Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, May 03, 1905, Page 8, Image 8

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uteres at the Postotflce at Portland. Or.,
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(By Mall of Express.)
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local bank. Stamps, coin or currency are -ax
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The g. C. BeckwHa Special Agency New
York; Rooms S-00 Tribune building. Chi
cago; "Rooms C10-512 Tribune bulldlns.
Xha Oregeaiaa does not buy poems or
storlea from individuals and cannot un0e
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closed for this purpose.
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It will be remembered that the first
act of the newly-elected Mayor of Chi
cago was to apply to the Lord Provost
of Glasgow, Scotland, for a visit from
the manager of the Glasgow tramways.
This municipal enterprise was quoted
everywhere as a model In management
and an example of financial success.
Evidently the man at the head of It
must not only have discovered, but
should be able to impart, the secret of
his prosperity. The invitation was
courteously accepted and a time was
set for the visit. Mr. James Dalrymple,
who is the happy man, became at once
a sentcr of interest to the ubiquitous
American newspaper roan. It was
doubtless a strange experience for him
to find the system, which to him was
the most natural and every-day ma
chine in the world, needing so much
explanation. While he was very care
ful (canny Scot that he evidently is) not
to draw any invidious comparisons
with the methods used in the city
whose guest he was to be, yet from his
answers the wide difference in atmos
phere is very plain. He makes his posi
tion clear to his interviewer thus:
The analogy is of a manager of a private
corporation; the tramways committee repre
Fent the executive committee, the Council the
board of directors, and the people themselves
the stockholder?.
I am absolutely independent In the manage
ment: if I were not so I could not succeed,
nor could any other man. That. I am in
clined to think, is. the foundation stone of
the city' success In municipal ownership.
The city holds me responsible for my work,
and I hold my subordinates responsible to me.
Probably he is right about the foun
dation stone, but what about the struc
ture? He tells us this also: "Political
interference with my duties is some
thing absolutely unheard of here."
Happy manager, for whom elections,
votes, bosses, wards, precincts, strikers,
primaries, belong to a strange lan
guage, an unknown tongue. But If par
ties and bosses are barred out absolute
ly from even touching the municipal
undertakings with their finger tips',
municipal ownership would lose some
fairly strenuous supporters. If votes
are lying about by the score, and In
bunches easy to be got at, a good,
strong, self-denying ordinance would
be required. For. even in the quiet
haven of Mr. Dalrymple's experience,
there are Common Councllmen, and of
such are his board of directors, accord
ing to his simile, and the board does
appoint and discharge the manager.
But the question is put straight at
him. "Do members of the Town Council
interfere In any way with the selec
tion of subordinates?" "Certainly not,"
says Mr. Dalrymple,""l could not per
mit such a tiling." And yet, and yet,
it seems as if even there some byway
into the sheep fold was tried now and
again, for. Just listen: "A member of
the Council, and now and then, a Coun
cillor (query, error for "bailie"?), might
bring a man he knew and suggest that
lie would make a: good employe for the
tramways." .Does not this sound just a
little familiar to us? This "bringing"
the man and "suggesting." Of course
Mr. Dalrymple "takes the matter un
der consideration." And, equally of
course, "if they seemed to be below the
average man. the fact that a Town
Councillor had spoken to me on the sub
ject would not weigh anything at all."
So, there. In the old town of Glasgow,
and in the new City of Chicago, human
nature is just about the same. "We
venture to say that It Is as easy in Chi
cago as in Glasgow to find a man com
petent, so far as brains, experience and
individual character go. to manage the
municipal tramways just as well as he
would a private enterprise. The Chi
cago rules would no doubt be very ex
plicit against "political Interference."
But, unless cases of very sound con
version were multiplied, it would be but
a short time ere come Councilman
would "bring a man" and "suggest his
employment." Even if managers were
imported, warranted not to stand polit
ical Interference, still, unless the at
mosphere, the very climate, be modi
fied, they would either lose their virtue
or their positions..
The trouble fe with the citizens, not
with the maaagers. The Chicago ex-
periment is going to be tried out, and
expert advice from a long way off is all
in order. But the worst of It is that the
advice to be effective should belong to
the sphere of the moralist rather thanH
of the engineer. Mr. Dalrymple, In his
line, will learn more than he teaches,
for in practical management the Amer
ican engineers and managers can give
points to the world. What trouble is
ahead In Chicago and elsewhere is be
hind the rails and wires and cars.
What an embarrassment of riches is
presented by the Official Republican
Ballot for Primary Election, printed in
The Oregonian Monday. Of those
candidates who have condensed their
views on municipal government into
epigrams inscribed upon the ballot, it
is apparent that none Is for a party and
all are for the city. How Is the Re
publican "voter to choose between. men
of such high aim how Is he to- dis
criminate where all are good men and
Two candidates for Mayor are H. R.
Albee and Fred T. MerrilL "Enforce
ment of law and a square deal for
every man" is the platform of Albee,
and "A regulated open town" Is the
platform of Merrill, "the people's fear
less" of God or man? "candidate."
There is no choice possible between
these frank and honest declarations of
policy. A "regulated open town" is not
an open town, and "enforcement of
law" does not predicate a closed town,
In the strictest senses of these conven
ient words. A regulated open town
gives all classes a square deal, and a
square deal should give a regulated
open town, so the voter may be happy
with either, when t'other dear charmer
Is put out of the contest
"Hew to the line, let the chips fall
where they may," is the determined
policy of a candidate for the office of
Municipal Judge. Presumably the line
mentioned is the dead line, and the
chips those used in the exhilarating
game of poker, but speculation on these
points Is now unfortunately robbed of
most of its interest since the with
drawal of Gustav Anderson from the
race. Albert B. Ferrera stands up for
"fairness, Impartiality and Justice," to
which few men can object, and Otto J.
Kraemer "will give a square deal to all,
no one more or less." Here again the
voter Is -nonplussed. What matters
who is elected, when a square deal Is
assured In any event.
When the candidates for Councilmen-at-Large
are reached, there Is not much
greater variety. John Annand and W.
J. Clemens both "favor a government
of, by and for the people," a very de
Elrable form of government for the city.
A "business administration" is very
popular. Dan Kellaher would have "no
politics, but business, in the city ad
ministration." A. B. Manley "favors
economic administration, managed on
business principles." D. J. Qulmby
stands for "honesty, efficiency, economy
and a business administration." John
P. Sharkey comes out definitely for
"two-mill tax for constructing bridges;
more equitable assessment for street
fills." "Civic improvement: no graft
ing." is the cry of C. A. Townscnd, and
A. N. Wills demands "honesty in pub
lic affairs." William H. Barry goes to
extreme lengths in advocating the In
troduction of common sense. He "ad
vocates common-sense administration
of city affairs and civic improvement."
In this, list there is room for a little
more choice. The voter can have a
business administration, an honest ad
ministration or a common-sense admin
istration, all very good things for the
city. He is assured of a "square deal"
by all, and is also assured that legiti
mate Illegitimacy, will be protected
while illegitimate illegitimacy will be
clubbed with the full force of the law
The voter merely has the choice of two
goods and no evils.
The sixty-second anniversary of es
tablishment of the provisional govern
ment of Oregon was observed in due
form and with impressive ceremonies
at Champoeg yesterday, under the aus
pices of the Oregon Historical Society.
The site whereon the future state was
born sixty-two years ago was but a
bright spot in the emerald setting of a
far-away Spring In a beautiful wilder
ness. It Is little more than a lonely
spot of beauty now, over which a mod
est shaft of granite, engraved with the
names of the men who participated in
the event on the 2d day of May, 3843,
keeps faithful vigil. Until a few years
ago the place was practically unknown
to Oregonians, and the e-ent which the
monument commemorates was little
more than tradition. Through the ef
forts of the Oregon Historical Society
and chiefly of Mr. George H. Himes,
the historic spot was located, andupon
It five years ago the monument com
memorative of Oregon's beginning as a
state was placed.
Champoeg sixty-two years ago was
the center, or near the center, of such
American civilization as had then been
planted west of the Rocky "Mountains
It was a small hamlet of some Import
ance In the pioneer life of Oregon Ter
ritory. It got Its growth early and re
mained stationary until the historic
flood of 1SG1 invaded its site and swept
away its flimsy buildings. It was a
fortunate circumstance that the site
where the members of the provisional
government met, and entered into the
compact that has descended to us in
statehood, resisted the force of the In
vading waters and in due time emerged
from the flood as dry land. Though the
Willamette River has eaten Its way
into the shore line at that point, very
perceptibly In recent years, the spot
upon which the monument stands is
still well up on the bank, unmenaced
by the erosion of the waters. To this
spot, as is befitting, on the 2d day of
May of each succeeding year, many
citizens of Oregon repair, and with pa
triotic words and the recital of the old
yet ever new story of the formation of
the first government of Oregon pass the
The event thus simply and suitably
commemorated is one upon which the
citizens of old Oregon delight to dwell.
Each succeeding year another leaf Is
added to the volume of the past, push
ing earlier events still further into the
domain of memory. It Is well to turn
these leaves back and In tender, rev
erent mood dwell for a day In the
years wherein our "yet young state was
younger yet." and recall from fading
memory and written chronicle the sim
plicity and the valor of the men and
women whose courage and self-sacri
flee made the settlement of Oregon pos
slble. The special observances . of the
day are recorded elsewhere. The un
written history of the hopes and as
plrations, the fears and the trials, of
those far-away years abides In the
hearts of the-remalBtng few wbo-efeared
them for yet a little time. It is
through such commemorative exercises
that the events of the old-limes will be
bequeathed to those who come after us.
The unwritten records, after the man
ner of things that arc engraved upon
perishable tablets, will soon belong to
a past in which the moving shapes of
memory no longer appear.
The Chicago wheat market showed
signs of returning life again yesterday
and Monday, and the famous May. op
tion advanced about 4 cents per
bushel for the two days. The supply
of wheat In the United. States has not
decreased so remarkably since last Sat
urday as to warrant this sudden firm
ness, and the change was due to nat
ural reaction following an oversold
market. This recovers Illustrates quite
plainly the extent to which manipula
tion has been responsible for the recent
wild changes in the price of wheat
There was never a time in the life of
the celebrated May deal when fancy
prices scored were warranted by -ex
isting conditions as they are created by
supply and demand. But. on the other
hand, there was no valid reason for
such a violent decline as followed the
sudden discovers' that a wheat famine
was not imminent.
This intense bear campaign of the
past fortnight would not .have experi
enced such plain sailing had It not been
for the assistance of the antiquated
Agricultural Department, which came
to the front with predictions of "crop
conditions" which, by the department's
peculiar and generally misunderstood
system of percentages, indicated a
larger crop of Winter wheat than has
ever been harvested in this country.
The oft-heard statement that there Is
no sentiment in business does not fit
the case when It is applied to wheat.
Few, if any, of the shrewd operators
who make use of these Government re
ports have any confidence in them, but
they serve an excellent purpose In
drawing In a -flock of. "lambs" to be
Wheat in Spring always looks good to
the theoretical gentlemen who disburse
the appropriation for the Agricultural
Department, and each returning season
finds' them sending out glowing ac
counts of what we may have next Fall.
The price of wheat is still above the
average of recent years, but the Gov
ernment promise of an exceptionally
heavy crop, some of which Is not yet
sown, will not Increase the supply of
the cereal needed for immediate con
sumption. If some method could be devised for
suppressing the manipulators of the
wheat market and also the Govern
ment crop experts, who supply them
with material for manufacturing public
sentiment, either bullish or bearish, a
better average scale of prices would
prevail throughout the year, and pro
ducers and consumers alike would In
the end be gainers.
The Post-Intelligencer Is much con
cerned over what It terms the "unfor
tunate Interference" of theGovernment
In the Sand Island matter. The Seattle
paper asserts that "the assumption of
the War Department that the State of
Washington had no jurisdiction over
the island is a singular one in the teeth
of the fact that the courts have recog
nized, not merely the sovereignty of the
state, but private property rights In the
state, to the soil of similar tidal lands
elsewhere." There are no similar tidal
lands clsexvhere. Sand Island being the
only military reserve of this nature on
the Pacific Coast. The contour of the
island and Its location have changed
somewhat with the passing years, but
this is' true of every island In the Co
lumbia River.
There are half a dozen islands in the
river which have shifted their location
since Sand Island was made a military
reserve, but the ownership has never
been questioned or contested simply be
cause the front of the Island was
washed away and an equal amount
added by accretion to the other side.
The Post-Intelligencer thinks that, in
asserting its ownership to the island,
the Government has created "a situa
tion which may result in conflict and
which is certain to result In serious
friction and serious loss to one or the
other of the rival. private claimants to
the fisheries privilege." Naturally, the
withdrawal from public use of property
worth a rental-earning power of sev
eral thousand dollars per year will
cause loss to some of the private par
ties who had been making free use of
It for years.
At the same time no squatter of av
erage intelligence who ever made his
home on Sand Island during the fish
Ing season was unfamiliar with the fact
that he was there by sufferance of the
Government. Government ownership of
Sand Island was no more questioned
than was that of Scarborough Head.
Just across the channel. The situation
will hardly result in conflict. Respon
slble business men have leased the
island from the Government, paying a
good price for the use of it during the
season. In Issuing to them a lease the
Government must naturally protect
them In their rights, and the Columbia
River fishermen and trapmen will not
enter into conflict with the Govern
ment. It Is perhaps unfortunate that
the Government did not assert Its
rights, but. had It done so, the men who
have had free use of the Island would
have been losers, for It has for many
years been used to advantage free of
cost by fishermen of all classes.
It Is not an uncommon thing to find
private parties making use of Govern
ment land in the Pacific Northwest,
and they are frequently permitted to
remain In peaceful possession for years
There Is no security, however. In this
kind of ownership, and every intelli
gent man familiar with the laws of the
country knows while he Is enjoying
such possession that his hold on the
land is subject always to the call of
the Government. In leasing Sand
Island the Government has relieved
some people who In the past have used
the Island of the feeling of insecurity
which was unavoidable so long as ac
tual ownership of the Island was not
Tom Brown, the youthful parricide.
has been acquitted by a Chehalls jury
of the charge of murder on the ground
of Insanity, which condition was in
duced by his father's brutal treatment
of him from his infancy. Public sen
tlment will acquiesce In this verdict as
just. But It should also demand and
require that this lad be placed under
restraint In the Reform School at Che
halls, or in the School for Defective
Youth at Vancouver, that he may
thereby be taught the necessity of self
control and learn to read and vrrite and
to use his hands in some simple craft
that promises a livelihood. He Is not
Insane In the sense that forbids his
learning these things, nor yet Is he sane
enough, to run at large. The state did
its full duty In that line in prosecuting
him vigorously for murder. The duty
that now presents Itself Is In the form
of such restraint as will prevent a re
currence of serious transgression of the
law. and such training as will enable
"him after a few years to maintain him
self and thus relieve the state of his
A ScaUle Jury has decided that a
dog; being- tormented by a man, has a
perfect right to use the weapons pro
vided by Nature for self-defense
against his tormentor, and that his
owner cannot be held for the Injury
that follows. This is a sensible and
humane decision. Anynian who delib
erately provokes a dumb creature to
anger, or In any way inflicts suffering
upon the animal, deserves such retalia
tion as the brute Is able to inflict. If
a dog is the object of persecution, his
tormentor deserves to be bitten; If a
horse, he deserves to" be kicked; If a
horned creature, to be gored, and so on.
Nature did not. make a mistake or do
an unwise thing In providing dumb ani
mals with means of self-protection. The
man who presumesiupondhe belief that
the dumb animal has no standing In
court, so that he persecuted and
tormented, gets what Is due when the
creature turrs upon him In self-defense.
Mr. Alexander is doubtless an able
and sagacious insurance president; but
it is not surprising that the Frlck com
mittee has requested his resignation.
The scandal that has shaken the
Equitable society to its foundations has
involved all the prominent officers, and
the policy-holders will be better satis-
fled, and public confidence entirely re
stored, If there is reorganization all
around. Mr. Alexander Is said to have
cared for various relatives by placing
them on the payroll of the society at
large salaries. It is commendable
enough for one to look carefully
after his family, including brothers,
sons, and nephews, but it Is not so com
mendable to require someone else to
foot the bill. If both Alexander and
Hyde can be persuaded to go, and an
entirely new man placed in charge, the
Equitable incident will soon have
passed into history.
Morocco apparently "looked good" to
Emperor William when he landed there
on his recent Junket, for he has dis
patched an ambassador to Fez, for the
sole purpose of "thanking the Sultan
for the reception accorded to Emperor
William at Tangier, and to repeat the
assurances of Germany's attitude to
ward Morocco." The Sultan apparently
thinks that if this is all that William
wants, he could have sent the mes
sage on a postal card, and accordingly
he has suspended negotiations with the
French and Is awaiting arrival of the
German ambassador to learn for him
self If the message, announcing his mis
sion was no.t "bulled" in transmission.
The Sultan perhaps thinks that the
part that was omitted was of more
Importance than that which was made
Governor Mead, of Washington, has
done a graceful thing in declaring a
holiday for his stale on the occasion of
opening the Lewis and Clark Exposi
tion. More than this, he has ildne a
generous and a patriotic thing In urg
ing the citizens of the- great State of
Washington to attend the cVening-px-ercises
on that occasion. Washington
with Oregon shares the honor of being
the goal of the ambition of the great
explorers of a century ago. With Ore
gon she has stood shoulder to shoulder
In honoring Lewis and Clark and their
grand achievement. The proclamation
of Washington's Governor is duly ap
preciated. In response to it Portland
will extend a cordial welcome on the
first day of June to thousands of the
loyal citizens of her sister state.
Should a typhoon catch the Russian
fleet, Togo's task would In all probabil
ity be rendered much easier. Battle
ships, with their .heavy guns mounted
as high as possible In order to obtain
a good firing position, are lacking In
good seagoing qualities, and In addition
the Russian vessels are now carrying
great quantities of provisions, stores
and coal, the last steamer sighting the
squadron, the Stettin, reporting that
she was sto'pped by two cruisers with
deckloads of coal. Japan would have
even more cause for rejoicing at the
destruction now of the Russian ar
mada than had England when the "In
vincible" Spanish fleet, harassed by the
home fleet, was scattered by storms and
battered upon the iron coasts of the
The first great event In Russia after
the Czar's manifesto for religious free
dom is a riot In Warsaw. In which 100
persons are killed. "During a service
in a church the congregation began
singing patriotic songs, whereupon sol
diers and police entered the building
and attacked the people, wounding
many of them," says a dispatch from
Moscow. The Russian people may be
in full enjoyment of their new-found
religious liberty; "but they still have
trouble keeping out of the way of sol
diers and police.
Mrs. Julia Llndsley, widow of Dr. A.
L. Llndsley of sacred memory, who died
in this city yesterday, .was a gentle,
womanly woman, unobtrusive, gracious,
helpful and kind. Mrs. Llndsley was
for many years active in good words
and works among the members of the
First Presbyterian Church and parish
in this city. She goes to her grave full
of years, honored for the simplicity and
beauty and usefulness that marked her
Annapolis, Philadelphia, Washington.
Fredericksburg (Va.) and New York all
want-John Paul Jones bones. There
ought to be enough to go around.
America having had about all it can
stand of "Parsifal," Helnrich Conried
is willing that Wagner's widow should
abandon her suit against him.
There is little reason to believe that
President Castro will be worried enough
by Minister Bowen's dilemma to He
awake of nights.
Colorado gamblers offer dally a bet
of J10 that the President will kill a
bear. No takers. Whatever happens.
the bear loses.
Young Mr. Hyde, of the Simple and
the Equitable Life, is worse than a
Punchinello he is a," bore.
Possibly Chicago, might solve its latT
est problem by municipal ownership-of
horses and wagons.
Portland's "swell dressers" are worried.
They don't .know It It Is cn regie to wear
straw -hats with heavy underclothing;.
An amiable anti-Semitic editor, who Is
considered to have, been largely respon
sible for the massacre at Klshlnef, has
established a new paper in that city. He
has named his paper the Fiend, probably
after himself.
Candidates for office apparently have
the photograph habit beyond possibility
of redemption. Just why an ad should be
considered more effective because It is ac
companied by the reproduction of a mug
that is usually anything but decorative
Is not easy to understand. It may be that
the voter, on seeing the picture, exc'alms.
"Why. de Smith Is no better-looking than
I am." and promptly votes for such a
safe and plain candidate, whereas If mys
tery veils the features of de Smith the
voter might be jealously suspicious.
General LInlcvltch celebrated Easter by
kissing all his soldiers. That should make
them fighting' mad.
Trouble is brewing In Seattle, but no
A Chinese hog-raiser at Albany Is
named Ah Swill, and- no one there wishes
to deny what that name might Imply.
President Roosevelt Is about to jump
out of Colorado into Chicago.
From Colorado a woman writes that she
has several domesticated deer, and adds
that the old buck, who is addicted to the
use of whisky. Is "very comical when
drunk." -Such an animal would be a great
addition to the attractions clustered
around the entrance to the Fair.
In New York a stenographer playfully
polnted a revolver at her employer and
after snapping the trigger three times
gave point to the Joke by putting a bullet
Into him. This should be a lesson to
stenographers not to point "unloaded"
guns at anyone, at least during business
Chicago is a nice
2000 miles from.
town to live about
La Macedoine, a paper published In
Paris, says lhat during an official massa
cre at the village of Kouklish the Turk
ish commandant a fat major slept and
smoked In the shade of a tree near the
scene of carnage. The trumpet sounded
for the assault, and the soldiers- pro
ceeded to rob, kill, burn and violate. The
trumpet next sounded the retreat, but the
troop refused to obey, and the fat major
continued to sleep and smoke. When
spoken to about the excesses of hla men
he replied: "What can one do? They are
so badly brought uj. What a contrast
these Turks offer to the quiet Russian
soldiers, decorously kissing their aged
commander-in-chief. General Linlcvitch,
as he reviews them at Easter. f
Kurokl's troops have celebrated the an
niversary of the battle of the Yalu. How
lemptis fugits and. also how military repu
tations go to smash.
When a bomb prematurely bombs and
ends the careers of several ingenious but
discontented Russians, the St. Peters
burg authorities ascribe the explosion to
the miscarriage of a chemical experiment.
This explanation Is at once truthful and, a combination of qualities
eminently satisfactory to the Russian offi
cial mind.
A cow with five legs is offered for sale
as a sideshow attraction at the Fair. A
restaurant cnicKen with only the same
number of legs would be another at
Noah Is acclaimed by the Springfield
Republican as the originator of the ad
vertising methods which Americans have
made peculiarly their own. Noah adver
tised his ark, and the Republican goes on
to show what an advantage It gave the
patriarch in the ultImate-for he was un
doubtedly the original weather prophet
and gloried In It while the new genera
Uons grew up. so that the whole family
had a prestige unsurpassed and quite
unique throughout Babylonia, Egypt and
the Isles of the sea. Moreover, he was
the first advertiser to disfigure scenery,
by leaving his ark on Mount Ararat.
where it was seen so late as Sir John
Mandcvlllc's day. Besides being the pre
cursor of Barnum, he had. no one knows
how long, the only stock preserve In Asia.
So Portland's billboard men have an 11
lustrlous prototype.
In the (no doubt) hustling little City of
Pocahontas two Arkansas editors have
found time to give their opinions of
kissing. The Times led off by saying
"The greatest surprise to a girl who gets
kissed the first time is that there is no
taste to it." To this the editor of "the
Star, jealous of the fame of Pocahontas,
replied In a burst of eloquence: "No
taste to It? Well, by the hen feathers on
Cupid's dart, but the Times man must
be color blind in the palate. They tell us,
those who have tried it, that It tastes like
the double-distilled essence of honey
spread thick on a piece of pumpkin pie.
Away back in the dim and joyful years
ago, when we lost all our teeth and our
cinch on the beauty prize, the prettiest
girl In all the world told us with her own
eyes that it felt like a covey of quails
flying out of each car and ended up with
a sensation like a flock of angels pouring
molssscs down one's back. No taste to
the first kiss? Great Scotts! It would
make a wooden cigar Indian's hair curl
and his toenails quiver In ccstacy. The
Times man must be an Icehouse." In the
line of simllles we believe that these two
from Pocahontas will long remain su
premer "Felt like a covey of quail flying
out of each ear," and "like a flock of an
gels pouring molasses down one's back.'
Hats off to Arkansas.
Mr. Hyde, of the Alliance Francaise, or
words to that effect, and secondarily of
the Equitable Life, has been driving to
his office behind horses decked with vlo
lets. Some persons may possibly find
soul-satlsfactlon In the sight of a horse
with a bunch of violets stuck behind Its
car; others are likely to be sorry for the
horse and regret the waste of flowers
Presumably, Mr, Hyde thinks that gaso
line Is not esthetic and that Its- effect
must be counteracted so far as possible
by the use of horses diffusing the smell
of violets.
The Kansas City Star says that a vol
time entitled, "Who's Who In TopekaT
Includes nearly all the two-steppers, but
neglects to mention several Justices of
the Supreme Court. To us this seems
consistent. The book tells who's who, not
who's somebody.
The weather man out at Kowloon
Has spotted a roaring typhoon.
And cries. Rojeatyensky.
Get back to ycur density
Or vour sqwadron will last atighty seoa.'
.' WEX J.
NertkTrent Prea Oraxseata e Jadge BelliBger'a Rallasr ea Pica a la
Abatement Geacral .Sattatacttoa That Cases ttIII Xbtt Cerec te
Trial ea Their Merita.
Hard Work Yet to Come.
Jacksonville Times.
District Attorney Heney's hard work
yet to come. He has it nearly all
his own way, so far.
Backed Up by the Court.
Grant's Pass Herald.
Judge Bellinger appears to Indorse the
sentiment expressed br the land-case de
fendants early In proceedings to the effect
that they wanted a chance to prove their
Innocence at the earliest possible mo
Sympathy From Seattle.
Seattle Times.
Jnrtro RMIInfcr rf Vi TTnltflH States
District fTourt nvormUrt all of th ob
jections raised by Senator Mitchell'3
attorneys and now he must stand
trial on the indictment. Poor old
No Back Door Will Be Open.
Boise Statesman.
Judge Bellinger cleared the decks In
the land fraud cases in Portland when he
held with the government on every point
in passing on the pleas in abatement.
The cases must be heard on their merits;
there will be no back door opened.
Chance to Disclose Defense's Merits.
Bend Bulletin.
Senator Mitchell's plea in abatement
wa3 overruled by Judge Bellinger. Of
course the same ruling will apply to all
others who entered that plea. Now tire In
dicted statesmen will have a chance to go
on trial on their merits unless they can
dig up further technicalities.
What They Need Is Vindication.
Albany Democrat.
The Oregonian and the Democrat agree
emphatically on one thing, and that Is
that what the defendants in the land
fraud cases need I? vindication on the
testimony. While they had a right to
Interpose the pleas. In abatement. It would
have been much better for them not to
have done so.
Gootl Words for the Judge.
Albany Democrat-
Judge Bellinger, a former editor of the
Albany Democrat, is showing himself to
be a very level-headed judicial officer.
man of Integrity and fairness as well as
legal acumen. Albany has sent out some
of Oregon s best men. and our people
are proud of having Judge Bellinger as
one. of them.
Guilt or Innocence to Be Shown.
Milton Eagle.
The preliminary skirmish In the land-
fraud cases was a complete victory for
the Government. The cases against
Mitchell, et al., will now be tried on their
merits and the guilt or Innocence of the
accused made known. This is as it should
be, and tho attempt of Mitchell to escape
trial on a technicality will tend to
strengthen the belief that he Is guilty.
All Ready for the Trial.
. Antelope Herald.
The attempt of Senator Mitchell and
other prominent defendants In the Oregon
land-fraud cases, to Invalidate the In
dictments asalnst them by their plea in
abatement has failed, and they must now
stand trial on the charges. The result
of the first skirmish in the grcatlegal
battle to be fought over the land-fraud
cases was also a decided victory for Mr.
Heney. against whom are pitted some of
the ablest lawyers in the state.
Not a Grain of Hope Held Out.
Toledo Leader.
Judge Bellinger Tuesday morning ruled
against the plea in abatement made. by
Senator Mitchell's attorney, and Prose
cutor Heney has promised the Senator a
trial at the earliest possible date. Judge
Bellinger sustained Heney at every turn
in the road, declared that Heney isn't
prejudiced, and. In fact, held out not a
grain of hope to the indicted brigade. It
is discouraging to find all the goody
goody people on one side of a great case.
Confidence In the Congressmen.
Walla Walla Union.
Judge Bellinger having overruled
the pleas In abatement entered by Sen
ator Mitchell, indicted for land frauds
he will have to stand trial. As all the
others Indicted for the like offense
entered similar picas, and agreed to
abide the decision In the Mitchell case,
they will also have to face trial juries.
We hope and believe that Senator
Mitchell and the. Oregon Congressmen
will be acquitted of the charges
against them.
Some Defendants' Safe Position.
Gran't Pass Herald.
At the present rate of progress de
fendants In the land fraud cases whose
names apear In the vicinity of the bot
torn of the calendar have no reason to
fear punishment unless their years
shall far exceed the alloted three score
and ten. What they need to consider
Is their plea before the court of St.
Petar, for the suspicions of the good
keeper of the pearly gates are no
doubt aroused relative .to the probabil
ity of their continuing operations In
the lands that arc fairer than these.
Ample Gliance for Vindication.
Weston Leader.
Judge Bellinger finds no merit in the
technical defense of the land-fraud de
fendants. He has denied their pleas ab
solutely. and the truth must be brought
out In the courts. This ruling ought to
afford abundant Joy to Messrs. Mitchell
i.ermann, Williamson, et aL, since they
have proclaimed their innocence from the
house tops and will now have a good
chance to establish it not only In court
but at the bar of public opinion. They
will have a fair trial and ample chance
for vindication. Doubtless they are heart
lly glad that their learned counsel failed
to sidetrack the court.
Pasteboard Forts Go Down.
Pendleton East Oregonian.
The pasteboard fortifications made
up of technicalities by Senator Mitch
ell and boldly Interposed across th
course of justice In the United States
District Court at Portland, has been
swept away by the rapid-fire batteries
of Francis J. Heney. Pleas in abate
ment don't go with Judge Bellinger.
Technical defenses built upon flimsy
flaws in the course of the law do not
stand In the Judgment of the United
States Court. The officials now be
Injr tried have said they are Innocent
that they are tho outraged victims of
political malice and jealousy now let
them prove It. ,
Full Faith in Their Innocence.
Th rnnnlan verv DroDerlv calls at
t.tim tn th. fart that the defendants
In the lauds fraud cases now are afforded
,,it -ini rnmnlete onoortunitv of dem
onstrating that tho Government's serious
charges against tnem are not juswnea Dy
the tacts. Judge Bellinger has- swept
aside the tecnnicai pieaoins-s emerea, in
during a full trial on llne3 that will cer
ini Hrincr nut all at the testimony.
This Is what the people want, and If
the defendants are wnoceat, as tney con
. jt vtof Vpoa-u Mltehdl. Ecrma. WII-
llanae and others, shotikl desire. While
-we have full faith la the iBiiecence of
the accused, we are anxious- that they
should avail themselves of the opportun
ity now afforded to prove their Innocence.
They owe it to the nation, to the state.
to their families, to themselves, to their
friends? and to the political organization
with which they arc Identified, and to
which they are Indebted for high honors.
Tangled Up With Scalawags.
Davenport. Wash.. Times.
In the first legal battle in tholand
fraud cases. Senator Mitchell loses to
Attorney Heney. The Senator may still
Insist that he Is innocenj. but It Is dollars
to doughnuts that he Is fully convinced
that he is a blanked fool for ever getting
tangled up with such a large sized gang
of scalawags.
One Paper's Mild Remarks.
Albany Democrat.
Probably the narrowest paper in Oregon
is the Eugene Register. It Is standing in
tooth and nail with the land-fraud de
fendants, and calls the papers which give
the land-fraud news and demand that the
cases bo prosecuted to the end on their
merits and not on technicalities, "journal
istic whelps." According to the Reglstcr
about nine out of ten of the papers and
people of Oregon arc either journalistic
or some other kind of whelps.
Merely a Play to the Galleries.
Amity Advance.
Judge Bellinger decided against the in
dicted land-fraud participants on every
point upon which their pleas In abate
ment rested, and trial of the cases will
now proceed. It was a mistake for the
culprits to attempt to find a loophole
through which they might escape trial
for several months, because the move has
gone far toward convincing tho public
that these men are not half so anxious
for a vindication as they appear to be to
defeat the ends of justice through the
medium of technicalities. The most nat
ural conclusion Is that they are seeking
to escape richly deserved punishment for
wrongdoing, and that their much-vaunted
and somewhat spectacular declarations In
favor of speedy trials and early vindica
tion made at the time the Indictments
were returned was merely a play to the
Senator Booth's Manly Course.
Eugene Guard.
Senator R. A. Booth Is to be com
mended and congratulated for his course
before the federal court in the land fraud
cases. Instead of placing a demurrer, a
plea In abatement or some other techni
cal course in an attempt to delay Justice
and obstruct the law he manfully makes
his pica and Is ready for trial. As a rule
the press of Oregon has maintained that
these people should have a speedy trial.
as was asked for, but a few of the in
dicted persons have attempted to delay
every proceeding of the federal courts.
and in this have been supported by a few
Oregon papers who claim that it is a
political move made by the President, the
Oregonian, the court, et al. The argu
ment Is babyish, and it Is refreshing to
hear one man say, "Gentlemen. I am not
guilty and I am ready for trial." We
hope Senator Booth may establish his
innocence and prove beyond a doubt that
he had no connection with the' Oregon
land frauds.
"Lopsided Journalists."
Eugene Register.
Some of the Oregon papers that pre
sumably would like to see Mitchell,
Hermann and others convicted, wheth
er they are guilty or not, are making"
considerable noise over the decision of
Judge Bellinger in the plea in abate
ment case, pronouncing It a great vic
tory for Heney and the Government,
and further attempting to create prej
udice against the defendants, claiming
they want the cases delayed and post
poned, instead of seeking for an early
trial. Of course most of these lop
sided journalists haven't much concep
tion of what they are talking about.
yet they are doing their state and rep
resentative citizens a rank injustice.
If they were disposed to be fair and
treat them with consideration due
them they would not be forever trying
to Impress upon the public that the
Government cannot possibly be mis
taken a3 to the guilt of these men
when they have not yet been given op
portunity to present their side of the
case. The Register Is not here to kick
a man down before he is down at least,
now after, if there is a chance to lift
him up, and be he Mitchell or any
other public man of Oregon, whatever
his political complexion, whether tried
by the Government or by any other
proper authority, he shall have the
benefit of the doubt as to his. guilt un
til Innocence is disproved. We are
ready to stand or fall' upon that prin
ciple, however the occassional journal
istic whelp may bark at our heels, and
whine that such a course Is a "slap, at
the KJovernment."
The Supreme Court of Georgia re
cently decided a case involving' what is
called the right of privacy. The fol
lowing paragraphs from the syllabus
define the right and show its limita
tions: "Personal liberty includes not only
freedom from physical restraint, but
also the right 'to be let alone. to de
termine one's mode of life, whether it
shall be a life of publicity or privacy,
and to order one's life and manage
one's affairs In a manner that may be
most agreeable to him, so longr as ha
does not Violate the rights of others or
of the public.
"Liberty of speech and of the press,
when exercised within the bounds of
constitutional guarantees, are limita
tions upon the exercise of the right
of privacy.
"One who seeks public office, or any
person who claims from the public ap
proval or patronage, waives his right
of privacy to such an extent that hs
cannot restrain or impede the public in
any proper investigation into the con
duct of his private life which may
throw light upon the question as to
whether the public should bestow upon
him the office whleh he seeks or ac
cord to him the approval or patronage
which he asks. The holder of public
office makes a waiver of a similar na
ture, and subjects his life at all times
to closest scrutiny, in order that It
may be determined whether the. rights
of the public are safe In his hands."
It appears from this decision that the'
seeker of office or public honors rriust
submit not only his public but his pri
vate life and record to publicity In so
far as the published reports are neces
sarv to show whether he is fit for pub
lic honors or office. Even the right of
privacy in a private person. Is not ab
solute, although the press must not
abuse its liberty by offensive or In
jurious publications. There Is danger
In either extreme.
No Canary Seed.
Washington Post.
Delegate 'McGuIre of Oklahoma has on
fcia deck, a unique Tequest for seed. It?
comes from a resident of the territory,
who writes in thte wise:
"My wife wants packages of flower
seeds and packages of garden seeds
Please send the same to her. Don't send
her any canary seed. That might make
her want to sing, and the Lord knows .
I have trouble enough with her. now on
that score." ' ' "