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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (July 25, 1905)
THE HORNING- OREGONIAN, TUESDAY, JULY - 2p . 11905. 'X
Entered at the Postofflce at Portland. Or.,
aa second-class matter.
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THE WEEKLY OREGONIAN.
(Issued Every Thursday.)
Weekly, per yeas .;0
Weekly, six months.. -'J?
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UOW TO BEMTT Send postofflce money
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EASTERN BUSINESS OFFICE.
Tie B. C. Beckwlth Special Ateacy-New
York, rooms 43-50 Tribune building. Chi
cago, rooms 510-512 Tribune building.
KEPT ON SALE.
Chicago Auditorium Annex. Postofflce
News Co.. 178 Dearborn street.
Dallas, Texv-Globa News Depot. 20Q Main
San Antonio. Tex. Irfrols Book and cigar
Co., 521 East Houston' street.
DeBrer Julius Black, Hamilton & Kend
rlck. 806-912 Seventeenth street; Harry D.
Ott, 1503 Broadway; Pratt Book Store. 121
Colorado Springs, Colo. Howard II. Sell.
Des Moines, la. Moses Jacobs. 209 Fifth
Dulutli, Minn. Q. Blackburn. 215 West su
Goldfleld, Ner. C. Malone.
Kaahag City, Ko Rlcksecker Clear Co.,
Ninth and Walnut.
Log Angeles Harry Drapkln; B. E. Amos.
CM West Seventh street.
Minneapolis M. J. Kavanaugh, 50 South
Third; I Kegelsburger. 217 First avenue
Cleveland, O. James Pushaw. 307 Superior
New York Clty-U Jones & Co., Astor
Oakland. Cat W. H. Johnston. Fourteenth
lend Franklin streets.
Ogdea F. It Godard and Meyers & Har-
top. D L. Boyle.
Omuha Barkalow- Bros.. 1612 Farnam:
IMageath StaUonery Co.. 1308 Farnam; Mc
laughlin Bros.. 240 South 14th; McLaughlin
l& Holtx, 1515 Farnam.
SacrameBto, CaL Sacramento News Co.,
428 K street.
Salt Lake Salt Lake News Co.. 77 West
I Second street South; Frank Hutchison.
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Lake Hotel, Yellowstone Park Assn.
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San Francisco J. K. Cooper & Co., 748
'Market street; Goldsmith Bros., 230 Sutter;
IU E. Lee. Palace Hotel New Stand; F. W.
Pitts. 1008 Market; Frank Scott. 80 Ellis; N.
Wheatley Movable News Stand, corner Mar-
Iket and Kearney streets; Hotel St. Francis
News Stand; Foster & Orear, Ferry News
St. Louts. Mo. E. T. Jctt Book & News
ICornpany, .800, Olive street.
Washington. I). C P. D. Morrison. 2132
JUTLAND, TUESDAY, JULY 23, 1905
WHERE'S THE DIFFERENCE?
The vices of the common people are
lot grave vices or seldom are. But
f-he vices of the rich vices excessive.
lagrant. enormous how are they to be
checked, curbed or controlled?
The gentlemen who control the great
(street-car system of Portland have put
fhemsblves on record against the games
f chance in which the common people
ind the poorer people sometimes in
Ilulge. They encourage Municipal As
Relations and Citizens' Unions to make 1
crusade against common gambling;
Ihey Inspire Ministerial Associations to
upport the effort. And then they work
Iheir own schemes In lieu of those
Irhich they have suppressed.
Yesterday advertising cars were run
til over this city, by the holy gentle-
len of this railway company, placard
ed with flaming announcements, urg-
lg people to go out to Irvlngton or
fc'herever the racetrack Is and see the
lorse races, upon which they can bet
Iheir money to the extent of their '
Everybody saw these advertising cars.
Vhat's the difference between the con
duct of the moral and pious gentlemen
ho do this .thing, and the conduct of
lie cappers and steerers for Bla-
Iler, Pete Grant and Erlckson? In any
loral sense has one set any advantage
Iver the other?
I And Sheriff Word mighty good man
-who shuts up one species of gambling
It the behest of the moral reformers
loesn't molest the other because the
reformers get the car fares resulting
ira the movement to and fro.
It is coming to this, we suppose, that
le saloons of the common people, and
te restaurants of the common people.
mere beer or plain whisky or common
fines are sold, will have to be wiped
it. in the interest of morality and
Irtue; while those who have money to
it and drink in the saloons frequented
the "better classes" will be entitled
exemption from molestation. Swinish
rlvlleges belong In fact only to the
litter classes, who have money enough
hire special attendants, and If pos-
sly or unhappily there should be any
Itrusion by the officers, to forfeit their
IThe advertising cars that ran yes-
Irday, as "cappers" for the racetrack.
covered completely from top to
bttom. and from end to end. with can-
the advertisements in colossal let-
Irs the cars covered so completely
lat you couldn't see the Inside of them;
at perhaps if you could, you would
Lve seen a group at these pious gen-
umen gathered around a table reading
lelr Bibles, or humbly on their knees,
gaged In prayer for the wicked mak-
it clear once more how men will
Impound with alns they are Inclined to
damning those they have no mind to.
