Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (July 11, 1905)
THE 3IORXIXG OREGOXIAy, TUESDAY, JULY 11, 1905.
Entered at the Postofflce x rortland. Or.,
as eccona-ciasa matter.
INVARIABLY IS ADVANCE.
(By Mall or Express.)
Dalljr and Sunday, per year ...-...$9.00
Dally and Sunday, six months......... 5.00
Dally and Sunday, throe months 2.35
Dally and Sunday, per month 8:
Dally without Sunday, per year. ........ 7.50
Dally without Sunday, six months...... 3.00
Dally without Sunday, three months... 1.95
Dally without Sunday, per month...... .05
Sunday, por year 2.00
Sunday, six months 1.00
Sunday, three months .00
Dally without Sunday, per week.....-. .15
Dally, per week, Sunday Included. .... .20
THE WEEKLY OREGONIAN.
f Issued Everr Thursday.)
"Weekly, per year...................... 3.50
Weekly, six month". ................... .
"Weekly, three months .50
HOW TO REMIT Send postofflce money
order, express order or personal check on
your local bank. Stamps, coin or currency
are at the sender's risk.
EASTERN BUSINESS OFFICE.
The S. C Bockwlth Special Acencr-New
York, rooms 43-50 Tribune building-. Chi
cago, rooms 510-512 Tribune building.
KEPT ON SALE.
Chicago Auditorium Annex, postofflce
New Co., 178 Dearborn street.
Dallas, Tex. Globe News Depot. 260 Main
tn Antonio, Tex. Louis Book and Cigar
2' East Houston street.
c i tv Julius Black. Hamilton & Kcnd-hh-012
Seventeenth street; Harry D.
, lo63 Broadway; Pratt Book Store. 1214
Colorado Spring. Colo Howard H. Bell.
De Moines. lu. Moses Jacobs, 300 Fifth
Dnluth, Minn. G. Blackburn, 213 "West Su
GoldHeld, Nev. C. Malone.
Kansas City, Mo. Rickseckcr Clear Co.,
Ninth and "Walnut.
Lou Ansel Harry Drapkln; B. E. Amos,
SU West Seventh street.
Minneapolis M. J. Kavanaugh, '50 South
Third; L. Regelsburger, 217 First avenuo
Cleveland, O. James Pushaw, 307 Superior
New York City L. Jones & Co., Astor
Oakland, Col. W. IL Johnston. Fourteenth
and Franklin streets.
Ogdeu F. R. Godard and Meyers & Har
top. D L. Boyle.
Omaha Bartialow Bros.. 1012 Farnam;
Mageath Stationery Co.. 130S Farnam; Mc
Laughlin Bros.. 24G South 14th; McLaughlin
& HoUz, 15J5 Farnam.
.Sacramento, Cal. Sacramento News Co.,
42Jf K street.
Salt Lake Salt Lake News Co.. 77 "West
Second street South, FranTt Hutchison.
YcIIo wist one rark, "Wyo. Canyon Hotel.
Lake Hotel, Yellowstone Park Assn.
long Beach B. E. Amos.
San Francisco J. K. Cooper & Co., 740
Market street; Goldsmith Bros., 23G Sutter;
L, E. Lee, Palace Hotel News Stand; F. "W.
Pitts. J00S Market; Frank Scott. SO Ellis; N.
"Whcatley Movable News Stand, corner Mar
ket and Kearney streets; Hotel St. Francis
News Stand; Foster & Orear, Ferry News
St. Louis, Mo.-E. T. Jett Book & News
Company, 800 Ollvo street.
"Washington, D. C P. D. Morrison, 2132
JPORTLANO. TUESDAY. JULY 11. 1303.
AN ABUSE AND ITS SOURCES.
It is common knowledge that land
frauds have been facilitated, almost en
couraged, perhaps actively invited, by
the loose laws which Congress long
ago enacted for disposal of the public
lands. Speaking of this fact, in connec
tion with the trials now in progress at
Portland, the Pendleton Tribune re-marks
that "for the last twenty years
any old sort of proof would pass the
General Land Office, and either the em
ployes of Uncle Sam were exceedingly
stupid and slow or the policy of the
Government was to encourage the pri
vate ownership of the cheaper lands."
AIpo that "scores of men who obtained
possession of public lands did so not
through any Intent to defraud, but be
cause it was so easy to do so that they
believed the Government itself was will
ing to overlook some of the require
ments of the law."
Undoubtedly the law. loose enough at
best, has been administered without
regard even to Its own limited restric
tions by officials of the Land Office.
This has been due largely to the per
sistence of Senators and Representa
tives, who. either to build up their per
sonal influence with constituents or for
sake of pecuniary gain to themselves
or for both purposes have beset the
Lard Office with appeals, with impor
tunities, and even with scolding and
threats, to put the applications through.
