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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (May 31, 1905)
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T .-fkE MOANING OBEGOKTAK. . TI1?ES1X4X 31, 190&7
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RTLAND, WEDNESDAY. MAY 31. 1003.
"DIPLOMACY" AND ITS FRUITS".
he triumph of diplomacy," of
Sich Russia was "boasting two years
5rAvn.en oy a species or immorality in
International politics, unknown in re
cent time.";, she forced her way Into
Manchuria and took Port Arthur from
Japan, has been followed by retribution
on a scale exceeding even the magni
tude of that outrage. Russia's over
throw at the hands of an antagonist
whom she heldln contempt and whom
she thought it safe to treat with ex
treme Indignity, Is so complete that
it is the opinion of the whole worl'd
that she can no longer continue the
war, but must make peace on "terms
dictated by Japan.
Recall the Infamy of the outrage In
order to note the completeness and jus
tice of the retribution. In consequence
of dispute between Japan and China
over their relations with Corea, war
ensued; and Japan, within a short time,
was completely victorious. The war was
ended by the treaty or Shlmonoseki, of
April 17, 1S95, which ceded the Liaotung
Peninsula to Japan. Within a month,
under .pressure and menace from Rus
sia. backed up by France and Ger
many. Japan was forced to withdraw
from Port Arthur and from all Man
churlan territory which had been ceded
to her. Then it was proclaimed from
St. Petersburg that Russia had scored
a prodigious diplomatic triumph. She
had forced Japan to yield the results
of her victorious war.
This, however, was but preliminary.
Further diplomatic achievement yet
awaited , Russian turpitude. She en
tered into secret negotiations with
China, and presently secured from
China a "lease amounting to permanent
cession of Port Arthur nd Tallenwan,
nowiDalny, and entered upon the mili
tary occupation of Manchuria, from
which she had barred" Japan. As a
pretext for this military occupation she
used :the so-called Boxer war, but, after
that affair had been settled, refused to
stlr-and treated with indifference the
requests of Japan to withdraw her ar
maments from the country, as she had
agreed to do.
The requests of Japan steadily be
came more insistent and soon rose to
positive demands. These Russia dis
dained even to answer. She could af
ford, she supposed, to treat the little
nation of brown men with contempt.
Japan made war.
Scarcely sixteen months have elapsed,
and Russia, Holy Russia, Mighty Rus
sia, is prostrate before the nation that
she believed she could rob with im
punity" and therefore despised. Now
she will be compelled to make peace on
terms to be dictated by Japan. She
will be forced to pay enormous indem
nity; she will not be allowed to main
tain military armament or naval force
on the Pacific; perhaps will be-com
pelled to yield even Vladivostok, or bej
compelled at least to dismantle-Its for
tifications and leave it an,open port foV
all inatlons. on equal terms.
Russia now wishes undoubtedly that
her fine diplomacy a few years ago had
not achieved so much. It has-been 'fol
lowed by defeat of arms as complete as
that-o France in 1S70. and even more
bitten for France knew she had. a
great;enemy, while Russia not merely
affected to despise "but did actually
despise her antagonist.
There .is retribution for wrongdoing,
as well for nations as for Individuals.
It wlirbe surprising if the time do not
(.ome-for punishment of France and
Germany, at the hands or Japan,- for
thelr'share In the outrage, of ten years
ago. -Japan will be the leader, in the
Orient:. she will rise to great power;
she will become the protector and di
rector ox, China and Corea, and will or
ganize and modernize their latent
forces. Both France and Germany may
yet be compelled to .get out of the Ori
ent Should it come to pass, Japan will
have both a" righteous and a complete
revenge. France especially .eerves
the blow; lor she aggravated the rig-
is&l offense by, -lCQpilng .the ally of j
Ruhi, and through her O'rJentM 'ports'
has rendered ajd and comfort Hussla
in the nresent war.
We believe the rise of 'japan and her
victory over Kuia will furnish a new
startIngpoInt for history. With the
hegemony of the Orient' ;ln the ''hands
of this vigorous nation, '.what may not
be expected even within the-'present J
century? All negotiation ahout .affairs
in Eastern Asia henceforth "will be car
riedon through Japan, or w."jLh her-participation.
TJIE POLITICAL-ASPECTS. .
The Democrats, ? Portland and' of
Oregon know that-' the present electoral
contest In Portland is1 nofvonly a jiofit
icai contest in itself, but .also that fts
result, will have strong influence and
bearing on future political contests In"
the state This is the reason why Dem
ocrats of Portland are so active and.
busy,for Lane. It Is the reason why
Democrats -of Salem. Eugene, Rose
burg and other towns are sending
money to a id. Line's campaign.
These facts cut the ground from, tin
der the assumption of Republicans who.
as "citizens." are saying that neither 1
politics nor party appears In thls'cbn- '
test, and that theymay as well, 2here--
fore, vote for Democrats as fpr- Republicans.-
There is 'no man of candid
judgment who will not acknowledge
that election oT Lane at this time
would greatly .advance the fortunes of
the Democratic party of r the state. It
certainly would be a mighty heip to
George Chamberlain and to the Demo
cratic party next year. If there'ls no
need of drawing the party line In elec
tion of a Mayor of .Portland, there .is
no need or doing. It in election of any
official in the state. Bat Democrats
do belieVe in drawing the party Jlne;
and that Is the reason why they noml
n'ated Lane, and . it Is the reason why
Democrats throughout the state are do
ing all they can to help him.
