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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (July 11, 1905)
THJC MORNING OREGOyiAX, TUESDAY, JULY 11, 1905.
Roberts Declares British Army
in Bad Condition.
LIFE AND DEATH QUESTION
Great General Calls on Xatlon. to
Awake to Necessity of Conscrip
tion or Universal Training
for Defense of Empire.
LONDON, July 10. Field Marshal Dor
Boberts created a sensation in the House
of Lords this evening: -when in a lengthy
and -well-considered speech he deliberately
expressed his opinion aa a practical sol
dier that the military force of Great Brit
ain was inadequate, Imperfectly trained
and totally unfit io uphold Great Britain
as a flrst-class power. Lord Roberts did
not blame the government, which, he said,
was actuated by a National feeling', but
he scathingly attacked the people of Eng
land, who, he said, showed no national
feeling toward the military until danger
arose. Then, said Lord Roberts, the sol
dier was the pet ff the people, but this
was only an evanescent enthusiasm which
did not entail self-sacrifice and passed
away as soon as the danger disappeared.
The speech was delivered in connection
with a motion introduced by the Earl of
TVemyss and March (Conservative), trav
ersing Premier Balfour's statement re
garding the impossibility of the invasion
of Great Britain, and urging the neces
sity of keeping up sufficient land forces to
repel and possible invasion.
Lessons of Boer "War Forgotten.
Lord Roberts said the lessons of the
South African War had been forgotten.
He had no hesitation In saying that the
armed forces of Great Britain as a body
were now as absolutely unfitted and un
prepared for war as they had been when
the South African trouble broke out. He
declared, emphatically, that the choice
lay between conscription and some prac
tical system of universal training, and
that only hy such means would it be pos
sible for Great Britain .to possess armed i
forces, organized and" trained to jneet the
demands' of the empire in the event of
Lord Roberta continuing, asserted that
any discussion of Great Britain's military
position within the limits of the motion
proposed by the Earl of "Wemyss and
March would be utterly' unavailing. The
country had to deal with a question of
infinitely great importance, the .question
of the life or death rof the empire, the
issue of which deposed, upon .Geat Brit
ain's being- ready to defend her Eastern
possessions and at the same time take
part in any affair nearer home, either of
which necessitated the placing In the
Held of an -army as large and efficient as
that of any of the European countries,
all of which might he regarded as na
tions in arms.
Every other European country regarded
Its army as part of the nation, while Eng
land considered her army to be something
quite outside the national life, and no
thought was bestowed upon it by the
population, except as part of a political
and partisan platform.
Calls on Nation to Awake.
He appealed to" the country to awake to
Its danger and to take hold of the army
as a great national Issue on which the ex
istence of Great Britain depended. Ho
said the whole empire must rise to the
occasion, and that every one must per
sonally bear a share In the defertse or en
able those to whom responsibility was
delegated to become in all respects ef
The discussion of the motion continued
for some time, the speakers complimenting
Lord Roberts on the stand he had taken.
The government decided not to oppose
the motion of the Earl- of Weymss and
March, which was passed without a di
vision. HURRICANE LASHES SAMOA
Rips Up Plantations and Carries
Roofs Out to Sea.
TCTUILA. Samoa. June 20. tCorrespon
dence of the Associated Press.) On June
12 a gale with a hurricane force swept
over the Samoan Islands. Strong south
ern winds had prevailed for some time,
when they veered around to the west and
the north on the morning of June 12. To
ward evening the wind shifted again and
came with such violence from the south
that as much damage was done to the
plantations as during a gale occurring in
the "hurricane" months.
In- 'German Samoa much damage was
done to the new plantations, chiefly on
account t of the falling branches of the
High shade-trees left for the protection of
the coffee. The roof of a large copra
house in Saville was blown to sea. and
in Tutuila the iron roof of a new church
was placed on the beach of the village.
No damage was done at Pago-Pago.
Great preparations are being made
throughout Samoa for the dedication of
the Roman Catholic Cathedral in Apia
and natives from all parts of the South
Pacific arc sailing towardr that town in
small craft and open boats. Several hun
dred have left Tutuila " in the last few
days, and there are many fronvFiji, Toga
and other islands. The festivals take
place July 20.
ITALIAN STJX KILLS MANY
Extreme Heat Strikes Down People.
German Industry Destroyed.
NEW YORK, July 10. Telegrams from
prefects of provinces to the Italian Min
ister of the Interior announce a great
number of fatalities due to the heat, ac
cording to a Rome dispatch to the Herald.
In the province of Alexandria, Piedmont,
there were 36 cases of sunstroke and 12
deaths. At Palermo, in Sicily. 2S strokes
and 5 deaths, at Messina 12 sunstrokes
and 2 deaths, and4 at Bar!, S sunstrokes
and 2 deaths.
