither the lowest socially nor the most Ignor ant of the American people. Some years ago the principle of municipal ownership was generally denounced as socialism in fhis country: now it is known by all disinterested thinkers to be neither less nor more socialistic than public schools, the postofiice and the army. The army, by the way, is a pure piece of socialism, and should be vigor ously denounced by all opponents of municipal ownership who wish to culti vate consistency among their other vir tues. In the present municipal campaign for the control and spoils of New York three parties are taking part. Tam many, for one, which, besides its irre pressible desire to steal, desires also a form of municipal ownership only less pronounced than Hearst's; the Republi cans, who really cut little figure, though their candidate for Mayor, Mr. Ivins, is astonishing everybody by his unex pected resurrection from the burying ground of dead politicians; and the Mu nicipal Ownership League, whose can didate for Mayor is Mr. Hearst. The significant fact in this election contest is neither the indifference of the Repub licans nor the anticipated triumph of Tammany, but the avowed or implicit acceptance of the principle of municipal ownership of public utilities by all three parties. Does this mean that, whether -we will or no, municipal own ership is upon us like the Philistines upon Samson? Or rather, is it coming like an angel of light to take away all the evils of ignorance, graft and bad citizenship and make our Government run Xorevermore like a perfectly auto matic machine, without care or atten tion from the voters? That has been the American ideal of government in the past a perfectly automatic ma chine which would run Itself a. sort of political perpetual motion. And we are learning to bur sorrow that in politics as well as in mechanics the perpetual motion Is a ruinous chimera. The extraordinary Interest of the New York campaign makes it worth while to recall the principal arguments for the municipal ownership of monopolies like street railroads. Perhaps the best ar gument of all Is the fact that It is prob ably inevitable. Democracy seems ir resistible in its march, and whatever opposes it will ultimately be over whelmed. "And whosoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken; but on whomsoever It shall fall It will grind him to powder." Let it console the mo nopolist who dreads the oncoming of municipal ownership and groans to be hold his special privileges and oppor tunities for unlimited graft slipping away with every new chance the people find to express their wish upon the question, that wherever ownership of utilities by the public has been tried in Europe it has proved popular and prof itable. Conditions, to be sure, are dif ferent here; we acknowledge ourselves to be so far from honest In our public life that we cannot administer a street railway as they do in Europe. But it is urged that this prevalent corruption in public life is very largely caused by the private ownership of franchises in the streets. The holders of these, franchises, Jt is said, devote themselves to system atic corruption to perpetuate and ex tend their privileges, and if the fran chises were held by the city this perni cious, activity of .theirs would cease from lack of motive and public officials would Jurn honest from lack of temp tation. It is quite likely that, so long as we elect to office men who are sus ceptible to temptation, an adequate tempter will be found in one guise or another, but there Is, nevertheless, much to reflect upon in the argument that removal of franchises In the streets from private hands would tend largely to cure political corruption. There Is probably still more In the argument that public ownership would stop stock-watering which now goes on so merrily wherever there is a public utility in private possession. Stock watering is a peculiarly mean sort of theft of the same nature as the green goods swindle. It Induces confiding people to give their money for nothing, and at the same time milks the general public to make them think they have something; These- are some of the con tentions of the municipal ownership ad vocates; but the one many of them rely on most is the fact that all the value a franchise has the people have created; therefore, they say. the public should own it. WILL ASTORIA GET ABOARD? It distresses the Astorian to learn that the Government experts find so considerable a depth of; -water at the mouth of the Columbia River. From that paper we reproduce this statement, viz: . The pilots iwy that twenty-four feet i the safest margin of loading to which skippers can go. The Federal experts have declared, from their latent soundings, that twenty-wen feet Ik a safe maximum. Here the gauge lies thrown down by the only authorities Jn the world; and right here the Asrtarian Ia going to leave It. until It Is taken up by one or the other in victory or defeat This paper has Flood manfully for the pilot and their prac tical conclusion?, believing them the eafret because of the daily measurements taken by these men, whose sole bualncra It Is to know thla If they never learn anything else. Tho statement of Government findings muft be treated with respect, and