Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 9, 1905)
-THE MORNING OREGONIAN, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 9, 1905.
Entered at the Postofflce at Portland, Or.,
at second-class matter.
INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE.
(By Mall or Express.)
Dally and Sunday, per year
Dally and Sunday, six months 5-00
Dally and Sunday, three months 2-5j
Dally and Sunday, per month -5
Dally without Sunday, per year 7.50
Dally without Sunday, six months 3.80
Dally without Sunday, three months... 1.05
Dally without Sunday, per month .65
Sunday, pr year - 2-0
Sunday, six months , 3-00
Sunday, three months
Dally without Sunday, per weelc -15
Dally, per week. Sunday Included .20
THE WEEKLT O RE G ONI AN.
(Issued Every Thursday.)
Weekly, per year. t.50
Weekly, six months-
Weekly, three months 50
HOW TO REMIT Send postofflce money
order, express order or personal check on
your local hank. Stamps, coin or currency
are at the sender's risk.
EASTERN BUSINESS OFFICE.
The 8. C. Beckwith Special Agrncy New
Tork. rooms 48-50 Tribune building. Chi
cago, rooms 510-512 Tribune building.
KEPT ON SALE.
Chicago Auditorium Annex. Postofnce
News Co.. 17S Dearborn street.
Dallaa, Tex-GIobe News Depot. 200 Main
San Antonio, Tex-Louls Book, and Cigar
Co., 521 East Houston street.
Denver Julius Black, Hamilton & Kend
rlck. 006-012 Seventeenth street; Harry D.
Ott, 1503 Broadway: Pratt Book Store. 1214
Colorado Springs, Colo. Howard H. Bell.
Dee Moines. Ia. Moses Jacobs. 309 Flitb
Goldfleld, Nev. C Malone.
Kansas City, Mo. Ricksecker Cigar Co.,
Ninth and Walnut.
Los Angeles Harry Drapkln: B. E. Amos.
tU West Seventh street; Dlllard News Co.
Minneapolis M. J. Kavanaugh. 50 South
Third; L. Regelsburger, 217 First avenue
Cleveland, O- James Pushaw, 307 Superior
New Tork City L. Jones & Co, Astor
Atlantic City, X. J. Ell Taylor, 207 North
Oakland. Cal. W. H. Johnston. Fourteenth
and Franklin streets.
Ogden F. R. Godard and Meyers & Har
top, D L. Boyle.
Omaha Barlcalow Bros.. 1612 Farnam:
Mageath Station try Co., 130S Farnam; 246
South 14th; McLaughlin & Holtz, 1515 Far
nam. Sacramento, CaL Sacramento News Co..
420 K street.
Salt Lake Salt Lake News Co.. 77 West
Second street South; National News Agency.
Yellowstone Park. Wyo. Canyon Hotel,
Lake Hotel, Yellowstone Park Assn.
Long Beach B. E. Amos.
San Francisco J. JC Cooper & Co.. 746
Market street; Goldsmith Bros.. 236 Sutter
and Hotel St. Francis News Stand;
X,. E. Lee. Palace Hotel News Stand; F. W.
Pitts. 100S Market; Frank Scott. SO Ellis; N.
Wheatley Movable News Stand, corner Mar
ket and Kearney streets; Foster i Orear,
Ferry News Stand.
St. Louis. Mo. E. T. Jett Book & New
Company. S00 Olive street.
Washington. D. C P. D. Morrison. 2132
PORTLAND. WEDNESDAY, AUG. 9. 1005.
DUX ON DOLLARS.
It is only very lately that any Judge
of an American court would have dared
to side so openly with plain, old-fashioned
honesty as Judge Dill does In his
interview wfth an Oregonian reporter.
The bench, so ran our code of judicial
ethics, must show no preference for
virtue over vice, or for honesty over
dishonesty. Its only function was to
make rulings on points of law, solely
viith reference to their technical cor
rections, and absolutely ignoring -what
the effect might be on the morals or the
material -welfare of the country
Nor was the judge at liberty to decide
a question of technical law on its mer
its; his decision must go to the lawyer
making the better argument. His own
professional knowledge, as well as his
conscience, -was ruled out. He became
a mere machine to register degrees of
expertness In .chicancery and cunning.
Occasionally, in that period now al
most past, some judge -would weary of
the part of automatic counter in a
game of rascality and try to reassert
something of the historic power and
majesty of the Anglo-Saxon Judiciary.
Instantly the domineering autocracy of
greed was upon him with all Its weap
ons of malignant attack. He was an
anarchist, a socialist, a foe to society;
and, worst of all, he was an enemy to
business, For under this vanishing
regime, business on the large scale was
often such that every man pretending
to conscience or honor was of neces
sity its enemy. The bench cowered and
submitted. "The public welfare is the
highest law," the ancient and whole
some maxim of courts of justice, was
replaced by another. "The welfare of
the suitor able to employ the sharpest
lawyer Is the highest law." Anglo-Saxon
law has been largely created by judges
seeking .the public welfare through in
tricacies of precedents and forms;
American Judges began to abdicate this
Imperial function. There was a notable
lapse in our courts .toward sterile scho
lasticism. The technical point, the
hair-splitting, the infinitesimal prepon
derance of cunning logic was every
thing; the broad, human justice of the
case was nothing. Even equity lost its
In American history this -period may
come to be known as that of the abase
ment of the courts a period when they
were manifestly unequal to their duties.
