Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, April 24, 1905, Page 6, Image 6

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    THE MORyiNG OBEGOyiAy. MONDAY, 'APRIC 24, 1905.
Entered at the Postofflce at Portland, Or.,
is second-class matter.
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Company, S06 OUvo street.
Washington, D. C. Ebblt House News
Stand.
PORTLAND, MONDAY. APRIL 24. 1305.
I
THE CRISIS IN THE ORIENT.
If the Japanese have the daring, the
celerity, the superior "trick of the wea
pon," they will succeed. The world be
lieves they have. If they can destroy
the fleet of Rojestvensky, they will "by
that achievement end the war.
It was an outrage upon humanity and
upon mankind to force Japan Into a po
sition which has obliged her thus to
fight for existence. It was done by
Germany and France, with the acquies
cence of England, some ten years ago.
This was the situation:
Japan and China had disagreed as to
Corea, War ensued, and Japan was vic
torious. Japan had taken Port Arthur,
and was obtaining concessions in Man
churia, Then Russia, heading a Euro
pean coalition, stepped irj and demand
ed that Japan should give up what she
had gained. Russia of course denied that
she had any selfish interest. She pro
lessedthatshe simply wished to preserve
the territorial integrity of China. At the
same time Russia obtained from China
a "lease" of Port Arthur, for a com
mercial port. Soon afterward she be
gan to fortify the place, to make it a
great naval station, and to establish
her troops In large bodies in Manchuria.
So to the protests of Japan the answer
was evasion, equivocation, and at last
indifference and silence. "
Germany allowed Russia to have her
way, because Germany was unwilling
to antagonize Russia. France, even
more complaisant, hoped (foolishly) to
get Russia's support for her own re
venge on Germany. England didn't
want "a fuss."
So the present situation came about.
Japan fights for her very existence.
Her victory would help the world's civ
ilization. She ought to win. To this
dire necessity and extremity she has
been brought by jealousy of European
powers of each other, or among them
selves. France is the chief culprit.
Her motives have been wholly un
worthy of her history, of her greatness
and of her services to mankind.
ANOTHER INDICATION OF PROSPERITY.
No question that prosperity is gen
eral throughout the country. In nearly
all lines activity is greater than a year
ago. Industry and trade in the great
centers show steady gains. This can
not but be reflected all over the coun
try. One sign is the bank clearings, which
show extraordinary increase over those
of a year ago. Another is the increase
of building activity everywhere noted.
Building statistics of our four greatest
cities, just published, show these re
sults, viz:
March, March.
1S05. 1904.
New York $21,300,120 $13,530,625
Chicago 6.116.655 2,037,830
Philadelphia 6,147.750 3,704,300
St Louis - 3,912.416 1.617.809
In cities of the next class, as Boston,
Baltimore, Pittsburg and San Francis
co, building activity is proportionately
as great. In such as Portland 'and
Seattle, :It never hitherto has been
equalled.
They who imagined St. Louis was to
have a backset after the Exposition,
have only to look at the figures more
than doubled in the month of March,
as compared with the same month of
the year next preceding, when all pos
sible energy was directed to prepara
tion for the great coming Fair.
Most of the new buildings in all places
are of higher class than those formerly
erected architecturally better, supplied
with all the conveniences demanded in
modern life, built of better materials,
more solid, and attractive, and far more
permanent. Even in modest dwellings
there is study for artistic effects, as one
may observe-in this class of structures
recently built and rapidly building In
Portland.'
It 1e no longer easy to find tenants for
the oldwfashloned and shapeless shacks
that offend the eye and have no com
fort or convenience about them. It Is
gratifying therefore to observe that no
body builds that kind any more. A ra
tional studs' of style In building is one
of the good s'igns of the times.
One of the strongest indications of
prosperity throughout the country, is -the
general activity in buildingguided by
the growth of taste that makes large
amends for past offenses and monstrosities
LEASING OF SAND ISLAND.
The Secretary of Waris considering
the advisability of requiring fishermen
and others who make use of Sand Isl
and to pay for the privilege. The Gov
ernment could probably get along very
nicely without the revenue which might
be produced from leasing trap sites and
seining grounds on the island, but there
are other points involved, aside from
the matTer of revenue.
Ownership of the Island has frequent
ly been questioned, and trap locations
thereon or adjacent have been claimed
by both Oregon and "Washington, and
In some cases trapbwners have paid for
licenses in both states. If the Govern
ment will settle this interstate discis
sion by establishing Its own claim to
the island, all parties concerned will
have a better understanding as to their
rights in the matter. .
The fact that there is navigable water
surrounding the Island, lying in the
Columbia River between the two states,
seems -to relieve either Oregon or Wash
ington .-of the necessity of jextending
sovereignty over the disputed tract,
which is .continually changing its shape
and dimensions.
