THE MORNING GREGONIAN, THURSDAY, APRIL 20, 1905. Entered at the Pcslofflce at rortland. Or., as eecond-claas matter. BUBSCKIPTIOX BATES. IN'VARIABLT IN ADVANCE. (By Mall or Express.) Dally and Sunday, per year ?9.00 Dally and Sunday, six month.. 6.00 Dally and Sunday, three month . 2.55 Daily and Sunday, per month o Dally -without Sunday, per year .B0 I"sJlv -without Sunday, elx months 3.1X) Dally without Sunday, three months.... 1.03 Dally without Sunday, per month 65 Eunday per year 2.00 Eiinday, olx months L00 Sunday, three- months.... CO BY CARRIER. Dally -without Sunday, per week 15 Daily per week. Sunday included.. .20 THE "WEEKLY OREGONIAN. (Issued Every Thursday.) Weekly, per year..... tBO "Weekly, six months "& Weekly, three months 50 HOW TO REMIT Send postorflce money order, express order or personal check on your local hank. Etamps. coin or currency are at the sender's risk. EASTERN BUSINESS OFFICE. The S. C. Beekwith Special Agency New Tork; Rooms 43-50 Tribune building. Chi cago; Rooms 510-512 Tribune building. The Orcronian does not buy poems or ttorles from Individuals and cannot under take to return any manuscript sent to It with out solicitation. No stamps ehould be In closed for this purpose. KEPT ON SALE. Chicago Auditorium Annex, Poetoffice News Co., 178 Dearborn street. Dalla, Tex. Globe News Depot, 260 Mala Street. Denrer Julius Slack, Hamilton & Xend rlek, 906-S12 Seventeenth street, and Frue nuff Bros., 605 Sixteenth street. Des Moines, Za Moses Jacobs, S09 Filth street. Goldfield, Srrr. C. Malone. Kanaa City, Mo. Rlcksecker Cigar Co., Ninth and Walnut. Lob Angeles Harry Drapkln; B. E. Amos, 514 West Seventh street. Minneapolis M. J. Kavanaugh. 50 South Third; L. Begelsburger, 217 First avenue South. New York City L. Jones & Co.. Astor House. Oakland, Oat W. H. Johnston. Four teenth and Franklin streets. Ogaea F. R. Godard and Meyers & Har rop, D. L. Boyle. Omaha Barkalow Bros.. 1612 Farnham; Mageath SUtlonery Co., 1308 Farnham; McLaughlin Bros., 246 South 14th. Phoenix, Ariz. The Bcrryhlll News Co. Sacramento, Cal. Sacramento News Co., 428 X street. Salt Lake Salt Lake News Co., 77 West Second street South. Santa Barbara, CaL S. Smith. San Diego, CaL J. DIllard. San Iranclsco J. X. Cooper & Co., 746 Market street; Foster & Crear. Ferry News Stand; Goidsmltb Bros.. 236 Sutter: L. E. Lee. Palace Hotel News Stand; F. W. Pitts. 1008 Market; Frank Scott, SO Ellis; N. Wheatley Movable News Stand, corner Mar ket and Kearney streets; Hotel St. Francis wg Stand. St. Louis, Mo. E. T. Jett Book & News Company. SOS Olive street. Washington, D. C. Ebblt House News Stand. PORTLAND, THURSDAY, APRIL 20, 1005. IKE SURE WAY TO VINDICATION. For many reasons it Is desirable that the charges alleged in the Indictments pending in the United States Court at Portland should be cleared up and dis posed of as quickly as possible. The Senator and the Representatives in Congress against whom Indictments have been presented, with a sensibility that does them credit have declined to appear in their seats while under ac cusation. Mr. Hermann indeed did ap pear once or twice in the House after ward, but on reflection ceased to do so. Keenly susceptible to an unwritten law of courtesy and honor, the three mem bars of our delegation In Congress against whom the accusations have been made absented themselves from their duties as representatives of their people and state, to await the issue of these proceedings. And of course they will not &galn appear In the halls of Congress until cleared fully of the charges against them. But Oregon needs their services and Is entitled to them. These cases there fore ought to be tried, out fully and disposed, of wholly before the next meeting of Congress. Yet in order to satisfy the people and to establish beyond all cavil the honor of the-accused, the cases ought to be tried on their merits, an'd ajl the facts should be developed. Assuming that there can be no actual proofs, and that the testimony will be only of flimsy and trifling character, yet the people want the story told, for they have right to know on what basis the char acter of their honored representatives has been so fiercely assailed. Then also they -will form their final opinion of the jprosecutCrs, and, awaiting vindication of their representatives, will rejoice in it Further, the cases ought to be tried ito a result"' in order that theSenator and Representatives may again feel at liberty to take their seats in Congress at the first opportunity. Till these cases are tried out they cannot, because any defects that might be found on technl cal points In present Indictments might he expected to bring another grand jury on the scene; indictments holding over would still keep the members out of their seats in Congress, and they would remain without the vindication to which respect for their integrity and (position entitles them. On these cases there has been a great blare of trumpets, all over the land "What the great -public wants, and -what the people of Oregon especially want, Is presentation of the testimony in full on which these accusations are made. It doesn't matter much in what special form it may come whether through technical pleadings of one kind or an other. What is wanted is the evidence which the' prosecution professes have. No doubt the accused are anxious to have it laid in full before the coun try, so that their own vindication may he sure and complete; and doubtless. too, after some further skirmishing with Mr. Heney, so as to get the proper .points on his quality as a fighter, they will be ready to withdraw pleas abatement, objections by demurrer and motions to quash, and renew the dec laration that they want early trial on the merits, challenge the prosecution to "come on with its