A time of mobs, audacious criminality,
and frequent failures of justice. It is
passing, but it is not yet gone. Our old
Ideal of the Judge as one who prefers
a sharp rascal to a dull saint is so per
sistent that Mr. Dill's pronounced par
tisanship for right. Justice and the pub
lic welfare strikes one as something
almost improper. He has taken sides.
He is going to exercise tils common
sense and follow his own conscience.
What an extraordinary; figure he will
make upon the bench! The "coolie mil
lionaires" whom he speaks of will not
be likely to lose much time In making
him sensible of his singularity.
BUt Judge Dill has . Internal satisfac
tions which will outweigh any con
ceivable burden of abuse. He belongs
to that noble band, celebrated in Im
mortal sermons by President Roosev'elt,
who heroically prefer to serve their
country rather than to keep on growing
richer and richer in private business.
Mr. Dill modestly belittles his sacri
fice. He says "After a competence is
reached, great wealth -doesn't mean
very much." But this is the language
of magnanimous humility. We all know
that great wealth does mean much. It
means a white robe and a harp of gold;
It means the adulation of college presi
dents; it means monkey dinners and
paragraphs in "Town Topics." All this
Mr. Dill, like Mr. Root, has foregone,
and for no reward except the honor of
public service. In former times men
have esteemed this honor above all
riches as the highest reward of ambi
tion. "Washington served his country
many hard years for ho salary at all.
Pitt wasted his fortune tor the- public
good. "To die for your native land is
a fine and noble deed," wrote the an
cient poet Why Is it that we Ameri
cans wonder so at a man who thinks
it nobler to be Judge over us than to
make money? Judge Dili explains why.
"Dollar worship is making us a race of
coolies. Coolie lawyers, coolie preach
ers, coolie millionaires, all money
slaves." In our surprise that any man, like
Dill or Root, should give up a great
Income for public office, we beautifully,
but unconsciously, express a very be
coming sense of our own unworthlness.
"What a queer man he is," we say, to
give up a big business for the sake of
any honor we can confer, we miserable
creatures." Then we laud him as a
martyr for his self-sacrifice. I any
other nation in the world so truly
THE HARRIMAN BANQUET.
We may as well be frank with Mr.
Harriman and say to him that his
banquet last night did not at all serve
to bring him In closer touch with the
business community of Portland. The
fault did not He with his guests; nor
can it be said that Mr. Harriman was
not a gracious and pleasing host. The
trouble was wholly in the obvious fact
that there was a purpose on the part
of the railroad orators. Including Mr.
Harriman, to make the people of Ore
gon partners in the uniform policy of
neglect and indifference which has
marked the course of the' Harriman
system In this state, and to hold them
primarily responsible for the railroad
failure to open up vast areas of pro
ductive territory. The Oregonian will
not say that this effort wa impudent;
but it will say that It was, under the
circumstances, and in view of facts,
rash and astonishing. The failure of
the United States government to ex
pend immediately In Oregon the 54,200.
008 It has received from Oregon does
not at all excuse the Harriman system
from extending its lines into Central
Oregon, or the Klamath country or
into Coos Bay; nor does downright mis
representation of what is to be found
in our undeveloped territory warrant
the Union Pacific in diverting into
channels foreign to Oregon the millions
taken In profits from the producers and
shippers of this state. Central Oregon
is being slowly developed by private
capital in great irrigation works, and
the railroad has heretofore declined to
build because, forsooth, nothing is
there! IJow it says it will make the
extension, but "the railroad" adds Mr.
Harriman, "will be there before the
settler!" Mr. Harriman and Mr. Cotton,
his able apologist, will, we trust, par
don us for saying that they talk as If
they do not know what they are talk
ing about. But, being well acquainted
with both, we may be quite sure that
they do know.
Mr. Harriman is laboring under the
Impression that his railroad system
has built 400 miles of .railroad under
hlB management In the "territory tribu
tary to Portland. Where? One short
line was built from Biggs to Shanlko'
by Independent promoters and taken
over when It was found to be profit
able; and one or two other little
branches are being constructed in Ore
gon; no more. But now, we are in
formed, the Southern Pacific will con
struct a line from Drain to Coos Bay,
-and another from Elgin to the Wallowa
country: and we have high hopes that
they are about to cross Oregon to the
south by laying rails from Shanlko to
Bend. We think so, at least; but we
haven't' heard yet of the contract be
If Mr. Cotton prepared his speech
with the sole Idea of making things a
little smoother for his patron. Mr. Har
riman, he succeeded, we may hope, in
making a good Impression in that quar
ter; but if he thought that he had thus
shifted the blame for the railroad's
sins to the shoulders of the citizens of
Oregon, whose business is not to build
railroads, though they pay for them
many times over, we take the liberty
of informing him that he was mistaken.
GERMANY'S PLAY FOR CHINESE TRADE.
