Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, August 10, 1905, Page 8, Image 8

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    8
THE MORNING OBEGONIAN, THURSDAY, AUGUST 10, 1905
Entered at the Poetofflce at Portland, Pr.,
an second-class matter.
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PORTLAND, THURSDAY, AUGUST 10, 1005.
A FEW WORDS WITH MR. IIARRIMAX.
Mr, Harrlman's explanation for fail
ure by his railroad system to pay any
attention whatever to Oregon during
many years Is substantially that he
had more Important things to do. At
torney Cotton's explanation, In effect.
Is that it is because the United States
Governent has collected $4,000,000 for
.irrigation purposes In the State of Ore
gon and has not spent it here, and that
the Columbia River Is not as deep -as it
ought to be, and the long-forgotten
State Railroad Commission was a ter
Tlblo thing; and Attorney Fenton like
wise is much concerned about a 40-foot
channel at the entrance of the river.
The two "Billies" are great on team
work.
We rather prefer Mr. Harrlman's ex
planation as being the most relevant
and reasonable. We haven't the slight
est doubt that he states, from his
standpoint, the simple and exact truth.
In something like five years he has
raised and disbursed the immense sum
of $180,000,000 for Improvements in road
bed and rolling stock, for enlargement
of terminals and for other similar pur
poses related to Increased facilitation
of business along lines already built
All this is interesting, and shows what
Mr. Harriman has done and can do.
Having under way such vast projects,
it is quite understandable why he
should th,ink that the extension of a
few branch. HneB In a remote and un
important state like Oregon was no
great matter and there need be no
hurry about it, even after he had said
he was going to build one or more of
them. But, nevertheless, since from
Mr, Harrlman's statement -we have, for
the first time, an adequate conception
of his enormous financial resources and
the great range of his interests, it
might have seemed worth his while to
quiet the ceaseless clamor of a people
as loyal to his system as the people of
Oregon by devoting a small fraction of
this gigantic sum to doing for them
what he and everyone else knows
should long ago have been done. It Is
useless to multiply figures, but it is
proper to say to Mr. Harriman, and to
the attorneys who so valiantly cham
pioned his policy of neglect and forget
fulness, that the people of Oregon con
tributed no inconsiderable share of this
5180,000,000 to the coffers of the Union
and Southern Pacific systems, and tbey
lind that a very small part of It has
"been returned to this state even for so
laudable a purpose as improving trunk
lines.
It may be said; to Mr. Harriman in
all earnestness that Oregon desires and
has always desired to work in harmony
with him for development of the state,
but it certainly feels that It has a right
to receive fair and considerate treat
ment from him "and his representatives.
It has always been ready to do Its full
share. But it is not now and never
was willing to accept accountability for
the sloth and Inertia which have
marked all Harriman enterprises In
this state for many years until a very
recent period and it resents, as it
should resent, the effort of his paid
local oracles to convince him they cer
tainly knew they could convince no
resident of Oregon that there is noth
ing here worth building any railroads
for, and that the Harriman lines might
as well pull up stakes and move overj
to Puget Sound unless something is
done for the Columbia- River some
thing only inan indirect way connected
with any possible plans of the Harri
man railroad lines.
We take it, -from their Temarks at
the Harriman banquet, that Attorneys
Cotton and Fenton are both greatly
concerned about the open Columbia
River for its entire length, and they
seem to think that the people of Oregon
are directly responsible for the fact
that we have not now a. great water
highway 1000 miles long from Lewlston
to the Pacific Ocean. Mr. Cotton and
Mr. Fenton rebuking the people of Ore
gon for their lack of energy In opening
up the Columbia River is a spectacle
altogether novel and refreshing. In
deed, it is to laugh. ,
While we are on this subject, it may
as well be 6aid that the people of Port-,
land have done somewhat more than
their share in keeping an open river
from here to the sea, having raised and
spent from first to last for that pur
pose something like $1,500,000. They
have built a portage railway at The
Dalles, and they have worked valiant
ly, unremittingly, obstinately, deter
minedly, in season and out, for the
building of the canal at Celilo, and be
cause of their unceasing agitation for
that great project it looks now "as if
they had succeeded In getting it. These
.are thingB Oregon has done for itself,
and no railroad for It.
If The'Oregonian has presented these
matters to the public with some spirit.
