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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (May 27, 1905)
THE MORNIXG OREGONIAN, SATURDAY. HAY 27, 1905.
Entered at the -Postofflce at Portland. Or.,
as second-class matter.
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Washington, D. C P D. Morrison, 2132
PORTLAND, SATURDAY, MAY
ANOTHER LITTLE GAME.
There is now pending, to be voted on
by the people of Portland, an amend
ment to the city charter, drawn adroit
ly in the interest of the street railway
combination of the city, the object of
which is to strengthen this monopoly
and to give it a further and stronger
hold upon the city than it has at, the
present. This proposition is in line
with and is a continuation of the series
of efforts' carried on during many
years; for exploitation pf "franchises"
in Portland, for further enrichment of
the reigning families who think they
own the city. The amendment pro
posed is purposely made obscure. ' It is
framed so, with subtle intent, rfor de
ception of the public; for it is believed.
evidently, that the general voter, not
understanding It, will vote for it, on the
supposition that It Is the right thing.
Here is the proposition, put with
subtlety in a cloud of words intended
to obscure it, but still carrying the
meaning that the exploiters intend:
Whonever any person or corjoration owning
or operating street railways in the City of
Portland, under a franchise or franchises
granted by tho city, makes application
build, maintain and operate connecting lines
of railway upon streets of the city upon
which no tracks are laid, for the purpose of
connecting such street railway!, or connecting
such etreet railways with street railways
owned or operated by others, the Council may
by ordinance from tlmo to time grant, upon
such conditions and terms. as it may pre
scribe, to euch person or corporation, the right
to build, maintain and operate for such pur
poses, not otherwise, lines of track upon the
streets not already occupied by railway tracks.
without complying with the provisions of this
charter governing the granting of franchises,
except those set out In Section 97 of this
charter; provided, however, that such conneo
xion lines nnan in no instance exceed one
thousand three hundred feet (1300) In length.
and provided, further, that the franchise or
franchises under which jsuch person or cor
poration Is operating such line of railway
si to bo connected shall in all respects be
deemed embodied in and an integral part of
such grant, as though expressly embodied in
and made- an integral part of the ordinance
granting such right.
The single purpose of thin is to
strengthen the hold of the monopoly on
the street railway franchises of Port
land; to get something more for noth
lng, out of the public,, on pretense of
devotion to the public Interests. These
sly .operators have manipulated this
business, through the city government,
for many years. They are capitalizing
the results at many millions of dollars.
on which they expect the people of
Portland, whose streets they have
taken possession, of, without paying a
dollar for the right, to pay line divi
dends. with a, happy regularity.
The combination may, under this
amendment, not only place its tracks,
without paying the city anything for
the right, on each and every street
paralleling its present lines, for a dis
tance of five blocks cither way, but it
may-also absolutely prevent any com
peting company from obtaining rights
of way for tracks along any street
within five blocks of the lines of the
present company. This it may do slm
ply by putting "loops" and laterals
here and there along its own lines
reaching out to the nearest parallel
streets. . The Fifth-street line, for ex
ample, could- build a loop on Salmon
street to Seventh, to Main and back
to Fifth. This one block of track on
Seventh street would prevent any com
peting company from building a line
along Seventh street, because -it could
not get a right of way between Salmon
and Main. Of course, it is precisely
lor the purpose of shutting out compe
tition that the street railway company
has framed and Is promoting this char
It does not escape observation that
the organ of the reigning plutocratic
families who are exploiting things in
this way is vehement and venomous in
its opposition to Judge "Williams of
course because "the old man" can't be
used for the purposes they have in
Understanding these matters, the
people of Parilaa.-axe not likely, to &
cept the professions of the gentlemen
who assume to embo.dy in themselves j
all disinterestedness and all the -virtues
of our municipal life.
They -who. through subtle work these
twenty years,- have possessed, them
selves of all these "franchises," for
which they have paid nothing the
right to occupy the streets of Port
land. whlchv they have capitalized at
millions of dollars have made enough,
for the present, out of these privileges;
so this amendment may as well be.
TO OPEN, TJIE CLEARWATER.
Out of Wall street comes a fairly
well-authenticated announcement of at
least a partial restoration of peace in
the Clearwater country, with outlines
of a. definite plan for opening up that
isouted territorv with rail transpor
tation. The plan provides" for the build
ing' and joint control of a road by the
Northern Pacific and Oregon Rail
road &. Navigation Company. This so
lution of the difficulty is a natural and
logical result of the encroachment of
outside parties on this special preserve
of the two, big factions engaged In the
fight. Just prior to the completion of
plans for the -electric line Into the
Clearwater country, it was definitely
announced that the "Wall-street Inter
ests which control the destinies of both
the Northern Pacific and the O. R. &
N. Co. had placed the ban on any more
railroad building In the Immediate fu
ture This decision would probably have
held good, had not the threatened ad
vent of other parties in .the field forced
a change of attitude. The agreement
for joint construction and operation of
the new road in the Clearwater does
not necessarily mean complete restora
tion of peace and elimination of com
petition. It is not improbable that the
road will be built under a flag of truce.