will be, until It. Is forced to tho rear by demonstrations on the bar Itedf by vessel loaded to the greater limit; nor will the findings and declarations of the pilot association be treated with less re spect than It has been until the same dem onstration shall confute thena. The whole thing Is tip to the bar and the plilps that cross It. Oh, no! What Is really wanted Is a competent Pilot Commission, and su persedure of the ancient mariners of Astoria, who have 'outlived their use fulness. By the passage of vessels of maximum draft it. has been demon strated repeatedly that the findings of the Government officials are trust worthy. It is regrettable to. be obliged to fight for the commerce of the Colum bia River without the assistance of As toria. However, It would no doubt be unjust to say or Imagine that the anti quated pilot outfit Is representative of the town. There is a large number of- enterpris ing, public-spirited people In Astoria who are fully as Indignant as are the Portlanders over the attempt to place the Columbia River on a .twenty-four-foot basis, at a time when vessels of twenty-six feet draft are crossing the bar In safety. The "demonstration" that the bar is In condition for twenty-six-foot ships has already been made. The only "demonstration" that can be made to please the Astorian and the timid pilots is to have a ship steered out of the channel and grounded. A pilot who could find but fifteen feet of water between the bar and the quarantine station would experience but little dif ficulty In striking bottom at certain places on the bar even with a twenty-four-foot ship. With Portland's busi ness interests at present tension over the matter. It is doubtful If the Interces sion of their obedient commission could save the pilots from the consequences of such a blunder, should it be made. PERFECTING RAILROAD CONSTRUCTION Cow-Creek Canyon and the Siskiyou Mountains have offered great scenic effects for the passenger traffic which the Southern Pacific has been handling between Portland and San Francisco. It is doubtful, however, If the company has made enough money out of the traffic attracted by the scenery to pay for the additionol cost of moving trains over such tremendous grades instead of by an easier route. Mr. Harrlman, with his $140,000,000 expended In three years for reducing grades and straight ening curves, would hardly be expected to permit to remain untouched such a fearful handicap to economical opera tion of trains as the Siskiyou and Cow Creek Canyon' route. For this reason it Is highly probable that the proposed new line from Natron, Or., to Weed, Cal., will speedily be constructed. When the old Oregon & California Railroad started south from Portland Its promoters expected that It vould eventually reach San Francisco. At the same time the ultimate destina tion was so remote that necessity for locating an economical route south of the Willamette Valley did not appeal very strongly to them. The road through the Willamette Valley, like all of the early railroads, was built with a view to economy of construction instead of operation. It pushed on south-of the point where it was proposed to swing to the southeast and secure an easier grade to California, and followed Cow Creek Canyon over into the riqh Rogue River Valley, where early mining op erations had brought into existence a number of good towns. For many years this road Temalned a feeder to Portland and the transconti nental, railroads that had reached this port- Under such circumstances, when the Southern Pacific builders prepared to close up the gap which prevented through rail connection between Port land and San F.ranclsco, it was but nat ural that they should build straight .iver the mountains and join with -the road that already extended about 150 miles south of the point at which they would emerge had they followed the more economical route which it Is now proposed to open. But development of the country and growth of both local and through traffic have been so great that a Saving of time and money can be made by following the course of least resistance -with a line by way of Klam ath Falls. The experience of the Southern Pacific in this case is similar to that of nearly all hurriedly constructed roads in the West. Years after the completion of Its line between this city and The Dalles the O. R. & N. practically rebuilt the road at a cost which, for the greater part of the distance, was in excess of the cost of original construction at a period when wages and material were much higher. Reduction In the cost of operation brought good returns on the Increased Investment, and similar re sults -will follow with the new branch of the Southern Pacific The Northern Pa cific, In its haste to get Into the Clear water country, built a crazy piece of road 'down Potlatch Canyon, but ex pense of operation is so great that It will be abandoned as. soon as the Rl-parla-Lewiston branch Is completed. The same company for many years hauled wheat from the western part of the Big Bend, 100 miles east to Spokane, thence almost due west to market on Puget Sound, but the opening of the Adrian cut-off. two years ago, saved a haul of nearly 200 miles on the freight from some localities in the Big