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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MORXIXG OREGOXIA, MONDAY, JULY 10, 1905.
Entered at the Poftofflce at Portland. Or.,
as Becond-class matter.
INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE.
(By Mall or Express.)
Oally and Sunday, per year. $9.00
Dally and Sunday, six months R.00
Sally and Sunday, three months 2.53
ally and Sunday, per month - .85
Dally without Sunday, per year 7.50
Dally -without Sunday, six months 3.00
Dally without Sunday, three months... 1.05
Dally without Sunday, per month 65
Sunday, per year - 2-00
Sunday, elx months 1.00
Sunday, three months .00
Dal'y without Sunday, per week 13
Dally, per week. Sunday included 0
THE "WEEKLY OREGONIAN.
(Issued Every Thursday.)
"Weekly, per year . 1-50
Weekly, six months o
"Weekly, three months 50
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order, express order or personal check on
your local bank. Stamps, coin or currency
are at the sender's risk.
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PORTLAND, OREGON, JULY 10, 1005,
LEHTATIONS OF A "SCIENCE."
There is a class of economic questions
which It is useless to discuss in their
relations to conditions In any particu
lar country on abstract principles.
That is to say, there is not much in the
science of political economy, so-called,
that is universally true. A tariff policy
-good for one country is not good for
another. And a tariff policy good for a
country at a certain or given stage of
its history and of its development Is
not good for it at another stage. Every
thing depends on the time, the siage of
development, the general circum
It is this truth, Ignored by those who
set themselves resolutely against all
tariff revision in our country, that ultl
mately will confound them. During the
eighteenth century Adam Smith, having
carefully observed the conditions that
prevailed in Great Britain, wrote n
book admirably suited to his environ
ment, and the book met with success
Then men undertook to erect the prin
ciples of that book into an universal
law. irrespective of environment. They
called the result the science of political
economy. Then others theorized on
these commentators and their succes
sors upon them, until the most practical
of business problems has been lost in
a metaphysical fog. deepened by appeal
through the misty and cloudy and eva
sive terms of party platforms. The sub
Ject Is. in fact, a practical one, in which
a. priori meories can avail mile or
There Is competition among nations
and success to one or another comes
chiefly or solely through a comprehen
slon of existing conditions and capacity
to take advantage of opportunity. At
the same time the play of forces in the
present world is so wide and so power
ful that this problem is more complex
than at any former time. Political
economy, therefore, as a dogma. Is as
absurd as would be a dogma which
taught an infallible way to manipulate
the stock market. One community, such
as Rome, may do well by robbery; an- j
other like Great Britain, when she en
Joyed a monopoly of minerals or. metals
and manufactures, may flourish upon
free trade; a third, like Germany with
her sugar policy, may find her advan
tage in attacking a rival by export
bounties: -while a fourth like Japan,
may thrive by seclusion, as did Japan,
so long as circumstances favored. No
one can say. a priori, what will succeed.
No nation can with safety follow the
policy of another; for there are innu
merable facts, incidents, circumstances
and combinations in the life of one of
them not common to the life of all.
A consequence is that no nation can
pursue in its economic policy one unde
vlating course. What may be good for
a nation at one stage of its career may
not be good for it at another pretty
certainly will not be. Everything in
human society is in perpetual flux. Our
ancestors were wise, and they acted
in accord with the conditions of their
time. Cicero said: "We must ever hoia
our ancestors in-honor. but we must not
commit the absurdity of supposing that
if they were dealing with the condi
tions of the present time they would act
as they did when dealing with the con
ditions of their own day."
Here is a statement for those who
Insist that our country shall "stand
pat" on the economic policy now stand
ing in our tariff legislation. The whole
matter rests on conditions subject to
adjustment: there is no fixed principle
in it, never can be. Theories of protec
tion or of free trade come to nothing,
tor each nation acts according to its
own interest, or what it supposes to be
such; and its own interest depends on
a multitude of circumstances peculiar
to Itself modified, indeedj by certain
laws of Industry and trade common to
the world, but liable to new applications
in new conditions. Nothing is more cer
tain, than, that our tariff system In many
ways favors and supports monopoly and
tends to enrich the few at the ex
pense of the many. There Is no con
tention for free trade: but the system
ought to be subjected to revision and
Five thousand doctors are to be In
Portland this week. We have all kinds
of doctors doctors who are learned In
the devious ways of the law; doctors
who minister to our spiritual wants, if
we have any; doctors who visit us with
the Indescribable agonies of the den
tist's chair; doctors who reach great
eminence through the pedogoglc art;
doctors who look out for the welfare of
our horses, dogs and cuttle; doctors
who ameliorate the ailments of all
mankind on the no-cure-no-pay plan;
and doctors who earn the pleasing
sobriquet of "doc" mainly through the
fact that they invariably wear a high
silk hat with a short ill-fitting coat
But these doctors are the real thing.