It is because it has felt that Oregon de
served to be placed In a correct attitude
before Mr. Harriman. We think It im
possible that he can have understood
heretofore how much in earnest about
Its own Industrial Interests and the de
velopment thereof the people of this
state are. Nor does he seem to have
appreciated at Its full measure of value
the desire of his patrons to be on
friendly terms with him. To quarrel
with Mr. Harriman is not likely to be
productive of great good to Oregon, and
possibly not to.hlm. We do not want It
We hope he does not want it. But the
time Is here for frank speech. That is
the reason The Oregonlan makes IL
-WILL EUROPE INTERFERE T
In their first Important foreign war
the Japanese gained every land battle
and destroyed their enemy's fleet. This
war was fought with China. .The treaty
which closedSlt gave Japan control of
the Chinesje territory which her armies
now occupy; but Russia, Germany and
France Joined in an ultimatum which
required the Island empire to give up
Port Arthur and withdraw from the
mainland of Aula. Russia then took
possession of Port Arthur and soon
afterward acquired Manchuria by her
own peculiar diplomatic methods. Ger
many and France obtained footholds on
the Chinese coast. England followed
suit, though she was already estab
lished at Hongkong, and the break-up
of the Chinese Umpire was well under
way when Secretary Hay Interposed.
But for his vigorous diplomacy China
would not be an Independent nation to
day. These facts are known to everybody.
The motives of the three nations which
united to coerce Japan are not fio fa
miliar to the world. All three acted
from pure selfishness, but Russia, with
long-sighted cunning, made the greed
of France and Germany subserve her
own ambition. That ambition was to
absorb the Chinese Empire as she had
already swallowed up Siberia and Cen
tral Asia, and, with the overwhelming
forces she would then control, to con
quer India and dominate the whole
world. Toward that end Russia
marched without a check until the
Japanese War broke out All Europe
was fascinated and paralyzed by her
insolence and apparent power. Con
stantly .preaching the beauties of peace,
Russia was steadily eating her way into
the Celestial Empire, both from the
west and the north, while at the same
time her agents were gaining control of
its business and finance. The small
concessions to "her allies upon the coast
could easily be disposed of later.
If the Emperor William suspected
the enormous ambition of Russia, he
felt able to develop his own schemes of
world-wide power rapidly enough to
checkmate her. His aspiration for Ger
many was then, and is now, exactly the
same as that of Pobledonostseff and
the autocratic clique for Russia. To
displace England as the great colonial
and commercial empire was only part
of his plan, but that part required a
base in Eastern Asia, and this Russia
readily conceded to gain his support
against Japan.
As for France, she Joined the coali
tion from a double motive. It was, for
one thing, a safe and efficient way to
please her ally. France was at that
time Isolated. She scarcely ranked as
a first-class nation, and Russia was her
only friend. The mere invitation to
Join the coalition flattered her self-esteem,
but It also promoted her interest,
for France dreaded then, as now, the
development of a great Oriental power.
The fear of the "yellow peril" is real
in France, though Americans smile at
it; and there is much in history to
Justify her fear; but her Immediate dis
quiet was on account of those colonies
in Southeastern Asia which would lie
at the mercy of the Mikado unless his
power were shorn.
Since the date of that coalition of
Russia, France and Germany against
Japan, the world has changed. William
has pressed steadily forward developing
the colonial power of Germany In Asia
Minor, Africa, all over the earth; and
wherever he went he found England
already established as a hindrance and
menace to his ambition. Just as the pio
neers of French and British expansion
used to meet and fight along the St
Lawrence and the Ohio, so today those
of Germany and England are face to
face In Eastern Africa, in Persia and In
China, Britain, not Russia, Is William's
dread, but he is quite willing, for all
that, to see the power of the Czar wane,
provided it does not wane too much.
Germany has schemes working out .in
Turkey and Persia which are no more
pleasing to Russia than to England;
but on the other hand, the utter down
fall of the empire of the Czar would
bring on a revolution in Prussian Po
land. William, therefore, will counsel
Nicholas to make peace, and he cares
little what the terms are. Russia has
nothing to offer him to pay for inter
vening, while France would now decline
to join in a coalition to coerce Japan.
France is no more friendly to Japan
than she was ten years ago, but she Is
much less dependent upon Russia and
in much better relations with England.
Edward VII negotiated an understand
ing with France soon after his acces
sion, which events have not weakened.
English Influence is strong in Paris,
and it is both anti-Russian and anti
German. The smoldering hostility be
tween France and Germany has also
blazed up of late on account of Wil
liam's aggressive acts. Thus the mo
tives which drew the two Emperors and
the young apd feeble republic toward
an alliance ten years ago have almost
disappeared. France still worries over
her Oriental colonies, but she has
learned that Japan is less dangerous to
them as a friend than as an enemy;
while, more than for her colonies, she
trembles for her great Russian loans,
which the approach of revolution
imperils. Peace means safety to
those enormous investments; therefore,
France is for peace, and the terms con
cern, her little.
Add to this that Japan has now the
active support of England and the
moral support of America, neither of
which counted in the previous crisis,
and It Is difficult to see why she should
not impose whatever condition?? of
peace she pleases upon her beaten ene
my. Russia has no right to expect
those conditions to be easy. She
brought on the war by her reckless dis
regard of treaties, promises and plain
justice. She has been utterly defeated,
and now she must take the consequences.