Bend. Competition has brought about re duction In railroad rates, and this re duction has' demanded greater economy of operation. The early 'railroads were constructed to handle a small traffic at high rates. Today It- Is a question of heavy traffic at low rates, and to meet the changed conditions perfection in I physical construction, is of much greater importance than any other factor In volved in the science of modern rail roading. KUBSIDY SYSTEM IN PRACTICE. "Let us sincerely hope," says the Se attle Trade Register, "that Congress will not allow another session to pass without taking sensible steps to revive and make profitable our merchant ma rine. Let peanut politics give place to National necessity." The Post-Intelll-genccr Is also very much distressed over the alleged necessity for the 6peedy administering of some Govern ment pap to our neglected merchant marine. The apparent distress of our neighbors over the "National. necessity" for a subsidy bill would be a little less ludicrous If there was not already more tonnage In the world than there Is any employment for, and If It were not pos sible to ship American products to all parts of the world at bargain rates. There is an object-lesson as to what subsidies will do for a ship as -well as for the country which pays the sub sidy, right under the eyes of the Puget Sound editors. The French bark General de Souls, which arrived at Port Townsend last week, like other French vessels, draws a liberal subsidy from the French gov ernment. This vessel arrived in San Francisco December 22, 1D04. She found the harbor full of ships which were obliged to accept very low rates or" to remain Idle. The latter alternative was accepted by the unsubsldlzed American, British and German ships, but the Gen eral de Son is could not draw a subsidy except for the miles she sailed. In Feb ruary she sailed in ballast for Newcas tle, Australia. Arriving at the Anti podes, she found freights low there, and with the good fat mileage subsidy lur ing her on she bore away for Cape Town. At the South African port the Lsame oversupply of tonnage was in evi dence, and, without lingering, the vessel was headed on the back track for Syd ney. ' There was still no business offer ing except the accumulation of a bounty by keeping on the move, so Ho bart, Tasmania, for orders, was the next,pomt touched. Here the vessel received, orders to proceed to Puget Sound, and now. after wandering around the world in ballast for nearly a year, she Is to carry back to the Old World, not some traffic that will be of any advantage to France, which pays the subsidy bills, but Instead a cargo of American wheat for a British consumer. The raid which J. P. Morgan and other high-finance buc caneers tried to make on the United States Treasury with the last ship-subsidy bill was planned to produce just such results as have been secured by the French shipowners. Tnslead of widening the market for American goods by reducing the freight and giving us an advantage over other countries which pay no ship subsidies, the system would merely result in Idle ships sailing around the -world in bal last to earn the subsidy. Meanwhile their withdrawal from active service would force shippers to pay higher rates on the decreased number of ships left In port while the ballast fleet -was sailing around the world, for the two fold purpose of earning a subsidy and stiffening the freight rnarket for the ships that were not so engaged. If our merchant marine cannot be made prof itable without robbing the producer In the way of Increased freights as'well as taxation for a subsidy. It might as well go out of business. There will never be lack of tonnage to handle our products, and It will be secured without the ne cessity of paying a subsidy. THE -INDIAN'S STEALTHY FOE. Vital statistics, as applied to the In dian tribes under the care of the Gov ernment, show that the full-blooded In dians of the United States are scarcely holding their own in numbers. Cap tain Downs, special Indian agent, re ports that in some of the tribes there is a slight Increase, but this is among the mixed breeds, and not among those of purely aboriginal stock. The deadly foe of the Indian, now as for some years. In the seml-clvlllzation that has been forced upon him. Is tuberculosis. A malady unknown to Indians in their savage state. It has come to rage with the fury of a pestilence among them in their half-housed life on the reserva tions. , Agent Downs is inclined to disbelieve that this disease is a parasite, so to 6peak, at least a follower of civiliza tion. He thinks a more reasonable ex planation is found in the habits of these people. In building their tepees or cab ins they make no provision for ventila tion, and sleep in quarters from which fresh air is practically excluded. This Is simply another way of stat ing the fact that the confinement of Indians is responsible for the decima tion of their numbers by consumption. In their wild state they knew not houses or sheltered places In which to sleep, but bivouacked, when on the chase, wherever night overtook them, with only such protection from the weather as they could hurriedly Impro vise from their equipment and knowl edge of woodcraft. It is surprising that