Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, August 18, 1905, Image 1

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3c i
VOIi. XLV.-NO. 13,945.
t l
Today Conference May
Be Deadlocked.
RoosevelJ; M'ay.
4 t
in Come to .Rescue.
Adjournment TiH Monday 'IilkeSy,
Tliat Gzar and Mikado Olay
Send Instructions China
Party to Negotiations. v
PORTSMOUTH, N. H., Aug. j 17. The
crisis in 'the peace conference has been
reached and pessimism Is -again the note.
But the darkest hour Is just before the
dawn, and thre is still hope. Predlc-
of a' final rupture tomorrow cer
tainly Trill not be Justified unless Baron
Eomuraflguratlvely picks up his hat and
announces that It is useless to proceed
further? Mr. Wltte "at least will not be
precipitate. At tomorrow's session, after
articled (the, limitation of Russia's naval
power in the Par East), and article 12
(fishing rights on the: Rusidan littoral)
are disposed of, he "will favor an ad
journment until Mondayo .hear the last
word. from St. Petersburg.
The' pessimism tonight Is based onthe
fact that no progress was made today.
The exchange of views at the morning
session oharticle 9 (remuneration for the
cost of tbewar) showediaUopcejthat thej
plenipotentiaries were aafar apart" as thl
poles,, and It was passed over. Article
10 (the surrender of the interned Russian
warships) was also passed, not, in the
opinion of one of the plenipotentiaries
wnemuue .assomaiea ure
&&imBtim tonIgnt. because Jft coCld ot
a- 'j -Jtf v I
have been, arranged, but because, with
the shadow of the two main points In dis
pute hanging over the conference, both
sides were cautious and preferred to
postpone it to the end. Article 2 (limita
tion of sea power) is also adjustable after
modification, and article 12 "will present
no difficulties. So that tonight the situa
tion was practically "where It was when
Mr. Wltte last Saturday presented the
Russian reply with Its non-poumus to
articles 5 and S (indemnity and Sakhalin).
Only Chance Is Compromise.
The only chance now Is compromise
Russia to yield Sakhalin, and Japan in
demnity. Neither will yield both, and per
haps Japan at the final show of hands
will yield neither. Mr. Witte, under tho
imperial Instructions given him before he
left St. Petersburg, can agree neither to
pay war tribute nor cede a foot of Rus
sian 60il. St. Petersburg, therefore, in
the last resort, remains to be heard from.
Doubtless this- is tho reason why he
favors a postponement over Sunday.
Baron Komura probably will welcome an
adjournment of two days In order that
he also may lay the situation before his
government before its final decision.
The sudden revival of deep pessimism
tonight was induced by the statements
given out, when the plenipotentiaries re
turned to the hotel that no progress had
been made today. But to those on the
Inside that was not surprising. Things
have gone smoothly enough, only the
impasse had been reached there had
been the glint .of cold steel i nthe confer
ence chamber. And the few words Mr.
Witte said to Ahe foreign newspaper cor
respondents were as usual not encourag
ing. He looked tired, and said nothing
had been accomplished.
"Tomorrow," he said, "will finish arti
cles 11 and 12."
"What then?" he -was asked.
"Then -we will go to dinner," he replied,
as he excused himself to go to dinner
with Assistant Secretary Pelrce.
No very great hope was vouchsafed in
the Japanese camp.
Roosevelt May Do Something.
"We are not bluffers," said Mr. Sato,
and from an authoritative source the As
sociated Press correspondent received a
distinctly bad impression regarding the
outlook. It was coupled, however, with
an expression of the hope that, if it de
veloped that the conference was going to
pieces, President Roosevelt might again
step In.
"We have beard that the President,
having brought us together, has washed
his hands of further responsibility. But
he is resourceful. He might do some
thing." "What?"
"That I cannot say."
The Japanese view was explained.
"We came asking only what we wanted.
Our terms wore moderate. The world
thinks so. It looks bad. I say so; I be
lieve so. But the conference may yet be
saved from shipwreck. Mr. Wltte has
been gracious. He has done what ho can,
but he has a future at home to consider."
. Russian Envoys Confer.
A very Important conference occurred
in Mr. Wltte's rooms Ihortly before mid
night. There were present Baron Rosen,
the Russian plenipotentiary, and Mr. de
Martens, Genera Yermoleff, Mr. Poko-
tlloff, Mr. Shipoff and Captain Boussln,
the five Russian delegates. It Is the first
lime a full meeting of the plenipoten
tiaries had been held since the conference
began. The preliminary discussion of
the Japanese conditions is already virtu-
ally -ended. It Is not improbable that the
Wlnal report and recommendations of the
xyissian plenipotentiaries was passeu uu
and transmitted tonight to the Emperor
at Peterhof.