Those who are In a position to know
whereof they speak say that, while the
United States government, with Its
Chinese exclusion laws, has been Ir
ritating and alienating the officials of
China, who alone In all that vast em
pire are worth taking Into International
account. Germany, through its Em
peror, has been sedulously cultivating
Chinese favor. Having first obtained
an important and secure foothold in
China through a lease for" 99 years of
all the territory within a seml-clrcle
drawn fifteen miles from Klao-Chau
Bay, in recompense for the murder of
a number of German missionaries, and
having later, under the most plausible
pretense extended this lease and Juris
diction over a zone thirty miles from
all points In he territory first occu
pied, the German ruler began to take
measures, whereby German trade In
China would be fostered and secured.
Fredrick Courtland-Penfleld. details in
an exhaustive article in a late number
of the Saturday Evening Post the suc
cessive steps of this admirable, care
fully guarded play for the commercial
Interests of Germany In the Orient. He
shows that the sphere of German "In
fluence" so called, dominates 2750
square miles of Chinese territory.
The lease of this area, barely seven
years old, carries with It the equiva
lent of sovereignty over the harbor of
Klao-Chau, enormous mining and rail
road rights and other valuable priv
ileges. The harbor is one of the most
spacious and best protected on the
coast of China. It has been dredged
and two miles of the best wharves in
Asia have been constructed In antici
pation of the business that was to be
cautiously and diplomatically bidden
for. All the belongings of a military
and naval station have been estab
lished. Retaining the small native
town of Tsing-Tau as the seat of gov
ernment, pretentious and permanent
official buildings were erected. Admin
istrative buildings, hospitals, ware
houses, barracks and coalsheds are all
there, built to withstand the erosions
of time for hundreds of years.
As a compliment to China the name
Tslng-Tau was retained for the capital.
but, says the writer quoted, "that is all
about the place that is Chinese, save
the coolies executing the white man's
There are -2500 Europeans, almost ex
clusively Germans, In William's cap
kal in China. Missionaries teach the
German language in numerous schools
and lpcomotlvea "made in Germany"
screech warnings to Chinese yokels to
tlear the way for trains heavy with
German merchandise. 'Enbrmous coal
fields worked by stipulated agreement
with German capital, are connected
with the German harbor by railroads
built with German money.
And what, asks Mr. Penfleld, 1b back
of It? What is the purpose of the ap
propriation of 14,000,000 marks for Klao
Chau in this year's official budget of
the German government? Answering
he says: "Trade little else, and trade
spelled best with a large T.' "
In pursuance of this object a great
steamer entered Klao-Chau Bay last
April and, with great pomp, an Imperial
envoy, led by Prince Fredrlch Leopold
of Russia, landed at Tsing-Tau wharf.
The German-Chinese capital was In
gala dress; the imperial banner floated
everywhere and the princely brother-in-law"
of the Kaiser debarked amid
oheers from German throats, the music
of German brass bands and the boom
ing of guns on warships. The entire
function was German impressively so.
Of the vessel's cargo were twenty or
thirty packing cases with the imperial
cipher on their lids. These contained
presents from the German Emperor to
the Emperor and Empress Dowager of
China wholly "made In Germany." A
subtle move In the coquetry going on
between Berlin and Peking was this
landing of a carload of gifts at Ger
many's seaport In China to be conveyed
thence to the Chinese capital by a prin
cely messenger almost of the Kaiser's
household. Its significance? Trade,
again with a large T.
And while ail of this and much more
of like amicable Import has been going
on between Germany and China the
United States has been talking open
door at that end of the line and shutting
the door with a resounding bang at this
end. Human nature is human nature
whether put to the touch in China, in
Germany, in America or anywhere else.
There is an old saying that vinegar
never catches flies, and it is true in Its
broadest, application to the affairs of
men and nations. Is It any wonder that
China turns from American vinegar to
sip appreciatively at German sweets?
And will It be surprising if, when It
comes to spelling Chinese trade with
a big T. that the word will be written
In German characters?
The Kaiser talks of the "yellow peril"
and then, while Russia blindly assaults
and the United S&tes obtusely antago
nizes the forces that control It. pro
ceeds to turn It to a yellow harvest In
the gathering of which Germany holds
exclusive rights and privileges. The
door of Chinese trade may stand open
at the behest of America, but Germany
seems likely to win by pubtlety the
golden favors that pass In and out over
the broad threshold, leaving its great
rival the boycott to overcome if she
can to yield to If she must.
DR. LANE AND THE BOARD OF HEALTH
Conduct which no one would be sur
prised at In an ordinary sinner would
be extremely shocking In St Simeon
Stylitls, say, or In Dr. Lane. It Is not
absolute but relative depravity that one
laments in the mayor's sad behavior
toward the late Board of Health. Our
sorrow comes from comparing what Is
with what might have been what
would have been. In fact, had Illusions
been realities. The mayor Is little bet
ter, to speak plainly, than a fallen idol.
Had some dissolute politician, boosted
into the mayor's chair by his hench
men and heelers, done this deed, noth
ing would have seemed more natural.