)f course, the sale of liquors ought to
restricted. "Some think the sale
Ight to be forbidden altogether. But
take an extreme view. The Ore
tnlan Is much Inclined to think that
lie of liquors, ought to be restricted
Ithe better classes, tov the first families,
members of aristocratic clubs, to
Irsons of high respectability, to per
is who, when they get drunk, can be
ried home in their carriages to turn
as reformers In the next election.
id pay their preachers and their
rspaper men to "scold against the
lality of flesh," that they "believe not
KVell, undoubtedly, this matter of re-
hn Is a puzzling problem. ' It seems
I, must be always or chiefly In the
ids of persons who stand most in
of reform themselves, who have
tuous fits, and in these spasms think
fbody' but themselves In need of
e Oregor&an doesn't suppose It will
i able to step ihese greater vices, by
expoMtree or parallel or cempar-
toons; but to strip cant, humbug and
Pharisaism of their pretensions never
can be amiss.
SPECULATORS AND THE &TATE.
Thpse speculators in state school
lands who. try to Justify their violation
of the law on the ground that there Is
no' reason foe the conditions imposed
and that the state is not wronged if the
legal price be paid, will And little com
fort in this declaration of the Supreme
Court in deciding the case of Sehlbrede
against State Land Board:
The land offered for sale belonged to the
state. It had a rtrht to fell It upon such
trims and conditions as It might deem ad
vantageous. No one was , compelled to ac
cept Its term or to make a purchase unless
he df rlred to do ra. and If he did. his act
was voluntary and he cannot complain of
the conditions imposed.
Among the conditions provided by
law are that not more than 320 acres
shall be sold to one person, and that
the purchaser has not made a contract,
express or implied, to convey the land
to any other person. Now, If some man
purchases more than 320 acres, through
the aid of a "dummy." and procures
that "dummy" to commit perjury by
swearing that he has made no agree
ment, express or. implied, to convey the
land, the said purchaser has no cause
for complaint if he should be prosecut
ed for fraud upon the state and for
subornation of perjury. We have it
upon the authority of the Supreme
Court that the state has a right to sell
the land upon such terms and condi
tions as it may deem advantageous.
In order to protect the rights of the
people from the land-grabbers, the state
made the condition that not more than
320 acres Bhall be sold to one person.
and he who tries to circumvent' the
plain mandates of the law should be
made to suffer the consequences.
SHIFTING THE BALANCE OF TRADE.
The most common fallacy Indulged In
by a certain class of political econo
mists Is the belief that liberal buying
of foreign merchandise produces un
satisfactory trade conditions at home.
According to extremists in this belief.
the Ideal trade condition for this coun
try cannot exist until we cease buying
anything from foreign countries; but
we must continue selling to them. This
sentiment ia aptly put by the ship-subsidy-seekers
when they dolefully assert
that '"this country is losing 5200,000,000
per year by not carrying our products
to market in our own ships." Of course
the hardheaded business men who char
ter and load these ships do not sub
scribe to this theory, but, on the con
trary, know full well that we are ob
taining $200,000,000 worth of service for
the money that is paid. 'They also
know from experience that it .would
cost more than $200,000,000 to secure the1
same service with American ships oper
ated under the present hampering and
obstructing navigation laws.
Occasionally there shines through this
fog of theory a light of fact so strong
that it cannot be clouded by the sophls
tries of the ultra-protectionists. An In
cident of this nature is the attempt of
of the railroads operating in the Pa
cific Northwest to win back some of the
cement trade which in former seasons
brought such a large fleet of ships from
Europe to the North Pacific ports. To
enable Coast Importers of this cement
to distribute it to points well in the. in
terior, the railroads have reduced the
rate 11 cents per hundred pounds, and
hope by this low rate to regain the"
trade that has been diverted to Colo
rado and other states where cement is
The people of Oregon. "Washington
and Idaho by this low rate will receive
direct benefits from two sources. They
will be enabled to secure cement at
lower prices, and with a good-sized fleet
of cement ships on which to draw for
grain tonnage, oceart freights outward
on wheat will be lower. Home produc
tion should be encouraged wherever it
is of benefit to the people as a whole.
but In this case the Interests of the
greatest number are best served by the
cheap, cement and cheap freights,
"Where there is one cement manufac
turer there are a hundred thousand
consumers, and In protecting the manu
facturer the consumer naturally suffers.
"While the value per barrel of foreign
cement, a iter deducting the ocean
freight and the duty collected by this
country. Is not large. Us extensive use
makes an aggregate of goodly propor
Here, as with the shipping subsidy.
the extremists among our political
economists call attention to the amount
of money we are "losing" by purchas
ing from the foreigners Instead of buy
ing at ahlgher price from our own
manufacturers. Strictly speaking.
transactions of this nature, if sufficient
in volume, will leave a "balance of
trade" against us. But we purchase
this cement and other commodities be
cause we are In need of them, and it is
to our advantage and. profit to do so.
As long as such conditions prevail, we
have no more to lose by buying heavily
of what we need from the foreigners
than we have by paying them $1 for
earning freight that would cost our
own people 51.25 to move.
WAR ON MOSQUITOES.
