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C Beckwith Special Agency New York; rooms -18-50 Tribune building. Chi cago. rooms 510-512 Tribune bulldlnr. KEPT ON SALE. Chicago Auditorium Annex, Poslolnc News Co., 17S Dearborn street. Dallas, Tex. Globe News Depot, SCO Main ctreeL San Antonio, Tex. Louis Book snd Cigar Co.. 521 East Houston street. Denver Julius Black. Hamilton & Kend rick, 806-812 Seventeenth utreet; Harry D. Ott, 1563 Broadway; Pratt Book Store. 12U Fifteenth street. Colorado Sprints, Colo. Howard II. Bell. Des Moines, la. Moses Jacobs, 300 Firth street. Duluth, la. Q. Blackburn. 215 West Su perior etreet. Goldflcld, Ncv. C Ifiione. gansaa City. 3s. RicKsecker Cigar Co.. Ninth and Walnut. Los Angeles Harry Drapkln; B. E. Amos, 514 West Seventh street. Minneapolis M. J. icavanaugh. 50 South Third. L. Regelsburger. 217 First aenu Eouth. Cleveland, O. James Pushaw. 307 Superior meet. New York City L. Jones & Co., Astor Bouse. Oakland. Cal. W. H. Johnston. Four teenth and Franklin streets. Otfden F. R. . 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The strength of the moral nature of Japan not having the support of any definite religious creed affords matter of surprise to the Western world. To the Western world's way of thinking It is a phenomenon, making it difficult to fathom the moral nature of Japan or to comprehend the basis of her patriotic spirit. Chiefly through Jewish culture, .de pendence of the Divine Power has passed into the mind and joul of the Western world. Japan is the only na tion that has ever dared to separate" religion wholly from government and morals from law. To the rest of the world, now for the first time becoming actually acquainted with Japan, it Is an astounding phenomenon. -Dr. A. B. Sherer. president of New berry College, who spent many of the years of his earlier life in Japan, makes thi? phenomenon the subject of a book; ! which, however, seems to be more ef fective In Its criticism of other writers than in affording a solution of a prob lem so surprising. It is a materialism, says- Dr. Sherer. which dominates Japan, and Marquis Ito is perhaps the best exponent of it. "1 myself look to science, knowledge, culture, as a suffi cient religion" that is his uttered creed. At times the attitude of the educa tional department has become so an tagonistic to Christianity as to threaten the violation of the constitution, which declares that "Japanese subjects shall, within limits not prejudicial to peace and order, and not antagonistic to their duties as subjects, enjoy freedom of re ligious belief." In 1899-1900 the Minis ter of Education issued an order directly-hostile to the numerous Christian schools, and the Vice-Minister declared that "while the constitution allows lib erty, to believe any religion, yet this does not necessarily mean liberty to propagate it." The Diet has since then passed an ordinance that makes it im possible for discriminations to be made against Christianity; but this doe? not alter the fact that the government edu cational system is conducted on thor oughly irreligious principles. Its atti tude is accurately expressed in the re cent utterance of a university profes sor: "We shall go to China in fact, we are already there with a harmoni ous blending of the best precepts in Buddhism. Confucianism, Bushido, Brahmanism. Herbert Spencer, Chris tianity, and other systems of thought, and we shall I think, have little trouble in awakening the naturally agnostic mind of the Chinese to the enlighten ment of modern free thought. We con fidently believe that It has been as signed to Japan to lead the world in this new intellectual era In the prog ress of mankind." Tet Dr. Scherer tells us that Japan 1s still a country where the word "lie" has no unpleasant associations what ever, not being a term of reproach, but rather implying a. jocular compliment. The commercial dishonesty of Japanese merchants has become a byword among the" nations of the world, and it is a serious hindrance to Oriental trade in striking contrast with China. Duplic ity of th'e most repulsive character Is often masked by the curious "Japanese smile." Social impurity Is as much a national, byword as commercial dishon esty; and as for deportment, "an of fensive, even nauseating, conceit often mars the grace of the popular manners. As for the other. Japan Is the only civ ilized government that deals in licensed prostitution as a source of revenue, and tolerates the sale of young girls by their parents under guise of regard for "filial piety." These are shocking 6tatements. If the world should find them even partially tue. there would be rapid abatement of the admiration which Japan has aroused by her remarkable energy and by her victories In war. The development. It Is said, has been Intel, lectual and material, not moral. Dr Sberer quotes a member of the Japan ese Judiciary as. saying: From a purely materialistic point. of view., the Japanese have absorbed more or 1ms all European civilization, but at the same time the process has been only superficial, and It cannot truthfully he stld that the nation as a whole has absorbed it or that they are civ lilted from a European point of view. There Is a void somewhere; that will have