The gentlemen and lady of the board
would have expected to be lifted out
of office by his honor's toe. But Dr.
Lane is not a dissolute politician. He
has attained to moral altitudes where
even Dr. C. M. Sheldon can conscien
tiously fellowship him. Nor had the
base tribes of henchmen and heelers
anything to do with his election. Not
one unhallowed vote was cast for Dr.
Lane. Only the pure, only the chaste,
supported him. And now Just see how
he is acting. One can scarcely dis
tinguish his conduct from that of the
worldly. He uses his toe with all the
dexterity of a brutal partisan poli
tician. The late Board of Health must do
its own weeping. At present all the
tears in this bit of territory are flow
ing for the lost illusion, the shattered
Ideal for Dr. Lane, In short. We took
him for the equal in moral purity of
the good men who elected him. He is
turning'-out little better than a Dem
ocrat. BLOT ON ORGANIZED LABOR.
Dispatches of the last few days have
thrown a lurid light on the warring
elements in the Chicago labor federa
tion. If crime, violence, riot, can be
Invoked without effective opposition to
prevent a duly called meeting from
resolving on action, and eleotlng of
ficers, the strongest remedies, most
drastic and thorough going, must
plainly be called Into play.
These events, let It be noted, take
place In the Inmost shrine of organized
labor, with, its high priests In attend
ance, and with the very continuance of
its life at stake. The meeting is -supposed
to be of delegates only, repre
sentatives of the many branches of
the Labor Federation. But, according
to the chairman's protest, unauthorized
men break In, attack and half murder
the officers, and obstruct all efforts at
restoring peace,' and getting at re
sults. But these rioters have free
course, it is said, because they are the
same gang employed In the recent
strike to maim, mutilate or murder the
nonunion workers. They know too
much, they have been too prominent
for the labor leaders, now returned
Into the paths of law and order, to
invoke the common forces of society,
and prosecute and punish them.
If this be so, it Is a strong illustra
tion of the sacred word "They that
take the sword shall 'perish by the
eword." With the measure they meted
it is measured 'to them again."
When .the teamsters took up the
cause of the garment workers, and in
sisted on stopping the current of the
trade life of Chicago, drawing one
group after another into their army
of misrule. It was In truth the letting
out of water. The saner and wiser
workers, and their organizations, are
having the lesson brought close home
to them. When they see one president
nearly slugged to death, and his suc
cessor in office admitting that, for in
stant fear pf his-life, he dare not pro
ceed with the Intended business of the
meeting, it seems that three courses,
and three only, are open to the decent
and orderly workers the legitimate
union men. They can meet force by
force, organize for an Internal police
of their own, and cow the rioters Into
submission. They can call on the po
lice to do their duty, and take chances
on what will follow the arrest and pros
ecution of these criminals for labor
unions have as much right to hold
their meetings In peace, as have the
Republican or Democratic parties. Or,
they can secede from, and break up
this Federation of Labor. Then each
union, carpenters, steel-workers, typo
graphers, cigar-makers, and the rest,
would be free to attend to their own
affairs, and organized labor would be
purged of many of Its blots and defacements.
The hopgrowers meeting at Inde
pendence on August 7. works a new de
parture in the Oregon hop industry. As
In so many other lines of production
Nature has been so kind to Oregon,
to grow hops has been so easy, the
plant has been so vigorous, careful cul
tivation, and neat and uniform prep
aration for market so seemingly need
less, that the standard of the product
In the world's market has suffered. The
point of Interest Is, however, that com
munity In suffering has brought about
common effort for effective remedy.
And this action Is conservative and
The market Is the test. Oregon hops,
say the buyers, are arsenic laden, from
Impurity In the sulphur used In bleach
ing the hops while drying. If so, say
the growers, we will use no sulphur
unless guaranteed to be free from the
poison. The Oregon hops are not as
clean In the picking, or as uniform In
weight, or as carefully sewed In the
bales as they should be. So say the
buyers. Then, say the growers, all
this can and shall be remedied. So
will the clean and bright and vigorous
Oregon hops meet competitors in the
open market, free from the drawbacks
which carelessness and ignorance have
These injurious agencies, be It re
marked, are Incident to preparation for
market only not to poor quality In the
essential features of the product.
Others beside hopgrowers can, from
these experiences, learn a needed les
sonand that Is to make the best, not
the poorest, of what this climate and
soil of ours can yield.