It has been a. steady and continuous
system. At last it has been arrested by
a Secretary of the Interior, supported
by a President who sets his face like
llint against all such practices, infideli
ties and irregularities. But for the fact
that Roosevelt became President these
prosecutions never would have taken
place. Through the influence of Sena
tors and Representatives in Congress,
Secretary Hitchcock would have been
checked in the beginning; he would not
have been permitted during the last
lour years to push his inquiries and
collect testimony. He would have found
it necessary to desist, be quiet and al
low the old sj-stem to continue or to
The laws, however, are not bad, had
they been carefully followed and closely
obeyed. But it does not lie in the
mouth of any Senator, or Representa
tive, who has advised violation of the
laws, or urged loose construction of
them, to throw blame upon officials of
the Land Office. It is right that every
one should bear the responsibility for
Siis own. acts, and for the consennpnro
It certainly is far from the legitimate
-ousmess or a feenator or Representa
tive to procure violation of the laws.
It must be admitted that the innrf
laws were drawn very largely with mis
taken purposes, and to no small extent
uitn aemagogical purposes. The cry
that the public domain, belonging to
the people, should be elven awnv to
citizens not able to buy the land, that
entry should be made easv. small hold
ings multiplied and homes established.
-was a taiung one; and to some extent
these purposes have been realized. But
the fact that durinsr recent vctta the
I number of patents Issued has been in-
I creasing out of all proportion to the
number of new homes, shows how this
intent has been perverted. Collusion
and fraud have been, constantly at
I work: if the letter of the land laws
has not been distinctly violated, their
spirit has been evaded, and laws which
had a demagogical or at least a popu
lar spirit in their enactment, have been
turned to the service of corruption and
I greed. The Tecent report of the Public
Land Commission, consisting of TV. a
Richards. F. A, Newell and Glfford Pin-
IchOt. contains an imnrpcsivp rifts.qtfi ita
quotable here: "Detailed study of the
(practical operation of the present land
laws, particularly of the desert-land
lact and the commutation clause of the
homestead act. shows that their tend
ency far too often is to bring about
land monopoly rather than to multiply
small holdings by actual settlers. The
land laws, decisions and practices have
become so complicated that the settler
is at a marked disadvantage in compar
ison with the shrewd business man who
aims to acquire large properties. Not
infrequently their effect la to put a pre
mium on perjury and dishonest meth
ods in the acquisition of land. It is ap
parent. In consequence, that in very
many localities, and perhaps In gen
eral, a larger proportion of the public
land is passing into the hands of specu
lators and corporations than into those
of actual settlers who are making
Developments made through the pres
ent trials in Oregon disclose some of
the features of the system under
which the lands have been passing into
the hands of speculators, through the
policy of "lands for the landless." But
these disclosures are but drops in the
great ocean of transactions that have
con'erted hundreds of thousands of sin
gle entries into a few great monopoly
holdings. The pity of it.. that not till
now has it been possible to awaken pub
lic and official attention to the abuse, so
that the abuse might be dealt with In
an effective way. Applicants for lands
will be careful hereafter. Needless to
say. Senators and Representatives will
be wary also.
THE PROFESSION OF .MEDICINE.
Once there were three learned profes
sions, and only thn theology, law and
medicine; now there are many. In
one sense, every vocation has become
learned, for there is none which can be
successfully practiced without long
study. Even farming, which has been
a byword for ages on account of the
ignorance of those who made their liv
ing by It, begins to rank among the
exact sciences. The same field of in
vestigation which -yielded glory to Pas
teur. Virchow. Koch and Lister, has
given agriculture knowledge of the
nitrogen-fixing bacillus. The same gen
eral science of biology, which in the
nineteenth century so Illumined medi
cal theory and rationalized therapeu
tics, becomes in the brain of a great
practical genius like Burbank a guide
to the origination of new and benefi
cent species of plants. Pedagogy, or
teaching, whose beginnings were quite
as humble as those of medicine, has
developed a rational theory and exact
practice much more slowly. The nur
ture and discipline of the normal mind
are far from that sound basis upon
which the treatment of the Insane re
poses. There is today better medicine
for the "mind diseased" than regimen
for the mind which needs no physician
but only a teacher.
The teacher was a slave in ancient
times. Charles Lamb mocks at him.
Literature has never been kind to hlmr
but his treatment has been of high dis
tinction throughout the ages compared
with the physician's. Shakcsneare
speaks of the "leech" with uniform con
tempt or worse. He is ridiculed in "Gil
Bias." Moliere stings him with his wit.
His Investigations in pure science are
not even today clear of a certain
stigma. Superstition invests the au
topsy, the dissecting-room, with shad
owy, lingering terrors trailing down
from the ages of darkness: the maudlin
hysteria of a Francis Power Cable could
Impel the English Parliament to legis
late ajralnst vivisection and check the
advance of the science of medicine in
Great Britain for a whole lifetime. Th
vulgar have never ceased to confound
medicine with sorcery: and multitudes
to this day look for their heal In tr to
some of the innumerable metamor
phoses of the charlatan, rather than to
the rational, scientific physician. SlHv
humanity, like the ostrich, identifies
darkness with safet$
Marvelous has been the nrotrress of
medical science in the last centurv. but
it would be folly to class it among the
exact sciences in its present state.
Originally medicine was what the Igno
rant still deem It sorcery or charla
tanry. Its practice was without refer
ence to the law. of cause and effect.