to be supplied by the Idealism of the West which has been entirely ignored by Japan, while the materialism has been successfully assim ilated. It therefore seems to me that If we take in the material civilization of Europe, we must also take in to counterbalance It the Idealism and spiritual soul. as it were, of Occidental enlightenment- Tho course of tuition will take place gradually. The mer chant, if they persist 'In their present prac tice, win inevitably lose their client, and it will then begin to dawn upon them that they must be honest to succeed In life in the proper sense of the term. Dr. Sherer cautions the world not to be carried avay by the admiration ex cited by superficial writers who have visited Japan -only since the present war. staying only a few weeks or months In the islands, or who have fol lowed In the wake of conquering ar mies. The question is. has Dr. Sherer apprehended Japan? Or Ib he more mistaken than the rest? WORSHIP OF THE EASY DOLLAR. There is a lot of suggestion and a lot of truth in this, which we take from the Independent (New York), June 29, viz: Wealth bulks bigger today than It did a century or two ago. and stealing that would have seemed attractive to the rascals of Washington' and Jefferson's day re hardly worth bothering about at present. In order to grow a crop of really luxuriant ra-eata In these days, the dung mtiK be squandered. It is a truism of twiology that a community al ways has as many criminals and paupers as it wlhrj and can afford to pay for. An Im poverished society can indulge in Inn few villains or only In little ones. The American Nation In rich, and New York City Is very rich. We have outgrown the small economies of Poor Richard's day. We are now able to maintain thieves as Wg In their way ax our millionaire and their flunkies. In fact, it has ceased to be good form to commit those petty thefts that are punlehed by hard labor In the State" Prison. Surely andf undoubtedly. Apply these principles to conditions in Portland. The "first families" consider everything their own. They have all the fran chises. Or, they have sold some of the franchises and have put the money Into their pockets, and they brag about it. Their organ will tell you that this is high finance. In fact, as the Independ ent says, "it has ceased to be good form to commit petty thefts." For what's the use? What's the use. when, you can sell out for six millions the streets of Portland, which you got for nothing by "working" the Common Council? There's high argument here, which your noble moralists, and your deep and tender pietists, will not fall to use to the uttermost: while they import re vival preachers and subsidize a'h "evan gelical" revival movement and "puff" It through their newspaper, to support conditions under which their "game of grab" may proceed. The Lord deljver us all from those who put on the garb of the Pharisees, and fall In with wor ship and cult of the easy dollar! These are not common pldkpockets. But it behooves the community to look out. HIGH. BROAD. OR I.OW CHURCHMEN. Into the controversy which has. un fortunately, arisen as to whether Dr. Lloyd was duly elected bishop coadju tor to the venerable Bishop B. Wistar Morris, at, the recent convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church In Oregon. The Oregonlan has no Intention of en tering. As the protest against Dr. Lloyd's election, published in this paper yesterday, is based on the contention that he is neither a "low" nor a "broad" churchman, with the implication that he is a "high" churchman as the real ground of objection, some explanation of the force of these mysterious adjec tives may be of service to the general reader unacquainted with the-definition of these shibboleths. All three terms are Importations from the mother church In England, but have been adopted In the American branch as short and handy descriptions of the three parties which, in spite of serious differences, all find shelter within the wide formularies and constitution of that church. In the dull and dead years of the sec ond half of the eighteenth century the Church of England was the home of that sporting parson .folding his rec tory or vicarage forW sake of the tithes on which he lived. Formality and coldness marked even the average clergy of the time. The spiritual life of his congregations suffered and the church was a form and symbol of re .liglon: that and little else. But other religious bodies spread In that great wave of religious revival led by the Wesleys and Whitfield, which was marked by religious earnestness-, based, in most of the "denominations," on the teaching of Calvin. Spreading then to many members of the Church of England, the new teach ing colored both the pulpit and the pew. The Bible rather than the church was upheld as the fountain of spiritual truth, as well as of forms of church government arid modes of worship. Ritual was despised, and a Scotch se verity and plainness was the leading note of the simple services. The church was purged, it Is true, but In the pro cess her hold on tradition and on his torical religion and on ancient forms and ceremonies was cut to ihe very ground. The Clapham sect, as the term went, flourished from 1800 to 1820. and