Dr. Edgar P. Hill Is for Lane. That
is b'ecause of his Intense personal
hatred of Williams. But suppose any
Catholic clergyman should declare for
Williams or for 'Lane, and roar arid'
exhort and give the- word of command
to voters, as Hill does, what a storm
would follow! However, no Catholic
clergyman will ' do anything of that
kind; No Protestant clergyman ought,
either. Wise churchmen wish the
church kep't out of politics. . And party
'and politics are in the electjohi'df Mayor
of Portland, or never will be in any
election In Oregon.
BIO BANKS AND LITTLE BANKS.
The political bankln'g syndicate that
seeks to run Portland hopes to Juggle
the public finances so that all city de
posits shall be handled by It. A char
teramendment carrying into effect this
pretty plan is to be voted, on next Mon-.
day. This proposed amendment was
rushed through the- Legislature "under
the able guidance of the syndicate's
personal legislative agents at the cap
ital; and now the banks hope to ob
scure their real purpose so that the'
people will indorse It at the polls.
In a nutshell, the charter amendment
is this: The el. funds are to be de
posited with banks 'that offer as se
curity City of Portland bonds, orxstate,
county, government or approved "rail
way 'and' other bonds. If Portland
"bonds are offered as security, the bank
must deposit with the City Treasurer
the exact equivalent at market -quotations
of'the amount received from the
city; if other bonds are offered, their,
market value .must-, be 25 per cent
greater than the amount of he city
funds. Now It Is well understood
that the big banks "have on
hand a larce amount of local
street railway bonds, which they 1
propose to turn over to the city as se
curity for deposits. The little banks,
which have few or none of these bonds,
must either buy them or- Invest In
bonds which It is not profitable for
them to carry. They do not want to be
forced in this way tomake such In
vestments, on the one hand, or to have
the present equitable arrangement for
distribution of the city funds disturbed.
on the other. Naturally they 'object,,!
and their objection has all the greater
weight, inasmuch as they say the city
will lose about $14,000 per annum in
terest now paid by t them.
U it is a nne scneme ior tne Dig oanks
the political banking syndicate to
swallow the little banks. It is, too, an
excellent illustration of the way the
political banking syndicate ha"s always
jobbejji the state and the city, and now
It proposes to job Its competitors..
COMMERCIAL ASPECTS OF THE VIC
TORY. The remarkable victory of Togo has
apparently spread the peace which fol
lows death over an extended area In
.the Orient. The victorious sweep of the
Japanese Admiral has removed prac
tically the last vestige of "Russian
power In Oriental waters. There be
ing no further field for speculation as
to what may be expected from the Rus
sians. It Is. again In order 'to turn to
the commercial aspects of the situation, j
and the trade developments of the next
few months will" be viewed with thel
keenest Interest. The war," which, for
the present at least, would seem to
have reached,- very close to the culmi
nating point, has presented a succes
sion, of surprises, and It may be that a
partial restoration of peace will also
bring with It surprises for the, commer
cial world. With a nation that has
been making, such rapid strides toward
a higher civilization.-no actor perform
ance can be gauged Jby the standard
of other nations.
It will accordingly be interesting to
note the recuperative, powers of the Mi
kadols people, now jhat there -Has been
an easing of the strain aijd the work
of rehabilitation must hegln. The war
against Russia has been carried, on at
a tremendous .cost. Japan, on account
of her" .limited population, suffEring' a.
much' greater loss per capita than was
suffered by the Russians, and it is a
question to what ie"Xte"rit this enormous
sacrifice of moneywjll now. hamperher
in the restoration- of commercial acjlv--j
ity. An Immediate cessation or all hos
tilities between Japan and Russia -j
wysuld -probably be accompanied by the
payment of a handsome indemnity to
Japan, and If this "result could be
brought-about the period of reconstruc
tion would commence atonce. But If
there is protracted haggling' over terms
or a continuation of what up ta the
present ime, has been & one-sided war,
the financial situation in Japan: will be
far from easynd 'trade, wllltsuffer in
consequence until time repairs the
breaches that have been made? In the
White thre miy he some uncertainty
jj 'about xthe Immediate future, so far as
the trade f Japan is cowcern that of
ChkML glaoukl exfcib& sa early Improve-
meht. For jhorfths"ali' trade wlh the
Far East has.heen seriously hampered
by the excessive and burdensome war
risks that have-been exacted by the In
surance companies. Removal from
the scene of the Russian-.fleet will leave
commerce with an open track once
more, and there will undoubtedly be
improvement in the trade with China.
-It r Is, of course, understood that,
no - .matter how seriously the war
roajr have Impaired the resources of
Japan, there will always he funds for
emergencies, and accordirigly-the jR'aste
of war will speedily be repaired. For
business or this nature, the Pacific
Coast ports are inthe best position to
profit, as we have the. goods of which
they stand "most in need. To repair the
burned bridges and. railroad tracks
enormous quantities of lumber and ties
wlH be needed, and a greater army than
was ever before massed In the Far East
must be fed and clothed.
