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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (July 4, 1905)
THE 3I0RXTSG- OREGOyiAX, TUESDAY, JTTLT 4. 1905.
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PORTLAND. TUESDAY. JULY 4. 1905.
ANOTHER VIEW OF JAPAN.
The strength of the moral nature of
Japan not having the support of any
definite religious creed affords matter
of surprise to the Western world. To
the Western world's way of thinking
It is a phenomenon, making it difficult
to fathom the moral nature of Japan or
to comprehend the basis of her patriotic
Chiefly through Jewish culture, .de
pendence of the Divine Power has
passed into the mind and joul of the
Western world. Japan is the only na
tion that has ever dared to separate"
religion wholly from government and
morals from law. To the rest of the
world, now for the first time becoming
actually acquainted with Japan, it Is an
-Dr. A. B. Sherer. president of New
berry College, who spent many of the
years of his earlier life in Japan, makes
thi? phenomenon the subject of a book; !
which, however, seems to be more ef
fective In Its criticism of other writers
than in affording a solution of a prob
lem so surprising. It is a materialism,
says- Dr. Sherer. which dominates
Japan, and Marquis Ito is perhaps the
best exponent of it. "1 myself look to
science, knowledge, culture, as a suffi
cient religion" that is his uttered
At times the attitude of the educa
tional department has become so an
tagonistic to Christianity as to threaten
the violation of the constitution, which
declares that "Japanese subjects shall,
within limits not prejudicial to peace
and order, and not antagonistic to their
duties as subjects, enjoy freedom of re
ligious belief." In 1899-1900 the Minis
ter of Education issued an order directly-hostile
to the numerous Christian
schools, and the Vice-Minister declared
that "while the constitution allows lib
erty, to believe any religion, yet this
does not necessarily mean liberty to
propagate it." The Diet has since then
passed an ordinance that makes it im
possible for discriminations to be made
against Christianity; but this doe? not
alter the fact that the government edu
cational system is conducted on thor
oughly irreligious principles. Its atti
tude is accurately expressed in the re
cent utterance of a university profes
sor: "We shall go to China in fact,
we are already there with a harmoni
ous blending of the best precepts in
Buddhism. Confucianism, Bushido,
Brahmanism. Herbert Spencer, Chris
tianity, and other systems of thought,
and we shall I think, have little trouble
in awakening the naturally agnostic
mind of the Chinese to the enlighten
ment of modern free thought. We con
fidently believe that It has been as
signed to Japan to lead the world in
this new intellectual era In the prog
ress of mankind."
Tet Dr. Scherer tells us that Japan
1s still a country where the word "lie"
has no unpleasant associations what
ever, not being a term of reproach, but
rather implying a. jocular compliment.
The commercial dishonesty of Japanese
merchants has become a byword among
the" nations of the world, and it is a
serious hindrance to Oriental trade in
striking contrast with China. Duplic
ity of th'e most repulsive character Is
often masked by the curious "Japanese
smile." Social impurity Is as much a
national, byword as commercial dishon
esty; and as for deportment, "an of
fensive, even nauseating, conceit often
mars the grace of the popular manners.
As for the other. Japan Is the only civ
ilized government that deals in licensed
prostitution as a source of revenue, and
tolerates the sale of young girls by
their parents under guise of regard for
"filial piety." These are shocking
If the world should find them even
partially tue. there would be rapid
abatement of the admiration which
Japan has aroused by her remarkable
energy and by her victories In war. The
development. It Is said, has been Intel,
lectual and material, not moral. Dr
Sberer quotes a member of the Japan
ese Judiciary as. saying:
From a purely materialistic point. of view.,
the Japanese have absorbed more or 1ms all
European civilization, but at the same time
the process has been only superficial, and It
cannot truthfully he stld that the nation as
a whole has absorbed it or that they are civ
lilted from a European point of view. There
Is a void somewhere; that will have to be
supplied by the Idealism of the West which
has been entirely ignored by Japan, while
the materialism has been successfully assim
ilated. It therefore seems to me that If we
take in the material civilization of Europe,
we must also take in to counterbalance It
the Idealism and spiritual soul. as it were,
of Occidental enlightenment- Tho course of
tuition will take place gradually. The mer
chant, if they persist 'In their present prac
tice, win inevitably lose their client, and
it will then begin to dawn upon them that
they must be honest to succeed In life in the
proper sense of the term.
Dr. Sherer cautions the world not to
be carried avay by the admiration ex
cited by superficial writers who have
visited Japan -only since the present
war. staying only a few weeks or
months In the islands, or who have fol
lowed In the wake of conquering ar
mies. The question is. has Dr. Sherer
apprehended Japan? Or Ib he more
mistaken than the rest?