"Look for the woman," the simple
sages of elder days advised when Ills
befell. Their wiser children look for
the mosquito. "Would you cure your
malaria? Smother the wlgglers In the
rain barrel with kerosene. "Would you
stamp out the Roman fever, the deadly
pestilence of the Campanian marshes
Sleep under a mosquito -net. "Would
you make an end of yellow fever
Drain your mudpuddles and marshes
pour kerosene upon the pojywog's stilly
pool and let the wlggletail wiggle him
self to swift destruction.
Beneficent kerosene! Erstwhile- th
bumble illumlnant of the bucolic wife
washing belated dishes, the pregnant
oil In duo time generated universities
as Nilus' mud does alligators, and
Anally behold it the panacea, or rather
the more beneficent prophylactic.
Since the day of Major "Walter Reed
and his investigations at Havana we
know that the yellow fever germ I
conveyed from sick to well men by
mosquito. Could this mosquito be ex
terminated, yellow fever would go with
It The people of Mexico City think It
can be exterminated, at least in their
neighborhood: so they mildly ridicule
the old-fashioned quarantine. TJiey
hold out the glad hand of welcome to
New Orleans In spite of her .yellow-
fever epidemic, which Is a good deal of
a failure as an epidemic, be It said, and
cry. "Come one, come all, "but leav
your mosquitoes behind."
Governor Vardaman, as might be ex
pected. is a little more excited about
it. showing symptoms of a lively faith
In the orthodox shotgun quarantine
while Mobile gathers up her skirts and
Bays "Avauati" to all cemn from the
"Gulf ports. Portland hss her Fair, and
other cities are entitled to some ex
citement, even If it must come from a
ellow fever scare. But such scares are
trifle faded nowadays. New of an
epidemic "comes coo) and calm" com
pared with Its raging career two or
three decades ago. From drawing a
shotgun on one's neighbor to pouring
kerosene on a pool of wlgglers Is a step
forward. Even the most determined
doubter of progress must admit that.
And the world Is taking a great many
such steps these days.
THE DROSS OF BASE DESIRE.
The country will watch with Interest,
and not without apprehension for its
fate, the fortunes of a commercial en
terprise now initiating at Baker City.
Or. Everybody who has followed the
course of events In the diversified em
pire of business for the last few years
ill admire the courage of the men who
are preparing to establish a packing
house In that thriving metropolis of
mines and livestock: but everybody too,
will wonder whence they draw their
hope of success. The dispatch which
gives this news does not hint that these
bold adventurers have obtained au
thorization from the acknowledged sov
ereign of the commercial realm where
they think of risking their fortunes.
What will he say, his majesty the Beef
Trust, of hides, horns and tallow, of
lard and sausage, of pickled pigs' feet
and preserved hams, of tripe and em
balmed beef, by the grace of God. king,
defender of the faith, and lord of emi
nent domain what will he say to this
invasion of his divinely conceded pre
rogative? He will say nothing. Your trust Is a
ery William the Silent "for parsimony
of words, but. like Shakespeare's witch.
'he'll do. he'll do and he'll do." Shipping
In Its "private" cars, with the rebates
which are extorted from the railroad
companies by using these cars, the Beef
Trust can undersell the new packing
house In Baker Itself. And that It will
so undersell Is certain: for this great
moparch Is Jealous of the smallest en
croachment upon his sway.
There was a time, when a company
of men .undertaking a new business
venture had to consider whether they
had raw material pl6ntlful and near,
whether they had water power or coal
at hand, whether skilled labor would
hire out to them. That time has passed.
These matters, once essential, are now
of little consequence. The really vital
question is, "Is this business which we
think of entering dominated by a
trust?" If it be so dominated, then no
local advantage of material, fuel or la
bor, or of all combined, will avail. The
trust, with its control of "the railroad?,
can put labor, material and fuel wher
ever it likes, enough of them and cheap"
enough to countervail any local ad
vantage whatever. Or, should It wish
to destroy at less expense a new enter
prise which it thinks treasonable, the
trust can flood any number of local
markets with manufactured goods, and.
because of this same control over trans
portation, sell cheaper than any com
petitor. These are the facts, Vand pity
tis. 'tis true."
There was a time when the people of
America, or the people of a state like
Oregon. desiring a highway for com
merce, turned to Congress or their own
Legislature for. authority and funds.
Thus it was with the National road
over the Alleghanies. along which civ
ilization marched Into 'the Valley of the
Ohio: thus it was with the Erie Canal,
which fixed once and for all In New
York the throne of trade, till then mi
gratory. Thus It was with the first Pa
cific railroad; but thus It is no longer.'
The commonwealth of Oregon waits
humbly for the movlntr finger of Mr.
Harriman to trace the paths of her ad
vancing civilization; he is the Aladdin
whose potent touch shall summon the
tremendous Genii of her plateaus and
mines to build the palaces of her future
cities. The American Nation has pla
cldly watched the lapse of this power
over commerce and oyer the highways
of commerce, which in the beginning of
our history was held to be a high pre
rogative of the sovereign state and the
Federal Congress, Into the possession of
two or three trusts and half a dozen
men. One at least of the "Inherent and
inalienable rights" which Thomas Jef
ferson asserted for mankind we have
surrendered. Our lives are still our
own; the bosses have left us at least
the shadow of political liberty? but the
man who embarks his property in busi
ness today places It absolutely at the
mercy of the half dozen men who con
trol commerce, finance and transporta
tion in America.