Ghastly compounds were administered
as doses. Powdered mummies: the f
of dead murderers: Shakespeare's witch
broth, scarcely exaggerates these dire
potions: and If the march from such
horrors to serum therapy and antisep
tic surgery has been long, slow and !
painful, society may thank itself, not
blame the doctors. Herbert Spencer
shuddered at Rembrandt's "Anatomy":
tne inquisition put Vesallus. the first
of anatomists, to the question. If not
the torture. To dissect a dead hndv
was long both a civil and rellrinus
crime. Even to attempt to cure disease
bordered dangerously upon sacrilege,
for disease was sent from God. Prnvora
and processions, genuflections and In
cantations, were exalted, and rational
investigation was banned.
Times have changed somewhat. Wo
still legislate against vivisection, set
tins: the nerve twitch of a dog above
tne lire of a man: but we no lonirer
"eat of Chamnes and Amosis in electu
aries and pills." Bacon, if he lived to
day, would not "extol mummerv as n
styptic." We believe, some of us, that
disease Is a delusion of mortal mind,
but we do not believe that "Mizraim
would cure wounds, nor do we soil
Pharaoh for balsams." Medical science
makes an asymptotic approach to ex
actitude. It perpetually nears. hut
never attains, the goal. Pasteur, in es
tablishing the doctrine of germs, swept
out a vast arc upon the hvnerbola of
progress. Wherever the maleficent germ
can be demonstrated, the disease can
be brought under a treatment thor
oughly rational. Thus diphtheria, pneu
monia, and. through the immortal la
bors of the great American scientist.
Major Walter Reed, even yellow fever.
are no longer mysterious dispensations.
but problems with conditions which
have been thoroughly mastered. The
practical outcome of the germ theory.
pace Mrs. Eddy, is serum therapj-; that
is. curing disease by a dose derived
from the activity of the xrerm which
produces the disease not exactly a
hair of the dog that bit you, but the
virus of the germ that bit vou. No
serum has been found for tuberculosis.
though several have been announced -
but the scourge has been somewhat
6horn of its terrors, and the world hope
fully expects the Pasteur or Reed who
shall victoriously brand "curable" on
tne toreneaa or the ghastly monster.
Of cancer, not even the germ, if there
be one. has been discovered. Most
dreaded of diseases, it bids defiance to
science, or yields only to the knife:
though among those mysterious emana
tions new to our knowledge, the X-ravu
of Roentgen, the radiations studied by
Becquerel, the subtle products of thA
self-destruction of radium, who. shall
say that the cure of cancer may not be
America has produced 'one astronomer
of the first rank, and on$ physicist.
Our mathematicians and chemists trail
along far in the rear of the world pro
cession. Our literature, dominated half
by greed and half by a spinsterish
prudery in form and substance, makes
money but not fame. Our physicians
march with the vanguard. Marlon
Sims, founder of gynecology, -was an
American: Morton, of Boston, pioneer
in surgical anaesthesia, was an Amer
ican: Walter Reed, discoverer of the
moaq'uito that transmits the yellow
fever germ, was an American. The list
is long and glorious; and of the physi
cians now attending the medical con
vention In Portland, there are a goodly
few whose names posterity will worth
ily Inscribe among these benefactors
of their kind."
CONDITIONS IN RUSSIA.
The Kniaz Potemkin Is at the bottom
of the sea with Rojestvensky's fleet,
Mr. McGinty and other famous ships
and men. The other day official Russia
had her blown up by a torpedo, but
this, like so much "official" Russian
news, turned out to be a pious imag
ination to keep the neighbors from
talking. The rebel sailors are abroad
in Roumanla. and may possibly get
away In safety. All the blame of the
fiasco falls on the head of the sailor
Matuschenko. who slew half a score of
officers and terrified all the rest, with
a crew of some 700 men. to do his bold,
bad bidding. A devil of a fellow, this
Matuschenko must be. Those who
hoped or feared the revolt of the Po
temkin was the actual outbreak of a
defection which would sweep through
the fleet and army of the Czar were
mistaken. The revolution Is still going
on. only in patches. Had the Potemkin
made for Batoum and Joined hands
with the persevering Insurgents In the
Caucasus, she would have Initiated the
revolution, perhaps. As it 1p, her ad
venture goes Into oblivion with the up
rising of the Poles, the strike in St. Pe
tersburg and the fitful outbreaks of
lawlessness all over Russia. There is
no concert: there is no leader; there Is
In all this hurly-burly of blood and
Inefficient will, two circumstances are
noteworthy. For one thing, the disloy
alty is breaking out in the army. It
began to show Itself openly among the
workmen In the large cities first. This
was natural, for. outside of the edu
cated class, they are the most intelli
gent men In Russia. Then the peasant
revolt broke out, not systematically at
all. but here and there, flaring up and
expiring: with persistence only in the
Caucasus Mountains. This, too, is nat
ural, for mountaineers are always fa
mous lighters for their freedom. Wit
ness the Swiss. Witness also the Amer
ican mountaineers of Carolina and Vir
ginia, who. many think, turned the fate
of our Revolutionary War. Next dis
loj'alty broke out In the fleet, spasmod
ically, but reveaing behind It almost
universal disaffection. Now comes a
report of soldiers refusing to obey or
ders in Lithuania, and of officers shot
for preaching revolution In Manchuria.
The plot thickens.