The construction has been delayed be
cause the two roads were unable to ar
rive at a satisfactory agreement re
garding the division of the territory.
"While the quarrel was on, an outside
company came In and was n a fair
way to walk off with the prize, leav
ing the main contestants with very
little to disptue over. To prevent this
unexpected denouement immediate ac
tion was necessary, and both parties
have apparently willingly consented to
a truce until the line Is built, and will
await, a further opportunity before set
tling the differences which for years
have prevented either road entering
As previously stated, the traffic al
ready developed in the Clearwater
country is taxing the facilities of the
Northern Pacific to lift It up through
Potlatch Canyon, and the additional
traffic created by the proposed exten
sion will demand the completion of the
road between Lewiston and Riparla as
soon as the new traffic begins to move.
With a water-level route out of the
country, the Northern Pacific will, of
course, abandon the road up the can
yon and a vast tide of traffic will fol
low the course of least resistance and
come down Snake River. The North
ern Pacific has undoubtedly foreseen
these coming changes, and has been
preparing for tnem. it has secured a
large tract of the most valuable water
front property in the City of Portland,
and year after year It has maintained a
force of- engineers running lines and
collecting details regarding a route
down the north bank of the Columbia
"While this work was in progress the
road was hauling wheat Into Portland
from points east of the Cascade Moun
tains, making an unnnecessary detour
of several hundred miles over fearful
grades. There will be no more money
wasted on this kind of railroading af
ter the Hill road has some water-level
grade experience out of the Clearwater
country, and. after the traffic passes
RIparia. it will not be hauled over an
other chain of mountains, but instead
will follow on down the Columbia River
over a line built down the north bank,
or, pending the completion of such a
line, it may come in over the O. R. &
N. tracks. In the old days of high
rates and a comparatively limited
amount of traffic, the economic advan
tages of the water-level route were ig
nored. not through any fault of the
practical railroad men, but by the land
boomers who were temporarily in
charge of the Northern Pacific Rail
road and cared more about building
up Tacoma than they cared about the
traffic of the road.
The policy of the present manage
ment seems to be that of a common
carrier, and not a town-lot boomer.
With the completion of a line down the
river to Portland it will haul wheat
from the interior to Portland or Puget
Sound with strict impartiality as to
rates and service. Railroad develop-J
ment in the Pacific Northwest has been
retarded for many years, but with the
ice broken in the Clearwater, we are
almost certain to witness some sudden
changes in other long-neglected local!.
IT IS VV TO PARENTS.
The article from the Ladies' Home
Journal, published in The Oregonian,
on "Follies for the Fourth of July," is
pertinent and timely. The fatalities
due to unwise parental indulgence upon
that day. as represented In the toy pis
tol, the giant firecracker and other
noise-producing exponents of Juvenile
enthusiasm, have Increased steadily
from year to year, until they have
reached alarming and Indeed shocking
proportions. The desire to make a noise
on the Fourth of July Is a natural one
to juvenile Americans. Indeed, this de
sire is' not confined to the youngsters,
and it is not the policy of men who re
member when they were boys to dis
courage it- But events have too often
proven that this desire is not exercised
wisely, and that It must be kept within
reasonable limits, if deaths from lock
jaw dnd injuries more or less serious
a"nd permanent to a large number of
boys are not to follow the celebration
of the National holiday.
Looking over the casualty list of the
last Fourth of July, it would seem that
no father in the United States would
run the risk of being accessory before
the fact to his son's death from tetanus
by giving him a toy cannon as a part of
his equipment for producing noise on
the coming Fourth of July; or of the
loss of his son's eyesight, or of other
wise disabling him for life "by provid
ing him with "cannon crackers" or the
toy pistol which shoots blank cart
ridges. The Home Journal accounts
these three things as the chief enemies
of child life and limb in connection
with the annual carnival of noise by
which our natal day is celebrated. Elim
inate these-and the casualty list would
fall to the minimum. If indeed It were
not altogether eliminated from the sum
ming up of the day's happenings.
But the fact, as dsfaoostrated year
after year, shows that parental pru
dence is not proof against the desire to
see the b'oy have a "good time." The
casualty list grows year after year,
and as a result' the number of deaths
from the -most hopeless and agonizing
of all maladies increases. Warnings,
backed "toy statistics that show an ap
palling loss of- life and limb, have been
given through the newspapers. Phy
sicians, not unmindful of their duty in
the premises, have laid the most dis
tressing facts before their special con
stituency in the hope that they would
profit by the examples cited. But the
casualty list continues to grow and the
small boy to have his "fun."
