Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, July 19, 1905, Image 1

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    VOL. XLV.-3fO. 13,919:
PORTLAND, OREGON, "WEDNESDAY, JULY 19, 1905.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
DEFENSE WAIVES
ITS ARGUMENT
Submits Case to Jury
Without Debate.
NO ANSWER TO MR. HEHEY
Judge Bennett Leaves All to
Jurors' "Intelligence."
COURT THEN GIVES CHARGE
At 10:35 P. jr., Jfo Agreement Hav
ing: Been Reached, Jury Is .
Locked Up for Nlght-and
Judge Retires.
JURY REACHES NO VERDICT AND
IB IiOCKXD VT FOR NIGHT.
The Jury In the Williamson- case
failed to reach an agreement last
night. H being understood that at 11
o'clock the vote stood 11 to 1 for
conviction, one man standing out
stubbornly for acquittal, while the
rest favored conviction.
The case went to the Jury at 3:15 in
the afternoon and at 7:15 the Jurors
asked to have the testimony of Camp
bell Duncan and Ernest Starr read to
It. At S:15 the Jury "was led Into
court and listened to the testimony of
Duncan as read by Mr. Heney and
Judge Bennett, and of Ernest Starr as
read by Captain Sladen. clerk of the
court. At 0:30 the Jury retired again
to deliberate and not having reached a
verdict at 10:35 Judge De Haven left
for his home, stating that even should
& verdict be reached during the night
he -was not to be called. The Jury was
then locked up for the night, as Judge
De Haven will not permit a sealed
verdict to be rendered. If the Jury
has arrived at any conclusion before
or by the time the court convenes this
morning the verdict will be heard at
10 o'clock. ,
After 13 days of trial, the reputation of
three of the prominent men of Oregon
was given Into the keeping oi 12 Jurymen
yesterday afternoon. When the last tes
timony for the defendantP. Representative
J. W. Williamson, Dr. Van Gesncr and
Marion R. Biggs, had been heard, as well
as District Attorney Heney's opening ar
gument for the prosecution, Judge Bennett
eprang a surprise. He refused to discuss,
on behalf of the defendants, the case that
had been made agajnst them, or the rea
sons why the verdict should be one of ac
quittal. The whole contention was left to
the Judgment of the Jury, without argu
ment. Judge Bonnett, in making this request
to the court, said:
"May it please the court. I do not
feel that the opening statement of the
District Attorney was very full or very
fair in this case, and In view of the fact
that the jury has been here now for 12
days, trying this case, and has listened
to all the testimony offered by the Gov
ernment, and the evidence and explana
tions on behalf of tho defendants, and
must thoroughly understand our position
In the case from the arguments that have
arisen during the course of the trial, we
feel that we would not be justified in
keeping them here for two or three days
more to listen to an argument in the
case. Therefore we have made up our
minds to submit the case to the Intelli
gence of this Jury on the evidence in the
case and tho Instructions which your
lonor shall give."
Yestorday morning, when tho Federal
Court convened, those present heard, af
ter a few remaining questions had been
psked of the last witness called in the
case, a short statement of what the Gov
ernment had attempted to prove, as told
3jy Mr. Heney. It was milder than those
who had followed the trial had expected.
Tho defendants were not called to ac
count in any great measure for what the
evidence of the Government seemed to
show them to have done. Invective and
attack were wanting. It was, as styled by
Mr. Heney. a blrdseye view of the case
nd the evidence.
Defense Makes 2Co Argument.
In the afternoon those who assembled
to hear the reply of Mr. Wilson for the
defense and the following speech by Judge
Bennett were surprised when the latter
arose and stated to the court that he
thought it would not be justifiable for the
attorneys to keep the Jury waiting
through several days of argument, and'
that the defense would submit its case
without further words to the Judgment of
the Jury.
Judge De Haven asked the Prosecuting
Attorney if he wished to make further
argument, as he had a right to do under
the law. and Mr. Heney stated that he
would consent to submit the case and
would waive his right to close.