became the "exemplar and the type of what Is called "low" .church. The teaching could hardly be distin guished from what fell In those days from Baptist. Congregational and Pres byterian ministers. The features of the worship, even of the doctrine, of the Anglican Church were suppressed If not abandoned. The earnestness and spir itual force of this movement crossed the Atlantic, and made an indelible mark on the American. branch, and are perpetuated in the "low" church bish ops, clergy and congregations holding on. in this country, still more strongly than In England, to the teaching and ritual of the English low church party. A revulsion from thespeclal tenets of this party broke out In the Oxford movement of 1833. of which Pusey, Newman and Keble were the leaders. The church was to these men and their followers the source of Inspiration, the guide of conduct. Return to early' tra ditions and uses, in life, teaching and worship was their ideal. The sacra ments of the church were replaced, and even set higher than in the estimate of the early fathers. The Reformation was no longer a starting point In a cleansed and purified religious, life, the term Protestant was disowned. A few, a very few, doctrines of the Roman Catholic Church were all that kept this whole party from returning to that an cient fold. From 1553 to 1S59 the Puseyltes, , as they were then styled, pushed their way to great Influence in the English Church. While in this revival the High Church party had Its origin, that party very shortly took on a special feature, which marks it to this day, and this on both sides of the Atlantic. Dr. Pusey strove to keep down the tendency fo a ritual that. In an attempted return to ancient modes, became a mere copy of Roman forms and ceremonies. But the younger men could not be held back, and from that time to this, there .has been shown a gradual dex'clopment. In which the dress of the high church clergy and the gorgeousncss and color of their services symbolize the claims of the holy church to absolute obedi ence on the part of her children and unquestioning acceptance of all tradi tional doctrine. Between the extreme adherents of these two great and diverging parties In 1847-S a large number of churchmen were found who were for applying the tests of reason and investigation to the doctrines and" practices of both. The heads of these inquirers were Frederick Denlson Maurice. Charles Klngsley and F. W. Robertson, the greatest of them all. In the strife and turmoil of doubt, and the abandonment of traditional faith, these men held fast to practical religion. Recognizing that true religion. In Its essence, demanded effort and self-sacrifice In aid of poor and oppressed m'en, they became the very heart of modern efforts to reach all classes, not by call ing to. but by going to live with and among them. Their spirit also has be come a powerful leaven in America as well as in England. The name "broad church" was applied first as a stigma signifying their stretching the bound aries of the church to take in all who named the name of Jesus, however varied their faith, however small the residue which " Inquiry' had left them. Maurice felt It deeply and protested, but the name stuck, as names will with solid facts behind them. It will be seen that the differences are very real. Yet these parties overlap. Many are found, nowadays, who call themselves Just churchmen, declining to be earmarked, disclaiming extremes on any side. But from these moderates, who can feel sympathy, and avoid quarrel with all In the church who be long to the great multitude of "average Christians" from this class the best administrators and overseers of the church in the world are taken. 1VITY FIRECRACKERS SO LOTD? When we grown-up folks were boys, firecrackers never made noise enough. Now they shake us up badly. Perhaps they hurt the nerves of the grown-up folks of those days,: in fact, we were told so. but we never could see how It was possible; therefore, we shall not believe It now. In those days the grown-up folks used to complain that the noise kept them from going to sleep the night before the Fourth of July, and woke them up at a cruel hour on the morning of Independ ence day. The complaint was unfound ed, for we boys fully investigated "it. Last night and early this morning, how ever, our slumbers were disturbed. The noises surely were louder than thov used to be. Boys nowadays are not so considerate as we were. Because the explosions are so much more violent, horses are more likely to run away. We grown-up folks know this Is a fact, because we now own horses. And buildings are more liable to catch fire. We know this, too. because houses are more valuable than they used to be; and we now own i houses. Women used to screech and their hus bands chased us boys with sticks. Those men we said we'd never vote for when we grew up. and we've kept our word. But our wives today don't have as good health as women twenty years ago. and their nerves can't stand as much. We had to drive away several boys last night and this morning. Worst of all, they "sasscd back." That's something we never did. We yelled at the men in those days, but only for fun. We said when we grew up we'd' buy firecrackers for all