THE OHIO REPUBLICANS.
The Ohio State Republican Conven
tion adopted a ringing platform, point
ing with pride to what had been done
by the Republican Administration and
declaring its unalterable purpose to
support whatever hereafter may be
done by the same Administration. But
it fixed no beacon whatever by which
the Republican majority in Congress
might be guided on grave v domestic
problems now confronting the country.
The Ohio Republicans are standpatters.
They accept still without qualm or
question the solemn tariff declarations
of McKinley and Hanna. No tariff re
form for them; no tariff revision in
theirs. They propose to' hew to the
tariff line. let the chips fall where they
Secretary Taft is from Ohio. He
made a great speech before the conven
tion, in which he outlined In a very
guarded way the desires and purposes
of the Republican Administration, but
it is obyious that Secretary Taft did
not frame the -platform; for the plank
on railroad rate policies is curious. It
tenders hearty support of the Ohio Re
publicans to the President for his "com
prehensive enforcement of the Repub
lican laws against monopolies, com
bines and trusts In restraint of trade.'
Certainly. Everybody Is for enforce
ment of the law. So are the Democrats.
Then the convention denounces "unjust
discriminations and special favors In
the form of railway rebates, or by any
other device." Sure. Down with the
iniquitous rebates. That is safe doc
trine, and will look very well In any
platform. There is not the slightest
doubt but that it will be In every plat
form. The Ohio Republicans have not
compromised themselves with the rail
roads, with the trusts, with the monop
olles or with the people. The platform
goes on to demand such further legls
lation as "may. after full investigation,
seem to the Republican Congress and
Administration wise and conservative."
That is to say, after Congress has en
acted the legislation, we are ready to
swallow the whole carcass, hide and
all, but we propose to take no chances
beforehand In prescribing a diet for
Congress that may not be acceptable
to all concerned. .
ff the Republicans of the Nation are
to take a firm stand upon the great
problem of railroad control, they must
avoid the cowardly example of the
Ohio Republicans, who never at any
time since the beginning of the McKin-
Iey-Hanna regime have said anything
about any question whatever that was
of value to the party or to the Nation.
It is perhaps due to the Ohio conven
tion to say that, while it may have
been fearful of offending the railroads,
it was equally afraid of offending the
President. For example, it madecau
tious reference to the recent order of
the Secretary of War that all supplies
and machinery for the Panama Canal
pending action by Congress, should be
bought In the markets of the world
The platform believes that "Congress
should so legislate that American ships
and American sailors shall carry Amer
ican products over all seas and through
the Panama Canal that the United
States - of America is building." No
danger of hurting anybody's feelings
by that utterance. It will please the
boosters of the ship subsidy and will
neither surprise nor injure its oppo
nents. because the latter expected the
Ohio Republicans, in deference to the
late Senator Hanna, to go a great deal
farther on that question. Such a 'com
monplace declaration on such a source
will not help the ship-subsidy scheme.
Governor Myron T. Herrick has been
renominated. Two years ago he beat
Tom L. Johnson by 113,812. Last year
Roosevelt carried the state by 255,421
In 1900 McKinley had a plurality of 69,
036. There Is no doubt of the success
of the Republican ticket this Fall.
NORWAY AND SWEDEN.
News dispatches point to the out
break of war between these Scnndi
navian neighbors. It is absolutely Im
possible for outsiders to appreciate the
ground of dispute as giving cause for
so terrible an 'alternative as war. By
the act of union following the treaty of
Kiel. January 14, -1S14, the. two coun
tries were joined in a union declared
by each to be indissoluble and irrevo
cable. But this union convention, dat
lng from August 14, 1814, proclaimed
the Independence of Norway In union
with Sweden. This independence takes
form in a separate Parliament Iegislat
ing on all matters internal to Norway
No allegation is published that this in
dependence has been invaded by Swc
den. The common affairs of the two
kingdoms towards the outside world are
regulated by combined meetings of the
joint -Council of State. Hitherto Am
bassadors, Foreign Ministers and Con
sular representatives have been jointly
appointed, and accredited by the -.joint
kingdoms of Sweden and Norway to
Now comes the rub. Norway, feel
ing that In the appointment of .Consuls
and their actions, she has been slight
ed, now demands separate Consulships
Inasmuch as Sweden is by far the
larger and wealthier member of the
partnership, it seems as if Norway were
insisting on assuming a needless bur
den. So far as can be seen from the
outside, purely a question of sent!
ment Is in issue. But with sensitiv
and high-spirited nations, as with men
sentiment gives many fighting grounds
If the worst comes to the worst, the
nations will look on and grieve.