It can be stated that Individual views
of the members of the Russian mission
differ as to -what point should be yielded
If a compromise ds to be offered. Some"
favor the surrender of Sakhalla.fipthers
an indemnity. None is ready" tar give,
up both, points
: - -7- .
i . K,-
Railroad Question Cannot Be Settled
f "Without Hej- Co-Operatlon.
PORTSMOUTH, N. H., Aug. 17. China
has at least constructively become a party
to the negotiations. Artlcle'T, relating
to the transfer to China-Of the branch of
the Chinese Easteff railroad. runnlngJ
.nih frnm TTnrMn urhtfh vfls acrroed tOll
by the peace plenipotentiaries "In prin
ciple", yesterday. Involved, perhaps, la
theWlrial settlement -prolonged ana com
plicated negoUationaetBejiCJbiaid
Japan and the 32)dn government, .and
tRussIa. Russia nas agreed, to-gurrender
the road to China and gAveupJhf-r conces
sion obtained In 1898, b'StTxihiria roust as
sent, and assent means whejnust agree to
remunerate the Russian government,
which guaranteed the bonds for the build
ing of. the road, In an amount hereafter
to be determined. Japan also has her
claim for the rebuilding of the road de
stroyed by the Russian army, the recon
struction of bridges an -change of gauge.
The matter remains primarily to be ad
justed -by Japan and ..China,, and It is not
unlikely that the former is already In
communication with the Pekln govern
ment.' The long dispatches sent by Baron
Komura to his government on this sub
ject after .yesterday's session makes this
probable. Possibly an answer from China
Is essential to final agreement upon aril--
cle 7, and this may bethe true reason -for
postponement after "accord In principle
had been reached.
"Where China Comes In.
China's JWsh to be consulted concerning
artIcles.-of.ihe treaty affecting her .terriv
tory mustr-be respected in this particular,
at least. China may not care to assume
th flnaiiclal burden involved ln5aKlng
over th? road. She certainly coulSnbt
raise the money without hypothecating
the property. If Japanls convinced .that
the road, will eventually become a paying
commercial veure,ffihjnlght herself ad
vance the money, or It might be raised
for China by an "International syndicate
and become a part of the system of Chi
nese imperial railroads. If not, Japan
may, and probably would, for the present,
steg into Rusalas shoes, although she has
'polemnly promised China to restore Man
ohnrin nnH to rrtflin the. railroad would
be toV retain strategical oontrohfof Che
The amount Russia will rcallxe-ia Jnv
fusible. teSfenStSL jSjtfSlll anIS&ifoUj?
otrtmiy a comparauejy aii traction oi
the sum piiured Into it. By the terms of
the concession, China had the privilege
of taking over the road at the ond of 35
years upon the repayment of capital, con
struction and deficit charges. Japan rec
ognized that Russia was entitled to some
remuneration. But the basis is not known.
The Russian claim was founded on the
principle of international law that a bel
ligerent occupying territory can exercise
the right of usufruct of private property
during occupation, but cannot confiscate
it as a spoil of war.
Russia Backed Railroad.
Mr. Wltte. In whose brain was born
the conception of the Chinese Eastern
railroad, was particularly competent to
defend the rights of the company, which
Russia claims Is distinctly a private cor
poration, although making no concealment
of the fact that It was backed by the Rus
sian government because of political con
siderations. The original concession ob
tained In 1899 for tho Chinese Eastern.
then simply the "cut-off" through North
ern Manchuria, was obtained by the late
M. Rothsteln, director of the Russo-ChI
nese Bank, and Prince Ouktomsky, and a
company was formed for the construction
of the road. In 189S. after the lease of
Port Arthur and Tallenwan (Dalny), was
obtained from China, the concession for
the southern branch was negotiated. It
provided for a Chinese president of the
road, and Shlng Kuchln, who had been
the Chinese Minister In St. Petersburg.
was president until he fell a victim to the
anti-foreign Boxer uprising In 1900. The
bonds Issued with the railroad guarantee
were sold like government 4, per cent
rentes, and are now In the hands of tho
banks and general public like regular gov
ernmont obligations.
Although the loss on operation has been
heavy, the Russo-Chlnese Bank always
believed It would be come a remunerative
concern. One of the big extraordinary
Items of expense was the necessity of
maintaining railroad guards. The south
cm branch, which now goes to China,
gave especial promise of being very profit
Hayashl Argues She Could Not Con
tlnuc "War With Success.