observation upon this point did not years ago develop the open-air theory In the treatment of consumption that Is now being so suc cessfully practiced. Doubtless the In dian's habits, his sloth, his personal uncleanness, his unventllated tepees, the common pipe that Is passed from mouth to mouth, and the wretched food that he eats, have, each and all, in fluence In making him a ready subject for consumption; bu his withdrawal from the chase, -with Its exhilarating motion and resultant game diet, and his sleeping indoors, are the real causes of the great prevalence of tuberculosis among the various tribes. Truly, the men paid by the. Govern ment to direct Indians In the ways of civilized life have been culpably re miss In their duty If .they have per mitted them, from lack of proper in struction, to "nuddle together for sleep In quarters from -which fresh air Is ex cluded. Enervation that Invites disease and presages the decline and ultimate. extinction of the race. Is the sure result of this habit. Death Is the thing least to be deploredas Its consequence. The utter degeneracy, physical and moral, that precedes It Is a condition that Is far worse a death In life which, through Its baleful Influence, causes the approach of the silent messenger to be slower than humanity could wish or. a wise public policy warrant. Noting a letter from Mayor Lane, printed today. The Oregonlan will say that It does not assume, has not as sumed, the government of the City of Portland, nor responsibility for It. All allegations, therefore, as to the con sistency or Inconsistency of The Orego nlan, or of Its editor, are out of order. Conditions, .moreover, under the old charter were very different from condi tions now. It is a cheap method on the part of the Maj'or. who now takes his stand against certain contracts, to al Iegethat The Oregonlan heretofore has favored some of like kind. That meets nothing, answers nothing. We know not why the Mayor affects to be at all sensitive to anything The Oregonlan may say or contain. For in fact he makes it a point to go contrary to It. He Is not sensitive at all to the criti cism, as he professes to be. But he wants to make a statement through the columns of The Oregonlan, and it grants him the space. The Mayor poses. His letter is characteristic. The Oregonlan Is kind to the Mayor, and not only prints his letter, but refrains from the comment upon It which its spirit would invite. It will only say that the Mayor Is playing the part he has as sumed. Observe further that this Is a "reform" administration, on a tran scendental basis. It has no right to try to justify Itself by comparison with any former wickedness. The rest of us are liable to mistake. This administration, backed by the spirit of reform and led by Its lights, should not be. The followers of Candidate Hearst, In his great municipal ownership cam paign for Mayor of New York, put In all their time looking wise or as wise as they can saying much and doing little. So says The Oregonlan's New York correspondent, who Is on the ground and ought to know what he is writing about. Yet we find, In the New York American enthusiastic reports of the spontaneous and irresist ible uprising throughout the whole city In behalf of the people's candidate. Edi tor Hearst. We dislike to discredit the testimony of a contemporary so disin terested and Impartial as the American; and we can scarcely be expected to go back on our own correspondent. Possi bly we shall And In the end that the Hearst outburst was exclusively lor Hearst newspaper purposes. Wo learn from a traveled Portlander in The" Oregonlan yesterday wh'at su perior facilities there are In Europe for enjoyment of some of the pleasures and comforts of life; and we learn, this, too, from the same Interview: In Munich women are employed as treet cleaners, and In Vienna we saw women carry ing brick and mortar for buildings In course of construction and aw women working on railroad grades. In fact throughout Europe women work more than men. and It I not unusual to see women and dogs drawing small wager, performing labor that In this country is done with horses. It looks to us as If Europe Is a good place for women to stay away from. Yet we have In this country many peo ple who say that -women are not well treated or at least not so, well treated as they should be. Far De It from us to deny that It Is all true. A lot of Portland women are unhappy because they say they have been bun coed by some Japanese concessionaires at the Fair. They bought tickets In a lottery at $1 each on the solemn assur ance that all would draw prizes ranging from $1 to $1000. The women got the prizes, but they weren't all they ex pected. Who'd 'a thought It? If this fine get-Tsomething-for-nothing scheme had been proposed by some of our own financiers, we should not have been as tonished at the unsatisfactory outcome. But the Japs, possessors of all the vir tues! That shows what civilization does, even -for a Jap. Of old there were those, who thanked God they were not as other men. The children of their loins and the heirs of their pretensions are the professional reformers of today. Ceaseless vigilance Is necessary to checkMhelr activity In jobbery. He was a profound observer as well