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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (July 7, 1905)
THE 3IORXIXG- OREGOXIAX, FRIDAY, JULY 7, 1905.
Entered at the Postofflee at Portland. Or.,
as aecond-class matter.
IKVARIABLT IN ADVANCE.
(Br Hall or Express.)
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Daily, per week, Sunday. Included .20
THE WEEICLT OREGONIAN.
(Issued Every Thursday.)
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PORTLAND, FRIDAY. JULY 7, 1905.
TKE RIDDLE OF THE BLACK SEA.
"When Sherman proposed his march to
the sea the old women In "Washington
hook their heads. "The Confederacy
is a hollow shell," said -he. "and the
jnarck. began. Russia Is a hollow shell,
but the hollow is pretty well filled with
powder the hercules powder q revo
lution A little damp it seems to be.
Fire. w,ill not run in it. It flashes up in
Itataad and dies out. It flares waver
ingly in SI. Pet6rsburg- and Moscow. It
smoulders among the farmers of the
"rich and starving southern plain. But
it burns steadily In the Caucasus and
among the Black Sea fleet It has be
come a conflagration. The smouldering
heat is drying out the powder of revo
lution that fills Russia. The explosion
is nearly due.
Where Is the Russian Sherman to
march through this land of blood and
prove Its hollowness to the world? We
hear plenty about "arms"; nothing ;
about the "man." Where is the Rus
sian Mirabeau? Danton, Marat, Robes
pierre, do they bide their time In some
There are Hampdens and Cromwells
in Russia; perhaps even a Washington;
but the people cannot see them. They
are too far apart to hear. When the
National Assembly meets, if it ever
does, with the whole nation looking on,
then the leaders will show themselves.
Some farmer from the Ukraine, some
boatman from the Volga, it may be,
will speak, the words that will echo
round the world and shake down the
tottering throne of the Romanoffs. The
man of destiny In Russia today Is he
who shall get together by whatever
means a representative National As
sembly. Perhaps that man now sails on the
rebel ship, the Kniaz Potemkin, on the
Black Sea. The world watches that
portentous vessel, wonders and waits.
"Who directs her course? Why did she,
pi all that fleet, rebel? The other sail
ors have wrongs, too; wrongs so great
that Admiral Kruger knows they are
all in secret rebellion. Why is this ship
in open rebellion? There Is a man on
board. Man with a capital.
He has the genius for publicity which
is indispensable just now, if he means
to succeed. The funeral of the mur
dered sailor from the Kniaz Potemkin
was celebrated in Odessa -with riot. In
cendiarism and human slaughter. In
this way the leader not only caught the
attention of the world, that is easy, but
he caught also the difficult, bovine at
tention of Russia. The authorities tried
to suppress the news; it ran like Are
along underground fuses up the Dnelper
through the hungry provinces of Kief
and Poltava, where every peasant
mourns a son slain wickedly in Man
churia. It crossed, the uplands of the
"Valdai and followed the Volga to the
Caspian. The peasants of the dreary
MIrs of Little Russia -whisper it over
their poor vodka; the boatmen of the
Volga send it on Into Perm and Oren
burg. Dumb, driven Russia Is watch
ing the man on the Kniaz Potemkin,
and maybe the peasants know who he
Is. From Odesso he sailed to Kus
tlndje, in Roumania, for supplies; but
here he was disappointed. Roumania
was freed by Russia from the Turks,
who had made the country half a des
ert Russian influence predominates at
the court, as at all the petty courts in
the Balkan Peninsula. The shadow of
Russian greatness dominates the land.
Roumania fears Russia and is her
friend; she will aid no Russian rebels.
A fool would have fired upon the in
hospitable city, or upon the shipping in
the harbor. The leader on the Kniaz
Potemkin kept the international peace
and sailed away to the little town of
Theodosia. in the Crimea, an ancient
city, famous for learning and well for
tified, where he obtained his supplies
by threats, and now, unless all signs
fail, he is headed for the Caucasus.
Here rebellion is raging- on the land
and he is almost pure of a welcome.
He can anchor safely either at Poti or
j Batoum, with the country behind him
"What can Russia do against the
Kniaz Potemkin? The Cossacks cannot
reach her; the fleet will not attack her.
"When she makes herself secure In some
port she will almost certainly be joined
by other ships. The powers are not
likely to Interfere. There Is no reason
for it. The Kniaz Potemkin has for
mally declared war against the autoc
racy; she Is, ludicrous as It mas seem,
almost a belligerent not a pirate. Eng-
lanH ivlll not titlark her
foe to Russia Is by that fact her ally.
No other power dare send warship?
r : . ;
'through the Bosphorus If England dis
sents. Let the commander of the ves
sel, whoever the man may be that Is
ruling through the "commission." hold
to his present wise course of conduct;
let him -accumulate power a? he may
and steadily hold to his demand for a
National Assembly, and he will decide
the destiny of his country.
