Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, September 08, 1905, Page 3, Image 3

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Bebel Tartars Kill, Burn and
Pillage Without Any
Outbreak Begun by Attack on Ar
menians, Hcaches Climax in
Total Destruction of the
Oil Industry.
BAKU. Sept. 7. (6 P. M.)-The situation
here tonight shows no signs of ameliora
tion. It hardly could be worse. The
terror-strlckon inhabitants are fleeing
irom the city, knowing that the garrison
is utterly inadequate to protect them
and. although the worst scenes of fire and
massacres have not yet occurred in Baku
Itself, none dare think bow far the ex
cesses may proceed.
The principal fighting- is not in Baku
itself, but at Balakhan. whero hun
Urede hae been shot by the Infantry
and artillery and whore 1000 -were
Sciilod or wounded during a despe
rate attack on the military camp and pro
vision depots. The troops sustained few
casualties. A large number of workmen
barricaded themselves in the Balakhan
Hospital. The soldiers began the attack
with rifle Are and then stormed the hos
pital and completed thelt work with the
The entire oil and commercial quar
ters of Balakhan, Sabunto and Bomanl
Jiave boon wiped out by fire and the In
habitants remaining behind were mas
sacred and thrown into the flame.
Blblebat continues to burn and is threat
otted with the some fate as Balakhan.
The consulates, banks and buildings in
Baku are guarded by troops. All of the
KngHsh residents and almost all other
Inhabitants of the better class have
boarded the ships and gone to sea to es
cape from danger. All available steam
ers have been omployed for this purpose
Martial law has been proclaimed In tho
city. Nobody is allowed on the streets
after S o'clock at night, and Inhabitant
of houses are "hold strictly responsible for
shots fired from them. Artillery was
employed against one house from which
hots were fired. The walls were breached,
the house was stormed and all the peoplo
Inside were killed.
There Is & gcnoral panic in the city.
A whole army of hungry workmen driven
in from the burned suburbs has flocked
Into the city. There is the greatest desti
tution, and measures for transporting the
workmen from the city are imperatively
Reinforcements of troops are arriving
daily, and it Is hoped the authorities soon
will have the situation better in hand.
Following is a brief review, in sequence,
of the events of the last six days as wit
nessed at Baku:
Beginning of Race War.
On the afternoon of Saturday last re
ports began running from mouth to mouth
that the Tartars and Armenians were
mftsaacrolng each other. Immediately
thwe was great alarm and a panic pre
vailed. Stores were closed and windows
and doors were barricaded. Twenty min
utes later sounds of rifle HrJng were hearfl
from the various quarters the city, and
fevrybody wished to ilee, but 'no one could
leH whether safety lay within or with
out the city. Two bours later patrols or
Cossacks and other soldiors armed with
riefls began to arrive from the "barracks,
and these troops immediately engaged the
The firing between the warring factions
continued all of Saturday night. On Sun
day the situation showed no Improvement
and firing was in progress all during the
day, the streets being deserted except for
the combatants. No one dared to leave
his house during the day. A carriage sur
rounded by Cossacks conveyed the city
authorities to the house of the Governor
General. At 8 o'clock on Sunday evening
the first reflection on the sky of fire In
the "black town' quarter 7as noticed, and
Jt was learned that the Nobel oil reser
voirs were burning.
Fires Surround City.
Sunday night was more fearful than the
preceding one. Fires broke out in several
quarters and the firing of the troops was
Uninterrupted. Fires also broke out in
the suburbs of Balakhan and Sabunto.
Telephonic communication between Baku
end these points was destroyed, and it
was impossible to ascertain what was
burning on Monday morning.
Many of the Inhabitants decided to
brave the dangers in an effort to leave
the city. They wont in cabs, surrounded
by Cossacks, to the railroad station, and
the flight from the city soon became gen
'oral, everybody who 'was able to do so
.'leaving. By this time provisions had be
' come scarce and prices were soarln.
On Monday night the burning, shooting,
killing and plundering continued, and a
refinery which was in flames beyond
Biblibat lit up the sky In that direction.
A big woodyard in Baku also caught Are
and a strong wind fanned the flames,
"which soon spread to Nikitln Circus and
adjacent houses. The Are continued all
of Tuesday, , breaking out In, several
places, embracing the railroad station
end a number of Armenian houses in dif
ferent quarters of the city.