LONDON. Aug. 17. Baron Hayashl
Japanese Minister to Great Britain, said
to tho Associated Press today that the
pessimistic dispatches from Portsmouth
were not worthy of consideration.
"If the war continues," said he, "our
forces will capture Vladivostok and Har
bin, taking by force territory of greater
value than the payments demanded by
Japan, after which our army will en
trench an advantageous line, from which
It jfc-lU require "treble the number of the
enemy to dislodge us.
"We do not fear the threat proplalmed
In Inspired articles that the war -will be
come popular In Russlav-oEven If It
should, how can the vast army necessary
to drive us back be sustained by a .gov
ernment that is unable to obtain foreign
loans, while its attempts at home meet
with only partial success, and famine and
disaffection exist through the country.
"The inspired dispatches contend that
the Russian people would not suffer a
sacrifice of Sakhalin, but-the retention of
Sakhalin by Japan Is a greater point of
honor to tho Japanese. It was once an
Integral part of the Japanese empire.
Coscludea on Pace 5J
riimun nnunrn
President Decides on Special
Mission of ex-Ambassa-ddrto
Recalled From Mexico, Conger Has
Conference on Boycott of Amer
ican Goods-Thompson to
. - Gojito Mexico.
OYSTER BAT. Aug. 17. EdwlmH, Cen-
'geri of Iowa, formerly United States Min
ister to China, and slnco- last April the
American Ambassador tb Mexico, will re
turn to China lnHhe near future, if prea-
ont plans are "carried Into effect. His mis
sion will be of a diplomatic nature, the
specific purpose of which is to -allay ,lf
possible, the. agitation aroused In parts, of
the Chinese empire against e 'use1' by
Chinese of American products.
. . T--ir .
.air. conger, wno nas Deen.scarceiy more
than three months at his new post In tho
City of Mexico, was summoned .to the
United States to confer with the President
about the Chinese boycott of American
goods. He had a Jong -conference with
the President today. While neither the.
President nor Mr. Conger .cared to discuss
for 'publication the nature of their inter
view. It Is known ' that ?hoAmbassador
'wTll not return to Mexico. and tliat ar
rangements are making- for his projected
mission to?PekIa.
Stands "Well With -China.
Mr. Conger spent eight years -In China
s the American representative. Helis
wellkfjowniand popular among the offi
cials of the Pekln government, and Is In
fluential also among the Japanese, who
arewregarded as likely to play an import-;
anf role in tuo international affairs of
China from this time forward. Whlleidefi
nlte details of the projected mission are
lacking at this time, it is known that
Mr. Conger's presence In China will affect
In no respect either the position or duties
of TV. W. RockhlU. the American Min
ister. - - "3 Jr-fe- -
-Alter 5hi conjereficeAtatnii.njBiygreslaeat
i&gain -re-r
jnseIo'tfnqulrfus concerning his visit
"It would be Improper for ne," he
Tlie Weather.
TESTEUDATS Maximum temperature. 75
dep.; minimum. 00. Precipitation. O.efi et
an men.
TODAY'S Fair and warmer. Nerthweat
Peace Conference.
Envoys fail to aeree on further article.
Page 1.
Crliis will be reaohed today and conference
adjourn to Monday to await Instruction.
Page 1.
Sato ays llooserelt may aid to settle dis
pute. JPace J.
De Martens argues against indemnity.
Page 1.
Haj-aahl says Japan will win If war It re
newed. Pago X.
Britain and Germany on point of breaking
relation. Page 4.
Report that Jews threatened to prevent teaaa
to Russia unless rhe gives them equal
rights. Page S.
Ambassador Conger going to China to end
boycott. Page 1.
Shonts tra plenty of money for canal work
till Congress meets. Pace- 4.
Wood clc-aring up differences with Govern
ment en Malheur project. Page 3j
Reciprocity League to be organized for dual
tariff. Page L
Railroad Commissioner accuses high railroad
official of perjury- Page S.
Drawing for claims on Uintah reservation.
Page 4.
Cruiser Chisago and gunboat Bennington
have accident at San Francisco. Page 1
Virginia train runs Into open draw, drowsing
many negroes, l'age .
Yellow fever breaks out In new points in
Gulf States. Page 4.
Operators will vote on calling oS strike.
Page 1.
Seals defeat the Giants. Page 7.
Pacific Coast League scores: Ban Francisco
3. Portland 2; Los Angeles 1. Seattle 0
Oakland 7. Tacoma 1. Page 7.
. Pacific Coast.
Seattle woman, threatened with arrest, near
ly dies of fright. Page e.