If the Government should' decide to
lease the Island and its adjoining trap
sites and seining grounds, some pref
erence would -undoubtedly be shown, the
fishermen who by virtue of state
licenses and other evidences of state
control have made expensive improve
ments, in the way of removing snags
and driving trap piles Under- the best
possible method for adjusting the diffi
culty, a hardship will be worked on
some -of the men -who for years have
made free use of the island. In the end,
however, it is possible that Government
ownership and control will work to their
advantage.
A Government patent or lease to a
tract of land imparts to the dweller
thereon a feeling of security,, whiph is
always missing so long as there is'even
a small cloud of doubt as to ownership.
The Government has been "jobbed" out
of such a vast amount of its land", and
Its rights to much that remains are so
lightly regarded, that the assertion of
ownership may be unpopular, but -if
the rights of ownership are enforced
with fairness for all, the bitter protests
will gradually disappear.
ITALIANS IN AMERICA.
- The unusual and very heavy Influx of
Italians Into the United States, noted in
the Immigration returns and through
manifest Increase of our Italian popula
tion in all parts of the country, lends
Interest to a book on "The Italian in
America," just published by B. F. Buck
& Co., New York. It Is not a con
tinuous treatise, but a cento, made up
of special articles by different writers,
each of whom presents a separate phase
of the general subject
The -principal articles are contributed
by Elliott Lord, special agent of the
United States Tenth Census; John J. D.
Trenor, chairman of the immigration
committee of the National Board of
Trade, and St.muel J. Barrows, secre
tary of the Prison Association, of New
York. Its purpose is to present clearly
the contribution of Italy to American
development and citizenship, and to re
move some of the misunderstandings
about the Italian as a desirable Immi
grant. The work is done with a general
breadth of view suited to the Impor
tance of the subject; for it is Impor
tant, since there are now probably more
than one million persons of Italian na
tivity in the United States, and great
numbers born in our country directly
of Italian parentage.
Immigration continues at so rapid a
rate that, during the current year. It
is probable there will be an addition
of not less than 200.000 to the great
"Italian colony" In America. They
spread to all parts of the United States,
and comparatively few return to their
native land.
According to the census of 1900 the
Italian population of the United States
then was 484,207, nearly three-fourths
being on our Northern Atlantic sea
board. At first the disposition of these
immigrants was to remain in the larger
Northern cities, which indeed still hold
very great numbers; but latterly they
have been moving to the West and
South, where they appear not only in
the principal cities, but In the smaller
cities and towns, and even in the coun
try districts.
Most .of them are good . workers.
Reared and tutored through necessity
in habits of Industry and economy, they
have brought these qualities with them;
and here most of them make .their
way successfully, against whatever
competition they may find In the arts
and Industries. The public school, tak
ing up their children, educates them
rapidly In our language, customs and
citizenship.
Our people fromflfaly engage In every
kind of labor and are foremost In all
the nicer and more delicate mechanic
arts. As gardeners and fruitgrowers
they excel- In many localities in our
Southern States, their superior thrift
is pushing the negro out of these em
ployments. Much is said about the poverty of the
Italian immigrants who come In crowds
and without visible means of support;
but very few of them become a public
charge. The report of the United States
Industrial Commission on Immigration
made to the Fifty-seventh 'Congress
says: "The remarkably low degree of
pauperism among the Italians Is possi
bly due to the fact that such a large
percentage of them are "capable of act
ive labor, -coming to this country espe
cially for that purpose." The Commissioner-General
of Immigration for the
fiscal year ending June 30, 1904, re
ported that of, the 15.396 aliens in the
charitable institutions of the United
States there were only 1230 Italians.
Among the Insane the proportion was
even smaller. In his article. Dr. Bar
rows states his conclusion that "there
is, on the whole, no warrant -for any
alarmist view of Italian degeneracy In
America." There are criminals among
them, of course; but he Insists fthat the
proportion is not so large as it is among
the immigrants from other countries,
and In such towns as Boston and Provi
dence, and other New England ! cities
to which there has been a large Italian
immigration, "the percontage of arrests
of Italians is less than their percentage
of the foreign-born total." The report
of the United States Industrial Com
mission on Immigration, covering the
tables compiled by the Prison Commis
sion In Massachusetts, shows thati
while Intemperance was the principal
cause of distress In 20 -per cent of 'the
German cases, 24 per cent of the Amer
ican cases 2"iJar. cent "ol the English
cases' and 38 per cent of the Irish cases,
it was the cause In only 3 per cent of
the Italian cases.
The Oregonlan never has shared the
apprehension of those of our people
who have expressed a dread of Italian
immigration. It supplies "an unlike
element," Indeed; but that Is a desid
eratum. This great race of Southern
Europe will supply many things we
lack; for we are of the Northern races,
mostly, and It Is chiefly through the
influence of race differences and their
action and reaction among peoples
thrown into contact and action with
each other, that progress in new direc
tions is made.