There is commiseration In many
minds for the unhappy railroads plun
dered by the Beef Trust through Its pri
vate car lines. Let all tears on this
account be dried. "Raise the curtain
and let us see your picture." said the
connoisseurs to Parrbasfus. He could
not; the curtain was the picture. "De- !
stroy the Beef Trust and free the rail- 1
road companies," cry our commercial i
connoisseurs. We cannot. The trust Is
the railroad companies or the control
ling factor in them. The men that own
the Jtrusts own the railroads. The com
bined revenue of these men exceeds
that of many great nations. Directed
as it Is without division of purpose to
inexorable ends. It gives them a power
greater than that of the Federal Gov
ernment. They break laws and defy
injunctions with Impunity. Legisla
tures are their puppets, courts their in
struments. The legal ability and cun
ning at their command almost Invaria
bly overmatches any that the Govern
ment can employ. They command an
Inflexible fidelity In 'their servants
which former decades have seen only
In men who expected the favor of a
king or the applause of a nation.
Hatching from an egg within a living
body, the Ichneumon devours Its host.
The trusts have batched within the Na
tion: they now devour it
Consciously or unconsciously, he
men at Baker City who venture their
means in a packing-house take up the
fight against this Intrenched Iniquity.
They fcannot win it alone. They are to
fight against odds so heavy that every
man on the Pacific CoatL must help
.them. Their necessity will be our op
portunity to strike a blow at an evil
that we have all denounced. Here, It
seems, will be a chance for our deeds
to Justify our words. Stand by the
men of Baker City. Buy their goods If
they meet trust prices. If they do itot
meet trust prices, buy them all the
more "Burn up the dross of base 6
slrje" and stand for liberty.
J. M. Partlow, who died at his hoe
on the East Side last Sunday, was In
middle life well known to the wide
circle of pioneer life of half a century
age In and aht Clckaiv&s County.
He was one of three members of ap 4
Vlrai&M. faauty who ewe to Oregon la
I860 and took, up their abode la Oregon
City. His twin sisters. Mrs. W. L.
"White, who died. many 'years ago, and
the late Mrs. William Barlow, com
pleted the trio. Mr. Partlow was al one
time a representative of Multnomah
County In the State Legislature, and
was a man of pronounced but some
what eccentric views, .hold tag tena
ciously to early impressions upon mat
ters of .public moment He was withal
a quiet, orderly and responsible man,
and goes to his grave full of years and
attended by the simple honors that at
tach to good citizenship.
Oregon forest rangers seem to have
displayed unusual diligence this season
In keeping down the fires that every
year In the past have smudged our
beautiful landscape from early In July
until the Fall rains set, In. Unfortu
nately, the vigilance of the Oregonlans
will avail not In keeping the air clear
if big forest fires rage In our neighbor
ing states. Washington seems to be
freer than usual of these periodical con
flagrations, but a great fire is said to be
raging in Idaho, and, unless It Is con
trolled, some of the smoke will come
down In this direction. Standing tim
ber is decreasing In quantity more rap
idly than ever before without the aid
of any more destructive agency than
the logger's ax. and the greatest care
should be exercised to prevent Its loss
Another prominent Mexican family
has been butchered by the fiendish
Yaquls. The victims of the last previ
ous massacre were Americans, and by
exterminating a family of Mexicans the
red 'devils show a degree, of Impartial
ity In their operations. Some 'time both
the Americans and the Mexicans living
down on the border will become
a-weary of this unceasing tragedy and
will hunt down the Yaquls and show
them no more quarter than has been
given the white victims of these lawless
marauders. It Is a disgrace to the two
countries whose subjects are being
butchered that the crimes have gone so
Leslie's Monthly Magazine will bear
that name no more. The publishers
will change the name of their period
ical, calling it the American Monthly
Magazine. They give as a reason for
this Ihe distinct difference between the
present magazine and all the publica
tions bearing the name of Leslie.' Af
ter Leslie's death his various publica
tions were bought by different persons,
and for a long time there has been no
connection between the Magazine and
Leslie's Weekly. This last Is the old
est Illustrated weekly paper In Amer
ica, and always one of the best.
Reports from the Grand Ronde reflect
considerable activity In railroad circles.
The feverish anxiety of some of the
participants to get into a country
which they have been fighting shy of
for the past fifteen years Is remindful
of that mad rush that was made to get
up the Clearwater about ten years ago.
It is to be hoped that the present strug
gle in the Wallowa country will not
prove such a flash In the pan as was
the case with the Lewiston project a
few years ago. A little less haste at the
start and a more satisfactory finish is
what Oregon, would like to see.
Patriotism runs high in some hearts.
At New York two men are dying and a
third Is seriously wounded as the re
sult of an argument over the relative
merits of Norway and Sweden. In
Portland on Sunday a Russian laborer
killed himself because of the poor show
ing made by his fellow-countrymen
who are battling with the Japanese. So
far as could be learned the cause of
Russia. Norway and Sweden is still
comparatively unaided by this sacrifice
on the part of their scattered sons.
The Indian Commission appointed
some years ago to distribute the lands
of the Five Nations in the Indian Ter
ritory among the Individuals of the
tribes, has completed Its work. It has
distributed nearly 20.000,000 acres
among 97.594 Indians. The Cherokees
are the most numerous of the five
tribes, their numbers exceeding 40,000.