Judge Bennett's move was a surprise
to the jury and to the court, as evidenced
by the fact that Judge De Haven had to
order a recess to be taken for an hour
while he llnished the compilation of his
charge to the Jury, but the step had "been
suspected by Mr. Heney and his argument
had been shaped accordingly. He gave a,
blrdseye" view of the case, and avoided
going Into the testimony in order that
his remarks need not call for vindication
from the defense while at the same tlrac
the cause of the Government, should be
well placed before the men who would
epjde"the case. Hie closing statement
J?RHcant in the Jlght of what came,
after, when he said: 'Gentlemen, I have
now outlined. I think, fairly the case as
it stands, and I will submit it to you at
this time without further argument, re
serving further discussion of the testi
mony and the evidence until I hear what
may be said by the defense. No one
heeded the words when spoken, but after
wards they served to show that the sur
prise to the general mind was not one to
Mr. Heney, who was expected to be
surprised.
The charge to the Jury delivered by
Judge De Haven at .3 o'clock was a com
prehensive, fair and at the same-time a
direct statement to the men as to what
their duties were under the law.
The Judge held that it was not neces
sary to show that the conspiracy had
been accomplished, for, even if It had
failed, the defendants might have b:en
guilty of the crime, their intenct might
have been as unlawful as though they
had actually consummated their desires.
It was not necessary to show any set or
stated agreement. If It were shown by
the evidence that the matter had been
discussed, that following this the overt
acts of Biggs had been done, as argued
bj' the Goi-ernment, that the money had
been lent and the claims taken
up under the supposition that they
were to belong to the firm of Will
iamson and Gesncr after patent, then
the conspiracy had been shown. But if.
on the other hand, there remained any
reasonable doubt as to whether thhi.had
been intended, then the jury should ac
quit. The Judge also stated that If two
men had "been shown to have entered
into the conspiracy and In the minds of
the jury the third had been connected by
evidence or circumstance, then a general
verdict might be returned, but two must
be connected with the crime or there
was no conspiracy while two might be
guilty and one not guilty.
Case Goes to Jury.
The case was given Into the hands of
the Jury at 3:15 o'clock, after which
court was adjourned subject to the re
turning of a verdict or the call of the
Jury. Judge Bennett, In making his ex
ceptions to the charge as delivered by
Judge De Haven, asked for one covering
the remark of the Judge that a verdict
could be returned aaglnst one of the de
fendants singly, and the Jury was re
called while the Judge explained that if
he had made such a statement It was a
mistake and that the evidence had to
connect two of the defendants before a
conspiracy could be proved. The Jury
then Anally retired. At 10:35 Judge De
Haven retired, and the Jury, having
reached no verdict, was locked up for
the night.
DEFENSE CALLS WITXESSES.
After Hearing Their Testimony, Mr.
Heney Begins Argument.
In the morning when court was con
vened, Judge Bennett asked that he be
allowedHo recall B. F. Johnson to Vrove
isora$thtsato tbe nature of the lands
In question. The permission was granted
by the court and the witness was asked
when he had been subpenaed as a wit
ness by the Government. Mr. Johnson
stated that he had been called a week
ago on Friday and that he bad been hero
since that time.
Judge Bennett asked the witness about
a conversation that he had been reported
to have had with Marlon Elliott In Prine
vllle a short time After he had been sub
penaed as a witness. The attorney
wished to know If the witness had not
stated at that time that he could not
be of much uto to the Government, but
might heln the defense, that he had cone
wr the land with a Deputy Cnlted States
.aiarsnai ana naa found mat there was
good timber on the Biggs claim.
Mr. Johnson stated that he might have
had such a conversation and that he did
think for a time that the Biggs claim
had good timber on It, but that his opin
ion had been formed from a wrong hy
pothesis. The witness stated that he
had started from the wrong point when
with the Deputy Marshal, and had gone
in the wrong direction, landing on a sec
tion of land belonging to the Wagon
Road Company which was In reality
heavily timbered. He had not discovered
this mistake until after coming to Port
land. Since then he had arrived at the
conclusions told in his testimony of the
previous day when he said that the Biggs
claim had been timbered In part, while
part had been covered with scattering
trees and was better grazing land than
timber land.
