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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 4, 1905)
VOIi. XLV.-KO. 13,959.
PORTLAND, OREGON, MONDAY, SEPKBIfflBER 4, 1905.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
Wheat Harvest Will Ex
ceed All Before.
ABOUT 50,000,000 BUSHELS
Oregon Yield About the Same
as Last Year.
LARGER ' IN WASHINGTON
Much New Land in the Eastern. Part
of Our Northern Neighbor Is
Coming; Into Bearing for
the First Time.
The Oregonian'a estimate of the -wheat
yield of 1005 In Oregon, Washington and
Idaho, baed on returns received up to
Soptember 1, la as follows:.
?m if State Bushel.
Idaho -. 4,800,000
Crop of 1004 M.000,000
Crop of 1008 ...... 34,785,000
Crop of 1002 41,000.000
Crop of 1001 .....48,000,000
Crop of 1900 37.000,000
Crop of 1800 30.200.000
Crop of 160S - 30,400,000
Unless there should be some unex
pected light returns from the late
sown grain not yet harvested, it now
seems quite probable that the throe
states, Orogon, Washington and Idaho,
will for the first time on record har
vest a crop of approximately 50,000,000
bushels of wheat.
The figures now submitted by The
Orogonlan do, not, of course, possess
the snme degree of accuracy that would
be possible a. month later. However,
they have been compiled from informa--tion
secured by a large, number of men
very- xaxjarr -touch with tlie'8ltuatlon
a$d The Orogonlan lias no hesitancy
In submitting them as Indicating the
probable out-turn for the three states
with reasonable accuracy.
The increasing numbor of receiving
stations near county lines makes It
much more diffioult than formerly to
satlefy local pride by segregating the
crop by counties. Washtucno, In Adams
County, Washington, for instance will
this year handle considerably more than
500.000 bushols," and less than half
of. it will come out of the county in
which the town is located. Hartllne, in
Douglas County, will also make some
liberal drafts on Lincoln County, and
along the Columbia "River there will
be the usual Morrow County wheat
mixed with that of Gilliam, and vice
The prestige of Klickitat and Ya
kima has been marred slightly by the
carving of the new county of Benton
out of a portion of the other counties.
The crop of Klickitat is so good, how
over, that even after losing a portion
of Its territory the yield will total
much greater than that of last year. As
outlined by Information received to
September 1, and verified by an exam
ination of the principal wheat districts
of the three states, the crop by coun
ties is approximately as follows:
County. - Bushels.
Wasoo . 600,000
Washington 350 000
Other counties... 400,000
Walla Walla 4,000,000
Klickitat -. G50.000
Benton .. 500.000
Other counties 300,000
Total '. .32,800.000
Idaho ; 4.800.000
Total Indicated yield of three
The Oregonlan submits these figures,
not with the belief that they are ac
curate to a bushel, for there Is still
considerable Spring wheat to be cut,
and much threshing to be done. The
estimate, however. Is believed to be
approximately correct, as the data on
"which It was based were gathered
wherever possible from the same
sources as in former years. The dis
crepancy between The Oregpnlan's Sep
tember estimate and the actual out
turn for the past five years has never
been so pronounced as to cause any
hesitation in submitting the estimate
compiled by the same methods followed
In previous years.
Far Greater Than Last Year.
The crop, if thae figures are sub
stantiated by the final returns, avail
able at the close of the season, trill be
more than 3,000.000 bushels greater
than any of its predecessors and will
be nearly 6,000,300 bushels greater than
that of last year. As will be noted br
tho acoompanying tables, practically
all of the Increase is In the State of
Washington, Oregon falling slightlybe
hind last year's figure.
This shortage In Oregon Ic 'due to
the damage by hot weather in. the
river counties, where tho crop was
exceptionally heavy last year. The
Willamette Valley, while turning out
a very disappointing yield compared
with that which was-expected early In
the season, has a better crop than that
of last year, and the Grand Bonde
probably has twice as much wheat as
It produced last year.
The big gains in Washington were
largely due to an immense amount of
new land that Is this year turning oft
its first crop, and also to excellent
yields where crops were very poor last
year. The greator part of this new
land is in the Big Bend, but there Is
also a large amount of new acreage In
the Washtucna and Horse Heaven dis
tricts. Record Crop In Klickitat.