A man who pours an inflammable
liquid ott a dog and then sets fire to
the creature should be given a term of
years In the Penitentiary In which to
repent his wanton cruelty. Such a man
should not be allowed to run at large In
any country. There Is no means of tell
ing what form his diabolical cruelty
will at any time take.
If It Is Improper to hold a state con
vention to determine who are fit to be
party nominees, how would It do to
hold a state convention to determine
who should not run for office, those
who have knifed party tickets hereto
fore and might be knifed themselves?
General LlnievltcK Is said to be pre
paring for a "demonstration" in Man
churla. in order to Influence the peace
conference. The best "demonstration
he can make Is that of keeping quiet
The Russian army is more terrible Just
before a battle than afterward.
The Los Angeles Times says the real
estate boom that was so lively but a
while ago at Redondo "has subsided.!
ready." And the Times, reads a lee
ture to those who have been platting
and-speculating afresh on vast areas In
Southern California. .
Twenty years ago -the report of yel
low fever at New Orleans would have
occasioned National alarm. JToday It
is an incident. liKe smallpox or raenln
gitis: so much for .betterment of sani
tary conditions and means to destroy
Chauncey Depew chose the best time
to be absent from America, and is fa
voring Europeans- who have long de
sired to satisfy their curiosity with a
glimpse of a- typical American grafter.
Perhaps the Kaiser, who is somewhat
given -to the spectacular, may have de
cided on the aquatic Interview Just to.
Jar the world and give It something to
Navy officers feared the Bennington's
boilers before the explosion, but their
anxiety Is now relieved, and they are
convinced that .their fears were right.
What Czar NJchetes wants is an Em
peror "of his own rank" te advise h&a
to do what he wants to de.
There i Just a pestlblllty that- the
Kaiser has a new brew f ber that he
wants the Csar to sample.
There ware n TMrgatM ia Jce immr
yesterday's attracOosv for steppers.
IX the Japanese array were a member
of the Legislature It would not have to
fight tor passes.
The new Norwegian government re
quests recognition by the United States.
Uncle Sam will kindly get out his fleld
gUsse and try to recognize Norway,
though there" arc so many little govern
ments jumping around In Europe that It
may be a hard task at that distance.
Governor Folk, of Mtaquri. Is swinging
around a limited circle lecturing on "The
Reign of tLaw." There are several rncrt
in the Missouri penitentiary, each duly
'labeled with a number, who are of the
opinion that It was a cyclone.
Mr. Stepanoff. who stepped off this
mortal coll at the age'fOt SO, at Yarinsk.
Russia, a few days ago. left his fortune
to found "a school of beauty for ascd
gentlemen." arM cut off his only son with
a mere bequest of his 365 sets of false
teeth. Yet the son should not regard him
self as disinherited. If he cares to use
the legacy he will have one change of
teeth for every day in the year. The only
sad thing about It Is that once In every
four years on the extra 23th of February
the son will have to forget his father.
One encouraging sign- of the times lies
in the fact that the automobile is turn
ing. the tables. Instead' of the machine.
driven by millionaires, killing common
people. It has taken to killing the mil
lionaires themselves. On the- whole, this
is better than killing a little boy or girl,
for the child has a chance of growing up
Into a useful citizen, while the million-
'aire's career is fixed.
"Do you love me' truly V he sighed.
"From the crown of your head to the
sole of your foot, dearest," she. murmured.
caressingly. - -
Which -'foot?" he Inquired, absent-
mindedly. . ,
The Only Way.
"So you are from the Nevada mining
district?" asked the tenderfoot- -"How
ls Bullfrog progressing?"
"By Jumps," promptly replied the en
thusiastic miner. -
When the Emperors Met.
The Kaiser-Hello. Nick! . '.'
The Czar-Hello. Bill! -
The Kaiser Say, shake again, old boy
didn't know you were an Elk. "that's
Your ( "Favorite" "ool.
Somebody suggests a cozy corner In the
home devoted to one's favorite author.
wherein may be placed articles bearing
upon the life and works "of the favorite.
Fine idea! Take, for Instance. Laura
Jean Libber, favorite author. Items
Photographs 01 Laura at periods from age
of 10 to age of 20. at which age she ceased
to add years; all photos decollete, such
as. appear on the front covers of her books.
Table with legs built of stacks of Laura's
novels, no novel duplicated: legs should
be Craped with fly-paper or other opaque
material, as a matter of taste. Walts
papered with Laura's 'press agent clip
(An episode of the Willamette River.)
It was a glorious Sunday morn;
The sun his hoard of rippling gold
Poured out unstinted; newly-born.
The. fleecy clouds with fold on. fold
Of snowy vestments draped the rim
Of distant mountains, wondrous fair;
But naught was all of this to him
those soul was stink in solitaire!
Alang the placid. 'perfect' stream
.The steamer glided, bearing out
From city grime to fields agleam
-The men-- crowd, with song and shout
Of gladness. Oh. the. soul was freed
For one dear dav from fret and care:
But he he had no .soul to heed;
He sat there playing solitaire! -
The waters lisped along the bow;
The white spray spang!ed?on the wheel;
The volceful breezes pleaded. "Now
Be glad! expand thy soul, and feel
The glory of it! wondrous world
So flne. so fresh, so free, so fair
His legs beneath the table curled.