WORSHIP OF THE EASY DOLLAR.
There is a lot of suggestion and a lot
of truth in this, which we take from
the Independent (New York), June 29,
Wealth bulks bigger today than It did a
century or two ago. and stealing that would
have seemed attractive to the rascals of
Washington' and Jefferson's day re hardly
worth bothering about at present. In order
to grow a crop of really luxuriant ra-eata In
these days, the dung mtiK be squandered. It
is a truism of twiology that a community al
ways has as many criminals and paupers as
it wlhrj and can afford to pay for. An Im
poverished society can indulge in Inn few
villains or only In little ones. The American
Nation In rich, and New York City Is very
rich. We have outgrown the small economies
of Poor Richard's day. We are now able to
maintain thieves as Wg In their way ax our
millionaire and their flunkies. In fact, it has
ceased to be good form to commit those petty
thefts that are punlehed by hard labor In the
Surely andf undoubtedly. Apply these
principles to conditions in Portland.
The "first families" consider everything
their own. They have all the fran
chises. Or, they have sold some of the
franchises and have put the money Into
their pockets, and they brag about it.
Their organ will tell you that this is
high finance. In fact, as the Independ
ent says, "it has ceased to be good form
to commit petty thefts." For what's
the use? What's the use. when, you can
sell out for six millions the streets of
Portland, which you got for nothing
by "working" the Common Council?
There's high argument here, which
your noble moralists, and your deep
and tender pietists, will not fall to use
to the uttermost: while they import re
vival preachers and subsidize a'h "evan
gelical" revival movement and "puff"
It through their newspaper, to support
conditions under which their "game of
grab" may proceed. The Lord deljver
us all from those who put on the garb
of the Pharisees, and fall In with wor
ship and cult of the easy dollar!
These are not common pldkpockets.
But it behooves the community to look
HIGH. BROAD. OR I.OW CHURCHMEN.
Into the controversy which has. un
fortunately, arisen as to whether Dr.
Lloyd was duly elected bishop coadju
tor to the venerable Bishop B. Wistar
Morris, at, the recent convention of the
Protestant Episcopal Church In Oregon.
The Oregonlan has no Intention of en
tering. As the protest against Dr.
Lloyd's election, published in this paper
yesterday, is based on the contention
that he is neither a "low" nor a "broad"
churchman, with the implication that
he is a "high" churchman as the real
ground of objection, some explanation
of the force of these mysterious adjec
tives may be of service to the general
reader unacquainted with the-definition
of these shibboleths.
All three terms are Importations from
the mother church In England, but have
been adopted In the American branch
as short and handy descriptions of the
three parties which, in spite of serious
differences, all find shelter within the
wide formularies and constitution of
In the dull and dead years of the sec
ond half of the eighteenth century the
Church of England was the home of
that sporting parson .folding his rec
tory or vicarage forW sake of the
tithes on which he lived. Formality
and coldness marked even the average
clergy of the time. The spiritual life of
his congregations suffered and the
church was a form and symbol of re
.liglon: that and little else. But other
religious bodies spread In that great
wave of religious revival led by the
Wesleys and Whitfield, which was
marked by religious earnestness-, based,
in most of the "denominations," on the
teaching of Calvin.
Spreading then to many members of
the Church of England, the new teach
ing colored both the pulpit and the pew.
The Bible rather than the church was
upheld as the fountain of spiritual
truth, as well as of forms of church
government arid modes of worship.
Ritual was despised, and a Scotch se
verity and plainness was the leading
note of the simple services. The church
was purged, it Is true, but In the pro
cess her hold on tradition and on his
torical religion and on ancient forms
and ceremonies was cut to ihe very
ground. The Clapham sect, as the term
went, flourished from 1800 to 1820. and
became the "exemplar and the type of
what Is called "low" .church.
The teaching could hardly be distin
guished from what fell In those days
from Baptist. Congregational and Pres
byterian ministers. The features of the
worship, even of the doctrine, of the
Anglican Church were suppressed If not
abandoned. The earnestness and spir
itual force of this movement crossed
the Atlantic, and made an indelible
mark on the American. branch, and are
perpetuated in the "low" church bish
ops, clergy and congregations holding
on. in this country, still more strongly
than In England, to the teaching and
ritual of the English low church party.
A revulsion from thespeclal tenets of
this party broke out In the Oxford
movement of 1833. of which Pusey,
Newman and Keble were the leaders.