They, are descended from a long line of
physicians from Esculapius. who dis
covered medicine (perhaps), down
through the doctors of the Inquisition,
who Invented surgery, to Dr. Harvey,
who was the first circulation expert
mentioned before the days of newspa
pers and to Dr. Osier, who said tha"t
all men over 60 might as well be chlo
roformed and who thinks that all space-
writers under 60 ought to be chloro
formed. These doctors are the "regu
lars," who physic us and bleed us (lit
erally, never financially) and prescribe
for one another a code of ethics that
Is the admiration of the whole profes
sion and a profound mystery to the
rest of the world. But no matter. Every
doctor understands-it and is sure that
it is a fine thing for every other doctor
to observe. It is a universal maxim
with all doctors that publicity shall be
avoided, and that is why you never see
their names In the paper. Or you rarely
do. Only when some sensation-loving
reporter, taking advantage of the reti
cent modesty of the typical doctor,
chronicles under shocking headlines a
life-saving exploit or writes ribald
poetry closing with the Irreverent lines:
Then fhall the world be born again
With Dr. Large attending.
All this In mere pleasantry. We trust
the doctors may understand a Joke,
though we are not sure about It. We
may Jest with them and at them, and
even ridicule their wonderful ethics;
but all the same we like them, respect
them, admire them, and admit that we
could never live without them. It is a
noble profession, with many noble men
in it. As a class, the doctors are high
minded, conscientious, and in the full
est degree efficient. It would be com
monplace to point out the advances
made In both medicine and surgery
during the last half century, for in
that time medicine has come to be a
real science and surgery both an art
and a science. Patient Investigators
of bacteriology In France, Germany
and the United States have added Im
mensely to the sum of human knowl
edge in the past quarter century, and
have done more than In all previous
history to arrest the spread of epidemic
disease. Sanitation, hygiene, the broad
principles that underlie the health of
communities and states, are now well
understood, and the individual is made
safe because the public may be thor
oughly safeguarded against pestilence
of any. kind. The doctors have con
quered smallpox, diphtheria, yellow
fever, the bubonic plague, and all but
one of the dreadful scourges that de
vastated the homes of our fathers: and
they seem now on the right track In
the systematic, relentless. Intelligent,
and heroic w;ar they are waging against
tuberculosis. Typhoid fever, pneumo
nia and scarlet fever are robbed of
much of their terrors, for where either
was once likely to prove fatal, now
they are very likely not to. Who,
then, has done so much for his fellow
man as the doctor? Who else has lived
for him so self-sacrlficlngly. and died
for him so uncomplainingly? Who else
so rejoices with us in health and cheers,
comforts and cures us in sickness? Who
else is so certainly our mentor, friend,
companion, and welcome guest? None.
So we are glad the doctors are here,
and -we commiserate the forlorn condi
tion of the many communities through
out the land from which so distin
guished and valuable a company is
WHEAT CItOP NEARLY SAFE.
Dispatches from the principal wheat
centers of the Pacific Northwest printed
In yesterday's Oregonian, bring the
bighly gratifying news that the ab
normally hot weather of the past few
days has been unaccompanied by hot
winds, and thus far the grain crop has
been comparatively uninjured. South of
Snake River the crop Is so far along
as to be out of danger, except for late
sown Spring grain, which in that region
seldom cuts an important figure. Even
the Spring grain has had more than the
usual amount of moisture and has se
cured a start which enables It to with
stand a protracted spell of dry weather.
It now seems almost a certainty that
Oregon, Washington and Idaho will
again harvest an Immense crop, at least
as large as that of last year, and per
haps a record-breaker.
The output of the wheat fields of the
three states for the past six years has
demonstrated that farmers have been
securing better average yields than
were recorded in the previous seasons.
Naturally there have been years when
climatic conditions have been so nearly
perfect that a large acreage under the
most careless kind of farming, would
turn off an immense crop. The in
creased yield of the past seven years Is
not so much due to unusually favorable
climatic conditions as It is to a more
careful system of farming. When wheat
began to rise above the old -40 to 45
cents per bushel standard which made
the business less attractive than it now
seems, there was corresponding In
crease in the value of wheat lands. This
advance was so pronounced in many
parts of the Northwest that the own
ers of the land were forced to work it
well up to the limit of production In
order to make the returns on the actual
value of the land as great as they were
-when they were taking small yields
of -40-cent wheat from land that was
not in great demand at $5 to 510 per
The crop of the three states for the
past seven years has varied from 30,
000.000 bushels in 1899 to nearly 47,000,
000 bushels in 1901. the year of the rec
ord crop. The average for the seven
years has been nearly 38,000,000 bushels.