Straitened financial, circumstances
-may prevent much expansion' in busi
ness In other lines for theUlme being
but expansion will certainly come in
due. season. The close of the awful
struggle wiJI find Japan In possession
of a" vast area of new territory, ripe
for exploitation, and. In thl develop
ment of that territory the United
States, by geographical location and by
reason of friendly relations existing be
tween the twp countries. Is In 'the best
possible position for profiting to the
fullest extent." This development may;
be deferred, hut it cannot be prevented,
and. when, it gathers full headway a
.trans-Pacific trade that will he the
.wefnder of the commercial world will
; 4H0MB MARKETS CHEAPEST.
Itjsnot at all clear that the deter
mination of the Panama Canal Com
missioners to purchase supplies for ca
nal, work In the "cheapest markets"
means; that these supplies will be pur
chased abroad. Most of the com--roent
directed against the Taft policy
regarding this work seems to be based
oh the assumption 'that the foreign
jrnarkets are the cheapest. This as
sumption Js not warranted by the'facts,
and at the Manufacturers' Convention,
held at .Atlanta a few days ago, D. M.
Parry, one of the most prominent fig
ures In the organization, .stated that
American goods can be purchased as
cheaply as those of foreign make, and
there Is no -discounting the fact that
better and more satisfactory materials
can be secured in this country-" At
the same time. Mr. Parry objects to
the'Taft policy, on .the grounds that it
Another prominent sreaker at the
Manufacturers' Convention entered a
vigorous protest - against the plan, on
the ground that .it :would advertise to
the world that supplies could be purchased-
cheaper in foreign countries
than they could at home, and in conse
quence the foreigners would cease buy
ing, from us If the statement of Mr.
Parry is true. and. with the possible
exception of ships. It undoubtedly Is
true, 'there Is no cause for uneasiness
on the part of American manufacturers
of supplies which will be needed In
canal construction. If American goods
"can be purchased as cheaply as the for
eign goods, and If they are. as Mr. Parry
assures us, "better and more satisfac
tory," there Is- no necessity for losing
sleep or wasting breath in argument
against the Taft policy, for the goods
will surely be purchased in this coun
try, and there will be nothing "un
American" In the transaction.
The foreigners who are now buying
American goods in such large quanti
ties have a pretty oomplete knowledge
of what they are getting, and what it is
costing them, and we will " not curtail
our export trade by doing a little buy-
ing on our own account In the "cheap
est markets." Mr. Wakeman, of the
Protective Tariff League, "does not
make the pretense that our foreign
trade is liable to suffer by thisalleged
exposure of weakness on our part His
patriotism, however, is akin to that of
Mr. Parry's, for he states that "for the
Isthmian Commission to use any for-
elgn materials or any foreign products
which can be secured in the Uinted
states seems almost un-American." Ail
of the uproar that Is being made, how
ever, will hardly stampede the Com
mission from the position It has taken,
and that positIoirwl!l hardly result In
"throwing any trade from this country
to Europe. Any American citizen whrf
has traveled abroad or made a study
"of. industrial and economic conditions
at home and abroad, will not need to
"be informed that American steel rails,
dumpcars, locomotives, dredges, and.
In' fact, every other class of machinery
required in the canal work. Is today be
ing soia . aoroaa, ireignt. prepaia, at
prices which the- foreigners have ex
treme dlfflculty'ln meeting.
Secretary Taft Is familiar with this
condition of trade, and, while he may
not insist on the American manufac
turer selling his wares at as .low a fig
ure as he Is quoting the. foreigners, f.
o. b. at Atlantic ports, he seems deter
mined to secure that price with noth
ing more than the freight added. Fail
ing In this. he could buy American
goods in Europe and ship them back to
the canal for" less moneyt,han it would
cost, to deal directly with the American
manufacturers. This will be unneces
sary, for the manufacturers. In spite
or their wry faces, ,wlll be glad of an
opportunity to handle the business at
a fraction more thap. they can make
out ojT it-by selling first to the foreign
ers and permitting them to make a
profit -ut of the American Government.
It Is not sb much the amount Involved
In this one transaction that Is causing
the roublev but by selling to the Amer
ican Government at the Same' price as
they have been selling. to the foreigner
tl entire system' of extortion that has
been pnyitlced on the American con
sumer is "exposed.
- TAX OX FRANCHISES.
Washington dispatches say that the
Supreme Conrt .of the United States
has. upheld , the franhclse. tax law of
the -State of" 2few York, on which pays
m'ents of S24'000,0to to that state were
Under that law the special franchises,
of street-car companies, gas -and water
companies were to Be taxed on "ah ad
valorem valuation. The enojHwus-sum
.at . stake illustrates ,th difference be"
tween -thetorrner' method .-ipf valuing
actual property, in sight "at its apparent
worth, and- the new method ofch&rg-
pg the owners om the basis of what
.ueir irancnices earn ior inept- yt cms
connection the recooi'mendalfenlof he
Oregon S.tat e-Goihge the b'tHer .day way
be remembered. The GrajreVlproposes
to attach, a 1 pe cent jx to the acoet
earnings oc use cwjtwatiww.; j y
Common conviction Is Abating In. the
air that franchises. if'en5yd by those
who have obtained tHenr for nothing.
and have developed. preH(s from them
for their owiTbenent.-must at least bear
some reasonable proportion of the-pub-Hc
burdens. In New York the people 1
have boldly tackled the hfcrd nuestion.-
What is such arid such a franchise f
worth x If property and franchise to-J
getner are worth, say, six millions, then
possibly a basis of assessment and tax
ation might be found?