The penalties of National greatness
fall heaviest on the Secretary of State.
As America expands in territory, power
and influence, the responsibilities of his
office multiply. Every point of contact
with a foreign nation introduces a pos
sibility of diplomatic complications.
Every new duty undertaken by the
United States In its broadening career
as a world-power may raise new ques
tions of International law or domestic
policy; and all these questions the Sec
retary of State must" solve. Happy
would this Nation be were It certain
that the faultless tact, the unfailing in
telligence, the philosophic breadth of in
tellect, the profound strategy, of John
Hay would unite again In his successor,
Mr. Root. If It is asking too much even
of the beneficent Providence that metes
out the destinies of America to give us
the equal of that great minister of state
In his successor, still the problems that
confront Mr. Root are of a nature that
will exercise ability of the highest or
der; and possibly his solutions of them
may prove that he possesses 1L His
record Is not against him. If not of
surpassing merit, his public services
have been respectable. His Integrity Is
above question, which Is no mean com
pliment to a public man in these days.
And the friendship and confidence of
President Roosevelt, which Mr. Root
enjoy?, arc sufficient warranty to the
great body of Americans that he merits
this great trust and dignity. Let us
hope that neither the President nor
those who loyally follow his judgment
It is useless now to speculate whether
Secretary Hay's diplomacy in Santo
Domingo would have ended In annexing
that troublesome Island, where the ne
gro race has demonstrated Its Incapa
city for government In a century of an
archy. The problem stands much as it
did when Grant undertook, and failed,
to solve it. Will Mr. Root succeed? The
administrative Integrity of China, for
which Mr. Hay wielded the weapons of
dlplomacy,.Japan will now take care of;
but through our approaching tariff dlf
Acuities with Germans', and other na
tions of Europe. Mr. Root must find his
way. with no sympathy abroad and not
too much at home. The United States
Senate has never been helpful to any
Secretary's efforts to make our trade
relations with foreign nations either
just or reasonable.
If Japan should declare an Asiatic
Monroe Doctrine, would Mr. Root favor
or oppose it? Concerning the American
Monroe Doctrine, he is known to hold
the President's views. In proportion as
-we make ourselves protectors of the
South American States, we make our
selves responsible for their misdeeds:
If we forbid other nations to coerce
them, we must coerce them ourselves,
when Justice requires It. If we warn
oft trespassers, we must build a Navy
to make good our threats or the world
will laugh at them.
There are plenty of difficulties await
ing Mr. RooL The Nation has all con
fidence In his good Intentions; reason
able confidence In his abilities, and
abundance of good wishes, partly on his
own account, more because he Is the
WHO OWNB THE CHILD?
At the Suffrage Association meeting
Rabbi Emll Hlrsch made a suggestive
speech about the public schools. Speak
ing from the point of view of the
dweller In the great city, he said: "The
question of the day for the child too
often lies between the streets and the
factory. It should be between the pub
He school and the factory." The orator
went on to dwell on the right of the
state to dictate how the child should be
taught and trained. The number of
young breadwinners was given, and the
picture brought before the audience of
the child workers, aged before their
time, taking on their weakly shoulders
the premature burden of toll and re
sponsibility. Who. then, owns this
child? was the suggested question the
parents who have brought Into the
world, fed and nurtured it (poorly It
may be. but probably with the; best
they had), or the state, among whose
future citizenship It is by the fact of
birth enrolled? Compulsory education
Is the easiest remedy to prescribe, with
enforced presence of the child In public
schools, and enforced absence until a
given age Is reached, from factory and
store, from newspaper route and shop.
But. speaking generally, there is no
such thing as a universal remedy for
all Ills. Such prescriptions savor of the
quack. Families there are In the great
cities of all lands where the hard and
constant labor of all members barely
keeps the wolf from the door. Death
and sickness have entered the circle.
and the pitiful earnings of the children
may keep mother and family from pub
lic charity the coldest and scantiest of
all foods. What tales of courage, pa
tience, and industry, may be told by the
settlement-worker or city missionary
who has free aiid welcome entrance
Into the cellar and garret of the poor.
Such lessons may tell more on the fast
forming character of boy or girl than
many an hour In the schoolroom, with
hungry bodies, and minds turning ever
to the starving home. While the mind
may grow, and does develop. In the
school, the home Is the gathering
ground and seeding place of Impres
sions that make the future man and
Let us widen the scope and deepen
the teaching of the public school.
Adapt it, by all means, to the hand as
well as to the head of all the scholars.