A WORTHY OBJECT.
The Travelers' Aid Society, organ
ized for the purpose of protecting un
sopnisticatea ana innocent young
women who have come and will come
to this city In the nope of securing
employment at the Exposition, is likely
to find plenty to do. The lack of con
sideration and prudence shown by well
disposed young women and girls
coming hither in pursuit of such a for
lorn hope marks them as easy prey for
the human ghouls that are ever on .the
alert for prey of this kind.
The T. W. C. A., the Woman's Union
the Society of Christian Endeavor and
I smaller, church, ami charitable eocjetkc Jyrap&tketlc
ill have all that they can do to shelter
and protect, by systematized effort.
persons of this type from the most
grievous and irreparable disaster that
can befall womanhood. The object is
not reformatory, but preventive. Young
omen who are alone and practically
moneyless are to be met upon their ar
rival, -sheltered temporarily, given,
when practicable, work in households
hereby they may earn the price of a
return ticket to their homes, and by
such other devices as may be found
necessary made to feel the gravity of
the situation in which their own folly!
has placed them. Those who are really
Innocent, whose worst sin has been"
lack of prudence In coming here under
such circumstances, can, though per
haps with much humiliation and some
hardship, be saved from the worst that
may befall them. The effort to warn
and protect them is a worthy one. and
should be encouraged by such means as
are necessary to secure the obiect
Baron Alphonse de Rothschild, known
wherever dollars jingle and wherever
trade has got beyond the bartering
stage, died at Paris yesterday. Baron
Rothschild was one of a famous family
of financiers, and in his lifetime as-
Isted In the promotion of some of the
greatest industrial and financial
schemes ever recorded. His operations
extended to an parts of the known
world,-and" among his customers were
Kings and Emperors. He made the
power of money felt in many of the
Old World capitals, and through the
tremendous influence always accom
panying great wealth was enabled not
Infrequently to shape the political as
well as the financial policies of many
monarchies. The name Rothschild has
for generations been one with which to
conjure, but on a tombstone it means
no more to Its owner than that of the
humblest pauper. The evanescent na
ture of the great mystery which we call
life Is never more apparent than when
some celebrity of world-wide fame re
turns to the clay from which he sprung.
Rev. Robert Hope, on Sunday. May
14. from the pulpit of All Saints' Prot
estant Episcopal Church, of Portland,
had somewhat to say on the tendency
of the pulpit to do political work.
which is worth repetition. "There is
no denying," said he, "the truth of
much of the criticism of the modern
pulpit. Honest men of the world are
questioning the good faith of preach
ers and their followers. We hear too
much of Paul and Cephas and Apollos.
It is worse when the sheep are fed on
the husks of 'graft' and kindred sub
jects. He added: "Mans there are to
day who look with alarm on the tend
ency which would rob the pulpit of its
glorious privilege of preaching a living
gospel to the times, to turn it into a
medium of party and political strife."
It was work of this kind by three or
four of the preachers of Portland that
brought out the scathing denunciation
of their methods by Mayor Williams.
The Oregonian is opposed to common
gambling and to every species of gam
bling. But all the, low, common and
vulgar gambling which has been ob
served In this town of Portland Is but
a bagatelle as compared with the gam
bling, Involving millions, In which our
saints of finance and exploitation have
been concerned and still are engaged
They are scheming to make millions.
and have mude millions, not directly by
gambling on "Jackpots," but by seizure
of "public utilities"; and by capitaliza
tion of them at millions. It Is easy.
out of the profits, to maintain the plu
tocratlc organ, to approve and defend
and the favorite method is to attack
trifling and minor vices. Under this
cloak the "big graft" often gets In.
If the Philadelphia machine is really
in earnest In Its ournose to imneaeh
.Mayor weaver, it will venture to
heights of audacity hitherto unat-
tained in this country. It Is" probably
ail a bluff. let there Is reason for
Boss Durham and his gang to be an
prehenslve. The gas lease was passed
by an overwhelming majority of the
two branches of the ring Council, but
the pressure of public Indignation Is
so heavy that the Mayor's veto may.
after all. be sustained. The Infamy of
the Philadelphia steal will best be un
derstood when it is stated that it is
proposed to surrender a gas lease now
paying $1,250,000 a year and substitute
for It a 75-year lease for the cash sum
The funeral of Miss Charity Ankeny,
daughter of Senator Ankeny. will be
held at Walla Walla, her home city,
tomorrow afternoon. The event will
conclude the record of a brief life of
sunshine and promise that was closed
all too soon. In this most tender and
profound sorrow Senator Ankeny and
his family have the sympathy of a
large circle of friends throughout the
Benton ' Killln was one of the self
made men and one of the useful men
of Oregon. He had been a hard and
successful worker; he was a man of
force and integrity: he was true to all
the obligations of the man and of the
citizen. A malignant disease carried
him off early, as he was but 63. "He
should have died hereafter."