The second point worth noting is that
the call for a free national assembly
persists and grows louder. The demand
Is clearly formulated' it is for a na
tional assembly representing all clauses.
elected by universal suffrage. History
gives no warrant for expecting a gen
eral revolution to break out In Russia
before this national assembly meets. It
is the only apparent means to unify
the aspirations and define the nurnoses
of the scattered, helpless population.' A
really great leader would accomplish
the same result: but none appears.
The effect of the spasmodic uprisings
in Russia is to urge the Cznr toward
calling the national assembly together.
If they bring him finally to that point,
they will be worth their cost in prop
erty and blood: and to that nolnt he
must ultimately come. There is now no
other way to restore order in Russia.
The national assembly may. and nrnh-
ably will, overturn the Czar's throne,
but civil order Is of more Importance
than any man or any family.
THE NORTH-RANK ROUTE.
Not since the wonderful days of ih
VHIard regime in the Pacific Northwest
has the industrial air of this region been
so heavily surcharged with railroad
lightning. Despite the ntmosnhere of
secrecy that pervades the Inner circles
of the railroad headquarters, there are
enough straws of Information floating
around to indicate to a degree the di
rection of the wind. Four great pro
jects, the completion -of either one of
which would be qf benefit to Portland
and the territory served by this city,
are now assuming definite shape so
rapidly that it is difficult to believe that
they can be checked. This "big four"
includes the Snake River branch of the
O. R. & N. Co. with an electric-line
feeder to the Clearwater; the opening
up of the Central Oregon field, either by
extension of the Columbia Southern or
by an east-and-west line" across the
state: the building of the long-overdue
Nehalem Railroad; and Inst, but not
least, the building of a line down the
north bank of the Columbia River. "
That strong strategic points are in
volved in the latter enterprise is so ap
parent that just at the present time
unusual interest is shown In the move
ments of the big roads that are silently
and secretly pulling the strings which
cause surveying parties and right-of-way
men to appear as If by magic in
localities from which hope had almost
fled. The appointment of a graduate of
James J. Hill's railroad kindergarten to
the position of manager of the Colum
bia River & Northern Railroad, with
its steamboat adjunct. The Dalles, Port
land & Astoria Navigation Company,
certainly adds color to the oft-repeated
reports that Mr. Hill had secured that
Property as an opening wedge for a
north-bank line down the Columbia
It is now pretty well understood, even
by the railroad men. that the Columbia
River is to be opened to navigation
from Lewiston to the sea. Mr. Harri
man and Mr. Hill are both on record as
confident of their ability to haul wheat
out of the country by rail at a lower
rate than it can be handled by the river
steamers. But Mr. Hill, with his roads
terminating on Puget Sound, has been
in no position to handle wheat at so
small a cost per ton -per mile as it has
been handled by the Harrlman road,
with a downhill grade from the wheat
fields to tidewater. Under such cir
cumstances, if the opening of the river
resulted in any reduction la rates, the
Harrlman line would, by reason of Its
easy grade to tidewater, be In a position
to meet these rates and make money,
while the Hill line might be losing it
by the expensive haul over the Cascade
Mountains. Another factor is the
steady growth of population and In
crease in traffic in the river counties
lying along the north bank of the Co
lumbia. A considerable portion of this
traffic, especially that lying north of
Lyle. must now stand the expense of
ferriage across the Columbia River to
the O. R. & N. line.
Ir is needless to say that a north
bank line would not only prevent the
boats from securing any of this busi
ness, but it would also keep it from
crossing the river to the Harrlman line.
The Northern-Pacific, by Its agreement
with the O. R. & N. Co.. will use the
road which Is to connect Lewiston with
Rlparla. Over this road it will haul out
of the Clearwater sixty cars with the
same engine that Is now overworked" In
dragging six cars out by way of Pot
latch Canyon. The vast saving thus
effected cannot fall to appeal powerfully
to the practical railroad men now in
charge of the Northern Pacific, and
they will certainly endeavor to keep
that freight moving on a downhill
grade to tidewater In preference to lift
ing It over another lofty mountain.
Economical operation means Increased
profits. In the old days when the O. S.
N. Co. was alone In Its glory In the up
country traffic, rates were so excess
ively high that the practice of economy
was unnecessary, and the prodigality
of the O. S. N. Co. and Its successor,
the O. R. & N. Co.. was duplicated by
the Northern Pacific when It first began
hauling wheat over the Cascade Moun
tains. ButuLhfcsW'as hanged, and
forsevera! years there has been an
ever-Increasing tendency to cut out the
curves and reduce the grades wherever
there Is heavy traffic to be moved. This
economical policy will be "still further
Intensified, not because the people of
Portland or Puget Sound demand it.
but because It adds dollars to the prof
its of the railroad companies. A rail
road Is needed down the north bank of
the Columbia River, because the traffic
developing In the Inland Empire will
shortly outgrow the facilities of one single-track
railroad down the river.