bears," and calmly wait the vindication sure to come to innocent, honorable and worthy men. The proposed wool-scouring plant for Portland would, be a decidedly valuable addition to our manufacturing enter prises. It would not only confer on us all of the benefits attendant on Increase in the "Dayroll." but the wool men themselves would be gainers by its presence here. Every year many mil Hon pounds of wool are shipped to the Eastern markets just as it comes from the sheep's back, so dirty and greasy that the shipper must stand the freight clear across the continent for about three pounds of refuse for every pound of wool that is shipped. Through lack of a large scouring mill. Portland, the commercial metropolis of the greatest sheep region on earth, seldom derives any profit from the cleaning or han dling of the wool, the Eastern buyers working it Into marketable shape after It is shipped from Oregon "In the grease." IV. J. BRYAN ON PRESIDENT ROOSE VELT. . Mr. Bryan, in his Jefferson banquet speech at Chicago, and In the article he has just published in the widely circu lated pages of Public Opinion, has fa vored the Nation with his ideas about President Roosevelt. He has suggested the questions which he thinks the Pres ident has to meet, but the curious fact is that he starts his article with the query, "Has the President the cour age to be a reforrder?" Courage, for sooth he must be the only man to whom such a suggestion has presented Itself. Theodore Roosevelt has had to meet and satisfy many a half-sarcastic fling at want of balance, need of pru dence, excess of activity, undue strenu- ousness and the like but it has been left to Mr. Bryan to submit and gravely argue a doubt of his courage. If cour age, physical and moral, is all that is needed for the President to stand forth as what Mr. Bryan styles "a reformer," he will receive a practically unanimous answer to a needless question. The open book of the President's life his tory should have relieved him from both branches of the inquiry. . The reformer must.be prepared, ac cording to Mr. Bryan, to deal with im perialism, the labor question, and the money question some -time or other. Adroitly he postpones them now. The recent election has carried conviction to every mind, except those of Mr. Bryan and his followers, that as to Im perialism (as he nicknames it) and the money question two of his reserva tions the Nation Is conclusively with the President and against his mentor. Those issues have been met and de cided. No room for a "reformer" there. How about labor? The term Is bo loose that It should be barred from every dis cussion unless limited and explained. But. taking what Mr. Bryan seems to have In mind, is it too much to sug gest that there is no public man In the United States today better trusted by the laboring classes than the President, and this largely from the "courage" he has shown? Let us hurry to what Mr. Bryan wishes his reformer to do, now, at this juncture, and see what giants he hopes to see the President fight and on what grounds the war should be waged. He names the railroad question, the trusts and the tariff. In the first he specifies as his ideal a "really effective rate measure." Is this all? Mind, the question is not whether we shall see such a measure passed, but whether the President has courage to press It. Does any reasonable being doubt that? There may be many an honest question fought out in the coming months whether a strengthened interstate commission shall be trusted with the duty of "fix lng" railroad rates, or of "regulating" them as between a complaining shipper and the railroad. And this in full alle giance to the governing principle that the Nation can and shall exerolse con trol over the public facilities it has called into being. Burning questions of secret rebates, of private car lines, of discriminatory tariffs (not referred to by Mr. Bryan), will be raised and set tied. The Nation lsnows that the Presl dent Is with It -in its demand for just and reasonable rates, and even fair dealing, from and with the railroads, and under these signs, not victory, but Justice, will emerge from the fray. Higher needs than courage exist for handling every one of the three ques tlons now Urgent Knowledge is the first for ignorance works as deep evil as cowardice. Calmness is the second in face of prejudice and of selfishness, Love of Justice Is the third for each side of these controversies puts forth specious pleas, which need both sifting and trying out in the crucible of In structed experience. The saving grace of common sense is thelfourth and by no means the least. What an all-covering word is the trust in Mr. Bryan's vocabulary! Like charity, it covers a multitude of sins Sometimes monopoly, always TObbery, invariably oppression. Its adherents are "magnates," and the remedy for all its evils is "extermination." Rathpr nn executioner than a reformer, is required by Mr. Bryan's gospel. What an old style Calvlnlst what a dyed-ln-the-wool Prohibitionist, is wasted In this advo cate of the Idol he has set up and calls reform. "Thorough" Is his motto, death and destruction his battle-cry. And along this path of his he has the au dacity to Invite the President to march Has this man no sense of proportion at all? Does he not know that the prlnci pie and fact of association underlie the formation of every institution that he .miscalls a trust?. That to prohibit the running together and Wending of enter prises Is as impossible In this century as to make water run uphill? That all that comports with the laws of the Na tion and the conditions of social life Is that the Interests of the many must be sought in the" regulation and not In the extirpation of associations of capital? That the abuses, not the existence, of