The church was to these men and their
followers the source of Inspiration, the
guide of conduct. Return to early' tra
ditions and uses, in life, teaching and
worship was their ideal. The sacra
ments of the church were replaced, and
even set higher than in the estimate of
the early fathers. The Reformation
was no longer a starting point In a
cleansed and purified religious, life, the
term Protestant was disowned. A few,
a very few, doctrines of the Roman
Catholic Church were all that kept this
whole party from returning to that an
From 1553 to 1S59 the Puseyltes, , as
they were then styled, pushed their
way to great Influence in the English
Church. While in this revival the High
Church party had Its origin, that party
very shortly took on a special feature,
which marks it to this day, and this on
both sides of the Atlantic. Dr. Pusey
strove to keep down the tendency fo a
ritual that. In an attempted return to
ancient modes, became a mere copy of
Roman forms and ceremonies. But the
younger men could not be held back,
and from that time to this, there .has
been shown a gradual dex'clopment. In
which the dress of the high church
clergy and the gorgeousncss and color
of their services symbolize the claims
of the holy church to absolute obedi
ence on the part of her children and
unquestioning acceptance of all tradi
Between the extreme adherents of
these two great and diverging parties
In 1847-S a large number of churchmen
were found who were for applying the
tests of reason and investigation to the
doctrines and" practices of both. The
heads of these inquirers were Frederick
Denlson Maurice. Charles Klngsley and
F. W. Robertson, the greatest of them
all. In the strife and turmoil of doubt,
and the abandonment of traditional
faith, these men held fast to practical
Recognizing that true religion. In Its
essence, demanded effort and self-sacrifice
In aid of poor and oppressed m'en,
they became the very heart of modern
efforts to reach all classes, not by call
ing to. but by going to live with and
among them. Their spirit also has be
come a powerful leaven in America as
well as in England. The name "broad
church" was applied first as a stigma
signifying their stretching the bound
aries of the church to take in all who
named the name of Jesus, however
varied their faith, however small the
residue which " Inquiry' had left them.
Maurice felt It deeply and protested,
but the name stuck, as names will with
solid facts behind them.
It will be seen that the differences are
very real. Yet these parties overlap.
Many are found, nowadays, who call
themselves Just churchmen, declining to
be earmarked, disclaiming extremes on
any side. But from these moderates,
who can feel sympathy, and avoid
quarrel with all In the church who be
long to the great multitude of "average
Christians" from this class the best
administrators and overseers of the
church in the world are taken.
1VITY FIRECRACKERS SO LOTD?
When we grown-up folks were boys,
firecrackers never made noise enough.
Now they shake us up badly. Perhaps
they hurt the nerves of the grown-up
folks of those days,: in fact, we were
told so. but we never could see how It
was possible; therefore, we shall not
believe It now.
In those days the grown-up folks used
to complain that the noise kept them
from going to sleep the night before the
Fourth of July, and woke them up at a
cruel hour on the morning of Independ
ence day. The complaint was unfound
ed, for we boys fully investigated "it.
Last night and early this morning, how
ever, our slumbers were disturbed. The
noises surely were louder than thov
used to be. Boys nowadays are not so
considerate as we were.
Because the explosions are so much
more violent, horses are more likely to
run away. We grown-up folks know
this Is a fact, because we now own
horses. And buildings are more liable
to catch fire. We know this, too.
because houses are more valuable than
they used to be; and we now own
Women used to screech and their hus
bands chased us boys with sticks.
Those men we said we'd never vote for
when we grew up. and we've kept our
word. But our wives today don't have
as good health as women twenty years
ago. and their nerves can't stand as
much. We had to drive away several
boys last night and this morning.
Worst of all, they "sasscd back." That's
something we never did. We yelled at
the men in those days, but only for fun.
We said when we grew up we'd' buy
firecrackers for all the boys In the
neighborhood, but the cost is greater
now, and. though 5 cents then looked
as big as $5 now well, the firecrackers
are noisier now. Twenty and thirty
years ago we read about the Fourth of
July. 1776. In our readers. Teachers
said we ought to think more about his
tory than firecrackers. We studied the
history of independence day very hard;
we remember because sometimes we
"stayed In" after school to study it
harder. But the boys- that "sassed" us
this morning didn't know anything but
firecrackers and they looked as if they
never went to school.
Things have changed very much tslnce
we were boys.
BANDIT REEF BARONS.
"The Great Yellow Car. the Bandit
of Commerce." was the title bestowed
by Charles Edward Russell on the ve
hicle which enabled the beef trust to
stiflle all competition in the meat trade
of the United States. This title made "a
rather "catchy" figure of speech and
expressed appropriately what that
greatest of the beef trust's utilities was
doing to legitimate commerce. But the
real bandits of commerce were the men
behind the yellow car. and for these
bandits Indictments have been returned
The bandit of the mountain pass. like
his brother sailing under the black flag,
when cornered or caught, never wishes
to take his case into court. He declines
to listen to the reading of warrants, re
fufes to be arrested, and fights back
with the most effective weapons he can
command. This is exactly what the
Chicago bandits of commerce are doing.