A Berlin dispatch states: Tho record
breaking heat is paralyzing all branches
of trade. The schools are -all closed, and
200,000 persons left the city for Summer
THIRTY-NINE MINERS "WILL DIE
Blazing ..Timbers in Shaft Cut Off
Their Escape. -
DORTMUND. Prussia, July 11. A fire
haB broken out in the Borrussla coal
mine, caused by the careless handling of
a lamp by boys. The lamp exploded, ig
niting the timbers of the shaft, which
Two hundred and fifty miners escaped
through an air shaft, but 29 were cut off,
and their death is Vegarded as certain.
The work of rescue Is attended by great
dMtger, oIng to the presence of poison
ous gases, and six of the rescuers are re
ported missing. The ground over the
mine Is -sinking with a. sound like that
of thunder, as the supporting- timbers of
the mine are being burned away.
Great, jcrow.ds .of .women., and. children
standing about the mine in a drencti-
ln rain, hoping' for the rescue of hus
bands and fathers'-
BANK IN RECEIVER'S HANDS
Four-Fifths of the Loans Are of
ST. LOUIS. July 10. Immediately after
taking charge of the affairs of the Peo
ple's United States Bank. ex-Judge Seth
C. Spencer, today appointed receiver by
the St, Louis County Circuit Court, sent
orders to the depositories of the bank in
other cities, about 60 in number, to dis
continue the issuance of money on checks
and to report at once the amount of money
on hand credited to the People's Bank.
Judge Spencer then took up the in
vestigation of the bank's accounts, as
sisted by several experts, made a hurried
search of the institution's books and to
night Issued the following statement of
liabilities and assets:
Assets Loans and discounts, $1,010,103.12;
bonds and stocks. W3.4t3S2: United States
bonds, J7G.O00: cash due from banks, JLS93,
656.05: building and furniture and fixtures
account. 5190.703.03; expenses, $2S,735.SS; to
Liabilities Capital. $2,433,000; deposits,
$219,745.03; total, J2.C54.74S.03.
Loans of Doubtful Value.
Included in the loans and discounts are
the following items considered of doubt
ful value or liable to shrinkage:
An uninsured note given by Lewis and
the old directors for $145,375, representing
the promotion and organization expenses
of the bank; a loan of $3SO,00 secured by
stock of the Lewis Publishing Company;
a loan of $797,788. secured by stock of
the University Heights Realty Company.
The balance of I1SS.020 is made up of
smaller miscellaneous items, many of
them notes Indorsed by Lewis.
When Judge Spencer arrived at the
bank building, situated in St. Louis
County Just west of the city limits, in
which are also the ofllces of the other
enterprises conducted by Edward G.
Lewis, the president and promoter of the
People's Bank, he was met by Mr. Lewis,
who made a formal protest against the
action of the court.
After Judge Spencer had taken control,
a meeting of the board of directors of
the bank was called, at which the fol
lowing were present and signed the set
of resolutions protesting against the ap
pointment of a receiver by tho court and
the Issuance of a fraud order by tho
United States postal authorities: Theo
dore F. Meyer, ex-Governor Stephens, "W.
F. Carter, James F. Coyle and E. G.
Conditions Not Very Bad.
State Bank Examiner McCook tonight
declared the affairs of the bank to be in
no very complicated condition. He said:
According to an examination I made of
the assets' and liabilities, I believe the re-'
celver now would-be able to pay all the de-.
porttors In full and hare enough left to pay '
the stockholders 30 per cent of their stock.
Judge Spencer, the receiver, places a
more liberal estimate on the bank's ability
to pay stockholders. He stated . that, al
lowing for shrinkage in the collateral.- tho
stockholders might recolve 75 cents on
RECEIVER FOR BANK NAMED
Court Takes Charge of Institution
Barred From Malls.
ST. LOUIS. July 10. By request of Sec
retary of State Swanger, of Missouri,
Judge McElhinney of the St. Louis Cir
cuit Court todav annotated former
Seldon P. Spencer receiver for the People's
united states uank, against whrch a
fraud order has .been Issued by tho Fed
eral Postal authorities. Judge Spencer
immediately qualified, furnishing a $250,
000 bond and at once took charge of "the
The People' United States Bank was
organized by Edward G. Lewis, of St,
Louis, in 1904.. and. has a. capital stock
of $2,500,000. The banking business was
conducted along new .lines, the greater
part of the subscriptions for stock and
deposits being solicited and received by
Mr. Swanger made the following state
ment today in regard to the bank's as
sets: "The People's United States Bank has
various sums on deposit in different
cities of the United States, the total
amount of cash being about $1,500,030. It
has also $75,000 In Government bonds.
There arc also securities of the Univer
sity Heights property and the Lewis
Publishing Company amounting to $90.
000." OPEN THE ISTHMUS TO ALL
(Continued From Page 1.)
withdraw its present Panama line, an effort
be made to Induce some other company ' to
establish a flrr4-clas service between the
Important Pacific Coast ports of the United
States and Panama, and. In the event that
no other company Is prepared to furnish tile
service, that it be provided by the Panama
That In. traffic connection American eteam
ship lines be favored o far as can be done
consistently with the treaty obligations of
the United State.
Maroon's Appointment "Welcome.