The theory of some farmers that the
climate is changing, and that the wheat
receives more moisture than it formerly
did. is not verified by the records of the
Weather Department: but it is un
doubtedly true that the more careful
cultivation of the soil, enables it to re-
tain, moisture for Jorxsrer periods thanjfor admission to a crack Canadian. ax -
It would when the ground was merely
scratched over and the wheat plant was
left to shift for itself.
Even the light lands which soak up
water like a sponge are turning off bet
ter crops than they ever produced un
der the old slipshod methods of farm
ing that prevailed in Oregon and Wash
ington ten and twenty years ago, and
In the foothill districts In the W'alla
Walla country, crop failures are no
longer known. It is. of course, too early
for estimates on the 1005 crop In the
three states, but. If the late-sown
Spring grain comes to maturity with
out serious setback, we shall harvest a
crop that will equal and perhaps ex
ceed the record-breaking crop of 1901,
and will add to the wealth of the grow
ers nearly 535.000,000.
WHERE IS THE CRIMINAL SAFE?
While attempting to supply himself
with provisions and ammunition for a
hiding-place In the mountains, east of
Mount Hood. John Hoffman, suspected
of the Woodburn bank robbery, was
captured by the Sheriff of Wasco
County. At the time of his arrest he
was wanted for no particular crime, but
was taken into custody because of his
suspicious actions. He has since been
identified by a number of persons as
one of the men who held up the paying
teller of the Woodburn bank and es
caped on foot in broad daylight with
53000 In gold and paper money. The
man is a daring and desperate criminal,
and It Is to be hoped that society will
be protected by his confinement be
hind prison bars for a long term.
To the person who has not considered
the matter fully. It would seem that
the deep gorges, dense forests and
rocky cliffs of the Cascade Mountains
would furnish an ideal refuge for a
fugitive from Justice. That is evidently
what Hoffman thought. He probably
found a secluded place where he ou!d
store provisions and fortify himself so
that capture would be almost impossi
ble, or could be effected only at the
cost of many lives. Hoffman built his
hopes upon the infrequency of travel
in the mountain fastnesses, the oppor
tunities for hiding and the almost per
fect defenses that could be easily
made. He did not figure upon the sus
picion his presence there would arouse,
the attention he would receive, and the
necessity of communication with the
outside world in order to get provisions.
Before' his hiding-place had been pre
pared his actions aroused suspicion and
he -was arrested.
The man who mingles with the
throng in the city is the one who finds
solitude. He can go and .come at all
hours, and, though thousands pass him
by, none know of his presence or care
who or what he is.. He might live a
week in a great city without hearing
a salutation addressed to him, and no
one would ask whence he came,
whither he goes or what his occupation
may be. Food is plentiful, shelter to be
had almost for the asking, and suspi
cious actions escape notice. In remote
and thinly settled regions the first man
he meets tries to "swap" an acquaint
ance and Inquires about his affairs.
His very presence excites curiosity, and
If he lives without working it is a fore
gone conclusion that he is dishonest.
His own desire to know what Is going
on in the ivorld leads him from his lair
i even though food be plenty In his lar
der. Once standing in the presence of
a few of his fellow-men. he feels the
scrutiny of their gaze and manifests his
uneasiness. Even man he meets may
be a detective, and he betrays himself
by his guarded actions and words. In
his mountain retreat the eyes of the
world are upon him and all his deeds.
Compared with the solitude of the city.
the solitude of the mountains can keep
THE CAFE TO CAIRO ROAD.
Song and story have from the begin
ning of time paid high tribute to the
men who go down to the sea In ships.
To them no land Is distant, and they
"have drawn the world together, and
spread our race apart." But the ex
p Jolts of the world's navigators are no
greater than those of our industrious
Napoleons who are spanning the world
with railroad steel. There are plenty of
men still alive who can remember when
the project of a transcontinental rail
road was regarded as too visionary to
be given serious consideration. The
building of a number of these roads
had taken place before Cecil Rhodes"
one of the greatest industrial "dream
ers" that the world ever saw, first made
known his plans for a "Cape to Cairo"
road in South Africa.
There were still vast unexplored re
gions in the dark continent when that
great empire builder began to interest
British capital in the stupendous task.
and the possibility that there might
ever be rail connection between Egypt
and the Cape ports of South Africa
seemed too remote to be considered se
riously. Cecil Rhodes stuck to his work
as long as he lived, but he passed on
to another world before he could wit
ness more than a beginning of the great
task. As this road was linked with all
other Rhodes enterprises In the dark
continent it was one of the factors In
the great struggle with the Boers which
cost Great Britain blood and treasure
in enormous quantities. Industrial de
velopment, once begun in a land so rich
in resources as South Africa, can never
be stopped, although It may be checked,
and today the Cape to Cairo road Is
being rushed to completion as fast as
men and money can push it.