A- most hopeful feature Is that one
third of all the growers were present
or represented at the Independence
meeting. So action, prompt and de
cisive, may be expected to follow on
Whether John Hay was the author
of "The Breadwinners" has been the
subject of a recent newspaper contro
versy In New York. It Is claimed by
descendants of Dr. Samuel J. Parker,
who was one of the earliest mission
aries to Oregon, that he wrote the
book. One of his nephews living at
Ithaca, N. Y., makes this assertion pos
itively. The latest contribution to the
discussion Is from James T. White &
Co., publishers of the National Cyclo
pedia of American Biography. In that
work. Hay Is credited with the author
ship of "The Breadwinners." White &
Co. write to the New York Times say
ing that a typewritten copy and gal
ley proof of their article on Hay were
submitted to him for correcting any
errors of fact, and while he made some
changes relating to family history, he
allowed the statement concerning the
authorship to stand. Dr. Parker's heirs
must offer very strong testimony in
rebuttal to overcome the direct and
unprejudiced statement of the pub
lishers. Peculiarly pathetic was the death by
drowning of Fred and Madeline Stef
fensen Sunday evening. It Is not only
that the event was preventable and
should have been prevented. The
mother of these young people, past
middle age, dependent upon their earn
ings for support, and entitled to their
care In her fast-coming age, weeps, re
fusing to be comforted, for the lives
that have been taken from her life,
and a young man and woman, well
equipped for usefulness are lost to the
community. The event can only be de
plored as far as these victims are con
cerned, but It's recurrence can be pre
vented by requiring the equipment of
all river craft with life-preservers, and
by Individual responsibility on the part
of those In control of such craft In dis
playing lights. In tills case the hapless
victims neglected td light the lantern
with which the boat was supplied and
the larger craft carried no life-preservers.
Cause and effect are here closely
related and the Influence of the one
upon the other Is easily traced.
It may be one thing for ihe chief of
police to order his detectives to drive
bunco men and "touts" from the city,
and another for them to do it. We
have their own sworn testimony or
what amounts to as much that they
do not know a confidence man when
they see him; so it will not be wise
for the chief- to expect too much from
that quarter. It ought to be plain to
the chief, as It Is to every one else,
who knows anything about Portland
police methods that the only way for
him to expect results from his detec
tives Is to reorganize the force; and
the only way to reorganize Is to reor
ganize. No less than 72 sunken war vessels
represent the losses by sea of Russia
and Japan In the present war. A Ca
nadian engineer has been employed to
float these ships, but, even If restored
to the navy of Japan, they will still In
dicate an enormous waste of war. In
their present condition these vessels
represent In aggregate a value of $26,
000,000. The expense of raising them
has not been computed. It will, of
course, leave a margin of profit to
Japan, but the loss to Russia is ab
solute. Portsmouth, N. H., is getting as much
publicity these dog days as if It were
the scene of War, not peace proceed
ings. After the big advertisement the
town got through Roosevelt's selection,
it will be strange If some enterprising
real estate men do not start to build
up a fashionable Summer resort.
Ticket scalping In Portland has been
pulled up by the roots. So much for
vigorous enforcement of a special law
directed against a business that is about
89 per cent dishonest. The promise
made by Portland commercial bodies
a year ago to the transcontinental rail
roads has been redeemed.
Inland cities have their advantages.
An excursion steamer plying the wat
ers of White River which flows through
Indianapolis sunk with a hundred pas
sengers and no one was drowned. The
bottom was too close to the surface.
For every death that resulted from
the collapse of the Meyers building at
Albany, N. Y somebody Js Indictable
for manslaughter. Common prudence
News of a flood -along the Tanana
and consequent loss to settlers, is a
reminder that pastoral civilization is
making its way in Southern Alaska.
Back tb the Club.
This is about the Season of the Year
When City Men are apt to say, "Look.
This walled-up Life may suit you
But I'll cut loose a month or so, my
Then hies thaHusband to the dear old
Which hath. It seems, an endless Power
Though twenty years have passed
since last he worked
So hard that Bunches grew upon his
First night upon the farm Is very Fine;
He smokes upon the Porch and sees the
Of Sliver stars through Leafy lattice
sent. And says, "Hereafter it's the Farm for
Next day he thinks to Exercise himself
By plowing- corn for love, and not for
He plows three Rows or so, and then
Back to the Barn he's laid upon the
Next morn he Limbers up, and Stacking
He tackles. "My! but this is such a
He cries; but after Stacking seven
He finds he can't Stack Up against the
And then at Night upon the porch he
The while the Beetle bums and flop's
And fireflies Flash and Katydids do
So Lonesome In their sound they give
And sitting Silent in the eerie dark
He thinks about the gaysome Club on
Street, and the Boys who now are
To stack the Chips and have a little
Next morn he rises early, scrubs the
From neck and ears, puts on his extra
And flags the Milk Train as it moseys
Hoping the slow old train will take a
At Eve he sits within his Club and sips
The Julep, 'mid the Dealer's Jests and
And says, "I've had my fling at
But truly I prefer to Stack tho Chips."
Prattle of the Innocent.
"Who is this Lewis and Clark, any
how?" Innocently Inquired tho fresh
young man from Chicago, who didn't
see anything in Portland that suited
"Why, they were the fellows who
came along here a hundred years ago
and discovered this country," volun
teered tho tender-hearted gentleman.
"Gee!" said the Innocent, "how old
men are thoy, anyhow?"
Gillllan Got There First.
All the dally bards have been Intend
ing to do It, when they got time, for
the opportunity was quite too precious
to pass by. But one thing and another
Intervened; the yellow fevor broke out
In New Orleans, -and there was tho
yellow peril to write about; the "Fads
and Fancies" episode became a fad and
had to be humored; then there was tho
hot weather, which could not be ig
nored. Still that precious opportunity
presented Itself and Insisted upon being
grasped; and now Strickland W. Gllll
lan has scored he got to It first, and
sang In the Baltimore American an ode
to Jimmy Hyde, with the inevitable
refrain, "Hide, Jimmy, hide!" Go to
the head of the class, Mr. Gillllan.