the boys In the neighborhood, but the cost is greater now, and. though 5 cents then looked as big as $5 now well, the firecrackers are noisier now. Twenty and thirty years ago we read about the Fourth of July. 1776. In our readers. Teachers said we ought to think more about his tory than firecrackers. We studied the history of independence day very hard; we remember because sometimes we "stayed In" after school to study it harder. But the boys- that "sassed" us this morning didn't know anything but firecrackers and they looked as if they never went to school. Things have changed very much tslnce we were boys. BANDIT REEF BARONS. "The Great Yellow Car. the Bandit of Commerce." was the title bestowed by Charles Edward Russell on the ve hicle which enabled the beef trust to stiflle all competition in the meat trade of the United States. This title made "a rather "catchy" figure of speech and expressed appropriately what that greatest of the beef trust's utilities was doing to legitimate commerce. But the real bandits of commerce were the men behind the yellow car. and for these bandits Indictments have been returned In Chicago. The bandit of the mountain pass. like his brother sailing under the black flag, when cornered or caught, never wishes to take his case into court. He declines to listen to the reading of warrants, re fufes to be arrested, and fights back with the most effective weapons he can command. This is exactly what the Chicago bandits of commerce are doing. In the old daj's the minions of the law. whenever they descended on the bandits and pirates who robbed their fellow-men. were met with a defense of cutlasses, blunderbusses and spears. Today the delicately adjusted machin ery of the law, engineered by special counsel, meets the demand for surren der and redress with the plea that the Indictment is faulty, a threat of injunc tion, etc. The bandits of the old days met the threats of punishment with grim faces and a rush to cover when they were not cornered and forced to fight. Today the bandits who own the yel low car laugh at the iv;ws that an out raged law is endeavoring to exact pen alties long overdue. This contempt or all laws of God or man Is not an evil of sudden growth. It Is a heritage of the past, and. were it possible to trace the pedigree of some of these trust mag nates and other disciples of high finance down through the mist of antiquity, their ancestors would be found sailing under the "Jolly Roger" or holding In nocent captives for ransom. The development of the "perfect crim inal." if such an expression is permissi ble. Is not achieved In a single .gener ation. It requires time to bring him to the high state of perfection where Tie" can laugh St the laws and treat with contempt those who make them. Per haps the most pernicious feature In the make-up of these modern lawbreakers lies In their asserted and accepted claims to respectability and virtue. Mr. Armour is reputed to be a Christian. He would hot "go out In a dark alley and hold up a man at the -point of a gun, -and go through'- his pockets, but his chief advisers would induce their understudies to pass the word on down the line to some lobbyist, who would see that the Armour money was placed where It would, be useful In the promo tion of legislation favorable to the beef trust. 'This dishonesty by proxy, which has its fountain-head in high places and trickles into low ones, is one of the most baneful Influences at work In our entire social system. The Immensely valuable street-car franchises '.which have fallen into the hands of our pluto crats were never paid for at more, than a fraction of their true value, because they were secured originally by skillful political manipulation, which- -differs from plain stealing only In name. City Councils. State Legislatures and the inner circles of great railroads were all reached by the great bandits of the yel low car. and yielded rich swag In the way of privileges, which were used to club opposition into submission. So po tent Is the "Influence" of these trust barons who laugh at Indictments that thej' can with ease impress fhelr views on men In high places. Commissioner Garfield, detailed by the President to make an examination of the books of the beef trust, found nothing wrong. Jn fact, he discovered that the poor packers were handling beef cattle at a profit of less than 51 per head. His error. If so mild a term may be used, was so flagrant that his report wasconsldered valueless, and the Gov ernment continued to push the Investi gation, with the result that Indictments have Anally been returned. It may be Lthat these modern bandits are safe In their mirth over the findings of the grand jury. If they are. there Is a graver peril facing the American peo ple than can. easily be comprehended. REMEDY FOR EXCLUSION TROUBLE. The best way to exclude Chinese la borers Is to stop them from embarking In China Instead of from disembarking In America. Don't let them come over the sea unless they can enter the United States, and then don't hold them up on this side. That Is the cure for the ex clusion trouble and the Chinese boy cott of American trade. With this end in view. President Roosevelt has In structed American Consuls in China to vise