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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 6, 1905)
VOL. XLV.-JsO. 13,961. " XfoRTL AND . OREGON. WEDNESDAY. srePTFmrert ions;
ORDERED TO GO
by President. :
OFFICE IS IN BAD CONDITION
Long Impending Trouble
Brought to a Head.
CLIQUES SPLIT CONTROL
Appeal of Hfckcttjj, and 'Kay From
Palmer's Attack Causes Demand
ization Is Proposed.
WASHINGTON, Sept. S. Public
Printer F. W. Palmer practically has
been ousted, from offloe. It was learned
authoritatively tonight that President
Roosevelt had "demanded Mr. Palmer's
resignation to take effect on Septem
The demand of the President for Mr.
Palmer's resignation was due prima
rily to the latter's action In trying to
force Oscar J. Rlcketts, foreman of
printing, and L. C. Hay, a foreman of
division, out of the Government print
ing office. Mr. Palmer asked for the
resignation of Messrs. Rlcketts and Hay
on tae ground that they had been in
subordinate. As oon as the President
learned of the situation that had de
veloped, he directed Mr. Palmor to for
Hurj to him his resignation to take
effect i.i two woeks.
Palmer Long Has Been Doomed.
It has been known for some time that
Mr. Palmor would not.be reappointed
to his presont office. For sovoral months
before the Prosldent left Washington
ftv Oyster Bay he was looking about
for & suitable man for the position. He
offorod it to John A. Bleioher, of Xew
York, but he declined it, having somo- j
thing batter in view. I7tIJ this tlm I
Utore ha been no change in the sltua-!
nine investigation made by the Keep
commission Into the letting of a con
tract for 72 Lanston typesetting ma-
ohinos for use in the Government print
ing office, disclosed ' a serious condi
tion of affairs In the management of the
office, the office forces being divided
into cliques. The cliques were so det
rimental to the Government that the
standard of efficiency fn the establish
ment was reduced materially.
Bitter Feeling in Office.
The evidence adducod by the commis
sion in the course of Its inquiry created
mncn bitter fooling among the men
folding high positions in the office.
One of the direct results of this feeling
was the demand by Mr.Palmer for the
reslsjiatlons of Messrs. Rlcketts and
Hay. As the Keop Commission inquiry,
so far as known, developed nothing to
their disadvantage, the President acted
promptly la taking the whole matter
out of Mr. Palmer's hands and laying
it in the hands of the Keep commission
for such further investigation as
might bo necossary. Coupled -with this
action was tho demand on Mr. Palmer
for his resignation.
Will Reorganize Whole Office.
With the incoming of Mr. Palmer's
successor and there is ample author
ity for the statement that he has not
been selected yet it is expected a
thorough reorganization of the work
ing force of the Government prlntftg
office will take place. Among the men
mentioned in connection with the of
fice are Oscar J. Rlcketts, whom the
public printer sought to remove; H. L.
Br. 'an, chief clorkof the office; Wil
liam S. Rossiter. chief cjerk of the Cen
sus Bureau, and John Leech, public
printer In the Philippines. The offloe
pays a salary of 54500 a year. The an
nual disbursements aggregate about
SENATORS' PRIVATE PRESERVE
Piatt, Elkins and Gorman Fill the
Printing Office With Pets.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington. Sept. 5. It is officially announced
that the House and Senate committees
on printing will assemble Jn Washington
early in Soptembcr, to begin an investi
gation of the Government Printlng-Offlce.
t'hairman Landls, of the House commit
tee, the man who put an end to the cell
ing of liquor in the Capitol building, at
Washington, has been itching all Summer
long to get at the investigation, but no
other member of either committee has
shown the least disposition to act. Sen
ator Tom Piatt, of New York, chairman
of the Senate committee, and chairman of
the joint committee, has been unwilling
to come to Washington "on account of
the warm weather." Senator Elkins, his
able Republican colleague, has been
spending the hot spell in the mountains
of West Virginia, and has put forth the
excuse that, ao chairman of the interstate
commerce committee, he has been obliged
to derate his time to the railroad rate
problem, but. as a matter of fact, he has
been directing his political henchmen to
patch up his political fences, for Elkins
comes up for , re-election next year, and
must overcome an opposition now in pro
cess of formation. Senator Arthur P.