Besides, there is a sort of absurdity
In doubting whether any good thing
can come out of Italy Italy, mother,
during Its long career, of almost all
things in art, science, refinement and
civilization.
SUCCESS, TO HOPGROWERS.
The meeting of hopgrowers at Salem
Tuesday will be an Important event to
growers and dealers who still have hops
to sell. The purpose of the meeting ap
parently Is to secure agreements from
owners of hops not to sell for 60 dajs,
and to proclaim to brewers that If they
want hops they must pay higher prices.
Hops are now bringing 24 cents, which
leaves a profit of 14 to 16 cents a pound
to the grower, or something like .5140
an acre. A very few years' ago this
price would have been fabulous, and
growers would not have hesitated a
moment to accept it. This year, how
ever. It is asserted that the statistical
situation is more favorable to the grow
ers than In many years, and that If the
growers will stand together they can
dictate the price for the remainder of
the 1904 crop.
Those who are behind the movement
for a tie-up of the remaining supply of
Oregon and Washington hops argue
that if growers are ever going to name
prices they can do so now, and that If
they fall In this attempt it Is useless
for them ever to try again, for the Hit
uatlon Is not likely soon to be so strong
in their favor. Promoters of the move
ment wish not only to secure the ad
vanced price but to show brewers that
by united action growers can have a
voice in fixing the price of their prod
uct. Persons who now have hops have be
come speculators. Last Fall, hops
brought as high as 31 cents, and many
sold at slightly less than that figure.
Some persons, confident In the future
of the market, held for a higher price,
notwithstanding the figures offered were
extraordinarily high. Popular sympa
thy is with holders of hops, even though
they have become speculators. Hop
growing is a wealth-producer for the
Willamette Valley, and everything that
helps the hopgrower meets popular ap
proval. Without anything in . particular
against the brewers, the people quite
generally hope to see the growers win
out In the contest, whether by agree
ment to hold for 60 days, or by some
other method. Oregon hopgrowers have
been compelled on one or two occasions
to take a price below the cost of pro
duction, and no reasonable man will
begrudge them the profit they can get
out of their product in a year when the
supply is short. The brewer always
buys as cheaply as he can, and it Is the
proper business of the growers to sell
as high as they can. Here's wishing
them success.
THE ELASTIC HARRIJUX PURSE.
Elasticity of the money market Is fre
quently commented on In the discussion
of Industrial enterprises throughout the
country. Whenever a railroad man
runs short on excuses for the failure of
his company to provide proper facili
ties, he falls back on the time-honored
"tight" money market and the growls
of the oppressed are quieted with the
promise that something will happen as
soon as the strain is eased a little.
Portland has heard considerable about
this elastic money market. It has seen
panics come and panics go, and has
drifted through fat years and lean
years, and still the "tightness" of the
money market keeps It out of the rich
trade fields for which It Is longing.
But there Is evidence that by invok
ing the aid of particular Influences,
elasticity of the money market may be
slightly Increased, even at. a period
when we are Informed that It Is prac
tically at the breaking point. For illus
tration, may be cited announcement in
yesterday's Oregonlan of the Intention
of the Southern Pacific Immediately to
construct a railroad along the east bank
of the Sacramento River from Sacra
mento to Antioch.
The Southern Pacific Is a Harrlman
road, and the money for Its construc
tion work comes out of the same till
.that holds the earnings of theO. R. &
N. Co. and other allied lines of the Har
rlman system. For years the Harrlman
line has annually taken several thou
sand carloads of green fruit out of the
section which 1t will now enter with a
railroad. Rehandllng of shipments by
boat was unsatisfactory to the shippers,
but the stringency of the money mar
ket or some other cause of equal-. Im
portance always prevented the Southern
Pacific from extending rail facilities to
the rich river fruit district.
Last year the Santa Fe, which has
been dividing the spoils of the "all-that-the-traffic-will-bear"
system, made
a raid on this special preserve of the
Southern Pacific and hauled out about
1000 carloads of green fruit with a'char-.
tered boat. The business was so satis-'
factory that this year the Santa Fe has
built a boat and will make a more ex
tensive sortie Into the field of its occa
sionally aggressive competitor. To head
off this diversion of business the South
ern Pacific Is to provide fruitgrowers
along the river with direct rail trans
portation to the Eastern markets.
As the Santa Fe and the Southern
Pacific are supposed to have divided the
business of the State of California be
tween them, it is somewhat surprising
that one road should force the other to
spend any money to provide shippers
with needed facilities. This is what has
happened, however, and It has hap
pened at a time when we an assured"
that the Harrlman fund for building
new lines Is suffering acute" pangs, on
account of a stringent money market.