In the old daj's the minions of the
law. whenever they descended on the
bandits and pirates who robbed their
fellow-men. were met with a defense of
cutlasses, blunderbusses and spears.
Today the delicately adjusted machin
ery of the law, engineered by special
counsel, meets the demand for surren
der and redress with the plea that the
Indictment is faulty, a threat of injunc
tion, etc. The bandits of the old days
met the threats of punishment with
grim faces and a rush to cover when
they were not cornered and forced to
Today the bandits who own the yel
low car laugh at the iv;ws that an out
raged law is endeavoring to exact pen
alties long overdue. This contempt or
all laws of God or man Is not an evil of
sudden growth. It Is a heritage of the
past, and. were it possible to trace the
pedigree of some of these trust mag
nates and other disciples of high finance
down through the mist of antiquity,
their ancestors would be found sailing
under the "Jolly Roger" or holding In
nocent captives for ransom.
The development of the "perfect crim
inal." if such an expression is permissi
ble. Is not achieved In a single .gener
ation. It requires time to bring him to
the high state of perfection where Tie"
can laugh St the laws and treat with
contempt those who make them. Per
haps the most pernicious feature In the
make-up of these modern lawbreakers
lies In their asserted and accepted
claims to respectability and virtue. Mr.
Armour is reputed to be a Christian.
He would hot "go out In a dark alley
and hold up a man at the -point of a
gun, -and go through'- his pockets, but
his chief advisers would induce their
understudies to pass the word on down
the line to some lobbyist, who would
see that the Armour money was placed
where It would, be useful In the promo
tion of legislation favorable to the beef
'This dishonesty by proxy, which has
its fountain-head in high places and
trickles into low ones, is one of the
most baneful Influences at work In our
entire social system. The Immensely
valuable street-car franchises '.which
have fallen into the hands of our pluto
crats were never paid for at more, than
a fraction of their true value, because
they were secured originally by skillful
political manipulation, which- -differs
from plain stealing only In name. City
Councils. State Legislatures and the
inner circles of great railroads were all
reached by the great bandits of the yel
low car. and yielded rich swag In the
way of privileges, which were used to
club opposition into submission. So po
tent Is the "Influence" of these trust
barons who laugh at Indictments that
thej' can with ease impress fhelr views
on men In high places.
Commissioner Garfield, detailed by
the President to make an examination
of the books of the beef trust, found
nothing wrong. Jn fact, he discovered
that the poor packers were handling
beef cattle at a profit of less than 51 per
head. His error. If so mild a term may
be used, was so flagrant that his report
wasconsldered valueless, and the Gov
ernment continued to push the Investi
gation, with the result that Indictments
have Anally been returned. It may be
Lthat these modern bandits are safe In
their mirth over the findings of the
grand jury. If they are. there Is a
graver peril facing the American peo
ple than can. easily be comprehended.
REMEDY FOR EXCLUSION TROUBLE.
The best way to exclude Chinese la
borers Is to stop them from embarking
In China Instead of from disembarking
In America. Don't let them come over
the sea unless they can enter the United
States, and then don't hold them up on
this side. That Is the cure for the ex
clusion trouble and the Chinese boy
cott of American trade. With this end
in view. President Roosevelt has In
structed American Consuls in China to
vise only certificates of Chinese who
can enter and has ordered Immigration
inspectors In the United States to stop
holding up the bearers of the certifi
cates. The effect of the President's order is
to transfer examination of Chinese com
ing to the United States to American
Consuls and diplomats in China. All
well enough; but responsibility Is there
by divided between two departments of
this Government and the outcome may
not be satisfactory. A better way
would be the stationing of American
Immigration Inspectors in China to
do this work intended for Consuls and
to act in unison with the Inspectors in
America. By this plan, a certificate
issued to a Chinese by Inspectors on
the cth'er side of the ocean would 'be ac
cepted without question by the inspect
ors on this .side. Thlsjs a matter for
Having heard of the many cures of
I consumption that have been effected In
part by sleeping In tents, many people
have adopted the practice of abandon
ing their bedrooms and sleeping In tents
on their lawns during the Summer. A
large proportion of those who have
taken to what they call the open-air
cure forget that a tent can be made as
close as a bedroom. Tents are usually
smaller than bedrooms, and when the
walls are fastened down and the flap
is securely closed, there Is less oppor
tunity for the admission of pure air
than. In the average house. A bedroom
with the windows open Is more health
ful than a tightly-closed tent and those
who take to tents for the Summer
should look out for plenty of ventila
tion. There is a slight thickening in the
war cloud that has been hanging over
Norway and Sweden for the past few
days, and a Stockholm dispatch says
that the Riksdag will place at the dis
posal of the Swedish government $25,
000.000. to be used where It will do the
most good In the present crisis. As a
long-range suggestion. .It Is submitted
that Sweden take the money and buy
up Its neighbor or hire the population
.to behave themselves for a stipulated
time. Twenti'rflve millions in a com
paratively small country -like Norway,
ought to be disbursed so that there
would not be much to fight over. -
Wirelesa telegraphy Is being used on
fast trains in the East with excellent
results. Its general adoption for such
purposes would undoubtedly prevent
some trainwrecka. Up to date, how
ever. It has not been perfected to a de
gree where it will close open switches
or mend rails which arc broken when
the train strikes them. These are the
two perils which litter up the right .of
way -and cause loss of life, and attend
ant payment of heavy damages.