The witness was also asked as to tbe
custom of Biggs in making the filings
and stated that he had been present at
a number of instances when such filings
had been made and that in each case
the commissioner had cautioned the ap
plicants that thev could make no con
tracts for the sale of the lands.
On the cross-examination. Mr. Heney
asked the witness if he had been with
Charles Graves since the opening of the
case and If Graves had not spent most
of his time with Gesner. The witness
stated that he had been with Graves to
some extent, bat that he had not seen
Gesner In his company.
J. A. Schooling was called by the de
fense to show that Charles Graves, the
surveyor, could not be found when ho
was wanted by the defense to testify
as to the timber on the lands in ques
tion. The witness stated that he had
gone to where Graves had stayed while
here as a wltnens, but had found that
the surveyor had returned to his home
at Prinevllle.
"Did you call the last witness to show
that you could not find Graves, or others,
to testify as to the lands in question?
asked Mr. Heney when Judge Bennett
had stated that he would not be able to
bring evidence as he had expected, to
show that the claims taken had been
heavily timbered. Th lawyer for the
defense said that Mr. Heney had guessed
the purpose of his question. "Well, then.
I would like to recall Mr. Gesner for a
minute." said Mr. Heney and the de
fendant took the stand.
Gesncr and Graves.
"How frequently have you seen Graves
since he bits been in town as a wit
ness?" asked Mr. Heney. Dr. Gesner
said that he had seen him often, but did
not remember the exact number of times.
Mr. Heney asked the witness if he did
not see him nearly every day. to which
Gesner replied that evert time he had
seen him he had been with someone else.
Neither did he know when he had been
excused by the Government.
Dr. Gesncr being excused, Mr. Heney
began bis argument.
ARGUMENT OP MR. HEXEY
Attacks Williamson's Testimony and
Contends He Was in Conspiracy.
Mr. Heney opened his argument for
the prosecution by stating that tho
trial had about reached Its end and
that he was glatl. as he knew the jurors
would be. While It was generally
tnought that argument was superfluous
after a Jury had listened to all the evi
dence In a case, yet he contended that
short argument was needed to refresh
the memory or all on the evidence, and
to marshal !t in order and connection
so that it could be easily understood.
The Attorneys were only able to re
member what had passed by taking
elaborate notes, and it could not be
expected of the jury that they would
be able to retain all of the points with-
Coftttaucs 0i fM 5.)
AIRSHIP ANGELUS
FLIES OVER HIT
Wind Too Strong for It to Re
turn to the Exposition
Grounds.
TRIP PARTLY SUCCESSFUL
In MHd Current In Earlier Part of
the Journey the Airship Appears
Under Perfect Control
of the Aeronaut,
Man tried again yesterday to conquer
air. It 7&s the same old story of partial
defeat. He roust try yet again before he
c?n -slip the metaphorical harness upon
the atmosphere and make It serve him as
the giants Steam and Electricity have
been brought to serve.
For nearly two hours yesterday after
noon the airship Angelus hovered over
Portland and vicinity. To the casual ob
server It looked like a great bird moving
slowly across the sky with ease and per
fect control of Itself. In fact there was
a battle going on every second: a battle
against a strong wind which has proved
the evil genius of airship inventors since
the first. Every inch the brave vessel
mored to the southward was an inch to
the credit of the contending elements. It
it noteworthy, however, that the Angelus
bucked the capricious air currents yes
terday with a greater degree of success
than any previous air vessel. Captain T.
S Baldwin, of California, the inventor, is
satisfied with yesterday's showing. He
will make some dclicatealteratlons and
pit his vessel against the wind at once.
He has no doubt but that his boat could
navigate in any direction under favorable
atmospheric conditions. He intends to
make it sail under any conditions.
Starts on Its Trip.