He played and played at solitaire!
On either bank the blossoms dipped
Their radiant heads in greeting; plna
And oak and fir were lyric-lipped.
And sang in strophes, line by line.
'The conscious poesy of light
By rustling zephyr, sentient air;
But he his mind a murk of night
Arranged the cards in solitaire! "
The deckhand from his coll of rope
Arose and doffed his grimy, hat
And pointed up the emerald slope,
An shouted, "Mates, but look at that!
Now ain't It grand T But up Inside
The cabin sordid, soulless there.
That hopeless thing In human e
Sat bowed' and bent in solitaire!
German Smoke Consumers.
U. S. Consular Reports.
A German firm has recently patented
a system for consuming smoke and pre
venting the wasting of coal which, it is
claimed. Is proving very successful. The
system has been tested at the experi
mental station of the Bavarian "Revl-slons-Verein
in Munich where it was
found that 72 per cent of the combustible
value of soft coal from the Saar district
can be utilized when this smoke consum
er Is used. The conditions were unusual
ly favorable at this station, but It Is
confidently claimed that almost anywhere
the saving of coal will amount to from
12 to 23 per cent The director of a rope
and cable factory at Frankfort Germany,
where the system has been In use for
some time, reports a minimal develop
ment of smoke only when fires are start
ed or replenished; at other times no
smoke Is visible and the saving of coal
amounts to more than 20 per cent The
owners of the patent allow to interested
factories a four weeks , trial, guarantee
ing a saving' of at least 10 per cest ia
coal. At the end of the four weeks a con
tract may be made for a period of five
years, the annual charge for the use of
the smoke consumer and- for keeping- it
In order being J1X to SITS, according te
construction ass size
De folks what loves dey oetghbor ez
deyse'f la mostly In de. dtafe museums ea
you softer pay ter e 'em.
Wisdom ain't confined ter bo time er
place. De gkUa tnrth Is dey ain't eAsagh
of it la de werl ter start a pewdar fac
iery. Sometimes we run ae sVevll owe C one
cetsmunky only tec mak 1; ktt fee Ae
fofka la H nxt fetUemenf
BHter ter "ketch de fimt Intglit tram
wbu. cam attog tmui ep set m a-'
H watt. -fc de woa.
PANAMA NO PLACE FOR WHITE MENl
Yellarr Fevr a Ceastsat Meaace Name- Will Net StayHew the
Epidemic Takes Oft Meat Valaaele Government Em
pleycs Way Wallace LetJ.
New York World.
"Already the ditch the' Government Is
digging on the Isthmus of Panama has
cost "more in Hveff 'than it will ever be
worth. Important though it promises to
be to the commercial world. Panama Is
not ar white rdan's country. That fact
cannot be made too. emphatic"
Miss Alenn A. Robinson, of No.
West F!fty-sventh street matron in the
hospital atjCoIon, Panama, who returned
to New York on the. steamship Advance,
which brought North the body of the
secretary to Governor Magoon. was the
Speaker. S,he has abandoned her work
and he Isthmus after a year's residence
in Panama. With her came Miss Mline,
a Canadian nurse, who also bad finished
her year. By remaining the twelve months
the nurses have earned free transporta
tion both ways. Six months' hard work
on-the Isthmus only entitles them to free
transportation one way. .
"This ruling undoubtedly keeps many
on the Isthmus, said Miss Robinson,
"who otherwise would be likely to leave
by the next steamer on finding, how un
pleasant the Ufa there really Is. It costs
more to go to Panama than it does to
travel across- the. Atlantic
"I became accustomed to the life after
a time, and thought I would stay in
definitely. But my vacation spent in New
York was my undoing. When I returned
to Colon, after a few weeks spent here,
to flpd that three of the men I had known
and left in the full flush -of health had
died of yellow fever well, I Just could
not stand it any longer. One of them
had occupied the. room, next to mine. He
was taken with the fever and removed
from it to the hospital. They all, had
everything to live for. I felt that their
lives alone were worth more than the
whole enterprise. It made me sick at
"The doctors and the Panamanians do
not agree as to the cause of Infection.
The Panamanians hold that the houses
and all the furnishings contain the germs;
that these have found lodgment through
the years, and that nothing short of
burning the buildings' and their contents
would destroy all the germs.
"I believe there .would still be yellow
fever on the Isthmus if -all the mos
quitoes were killed. I do" not believe It
can be stamped out
No one In Panama blamed Mr. Wal
lace, chief engineer of the ditch, for leav
ing the Isthmus, it was generally said
by those nearest to him that It was a
case "St 'cold feet' that he was afraid of
the fever but no one blamed him because
of that fact. He was criticised, however.
for leaving the way he did. The first
rumor there,, printed in a Colon news
paper, was that he was about to leave
for a. short vacation. Next thing he was
gone for good.
"The most surprised man because of
Mr. Wallace's quiet flitting was his -chief
mechanical engineer, Strong. Mr. Strong
simply came to Panama to help Mr. Wal
lace out and did not Intend to remain.