PANAMA, July 10. The appointment
of Cnarles G. Magoon, Governor of the
Canal Zone, as American Minister to
Panama, while at the same time per
mitting him to hold his present office,
has caused an excellent impression in
all circles here. Seventy-five laborers
at Culebra struck today on account
of delay in tho -payment of their wages.
GOVERNMENT IS THE LOSER
Enormous . Quantity of Soldiers'
Dress Coats Are of Xo Value.
PHILADELPHIA, July 10. The Pub
lic Ledger tomorrow will say that work
on 200,000 dress coats contracted for
through the Schuylkill arsenal hero has
been stopped. "by the peremptory order
of Quartermaster-General Humphreys
in Washington, and that a thorough
investigation of tho affairs at the ar
senal has been begun. The Ledger will
"Because of conditions under which
contracts are given out at the arsenal,
nearly half of the dress coats In ques
tion have been manufactured and paid
for. They He idle In the storehouse at
the depot, and In the opinion of ex
perts of the "Government who have ex
amined them are absolutely worthless
for the purpose ihey were made for.
A contract for about 200,000 pairs of
dress trousers Is In the hands of the
manufacturers. Stoppage on this work
also Is expected In a few days. It is
believed that the investigation which
started will show that the .Govern
ment has lost to the extent of millions
of dollars by the methods in voguo
"The contracts In question are held
by three Arms, which have factories In
this city and in Red Bank. IC. J., and
Egg Harbor. Nr. J. As yet there are no
charges of fraud in connection with the
investigation. The colossal losses are
attributed to loose ways of doing busi
ness." EXPERT SEWING-MACHINE REPAIRS.
Also sewing-machine oil of absolute
purity, and the best needles and parts for
all machines at Singer stores.
Look for the red S.
354 Morrison st.,
402 Washington st,
540 Williams ave.,
Main st, Oregon City, Or.
BOTH ARE WINflEHS
France and Germany Agree on
KAISER CLAIMS TRIUMPH
Homier Says French Agreements
"With Other Powers Are Xot Af
' fected Special Interests of
BERLIN". July 10. The agreement .be
tween France and Germany on the sub
ject of Morocco, which was made public
in both Paris and Berlin today, cannot
hut be regarded here as a diplomatic suc
cess of the first importance over both
Great Britain and Prance, although it Is
executed in tcrmB of great moderation.
agreement being referred to as an
cord based on a full appreciation" and rec
ognition of each government's rights and
aims." Yet officially the issue is regard
ed as a triumph for Emperor William and
Prince von Buelow that will strengthen
Germany's diplomacy everywhere on the
The attltudo of the American Govern
ment toward the Morocco controversy was
altogether satisfactory to Germany. Pre
cisely what part President Roosevelt took
In forwarding the settlement Is not made
public in Berlin, but-lt Is appreciated that
the Influences be exerted at Paris and
London contributed toward the settle
ment. The documents covering the Franco
German Morocco agreement are three
in number, all dated July 8. The first
Premier Rouvler wrote to Prince von
Hadolln, the German Ambassador at
Paris, saying that the French govern
ment, through the discussions that had
taken place between the representa
tives of the two countries In Paris and
Berlin, had reached the conviction
that the conference proposed by the
Sultan of Morocco was directed toward
no aim opposed to the Interests of
France in Morocco, nor to her defined
rights, nor in opposition to ner
treaties or engagements.
France gave her assent to the .con
ference with these fundamental prin.
clples: The sovereignty and .inde
pendence of the Sultan; the integrity
of his kingdom; the usual economic
freedom: the necessity for police and
financial reforms and their Introduc
tion for a short period on tho basis
of an international agreement: and
the acknowledgement of the fact
that France had special interests
In having order rule In Morocco, be
cause of the long frontier between Al
giers and Morocco and the resulting
Prince von RaSoHn replied that his
government authorized him to confirm
his oral representations that the pro
posed conference would not follow
aims In opposition to French Interests,
continuing to the end of the note In
the precise language used by M. Rou
vier. The third document Is a Joint declar
ation signed by M. Rouvler and Prince
von Radolin. that the two govern
ments had agreed to recall their lega
tions at Tangier as soon as the con
ference met at Fez, and to Jointly ad
vise;, the Sultan to prepare a . pro
gramme to be laid before the interna
tional conference In accordance with
the princlDles set forth in the letters ex
changed between M. Rouvler and
Prince von Radolln.
FRENCH CLAIMS PR OTECTED
Agreements With Britain and Spain
Not Touched by Germany.
PARIS. July 10. Premier Rouvler's an
nouncement in the Chamber of Deputies
today of tho terms of agreement between
France and Germany concerning Morocco
brings a deep sense of relief to the en
tire country, after many weeks of ten
sion, which, many persons believed, in
volved the possibilities of war.
The text of the three notes fully con
firms the general impression relative to
the lines of the negotiations. Germany's
contention for a conference receives the
final adherence, of France, but Premier
Rouvler has secured the safeguards which
he insisted on at the preliminary confer
ence with Prince von Radolln. The most
important of these safeguards is that the
conference shnll not convey any prejudice
to the Anglo-French or Franco-Spanish
ententes. While Germany does not speci
fically assent to these agreements, she for
mally withholds dissent. This is consid
ered an Important gain for France over
the ambiguous position Germany hereto
fore occunled and. as bath tho Anrtn.