The incident has a peculiar Interest
In the Pacific Northwest at this time,
for the reason that the Harrlman sys
tem is in a fair way to be confronted
with a. similar problem on the Snake
River in the near future. Between
Lewlston and Rlparia He some of the
i finest fruit orchards on earth. The ship
ments from these orchards by boat
reach a total of several hundred car
loads per year, and as all of the fruit
is carried across the continent, the rail
roads find it a highly remunerative bus
iness. tTbe oroflts of the growers andjthe
volume of business would be Increased
enormously If that short stretch of rail
road between Riparia and Lewlston
were completed. In order that their
profits and their business might be in
creased, the fruitgrowers have labored
earnestly with Portland and other af
fected communities to secure construc
tion of the road. The merits of the
project are as well understood in Wall
street as they are in Portland, but the
old rule of addition (to the freight tar
iff), division (of the spoils) and silence
(regarding the clamor of affected inter
ests), is still followed out.
Such will not be the case when an In
dependent rail line Into the Clearwater
will open a traffic for an independent
boat line on the river. The Wall street
end of the Harrlman system, which at
present deplores the stringency In the
money market and the attendant al
leged Inability to build the Snake River
line, will suddenly strike a money mar
ket fully as elastic as that which has
permitted the construction of a river
road In through' the Sacramento fruit
districts.
As to extension of the city lira
its of Portland, which now inclose
forty square miles, The Oregonlan
hasn't much to say, for It will
take "pot luck" with all the rest. ' It
thinks, nevertheless, that the city lim
its ought not now to be expended. Ex
pansion would increase the areas to be
supplied with water, light, police,
schools, bridges over gulches, and the
whole train of expenditures. It will
Increase taxation, but perhaps that Is
not Important; certainly not to those
who pay very small taxes or none at
all. Nothing can be more popular than
the demand of the non-taxpayer that
the taxpayer shall supply everything
that may be wanted. But perhaps the
socialistic spirit has reached a point
where protest Is useless, and It Is
doubtless as well to yield to the demand
that property beHaxed to pay for every
thing that everybody wants. The tend
ency has been in that direction a long
JIme, and for selfish and demagogic pur
poses -H hasbeen .supported Dy tnose
who now would check it if they could
but they cannot. Members of the so
called Taxpayers' League have steadlly
encouraged ideas and demands as to
"public utilities" which they now are
powerless to control. The vote of the
electorate Is going against all their sug
gestions. For everything they want
those who pay small taxes or none are
going to vote taxes. The Oregonlan
makes no further protest, for protest is
useless. The seas are to run high, and
It will take its turn at bailing the
boat, with the rest.
Attorney-General Crawford Is unques
tionably correct In his ruling that the
State Board of Health has no authority
to establish a standing regulation to
compel passenger cars entering the
state to be emptied of passengers and
disinfected before proceeding to their
destination. Possibly such a regulation
would tend to protect public health, but
the traveling public has not been edu
cated to a point where it Is willing to
undergo the inconvenience and delay.
The Attorney-General holds that where
the presence of contagious disease is
known, the Board of Health has power
to require such precautions as" those
mentioned, but the requirement could
not be enforced from day to day re
gardless of the existence of danger.
If the Assessor desires to raise the
tax assessment, he might begin with
certain large .realty buildings, which
have been assessed, for a long time,
much less, than small holdings con
tiguous thereto. On many of the
small holdings families of limited means
have homes, and just beyond the mar
gin of their ground are big areas of
wealthy persons paying less than their
just proportion of taxes. If there Is to
be enforcement of law In any direction
it might be well to enforce law so
that small home-dwellers will get Jus
tice against big tax-dodgers. Here Is
room for reform, truly.
Frank Gugllelmo is playing the baby
act, as every one might expect of a
man who murdered a defenseless wom
an whom he professed to love. Harry
Egbert who fought daringly with Dep
uty Sheriffs on the plains of Harney
County, met his death on the gallows
In a manly way. Murder cannot be con
doned; but there are degrees of con
tempt In which a murderer may be
held. He who "takes his medicine" like
a man is not such a despicable creature
as the cowardly brute who slays a
woman and then cries for the mercy he
would not give.
Henry K. Bradbury, of Hollls, Maine, who
recently died after practising law for over
halt a century. Is said to have had the dis
tinction of being graduated from Bowdoin
College at a younger age than any other
of Its alumni. He entered college at 13 years
and was graduated at 17 In the famous
class of 1S41.
But a youth having all of Bradbury's
attainments -at the time of his gradua
tion, and more, could not now enter as
a freshman In any college of high class.
There Is a lurking suspicion rising
from the ruins of the May deal In the
Chicago wheat pit that John W. Gates
lost neither money nor prestige. In the
operation. If the truth is ever Known
regarding the spectacular deal. It might
show that the money was all lost by
the lambs who were handled with strict
impartiality In the shearing-pens of
both Gates and Armour.
"Who says," asks the Providence
Journal, "that these 'revivals' serve no
beneficial purpose In the world? At one
of the Torrey and Alexander meetings
in London the other day a well-known
writer of, comic songs was moved .to
such conviction of sin by the fervor of
appeal that he rose and publicly prom
ised to write no more."