Klickitat County, our nearest neigh
bor In Washington, has a record crop
even after making allowance for some
territory that waa cut off in making
the new county of Benton. Whitman,
the banner wheat county of the North
west, was estimated at 9,000,030 bush
els last year, but failed to come up to
expectations. The crop this year is ex
pected to bo equal to that of last year,
but on account of a light yield In some
sections will be no greater, and the
final returns will undoubtedly 'show
that it is not much ahead of that of
The Clearwater crop In most locali
ties is not so good as that of last year,
but a large acreage will bring the
totals up close to last year's figures,
and an inoreased yield in the vicinity
of Moscow and Genesee will aid in giv
ing Idaho a slight Increase over last
year. Asotin County, Washington, Just
across the river from Lewlston, has a
very heavy crop this yoar, and a large
amount of it finds its way to market
through the Idaho shipping point,
where it will probably get mixed with
the Idaho ylold and add some confu
sion to the statistics.
From present Indications the crop
will move slowly, but none of it will
go East, and both Portland and Ta
coma will handle more wheat than from
an previous crop.
FIRE ON THE RESERVISTS
ilBAU SOCLLISTS SHOOT FBOSI
Ten Persons -Are Killed unci Fifty
Wounded in the Riot
LIBATJ, Sept. 3. The departure of re
servists Saturday night was marked by
socialistic rioting. In which ten persons
were killed and 50 wounded.
The agitators fired from a house upon
the militia, who replied with a volley.
The cavalry then charged, using their sa
bers on the crowd. A detachment of
troops stormed the house from which the
shots were fired. One policeman was
killed and several soldiers wore wounded.
Twenty-one wounded persons wore
taken to the hospital.
Tho reservists did not anticipate that
rioting would occur. They had Just been
entertained by the city, and were accom
panied by their wives and children. Thorc
wore many Innocent victims, women being
included among them.
Police Stopped a Meeting.
MOSCOW. Sept. 3. The police tonight
entered a private house and stopped a
meeting of members of the Mosoow
Zomstvo Congress, which had been called
to discuss tho attitude the Zemstvolsts
should take toward the projected National
Assembly. Among, those at the meeting
were Prince DolgoroukI, Prince Troubet
skoy and Prince Ivoff.
The three Princes named In the fore
going dispatch are marshals of the no
bility. They were delegates from the all
Russlan Zemstvo Congress, which In June
last presented an address to Emperor
Nicholas calling for reforms, to which
the Emperor cordially replied.
Honorary Place for Llnlcvitch.
ST. PETERSBURG, Sept. 4. It Is
persistently rumored that the election
of members "to the proposed general as
sembly may be postponed a year.
General Linlevltch, on his return
from Manchuria, will be given an hon
orary appointment as Viceroy to Sibe
ria, as a reward for reorganizing the
Join Forces Against Tartars.
LONDON, Sept. 4. The Tlflls corre
spondent of the Times says that in the
encounters of September 1, 11 Cossacks. 85
Tartars and 10 Armenians were killed,
and that tho Cossacks and Armenians
fought together against the Tartars.
Sailors to Bo Put in Array.
ST." PETERSBURG. Sept. 3. One thou
sand sailors who participated in the mu
tinous disorders at Llbau and In tho
Black Sea will bo transferred to the army
and be sent to the Far East to serve In
the army of occupation.
COLLISION IN THE HUDSON
Pleasure Steamer Sunk and Three
Young Women Drowned.
HUDSON, N. Y., Sept. 3. In the Hudson
River here today the small pleasure
steamer Toung America was run down
and sunk by the ferryboat George H.
Power. Mary Z. Deddel, Jennie L Bejl
and Sarah Brown, all of New York City,
and Margaret McKay, of Coxsackie,
young women, were drowned. Three
other persons on the steamer, including
the captain and engineer, were rescued.
The two boats were attempting to pass
in fL narrow strip of water Just below this
city. The swift current threw them to
gether heavily, and the Young America
sank almost Immediately, carrying the
four young women to their deaths. Two
of the.young women were returning- from
their father funeral.
Barn -Burning in Crook Is
Thouglft to Be Act of -Revenge.
W. J. .CRAIN THE VICTIM
3Ien Called to Testify in Land-Fraud
Cases Regard Incendiarism In
the Light jof a -"Prophecy
Which Is Fulfilled.