Of course the hopgrowers at Needy
are short of pickers.
That tho hopes of farmers in Powder
Valley for good crops havo exploded i3
denied by the local paper.
A man at Gresham has just killed a
chicken in which he found 70 cents
worth of gold. A chicken that doesn't-
know enough to know that fractional
gold currency is out of date ought to
A grocer at Liberal has been charted
with making short measure in selling
potatoes. That man should move to
somo other town.
"Butter advances In Front street "
says an esteemed contemporary. It
shows remarkable strength for such
He Ought to Scorch.
The chauffeur scorched along the street
lth speed the lightning scarce could
So hot his pace that with the heat
His tires were almost scorching.
Before him men and women fell
And children as he scorched pell-mell.
Nor heeded he the victim's yell,
But still he kept on scorching.
He scorched into the country road.
Ran over dog and cat and toad.
The farmer's poultry down he mowed.
And still he kept on scorching.
But one day righteous fate befell:
He scorched Into an open well
And scorched a passage clean to China,
Where still he keeps on scorching!
Magoon Installed, as Minister.
PANAMA Aug. S. Charles A Ma
goon, governor of the Canal Zone, yes
terday presented his credentials as
American Minister Plenipotentiary. A
reception then was held at President
Amador's palace, which gave an oppor
tunity for the Panama officials to dem
onstrate their friendship and esteem
for Governor Magoon.
The speech of the American Minis
ter was very gratifying to those pres
ent. He said among other things, that
excepting the American flag there is
no flag upon which the United States
looks with such pride and favor as
that of Panama. The prompt recog
nition by the United States, he said,
of Panama's independence was largely
Instrumental in establishing Its sov
ereignty. President Amador, In replying, paid
high compliments to the United States.
President Roosevelt and Minister Ma
goon. He declared that Panama was
loyal, and that the frank policy
Initiated in Roosevelt's name and the
affectionate brotherly conduct of Secre
tary Taf t would undoubtedly increase
American influence In Latin America.
BUY BACK CONCESSION.
Chinese Minister Confers With
President on Hankow Railroad.
OYSTER BAY, N. Y., Aug. S. Sir
Chentuns Liang Cheng, the Chinese
Minister, arrived here tonight and was
driven to Sagamore Hill. He took din
ner with the President and Mrs. Roosevelt-
Sir Liang made an engagement
by telegraph this afternoon to see the
President tonight, particularly to talk
over matters relating to the Hankow
Railroad, concerning which J. P. Mor
gan had a conference yesterday with
the President. Sir Liansr desired to
obtain some information about that
conference, and to present also a state
ment of the situation from the stand
point of the Chinese government. Sir
Liang remained at Sagamore Hill about
The President authorized the state
ment that the conference related en
tirely to the negotiations pending in
regard to the Hankow Railroad. Sir
Liang, before he departed for New
York, said he simply desired to discuss
the railroad question with the Presi
dent, but regretted that he could not
at this time talk about the subject for
"China wants to purchase the rail
road and its concessions," said he, "and
has made an offer for it. What that
offer is, I cannot discuss just now. We
are trying to patch up an arrange
ment that will be satisfactory, and I
think an entirely friendly settlement
will be reached."
'Has the Chinese government at any
time threatened to seize the Hankow
"Oh. no." replied the Minister; "not
at alL We have merely offered to pur
The property, he explained, was 850
miles of railroad on paper, but only 2S
mlles In actual operation. "The com
pany." said he, "has concessions for
SaO miles of line, but in seven years it
has built only 2S miles."
The Minister Indicated that many
Chinese were opposed to any railroad,
but said expressly that objection was
not due to foreign control of the line.
MAY INTERCEDE FOR CHINESE
American Long Resident In China
Favors Relaxing Exclusion Law.
SEATTLE. Wash.. Aug. S. Dr. W. P.
Martin, who gave the Chipese their first
books on chemistry ,and -International law
and for about 40 years has been preach
ing and teaching In that country, is in
this city on his way to New York Clty
and Washington. In the latter city he
will call upon President Roosevelt and
Secretary Root relative to the Chinese
exclusion laws. He will do so at the
bequest of Chang Chih Tung. Viceroy of
two central Drovinees niar Hanltow tnr
whom he acted as Instructor for the last
Before Dr. Martin left China the Vice
roy asked him to Intercede with Presi
dent Roosevelt relative tn thn
of Chinese. He refused to do this, but
said ho would personally lay before the
rresiaent. ana Secretary Root the advisa
bility of removing- all causa for frlnMnn
now Invited by the suspicion cast by
American officials upon Chinese subjects
not included In the treaty, and the harsh
treatment of those persons at landing.
Dr. Martin does not onnosA th lanrlins- nf
reputable officials, travelers, students
THEER WIVES WERE EXCLUDED
Chinese Merchants Started Boycott
Movement In Chicago.