Gorman, perpetual Presidential aspirant,
and nominal head of the Democratic par
ty in the Senate, Is the third and last
' ' ITltlUiU JbJLVJE UJEiXTS.
f ' " - "
member of the Senate committee on print
ing. Being a minority member, he has
had no say as to what should be done, so
he is out of It. Representative Perkins,
of New York, and Representative Tate,
of Georgia, composed the House commit
tee on printing In the last Congress, un
der Charlie Landls as chairman. They, of
course are not consulted as to when the
investigation shall begin.
Their Private Preserve.
It is absolutely ludicrous to think' of
Tom Piatt, Steve Elkins and A- P. Gor
man making an examination Into tho
Printlng-Offlce. And for this reason. The
Senate committee on printing has no im
portant duties to perform; no duties that
could not be done by oue ordinary clerk
at a small salary- Yet it carries more
patronage than any other committee in
Congress. It enables its chairman and
the other two members to get their
henchmen, friends and relatives on
the payroll of the Printlng-Offlce
with or without civil-service rules. And
when it comes to taking care of friends
and political supporters, no three men in
the Senate have been more successful
than Piatt. Elkins and Gorman.
It is an open secret that Tom Piatt can
get a man In the Printing-office by mere
ly requesting it. If no vacancy exists.
one can readily be created. And in this
rfisneet Piatt has been little more influen
tial than the other members of his com
mittee, even though one bo a Democrat.
The Government Printlng-Offlce Is top-
heavy with 'New York, Maryland and
West Virginia employes, men and
womon. And all because of the influence
of these three Senators. A New Yorker
or a friend goes to Piatt for a job, Piatt
notifies Public Printer Palmer that so
nnd-so must have a place. No matter
whether so-and-so has passed the civll-
servlce examination or not, a place is
found for him. If no vacancy exists, some
poor man or woman who 'did pass the
civil service, and whose work has been
up to the standard. Is Jacked up, accused
of inefficiency, and notified that his or
her services will no longer be required.
Then In steps Mr. Piatt's friend. And bo
it is with the other two Senators. As
result of this practice, which has become
notorious, honest, hard-working employes
who secured their appointments in strict
accordance with tho civil-eenice law. live
in constant fear that they may in time
be sacrificed to some man or woman with
Office Reeks With Favoritism.
Nowhere In the entire Government serV'
ice has the civil service law been so
flagrantly violated as in the Printlng
Offlce; nowhere In the service has polit
ical pull loaded down a Government office
with political favorite, friends and rola
lives, as In tho Printlng-Offlce.
How much fraud will Piatt, Elkins and
Gorman discover in the office of their dear
obedient friend, Public Printer Palmer?
It would be traitorous for thorn to turn
upon him. after he has served them so
well these many years; they would hate
to do it; they probably would not do it.
Then, how ridiculous to expect this
mighty triumvirate to go to the bottom
of things In the Printlng-Offlce when they
themselves have been a party to one of
the worst abuses that have grown up in
Afraid to Turn Landis Lroose.v
Tho House committee has no such In
fluence in the Printing-office Its com
mltlftn Is very different from the Senate.
CharlSf Landis is a straight, clean, fear
less man, It is not kmwn that he has
overridden the civil service rules In an
effort to fill up the Printing Office with
Indiana favorites; It bae never been ru
mored that his colleagues have made any
such attempt. Therefore, knowing Landis'
record, aware that he boldly and singlo
handedly forced Congress to stop the sale
of liquor In the Capitol, when nine-tenths
of Congress was opposed to such leglsla-
(Concluded on Pe 3.)
CONTENTS TODAY'S PAPER
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. 70
dep.; minimum, 40.
TODAY'S Fair. Northwest wind.
Treaty f lfrned with mutual expressions ef
sood Will. Pas .'
Summary of provisions of treaty. 5ape L
Ovation to Russian-envoys. Page 1.
Keroura may four Paolflc Coast. Tare 1.
Turkey sends more troops to suppress re
bellion. Page 3.
Time Riven Morocco to meet French de
mands expires. Page 3.
Volcano forms new mountain in Samoa.
Cholera in German prison causes panic
Tartars and Armenians cause reign ef terror
in Caucasus. Page 2.
Baku partly burned and oil tanks burning
up millions. Page .
Jews murdored by Warsaw mob. Page 2.