Now that stockholders of the Lewis
and Clark Corporation seem In a
fair way to get back part of their
money, or all of it. or even more, spec
ulators will start In to buy up the stock
certificates. Three months ago the cer
tificates could have been notfght for 5
cents on the dollar. Somebody has
missed a chance to get rich quick.
The Callfornians who are to climb
Mount Hood next, week will not find
that mountain so lofty as Mount Shas
ta, but Its mantle of snow will be
whiter and perhaps the visitors will
pardon Oregonlans for calling Itssym
metrles more graceful.
When Russians change thelr-govern-ment
they have to shed their blood. The
Potemkln's crew, perhaps, have heard
of a government which can be changed
are termed anarchists. In America, re
publicans or democrats.
The Grant's Pass Herald complains
that the city revenues are less than the
expenditures and says that something
must be done to place the city on a
different financial basis. That's easy
Increase the taxes.
Panic on Russian Bourse.
ST. PETERSBURG. July ' 3. The
Bourse was almost in a state of panic
today. Industrials, fall fctivil-.
This Is the day wo celebrate!
But what's the use to tell you?
From early morn till night Is late
You'll know It very well: you
Will wish you were in foreign lands,
Where Freedom's name is Dennis,
And fireworks ne'er your heads and
With dire destruction menace!
Generally speaking, a person, who
"takes his life In his own hands" Is
more likely to take good care of It
than If he entrusted It to a rank
You can't tell how far a bullfrog
can jump by hearing It bellow.
.Some persons are born rich, but If
they die In-infancy, what's the use?
An Eye to Business. ,
The orator (after describing an af
fecting Incident But, friends, let us
draw a veil over the sad scene.
Iky Elsenstelnbach Yah; veils is?
cheap shoost now; I'll sell you von for,
tour und a half cants a yart.,
The Punk Punster.
SarcastlcvSmlth Biggs lost half his
life by not marrying that pretty Miss
The Punk Punster Yes: better half.
The Homer Bassford, of Europe.
Amongst the present visitors In Port
land Ik Homer Bassford. one of the
chief editors of that staid old journal,
the St. Louis Republic, which Is only
three years younger than tne Lewis
and Clark oxpeJitlon. Tnere are two
things of which Mr. Bassford 1 not
ashamed that he can write a mighty
Interesting magazine story and that
he looks almost as much like Napo
leon Bonapnrte as Napoleon did him
self. As to this resemblance some
good stories are told.
S6me years ago Mr. Bassford was In
New York, wnen along the street came
the sole survivor of the battle of
Waterloo. The tottering veteran be
held the St. Louis journalist and
paused. Lifting his hat. he bowed low,
then gave the military salute and stood
"My good man," began Bassford,
feeling In hi& pocket, for the benevolent
quarter, "here's a little "
"Sire," said the old soldier of the
legion, "It Is not money that I want;
It Is Your Majesty'es blessing. Thede
old eyes have not beheld you since
that terrible day at Waterloo."
But a really better ctory Is the one
that Is told of an after-dinner affair in
St. Louis. There was a banquet, and
Mr. Bassford was on the list of speak
ers. Wnen the toastmaster arose to
present the distinguished journalist, he
"Gentlemen. It Is needless for me to
tell you who Is the next speaker. It Is
necessary, rather, for me to tell vou
I who Napoloon Bonaparte was. Gentle-
j men. Napoleon Bonaparte was the Ho
mer Bassford of Europe!"
The Piano in That Flat.
The .piano In that
That is what I think sometime3
I'm buy writing rhymes
In my den.