The Mayor called a meeting of the
Common Council to consider and to
deal with the situation "as to saloons
and sale of liquors about the entrance
of the Lewis and Clark Exposition. The'
members of the Common Council did
not respond. So probably there will be
no change. The Mayor Is not responsi
ble. The organ of the plutocratic first
families of Portland, loquitur: "We
had a chance to make $4,000,000 by sell
ing the public streets of Portland. But
The Oregonian is 'knocking us. It is
a wicked and sinful newspaper."
It is no time to question the authority
of the Chief of Police to drive crooks
and vagrants out of the city. What
do the constitutional lawyers that are
raising objections want? Vagrants and
crooks to remain?
There are some people inclined to
think the public interest would have
been materially advanced if the City
Council had adopted yesterday's tac
tics at all its meetings - for the. past
Philadelphia has a public opinion
The bosses have found it out at last.
Or perhaps the people have just found
The real explanation of it all is that
the absentee Couhciimen went on a
The other day an Indiana . boy
coughed up a head of timothy hay. His
parents, who are thrifty, think of
planting him to alfalfa next season.
It Is said that a forthcoming bro
chure by President Roosevelt is en
titled: "How to Make Vice-Presidents
Work for Their Salary."
The Literary Digest has discovered a
new way to spell Kozhdestvensny.
So long as Mac Wood remains at
large. Senator Piatt may envy- the se
curity of his late Connecticut name
From Ohio comes the pathetic news
that there are not enough suitable jobs
in the state penitentiary to go round
amongst the bankers now making their
headquarters In. that institution. Man
ual labor is said to be decidedly dis
tasteful to bankers. They have soft
white hands, and cannot be expected
to compete wfth the horny-handed sons
of toil who happen to be sojourning
in the same place. '
The Punk Punster.
Sarcastic Smith I heard a man say
today that Missouri people don't keep
up with current literature. Can you tell
me why, if that Is true?
The Punk Punster Yes; It is because
they are devoting too much of their
time to Folklore.
Sarcastic Smith That's ancient.
At the Portland Fair.
On the Fair site by the lake side.
Where the sights are always fair,
I will meet you, I will greet you
I'll be there.
By the lake side on the inside.
Where the Inn Inside the site
Gets the "iguestlng, I'll 'be resting
Day and night.
On the broad side of the road side
O'er the lake side (hear my tale!),
I'll go spinning for an inning
On the Trail.
A Tragecfy Narrowly Averted."
A Portland man picked up a maga
zine recently without reading the name
of It and began to peruse an article
"aeaded: "Little Things to Watch." This
is what he read:
"Keep your tank full.
"Scour those platinum points.
"Keep your wiring in condition.
"Mind your speed; the Constable will
get you If you don't watch out.
"Keep your tank full.
"Clean your engine often.
"Start her easy.
-Don't run around corners like the
mill tall of tophet.
"Grease is not made, for radiators.
"Keep your tank full.
"Loose battery connections are bad
"Keep your points bright and 1-32
of an inch apart.
"Don't carry your spark plug In your
"Keep vour tank full.
"Learn to time your valve?.
"Retard the Ignition before, you
"Keep your tank full.
"But don't fill your tank by lamp
"Carry some coarse linen and litharge
and glycerine paste to mend leaky
"Number your wires and terminals if
you don't want the crowd to guy you
"Keep your tank full."
By the time the reader got down to
this sixth reiteration of the intempe
rate" admonition to keep his tank full.
nc was convinced mat ne was not pe
rusing a Prohibition party organ: in
fnit lie becan to fear that he was
headed for the Keeley cure house or
the . bughouse. What was his "spark
plug? How could he "time his valves?"
Why was it more perilous to "fill his
tank by" lamplight" than by gaslight or
moonlight? Was his "wiring" out of
condition? Had his nose become a ra
diator" and did it look greasy? He had
not taken a drink fbr three days, and
yet he fancied that he saw rats scud
ding across the floor. How could he
escape being gotten by the Constable
If he kept his tank full six times a
day? Another big blue rat ran out
from under his chair and then he
read the name of the magazine. It was
the May number of the Auto Advocate
and Country Roads, and the list of ad-
.monitlons was signed "Old Chauffeur."
Poet's Day at Portland.
