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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL. XLY.- SO. 13,978.
PORTLAND, OREGON, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 26, 1005.
PRICE FIVE GENTS.
5 HELD UP
Rector of Trinity Victim of
Two Footpads at Nine
teenth and Flanders.
LOSES COIN AND WATCH
At the ipoint of Pistol tho Clergy
man Is Forced to Hold Up
Hands Wlijle His Pockets
0e f the most daring hold-ups in
te Mtetacy f the City of Portland took
Jae abMit 7:45 lo'olock last evening,
when Rev. A. A. Morrison, roctor of the
Trtat Bpisoopal Church, was stopped at
He northwest corn or of Nineteenth and
Planters streets by two daring: footpads,
wb relieved Mm of a handsome gold
wick sh! 59 in oola.
Dr. Morrteon T-as proceeding at a lels
urats gait along- Nineteenth streot on a
vlrft V a friend, and when he arrived
wtoM nboMl 29 yards of Flanders, at
wMcfc ptecc It Is quite dark, he was greet
ed wikh the command te "Throw up your
Tfce dector was somewhat taken aback
at Ue stuMenaess of the affair, and when
a sniff voice reiterated theteommand he
kwt time in complying with the de
mand, up&n which one man stepped in
rnt of him and hastily wont through
Ms pockets, while the othor stood a couple
f yards away holding a revolver in a
Both Robbers Escape.
At tne conciuaten of his search, the rob
ber tacked away, and his companion, he
of Omj tnreatening revolver requested the
victim to turn about, and not to look, on
pta mt feeing snot, after which the high
wayman departed down Nineteenth street
at a rapid gait.
Tne scene of the hold-up is one of tho
darkest places in that locality, for the
.sidewalks around the Flanders proporty
nr lined with shade trees, which form an
Meal spot for such a Job.
Dr. Morrison, whoa seen about the af
fair, stated: Yos, It is true. I was pro
ceeding peacefully along Nineteenth street,
and as I approached the corner of Flan
oce I "was greeted with the command,
TJwow np your hands.
Describes the Robbery.
"I was so takon by surprise that a sec
ond command was necessary to cause me
to grasp the situation. One man held the
revolver, while his partner searched my
person, and upon securing my watch,
watch I prize very highly owing to its
n&viag feeen presented to me by a former
congregation, and all the money, some $30,
tnat I had with me, they departed.
The eariiness of the affair, and the
fesoatcfc with which they worked leads
sne to feoMcve that they are experienced
nands at this business, and a full descrip
tion of the pair I have given to the po
ttca." Aside from "stating that both robbers
wor masks, and that he would be able to
recocnlzc the voice of the man who com
manded Mm to halt. Dr. Morrison would
gtre no description of the culprits.
Detectives Vaughn and Day were de
tailed on the case by Captain Moore, and
are now at work endoavorlng to locate
MORE CHOLERA IN ROLAND
Lodz Becomes Worst Center of In
fection for Disease.-
LOOK. Russian Poland, Sept. 25. Three
w cases of cholera wore discovered
her today. These bring the total num
ber of cases already reported up to 13.
One case was reported from Pabianice,
Total Cases in Russian Empire.
ST. PETERSBURG, Sept. 25. It is offi
cially reported that since September 14
there have been only 27 casesvof Asiatic
cholera in the entire empire, 17 of which
proved fatal AH of these cases were in
Russian Poland, 21 in the Government of
Ixmza. three in Lodz and three in
Gholcra Is Almost Killed.
BERLIN. Sept. 25. The Official Bul
letin issued today announced that two
new cases of cholera and two deaths have
occurred from noon Sunday to noon today,
making the totals 246 cases and S3 deaths!
The fresh cases are at Rirschau and Wel
rtts. MARIBNWERDER, West Prussia, Sept.
36 One fresh case of 'cholera has been
RROMBERG, Prussia, Sept 25. Two
aw cases of cholera have occurred m
MAT0S DEMANDED CASH
Former Employe of Asphalt Com
pany Gives Another Version.
NEW YORK. Sept. 25. Testimony to
the effect that the New York & Bcrmudez
Asphalt Company did not assist in. the
recent revolution headed by General Matos
la Venezuela was taken here today. The
testimony was intended -for use in the
Venezuelan courts, in a suit for 511,000.000
which the Venezuelan government has
brought against the Asphalt Company for
damages in connection with the revolu
tion. Vlneente P. Leon, a native of Venezuela,
jld that he was an employe of the As
phalt Company at the time when the revo--lution
began. He said that General Matos
came to "him and demanded that the New
Vark & Bcrmudez Asphalt Company pay
to the revolutionists 510,000. He reported
this demand to MaJor Rafferty, an official
of the Asphalt Company, who declined to
pay this or anyWher sum. For his part
in making this demand, Leon said that
he was discharged by Major Rafferty.