Bomb thrown at Helslngfora. Page 2.
Zenrstvolsts decide on policy towards na
tional assembly. Page 2.
President demands resignation of Public
Printer Palmer. Page 1.
Senate will try to oust Mitchell from chair
manship of canal committee. Page 1.
Beef- packers will each demand separate
trial. Page 3.
Grand Army parade in Denver. Page S.
Yellow fever grows worse in Northern
IouislanaV Page 5.
Purging voters register In Philadelphia ef
fraudulent voters. Page 3.
Jeffries cuts his price In half as referee for
Britt-Nelsoc fight. Page 7.
Sadie Mac. famous racehorse, falls dead en
track In Charter Oak race. Page 7.
Suspicion that Brltt-Xelson match is not
on the square. Page 7.
Washington team wins in National rifle
match. Page 7.
Eddie Hanlon wins from Willie Fitzgerald In
the seventh on a foul at Los Angeles.
First Baptist Church of Seattle rent by ad
vent of Rev. Myron F. Haynes. Page .1.
Alfalfa experiments show crop can be grown
to great advantage In Willamette Val
ley. Page 8.
Governor of Idaho satiffled with explanation
i iurcBiry matters civen iv nhi..r
Plnchot. Page ?
Springfield, Or., hold-up foiled by
of water. Pare C.
Crary sheepherder finis drow'nlnjt Impossible
In theUxnatllla River for lack of water.
Iwls and Clark Exposition.
Admissions, 17,024. Page 10.
Festivities for King Xcgero L Tare 10.
Igorrotes have dog feast. Page 10.
Portland and Vicinity..
PageC10r,r haVC lmPrnr slon-
Wife of Fremont R Chae says she does not
care the snap of her finger for him, but
declares he Is innocent. Pare. i
Chairman Baker explains call for. Renub-
ncan love least Is to promote party
Eleven Jurors chosen for third trial of "Wil
liamson, with a httch on the twelfth.
Joseph Young rays he shot Kaspar Van Dr?n
In defense of the honor of his home.
Strenuous times In the hop market Page 0
Gonzalss. suspected of killing Anderson. j
In Jail laPortland. Pag ji.
Minor get liquor in El Rey saloon."Pag lx.
Great Southern will Julld 'irom Dufur to
-Uead at joncc Pare 14. . . ..
Meeting of Seattle . Baptists
That Votes Vindication
DEACONSXHANGE THE DATE
3rcmbcrs of the Faction in Opposi'
tion Allege They DItl Xb't de
ceive Notice and Will Witb
v. draw Their Xoiiici-
CIIARGE AGAINST MINISTER.
Because Rev. Myron T. Haynee.
D. D-. xecently called to the First
Baptist Church of Seattle. Wash., used
the half-fare privilege accorded to
ministers to enable two persons set
members of his family to travel at the
half-rate over its road, the Rock Is
land took away the privilege, on the
ground that Mr. Haynes had practiced
deception. When the matter was
brought up before the B eld en -Avenue
Church In Chicago. Mr. Haynes ex
plained that while these persons were
not dependent upon him always, -they
were at times. This explanation was
satisfactory to the Beldea-Aveaue
congregation, and a vote of exonera
tion was passed.
SEATTLE, Wash.. Sept S.-(Speclal.)
By a vote of 74 to 23 tho congregation of
the First Baptist Church tonight indorsed
the action of the Bclden-Avonuc Church,
of Chicago, in Its vindication of Myron
F. Haynes. D. D. Two blank ballots were
cast. It Is alleged the meeting was
Tho action of a majority of those pres
ent in voting to vindicate Dr. Haynes will
result In the withdrawal from the church
of the radical antl-Haynes members.
Thore are more than 500 members of tho
church, and the dissatisfied faction claims
a strong following.
The business meeting of tho church to
consider the Haynes scandal was orig
inally set for Thursday, but changed by
the deacons to Tuesday night. Notices
were to have been mailed ju all members
of tho congregation, ut it was explained
tonight that many of them "miscarried."
Many of the antl-Haynes faction said
they did not receive the notices.
Speech-Making Is Eliminated.
Before the business meeting convened a
caucus between both factions was held
and It was decided not to presont the let
ters received from Chicago reviving the
old Gray scandal. In the meeting itself a-
resolution prevailed to cut off all speech
making, and the congregation voted by
secret ballot, after listening tp the read
ing of the correspondence relative to the
After the vote was announced, EL W.