only certificates of Chinese who can enter and has ordered Immigration inspectors In the United States to stop holding up the bearers of the certifi cates. The effect of the President's order is to transfer examination of Chinese com ing to the United States to American Consuls and diplomats in China. All well enough; but responsibility Is there by divided between two departments of this Government and the outcome may not be satisfactory. A better way would be the stationing of American Immigration Inspectors in China to do this work intended for Consuls and to act in unison with the Inspectors in America. By this plan, a certificate issued to a Chinese by Inspectors on the cth'er side of the ocean would 'be ac cepted without question by the inspect ors on this .side. Thlsjs a matter for Congress. Having heard of the many cures of I consumption that have been effected In part by sleeping In tents, many people have adopted the practice of abandon ing their bedrooms and sleeping In tents on their lawns during the Summer. A large proportion of those who have taken to what they call the open-air cure forget that a tent can be made as close as a bedroom. Tents are usually smaller than bedrooms, and when the walls are fastened down and the flap is securely closed, there Is less oppor tunity for the admission of pure air than. In the average house. A bedroom with the windows open Is more health ful than a tightly-closed tent and those who take to tents for the Summer should look out for plenty of ventila tion. There is a slight thickening in the war cloud that has been hanging over Norway and Sweden for the past few days, and a Stockholm dispatch says that the Riksdag will place at the dis posal of the Swedish government $25, 000.000. to be used where It will do the most good In the present crisis. As a long-range suggestion. .It Is submitted that Sweden take the money and buy up Its neighbor or hire the population .to behave themselves for a stipulated time. Twenti'rflve millions in a com paratively small country -like Norway, ought to be disbursed so that there would not be much to fight over. - Wirelesa telegraphy Is being used on fast trains in the East with excellent results. Its general adoption for such purposes would undoubtedly prevent some trainwrecka. Up to date, how ever. It has not been perfected to a de gree where it will close open switches or mend rails which arc broken when the train strikes them. These are the two perils which litter up the right .of way -and cause loss of life, and attend ant payment of heavy damages. Now that stockholders of the Lewis and Clark Corporation seem In a fair way to get back part of their money, or all of it. or even more, spec ulators will start In to buy up the stock certificates. Three months ago the cer tificates could have been notfght for 5 cents on the dollar. Somebody has missed a chance to get rich quick. The Callfornians who are to climb Mount Hood next, week will not find that mountain so lofty as Mount Shas ta, but Its mantle of snow will be whiter and perhaps the visitors will pardon Oregonlans for calling Itssym metrles more graceful. When Russians change thelr-govern-ment they have to shed their blood. The Potemkln's crew, perhaps, have heard of a government which can be changed are termed anarchists. In America, re publicans or democrats. The Grant's Pass Herald complains that the city revenues are less than the expenditures and says that something must be done to place the city on a different financial basis. That's easy Increase the taxes. Panic on Russian Bourse. ST. PETERSBURG. July ' 3. The Bourse was almost in a state of panic today. Industrials, fall fctivil-. "OREGON OZONE Unnecessary Information. This Is the day wo celebrate! But what's the use to tell you? From early morn till night Is late You'll know It very well: you Will wish you were in foreign lands, Where Freedom's name is Dennis, And fireworks ne'er your heads and hands. . With dire destruction menace! Generally speaking, a person, who "takes his life In his own hands" Is more likely to take good care of It than If he entrusted It to a rank stranger. You can't tell how far a bullfrog can jump by hearing It bellow. .Some persons are born rich, but If they die In-infancy, what's the use? An Eye to Business. , The orator (after describing an af fecting Incident But, friends, let us draw a veil over the sad scene. Iky Elsenstelnbach Yah; veils is? cheap shoost now; I'll sell you von for, tour und a half cants a yart., The Punk Punster. SarcastlcvSmlth Biggs lost half his life by not marrying that pretty Miss Mlggs. The Punk Punster Yes: better half. The Homer Bassford, of Europe. Amongst the present visitors In Port land Ik Homer Bassford. one of the chief editors of that staid old journal, the St. Louis Republic, which Is only three years younger than tne Lewis and Clark oxpeJitlon. Tnere are two things of which Mr. Bassford 1 not ashamed that he can write a mighty Interesting magazine story and that he looks almost as much like Napo leon Bonapnrte as Napoleon did him self. As to this resemblance some good stories are told. S6me years ago Mr. Bassford was In New York, wnen along the street came the sole survivor of the battle of Waterloo. The