M"ajor; Gallagher, purchasing agent
for the Panama CanalT has-written a
letter of explanation to Senator Fulton
regarding1, the slighting of Portland In
calling for bids for JUimber. His ex
cuse; that "this office has complied with
all the requirements of the law and regr
ulatlons relative to advertisements" Is
another-illustratlon of the purely tne
chanicaf groove- in '.which not a few
I Government employes move. Had Ma
jor uallagher used a moderate amount
of Brain work with 'his red tape adher
ence to the law. "he would have appre
ciated that the greatest lumber port In
the world is In every way an appropri
ate., place from -which to solicit bids.
But why lag the overworked mll'tary
braln, when the red tape Is there- to be
used? In view of the performance of
Major Gallagher, It is small wonder
that President Roosevelt. Is drifting
away rrom his official family andflll
Ing .the Important places In the Panama
Crinal,servlce with bright, rustling men
who-have been schooled all their lives
to believe that the correct way for
handling business Is by the .application
of business' principles.
The ocean yacht race, which ended
Monday with a1 new record to the credit
or American seamen and - American
yachts, failed to excite much attention
compared w.Itfr the cup races, which are
useful Injadvertlslng a certain brand of
tea and affording American aristocracy
an opportunity to appear In sea togs.
As an exhibition tending to demon
strate that there has been no deteriora
tion either In American craft or the
men who man them, the performance
of the Atlantic was- a resplendent suc
cess. When a good-sized yacht sails
acrossithe Atlantic In; less time than Is
consumed by the average tramp steam
er, and can reel off 341 knots in a sin
gle day, he world is afforded a racing
spectacle worthy of contemplation .and
pride. The -course sailed over was long
enough to prei'ent any legitimate 'ex
cuses being offered for the failure of
the other yachts to get-wlthin hailing
distance of the winner, ajid Captain
Barr and hls-gallant crew have silenced,
for many a day the oft-heard assertion'
that Americans have forgotten the art
If it be true, as reported In yester
day's" dispatches, that the- Eastern ma
jority owners Jn the Booth-Kelly Lum
ber Company;, are Intending to" set the
great mill at Wendllng to work again
In the near future, certain conclusions
seem to be probable.. The first Is that
prices In the East for lumber, aided by
the cheap transportation described by
J. J. Hill In his Senate committee evi
dence, will show a sufficient profit. This
oft general principles. Second, the em
bargo on the -supply of cars by the
Southern Pacific Is relaxed. Senator
Booth stated. lt will be remembered,
that when the company's mills were
running before, out of a requirement of
1250 cars they got seventy-five on one
occasion; further, that the supply of
'cars was so irregular that safe con
tracts for delivery were Impossible, and
firm contracts unwise. Resumption of
full work by this great- enterprise Is oti
real, importance to the state, and, it
may be hoped, will be followed by
other similar developments,. .
Out of the. haze of uncertainty of de
tail regarding the work of the victori
ous Togo . .emerges the fact that the
diminutive and comparatively Inexpen
; slve torpedo-boats have again covered
j themselves with glory. These "Insects"
of the warship world. In the hands of
I fatalists like the Japanese, and under
j cover of darkness, are more deadly than
a bulky battleship, because they can be
'"handled more quickly, and, on account
j of their small cost, can be hurled
against an antagonist in such num
bers that there Is small chance for at,
least one of them to fall to land the
fatal blojv. The torpedo-boat lost pres
tige during the late war with 'Spain,
but none of the craft in that scrap
were manned" by men who courted
death as do the Japanese.
The Oregonian takes no account of
hireling vituperators. .To C. S. Jackson
.and J. F. Carroll whosoever they may
be or of them. The "Oregonlan has
.nothing to say. This newspaper deals
with principals, not with the servants
whom they put forward, to mask them
selves and their purposes. This jour
nal'ls dealing with the plutocratic mo
nopolists of Portland, not with the men
hired to do their scurrilous work. Mr.
W. M. Ladd. Mr. Mills, Mr. Bates, Mr.
Allen Lewis; will know. The Orego
nlan has nothing to do wit.h their ser
It ought always to be known to the
public who the responsible publishers
of a newspaper are. The relations pf
a newspaper to the' public are such that
this fact ought always, to be 'knowrf. It
Is omfalr to the" public to Withhold It.
The honest newspaper will' never at
tempt concealment. It never will put
VP the names of dummies at thejiead
of Its columns. A fraud has beehprac
tlced here that TheOregonlan'.ought
perhaps to. Imve unmasked long ago.-
One of the old residents of Oregon,!
and a "reader, of The Oregonlan these
fifty years, a lady hers'ejr ,kiown in
"Oregfin during all that perjod, but ojie
who has known no "speglal privilege,"
tells us that distinction odght to be.
made between the "reigning' families
and the "ancient families." She be
longs to the latter.
The Russians are in a quandary as tov
how to breakithe news to the country
The nation thatfeae to fight theenemy
at home at the' same tlmex't is,.belng.
dereated.by the enemy abroad is In,-a
bad way, " -: ''
Whep he gets back hom'e.'hat.jsporF
XQgo.wm nave reacung tne, -newspaper
Kvcuuuur vi nimi lie was going to uo,
as 'prognosticated by naval -experts In
St. Petersburg. London arid' Berlin!