A few weeks ago there was completed
over the gorge at Victoria Falls, on the
Zambesi River, the highest bridge in
the world. The railroad will cross the
river over this bridge at a height of
380 feet above high water mark. The
completion of this bridge will make it
much easier to rush supplies and ma
terial to the front, and the work from
the south will make much more rapid
progress than It has in the post. From
the north, the line has already reached
famed Khartoum, a distance of 1400
miles. The line, when completed from
Cairo to Cape Town, will be 5700 mils
in length, and embraces some of the
most difficult construction work to be
Now that we have many transconti
nental railroads., the trans-Siberian
road is practically completed, and the
Cape to Cairo road Is an assured fact,
it is probable that there will be renewed
interest In the not Infrequenty dis
cussed Pan-American railroad to con
nect us with the rich countries lying
to the south. Nothing could be encoun
tered on the Pan-American route that
would be more difficult to overcome
than some of the construction problems
that have been solved by the English
engineers, who have made such a good
start on the Cape to Cairo road through
Twenty Victoria Chinese have applied
tillery company, and. although the
British militia act states that all British
subjects over IS years of age ye eli
gible, the militia commander refuses to
enroll the Celestials. The British Army
and Navy Gazette says that: "The
British army as It exists Is In an in
choate, formless and unorganized con;
cltion. and it Is not adapted as yet to
any definite need that presents Itself
to us." Tlje offer of the Chinamen
might contain a suggestion for straight
ening out the tangle, for Chinese Gor
don found among the race some excel
lent material for putting up to the
enemy a front that was anything but
inchoate, formless and disorganized.
However. Victoria society is not yet
ready to receive the Chinaman as a
militia man, and some method will
probably be devised for keeping him out
of the ranks.
What is the matter with the Trail?
The concessionaires say nothing at all.
yet they complain that attendance Is
not up to expectations, and they want
something done. If It can be done, the
public certainly hopes that it will
be. The Trail is a valuable and Inter
esting feature of the Exposition. In
deed, the Exposition could not well get
along without It. Many of the shows
are good, others are really splendid, a
few are bad. and some are indifferent.
As an amusement feature, however, it
fills the bill. It compares favorably
with the Pike at St. Louis and the Mid
way at Chicago. The Exposition man
agement Is just as much interested in
making the Trail a success as are the
concessionaires themselves: so they may
be certain that all reasonable consider
ation will be offered them. The Fair
being an assured success, there' would
seem to be no good reason why the
Trail should not also be.
Slowly but surely real estate values
are crawling back to the high notch
reached during that era of speculation
which struck Portland in the early eigh
ties, and again ten years later. Fortu
nately for Portland, there Is no boom
on at this time, and the property that
Is changing hands is backed up by an
intrinsic value that will safeguard all
investments of purchasers. Notwith
standing the marked advance over the
ruling prices a few years ago, values
have .not yet approached the figures
warranted by the buslenss, commercial
and Industrial growth of the city. Port
land has more than doubled In popula
tion since it experienced its nearest
approach to a "boom," but the bulk
of the property has failed to show such
a striking advance, and prices will ac
cordingly stand a considerable raise
before they become topheavy.
John L. Sperry. who has just died in
Portland, was one of those rare men
who reach the end of an honorable
and useful life without making an
enemy; yet he had courage, individual
ity and personal industry in an unusual
degree. Mr. Sperry was a pioneer, and
was well known throughout the state.
He was an Indian War veteran, and
there made a good record. He was Sher
iff of Umatilla County during the Nez
Perces Indian outbreakand acquitted
himself with fidelity during that
troublesome time. He had lived In Port
land during most of the past twenty
years, and. though he had become an
old man. he was everywhere regarded
as the friend, eounselor and guide of
young men. Mr. Sperry's death will be
Thomas W. Lawson's remedy for the
Ills the "system" has imposed on the
public Is to "sell every share of stock
and every bond back to the frenzied
financiers at present inflated prices." It
is Mr. Lawson's theory that the pluto
crats will then be holding the sack and
the people will have the money. In
other words. Mr. Law son proposes to
reach the goal of real values through
universal financial wreck. That might
cure, but It might "also kill. But sup
pose the frenzied financiers also decide
to abandon the ship and themselves
turn bears? Everybody would be sell
ing and nobody buying. As the broker
of the bears and sworn enemy of the
bulls. Mr. Lawson would be out of
As an exponent of high finance in
its up-to-date form. Bank President
Devlin was not a shining success. It
has developed since his trouble became
public property, that the Santa Fe
Railroad was dependent on his cool
mines for fuel and freight, and that
the rebates which caused that line so
much trouble In the courts were paid
on coal from the Devlin mines. When
a man possessing the advantage of a
liberal rebate over all competitors is
unable to make a success In business
there Is something radically wrong In
his make up, unless, as Is perhaps the
case with Devlin, he squandered the
money secured from rebates In pro
moting schemes less profitable.