Mr. Leon also said that he had received
a letter from Lujgi, a former sympathizer
with the revolutionists, who was released
from prison recently. Lulgi tried to In
duce him to return to South America, as
a patriotic Venezuelan, and testify In be
half of thegovernment In the present
suit, offering political amnesty in return
for such testimony.
AWAITS CALHOUN'S RETURN
France Will Not Push Venezuelan
Claim Without American Consent.
PARIS, Sept. 25. The officials here be
lieve that developments in the Venezuela
situation await the arrival of Judge W.
J. Calhoun, United States Special Com
missioner, and Ambassador Jus&erand at
Washington. The Foreign Office here has
been advised that Judge Calhoun and M.
Talgny have gone over the case of the
French Cable Company, and the officials
here are not disposed to proceed against
"Vonezuola or any Southern Republic until
after the fullest conference with the" Unit
ed States, owing to the position of the
United States towards South and Central
America. At the same time, it is held
that this position entails the co
operation ofvthe United States towards
requiring Venezuela to observe the usual
obligations to other powers.
Consul Home From Caracas.
NEW YORK, Sept 23. Rudolph Dolge,
United States Consul at Caracas, arrived
here today on the steamer Philadelphia,
from Venezuelan ports.
HELPING THE GOVERNMENT
OBERLIN 31. CARTER GIVES EVI
DENCE ABOUT FRAUDS.
Disgraced Army Officer Now De
votes Time to Securing Recov
ery of Stolen Money."
'CHICAGO, Sept. 25. Oberlin M. Carter,
ex-Captain in the United States Army,
who was released from the Leavenworth
Penitentiary some time ago. after having
served a Ave years' sentence on a charge
of having- fcmbezzled several hundred
thousand dollars from the United States
Government through construction con
tracts, returned to Chicago today and was
examined before Special Examiner Rich
ard Wyman. The former Army officer
has completed his sentence and Is now
spending his time and money in helping
the Government in its efforts to recover
money and property alleged to have been
embezzled by Carter while Government
engineer at Savannah, Ga.
The mattor now in question Is in con
nection with the civil suits filed in the
United States Circuit Court against Car
ter and some of his relatives for the re
covery of the property. The entire case
has been referred to Special Master Wy
man to take report.
Carter h aged considerably, but he
withstood a hard cross-examination in an
apparently fearless manner. During to
day's examination an effort was made to
show that previous to the real conspir
acy Green and Gaynor. the contractors
alleged to have been implicated with Car
ter in defrauding the Government, had
loaned Carter money and placed him in
such a position that when he was made
engineer In charge and had the letting of
contracts they might have a claim upon
him. Carter declares that he never bor
rowed, money from Green and Gaynor.
but that he had written them concerning
his investments, so that they would also
Invest. The examination will- be taken
up again tomorrow.
TELEGRAPH LINES IX ALASKA
Greeley Reports Immense Increase
in Commercial Business.
WASHINGTON. Sept. 25. Brigadier
General Greeley, chief signal officer of
the Army, has Just completed a thor
ough inspection of tne Alaskan tele
graph system. The tremendous increase
in commercial business handled by the
lines gives an indication of the grow
ing importance of Alaskan trade. In
the past two months telegraph tolls on
commercial business have amounted to
more than $32,000, while the cost of
Government business on the linos dur
ing this time exceeded 520,099. Many
thousand code words were transmitted
without a single error during the -15
months the wireless system In Alaska
has been in operation. The competi
tion between Governmental, commer
cial and press buslnews on the Alaskan
lines has developed to the point where
a new system to expedite business nas
General Greeley was impressed with
the necessity of improving the quar
ters of the men in charge of the Alas
kan lines, and will .take this matter up
at once. This work' 1b attended by
many hardships, but the record of th
men on duty thero is regarded as ex
Eighty miles of line Is being rebuilt,
which will allow the abandonment of
70 miles in undesirable localities.
Xew Forest Reserve n Utah.