Enthuse the teaching with the lessons
of morality. Enliven It with simple sci
ence lessons, and with stories from the
past, and pictures of the present life of
this and other lands. To make the
school attract as well as Instruct the
children is the duty and privilege o the
state. But consider long before the
strong arm of the state enters the
homes of the poor, except to protect the
personality and safeguard the health of
the child. An elastic rule Is the strong
est because it raises less resistance. Ex
perience teaches that In all lands, and
In America before all other lands, save
In desperate cases, parents are alive
enough to the need of sending the chil
dren to school. By raising the stand
ard of the teaching and Influence of
the school this magnet draws more
strongly all within Its reach. When the
children, after all is done, are not there.
In most cases It will be because the con
ditions of their home life forbid It.
Then let us study such conditions and
see If by wise legislation. Informed by
the spirit of Christian consideration.
something to better them may not be
done. But, above all, this call should
be heard by each one for himself to try
to secure for all families that chance
for decent and wholesome life which
the abundant prosperity of the Nation
can surely, somewhere and somehow.
OREGON TRADE FOR CALIFORNIA.
The California Northeastern Railway
has been Incorporated in San Francisco
for the purpose of building a railroad
from Klamath Falls. Or., to a connec
tion with the Southern Pacific at Weed.
This connecting link will enable the
Southern Pacific to drain away to Cali
fornia the rich and rapidly growing
traffic of the Klamath country, and will
offer another excellent excuse for Mr.
Harrlman not to extend the Columbia
Southern through to that country, so
that Portland may be given opportunity
to do business there. Portland's appeal
for transportation facilities Into the
Klamath country has been met with the
statement that the business that could
be developed for a railroad would be
Insufficient to make it profitable. But
the appearance of the Gould Interests
In Southeastern Oregon has apparently
placed a different construction on the
While Harrlman's Wall-street connec
tions were unable to discover any prof
itable business for a line from Portland
to the Central and Southeastern Oregon
country, they have at last determined
to open It up for California. This latest
projected road will drain out to San
Francisco large quantities of grain,
livestock and lumber for local consump
tion in the California cities, and the Ne
vada. California &. Oregon Railroad,
which Is already built nearly up to the
boundary line between Oregon and Cal
ifornia, will carry the remainder of the
traffic out to the east. Mr. Gould was
a little too late in reaching the Coast
to enable Portland to secure that to
which she was entitled In the way of
railroad facilities through her own ter
ritory, but his coming has caused the
Harrlman lines to bestir themselves.
and In so doing they have revealed the
policy which has so long dominated
their movements to the great detriment
This was a policy of Inactivity and
restriction. Nothing was to be devel
oped so long as it could be kept under
cover. The lines already built and In
operation were returning handsome div
idends on the Investment and the field
was. to all appearances, so well bottled
up that there was but little fear of any
outsiders coming in. This ancient
method of extracting wealth from a
country Is now somewhat out of date.
No individual miner ever discovered a
rich gold field and kept the secret to
himself for very many years, and no
railroad company ever paid enormous
dividends without attracting the atten
tion of other railroad-owners. The
earnings of the O. R. & N. Co.. except
for brief periods of mismanagement,
have been the wonder of the flnanclaj
world, and It Is little short of marvelous
that other roads besides the Northern
Pacific did not come into the field long
Now the roads are coming. The Gould
Interests will share the rich California
traffic with Mr. Harrlman. and will
probably push on to Oregon, and the
Northern Pacific Is making still further
encroachments from the north. These
Invasions of the Harrlman field can
have but one result, and that is an
awakening that will force the Harrl
man Interest to build the necessary
feeders for self-protection. The trade
of the Lakevlew district will, with the
completion of this latest proposed line,
be out of our grasp, but there is still a
portion of Central Oregon that can be
saved for Portland If action Is not too
long deferred. And the action must
necessarily go a step farther than sur
veying and reconnolterlng parties. Of
these. Central Oregon and the Nehnlem
haVe liad a surplus.
There are those who believe and
stoutly maintain that we have too many
monuments In this country. It Is not
necessary to discuss this question here.
Whether this assumption Is right or
wrong, there are few who will assert
that the statue of Sacajawea. unveiled
upon the Lakevlew Terrace, Lewis and
Clark Exposition grounds, yesterday,
added another to the list of monuments
The statue Itself Is a work of art.
The Indian mother lowly and uncom
plaining burden-bearer has not yet be
come entirely a tradition. She stands
out through the centuries that have
passed since the New World "was dis
covered, bearing upon her back the
man-child who Is to become the war
rior, literally with the "emptiness of
ages in her face." In appearance a
bent and withered hag at two-score,
she was the embodiment of the princi
ple of superiority of sex the grim, si
lent, all-enduring victim of the compel
ling force of physical might.
"Untidy, loveless, old before her
time"; cruel, uncompromising, withal
obedient, she is seldom given the title
of "woman." That of "squaw," linking
at once sex and servitude, low-grade
misery' an personal unattractlveness,
ia her fitting and accepted appellation.