associated capital must be fought? That the regulated and ordered strength of the Nation, not the torch of revolution, must work reform? On these lines the activity of the Ad ministration has declared itself since Theodore Roosevelt gathered the dropped reins of power when McKlnley fell. No slackness has been even sus pected to require Mr. Bryan's spur. Rightly, without doubt, Mr. Bryan notices the interweaving of each of these questions with the others. There fore comes it, as he falls to. see, that orderly sequence should govern the ef fort to harmonize the rights of the pub lic with those of the individual. First the railroads, second the trusts, third the tariff. If President Roosevelt has cultivated, patience and self-restraint even when he has heard loud calls for hasty action, the Nation will credit him with yet one more good gift added to the double-sided courage which very few (Mr. Bryan excepted) doubt. THE NATIONAL GAME. Forty thousand at the opening game In New Tork; twice as many propor tionately on opening day in Portland; big crowds wherever major and minor leagues exist throughout the country testify to the Increasing popularity of our one distinctly National sport. What is the secret of baseball's hold for the past thirty-five years on boys, -youth and rnen of every class and every sta tion, and In recent years on young women also? Men like baseball because every one of them played It as a boy's game. None of its rudiments are beyond the ken of an average 12-year-old. 'He needs only to be able to run, catch, throw, swing a club and "holler." Baseball appeals naturally to the American boy, just as the doll appeals to girls. Unfortunately in its evolution from townball the game has become too hard work for grown men, except such as are trained ath letes. Unlike cricket In England, men of ordinary physical strengthened baseball entirely too strenuous. It is doubtful whether even Roosevelt could pitch nine innings and next day write a message to Congress with the same hand. Baseball retains its hold because It is a manly sport, and, though it is In the hands of professionals, has been kept remarkably clean. As played today, the game requires strength, endurance. strategy, nlmbleness, esprit de corps and the fighting spirit To cover any infield position well requires the use of more muscles than any other form of athletics In the uncertainties of the game lie I s chief drawing power. Much as a ! its chief drawing power. man may like a sport, he wouldn't care to see forty or fifty exhibitions of it in five months, unless the result of a con test were Involved In doubt. With only two players out of the eighteen changed, little novelty In the personnel presents Itself to a spectator who at tends on successive days. Singularly, In a land where gambling Is a common vice, there Is small betting on baseball. One never hears of large wagera. The desire to win money does not enter Into the mind of the crowd as it does at other athletic contests. Local sentiment adds Interest, but the great American public want baseball because It Is-the best outdoor sport they know. NEW TRADE FIELDS FOR TORTLAND. "I'll take the turkey and you take the owl; or, If the other plan suits you bet ter, you take the owl and I'll take the turkey." This fabled division of the spoils of the hunt between the Indian and the white man presents features of similarity to the transportation problem now confronting Portland. We are told by experts on such matters that facilities for handling the traffic of certain localities are lacking because there is an insufficient amount of traffic. From equally good authority. on the other side of the question, we learn that the traffic is restricted in volume by the lack of transportation facilities. It can readily be seen from this that, no matter which way she turns, Portland, like the Indian In the fable, always gets the "owl." But there is increasing evidence that this city will eventually secure some "tur key." Some of the links In that endless "no- facilltles-no-traffic and no-traffic-no-fa- cillties" chain are weakening. Five years ago there was no coastwise traffic between Portland and ports north of San Francisco, because there were no boats on the route 'to handle It. The growth was slow at first, on account of the Infrequent service, but It has been developing rapidly since the facilities were improved, and Portland is now enjoying a rapidly expanding trade with ports as far south as Eureka. This traffic, of course, cannot develop as rapidly with nothing but water transportation as it would if we had rail connection. At the same time it is growing, and it offers encouragement for other efforts. The control of a mo nopoly ceases when Its transportation lines reach navigable 'water, inland or ocean. Portland is gaining a foothold In the trade of Coos Bay and other Oregon coast ports, which In the past have, by reason of superior transportation facil ities, been at the mercy of the San Francisco jobbers. But, while we have been making persistent efforts to build up that trade. San Francisco has re mained unmolested In the ocean trade of Gray's Harbor and Wlllapa Harbor. Portland, of course, has access to these ports by rail, but there are some classes of goods on which the freight by steamer from San Francisco is much lower than it Is from Portland by rail. The proposed steamer line from Gray's Harbor, which was warmly indorsed by the Chamber of Commerce Tuesday, will undoubtedly reopen a trade field In which Portland was once alone in her glory. Not only will a good passenger traffic develop as soon as facilities for han dling it are provided, but there will be gradual gain in the trade which Is now diverted to the more distant Cali fornia port There are some rich trade fields, like the Wallowa, Central Oregon and the Nehalem. where the independ ent steamboat and steam schooner can not act as developers of trade; but wherever the Almighty has provided water sufficient to float a freight carrier from point of production to market, we should make the most of our opportuni ties.