OYSTER BAY. Sept. 25. President
Roosevelt today signed an executive
order creating the Dixie forest reserve
in Utah. The new reserve embraces
465,900 acres, 1)4 per cent--of whloh is
public lands in Washington and Iron
Counties in the southwestern part of
Would Extend Trade With Chile.
"SANTIAGO DE CHIiE. Sept. 25.
Wilson Evans, director of the Commer
cial Museum of San Francisco, has ar
rived in this country for the purpose
of studying tho commercial relations
of Chile and th United States with a
view to the extension of these rela
tions. Qulck-FIrc Guns for Poachers
OTTAWA, Sept. 25. The Department of
Marine and Fisheries has referred to the
imperial government the question of sup
plying the Canadian cruiser Vigilant with
qulck-flre three-pound guns. Officials here
believe that, under the Rush-Bagot treaty
of 1S17. they can ship guns of that size,
but it has been considerable desirable to
consult the imperial government before
talcing the step. If the answer from Lon
don Is favorable, four julck-flring three
poundcrs will be at once forwarded from
Halifax and placed on board the Vigilant'
on Lake Erie, and decisive steps will be
taken to stop the wholesale poaching by
Aged Senator Not Perturbed
by Criticism of His
WILL STAY IN HARNESS
Feeble In Body, but Active In Mind,
He Will Xot Rust Out Con
demns Hasty Judgment
of Public Men.
CHICAGO. Sept. 25. (SpcclaU-i'Phllos-
ophy, my boy," said Senator Thomas C.
Piatt, of New York; today, as his special
car. Courier, rolled out of Joliet for Chi
cago "is the cure-all of every evil life
has. When discontented with any situa
tion, philosophize, think it over, be Judi
cial with yourself.
"You can't have any too close commun
ion with yourself at any time. Vhen you
arc able to talk to yourself freely, and to
analyze things, you are a true philoso
pher. Contentment and happiness will
then be yours. I'm a philosopher."
Mr. Piatt arrived in Chicago from Kan
sas City and left this afternoon for New
York. He thon will have completed a
Western Journey of more than 11.0CO miles,
in which he looked over every property
in wtolch he and his associates are inter
ested. Will Xot Rust Out.
Mr. Piatt's body ifeeblc. His invalid
chair is at his command in bin private
car, but his mind is extremoly active
and his eyes bright and clear. He was
willing to talk on some subjects, and Mrs.
Piatt listened Intently to every word-he
uttered. Jn response to a query as to his
health, he said:
"I am on my way back to New York,
to be Just as active in the affairs of that
state as I evor have been. You had an
editor in Chicago who once said.' I believe,
that he never intended to rust out. He
was right. I don't intend to rust out. I
mean to be active to the last minute of
my life, and I rather think that I have a
number of minutes left.
"My mind never felt better, and I am
returning to my duties. in New York glad
that I have seen a great vision of this
wonderful West and that I know more
about the United States "than I ever did
before. My habit of philosophizing has
enabled joe to as-rstlatc th& knowl
edge I have gained and I recommend
philosophy to you.
Don't Talk Back; Philosophize.
"The newspapers sting a public man.
Some of the things -they print are true;
many never should be published. How
are you going to face it. since you can
not successfully reply? Philosophize. You
hold public office and your , motives are
impugned, although you may have tried
to be honest with every Interest Involved.
My advice is not to talk back, but to
philosophize. Reason it out with yourself
and, when you are satisfied that you have
done ail you can. done all that Is fair to
all, be content that is the secret of con
tented living that I have learned through
a long life." S
"You do not mean. then, to quit your
active Interest in New York politics?"
"I have no reason to," replied the Sen
ator. "New York Republicans were never
better united than at the present time
and, as I have said, I do not mean to get
rusty. I shall be in the harness until my
work is ended."
Too Prone lo Bellpve It.
The Senator's attention was called to
the revelations in connection with the
New York Insurance companies, bat he
was guarded in his comment.
"We are too prone to believe III of any
one or of any enterprise. If anyone sets
afloat a suspicion." he said. "That is
something, as Americans, we have got to
correct in our natures. I don't believe In
shielding wrong, but at the same time too
much slander Is now afloat in regard to
many legitimate enterprises to be good
for the whole country. I believe in care
ful deliberation before I form a Judgment,
and that Judgment is not going to be
formed on gossip.
"The general financial prosperity of the
country never was better. Through the
parts of the West I have covered I found
people not only making money, but satis
fled with the Government. Few Instances
of dissatisfaction reached my ears.