ARCHBISHOP CIIAPELLE.
The church adds one more name to
the long roll of her martyrs. The hu
man race .glories in one more example
of absolute devotion to duty. The re
turn of Archbishop Chapelle to share
the peril and alleviate the sufferings of
his stricken flock will excite no wonder
In his church; for there Is no record of
plague or famine when the cry of his
dying people, has not called the good
priest home He heard the call and
obeyed It and out of his love he came
upon his death. The church will say of
him that he died like a priest; the
world, that he died like a hero; and
the praise of the church will be of the
finer significance.
In these high examples of the priestly
vocation like Archbishop Chapelle there
is a quality more excellent than the
hero's courage. The saints and sages
of all times have called it the secret of
happiness; the prophets have pro
claimed It as the remedy for evil; the
Savior taught it as the way of salva
tion in this world and in all worlds. In
the struggle for place and money we
forget that it exists. The cynic, watch
ing the harsh turmoil of labor, com
merce and war, thinks he can prove
that it Is not and never was; but the
priest, dying among his people, restores
our faith in love and its transcendent
efficacy. His deed redeems our Nation
and our age from the reproach of harsh
materialism. Archbishop Chapelle In
his life and in his death shows that
now, as always since the first days of
the church, there are men ready to
deny themselves, to follow the Master
in his hardest teaching, and demon
strate by their deeds that his precepts
are practicable, not merely in some
ideal world, but here on earth.
Archbishop Chapelle was a great prel
ate, a high dignitary in the church and
a man of surpassing ability in large
affairs. His activities in Baltimore,
Washington and in the missionary field
are well -known. He earned the grati
tude of the United States Government
by settling the ancient quarrels between
the friars and their tenants in the Phil
ippines. He attained to a goodly age in
noble service and died as a priest
should die, ministering to his flock.
WHAT CONDITIONS DEMAND BAIL
ROADS? Serious differences are exposed be
tween Mr. Harriman and his lieuten
ants and spokesmen, on the one hand,
and the whole people of Oregon, on the
other hand. The railroad men say that
tbey have built railroads wherever
there has been settlement Oregon re
plies that 59,000 square miles of her 96.
000 area are still without railroads, and
will remain, even if all the proJectsMr.
Harriman and Mr. Cotton foreshadow
become facts. How oan It be disputed
that from the margin of the Columbia
south to the California border, east
from the Cascades to the Snake, not
one through line of railroad is even
thought of by Mr. Harriman? The only
attempts to help these settlers with
their crops and products are the little
stub roads from the Columbia to Hepp
ner and Condon, and the Blggs-Shan-lko,
or Columbia Southern road, that
Mr. Harriman was driven to buy, and
has held untouched from the time he
secured control until now. Today the
promise Is made, or repeated, to extend
this road southward to Bend. If this
Is done a tract 216 miles long from
Bend to Ontario, on the Snake River,
is left. In this 216 miles west to east
and Its north-and-south distance of
200 miles, He Crook, Harney and
Malheur Counties, with at least
half a million acres of Irrigable lands,
including the Harney Valley, 75 miles
by 35; the Malheur country, with Its
valleys and farms, where land is now
selling at from $40 to $75 an acre; the
great cattle and sheep ranches, such
as the French-Glenn ranch, now under
contract to the Co-operative Federa
tion, with Its 100,000 acres of irrigated
and irrigable lands.
Klamath and Lake Counties are to
pass, then, unnoticed, and Oregon is to
surrender them to California.
If Mr. Harriman, the Oregon presi
dent, has closed eyes to the demands
and possibilities of this splendid region,
Mr. Harriman, the California president,
can see three lines of road being pushed
from his road into these counties. Sup
pose Oregon does lose, suppose Califor
nia gains, all the trade and traffic of
one of the richest districts of Oregon,
what then. The Southern Pacific loses
nothing, for she "catches 'em a-comln
or a goin'."
For years the cry of the coast coun
ties has risen. What can a railroad
ask? Timber? We have miles on miles,
where each one will load 1000 cars?
Farm products? We have butter and
cheese, and fruit and wool, and cattle,
and hops, and honey, and cascara bark,
and Ash, and hides. Is this all? No,
for here are soil and climate which in
vite to new Industry. Have you min
erals? Coal and iron, fire-clay, building
stone, granite, marble, placer mines,
quartz mines, copper. Why, then, have
you not had railroads before? Because
until recently only the Southern Pacific
was In touch or sight and they never
talce it in hand to build until some one
else shows clear signs of coming in.
DANDELIONS FOR FOOD.
A page in the August number of the
Country Calendar is devoted to the
dandelion, not as a pest but as a food
plant waiting to be placed with spin
ach, the herald of the Spring's largess
in green things tempting toAhe palate.