Eleven steamers carrying passengers
and freight have arrived at Portland
from San Francisco since July 1st. and
seven have sailed from Portland for
California ports. Of these eighteen
steamers, four were under the Harrl-
man flag, and the others were operated
by independent companies. In spite of
the large number of steamers on the
route, extreme difficulty Is experienced
In securing berths on the vessels unless
they are engaged well in advance. There
is a golden opportunity for a steamship
line operating large and speedy boats
to establish on the Coast route a busi
ness that will not cease with the clos
ing of the Exposition.
The experience of the crew on board
the lost submarine boat Farfadet will
have a tendency to make that branch
of the naval service very unpopular
with the men who are called on to
handle this modern auxiliary of the
fleets which float on the surface. The
Ingenuity oft man In the days of the
Spanish Inquisition devised many
methods of torture which were intended
and did, make death a most welcome
visitor to the victims. Few. if any. of
those old nerve-racking devices, how
ever, could equal In terror the slow
death which the crew of the Farfadet
has been facing since last Thursday
Ninety-nine degrees In the shade
ought to have made some of our East
ern and California visitors feel quite
at home. Even San Francisco has just
been reveling In a temperature of nine
"If you catch them. we.'ll hang them."
says Russia to Roumania relative to
the mutineers. Russia always did enjoy
the pleasant end of any task.
The gamblers who are making Mli-
waukle famous may yet run afoul of
N Don't Worry.
What's the use to worn?
Let us take It easy.
Worry only spells us trouble.
Makes our dally burdens double.
Makes us old and wheezy.
What's the use to worry?
Never any reason.
Grit your teeth If bothers hit you;
Crack a smile 'twill better fit you.
Any place or soason.
What's the use to worry?
Why. there's nothing in it
Save distresses and delusions.
Contradictions and confusions:
Better not begin It!
Mr. Hood Why Is It that rents have
Mr. Shasta Because they have been
raised. I suppose.
"It was pretty hot In Portland last Sat
urday," remarked a visitor from the
East. "I bought a glass of beer that was
rather warm, and when I protested the
bartender explained that his Ico had
gotten 'overhet. Now wouldn't that' fry
In announcing the fact that a daughter
of George W. Smalley has accepted an
appointment as stenographer to Charles
W. Anderson, a negro collector of Internal
revenue for one of the New York dis
tricts, the newspapers close the Item with
this information: "Miss Smalley Is not
yet 27 years old." Truly a highly Impor
tant position for one so young!
A lady who writes syndicate articles
for the Sunday papers insists that "all
brides should go to housekeeping undor
their own roofa" Is this a positive push
for the boardlng-'house industry stated In
a negative way?
The bark of a tree Is not so loud as the
bark of a dog. but the tree lives longer
and has less trouble.
"It must bo a source of great satlsfac
tlon to a poet." remarks Cheerful
Charles, "robbing death of more or loss
of Its sting, to reflect that all the news
papers in the country will reproduce his
best-known pooms for about a week after
his death. Thus e-von death has its com
The Cub Reportor What do you con
sider your best joke?
The Veteran Humorist The fact that
you have asked me such a question.
The Playwright What do you think of
my new play?
The Critic It's pretty hard work.
The Poet Why don't you try your hand
The Novelist I have. Verdict: "Tried
and found wanting."
Says Mister Mt. Rainier
To lovely Miss St Helen.
" 'Tls good to have you here
You're sweet as luscious melons."
Says Miss St Helens sweet,
"I'd like to have you know, sir,
I am not here to eat.
But to watch Tacoma grow, sir!"
Little Johnny Loney Boy.
(Republished by request from "Poems All
the Way From Pike.")
O Little Johnny Loney Boy, I'm sorry
for you, sot
You have no home to stay at. and you
have no place to go:
You have no ma, you have no pa, you
have no little sis.
Nor even any maiden aunt to warm you
with a klse;
You're just a little loney boy.
Without a single childish Joy:
I'm sorry for you, so!
O Little Johnny Loney Boy. I sometimes
The dear good Father of us all, up yon
der In the sky.
