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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (July 8, 1905)
THE MORNING- OREGONIAN, SATURDAY, JULY 8, 1905.
Entered at the Postofflce at Portland. Or.,
as second-class matter.
IXVARIABLT IN ADVANCE.
ZJallj and Sunday, per r:-
Daily and Sunday, six months. -.00
Daily and Sunday, three months iSj
Daily and Sunday, per month .aa
Dal.y without Sunday, per year... 4.6O
Daily without Sunday, sis months..... o.o
Daily without Sunday, three months... 1.83
Dally without Sunday, per month .65
Sunday, per year 2.00
Sunday, six months loo
Sunday, three monthc .SO
Daily -without Sunday, per week .15
Dally, per week. Sunday included .20
THE WEEKLY OREGON I AN.
(Issued Every Thursday.)
Weekly, per year . 1-jjO
Weekly, six months...' J
Weekly, three months 00
HON TO lUmrr Send postornco money
crder, express order or personal check on
your local bank. Stamps, coin or currency
are at the tender's risk.
EASTERN BUSINESS OFFICE.
The 6. C. BeckwitU Special Atenoj New
York: rooms 3-50 Tribune building. Chi
cco, rooms 610-512 Tribune building.
KEPT ON SALE.
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rlck. 00G-91I! Sevcnteentn utreet: Haxry D.
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Duluth. Minn. G. Blackburn. 210 Test Su
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B14 West Seventh street.
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Third; L. Recelsburcer, 217 First avenue
Cleveland, O. James Pushaw, S07 Superior
New York City-L. Jones & Co.. Astor
Oakland. Cal. W. H. Johnston, Four
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top, D. L. Boyle.
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Salt Italic Salt Lake News Co.. 77 West
Second street South; Frank Hutchison.
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ket and Kaarney streets; Hotel St. Francis
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St. Louis, Mo. E. T. Jett Book & News
Company, 800 Olive street.
Washington, D. C. P. D. Morrison. 2132
PORTLAND, SATURDAY. JULY S, 1005.
NO RIDDLES HERE.
This paragraph appears In the Salem
Thos Republicans who were and are ntlll
friends or Senator Mltcholl are still Repub
II carts. Tbey must be recognized In the future
as m the past, an an element of the party.
ATVV attempt to read them out of It will be
followed with disastrous results to the party.
Also this paragraph, viz:
Republicans have much to think about in
Oregon. A reorganization of their forces is
necessary, but it will not take place if one
faction proceeds on the hypothesis that the
other taction Is out of business. All Repub
licans 'In Oregon have rights as such today,
and the sooner this Is recognised the sooner
will the party be prepared for a battle that
will lead to Republican victory
All of which means, simply, that "the
friends of Senator Mitchell," who hold
all the offices in Oregon, must be con
tinued m-ilaoe and office, .and in control
and direction, of the party, and that If
any one -not a Mitchell man, not a
member of the M'itcheU dynasty, should
be appointed to any position or nomi
nated for any position, It would be the
signal for Internecine party war. The
"Mitchell men" "will not stand it." If
any of them are dropped out if they i
are nnt in hnvft in fiifna 1 c- v... ..
now, "all the pork," and "the whole !
cheese." AH this from the Salem
Statesman will be understood when
people who feel an interest In such a
matter are reminded that the Salem
Statesman Is the personal organ of the
Collector of Customs at Portland, and
reflects his views. Collector Patterson
believes that no other man in Oregon
lias a right to apply for or be support
er the Collectorship at Portland.
per he controls and directs
ng that It never will do.
n -who now hold nil
icy are to be
So long have
Customed to en-
arnrIWe control that it is a
ck to them to be told or even to
Sppose or Imagine that they don't
wn everything. On a system extreme
ly prescriptive and infinitely corrupt,
they have built their politics. The very
thought, hint, or suggestion, that they
are not to have the whole sway here
after, or that somebody else is to be or
may be considered in future, inspires
paragraphs like those quoted above
from the Salem organ of the Collector
of Customs at Portland.
Impertinent threats! Impotent
threatsl There will be no disposition
whatever to proscribe "the friends of
Senator Mitchell." But the absolute
domination and exclusive rule of the
late Senator Mitchell and of his friends,
in the affairs of Oregon, are at an end.
Others, from this time forward, are to
have some "say" about matters, and
the Republican party of Oregon is to be
purified from the taint of official and
organic corruption. All know through
what influence Patterson, who controls
the Salem paper, became Collector of
Customs. He got it through betrayal
of Dolph, In the interest of McBride.
Then, when McBride couldn't be re
elected, the stipulation was that Patter
son should be continued. Such is the
Inspiration of the Salem Statesman.