.French and Franco-Spanish ententes rec
ognize .trances privileged position in
Morocco, France emerged from" the nego
tiations with this privileged position In
tact. Both countries agree as to the sov
ereignty of the Sultan, the independence
of Morocco and the open door without In
equality. This has always been the
policy of both governments, so neither
can claim victors In this respect. At the
same time It gives a new lease of exist
ence to Morocco and appears to put an
end to the prospective fall of the Sultan's
tottering empire and Its division among
the European powers. On the other hand
the agreement recognizes France's spe
cial interest in the country, due to the
geographical proximity of Algiers, and
its right thereby to police the frontier
and maintain peace and order.
It still remains for the Sultan to ar
range the programme for the conference.
Officials say this will not be an easy task,
as the Franco-German treaty so fully cir
cumscribes the conference that it will be
difficult to find questions remaining oprn
for determination. It Is pointed out that
the Sultan of Morocco's position is weak
ened by the negotiations, as he will no
no longer havo representatives of the
various powers pleading for favor, since
the entire question relating to Morocco
Is now practically taken out of his hands
for determination elsewhere.
Following Premier Rouvler's presenta
tion of the notes to the Chamber of
Deputies, efforts were made to interpel
late him In the premises. These, how
ever, were not pressed, the feeling being
generally In favor of supporting the
Premier's adjournment of the matter.
The newspapers, with few exceptions, ex
press satisfaction that the transaction
has terminated and consider that Premier
Rouvler secured an admirable result
when the difficulty of the negotiations is
ROTJVIER TELLS THE CHAMBER
Says Agreement Leaves Intact Ar
rangements IVlth Other Powers.
PARIS. July 10. Premier Rouvler
submitted to the-Chamber of Deputies
today the notes exchanged between
him and Princo von Radolin. constitu
ting tho Franco-German agreement,
relative to Morocco. Great interest at
tached to the statement, owing to the
feeling that the agreement had avert
ed a situation recently Involving tna
possibilities of war.
M. Rouvler followed the reading of
the note with a detailed explanation
of the negotiations. He declared that
the understanding now reached be
tween Germany and Franco was for
mulated tipon the essential principles,
fully recognizing the special Interests of
recognizing the special Interests of
France. He added:
"The accord thus realized leaves in
tact the arrangements' France had pre
viously concluded with other Dowers."
ELKS POUR INTO BUFFALO
Politics of Order Occupies Attention
of Arriving Delegates.
BUFFALO. July 10. Elks by the thous
ands continue to pour Into the city. Poli
tics Is 'already the chief topic among the
members. Robert Brown, of Louisville,
chairman of. the board of grand trustees,
is slated for grand exalted ruler. It Is
predicted that there will be no opposition
to him. C. F. Tomllnson, of Winston, N.
C at present grand esteemed loyal
knight, is slated for grand esteemed lead
There Is still a lively competition for
the office of einecmed loyal knight and
esteemed lecturing knight. Fred C Robin
son, of Dubuque, la., grand secretary,
and John K. Tener, of Charlerol. Pa.,
grand treasurer, are said to be sure of
Two trustees are In be elected this year.
intntt-norxrfhnS CShea, of Lynn.
Mass., who Is about to "ed the three-year
term, and another to succeed Dr. v . H.
Havll&nd. of Butte. Mont., who Is about
to ehd a one-year term.
Denver Is working hard for tho next
reunion. Atlantic City came along with
Its boom today.
The report of the board of governors
of the National Home of Elks at Bedford
City, Va.. recommends more liberal ad
mission rules, there being now but 20
residents of the home, who could be
xnoro economically cared for In a private
institution. The report also says ,that the
work of the board of governors could be
discharged by the board of grand trustees
at a saving of expenses.
Elks' Reunion Begins.
BUFFALO. July 10. The nineteenth an
nual reunion of the Benevolent and Pro
tective Order of Elks began here today.
The number of grand lodge members al
ready here establishes a new record tor
that body and many more arc expected
before the beginning of the business ses
sion tomorrow. Tho delegates were taken
for an excursion on the steamer City of
Buffalo today. It is conceded that there
will be no opposition to tho slated ad
vance of last year's officers one notch
higher than the places they are now
Illinois the Banner State.
DENVER. Colo., July 10. To the Ep
worth Leaguo of Illinois was awarded
the banner for the largest registration of
delegates to the International convention
Ipf the society in this city. Iowa was a
ciose second. .Most or tne delegates icrt
.Denver today on excursions to places of
Interest in the Rocky Mountains.
MAY ELECT ANOTHER CZAR
Reformers Cause Nicholas to Plan
Visit to 3Ioscow.