There, is to bc'a Poets' Day at the Lewis
and Clark Exposition, July 15. All poets
In good standing arc invited. Magazine
poets, of course, are barred. Spring poets
and obituary poets will be admitted If
they will sign the reform pledge. Pot3
who practice the dropstitch style,
invented by James Whitcomb Riley, will'
not be 'recognized unless they present
certificates from Mr. Riley showing that
they have secured his release of copy
right. Any poet who has perpetrated a
poem entitled "When My Ship Comes In"
will be met at the depot .and put aboard
the next ship bound out for the Canary
Islands. Claimants to the authorship of
"Beautiful Snow" need not apply. Sons
of poets are eligible, as also are sons of
veteran poets. Special booths are provided
In the Machinery building for m'achlno
poets. Apprentice poets will be admitted
on probation, though journeymen are pre
ferred, as they are not so ambitious to
work overtime. In the case of the latter,
working cards up to date will be re
quired, and the cards must be stamped by
Local No. 999. Poets' Amalgamated Un
ion. Lady poets like Ella Wheeler Wilcox
are warned that this Is not a hot climate.
Poet laureates like Alfred Austin may
enter under protest, their eligibility to be
referred at once to the Society for the
Prevention of Cruelty to Pegasus and
Other Animals. Tearful poets, who ooze
with soulful stanzas concerning despair,
disappointment and death, will be re
ferred to the National Irrigation Commis
sion for credentials, and as there Is much
arid land in the West they may be found
useful. Foots who have published books
through the press of Richard G. Badger,
at Boston, may pass the turnstiles upon
payment of the regular admission. Just
as they pass Into the Gorham Press of
Mr. Badger by paying the fee. Dialect
poets will be welcome after passing a
creditable examination in the old blue
spelling-book. Negro dialect poets will bo
killed and cremated. Pike County poets
will be sent to John Hay for discipline.
Real poets will receive crowns made of
the leaves of the Oregon grape, guarac
teed not to intoxicate. AH other poets.
are cordially invited, and no questions
- ROBBBTUS LOVB.
WEALTH AISD POWER OF ROTHSCHILDS
Horr the Family Attained DUtlactlea In the Flaaaclal World Maln
niay ot Many European Xatleaa Tlee TraaltlOHal Pellcy ef latcr
Baron Mayer Alphonse James De Roth
schild, who died yesterday, was born In
1S27. He was the eldest son of Jacob
James Mayer and Betty Rothschold, of
the Vienna House of the Rothschilds.
Upon his father's death he became the
head of the Paris house and married Le
onora Rothschild, of the London house,
thus again linking together the several
divisions of the family.
About 1753 there died Amschel Moses,
the head of the Rothschild family. He
left a son, Mayer Amschel. who died In
1S12. It was this son who was the first
great Rothschild and who was the real
founder of Ihc Rothschild wealth. He
was called Amschel of the Red Shield.
In lSOS, when Napolean was about to In
vade Germany the hoUr of the Roth
schilds came. Amschel had impressed
Landgrave of Hesse with his honesty and I
capacity. He happened to have at that
time about five millions of dollars, a part I
of which was what the Landgrave got j
for the Hessians he sold to George III for
export to America. The Landgrave saw
his money about to disappear into the
war-chest of Bonaparte. He asked
Amschel to take It and bear it away in '
safety. Amschel transported it across
the mountains on mule back and to Man
chester, where his son, Nathan Mayer.
was established as his agent for the pur
chase of cotton goods.
During the entire "Napoleonic era this
huge sum was in the hands of the
Rothschilds for speculation. In one of the
five years of that period Isathan boasted
that he had Increased his own capital
twenty-five hundred times. The prob
ability is that this personal capital at the
outset wa3 about one hundred thousand
When Napoleon was dethroned the
Rothschilds offered to repay: the Land
grave refused. He "finally took interest
at two percent, but refused all back pay
ments. Not until 1832, when Napoleon
was dead and Europe tranquil again, did
the heirs ot the Landgrave take their
money again. By that time it was but a
modest portion of the real capital of the
This, then was the foundation of the
Rothschild millions. After the Napole
onic era. when the crowned heads were
greatly In arrears. It became known that
the house of Rothschild was the best
financial agent. The house became
bankers and financial agents for the gov
ernments and sovcrigns of Europe, 'rne
financial empire of the Rothschilds was
founded and upon his deathbed Amschel
gave the advice that has to the present
time kept the house a financial leader.
He told his children: "Intermarry."
It occurred that Amschel's energy and
ability was not succeeded by mediocrity.
His five sons developed wonderful ability.
Amschel Mayer, belonged to the Frank
fort house. Solomon to the Vienna
branch. Nathan Mayer to the London
house. Charles the Naples branch. James,
Baron de Rothschild, to the Paris house.