In this number of the Calendar is a
half-page picture showing the dan
delion tinder cultivation. Needless to
say. the plant differs greatly in appear
ance from the vagrant of lawns and
roadsides. It is not the vagrant hang
ing on to the skirts a plant of society
but the well appointed guest, having
a standing in the vegetable world and
winning Its way to commendation
through the stomach. Hear what a
writer, accredited as authority upon
the subject, says of this despised plant:
The dandelion to not very widely grown, bat
deserves more attention. The best market
are Boston and the eurroundlng cltlot and
towns. Aa we go outside New England the
demand for It decreases. This vegetable U
easily grown and has some advantages over
crlnach.
The writer goes on to say that from
Eowlngs made In June or July, a crop
will be assured the next Spring and
will sell readily for a dollar a bushel,
and that even at 50 cents a bushel the
dandelion can be grown with profit.
Most housewives "have experimented
with this plant for food In a small way
in the early Spring. But as yet no
green grocer among us has offered it
for sale, and no market gardener has
ventured to cultivate It
Since we are assured by this very
reputable magazine, which makes green
and growing things a specialty, that
when properly cultivated, the dande
lion is equal to spinach as a Spring
delicacy; that when blanched like celery
It makes a delicious salad and that it
can be grown with profit we may look
with favor upon It and sigh for the
time when its winged seeds will be
gathered and sown In orderly rows in
stead of being left to sow themselves
broadcast and take vigorous root where
they are not wanted.
Several months ago The Oregonlan re
ferred to the Central Oregon region and
the coast region as an "undiscovered
country." It seemed at the time an
Inappropriate term to apply to a sec
tion of Oregon, scarcely more than a
day's drive from the populous section
of the state, and yet the development
of the next few years will demonstrate
that the words used were entirely ap
plicable. Railroads across Central
Oregon and to Tillamook, Coos and
Curry counties will open up those re
gions to settlement and the transforma
tion that will result will be amazing.
The people of the Willamette Valley
have no adequate conception of the
wealth of resources ia the coast coun
try from the mouth of the Columbia
to the California line. A few localities,
where harbors have made Industrial
dei'elopment possible, are already well
known, but other portions of the state
west of the summit of the Coast Range
are entirely unknown, though abound
ing In wealth of timber and productive
ness of soil. The thousands of hills
facing the moist winds of the Pacific
yield pasturage twelve months In the
year and the time will come when their
fame will be surpassed, If at all, only
by that of Eastern Oregon and lands
upon which water has been turned.
Formal requests from trade organiza
tions of Eastern Oregon and Washing
ton cities to the O. R. & N. Co. for a
train to leave Portland about midnight
seem to be based on a natural demand.
Curiously, the railroads centering at
Portland in putting on additional local
trains have waited for petitions instead
of anticipating the needs of the interior.
A notable instance Is the Sunday train
on the west side to Corvallls. which
paid from the very start, and proved
the need of Its service. While earnings
of new trains are problematical, there
is hardly a doubt that the one asked
for by the rapidly growing district east
of the Cascades will more than pay Its
way.
If the weather bureau stations, else
where In the United States, are con
ducted on the same lines as those In
Oregon and Washington with which
the business community Is familiar,
extreme difficulty will be encountered
in making any charge of scandal hold
against Professor Willis Mobre, who is
at the head of the department The
work of Professor Moore and his asso
ciates in this district has been the moat
satisfactory ever given by the weather
bureau and something more than mere
rumors will be needed to convince the
general public that there has been any
wrongdoing in the weather bureau de
partment of the government service.
There Is an old-fashioned police meth
od of running a vagrant or pickpocket
or other undesirable citizen out of
town. It seems to have lost its vogue
In Portland. Therefore, we may expect
to have a succession of burglaries,
hold-ups and thefts until there Is noth
ing left to steal or nobody left to hold
up, or until Chief Grltzmacher "reor
ganizes" his detective force. Mean
while we are likely to hear any day of
some sensational crime that will arouse
the public to the need of action, and
the police to doing their duty.
AH Washington County, and the state
as well, will felicitate Dr. C. L. Large
on his auspicious marriage. After hav
ing done so much for others in the line
of pure philanthropy, it Is natural that
It should occur to the good doctor final
ly to do something for himself. In
offering our congratulations to Dr. and
Mrs. Large, we do not venture too
much, we hope. In the announcement
that they are undoubtedly the best
pleased couple In the world.
Court tale-bearers at Berlin have
been carrying to the ears of the Kaiser
untruthful stories of nasty personal
things King Edward has been saying
about him, whereby the comity between
nations Is disturbed. Methods of back
biting village gossips evidently are ef
fective around the German throne, else
the matter would not have been treated
seriously by an Influential London
newspaper.
Figures on Washington's estimated
population given out from Olympla by
the Secretary of State are more than
Interesting. The rapid growth of some
of the interior towns will surprise no
one more Jban the inhabitants them
selves. Our neighboring state is march
ing ahead in seven-league boots; still
there is no need to exaggerate.