Fires In the Cascades east of Albany are
cnecxea axier a struggle, .rage o.
Lawyer Collins calls only on the dead as hi
witnesses. Page fl.
Masked man forces stage passenger to pass
the bat near Son Mateo, CaL Page 0.
Bristol Bay run of salmon Is larger than
can bo handled. Page 6.
Big deal on In hop market. Page 13.
Oregon prune crop one-.thlrd of normal.
Page 15.
Actlre trading in stocks in opening hour.
Page IS.
Dragging wheat market at Chicago. Page IS.
California grain standards fixed. Page 15.
Harrlman places heavy orders- for rolls.
Page 15.
Log raft Impedes navigation. Page 7.
Steamer Leggett arrives for another piling
raft. Page 7.
Steamer St. Paul expected to arrive early
this morning. Page 7.
Lewi and Clark Exposition.
Metropolis of the West celebrates. Page 1L
San Francltco day at Fair. Page 11.
Louisiana and Tennessee unite at the Cen
tennlal. Page 1L
Illinois, the great state of the Middle West,
has day at the Fair. Page 1L
Portland and Vicinity.
J. L. AndersoaMf- Kansas City, who had
been employed In Portland, murdered near
Bonneville. Page 3.
Tr&ns-Mlsrlsslppi Congress favors a deeper
Columbia. Page L
Committee work Is well under way at the
Congress. Page 10.
Thursday sessions at the Trans-Mlssissippt
gathering. Page 10.
Co-operation by municipalities Is the keynote
at the Civics Conference. Page 14.
Van Dran mystery yet unsolved. Page 16.
Heavy damages asked of Hume. Page 14.
Special policemen ready to give battle to
Mayor, Page 14,
sara.""to discuss for publication my
talk wKh the" President. We did con-
sidenjthe9aJect of the boycott of
AnlarlfeaJSpjoSrS In China which I un
det5Pd 3 rather serious. The boy
colt Iknow very little about, as It de-
eloped after I left Pekln. but I should
assumjL that vlt 'might be a matter that
la, so Mr astfie agitation is concerned.
well wlUiinttbe control of the Chinese
v e r nnTp al.X-O I -course, the govern
ment couldLdtoUind very likely would
not If It could, compel Its citizens to
buy American goods; but it could and
probably would say to the Viceroys of
nrovlnees where tho ant I-American.
agitation was making Itself felt, that
it roust. stop, .ana it uum aiuy, iuu.
In. such a respect the Chinese are the
most easily controlled people in the
world." ,
A mono- Vir. ti1cctj dlsCUSSCtl bV the
President andSr". Conger was that of
the" HanUow jlcrfUV-rjyrtnir between
Canton and Hankow. Mr. Conger
strongly depreeaTed the feMnqulshment
of the ro.idrjinuits. con.-esHions even
for a large ckconslder jtlon. "What
the American-SfiMna, Development Com
pany may do as to the sale of the prop
erty tothe'Chlnese'. government prob
ay'wlll be 'announced In a few" days,
but It Is suggested that Mr. Conger's
proposed mission to China very likely
has an Itnnortant relation to the Han
kow Rallroadquestlon.
Thompson Ills Successor.
It Is expected that-Mr. Conger will
be succeeded as AmCrtcaji. -Ambassador
to Mexico by D. E. Thompson, who Is
now Ambassador to Brazil. Mr.
Thompson Isa. resident of" Nebraska,
and was appointed. Minister to Brazil
with, a view, to Buying him a more Im
portant dlpl6m.iipost when the op
portunity o'ffcre4jp,i Subsequently the
American mIsslop5,'BrazIl was elevat
ed to an Ambassadorship. Mr. Thomp
son, it Is knownjghasvexprcssed a deslro
to represent thsJtSlted States in Mex
Ico, and that detis likely soon to be
Denies He YiH3cceod Shaw at the
OYSTER BAYSflRug 17. Postmaster
General and Mrs. GObrge B. Cortelyou were
guests for a few hours today of President
ana Mrs. itooseveii. tne postmaster
General, who Ik onjfils vacation, and Mrs.
at their home In J:mpstfad. L. I. Mr.
Cortelyou does
expect to return to
(Washington until
ut the middle of
Mr. Cortelyoi
d thereport lhat he
had been- sele
succeed Secretary
of the Trcasur
Result Known by Noon Today Tan
qnary "Thinks Success Yet Pos
sible Attitude of Ronds.