"Sacajawea" was born to this heri
tage, but -when at the command of her
worthless and degenerate French Cana
dian master, who had purchased a hus
band's right to dispose of her services,
she started to the Farthest West as
guide and Interpreter of Lewis and
Clark, she had not come Into full pos
session of this heritage. She was still
young and not uncomely. Though a
slave, ready to do her master's bidding,
the command in this case was not dis
tasteful to her. Westward far beyond
the land of the Mandans lay the home
of her childhood. "The savage was a
woman still," and she yearned for the
sight of her early home and of her peo
ple. She was ready, even eager, for the
journey, and reckoned not of its hard
ships. This vision of Sacajawea the artist
caught and has happily perpetuated it
iJa bronze. A younx woman, full of
hope and energy; a young mother with
her infant son strapped upon her back;
alert, confident, yearning again to see
her own. Sacajawea. whose very name
was for nearly a century lost to sound
i of the human voice, stands before us,
mutely attesting the truth of the words
of the great explorers, which declare
that but for the courage, tact and coun
sel of this "bird-woman" they would
never have been able to reach the Pa
Of the succeeding years In which, like
any squaw, she became bent, wrinkled j
aim gray, me motner oi many sons wno
each In turn oppressed her, the with
ered creature, unknown to history dim
even to tradition this monument has
nothing to do. Its purpose Is to present
to future generations Sacajawea as she
was when, as guide and interpreter, she
made It possible for Lewis and Clark
to penetrate the trackless wilderness of
the North American continent, even to
the Pacific Ocean. In the days when the
nineteenth century was young.
Pugilist Ross was killed at Aberdeen.
Wash..i July 3. by Pugilist Donnelly.
with whom he was engaged In a prize
fight contrary to law. Donnelly was
arrested, and Is said to feel very sorry
over the termination of the affair, al
though sorrow among brutes Is not
common. It Is somewhat uncertain
why Mr. Donnelly should suffer the
pangs of regret over the termination of
the ficht. It Is nothlnsr hut the hrute
Instinct In man that makes the fight-
Ing game Interesting, and. when one of
the brutes proves himself so far su
perior to the other brute that he kills
him. the victory would seem to be much
more glorious than where he only half
killed his man. It is not at all clear
that the world has lost anything by the
death of Mr. Ross, and If Mr. Donnelly
could only be hanged without entailing
too much expense on the county, there
would not be very much regret.
The Washington State Fish Commis
sioner Is quoted by the Bellingham Her
ald as holding the opinion that" most of
the Puget Sound trapmen will break
the law passed at the last session re
qulrlngthc traps to shut down for 36
hours each week. The Commissioner
also says that he believes that only a
nominal fine will be imposed on the
men who violate the law. This Is quite
a cheering tip for the fishermen, and
the reason for the Commissioner's opin
ion Is that. If they are not permitted to
fish right along, without Interruption,
they will attack the constitutionality of
the law. It is somewhat unusual to find
a state official anticipating lawbreaking
with the announcement that the law
breakers will be leniently dealt with.
The Department of Agriculture has
never yet succeeded In impressing the
people with its reliability or intelligence
on anything directly connected with its
specialties, but It has earned some
praise from all humane individuals by
Its efforts to enforce the law compelling
railroads to feed, water and rest stock
en route from one state to another. The
law has been regarded as a dead letter
for so long that Its enforcement wHl
come as a surprise to the railroads that
have been disregarding It. Thousands
of dumb brutes have undergone fright
ful suffering by being kept In cars for
days. The law provides that after stock
has been In the cars for twenty-eight
hours It shall be unloaded, watered and
rested for five hours.
The hop market is 10 cents per pound
lower than it was a few months ago.
and there are still several thousand
bales remaining on hand In the state.
It Is extremely doubtful If the stocks
on hand would have been any smaller
had the price been 51 per pound instead
of 30 cents. The man who holds 30-cent
hops for higher prices Is the kind of a
gambler that should be plunging on the
cotton market when It shows a 100
polnt rise. No legitimate profit on a
transaction Is sufficient to meet the re
quirements of the Oregon speculators
.vho passed up the golden opportunity
to reap heavy returns on their hop crop.
Wireless telegraphy Is used in Chi
cago to flash the returns on the races
to a gambling outfit that Is doing busi
ness on a boat out in the lake. This is
undoubtedly a pretty quick method for
securing the results on the races. If
we are to believe the reports regarding
some race meetings held out In the
boundless West, wireless telegraphy Is
distanced badly In spreading the news,
for the results are sent to the gamblers
by letter or personal messenger the day
before the race Is run. There Is. of
course, always a chance that a horse
may drop dead, but It Is the gambler's
business to take chances,
The Russian Navy, but now accredit
ed third In effectiveness among the
great powers of the world, has literally
dwindled into nothingness. Its few
loyal ships that remain in home waters
have drawn their fires and practically
disarmed, and mutineers on ships In
the Black Sea have everything their
own way. Unable to control Its ships
at home, or win victories with them
In hostile waters, the Russian Admir
alty stands dazed and helpless before
the world. The spectacle would be a
pitiful one but for the fact that It rep
resents an Incident In the great march
of human liberty.