as a great wit who said that when Johnson defined patriotism as "the last refuge of a scoundrel," the old lexicographer and moralist was Ignor ant of the modern possibilities of the word "reform." Nobody has run across the name of Russell Sage In these insurance revela tions. Your uncle may be a leetle nigh, but he is no thief, and he never con ducted any sklndlcate operations with anybody's money but his own. Some how we are beginning to regard the old man as a solitary figure- of light and purity among the vultures of frenzied finance. Professor Mitchell is possibly a heretic because he has some notions of his own about higher crltlolsm; but iLhe Methodists are really overlooking a, chance to show what the church mili tant can do when It tries by their fail ure to knock that chip off the shoulder of Colonel Fred V. Holman, biographer of Dr. McLoughlin. Mayor Lane has no right to plead that his government of the city is no worse than that of common sinners, and to cite acts of former wickedness for ex cuse or precedent. The rest of us do not make profession of absolute virtue and the illumination of a peculiar holi ness. That role Is for the pretensions of "reform." General Manager Mohler denies posi tively that the President asked Mr. Harrlman to run his special slower be cause his daughter was aboard. The denial was superfluous. Asking any body or anything "to go slower isn't a Roosevelt trait. A Nevada rancher who tried to give away all his money In Chicago yester day was arrested. A new era has dawned; yet somebody ought to take up the grand free gift distribution where the insurance companies left off. The South has definitely found out that we have a President who is Pres ident of and for forty-five states no fewer. We're not hanging Jeff Davis on the sour apple tree nowadays. Which Is lucky for the doughty Arkansas Governor. SILHOUETTES If Prince Charles, of Denmark, ac cepts the Job of ruling Norway, he will have to tote tho title of King Haakon VII. Still he can find consolation In the fact that the Czar of Russia and the Sultan of Turkey have both been called worse names than that. Those who scout the Idea of a life after death should consider the caso of Terry McGovern. who has Just chal lenged Battling Nelson for the cham pionship. Should Hearst be elected Mayor of Greater New York, he will probably make JImmie Montague or Wcx Jones poet laureate. My anticipation of the Joys of heaven receives a severe jolt every time I try to eat angel-food. The Dalles threatens to rival New- York as a theatrical centeY. Both "Uncle Tom's Cabin" and Tablo Ro man!" have Jbeen played there already this season. The members of the Cabinet seem to be almost as uncertain of their tenure of office as- the members of Portland's police force. Now that Venezuela has quieted down, anotherputbreak of Tom Law son is In order. Admirers of the recent Mr. Tom Paino threaten to erect a monument to his memory. How much honor do they want to heap "on him? He already has a cigar named for him. Sir Thomas Lipton announces that lie will make another try -for the cup in 1907. Here's hoping he will winlt I am reserving an expression of my osteem for "Wltte until I know whether or not he contemplates a lecturing tour. "Fire Alarm" Foraker and "Steve" Elklns will have charge of the railroad interests In the forthcoming rate fight in the Senate. It would seem that this combination of fortissimo and pianis simo ought to prove effective In pro tecting both ends of the present scale. Common Occurrences. Father "I see another prominent Methodist Is charged with heresy." Son "Yes. Isn't that what they lynch people' In the South for?" If Russia keeps up Its reputation for labor troubles It will soon become the Chicago of .Europe. There was another daring daylight holdup In the heart of New York yes torday. Jerome should organize a Wild East show and tour the West with It. An Appeal for Aid. Owing to failure of the American" Inn to yield the customary 600 per cent profit, the, stockholders In that unfortunate enterprise, who are also stockholders In the Lewis and Clark corporation, besides a number of other ventures, are unable to spare their Ex position dividends for the purpose of providing a park or a memorial build ing. They needed tho money so badly that their wall over the failure of the Inn to pay out must touch everyone who is charitably inolincd. They are facing the prospect of a hard Winter at a time when coah flour, water pipe and other necessaries of the like are unusually high. Therefore, in view of the threatened widespread dlstross among the F. F. P. this department proposes to tako the Initiative in raising a fund for their relief, such fund if possible to be equal to the amount which the F. F. P. would have realized had tho American Inn secured a sufficient number of vic tims during the past Summer to pay the anticipated 600 per cent on the in vestment. The ordinary plug people of Port land, to whom the philanthropic and public-spirited F. F. P. have done so much during the past two generations, should bo moved by this appeal, to con tribute as much as posslblo of their means to so worthy a cause. Remem ber,xthe Lord lovfeth a cheerful giver, and he who turneth a .deaf" ear to the howl of