The two passed each other on the ocean
the one returning to the North; the other
going to Panama. When Mr. Strong ar
rived as assistant, he found hlmsejf In
charge and alone. I think Mrs. Wallace
constantly suffered because "of her fear
for her husband's safety. I never saw
such a change .In a woman as In her dur
ing her stay In Panama. She became
haggard, and looked as if living in fear
and dread possessing her constantly.
"I think she wanted her husband to
leave, and I do not blame her.
"It is nonsense to talk of patriotism
being stronger than the love of two peo
ple for each other. If we do not care
i.ore for our own, even than for our
country, we are not good for much.
"Chief Architect Morris Johnston, who
was to have married in a short time a
relative of Mrs. Wallace, was taken ,slck
with yellow fever In her house; Within
a few days after he was1 stricken down
he died. The end came within two weeks
of the day set for his wedding. His bride-to-be
was In Chicago. And he was hur
ried Into his grave, as all those must be
Who die of yellow -fever. This could not
but be an awful thing to Mrs. Wallace.
" "Haverstock In the Government em
plov . was In the best of health and
spirits when I left Panama for my va
cation. After six days he was. dead and
was burled In Monkey Hill Cemetery. Hla
ONCE MORE THE NIGGER."
Mv Thomas E. Wat3on. or Georgia.
anJ of varied fame, is not at all
pleased with the suggestion that the
South cannot approve of -Government
ownership of railways because of the
negro. In Ills magazine he thus replies
to Mr. John Sharp Williams, Demo
cratic statesman of Mississippi, and
leader of the minority In the House of
Mr Williams assutn-a that if the general
Government owned and operated railroads
the race feeling of the South would be dls
resarded. no separate coaches would be pro
vided and whites would nave to ride with
blacks'. So we nave here another evtJeneo
that as a constant stock In trade "the rlc
Eer" is the most Indispensable as-t the
Democratic party of the South evtr hau. There
Is absolutely no end to the variety of ways
In which Democratic cooks can serve uj this
toothsome political land. No uatter what
direction progress would like to take in the
South she 1 held back by the ntvr-faillns
cry of "NlBSerf It sickens me o the very
soul to wltnew the unscrupulous skill, on
the one hand, and childlike Ignorance and
prejudice on the other, which make the nesro
Question the Invincible weapon of Bourbon
nmnm-v in the South. No matter what
r reforms we need and approve. n matter what
abuses afflict us politically or lnuusinnu.
we must submit because of the 'nlsser."
We may want this, that or the other In the
war of xood thing, such as we see jther
communities enjoying, but we -are denied
them becaune of the ever-present and ver
fertiler "aeiTQ question." x
"What One Visitor Found.'
The editor of this paper was on the
Fair grounds at Portland this week -and
found a big exposition, greater and grand
er by far than was ever hinted at or
promised. It Is a credit to the state and
many people of the East consider It the
best located and best arranged fair ever
held in this or any other country. Hotel,
restaurant and rooming-house rates are
as ' reasonable as Is found In .any large
city. There Is no dearth of stopping and
eatkir nlaces and anyone can be accom
modated . both In style and 'price. The
great show Is all right and well worth the
time and money spent on a visit to the
same. - .
The mother of two marriageable
daughters- was cbaverslng- with
"Reallv." she said. "I don't know
whether to send -Ethel and Maude to
the seashore or the mountains this
summer. What would you advise?"
"Well." aswered the "knowing-1 neigh
bor, "I would adviser Sulphur Springs
for a change. Sulphur, you know, is
one of the sfJneipal requisites 1b
.match match i naV
CoHHtl: the Chlekens.
Omaha Of eh.) Bee,
New. that the Portia n Bxveattis ha
perfected, nrtey n,rfitHMUmm for amwd-
J arsMC tiM MMtor may yrosgg te
sweaace wmitsHoi, wW the ether fei-
room was thoroughly fumigated and all
the mosquitoes killed. Then Wentwlre
moved Into It. He was sick Just six.
days, took the fever very soon after oc
cupying the room, thus proving to my
mind that fumigation does not destroy
the germs In these Panamanian houses.
"He. too. died- Both had been in mag
nificent condition when taken with the
fever. The strong and well seem mora
likely, Indeed, to contract the disease
than do the sickly and those of coarser .
'When Chief Mechanical Engineer
Strong first came to Panama, eight
months ago, he said, hopefully: "The
canal will be built In ten years. Befores
I left he again expressed himself on this
subject This time he said: 'We of thl3
generation will never live to see it fin
ished. Thus does life In Panama change
"There Is something In the very 'at
mosphere which demoralizes a man. . The
most sane, well-balanced minds- dn a
few months get crochety and erratic. I
cannot account for this. I only give the
fact. It Is hot but still the thermom
eter rarely stands In the SOs. It Is the
humidity, however, that makes life al
most unbearable. You cannot inhale a
full breath of air. You feel an .Iron,
pressure on yor chest, contracting the
lungs whenever you try. I cannot express
the Intense feeling of delight when on
the water homeward bound, and able to
again fill my lungs with air.
"No one walks In Panama, Physical
exercise Is out of the question. Books
are very expensive and a variety Is not
to be had. There Is no good music. The
monotony of life Is appalling.
"The only variety Is found In love
making and flirting. There Is the most .
wonderful moon in the heavens over the
Isthmus you could Imagine, a fact that.