"Ensign and Quartermaster Alexleff."
who is said to be In command of the
Kniaz Potemkln, may and undoubtedly
will meet the fate which overtakes
most traitors, but he has certainly
pitched his tent on "fame's eternal
camping ground." We all know how
the soul of old John Brown "goes
marching on." and generations yet un
born will revere the memory of that im
practical patriot who died after a wild
attempt to aid the glorious cause of
liberty. And yet the Insurrection of old
John Brown was a tame and common;
piace affair In comparison with the
spectacular tragedy which Is now near-
ing culmination In the Black Sea. Ter-
rible indeed must be the conditions
that inflame men's blood to jsuch acta
as that of Ensign Alexleff and the crew
sailing: to death under his orders. The
mutiny will be shortlived, but the fame
of its ringleaders will last for centuries,
for they are making history with a
During the past five days Portland
has entertained the twenty-seventh an
nual session of the American Library
Association. Their meetings have been
marked by great earnestness, and many
of the papers were very able. To the
ordinary booklover a peep has been
given behind the scenes of the great
libraries of America. We all know the
Impression of orderliness, and of detail
carried to the farthest point, when, on
entering any of the well-known public
libraries, on special Information bent.
the very civil attendant receives our re- j
quest, finds book after book, and at j
once shows real interest in our quest, i
and seems ready to apologize, as for a
personal injury. If any sought-for work
is not at once available. There Is the
finished work of the library the book,
the catalogue, the librarian, and the
reader. These association people have
been discussing before us the steps by
which this has all been wrought out,
the present condition of the librarian's
art. and the possibilities of still farther
improvement In general terms, of
course, the aim of the librarian Is to
bring the book and the reader together.
But to do this effectively the library
must be well stocked and filled. Can
private gifts, bequests, subscriptions,
be relied on as adequate? Most states
are answering this question by passing
library laws, and filling and support
ing the libraries by the proceeds of
public taxes. The association tells us
that this movement is spreading, and in
the way to become universal.
But the library and Us keepers have
two objects. One Is to collect and make
available new ideas. This appeals to
but a limited number but is surely of
great advantage to the body politic. It
assists and informs-the seeker, and. In
most Instances, encourages humility by
showing him how little he knows in
comparison with the vast sum of gath
ered learning on his special subject. In
this direction the help of the qualified
librarian Is simply invaluable. "Without
it the seeker may roam helpless over
the shelves, gaining naught but disap
pointment. The second great purpose of the li
brary is to scatter common knowledge
over an ever-widening field. So say the
librarians, filled with the pride of their
calling, and, putting "knowledge" as
the end and prize of reading. It Is Just
like all professionals and specialists
exalting the marble coldness of the
Goddess of Wisdom over the living,
breathing, loving deity, to whom Paris,
old or modern, ever yields the golden.
apple. The booklover is he, after all,
who. in its pages, finds the delightful
hour of life, who so inakes friends not
only with the real but with the fan
cied heroes and heroines of the books
who travels with the travelers from
Herodotus to Nansen and Sven Hedin
who so follows the soldier's footsteps
from Xenophon to the Conscript and
Waterloo who stands on the floor of
Congress and Parliament and hears,
through the printed page, the speeches
wnich ourn and thrill, buch an one
reads, not to know, but to enjoy, and so
gets out the living soul of the author,
live or dead. Thus does culture, rather
than knowledge, spread. The librari
ans tell us of so . directing reading that
the young may make better citizens,
the immigrants absorb American Ideas
and the nations-of the Orient be led Into
the ways of American civilization.
More power to them In all this! But we
put in a saving clause in favor of the
average, grown - up. well - educated
American citizen of today. They pay
the taxes, from them the librarians are
taken, they want the chance, not to be
taught, but to enjoy, and to grow by
enjoying, boolts. Librarians, after all,
make up the machinery by which, as
said before, the man and the book come
together. Their art Is most necessary.
Intricate, most praiseworthy.
ideals and purposes are high.
Their industry is never-tiring. The
special objects they have just now be
fore them are said to be a central home
for their association, and a co-operative
system of cataloguing books, showing
where all books are. We cannot aid
them, but we can all wish them suc
cess, and thank them, individually and
collectively, for unnumbered services
to the reading people of the United
HASTY JUDGMENTS ON OREGON.
A wise man has said "Trust your !
first, but doubt your second, impres
sions of a man." Why? Because your 1
first impression catches those promi- i
j nent features and expressions in which ;
j character speaks out. and the general
I result Is that which Nature herself has
written, deeply, in face and feature.
But the second impression is gained
when study rather thn fustinci Is at
work; and by this time the mask which
so many wear has been taken on by the
studied man. and In the case of the
' rt H r fhfrVint 1 ti rH rf rkf ffivrkt Vina
come Into play. The third Impression,
however, is apt to be the most trust
worthy of all, for then reasoning has
been at work and has put first thought
and second doubts and queries Into true
relations. Much the same process is
followed, whether we know it or not.
J in regard to places,
j These visitors of ours, as they strike
j Oregon, are attracted by the green-
ness and luxuriance of the crops, by the
richness of the orchards, by the gentle
ness and evenness of the climate, by
the variety of the prospects, the Im
pression of prosperity In town and farm
and ranch, the Idea of a growing and
active community. Each says to him
self, possibly to his wife or his com
panions: "This Is the plaoe for us all
we heard of It and expected to find Is
true. Here we will stay." No doubt it
is. He seeB the results of a whole
year's preparations and alternations.
