Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, July 20, 1905, Page 5, Image 5

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    ALL KINDS OF GRAFT
Justice Brewer Denounces It
in All Forms.
TALKS. TO INSURANCE MEN
Believes Equitable Exposure, "Will
Benefit Insurance Business.
Insidious Ways in Which
Public Officials Graft.
MILWAUKEE. July IS. Justice Daid
Brewer, of the United States Supreme
Court, delivered a short address before a.
large assemblage of life insurance agents
in the Masonic building- In this city" tonight-
He devoted most of his talk to
modern graft, and praised President
Roosevelt for his efforts to make public
affairs pure and honest.
"This has been a year which may be
characterized as one of great insurance
upheaval." he said. "The Tesult has
been prejudicial to the Interests of a cer
talncompany, and also to the Interests
and business of others. I believe this
will result In great benefit to insurance
throughout the world.
"The moment private pecuniary gain is
sought through the advantage of a trust,
some one is guilty of grafting. There was
never a truer saying than that by G rover
CrcrJand that a public office is a public
trust. Ttrere is today so much grafting
going on among public officials as to
startle us. I am not speaking now about
the coarser kind of grafting, such as
buying votes, paying money, etc, which
we all condemn. I have reference to
the more Insidious ways in which the
one holding public office is not carrying
on the .duties of that office "with an eye
single to his trust, in prostituting in one
way or another that office for his own
gain or the gain of his ends.
"Take the President of the United
States. Along In the Winter Santo Do
mingo put Itself on a sound financial foot
ing. Suppose the President had acted se
cretly and advised his friends to buy up
Santo Domingo bonds. Wouldn't that
shpek the people of the country? Yet the
Government would lose nothing and some
would bo private gainers. Suppose the
United States Supreme Court Justices
would give out Information In advance of
certain decisions. Would not you revolt
at such a transaction? It would be un
worthy this would be grafting.
"It requires not merely action of of
ficials of the Gox'ernment. but action of
every one that the administration of pub
lic affairs be kept pure and honest."
HOOKER'S FATE IX BAIAXCE
legislature Will Vote on Question ot
Corruption Today.
ALBANY. X. Y... July 19. The fate of
Warren B. Hooker, of Fredonla, so far as
concerns his position as Justice of the
Supreme Court In the Eighth Judicial
District, and incidentally his place upon
the bench of the Appellate Division In the
Second Department, lies now with the
members of the two House? of the Stato
Legislature and almost certainly will be
decided tomorrow.
The formal charge upon which Justice
Hooker's removal -Is asked alleges that
he has been "willfully guilty of corrupt,
unlawful and Immoral acts." calculated
to bring the office of Justice of the
Supreme. Court Into contempt and showing
"personal unfitness for that exalted of
fice." Final action will be taken on a
concurrent , resolution providing for his
removal from office.
VOTERS IE OPINIONS
COMMOX PEOPLE NOT IX NEED
OF ASSISTAXCE.
Lay Member of Republican Party
Protests Against Adoption of
Senator Fulton's Idea.
SALEM. July IS. CTo the Editor.) Cer
tain esteemed Republican brethren, news
papers and otherwise, are much perturbI
at the prospect of the probable unsatisfac
tory working of the direct primary law and
are quite busy in maklnc suggestions as to
its alleged faults and the way to avoid
them.
Senator Fulton Is not pleasd at the nom
inating horoscope and boldly proposes a
remedy, the most amusing feature of which
Is his suggestion to absolutely Ignore th
law as far as it can be successfully done,
by holding a convention of "influential
members of the party from all parts of the
state and to determine the strongest candi
dates whom the party could nominate at tho
primaries."
Holy smoke! Then the people have no
means of knowing who the rtrongest can
didates may "be unless said candidates are
pointed out to them by a convention of
prominent and Influential men" who will
volunteer to chaperone the said benighted
people through the dangerous mazes and
mysteries of a political campaign!
But who are the "prominent and Influen
tial members" of the party throughout the
state who would be entitled to assemble and
kindly Indicate to the people Just what
they should do at a "direct primary?" It
is presumed that under this benign system
of selection by tbc annolnted few ror th
benighted many, the primaries are to be
known as "direct." for the reason that they
are to be directed by an Inspired few whose
superior knowledce comes fresh from the
skillful political bst.
Senator Fulton says the state convention
which he propose should consist of dele
gates chosen by county conventions whose
membership should be selected by primaries
"their selection should be taken back as
nearly as possible to the people."
But if the people are not capable of tak
ing charge of the matter in the first place.