The Angelus made .the first airship
flight In Northwest history and the first
of the Exposition competition. It was
witnessed by many thousands It started
from the Exposition grounds and drove
southeast bucking a strong wind from
the north. Lincoln Beechey, of Los An
geles, went up with the machine, and
displayed remarkable skill and courago In
his work. He also appeared to have per
fect control of the difficult monster at all
times. After being drifted along an Ir
regular southward course for about six
miles he tacked east and made & safe
landing on & dock at a Willamette River
pleasure resort. The vessel was not dam
aged to any great extent and arrange
ments were made for Its conveyance back
to the Exposition whence other test
flights are to be made this week.
Takes His Course.
The airship was unleashed at 2:2) o'clock
uiptam .Baldwin bad been awaiting favor
able weather conditions for a week past
but high winds had prevailed nearly every
afternoon especially In the upper currents.
Yesterday reports from the captive bal
loon Indicated that there was less wind
than usuaL The vessel was accordingly
overhauled. Aeronaut Beechey took his
place on the framework, under the gas
bag and the big ship rose gracefully above
tho Fair grounds. A heavy rope which
was trailed at ballast from the stern
knocked a piece of tiling from the roof
of the Swiss Chalet as It passed above
tnat structure.
Beechey drove tbe vessel up 300 feet and
then paused for a moment, turned about
In a broad circle and apparently finding
the air currents unfavorable mounted
higher, taking a circular course. The big
vessel obeyed Its tall-like rudder perfect
ly for a time and In a mild current which
was found 1090 feet high answered Its
propeller and headed northward. Then
came an 'eight-mile an hour breeze and'
the vessel gave slowly before It, fighting
stubbornly every Inch of the way. Now
and then It would gather itself in a spurt
and force Its way northward against tho
wind.
Wind Too Strong.
At 3 o'clock the wind Increased In velo
city and all hopes that the airship could
return to Its moorings were lost. Captain
Baldwin and an attendant hurried south
ward to asslsjjffie acronallt-irr-iiaakjfl'g a
landing. Beechey had no trouble, though
in getting down be said the machine
worked perfectly and that with calmer air
currents he could have made it answer its
rudder as readily as a sailboat,
.The Angelus Is double the size of the
California Arrow, which made phenomenal
flights at St. Louis last Summer. It Is
.65 feet long by 40 feet wide. The gas
bag has a capacity of 16.100 cubic feet.
The propeller blades are eight feet long
and three wide and are operated by a
seven horsepower gasoline motor. The
rudder is ten feet long and six wide. It
was brought herefrom California by Cap
tain .-Baldwin to 'compete for the. prizes
offered by the Exposition.
Tomllnson Enters Competition.
George Tomllnson. the well-known New
York airship Inventor and -aeronaut,
reached the city yesterday, morning to
compete for the Exposition prizes. He
broughuwith hlm a vessel of an altogeth
er different style from tbe Angelus and
will make a voyage with it during the
next few days. It Is intended to have a
flight henceforth on every afternoon which
brings favorable weather conditions.
Late last night the airship was taken
in tow by a steamer to the Exposition
grounds.
SHIPPING TRUST'S DEFICJT
Loses SI, 1-12,098 in 1904 Through
Rate War and Other Causes.
NEW YORK. July IS. A defldt of
51.lC.0eS for tho year ended December
21 last, as compared with a surplus of
51.7J7.797 for the preceding year. Is shown
In a statement given out by the Interna
tional Mercantile Marine Company at Its
annual meeting in Hoboken. N. J., today.
President Bruce Ismay ascribes the poor
showing largely to the continued depres
sion In freight rates on the- North At
lantic during the latter part of ISM. While
passenger traffic has been large, earnings
were seriously -affected by tho all-round
cut In passenger rates.
Cavalry Horse, Roasted Alive,
SALT LAKE CITY, July IS. A spe
cial to the Tribune from Lander, Wyc.
says that the troop stable at "Fort
Washakie, 16 miles from Lander, has
been destroyed by Are. Sixty horses
belonging to F Troop, Tenth United
States Cavalry, were burned, and also
three mules and considerable saddlery.
The horses were large sorrels and
among the finest in the Army.