' "I care not," said the famous Sam
Ward, lobbyist "who makes the argu
ment before a Legislature, just so you
leave the wining and the dining of the
members to me." He never made the
blunder of Inviting his friends to a
feast in order to lecture them.
Now comes the semi-official an
nouncement that Secretary Shaw will.
begin working next Fall for the Pres
idential nomination in 1908. If he fail,
no one can blame him for making a
late start
Crossing wires and deranging the
service at Spokane will not aid the tele
graph operators in their strike. No
labor cause is promoted by an act that
puts human life in Jeopardy.
William Travers Jerome will run In
dependent for re-election as District
Attorney for New Tork. Now we shall
see how much New York likes being
reformed.
What does Mr, Harriman want with
a 40-foot channel at the entrance to the
Columbia? He Is doing very little to
utilize the 24-foot channel.
Automoblllsts are not the only men
who can scorch these days.
0REG0N OZONE
A Mlssourlan has discovered & method
of raising corn without Irrigation even
In the dryest weather. He plants pota
toes, onions and 'corn In the same
patch. The onions bring tears to the
eyes of the potatoes In such quantities
that the roots of the corn are kept
moist and a big crop results. It Is a
wonder that some one did not think of
thid simple method long ago'. Tho ears
of the corn must have been stone deaf
not to have heard of it
At a recent church gathering one of
the ministers protested against the
singing of those beautiful words:
Have yeu had a kindness ahown?
Pans It on. raia It on!
in Sunday school to the familiar tune
of
Here's to good eld Tale
Drink her down! Drink her down!
It is quite evident that a song censor
is needed in that Sunday school.
A London newspaper, with the larg
est circulation In Great Britain, has
been calling upon King Edward every
day for two weeks to step down from
the throne and let tho people establish
a republic. Still we sec no cataclysm of
monarchic wrath smiting that editor.
King , Edward sits placidly upon his
throne, smokes his customary brand
of cigars, reads the dally papers and
the tuppence-hapenny magazines, en
joys 'life and lets other folk enjoy life.
What matter If one Journalist ba dis
satisfied wltn King Edward? Let him
be. That doesn't worry His Majesty.
Edward is a good King; he attends
Btrlctly to his own business, lets other
men attend to the public business, and
thev world wags on. If an editorial of
the sort mentioned had appeared in a
German or a Russian newspaper, the
whole establishment, from the editor-in-chief
to the office boy, would now
be clanking chains, gnashing teeth,
raging and Imagining vain things.
Which shows how much better It is to
be English If you want to revolute.
When Mr. Kalusna, of Evanston, Ill
grew tired of married life and sold his
wife to his friend. Mr. Stephenlac. Mrs.
Kalusna made no objection. She pre
pared to leave her unhappy home and
go with her purchaser; but when she
learned that she had brought only $5,
while the household furniture was of
fered for sale at $59, she flatly re
fused to be sold. The lady was quite
right Surely no gentleman of gal
lantry will Insist that she was a spite
ful creature, though disobedient she
was. No self-respecting wife should
permit herself to be appraised at a
mere one-tenth toe value of the house
hold furniture.
We have the word of the Sacrnmento
Union that "Luther Burbank has opin
ions not only on the culture of plants,
but also on the culture of children."
Since Mr. Burbank has produced tho
spineless cactus and the thornless
rose, may we not hope that he may
produce the 6quall-less Infant?
How to Live Long.
In a book just published by a New
Tork physician there Is a list of 16
rules, which, if followed closely, will
insure long life. Here are some of
them, with comments:
"Live in the country." This Is excel
lent advice. Rent your three-room flat
to the peanut-stand man on the next
corner, or lock It up for the Summer,
and spend six months In your-bungalow
at the seashore or in the mountains,
or at your Italian villa a few miles
outside the city. The country life, with
Its round of golfing, autoing. yacht
ing and other innocent diversions, will
fortify you for your six months of
store-clerking or street-carrlng.
"Change your occupation often."
Good! Quit working on the railroad
at $L25 a day and work at bank presl
denting for a year or so; then make
another change and become president
of the Equitable, or go and dig the
Panama canal, or manage the New
Tork Subway. A constant clinging to
one occupation Is too monotonous.
"Allow no pet animals in living
rooms; they are apt to carry about dis
ease germs." Very wise advice, and
this is intended for the rich. Keep tho
Angora cat in the cellar with the vege
tables, and make the poodle pup stay
in the kitchen. Also, hang the parrot's
cage out on the front veranda, so that
Polly's prattle may drive the neigh
bors to the woods which will do them
good.
Here follow a few more rules for
long life, which are not In the book:
Hide in the fence corner when the
Grim Reaper begins to whet his scythe.
Quarrel with all the undertakers In
town and determine that you won't
patronize them.