If only those who are Influential- are en
titled to express a first opinion as tc the
"strongest candidates whom the partv
could nominate at the primaries." why ven
ture the mistake of "getting back as nearli
as possible" to these same untrustworthy
hayseeds who are likely to disrupt '"party.'"
government and all unless tl)e safe way U
pointed out to them by an asemblage of
men of "influence"'?
The Senator kindly adds that If any man
who Is an aspirant should be so unfortu
nate as to not be acceptable -to these men
of Influence, he could "go before the partj
In the primaries and appeal trt the people."
But suppose he should, and should sue
ceed as against the selection of th influ
ential men. would that not Indicate that tb
people were wrong, since the object of the
antedating kindergarten wa to "determine
the strongest candidates whom the partr
could nominate at th primaries-? And if
an appeal to the people Is to he had to de
termine whether the men of Influence, should
be heeded, thus admitting that the people
know .best, why notTeave It to them in U
first place?
In other words, why not In a manly way
abandon the Idea that the people are need
ful only to ratify the findings of a few men
.who imagine they are "influential" that
th common peopli of this countrr are
canable of selecting a set of delegates tft
eelect candidates for thirasOves. but are not
to be trusted to select the candidates!
This lofty but strained conception impll
that the average man the man who Is
without influence knows a gnnd delegate
w-hea he see one and can safely he trust!
to eelect him. but that at that potet his
perceptive foultIs fall helpleeslr sown
with a Mcks!ag thud and he Ja Jo tre
lie m to what is repaired to ike reed
rufcftje fee than If he .were a Bht-
B&zouk running at Urge oa the plaits sf
Turkey. 1
il J, time -for us ail 'to cheerfully accept
the fact that Lincoln's Idea a vovernm&t
of the people, ty the people and for tn
Ieoj!e u not to be essentially tSreaded. etca '
though it mtgnt curtail tbe cherUhed priv
ilege of some men of "influence."
it is not difficult to recall instances la both!
state and county conventions where, after
J erai ballots without result, a pauie was
called long enough for one or to men to
marsnal tnclr xorues, Mimeiiaei in one cor
ner of the hall, ana. tr&ngely enough, the
next ballot decided the matter for all line.
Circumstances frequently arise in conven
tions where one or two influential member
shine with a distinguished brilliancy whose
dazzling effects are far-reaching, indeed.
An amusing feature of tb- Senator's prop
osition. In tact, the amusing feature. Is the
suggestion that It Is for the purpose of
pointing cut jo the people, whom they can
afford to nominate, the Inference being, ot
course, that they do not themselves kuow,
that they are either really or constructively
from Missouri!
"We are a government of the people, by tbe
people and for the people provided our -Xluentiar
men are given the first inning,
thus giving us government by suggestion.
And the -tjsJeirf" Statesman Is also anxious
to emasculate the direct primary law, as
serting that "It Would have been wiser If It
bad provided for a ctate convention, dele
gates to which could have been selected at
th6 direct primary In each county and the
state convention to have selected the state
candidates,' and in the placid contempla
tion of such a "direct primary law we caa
all the more deeply admire and appreciate
the play ot "Hamlet" with Hamlet omitted
from it and Shakespeare yet unborn.
The Statesman calls for "a conference ot
Republican leaders," and says, "let tbe ob
ject of this conference be the adoption of a.
platform, and If not tbe recommendation of
candidates, at least the elimination ot a lot
of them from the field!"
TCow tbe beauty of this proposition is in
the simple frankness of It. Passing by the
probable difficulty of determining wlm ar
"Republican leaders." how many of then
would be eligible to thus chaperone the mis
guided people. Just where to draw the line
and who would be entitled to draw It, it is
Interesting .to know that this '"conference
would have the right to "eliminate" such
aspirants as failed to appeal favorably to
the influential elect In conference assembled!
Of course, those curious "enough to delve
beneath the surface of this unique scheme to
simplify matters, will find It difficult to sup
press the conjecture as to what will become
of the eliminated unfortunates. Senator
Fulton says they might "appeal to tbe peo
ple in the primaries." but after one has
been subjected to the awful process of
"elimination." the right of appeal docs not
usually apply.
This process of "elimination" has been the
corner stone and the key of the professional
boss; in fact, "conferences ot leaders have
been exploiting the right of "elimination"
in Russia for centuries, but Its bold applica
tion In this country has been the means of
arousing that public sentiment which finally
has resulted In a direct primary law In Ore
gon and its central feature is being enacted
In most of the states of the Union.
. Of course, it would be well to have a
platform and yet. when we recall that tor
several 'campaigns the Republican platform
called loudly for the enactment of a flat
salary law, for Instance, and that It was
successively and successfully Ignored during
without annoying difficulty be imagined that J
the wheels of government would continue
to run and th earth to revolve on its axis,
even If neither party should next year be
privileged to "point with pride" or 'View
with alarm."