Craven, a Seattle attorney, made a bitter
attack on those who had voted against
Haynes, declaring that he would rather
out off his right arm than to have voted
against the minister. Dr. Horsfall also
attacked the antl-Haynes faction, but
neither provoked a response.
The church meeting was held behind.
Russia's Manchurian Adventure Ends and Japan's WHl Now Begin. .
PORTSMOUTH, N. H., Sept. 5. The peace treaty opens with a preamble recltlno that Hla Majesty? the Em
peror and Autocrat of all the Russia,, and His Majesty, the Emperor of Japan, desiring to close the war nw
subsisting between them and having appointed their respective plenipotentiaries and furnished them with full
Xws8' ,0'Und 10 bC f0rm hVe Cme 10 a" asreement on a trcaty ot peace and. arranged
Article 1 Stipulates for the re-establishment of peace and friendship between the sovereigns 'of the two
empires and between the subjects of Russia and Japan, respectively.
Article ? His Majesty, the Emperor of Russia, recognlres the preponderant Influence from political, mllltarv
and economic points of view of Japan In the Empire of Corea, and stipulates that Russia will not oppose anv
measure for Its government, protection or control that Japan will deem necessary to tike In Corea, In conjunc
tion with the Corean government; but Russian subjects and Russian enterprises are to enjoy the same status as
the subjects and enterprises of other countries.
Article 3-lt Is mutally agreed that the territory of Manchuria be simultaneously evacuated by both Rus
sian and Japanese troops. Both countries being concerned In this evacuation, their situation should be abso
lutely Identical. All rights acquired by prlvat: persons and companies shall remain Intact.
Article 4 The rights possessed by Russia In conformity with the lease by Russia of Port Arthur and Dalnv
I .thC Urd' and WatCrS adJnt- ?ass over In their entirety to Japan, but the properties and
rights of Russian subject are to be safeguarded and respected. Hric ana
Mrocie oine governments of Russia and Japan engage themselves reciprocally not to put any obstacles to
general measures (which arfall be atrke for all -nations) that China may take for the development of the
merce and Industry of Manchuria. '
Article 6 The Manchurian Railway shall be operated Jointly between Russia and Japan at Kouang-Tcheng-Tse.
The two branch lines shall be employed only for commercial and Industrial purposes. In view of Russia's
keeping her branch line, with all rights acquired by her convention with China for the construction of that rail
way, Japan acquires th mines In connection with such branch line which falls to her. However, the rights of
private parties or private enterprises are to be respected. Both parties to this treaty remain absolutely free to
undertake what they deem fit on expropriated grounds.
Article 7 Russia and Japan engage themselves to make a conjunction of the two branch lines which thev
own at Kouang-Tcheng-Tse. y
Article 8 It Is agreed that the branch lines of the Manchurian Railway shall be worked with a view to assure
commercial traffic between them without obstruction.
Article 5 Russia cedes to Japan the southern half of Sakhalin Island as far north as the 50th degree of
north latitude, together with the Islands depending thereon. The right of free navigation Is assured In the
Straits of La Perouse and Tartary.
Article 10 This article recites the situation of Russian subjects on . the southern aart of Sakhalin Island
and stipulates that Russian colonjsts there shall be free and shall have the right tc-- remain there without
changing their nationality. Per contra, the Japanese government shall have the right t5 force Russian convicts
to leave the territory which Is ceded to her. N to"v,
M 'Art,,e V" Ru"la enBB" herself to make an agreement with Japan giving to Japanese subjects the right to
fish In Russian territory or- waters of the Sea of Japan, the Sea ef Okhotsk and Bering Sea.
Article 12 The two high contracting parties engage themselves to renew the commercial treaty exlstlna
between the two governments prior to the war In all Its vigor, with alight modifications In details and with a
Article 13 Russia and Japan reciprocally engage to restitute their prisoners of war on paying the real cost
of keeping the same, such claim fo cost to be supported by documents.
Article 14 This peace treaty shall be drawn up In two languages, French and English, the Franch text being
evidence for the Russians and the English texr for the Japanese. In cas8 of difficulty cf Interpretation, the
French document-shall be final evidence. -
Article 15 The ratification of this treaty shall be countersigned by the sovereigns of the two states within 50
days after its signature. The French and Americanfimbassles shall be Intermediaries between the Japanese
and Russian governments to announce by telegraph the ratification of the "treaty.