TewfiWC TKJE AXGXLTJS TO IMS 9AX8 ATTXX. ITS fXWHT
WILL LAY SIEGE
TO
Japan Lands Army on North
and Will Surround the
Fortress.
FLEET IS OUTSIDE PORT
Effort to Be Made to Capture Rus
sia's Last Stronghold on Pa
cific as Another Argu
ment for Peace.
LONDON. July IS. (Special.) A Japa
nese Army has been landed north of
Vladivostok and the complete envelop
ment of the fortress is imminent. The
Toklo correspondent of the Dally Tele
graph wires:
"Thus Japan carries the war into un
disputed Russian territory on the main
land. Undoubtedly, too. a strong Japanese
fleet Is outside Vladivostok. Japan's navy'
has nothing else to occupy it at the mo
ment. "The Investment of Vladivostok Is re
garded here -as a strong arugment for
peace."
SHIPS ONLX SLIGHTLY HURT
Japanese Will Recover Five of Those
Sunk at Port Arthur.
TOKIO. July 18. 4:30 P. M.) An officer
who has returned from Port Arthur re
ports that the extent of the damage to
the sunken Busslan ships was slighter
than was anticipated. It has been known
that the Russians applied explosives in
side the vessels before they were aban
doned and the resulting damages were
expected to be serious. It has been found,
however, that the vital portions of the
ships were strangely unhurt.
The Bayan, which sustained the most
severe damage, has been taken in tow.
and the Peresviet Is navigable with her
own engines. Both of these vessels will
soon be brought here to complete the
necessary repairs. Even the Fallada,
which sustained the heaviest damage, is
expected to be refloated by the middle
of August and before this the Retvlzan
and PoMeda will be afloat.
WANTS TO KEEP SAKHALIN
Russian Paper Says .Japan Could
Constantly Menace Russia.
ST. PETERSBURG. July IS. The Svlet
bitterly objects to the cession of the Isl
and of Sakhalin!, declaring that, as It com
mands the mouth of the Amur River, its
possession by the- Japanese constitutes a
constant threat to Russia In the Far East
STBS TWC CTXT.
T
and forges shackles from which the em
pire could never rid herself. The paper
calls attention to the Immense riches
of the Island, In oil. coal. Iron and gold,
as well as In forests and fisheries.
Russian Troops Called Into Service.
ST. PETERSBURG. July 18. It Is an
nounced that 475.245 men have been called
to perform military service during the
present year.
GOING TO MEET PAUL JONES
Battleship Squadron Will Escort the
Fleet to Hampton Roads.
NEWPORT. R. I.. July IS. The second
division of the battleship squadron of the
North Atlantic fleet, under command of
Rear-Admlral Charles H. H. Davis, left
this port today, having received orders to
Join Admiral Sigsbee's fleet of warships,
which is conveying the body of John Paul
Jones to this country from France. Late
this afternoon, however, the warships re
turned and It announced that they would
sail for Hampton Roads tomorrow, to
getherrlth the first division, which Is
commanded by Rear-Admlral Robley D.
Evans.
The warships will separate on the voy
age and as soon as they come Into wire
less communication with Admiral Sigs
bee's fleet, the second division will act
as escort during the remainder of the
voyage of that fleet. The first division
will proceed to Hampton Roads.
WILL PREVENT LYNCHING
Governor or Alabama Calls Out Cav
alry Against Mob.
MONTGOMERY. Ala., July IS. After
receiving a telegram from the authori
ties in Linden that the lynching of
Robert Richardson, a negro confined In
the Marengo County Jail there, was
Imminent. Governor Jelks this after
noon ordered Major Atkins. In com
mand of the cavalry squadron of Selma,
to go at once to the scene.
Richardson Is one of the two men
suspected of the murder of Dr. Froscue,
near Linden, a few weeks ago.
General Wood Leaves Hospital.
BOSTON. July IS. General Leonard
Wood, who recently underwent an opera
tion at a private hospital In this city,
left the Institution today. Accompanied
by Mrs- Wood, a trained nurse and a
physician, he has gone to the country
for a few days. He expects to sail early
next month for Manila.