To be sure. It Is gratifying to a political
party to be able to declare platforms, even
though, as has been often said. that, like
those ot railway coaches, they are mtde to
get In on and nut to stand on; but since the
failure to observe them has not proved fatal,
no special dread need be feared from Just
a single failure to construct one.
Let us all abandon the struggling effort to
render the direct primary law nugatory by
the suggestion to "eliminate a lot ot can
didates" by the arbitrary exercise of as
sumed power or by any other means that
Implies a lack of confidence in those who
are commonly termed the salt of the earth,
and who are accustomed to being impres
sively assured that they are the bone and
sinew of the land "the most Intelligent and
patriotic people on the face of this mun
dane sphere." from the day the ticket has
been "fixed" until the day of election.
In the meantime, however. It Is well to
continue in the admiration of the new the
ory that a "direct primary" Is one where
the primary Is to be directed by a few
prominent and influential members of the
Varty In whom the right of "elimination"
Ic irrevocably Invested.
A IAT MEMBEJl.
CAPE TO CAIRO RAILROADS!
Great Engineering Feat In Land of
the Pliaraohs.
In continuation of United States Consul
Rayndal'8 reports on the Cape to Cairo
Railway. United States Vice-Consult Wil
liam C Magelssen, Blerut, Syria, trans
mits the following article from a recent
issue of the Gazette, published at Alex
andria, Egypt:
A most important link In the line from
the Cape to Cairo was formed on Sat
urday week when the great bridge the
highest in the world-over the forge at
the Victoria Falls, on the Zambesi River,
was connected. This cantilexer bridge,
which thus forms another link in the Capo
to Cairo Railway, initiated by the late
Cecil Rhodes, crosses the Zambesi for a
distance of 650 feet at a height from, low
water level to the rails of 430 feet, or
about 350 feet from high water. The sec
ond highest bridge In the world Is the
Viaduct du Vlaur, In France. 375 feet.
The bridge was built by an English
company on the girder pattern. It Is con
structed in three spans and has a "width
of 30 feet. The work was commenced
simultaneously from both banks of the
river, an electric motor cable with a
span of S00 feet, the largest thing of lis
kind yet attempted, carrying the mate
rial from one side to the other. The
bridge has ten bays In all, and the rate
of construction was estimated at about
two. bays a month. The delicacy of the
operation may be Judged from the fact
that the slightest deviation from a level
would have been productive of consider
able difficulties. As it is the bottom
booms have been bolted up.
The Cape to Cairo Railway is an en
deavor to connect Egypt with South Af
rica by a line 5700" miles long. From the
north the railway -has reached Khar
toum, a distance 'allowing for the river
gap between Assuan and Wady Haifa)
of 1400 miles. Jn the south ood progress
has been made north of the Zambesi, on
the section known as the northern ex
tension, from the Victoria Falls to Kalfe
mo. the administrative center of Barotse
land. a distance of 103 miles. From Kalo
mo the line is to be continued for an
other 250 miles In a .northeasterly direc
tion. It is probable that from Tanganyi
ka there will be two lines, one through
the Congo and another through German
territory.
Campnicetlng a Week Longer.
OREGON CITY. Or July 13. Special.)
The campmcctlng at New Era held by
the Spiritualists of Oregon has proven
so much of a success in point of inter
est and attendance it has been decided
to continue the. session until August 6.
one week longer than advertised. There
are in attendance a number of good
speakers anJ mediums. Harrison D. Bar
rett, president-of the National Spiritual
ist Association, and Harry -J. Moore are
among the interesting lecturers.
Tallmadgc Perjury Case Dropped.
PORTAL.ES. 2C. M-. July IS. The case
against Benjamin H. Tallmadge., In which
he was charged with subornation .of per
jury in connection with alleged fraslulent
land entries in New. Mexico, was dis
missed today at tho request of AsslHant
United States Attorney., S. Medler.
Three of the charges against Tallmadge
have been withdrawn and he is now be
ing tried on a fourth charge,'
Preparing.
Exchange.
First life Insurance director Ttn. go
ing to take out an accMent poHcy.
Secoast life .insurance director go
as I. There's a board meetlx teor-row.
NO BELIEF IN SIGHT
Additional Steamer Cannot Be
Obtained.
SCHWERIN IN THE CITY
Man a per of Harriman. Steamship
Line Says Columbia and St.
Paal Muse Try to Handle
Heavy Traffic Alone.