Now that we have the resultwe can
-afford to wait a few hours longer Jfor
; details of the great bajtie. Togo's offi
cial report will make fine, reading.
Japs say they have captured Ro
jeetvensky; and.. the Russia saye Is
safe, at "Vladivostok, luet us hear from
RfeetvB6ky: - '
' . ORKGOrOZONE.
Mr. Togo went to sear
Sailing In'a'dory; . v.
Had a tilt with Rojesl-V:
Now his name Is dory!
The first shipment ofwatermelons, the
Mexican brand, coat $29 a" dozen. But
stfll. the overage man can't eat morethan
half a dozen. '
" ' JV
Luther Martin has been appointed Com
missioner to' the Lewis and .Clark Exposi
tion from Oklahoma.' Inr'prrier to be a re
former In exposition methods. Mr. 'Martin
should turn his name around. -
A- fair reader informs us that sha.cannot
a'ceept our adviee to wear a rose when in
Portland, because, of the. fact that there
Is-a distinct variety of hay fever which is
produced by the odor of roses." It ap
pears that there are almost as many va
rieties of hay fever as of roses. There Is
the hay fever 'produced by timothy the
variety produced by clover, the sort' pro-
duced by millet, the aifqlfa variety and
tne common prairie grass kind. Thetair
grass hay fever. Is said to possess the
best staying qualities. "But most popular
of all brands of hay fever is jjjst hay
fever which gives the victim an-excuse
for going to a northern lake for a month's
vacation every year. We shall be deeply
distressed If the rose is to Invade the pre-.
cincts hitherto sacred to .horsefeed, and
set up in the business of producing La
France hay fever, American' Beauty hay
fever. Jack hay fever,, and the like.
A Portland woman has complained to
the police that" a man with whom she
took a nocturnal repast stoic everything
of value that she had .on her person, "ex
cept a gold tooth trom' her mouth." The
thief showed by this omission jthat there
Is gallantry among thieves. No self-respecting
thief "would steal aold tooth
from a lady's month. Moreover, bur
glars' kits do not include -jimmies for the
extraction of gold teeth. Butwe are not
so unkind as to suggest that this cal lan t
thief .would have yanked "out the lady's!
aurequs dentation even had lie possessed
such" a jimmy.' Knowing that an operation
of that sort would hurt the feelings of his
lady friend, he refrained. If that thief
ever gets religion and goes to Heaven,
doubtless a gold crown will be awalthig
The Butte . Evening Cews announces
that It is going to send.to the Lewis and
Clark Exposition ten girls who are de
scribed as "dreams of the peachblow va
riety." The Punk Punster remarks that
those girls must be Buttes. - ,
The secret service at the Fair is going
to be excellent; but it Is the public serv
ice that appeals to most people.
Some of; the newspapers seem to be
worried because Governor Folk, of, Mis
souri, is not stirring things up with a
mighty splutter. You can'J. expect a vol
cano to be erupting all the-' time.
Add to your collection of human curious
the elderly Los Apgcles woman, inmate
of the Couhty Poorhquse. who refuses to
accept a bequest of $650,000 left by her
uncle, on the ground "that she has not
earned the money. y
Mr. Bryan's Com'moper contains in the
women's department an article on "How
to Keep Clean." Therein we find some
sage" bits of advice. ' For instance, we
are told that "3kirts that clear the
ground aro the best possible wear for
women." Now wouldn't it be better to
have the ground cleared by street sweep
ers? When a woman uses her skirts to
clear the ground she may be doing good
work for civic Improvement, but Is she
not ralhcV severe on herself? "It is a
good, rule to take off your skirt imme
diately upon entering your ho.1"." we
aro informed. Xo doubt If you clear the
ground with It, you should shake well be
fore using again and hang upon the back
fence to air. "A coat should never te
hung up by the strap at the neck." Xo,
Indeed; It should be electrocuted; that is
so much more lady-like than hanging by
the neck. But one Is constrained to In
quire, after all. If tho lady readers of
the Commoner really stand in need of this
sort of advice.
At the Bookstore.
Customer Please, let mehave.the latest
Keats? - ," " .
Kew Clerk How. many, please.
The local Lewis Society is sending Invi
tations to 12,000 members of the, Lewis
family, each of whom Is supposed to be
related to Meriwether Lewis the -great
explorer. The Lewis legion Is expected to
be present at the'LewJs and Clark Expo
sition on Lewis Family day, August 12.
What a pity ir Is that the-101' of
the Northwest were not Meriwether Smith
and Bill Jones! '
The Bellfngham Reveille asks, "Is the
dissolute Slwash worth saving?" Verily,
yea: the soul of the Slwash belongs to -the
great unwashed, and because hffbathes
Himself In forty-rod booze peddled to "him
by the paleface bootlegger; shall we per
.mlt .hlm to submerge 'his souf? ' .e
A Panama. -
"Ma, what is a Panama man called?"
"A panaman, Johnny."
-' Then what Is a Panama woman-?
"If she's married and obeys President
Roosevelt, she's Just a plain Panama."
. " A Muy-'j5ong;.