The witnesses for tho Government
in the third trial of the Willlamrson-Gcsner-Blggs
case .are panicstrlcken,
and. like a herd of cattle from the
ranges whence they come, have to
be milled and sung Into quiet by the
voices of the Government officials to
prevent a wild stampede toward their
homes. The cause of all the excite
ment Is tho news received Friday by
Wilford J. Crain that his barn, six
miles from Prinevllle, had been burned,
together with its store of this yoar's
produce, while tho house was saved
only by the timely arrival of Charles
Crain, a brother, who checked the ad
vance of the names. This news, com
ing in the light of prophecy fulfilled
to many of those, now In Portland to
give tholr testimony beforo the grand
Jury, has created a panic and a great
desire to hasten to protect their homes
from the three men whose tracks were
found leading from the ruins of the
Crain storehouse 'into tho town of
Fear Added to Reluctance.
From tho first, when the men were
summoned before the first grand Jury
to tell what they knew about the oper
ations of the firm of Williamson and
Gesner, through the first and the sec
ond trials and up to this time during
the sessions of the present grand Jury
it has been a hard task to hold thn
witnesses for the Government to their
tasks. The defendants were their
friends, in some cases their benefac
tors, and It was only the fear of tho
Jaw that forced them to tell their story
in the first instance and in the last.
But added to this cause of reticence
and reluctance la another, that of fear.
During the first tsrotrftkis there have
bean two witnesses, who have been
threatened with vengeance unless they
changed their testimony, so It Is said.
One of these men was Wilford J. Crain.
the other was George Gaylord. both of
whom testified to having had conver
sations with Gesner and Williamson in
their offices at Prinevllle. at which
time Wllllara80n read them tho state
ment of Secretary Hitchcock declaring
war on Western timber frauds. The
witnesses testified that Williamson had
told them to relinquish their claims
and that la the future, when things. be
came quiet once more, it would be pos
sible for them to take the lands again.
At the. time this testimony was
given, so the story runs, several of the
Government witnesses were told, Crain
and Gaylord being among the number,
that unless their testimony was
given "right" a way could be found
to "get even" with them for the harm
done. Then the Government had more
trouble in keeping Its men In lino, and
it was so evident that the witnesses
would not tell what they knew that
Judge De Haven Instructed the Dis
trict Attorney to lead them In their
Sheriff Smith's Advice.
During the time of the first and the
second, trials and during the sessions
of the present grand Jury, C Sam
Smith, the Sheriff of Crook County,
was and Is In Portland working upon
the sympathies of the Crook County
witnesses. He has reminded thom of
the favors shown them in the past, of
their friendship, and, it is said, has
also had other threats in his argu
ments. Friday Campbell Duncan received a
letter telling of the destruction of
C rain's barn, and on tho same day
Crain himself received word from his
wife telling of the Are. Like the
greater number of the witnesses in at
tendance upon the grand Jury, Crain
had his crops gathered either in stacks
or stowed away In barn's and store
houses. One night last week, accord
ing to the letter, the barn belonging to
Crain was discovered to be on fire and
in a short time was a total loss. The
flames, spreading over Ihe stubble
field surrounding, were sweeping to
ward the house, and had almost
reached the building when Charles
Crain reached the scene from a neigh
boring farm and, after a hard fight,
succeeded in quenching them.
Tracks of Three Men.
After the fire had been extinguished
and the barn had been destroyed an
examination of the premises showed
the tracks of three men whloh were
followed through the dust to Prine
vllle, more than six miles away.
Tho news of this fire and the knowl
edge of its Incendiary origin, coupled
with things that have gone before, has
thrown the witnesses from Crook
County Into consternation so - great
that they have been kept in the "city
only by the greatest efforts on the
part of the Government. They remain,
waiting for tho beginning of tho third
trial tomorrow morning, but deep in
the mind of each is the fear that other
disastrous news will be 'received be
fore its end.
Iunex Party Opens Headquarters.
HAVANA, Sept. 5. Tho followers of
Governor Nunez, in the Nationalist party,
opened a. national headquarters here to-
night At a banquet fallowing the speak
ers declared for the maintenance of the
old Liberal-Nationalist party of the late
Gomez, while at the same time announc
ing their determination to Join the Mod
erates in tbe forthcoming Presidential
campaign against the Liberal fuslonists.
BATTLE-GALE ALL NIGHT
Survivors or ScVonla Beach Shore In
a' Small Boat.