Has left you here so lone and drear.
without your share of folks.
Not evon a baby brother boy to pinch
and tease and coax.
You're just a little loney one.
Without a chance for any fun:
I'm sorry for you, though!
O Little Johnny Loney Boy. I'd like to
take you home.
If I had such a place myself, who al
ways have to roam!
I'd like to take and tuck you in and watch
you while you sleep.
Or tell you tales of Candy-Land, where
You're just a little loney lad.
Without a soul to make you glad:
I'm sorry for you, oh!
O Little Johnny Lonoy Boy, I think
you're kin to me!
Come, let us roam together; you can sit
upon my knee.
And tell me mighty mysteries of child
hood's yearning heart.
While I can tell you lesser ones of man
hood's sterner part!
I guess we both are loney boys
And need each other 'stead of toys:
We won't be sorry, no!
Hns Unci Wide Notice.
New York Evening Post.
Senator Mitchell being what he Is in
Oregon politics. It would probably be hard
to exaggerate the interest which that
state is taking In his trial. The Oregonian
which had commented somewhat freely
on the case in its early stages, has ap
parently been "caught up" by some one
of consequence and charged with prejudg
ing the case. Such an event may be in
ferred. at least from the way In which It
now attempts to Teduce the other side .
position to absurdity. "An Open Switch?'
was the title of its leading editorial last
Saturday. The trial not named it say
presents the culmination of the political
life of Oregon during a period of 40 years.
"The Oregonian can do nothing now but
print the tostlmony. It can make no com
ment. That may come later. At present
it will say that In the history of ecclesl
astical theology there Is no subject of
more Interest than the relation of St
Paul to the Roman law and to Greek
philosophy In its Alexandrian dress.'
Here follows the better part of a column
on the career of St Paul. The next leader
Is entitled "Is tho Subject Remote?
"Matters of current Interest a trial Is in
progress here the newspaper may not
discuss." It begins. "These matters must
wait It will not do for a newspaper to
have opinions. Just now. on the main mat
ters of the current time. Let us look,
therefore, into subjects of historical and
of permanent interest. Let us inquire
Into the historical grounds or reasons of
the celibacy of the Catholic Christian
clergy." We presume that the persons at
whom this bit of Irony Is directed will
feel Its point Tho Oregonian has surely
given them comment as far as possible
from the case at Issue.
Speak foh Yo'self, John.
Los Angeles Times.
The next time young Alfonso takes a
trip let him come to Southern California.
Nearly everybody here can speak Span
ish, and we'd give him the time of his
lyiORE COMMENT ON MITCHELL CASE"
Extract from a Vast Volume of Comment, la Walch the Verdict of the
Jury Is Generally Accepted a Righteous.
"Too Many Private Prosecutors."
It is not surprising, after all the pub
licity and damaging testimony that has
been given, to have a verdict of "gullty
as charged." There have been too many-
Davenport (Wash.) Times.
The evidence of his guilt was so over
whelming that his acquittal was Impossi
ble. The blow Is a terrible one to the
aged Senator, and he probably shared the
general opinion that no Oregon jury
would ever convict him.
Punish the Guilty, High and Low.
This war against the lumber thieves Is
all right and should be pushed to a finish
until every man guilty with crime Is made
to suffer, no matter how high he may
stand In social, financial or National
fame. One thief Is no better than another.
If there is any difference, the smaller
hould be given the preference.
Verbatim Report "Was "Unfair."
Every tfme the average citizen scans
the columns .of The Oregonian or Tele
gram for a report of the land-fraud trials
he Is heard to remark that so one-sided,
prejudiced. Inconsistent and unfair Is al
most every article bearing on theSe cases
that the unbiased reader is at once tilled
with disgust and suggests the need of a
fair, conservative and reliable newspaper
No Man Is Above the Law.
No man Is above the law in reality, and
no man should be allowed to think him
self superior to a power which governs
his fellows. Tho same law must govern
the high and the low-born. There can be
no two sets of laws relating to the same
offense one for the patrician and one for
the plebeian. On many-sides comes the
expression, "To bad!" etc Yes. too bad!
But the pity of It all Is that a man so
high in public life should prove guilty.
Of his guilt there Is small question In the
minds of most men.
Splendid Effect as a Precedent.
The Democrat has no desire to help hit
Senator Mitchell because he Is down, and
certainly would be more inclined to drop
a tear because a man of his three score
years and ten being in such trouble; but
the case is one which rises ahove person
ality and takes on a National principle
which needs to be established ana vindi
cated In the Interest of better government
The conviction Of Senator Mitchell will
have a splendid effect as a precedent and
the country may look for tetter 'tmng3
Guilt Ts Stamped Against Him.