With first-class passengers going in
tbe steerage, a long waiting list for
every berth, and both steamers going
south crowded to the utmost limit of
safety, the Harriman offices in the East
continue to sell tickets for the trip
from Portland to San Francisco, and
R. P. Schwerln, general manager of the
San Francisco .& Portland Steamship
Company, says the Columbia and
St. Paul "will continue to be the only
steamers on the run.
Having, bought their tickets for tbe
voyage several weeks ago, would-be
passengers naturally expect a chance
to go to California without much delay.
The Independent boats are finding
plenty of passengers, but the 'majority
of those who present themselves at the
Harriman office to arrange for berths
have already paid their money.
Slipping quietly Into the city. Man
ager Schwerln yesterday stated posi
tively that no more steamers would
be put on the San Francisco-Portland
run. despite the tremendous tourist
traffic which has been expected for
months. He denies ' the report from
Seattle that the steamer Valencia, of
the Pacific Coast Company, will come
here temporarily. Mr. Schwerln says
that every steamer on the Pacific Coast
is busily making money elsewhere now.
The tourists who come through Port
land must wait their turn, therefore.
Tonight the steamer St, Pau will
sail for San Francisco, loaded as usual.
3IcCuIloch's Departure Regretted.
After a stay of two months In Portland
harbor, tae revenue cutter Hugh McCul
loch star:ed for Sun Francisco for orders
yesterday morning. During the time she
has been here the officers have made
many friends. The sailors deeply regret
that their famous five-oared boat could
not be entered against any other crew
while here. None of the cruisers which
visited here had suitable boats for racing,
and the McCulloch's men crossed their
bows with raised oars several times, all
in vain.
Fourth Infantry on Sherman.
SAN FRANCISCO. July 19. The
United States Army transport Sherman
arrived today from Manila, via Hono
lulu, bringing the entire Fourth Infan
try, one squadron of the Twelfth Cav
alry and Companies "2S and 92 of the
Coast Artillery. The Ninety-second
Company. Coast Artillery, will go to
Fort Flagler. Washington, and the
Twenty-eighth Company toFort Rose
crans. One battalion of the Fourth
Infantry will go to Fort Thomas,
while the remainder will be at the
Presidio until further orders.
Bring Japanese to Coast,
HONOLULU. July 19. Stanley Dol
lar, gf the Dollar Steamship Company,
sailed today for San Francisco. Before
his departure, he said that he would
send some steamer here again to visit
all the Islands and gather Japanese
passengers for the Pacific Coast, It is
expected that the delays caused by liti
gation made his experiment with the
Stanley Dollar a heavy loss.
Weeds of Four 1 ear's Growth.
SEATTLE. Wash.. July 19. In tow
of a tug. Government Lightship 67 ar
rived in port this rooming from Cape
Flatten- The vessel has been an
chored off Umatilla Reef since 1901.
She was recently relieved by Lightship
76. a new vessel from the Eastern
Coast, The vessel was so foul that she
could not proceed under her own steam,
and was drifting when picked up by
the tug.
Reduce Time From New York.
Information was received here yester
day that the American-Hawaiian Steam
ship Company has made a contract with
the Tehauntepec Railway, of Mexico, for
the handling of freight across the Isthmus
of Tehauntepec The time between New
Tork and San Francisco will be reduced
from 60 days to 25 days In consequence.
There will be weekly sailings from New
York for the Coast.
Marine Xotcs.
The steamer Alliance left down last
night with a full list of passengers. 125
tons of freight for Coos Bay and 175 tons
for Eureka.
In a short time the little steamer Toledo
will be taken to Rogue River, as rhe has
been leased for work In Hume's salmon
fishery. She has been Idle since removed
from the Gray's Harbor run.
Havingdlscharged 10,000 barrels of crude
oil at Portsmouth, the tank steamer
Whlttler left down yesterday, having In
tow the barge Santa Paula, which brought
7500 "barrels from Port Harford, CaL
Yesterday the steamer Redondo. at the
Flanders dock, was unloading 117 pack
ages of pig Iron. 42S bundles of Jute bags.
150) barrels of cement and 60 tons of
structural Iron, shipped from San Fran
cisco. Domestic and Foreign Ports.
ASTORIA. July 19. Condition of the bar
at 2 V, smooth; wind northwest, weather
cloudy. Arrired down at 4 and sailed at 11
A. M. Steamer Despatch, for San Francisco.
Eureka. Cat, July l!.-Alied teamer
Francis 1 1. Leggett, for Portland.
San Francisco. Jnly IP. Sailed at 4 P. M.