Let the winds-as they, will be wanton,
And the waves be merry as they may j
Let the red ros 'smile" to the fountain
And be kissed: with Its wooing1 spray
For the world's all-fair today!. '
Let the young hare leaTln the shadow
Of .the alder sfijub in,p?ay
And ihe young lamb romp In the"meadow
Ano,the young- bird carol" Its lay-1"' -
'For the world's all fair" today I .
- Y .
L'et the young heart thrill with the splen-
or ,- . . ; ' -.
Of the "jfenderful worid-alwayfV
Let .the dream of the sQul'ipetender
And be touched with the heavenly ray
For the world's all -fair today! - ' -. . "
. . ROBERT US'XOVE.
Speaker Reed and tlie Barber."
ThomaX B- Reed, when. Speaker of the
HSuse of Representatives;-oicewent-intq
an unfamlllararbe'r shop In Washington
to be- shaved. Whe ji the negro barber
had about finished he began to 'try to sell,
a hair tonlci
"Hair purty thin. sur.,f-fce -said, jitter
ing the two or three stray locks That
-fringed Mn Reed's-bald patep "been tha'tr
'I was born tha way,"' replied RMd:.
Afterward I Snoy4 a -brief period f.
hirsute eff oreecgace, but It dlaa. en-.
wire."' ..' ' . T
The .aaroer gsved.,ad (gaMi no, more.
Later 6me on toft Mn Ik had shaved"
"Don' L know dat? J should say be was
atspeakah. sure BUf!
. VISIONS OF HOFER, PIPE-DREAMER ?.
SMem.'M Journalistic Freak CantribHtcs Muck te the Gayety of the
Lflad-FrHHrt SltHatiBH StartllEK Revel&tleas Fxesfc From Ills
Baker City Maverick.
" My friend, Hofer. of the Salem Capi
tal Journal, has established editorial
headquarters pro tern in Portland,
while he deals out hot political dope
anent the burning .questions of the
hour. Few men In newspaperdom can
sling an ospinarious. pen with more
abandon and aplomb than my friend
Hofer. When discussing the demerits at the vitriolic Inkwell, Hofer grabs Unl
of Harvey Scott, Frank Heney and ted States Marshal Jack Matthews, con
Hank McGinn he dips the aforesaid , nm to blic oWIvi0l! and ln
ospinarious pen In vltroll-heated boil- tte same motlon awats c j Reed Mat.
ltual reapers son learn to wear gog- !
gles when they confront . tbemselyes ,
wiin one oi naiers seeming ivuuers. r
Hofer moved his caststeel writing i .-,. ... tj .Jm
, . . ,.,,, ,. i performer, ana with a Judge who will
table, box of ospinarious pens, glue pot ... . - ,
of boiling vltroil and sheets of asbestos SSt? i.n Jt, t' -to
Portland, just to be near the tall ";Hn0ei: com.at ?n becom dicJ
cracked tower of The Oregonlan nulla-
ing. so that thrice per diem. Svhile en.
route to table d'hote, he might spit on
Jhe pavement In front thereof and breathe
anathema unto the humid air there
abouts. He couldn't do these things
thoroughly at long distance, so he
moved from the capital to the metropo
lis, and from such a coign of safe van
tage he has unchained the multifanged
dogs of editorial war. When he gets
through. If the tall tower hasn't .crum
bled it will be a Sam Lloyd puzzle.
In the death of Judge Bellinger,
Hofer sees the awful hand of Harvey
Scott, Francis J. .Heney and Henry E.
McGinn. Hofer does not exactly name
these gentlemen as responsible for
Judge Bellinger's death, but he doe3 j name . his own U. S. Marshal, name his
assert, with very Interesting violence, ' own grand.,and trial jurors, name every
that Bellinger's untimely physical end body and everybody gets a square deal"
was either part of or In line with a This Is the grewsome picture my friend
terrible conspiracy to. erect in Oregbn J Hofer paints. These are the blood
a new political dynasty with the cen- i sploches.he sees on the moon. These are
ter of power in the tall Oregonlan I the niggers he beholds In the woodpile
tower. Step by step, my friend Hofer ! all from his new editorial headquarters
shows how this thing Is workirig out- J in the. Lange Hotel, amid the seething
He points out how Harvey Scott, pal- wickedness off Portland, with-Salem sev
fng before the jealousy-inspired spec- eral.-mlles away!
tacle of Senator Fulton sitting near J Despite the osplnariousness 'of Hofer's
tho President's throne in the "United ! pen. . he indulges an occasional .Interval
States Senate a spectacle auguring . of sanky. When he discusses the '"fair
too wjell for Oregon and for Republi- j and Jovelike front of .Senator Fulton.'
canism began planning to have the 1 he is my friend Hofer of old a corking
scalp of. the smiling squaredealer from I good writer and a dinged fine fellix..
the Lower Columbia; how a little ! Hofer has constituted himself Fulton a
Rockefeller grease ana a few Weyer-
haeuser Slabs were made into a con
spiracy incubator and a plan set on
foot to provide lOregon with a real po
litical dictator in the p'erson of Harvey
Scott, "hlsself ;" how ,John Hall was
removed and disgraced; Brownell muz
zled and silenced; the convicted mem-
bers of the Puter-MpKinley-Ware-' at- , says Hofer, "that Fulton' will stand on
son conspiracy paroled on honor; how , hls ghts as a man, a Senator and a
a. grand jury was carefully selected i Republican. If the President wants to
herded day and night by -detectives and, turn him down-and he has done so
secret sqrvice men;. how the evidence Fulton wH1 even the preaident."
am uuore UMsi.u jui, p w
broadcast "over the state by Portland f
papers; how every precaution was
taken to guarantee indictment and
nvictlon In advance of any inest!sa-
Upn wn.W:i1 l; f maid
and IlUamsofJ were snatched bald-
tipariprl hv- that. Inrv: and now Heney-
headed by thaUJury: and how Heney
Scott-McGInn-inspIred hints are even
yet thrown out that Fulton's name,
also may be taken before , the grand
jury at" any time.