In Italy, the military forces, called In
Kto hold down the violence of the strik
ers, are in charge of the railroads. Per
haps we want these things done In
America. Perhaps Socialism will bring
us to military government. That would
be Its logical end.
Are the Russians so purely white, so
clear of Tartar and Scythian blood, that
they should warn the world against the
"yellow peril"?
There were 29,998 rural post routes
in operation in the United States at the
end of March. . Illinois led, with 2450
routes.
Agents of the Equitable, despite young
Mr. Hyde's remarks, Incline to the be
lief that they know what they want.
Apparently the bullet Is not tempered
to.the shorn limjj in Klamath. County..
NOTE ANDCOMMENT.
"Whom can I trust?" cries the Czar.
He can search us.
The photographer who "took" the Igor
rote chieftains must have forgotten to tell
them to look pleasant.
Rockefeller's tainted money Is tp be the
subject of discussion by the Congrega
tional Church at large. "When the women
get through with Portland markets they
might begin a crusade ta have all money
cleaned up.
James H. Hyde employs three French
clerks. He Is said to write most of his
letters in French, although he talks to
the agents like a Dutch uncle.
The violet must have a hard time keep
ing modest in view of the price It brings
In Eastern cities. ;
"Sec Bee" sends the following letter
from Ashland:
We have people In this section whom you
ought to know. For Instance: There Li a
proprietor ot a health resort, in the Siski
you Mountain, not far away, who, until a
few years ago, bade fair to become a con
firmed old bachelor. He was. however, res
cued by an enterprising schoolma'am who
went about it to trim him up with education
enough to read and keep his accounts, that he
might at least be presentable and look after
his business. He was an apt pupil and when
he had acquired skill enough to read short
paragraphs In the papers he was like a boy
wtth red-top boots and took great delight in
reading to the frequenters about the neigh
boring saloon. One evening he had been In
dustriously entertaining the loafers with short
pieces ot news from the Examiner. He read
to them about the "Ky-Dlve of Egg-Wipe."
When he went out someone took up the pa
per to eee "what be wss trying to gt through
him." He found It to be the "Khedive of,
Egypt."
This man knew the virtue of advertising
and took every opportunity to puff the vir
tues of his medicinal springs. He told of -a
young man who had been recently cured
there, and declared that the patient, when he
came, was the most "emancipated" man he
ever saw.
He delights in the u-e of big words, often
without any knowledge of their meaning. He
has a ten-acre tract ot land near by and to
a gaping crowd at the saloon one day he de
veloped a scheme In regard to it in this fash
ion: "Say, fellers: you know that ar truck
patch uv mine on the bench? Well, I've made
up my mind to dig an artificial Veil up thar
and Irritate my gard'lng, and I 'low as how
I can raise truck 'nough to consume the hull
fambly."
One of his neighbors had a fractious cow
that seriously injured one of his children.
Our philosopher, expatiating on the incident,
deplored the Injury the child had received "at
the hands ot the family cow." He was un
kindly charged with making "a bull of it."
In early life our friend was a sailor. later
a miner, but never a farmer. He had great
confidence in his learning, however, and plant
ed a pumpkin patch. His crop did well and
he took great delight In exhibiting It. One
evening in the early Fall, before his pump
kins were ripe, a neighbor suggested that there
was likely to be frost that night and that he
had better cover his pumpkins. He proceeded
to slip his pumpkins into gunnyracke, leav
ing the vines to the gentle breezes.
He fancied that he knew much about the
climate In that locality. One backward Spring
when the snow lingered longer than usual, he
was asked when they might expect warm
weather. He declared in a high key. "It
won't get warmer till the enow leaves, and
the snow won't leave till It gits warmer, by
thunder."
0
In Quebec there is a law whereby the
-parent of 12 living legitimate children is
entitled to 100 acres of crown lands. Al
ready 3400 claims have been passed. 1000
are on file, and from 100 to 200 applications
are being - received monthly. Here is a
tip for President Roosevelt. But on sec
ond thoughts this plan might Introduce
worse land frauds than we have already'.
"Coax me; go on and coax me." as Del
casse pang to the French Ministry.
Tan shoes with high heels look kind of
ashamed of themselves.
Judging from the growth o saloons, the
success of the Fair Is assured.
Most of the wicked young buds have
been on a burst lately.
A London electrician is said to have
established a "wireless" systom in his
house, using It instead of a bell to sum
mon his (servants, who should have a
ready-made excuse for being late.
Two California kids, aged 5 and 6 re
spectively, pounded two younger children
with bricks until the poundees are not
expected to live. A -pity the little brlck
nandlers are too young to mix up In the
Equitable scrap.
Lawson's howls are n8w as little heeded
ap the coyote's.