Schooner Halcyon, for Portland. 'Sailed
Schooner North Bend, for Coos Bay; schoon
er C. A. Thayer, for Grays Harbor: schoon
er Ivy. for Coos Bay, Arrived Transport
Sherman, from Manila.
Tokohama, July IS. Arrived previously
St. Helena, from Tacoma and Seattle: Ath
enian, from Vancouveti for HongkonxT
Tokohama. July 19. ArrtTed previously
Queen Alexandra, from San FraaeUec. -to
Hlogo
Plea for the Cross-Saddle.
Outing.
The various arguments against the
adoption of this cross-seat include:
That it Is against the laws of hygiene,
that it creates comment, and that the
costume necessary to enable a woman
toride astride Is not in accordance
with "society's ideas of propriety In
drtss,
So far aa the question of health Isl
concerned, there are more professional
medical opinions registered against
riding in the side-saddle than against
the other way of riding, and by Just a
good authorities, with better argu
ments against It. -Some physicians in
sist Chat -no woman ought ever te ride,
skate, bicycle, or take any viol eat ex
ercise. This rs ridiculous, although
soe wokii have, ae doue-t, injured
tfaeesselve by riding or taking visleat
exercise inadvseedry or InmoAec-ateir.
la Its f&vor. It stay be claim for
the croee-seat that the position Is a
more comfortable one for both horse
and rider; the dress is also more com
fortable and safer and may be arrang
ed to appear the same, and that the
saddle Is infinitely safer for a woman
to ride on. The position permits a
woman to ride further with leas fatigue
than she couIdon the side-saddle, to
control and cling to her horse better, to
get away from tbe animal more easily
In case of a fall, and to do many things,
such as to shoot from the saddle, play
polo, etc much better by reason of her
position In the saddle.
The danger of the skirt catching on
the pommel, the necessity of sitting
always too far back on a horse, the
unavoidable extra, pressure on the left
side of the animal, the certainty of
the saddle turning If the girths become
slack, and the probable Injury which
the high pommel, or horn, would
cause to the rider should she be rolled
on. are all avoided by relinquishing
tbe side-saddle for the man's.
HE WAS A MASTER OF MEN
Judge Flam Recalls Strong Charac
ter of Benjamin Harrison.
Judge John D. Elatn, of Indianapolis,
member of the law firm of Miller.
El am. Fessler & Miller, one of tbe most
Important In the Middle West, Is at the
Portland, accompanied by his wife.
Judge Elam Is an interesting man in
very many respects, but the fact tnat
he was for a number of years law
partner of the late PresiJent Benjamin
Harrison, Is perhaps most important.
General Harrison, Judge Elam and
W. H. H. Miller, afterward Attorney
General In Harrison Cabinet, formed
a partnership In 1SS3. which continued
until 18S9. when Harrison was inau
gurated President.
The friendship thus formed con
tinued until President Harrison's death.
In 1901 and few men In the country arc
In a position to speak with such au
thority of the personality of the dis
tinguished Indlanlan as Is Judge Elam.
"General Harrison was a man capa
ble of the most Intense absorption."
said tbe Judge yesterday. "At times he
would become so engrossed In a sub
ject that he literally forgot his sur
roundings and became perfectly ob
livious to everything except the mat
ter in hand. During such times he
Ignored those about blm and frequent
ly became almost discourteous to those
who came In contact with him. Because
of this he acquired the reputation of
being cold and unlovable.
"There was another side to .him.
however, and on occasions he was a
moat companionable man. He knew
none of the tricks or artifices of the
politician, and was never a 'mixer. He
never pretended to remember people,
when in fact he did not, and was not
a great success at shaking hands. His
great Influence In Indiana politics wns
gained through his recognized ability
as a thinker and lawyer of great force
and because everybody had an "abid
ing faith In his integrity and devotion
to duty. He was never a schemer or
an organizer in the sense that most po
litical leaders are. but the people of
Indiana always knew that they could
trust him.
He was a fighting lawyer who spent
much of his time In court and was un
usually successful In the prosecution of
cases. He was not a promoter nor a
business adviser as are so many of our
famous" lawyers who seldom see the Inside
of a courtroom. He was a great reader
and a scholar. He was not fond of dis
play and had little personal vanity. As
everyone knows he had a brilliant war
record but he seldom spoke of It and de
tested parading In military uniform.
Wtn he retired from the Presidency
he was worth probably 375,(00. possibly
00.000 but In the few years that elapsed
stween that time and his death he made
probably $59X000 more out of his practice,
for he received many very large fees.
He did not re-enter our firm or any other.