New York City will have several big
postofilce buildings In the near future.
One of the biggest of them will be prac
tically a part of the new Pennsylvania
Railroad station. The Government has
bought from the rallrond company a
site on Eighth avenue, between Thirty
first and Thirty-third streets, paying
$1,700,000 therefor. A building to cost
J5.000.000 Is projected. Another post
office building will be erected later
bearing a similar relation to the termi
nus of the New York Central" road. In
or near Forty-second street.
Mr. Harrlman Is reported to be con
sidering a proposition with H. E. Hunt
ington to establish a steamship line be
tween San Pedro and the Orient. If the
experience of the Harrlman steamship
lines out of Portland holds good farther
south. It Is a certainty that what the
railroad wizard requires more than
ports is ships to run In and out of them.
Submarine boats are a valuable de
vice In naval warfare; but they have an
unfortunate trick of sinking and stay
ing sunk with all on board. Not Ipng
ago an English submarine went down
to remain, and now a French vessel has
done the same thing. The submarine is
yet far from being, a manageable ma
chine. The total number of casualties for the
Fourth of July, so far as heard from,
59 deaths. 3169 Injured. We had a high
ly successful Fourth.
Last month St. Urban's Church, at
Troyes, France, was completed, the foun
dation having been laid 1S0O years ago.
In the time of Pope Urbanus. It required
16 centuries time to build this church,
but If It were located In Oklahoma a
cyclone could unbuild It In less than 15
seconds. Which goes to show that there
Is much more than orthographical differ
ence between raising and razing.
Heliograph Signals From Mt. Hood
Is It hot down there In the good old
What's the latest news from the Rus
How would you like to have some of
our snowball frappe?
Say. send us up a package of bearskin
overcoats and a stove.
Shut on that "Watch Tacoma Grow"
sign. It makes our mirrors look like
Can't you people ship us a few copies
of The Oregonian on board an airship?
Back numbers will do.
As the Governor of Enn See said to
the Governor of Ess See. It's a long time
between drinks. Our bait has run out.
Who Is the Secretary of War now? We
want to apply to him for transfer to a
warmer climate. The Philippines will do,
Beer Being Exempt.
A Portland man. whose name Is with-
ncia IOr Iam,l a?on- recently sorc
off. He discovered that he had been
drinking too much. His tongue had ac
quired that habitual dark brown taste o
mornings, and his pocketbook had begun
to feel like the stomach of an ocean ten
derfoot after three days of seasickness.
So he took the pledge but this Is how
he did It. the document being duly signed
Know all men by ths presents:
Whereas, the undersigned for sundry nr
esters hath been a cheerful Idiot, looking
frequently upon the wine when It Is red.
whm It glveth Its color In the goblet: and
Whereas, the aforesaid undersigned hath
dallied from Mm to time with the whisky.
straight, the Ionic toddy, the cocktalt and
th highball, each and several of which- hath
netl's fire skinned for devllIshneAs; and
Whereas1, the Identical aforesaid undersigned
lj of opinion that whoso l deceived thereby
Is not wise, but should be consigned to the
house inhabited by the bug: therefore, be
Resolved. That from this day forward the
same identical aforesaid undersigned shall ab
stain from all intoxicating beverages; and
Resolved. That lager beer is not an intoxi
cating bverage in the sense and meaning of
Let Us Cnrneglzc Arkansas.
usnire s .Magazine publishes a, map
showing the Cameglzatlon of the United
States In the matter of public libraries,
The number of dots on the map of each
state represents the number of Carnegie
free libraries in the state. Beginning
with Plymouth Rock, at the eastern
shore of Massachusetts, the dots make
almost a solid black streak clear to the
western edge of Iowa and the full depth
of the states of Massachusetts, New
York. New Jersey. Pennsylvania. Ohio,
Indiana. Illinois and Iowa. Missouri
looks considerably whiter, and most of
the black belt in the solid South Is nearly
white so far as the dots go. Kansas Is
pockmarked and Colorado looks as
I though It has the measles, but Is get
ting over the attack. There Is just one
dot in Utah, though from the nature of
things It would seem that there should
be a plurality. Nevada shares single
blessedness with Utah, but California,
seems to have married as many as Brig
ham Young did. Oregon has just two
Carnegie dots. Rhode Island apparently
Isn't big enough, on the map. to put a
j dot In. and Arkansas Is the only other
state that shows a clean slate. Why Is
It that there are no Carnegie libraries In
Arkansas? Is It because the people down
there read nothing except that eternal
and ubiquitous train butcher's book, con
cering a slow train traveling through
Arkansas? Or Is It because Jeff Davis
regards Andrew Carnegie as the Only
and Original Octopus and will have hone
of him? The world stands still while
Arkansas prepares her reply.