CHICAGO. July 10. (Special.) A spe
cial, cablegram to the Daily News from
St. Petersburg says:
From a roost reliable source your corre
spondent Is informed that the local re
form leaders of Moscow, most of whom
hold official, appointments, have resolved
that. If the Czar should persist In his un
yielding attltudo, they will convoke a
national assembly and elect another Czar.,
Nicholas, however, seems to appreciate
the gravity of the situation. HIS object
In selecting Washington as the site for
the peace negotiations and Count Mura
vleff as one of the envoys was to gain
time. He hoped that in the meantimo
the Interior troubles would subside and
that General Llnlevitch. having been re
inforced, would show the Russians in a
favorable light In the field.
Events have upset theso calculations.
The country Is torn up by revolution.
Moscow Itself threatens to name a provis
ional government. Japan has now occu
pied the Island of Sakhalin and brought
the war into Russian territory. General
Hasegawa Is hastening to Invade the
Province of Ussurl, and thus the Japan
ese envoys will have a right to demand
a cession of territory.
Muravleff will now proceed to Washing
ton at once. The Czar will also leave for
Moscow. He will Invite various Mayprs
of cities now in conference there to meet
him at the Illlnsky palace, where he will
declare his readiness to yield to their re
quest for reforms and will ask for their
BULLETS FLY IN HAVANA
Police and Soldiers Shoot "Wildly
and Wound Their Friends.
HAVANA. July 10. Fights here tonight
between Cuban artillerymen and civilians
resulted in the killing of one person, the
mortal injuring of two and the wounding
of a score.
A fight started between soldiers and
civilians, which was broken up by the po
lice. A company of soldiers was sent. at
11 o'clock for tho purpose of restoring
order, but on sceinz a wounded comrade
in the hands of the police, the troops
mutinied, firing upon a police sergeant
and knocking down a policeman with
the butt end of a rifle. Other policemen
ran for the station and the soldiers be
gan to fire deliberately with Mausers.
The firing was careless and the result
was that mortal wounds were Inflicted on
their own captain, Portuondo.
Order has been restored, but great ex-
Unionist Elected in Down.
DUBLIN. July 10. In a bye-election to
r-day for the western division of County
Down, to rcplaco Captain Arthur Hill
(Conservative), who resigned. Mr. Lld
dell. the official Unionist candidate, was
elected over Andrew Beattle (Independent
Unionist). In the last election Captain
Hill was returned unopposed In succession
to his father, Lord Arthur Hill, who re
signed. Fire Follows Dynamite Explosion.
EVANSTOX. Wyo.. July 10. The build
ings and works of the Rocky Mountain
Coal & Iron Company, at Almy. seven
miles from here,, have been entirely de
stroyed by fire, entailing a loss of 540.
05). The flro followed an explosion of
dynamite of such force that the shock
was felt here. , .
The cause of the explosion Is unknown.
It is understood the coal mines will be
closed down as a result of the fire.
Bold Xew York Pickpockets.
XEW .YORK, July 10. Pickpockets
took possession of a Twenty-third-street
car last night, and by locking the rear
door, robbed the passengers on the back
platform at their leisure. The gang
feigned intoxication, and jostled the oth
er passengers while relieving them or
their valuables. Several of thoso on the
car reported the lgss of watches, pocket
books and valuable scarf pins.
wrrn imfcre drinking water
Use Hereford's Add FhospBalo
Destroys the germi of typhoid and other
fevers. Makes a refreshing and cooling Sum
He Believes in Mixing Parties
RESULT, COMMON HONESTY
New Secretary of Xavy Describes Ills
Ideal of Public Service and
Places It in Contrast "With
BALTIMORE, July 10. Charles J.
Bonaparto, Secretary of the Navy, de
livered an address at the Christian
Endeavor convention today on "Pure
Folitcfe and Religion,." spdaklng- in
part as follows:
Mlxiax Rollgloa and ToUtlcs.
Many years ago a story was told of a
well-knows professional politician In thlt
city, now dead, whj, on his return from
church one Sunday, was met by a news
paper reporter who remarked to him la
"Mr. A, I do not understand how so reg
ular an attendant at church aa you are
can be also to great an adept In stuffing
ballot boxes, fixing Juries and witnesses and
"Mr. It." replied the statesman. "I never
mixed up politics and religion."
Of late years the American people have
shown a disposition sufficiently plain to be
widely remarked to act upon a different
principle: so many of our citizens are be
ginning to "mix up" a good deal of what
my late fellow-townsman would call "re
ligion" with what he would call "politics,"
and the result of this mixture is so un
palatable and unwholesome to those of his
way of thinking and action that a few
words as to the real nature, causes and
consequences of the phenomenon may be
timely and not without Interest.
In truth, the mixing up of politics and
religion, to which my deceased friend re
ferred, constitutes one feature of & very
notable popular movement. In progress tor
some thirty years throughout our country.