Two adcftlonal articles "are agreed to, as follows:
Article 1 The evacuatlonef Manchuria by both armies shall be complete with 1S months from the sl.nlng,
of the treaty, beginning with the retirement of troop, ef .the first line.. At the' expiration afrthVll months the
two. parties will only be able to leavers guards for the railway 15 soldiers per'-ktfsmcter."
u urllCll 57e b,un-dry wn,cn ,,m,t the Part wned, resetlvely. by7Rualarand JjHwUln .Sakhalin Island
shalHbe-definitely marked off on the spot toya special cs-mmlsslon. ' ' -p
closed doors. . Two deacons, who have
been conspicuous in their fight for Haynes,
stood at the door and barred out all but
church members. "When the doors were
Closed, the "same deacons shut the win
dows. It was stated after the meeting by anti
Haynes leaders that their next step would
be quietly to withdraw from the church.
The assistant pastor, F. A. Heath, has
already resigned because of Haynes com
There has been opposition to Haynes'
call for weeks, and the feeling of oppo
sition has been growing as a result of
tho Chicago stories. There are more than
S00 members of the church, but only -II
attended the business meeting at which
the formal call was voted. Of these, Ave
voted against the Chicago minister.
Deepest Concern for Salary.
At that time opposition was based prin
glpally upon the terms of his letters.
which expressed - a deeper concern over
salary and perquisites than church work.
Whisperings of something wrong did not
affect many of the church people.
when the deacons announced that
Haynes had unanimously been vindicated.
the story was far-fetched, for tho church
officers declare It was a majority vote
that resulted In the expression of confl-
Hev. Frank Arthur Heath has been act
ing pastor of the church since last De
cember. He wascalled as assistant pas
tor and subsequently unanimously -voted
in as pastor. Heath has understood all
along, though, that tho church was look
ing for a stronger man. and he would
have to take the assistant's position. Ho
knew Haynes and the latter's troubles In
ihe East. Mrs. Haynes was visiting In
Seattle, and she cut Heath. So did the
Grays when they came West. Despite
their long acquaintance. Haynes did not
write Heath when he accepted the call.
Heath's letter Was Confidential.
It may have been pique that led Heath
to write Haynes the true conditions In
the ohurch and the light vote by which
he was called. Incidentally Heath told of
financial conditions, for the ciurch, with
out extra contributions by an outside
friend of Haynes, could not pay the $5500
salary the Chicago man demanded.
This was a confidential letter, but
Haynes gave it to Gray and the latter
made it public to the pro-Haynes faction.
A letter a prominent real estate Arm
wroto Gray when he asked for a store
building was also given to the pro-Haynes
faction. It, too, revealed church secrets
and was a confidential communication.
Since the announcement of Haynes' call
to Seattle, documentary evidence In the
old Gray scandal have been received by
church workers. Whisperings of another
scandal in Michigan have, also come, and
these communications, together wjth the
Rock Island transportation IncJdSJt.
stirred up the antl-Haynes factkrn. m
Blamo Placed on Deacons. '
Tho fecMug against Haynes approaches
bitterness, and for a part of this officers
of tlfe church are responsible. The antl-
Hayna faction believes that It should
have been consulted oftcner, and that
the deacons have misrepresented the sit
Haynes is the wealthiest minister in the
Baptist denomination. He emnlovs an at
torney on on annual salary to look after
his affairs. His wealth and the scrutiny
he gave the local church's affairs before
he accepted the call aroused the hostility
of the stronger churchmen. They branded
it as unchristlanlikc.
Gnnrdlan for Aged -Millionaire.
GRUNiDY CENTER. la.. Sept. 5.
Guardians were appointed todav for
George Wells, a pioneer citizen and mill
ionaire land-owner, on petition of his sis
ter, Mary Wells Nelson, allerfne him m
be of unsound mind because of advanced
ago. He Is over Si years old.
OF PEACE TREATY
Guns Fire Salute and Bells
Ring When It Is Signed
by the Envoys.r-
SUN AFFORDS GOOD OMEN
Rosen and Komura Express Joy at
tcstoration or Friendly Rela
tions Russians GIvo
Thanks at Church.