Uncle Robert's Kssnj-s.
NO. 6 MEASLES.
Measles are a mighty pesky thing to
have in the family. Some linguistic pur
ists maintain that measles are singular,
but I never heard of a person having
only one measle. Usually they are ex
ceedingly plural. When they take pos
session of a household there Is always
enough of them to go around, with plen
ty left over to give to the. neighbors. Al
most anybody will take measles; though,
paradoxical as It seems, nobody seem?
to want them. But when you once get
them, the more measles you have the
better It Is for your health, according to
the doctors. It Is the business of the
doctors' to bring the measles out of the
owner and distribute them as evenly as
possible over the surface. If the measles
refuse to come out you are liable to be
come a mighty sick man. When you
take measles It Is the best plan to take
all of them that you can accommodate.
If you don't happen to have enough of
them .to suit your case, the doctors will
give you something to make them come
out on the palms of your feet and the
sjlcs of your hands, and if you take your
medicine according to directions, you
will Imagine that the measles have
broken out on your Immortal soul. You
will feel very measly for a few days,
but you will be all right If you don't
take cold. Then, after you have enjoyed
your measles for a while, you can give
them to your brother, when he comes
to see you. and he can take them and
give them to his wife and children. Most'
children have a very taking way about
them when it comes Jo measles. If the
children take the measles to school they
are apt to be very generous, giving them
to all their playmates. There Is nothing
In this world that makes people so gen
erous in giving as measles. No matter
how stingy and grouchy a person may
be In other things, he Is always gener
ous with his measles. In 'the matter of
measles It Is better to give than to re
ceive. ROBERTUS LOVE.
A Few rallndromcs.
"It Is a fascinating occupation." said
a philologist, "to search the language
for palindromes. A palindrome Is a
word that reads the same backward as
forward. Rotator, for instance, is a
palindrome. Several hundred of these
strange words are tabulated, and new
ones are continually turning up in the
English tongue. If you can find one
send It to the Palindrome Society of
"I can rattle off extempore a dozen or
two palindromes. Thus:
"Bab. refer, bib. Anna, tot, bob, peep,
civic, toot, dad. madam, deed, pup, dei
fied sees dewed tat did, shahs, eve,
reviver, ewe. rotator, gog pop gig,
gas, redder, level, noon. Otto, sexes."
THE VERDICT IN THE MITCHELL CASE
Variety of Comment From the NortBTret Xeivapapem or the Trial of
the Oregon Senator.
Srmpathy Did Not Connt.
Mr. Heney In his closing remarks ripped
the silly, sympathetic pleas of Bennett
and Thurston Into shreds. The defense In
the Mitchell case from the beginning. In
stead of depending upon the merits of
their case, resorted to childish tecnnicau-
tles and sympathetic dodges that should
be beneath men of their reputation.
In Accord With the Testimony.
Baker City Democrat.
Senator Mitchell's conviction came like
a thunderbolt out of a clear sky to thou
sands of people In Oregon who could not
see It possible that a Jury could bring in
such a verdlcct against the aged senator.
notwithstanding the evidence clearly indi
cated that such a result would follow If
the jury cast aside sentiment. AH must
concede that the verdict was in accord
ance with the testimony, however much
all regret the embarrassing and humiliat
ing situation. There Is not a citizen or
Oregon but feels the blow that has come
to lt3 senior representative In Congress.
'The Only Verdict Possible.
Grant's Pass Observer.
The trial was thi most Important one
that has ever come before the courts of
Oregon, owing to the high position held
by the defendant. The evidence sub
mitted by the prosecution was thorough
and ImDOssIble to get away from, tne
defense made no attempt to refuse, or
even to weaken, the evidence against the
defendant, and depended entirely upon
elahorate anneals to the sympathy or tne
lury In behalf of an old man represented
to have dona great service for tne state.
The Jury of Intelligent farmers was not
carried away by the sophistry of counsel
tnr the defense, and. under oalti to oe
guided by the evidence, brought in the
only verdict that was possmie unaer me
"Whitewashing" Theory Exploded.
The rumor, which seemed to gain a
great deal of credence in Portland, that
the trial of Senator Mitchell was nothing
more or less than a farce for the purpose
of "whitewashing" the aged Senator, has
been exploded. In view of the testimony
offered by the prosecution without any at
tempt on Mitchell's part to make a de
fense. It could hardly be expected that the
jury. If It meant to find a verdict In ac
cordance with the evidence, could return
anything; but a verdict of guilty. It Is
evident that Mitchell's great hope of es-
caDlne- nunlshment lay In the sympathies
of the Judge and jury, for the venerable
politician, who has. spent so many years
in nubile service, surely presents a piti
able spectacle, as a convicted prisoner at
the bar of justice at the very time In life
when tranquillity and repose are most
dear to any man.