Or twenty times a day
Yea. Even more,
I hear the roar
Overhead, tne strident sounding
Of my neighbor Daisy pounding
On tho myriad keys of that
Piano in the upper flat!
The piano in that
Times the most inopportune.
When I woo the regnant rune,
Wnen I'm apt
To be wrapped
In the robe of inspiration.
And I've tapped.
The fountain of the fire
Is the glow of exaltation,
And I'm Just
On the edge of great achievement.
Then 1 must
Suffer sore and sad bereavement;
Overhead . . .
With a tintinnabulation
l That I'm -sure la born of tin!
! Great Creation!
Well. 1 simply have to grin
And endure It as I can
That eruptive old tin pan.
The piano In that
Th'e piano in that
Times I'm wellnlgh driven crazy
As I hear the murderous, mazy.
Mangling of the notes by Dai3y!
Over It. you bet!
And I may be happy yet;
For when Daisy, tripping down
Stairs to take a trip down town.
Trips along before my window,
I'm a Hindoo
If she doesn't make my heart
a sudden palpitation
That I scorn the exaltation
Of my art.
Voiceless vagrant, for a crumb
Pleading with his hungry eyesT
What delight the seeing sense
Finds In Daisy!
What a hazy
Mist before me floats, and fills
All the atmosphere with thrills.
My sense of sorrow at
The piano in that
- EDUCATORS SESSION,
Industrial Training for Country
Children Is Recommended.
AS BURY PARK. N. J.. July 3. The
44th convention of the National Educa
tional Association assembled here today
for a session extending over five days.
Today was taken up with the prelim
inaries to the formal opening tonight.
Miss Estelle Reel, superintendent of
Indian schools, at Washington, spoke on
"The Educational Policy of the Commis
sioner on Indian Affairs."
The National Council met In, the First
Methodist Church. Lorenzo D. Harvey,
of Menominee. Wis., presented a report
of the committee on Industrial educa
tion schools for rural communities. He
said In the course of It:
Is1 it possible that In almost every other
line of human endeavor school. have been or
ganized and are being: carried on to train
men for law. for the ministry, for engineering,
in fact for almost every department of tech
nical labor, and that there ta no necessity for
schools which shall specially train the farm
er' boy and girl for their work upon the
It may be said that it Is not the business
of the common schools to train mechanic?,
nor to train farmers. That perhaiw may be
conceded; but it is the business of the com
mon hools to so train those attending them
a to make theih more effective and resource
ful in whatever line of work they may en
ter. It Is the business of the rural schools,
which give a larga majority of the rural
school population, all the education they ever
set In school, to definitely train these pupils
with reference to their present environment;
and this la reinforced by the fact that the
major portion of these pupils, throngh the
productive period of life, will be concerned
with the activities Incident to country Ufa.
Thl( committee does not heeltate to say
that In its Judgment the rural schools, which
train nearly one-half the school population of
thto country, so far as school training goes,
should definitely recognize the fact that tho
major portion of those being trained will con
tinue to live upon the farm; and that there
fhould be specific, definite, technical train
ing fitting them for the activities of farm
life. Such schools will not make farmerj nor
housekeepers, but they will interest boys and
girls In farming and housekeeping and tho
problems connected with these two Important
The committee further believes, and does
not hesitate to say. that a course of udy
f named with the end In view here stated,
furnishes a knowledge content of far greater
valu to the country child than courses of
study aa at present organized; and further,
that the mental training Involved In the mas
tery of tho cours' of study as modified by
the introduction of the Industrial phases of
education Is of a higher OMier than that re
mitting from a mastery of the present courses
Dr. Charles M". Buchanan, superintend
ent of the Tulallp (Wash.) School, said
that the Indian schools should be better
ARCHITECT GETS $10,000.
Flat Price Paid for Idaho State
house. BOISE. Idaho. July 3. (Special.) The
Capitol Commission today closed the con
tract with the architect for the plans and
specifications for the new Statehouse.
The commission decided to pas the archi
tect a flat price instead of a commission.
The figure agreed on was $10,000. Pay
ment will be made as." the building pro
gresses. It was decided that the architect should
furnish the elevations and floor plans of
the first building, and the working pluns
in detail, and specifications on which the
base contracts for the central part of the
building, including the dome, which will
be built first. The architects furnishing
the plans and specifications will have
nothing to do. with the letting of con
tracts or the supervision of the work, the
latter being entirely In charge of Superin
tendent Herbert E. Quiglcy.
PRIDE BEFOKE A FALL.