ASHLAND. Wis.. Sept. 3. Five men
who loft the wreck of tho freight steam-
"er Sevonla in a small boat are believed to
have been lost in the furious gale that
has been prevailing on Lake Superior.
Another boat containing 11 people. In
cluding four women, reached shore after
battling with the heavy cas all Friday
night, during which they suffered ter
ribly from cold and exposure. Six mem
bers of the crew, Including the captain,
two mates, two wheelmen and a deck
hand, are still on the wreck and It la
feared they may succumb before assist
ance reaches them.
The Sevonla which was bound from Al
louot to Erie with a cargo of Iron ore,
ran ashore during the galo Friday night
on York Island. Soon after striking the
boat broke In two, the after end sink
ing. Two boats put off from the doomed
craft. The first contained 11 people, in
cluding a number of passengers. When
dawn broke a landing was made at Little
No word has as yet been heard from
the othor boat and it Is supposed that
she has foundered.
A special to the News-Tribune from
Ashland, Wis-, says: There Is now
every Indication that 11 lives were lost
as a result of the wreck of the Sevonla,
which went ashore on Sand Island reef
In Lake Superior.
The tug Harrow, which went out
from Bayfielu" with a rescuing party,
returned at 10 o'clock tonight In charge
of Captain Barrows, of Bayfield, and
accompanied by Englner Philips, of the
doomed steamer, who guided the craft
to the scene of the disaster. Theyre
port that nothing was seen of Jfea men
on the boat when the two yawls were
lowered. It Is believed that Captain
McDonald, of Northeast, Pa.; First
Mate Lewis Darwin, of'Modlna, O., tho
second mate and two watchmen have
been lost as was the men on the sec
ond boat that left the Sevonla when
she sank. They were a fireman, name
unknown, shipped at Cloveland, Au
gust 23; Van Vleck. Erie, Pa.; Oiler,
name unknown, shipped at Cleveland;
deckhand, name unknown, of North
east Pa., and two others, unknown.
Fifteen men composed the rescuing
party. They made the trip In two
hours in the teeth of a blinding north
east gale. When they reached the
Sevonla only a small portion of her
was visible above the waves.
Wrecked as She Enters Port.
DULUTH, Minn.. Sept. 3. The steel
steamer North Wind. Captain Thomas
Stevenson, of the Mutual Transit Com
pany, met with serious disaster after
having ridden out the gale on Lake Su
perior Just as she w-s entering the Du
luth ship canal early today. The steamer
was lifted by huge wave and thrown
violently against the pier. A hole was
stove in her ipdrt bow, whicu caused her
to Wnk ixifeSM-t of aw .
Nobody was injured. "The cargo is now
CARRIED MILES ON A PILOT
Sedalia Man Picked Up by Engine
SEDALIA. Mo., Sopt. 3. (Special.)
Warren Paine, a resident of Sedalia, was
found lying beside the Missouri Pacific
tracks near Tipton today In an uncon
scious condition. When he regained con
sciousness he said:
"The last thing I remember -was being
struck by a passenger train on a street
crossing In Sedalia about 9 o'clock last
night, and being thrown upon the pilot of
The place where Paine was found Is 20
miles from Sedalia.
CONTENTS TODAY'S PAPER
TOD AT 5 Fair anfl wanner; northwest winds.
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 70
deg-.; minimum, 81 &eg.
Japanese are insistent on their Ideas of the
phraseology of the peace treaty. Page 1.
Bmperer ef Japan sends cable message of
tjaaaks te President Roosevelt. Page 2.
Japanese proposed 3 o'clo&k this afternoon as
time for signing the peace document.
Russian' writer says Slavs must shake off
the German Influence. Page 2.
Beyeett circular that was spread broadcast
In China. Page 1.
Trans-shipment of Russian emigrants for
America Is stopped at Hamburg. Page 4.
Hamburg government takes prompt action
against cholera-Infected Immigrants.
Bomb explodes among merrymakers at Bar
celona, killing many. Page 2.
Oregon. Washington and Idaho will produce
50,000,000 bushels of wheat. Page 1.
Fire at Pendleton. Or., destroys tho Matlock".
Taylor building. Page 1. .
Sarmers Institutes to be held in Rogue
River Valley. Page 2.
Northern Pacific has choice of four routes
in the Nez Ferccs oountry. Page 4. s
Pacific Coast Scores: Oakland 3, Portland
2;. Tacoma 7, Los Angeles 1; Seattle 7-2.