CONTENTS TODAY'S PAPER
Tbe Weather.
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. S5
deg.; minimum. SS. Precipitation, none.
TODAY'S Fair and continued warm. North
erly winds.
War in tbe Tar Eoat.
Japanese land army near Vladivostok and
will befclege it- Page J,
Roosevelt win not meddle In peace negotia
tions. Page 4.
Witte says other powers may be called Into
conference. Page 4.
Wu Ting Fang's appointment Irritates Japan.
Page 4.
Japan raises sunken warships. Page L
JTorelgB.
Police exil Odessa, rebels by wholesale.
Page 11.
Humored plot to dethrone Czar. Page 11.
Kossuth party on strike against Hungarian
government. Page 4.
.Norway will ask Vnlted States for recogni
tion first. Page 4.
Both Sweden and Norway prepare for war
while trying- to keep peace. Page 4.
Natloaal.
Hyde, the statistician, resigns rather than
fight. Page S.
Methods of cotton Jugglers exposed to Wil
son. Page 2,
President Roosevelt goes camping. Page 3.
Politics.
Representative Townsend speaks on railroad
rates. Page 4.
Judge Hooker testifies and legislature will
vote on impeachment Thursday. Page 4.
Domestic.
Travel to Leo-Is and Clark Pair surprises
Eastern railroads. Page 3.
Peary's plana for reaching Nortft Pole.
Page 2.
Intense heat throughout Bast slays hun
dreds. Page 1.
Crime for which Kentucky wants Schlltx
baum. Page 2. f
Heavy blackmalt levied, on New Torlc so
ciety. Page 3.
Bandit holds up five mer n Omaha and ts
captured. Page 3.
Ztegler's wliow will contest his will. Page It.
Sport.
Giants defeat Tigers. 3 to 0. Page T.
100-yard world record for swimming -
broken. Page T.
PacMe Coast.
Blues are wiped out by Browns in bloodless
battle at Gearhart Park. Page 6.
Maxaroas may not pluck beautiful flowers
in Paradise Valley. Page 6.
Aberdeen. Wash., mills tied up by strike of
unskilled laborers. Page 6.
The American-Hawaiian Steamship Com
pany to begin competition with the Pa-
ctflc MalL Page S.
Advent of twins forces Lieutenant F. Zi.
Otis to leave the Army. Page 8.
Commercial asd Marine.
Heavy offerings of new crop Oregon bay.
Page 15.
Strong demand for Summer fruits. Page 15.
Poor sulphur used In hop-curing. Page 15.
Heat reports strengthen Chicago wheat
market. Page 15.
Boston wool market about to become active.
Page IS.
Small trading- in stocks. Page 15.
San Francisco barley market - stronger.
Page 15.
First sew crop wheat charter announced.
Page 14.
Xewts aad Clark SxpoeKlea.
Admissions. 17.111. Page 10.
Airship Angelas flies over city. Page 1.
North Dakota has great day at Fair. Page
16.
PerUaad aad VlelaUy.
State care for defectives theme of discussion
at Conference of Charities and Correction.
Page 14.
Ma ay petty crimes reported by police. Page
18.
CHalea at Deatal Coagref. Page 10.
Falls from train and. fractares skulk Page 12.
Bex manufacturers sued on the grjund that
they have formed a combine. Page 19.
New bex ordinance wilt b Introduced la
CctwcII to4ay. Page 11.
Metbedteta tell how to convert the -world.
Page 9.
Heaier Davf aport addresses tfee C&a.t&a$ua.
Page 11,
Jrr 1 WlHHS8B-giaarB4CT 'case
reakea arrewseac aa Is teeJte tqs
fr rV MjolK. rage 1.
SCORES KILLED .
BY BLAZING SUN
Whole Country East of
Rockies Suffers
HIGHEST RECORD IS PASSED
Sweltering Thousands Flee to
Seashore.
PEOPLE SLEEP IN PARKS
New York Mercifully Takes Down
"Keep-Off-Grass" Signs Bu
reau Promises fo Helief
for Several Daj-s.