After the Civil War and the period of re
construction, the American people found
time to "take stock." We were reminded
by cur tax bills that we had a government,
a fact our bury, prosperous fathers could
more than halt forget during the two gen
erations space of steady Internal coloniza
tion, and with this reminder ame a grow
ing measure of doubt and anxiety as to fhn
practical merits, in sober truth and not In
Fourth of July oratory, of all branches, na
tional, state and municipal, of that govern
ment under which we lived. As always
happens. It proved easier to recognize evils
than to discover remedies; and the latter
was hampered by the proffer of all sorts
of wonderful nostrums, warranted by their
respective advocates to usher in a golden
age. But. with that plain, hard common
sense, that distaste for sound and froth,
that craving for facts and distrust of Ideas
and theories which have ever been the por
tion of English-speaking folk, the people of
our union have finally gained a fairly clear
Insight Into the nature of our Ills and are
gradually but steadily learning what med
icine will heal them.
The underlying evil In the administration
of our public affairs Is simply dishonesty:
our public offices are too often held by dis
honest men. too often gained by dishonest
means, too often used for dishonest ends.
Of course. I do not mean that all. or a. ma
jority, or "even "any large number of our of
ficials will take public moneys or fraudu
lently waste public property or In any way
cause penitentiaries to. yawn for them: such
Incidents are. Indeed, much more frequent
than they should be. but It may be doubted
whether the proportion of downright thieves
among the people's servants Is larger than
among those of private masters. The great
bulk of Americans In public employ wish
and Intend to do their duty, but a grave
and mischievous, though very common,
comparison of Ideas as to what is their
duty makes the best of them sometimes fall
to do It and permits the worst often to
neglect It with Impunity.
The error Is rooted In a mistaken and Im
moral theory as to the nature of the po
sition they hold. In law and morals alike
a public office belongs to the people: Its
duties are fixed by the people's laws; Its
salaries are paid with the peopte's money.
Civil service reform. In fact, applies a caus
tic to the very ulcer In our politics. In the
application of morality and common sense
to the choice of public servants. The typi
cal American politician, as developed by the
ftpolls system of politics, earns his living
by holding, when he can get It. a public of
fice. In return for past or expected party
work. To get rid of him and his work we
must thoroughly eradicate f rym our own
minds and those of our fellow-citizens the
absurd and wicked notion that offices are
"spoils." This must be our first step If
we would purify our politics, and so long
a step that It will go far to render need
less any further step In the work of puri
fication. Between the good and bad men In pol
itics there Is and should be a warfare with
out truce or quarter, for whoever would
now do good In any form to his fellow-man
finds the degradation of our political Ufa
a hindrance to his task.
The convention today considered the
collective work of the various Endeav
or societies and unions, responses be
ing made by many states and local
union officers. A pastors' conference
was held at the Central Presbyterian
Church, which was led by Rev. William
E. Blederwolf, of Monticello, Ind.,
who delivered an address. .
For morning, afternoon or
evening, they are always
correct. The fancy patterns
are made from original
FAST COLOR FABRICS
$1.50 and up
CLUETT, PEADODY & CO.
UXOIST KAKCMS OF SHIRTS AN 3
COUAM IN TMt WOA1S.
A BEAUTIFUL WOMAN.
rally calf her charms lies in toe glory of
hex hair. Tta
Imperial Hair Regenerator
is responsible for most of the beauti
ful shades of hair yon see to-day. It
is absolutely harmless, easily ap
plied. Its use cannot bo detected.
Sample of hair colcred free. Privacy
tacriel Cfaeau jKrTca, lit Y. Hi SL.N.Y.
Seld by Wee&rs', Clarke C.
HER WEAKH1SS GONE
HOT PLASHES A5D SUTKHiG SPELLS.
COHQUEBED AT LAST.
Xra, Marpfay Tells Her Tellew-Svsfcrert
How She Oct Kid of Serious Troubles
by Simple Sesae Treatment.
"I had been bothered ior several
years," B&id Mrs. Murphy, "by stomach
disorder, and finally I became very weak
and nervous. Plashes of heat would
pass over me, and I would feel as if I
was sinking down. At such times I
could not do any household work, but
would have to lie down, and afterwards
I wouldhavo very tryingnervous spells."
"Didn't you have a doctor?" she was
" Yes, I consulted several doctors but
my health did not improve. One day a
friend asked me why I did not try Dr.
Williams' Pink Fills. She assured me
that they had proved of the greatest ben
efit in tho case of her daughter. In fact,
she praised them so enthusiastically that
my husband got me & box.''
"And what was the result?"
" Before I had taken half of tha firs
box my condition was greatly improved.
Tho quickness with which they reached
and relieved all my troubles was really
surprising. After I had used only three
boxes I had no mora heat-fiaahes or
weak spells. Thanks to theea, I hays
become a well woman."
Mrs. Mary D. Murphy lives at "No,
1906 Force street, Port Wayne, Indiana.
Dr. Williams Pink Pills, the remedy
which she found so satisfactory, furnish
directly to the blood the element that
give vigor to every tissue of the body.
They can be depended on to revive fail
ing strength, and to banish nervous
ness. Their tonio properties are abso
As soon as there is drag, or dizziness, or
pallor, or poor circulation, or disordered
digestion, or restlessness, cr pains, or ir
regularities of any kind these famous
pills should, be used. They have cured
the most obstinate cases of anaemia, dys
pepsia, rheumatism, neuralgia, nervous
prostration and even partial paralysis.