San Francisco 0-3. Page 5.
Oakland wins by score of 3 to 2. Page 5.
Effort to repeal the Philadelphia election
rolls Is prevented. Page 2.-
Oelegatea gathering for the 30th annual en
campment of tha Grand Army of the Re
public. Page 3.
Rockefeller's bald pate Is covered with a
-wig. Page 2.
Yellow fever Is checked at New Orleans.
Santa Fe train with O. A. R. excursionists
aboard wrecked near Borne, Colo. Page 2.
Lewis and Clark Exposition.
Admissions. 11,207. Page 10. .
Battle between Monitor and Merrlmac will
be feature on Guild's Lake. Page 10.
Representatives of foreign nations banquet
President Goods. Page, 10.
Portias aaa Vicinity.
Barn-burning and threats terrorize witnesses.
In land-fraud cases. Page L
Letter-carrier arrive for convention. Page
Pastors and visiting clergymen preach in
.City churches. Page 12.
Hop battle begins.. Paga 12. ,
St. Johns Council prepares for battle tonight.
Grand officers of the" Order of.B'nal B'rlth.
speak'' at TetksU Sits. IsrxeL1 Pag 12.
TD THEIR IDEAS
Plenipotentiaries of Mikado
Prove to Be Great Stick
lers for Words.
CALM IN THEIR INSISTENCE
During the Peace Conference, Ko-
inura Carefully Avoided De
hate, In Which TVitto Was
Easily His Master.
PORTSMOUTH, Sept. 3. After being
treated to every variety of weather, 'the
peace conference promises to end In the
midst of a raging northeaster. Since last
night it has been blowing a gale, accom
panied by torrents of rain. According to
local traditions, such northeasters con
tinue for three days, so that It probably
will last over the day on which the
treaty is signed.
The plenipotentiaries and the attaches
of the two missions seem to be fully as
anxious for the curtain to ring down on
the final act of tho drama as the little
colony of newspaper correspondents and
Summer guests who are waiting to be "In
at the death."
The work of engrossing the treaty has
already begun, Mr. Rojestvensky doing
the callgraphlc work of the Freneh and
Mr. Adashi that of the English text Con
troversies over the phraseology still con
tinue, and there wore several conferences
today between Mr. De Martens and Mr.
Dennlson, differences being referred for
adjustment to the principals.
The Japanese are proving great sticklers
for words. They cling tenaciously to
their Ideas. Careful preparation and
methods have been the secret of their
auccepsos on land and sea. and . In their
diplomatic strugles at Portsmouth the
same qualities have been displayed.
Witte's Offlcinl Manner.
In the sittings of the conference Baron
Komura always stated tho Japanese posi
tion upon a glvon..polnt briefly, but with
great care, and when Mr. Wltte, whose
method was entirely differont, would try
to draw out explanations, he would stick
tenaciously to the statement he had made.
Mr. Wltte. a mar of affairs, resourcsful
and tsjlented.as he" Is admitted to be, had
his case In his head. He never brought
any papers with him. He mot everything
which came up in an offhand way, weigh
ing It Instantly In his mind, analyzing It,
arguing the logic, pro and con. and stat
ing his view quite bluntly, never asking
for time to consider.
Baron Komura, on the other hand, could
with the greatest difficulty be Induced to
enter into the argument. He had tho
brief before him. Speaking always quite
slowly, he would repeat over and over
again what he had stated, as If he had
learned his lesson by role. Several times
Mr. Wltte would say: "Yes, I understand
perfectly what you say, but what do you
mean what la your real object?" "
Ready "With Counter Proposal.
Then Baron Komura would go back and
restate his proposition almost exactly as
he had done originally. Both systems had
their advantages. By Insisting, Insisting.
Insisting, Baron Komura would sometimes
catch Mr. Wltte off his guard and provoke
him Into statements which were always
eagerly seized upon. As a final resort
Baron Komura was always ready with a
'written solution of a question and would
produce It suddenly, saying:
"This is what, we propose. What have
you got to offer?"
Then the value of preparation and fore
slghtednc&s was apparent. Mr. Witte sel
dom had a crystallized counter proposition
to make. But, on the other hand, when
ever Mr. Wltto succeeded In leading his
adversary into the realm of argument,
which, previous preparation availed, he
had Baron Komura at a disadvantage.