tottering veteran be held the St. Louis journalist and paused. Lifting his hat. he bowed low, then gave the military salute and stood at attention. "My good man," began Bassford, feeling In hi& pocket, for the benevolent quarter, "here's a little " "Sire," said the old soldier of the legion, "It Is not money that I want; It Is Your Majesty'es blessing. Thede old eyes have not beheld you since that terrible day at Waterloo." But a really better ctory Is the one that Is told of an after-dinner affair in St. Louis. There was a banquet, and Mr. Bassford was on the list of speak ers. Wnen the toastmaster arose to present the distinguished journalist, he eald: "Gentlemen. It Is needless for me to tell you who Is the next speaker. It Is necessary, rather, for me to tell vou I who Napoloon Bonaparte was. Gentle- j men. Napoleon Bonaparte was the Ho mer Bassford of Europe!" The Piano in That Flat. Drat The .piano In that Flat'. That is what I think sometime3 When I'm buy writing rhymes In my den. And tnen Ten - Or twenty times a day Yea. Even more, I hear the roar Overhead, tne strident sounding Of my neighbor Daisy pounding On tho myriad keys of that Piano in the upper flat! Drat The piano in that Flat! Scat! At Times the most inopportune. When I woo the regnant rune, Wnen I'm apt To be wrapped In the robe of inspiration. And I've tapped. The fountain of the fire Divine, And mine Is the glow of exaltation, And I'm Just On the edge of great achievement. Then 1 must Suffer sore and sad bereavement; Then, By Hen! Overhead . . . The dread Din Starts In, With a tintinnabulation l That I'm -sure la born of tin! ! Great Creation! Well. 1 simply have to grin And endure It as I can That eruptive old tin pan. The piano In that Flat! Drat Th'e piano in that Flat!" Scat! At Times I'm wellnlgh driven crazy As I hear the murderous, mazy. Mangling of the notes by Dai3y! Yet I get Over It. you bet! And I may be happy yet; For when Daisy, tripping down Stairs to take a trip down town. Trips along before my window, I'm a Hindoo If she doesn't make my heart a sudden palpitation That I scorn the exaltation Of my art. And become Dumb As some Voiceless vagrant, for a crumb Pleading with his hungry eyesT What surprise. Hence What delight the seeing sense Finds In Daisy! What a hazy Mist before me floats, and fills All the atmosphere with thrills. And kills My sense of sorrow at The piano in that Flat! " ROBERTUS LOVE. - EDUCATORS SESSION, Industrial Training for Country Children Is Recommended. AS BURY PARK. N. J.. July 3. The 44th convention of the National Educa tional Association assembled here today for a session extending over five days. Today was taken up with the prelim inaries to the formal opening tonight. Miss Estelle Reel, superintendent of Indian schools, at Washington, spoke on "The Educational Policy of the Commis sioner on Indian Affairs." The National Council met In, the First Methodist Church. Lorenzo D. Harvey, of Menominee. Wis., presented a report of the committee on Industrial educa tion schools for rural communities. He said In the course of It: Is1 it possible that In almost every other line of human endeavor school. have been or ganized and are being: carried on to train men for law. for the ministry, for engineering, in fact for almost every department of tech nical labor, and that there ta no necessity for schools which shall specially train the farm er' boy and girl for their work upon the farm? It may be said that it Is not the business of the common schools to train mechanic?, nor to train farmers. That perhaiw may be conceded; but it is the business of the com mon hools to so train those attending them a to make theih more effective and resource ful in whatever line of work they may en ter. It Is the business of the rural schools, which give a larga majority of the rural school population, all the education they ever set In school, to definitely train these pupils with reference to their present environment; and this la reinforced by the fact that the major portion of these pupils, throngh the productive period of life, will be concerned with the activities Incident to country Ufa. Thl( committee does not heeltate to say that In its Judgment the rural schools, which train nearly one-half the school population of thto country, so far as school training goes, should definitely recognize the fact that tho major portion of those being trained will con tinue to live upon the farm; and that there fhould be specific, definite, technical train ing fitting them for the activities of farm life. Such schools will not make farmerj nor housekeepers, but they will interest boys and girls In farming and housekeeping and tho problems connected with these two Important vocations. The committee further believes, and does not hesitate to say. that a course of udy f named with the end In view here stated, furnishes a knowledge content of far greater valu to the country child than courses of study aa at present organized; and further, that the mental training Involved In the mas tery of tho cours' of study as modified by the introduction of the Industrial phases of education Is of a higher OMier than that re mitting from a mastery of the present courses of tudy. Dr. Charles M". Buchanan, superintend