SPOKANE, Aug. !S.-SpecJal.) Prelim
inaries to calling off the strike of the
railway telegraphers on the Great North
ern and the Northern Pacific Railroads
woro commenced last last night. At 12:30
Deputy President Tanquary, having
charge of the Wcstorn division -of tho
fight, received this telegram from Presi
dent H. B. Perham, at ScPnul:
"Take a vote by wire from strikers of
your district. Ascertain whether or not
strike shall continue. Wire me result.'
"I shall take the vote early In the morn
ing and we shall know the result by
noon,' said Mr. Tanquary.
"President Perham of course had been
conferring with his associates on the ad
visability of calling for this vote, and my
advice was to take the vote. However, I
oeucve .mat tne strike will be sustained.
If the men will stay out, the railways
can't- get enough men In a year to restore
things. On this division there were 160
mombers of tho Order of Railway Teleg
raphers, .now n are out. only 15 failed.
Outside of them, the Northern Pacific
has not been able to get ten first-class
men. We- consider tho Great Northern
and the Northern Pacific as one road
and I don't think we would divide them
In ending thelfctrike."
Alfred Beamer, superintendent of the
Northern Pacific, when asked what the
attitude of his road would be in case the
strlko was called off,- said: "There are
some of the men we would take back, and
some that we would not."
Will Flglit to Limit Committee.
Power to Accept Gifts of Money
Such as Rockefeller's.
BOSTON, Mass.. Aug. 17. Special.) A
resolution which will take from the execu
five officers of tho American Board of
Foreign Missions of the Congregational
Church the power to accept gifts of
money, and which is aimed particularly at
John D. Rockefeller, Is to be Introduced
by Dr. Washington Gladdan at the annual
meeting of the board to be held at Seattle,
September 1 to IS. Strong pressure will
bo brought to bear by the ministers who
fought the acceptance of the famous
Rockefeller gift to have tho resolution
Officers of the board consider 'the sub
ject of the gift of nW.OuO closed and, as
the money has been appropriated for va
rlous uses In the mission field, they con
sider they 'are Justified In saying so. It
has been learned, however, mat a strcn
uous effort will be made to govern the
board In the future In the collection of
funds .for mission work.
ZICRlcr Relief Steamer Returns.
BERGEN, Norway, Aug. 17. Tho
Arctic steamer Terra Nova, which, un
der the command of William S. Champ,
sMrtrv of tha late William Zelgler.
rescued Anthonj Flala and the other
members of the Zelgler polar expedi
tion, sailed today lor Lonaon.
Advocates of Reciprocity Or
ganize Against the .
t Standpatters.
Conference Adopts Plntform and De
cides to Organize for New Pol
icy After Cheering Iowa
Statesman's AVords.
CHICAGO. Aug. 17. The reciprocity con
ference, called to devise means of better
ing the trade relations between the United
States and foreign countries, finished Its
work today, arranged for a committee to
prosecute the plans of the convention and
formed a permanent organization styled
the "American Reciprocal Tariff League."
The "committee, which will consist of 15
members to be appointed by the chair,
was given full power to organize and pro
mote the work for which the convention
The resolutions adopted advocate max
imum and maximum tariff as a means of
relieving the situation with which this
country Is confronted and suggest that
such reciprocal concessions be arranged
by a permanent tariff commission to be
created by Congress and to be appointed
by the President.
The principal speaker at today s ses
sion was ex-Governor A. B. Cummins, of
Iowa, who. In a speech full of fire and elo
quence hurled defiance at the enemies of
reciprocity! He brought the audience
under his spell and, except when Inter
rupted by the uproarious applause, he
held full sway for three-quarters of an
hour. Oother seakers were Edward Rose
water, of Omaha; ex-Mayor W. C. May-
bury, of Detroit; A. B. Farquhar, of Penn
sylvania; s. Jr. Hower, ot Wisconsin; iu.
S. Lockrldge, of Indiana, and a dozen del
The first speaker was A. B. Farquhar,
of Pennsylvania. At the conclusion of his
address the chairman called for'the report
of the committee on resolutions, and
Chairman EL N. Foes read the following
Plntform for Dual Tariff.
Th National Tteolproelty Convention, repre
prntinsr more than 2C0 agricultural, commer
cial and Industrial associations of the united
States by del-gate assembled, at Chicago,
August 16 and 17. 1005, hereby maKta tno
fottoTvlnc declaration of principles:
Whereas, the agrieu.tural, roanuractunns
aa4 other Industrie? of this jcountry have ex
paaded to such an extent that they can no
longer depend upon the home market for the
consumption of their entire product;. and.
Whereas, the export trade has become a
vital rapport to roanr of our Industries; and.