If you desire information specially
suited to your own case write directly to
the Dr. Williams Medicine Company,
Schenectady, N.T. Every woman should
have a copy of Dr. Williams " Plain
Talks to Women. "which-will bo mailed
free to any address on request. Any
druggist can supply the pills. J
Take nutmeg; one is not as
good as another. Schilling's
Best, in nutmeg, is ground fine
from difficult nuts to grind be
cause full of oil ; the oil is their
virtue. There are dry nuts;
there are wormy nuts. We are
no more careful in nutmegs
than all through.
"tour grocer's; moneyback.
Bl? 0 H s Bon.Mfir.nmsi
I reaedr for Gonorrhoea.
Gleet; Spar mtorrh era
wait!, unnatural dlt
chareet. or aar laflamma
Irrmau tfttatUa. tlon of m neons rata?
.THtETmsCHcUKM.Cs. branei. Kon-aitrlnfent
3eld hy DrsgslatB,
or seat In plain tt rapper
by expreH, prepaid, for
91.00. or 3 bottles. 52.75.
(Ureslar teau oa newtfe
Cltr Ticket Office. 122 Third SU PBone 8fl.
2 OVERLAND TRAINS DAILY O
Tho Flyer and' tee F&t Mall. mm
B PLINTH 1 SERVICE
UP-TO-DATE EQUIP CENT
For tickets, rates, folders and full Infor
mation, call on or address
H. DICKSON. City Parsengjer and Tldcel
Act.. 122 Third street. Portland. Or.
S. S. IYO MARTJ.
For Japan, China -and all Asiatic Portv. Till
leave ScattU about Ausust 2.
For South -Eastern Alaska
Steamers leave Seattle 0 P.M.
S. S. Humboldt. S. S. City
of Seattle. S. S. Cottage City.
July 10. 11, 15. 17. Ex
cursion S. S. Spokane leaves
July 20. August 3. 17.
xw Sxjf tor aan Francisco aireci.
St?&y Queen. City of Puebla. Uma
tilla. 8 A. M.. July 13. 17. 22.
Portland Office. 243 "Washington su Main 220.
C D. DUNANN. G. P. A..
FAST AND POPULAR STEAMSHIPS
Leave Seattle 0 A. M.
"Jefferson." July 30. Aug;. 10. 20. 29.
"Dolphin,': Aug. 4, 14, 23.
KETCHIKAN. JUNEAU. DOUGLAS,
HAINES. SKAGWAY. Connects with
W. P. & T. route for Atlln. Dawson.
Tanana. Nome, etc
CHEAP EXCURSION RATES.
On excursion trips steamer calls at
Sitka. Metlnkahtla. Glacier. IVransel,
etc.. In addition to regular ports of call.
Call or send for " Trip to Wonderful
Alaska." "Indian Basketry," "Totem
THE ALASKA S. S. CO..
Frank W'oolsey Co., Agents.
232 Oak St. Portland. Or.
China, Japan and (Manila
Boston Steamship Co. and Boston Towboat
Co.. Frdm Tacoma and Seattle.
Steamship "Lyra" leaves on or about July
Steamship "Pleiades" leaves on or about
August 20. 1903.
Steamship "Shawmut" leaves on or about
August 30. 1903.
For rates, freight and passage apply to
Frank "WaterhouSe. managing agent. Seattle,
or to Frank "Woolsey Co., agents, 232 Oak
Excursions to Alaska
Seattle to Nome and St. Michaels.
Steamship "Oregon" leaves Seattle about
July 20. 1903.
Steamship "Ohio" leaves Seattle about
August 1. 1903.
Frank Woolsey Co.. 232 Oak St.. Portland.
"White Star Steamship Co., 607 First ave
ANCHOR LINE U. S. MAIL STEAMSHIPS
NEW YORK. LONDONDERRY & GLASGOW
NEW YORK. GIBRALTAR AND NAPLES.
Superior accommodation. Excellent Cuisine.
The Comfort of Passengers Carefully Con
sidered. Single or Round Trip Tickets Issued
between New York and Scotch. English.
Irish and all principal continental points at
attractive rates. Send for Book of Tours.
For tickets or general information apply to
any local agent of the Anchor Line or to
HGNDERSON" BROS.. Gen'l Agents.
Chicago. JU. .
xd Umon Pacific
S TRAINS TO THE EAST DAILY.
Through Pullman standards and tourist
leeplng-cars dally to Omaha. Chicago, Spo
kane; tourist sleeping-car dally to Kansas
City; through Pullman tourist sleeping-car
(personally conducted) weekly to Chlcajo.
Reclining chalr-care (seats tree) .to the 2ast
UNION DEPOT. Leaves, Arrives.
SPOKANE FLYER j'
For Xastem Washington. Walla. Walla.