CHICAGO, Aug 8. The Dally News
ays toaay: disclosures made In con
nection with frequent meetings held
at secret rendezvous in this city has
Drougnt to light that Chicago has
played an initial part in instituting the
boycott now raging In China asralnst
American manufactures. Chin Pak
Sun, a leading Chinese merchant, out
lined the situation today. Rigid en
forcement of the provisions of the ex
clusion act stirred the Chinese to dab
bling in economic studies. Three Chi
cago Chinese of wealth were barred
from bringing their wives into the
These examples, and others. Incensed
the Chinese, and It now develops, made
possible the rapid growth and success
ful development of the association that
Is now coaching- Chinese all over the
The first assessments made to meet the
expenses of bringing conditions to the at
tention of the Pekln government were
levied in Chicago. From this center the
movement spread in all directions. Before
the expiration of the Geary exclusion law
last December, the Chinese Association
made known its purpose In Chicago. Upon
the invitation of a committee from a
number of Federated Women's Clubs Chin
Pak Sun, as the mouthpiece of the Chinese
Association, delivered an address, in which
he declared if fairness was not shown in
readjustment of the Immigration laws, a
boycott would follow on American goods
such a3 would startle the world. Tho
force of the threat was not realized nor
was the part Chicago Chinese played in
its execution until progress of the boycott
and its echoes In American Government
circles brought It out.
Says Wu Did Not Begin It.
PEKIN, Aug. S. The correspondent
of the Associated Press Is Informed
that there is no foundation for the
statement circulated In. the United
States that Wu Ting Fang, former Min
ister at Washington, is responsible for
the Chinese anti-American boycott. The
agitation against dealing in American
goods and shipping on Ame clean steam
ers Is spreading.
FRENCH FLEET IS WELCOME
Admitted to England's Most Jeal
ously Guarded Harbor.
LONDON. Aug. 9. King Edward will
today review the combined French and
British squadrons oft Cowes and with
the French squadron will enter Ports
mouth harbor- With the exception of
the visit of an American squadron two
years ago. this will be the only foreign
fleet that has ever entered Great Britain's
most jealously guarded naval arsenal,
and for this reason the event will be the
most significant feature of the French
It was stated on good authority at
Portsmouth yesterday that a tentative
proposition Is under consideration for the
visit of a Japanese fleet to British waters
as soon as the situation In the Far East
will permit and that possibly the date
may coincide with Cowes week, 1905. In
this case American. French and Japanese
war squadrons will each have occupied
the same berths Inside the great har
bor. WILL LOOK FOR MORE GRAFT
Wilson Appointed Man to Investigate
Animal Industry Bureau.
WASHINGTON. Aug. 8. George K. Mc
Cabe, solicitor of the Department of
Agriculture, has been placed at the head
of the Investigation of the Bureau of
Animal Industry by Secretary Wilson,
with full authority to probe matters
there to the bottom.
Intcrmountain Tennis Champion.
SALT LAKE CITY, Utah. Aug. 8.
Reuben Hunt, of California, today won his
match In the first round of the tourna
ment being held here- by the Intermoun
taln Tennis Association for the tennis
championship of Utah, Idaho and Colorado.
SHAW TALKS0N TARIFF.
Doctrine of Protection Expounded to
Virginia Republican Convention.
ROANOKE. Va., Aug. S. One of the
largest Republican conventions in the M-
tory of Virginia met here today to imks-
lnate a full state ticket. Between 1200 and
13C0 delegates wero present. It is almost
exclusively a white man s meeting, there
being very few negroes in the hall.
Campbell Slemp, the only Republican
Representative from Virginia, was intro
duced tonight, and he in turn introduced
Secretary of the Treasury Leslie M. Shaw.
who had been Invited to come to Roe he
to address the convention. Mr. Shaw was
greeted with a storm of cheers. Ho sooko
In part as follows:
Shaw Talks on TarlC.
The spirit of the last half ce alary wis He-
publican. It was progressive. The spirit f
the twentieth century will be Republican. It
will be progressive. Judging the future
by the put. thsre 1a reason to doubt tunc
the communities most In harmony with the
spirit of the century will gather meetly a rich
harvest of progress. I come to preach the
Gospel of American progress and o teach
these principles and spirits which have made
us what we are and which will carry us ta
yet higher places and grander achtcvainaota
whenever, under God. the brain of the South,
and the. brain of the North, the brata of the
East and the brain of the West. shah be
allied for affirmative acclamation and so por
tion of our common country shall be looser
held to Its negative traditions, which tend
only to retard.
And now what are these principles that di
vide parties? The parties separate primarily
on questions of political economy. Every in
dustrious citizen te both a producer nod. a
consumer. The dominant party- appeals e
the producer. It tells bltn that th ituus
tton of greatest Importance to htm Is the price
at which he disposes of his product. whether
thoae products be labor or the results oC
labor. The opposition party prom tees the
American consumer the best market in tfet
world In which to buy. The Republican party
promises the producer the best market la the
world in which to sell.
Cheapness All Around.