The Sunamer and Winter, the early and
the latter rain, dull days and dreary
days, clouds and sunshine, slow plow
ing, slow pruning and cultivating, back
aching hoeing and seeding, all are be
hind, but all have been absorbed Into
the scene he looks on. The expressions
of the face of Nature tell the tale of
the past. The results are there, and
they are good. First impressions, then,
Next day down comes the silent rain
from a gray sky. The mountains,
where are they? Early and late mists
hide the hills. Road6 and paths slip
pery In mud annoy the walker. Water
proofs and raincoats are donned. Driv
ing is a nuisance, to stay at home is to
lose a precious day and the ticket limit
is running ouL "Oh, this Oregon!"
Jjaas lha mq"r "tb have btoa hi Sas.
a week and It has rained every day."
"I am sick of staying In the house,"
says the wife. "If It's like this all the
time, and I hear it is." answers the
man, "let us Just see the Fair and go
back." So they go, and this is no fancy
sketch. Second Impressions have mis
led them to their hurt.
The very next day the wind veers
toward the north. The clouds break
and mass themselves, white over the
mountains in the blue distance. The
sun shines, the raln'drops dry off leaves
and flowers, to breathe the fresh breeze
Is a luxury, to walk or drive real pleas
ure. The third Impression Is. like the
first, of Oregon as she really Is, and
the wise man Is he who waits, and
journeys, and thinks, and In the pres
ent sees the history and essence of the
So mfsny of us are scared lest we
"marry in haste and repent at leisure."
Somteimes. in that frame of mind, we
let pass the best chance of our lives.
What Is the other old saying. "He. that
will not when he may. when he will
he shall have, nay"? Times to exam
ine, opportunities to settle, the choice
of place and property, all are here now.
But all Jn Oregon Is, at last, moving,
and the chance of today may be gone
EASY MONEY IN THE WEST.
The matter of securing .funds for
moving the crop no longer disturbs the
Western bankers. To use an expres
sion of one of the number. "The West
no longer sneezes when Wall street
takes snuff." It has not been so very
many years ago that the West was
practically at the mercy of the Eastern
financiers whenever crop-moving time
came round. Now any uneasiness Is all
on the other end .of the line. Wall
street is not worrying over possible
drains on cash reserves, which are the
property of Eastern flnanclersj but
there is a slight apprehension in some
quarters over possible demands of the
West for funds that are owned In the
West and have been lying In the New
York banks waiting the call of their
owners. A portion of these funds may
be needed to handle the big grain crop
now coming on. and their withdrawal
would be In no way dependent on the
whims of the Now York bankers, as It
would be merely a return to rightful
owners of moneys for which they have
up to this time had no pressing need.
The Middle West and Northwest have
felt this change coming for many years,
but it Is only within the last half dozen
years that the raciflc Northwest has
become almost entirely Independent of
the Eastern financiers. This is due al
most wholly to a steady Increase In our
output of staple commodities, for which
there is a never-failing market. The
manufacturing center with the dinner
pail brigade Is a great factor in the
prosperity of a city and the tributary
country, but. in periods of depression,
manufactured products, unless they are
necessities of life, do not sell so freely
as In good times. The purchasing
power of the people Is abridged, and.
while they cannot get along without
the staple products of the soli, they can
curtail expenses in the way of dress or
manufactured products not absolutely
necessary to the maintenance of life.
But the Pacific Northwest has not yet
reached the manufacturing stage, ex
cept In a small way. and even In that
our principal manufactured product Is
lumber, for which there Is a demand
that since Its inception has never slack
ened. Our sawmills have for the past
five years been running right up to
their capacity, and the amount of new
wealth which they have placed In cir
culation Is enormous. From grain,
hops, wool and salmon there has been
a proportionately greater contribution
to the per capita wealth of our people,
until the accumulation has -become so
great that there is not only money here
In sufficient quantities to handle the
coming grain crop, but there Is also
enough to finance almost any legitimate
undertaking presented to our people.
This prosperity that has rendered us to
such a large extent independent of the
East has not yet run lts course. The
wheat crop now coming on in Oregon.
Washington and Idaho gives promise of
breaking all former records, and, with
continuation of favorable weather con
ditions and present prices, it will add
nearly $40,000,000 to the wealth of the
A contributing factor to the light de
mand for money from outside sources
for crop-moving purposes is the pros
perity of the farmers and the local
banks throughout the country. The
big crops and high prices of the past
few years have placed these farmers
in such Independent shape financially
that they no longer need to make a
rush on the bank for the money for the
crop as soon as it Is harvested or sold.
but Instead they leave the greater part
of the returns for their crop on deposit
in the banks. This easy financial con
dition last Autumn resulted in the de
posits in some of the small banks in
the Palouse country running up to
greater sums per capita than were re
corded in any other part of the country-
OUR ANTHEM AND OUR FLAG.
"The entire multitude uncovered re
spectfully when the American anthem
was played." Thus reads a cablegram
from Paris, where extraordinary hon
ors were paid to the memory of John
Paul Jones. We can learn something
of good manners from the French.