Impartial Administration of Law.
Three years ago It would have been de
rlared imnossible to convict such a man as
Mitchell for breaking such a law as that
under which he has been tried. It would
have been felt that no jury would bring In
a verdict against a man occupying such
an Influential position, even If the case
But the camcaign that has been con
ducted by the Government has Inspired
the neoDle everywhere with nope tor im
partial administration of the law In all
cases. In all walks of life people have
pondered the problem deeply: they have
seen the necessity for enforcing the law
against high and low alike', and so it has
come about that juries are ready to con
vlct a United States Senator if the case
be nroven to their satisfaction. There
fore, howsoever much we may deplore the
fall of a man like Senator Mitchell. It Is
a source of encouragement to find that a
sentiment has been aroused which renders
It possible to secure a verdict against a
man occupying a high position as well as
to convict a humble offender.
31 r. Heney a Great Lawyer.
The conviction of United States Senator
John H- Mitchell for his part In the Ore
gon kind frauds Is a victory for good gov
ernment. The Importance of It to the
Northwest. If the jury's verdict is sus
tained on the appeal that will doubtless
he taken, can hardly be overestimated.
It means the end of the thieving that has
robbed the people of this country of mil
lions of acres of valuable public lands.
It means the doom of many others even
more guilty than the aged and Infirm Sen
ator from Oregon. It means a greet ad
vance in the enforcement of law and In
public honesty all over the country.
This first conviction in a long series of
trials now about to open will nerve the
Government's arm and make easier the
conviction of the men who have fattened
on th thefts. Great credit Is due to the
1 prosecutor chosen by President Roosevelt
for the work. Mr. Heney nas snown nim
self In the Mitchell case a great lawyer.
He knows how to conduct a criminal trial
without belittling his case by personal
vituperation and rancor.
The Cloe, a Crown of Disgrace.
The verdict In the case of Senator
Mitchell, of. Oregon, will surprise no
one who has followed from the begin
ning the history of the case and the
It Is true that the aged Senator has
had a strong hold on the people of nls
state. Doubtless this indl?ates the in
ner ffuoue sirenB
mat quality oi minu : r
makes popularity. Senator Mitchell has
represented Oregon In the Inlle l
ataies ncnaie iui n pci.uu . j-....
Some of It has been valuable In a ma
terial way to his commonwealth. He
has grown old. gray and bent with
years In political service. The close Is a
crown of disgrace and infamy.
Of the Justice of It few can entertain
a shadow of a doubt. A grafter has
been caught and convicted. That the
grafter has arrived at years that should
be crowned with honers Instead of dis
grace Is pitiable. But It cannot be
helped. All men are equal before the j
law. Senator Mitchell must account?
before the law for his own acts. The In
cident will have a wholesome effect on
Principles Greater Than Any Man.
The conviction of Senator Mitchell
for accepting fees for services per
formed, while Senator, before the Land
Office of the Department of the In
terior. Is another strong Indication that
these are evil days for the grafters,
htgn or low. There will be sympathy
for the aged man. in his terrible fall,
from a position of the highest respect
among men, to the very door of the
prison. There may be a general desire
for clemency, owing to age and his
long and useful public service. But
there are none to condone the offensej
he knew the law. The verdict will tend
to give the skeptical more faith In the
efficacy of American courts as dispen
sers of justice: will tend to show that,
after all. evidence counts with a Jury
even though opposed by the strongest,
most artful and emotional appeals to
sympathy. The recommendation of
clemency Is simply a recognition of the
fact that Mitchell's disgrace will be
almost a sufficient punishment and also
a concession to his gray hairs. The fall
of Senator Mitchell is sad to contem
plate; but the principles involved are
greater than any man.
Few Thought Conviction Probable.
La Grande Observer.
The people of the state who have kent
posted on the evidence In the Mitchell
case know full well that he is guilty, yet
In view of the strong partisan feeling, few
mousnt a conviction probable. The re
sult Is certainly complimentary to- our
state, for when the people reach so low
a plane that those in high authority can
escape pumsnmeni although guilty. It Is
dangerous ground. This conviction will
do more to raise the standard of morals
in this state among the present generation
tnan anything that has happened for
His Disgrace Complete.
( Bellingham Herald.
Poor old Senator Mitchell! What tvthn
in the dramatic ending of his useful pub
lic career! But a few months ago he was
regaratd as one of the first statesmen of
America. And now! Not all of mi.