- An Independent railroad or elec tric line from Lewlston through the rich Clearwater country would be worthless if Its Independence were not made pos sible -by a river on which the humble flatboat of the rancher has equal right of way with the craft of the big cor porations. No transportation projects presenting greater merit have in recent years come before our commercial in terests for Indorsement, and the people qf the Clearwater country and of Gray's Harbor wll receive the most cordial support in carrying out their plans. SAFETY IN TRISONS. If discipline Is needed any place, it is needed In a state penitentiary where criminals are confined. Not even In an army in the field In time of war Is there greater'need of watchful care and strict observance of a thorough system of rules and regulations. In a prison there are always desperate men await ing an opportunity to break out and on the outside there are men no less desperate Teady at any time to render assistance to their confederates inside if that assistance promises to be suc cessful. Sleeping at his post of duty is one of the most serious offenses a soldier can commit, and heavy punish ment is provided therefor. Such dere liction on the part of a prison guard should be held no less reprehensible and mere discharge from his position should- riot be the limit of punishment The guard who sleeps at his post not only endangers his own life, but places in jeopardy the lives of his fellows and Invites an outbreak which may easily result In the death or injury of numerous citizens. Several times In the last three years guards at the Oregon penitentiary have been caught asleep at their posts, and have been discharged, but one discharge seems not to prevent a repetition of the offense. Some system 6f signals and checks should be provided which will promptly give notice of lapse on the part of the guards and then pun ishment, severe and certain, should be provided for those who prove unfaithful to duty. But a few days ao a con vict turned off the lights at the peni tentiary one dark night and scaled the wall upon which the guards were sta tioned. Where responsibility -for the escape rests It may be difficult to say, but some one should have been held accountable and should have been dis charged. If It was possible for a con vict to go out over the wall, it would seem possible for some one to go in over the same place, and take in rifles, as was done in 1902 when Tracy and Merrill made their escape. Eternal vig ilance is the price of safety in- an In stitution like a state prison. There is a belief current in the potato market in this city that, whenever the price soars above 51 per sack, sellers dig them up from beneath the cobble stones or from any old hiding-places where their presence wouldaiever be re vealed by a lower price! The jrftiglcl 1 dollar mark seems to have a similar effect on the supply of wheat, for the attempted corner of Mr. Gates, like that of Lelter, Is bringing to light unsus pected quantities which are piling up In readiness to break the market and In cidentally the "cornerer," If It can be accomplished. If Gates Is carrying as long a line as he Is credited with, yes terday's break in the market meant a loss of $300,000. Meanwhile the. distant options, which at this season of the year are governed by legitimate condi tions, show very little change. The County Court is asked to oil the Linnton road. The petition Is backed by important taxpayers who think the expense Justified In order that this beautiful driveway may be made as at tractive as possible. The Linnton road passes the Lewis and Clark Fair grounds, and it is for many miles along the west bank of the Willamette River. During the coming season many visit ors will travel over It The advantage of oil lies in the fact that it lays the dust and keeps it laid, and It Is Imper vious to any ordinary rain. If the County Court shall see fit to allow the petition, it will have done much for the pleasure and benefit of the people of Portland and all sojourners here who may desire to drive Into the country. Portland's export trade continues to expand in keeping with the rapidly de veloping Internal commerce of the port- Tuesday there was cleared through the Custom-House in this city a big cargo of lumber for Callao. another for Japan and a 7000-ton cargo of flour and mer chandise for the Orient There are now loading In port for foreign countries half a dozen lumber vessels with a com bined carrying capacity of more than 7,500,000 feet, while for the Orient two steamers are loading full cargoes of flour and merchandise for the Far East Meanwhile the coastwise lumber and grain trade by water Is the heaviest on record, and instead of shrinking Is growing more rapidly than ever before. The Canadian government Is at last considering the question of establishing a Hfesavlng station on the west coast of Vancouver Island. At no other point on the Pacific Coast Is such a station so badly needed. It would be difficult to estimate the number of lives that might have beeri'saved along the bleak and Inhospitable shores of that death- haunted island had there been- one or two Hfesavlng stations maintained there for the past twenty or twenty-ve years ls is a matter In which Amer icans are more Interested than Cana dians fr by far the larger number of wrecks occurring there were of ivessels sailing for or from ports on the Ameri can side of the line. Clatsop County has secured