Somehow or other. Americans have not
been taught to lift their hats when the
band plays "The Star-Spangled Ban
ner," or. If they are seated, to rise at
the first strains of the anthem. In
England and In France there Is spon
taneous and universal tribute to that
which stands for the national spirit.
We are not less patriotic, less proud,
less devoted, than European peoples,
but Ave care less for form. However,
when the Second Oregon seven years
ago was putting down rebellion in the
Philippines, and Sampson and Schley
were forming that cordon around the
Ba,y of Santiago, we did not remain
seated as the first strains of Francis
Key's hymn fell upon our cars, and
there were many who could not resist
the impulse to cheer. But in these
"piping times of peace" the tendency is
against any display of emotion.
Nor do we observe form toward the
flag. In 1S9S here at home, when men
wearing the uniform of the United
States Army marched the streets, we
took off our hats as Old Glory went by
and drooped our heads slightly forward;
but after the return of General Sum
mers' command we soon forgot the
salutation. War spirit cannot be main
tained when there is no war, but we
can always profit by keeping alive the
National spirit. Our flag symbolizes it.
Note the lesson taught by our fellow
republicans of France. While Ameri
can representatives after the lapse of a
.cftatuty were paving honors to an
American patriot, the French capital
joined in acclaim. Multitudes of emo
tional people paid tribute to the em
blems of another nation as well as to
their own. Americans should not hesi
tate to make outward show of devotion
to the flag, and they should be ever
prompted to display respect for the Na
Director Farnham, of the Panama
Railroad, has returned from Europe
with the information that he can buy
steamships and steel rails cheaper In
Europe than In the United States. There
Is nothing particularly new In this dis
covery, except that It has been made by
an official of the American Government
who was investigating the matter fotv
business and not political purposes.
The price of steel rails was found to be
much lower In England than in the
United States, while In Germany It was
lower than In England. As the United
States sells large quantities of steel
rails In competition with both of those
countries. It Is quite apparent that the
trip of Mr. Farnham has resulted in
smoking at least one "nigger" out of
the woodpile. The Panama Canal or
der for steel rails will hardly be award
ed to the foreigners, but If the Govern
ment stands on its rights the American
manufacturers will be obliged to sell as
cheaply at home as they do abroad.
If the Czar of Russia Is the weak,
vacillating creature that he Is said to
be on the one hand, or the kind, clever,
but heavily handicapped ruler that he
Is said to be. on the other, he Is enti
tled to the pity of the civilized world.
But if. discarding both of these esti
mates, he is a bigoted, unreasoning ty
rant, unable to see or to read the hand
writing on the wall of his empire, he Is
beyond the pale of pity or its higher
expression sympathy. It is clear that
a vast number of his subjects are not
in a sympathetic mood. To yield to
their demands or to hold out against
them will be equally fatal to his dy
nasty. Nicholas Is in the position of
the man "who has taken a dog by the
ears," with this palliating circumstance,
so far as he is concerned, that the task
was prepared for Jiim long before he
was born, and came to him by inheri
tance not through choice.
The last New York Legislature en
acted a law Imposing a tax on all stock
transfers. Wall street protested, but In
vain. Financiers said It would kill le
gitimate speculation and open the way
to all kinds of trickery and fraud; but
they were not listened to. Now it Is
said that the first month of the new
system has yielded to the state a reve
nue of 55,000,000: and Wall stject con
tinues to do business at the old stand.
The farmer, the producer and the small
landowner have heretofore paid the
bulk of taxes; and the capitalist, the
bondholder, the stockjobber and the
curbstone broker have escaped. But
things are changing. Real estate no
longer Is required In some states to pay
all the taxes. The power of taxa
tion rests with the proletariat, and It
has lately shown everywhere an in
clination to even things up.
Mr. James J. Hill, who was defeated
by the courts in his attempt to build up
an American railroad merger, and was
victorious In securing control of the de
bris when the said merger was
smashed. Is planning another coup. Ac
cording to Ottawa (Can.) advices, he
Is to unite the Great Northern and the
Canadian Pacific, although the neces
sity for such an amalgamation Is not
I exactly clear at this time, unless it be
for the purpose of stifling the competi
tion, which Is becoming pretty warm on
the western divisions of the two roads.
From all reports that are trickling out
from the inner circles of the big rail
road camps. Mr. Hill Is not yet a sub
ject for the wake which his enemies
were preparing to hold over his finan
cial remains a short time ago.
Journalism in Turkey is attended with
a certain degree of risk. New Zead
Bey. editor of the Hidmet published at
Smyrna, was recently sentenced to pris
on for making uncomplimentary criti
cism of the government. It Is now re
ported that he had been strangled by
his keepers, who afterwards hanged the
body at the door of the prison, and
stated that the journalist had commit
ted suicide. The suicide story was true
to a certain degree, but its truth was
on the same order as that contained In
the Arizona verdict, which declared
that the death of the Indian, who had
been burned' at the stake, was due to
his being "overcome by the heat."