After tracing these awful things
thus far. my friend Hofer, with boil
ing? vltroil literally sloshing from his
pen. take:? the bit In his teeth and
clinches 'with the climax a metaphor
almost as mixed as Hofer's reasoning.
He tells of Death taking a hand by
removing a Judge "bent upon convic
tion!" ' Here Is a statement which,
calmly read; means much. Had it been
printed when Judge Bellinger was
alive before inexplicable Fate re
moved from the Federal bench one of
Its ablest jqrlsts and most honest men
would have been in contempt of
court and punishable summarily; but
which", written after Judge. Bellinger's
sad death, Is cowardly and calumnious.
Not. however, much J more contemptible
than my friend Hofers innuendos con
cerning" (he selection of Judge John J.
MORTALITY . OFHIGH OFFICRSE
A .Large" Xumbcr 3Iet Death on the
Eiehl In Our Civil War
'Army and 2"avy Journal.
From the archives of the Confeder
acy on deposit in the War Department
the Military Secretary? Major-General
Ainsworth, has brought to light some
interesting data concerning the com
manders of. the Confederate forces in
the field in the fateful days of 1S61-65.
Deducting 11 names of officers who
did not qualify for one reason or an
other, we have in this list 413 Gen
erals, and the records given show that
of these 74 wre killed or mortally
wounded In action, or 18 per cent.
This is a very striking showing when
we' recall the almost' entire Immunity
of the .Russian and- Japanese armies
fighting ln Manchuria' from fatal casu
alties to. gjcneral qff leers. We recall
but one who has been reported killed
in- battle in the Far East, arid If there
are others they must be very few;
whereas" the percentage of casualties
among the general officers of the Con
federacy is ar ln excess of the per
centage df casualties among the rank
and file of the Russian -and Japanese,
"armies, as given-by -General Bliss, who
has the best of facilities for learning
the" facts. No less than 23 general
officers' of 'the Confederacy were killed
in-battle during the 11 months, of cam
paigning and the eight months of
fighting commencing with Grant's bat
tle of the" Wilderness nnd ending with
Appomattox. Ten Brigadier-Generals
of the Union Army wero also killed
during the campaign, befejdes 12 Colo
nels commanding hrigades,' six of
.mem ar mm naiuurai- -
Tin 'seven Confederate Generals. ..were
killed, and durlnjr Sherman's campaign
five, the Union Army losing three. At
tGcttysburg five Confederate and five
Union tienerais were Kiiiea.ien i" "
besides three Union Colonels, com
manding brigades. At Fredericksburg
two Union and two Confederate Gen
erals were -killed. In all. the Lnlon
Army lost in. killed or mortally wouna
ed 50vjgeheral -officers, 23 brevet Briga
dierrGenerals.'And 34 Colonels com-
1 mandlrig brjgjades.
Taking tne -proponion as one mh
to 4.52 wounded, this would indicate
that 407 Confederate Generals were
killed or wqunded out of a total of
4 Is. Prnbabiv. however, the general
' officers, were the . selected viqtims of
the sharpshooters, who shot to khi.
In one .regiment of the- Civil War. sub
jected to the ordinary casualties of
battle, the Etret Minnesota at Gettys
burg, 28 per cent of those engaged were'
.killed and 82 per cent- were killed -and
wodnded. In 42 other regiments the
percentage of killed in different battles
was IS or more. The ratio of killed
.to wounded in 56 battles of the Civil
'AVar was 1 to 4.8. varying between 1
to 3 at Williamsburg and 1 to 6.7 at
Arkassas- Post. The average among
t-hV'regular troops was 1- to 4.52. The
mortally, wounded equaled 64 per cent
of hose- killed outright.' In the Ger
hian army, during ihe war with France
L'the proifowtion, was 1 per -vcent.
j" -ItmetlilnK Still Lacking.
. T. T Savannah ICews
. LHthsf" Bsrb the " plant, wizard of
".SoutiiiiH.CaHfsirila. ;has originated a po-
('tat"piSt' -wlch' growsVMS .tubers above
tfOTiBd-iN.' jf hft'wiH give: us an egg-
the 'soft-boiled variety' or a rhubarb. Jbat
Awlllglve a fruit of- ready-made ples his
. -Be HaVfen as the new dispenser of jus
tice pro tern, in the land-fraud case,?,.
. whose Scheduled arrival early in June
is. according to my friend Hofer, 'sim
ply and solely to "intimidate -and ter
rify the' public Into acqulesence" "with the
wishes ,'of the Heney-Scott-McGinn
dynasty.-' And then, with another stab
a Heney man:
swt hv. vli ...