-I think, has much to do with the ro
mances that are a feature of life- in
Panama. I never was In the tropics be--
fore and the beauty of the heavens at
night fairly took my breath at first The
moon and stars, are so near and so bril
liant. You feel it would almost be pos
sible to reach up and gather a constel
lation or two to serve Instead-of lamps.
"Three nurses married doctors during
the year I was In Panama, and I know
of five more who- are engaged to marry
elther doctors or clerks In the Govern
ment employ. It Is chiefly the fault of
the moon, although propinquity and the
lonely, Isolated life may have something
to do with the romances The last and
the only typical American wedding on
the Isthmus was that of Miss Veta
Crowe, of Boston, and Dr. Edward P.
Beverly, of the old Beverly family of
Virginia, on June 6. They met almost a
year before. Usually the weddings fol
low the first meeting very quickly, as
the heart beats rapidly In this hot cli
mate, this being the exception. Miss
Hubbard, the chief nurse In the hospital
In Ancon. In which was Miss Crowe,
gave a wedding dinner to the tied.
"As to the weddings, three of those
to come will be of doctors, one of a
civil engineer and the other of a -Tew
York man, who made the "acquaintance
of one of the nurses on the way to
Panama and was engaged to marry when
the steamship landed at the isthmus.
"Despite the matrimonial possimuues
of Panama, I venture to predict that
within a year all of the 50 nurses there
will have left the Isthmus; and It will
be impossible to Induce any to go there
except the Army nurses. They have fol
lowed the Army from Cuba to the Phil
ippines, and do not seem to mind the
hardships and the renunciation of all so
cial ties. '
"There are about a thousand Ameri
cans In Colon now. What conditions
would be without Improved hospital fa
cilities I do not venture to say. Before
the American occupation In Panama the
two hospitals were In charge of the sis
ters of St Vincent de PauL In those
days there was a. steady procession of
dead on their way to the cemetery. The
sisters would lock hp the wards at night
and go home. In the mornins they would
find some patients dead. The nuns did
not know the first principles of taking
care "of the sick. This was proved, as
they worked with us for a time, helping
with the diets. They thought It was
cruel to compel a nurse or orderly ta sit
up all night in each ward, and were
amazed at the use of Icebags in fever
cases, baths for typhoid patients, and
at antiseptic surgery." .
PLATT'S PITIFUL PLAINT,
Ioulsvllle (Ky.) Courier-Journal.
"Seventy-two years old a great many
days and months and years: some of them
fruitful, -some barren, but none worth
while. It could have been much better.
If I had it to do over again I should
model my political, life along other lines."
No. dear reader, you are wrong. The -
speaker of these words Is not Chauncey,
Mitchell Depew. although it Is true mat
Mr. Depew' Is 72 years of age. Keep calm
and brace yourself and prepare for the
shock, for he Is Senator Thomas Comer
Yes, "dear old Senator Flatt. Qf New
York! He finds life not worth while and
yet he has made and unmade celebrities.
has been a oolltlcal boss for so many
years that It Is hard to remember Just
when he was not one, has been Repre
sentative and Senator, off and on. since
1873, Is today the president , of a wealthy
express company, is, wealthy himself, has
political and financial Influence, gets his
name in the papers nearly every day and
figures about as much in cartoons as any
body you can find.
Life not worth living5! He himself says
so. though, and the dear old soul ought
to know. So "play the organ softly, turn
the lights down low, speak In gentle tones
and do not smile. Also make haste to
bring a pall In which to catch the dewy
tear that dangles tenderly upon the lower
lid tjf his right eye as if loath to drop.
But. above all things. If you do not enjoy
disappointment do not ask hinvto change
A hundred" years ago there was one man
in the world whose management of the
finances of a country baa never been
equaled or even approached We think
he was the greatest man who has ever
lived; .but in- saying this we do not mean
to say that, on the whole, he was a. good
man or that his life was a blessing to his
country of to the world to the people of
France or to mankind. Still, his achieve- .
raents are well worth the study of states
men and patriots, and the simple -story
of French finances during his reign might,
despite many obvious differences -In con
ditions, be profitable to American states-
men in these days of divers depredations.
Lord Rose be ry says f Napoleon that
"his financial management by which he
sustained a vast empire with power and
splendor, but with rigid ecoftemy and
without a debt is a. marvel and a mys
tery. In all the offices of state he knew
everythlng. inspired everything." Sir
William Napier, writing on the same sub
ject says: "
The annual expenditure of France? was
scarcslr half that of EsrlaiKl; ami Napeleon
rejected public loan. wMchr are the life
bload of state corruption. He, left no debt.
Un4er him no man dvore4 the pubUe b
ttaace la Mleasw merely & was of
a privileged class: tae state servants, were
largely paid, test they were mad ta taier
eTectully for the state. They die set' eat
their bre aad Hl yatemef va&ttc
aeceuKs, remark We for tts emes. s4m
pltetty e camstrefceaslv. waa vttaHSr
oeog to pwMfe fraud. aa4. therefore, c-Uem-ty
.tmfaveraM to errsHieau-
lt Is evident that under JfaTpoIeoa. m
syecten )neHtd. and that ew great;
Americsut. institiiUea; the JcmlMt. ,wc net .
hi faaMMr alee that the rahe-eC d set-.