3Ien Who "Shot Up" Sumpter Brat:
and Are Arr.qst.cdv
SUMPTER, July 3. George Duncan and
G. C. ' Carter, th'e two young men who
"shot up" Snmpter almos't two weeks ago,
and who were arrested at La Grande
this week, have been returned here and
given a preliminary examination before
Justice George Allen. The latter held
them in bonds to the Circuit Court. The
two men before being taken at La Grande
boasted on the streets that they had shot
up the town of Sumpter. and this, with
their Identification by parties acquainted
with them, led to their arrest. The young
men were taken to Baker City this after
noon, and will be confined In the County
Jail under $2000 bonds each until their
trial at the term of the Circuit Court..
MAXWELL MINE CLOSES.
Large Property Idle on Account of
Lack of Smelter.
BAKER CITY. Or.. July 3.-(Speclal.)
The Maxwell mine on Rock Creek closed
down today. AH the men were dis
charged and most of them have come to
the city. The management announce
that the property will He Idle until such
time as a smelter shall have ben erect
ed In Baker or until transportation rates
on ore." shall have been reduced so they
can ship their product somewhere at a
profit. Such ores as they have will not
come within the scope of such reduction
methpds as the mine has at present.
The Maxwell Is one of the oldest and
best known properties m this section.
BIG RAILROAD MAX COMING
A. B. Stlckney, of Chicago Great
Western, on Way to Fair.
SAN FRANCISCO. July 3. (Special. )
A. B. Stlckney. of St. Paul, president of
the Chicago Great Western road, better
known as the Maple Leaf Line, has ar
rived in San Francisco In his private
car. Accompanying him are Mrs. Stlck
ney. Dr. and Mrs. Haldor Sneve and Mr.
and Mrs. G. W. Wattles, of Omaha. Mrs.
Sneve Is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs.
Stlckney. From here the visitors will
depart for Portland within a few days.
President Stlckney Is known In the
world of railroad affairs as the greatest
rate disturber In the business.
Shot Through Tent.
LEWISTON. Idaho, July 3 (Special.)
George Deschamps was hrought to the
city today from the Thlessen sheep camp,
which Is 15 miles east of Pierce, where
he- was accidentally shot by Fred Stevens,
a sheepherder in the employ of J. D. C.
Thlessen- Deschamps Hvos at Lake
Waha. and went to that country from
here Saturday, and had Just arrived In
camp. Stevens was In a tent examining
a 3S-55 Marlln rifle, when It was acci
dentally discharged, the ball passing
through the tent and striking Deschamps.
who was but ten feet away. The ball
went through the right leg. shattering the
Funeral of James C. , Graham.
VANCOUVER. Wash.. July 3. (Spe
cial.) The funeral of James C. Graham,
who died last Saturday night at his home
on Kauffman avenue, this plate, was
held teJay at the Methodist Church, of
which congregation he was a member.
Several weeks ago Mr. Graham was
stricken with a third stroke of paralysis,
and since that time has been confined to
Sign Lloyd. Protest.
ASTORIA. Or.. July 3. (Special.) AH
the delegates who represented Grace
Church of this city, at the annual con
vention of the Episcopal Church recently
held In Portland, have signed a protest
to the House of Bishops against the con
firmation of Rev. F. E. J. Lloyd as
bishop coadjutor of this diocese.
SEPARATION BILL PASSED.
Chamber Finally Turns the French
Catholic Church Loose.
PARIS. July 3. The bill for the separa-N
tion of church and state passed the Cham
ber o Deputies late tonisht by the. de
cisive vote of 342 to 233. . . "
The result was greeted by governmental
applause and opposition hisses. There was
much excitement. " '
Chinese Boycott Pyln Out.
LONDON. July 3. The correspondent of
the Times at Pekln says: "The, Boxer In
demnity question has been settled. All
the powcra have signed a note accepting
China's proposal to consider the indemnity
as a gold instead of a silver debt.
"The movement for the boycotting of
American goods is subsiding, owing- to the
action of the authorities, whose desire to
prevent the impairment of American good
will ls sincere."
Kuyper's. Cabinet Resigns.
THE HAGUE. July k3. The cabinet,
headed by Dr. A. Kuyper (appointed July
31, 1001). has resigned.
line resignation oi tne cabinet of tha
Netherlands. Is due to the result of tha
recent election in Holland. The second
chamber of the States General, according
to the returns, will he mmmwdH j
Ministerialists and 52 antl-Minlsterlallsts,
maKins it necessary lor tne governmens
Boycott Declared on Straits.
SELANGOR. Straits Settlement, July
3. The Chinese merchants here have
unanimously resolved to boycott Ameri
can manufactures, pending the repeal
of the Chinese exclusion act. This com
pletes the boycott by the whole of tha
Chinese communities In the Straits Set
tlements. Franco-American Celebration.