posses sion of the tolfroad between Seaside and Elk Creek, and orders have been Issued to repair the bridges and place the road In good condition for Summer travel. This will be welcome news to a large number of people who spend their Sum mers at the beach and who are usually prevented from visiting the famous Elk Creek and Cannon Beaches on account of the wretched condition of the old tollroad. A good road between ClatsoD Beach and Cannon Beach would In crease the Summer travel to both of these resorts. "Primrose day," on which many Eng lishmen wear a primrose in honor of Disraeli, served to revive one of the great conservative's phrases: "Protec tion Is not only dead, but damned," was emblazoned on the Disraeli statue by some free-trade admirer, and In view of the ordinary Englishman's admira tion of "Dizzy" and of a good phrase, this little Incident has probably done Chamberlain more harm than many a profound speech. The general agents of the Equitable come In personal contact with their pol icy-holders, and they know what the policy-holders want, which Is simply that Mr. Hyde get out. Naturally, the general agents have united to demand that Mr. Hyde retire. Mr. Hyde is con fronted by the dilemma that he will wreck the company if he stays in, and he will wreck Mr. Hyde If he goes out. No wonder he spars for time. air. uarnegie a niece marries a poor but honest riding teacher, and now they have the avuncular 'blessing. "I want no rich men In the family," says the old gentleman. A large number of very worthy young gentlemen can qualify to enter the Carnegie family on that basis. The Germans drink more alcohol, work longer hours and live longer than Americans. So says a great German doctor. But we are left In doubt as to whether Germans live longer because they drink more alcohol or drink more alcohol because they live longer. Shooting bears, riding horses at full speed over rough trails, eating camp food, running foot races and sleeping out under the starry skies, is the Presi dent's idea of a "rest." Doubtless it Is a rest for the President If young Mr. Hyde, of the Equitable, can show that ho doesn't get skinned at these great poker games of his, he will advance greatly In the. public es teem. What Is needed now Is for Lafe Pence to file a lien on the clouds and divert some or all of the water away from Twenty-fourth and Vaughn streets. , Candidate Albee now has no objection to the "legally legitimate saloon." He is down on both the illegally legitimate and the legally Illegitimate saloon. President Roosevelt, doesn't say much from his camp, but sends out a bear skin. That's how he wants the new Canal Commission to act NOTE ANDJCOMMENT. Rojestvensky may be delaying to get the latest scores. The little Indianapolis newsboys who sold 4'extrys" with an account of the fatal panic In which the newsies had themselves been a few minutes before are typical members of their profession. John Paul Jones should" not be con founded with Davy Jones. Columbus was a humbug, says an East- em paper. In the light of recent discov eries. Spain believes him sometning worse than a mere humbug, an out-and- out bunco man. Eastern magazines lead us to believe that when an artist produces a picture that won't do for anything else, he labels It "Easter and sells it to the editors for use as a cover design or a frontis piece. It cost JS2.0CO. it i said, to produco the Nan Pattersop trial. Now that the umpire. comes again And cries aloud "Play Ball!" How many inessential things From memory we let fall. We forget all about: Open town. Closed town. Billboards. Board bllln. Meat market. Trammelled candidates Untrammelled candidates. Land fraudf. . , Pools. All-night saloon. Colonel Hawkins. And all the other trifles of lit. Portland stuttered a little at the start Chinatown is to be cleaned up or cleaned out. Referring to Portland's justly famous "Golden Singers," the New York Evening Sun says: "Talk about discrimination! Are the fair-haired women vbelng crowd ed by the brunettes, that It should be necessary to make the possession of locks of a carroty hue a ground for special treatment?" The Sun Is away off. The red-haired choir is not an organization for protection from the dark women, but an organization designed to pleasure the ear with notes of gold, and the eye with tresses of gold: in short, to placo the woman with ardent locks on that pinna cle of admiration merited by her natural gifts. Prince Ferdlhand of Bulgaria has issued an edict prohibiting girls and young wom en attending the public schools from wearing corsets. No wonder the dis patches say that the pupils affected and their female relatives are In a storm of rebellion against such an order, even If it Is based on a desire to promote their health. The unfortunate schoolmasters seem to be the persons most deserving of pity. On one side an edict signed by the Prince, on the other defiant pupils whose disobedience of orders can. at the best be only guessed at From the manner In which men crowd to a fire, Impeding the work of the fire men and the police, It would appear that If hades were to pop open there would be such a rush of open-mouthed starers that halfthe population would be shoved Into the bottomless pit. In an editorial in the New York Sun dealinc with younc Mr. Hyde, of the Equitable, was this, paragraph: Of court. It Is a universally conceded point of law that a pickpocket who has abstracted a nurfce, and, being detected, Tstorei It to the owner, by that act absolves hlmsilf from the Intention and the consequences of crime. Several correspondents have been writ ing to the Sun concerning this "amazing statement." One asks what school of law this comes from. We never suspected be fore that the Sun. was read by quite serious persons. Lord Mayor