Whereas, the present osunerclal attitude ot
the United States, largely owing to our fail
ure to carry Into effect the reciprocity trade
provisions of Section IV ot the Dlngley law.
le antagonizing foreign nations whose good
will we desire and on whom we have hitherto
depended as purchasers of our surplus prod
ucts'. Therefore, he It
Remlved. first. That this convention, recog
nizing the principle of protection as the e
taMlshed policy of our country, advocates
reciprocal concessions by mean of a dual or
maximum and minimum, tariff aa the most
adequate and practical method of relieving the
strained situation with which we are now
Second, that the question ot tho schedules
and Items to be considered In such reciprocal
concessions preferably be suggested by a per
manent tariff commission to bo created by
Congress and appointed by tho President,
which oball eonnlst of economic, Industrial
and commercial experts.
Third, that It Is the sense of this conven
tion that our present tariff affords abundant
opportunity for such concessions without In
Jury to Industry, trade or tho wage ot labor.
Fourth, that we urge action upon Congress
at the earliest time poselWe.
We recommend that a permanent organiza
tion be formed under the strle ot American
Reciprocal Tariff League; and that a com
mittee of 15 be appointed by tho chair to
have full power to organize and further pros
ecute the work for which the convention has
assembled. Said committee shall have power
to Increase Its membership and to fill va
cancies when necessary.
Respectfully submitted. s
E. X. F03S. Massachusetts.
A. H. SANDERS Illinois.
A. B. FARQUHAR. 'Pennsylvania.
W. H. HARRIS. Kansas.
' W. H. HATTON. Wisconsin.
Committee on Resolutions.
Hosewater a Standpatter.
Edward Rosewater. editor of tho Omaha
Bee. was Introduced. He said he was sec
retary of the committee on resolutions of
the Republican National Committee of
liD0, and wished to contradict the state
ment made In the reciprocity convention
that the Republican party In its plat
forms of 1000 and 1901 had pledged Itself
to a revision of the tariff, and that it had
violated Its pledge. He said:
The Republican party's greatest pledge was
a continuance of prosperity and we have got
It. (Applause.) Now. the question Is. ore we
at the crossing of the roads, or are we not on
the- upward trend to the highest degree of-
prosperity thte country Is capable of navingz
But remember that there are methods of
reaching the Republican Congress that must
be pursued" by you here today, or you are not
coins: to accomplish very much, lou cannoc
accomplish It by denouncing the tariff as a
graft. There is graft In church and there is
graft In Masonry and other fraternal organ
izations, but you could not denounce the
church or Masonry because, men have been
found in the ranks who ore grafters. There
Is graft, of course. In connection with the
tariff, but aa a principle the protective sys
tem has built up the Industries of this coun
try, and It Is because of the great Invasion of
great American Industry to all ports ot th
world that you have had the trouble which
you are called together to consider. Ton never
would have been here but for the fact that
J1.500.000.C00 ot American products have found
their way Into foreign countries within the
past year.
I believe In carrying out the letter and spirit
of the Constitution, that reaches these oues
tlona by reciprocity. I do not believe you can
, do it by a double atandard. That Is precisely
what you propose here, the double standard of
tariff, which means simply a. minimum tariff,
and nothlns else.
Cummins Issues a Challenge.
Governor Cummins, of Iowa, was the
next speaker. He said:
J. for ose, have a deep and abiding confi
dence in the judgment of the plain, common
people, and X want to settle this question In
the good, old-fashioned way. Let us fight
It out before the people. If we lose, let us
abandon the attempt, and If we win, let those
who are skulking In the shade of concealment
retire to the places that are appointed for
cowarda and traitors to the pollcle? ot our
Government. Wo must meet It In one of two
ways retaliation or reciprocity. On thin ques
tion the stand-patters have raised the banner
of the former and we march to the music of
the latter.
Many people think that this question Is con
fined to treaties with particular powers. bt
It Is not so, for It can be accomplished through
general tariffs a well as through special
agreTnent. Indeed. It can be truly said that
with u. If attained In the near future. It
must be attained through a general law by a
revision of our schedules, for It has been
clear to the dullest mind that no trade treaty,
however advantageous to the people ot this
country, can command two-thirds of the Uni
ted States Senate. It Involves always and
Invariably, whether attained In the one way
or the other, some change In oar Import da
ties, and here the trouble begins. The protec
tive tariff was 'not originally Intended to
exclude com petition, but rather to create com
petition. With schedules arranged with any
fair regard for this definition of protection.
reciprocity would be already secured and re
taliation would be the weapon with which to
punish any country that refused to deal fair
ly with us. There Is no conflict and can be
none between protection and reciprocity. It
Is Just as essential and Juat am beneficial
to our producers to preserve and enlarge thetr
markets abroad as It Is to preserve and en
large their markets at home.