Public Judgment Too Hasty.
"If you arc going to publish anything
of what I have said to you," continued
the Senator, after a pause, "make this
plain: That the whole American people
need to be more calm in forming their
Judgments. They have been too hasty in
the past. While bad men may have got
Into public life, as they do in private life,
every public man is not a bad man. and
1 believe most of them are striving to be
Just to the public as well as to the other
Interests they may represent.
"My wife and myself have received de
lightful courtesies on all of this trip, and
I have been glad to meet and know more
.than I ever did before of your great West.
You are building a remarkable empire
west of( the Missouri, an empire in which
very financier and corporation of the
East is now virtually interested. The
character of your people Is splendid."
Murderous Chauffeur Mobbed.
CHICAGO. Sept. 23. Surrounded by a
crowd of excited pedestrians, all threat
ening vengeance. Arthur Stewart. 1$
years old, a negro, was held prisoner un
til the arrival of two policemen last
night after having knocked down, and
probably fatally injured Louis Weinburg,
10 years old, while driving an automobile
at Twenty-sixth and State streets.
In the automobile at the time of the
accident were Mrs. - Mary Stewart, the
mother ctf the -chauffeur and" William
Holllday, of Milwaukee, the owner of the
machine. They also were prevented from
leaving the scene of the accident, al
though, when the police arrived, young
Stewart was considered to be the only
person to blame. He was arrested,
charged with operating an automobile
without a license. The Injured boy was
taken to Mercy Hospital, where physi
cians say he may die.
ANIMALS HELPING ACTORS
3Iany Pets Appear In Caste of
WASHINGTON, Sept 25. The Truth
Tollers." a four-act comedy of modern
English life, was given its initial perform
ance tonight at the National Theater.
The production was elaborate, was replete
with fresh situations, and embraced some
distinct novelties, 'ine central figures are
taken from a novel by John Strange Win
ter. There are some strong dramatic situa
tions running throughthe play, and. In
addition to the casToiIl speaking pans
aeted by the members of the company,
there are employed five Shetland ponies,
two horses, an immense St. Bernard dog,
a monkey and numerous other pets. The
realistic storm occurs in the second act
A large audience witnessed the opening
Mary Cahlll In "3IoonshIne."
DETROIT. Mich.. Sept. 25. M Lis Mary
Cahlll. In the Detroit Opera-Houae to
night, opened her season before a large
audience. In a newtnusical play, "Moon
shine under the management of David
V. Arthur. Mies Cahlll scored an especial
success with her songs. The book and
lyrics of "Moonshine" are by Edward Mil
ton Royal and George V. Hob'art, and the
music Is by Silvio Horn.
Fay Templcton in Xew Play.
COLUMBUS, O.. Sept. 23. "Forty-five
Minutes From Broadway," a musical com
edy by George M. Cohan, the author-actor,
was given Its Initial production ut the
night. Fay Templeton. who is starred in'
the play, has a role which gives her wide
opportunities. The piece Is given an elab
orate scenic production. The large crowd
tonight was enthusiastic
George Ade's Xew Comedy.
NEW HAVEN. Conn., Sept. 25. A light
comedy by George Ade. "Just Out of Col
lege." with Joseph Wheeler, Jr., as the
star, was given ltsirst performance at
the Hyperion Theater tonight, and was
well received. The company Is under the
direction of Charles Frohman. Many Yale
men were present and gave the play
wright a hearty greeting.
Another Independent Thentciv
DETROIT. Mich., Sept. 25. Announce
ment was made here tonight that the La
Fayette Theater, which has been pre
senting a stock company, will open Oc
tober 18 as an Independent playhouse for
productions of David Belasco. Mrs. Fisk
Gambling Suppressed at Denver.
DENVER, Sept. S Judge Frank T.
Johnsorii of the JJirtct Court. 43ul an
order today requiring Sheriff Alex NIsbet
and Chief of Police Michael A. Dclaney
to enforce the laws against gambling in
the city and County of Denver. All ram
bling-houses were closed today by thH
proprietors, making it unnecessary for
the Sheriff or the Chief of Police to take
CONTENTS TODAY'S PAPER
The Wrath er.
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 64
degr.; minimum, 52. "Precipitation. 0.30 of
TODAY'S Rain. Warmer. Southerly ahlft
Ing to southwest winds.
Previsions of Swedish-Norwegian treaty: Its
acceptance assured. Page 1.