The Northern Pacific and the O. R. &
N. joined hands to save money in mov
ing the Clearwater grain crop to mar
ket. They may yet follow a similar
course In taking that grain through to
tidewater. "When they do. it will become
necessary either to double-track the
O. R. & N. or build a road down the
north bank of the Columbia. The lat
ter plan seems best, as It would place
the roads in a position forever to pre
vent grain reaching the market by
steamer. Nature Intended the traffic of
the Columbia Basin to follow the wat
ers of the grand old river through the
gorge at the Cascades and Celilo, and
construction of the north-bank road
would" be an admission of the futility
of endeavoring to work contrary to the
natural laws of gravitation.
Senator Mitchell, for reasons better
known to himself than to others, did
not take the witness stand In his own
behalf. Such defense as his counsel
offered consisted In statements made by
persons called to the stand, who testi
fied that, though they had offered him
money for service before the depart
ments at Washington, he had declined
to take IL There were several of these
witnesses, and The Oregonian published
their statements. Of the value of tes
timony of this description the public
has Judged, as the Jury Judged it. But
what is to be said, what should be said,
of those highly respectable citizens who
offer monej- to n Senator, In the nature
of a bribe, forbidden specifically by
law? It Is universally regretted that
Senator"MItchel! did not take the stand
In his own belwir. He should have
welcomed the opportunity to clear up
everything, and The Oregonian would
gladly have printed every word of his
statement. It would now be glad to
print any statement on these matters
that he might desire to make. He
ehould yet spenk. as The Oregonian
thinks, for the satisfaction of those
who believe that he could yet complete
ly vindicate himself.
"Lo. the poor Indian," who dwells In
the territory which bears his racial
name, has a mind that Is not "untu
tored." He has just discovered that the
politicians who made up the slate for
delegates to the statehood convention
to meet at Oklahoma City. July 12, neg
lected to Include In the list the name of
a single Indian. This has aroused the
ire of the noble red men. and they will
send contesting delegations to the con
vention, and may carry the fight to
Washington. The Indian in a political
fight Is probably not so well equipped
for meeting his foes as he would be In
the old-style scrimmage, when the tom
ahawk and scalplng-knife were the
only arguments used In repressing the
enthusiasm of his white antagonists. "
Temperance reformers in a Kansas
town made use of dynamite to get rid
of some saloons. Incidentally, they in
flicted damages of more than 5100,000
on other property. An easier method
for routing the demon rum In those
particular Joints woukl have been to
kill the proprietors. It Is, of course,
unlawful for men to murder those
whose actions do not coincide with
those of the reformers. It is also un
lawful to destroy the property of others.
No bad law was ever made better by
breaking it. and the cause of temper
ance has not been advanced more by
this Kansas outrage than it was by the
hatchet of Mrs. Carrie Nation.
A well-known ranchman on the Big
Horn River, in Montana, was decoyed
from his home and murdered by cow
ardly cut-throats whose warnings he
hid fulled to heed. The murderers cut
off one of his ears in accordance with
a promise made in one of their threat
ening letters. Crime of this nature is
SO miioli irnrait than .-. r ..I.I.L . v. .
w.. .. limn wi.ii. vl ttiituu wie '
Indians were guilty that the latter '
would be excellent neighbors In com
parison with these white butchers.
The many friends of the late Mrs. J.
H. Albert, of Salem, have learned with
sincere sorrow of her death as the re
sult of an automobile accident In that
city a few days ago. A native daugh
ter of Oregon, of pioneer and mission
ary parentage, Mrs. Albert was widely
known and universally respected In the
community In which she was born more
than three-score years ago, and In
which nearly her entire life was passed.
"Walter Scott, a cowboy, is having fun
by paying for a special train to. run
from Los Angeles to Chicago In less
than forty-six hours. That cowboy is
bound somehow to reach the speed
Mayor Lane has a high . opinion of
Chief Hunt, but accepts his resigna
tion. Some of the things that are so
before election may not be so after
Let us trust that absence so far and
for so long will cause the doctors to lose
none of their patients. However, all's
well that ends well.
As SI Smith Says. .
Si Smith savs. says old Si Smith:
"What's the use to worry with
Things you can't in no way keep
Fom a-happenln'2 Don't lose sleep
Makes you thin; Jist keep a stiff
Upper lip. I jlnff! and If
Things don't suit you, let em don't!
Grit mlsht he'p you worry won't.
I am half inclined to say
Worry Isn't gilt-edged pay,
As Si Smith says.
SI Smith says, says old SI Smith!
"S'nosin half your kind and kith
Criticize you, say that you
(Jist no matter what you do)
Ain't no good? Air you a-go'n
To set down and mope and groan.
Or git up and make 'em proud
You belong to thelr-alls' crowd?
I should say that moping 'round
Doesn't pay, on any ground,
As SI Smith says.
SI Smith says, says old SI Smith:
"Life Is full of fust-class pith.
If you'll skin the gnarly bark
Offcn things, and not keep dark
What there be of glad and good.
I don't know why no man should
Always rub agin the rough.
When there's plenty smooth enough."
I should think a man would lose
More or less by nursing blues,
As SI Smith says.
T. Roosevelt leads the Strenuous Life,
As far as he Is able.
And Wagner through the Simple Life
Escapes the maddening Babel;
But Morton (Paul), he beats them all
He leads the Equl-table!
How may a bard whose life Is given
To writing parodies, arise
(Ifis soul of such a sin unshrlven)
Lament of Mount Rainier.