In fact he did not open an office but he
ud our library and frequently did work
In our office. His widow still lives In
Indianapolis, although she Is away from
home a great deal, at present being in
Europe with the daughter, a frail little
thing five or six years old. His son Rus
sell also lives In Indianapolis where he
practices law. but has- few of the qual
ities which made his father a leader ot
men."
Judge Elam has been an Important fac
tor In Indiana politics for many years,
although he has never been an office
holder. He was one of General Harrison's
principal managers in the conventions of
1SSS and 92 and was offered an important
post under the Administration but pref
erred to devote himself to his profession.
Although comparatively a young man, he
rved twd years In the Army of the
Potomac during the Civil War and bears
the scars bf battle.
Mrs. Elam Is a member of the board
of managers of two of the principal state
charitable Institutions of Indiana, and Is
attending the sessions of the National
Conference of Charities and Correction,
Judge and Mrs. Elam will leave on
Friday to make the Alaskan trip. Both
speak In high terms of Portland and the
Fair.
OLD INDIAN PIPES.
Some Meant Platonic Love Between
3Ian and Woman.
Exchange.
It needs scarcely be told that In the
pipes of long ago each feather appended
to the stem represented an enemy slain.
If one doubted the record of the war
eagle feathers, the warrior then showed
the scalps of the enemy, which were kept
as a sort of a sacred proof of his word.
Such pipes were used only on occasions
of peace and war. Speaking roughly, the
best pipes of the Easteri tribes were
In moulded clay, the beat of tfe Western
tribes In slate pipe stone taken from the
famous quarry west of the. Mississippi.
Before the great buffalo and antelope
.hunts, when herds of game were driven
into a pound, or an enclosed area of
snares, it was customary for the Indians
to whiff the Incense of propltltlon to the
spirits of tbe animals about to be slain,
explaining that only the desire for food
compelled tbe Indiana to kill, and that
the hunt wa the will of the Master of
life or "Master of the Roaring Winds."
who would compensate the animals In the
next world. Tne pipes used for this cere
mony usually show the figure of a man
In conference with the figure of an ani
mal. Others show the figures of In
dians with locked bands. This typifies
a vow of friendship to be terminated
only by death. It -was usually between
men; but sometimes be twee a a man and
a womaa. In which case the Platonic
bond not only precluded but forbade the
very possibility of marriage. After that
who shall say that (he stolid Indian has
no vein of sentiment in his nature?
One of the most curious pipes I have
seen I bought from a Cree oa a reserva
tion east of the refugee Stoux. It is
in the shape of a war hatchet, of a metal
which I do not know, though I suspect
It is galena mixed with clay, the edge
belac slurp enough, but the back of the
axe being' a bawl and the handle a pipe
stem. The edd Haes m Indian carvings
and woven work are not "without saean
leg. Fighting MlstaX . could read a le
ged where we saw notMag but bizarre
aarkiags. There were the circular llaes,
botlew down, meaning xkHd; tbe crbes.
seaalag the cewlng'of the priest; tbe
tree, a type tt peace with Hb braAcfces
overabseewisHT the a natloe: the 'wavy
Mae, 8gnlfyig water; tbe arrowX war.
Tbe ordinary Ia4faa ran read a tribal'
aooc r chronicle ,f rom obscure drawings
en the face ot a rock. "r erasy-coUnd
work oa a scriped buffalo sUa.
BULLETS FINISH HIM
Negro Brute Shot Dead in
Texas Jail by Mob.
HAD ASSAULTED A CHILD
German Colony Which President
Praised as - Law-Abiding Be
comes Scene or Lynching.
Xegro Had Confessed.
XEW BRAUJfFELS. Tex.. July 20.
(1 A. M.) A mob tonight battered
down the doors of the County Jail and
lynched Sam Green, a 18-year-old ne
gro boy. who attempted a criminal as
sault at this place Tuesday night on
the 4-year-o!d daughter of William
Karbach. a German farmer, who lives
near here.
The mob could not break Into the
cell where the prisoner was kept, so
the leaders thrust their guns through
the opening of the steel walls and fired
three shots. The negro sank to the
floor dead, and the mob quietly disap
peared. The negro protested his Innocence,
but during the day had confessed his
guilt to the Sheriff. He had been em
ployed by Karbach to work on the
farm, and went out to drive home some
cattle, the little child following. It
was while on this errand that the ne"
gro attempted the crime.
New Braunfeh Is a little German
town 30 miles from San Antonio, in
which the negroes even speak German,
and which has a state reputation as a
law-abiding community. It is also
noted for the fact that during his trip
through Texas, President Roosevelt
made a brief speech In German to the
inhabitants, commending them on their
reputation as law-abiding citizens.
TYPES OF BATTLESHIPS
Xevr Models Will Shine In Speed and
Heavy Gunfire.