We don't suppose that Senator Mitch
ell Is guilty of any worse offense than
many another member of 'Congress, but
this fact don't excuse him. Thero Is a a
tional sentiment against graft In what
ever form it may appear and Senator
Mitchell unfortunately for himself is
one of the first big public men to be
reached. It would be to his credit and
for Oregon's good If he resigned from
the Senate. He may use all the techni
calities which the law gives, but guilty
Is stamped against him and his public
usefulness Is at end.
How His Friends Feel.
Senator Mitchell has a host of friends.
In Oregon and elsewhore. who would much
rather have followed him to the tomb
than to have heard this verdict, "Guilty
as charged." If they were paying the
last "tribute of respect to their friend in
following his remains to the tomb, they
could say "He whom we loved and de
lighted to call friend Is no more, but we
cherish his memory as a rich heritage
because he was an honest upright man."
Now. disgraced and dishonored, his friends
of the past will speak of him. If speak
they must, with a feeling kindred to
Make Crime Contemptible;
Washington Standard (Olympia).
It is a matter of congratulation that
the finding of the jury has been in ac
cordance with the facts, as clearly
proven. Crime.. In high places has been
so often Ignored or condoned by those In
authority, that it has become fashionable.
If not entirely respectable, and cer
tainly expected that opportunity Is
not to bo rejected for feathering official
nests. A few convictions of this charac
ter will go far to make crime contempti
ble. While there Is a sympathy at tlme3
for those who have prostituted high tal
ents for gain, as Is shown by the recom
mendation for mercy, it should really
magnify the enormity of the offense from
Its far-reaching nnd contaminating con
sequences. Truth Prevails.
Withal, it is well for the public good
that Mitchell was convicted, since the
facts brought out at the trial leave no
question In an unbiased mind that he
knowlnslv aided, and for pay. the Krlbs
land steal. Thurston's glittering plea
could not blind the Jury nor the public
to his old friend's fault. Wrought by a
master hand, this fabric of defense was
nevertheless torn to pieces by Heney with
the single weapon, truth. The Jury might
weep for the broken old Senator, the
aged and tottering hero, In courageous
defense of his last ditch; might admire
him for his post victories, or revere him
for tho good that he has done; but It re
membered Its duty to a great people to
which he In a moment of temptation had
been faithless. And so we say that It Is
well. The verdict Is In line with the
great awakening in this republic the cru
sade against graft of every sort in which
Theodore Roosevelt Is the leader.
Stain on Oregon Wiped Out.
Polk County Observer.
The outcome of the Mitchell trial will
go far towards wiping away the stain on
the name of Oregon, placed there by the
widespread practice of fraud In connec
tion with, public land matters. The ver
dict of the Jury proves to the world that
the people of Oregon do not approve of
wrongdoing, whether the wrongful act be
committed by the humblest citizen or by
men high In authority. It proves that
public morals are In a healthy condition,
and that crime will not bo pardoned nor
condoned merely to shield the name of
the state. Oregon will suffer no disgrace
In the eyes of the Nation, now that It Is
known that her people do not sanction
wrongful appropriation of the public
lands. Mitchell has probably done no
more than hundreds of other Senators
and Congressman have done that Is,
practiced their profession before tho va
rious departments In cases where the
Government was Interested and accepted
a fee for It. The only unfortunate featuro
for Mitchell in his caso in that he got
"caught at It " The Senator's public ca
reer is at an end. While he may fight on
in the higher courts in a frantic effort
to clear his name of, the blot upon it, the
people of Oregon have passed upon his
case, and the verdict Is "Guilty." This -Is
the verdict that will stand in the minds of
the people, no matter what future results
may be reached through legal technlcali-.tleK
Oregon Hews to the Line.
It was a sad case, but It might hava
been worse. As It Is. Oregon goes on rec
ord as hewing to the line and.lejtlng the
chips fall where they may. It shows
that equality before the law Is not a
myth and that there are men who will
do their duty first and set all other re
gards aside, which is a very encouraging
sign and cannot help but exert a whole
some Influence everywhere.
End or Republican Rule?
It is predicted that the conviction o
Senator Mitchell, of Oregon, and the prob
able conviction of both Congressmen from
that state, will end Republican rule In
that commonwealth. Oregon ha3 never
been a very strong Republican state any
way. It will, therefore, bo no surprise to
tho Nation if she should become perma
nently Democratic for many years.
3Iust Be Accepted as Righteous.
Polk County Observer.
While the charges against Senator.