I am the monarch of the range Rainier
The Mighty; fourteen thousand feet and
I rise above the vulgar lowliness
Of this terrestrial ball. Though proud
And sticking far Into the vasty heavens.
I'm not stuck up at all. The pride of
Comes natural to me, and who shall say
I'm not entitled now to feel my oats?
And yet In this, mine honorable age.
In these be-buglcd days when all the world
Foregathers where the bright Willamette
Its silver flood, to do me reverence.
To make obeisance unto me. the King.
Alas! I am but humbled to the dust!
It were as though my bald and awful
Bediademcd with everlasting snows,
Should take a tumble to the earth and
And henceforth to tho mob my name be
I, who was King before Columbus came
And set his foot on far Jjan Salvador;
Before Balboa gazed upon the deep
And said: "It looks Pacific:" long before
SacaJawoa. for a "Thank you. ma'am."
Brought Clark and Lewis to Astoria
And gave your Uncle Sam an empire-land
He didn't seem to want; yea. long before
Folks came to see Seattle, ere they spoke
Spokane, and mispronounced it I ivas
And ruled the roost. I wore my majesty
With conscious pride, and looked with
From out mine icy eyne upon the world
So far beneath me. I was all the show!
In those far days my name was not Rai
nier, But how I blush to own It! 'twas Ta
coma. Merely an Indian name conferred by those
Barbaric redskins whom the paleface
Saying. "Begone! the earth Is ours, and all
Its fullness and the right of getting full!
Vamoose!" And when the redskins hit the
And trekked beyond the sunset. I. renamed
Rainier, because my crest Is raln-I-er
Than any mountain round about, resumed
My reign, and topping Prince Pretender
By thrice k thousand feet and then some
Was still the King of these continuous
Where rolls the Oregon and hears no
Save his own dashings and the double
dashed Blankety-blank tar-ra-ras of the Trail!
But now, woe's me! I am as old King
Strlpt naked to mine enemies, and left
Unclothed of grandeur, to a vulgar task
Assigned, with insult added unto injury!
For, lo! in these most unpoetic days,
These unaspiring, mad, commercial times,
This advertising era. I must stand.
A sentinel upon the walls of heaven.
Where I Rainier must WATCH TACO
Jnpnn's Gay Geisha Girls.
There are many geisha training
schools in Japan, but the best of them
all Is, I think, the one in Kioto to
which I. with some difficulty, gained
admittance. It Is apparently a delight
ful place, but It Is a place of unremit
ting toll. The girls are apprenticed to
these schools by their parents or guar
dians at the age oftentimes of 6 years,
and for 10 yearn, at least, they are put
through such a course of training as
would break the spirits of girls less
Inured to unquestioning obedience' to
authority. Their physical training Is
of. great 'Importance, of course, and
each little girl must go through such
Exercises every day as -will keep her
little body flexible as rubber, and af
ter that is finished she must divide her
time in tasks that far exceed in diffi
culty any schoolgirl work imaginable
to one of us. No woman of ordlnary
mind can possibly become a successful
geisha, because she must be able to ac
quire and make use of every kind of
worldly knowledge which will lend to
her conversation a vivacity and charm
that will lead men to seek her society.
Tne dancing and the music are the
least of a geisha entertainment, as It
is understood by a Japanese. These
are merely an accompaniment to the
feast which Is served by small appren
tices, such little girls, indeed, as met
us at the door of the wine-red and Irls
purple teahouse In Kioto, but after the
feast the men must be entertained by
Interesting stories and bright repar
tee, and in this tbe girls are trained
Miss Blueblood Didn't you thrill with
the spirit of '76?
Miss Shopper No; but I do thrill with
the spirit of JL9S-
EASTERN PAPERS ON MITCHELL TRIAL
Veratct of the Jarr I Comraeaded as Proper Lessons DrarrH From
tbe Seaator'n Career aad Ita End.
Dead Sea Fruit.
St, Louis Globe-Democrat.
Senator Mitchell, of Oregon, is convict
ed, of grafting at 70 years of age. Graft
ing on so old a tree can hardly fail to
bring bitter apples or Dead Sea fruit.
Out for Another Term?
United States Senator Mitchell, of Ore
gon, has been convicted of receiving com
pensation for practicing before tho Fed
eral departments at Washington. Now he
will want another term as a vindication.
Offense Harmful to Society.
New York Press.
After the sentence of Mitchell, who
seems to have had absolutely no claim to
the clemency of the Jury save that which
Is based on his official rank and his age.
It should be easy for the Department of
Justice to bring to book the criminals
who can plead neither senile debility nor
their political power In extenuation of an
offense quite as harmful to society as la
any other crime in the code, not except
Did Not Examine the Laws.
Topeka State Journal.
"All men make mistakes," says Sen
ator Mitchell. One of the mistakes of
Senators Burton and Mitchell seems to
have been that they did not examine the
laws quite close enough before they began
to vlolato them. Ex-Senator Thurston
assured that Oregon Jury, with tears in
his voice, that Senator Mitchell was a
perfectly Innocent and upright man. But
that was from the standpoint of a United
States Senator. The Jury thought other
wise. Bad Practice for Congressmen.
New York Globe.