One of those present likened Baron Ko
mura to a horse In "blinkers." As long
as ho was on a beaten road with his work
cut out ahead of him he got along swim
mingly; but the instant ho was oft the
road into the woods with the blinkers
removed he appeared to be confused and
lost, and hastened back as speedily as
possible to the road he had mentally
traversed so often and with every foot of
which he was familiar.
Wltte Is Getting: inpatient.
Now. when the Japanese are still con
tinuing' their policy of insistence upon
words or phrases. Mr. Witte is showing
considerable Impatience. He is extremely
anxious to have the treaty finished and
signed at the earliest moment, to preclude
tho possibility of pressure from the homo
government upon minor points.
Especially at St. Petersburg there Is
constant danger that Instructions at the
last moment may come to try to get this"
concession or that concession, and thus
bring only diplomatic discussions which
might indefinitely prolong the negotia
tions. One of the attaches Illustrated the po
sition of the home government by telling
the story of the man who had asked from
a tailor a sack suit. He was satisfied
with a sack suit until he returned with
some friends to try on. th. coat. It was
only when they suggested that a frock
coat or a cutaway would have been more
suitable that the man grew discontented.
"We don't want that to arise," said the
attache. "Tho plenipotentiaries are the
tailors, and if their friends at home ob
ject now they can only say, Tou should
have thought of a tall coat before the
cloth for the talis was cut off. "
One of the articles in the treaty pro
vides for tho protection of private rights
and property acquired under Russian, con
trol in South .Sakhalin and in Dalny, Port
Arthur and other places In the Llaqtung
L Peninsula. The Russian government has
bad innumerable petitions-on thi subject.
Several of them are from Americans who
held concessions in Southern Sakhalin.
Synopsis Will Bo Cabled.
While a full synopsis of the treaty will
be cabled to the goveniraents of the two
countries, tho actual text will not be
known at Tokio or St. Petersburg until
the plenipotentiaries arrive. It is ex
pected that to cable such a long docu
ment textually would make It possible
for an export, later, when tho text be
comes public to work out the government
cipher. Mr. Wltte will personally con
vey the text to St. Petersburg, and Baron
Komura to Tokio. This Is the reason
why both are anxious to get home as
soon as possible, as the treaty does not
go Into force until the two Emperors
have signed it.
To avoid the delay of exchange of doc
uments, which would Involve six weeks
at least, the notification of the final ap
proval by the Emperors will be - made
through neutrals, tho United States In
the case of Japan, and France In the case
of Russia. Tho text of the treaty will
not be made public at Portsmouth- If It
ever Is, It will be after it has received
the approval of the two Emperors. Mr.
vltte. when questioned upon this subject
by the Associated Press, remarked laugh
ingly: "You are at liberty to announce, both
In Europe and in America, that we are
willing to make the 'treaty of Ports
mouth public as soon as the new Anglo
Japanese treaty Is given to the world."
Treaty-Signing a Private Affair.
The signing of the treaty Is to be a
very exclusive affair. The Japanese ob
jected to the presence of any newspaper
correspondents or photographers, and It
has therefore been decided that beside
the plenipotentiaries and secretaries there
shall be present only Assistant Secretary
Polrce, representing the President; Gov
ernor McLane, of New Hampshire, the
"Mayor of Portsmouth, Admiral Mead,
commander of the navy-yard, and th
commanders of any united States ships
In the harbor. In this case only Captain
Wlnslow, of the Mayflower. Mr. Peiroe
has procured four ordinary quill pens,
with ono of which each of the plenipoten
tiaries will sign.
Baron Komura and Mr. Takahira.
through Mr. Sato, have Invited the news
paper correspondents and guests of the
hotel and- the United States Government
officials here to meet them In their quar
ters tomorrow night for an Informal re
ception. BREAKS NEWS TO THE ARMY"
Czar Says He Could Not Fight' for n
Part of Sakhalin.
ST. PETERSBURG. Sept. 3. The Em
peror Friday last telegraphed the follow
ing toGoneral Llnevitch:
"The" negotiations at Portsmouth led on
August 19 to a refusal of the demands of
the Japanese government regarding the
cession of the Island of Sakhalin, the
payment of a war Indemnity, the surren
der of our ships lying In neutral harbors
and th? limitation of our forces In th
watersof the Pacific Ocean. After further,
negotiations Japan, August 19, yielded ail
our conditions, but asked for the return
of that .portion ot Sakhalin occupied by
Japanese troops, which Is the part held
by Japan until 1870 and then ceded by
treaty to Russia.