Hunxarian coalition party accuses Francis
Joseph ef violating constitution and calls
naUonal conference. Page 3.
China protests against treaty provlilonsfor
evacuation of Manchuria. Page 8.
Russia aroused by Austrian Invasion of
Albania. Page j.
Palma's re-election in Cuba assured. Page 1.
Russian Zemstvo Congress decides to fight
far more liberty. .-Page 3.
Oberlin M. Carter helping Government to
recover stolecmoney. Page l.y
Great Increase la Alaska telegraph busi
ness. Page Li'
New York fuslonlst fa!rto agree on. candi
date for Mayor. Page 3.
Jerome opens his Independent campaign.
Senator Piatt discusses attacks on him and
says he will not retire. Page 1.
Private car demolished In railroad wreck
and all on board killed or Injured. Page Z.
Building at Buffalo collapses. Page 2.
Fireworks factory blows up. killing or maim
ing whole family. Page 2.
Germ of yellow fever discovered. Page 4.
Kansas City bank winds up. Page 4.
Keene's stable wins another great race.
Northern J'aclap blocks entrance of Union
Pacific to Pucet Sound ports. Page 0.
Mrs. Shaw, wife of Secretary of tha.Treas-
ury. pleads with wayward son ayCeattle.
Page 6. j '
F. C. Brown, of Corvallls. Or., returning
from Tacomafijwlthout a .bride. Page 0.
Washington Railroad Hemmlsslon is short
on facts In Aoslyn coal.case. Page.iL
Commercial asdt Slaiae.
Lull In hop market. Page 13.
Liquidation causes break is stocks at New
York. Page 03.
Lower cables weaken wheat at Chicago.
Page 15. .
Slump In San- Francisco barlty market.
Page 15. 4
Supervising Inspector Berxnlngham sustains
subordinates In taking Captain E. W.
Spencer's license away. Page 7.
Steamer W. II. Harrison breaks in two and
will be a total loss. Page 7.
Marine notes. .Page- 7.
Work on Jetty stopped J" gale-at mouth of
the Columbia. Pagf7.
Lewis aaa ClarK ExoIUob.
Admlvslons. 17.S0S. P5 10.
Prize-winners at how in exhibition
parade. Page V" t'
Hill will reach Portland next Sunday. Page
Democrat are rising in revolt against Lane
and Word. Page 10.
Three railroads are building to Klamath
Falls. Page 1.
City's Jurisdiction denied by steamboat cap
tain who was fined. Page 10.
Three changes in Methodist pastorates only
are made among Methodists In Portland.
Wells, Fargo & Co. sued by stockholders of
bank which cofrfrt!oa now controls.
Page 11. " -
Schools are crowded on opening day with
3000 more pupils tthan last year at this
time. Page 16.
Dr. Morrison, rector of Trinity, Is held up
and robbed by footpads. Page L
Oregon Republicans write letters for party
reunion. Page 14.
TERMS OF I
LThtailed Results of Scandina-
vian Conference at
Karlstad. - .
NEUTRAL FRONTIER ZONE
Forts t Bo-Demolished, Free Tran
sit Secured and All Disputes
Arbitrated Sweden Will
STOCKHOLM. Sept. 23. The Associated
Press succeeded in securing the text of the
protocol signed at Karlstad Saturday by
the Norwegian-Swedish delegates ap
pointed to arrange tho terms for the dis
solution of the union of Norway and Swe
den, subject tolhe ratification of the
Riksdag and Storthing.
The historic document, which will be
come a treaty when .ratified by the two
parliaments, consists of five main articles
and 25 sub-clauses. The first article deals
with arbitration; the second with the neu
tral zone and the demolition of tho forti
fications; the third with reindeer pastures,
etc.; the fourth with Inter-traffic and the
fifth with common waterways.
The agreement provides for the com-
knilsory arbitration before The Hague
Court of all disputes except matters of
vital Interest, for the period of a decade,
with extension for other periods of ten
years, unless two years' previous, notice
Is given of an Intention to abrogate It.
Neutral Zone on. Frontier.
The treaty provides for a zono on either
side of the frontier, which shell forever
be neutral, and for the demolition of the
fortresses within that zone, with tho ex
ception of the old portions of) the fortifi
cations of the Fredericksten, Gyldcnloeve
and Overbjerget, which may remain but
which are not to be used as fortifications.
A headquarter staff and garrison may be
maintained at Fredericksten to the same
extent! as prior to building the new forti
fications. No. extensions of the Kongs
viner group of fortifications will be per
mitted, nor of the new forts erected with
in ten kilometers of the old fortress of
Terms of Arbitration.