The Federal statute which forbids Con
gressmen from accepting fees for practice
before the departments Is based on suffi
cient reason. Although the attorneyship
may be legitimately used, a Congressman
has such relations to department chiefs
that It In no Imaginary danger to sup
pose that he may win cases not so much
through their merits as through corrupt
official Influence. A Congressman may
not bo allowed to use his committee-room.
as an office to carry on departmental
"Innocent Intentions" Not Credited.
Senator Mitchell, of Orecon. has ben
found guilty of accepting money for prac
ticing before Federal departments. It was
pleaded In extenuation of his offense that
he was an old man. and that whnipvsr
crime he had committed was committed
without any evil Intent. Mr. Mitchell has
Deen in active politics for half a century,
and has held various offices of trust in
Oregon, besides having been four times
elected United States Senator from that
state. Therefore, his olea of innocent in
tentlons -was not given much weight by
tne jury that convicted him.
The Law Violated.
Kansas Citv Star.
The verdict In the Mitchell case Is sound
and right. The law exollcltiv forbids Sen
ators to practice before the departments
In Washington for pay. It has been ea-
taousned tnat Senator Mitchell violated
this law. and this violation merit mmloh
ment. The plea that tho Oregon Senator
is a minor offender In comparison with a
number of his fellow Senators who have
been corrupted to the. same purpose, but
whose methods arc calculated to orotect
them against punishment, should not
stand In the way of punishment for the
sort of violation of public trust of which
he Is convicted.
Hooting Out the Grafters.
New York Tribune.
The Orecon Senator was unable to real
ize the true character of the trust com
mitted to him or to appreciate the obU
'gations he owed to the state which had
uonorcu mm by electing him five times
to the United States Senate. Ttefnr hfa
colleagues ho could tearfully protest that
his tenderest sensibilities were outraged
by the suspicion that he could do or had
none anytning inconsistent with the
highest standards of official and personal
Integrity. But behind ttleir backs he
was trafficking in his office and selling hla
name and Influence to any clients who
were willing to bid for them.
Proof "Was Ample.
Philadelphia Evening Bulletin.
So far as may be Judged from the sum
mary of the evidence printed In the news
papers, there was little ground for reason
able doubt that he had deliberately taken
advantage or his Influential position to
help along the frauds through which hun
dreds of thousands of acres of public do
main wero handed over to a few men; and
the. proof that he acted as counsel for the
land-grabbers before the Federal depart
ments seems ample. That this was Illegal
Mitchell must have known. That ho be
trayed the Interests of the people of his
own state for private profit is apparently
clear. His advanced age and the public
disgrace which has been put upon him
may have seemed to the jury a sufficient
reason for recommending him to mercy.
But tho Department of Justice manlfestly
had warrant for Its action In prosecuting
him: and It should proceed with equal
rigor against the other "leading citizens"
of Oregon who were Indicted at the same
Dangerous to Play With Graft.
One does not need to go far to get the
moral taught by such a case as this. It
Is that It Is a dangerous business to trifle
with official position, or to play with
graft, even though It may seem to be
"legitimate" graft. There can, of course,
be no doubt that Senator Mitchell did rep
resent his constituents before the depart
ments, and that fees were paid for the
service to the firm of -which he was and
is a member. The question seems to have
been whether he got any of the fees. The
jury thought that he did. and clearly held
that he was financially Interested In the
litigation before the departments. There
Is another point that seems to us to be of
some Importance, and that Is one as to
the propriety of members of either house
of Congress doing very much private busi
ness. As for Senator Mitchell, while we may
pity the sorrows of an old man because he
Is an old man. we ought not to forget that
he brought his troubles on himself. Of
course, there Is the usual motion for a
new trial, and there will, too. be an ap
peal. The most strenuous efforts will be
made to save him from the penitentiary.
But the outlook Is dark and forbidding.
Stooped to Low Crime.
Milwaukee Evening Wisconsin.
Concerning Senator Mitchell's guilt,
there Is now no reasonable doubt. He
stands before the American people in
the light of a man who, though clothed
with the high dignity and responsibil
ity of membership In the Senate of the
United States, stooped to the low crime
of grafting. The testimony upon which
he -was convicted showed that as a Sen
ator he accepted fees for using his In
fluence In the Federal departments
for clients who sought ends which -were
sometimes antagonistic to those of the
people at large. His announced deter
mination to appeal to the Supreme
Court shows the persistency of des
peration, but is powerless to restore
public confidence. The expectation is
that Mitchell will be subjected to im
prisonment for two years, as weir as
to the payment of a fine. His fate
should serve as a warning to others
who have presumed that the possession
of a "pull" -would Inevitably secure
Immunity for wrong-doers.
Oregon's Unique Distinction.
In contemplating the case of Senator
Mitchell of Oregon it Is cause for wonder
not that tho Senator has finally fallen
but that his fall was so long delayed.
Unless all rumor, tradition and open ac
cusation are wholly unfounded, the people
of Oregon have for more than 30 yeara
maintained In high office a man who could
not have hoped for such retention In
any other state In the Union. The phen
omenon can only be ascribed to hypnotic
Influence or blind infatuation.
Calls- for Mitchell's Expulsion.