the hungry Is 'worse than a "wlfe-beater. In order to start the movement, thi3 department heads the subscription list with $.01 and a handsome steal engrav ing of Saint John Rockefeller play ing a symphony on a cash register. Who will be the next? ARTHUR A. GREENE. ATE MATCII HEADS AND DIED Alleged Murderer Coin m Its Suicide In Butte Jail. . BUTTE, Mont, Oct. 23. An autopsy on the remains of James F. Barnes, the al leged murderer of Patrick Hanley. who died In the county Jail last night, showed that he had committed suicide by eating oft the heads of phosphorous matches, much phosphorous being found in his stomach. Barnes hailed from Cpico, Cal., where a wife and two children reside. Barnes apparently had been eating the matches for a number of days, which accounted for his eating nothing for several days, leading to the belief that the prisoner was starving himself to death, k Denies Slander on Irving LONDON, Oct. 26. In connection with the attack on certain alleged events In the career' of Sir Henry Irving, made by George Bernard Shaw in the Neue Freie Presse. of Vienna, Ashmead Bartlett Bur-dett-Coutts. M. P., husband of Baroness Burdett-Coutts, writes to the Times of this morning categorically denying that the Baroness ever gave, lent or provided the actor with money In any shape or form, or that Irving ever asked the Bar oness for money. Sultan Accepts Programme. PARIS. Oct. 26. A detailed dispatch from St. Rene Taillandler. French Minis ter at Fez, which was received at the Foreign Office today, says that the Sul tan of Morocco accepts the Franco-German programme for the Moroccan confer ence, and also that Algeclras, Spain, will be the meeting &Iace of the conference. The Minister will leave Fez tomorrow and Count von Tattenbach-Ashold, the head of the German mission, will leave In two or three days. Russian Loan Not Allotted. ST. PETERSBURG. Oct. 25. The nego tiations for the new Russian loan are Hearing completion, but any announce ment of the allotments Is premature, as the exact amount of the loan Is not yet fixed. This $elng the first International loan transaction In which -America is par ticipating, J. P. Morgan, Jr., and George W. Perkins are oroceedlng with, great nlrci imxnectlas. DASHES THROUGH CHICAGO. Harrlman and Miss Roosevelt Far Ahead of Schedule Time. CHICAGO. Oct. 25. The special train of B. H. Harrlman, upon which Miss Alice Roosevelt Is a passenger, arrived In Chi cago tonight at 8:03 o'clock. 50 hours and 44 minutes, actual running time, since starting from Oakland. Cal. The train pulled Into the Northwestern yards some thing over an hour earlier than expected. It was at? once transferred to the Belt Line and switched around the city to the tracks of the Lake Shore fc Michigan Southern Railroad at Forty-third street, and from this .point was started 'on Its Journey east at 9:07 o'clock; having been within the city limits of Chicago one hour and two minutes. The crew of the train and the passen ger officials of both the Northwestern and the Lake Shore railroads asserted that no effort whatever was being made to estab lish a record, but the train was being pushed through at a swift and steady pace, with the Idea 'of having as little delay as possible. Despite this, however, the train made the distance from Oakland to Chicago In just IS hours less time than that required for tho Overland Lim ited, which Is the fastest train of the Chicago & Northwestern and the Union Pacific between Chicago and San Fran cisco. The run from Omaha to Chicago. 4924 miles, was made In 10 hours and 50 min utes. The time scheduled for the Over land Limited between Omaha and Chi cago is 12 hours. STOPS TO SEE GASOLINE CAR Ilnrrlman Hurries Out Half Dressed to Inspect It. OMAHA, Neb Oct. 25. (Speclal.)-Flf-tcen minutes of E. H. Harriman's valu able time as he tore across the continent were spent In. an examination of the new est Union Pacific gasoline motor car "in the station at Omaha this morning. The magnate was In bed when the train pulled Into the depot, and It was left for Julius Kruttschnltt. director of maintenance, to discover that the motor was waiting for inspection. He hurried back Into the train, and It took Mr. Harrlman just one minute and a half to throw on some of his. clothes and hurry from the car. He wore a pair of shoos, a long gray ulster nnd his traveling cap as he descended to tho platform. Mr. Harrlman was especially pleased with the new hygienic seats, with no up holstering and with springs concealed, and he remarked to President Felton. of the Chicago & Alton, who had como to Omaha to journey to Chicago on the spe cial: "Those seats are Just the thing." The car Is all steel, and Superintendent McKeen, Its designer, said today: "Mr. Harrlman Is more enthused over these new steel cars than I am. and I am spending my whole time at them." The fourth car will be finished next week, and from now on the cars will come from the shops In rapid succession. The car which Mr. Harrlman saw this morning will be sent to Galveston at once to go Into service between that city and Houston. A bottle of champagne had been pro vided, that Miss Alice Roosevelt might christen the new car. but she was still In her berth when the train pulled out of Omaha. FORTY