James, who was born in 1792, married
Betty Rothschild, of the Vienna branch.
and by her had three children, the eldest
being the late Mayer Alphonse James,
who. until his recent death, was the head
of the Paris branch. This branch of the
family, though the most splendidly and
conspicuously seated of all. is both in
wealth and in financial brain-power, in
ferior to the Vienna and London bran
ches. Society and national patriotism
have operated to weaken, to a certain ex
tent, singleness of devotion to family and
There is a question as to who will now
be the head of the Paris branch. Of the
late baron's brothers there remains
Gustave. who has not Intermarried, and
Edmund James, who married Adelheld
Rothschild of the now defunct Frank
fort house, which passed out of exlstanco
when Anselm Mayer died childless in
1S55. To the late baron there was born
two - children, Beatrice and Edmund Al
phonse James. The son Is unmarried, but
has given indications of great financial
ability, and it may come to pass that he
will take a consort from one of the other
ODD BITS 0F0REG0N LIFE.
Jack Rummcll's Bid for Fame.
Jack Rummcll. of Jackson County.
has killed 7S bears, and Is entitled to
a place In the President's Cabinet.
Sad Accident to Something.
Hazel Bend. Cor. Tillamook Herald.
W. D. Gladwill's colt kicked Mr.
Mill's dog last week and broke its leg.
Let Him Go Barefoot, Like the Dogs.
C. C Carter presented his span of
greyhounds to George Currey. of Jun
tura. Charley likes dogs all right, but
when It comes to masticating the only
pair of socks he had on earth he
thought It was time to cry out ice
water. Jenkins and Billlngsley are
One Lady's Oversight. .
Doctors get us against some queer
propositions occasionally. An M. D. not
far from here told us of a lady: whosc
foot he was treating for a severe
sprain. After examining the Injured
foot, he asked the lady to bare the
other that he might compare their size,
to ;ee the amount of inflammation. He
was amused by the lady replying: "But.
doctor, I can't take off my stocking; I
only washed this one foot."
All the News From Habbitville.
The Rabbitvllle brass band will toot
In the park next Sunday (afternoon.
Some bands play, some bands discourse,
some bands render. Our band is at its
best on a toot.
Oiir city blacksmith has returned and
is at work again. His countenance is
not as pleasant as It was before the
mule kicked him, but he knows more.
The City drugstore is now selling its
large stock of codfish at reduced prices.
a'he proprietor of the Bunco House
sent me word to say that there are no
bugs In the Bunco House beds. So we
make the statement as requested. There
are no bugs In the Bunco House beds.
But the Bunco House guests will say
we arc a darned liar.
The city barber got full last Satur
day night and in shaving Si Butterbot
tom cut off a small section from the
south half of Si's east ear. We are sorry
t6 say SI got mad. SI always was a fin
In speaking in the town hall the
other night, Jo. Stifel said It was a bad
hall to speak in, the obstetrics being
very -poor. What Jo. don't know about
obstetrics would fill, a large book.
Summerbottom's oldest girl writes
us a note asking If it is safe for a sin
gle i;irl to go walking with a young
man after darK- in ner case u wu
safely say It is: but the young man is
tailing -a desperate chance.
A Way That Cowboys Have.
One' of the groups of statuary that will
occupy a commanding position at the
Lewis and Clark Exposition is called
"Cowboys Hitting the Trail." The cow
bora it depicts may be engaged in hitting
the trail, bat they seem to be shootJag.
at the -senita
branches and follow in his father's foot
steps. There was a time when the Rothschild
millions was at stake. It was at the
time the' Iron Duke was preparing to
cross swords with Napoleon. The Roth
schilds had been compelled by their bus
iness to become allies ot Napoleon's en
emies and upllfters pf feudalism. They
wished Napoleon to lose at Waterloo, but'
it was necessary that they know the re
sult of the battle as soon as possible. If
Napoleon was about to win the Roth
schilds stood to lose a great deal, but it
they knew it in advance of the rest of
the world they could save themselves
from ruin and might, perhaps. mak
terras with the conqueror. Nathan, then
the active head of the Londan house, de
cided that here was a crisis where no
agent could be employed. He secretly
left London, crossed to Belgium, and
went to the camp of the Allies. The
soldiers insulted him and treated him
with Indifference, but were obliged to
tolerate his presence.
Wellington was defeated on the first
day of the battle and on the second day
was steaauy driven back. Late in the
afternoon the other financial messengers
present left the field to carry the news
of Wellington's disaster abroad. Roth
schild remained. He did not leave until
he saw the defeated Frenchmen flying
the field. Then he rode' toward Ostend
rode like a madman. He sought a boat
man to take him across the Channel.
There was a storm and all refused' to
venture. At last he discovered one In
straightened circumstances. He gave
this man s family five thousand pounds.
and the boatman started on the trip.
They reached the other side In safety.
Rothschild set out tor i.onaon, anvmg at
Before him had gone news of Welling
ton's defeat. Without waiting to dress
or eat Rothschild sauntered Into the
stock exchange, shambled up to the pil
lar where he always stood and leaned
there with a dejected look upon Ins race.