Gentlemen, we cannot have both. Oer po
litical opponents may promise high-priced ta
bor and cheap products, high-priced when aoH
cheap bread, high-priced cattle and cheap
meat, but they make these promisee without
possibility of fulfillment. Whenever tfcoy
have put their policies In operation, we have
had the cheap products of labor, for the
products of cheaper foreign labor have found
our markets In superabundance. Bat cheap
products of labor mean ?heap labor. Choin
factory product carries as a concomitant came
low wages for the artisan, aod low wasoa tee
the artisan means curtailed coneiiHiprtow oC
fnrm products, results In a reduction m the
price thereof, while a reduction la prtoM
means loss to the producer of clothes, of fur
niture, of cars, of bag material and every
other article of rural consumption. AH tbhf
Is but a name for stagnation and panic: -which
haa masked every experiment with tarte hr
revenue only from the beginning of our his
tory until now.
Result of Diamond Duty.
The disastrous results of fre trade- boHe
not followed each and every experiment wtoh
free trade, because they were desired by ha
men who advocated the measures who pro
duced them, but because the measures' were
unwise, however learned, however patriotic
and however honest the men who ennctmt
them. A few years ago some diamond mw
chants In TCew York suggested that, it uncut
diamond were put on the free list and ts
duty retained on cut diamonds they would
employ diamond-cutters to cut them m this
country. Uncut diamonds were therefor pmced
on the free lift and. lO per cnt ad valor mm.
duty was placed on diamonds untat and 40
per cent placed on set atones. What Is tho
result? There are now 200 dmtaond-cuttern
In this country getting big wages, and thojr
earned in the aggregate eeveral uiHHeu nht-
lara. What becomes of this H Is all
most of It wisely.
"We are a co-deDendent people. 'When
perlty blesses our shores the laborer, the em
ployer of labor, the farmer and the eoaounwr
of farm product?, the merchant and the
banker all prosner.
At the conclusion of Mr. Shaw's ad
dress the convention adjourned vntH to
morrow. When shown a lisp.teh from ?Sw
York, in which it was stated that he hag
quit President Roooeveit's Cabinet to ox
ter the field as a Presidential eaa4Mu.c
Mr. Shaw said the statement wan tha
SHAW NOT TO RESIGX YBT
Will Quit Cabinet Next Winter to
Make Canvass for Presidency.
OYSTER BAY. N. Y.. Aug. S. It can
be sard by authority of the ProeWent
that the visit of Secretary Shaw, of the
Treasury Department, to Sagamore HM
yesterday had no relation to the Secre
tary's retirement from the Cabinet. The
matter upon which he particularly talkod
to the President was personal entirely to
them. His regisnation In the future was
Mr. Shaw has let it be known that he
expects to resign from the Cabinet se
time next Winter, but no definite date
has been fixed. It Is accepted generaMy
in political circles that he expect to be
come a. candidate for the Presidential
nomination In 1903, and that him rH
Quishment of his Cabinet duties te to free
him from any embarrassment in the ee
duct of his campaign for the nombuLitoa.
Coldwater Candidate for Judge.
LINCOLN", Neb., Aug. S. Nebraska Pro
hibitionists held their state convention
here today and nominated for Assteiauet
Justice of the Supreme Court. F. B. Eeall.
of Harlan County.
WILL BE GIVENSQUARE DEAL
Governor Wright's Fledge to Philip
pines at Taft Banquet.
MANILA, Aug. S. Secretary Taft was
the guest of honor tonight at a banquet
given by the combined Chambers of Com
merce at the Grand Opera House. Covers
were laid for 500 guests. The addrese of
welcome was ma3e by Governor-General
Wright who said In part:
It may eem somewhat inappropriate for
me to say so tonight, but I think, that I have
a right to ask you for what our Prmlnent
calls "a square deal." "Whether we are right
fully or wrongfully here le not to be dk
ctueed at this time, but when the Amecioaa
people takes over the Mvereignty o a peo
ple without their consent tlscy will get "&
A toast to "The President" was respond
ed to by Representative Foster. Repre
sentative Payne, In speaking of the bene
fits of the trip, took occasion to propose
Secretary Taft as the next President. In
responding to a toast to the Navy, R
resentatlve Foss. chairman of the House
committee on naval affairs declared
that its strength should be increased.
Representative Cooper, chairman of the
committee on Insular affairs, spoke on
"Congress and the Philippines" and Seo
retary Taft discussed "The Philippines In
1900 and 1506."
On entering the Opera House and tak
ing a box. Miss Alice Roosevelt received
a great ovation.
On Wednesday afternoon, there will be
a hearing of the tobacco Industries.
Major-General Corbln's dinner tb Miss
Roosevelt tonight was a brilliant func
tion. Steamer on Lake Chelnn.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington, Aug. S. The Lake Chelan Steam
boat Transportation Company of Chelan.
Wash., hao been granted permission by
the Forest Service to operate the 3teamer
Belle of Chelan on Lake Chelan In the
Washington forest reserve.
Father of Engineers' Brotherhood.
DICKINSON, N. D., Aug. SJared C.
Thompson, at whose home In Marshall.
Mich., the Brotherhood pf Locomotive'
Engineers had Its blrtlt, died here today,
aged 7S years.