ent of the Tulallp (Wash.) School, said that the Indian schools should be better equipped. ARCHITECT GETS $10,000. Flat Price Paid for Idaho State house. BOISE. Idaho. July 3. (Special.) The Capitol Commission today closed the con tract with the architect for the plans and specifications for the new Statehouse. The commission decided to pas the archi tect a flat price instead of a commission. The figure agreed on was $10,000. Pay ment will be made as." the building pro gresses. It was decided that the architect should furnish the elevations and floor plans of the first building, and the working pluns in detail, and specifications on which the base contracts for the central part of the building, including the dome, which will be built first. The architects furnishing the plans and specifications will have nothing to do. with the letting of con tracts or the supervision of the work, the latter being entirely In charge of Superin tendent Herbert E. Quiglcy. PRIDE BEFOKE A FALL. 3Ien Who "Shot Up" Sumpter Brat: and Are Arr.qst.cdv SUMPTER, July 3. George Duncan and G. C. ' Carter, th'e two young men who "shot up" Snmpter almos't two weeks ago, and who were arrested at La Grande this week, have been returned here and given a preliminary examination before Justice George Allen. The latter held them in bonds to the Circuit Court. The two men before being taken at La Grande boasted on the streets that they had shot up the town of Sumpter. and this, with their Identification by parties acquainted with them, led to their arrest. The young men were taken to Baker City this after noon, and will be confined In the County Jail under $2000 bonds each until their trial at the term of the Circuit Court.. MAXWELL MINE CLOSES. Large Property Idle on Account of Lack of Smelter. BAKER CITY. Or.. July 3.-(Speclal.) The Maxwell mine on Rock Creek closed down today. AH the men were dis charged and most of them have come to the city. The management announce that the property will He Idle until such time as a smelter shall have ben erect ed In Baker or until transportation rates on ore." shall have been reduced so they can ship their product somewhere at a profit. Such ores as they have will not come within the scope of such reduction methpds as the mine has at present. The Maxwell Is one of the oldest and best known properties m this section. BIG RAILROAD MAX COMING A. B. Stlckney, of Chicago Great Western, on Way to Fair. SAN FRANCISCO. July 3. (Special. ) A. B. Stlckney. of St. Paul, president of the Chicago Great Western road, better known as the Maple Leaf Line, has ar rived in San Francisco In his private car. Accompanying him are Mrs. Stlck ney. Dr. and Mrs. Haldor Sneve and Mr. and Mrs. G. W. Wattles, of Omaha. Mrs. Sneve Is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Stlckney. From here the visitors will depart for Portland within a few days. President Stlckney Is known In the world of railroad affairs as the greatest rate disturber In the business. Shot Through Tent. LEWISTON. Idaho, July 3 (Special.) George Deschamps was hrought to the city today from the Thlessen sheep camp, which Is 15 miles east of Pierce, where he- was accidentally shot by Fred Stevens, a sheepherder in the employ of J. D. C. Thlessen- Deschamps Hvos at Lake Waha. and went to that country from here Saturday, and had Just arrived In camp. Stevens was In a tent examining a 3S-55 Marlln rifle, when It was acci dentally discharged, the ball passing through the tent and striking Deschamps. who was but ten feet away. The ball went through the right leg. shattering the femur bone. Funeral of James C. , Graham. VANCOUVER. Wash.. July 3. (Spe cial.) The funeral of James C. Graham, who died last Saturday night at his home on Kauffman avenue, this plate, was held teJay at the Methodist Church, of which congregation he was a member. Several weeks ago Mr. Graham was stricken with a third stroke of paralysis, and since that time has been confined to his home. Sign Lloyd. Protest. ASTORIA. Or.. July 3. (Special.) AH the delegates who represented Grace Church of this city, at the annual con vention of the Episcopal Church recently held In Portland, have signed a protest to the House of Bishops against the con firmation of Rev. F. E. J. Lloyd as bishop coadjutor of this diocese. SEPARATION BILL PASSED. i Chamber Finally Turns the French Catholic Church Loose. PARIS. July 3. The bill for the separa-N tion of church and state passed the Cham ber o Deputies late tonisht by the. de cisive vote of 342 to 233. . . " The result was greeted by governmental applause and opposition hisses. There was much excitement. " ' Chinese Boycott Pyln Out. LONDON. July 3. The correspondent of the Times at Pekln says: "The, Boxer In demnity question has been settled. All the powcra have signed a note accepting China's proposal to consider the indemnity as a gold instead of a silver debt. "The movement for the boycotting of American goods is subsiding, owing- to the action of the authorities, whose desire to prevent the impairment of American good will ls sincere." Kuyper's. Cabinet Resigns. THE HAGUE. July k3. The cabinet, headed by Dr. A. Kuyper (appointed July 31, 1001). has resigned. line resignation oi tne cabinet of tha Netherlands. Is due to the result of tha of ths recent election in Holland. The second chamber of the States General, according to the returns, will he mmmwdH j Ministerialists and 52 antl-Minlsterlallsts, maKins it necessary lor tne governmens to resign.) Boycott Declared on Straits. SELANGOR. Straits Settlement, July 3. The Chinese merchants here have unanimously resolved to boycott Ameri can manufactures, pending the repeal of the Chinese exclusion act. This com pletes the boycott by the whole of tha Chinese communities In the Straits Set tlements. Franco-American Celebration. CHERBOURG. July 3. Elaborate pre parations have been made for the Franco American festivities tomorrow. Including games between the French and American sailors, a concert and procession. The townspeople speak In high terms of the bearing of the American sailors. Lightning Destroys Ancient Church. DANTZiC. Germany. July 3. The im posing tower of St. Catherine's Church, built from 132S to 1330. was entirely de stroyed by lightning today. Some of tha 35 musical bells composing the chimes, which were cast In 1634, were melted. Fatal Hotel Fire In Rome. ROME, July 3. Fire caused by the ex plosion of benzine stored In an automobile garage In the center of the city, reached the fifth floor of a modern hotel adjoin ing th'e garage. Several persons are re ported to have perished. General Porter's Plans. PARIS. July 3. General Porter, senior spscial Ambassador of the United States, will sail for New York on the Hamburg American line steamer Deutachland. July 7. The General assumed the' duties of special Ambassador today. Rouvler Receives SIgsbce and Loomls PARIS, July 3. Premier Rouvler today received Rear-Admiral Sigabee and As sistant Secretary of State Loomls. LIMIT COMMISSION'S POWER International Fishery Conference on Coast .Matters Only. OLYMPIA. Wash., July 3. (Special.) The Canadian Commission soon to be ap pointed to confer with like Commissions from this country on fisheries questions, will have authority to Investigate and re port, only on Pacific Coast Fisheries, ac cording to a letter received by the Gov ernor today from R. Prefontaln. Canadian Minister of Marine and Fisheries. This decision has been reached on ac count of the urgency of Pacific Coast Fishery matters and the probability that the Inclusion of Eastern Fishery ques tions might cause a serious delay. Either Victoria or Olympla is suggested as the final meeting place for the purpose of discussing conditions and the most" feasible methods of reaching them. Tha Canadian Commission will be appointed within a few days and will meet In Vic toria at an early date to discuss Its final scheme of work. July Is suggested as the proper time for the commissions to carry on their conjoint Investigations ar that month Is the height of fishing sea son. Professor Marcus Wilson. NEW YORK. July 3. Professor Mar cus Wilson, teacher and author of nu merous school books, which have long been recognized as standard. Is dead at his home in Vlneland. N. J., "aged 93 years. He was born at West Stock bridge. Mass., In 1813. and was graduated at Union College In 1S36. For a while ha taught school and read law. In 1S41 he was admitted to the bar and practiced until attacked by bronchitis. From 1S43 to 1S53 he was president of the Cayuga Academy. In 1SS1. upon Its founding. th6 presidency of Vassar College was offered him. but rs he was engaged In literary work, he declined. Among his books aro "Mosaics of Bible History." "Wonderful Story of Old" and "Principles of Flnancr and Philosophy of Blmetalism." Declares for General Strike. CHICAGO. July 3. The convention ol the Industrial Unionists adopted today a preamble to the constitution. The pre amble declares for th general strike a3 the only means by which the interests of the working class can be upheld. "Only by an organization formed In such a way that all workers In an Indus try or in all industries will. If necessary, cease work in the event of a strike or lockout can the interests of labor be up held." says the clause. "Injury of on? Is the Injury of all." Ward Campbell, Newark, X. J. NEW YORK, July 3. Ward Campbell, president of the National Newark Bank ing Company and one of the best-known financial men In New Jersey. Is dead at Lake George. N. Y.. where he went to recuperate from Illness. He was receiver of the Middlesex County Bank, which was wrecked several years ago by defalcations of its cashier. Mr. Campbell was 55 years of age. Fatal Tralnwreck In Mexico. MEXICO CITY. July 3. The bridge on the Mexican Central Railroad at kilome ter 31". between Irapua and Silo, fell as the southbound passenger train was. pass ing early Sunday morning. The baggage and third clasp coach fell Into the river. Seven passengers were killed and 34 In jured. No first-class passengers were hurt. Tires of the Crank Church. PEORIA. III-. July 3. Rev. Lappin, of Atlanta, the pastor who conformed to the celebrated "crank" requirements of the Christian Church In thla city, has, after some weeks trial. Informed tha trustee? of the church that he does not want the position. Elevator Burned in Canada.' GOODRICH. Ont.. July 3. The. Goodrich Elevator :. Transit Company's elevator was destroyed by fire today. Loss, $200,-000.