He said not a word. Everyone knew the
Rothschild stake was on the Allies. That
statue seemed to tell them the whole
story. They frantically sold English
funds, the funds of the Allies and Nath
an's agents acting under his orders,
bought all they sold. When Nathan shuf
fled away to sleep he was to finance what
Napoleon would have been to politics had
he won Waterloo.
The fortune of the Rothschilds was not
only saved, but was more than doubled.
Since that time the house of Rothschild
has not been seriously threatened. But
to-day there are inroads on the strength
of the financial empire, inroads that per
haps fortell disaster, at least to some of
the branches. Rothschilds are retiring
from business, entering society, taking
to the arts. One practices medicine. In
termarriage is not so frequent as in the
days of the founders. The head of one
branch died childless. Dr. Henri, just
mentioned as in the medical field, mar
ried outside the family and has no char
acteristics common to the house except
the name he bears. Gustax. of the Paris
house, married outside the family. One
of his daughters refused a Rothschild to
wed Baron Lambert. A daughter of
Solomon went against the wishes of her
family to marry outside. Ferdinand, of
the Vienna house, the strongest branch,
has retired from the financial field. These
things have weakened the Rothschild
strength and may be the beginning of the
In an effort to recuperate the house of
Rothschild has recently sent two Of its
scions to America, to learn banking as it
is practiced here. These representatives ,
will In a few years control the destinies
of the house. They are . working as
clerks In the office of a New York firm,
the agents of the Rothschilds in America,
where, as yet. the financial kingdom has
failed to subject. Though the Roth
schilds have large interests in America
the control Is not In their hands. The
American money market is still managed
by Americans, and the financial brains
of the Rothschilds are forced to com
pete with the brains of Rockefeller, of
Morgan, of others who have founded
financial kingdoms without the aid of a
FRAUDS IN DAMAGE SUITS.
(Items Introducing "The Profession of Get
ting Hurt," by Theodore "Waters. In "the
A Chicago jury has found Inga Hanson
guilty of perjury. She claimed to have
been rendered deaf, dumb and paralyzed
through being knocked down and dragged
by a trolley car. Chicago news dispatch.
A Marselllne. Mo., man has just con
fessed that he purposely lost his leg by
thrusting it underUhc wheels of a Texas
and Pacific Railroad train, for which he
recovered 3,000 damages. News de
spatch from Austin, Tex.
A Philadelphia woman has just com
pleted a sentence In jail for teaching her
children to injure themselves in trolley
cars that she might claim damages. From
letter to author.
A New York accident insurance com
pany has just refused to pay ddmages to
a man for the malady known as syno
vitis because he was found to have pro
duced the effect of the disease by sand
papering his knees and applying a fly-
blister there.to. Statement made to auth
or by company.
The city of Chicago is groaning under
the burden of personal injury suits. Over
twenty-six hundred suits are now pend
ing against the city, and many of these
bear the earmarks of fraud. William S.
Kies. Assistant City Attorney.
In ten years the amount paid by Texas
railroads for personal injuries has grown
from $293,000 to $1,763,000. The rich pick
ings from the damage-suit business 13
attracting a horde of lawyers to the damage-suit
centers, such as Houston and
San Antonio, and the result is that they
are turning their attention to others be
sides the railroads. Vice-President C. H.
Markham, Southern Pacific Railroad.
New York Evenlpg Post.
They were reminiscing at a lunch table
In a Fulton-street restaurant.
" 'Oliver Optic!' I should say when I
was a lad! Happiest days of my life! Did
you ever read his 'Treasure Island'?"
"No. Are you sure that Oliver Op
"Of course not. Jules Verne wrote
'Treasure Island.' And then there was a
story of Venus rising from the ashes. It
was about a bird, for some reason. Ac
cording to the history of Greece that I
used to read, Venus rose from the sea."
They went so deep, on this, into the
archaeology of Venus that they forgot
to tip the waiter.
To Marry for $1000.
Fairmount Cor. Baltimore Sun.
A strange agreement has been ad
mitted to record here In the office of
the Clerk of the County Court.
By its terms. Miss Gertrude Lowther.
of Ritchlo County, agrees to marry B.
W. Harden, of Catawba. W. Va.. and to
remain his wife until his death, when
she Is to receive $1000 from his estate.
Harden Is 59 years old and Is a rich
widower. Miss Lowther Is 3S years old.
The marriage license has been granted.
Reading Jurors -Jieeded.
At no distant day the man who reads
the newspapers and Is posted as- to what
is going on In the country will be sought
out as the only sort of man- competent
to sit upon a. Jury- The strange tMag is
yby. it is not so now.