The Igorrote chiefs donned new loin
cloths for Easter. ;
The suspicion grows that Rojestvensky
employs a press agent. s
Tit-Bits says that some individual with
oceans of time on his hands has conceived
the idea of hunting through the works of
English novelists for the purpose of find
ing all the adjectives used to qualify the
word kiss. The result Is as follows: Cold,
warm. Icy, burning, chilly, cool, loving,
indifferent, balsamic, fragrant, blissful,
passionate aromatic, with tears bedewed,
long. soft, hasty, intoxicating, dissem
bling, delicious, pious, tender, beguiling,
hearty, distracted, frantic, fresh-as-the-mornlng,
breathing fire, divine, satanlc,
glad, sad, superficial, quiet, loud, fond,
heavenly,, execrable, devouring, ominous,
fervent, parching, nervous, soulless, stu
pefying, slight, careless, anxious, painful,
sweet, refreshing, embarrassed, shy,
mute, ravishing, holy, sacred, firm, hur
ried, faithless, narcotic, feverish. Immod
erate, sisterly, brotherly and paradisaical.
After all, a kiss that Is Just 'a kiss Is
the best In the bunch.
The wasp waist and the pork-pte hat arc the
"novelties" of the season, and they must not
be separated. Boston Herald.
So when a woman takes off her "pork
pie" hat, she must take off that Is, shake
out a reef or two?
WEX. J.
Whlttiers of Danvers.
Boston Herald.
One day a stranger strolled into the old
Berry tavern at Danvers.- A number of
men were seated in the office, and were
asked by the newcomer: "Will you kindly
tell me where I may find the Whlttler
house?"
A young business man, not a native ot
the town, to be sure, but who had lived
In It a number of years and belonged to
New England., spoke up, saying: "You
mean Joe .Whlttler, the contractor? He
lives at Danversport."
"No, no; I refer to John G. Whlttler."
"John G. Whlttler? Never heard of him.
The only other Whlttler In this town is
Clarence Whlttler, janitor of the town
house. He lives on Essex street."
The stranger became both amused and
impatient and said: "I am talking about
John G. Whlttler, the poet; he's dead,
you know. I want to find out where his
home was."
"Oh, well," said the young , business
man, with a sigh of relief at his ability
to Impart Information, "if It's anybody
who's dead go. right over to Will Crosby,
the undertaker, across the street, heUl
tell you all about iU." - . -
QUICK MARRIAGES IN THE UNITED STATES
Easier to Be Wedded la America Than to Be Divorced Examples ot
Happy-Go-Lncky Metfcoda la Matrimonial Affairs.
An, American Woman, in London Telegraph.
IN AMERICA, the "land of the free," it
Is a shade easier to get married than
it is to be divorced. Until recently In
New York City it was possible to enter
Into a common-law marriage under ex
tremely simple conditions. There was no
ceremony, civil or religious, not even a
contract, verbal or written, between the
persons entering Into the relation. To
inscribe their names on a hotel register
as man and wife was enough to make It
a legal marriage; or It a man Introduced
a woman as his wife it came to the
same thing. This extremely free-and-easy
fofm of matrimonial alliance has
now been done away with, but the re
sultant complications ai still In the
courts.
American girls are impulsive, and the
great freedom permitted to them enables
them to get easily entangled In unpre--
meditatcd matrimonial alliances. For
instance, a man and a young girl were
automoblling. "I am not afraid of any
thing." asserted the girl.
"You . are afraid to marry me right
now," said the young man.
"Oh, I'm game if you are." retorted
the girl, and then they went to the
house of the nearest justice of the peace
and were married.
Over the border-line, in every. State
which is at all. strict in its marriage
laws, there Is a town known far and
wide for the celerity and ease with which
couples fleeing from Irate parents may
be united in wedlock. In Ohio, for In
stance, where the laws are severe, young
folks wishing to evade them cross the
Ohio River, at a, certain point and land
at a little town In Kentucky known wide
ly as "Gretna. Green."
"Marrying parsons." as they are popu
larly known, are to be found In most
ot the easy-marriage stations. These
dominies are ambitious to make records,
and are widely advertised by grateful
clients. Persons come to them from far
and near, and In a little out-of-the-way
place one of these "marrying parsons"
may have 1000 marriages a year to his
credit or discredit.
In New York City there is a famous
WALLOWA PRAISES OREGONIAN
Joseph Commercial Club Commends
Spurring of Railroads. i
Appreciating The Oregonlan's effort to ,
set forth the transportation needs or wai
lowa County, the Commercial Club, of
Joseph, have adopted resolutions com
mending the work of this paper. The
resolutions signed by A. Wurzweller. pres
ident of the club, and George Mack, sec
retary, are ass follows:
Whereas, wo are carrying on business In one
of the most fertile and resourceful .sections
of Oregon, and
Whereas, wc are laboring under great dis
advantages owing to lack of better transpor
tation facilities; therefore, be It
Resolved, by the Joseph Commercial Club,
of Joseph, Or., that we do Invite the atten
tion of the Oregon State Development League
In our behalf to assist us In our efforts to
secure construction of a railroad Into the
Wallowa Valley; that we heartily Indorse the
course taken by The Oregonlan In calling the
attention of Its readers to our needs; that
we hope The Oregonlan will continue to pub
lish such articles calling attention to the
urgent need ot this section for transportation
facilities, and that we thank The Oregonlan
for the mention given Wallowa County in re
cent articles published.