CHERBOURG. July 3. Elaborate pre
parations have been made for the Franco
American festivities tomorrow. Including
games between the French and American
sailors, a concert and procession. The
townspeople speak In high terms of the
bearing of the American sailors.
Lightning Destroys Ancient Church.
DANTZiC. Germany. July 3. The im
posing tower of St. Catherine's Church,
built from 132S to 1330. was entirely de
stroyed by lightning today. Some of tha
35 musical bells composing the chimes,
which were cast In 1634, were melted.
Fatal Hotel Fire In Rome.
ROME, July 3. Fire caused by the ex
plosion of benzine stored In an automobile
garage In the center of the city, reached
the fifth floor of a modern hotel adjoin
ing th'e garage. Several persons are re
ported to have perished.
General Porter's Plans.
PARIS. July 3. General Porter, senior
spscial Ambassador of the United States,
will sail for New York on the Hamburg
American line steamer Deutachland. July
7. The General assumed the' duties of
special Ambassador today.
Rouvler Receives SIgsbce and Loomls
PARIS, July 3. Premier Rouvler today
received Rear-Admiral Sigabee and As
sistant Secretary of State Loomls.
LIMIT COMMISSION'S POWER
International Fishery Conference on
Coast .Matters Only.
OLYMPIA. Wash., July 3. (Special.)
The Canadian Commission soon to be ap
pointed to confer with like Commissions
from this country on fisheries questions,
will have authority to Investigate and re
port, only on Pacific Coast Fisheries, ac
cording to a letter received by the Gov
ernor today from R. Prefontaln. Canadian
Minister of Marine and Fisheries.
This decision has been reached on ac
count of the urgency of Pacific Coast
Fishery matters and the probability that
the Inclusion of Eastern Fishery ques
tions might cause a serious delay.
Either Victoria or Olympla is suggested
as the final meeting place for the purpose
of discussing conditions and the most"
feasible methods of reaching them. Tha
Canadian Commission will be appointed
within a few days and will meet In Vic
toria at an early date to discuss Its final
scheme of work. July Is suggested as
the proper time for the commissions to
carry on their conjoint Investigations ar
that month Is the height of fishing sea
son. Professor Marcus Wilson.
NEW YORK. July 3. Professor Mar
cus Wilson, teacher and author of nu
merous school books, which have long
been recognized as standard. Is dead at
his home in Vlneland. N. J., "aged 93
years. He was born at West Stock
bridge. Mass., In 1813. and was graduated
at Union College In 1S36. For a while ha
taught school and read law. In 1S41 he
was admitted to the bar and practiced
until attacked by bronchitis. From 1S43
to 1S53 he was president of the Cayuga
Academy. In 1SS1. upon Its founding. th6
presidency of Vassar College was offered
him. but rs he was engaged In literary
work, he declined. Among his books aro
"Mosaics of Bible History." "Wonderful
Story of Old" and "Principles of Flnancr
and Philosophy of Blmetalism."
Declares for General Strike.
CHICAGO. July 3. The convention ol
the Industrial Unionists adopted today
a preamble to the constitution. The pre
amble declares for th general strike a3
the only means by which the interests of
the working class can be upheld.
"Only by an organization formed In
such a way that all workers In an Indus
try or in all industries will. If necessary,
cease work in the event of a strike or
lockout can the interests of labor be up
held." says the clause. "Injury of on?
Is the Injury of all."
Ward Campbell, Newark, X. J.
NEW YORK, July 3. Ward Campbell,
president of the National Newark Bank
ing Company and one of the best-known
financial men In New Jersey. Is dead at
Lake George. N. Y.. where he went to
recuperate from Illness. He was receiver
of the Middlesex County Bank, which was
wrecked several years ago by defalcations
of its cashier. Mr. Campbell was 55 years
Fatal Tralnwreck In Mexico.
MEXICO CITY. July 3. The bridge on
the Mexican Central Railroad at kilome
ter 31". between Irapua and Silo, fell as
the southbound passenger train was. pass
ing early Sunday morning. The baggage
and third clasp coach fell Into the river.
Seven passengers were killed and 34 In
jured. No first-class passengers were
Tires of the Crank Church.
PEORIA. III-. July 3. Rev. Lappin,
of Atlanta, the pastor who conformed to
the celebrated "crank" requirements of
the Christian Church In thla city, has,
after some weeks trial. Informed tha
trustee? of the church that he does not
want the position.
Elevator Burned in Canada.'
GOODRICH. Ont.. July 3. The. Goodrich
Elevator :. Transit Company's elevator
was destroyed by fire today. Loss, $200,-000.