HEAT AND ITS RESULTS IN IJ5AD
ING CITIES.
Following are the maximum temper
atures offlclally recorded In the lr.rger
cities with the known cases of pros
tration and death:
Max.
Temp.
New York OS
Philadelphia 9S.3
Baltimore 07.3
Washington.... 96
Boston -. 04
Pittsburg 9.1
Buffalo 7S
Chicago........ 05
Lincoln, Neb
New England..
St. Louis
Portland. Or... S3
Pros
trations. Deaths.
190 26
50 5
5.
6
4 1
43 13
2 1
3S 5
1 1
20 4
.130 2
None None
In the above table the totals of
prostrations Include the fatalities.
NEW YORK, July IS. An era of op
pressive heat that brings to mind with
unpleasant vividness the record-breaking
Summer of 1901 has settled down over the
Eastern and New England States, already
numbering hundreds among Its victims
and causing" Indescribable suffering to
people In this and other cities.
From all points tonight .came the story
of the hottest day of the Summer, attend
ed with frequent prostrations and not a
few deaths. Philadelphia reported a
maximum temperature of 9S.3. the highest
figure offlclally noted. In this city the
Weather Bureau's high mark was 95,
while In Boston 94 was recorded.
The official thermometers located In ex
posed places above the street did not,
however. Indicate the temperature la
which the ordinary mortal moved, and
many street thermometers indicated a
temperature of 100 or higher, some relia
ble Instruments registering 104 and 105.
The above- figures by no means represent
the sum of human suffering today, as an
endless number of victims who collapsed
at home, In the office or workshop were
privately attended.
Today all records for the Summer were
broken in point of high temperature, but
mercifully tho humidity was correspond-,
lngly less.. Only for this the total prostra
tions and deaths must have been doubled.
Fly to Beach to Breathe.
In New Tork the suffering was intense,
especially In the crowded tenement dis
tricts, where scarcely a breath of air re
lieved the stifling atmosphere. Thousands
who could afford the holiday flocked to the
beaches, but even In the consequent
crowds women and children fainted, and
men were overcome, making the trip
from home a doubtful experiment as far
as securing any comfort was concerned.
At 8 o'clock this morning the mercury
stood at SO degrees, and rose until tha
maximum of 96 was reached at 4 o'clock.
The humidity was 72 at 8 o'clock, but it
lessened steadily until only 35 was regis
tered when the temperature was highest.
It was a busy day for the hospitals, and
the ambulances were continuously' on the
street.
Early in the day the hot wave Invaded
the Stock Exchange, and Its effect was
quickly apparent on the traders. Many of
the leading operators deserted the floor,
and the market became listless and dull.
Water Famine Threatened.
To add to the unavoidable physical
suffering, Brooklyn was threatened with &
water famine, while the whole city was
startled by the prospect of a strike of the
icemen. The water supply in Brooklyn
was reported as nearing the danger point,
and the water department took immediate
precautions, asking that street sprinkling
be temporarily suspended and warning
householders to be more economical In the
use of water. Manhattan, it was said,
had no cause for alarm as far as the
water supply was concerned.
It was different with tha Icq question,
though an expected strike today did not
materialize. A few ice-wagon drivers
stopped work, but deliveries continued.
Sleeping on Grass and Pavement.
Prompt measures were taken, today by
the Police and Park Commissioners to al
leviate in some degree the suffering of
the public Orders were Issued keeping
open throughout the night the park gates
and permitting those who wanted to spead
the night in these places. "Keep off the
grass" signs were by permission disre
garded, and tonight thousands of hssh.
women and children deserted crowded and
stilling apartments for a bed on the aool
grass. Thousands of others, too exhaust
ed to reach the recreation grounds, slept
on tbe pavesaeats in front of their feeaes.,
Late returns from the hospitals sfeew
ten as the total dead from yesterday's
litest fa aii about New Vork Vm-b than
MO cases at prostration were reported by
the peace.
Th threatened strike &t lee handlers
eCfolwOa a& Page 3.)
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