Minneapolis Tribune.
The Scientific American contains in
formation we have not seen elsewhere In
relation to the latest battleship designs
made by the English Admiralty. These
designs have been made In the light of
all the experience gained by the Japanese
In their war with Russia. It is probable
that British naval officers have had
larger access to the results of that ex
perience than those of any other nation.
These new designs must be taken, there
fore, as the very newest thing in naval
construction.
If .the information ot the Scientific
American Is correct England and Japan
hereafter will sacrifice everything to
speed and heavy gunfire. All guns but
the very heaviest will be abandoned, ex
cept for a perfect swarm of rapid-fire
guns to repel torpedo-boats. It la said
that the new ships will have 13,000 ton
nage and 21 knots speed and will carry
each ten 12-lnch guns mounted in five
turrets on the main deck.
With these the admiralty Is planning
huge. armored cruisers of "5 knots tspeed.
carrying the same equipment of 9.2-Inch
guns. The British are planning no ships
smaller than these, except huge torpedo
boat destroyers, ranging up to 36 knots
speed with turbine engines, and 1000 ton
nage. These, it is thought, will take the
place of all cruisers and scouts in the
future.
This Is the natural result of the dem
onstration in the Japan and Yellow Seas
that faster battleships with heavier guns
can keep out of barm's way whtle sink
ing a slower enemy with Inferior Runs
pat long range. It Is probable that the ex
ample of Great Britain will be followed
by all nations that desire to maintain
serious pretensions to sea. power.
The American Bureau of Naval Con
struction has been feeling its way for
two or three years towards the design of
battleships armed only with 12-Inch guns,
though It has not ventured to ask for
21 knots speed. It Is supposed" that the
dejay In designing the two battleships
authorized by the last session of Con
gress will result In adoption of this very
powerful type.
Five American youths in the University of
California flunked an examination, but the
Japanese, who waited on their table passed
the course with high honors. The Japs
mnt co.
" Please Smile
AND
Look Pleasant'
When a woman savs "I am racked with
pain," the word "racked" recalls the days
wkeo they stretched tbe tender bodies ot
w 05 en on the rack with, rows and pulley
until the very Joint cracked.
Fancy an attendant sayirur to the tor
tured woman, "Please smite and look
pleasant."
A rA vrl t.Viw wnnun "r-Vet Tar''Vi n?n
Is expected to gcalle through her agony
and to make home happy. She can't
do Ik It is against Kawre. Generally
speaking, the racking palos of ill-health
ruck as headache, backache and "bear-lag-down
palas"are related to derange
ments or disorders of the organs dis
tinctly (femlaloe. When this conditloa
Is restored the general health i restored,
and with, health comes beck the smile of
happiness.
Anr wocaan xo&t retrainher health at
home without offensive questionings or
examlaaUoas by the use of Dr. Pierce's
Favorite Prescription. SMc wonen may
consult Dr. Pierce, by Jetter, freo of. I
charge. 5uea letters are treated as
sacredly confidential.
"It affords se pieaaare to relate tbe won
derful merits of yoar great medicine, espe
cially roar Favorite Prescript toe.' " writes
Mr. J. Tfeejr Shine, of Woodbury. K. Jersey.
L. Box SSL Xywlte has beea uata it for
soaje Hem put. Bariac MCered severely
with betra-aowapJas. aching la back,
sad iay otber coesplaiBU peculiar t
woBec abe was very weak, could not do
aay heavy work or wsasuag bat can do all
klads of work now. She is scoa to becoeae a
Bother bat we do sot fear tbe result (as
VeretofereL all dae to your wonder-worker.
Favorite PresortpUon."
"Tear 'Flesaaat VtlleU' are aha wortk
stay Uases taetr price. I hare ueeel feea
forbOIoeeM aad stomick trouble, and
have foaad tbesa to be all that you dales.
They are aar constant coesnaloas eace
used, always kept,"
Glrea away. Tbe People's
C9BMR Sense Medical Ad
viser Is seat' free oa receipt
of steasps to par expesse of
mtamt erwv. xae ooox
s asses, over im
tratsaae sad several colored
plates. SesteVn oae-ceat
ctassps for tbe psper-baaad.
feoefc. or X at i asp i far tbe
, Asanas in.
T. PVarea, BaCale. . T.
Schilling's Best, so far as it
goes, means comfort and ease
and' economy.
Mceybek; at j&x grocer's!