Chicago Evening Post.
Senator Mitchell should instantly recog
nize the Impropriety of remaining a mem
ber of the Senate. As long as his trial
was pending he might have a shadow of
reason for retaining his seat, because
It was possible that he could prove his
entire Innocence of the accusations
brought against hlra. But the testimony
given during his trfal was such that
the Jury was convinced of his guilt, and
the public undoubtedly regards that con
viction as warranted and Inevitable. If
Senator Mitchell has not resigned when
the Senate next meets, there should be
no delajvin his expulsion from the office
to which he so foolishly clings.
Kansas City Journal.
The shock to public confidence is greater
in Mitchell's case than In others, from
the fact that It was a cold-blooded con
spiracy, covering a long period of time,
to defraud the Government of millions
of acres of land, by the Government's
own trusted officials, headed by a United
States Senator. The spectacle is a most
lamentable one. Tho blunted moral senses
which led to crime in this case, as It has
done In nearly all similar cases, was apt
ly described by Senator Mitchell's ex
privato secretary, who testified that
Mitchell had declared to him that "any
thing was Justifiable to. beat the Govern
ment." Men who would scorn to steal In
any other walk of life delude themselves
with the idea that it is not wrong, or at
least not nearly so wrong, to steal from
Hard Blow to the Senate
Mr. Mitchell Is the third Senator to
run Into collision with tho Vexatious re
straints of the Federal law. It the opera
tion continues tho public faith In tho
dignity and Infallibility of the Senatorial
office may get a severe Jar. In this con
nection It Is well to recall the quiet and
effective work which Secretary Hitchcock
Is doing In running down and punishing
land frauds. There has been Ies3 trump
eting of his effort than of any other
Cabinet member; but It has accomplished
much none the lcs3 for the unostenta
tious pursuit of the land thieves. When
the Secretary discovered the existence of
fraud and set about its punishment he
was confronted with the fact that Its af
filiations extended into the Senate and
high financial and social circles. But at
tempts to call him off have failed. Ho
was given a peculiarly encouraging exam
ple of a man who knows but one duty
In such cases, and that Is to punish tho
Used His Position Tor Private Gain,
There Is no reason to doubt the right
eousness of the decision thus recorded.
It must be assumed that the jury has
done Justice, and the passionate denial
of the charges which have now been
sustained, which was made by Senator
Mitchell upon the floor of the Senate,
can only, If he is to be acquitted ot
downright lying, be explained upon
the assumption that he did not himself
realize the culpability of his conduct.
He saw no harm in making the use he
Is now declared to have done of his of
ficial position for the purposes of pri
vate gain. Perhaps he knew of others
-who were doing or had done the same
thing, and he was unable to see where
in It was Illegitimate. Here was a
chance to make some money " without
doing anyone In particular an injury.
He took It and it is safe to say that
toduy he bitterly regrets the circum
stance. It is an unfortunate fact that
the prevailing standard of commercial
morality Is not so high as it ought to
be. and as It needs to be. If the good
nnme of the country Is to be upheld ana.
Its prosperity established upon an en
during basis. There are altogether too
many men with lax notions of right
and wrong when it comes to a question
Lesson Is Deserved.
John H. Mitchell is 70 years old ami
has been many years in public life,
having held several official positions in
Oregon and been four times elected to
the United States Senate. It is sad to
see a man at his lime of life, who has
been so long prominent in political af
fairs, convicted of a crime against the
Government which will undoubtedly
send him to the penitentiary for 'nla
remaining years, vet the career ot
Mitchell as a wholo lias not been such
as to commend him to sympatny. Hla
has not been an examDle. nolitlcalK- nr
morally, which invites emulation. Wo
has not chosen to walk in the straight
and narrow path, but has generally
preferred a more or less crooked and
tortuous course. The penalty of this is
severe, yet It oonnot bo doubted that it
is deserved, and tne lesson of It ought
to orove valuable esne(lnllv tn fnna
In public life. The attorneys of Mitchell
pursued the usual course in moving for
a new trial, though probably with no
expectation that it will be orranterl.
What other efforts they may make to
save tneir client rrom punishment It Is
Impossible to say, but In any event it
is not probable that he will any longer
represent Orecon In the National Sen
ate His conviction puts an end to his
The 3Iitchell Jury's Verdict.
Salem Capital Journal.
Foreman Stelner, of this city. Is author
ity for the statement that the report that
the Mitchell jury stood eleven to one for
conviction, and took seven, ballots before
agreeing Is not correct. He says the jury
agreed to give out no statement as to how
they did stand on the subject of convic
tion cn the first ballot, but that- they did
not stand as published In this paper and
the Portland papers.
Of course. If they gave out no statement.
the whole matter Is conjecture, but If they
did not stand eleven to one and did take
any ballot at all there must have been
more than one against conviction.
However, as to this Mr. Stelner will not
say. In fact, no juror will say, nor has
any juror said. The truth of the matter
will probably never be made public, nor
indeed should It be published.
It Is published as a fact that only two
of the Jurors were Republicans, and Sen
ator Mitchell's friends are entitled to that
grain of cemfort. Finding Mitchell guilty,
but recommending him to the mercy of
the court was plainly a political sarcasm.