Wednesday fugitives from Balakhan
began to arrive here and told of the in
describable horrors they had witnessed.
All the oil works there, they said, were
In tho hands of the Tartars, who were
pillaging the houses of Russian and Ar
menian workmen, carrying away every
thing of value and burning the buildings.
Many workmen, they say. will be left in
poverty, and they believed that Balakhan
would be totally destroyed.
Vain Movement for Peace.
At 5 o'clock "Wednesday afternoon tho
situation was somewhat improve J.
Tartars and Armenians were running
through the streets crying1 "peace," and
a little later a posse made up- of both
races, with clergymen at its head, -went
through the town. But these effort
toward a cessation of the fighting: were
not effective, for the firing- went on all
"Wednesday nijrht. The soldiers, how
ever, continued thecfforts to repress
the disorders, and. by Thursday morninc
matters were more orderly everywhere.
The streets today are deserted and
the stores, banks and other public
plaoos are closed, hardly anybody van
luring out A pall of heavy black smoke
hangs over Baku and its suburbs. Th
Josses in these six days have not yet
been accurately established.
lc was reported this morning that
the Tartans, notwithstanding their
participation in the "peace" procession,
are opposed to the establishment of
order, and that they demand a substan'
tial sum ffonf the authorities In lieu of
permission to continue their pillaginpr.
Boats running- on the Volga will
Uoubtless have to use naphtha instead
of oil. The quantity of naphtha on hand j
will be sufficient for the river boat? i
for at least Ave months. It will take
nearly a year to repair the damage
hero. . ,
But Sot the activity of the soldier?.
the bloodshed might have been great
er. As It is, a'sreatvmany persons havo
been killed.
oil industry: PEAD FOR YEAR
Tartar Rebels Massacre Thousands
and Overpower Troops.
ST. PETERSBURG, Sept. .-(1:43 A.
M.) Interracial warfare and incendiarism
hav9 done tholr work in Baku and have
completed ttie ruin for a yoar of the
great oil industry of that Caspian port,
though tho latest dispatches Indicate that
the military have gained the upper hand
in the town itself and that the steadily
arriving reinforcements promipe to turn
the tide in the outlying districts and to
enable the troops to drive the Tartars
Irom their positions around the city and
to re-occupy the suburban towns.
There is little left unburned above, tho
ground in the outlying oil fields of Bal
akhan, Romanl, Sabunto and Blblebat,
from which the crude oil supply for the
Baku oil Industry is drawn. AH the ex
tracting plants, including derricks, pump
ing establishments and the oil reservoirs
in which the crude oil is stored, have
been destroyed. The breaking of the res
ervoirs unloosed a flood of burning oil,
which It was impossible to extinguish.
A large portion of the "Black town"
quarter, in which roost of the roflneries
wore located, was also burned.
The financial loss has not yet been es
tablished, 'but it will run. Into the mil
lions. It is stated that the loss In crude
oil, which will run waste until the rosor.
volrs can be rebuilt and the refineries
,again started, will amount to S2Q0.O00
Artillery Mows Down Rebels.
frhe bloodshed also has been appall
ing, as the troops, in their efforts to
restore order, had to defend the ap
proaches to the town of Baku nd
were forced to flght a regular battle
with the well-armed natives, in which
artillery was employed. The Tartars
and Armenians in tholr fury turned
their weapons against each other. All
the well-to-do inhabitants Aod olther
by sea or overland to Tiflis.
Unlike tho recent trouble at Odessa,
the disorders at Baku cannot be traced
to any underlying hostility to the Rus
sian government. It is not a revolu
tion, but an inter-racial war betweon
the Armenians and the natives basod
on the same causes as the struggle, in
Both factions offored a stubborn
armed resistance to tho troops. The
Tartars, after driving the Russian and
Armonian operatives from the works
in the oil Aelds, massacred those who
were unable to flee In time, plundered
their houses and then applied the torch.
The dispatches spoak of several
thousand killed or wounded in the
fighting at Balakhan, where the Tar
tars were Intrenched in force and more
than hold their own for a time against
the troops.
Moslems Preach Holy "War.