The plan to establish, in conjunction
with the Juvenile Court. In this city, a
Juvenile Aid Association, the purpose
of which will be to form boys Into clubs
of various kinds for amusement and
instruction, is worthy of development.
The effect would be to break up the
neighborhood "gang" In which law
breaking Is hatched, and to gather the
boys Into clubs In which the largest
liberty of juvenile management com
patible with order would be encouraged
and developed. Boys are gregarious
animals. They will "meet." To accept
and control this fact is wise. To fight
against it Is foolish.
George Shannon was the youngest
member of the Lewis and Clark explor
ation party. His great-grand-daughter.
Miss Anne Shannon Monroe, Is now In
Portland describing the Fair for an
Eastern magazine. She has written
for The Oregonlan "Impressions of
Portland and the Fair" an Impulsive,
warm-hearted yet discriminating prose
poem that every Portlander will enjoy.
It will be published tomorrow.
Milwaukee. Wis., has sent a bribe
taking city official to jail for eighteen
months. The amount Involved was
only $1500. Cheap grafters always were
detestable, and juries seldom disagree
when the facts In the case are plain.
If Mr. Dunn, the Milwaukee victim,
ever gets into bribe-taking position
again, he will do well to make It thou
sands instead of hundreds.
The people of Odessa now have some
notion of what a real Fourth of July
celebration Is like in a modern Ameri
James B. Dill, the corporation lawyer,
has left a $300,000 practice to accept a
$2000 Judgeship. While the light holds
out, etc ,
Mayor Lane has found that his au
thority ends at the city limits. The
Mayor is learning some things very
The Russians do not appear able to
blow up even one of their own battle-
Hiram Hayfleld's Views.
GRASS VALLEY. Or., July 7, 1905.
Dere Ozone: Akkordln "too ray Iddea
thare iz 2 mutch kritlslzzum of John De
Rockyfeller. What's the yuse too jump on
the pore feller with both fete? Newer
hltt a man when he's down, and partlk
erly newer stepp onto him when he
hnlnt got spunk cnufE left too hitt back
thct's what Hi Hayncld scz.
line powcrfull sorry fur Mister Rocky
feller. I amm. Las weak the Grass Valley
Gazoot run hlz plcter, and. gosh my sox!
but I felt sew sorry fur thct pore man
thet I moughty nigh saved a washin bill
on my Sundy hankchlf by lawndrin Itt
with my own briny tcers.
John De Rockyfeller halnt gott no hare
onto hlz hed nary a hare. Tawk about
bilyard bawls; why. thct man's hed halnt
gott no mower hare ttiann a snowbawl In
Haydces. Yude think hee wuz a Mormln
and hed az menny wives as Brlggum
Yung, and catch and cvry wife had Jess
tuck and snatched hlmm bawl-hcded.
What duth Itt prophet a man to wlnn
the hole wurlud and lewz hiz own hare?
Iff Mr. Rockyfeller ewer did slnn. dont
yew rckkon he hez bin punnlshed twicet
over allrcddy? Halnt itt a vlzltashun of
Prowlduncc too lewz awl hlz hare thct
way? Why, iff I wuz too walk upp sum
morning and bee unabel too tel my hed
from a pettrlfycd fpotbawl. Ide begin rite
off too to to rlcommembcr awl the badd
things Ivc dun cents the first doller I
urned a-totln watter fur the men Inn the
upper bottum hayfield at 2 bltts a day and
find myself. Ide begin too nose about fur
tainted munny Inn my bank dcposslts and
give the Mcthydias church 6 bltts necks
Sundy fur konshunce funned.
Joss konsidder how unfortnlt Mister
Rockyfeller Iz. without no hare. Hee kant
newer asplcr too bee a villnlst nur a
Paddyroosky. fur hoo wud pay A dollers
too go and here a bawl-hedcd muzlshun?
Hoo. I ast?
Mister Rockyfeller kant bee a poit. nee-
ther. What Iz a poit without hare? Ekko
ansers. what? Iff Mister Rockyfeller wuz
to run fur Poit Lariat the publick wud
say, "Now Iooky thare, att thet Imposter
they halnt nuthln too malk the lawrcl
recth stlk onto hlz hed."
Nur hee kant bee no prlzeflter. ncether.
Hully rit tels uss thet Sampsun. the strong
boy of Bibel times, cuddent pull down the
back portyko of Solomon's tcmpel after
thct leddy frend kutt hlz hare. No man
without no hare hez gott strcnth enuff
too putt upp a Jim Jeffries battel fur the
belt. A bawl-heded pujlllst wud gitt soler
pleksussed Inn the furst lnnln. b'gosh.
Itt seems too mce thct thare Iz nuthln
left over fur Mister R.. the subjlck of
this sketch, butt too sett down Inn sak
kloth and the ash bin and spend the rest
of hlz days and the ballunts of hlz inkum
and hlz unurned Inkcrment a-foundln
kollldges too teatch the yung Idee how too
shoot sew az too hltt the doller mark and
wring a bulls I on Stranded Oil stock an
avridgc of 4 out of 5.