Ilant usccesses. not all of the favors he
has done for the pecole of Oregon ran
atone for one act of his declining years.
which ougnt to have been crowned with
honor. If not with great works. He will
probably not be given a penitentiary sen-
icnce no one hopes that he will but
without It his disgrace is comnletc Th
ore In public life today many men of less
udiiuj man he who commit crimes much
more grave than his. and who escape un
punished, but his punishment is none the
Trial W ill Have Good Results.
Astoria Daily News.
However, despite the sorrow that at:
will feel at the termination of Spnatnr
Mitchell's public career, the verdict of
the jury will be regarded with satis
faction for ihe reason that it Indicates
tnat proper punishment Is in store for
the persons who have been implicated in
the extensive land frauds in the West.
Of all the criminals, the thief Is worst,
and the man who steals from the public
is more deserving of censure than the
ordinary burglar. If the outcome of the
Mitchell case will have the effect of. con
victing the land thieves, the trial will
not have been without Its beneficial re
sults. The people of Oregon want to see
the whole of the pack, of thieves landed
behind the bars, where they belong.
Tears for Mitchell.
While the jury has found Senator
Mitchell guilty and the verdict has gone
out to the Nation that one of Its biggest
men has been convicted, there yet lin
gers In the hearts of most Oregonlans
a tendency to forgive the misdemeanor
which the Government has persisted so
In punishing. Though a new trial has
been asked for. the case. In the opinion
of the Government. Is probably settled,
and though It may be In the courts until
the expiration of his term of office 21
months hence. Senator Mitchell will
doubtless never be cleared of his guilt
In the Federal courts and will never be
permitted to hold a Federal office again.
But. as In the case of Lord Bacon,
used so effectively by Mr. Heney, the
so-called crime will be forgotten by the
people of Oregon.
Case of Pathetic Interest.
The prosecution by the Government
of Senator J. H. Mitchell, of Portland,
for complicity In such frauds has been
of much pathetic interest. The trial has
been devoid of dramatic incidents, but
it has been most tragic In its wider Im
plications. The only evIJence adduced
in the aged Senator's favor seems to bo
the Irrelevant instances where he re
fused remuneration for services ren
dered constituents in Washington. No
one who has read, the stenographic re
ports of the case can doubt the rotten
ness of much In some places nearer
home than Denmark. One who has had
some experience In court reporting can
not refrain from unqualified praise for
the work of the stenographer who has
reported this case for The Portland
Other Senators Said to Be Guiltj.
Salem Capital Journal.
There Is profound sympathy for Sen
ator Mitchell all over Oregon, now that
he has been found guilty by a Jury at
For two years the Government secret
service men have followed on his trail
and pursued the methods of the Rus
sian spies and detectives.
The old man. In his simplicity
trusted his partner and private secre
tary to protect him in his hour of
What law partnership, or even busi
ness partnership, does not contain
transactions that could be construed
Into guilt with such witnesses, under
threats of conviction and promises of
reward and Immunity?
The charge of practicing before the
departments for pay is one that can b
brought against many Senators.
What would become of men like De
pew and Piatt, of New York. If that
law is enforced? And scores of other
The Journal does not believe in the
methods that are being employed by
the Government in some of these cases.
It believes the jurors are terrorized by
the press and the Government.
It is with profound sympathy and re
gret that we behold a Senator of the
United States under conviction in nis
TOth year, and we hope he may still get
a new trial and show that he is not
, as enacted.
. S i
.t,i &tlnn on that lt
the best we of Oregon can hope an!
Jury Was Human.
Baker City Herald.
Out of a mass of testimony, sharp legal
rounds and conflicting: arguments, the Jury
In the Senator Mitchell case remained un
moved by appeals to their passions or
prejudices and. keeping their minds con
verged on the bare facts in the case,
brought in a verdict of guilty as charged.
The jury was human, it was composed of
men who had long stood for the best that
there Is in Oregon, and who had helped
to build up the state to a thriving empire
from sagebrush plains and timber forests,
but they were human. And in the mo
ment of great power which a wise gov
ernment had conferred upon them they
remained human and forgot not their
brother man nor their God. Many of
them, perhaps, would have done different,
ly had It been a personal score which
thev were settling, but they diverged not
from the right as they saw It. and realiz
ing that they were representing the en
tire population of the State of Oregon,
they hewed direct to the line. But still
they were human and not a machine.
When they found the verdict of guilty
they knew that within the touch of the
telegraph wires of the state and Nation
were patiently waiting thousands of peo
ple ready to cry out In delight at the re
sult. The jury would gratify, perhaps,
more Insane delights by this verdict than
they could hope to accomplish again In
a lifetime. The jury was human, and as
the spirit of the minister goes out In sym
pathy to the saddened spirit of the rela
tive as he says the last sad rites over the
lifeless body, so the jury went out to the
people of Oregon and to Senator Mitchell,
and Instead of writing "rest in peace,"
they recommended him to the mercy of
the court, the Justice which we know is
blind and will pass sentence only after
the scales are carefully balanced.