Article one, relating, to nrbltrstloty la
A The two countries undertake to sub
mit all matters of dispute to The Hague
Arbitration Court, which do not affect
the Independence, integrity or vital Inter
ests of either.
. B In tho event of a difference of 6pln
lon between the two countries' aa to
whether a given question touches the vital
Interests of one of them, the matter shall
bo submitted to the arbitration tribunal
C Disputes in regard to the interpreta
tion of the method of carrying out the
agreement to be arrived at. In connection
with tho dissolution of the union, shall
not, however, be submitted to The Hague
D. E. F and G provide for the constitu
tion of the court in accordance with the
rules of The Hague convention, tho ex
change of documents and who are quail
fled to act as arbitrators, etc.
This agreement is to remain in force for
a decade from the dato-of Its signature
It may be extended for a similar period
If It Is not denounced by either party at
least two years before the expiration of
the term of ten years
No Troops In Neutral Zone.
Article two. dealing with" the neutral
zone. Is sub-divided into nine clauses.
A In order to injure peace between the
two countries a zone is to be provided on
each side of the frontier, which shall for
ever be mutual and must not be used by
elther country for war operations, nor can
there be stationed nor gathered within
the zone armed military forces except as
provided in clauso F, and such as are
necessary to maintain order or to cope
with accidents. This zone to be 15 kilo
meters wide on both sides of the southern
portion of the frontier of the two coun
tries. Islands and skerries shall be In
cluded in -this zone, but portions of the
sea Itself, with the bays within the neu
tral line, shall not be considered as within
the zone. If either country constructs
railroads through the zone, troops may bo
transported and people living within the
zone may be collected there for military
duty, but must immediately be transport
ed away. Fortifications, war ports or
depots for the army or navy must not be
maintained nor new ones established
within the zone. This agreement is sus
pended In case the two countries assist
each other In a war against a common
enemy, and also If either goes to war
' with a third party power.
Demolition of Ncrvv Forts.
B Therefore the fortifications now ex
isting within the above neutral zone shall
be demolished, viz: The Norwegian
groups of fortifications at Fredericksten,
at Gyldenloeve Overbjerget and IWeden
and HJelmkolIen Oerje, with, Kroksund
C The above-mentioned fortifications
shall be demolished as such. The old
fortifications at Fredericksten. . Gylden
loeve and Overbjerget may remain, but
not as fortifications. Concerning the
modern arrangements of the last three
and concerning the action to be taken in
regard to the other fortifications, more
explicit agreements are related In a sep
arate treaty of equal force with this.
D The measures mentioned in clause
C must be completed with eight months
of this "treaty becoming effective.
E Provides that the above measures
shall be carried out under the supervision,
of a commission composed of three offi
cers of foreign nationality, neither- Swed
ish" nor Norwegian, each country cb-
ing one and the tlitad to be selected by
those two. or in case of a disagreement,
by the President of Switzerland. More
explicit rules concerning the control' are
to be contained in the aforementioned
Old Forts 3Iay Remain.
F Fredericksten may remain the head
quarters of the staff of the district, and
a place of garrison arid site of the non
commissioned officer's academy to the
same extent as before the erection of the
new fortifications. The Konsvinger
group of fortifications may not be ex
tended either as regards the erection
of armaments or the garrison, which lat
ter hitherto has not exceeded 300 men not
counting conscripts holding .their yearly
In consequence of the abova. agreements,
new fortifications may not be erected
within 10 kilometera of the old fortress
The succeeding clauses provide thdt In
case of disagreements as to the meaning
of this clause which diplomacy may be un
able to solve, they shall be submitted to
an arbitration tribunal of three members
chosen in accordance with The Hague
Convention. The last clause reads:
"This agreement becomes effectfve Im
mediately. It cannot be broken by only
one party to the agreement."
Article three refers to reindeer pastures,
etc., as follows:
A For humanitarian reasons both coun
tries agree to grant each country's no
madic Laplanders the privileges contained
in the'amendment of 18S3 to the treaty of
1751. which amendment neither country
shall demand to be canceled without the
consent of the other.
B Enumerates the conditions under
which Laplanders may pasture reindeer
in Norway until the end of the year 1917.
C In ample time before the end of the
year 1917 negotiations are to be opened
concerning the above matter.