- -Uarhat wh l .lnnll. ,T
. " , li: YT
Hofer. And "considering the Influences
that removed John Hall, that named
Reed, that removed Jack Matthews, that
foist men like Johnny Barrett on the
nation (sic) and unsavory administra
tions on the people. of Portland, (two
sics) there Is only one man that- can get
that appointment the Federal judgship)
for life the Hon. H. E. McGinn."-
My friend Hofer edited or . dictated
that paragraph standing up, brandishing
In one hand a flaming sword and biting
between his teeth bar of. iron The t
Iron has entered his' soul and he shouts:
"A square, deal? Public Prosecutor Heney
Is allowed to name his own judge pro
tern, appoint his own judge for life.
backer against all odds. . He figuratively
advises Kulton to slc-em! Because Reed
was appointed without Fulton's Indorse
ment and because It is feared that Fulton
will not be consulted In the matter ti
successor to Judge Bellinger,' Hofer gnaws
angrily at the ear of the phrase "a square
deaL .for every man." "My guess is.
t,s kind of talk Is what you might
ca aceia IVs probabIy, a good thing
Hofer tqlton. Sucn
laritriln ,rnm thv ,Ur! n. t0 -n,-
, fining member or the Oregon Congres-
tsional ben woud undoubtedly provoke
Washington a hearty:
i .. . . ....
I My friend Hofer is really counting his
chickens before the Incubator has become
' busy. Hon. Henry E. McGinn is not
yet Judge. United States Senator Fulton
is still- United States Senator: Despite
the dope"" sheets issued by the Portland
dailies in the Judgeship race, there are
other entrees 'possessing pretty good form.
Also, these other entries are what my
friend Hofer calls "uncollared" men. One
in particular Colonel Emmett Callahan, of
Baker City is addicted neither to the
habit of twanging the light guitar under
the casement of Harvey Scott n.or put
ting up i big talk In palliation, of the
alleged crimes of Johii H. Mitchell. He
Is a personal friend of Theodore Roose
velt, President of the United States, and
of Ethan -Allen Hitchcock. Secretary of
the Interior. He Is a lawyer, a scholar
and a soldier, with as many acquaintances
in the Cabinet as there are fingers on
one hand. He Is a-Republican of the
ODD BITS OF NORTHWEST LIFE
Rest Cure's Powerful Effect.
A man who worked for a while in the
sawmill imbibed a little too freely Wed
nesday and was taken to. Hotel Mattocks.
The quietude of this restful resort soon
brought his unset nervous system into
equilibrium, and he was let out on the
trength- of his good looks.
Popular Impression Corrected.
- Corvallis Times.
.The cab, formerly owned at the brick
stable, will be out this afternoon, ready
for use, after four weeks of overhaulln.
It is as spick and spa'n now 'aa when
.It originally came out qf the factory.
It is o be "at the Vidito stable, wher.e it
Is ready for tho use -of the publfc, as
usual, at any time, day or night. The
current impression that the cab Is only
to- be used at.funerals is erroneotrs. It
.wfll.be hired toanybody-at any time.
Shakespeare vMakes a Hit."
Bucoda Com Chehalls Bee-Nugget.
This Is" a great town- for shows and
enterfalnments to which there has been
"aidozen or mqre this Spring.', The Aid
-Society's "entertainment! a playi from
Shakespeare by. home talent, .was" ,a suc
cess, netted ?40.
: A ' -
., Didn't Xecd the Old Un's Aid.
v- North. Yamhill Record.
Two little girte became involved In a
quarrel the other' Cday which culminated
in physical violence., pne of the mothers
took her little daughters task severely. -
Wishing to emphasize the enormity of
her 'offence ,fha mother said: "ICS the
devil who tells you to do such, naughty
things." The littl&Ngirl replied between
sObs: "Hemay have told me., to pull her
hair, but 1 thought of kicking her shW3 t
all by" myself."
We. Guess He Did.-' '
Freewater Times. '
Robert Elliott went to life Garden City
Thursday after er after ohwell. just
guess. ' ' f !, ''
Amber, Amberoid and 'Amberine.
-"Amber has""become so rare," said -a
tobacconist, "that it is difficult to get
hold of a goo&j-plece. That Is sad, for
long cigarette-holders will be exceedingly
fashionable thfs yearl
"JVmberlne Is often sold fpr genuine
amber. It can be detected'' easily. If
you put a match to It a conflagration will
ensue. Furthermore, if you rub It It will
give off a camphor smell. . A"Iso it will
not pick up paper. -
"Ambetold is ma'de of. amber chips
powdered " and compressed by hydraulic
power. Only an expert can tell amber
old from amber. It -won't burn, and, like
amber, it will, after a little friction, pick
"Amberoid-is so excellent a counterfeit
that many an honest tobacconist, de
ceived himself, will sell it to you in good
faith' -for the real article. -
Its Vulnerable Spot.
Alter all. as. Mayor. Weaver,, of Phila
delphia, Is discovering, a hydra-headed-ring
"has only"one neckv It Is" "not at aH
necessary to open negotiations with each
separate, and distinct head. The, sisplr
poljcy is to use the good, o Id-fashioned
chicken method with the ax. '
-- ' V- I. fame wiir be, corapiete.-
; " " '' ' . '. : .-- -.