HEALTH
BRINGS
BEAUTY-
ills
joists;
Thousands of women suffer from catarrhal nervousness and
exhaustion during the summer months. If you fee! fagged out,
begin at once taking Peruna. - It will relieve yoar catarrhal con
dition and restore you to health.- If you desire special advice,
write to Dr. S. Hart man, President ofThe Hartm&n Sani
tarium, Columbus, Ohio.
(sss
The Kind Yon Hare Always
in use for over SO years,
and
y1- sonal
All Counterfeits, Imitations and " Just-as-good" are bufr
Experiments that trifle with, and endanger tbe Jiealtb. ot
Infants and Cliildr en Experience against Experiment
What is CASTORIA
Castoria is s, harmless substitute for Castor OA, Fare
goric, Drops and Soothing Syrups. It is Pleasant. Ife
contains neither Opium, Morphine nor other Narcotic
substance. Its age is its guarantee. It destroys "Worms
and allays Feverishness. It cures Diarrhoea and "Wind
Colic It relieves Teething Troubles, cures Constipation
and Flatulency. It assimilates the Food, regulates the
Stomach and Bowels, giving healthy and natural sleep
The Children's Panacea The Mother's Friend
GENUINE CASTORIA ALWAYS
Bears the
The KM You Haye Always BougM
In Use For Over 30 Years.
, TMC CENTAUR COMPANY, TT MURRAY STSIXCT. NtVYOM CITY.
The Best Hot Weather Medicine Y
B SALE 7KN M"LHK BOXES A YEAS H
PS EVENT ALL SUMMER BOWEL TRMJM.EX
Mtanri. r7I?.K7li"-.i i st-.rrd. No failure.
YOCAG 3uk troubled with night
rmnfcha. averaion to society, wbkh utprive jbu 01 ysnr. mssuutis. u.-isicixas .
HIDDLB-AGKD XKJi, vso frKi excesses and strains have lost their aCOTMP
FOWXR.
BLOOD XXO SKTS DISKASKS, Sypfeilk. Gonorrhoea, painful. Mss4r 'w4cmv.
GHeat Stricture. Enlarged Prostate. 'Sexual Debility, Varicocele. Hysroe!, JCW
Bey and Liver Troubles cured without MEKCURV 8K OTHBK FeiX
DTGS. Catarrh and rheumatism CtTRBD. ; ,
JDr.. "Walker's method are regular1 and sctentine. ' He uses no p4tt ne
trams or ready-made" presarmtioDS, but cures he dfsoass by thorough- asedleal
trettateat. HI Xew Pasaphlet on Private .Disease sent fre to' all ssea "who. de
scribe their trouble. FATJCWrTS cttr at hosso Tessas, reasonable.- Alt letter
.jMrwrJ in. plain enveiooe.' Consultation tree sjd,sc redly confidentiair Call
DI& WAITER, 18? First-Street, Confer Yi
A Popular Youngs Society
Woman Tells How She
Regained Her Health.
1117 Woodland Avs )
Kansas Citt, Mo.
PerunaDrugMfjr. Co.,
Columbus, Ohio.
GEJTTLBSCKjr':
"Pcruna has done me suck
a world of good in giving me
new health and strennth. tKnt
I want to tell you of its value
tome. IwasrundotcnancLhad
lost my appetite during the
warm days of last summer, 1
became thint weak and ner
vous, and needed a stimulat
ing tonk. I took other med
icine, which did not seem to
help me, but Peruna built -up
mysyslem, infused nevo life,
gave renewed energy and re
stored me-to perfect health. 1
took only six bottles, and shall
never be without it."
Ada Baker.
Member Hillside Athletic
Club.)
The symptoms of summer ca
tarrh vary in different cases, but
the most common ones are lassi
tude, played-out, tired-out. run
down, used-up feelings, com
bined with a more or less heavy,
srupia, listless, mental condi
tion. Peruna meets all these condl-
tionsat thl3 season of the
year.
BongM, and'wliich has beat,
has borne tbe signature of
has been made tin tier bis p2
supervision since its infancy
Signature of
Twenty Years of Success
In the treatment ot chronic diseases, ssch as, liver,
kidney and stomach disorders, constipation, diarrsosa.
dropsical swellings. Brigbt's disease, etc M -
Kidney and Urinary
Complaints, painful, difficult, too frequent,, aallky- r
bioodjr urine, unnatural discharges speedily csrsd.
Diseases of-the Rectum ,
Such as piles, fistula, fls3ure, ulceration, bucom sasl'
J bloody discharges, cured without the knife, pais. ,or
confinement. .
Diseases of .Men "jf
BlooVl soisos. srleet. stricture, unnatural losses. im-r-S
Cure sruaranteed. : '
emissions, dreams. exhaustlag'draiivVssfc-
M Portland, Or
i