It is said that the green standard
of the prophet has been raisod and that
the Mullahs at Baku are preaching a
holy war, as they did at Eristan a few
months ago. The Moslems, however,
have no special programme to carry
out at this time, and it is expectod that
order will bo restored In a few days
with the arrival of sufficient -troops. It
is thought, however, that the underly
ing hatred existing between Armen
ians and Tartars will not be abated.
The statement that a Turkish omis
sary Is working among the Tartars Is
believed here to be untrue. The Mos
lems In the Baku region are connected,
not with tho Turks, but with Persia,
to which country they belonged before
the conquest of the region by Russia.
It is expected that the arrival of the
Shah of Persia at Baku in a few days
on his way to Teheran will complicate
the situation, and this belief probably
furnished the inspiration for the Im
perial order to the Viceroy of th Cau
casus to stop the disorders at all costs.
Scene of the Rebellion.
The town of Baku , lies in a steop
walled amphitheater on the southern
shore of the Apsheron peninsula, with
the oil Aelds on cither side, from which
pipe lines convey the oil a few miles
t othe refineries In the town. Most of
these reflnories are looatcd In the so
called "Black Town" quarter. The
principal or Balakhan oil field, where
the heaviest fighting has taken place,
.Is 15 miles northoast of Baku. Sa
bunto and Roman! are adjoining oil
districts. Blblebat, a small but very
rich field, lies on the opposite Or west
side of Baku, Just outside the city
limits. Most of the surrounding region
Is inhabited by Tartar hill tribes, who,
in addition to occupying the two dis
tricts on the hillsides running down
to the port, also oocupy the old forti
fied section in the center of the town,
which Is probably tholr headquarters.
The Tartar quarters arc composed of
dirty and squalid houses In crooked
streets. Many of the streets are.
wide enough to permit individuals to
All Petroleum "Works Destroyed and
Products at Famine Prices.
TIFUS, Sept. 7. All the naphtha works
at Baku have been destroyed and all the
factories and other works there are closed.
The military authorities are hastening
measures to cope with the disastrous sit
uation at Baku. Artillery has been dis
patched from here by special trains.
The prices of benzine, kerosene and their
residues have ripen enormously. The
present supplies will be exhausted in a
few days.
The Tartar movement In Northern Cau
casus is said to be directed principally
against the government.
Panic reigns in the whole of the Tiflis
district and the people are fearful of an
attack byVTartars. One Cossack was
killed and another wounded near here last
night. The assailants escaped. The po
lice patrols have been strengthened and
the authorities propose to organize a
rural militia for the defense of Armenian
homes in 11 of the Trans-Caucasian dis
tricts where no troops are stationed.
Government Asked for $20,000,000
to Feed Starving Millions.
ST. PETERSBURG. Sept. 7.-The first
Bitting of a ministerial conference called
to deal with the famine which threatened
a number of provinces was held today.
It was attended by the Governors of the
provinces, representatives the Zernst
vos and Red Cross and philanthropic so
cieties and marshals of the nobility. Re
ports were presented showing that the
distress is particularly acute in the prov
inces of Saratoff, Rizan, Samara, Pens.
Tamboff, Orel. Voronesh, Toula and Vi
atica. It was approximately estimated that
36,500,00) pounds of cereals would be re
quired to feed tho distressed population
and the conference recommended that the
trasury assign nearly $20,000,000 for these
Gorky Candidate for Assembly.
ST. PETERSBURG, Sept. 7. It Is
reported that Maxim Gorkythe au
thor, will be a candidate for election
to the National Assembly.
Britain Tells Roosevelt of Treaty.
LONDON. Sept 7. The substance of
the new Anglo-Japanese treaty has been
communicated by the Foreign Office to
the State Department at "Washlnirtnn
through the British representatives at the
different capitals. No details of the con
tents of the treaty have yet been given
out ber. -
Purpose of Requests Secretary
Root Will Make.
Dalny and Harbin Arc Points Where
They "Will Be Stationed Japan
Must Tell China to Abol
ish the Likln Tax.
WASHINGTON', Sept 7. (Special.)-
Secretary Root will at once take steps
to ascertain the real attitude of Japan
on the question of maintaining the
"open door" in Manchuria.