Mitchell were direct and specltlc. and
while all tho circumstances seemed to
be against him. It was hoped that when:
the case came to trial he might be ablo
to make good his oft-repeated protesta
tions of Innocence and put his accusera
to rout; but no such evidence was forth
coming, and nothing remains but to ac
cept the verdict of the jury as just and
Guilt Clearly Proven.
The Review was loth to believe In th
guilt of Mitchell, and Is sorry to chroni
cle his conviction, but his guilt was
clearly proven to a jury who heard all
the evidence, and who gave the defendant
the benefit of every doubt, therefore the
recommendation of leniency was wrong.
That Mitchell Is a poor man financially,
and that his last days must be passed
In sorrow and disgrace, is his own fault,
yet one cannot help, but feel sorry that
such is the case. '
No More Than Jnstice.
After a hard-fought legal battle of two",
weeks. Senator Mitchell has been con
victed as charged. There is a general
feeling of sympathy, but nearly all agree
that he. got no more than justice. The
case will be appealed to a higher court.
No matter what the outcome, his personal
Influence, and the power of the Mitchell
ring are gone to come again no more.
When will other politicians learn that it
pays best to be fair and square In all
His Conduct Deplored.
There are few men In Oregon wift
rejoice that Mitchell's conduct has been
such as to make It Incumbent on a jury
to bring In a verdict of guilty. Still tnere
ought to be none, though we presume
there are some who regret that hl3
crimes have at last met their reward,
regardless of the position he holds.
Political conditions In Oregon will prob
ably Improve, but tt Is useless to hopa
that a sharp watch will not have to be
kept -on affairs and men In places ofi
Criminals 3Iust All Be Punished.
Sorrow for the man strangely mingled
with rejoicing that the criminal in high,
places must account to the people for his
wrongdoing. This latter Is the real point
gained by the successful prosecution of
Senator Mitchell. Too often wealth or po
sition secures to the criminal Immunity
from the penalties which the laws Im
pose. Seldom does It occur that the pun
ishment meted out to the high official la
at all commensurate with the greatness
of his offense. Even In this case, the rec
ommendation of clemency can be justified.
If at all. only on the ground of the iU
health and age of the defendant
Justice Demands Retribution.
The downfall of an able man. whose?
day on earth Is already far spent. Is not
an occasion for Jubilation. There Is some
thing unutterably sad In the spectacle of,
Senator Mitchell, standing before tho
court waiting for tho sentence which a
verdict of guilty will bring upon him.
However, laws are useless without suffi
cient sanctions, and justice demands that
retribution follow fast upon deliberate
transgression. Those among us whose po
litical aspirations havo not been realized
may console themselves with the reflec
tion that they have escaped the power
ful and persistent temptations whlcU
wrought the downfall of Senator Mitchell.
Betrayed His Trust.
Oregon City Courier.
John H. Mitchell was one of tho smaur
body of men entrusted with great author
ity. He betrayed his trust and place
himself In the position of an attorney
selling out the Interest of his client.
Our Government Is lenient In fixing tho
penalty for such offense. Other coun
tries have made like offense punishable
by life Imprisonment, banishment froroj
the country and some have been so
severe as to Inflict the death penalty
To have acquitted Senator Mitchell
when the evidence showed him guilty
would have been an invitation to of
flcials of high standing to continue la
this course of fraud and graft. They?
now realize that the law Is not a dead
Guilt of Others Does Not Excuse.
There Is no doubt In the minds of tha
people of the guilt of Mr. Mitchell, and
In fact his defense was very weak. hl3
attorneys relying more upon sympathy"
than upon evidence of innocence. Those
high In office and possessing greac
wealth are no more excusable for dis
obeying the laws than the poor mart
wno toils for his dally bread, and tho
penalty which follows the conviction
of Mr. Mitchell should be metect
out to him without regard to his age or
previous record. He Is guilty of a crime
against the laws of the Nation, and ho
should suffer the penalty. Others are
just as guilty, but that does not ex
cuse him In the least.
The verdict In the Mitchell trial camo
as a thunderbolt to most of the people,
of Southern and Western Oregon at least,
who had carefully followed the case and
noted Its progress day by day. Owing to
tho failure on the part of the Government
to prove that Senator Mitchell received
any fees direct for service before the de
partment at Washington, and the testi
mony of Tanner, the Government's star
witness, that Mitchell had repeatedly re
quested him not to mix him up in any
department business for which a fee was
received and had no prior knowledge of
receiving a fee for such service, led the
public generally to believe that the ver
dict could only be for acquittal, while the
more pessimistic seemed to expect nothing
more serious than a hung jury- Just how
such a prompt verdict for conviction
could be arrived at In this case Is unex
plained, and even this does not lessen the
old suspicion that the whole thing origi
nated through factional prejudice and
amounts to little less than political perss-