"The self-sacriflclng army so dear to
me withstood the assault of a numerically
superior enemy In Man?huria step by
step during 1& months, obstinately repuls
ing his advances. Under your leadership
the array was reorganized and strength
ened by the arrival of troopa from Russia
and It Is now greater in numbers and
stronger than before. I and all Russia
believe In the strength of my glorious
army and In its readiness to sacrifice it
self for the good of the fatherland, . but
my duty to my conscience and to the
people entrusted to mo by God commands
me not to again put to the test the valor
of Russian men so dear to my heart and
not to expose them to fresh and endless
horrors of war in order to retain half ot
a remote island which Japan ceded to us
In 1873. and I have therefore accepted the
preliminary peace negotiations.
"The Russian troop3 have repeatedly
proved during this sanguinary conflict
their valor and self-sacrlflco.
"Convey this to my dear army. May it
know that I and Russia value the sacri
fices which it has made In this severe
TREATY READY TIlis EVENING
Hour of Five Is Suggested hy Ko-
mnra for Signatures.
PORTSMOUTH. N. H., Sept 3. The
seventeenth and concluding article of the
treaty provides that tho exchange of
ratifications shall occur within SO days
after Us signature by the plenipotentiar
ies. The Russian ratification will be
communicated to the Japanese Govern
ment by the French Minister at Tokio.
and Mr. Meyer, the American Ambas
sador at St, Petersburg, will communi
cate the Japanese ratification to the
Russian government. If. the Russians are
ready the treaty will be signed tomorrow
afternoon at 5 o'clock, this date having
been suggested by Baron Komura. Other
wise the treaty will be signed Tuesday-
morning. The plenipotentiaries have In
vited Governor McLane to witness the
signature of the treaty, and he has been
The Japanese hope to get away Tues
day and the Russians Tuesday or Wed
Treaty Is Completed.
PORTSMOUTH, Sept. 3. From an of
ficial source the Associated Press Is in
formed that the treaty is completed.. It
consists of a preamble and 17 articles,
the substance of all of which have been
given in. the Associated Press dispatches.
But "there were still differences about the
wording of the protocol of the last sit
ting, which must be signed before the
treaty Itself can be signed.
The Japanese presented a protocol to
which the Russians took exception. The
differences, however, are expected to be
straightened out before noon tomorrow,
and it seems quite possible the treaty will
be signed tomorrow afternoon. Mr. de
Martens, who is extremely anxious to
get back to Russia, has engaged passage
on La Lorraine, sailing from New York
Thursday, and leaves' here on Wednes
day. Contract to Take Prisoners Home.
LIVERPOOL, Sept. 3. It- Is reported
here, under the , Influence of a German
Prince, the Hamburg-American Steam
ship Company has secured large con
tracts for the taking home of the Rus
sian prisoners in Japan at $.50 per head.
Government Using the Cable.
NEW YORK. Sent. 3. The Commercial
Cable Compuny Is 4dviscd by Hongkong.
that for the present the Formosa cable
is c!aed to all by. government traffic,
USED fit CHINESE
Accuses America of Jealousy
and of Abuses to travel
ers From Orient.
CONTEMPT-OF WHITE RACE
Courtesy Shown to Visitors to tho
Flowery Kingdom Is Compared. '
With Alleged Discourtesy
to Yellow People.
CHICAGO, SepC 3. (SpecialOrTho es?
sence of the argument used by the Chi
nese merchants for the remarkable boy
cott of American goods Is given in a
circular letter Issued toy the Chinese
Merchants' Guild and sent broadcast over
the empire. A copy of It fell into tho
hands of John Fowler, United States Con
sul at Chefoo, who gave It to Rev. Mr.
Lewis, Methodist missionary there. Tha
latter translated It and sent a copy to
his daughter. Miss Eleanor Lewis, 522
Church street, Evanston.
The Iettor warns the Chinese that they
are becoming slaves to America and.
draws a picture of abuses and Ill-treatment
of Chinamen in this country. It la
Alas, we Chinese verily suffer the ex
tremist Insult from tho Americans. Con
sidering themselves to be a civilised coun
try that exalts religion, enjoys liberty and
has a reputation for law and order, they
look down on other countries with the
utmost contempt. If any other country ex
cals them they are jealous to the last de
gree. Jealousy of America.