PORTSMOCTH. X. H.. Sept. 5.-The
peace treaty today was signed simul
taneously by the Russian and Jap
anese plenipotentiaries. Mr. Wltte
and Baron Komura signed at the
ame time, one of each of the origin
als, which were afterwards exchanged
between the two plenipotentiaries.
Baron Rosen, and Mr. Takahira fol-
toweo. signing in the same way. "
- - 4
ruuxBMOUTH, X. H., Sept. 5. The
treaty of Portsmouth was signed
shortly before 4 o'clock this afternoon
In the conference room of the naval
8IUC"" mure at tne .Navy-yard. The
nnng of a national salute of 19
was the signal which told the neoDle
of Portsmouth, KIttery and Newcastle
that tVio . -r-. .
yuve ui rorumoaio was an
accomplished fact and the bells In the
tnree towns were soon peallnir forth
a joyiui Tefrain.
n minutes those outside the
coherence room anxiously awaited
w.o signal. suddenly an orderly
aasneu i0 the entrance to the peace
building and waved his hand to the
gunner a few feet away, and the open
mg snot or tno salute rang out on the
clear air of the soft September after
noon, proclaiming peace between Rus-
sla and Japan.
Good Omen for Peace.
Threo o'clock was the hour jet for
the final session of the conference. An
hour before that tlmo a heavy thunder
storm was In progrc'ss, but as" Mr.
Witte and Baron Rosen loft the hotel
In. an automobile at 2:15 o'clock for the
Nary-yard, the rain stopped. When
Baron Komura and Mr. Takahira en
tered their automobile twenty minutes
later, the sun suddenly shono. which
callod forth the remark from Baron
It is a good omen for peace."
Aius remarK was cheered by the
crowd gathered to see the Japanese
xne Russian plenipotentiaries
reached the yard at 2:45 and received
an ambassadorial salute of 13 guns.
The yard presented a lively scene as
the automobile bearing Mr. Wltte and
Baron Rosen dashed up to the confer
ence building. On one side In special
full dress were two companies of ma
rines commanded by Major Moses, who
rendered tho prescribed honors as Mr.
Witte and Baron Rosen passed their
Grouped In front of the conference
nail were a large number of corre
spondeng whorhad been admitted to
tne navy-yard .at the special request
of Mr. Wltte, and they gave him
hearty cheer as he alighted from his
automobile and was greeted in the ves
tibule by Mr. Pelrce, the Third As
Bisiant Secretary of State; Admiral
Mead, commandant of the yard, and
Commander WlnBlow, commanding the
ataynower, and the five midshipmen
who were ordered here for duty in
connection with the peace conference.
The midshipmen were Harrington,
cagiey, Blackburn, Ingersoll - and
Leary, who appeared In special uniform
The Russians went at once to. their
private offices adjoining the confer
ence room to await the arrival of the
Japanese, who did not reach tho navy
yard until 3 o'clock.
Final Reading of Treaty.
Baron Komura and Mr. Takahira
were also saluted with 19
entered the yard. They were ushered
at once to the Japanese office at the
east end of the conference room. Then
tno Russian secretaries immediately
came over and began the preparatory
reading of the Russian and Japanes
copies which required about 20 min
uies. upon the completion of this
task they prepared the two copies of
the protocol of the final sitting, leav
ing only the exact hour to be filled In.
It was Just 3:15 when the plenlpoten
tlarle8 entered the conference-room from
their respective offices. They merely
bowed to 'each other and took their acous
tomed seats at the long table around
which their negotiations have been con
ducted. Instead of the secretaries sitting
next to the plenipotentiaries, however.
their chairs were occupied by the remain
Ing delegates. Mr. Wltte sat at the cen
tor of the table by the window. On hl3
right were Baron Rosen and Captain
Roussaine. the latter occupying the seat
of Mr. de Martens, who was detained at
the hotel by Indisposition. On Mr. Witte
left sat Mr. Pokotiloff and General Ter
maloff. Directlv ODDoalte Mr. Wltte was
Baron Komura, with Mr. Takahira and
Mr- 51x10 on n's right, and Mr. Denlson
and Mr. Tamasa on his left. At one end
of the table sat Mr. Plancon. with the
Russian originals of the treaty In French
and English and the final protocol
Grouped around the table were the other
members of the two missions and tho in
vited witnesses, Mr. Pelrce, as the per
sonal representative of the President; Ad
m,ral Meadt Captain Wlnslow, the Gov
ernor of New Hampshire, and the Mayor
Treaty Signed at Last
As soon as the delegates had taken their
seats, Mr. Sato left his chair and went to
Mr. Witte's side with the Japanese copies
of the treaty, which he placed before him.