Dunne, of Chicago, has written his own epitaph: Here lies the body of EDWARD F. DUNNE. He died a poor man, but waa the father of municipal ownership and 13 children. May he rest In peace. Before his term expires. Mr. Dunne may amend the Inscription to read: Here lies the body of EDWARD F. DUNNE. He was Dunne when he died, but he was thy father of 13 children and of municipal owner ship, which died abornln. May Chicago rest In peace. WEX. J. Big Diamond by Post. According to the new London paper. The Evening Standard, the great Cul- llnan diamond, valued at over 500,000, was recently sent by registered post from South Africa to London for three shillings. It was quite an ordinary- looking packet, says The Evening Standard, that was handed in at the Johannesburg postoffice shortly before the English mall-Jeft for the mining center. Nobody but the directors of the company in South Africa knew the contents. The parcel was addressed to S. Neumann & Co., London. E. C. and the messenger, acting on instructions. had it registered. It weighed a little over a pound, and as tne charge is at the rate of a penny a half ounce, and twopence extra Tor registration, the sum paid to the postoffice was about three shillings. As soon as it was stamped the packet was placed wiih the other registered parcels deposited In the mail bag, and sent off to Cape Town, where It was transferred to the steamer. . Nothing further was heard of It until a tele gram from Mr. Neumann announced Its safe arrival. There were no special precautions for its safe transit Tne postal authorities being unaware of the nature of tho con signment, bestowed upon tt no greater care than ' upon any other packet. Apart, from the postal authorities, how ever, tne diamond was insured lor 500,000. The present whereabouts or. the dla mond in London Is kept a, secret, and no decision has been come to yet on the subject of exhibiting it. The Ways of Maine. New York Times. Thomas W. Lawson tells of a friend who had taken a trip up to the Maine woods for a day's hunting. The hunter's time being limited, he wished to crowd as many hours into a day a3 was possi ble, so he ordered the host at the little back-wooda hotel to can mm at 4:30 In the morning. Promptly at 4:30 he was waked from a sound sleep by a thump on the door of his room. "Well." he asked, sleepily, "what's the matter?" 'It's half-past four," came the answer. 'All right. .Til be right down," he said. as he pulled the covers up to his chin for another little nap. There was silence for about five minutes, when he was awak ened once more by a terrible clatter on his door. What's the ' matter now?" he asked, thoroughly aroused. "You Just sign this 'receipt' ' "Sign what 'receipt? " "This receipt showing that I called you at half-pazt four. You don't coma down at S o'clock and say I didn't call you. Not if I know It" WEST COAST LAND GRAFTERS- How They Have Fraudulently Acquired Millions of Acre In Oreeon and California. From an article by Bailey Millard in Every body a Magazine ror May. John A. Benson was a man of hyp notic power. It was not long before nod of his head or a wave of his hand meant more In the land offices than many a ream-long petition, with ever so so many signers. He made a close study of the land laws. He knew what he could do and what he could not do. - During all his gigantic oper ations in the West for the past 24 years, in which over 5,000,000 acres have been tied up as the result of his pernicious activities, he has never really been within the grip of the law until now. He has from the first known the brutal power of money, and he has safely counted upon it He has had, behind him. through good and evil report ono of the most solid financial institutions in the est the Nevada Bank, of San Francisco. As we have seen, Benson's word was mlKhty In the land office.. He was able to have all his field men appoint ed as deputay surveyors without their knowledge. He took contracts m their names and had them sign in blank bonds, contracts, powers of at torney, etc.. of tho import of which thev knew nothing. Many of these unwitting deputies were mere boys, who understood little about the work in which they were supposed to be engaged. One of them. In whose name Benson took out contracts to the amount of $50,000, confessed that he would not know a solar compass If he saw pne. So readily did the offi cials fall In with Benson's schemes that they accepted bonds ot surveyors from store clerks, mechanics, street car conductors and others, wholly without worldly goods. Rarely was an oath of office required. Surveyors of 17 or 18 years of age were qualified. Often for whole seasons the field work of the Benson gang was the merest sham. In the California coun ties of Sonoma, Mendocino and Mon terey .-township . after township for which survey plots were made and Held notes written up was never seen by the surveyor. In Central Monterey County, where mile after mile of lines was supposed to have been run, not a stake was driven. Men who tried to locate land under the homestead or timber claim acts could not find a sin gle corner. And yet the Government accepted the surveys and paid. Ben son, In the name of his dummies, hun dreds of thousands of dollars for them. How was the fraud accomplished? Simply by "faking" the surveys, which were made In back offices In San Francisco by men who did not go within 100 miles of the land. The surveyor would take a county map, which showed some of the more prom inent topographical features. That would give him a field to work upon where there was no need to weary himself by dragging a jingling chain mrougn tne nrusn. From this map he could make up a fanciful survey plot on a larger scale, showing land monuments, blazed trees, rocks, hills and other natural objects for the pre scribed metes and bounds. Often blazed trees would be put Into an ut terly treeless plain, and branches of streams would be made to run three to four miles out of their true csurse. It Is a noteworthy fact that the maps of these surveys were among the finest ever sent to the Surveyor-General's office. They were things of beauty, full of fine details, and so sat isfactory that at first, there was not the slightest hesitation on the part of the omciais in signing warrants in payment for thorn. Benson soon became a rich man and enlarged the field of his usefulness from year to year. His operations extended over . Oregon, Nevada. Utah and Arizona. It was in California, how ever that he exerted his baneful ac tivities to their utmost. It wns there, too, that hi voice was loudest. If he wanted 20 or more men made deputy" surveyors, all he had to do was to name them and they got the positions. In the names of ten persons, contracts amounting to $500,000 were taken out without the request of the supposed contractors and without their consent or knowledge. Though the papers were supposed to be entered In the records, none of them discovered that these contracts were in their names until two years afterward, and In some cases not until the frauds had been exposed. So strong had Benson's In fluence become with the California land officials that whenever there was any hint of his work being investigated by a special agent from Washington, he would have that agent removed and another put in nis place. In less than five years Benson made over 52.000,000 out of his contracts: but as he wns always a free spender. he was often hard pressed for funds. In 1SS2 he was forced to assign, but the banks advanced money on new sur veys and he went blithely on. In personal appearance, Frederick A. Hyde Is the very opposite of Benson. He had been known for years as one of the shrewdest land-experts In Cali JEFFERSON AND THE ANAL (From a letter to M. de Roy, of Paris, dis cussing Spanish Panama surveys.) Were they to make an opening through the Isthmus of Panama, a work much less difficult than some of the inferior canals of France, how ever small this opening should be In the beginning, the tropical current en tering it with all Its force would soon widen It sufficiently for its own pas sage, and thus complete, in a short time, that work which otherwise will employ It for ages. Less country would be destroyed by It In this way. These consequences would follow: Vessels from Europe or the western part of Africa, by entering the tropics, would have a steady wind and tide to carry them through the Atlantic, through America and the Pacific Ocean, to every part of the Asiatic coast, and of the entire coast ot Africa, thus performing with speed and safety the tour of the whole globe, to within about 24 degrees of longitude, or one fifteenth of its circumference, the Af rican continent occupying about that space. Second, tho Gulf of Mexico, now the most dangerous navigation In the world on account of Its currents and movable sands, would become stagnant and safe. Third, the Gulf Stream on the coast of the United States would cease, and with that those derangements of course and reckoning which now impede and endanger the Intercourse with those states. Fourth, the fogs on the banks' of Newfoundland, supposed to be the vap ors of the Gulf Stream, rendered tur bid by the cool air would disappear. Fifth, those banks ceasing to receive supplies of sand and weeds and warm water by the Gulf Stream, It might be come problematical what effect changes of pasture and temperature would have upon the fisheries. However, it is time to relieve you from this long lecture. I wish Its sub ject may have been sufficiently Inter esting to make amends for .Its details. These are submitted with entire defer ence to your better judgmental will only add to them by assuring you of the sentiments of perfect esteem and respect with which I have the honor to be, sir, your most obedient and humble servant THOMAS JEFFERSON. fornia. Benson bad heard of some of his dazzling operations, in which he had taken up whole townships by the aid of unprincipled land officers, no taries and dummies. The surveyor greatly admired the sagacity of Hyde and was anxious to employ it In "his own behalf. The two men formed their secret partnership. Since then Hy.l has been a very valuable ally of Bon son, for that gentleman had run nearly to the end of his tether in the surveys. For a time they were content with the methods pursued by Hyde neat and secret violations of the homestead, timber-land and swamp-land laws by means of dummies. They connects! themselves with rings of small land grabbers all over the Coast. Tnaee rings transferred vast tracts of timber and grazing-land from the Government to the private ownership of California Cleons who were stringing carloads uf barbed wire. Benson and Hyde, as the master minds, came in for a liberal share of the proceeds In each. When a land king wanted to grab a new principality from the Government, they would hel him In his predatory plan always for a large consideration. In one case four dum mies went before a corrupt notary and took up 40 timber claims, for which the notary received 1100 in fees ?10 for each entryman. A man would come Into the office as Jones, then go out and come in as Smith, and repeat the operation ten times. Hundreds of such dummies were employed. They were, for the most part, ranch-hands, stenographers, sailors, stevedores and colored janitors. The pa pers were all signed in blank and the men who did the signing rarely knew the na ture of their contents. Bach dummy re ceived a small sum for his services ami was satisfied. The making of final proof was a matter of little concern to the con- spirators, for they had a cohort of men ready to swear they knew the land, hud lived upon It for the prescribed length of time, and were, locating upon it for their own and for nobody else's benefit. Some of the syndicates which grabbed kingdoms made contracts with the graft ers to furnish final proofs at so muvh per application. When you have learned these things it is not difficult to understand how one hun dred men in the great Sacramento Valley have come to own over 17,000,000 acres. while in the San Joaquin Valley it 1s no ' uncommon thing for one man's name to stand for 100.000 acres. This grabbing of large tracts has discouraged immigration to California more than any other single factor. A family living on a small hold ing In a vast plain, with hardly a house In sight, will In timo become a very lone ly family. Indeed, and will in a few yeara be glad to sell out to the land king whoee domain Is adjacent Thousands of small farms have in this way boen acquired by the large holders at nominal prices. We have seen how Benson and Jlyde helped many of the land kings to enter " Into their kingdoms, by the aid of th ever willing dummy; but we have not yet seen the end of the iniquity. It remained for the precious twain to hatch out and exploit a scheme that would have made most men balk at the beginning as be fore the sheer, unscalable walls of tho impossible. The new plan was to obtain possession of large tracts of state school lands and other lands through the me dium of dummies, and dispose of them on highly advantageous terms to the United States Government itself I Thousands of acres ot the school lands "stood on end," as the real estate men say in the Sierras and the foothills. Gen erally they were of little value, being covered by chaparral and dotted with gr?.nlte boulders. How was It possible to unload such land Upon the Government? Simply by interesting Its trusted officers' In the plan. The Government wa3 mak ing forest reservations In California and Indemnifying holders of land forfeited for that purpose by giving them acre for acre what were known as "lieu lands." to be selected by the claimant at will in any state where Government land was to be found. Benson and Hyde's long ac quaintance with the local land offices and the offices In Washington placed them on terms of intimacy with the officials. This Intimacy was the means of their acquiring advance information in regard to the Intentions of the Department of the Interior and the Land Office at Wash ington. The information enabled them to influence men who would recommend to the Government the acquisition of cer tain tracts as forest reserves. Having established a modus vivcndl with these men on a money basis the conspirators not only decided what land should be rec ommended for forest reservations, but even drew. In their own offices, the map3 which subsequently went forward to the Government with the recommendation'? of the officials! They made the forest reserve selections so as to include the property which they had or knew they could get. With the advantage of know ing the lands likely to be declared within a forest reserve, they went to work to se cure persons who would take up the State school lands In those prospective reser vations. SEATTLE'S "UNDER WORLD." Shocked we are, and pained beyond expression, to find in Seattle papers a terrible description of "the great red light district" of that city, visited on Monday night, by the revivalists, under direction of Dr. Chapman. The account "does not impress the reader with "the superiority of the tone of Seattle, moral and spiritual." Take this description from the Times: As the procession slowly approached the southern part of the city, where the red lamps throw fitful glares over the besotted face of the underworld, where sin, vice and crime sneak forth like human -wolves only after the sun oes down, where the wakinp hours are confined only to the darkness of night, and where the rtsins of the sun finds only the solitary policeman walking; his lone ly beat. Dr. Chapman grew more serene. If possible, than ever. Hoboes jostled him and painted women leered at him and rum dealers grinned cheerfully at him from open doorways, but he was still cool and calm and undisturbed. "Three cheers for Jesus!" came from that convert again. Dr. Chapman turned slowly and looked at the man who would cheer Christ as he would a great ballplayer, and there was a rebuke in that look more potent than words, a sting of reproach more powerful than print- It was the only time during that lonp march through the tenderloin that the great evangelist was disturbed. When It was all at an end when the evangelist had said good bye to these human lepers and turned his back on their world he leaned heavily upon the arm of a companion and his Hp moved In silent prayer. , There are many columns of similar description In the several newspapers of the city. The account of the Times closes thus: In a little while the Tenderloin had re sumed its natural shape and form. Men flocked Into, the saloons and the bars did a rushing business. "CSnofl nrf fnr the Tnrtrlnln commented one saloonman as the thirsty lined up against the bar. 'We're glad they came." Lights were again lit in the palaces of vice and the women of the Midway .re turned Co their cribs. At the Grand Opera-House and at the gos pel tent short services were held when the parade was disbanded. Dr. .Ostrom led at the theater and Dr. Walton presided at the tent. The crusaders hurried home, as It was then nearly midnight. Expelled From the Flat. New York Sun. Baphael had just finished the cher ubs. "yes," he said sadly. T shall have to move; they aren't allowed in'thls flat" Tucking the canvas under his, arm, ho went; out to seek-other, quarters.