We Chlncae have a reputation as la
borers all over the world, hence Ameri
cans are jealous ot us and exclude us
from their borders. And those who go
there they oppress In every way, exclud
ing them f.-om their labor unions. Some
years ago the newspapers were constant
ly reporting how Cnlnese workmen were
maltreated In America. At that time Chi
nese public opinion was undeveloped and
our enlightenment Insufficient. But now
public opinion Is stirred and our enlight
enment Is greater.
At the present time they are moving
to revise the treaty. severely restricting
(the entranco of) Cnlnese labor. Not only
this but even merchants, travelers and
scholars thoy are also sceklug a way
to restrict. If any one seeks to enter the
country, no matter who ho Is, or whether
he ha a passport or not. they first shut
him up In ennnement and treat htm as a
criminal, keeping him In prison an in
dotialte time before his case is heard.
And when he Is tried he Is not allowed
an advocate to take down the testimony
but they at their own convenience givo
sentence and execute it.
Treated as Honored Guests.
Consider how it is when they come to
China. We show them all respect as
honored guests, having never even ven
tured to look askance at them. Why Is
It that, when we go to their country, they
treat us worse than chickens and dogs?
(They hiss their dogs and chickens, but
will not deign to speak to a Chinaman
and on occasion will drive us off like
dogs or call us as chickens. How detest
able.) Even Americans living In China
are constantly exhibiting their savagery,
getting in a passion of anger and striking
and abusing the Chinese this Is well
known by all. Foreigners all say we are
Inoffensive, which is but another way of
saying that we are of no account.
The method now proposed for thwarting
them is, not to go to war, not to contend
at law, but that all unite In not buying
American goods. Inasmuch as China Is
the great markot for American goods,
Europe not taking them at present, Af
rica taking but very little and China be
ing the chief consumer in Asia. If all the
people In North and South China unite
in not buying American goods it will be
like seizing them by the throat and tak
ing away their living.
Only a Million of Savings.
Let us consider that China buys not lees
than several hundred million dollars'
worth of American goods each year,
while the savings sent by Chlneso (in
America) back to China Is not over a
million of dollars, and even this million
they seek to devise a now plan for pre
venting a single cent of it from coming
It will be further necessary to provide
for BmaJI dealers, for If those who ordi
narily sell American goods were suddenly
to cease selling they would lose- heavily,
and so In escaping one evil, another would
bo incurred. If the guilds can And a way
to prove satisfactorily or these small
dealers, then It is safo to say this affair
will be a success.
Patronize Home Iudustxy.
There is another matter against which
It would be necessary for the -guilds ,to
provide, otherwise the Americans will
change the mark on their goods and get
other nationalities to sell them to us
for them. And so China will not only ba
working for an empty name but will be
getting a real harm. In a single word, it
is better to use one's own goods than
those of any other country whatever.
It 13 not known whether the merchants"
guilds can accomplish their part, but as
for us people we will not fall to pray and
in all things to do our duty.
Many thousand copies of this letter
have been sent out by the guild with tha
hope that the recipients will refuse in fu
ture to buy American goods.
Boycott Is Weakening.
VICTORIA, 3. C.r Sept. 3. Arrhrala
from China by the Athenian today state
that while the boycott was serious In
deed, there were signs of weakening, ft
Is reported that merchants seek to deal
surreptitiously with Americans, and cases
are quoted where contracts have been
made and antedated prior to July 18, when
the boycott began. The Japanese Adver
tiser reports the loss sustained by Amer
ican merchants at Shanghai. to August 16
amounted to $500,000.
At Soocbow a Chinese merchant turned
over all the American goods he had In
stock for a public burning in front of a
temple. The goods burned were mostly
cigarettes and cologne. The North China
Daily News points out that the influence
of American training la strongly shown in
the. manner in which the boycott Is being
promoted, the major part of the organi
zation being carried on by young men
traveling In American missionary schools.
Had Big Bunch of Pawn-Tickets.
NEW YORK, Sept. 3. On suspicion
ot-. connection with the plundering of
the residence of Joseph Aimar, of arti
cles of great value,, in this city Inst week,
Elmer Bntrado. a young negro, has been
taken Into custody by the Philadelphia
J pollca. He had" 25 pawn-tickets,