At the same time Mr. Plancon placed the
Russian copies of the treaty before Baron
Komura. Almost at the same moment
the two selected pens from the center ot
the table and signed their names first to
the French and then to the English text.
The copies were then signed by Baron
Rosen and Mr. Takahira. Mr. Sato re
turned the Japanese copies for the slgna
tures of Baron Komura and Mr, Takahira,
MrtWitte and Baron Rosen affixed their
signatures to the Russian copies, and the
treaty of Portsmouth was signed, the
ceremony being completed at 3:50.
Envoys Clasp Hands.
To this moment no word had broken the
silence of the room. Throwing his pen
aside, Mr. Wltte, without a word, reached
across the table and grasped Baron Ko-
mura's hand. His confreres followed, and
the Russian and Japanese officials re
mained for a moment In silence with
their right hands tightly clasped across
the conference table. The conference was
over. Russia and Japan were once more
This simple ceremony deeply Impressed
the attaches and secretaries of the two
missions, who, with the Invited witnesses.
had formed a large circle around the dele
gates sitting' at the tables.
Baron Rosen was tfio first to break the
silence. Rising from his seat, the Ant'
bassador, looking Baron Komura and Mr.
Takahira straight In the eye, said a few
words which one had only to hear to know-
that they came from his heart. He began
by saying that he wished, on behalf of
Mr. Witte, Russia's plenipotentiary, and
In his own name, to say a few words
Rosen's Speech on Event.
We have Just signed," continued the
Ambassador, "an act which will forever
have a place In the annals of history. It
Is not for us, active participants the
conclusion of this treaty, to pass Judg
ment on its Import or significance. As
negotiators on behalf of the Empire of
Russia, as well as the Empire of Japan,
we may with tranquil conscience say that
we have done all that was Jn our power
in order to brinp about the peace for
which the whole civilized world was Iong-
Jng. As plenipotentiaries of Russia, we
fulfill a 'moat admirable duty in acknowl
edging that, in negotiating with our hith
erto adversaries, and from this hour our
friends, we have beea dealing with- true
and thorough gentlemen, to whom we are
happy to express our high esteem and
personal regard. We earnestly hope that
friendly relations between the two em
pires will henceforth be firmly established.
and we trust that His Excellency Baron
Komura, as Minister of Foreign Affairs
and one of the leading statesmen of his
country, wljl apply to the strengthening
of these relations the wide experience and
wise statesmanship he so comprehensively
displayed during these negotiations, which
have been so comprehensively concluded."
Komura Pledges Friendship.
Baron Komura replied that he shared
entirely the views of Baron Rosen. The
treaty of peace which they had signed
was In the Interest of humanity and civil
ization, and he was happy to believe that
it would bring- about a firm, lasting peace
between two neighboring empires. He
added that -it would always be pleasant
for him to recall that throughout the
long and serious negotiations which they
havenov left behind them, he and his
colloages lnvariaoly received from the
Russian plenipotentiaries high courtesy
and consideration, and finally he begged'
to assure the Russian plenipotentiaries
that It would be his dutr aa well as his
pleasure' to do everything: In his power to
make tho treaty In fact what It professes
to oe in worn s a treaty of peace and
At the conclusion of Baron Komura's
(Conclude ob Pae 4.)
UT ttF .CHI
Senators Find Him Obstacle to
Progress on Panama
KHTREDGE TO SUCCEED HIM
Mitchell's Conviction Makes Office
Xor Which He Fought Dead Sea
3Iay Save Him.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash'
ington, Sept. 5. When the committees
of the United States Senate are being
reorganized next December a fight Is to
be made to wrest the chairmanship of
the Isthmian Canal Committee from Sen
ator Mitchell of Oregon. Because of tho
prominence which canal legislation is
likely to attain at the coming- session,
it Is desirable that the Senate commit
tee should be in the hands of some good
strong man, fully competent to conduct
hearings, direct the work ot the com
mittee, and assume charge of whatever
canal legislation may be reported to the
Senate. It is recognized that Senator
Mitchell can do none of these things.