Without no hare pore Mister R. iz kleno
kutt outcn enny aktlvc karcer. Why, gosh
take It! heo kant even yews hlz own lie
fur too He hlz hare with. It's a plumb
shalm. and wee ort too bee kind and kon
sideratin too hc unfortnlt.
Yores fur fare play,
P. S. HI Hayfleld's Standard Hare Oil
iz a fine thing too malk sallld dressin fur
A Summer Idle.
Now doth the gaysome Summer girl
The shining hour Improve.
And at the seashore take a whirl.
Ignore convention's grooc.
And be a tomboy once again
To gamble with the Thomas men.
Now doth the fond papa go In
And work and work and work.
And gamble hot ('tis now a sin!).
Nor any hardship shirk.
That he may pile the golden hoard
And pay his daughter's Summer board.
Now doth the fond mamma repair
With Ethel to the shore.
In hope the multl-millionalrc
Her daughter may adore.
And deem the fairest of her sex
And seek permission to annex.
Now doth the ribbon-counter clerk
Put on his outing suit.
And quit the cares that cark and Irk.
And go and shoot the chute.
And break the breakers, hand in hand
With Ethel on the silver strand.
The mlllenlum surely Is near at hand.
A Boston newspaper has published the
picture of a young man who took honors
for intellectuality at college. Now let the
hulking college athlete, with hirsute head
and knotted musclos. retire to the rear
seat and sit down. A collegian who stud
ies books has scored. How old-fashioned
his world is getting to be!
The Philadelphia Inquirer has published
No. 1233 In Its series of "Poems Worth
Reading." It Is evident that there is no
"Four Hundred" limit in the posy circles
Mr. Swatt. the Missouri farmer who
named his baby Ebenozer NIcodemus Oba
dlah probably knows what he Is doing.
Say It fast EI N. O. Swatt.
He Knew About Nero.
A teacher employed in one of the East
Side pubile schools of New York City re
lates the following anecdote from her rich
experience among the foreign children of
almost every nationality under the sun.
One day she found It necessary to relate
to her mixed congregation some facts in
the life of the wicked Emperor Nero.
After dwelling for a few moments upon
his name and fame, she said:
"Now. what child can tell me anything
about this Wicked man. Ncro?" There
was a dead silence.
"Tell me anything about him that I have
told you." she continued.
Silence a few seconds longer, and then
a grimy hand went up from the rear of
"Please, teacher," piped up the voice of
a small child. "I goes to know somethings
of that man Nero."
"Thafs right." said the lady encourag
ingly. "Stand right up. Nickolas, and let
us all hear what you know."
Nickolas arose In his seat, and in a thin,
rasping voice sang out lustily:
"Nero, my God. to thee, Noro to thee."
"We'd Rather Remain Here.-
Having carried out their vast Irriga
tion works on Mars., Its Inhabitants, said
Professor Ray Lankester at Oxford the
other day. must be far in advance of the
Inhabitants of the Earth, and In a con
dition of universal peace.
Tls Very True.
Live of laboring men remind us
We mar make a pile sublime
If the public does not find us
Out and start ua &olng tune.
MORE ABOUT THE MITCHELL VERDICT'
State Papers Agree That the Jar, la Face of the Facta, Could Hare
Reached No Other Conclusion.
"Only a Technical Wrong."
Referrinc to Senator Mitchell's offence.
the Salem Statesman calls It only a
technical wrong. That Is enough to make
the man In the moon turn black In the
Appeal Is III-AdvIsed.
St. Helens Mist.
The determination of his (Mitchell)
counsel to appeal If the motion for a new
trial Is denied is. In our opinion. Ul-ad-vlsed.
Senator Mitchell is guilty. An
honest jury has passed judgment URon
the evidence, and 'further attempt to es
cape will only aggravate matters and pos
sibly prevent the leniency with which he
might otherwise be treated.
Unhappy Page of State History.
Forest Grove Times.
The trial of Senator Mitchell resulted
last Monday night in a verdict of guilty
as charged. The people of Oregon who
have ao often and so highly honored
him In the past will receive the verdict
more in sorrow than with rejoicing not
because they do not bellevo It Just but
sorrowing because it Is just. A long
career ends in disgrace disgrace for pet
ty peculation that has no redeeming feat
ure of reward or daring. It Is an unhap
py page of state history that the people
would like to have blotted from knowl
edge. Facts and Sentiment.
Washington County News.
Almost on the 45th anniversary of the
coming to Oregon of Senator John H.
Mitchell, he was found guilty of accepting
money for services performed while a
United States Senator, thus ending one of
the most noted trials ever held In Oregon.
According to the evidence, the verdict Is
a just one but from the standpoint of
public sentiment. Senator Mitchell would
have never been convicted. However
this is the first step In cleaning up the
apparent awful character of Oregon's rep
resentatives and a gang of Government
land grabbers will be obliterated. Sen
ator Mitchell's public career Is ended; his
power Is gone. He has nothing left but
the mercy of the Court, as directed by the
Law Knows No Caste.