Don't worry about dying; living has
worries enough to satisfy any reason
able person, and the worries you don't
use yourself you can give to your
friends.
The Fields of Far Awny.
Ho, for the Fields of Far Away!
Let us go back there, brother mine;
Let us return for a dream and a day.
Back where the beckoning vistas
shine;
Out where the -road leads forth and far
Into the Bourne of the Days to Be;
There where the wraiths of our mem
ories are, ,
Lifting a finger to you and me!
Down in the Fields of Far Away,
How are the loved ones holding out?
What are the old folks doing today?
What are the boys and the girls
about?
Still docs the mother 3lt and croon
Ballads of love to the brother wee?
Still does the father's fiddle atune
Stir with its melodies you and me?
Lo! in the Fields of Far Away,
"Father's asleep andth6 grass above!
Mother bless her! Is bent and gray.
Let us go back, and take our love;
For you are the brother once so wee.
And we ate the children that used to
play.
Mother Is waiting for you and me.
Back, in the Fields or Far Away.
ROBERTUS LOVE.-
At Saratoga.
Springfield (Mass.) Republican.
The Saratoga season opens with the
"hd" clear off. as they say. At the races
Monday $250,000 is said to have changed
hands in the betting on the Saratoga
$10,000 handicap. And at night all the
gambling joints In town were wide open
and full of. business. Governor Hlgglns
says that If the lid is off It ought to be
put back on again, but he will wait for
an official notification, and then give
the village authorities a chance to act
first
WHY THE SUMMER IS HOT
This Pioneer Snya It la Dne to the Absence of Smoke, Which Temper
the Sun's Rays Hot Days In Formev Years.
ALBANY. Aug. S. 1305. (To the Editor.)
It Is the common remark that we are
having a dry and hot Summer without
precedent In the history of Oregon since
the first settlement. I'll admit that It is
perhaps the warmest weather continuous
ly I ever remember of experiencing, due
mainly to one cause the absence of
smoke thanks to our laws and the faith
fulness of the Forest Rangers.
The Summer of 1S73 was a very dry
one, but smoky, so much so that it was
the common saying that the smoke was
virtually the making of our crops in
that it tempered the sun's rays.
The Summer, of 1SS3 was also very dry.
and the longest term of smoky weather
ever known as my memory recalls. It
extended from early in May to about the
15th of September.
I was at the Warm Springs Indian
Agency, and remember how. morning
after morning wo could see the "sun
spots" on the sun without the use of
smoked glass. Only a few times that
Summer did a south wind, for a day or
two, drive the smoke northward and
give a clear sky. The fires were on the
Cascade Mountains, Ksouth of Mount Hood
and sometimes a strong northwest wind
brought the cinders of leaves, etc.. some
40 miles to the agency. September 1, of
that year, I was In Portland with some
Warm Springs Indian warriors, who took
part in celebrating the completion of the
Northern Pacific Railroad. It commenced
raining that night and ended the 3moky
season.
Going back to "pioneer days" I remem
ber that in Oregon City where we then
lived during the Summer of 1S49. it was
so smoky that we could hardly distin
guish the houses on the opposite side of
Main street. The fires that year were. I
think, mainly in the Coast range and
western Polk and Benton Counties.
I have heard some oldtlmers declare
that the heat was so intense that it
cooked the oysters in Yaquina Bay, a
pretty "hot" story.
During the Summer of 1966 a terrible
forest fire raged in the Coast mountains,
northwest of Forest Grove. Washington
County. Night after night during the
harvest days, we could see from Fred
Grove's place the blaze of the burning
timber around the headwaters of Gale's
Creek. The Summer of 1S5G was very,
dry. so much so that the grain crops
were almost a failure. Here In Linn
County, old settlors tell me that when
cradling the short strawed-graln It would
pull up by the roots. We had no machin
ery then for harvesting grain, save
some "chaff pliers" to do the thrashing,
a machine for threshing, but not win
nowing the grain. We usually tramped
out the grain with horses. That year
(1S59) after excessively cold, stormy
weather during February and March, it
cleared up the first of April, and from
that on to in August we had only a few
light showers. The night of August 3
it commenced raining and gave us four
days of heavy showers, but did no dam
age to speak of. From that on we had
a beautiful Fall and an open Winter.
The third and fourth of July, 1S66. were
extremely warm days. Company B, First
Oregon Infantry, was then on the home
ward march from Fort Boise, Idaho, and
on those two days made the march from
the Payette River to the Welser River.
The afternoon of the fourth a thunder
shower came up and tempered the weath
er. If I am not mistaken it was September
the 13th, 1SSS. that was called the "dark
day" In Oregon. There were fires in the
Cascade Mountains, westward from
Mount Hood. There wa8 a very strong
wind from tho northwest, so much so
that it carried cinders to Dayton, Yam
hill County, and our place three miles
south of that town. It was so dark that
breakfasts were eaten that morning by
lampllght as late as 8 o'clock.