The Secreting will ask Japan for per
mission to locate a consul at Dalny,
which has been leased to that country.
He will make the same request for a
consul at Harbin, which will be again
under the Jurisdiction of China. Russia
refused permit to Consuls at these
places because Dalny was declared bo
a military fortress and Harbin likely
to become the center of military opera
tions. Secretary'Root will also aBk that the
llkin tax be abolished. Negotiations
wore progressing with China to that
end"" when Russia dictated a refusal. If
the request be not granted now, it wil
be assumed that Japan has dictated an
other refusal, and hereafter will dom
inate China, as Russia did previous to
the war.
Reached Maximum In January, Now
Is Below Million.
WASHINGTON, Sept. 7. The ponslon
roll reached the maximum number in its
history on January 21 last, the number
being 1,001.196. The roll passed the million
mark in September, ISM, and gradually
Increased for the next four months. Tho
doclinc began with the first of last Feb
ruary, and by the following May had
dropped below tho million mark. ,
These facts arc developed in a synopsis
of the annual report of Pension Commis
sioner Warner, covering the operations
of hls office for the fiscal year ending
June 39 last. At the end of the year the
number of pensioners had declined to
998,111. a net Increase for the year of 3679.
The report shows the following addi
tional facts:
During the year the bureau issued'
1KS.21S pension certificates, of which num
ber over 50.000 were originals.
The annual value of the pension roll on
June 3. IMS, was J136.745.296. By tho term
"annual value" is meant the amount of
money required to pay the pensioners
from the roll for one year.
During the year 43.SS3 pensioners wore
dropped from the roll by reason of deaths,
and of this number 30,321 weresurvivors
of the Civil War.
On June 30. 1903, the roll contained the
names of CS1.60S survivors of the Civil
War a decrease of over G00O from the pre
vious year.
The total amount disbursed for pensions
for the fiscal year .was J11.H2,SG0, of
which amount $4,187,166 was for Navy pen
sions and S3.409.93S was paid to pensioners
of the Spanish War and $133,022,170 to the
survivors of the Civil War, their widows
and dependents.
The total amount paid to Spanish War
pensioners since 1899 la Jli.996.19S.
The total amount of money paid for
pensions since the foundation of the Gov
ernment is $3,320,860,022. and of this
amount $3,141,395,405 has been paid on ac
count of the Civil War.
The total number of claims allowed,
original and Increase, under order No. 78,
known as "the age order." since that or
der went Into effect. April 13, 1901, up to
June 30, 1905. was 5,612.
Rejected Consul Comes to Report.
WASHINGTON. Sept l.J. Martin
Miller, whose exequator as an American
Consul at Aix-la-Chapelle has been with
held by the German-government, owing,
it Is alleged, to certain publications ema
nating from Mr. Miller while In journal
istic life, has arrived In Washington and
will report to the Department of State
He declines to discuss the attitude of the
Government toward his appointment. Mr.
Miller expects to sail from New York
Saturday for Alx-la-Chapelle. '
Ankeny Agrees With Him on Man
for Receiver at Olympla Allen
a Convert of 1890.
ington, .Sept. 7. Senator Piles today rec
ommended the -appointment of T. N. Al
len, of .Olympla, as Receiver of the Olym
pla Land Office, to succeed J. O'B. Sco
bey, resigned.
OLYMPIA. Wash..- Sept. 7. (Special.)
The visit here today of United States
Senators- S. H. Piles and Levi Ankeny was
the occasion for the announcement that
Judge T. N. Allen, of Olympla, had been
recommended by Senator Piles, Senator
Ankeny concurring, for the position of
Receiver of the Olympla Land Office, to
succeed J. O'B. Scobey, who recently ten
dered his resignation.
Judge Allen came here from Kentucky
during Cleveland's first administration to
become chief clerk In the office of the
Surveyor-General. After his retirement he
entered the practice of law. He became a
Republican in 2S96.
Senators Ankeny and Piles thoroughly
canvassed the needs of Olympia harbor
improvements and held a long conference
with committees from the Chamber of
Commerce. They were entertained at din
ner this evening by Governor Mead.
More Bodies Washed Ashore.