The folly of maintaining a tariff echedtile
that will enable us to-U $1000 of manufac
tured merchandise In our own markets, bt
which will prevent the sale of $10,000 of man
ufactured products In foreign markets is so
striking that It con only be explalnod upoa
the hypothesis that we have surrendered to a
senseless fear of disturbing commercial tran
quility. The demand we make Is not new.
The men who today are the exponent of the
fftand-pat theory of government aro not pro
tectionists, they are exeluslonbts.
The first step toward reciprocity la to plant
deep la the minds ot the people the truth
that many of our schedules are too high und
should be reduced, to create a sentiment that
duttea can be changed without Imperilling
business stability. So long as It is a popular
system that makes the home consumer pay
more than the foreign consumer for the same
product from the same factory, there Is no
hope for reciprocity. I appeal to the protos
tlonfeits of the United States to stand by the
old doctrine, to follow Blaine and Garfield.
Sherman and MeKlnley, and not to confound
the time-honored and time-tried policies ex
emplified In those leaders of men and leaden?
of thoiight with the selfish fallacies that are
now proslalmed as the faith of the fathers.
After several brief speeches the report
of the committee on resolutions was taken
up. The ilrst resolution was amended by
agreement of the committee to read as
Resolutions 3fnde Stronger.
Resolved, first. That this committee, rec
ognizing the principle ot protection as the es
tablished policy of our country, advocates
Immediate reclDroiial concessions, by nvas of
a dual or maximum and minimum tariff, as
the only practical method of relieving at this
time the Ft rained situation with, which we ore
-Representative Holiday, of Indiana,
moved that the second resolution be
stricken out. This motion precipitated a
spirited discussion In the midst of which
the convention adjourned until afternoon.
When the convention reconvened for the
afternoon session, the question of the for
mation of a permanent organization was
again taken up. A resolution was adopted
as follows:
Wo recommend that permanent organization
be farmed under the style ot tha American
Reciprocal Tariff League, and that a""coraralt-
tee or 10 oe appointed ny tne cnair to navo
full power to organize and further prosecute
the work for which the convention had as
sembled. Said committee shall have power to
Increase Its membership to fill vacancies when
necessary. That tho chairman be requested to
confer with the committee on arrangements
nnd the various organlzaUons represented t
this convention, and take the time needed far
the proper selection of suitable members.
With the adoption of this resolution, the
conference' adjourned sine die.
Ill-Fated Gunboat and Goodrich's
Flagship Ram One Another After
Chicago Has Been Ashore.
SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 17. Tha cruiser
Chicago, flagship of the Pacific squadron,
flyln- the flag ot Admiral Goodrich, went
aground close to the lighthouse and fog
signal station on Angel Island, In this
harbor, today. She came from San Dlego
with tho disabled gunboat Bennington In
tow ond accompanied by the Navy tug
On entorlng the habor, she steered for
the Mare Island Navy-yard by way of
Raccoon Straits. A 'strong ebb tide was
running, and in the current the tow-line
on which the Bennington was trailing
parted. Tha Chicago then took a sudden
sheer for tho land, ana oerore nor neau
way could be stopped, she ran her bows
upon the beacn.
The Bennington, on her momentum
sailed ud close to the stern ot the strand
ed vessel before her anchors took hold
Then she swung to the current, safe, but
dangerously close to the rocky beach of
the Island. The tug Fortune soon got a
line to the Chicago' and succeeded In pull-
lnsr her clear ot the bottom, but when
she came off she took a sheer that sent
her straight for the anchored Bennington.
The current of the tide carried her down
across the bow of the anchored vessel
and there was a smashing of metal when
they came together. Then- the two ves
sels, afoul of eacn otner, went uruun
on the tide.
Botn of the war vessels were consider
ably damaged.
Funeral of Bennington Seamen.
VAXX.EJO. Cal., Aug. 17. The funeral
ot Seaman E. B. Robinson, one of tho
victims of the Bennington disaster, who
was a son of Mrs. Emma Robinson, of
Oakland, was held today from St. Peters
Chapel at the Mare Island Navy-yam
with full naval honors. Chaplain lie
Allister officiated and an address was de
llvered by Rev. Mr. Angwln of the Meth
odlst Church. Admiral McCall and other
officers of the Mare Island Navy-yard at
tended. A quartette from the Lawtoa
sang. The pallbearers were sailors of
the Independence, headed by Lieutenant
G. W. Browne.
Sweeps Marshall Islands, Followed
hy Great Tidal Wave.