The days of forest fires and smoky
weather are, we may hope, well over
even though there have been many more
seasons when smoke was thus a bless
ing. Taking one year with another we
have no need of smoke to hide, what we
may call, our "Italian skies" in order
to temper the Summer's heat. Judging
by the past wo may expect a refreshing
rain toward the last of this month, and
give us added cause for thankfulness
that we live in "God's country," as the
Willamette Valley was ofton named by
those delving years ago In the mines of
mountainous Idaho. Ours is "God's coun
try" now and we call it "Peerless Ore
gon." , CYRUS H. WALKER.
RICH MINES OF JOSEPniNE
Salt Lake Expert Tells of What He
Sees in Southern Oregon.
GRANT'S PASS. Or., Aug. 6. (To the
Editor.) A trip through Josephine
County has shown me the wonderful
mineral resources of this southern
portion of the state. From Sucker
Creek to Schelly Creek, a distance of
35 miles, Is a well mineralized belt,
which, when opened up. should equal
any metal-producing district In the
West- Comparatively few mines along
this belt are in operation, the principal
being the Briggs property, the Takil
ma Smelting Company's properties and
the Monumental mine.
From the first over $30,600 In gold
nuggets has been extracted and the
construction of a stamp mill la In
progress.
On the Monumental 30 men are at
work and a large body of gold-bearing
iron sulphides has been opened up.
over 50,000 tons of ore are In sight
averaging $12 pef ton. Extensive tests
are being made at different reduction
works to determine the most econom
ical method of treating the ore.
The principal mining district, how
ever. Is that In the vicinity of Waldo,
where the Waldo Mining & Smelting
Company and the Takilma Smelting
Company are working their proper
ties. Tne principal mine is the
Queen of Bronze, from which 5000 tons
of ore have been shipped to the
Takilma smelter this season, and
about 5003 .tons more are in sight
ready for shipment
The Takilma smelter consists of a
42x96 Holthoff blast furnace, supplied
with air from a No. 4 Connersvllle
blower, and ha3 a daily capacity of 158
tons. A complete sampling mill, elec
tric light plant and pumping system
have been Installed and work has been
carried on since June uninterruptedly.
The superintendent of the plant Is
W. S. Keith. E. M., a well-known Brit
ish Columbia smelter-man, who has
practically solved the successful treat
ment of the alumina-magnesia ores of
Southern Oregon at the Takilma
smelter The matte produced is shipped
to Tacoma for conversion to blister
copper. Thft coke used is mostly ob
tained from the Wilkinson Coal Com
pany, of Wilkinson, Wash., though a
small portion of Belgium coke is also
burned.
From the excellent showings already
made It is reasonable to predict that
the Illinois River mining district of
Southern Oregon will equal any of the
older districts in the West
E. REYNOLDS. E. M.,
Salt Lake.
HERE'S A NICE SKIN GAME
How an Illinois Visitor Was Held
Up in a Barber Shop.
THE DALLES. Or., Aug. 9. (To tho
Editor.) I am tarrying here for a few
days after a visit to your Exposition,
which I regard as matchless for beauty
and merit But after reading the Ore
gonlan concerning the bunco man I
thought a brief note might enable some
one to profit by my experience, which.
by the wayt was very small compared
to that of. others. My theory has been
that there is no danger of these ani
mals of prey if a man, day or night,
would just "keep in the middle of tho
road."
But I am convinced that this old
rule of safety is a back number in
this age of" "frenzied finance" and
"commercial strenuoslty." When I
landed at the Union Depot in Portland
I thought I must put on my "best bib
and tucker," so as to represent my
Illinois to advantage, for I surmised
that Portland and the Exposition had
that estimate of the State of Lincoln.
Grant and Logan. So I first Inquired
for the street-car line for the Exposi
tion. Walking toward it from the, de
pot on the left-hand side of the street.
I came upon what seemed to be nn av
erage barber shop that was at that
time in charge of a white and colored
man, the white seeming to be In
charge. I had been a patron of the
tonsorlal calling for about 40 years,
and as a rule the service has its scale
of prices the world around. I got a
shave and shampoo, when the barber
suggested a "tonic" for my hair that
would keep it in good condition after
it dried. When I was brushed I put
my hand in my pocket for a half dollar,
when he stopped the performance by
putting in my hand a ticket calling for
95 cents. I looked about for the "cash"
man. but seeing none, he said, "Just pay
it to me" and I did. Now. that Is a
very small bunco, but I put it down in
my account book "bunco No. I." It
was an ordinary shop, an ordinary
service, but far above the average in
the grade of its "hold up." "Keep in
the middle of the road." day or night,
but we must keep our eyes open all
the same. I feel that my pocketbook
was the safer after that, which had in
It the amount that others, more unfor
tunate, lost.