CLEVELAND, O., Sept 7. W. A. Haw
good & Co., owners of the steamer Iosco,
Hood's Pills
Act on the liver and bowels, cure bil
iousness, constipation, morning and
sick headache, break tip colds, relieve
uncomfortable fullness after dinner.
rainless cathartic. 25c.
riiis srsrv r'coo
the stomach, aid dirn?imn
ana give restful sleep. Especially bene
ficial in nervousness and anemia. Chocolate-coated,
pleasant to take. Two
bea : 50c. and $1. Druggists or mail.
C I. HOOD COXoireU, Mm.
( HOOD )
Display of the Finest Small
Grand Pianos Hade.
Quarter grands and the latest small
quarter grands and parlor grands. The
greatest number of fine new grand pianos
ever displayed In a retail salesroom.
Also uprights, specially designed up
rightsPianola Pianos. Pianolas, Orches
trclles. Pipe Organs, Parlor and Chapel
Organs, in endless variety all at greatly
reduced prices.
Unprecedented opportunity for compar
ison and selection.
Substantial price reductions and easy
"A quarter block of fine pianos." Don't
fail to visit this wonderful display. En
trance 351 Washington, corner Park
Eilers Piano House
Largest, leading and most responsible
Western dealers. Stores at Portland.
(Retail 331 Washington street; wholesale.
Thirteenth and Northrup streets); Boise,
Idaho; Lcwiston. Idaho; Seattle. Wash.;
San Francisco. Stockton and Oakland,
CaL. and all other important points.
which foundered in the recent heavy
storm on Lake Superior, today recolved a
telegram from Marquette, Mich., saying
that the bodies of four men and one
woman have been washed ashore at Pine
River with life-preservers attached to
them bearing the name "Iosco."
The woman is believed to have been the
wife of the cook. The Iosco carried a
crew of 19 persons, all of whom undoubt
edly perished. The total number of lives
lost in the Lake Superior storm is now
placed at -W.
Dancing-Masters Say Two-Step Is
Supplanting It.
NEW YORK, Sept. 7. Waltzing Is be
coming a lost art, according to dolegates
attending the twenty-eighth annual con
vention here of the American Society of
Professors of Dancing. The professors
are. for that reason, doing ail they can
to check the Insidious two-step.
"The whole trouble," said the delegate
from Terre Haute. Ind., "is that dancing
is looked upon merely as a social time
killer, when, as a matter of fact, it is a
means of developing grace, of promoting
physical culture and teaching the best
manners. Wo dancing masters must
stand together to prevent the waltz from
degenerating, for It is not what It was
ten years ago, just because Americans
have grown so careless about IL They
two-step through everything, no -matter
Grand Prize
Louisiana Purchase
Exposition, St. Louis.
Paris 1900, Buffalo 1901,
Chicago 1893.
The most complete assort
ment of GOOD Shoes in
the Pacific Northwest
New Fall styles now on
Between Morrison and Alder
For These Celebrated Shoes
Tutfs Pills
Cure AH
Liver Ills.
disease by the timely use of
Tutt's Liver Pills, an old and
favorite remedy of increasing
popularity. Always cures t
sour stomach, malaria, indi
gestion, torpid liver, constipa
tion and all bilious diseases.
v. v i v.5
Sole Agents
$3.00 Hats
for Men
Cipman. lUolf e
6000 Pairs Fine
$7.509 $6.50
at $3.98
100 black and colored Silk Petticoats
For today's selling at a price far below what equal values have been
offered before. Colors are black, navy, reseda, changeable green and
changeable blue. Good quality
cular flounce, trimmed with two deep hemmed ruffles.
"Worth every cent of $7.50 and $6.50 on sale today at
We will introduce to the Portland public the improved
Dressmakers' Bust Form
The price f or this occasion is 98c
The regular price is $1.25
Dressmakers' Bust Forms QO
Regular $1.25, today . OW
French shape sizes 30 to 44
inches, light weight, very desir
able. Secure one before the sizes
are broken.
ipiiian,lUolfe$o. Artistic Picture Framing
whether It Is a -waltz, a schottlsche or a
One of the features of the demonstra
tion before the convention was. the danc
ing of "The Spirit of the Times," a fancy
half march, half dance movement. It Is
adapted for exhibition drills of children
and the movements are planned in the
form of a five-pointed star. The con
vention will be In esslon today and to
Dr. Menees, Xoted Physician.