SYDNEY, N. S. W., Aug. 17. Con
firmatlon of the report that the Mar
shall Islands were visited by a hurri
cane and tidal wave on June 30 has
been received here. One hundred lives
were lost. .
Major Langfitt Tells
What Is Needed.
Speakers Criticise Methods in
Second Session Marked by Address
on Needs of Columbia Oriental
Commerce, in Which Ex
clusion Ijaws Figure.
Committee on xesolutlens meets to
consider Chinese exclusion In Chapman
School at 0 A. M.
Congress meets In Bxpoaltlen Audi
torium. 0:30 A. M.
Addres. David R. Francis, president
Louisiana Purchase Exposition.
"Development of Mines and Mining."
J. H. RIehards. of Boise, president
American Mining Congress, Colonel
T. W. M. Draper, of San Francisco;
E. lit Benjamin, president California
State Mining- Association.
"Home Manufactures," H. D. Love
land, of. Son Francisco, president Pa
cific Coast Jobbers' and Manufactur
ers' Association.
"American Scenery and Its Influence
on the World'B Travel." Rr. Roland D.
Grant. Vancouver. B. C.
"Livestock . Interests of the Trans
MtsslsAlppl Region." T. H. Torallnson.
ot Denver, secretary National Stock
growers Association.
Evenlnjr, 8 o'clock. AdmLlon Free.
Illustrated lecture. "The Yellowstone
National Park." Barry Bulkley. un
der auspices of the Interior Depart
ment. Auditorium.
Need of liberal appropriations from
Congress for the Columbia River is ob
vious to the Trans-Mississippi Commer
cial Congress and when Major W. C.
Irftngfltt, United States Engineer, spoko
yesterday before that body on tho bene
fits which adequate appropriations would
bring and pointed out tho results tho
United States Engineers couid attain, tho
congress manifested Its approval with
hearty applause. A resolution, calling on,
the National Government to hasten Im
provement of the waterway will be urged
by the "Washington, Oregon and Idaho
delegations In the Congress and no doubt
will be adopted.
Leaders of tho congress in the last two
days havo frequently remarked that tho
further Improvement of tho Columbia
River is the most Important river and
harbor work beforo the Government on
tho Pacific Coast and one of the most
important In the United States, and they
say this whether they come from Texas,
where Galveston and Houston need ap
propriations; or from Louisiana, whero
New Orleans requires a deeper Mississip
pi and a. more extensive leveo system Is
needed; or from Missouri, Iowa, Nebraska
and tho Dakotas, where the Missouri
River Is In need of better channel, or
from the Upper Mississippi region, which
desires a better water highway to St,
Depth on Bar Increased Four Feet
Major Langfltt's remarks wore confined
entirely to the Columbia River, projects
for which he has had in charge many
years, until his recent transfer to Wash
ington, D. C. The congress listened In
tently to his address. He pointed out
especially tho want of permanent chan
nel Improvements In the Willamette and
Columbia Rivers between Portland and
tho sea, calling attention to tho need of
permanent dykes as substitues for
dredges. Major Langtltt also pointed out
that there should be no stoppage In tha
Jetty work at the mouth of the Columbia.
He showed that the recent extension oC
the Jetty has added four feet to the bar
depth, but said that in order to finish,
the breakwater, "the sum of $550,000 la
needed In addition to the 5300.000 author
ized but not appropriated by tho last
session of Congress." Continuing, he re
marked :
Demand Less Than Others.
"The necessity of this improvement Is
almost self-evident. There is now but
IS feet at mean low water on tho bar.
"Vessels aro Increasing In draft each year
and the delays which are caused by lark
of depth and roughness of bar and which
could be largely reduced by deeper chan
nel, prevent the largest carriers from,
frequenting this port.
"The funds desired are small compared
with the benefits to be derived and aro
equally so when compared with approp
riations for other somewhat similar ports.
Thus, the total appropriations for tho
Columbia River entrance, to July 1, 1903,
aggregated only J4.425.745.S1, while those
for Mobile bar and harbor aggregated $3,
017,647.60; Savannah bar and harbor, 57,
5G9.973.05, and the Galveston bar and har
bor, 53,733.123.66.
"That work on the Jetty should pro
ceed without stoppage Is most Important)
from the standpoint of early results a3
well aa that of economy and It Is hoped
that? funds will soon be forthcoming, for
the reason that money now available cr
authorized will be expended by the end
of the calendar year.
Chinese exclusion, as rigidly enforced
CConcluded on Page 10.)