D Stipulates arbitration in case of dif
ference. No Prohibitive Tariff.
Article four deals with inter-traffic as
A Each country agrees through neither
prohibitory import or. export laws to in
any way interfere with or make difficult
the transport or transit of goods. In the
case of war complications with or between
omer powers or In other extraordinary
cases, arms add ammunition and other
war material shall be deemed contraband.
Explanations may be made as demanded
by international laws or the security of
their own neutrality. Exceptions may al
so be made for sanitary reasons
B Transit goods must not be taxed
with export duty or similar charges, nor
must any distinction be made in charges
C, D and E contain rules concerning tho
charges on. transit goods. The principal
effect is that no higher charges shall be
made than In the case of the country's
F This agreements for 30 years from
January 1, 10, and may be prolonged for
a similar period if notice of cancellation
is not given at least five years prior to
the end of that period.
G and H contain stipulations concerning i
the Ofoten Railroad and arbitration.
Keep Waterways Open.
Articfcr ? .fining to common water
ways, is as' follows:
A If ft proposition is made for tho
damming of waterways or for similar
work within one country, that country's
laws shall decide the matter, although
the action may Interfere with the water
of the other country, tho Inhabitants of
which have the same rights.
B In accordance with international
precedents, it is stipulated that such
works may not be carried out without
the permission of the other country if a
change of water course should substan
tially Interfere with the use of such water
for commercial purposes or causo great
changes within an extended area.
C and D concern matters of detail.
E This agreement is mild for 50 years.
from January 1, 19C6, and is prolonged for
an equal period If notice of cancellation is
not given for an arbitration agreement.
F provides for an arbitration agreement.
The protocol was signed for Sweden by
Christian Lundeberg, the Premier; Count
A. F. Wachtmelster, Minister of Foreign
Affairs; HJalmar Hammarskjold, Minister
of Education, and Karl Staff, and for
Norway by Christian Mlchelson, the Pre
mier; Carl D. Berner, president of the
Storthing: J. Loveland. Minister of For.
elgn Affairs, and Benjamin Vogt, former
Minister of the Interior.
Recognition or Separation.
The delegates agreed on the following
order of business:
First To each country's Parliament the
above treaty shall be submitted for rat
ification subject to the ratification, of the
other country, to be mutually binding
when, as stated hereinafter, Sweden rec
ognizes Norway as an Independent coun
try dissolved from the union with Sweden.
Second When the Riksdag and Stor
thing havo presented identical ratification
bills a proposition will be laid before the
Riksdag asking the Riksdag:
First On Sweden's part, to cancel
the Rlksak or charter of 1315, making
new fundamental laws on the terms
that theffilOo of Norway and Sweden
bo Indissoluble and pTAirQcable.
Second T& consent that tho King
may recognize Norway as a separate
country irom Sweden.
Third W,hen such recognition Is
given., treaties wllL In accordance with
the Riksdag's and Storthing's decision
consenting: to the above agreement, bo
signed in accordance with the usual
Fourth After these treaties are
slgred Sweden shall Immediately no
tify all the" foreign powers with which
diplomatic relations are maintained of
her recognition o'f Norway as an inde
Fifth Each country then shall re
quest the foreign powers with whom
common treaties exist to so modify
such treaties that one country in no
hmanner remains responsible for the
acts of the other.
Sixth When Sweden recognizes
Norway's Independence and the above
treaties are signed, negotiations' shall
be immediately opened concerning the
settlement or such matters as must
cease or be changed on account of the
dissolution of the union between the
DISAPPOINT3IENli IN NORWAY
Too 3Iuch Conceded, Say Some Pa
pers, but Ratification Is Sure.
CHRISTIANTA. Norway, Sept. 25. The-
agreement reached at Karlstad was pub
lished here this evening. Thepapers got
out extras, and crowds thronged the
streets. The first impression formed was
favorable to the agreement.