NASHVILLE. Tenn.. Sept. 7. Dr.
Menees. one of the best-known physicians
in the South, Is dead at his home In this
Hardly have the Autumn leaves taken on the first
tinge of red, but most of Portland's ladies are already
wondering as to what will be the shades .and shapes of
the new hats for the Fall and Winter season. The ques
tion can be best settled here, as Madame Brooks, who
has charge of our Millinery Department, has just returned,
from the Eastern fashion centers with the first install
ment of what will he the most splendid assortment of
Fall Millinery ever shown in the city. You are invited
-to inspect tha line.
A glance at the very special values we are offering in
our Morrison-street window will convince yon that while
"Silverfield" has the very finest furs, he also has them
priced the lowest thus placing within the easy reach
of all Fur' Garments that are sold with a guarantee show
ing that there are none better manufactured.
We have just received and are placing on sale a splen
did collection of New Fall Skirts of a light weight. Skirts
of fine Scotch mixtures, shepherd plaids and gray and tan
voiles all made in the latest full pleated styles for the
Tal1 eitacrrn '
$15.00 SKirts $8.95 $10.00 SKirts $6.85
We are showing a splendid line of pure linen, hand-emhroidered Turnovers, in a number of handsome designs.
Eegular 50c values on sale at '. .-39
75c AND $L00 BELTS 33c
We offer yon your choice of a splendid Una of Silk and Leather Belts, in desirable colorings, a fine assort
ment of buckles. Eegular 75c and $1.00 Belts on sale at 33
We find it necessary, in order to make room for our Fall and Winter Stock, to sacrifice our line of Misses'
and Children's White Dresses Splendid Dresses of lawns, organdies and linens, in the French Suspender,
Russian Blouse and "Buster Brown" styles. Note the prices.
$ 2.00 Dresses $1.00 5.00 Dresses $2.50
3.50 Dresses 1.78 9.00 Dresses 4.50
6.00 Dresses 3.00 10.00 Dresses 7.... 5,00
Values Up to $1.00 Pair rr
Are on Sale Today at LtjQ
The cleverness of our resident New York buyer, Mr.
Henry L. Mersereau, and' the immensity of our purchasing
powers are again demonstrated by a brilliant purcnase of
ladies' Hosiery that will make a day of strenuous selling in
our Ladies' Hosiery Department.
6ooo pairs to choose from, the. entire sample line of a
leading European exporter; this season's and next season's
hosiery; black and colors, all the newest shades Tans, bis
, cuit, champagne, sage, Alice blues, gray, navy, brown, Dres
den, emerald green, black lisle, lace boot and allover lace,
some pretty fancy stripes, plaids, etc. Come early as there
will be a big rush for these wonderful hosiery bargains.- One
hundred extra feet of counter space. Extra help.
rustling Taffeta Silk, knife plaited cir
Every woman uses a mirror, but the bust form is bet
ter than a mirror. You make the waist right on. the
form you see it from all sides. No "woman who is
clever enough to make a waist or dress would be
foolish enough to do without a bust form after she
has seen its wonderfully practical use demonstrated.
The manufacturer has made us a concession to en
able us to introduce the bust QPEr
forms at only
After the introduction the price will be $1.25.
city, aged S3 years. He was a member
of the Confederate Congress, and has
been a professor in the medical depart
ments of several Southern colleges. "
Mrs. Bennington Von Ynlkinburg.
CHICAGO. Sept. 7. Mrs. Josephine
Bennington von Valklnburg Is dead at
Rockford. 111., aged So. .She was the
daughter of Charles Bennington, the
English composer, and a writer of consid
erable repute.
South End House Haided.
To clean out the South End of all houses
of ill-repute, Officers Jay and Jones mado
a raid on a private residence at 5S9 Fifth
street last night. On Information fur
nished by Officers "West and Porter, the
residence was entered and the following
arrested on a misdemeanor charge: A.
E. Johnson, James Hunter, James Sher
wood. Louise Thompson, Blanch "Webster
and Llllle Stanley.
Yokohama, Sept. 7. Arrived previously
Kanagawa Maru, from Seattle, for Hong