The prosecution was aided by the awak
ened public sentiment against graft; by
the wideaspred public desire to strengthen
the hands of the Government against land
frauds. For the defense Senator Thurston
overlooked no opportunity. He dwelt at
length upon the long public services ren
dered the state by the gray-haired old de
fendant; he pictured him living in poverty
at the National capital while his col
leagues were surrounded by luxury; he
played upon every string which might be
expected to awaken a responsive thrill In
the -breasts of the Jurors, and the verdict
was guilty. Nearly half a century of ser
vices for the state, and this Is tho end.
There Is a moral here, one that Is pe
culiarly appropriate to be considered upon
this anniversary of the foundation of the
Government the law. following the Con
stitution, made possible by that most glor
lous of all Instruments, knows no caste.
Lesson to All in High Places.
A jury of 12 men found Senator John H.
Mitchell guilty of receiving money for
department work whllo he was at the
same time receiving money as United
States Senator. In the face of the evi
dence they could hardly have done dif
ferently, although one man was ready to
hang the Jury on tho sympathetic plea,
and would have done so but for the rec
ommedatlon for mercy. While the aged
Senator has hores of a reversal in the
Supreme Court tho evidence satisfies all
people who have read It that he Is gullty
and as a force In state politics he is done
forever. His was the voice that at a
late hour took the stump for the gold
standard after he had ,for years advocated
sliver In the Senate. He tempor
ized with the money question, playing
double. Just as he has In office played for
Government, as well as anti-Government,
money. His Is a sad fall, and one that
should be a lesson to those In high
Cnn't Believe It.
It Is reported that Abraham Lincoln
once said when he was practicing law in
Illinois, that if there was anything that
God Almighty did not know it was how a
Jury of 12 men would decide a case. Pros
ecutor Hcney is a man of great ability In
his line of practice, and brought evcry
posslble means to his aid. He uaed the
willing press freely to create the Impres
sion of Senator Mitchell's guilt. He seems
to have the power to dominate a trial jury
ns well a3 a grand Jury. There are few.
If any, cases on record where such stren
uous and Indefatigable efforts were put
forth for the conviction of a man as in
this case. Senator Mitchell had two as
able attorneys as he could have secured,
and besides this his attorneys believed
him Innocent of any intentional wrong
doing, and fought the case through be
lieving him Innocent. A motion for a
new trial has been made, and if that falls
an appeal will be taken to the Supreme
Politics an Unsafe School.
Enough has ben disclosed to show con
clusively that politics as conducted today.
Is an unsafe school for a man not scupu
lously honorable, and with a strength of
character which places him absolutely
above temptation. So general has the
lack of honesty of purpose become among
our politicians that no measure possess
ing the greatest merit has a whit more
chance of passing a State Legislature or
the two houses of Congress than one of
simple graft, or one that Is Introduced
merely as a sop to a group of disappoint
ed politicians that must be "held in line"
for other doubtful emergencies. There
are honest legislators, of course, but they
make a mighty poor showing against the
crowd that Is always on the side that the
easy dollar Is on. Possibly all this land
fraud agitation, and the bribery cases In
various states will be productive of good
aside from securing the conviction of -the
offenders unfortunate enough to be
caught, and If so. those who are pushing
the prosecution, whether they fall to bring
to book all tne guilty ones or not. will de
serve the everlasting gratitude of the
common voter, who as yet hasn't sense
enough to select men for office because of
their fitness for office.
Knew What He Wns Dfllng.
The offense of which Senator Mitchell
was convicted was not. as is sometimes
supposed, for complicity ln land frauds,
but for receiving money from a client for
using his services as a Senator In mat
ters of Government business! The na
ture of the services rendered, whether to
secure titles lawfully or unlawfully, had
nothing to do with the case and was not
a question that was on trial. The crime
specifically charged and provon was that
while receiving the salary of a Senator
and thus obligating himself to perform
the duties of a Senator both to the Gov
ernment and to the people, he received
another salary from private persons to
employ his official position In their be
half. It was not charged that this service
was given In the performance of a fraud,
but If It should be proven that It was so,
of course his offense will be the more
heinous. To thoae who care to make his
culpability still darker. In comparison
with Senator Burton, of Kansas, the lat
ter being a new member, pleaded he did
not know it was against the law to prac
tice for pay before the departments, while
Senator Mitchell, who has been In the
Senate for 24 years, not only knew It but
did all ho could to conceal It while en
gaged In It. Under all the circumstances
It Is hard to fee how the result could have
been different, particularly since he had
no powerful friend at Washington to sus
pend the laws in his behalf and exonerate
and eulogize him by executive order.
No Other Verdict Possible.
Hood River Glacier.
John II. Mitchell. Oregon's senior
Senator, has been convicted of receiv
ing moneys for services rendered the
land grabbers In work before the Fed
eral departments at Washington. . .
We cannot see how the jury could
have rendered any other verdict on tho
overwhelming mass of incriminating
evidence produced against the defend
ant by tho intrepid Mr. Hehey. To u
It seems a harsh, yet Just verdict.
Two Things Mitchell Asked.