Lewlaton, Coeur d'Alena and Great Noxthera
ATLANTIC EXPRESS H.1K ,r T.1K A M
gt E"t Y HUat- A aiTy-
FOR ASTORIA and 8:00 P. M. 3:00 p. M,
way points, connecting Dally, Dally,
with steamer for Hwa- except except
co and North Beach. Sunday. Sunday,
steamer Hassalo, Ash- Saturday,
st. dock (water per.) 10:00 P. M.
FOR DAYTON. Ore- 7:00 A. M. 5:30 P. M,
gon City and Yamhill Dally, Dallyk
River points, Ash-ot. except except
dock (water per.) Sunday. Sunday.
4:00 A. M. About
FOR LEWISTON. Dally. 5:00 P. M,
Idaho and way points except Dally,
from Rlparla, Wash. Saturday. except
j 1 Friday.
Steamer "Potter" for Astoria and. IlwaeOi
daily except Sunday and Monday.
Ticket Office, Third and Washlagioa.
Telephone Mala 712. C. W. Stinger. City
Ticket At.j A. L. Craig. Gea. Passenger Agt.
for Salem, Rose
den, San Francis
co, Mojave, Los
Angeles- El Paso,
New Orleans and
connects at Wood,
burn dally except?
Sunday with train
tor' Mount Angel,
Wendllng ana Na
tron. Eugene passenger
connects at Wuod
ourn with Mt. An.
gel and Sllverton
5:30 P. M.
7:23 A. M,
3:39 A. M.
6:10 P. it.
8:00 P. M.
10:33 A. M.
7:30 A. M.
4:30 P. M.
5:30 P. M.
IS:25 A. M.
PORTLANJOSWEGO SUBURBAN SERVIC3
Leave Portland dally for Oswego at 7:34
A.-M.r 32:30. 2:05. 4. 3:30. 0. 8:33, 7:43." 10:10
P M. Dally except Sunday. 3:30. 6:30. 5:33.
10:23 A. M.. 11:30 P. M. Sunday only. 0 A. M.
Returning from Oswegu arrives FortlanC
dally 8:30, 10:10 A. M., 1:53, 3:03. 4:35. UUTJ.
733, 8:35. 11:10 P. M. Dally except aunday.
B;23. 7 :25. 0:30. 11:43 A. M. Except Mon
day. 12:25 A. M. Sunday only. 10 A. Mi
Leave from same depot for Dallas and In
termediate points dally. 8 P. M. Arrive Port,
land. 10:10 A. M.
The Independence-Monmouth motor line
operate daUy to Monmouth and Alrlle. con
necting with S. P. Co. trains at Dallas and
Flrst-class fares from Portland to Sacra
mento and San Francisco. $20; berth. 13.
Second-class fare. $13; second-class berth,
Tickets to Eastern points and Eurooe. AIM
Japan. China. Honolulu and Australia.
CITY TICKET OFFICE, corner Third an4
Washington streets. Phono Main 712.
City. St. Louis Special
for Chehalis. Centralla, .
Olympla. Gray Harbor,
South Bend, Tacoma.
Seattle, Spokane, Lewla
ton. Butte, Billings, Den
ver. Omaha, Kansas City,
St. Louis and Southeast. 8:30 & a 4:30 p-Sfc
North Coast Limited, eleo-
trlo llgntea, tor ituui, .
Seattle. Sjpoaanc. oui.
u?tt Eait .". - 2:00 p ex 1:00 ai
Pucet Sound Limited for ,
Cnehalls. Centralla, Ta
cma and Seattle only... 4:30 dei 10:3 rh
nflc City Express for Ta-
'coma, Seattle. Spokane. . j
Helena. Butte, Yellow-
itone Park. Minneapolis.
EL Paul an East..H:43 p :30pc
i d Charlton. Assistant General Passes
ger Agent. 233 Morrison st, corner Third,
Astoria & Columbia
River Railroad Co,
For Maygera. Rainier.
Clifton. Astoria. War
renton. Flavel, Ham
mond. Fort Stevens.
Gearbart Park. Sea
aide. Astoria and Sea
ihore. Express Dally.
8:00 A. M.
2:30 P. M.
11:20 A. M,
7:00 P. 1
9:30 P. M
C A. STEWART. J. C. MAYO.
Comm'l Agt.. 243 Alder st. G. F. & P. A.
Phone Main 906.
a mr scenery
Portland, Cascade Locks, The Dalies
Steamers leave Portland dally at 7 A. M.,
connecting at Lyle with Columbia River &
Northern Railway Company for Goldendale and
Klickitat Valley points. Dally round trip to
Cascade Locke, steamer Bailey Gatzert, leaves
8:30 A. M.. returns 5:30 P. M. Dock foot of
Alder at. Phone Main 014.
S. F. & Portland Steamship Co.
Operating the Only Passenger Steamers foe
San Francisco Direct.
"Columbia" (3000 tons). July 5. 15. 23.
"St. Paul" (2300 tons). July 10, 20. 30.
From Ainsworth Dock at S P. M.
REDUCED ROUND-TRIP RATE. 525.00.
Berth and Meals Included.
JAS. H. DEWSON, Agent.
Phone Mala 2 248 Washington St.