Therefore there is a general desire that
a new chairman be selected.
Even though he did not care to resign
his seat In the Senate, Mr. Mitchell
might relinquish his chairmanship la or
der that there need be no fight to pry
him loose. This would simplify the sit
uation and make way for some other
and more active man. But it is not be
lieved Senator Mitchell will pursue this
course. It will be up to the "commit
tee on committees" to solve this prob
lem, and It would be a long- guess Indeed
to attempt to predict what that commit
tee will do.
.Mitchell's Technical HIghts.
According to Senate precedents. Sen
ator Mitchell is technically entitled to re
tain his seat on the floor and to retain,
his chairmanship of the canal commit
tee up to the time he is actually denied
a right to a "scat in the senate by action
of the courts. ..But. according to the un-
itten - law of ho Senate, Mr. Mitchell
ot expected to again enter the Sen
ate chamber or to participate In commit
to work until he has been acquitted
of the charges on. which he was convicted
by the federal court in Portland.
Therefore, it may be set down for a
fact that Senator Mitchell will not be
competent nor be permitted to preside
over the Isthmian canal committee dur
ing the next session, for there is no
likelihood that the Supreme Court will
dispose of his case until after canal legis
lation ha been shaped up and prac
tically disposed of.
Place Would Go to Klttredge.
It Senator Mitchell cannot preside or
act In his capacity as dhalman. Senator
Piatt Ot New York, next In line, would
be acting chairman, but Piatt has not
the Inclination or the physical ability to
conduct the fight for canal legislation,
and would probably waive his right. Sen
ator Millard of Nebraska is not espe
cially familiar with the" topic, and he In
turn would probably waive his right as
next ranking- member, placing- the man
agement of the canal fight, and the act
in? chairmanship ot the committee in
the hands of Senator Klttredge of South
Dakota, a man well informed, capable
and anxious to have this responsibility.
But Klttredge. does not want to be act
ing- chairman; he wants to be chairman In
fact, and' will make a fight to secure
Mitchell's place. Piatt does not want It;
he would rather be chairman of the com.
mittee on printing, which he now holds.
That place entails no work, but carries
with it the biggest bit of patronage in
connection with the Senate, and patro
nage Is Piatt's long suit. Millard will
not moke a fight for the chairmanship
unless he changes his position taken in
the last Congress, leaving the way clear
Mitchell Had Fight for Office.
Senator Hanna was chairman of the
canal committee at the time of his death;
Piatt of New York was next in line, and
Mitchell third. Piatt refused to accept
this chairmanship, and' Mitchell demand
ed the place by right of seniority, a rulo
which the Senate usually follows. Many
Senators fought against him, contending:
that he was not a big- enough man for
the place, but in the end they had to
submit and Mitchell succeeded to a place
he long coveted, but which he did not
enjoy, for his Indictment literally
took him out of the Senate before he had
fairly settled down in his new quarters.
During the past session of Congress, the
canal committee was presided over by
an acting chairman.
The fight against Mitchell last yeah was
headed by merwbo favored the selection
of Senator Jifttredge to succeed Hanna.
KIttredgewas a staunch Panama man;
Mitchell had all along1 beeu- an advocate
ot the Nicaragua route. Fcr'-thls reason
Klttredge was In sympathy wJEL the Pan
ama .canal commission, and was an en
thusiastic worker In behalf ot the canal
over the route that has been adopted.
Mitchell was regarded as an obstruction
ist. . 4
Now that the flghc Is to be reoDened.
there is a wide field for speculation. In
lew of Mitchell's helplessness and his
Inability to serve either in the Senate or
in the committee, there is ample ground
for demanding the, appointment of a new -
chairman, thus giving him strength to
press legislation which an acting chair
man would not have. But strict con
structionists and strong adherents ot
Senate rules and precedents will Insist, It
they are consistent, that -Senator Mitchell
be allowed to retain this chairmanship
as long as he retains a seat in the Sen
ate, even If his hold be merely technical.
The chances would seem to favor th
adoption of the latter course, but the
Senate Is a fickle body. It makes and
breaks its own rules and precedents.