HOURS' TRIP TO OMAILA. Harrlman Train Behind Time No Protest From Roosevelt. OMAHA, Oct. 23. A special train hav ing on board H. H. Harrlman and party arrived hero from the West at 3:26 A. M. today, one hour behind schedule time After changing engines and switching to the tracks of the Northwestern road, the train left at Q-J5 A. M. It was stated that no attempt will be made at fast running from here to Chicago. Forty hours were consumed In the run from Sans Franelsee to Omaha. General Manager Mohler, of the Union Pacific, who accompanied the Harrlman parity East from Cheyenne, made this statement: "The Harrlman special made the run from San Francisco to Omaha in 30 hours and 34 minutes, including all stops for water, coal and changing engines, the dis tance covered being 17S7 miles. "The statement made to the effect that President Roosevelt requested that the special be run at a slower rate of speed Is absolutely Incorrect, as no such com munication was received from the Presi dent, and. furthermore, there was no ne cessity for such a communication, as the Presldont rode over the Union Pacific lines last Summer from Denver to Omaha, when the speed was still greater, and he expressed himself as being delighted with the trip." Speeding Through Indinnn. ELKHART, Ind.. Oct. 25. The Harrl man special, with Miss Roosevelt aboard, pulled Into the Lake Shore station at 11:20 tonight. The 101 miles from Chi cago .was easily covered In one hour and 55 minutes. Including a stop at La Porte. CHURCH GETS ORG AX MONEY Salem Schoolteacher Defeats Two Small Bequests of Aunt. SALEM. Or.. Oct. 25. (Special.) The First Methodist Church won out today in the contest brought by Miss Mabel Robertson for possession of $300 be longing to "the estateof the late Mrs. Ellen Bagley. of this city. Miss Rob ertson defeated Miss Galbralth. a nurse. In her claim for a $25 bequest, and Rev. W. H. Heppe In his claim for a $25 bequest. Mrs. Bagley died about -a year ago, leaving an estate of about $3000. She left various small bequests, among them $300 for a new pipe organ for the Methodist Church, of which she was a devoted member. $25 to. be paid to Miss Galbralth. her nurse at the Salem Hos pital, and $25 to her pastor. Rev. W. H. Heppe, now a Portland minister. Other bequests of small amounts were made, and the remainder, aggregating about $2500, was left to Miss Mabel Robert son, a niece of Mrs. Bagley, and a teacher In the Salem public schools. When John W. Reynolds, the ex ecutor, filed , his final account recently, Miss Robertson filed objections to the payment of the bequests to the church, the nurse and the preacher. The grpunds of the objection were purely technical. County Judge Scott filed his decision today, ordering that the $300 bequest be paid to the church, but that the bequests of $25 each to the nurse, and the pastor be not paid, for the reason that Mrs. Bagley did not die from the effects of the Injury from which she was suffering at the time she made her will. The bequests were made upon the condition that she died of her present Illness. Of the $50 won In the court by Miss Robertson. $3S.40 will go for costs. No Chance to Vote on Franchise. OREGON CITY. Or., Oct. 25. (Special.) By a vote of 5 to 3, the Oregon Ctiy Council last night refused to submit to the legal voters of the city the proposal of granting the Oregon Water Power & Railway Company a 35-year freight fran chise to Main street. At an election a few weeks ago. the people, by a vote of 193 for, to 312 against, expressed their op position to the pending franchise, but It is alleged that the election was not regular. Brandt, Chapman, Justin. Kelly and Mason defeated the motion which had the support of Knapp, Koerner and Williams. Straight did not vote. By the same vote of 5 to 3, EL D. Kelly was elected over J. M. Tracey to sucoeed William Sbeahan as Councilman from the Second Ward STORY OF THE SANTIAGO RIOTS After 60 Arc Killed and 200 Injured, Troops Restore Pence. WASHINGTON', Oct. 25 The State Department today received a cable gram from Santiago. Chile, stating that the reign of terror said to have existed In that city since Monday Is passing, and conditions were quieter yesterday, the casualties Monday num bering 21 killed and 100 wounded. Details of the occurrences of Octo ber 22-23, .the days on which .the dis turbances reached their height, show the situation to have been more seri ous than dispatches hitherto received would indicate. On Sunday afternoon a public meeting of 25.000 people was held at Alameda, which soon degener ated Into a riot. A free fight ensue I between the police and the crowd. Windows were broken and 20 street cars were demolished, six lives were lost, and several hundred rioters were Imprisoned Monday morning. The whole city was in a state of ter ror on Monday, the streetcars stopped running, the stores were closed, banks were In some instances closed ar.J guarded, while others had a sing!o door open. Business generally was at a standstill. In. the afternoon of Monday tirt mob gathered again on Alameda, and after excitable speeches marched agatnet the government building and resi dence of the President, but both were well guarded by police. Three thousand troops at Inst ac counts were on their