The good advice of the best person
heaven and earth ever knew is appli
cable in Portland Just now: "Watch."
I. VILLARS.
Pastor M. E. Church, New Lenox, 111.
WHAT UTAH HAS DONE.
Has Remembered Jefferson in His
Great Work of Discovery.
PORTLAND. Aug. 8.-(To the Editor.)
The Sunday Oregonlan illustrations of the
various state exhibits at the Fair are
both interesting and Instructive and are
a timely move in the right direction. Not
the least attractive Is that of Utah. Its
educational exhibit, to which attention
was not attracted by the Sunday article,
particularly that from its manual train
ing schools, admonish us that the older
states of the West may have much to
learn from the younger, and suggest
whether or not-our own school system,
with Its "higher education." might not
well be simplified into more practical
lines.
I write to say, however, that Utah has
quietly and unostentatiously reminded us
tbat In our apotheosis of Lewis and Clark
we have unconsciously Ignored the master
spirit of our invasion of the Northwest
In the collonades of the Government
building Is a tablet by which we are told
in substanco that Jefferson supplied tho
country. Lewis and Clark showed the
way. With this exception. I find no em
phasis of Jefferson's conneotlon with tho
historic event which we are honoring,
save as furnished by Utah. Over the en
trance of the Utah building (which, by
the way, in its exterior Is a reproduction
of Washington's Mount Vernon home) is
a fairly good plaster bust of Jefferson,
flanked on either side by like busts of
Lewis and Clark. Beneath is a fac-slmilio
reproduction in part of Jefferson's final
letter and Instructions and authority to
Captain Lewis, writ with his own hand,
as ho describes It, "to give more entire
satisfaction and confidence to those who
may be disposed to aid."
It has remained to Utah to supply that
which seemingly has been overlooked by
us. ZEBA SNOW.
Where Are tho Portland People?
PORTLAND. Aug. 9.-(To the Editor.)
I have greatly enjoyed the fine concerts
given by the present band at the Expo1;
sltion In the evenings when it is cool and
pleasant. I am unable to understand
why there is not a greater percentage of
that 110.500 Portland people going, turn
about, so that there is a good audience all
the time. I can assure them they are
missing .some very fine music and "a pro
gramme'varied to suit any taste. It may
have been a mistake for the management
to grant a concession for reserved seats
near the stand, but. as it has done $p; I
think they will be much better patronized
than they are. If the management will be
more liberal with the free seats placed
advantageously. If they get a good crowd
there, the patronage of reserved seats will
certainly Increase and It will not be nec
essary to help them In ways which tend
rather to drive people away from that
vicinity. I hope to see larger and appre
ciative audiences in the evenings from
now on. made up of people who live here
as well as visitors.
ROBERT C. WRIGHT.
A HUMANPRESIDENT.
Chicago Evening Post
It means much to the country, doubt
less to have a strenuous President; it
means much more to the country to
have a human President. The United
States has a human President.
Theodore Roosevelt made a visit to
the crippled children's hospital at
Coney Island. One of the elements of
strength In Theodoro Roosevelt lies In
his doing such things unheralded. Not
a whit would he have cared If the news
of his visit to those stricken children
had never found Its way beyond the
walls of the Institution.
It was the intensely human side of
Theodore Roosevelt that sent him to
the bedsides of the suffering children.
No American ever thinks twice about
the President's motives where his heart
is engaged. Is it not this above all
else that gives him his tremendous
popularity? It is the heart strength
of the man that people depend upon
to keep his head right.
The President heard of the children
at Coney Island from Jacob Rils. his
friend, another man of human Impulses.
Sympathy sent him to see the cripples,
and his visit was a tonic-. The hospital
patients and the President felt its
upbuilding effects.
One child called him "papa." It was
a sound that was no stranger to his
ears. What the President said to the
child was Inaudible, but every parent
can supply the words.
Hypocrisy hides its head In the front
of Theodore Roosevelt's humanity. His
human side Is hs best side, and it
makes the people hold to him.
AVord to the Wise Is Sufficient.
Starbuck Star.
There Is a black, lawless Holstetn cow
roaming the streets of Starbuck that is .
creating a lot of ominous comment and
excitement among our natives, and, un-
less she reforms and ceases to rlddla
shade trees and fences, and upset houses
and overturn sidewalks, she 13 liable, tp
awake some balmy, glorious morning and'
find herself In a lamentable state of,
chaos. A malicious, accomplished brute'
she Is, highly educated In all the arts
that go tq make a villainous and de
splsable cow. Endowed with a 30-lnch
tongue, and the power of balancing on
her hind feet, she can easily reach the
top-most branches of any tree In the
state; consequently, after one of her as-i
saults, there is little left of her victim5
but history and roots. For the benefit of
cow and owner, this article j published.
No charges.