The Intelllgenssedlern says that the re
sult is really disappointing, and that tho-j
advantages which the arbitration treaty
should yield cannot be equal to the con
cessions made by Norway,
The- Social Demokraten expresses . the
.Concluded on Page 3.y
THREE ROADS TO
Railways Are Rushing Their
Lines Into Reclamation
LARGE FREIGHT TRAFFIC
Citizens Would Like to Trade With
Portland, but at Present San
Francisco Has a Monopoly
of the Business. . :
With work on the first section, of the
Klamath reclamation project already au
thorized and to begin very soon, a tide
of homesceKers investigating the opportu
nities of that fertile district of Souhera
Oregon and Northern California, railroad
builders are alert to the traffic prospects
of the region, and it Is certain that rails
will soon replace the freight wagon and
the stage for transportation of products
and passengers. Estimates place the cost
of the Government work at approximately
Ji.OCO.OOO, and It is a conservative estimate
that the investment of private capital in
development to follow speedily from data
of beginning reclamation work of con
struction will exceed tHat amount. This
will largely be paid out for labor and ma
terial, the worklngmen coming from out
side, and supplies for a small army of
men and livestock to be brought in from
the outside. It will be no small Item to
haul JS.OOO.COO worth of traffic into the
country by wagon and offers substantial
Inducement for effort of railroad man
agers' to complete lines In order that a
share of the traffic may be reaped In
earnings of the railroad first to tap the
Will Begin Work" at Once.
A. H. Naf tzger, president of the Califor
nia Northeastern railroad, recently incor
porated to take over the franchises and
rights of the enterprise founded by The.
Weed people to build a railroad from
Weed, on the Southern Pacific, to Kla
math Falls, 22 miles of track having been
built by the Weed Lumber Company, and
now transferred to the new corporation,
announces that the road will be Jauilt
wloutfleJIav. Contracts are to be lt
lmny.diately for building the first section,.
nnt5(the company has Inducements in tmt
irra of a bonus of $100,000 in cash and
lands guaranteed providing the line is
completed to Klamath Falls before March
1, 1S07. President Weed, of the Weed
Lumber Company, who negotiated the rail
road project, also secured the franchise
for an electric railroad for the town of
Klamath Falls, to be completed and in
operation within one year after comple
tion of the railroad p that point. These
Inducements are believed to be Incentives,
as guaranteeing In the bonus interest on
the cost of construction during the first
period of stress that new roads sometimes
have difficuly In surviving, while the
heavy traffic of material and supplies that
must be taken into the country give as-
aurance of earnings for this or any other
.road that will soon connect Klamath Val
ley with the outside world. From Weed to
Klamath Falls the distance Is 90 miles, 70
in California and 20 In Oregon, so that the
California Northeastern has about 70 mlles
of track to build, a portion of which is
Klamath. Railroad Toq.
The Klamath Railroad, connecting
with the Southern Pacific at Thrall,
Cal., south of the Oregon line a few
miles, is nearest to-Klamath Falls, and
t can first claim the traffic by construct
'ingr 34 mlljsoCxtrack Hervey'Llnd
ley" 1bT president of the Klamath Lake
Railroad, and has been closely Iden
tified with the section for ten years.
He was impelled to build the road by
reason of the magnificent forests of
yellow and sugar pine, vast In extent
and untouched, thatxwver the eastern
slope of theasgades .south fromCra
ter Lake. Following up the Klamath
'RTver from Thrall, the road has one of.
the best passes of the southern por
tion of the Cascades. It has been
built well and for all time in the por
tion completed for 30 miles, with the
exception of the summit, where the
1 divide la crossed by switchback at an
jaltltude of 4350 feet, which will be
abandoned when a tunnel is driven
through the backbone of the range.
Pokegama, - the present terminus, is in
the edge of the timber belt, and from
that point "to Klamath Falls no diffi
cult construction is presented' and the
expenditure of perhaps $500,000 would
complete a line that might reasonably
be expepted to repay the sum In hand
some dividends. ' Mr. Llridley Is un
derstood to be- In readiness to extend
the line xat no distant date, and this
will probably be the first railroad to
operate trains Into Klamath Fall3.
Every Grade Is Found.
At present mail, freight and express
matter for Klamath. Lake is transferred
to stage and freight lines connecting
at Pokegama. The road- touows up
the river, and Xor 22 miles Is through
the pine timber belt, in which there is
hardly a quarter section through
which a logging railroad could not be
placed by laying the ties and rails, so
even Is the topography, though, of
course, slightly rolling There Isno
underbrush, and theclean pine forest
is one of the most attractive in the
country, cruising high. At Keno. 12
miles below Klamath Falls, is the pres
ent limit at navigation from Lake
Ewauna, the small lake at the north
ern end of which Is located Klamath
Falls, which is fed by Link River, a,
mIie and a half in length, which drains
Upper Klamath Lake, the source from
which is to be drawn the water for Ir
rigating 240,000 acfces of lands. Thus
when the Klamath Lake Railroad
Concluded on Pairs 14.