way to the cap ital to reinforce the police, and tre department's Informant rehiarks that there seemed on Monday no danger cr a further serious outbreak, although the rioters continued to surge around the streets near Monedn. The cause of the outbreak is said to have been dissatisfaction over the high cost of meat. Owing to tho tarll on Argentine beef prices have ad vanced, while wages remained low. Resolutions were adopted, which were presented to the President, who prom ised to do what he could to relieve the situation. News comes that the American Le gation was safe throughout the dis turbances. LONDON. Oct. 25. A dispatch to Reuter's Telegram Company from San tiago. Chile, today says that 3000 troops arrived there last night and or der has been restored. The troops are still-patrolling the streets. Probably 63 people were killed, and 200 were wounded during the recent rioting. AMERICAN TARS AT VATICAN Hceclvctl by Pope, Tliey Give II lm Three Cheers. ROME. Oct. 25. The pope today re ceived Lieutenant Frank E. Rldgley. Pay master Hugh R. Insley. Professor "Will iam Elchelberger and Professor Frank B. Llttell, of the Navy Observatory at Wash ington, and 4$ Catholic sailors of thn United States cruiser Minneapolis, now at Naples. To each he gave his hand to kiss while he spoke kind words, especially to tho of ficers. The pope was then presented with a basket of flowers, tied with rib bons from the caps of the sailors. This presentation greatly plenced His Holi ness, who expressed his pleasure at tho thought which prompted It. The pope then delivered a short address In Italian, which was translated by Mgr, Kennedy, thanking the Americans for coming to see him and expressing his pleasuro at meeting so many representa tives of the American Navy. Addressing the sailors, he said ho was glad of tha opportunity to enjoin upon them "the ne cessity of obedience to the Government and to their superiors, as by such obedi ence capable willors and soldiers are made." His Holiness gave his blessing to aK present, and then their families nnl friends, and presented each with a souve nir medal. When the pope left the ha'.l the sailors saluted him with .three hearty cheers, which resounded throughout tho Vatican. WILL NEGOTIATE FOR KING Norwegian. Government Will Then Submit Clioico to People. CHRISTIANIA. Norway. Oct, 25. Thn government at a secret session of tho Storthing today asked to be endowed with full power to negotiate with Prince Charles of Denmark for his acceptance of the crown of Norway, on the under standing that the people of Norway In dorse the decision of the Storthing and the government by a referendum similar to that taken August 13 on the question of the dissolution of the union. The de bate was postponed until Friday. More Taxes for Poor Germany. BERLIN, Oct. 25. The committee of the Bundesrath has accepted the plan of Baron von Stengel. Secretary of the Im perial Treasury, for Increase of the im perial revenues. These plans embrace an lnteritance tax. which, however, will mi affect the husbands or wives and descend ants of decedents, and an extension or the taxes on tobacco and beer. An Ir crease of the stamp tax on the listing and sales of stocks is also contemplated. The tobacco tax will affect chletly tho better qualities of cigarettes. JJaron von Stengel's reform measures provide for a regular extinguishment of the national debt. Will Approve Separation Bill. PARIS Oct. 23. The Senate committee on the separation of church and state baa considered the programme for the discus sion of the bill at the opening of the Senate on October 30. The chairman has submitted a draft of the report setting forth the necessity for the abolition of the concordat and the resumption of the state's complete police powers over all civil and religious organizations. The re port approves the bill, which hns already passed the Chamber of Deputies, as en suring liberty of conscience and the Inde pendence of the state. May Demonstrate Against Turkey. ODESSA Oct. 25. The whole of the Black Sea fleet, with the exception of tho battleship Patelelmon. formerly tho Knloz Potemkln, has left Sobastopol. un der command of VIce-Admlrals BirllefC and Chouknln. It Is surmised here that possibly the government is preparing for a naval demonstration against Turkey. In the event of the powers deciding that such a step Is necessary in connection with their demands for the financial re form of Macedonia. ' Order of Garter for Mikado. LONDON. Oct. 25. It was officially an nounced this evening that King Edward had commanded that a special mission headed by Prince Arthur of Connaught be dispatched to Toklo early In 1906 to confer the Order of the Garter upon the Emperor of Japan. The King has de cided to Immediately raise the British legation at Toklo to an embassy. Loubet and Alfonso Go Hunting-. MADRID, Oct. 25. President Loubet and King Alfonso started today for a day's hunting In the royal preserve at Rio Frio. Premier Rouvler and James Cambon. French ambassador to Spain, are among the .party. New Japanese Steamer Line. SAN FRANCISCO. Oct. 23. The Osaka Shosen Kalsha. a rich Japanese com pany. Is about to build a fleet of passen ger steamers to ply between Japan and Seattle, Australia and European ports.