A. WURZWEIL.ER. President.
GEO. MACK. Secretary.
JOSEPH, Or,. April 21. (To the Edi
tor.) The people of this section of Ore
gon arc very much pleased with the edi
torials which rave recently appeared in
your paper, touching on the great needs
of central and eastern part3 of the state
ot better transportation facilities. The
Joseph Commercial Club, at a recent
meeting, passed reeolutlons of apprecia
tion, and I am - instructed to enclose a
copy of the same. Trusting you will con
tinue to probe the sides of these trans
portation companies often and hard until
relief is afforded portions of the state that
have so Jong been neglected, I am yours
respectfully,
GEO. MACK. Secretary.
JOSEPH. Or., April 21. (To the Editor.)
Allow me to congratulate you on your
editorials In the last few, papers showing
the needs ot transportation in Wallowa
County, which is one of the most pro
ductive In the state. As you say, not
the .amount of freight that now goes out
of here by team, but the vastly greater
amount that could be created with rea
sonable transportation rates, would sur
prise the people of Portland and this
section. I earnestly hope that you will
succeed 'in your efforts In calling atten
tion to this Important matter.
F. D. M'CULLY.
PROPHECY AS TO TOGO'S PLAN
t New York Times.
Naval experts who predict that Admiral
Togo will fight his great sea battle In For
mosa Strait, whither the heavy Russian
prows are set, serve only to nourish the
vain hopes of the Czardom. The Japanese
war fleet, in surroundings and under con
ditions which it will be able to choose,
should prove overwhelmingly superior to
Rojestvensky's ships but not so soon, we
think, and not off Formosa. The Russian
heavy battleships that avail most In a
complete fleet action tally seven to- Togo's
five, a fact which justifies Mr. H. W. Wil
son's opinion, cabled by the London cor
respondent of the World, that the odds
against the Japanese Admiral would thus
be "greater than those against Nelson at
Trafalgar."
But the harassment of the Russian
squadron has possibly commenced, and it
will doubtless become exceedingly severe
as tne fleet passes through the Strait of
Formosa and on to the inevitable death
trap In the throat of the Eastern sea, be
tween Lower Nippon and Corea. The su
perior long-range guns of Admiral Togo's
swifter and more numerous cruisers may
punctuate Its melancholy progress for 1000
miles, until In the sore straits of Corea
the Czar's squadron must meet the more
destructive reception of Japan's torpedo
boats and mines. Surviving these, Ro
jestvensky must turn his broken flanks to
the broadsides of an offensive and thor
oughly concerted foe unless the Japa
nese Tantalus-Fabian -sea policy prevails
when victory Is assured, and drags the
desperate procession to its bitter end
within sight of Vladivostok.
Intemperance; "Cut It Out."
Milwaukee Sentinel.
A charming society lady living In Peru,
Ind., recently became Intoxicated on Pe
runa, and while In that condition went
to a ball with her own husband.
Young lady, young matron, do you
drink?
Are you aware that every drink of In
toxicating .liquor taken Into the human
system means one less drink for some
body else?
Do you know that when you take a
drink of Peruna or any similar beverage
you are. perhaps, taking It out of the
mouth, of some poor shop girl who Is all
run down?
SOMEBODY MUST DRINK. BUT WHY
SHOULD YOU?
When Admiral Rojestvensky fired on
the Baltic fleet, he had been drinking
lemon extract.
If a strong man was thus affected by
drink.
WHAT IS IT, GOING TO DO TO YOU?
CUT IT OUT!
church known as "The Little Church
Around the Corner," although its proper
title Is "The Church of the Transfigura
tion." It is a picturesque Episcopal
church, and Its record of marriages far
surpasses that of any other church in
the city. Within a year, however, the
clergy of the parish have made strict
rules, and It is no longer so easy as it
used to be to be married there, by day
or by night, with no Questions asked
Failing to convince the rector or his
assistants of the Little Church Around
the Corner of their eligibility. Impatient
couples have the city hotel chaplain to
fall back upon. He can be reached at
any time through any hotel In New York
City, and will marrx. a couple between
trains It desired. Recently an English
man and his intended bride came over
on one of the ocean steamships. The law
In his country prevented his marrying
his deceased wife's sister. American law
would condone far greater offenses than
that. The couple went to a hotel. werf
married by the hotel chaplain and went
back to England by return steamer.