Mitchell asked for two things In par
ticular men to perjure themselves for
his sake, and the sympathy of a Jury
and the people. The great State of Ore
gon wants no more of such leaders and
representatives. It is full time that the
people, with the new power of the di
rect primary In their hands, made se
lections with greater care than In tna
past, ever remembering that the devil
Is always, ready to serve the people In
While the verdict comes as a sur
prise to the people of Oregon, the ma
jority of whom had expected a hung
Jury, the fate of the aged Senator seem:
to be scaled unless a higher court shall
reverse the decision which Is possible,
but not a certainty to be banked upon.
. We accept the verdict until
such time as a higher court shall pass
upon the same and which verdict. If it
be confirmed, shall be our verdict, for
the Register In previous Issues has de
clared that if Senator Mitchell Is guilty
let him pay the penalty, for the law
must be no respector of persons.
Blow Struck by His Own Hand.
Senator John H. Mitchell has been
found guilty of accepting money for
services performed before the Federal
Land Department at Washington. Tho
verdict could hardly have been other
wise, If given In strict accordance with
the evidence, still there is pity for the
aged Senator upon whom such a terri
ble blow has fallen. But it was his own
hand that struck the blow, as It always
Is In such cases; If there Is a blnck spot
on his sunshine It Is the shadow of
himself. Honesty toward onesself, and
honesty toward one's country follows
a3 the night the day. Is the only sure
road to happiness. America demands
that her public servants have honor
and this demand will be more firmly
Insisted upon In the future than It has
been in the past.
Subsidized Newspapers Fall.
Notwithstanding tho efforts of half a
dozen Oregon subsidized papers to Influ
ence the people of Oregon and intimidate
the officials before whom Senator Mitch
ell was to bo tried, their efforts failed
miserably. So obstinate were these so-much-per
papers that they even resorted
to abuse of tho Federal Judge, the wit
nesses, the prosecuting attorney and even
continued the action to the President
of the United States. It is a matter of
congratulation that many Oregon papers
have resisted the personal onslaught
against the President and officials who
were conducting the Government's case.
The one class desired that Senator Mitch
ell go free regardless of evidence and tried
to Influence public opinion to that extent,
even going so far as to cast reflections
upon the late Judge Bellinger, after his
death. Such a course was reprehensible
for if an honest, upright man ever sat on
the judicial throne that man was tho late
respected Charles B. Bellinger. The other
clas3 demanded that 3enator Mitchell be
fairly tried without prejudice or without
stumbling blocks being thrown before
the prosecution. Tho witnesses and a
Jury of 12 honest men have given their
decision, but the evidence was so strong
that John H. Mitchell was already con
victed at the bar of public opinion.
Many trials will follow Mitchell's case,
and It is to be hoped the guilty will be
found guilty, and the Innocent Innocent.
Oregon has notified the President that
he can convict the high as well as the
low. that we support the President in the
right, and the press notices In the Eastern
papers are all an advertisement to the
world that we can give Justice to all alike.
Francis J. Heney. Mr. Burns and Mr.
Newhausen deserve great credit for their
faithful work and great service in the
face of such fearful odds.
WHAT THE FAIR STANDS FOR
World's Work for July.
The Lewis and Clark Exposition at
Portland. Or., was opened with pride and
pnthualasm on June 1; and it Ib a worthy
I commemoration of the great exploring
achievement wnose cemenarj ii.
brates. Portland Is a beautiful and at
tractive city, and the Fair is a compact
and worthy epitome of the resources and
activities of the Northwest and of the
Asiatic trade which is growing there. It
has been managed, too. with energy and
efficiency- For once the gates were opened
on a Fair that owed not a dollar and
that was more nearly ready for visitors
than any preceding exposition.
The Fair Itself la worth a long journey
to see. for it presents to the eye the
activities and the opportunities of one of
fha moot !ntrestlncr narts of the world
! and of that part of the United States
j which Is less well known than any other
to the majority of our citizens. Puget
Sound and the great Valley of the Colum-
oia nave aireuu ui'tuu.i; uic iiuim.-- -population
that has built great cities,
opened up channels for a large com
merce with all parts of the world the
Pacific world In particular subdued rich
"deserts." given a new meaning to agri
culture, and made the way easy to Alas
ka, which Is a vast empire of wealth yet
unknown: and this energetic population
of the Northwest Is more purely Ameri
can in blood and temper than the people
of any other part of the Union, except
the rural states of New England and the
white population of the South. They
show In their life and work the best
traits of American character the energy
of pioneers, the solidity of good bulldeis.
the enthusiasm of men who believe In
themselves and who know the real fu
ture that awaits them.
Both the scenic and the industrial won
ders of this region are so great that no
American citizen can know his country
who has not seen Oregon and Washing
ton; and the Fair at Portland will serve
a good purpose In the education of the
people of the Central and Eastern States
if it prove to be a convenient occasion
for thousands of them to make the Jour
ney. The Summer could be made to yield
no experience more instructive. The long
Journey has been shortened, too, and
travel made pleasanter and cheaper on
the transcontinental railroads than ever