One does not need the services of a
clergyman at all to be joined- In wed
lock. There are numerous othr persons
who may be called upon legally should
the clergy prove reluctant. The Mayor
of the city has power of this sort, and
In most places the Aldermen also. In
New York City the other day "Little
Tim" Sullivan, a popular local politician,
holding Aldermanic office, married 15 cou
ples In one morning. The same week 21
divorces were granted by a single judge
in 247 minutes and that in New York,
where only one cause for divorce exists
Throughout the rural districts justices
of the peace are resorted to by the poorer
classes. These civil marriages do not
require a religious form in addition.
It is the looseness of the divorce laws
In this country that accounts, to a large
degree, for the irregularities and pecu
liarities of. many marriages. While a di
vorce Is being granted in one room a par
son or justice may be waiting In the next
to make one of the parties the mate of
another person.
BEARDS MUST JE FUMIGATED
New York World.
When Captain James McLaurhlin. of the.
Allegheny Bureau of Health, in starting
his campaign to cleanse Pittsburg of lurk
ing germs, ordered that all long beards
must be fumigated, as they were excellent
propagating grounds for the germs, it was
looked upon In the nature of a joke by
those who do not wear boards, and as an
Insult by those who do.
"The matter was neither Intended as
an Insult, nor a Joke," declared Superin
tendent McLaughlin. "But the facts have
been somewhat distorted. It is a fait,
however, that a great number of cases
of scarlet fever last Summer were found
in families where one or more of th
members wore beards. These cases were
mostly In the slum districts. Most of th
men wear long beards to avoid shaving,
and they seldom if ever take a bath. A
glance at their beards Is convincing proof
that they are liable to breed scarlet feer
or most any other kind of Infectious
germs. It was therefore decided that this
class of people must keep their beards
as well as their places of abode clean.
"It has been found that a solution of
bichloride of mercury will destroy any
lurking germs that may be propagating
in these unclean beards. Where the in
spectors find a filthy house presided oer
by a man who will not keep his beard
clean, they will provide him with a bottle
of this solution of bichloride of mercury
and request that he use It. The Inspectors
will call -at later dates to see that the
order is put into force. Quite a number
of bottles of the solution were distrib
uted today." t
The Inspectors of the health department
have so far encountered no objections on
the part of the bearded men. In fact, they
seem to take kindly to it. as the solution
has been highly perfumed. It was espe
cially prepared by the city bacteriologist.
ODD BITS OF OREGON LIFE.
Did the Girls Walk Alone?
Forest Grove Times.
Some Forest Grove girls ltke to dance.
Two of them walked out to Greenville
and back last Friday evening to attend a
social function there.
Strolling Player Sent to City Cooler.
Mitchell News.
A wlldwest show was in progress on
the streets Saturday. The performer, while
entertaining a rubbering crowd played
Into the hands of the City Marshal and
was escorted to the city bat cave.
Notes of High Rural Society.
Rabbltvllle Corr., Irrigon Irrigator.
Dan Sklumpsky has a -good job. He has
rented his wooden leg to Dan Sneezsky,
who Is digging post holes with It.
We might mention the fact that Si But
terbottom's oldest girl. Miss Eliza, the
one with red hair and freckles, has ac
cepted the position of dishwasher In the
big hotel. She Is said to be an expert at
the business, and we expect to see a great
improvement in the trade of the Bunco
House with Eliza mistress of the dish
pan. If our blacksmith is the man we think
he Is he will put a new pair of hinges
on old man Scatterwood's front gate, for
he has been the chief instrument In as
sisting that cross-eyed Scatterwood girl
in wearing the old ones out.
Play Ball.
James Montague. In New York Journal.
Shut up the shop! Forget your caw! Let
foolish business wait!
The shouting crowd already throngs in through
the grandstand gate;
Already on the white-lined Held the men oj
might and fame
Are llthely loosening their limbs before the
glorious game.
On right and left and center field tha lonx
sky ticklers fall.
And soon the umpire's due to ehout the
thrilling words;
PLAT BALL!
Play Ball! The magic words will ring and
echo through your soul
Aa strains of mighty melodies reverberate and
roll;
Thy bring old dreams of life and youth; ther
thrill with all the Joy
You knew long lingering years ago, and you'r
again a boy!
A boy again your tasks and trlala forgotten
one and all
Dispelled like ratals before the sun by those
two words:
PLAY BALL!
There's always work enough to do tomorrow
or next year;
Your troubles will not vanish if you leav
them, never fear.
The road to age and grief and care wil! al
ways stretch away
Before your feet, although you may dessrt it
for today.
Eo Journey back on boyhood's path the white
the barrier wall
Twixt youth and age dissolves before the
. wondrous spell,
PLAY BALL!
Once more along the village etreet await your
turn at bat
Ah! turns were few and far between la stren
uous one-old-cat!
Again run, shout, do ten men's wort, until
the fading day
Strewed shadows on th aprlngy grass to thick
you couldn't play.
Youth, life. hope, health and gentleness you
must have passed them all
Upon the road, unless you thrill with those
brave words:
... i'LAX ball: