Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (April 12, 1905)
THE MORNING OEEGONIAN, -.WEDNESDAY, -APRIL 12, 1905.
Entered at the Postoffice it Portland. Or.,
as rccond-class matter.
INVaWaBLT IN ADVANCE.
(By MaJl or Expreff.)
Dai y and Sunday, per' year f.00
Da$ and Sunday, Mx month 5.00
Dail and Sunday, three month? 2.W
Dally and Sunday, per month 85
Dal!j without Sunday, per year 7.50
Dalb without Sunday, six months.. 3.t0
DaUy without Sunday, three months 1.05
Dally -without Sunday, per month 65
Sunday per year - 2.00
Sunday, six month -. 1.00
Sunday, three months .60
Dally -without Sunday, per week .15
DaJy per week, Sunday included 20
THE WEEKLY OREGONIAN.
(Issued Every Thursday.)
"Weekly, per year -. l.W)
Weekly, six month 7&
Weekly, three months - - .50
HOW TO REMIT Send postofflce money
order, express order or personal check on your
oral bank. Stamps, coin or currency are at
the sender's risk.
EASTERN" BUSINESS OFFICE.
The S. C. Beckwltb. Special Agency New
Tcrk, Rooms 48-50 Tribune building. Chi
cago, Rooms C10-512 Tribune building.
The Oregonlan does not buy poems or
eto-ies from individuals and cannot under
take to return any manuscript nent to it "with
out eollcltatlon. No etamps should be In
closed for this purpose.
KEPT ON SALE.
Chicago Auditorium Annex. Postofflce
News Co.. 17S Dearborn street.
Dallas, Tex. Globe News Depot. 260 Main
Denver Julius Black, Hamilton & Xend
rlck, 908-312 Seventeenth street, and' Fruc
nuff Bros., 605 Sixteenth street.
Dea Moines, la- Moses Jacobs, 309 Fifth
Goldfleld, Not. C. Malone.
Kansa City, Mo. Ricksecker Cigar Co.,
NJnth and Walnut.
3 Angeles Harry Drapkln; B. E. Amos,
514 West Seventh street.
Minneapolis M. J. Kavanaugh. 50 South
Third; I. Regeisburger. 217 First avenue
New York City L. Jones & Co., Astor
Oakland, Cal. W. H. Johnston. Four
teenth and Franklin streets.
Ogden F. R. Godard and Meyers fc Har
rop; D. It. Boyle.
Omaha BarkaJow Bros., 1612 Farnham:
Mageath Stationery Co., 130S Farnham;
McLaughlin Bros., 246 South 14th.
PboenLc, Ariz. The BerryhHl News Co.
Sacramento, Cal, Sacramento News Co.,
423 K street.
Salt Lake Salt Lake News Co., 77 West
Second street South.
Santa Barbara, CaL S. Smith.
San Diego, Cal. J. Dlllard.
San Francisco J. K. Cooper & Co., 746
Market street; Foster & Crear, Ferry News
Stand; Goldsmith Bros., 236 Sutter: L. E.
Lee. Palace Hotel News Stand; F. W. PlttP.
1008 Market; Frank Scott, 80 Ellis; N.
Wheailey, S3 Stevenson; Hotel St. Francis
St. Louis, Mo. E. T. .Tett Book Xc News
Company, 806 Olive street.
Washington, D. C. Ebbit House News
PORTLAND. WEDNESDAY, APRIL 12, 1905
HOW MUCH LONGER?
How long, how much longer, is the
clash of interests or spirit of conten
tion, among: the great railroads, to hold
back the development of the Pacific
Northwest, and in particular the devel
opment of Oregon?
This is a question which The Ore
gonian has been asking these many
years, not on its own account merely,
but in behalf of the people of great part
of the three Northwest States.
The railroads will do nothing them
selves, nor allow others to do so. The
systems are jealous of each other, yet
united in a purpose of opposition to
every proposal by other or outside par
ties. It Is a block, and blockade. Nat
ural routes for traffic are unused, the
country does not get the facilities it is
entitled to, Its development is arrested
or prevented, and rates for large part
of it are kept at high figures through
neglect to use natural routes.
The Oregonlan has set all this out so
much, and on so many occasions, dur
ing a dozen years past and set it out
m detail with reference to Eastern,
Western and Middle Oregon, and to the
great Snake River country In Idaho
and Eastern Washington, that it may
seem only vain repetition to call the
subject up again and again, as it is
continually doing. But so vital a ques
tion, though old, is always new. So
once more The Oregonlan asks. How
jong, how much longer, is the clash
of interests or spirit of contention.
among the great railroads, to hold back
the development of the Pacific North
west, and in particular the develop
ment of Oregon?
A SURPRISING BLUNDER.
That the Legislature of New York
should have enacted a tax law, with
drastic provision for taxation of mort
gages, which declares that "any con
tract or agreement . . . "by which
the mortgagor shall agree or be bound
to pay the tax or any part thereof im
posed by this article, shall be usurious
and void, and no judgment shall be ob
tained in any court of this state . . .
when It shall be made to appear that
the mortgagor has at any time paid
such tax or any part thereof, or that
there has at any time been any under
standing or agreement that the mort
gagor should pay such tax or any part
thereof," is surprising. It shows a re
markable ignorance of the results of
experience on the subject; for though
the mortgagee may be compelled, nom
inally, to pay the tax, he will certainly
take it out of the borrower and mort
gagor, through enhancement of the in
terest rate. This Is universal experl
Such an act, therefore, though intend
ed for relief and protection of the bor
rower, by throwing a burden upon the
lender, will have no such effect. The
law can't compel the owner of .the
money to lend it on any terms that do
not please him. -It can't with one hand
hold the Interest down, through enact
ments against usury, and with the
other compel the owner of the money
to lend it on mortgage and pay the tax.
As a consequence of" such effort, the
man who would fcorrow oh bond and
mortgage would be the chief sufferer
All this has been fought out again
and again In Oregon as elsewhere. It is
surprising to find the State of New
York, supposed center of economics and
financial science, blundering at this day,
Into so fruitless an experiment.
If the Marion County officials succeed
in convicting the men who carried rifles
over the prison wall on June 9, 3902, for
the use of Tracey and Merrill in mak
ing their escape from that institution, a
good piece of work will have been done..
To let a criminal go unpunished is to
encourage others to attempt a similar
act. The death of Tracey and Merrill,
even after a successful outbreak, and,
in a measure, a successful escape, did
much to put a damper on would-be
prison-breakers. Knowledge that It Is
impossible to set away is all that Is
necessary to prevent attempts. Unfor
tunately. Tracey and Merrill demon
strated that It was possible to escape,
for it was only by the treachery and
foolhardiness of Tracey that the two
were brought to their death. If the
men who furnished arms for the use of
the prisoners can be found, they should
be tried as accomplices In the killing
of the prison guards.
OUR UNCLEAN MARKETS.
Perhaps it is not surprising that a
number of markets In this city are in a
condition of filth that Is vile and nause
ating, since no one, not even the Food
Commissioner, has taken the trouble,
for months past, to enter one of them
for the purpose of seeing how they are
kept. The public feeds at these cribs
unquestloningly, though all possibilities
of dirt, disease and uncleanness are
presented in the qpen display of edibles
in front of many of them.
Many housekeepers, indeed, avoid the
discomforts atendant upon doing their
marketing in malodorous places, sug
gestive both to smell and sight of fresh
filth and garnered rottenness, by or
dering the dally food supplies for their
tables by telephone. Though dubbed a
gossip and arraigned for garrulity, this
Instrument tells no tales of the market
place. It may nevertheless be Indicted
as accessory before the fact for filling
many an order for poultry with a fowl
that has been lifeless too long to be
wholesome or appetizing; many a pint
of oysters dished out of a rusty tin
pail; many a piece of royal Chinook
sliced upon a slippery, sticky, grimy
slab, and many a roast or steak that,
tagged as an advertisement of "cheap
meat," has weathered the dust storms
of more than one day in open market.
Of course, our food vendors should be
honest and should keep their places
clean. Our dairymen should scorn to
vend milk that Is not up to the stand
ard In cleanliness' and butter fat. More
over, they should refuse. If "never a
law on our statute-books stood to stay
their hands," to deal in "process but
ter" and cream tinted toglve it the
hue beloved by housewives. Grocers
should refuse to sell jelly made out of
"any old thing," and lard that comes
"pure" from the stenchroom back of
the butcher's stall.
But being, like the rest of mankind,
"poor critters," and engaged in vending
food to make money, and not as public
benefactors, it is the rankest folly to
suppose that they will be punctilious in
these matters If left in all cases to
their own devices.
Until now no one would bave rated
our Food Commissioner as an unsophis
ticated man, or a man possessed of an
undue amount of confidence in human
nature, as found In the world of bar
ter. But when it Is said that he had to
be conducted into and through our market-places
before he would believe that
they were not up to the standard re
quired by the most ordinary rules of
cleanliness, and that he affirmed posi
tively that the minimum of' preserva
tives were used In the food vended in
this city, we must excuse him upon one
or the other of these pleas. It may be
indecorous, not to say cruel, to laugh
in the face of such official innocence,
but the good women who heard this
declaration may be excused for merri
ment at this point, since it was truly
Now. in point of fact, our market
keepers are not different from othef
men. There Is an old excuse for care
lessness in preparing food which de
clares that "what .will not poison will
fatten." To do food manufacturers and
vendors justice, they seek, even In their
uncensored state, to stop short of the
poison limit, though they are not al
ways succossful in so doing. If people
open their mouths and take In all that
is offered in the way of food, gulp it
down unquestloningly and -without even
a wry face, or a complaint at having
to hold the nose in order that it may
pass that sentinel unchallenged, who
can wonder that the vendor Is on hand
to do his part?
GOVERNMENT IRRIGATION WORK.
The Roman Empire was "notable for
its roads, laid out and built for hun
dreds, aye thousands, of miles, many
of which are usable after -2000 years.
In after ages the dominion of the
United States over this continent will
even then be marked by the- areas of
land over which the natural conditions
under which it passed to this Govern
ment .have been utterly changed by
No wonder work has been dreamed
of comparable with that by which, first,
an area of 600.008,000 acres (larger than
four times France and twice New York
State), of dry, barren and savage wil
derness, has been examined, surveyed
and tested, and then taken in hand to
be reclaimed for the use and habitation
of man. This Nation ought to Inscribe
the name of Major Powell, of the Geo
logical Survey, on Its roll of memorable
men. His great book, "Lands of the
Arid Region," first claimed public at
tention to the possibilities of these arid
lands. He devoted his life to this work.
The reward of his success will be not
merely In the addition of billions of
dollars to the. National wealth, but in
the provision of many thousand homes
where formerly desolation reigned.
Although National irrigation is still,
speaking generally. In the stage of
preparation, yet great works are In pro
cess of construction. Among these
may be noted the Roosevelt dam, on
Salt River, in Arizona. The height
from foundation to parapet will be 270
feet, and by it a lake twenty-five miles
long and from one to two miles wide
will fill the valley behind It. No art!
flcial lake in the world will equal It in
size, none excel it in beneficence. A
striking feature is that by the power
created by the flow of water from the
lake, pumps will be operated in the Salt
River Valley, sixty miles away, sub
surface water there added to the lrrl
gating provision, until one horsepower
from the Roosevelt dam will -serve
nearly ten, acres of valley la'nd sixty
miles from the point of power produc
tion. The "Pathfinder" scheme for restrain
ing, regulating and distributing the
waters of the North Platte River for
210 miles is another notable enterprise.
Three dams and 1000 miles of canals
and ditches are to be constructed. Com
pared with these great undertakings,
our Oregon irrigation plans, in the
Klamath Basin and the Malheur seem
insignificant. Fortunately for us, it Is
only In the outlay of time and money
needed that this adjective can be ap
plied. The results In additions of fer
tile land stand comparison with any of
which we have particulars.
The business aspect of this whole sys
tem Is most remarkable, and may well
be the envy of other nations not so for
tunately provided with fund's for the
work, so that taxation neither present
nor prospective is involved. The twen
ty-five millions of dollars in the pro
ceeds from sale of public lands fund
supplies the working capital for all
these works. As fast as lands are irri-
able from any special enterprise, the
sale in small areas of 160 acres or less,
to the waiting settlers, for a price cal
culated on the cost of the whole work,
returns the total cost to the Treasury
in readiness for fresh use in the next
undertaking an endless chain of ben
efit SMELLS AND SMELLING.
Man is slowly but surely losing his
sense of smell. He can no longer wind
an enemy or recognize an approaching
friend by snuffing up the air as a hound
snuffs, and soon he will be unable to
distinguish whisky from buttermilk by
his nose alone. It seems a pity that
nothing can be done to prevent the
atrophy of one of the few senses man
has. "What a joyless prospect Is that
of the time when the violet will be no
more than a purple flower, dim, and Its
fragrance wasted upon the sweet south.
"What will the rose be when it does not
smell at all? If the violet breathes of
Spring, the rose gathers all the April
perfumes burned In- hot June and trans
mutes them into Summer's own es
sence. Flowers to the man without a
nose will be as unattractive -as song
birds to the man without -an ear. Even
the onion will lose its peculiar. place in
man's affection Imagination balks at
an unsmellable onion. "What does Ste
venson say of the onion?
Rose among roots, the maiden-fair.
Wlne-sconted and poetic MUl
Of the - capacious salad-bowl.
"Rose among roots" "wine-scented"
would a poet sing of the onion if he
could not smell it? No more than he
would now indite ait ode to the unsccnted
potato. And man is losing the sense
that enables him to appreciate the vio
let, the rose and the onion. The pass
ing of the power to smell appears a ca
lamity. Yet stay; there are the Port
land markets. On the whole, it proba
bly tends to man's enjoyment that his
nose If not so keen as those of his
In the meantime, while stinks abound
and noses continue to work, something
should be done to remove the possibil
ity of Portland's becoming a fly in am
ber beside Cologne, of which Coleridge
In Cologne, a town of monks and bae.
And pavements fang d with murderous stone,
And rags and hags and hideous wenches;
I counted two ad ."seventy stcneso?.
AH -well defined, and several stlnkc!
Ye Nymphs that reign o'er sewens and sinks.
The river Rhine, It is well known.
Doth wa?h your City of Cologne;
But tell me, Nymphs, what power divine
Shall henceforth wash the river Rhine?
WAR AGAINST SCHOOL FRATERNITIES.
The Seattle School Board is waging
determined war against the Greek-let
ter fraterrfities that exist in the High
School of that city. This course was
decided upon last year for reasons con
sidered good and sufficient. There were
four fraternities and sororities In con
nection with the. school, and It became
evident that the taxpayers were sup
porting a social, instead of an educa
tional, institution, the management of
which was in the hands of High School
pupils of a special class.
The Board, after due deliberation, de
termined that the members of these
fraternities should not be permitted to
graduate from- the High School. They
were allowed class privileges but were
excluded from athletic clubs and liter
ary societies of the school. One of, the
fraternities came to terms, so to speak.
That is, its members accepted a propo
sition" to abandon tholr fraternity mem
bership temporarily, and to permit the
organization- to be kept alle by the
It is stated, however, that members of
this fraternity have not acted in good
faith with the Board, and that their
class privileges have been again with
drawn. The trend of the "fraternity"
spirit, as developed among immature
pupils in the public schools, is plainly
indicated by the broken faith of this
body of students. Dissimulation, eva
sionanything to outwit the school au
thorities and "have a good time," fol
lows the endeavor properly to direct
and control the student life of pupils.
The position taker, by the Seattle
School Board on this question Is proper.
Tire public schools were Instituted and
are maintained at great cost for an
educational purpose. To permit them
to fall under the control of certain of
their beneficiaries is most unwise, and
can only result in a subversion of their
The earlier the school authorities in
any city take a firm stand against fra
ternities the better for all concerned.
Fraternities and sororities among the
graduates may be well enough. At
least the school authorities have no re
sponsibility in regard to them, though
there is evidence enough that the so
cial life which they foster frequently is
of the rude rather than the refined
type. But this aside, secret societies in
public school have no place which
thoughtful, observant educators can
afford to recognize.
An isolated section of Wallowa
County was the scene of a tragedy
based, as many another tragedy of tne
frontier has been, upon rival claims to
public lands entered under the home
stead law by one man and "Jumped"
by another. As a result of the combat
two men brothers, who essayed the
role of "squatters" are dead, and their
slayer is being held for murder. An
occurrence of this kind serves as "a sud
den awakening to the fact that portions
of our state are stffl on or even beyond
the border of civilization. Nothing so
exasperates the frontiersman as an at
tempt to deprive him of his land hold
ings. Remote from courts and Sheriffs,
his first Impulse Is to take the law In
his own hands and maintain his right
as he conceives it, to have and hold his
land. This case is in line with many
others known to the folklore of the
On May IS there will go into effect a
law the rigid enforcement Qf which will
rid this and oilier communities- of a
class of men who are a disgrace to hu
manity. The law referred fb 'is that
making It a felony for any man
to -live with a fallen woman or
to live oft her earnings. In every
city in the state a crusade should
be made against these detestable beings
In human form, and every one of them
should be given a year in the peniten
tiary, where they will at least do the
world some good by making stoves.
The Supreme Court of the United
States has decided the much-mooted
question whether Indians who have
been allotted lands In severalty and
have received the privileges of citizen
ship can be held under tutelage on the
liquor question. The court has held in
a Kansas case that when the Indian
has been made subject to the lawsboth
civil and criminal, of the state (by be
coming an allottee of lands), Federal
jurisdiction over him has disappeared
for good and all. Consequently the
man brought before the District Court
of Kansas for selling beer to a Klck
apoo Indian was improperly convicted,
and the prisoner was ordered to be dis
charged. Comment applying specially
to Oregon Indians is needless.
The question of a merger between
Harvard University and the Massachu
setts Institue of Technology Is being
strenuously urged. There are grave
ftlegal difficulties In the way. but It is
believed that these can yet be over
come. The plan is to preserve the in
tegrity of the two institutions, protect
- the special funds of each and bring
them Into fruitful, harmonious co-operation,
with pure science on the one
side and industrial science on the other.
The work is to. be divided along log
ical lines and an end be made of
wasteful duplication. If this plan Is
carried out, it will promote the assem
blage in Cambridge of the -largest stu
dent community in the. world.
Oregon has much to learn about good
roads, and wants to learn It; therefore
announcement that the National Good
Roads Convention Is to be held In Port
land June 22-23-24 next will be received
with much satisfaction. A feature of
the convention will be the Good Roads
special train, which will leave Chicago
May 3 with many delegates and road
experts, and with much apparatus for
making demonstrations in roadbuilding,
and will come to Portland, making
forty stops en route. President "W. H.
Moore has been anxious to secure this
important body for Portland, and it
was largely through his influence that a
favorable decision was made.
Pugct Sound longshoremen, now on a
strike, are exhibiting a wage scale
which shows that their fellow-workers
at Portland are paid from 10 to 25 per
cent higher wages than are paid for the
same class of labor In Tacoma and Se
attle. Whenever thePortland longshore
men indulge in one of their periodical
strikes, they make an equally strong
showing against their employers In this
city. As a matter of fact, longshore
men's and stevedores' wages are higher
at Portland than at any other port in
the United States, and the charges per
ton for loading cargo are lower.
A lecturer tells us that cleanly people
are frailest, and that persons, who are
very strong are not of the cleanest.
He works the reasoning backwards.
Persons who are frail are obliged to be
clean, in order to .live; while those who
are very vigorous do not owe their
strength to any untidiness of person or
life, but are so strong they don't notice
little things of a disagreeable sort that
would carry off others of delicate sen
sibilities. These things now are expected In
Chicago so the Cnlcago Chronicle tells
us: - v
Over 50 per cent reduet'on in fares.
Electric traction, or something better. In
place of horses; more and better cars.
Increase or 25 per cent In wages, with
free uniforms Summer and Winter.
Reduction of 25 per cent In working hours;
six days a "week; five holidays a year with
pay; bonus for avoiding accidents.
No corruption; everybody satisfied.
Street work is being pushed actively
in many portions of the city. This is
encouraging. If ever there was a period
in the history of Portland wherein con
tractors should be brought strictly to
time in the completion of street con
tracts, that time Is no Fortunately
we have a City Engineerwho Is of this
opinion and who purposes to bring into
the matter the weight -of his official
Mr. Gorman, who is slated for Wash
ington State Printer. Is the man who
attained a cerain kind of fame during
the last campaign by refusing to print
the name of Lieutenant-Governor Coon
with the remainder of the state ticket.
If he Is appointed now, it will confirm
the reports that there is considerable
friction between the Governor and his
next ranking assistant.
Togo has not yet been "eluded" by
Rojestvensky. There is no apparent
reason for the Japanese to go sculling
around the China Sea In search of the
Russians, who must sooner or later
make for Vladivostok. If neutral pow-
ers-refuse to give the Russian ships un
due privileges in their harbors, the
longer Togo waits the worse condition
his foe will be in.
Rockefeller has given the Baptist
Home Missionary Society more than
$1,000,000 In the last twenty years. It is
significant that the money goes to the
support of home missions, the donor
evidently feeling that he owes his coun
trymen some spiritual consolation as
compensation fpr his disregard of their
The City of Eugene appropriates $1000
a year for public library purposes, an
expenditure the benefit of which every
resident of the city enjoys. Are there
any other towns in Oregon about the
size of Eugene that would like to com
pare notes with that city in the enter
prise of its people in library' matters'?
The Prophet Amos prophet of Prohi
bitionwarns his people to keep out of
the wicked primaries, where they would
come in contact with the children of
Edom .and Moab and the prophets of
Baal. No "syncretism." as historical
theology has it, for Prophet Amos of
When -Napoleon Invaded Russia the
French were asked why they had come
so far. Could they not find graves In
their own land? A pertinent question
for the Russians in Manchuria, and
maybe quite as pertinent to those of
At least not till che has put the Rus
sian fleet out of business will Japan
collect that big war indemnity from
Russia. Even the talk about the
amount may as well be postponed, for
Mayor Dunne, of Chicago, might try
municipal control of some of the city's
celebrated labor unions'.
A drug-Btore complexion Is bad
enough on a woman, but on a shrimp!
An Energetic Preacher.
The Christians describe their new
preacher, the Rev. Mr. Hilton, in an old
fashioned 'term: They say he Is a "regu
lar steam engine in breeches.'"
NOTE ASP COMMENT.
Summer is here. Saloonkeepers are
putting weights against their doors to
keep them open.
We are unable to decide which is the
more pink: Mount" Hood at sunset or a
girl's arm seen through one of the wide,
filmy sleeves that are already being
Who is that man with the furtive eye?
He is a baseball umpire.
What -Is a baseball umpire?
He Is the man .that throws the game
against the home toam.
Does the home team never win?
Yes, but always In spite of the um
pire. Is he the same everywhere?
He is against the home team Jn each
city where he appears. '
What a mean scoundrelly
It Is impossible to stump the sages
who answer questions in the daily pa
pers. All subjects, from love to comic
sections, are In their province, and they
never admit defeat. As a delicious in
stance of readiness in reply the follow
ing question and answer from a late
issue of the Chicago Post arc worthy
WBen did the practice of Medicine first be
When people first became sick.
A captive boar is to be released for a
grand hunt at Newcastle," Colo., and Is
expected to furnish more sport than a
For tho loss' of two' teeth a New
Yorker has been awarded $2330 dam
ages. They must have been dentist's
Wigs have beon exchanged for wig
gings in British Columbia courts;
Apparently when a shrimp dies, he's
not so much dead as dyed.
Now lloth the busy candidate
Get In and advertise.
Some call his statements pledge?.
And others call them prevarications of the
Does your income need fumigating?
San Francisco police are said to have
subjected a woman to tortures that
would have done credit to the Inquisi
tion. The only difference between the
San Francisco case and many others lies
In the greater ingenuity of the Cali
Rojestvensky may be something of
a fighter, but ho is a complete failure
aa a strategist. Not once"thas he de
clared his intention of luring Togo on.
Members of a New York society de
clare that wearing long skirts is worse
than spitting. The odd thing about it
Is that long skirts and spitting so often
cover the same ground.
Japan won't place her claim against
Russia for $50O,000,6bo indemnity In the
hands of a collector until she has inter
More honor for Butte, which produced
the latest man Jeffries licked. The land
lady of a rooming-house up there found
a burglar in her room, and. instead of
fainting, soaked the Intruder so effective
ly In what old sporting writers used to
call the bread-basket that he was count
ed out. Butte appears to' exercise a
strengthening Influence upon the weaker
sex, both physically and, teste Mary Mac
Revivals don't cause a reduction of the
It has been decided that some Indians
are entitled to buy whisky. Those affect
ed by this decision are in a fair way to
become good Indians before their breth
ren. According to the Hillsboro Independent
a fanner near the town shot two carp
that were eating his onions, and could
have killed many mora If he had had a
suitable weapon. It was bad enough to
have carp eating the grass from under
the noses of our cows, but to have the
finny demons devouring the onion crop is
too. too much. Think of an unfortunate
farmer having to sit on the fence of his
onion flold. armed with shotgun and spear,
for the purpose of repelling the assaults
of countless hordes of carpi
An uncalled-for gibe from the Louisville
The Lewis and Clark Journal ays that the
Oregon pansy Is a? large as a Kansas sun
flower. If the Oregon whisky blossom Is as
luxuriant a? the pansy, it is doubtless unnec
essary to use artificial illumination at a quiet
social game of draw poker.
A correspondent writes:
Now that the doctors and the Devil have had
their day in court, as one of the large and
silent jury who have patiently and respect
fully weighed the issues. I am forcibly re
minded of a thought emanating from the brain
of one of the most brilliant journalists that
over coined a phrase or struck off an aphorism:
The wise man knowa no past, exeept to
profit by it."
The only time it's a disadvantage to a
man to have red hair is when he wants
to sneak out for a drink between the acts.
Then he attracts every eye.
Here are some of the deformities which
careless women cultivate:
A heavy lower Hp induced by a pout.
Dull eyes with hanging lids Induced by
apathy and Indifference.
Creases between the eyebrows Induced
by bad temper.
Pimples Induced by tight lacing and
Round shoulders induced by wronsr sit
ting and wrong reclining, and failure to
Goggles Induced by straining the eyes.
Hollow checks induced by nervousness.
Stubby fingers induced by biting the
Bent toes induced by wearing tight
Freckles and tan induced by going hat
less in the hot sun.
Jobs for All at Chicago.
In-Judge Dunne's election the shadow
consists In an Iridescent .vision of munici
pal ownership, of glided cars, silk cur
tains, plush cushions, scats for all,--low
fares with free rides In the prospect and
destruction to all capitalist The sub
stance consists In an Inexhaustible supply
of Jobs and salaries for Democratic work
ers of every grade and stripe. The shad
ow will of- course vanish, but the sub
stance we have with us always.
Sport in Corea.
One killed and a number severely
Tvounded was the record on the Sth In
stant of the "Stone Fights" which were
then taking place outside the South Gate
at Seoul. "With a little practice," says
the Korea Daily News, "the Coreans
could brings the casualty list of their
national game up to that of an American
Thanksgiving football game."
SETBACK FOR $4,500,000 CLAIM
Why the Santo Domingo Treaty Will Probably Now Be Ratified The
President' Hlgh-Handed Purpose.
WASHINGTON. April i. (Special to the
Chicago Tribune.) President Roosevelt
turned a great white light on the State
Department situation when he said to
some one at Harrisburg on Monday!
"Ob. things will be all right; I have
left Taft sitting on the lid, keeping down
the Santo Domingo matter."
Assistant Secretary Loomis has returned
to his post, and is now, theoretically, at
least, the head of the department, yet the
President publicly declares that he lias
invoked the vigilance of the Secretary of
War in order to keep things straight dur
ing his absence. What Is still more to
the point, he specifies "the Santo Domin
go matter," which, as everybody here
knows, was in Mr. Loomls' charge from
the very Inception of the erabrogllo.
Sinister Features Removed.
Meanwhile the so-called modus Vivendi
has introduced a new and Interesting as
pect of the affair, one which for the mo
ment promises to disarm much of the
opposition to Mr. Roosevelt's plans. As I
have already explained, no one has ever
questioned his perfect purity of purpose
in this matter, and it is equally true that
no one doubts the beneficial results to
Santo Domingo should tne scheme be car
ried Into effect. We have, therefore, the
spectacle of an expedient which appeals
strongly to popular sentiment on two
grounds first, because of its intrinsic
altruism, and secondly, because the coun
try is confident that Mr. Roosevelt in
tends to keep It clear of every scandalous
and sordid taint.
And now this appeal takes on another
and a more alluring eloquence by reason
of the President's decision that the modus
vlvendU shall displace and obliterate the
most sinister feature of the whole affair
the speciu'l precedence given to the $1,500,
00 claim of the ever mysterious "Santo
Domingo Improvement Company of New
There has been an unpleasant feeling
among public men as regards this claim.
The fact that Morales admitted its valid
ity, and the suspicion that the Dllllrig-ham-Sanchez
convention of last January
had for its real object the maintenance
of the Morales administration until the
greater part of the $4,500,000 could be col
lectedand divided all this went far to
influence the Senators in their opposition
to the treaty.
Disreputable Deal Suspected.
Of course they didn't actually know that
there was a disreputable deal at the bot
tom of the arrangement, but they had an
uneasy sense of just that probability. It
Is not usual for the rulers of these bank
rupt "republics" in the Western hemi
sphere to acknowledge such enormous
debts to foreigners, and in this case the
mystery was further complicated by the
absence of any material for a satisfactory
conjecture as to Its character.
NoWbdy believed that Santo Domingo
had received a considerable fraction of
the sum In question, still less that the
New York company had expended it in
works of public benefit. Nevertheless, the
company claimed $4,500,000. and Morales, a
revolutionary chief In power for the mo
ment, indorsed the .claim without protest;
certain Dominican custom-houses were
turned over to the creditors for their sat
isfaction, and the only thing needed to
protect all the parties In Interest and
guarantee the dividend was precisely such
a permanent situation as would have
HOW ALL MEN ARE MADE TALL
Who that has read Carlyle's masterpiece
can fall to remember, in connection with
the war news, from the Far East, the pic
ture of the Immortal Horr Teufelsdrockh
standing on North Cape, the extreme
point of Northern Europe, in the solitude
ot a June midnight? Not as a prophecy
were the words written, nor was It more
than a chance, perhaps, that the author
of "Sartor Resartus" chose the Russian
for his illustration of a truth. Can the
Czar not read, or have these TO years
passed without the best of English lit
erature finding its way from London to
St. Petersburg, there to receive recogni
tion for the truth of eloquence and the
eloquence of truth?. Listen:
Nevertheless. In this solemn moment comes
a man or monster, scrambling from among
the rock-hollows; and. shaggy, huge as the
llyperborean Bear, halls me In Russian
speech: most probably, therefore, a Russian
smuggler. With courteous brevity. I slg
nlfv mv indifference to contraband trade, my
humane intentions, yet strong wish to be
private. In vain: the monster, counting
doubtless on his superior stature, and minded
to make sport for himself, or perhaps profit,
were It with murder, continues to advance;
and .now has advanced, till we stand both on
the verge of the rock, the deep sea rippling
greedily down below. What argument will
avail? On the thick Hyperborean, cherubic
reasoning and seraphic eloquence were lost.
Prepared for such extremity. I. deftly
enough, whisk aside one step: draw out from
my interior reservoirs a sufficient Birming
ham horse-pistol, and say, "Be so obliging as
retire, Friend, and with promptitude l" This
logic even the Hyperborean understands.
Fast enough, with apologetic, petitionary
growl, he slides ofT. and, except for suicidal
as well as homicidal purposes, "need not
Such I hold to be the genuine use ot gun
powder: That U makes all men alike tall.
Nay, If thou be cooler, cleverer than I. it
thou have more mind, though all but no
body whatever, then canst thou kill me
flrt. and art the taller. Hereby, at last. Is
he Goliath powerless, and the David resist
less: savage animalism is noining, inventive
spiritualism Is all.
Japanese Idea of Beauty.
"Lecture by Professor Okakura, of Toklo.
It might interest them, the lecturer
said, to know the Japanese Ideal ot femi
nine beauty. It varied a utile Deiween ,
Tokio and Kioto, but on tne wnoie tne
Japanese considered that a woman should
not exceed five feet In height; should
have a comparatively fair skin and be
well developed; should- have long, thin and
jet black hair, an oval face, with a nar
row straight nose, rather large eyes,
nearly black, thick eyelashes.- a small
mouth hiding behind red full lips, even
rows of small, white teeth, ears not al
together small, thick eyebrows and a
medium forehead, from which the hair
should grow In circular Fujiyama shape,
that was, a shape recalling the truncated
cone of the famous volcano.
No Doubt, No Doubt.
Kansas City, Star.
Two passenger trains near Shelblna
passed each other on a double track
running 50 miles an hour each. It
was a flash of headlights, a rush and a
swirl of atmosphere and a vanish of
tail lights. A reporter who was riding
In the cab of one engine leaned over
and said to the grizzled engineer:
"Say. Ward, where'd we been If that
headlight had been on this track?"
"That depends on how you've lived,"
growled the man at the throttle.
Will He Take the Hint?
It took less than 24 hours for President
Hopkins, of Williams College, to indorse
Andrew Carnegie's philosophy, and do
clarc that: "No one can doubt that
$20,000,000 given to 20 thoroughly estab
lished and wisely administered smaller
colleges, well located In the different sec
tions of our country, would be of more
benefit to the public and to humanlty
th&n 520,000.000 given to any one Institu
tion anywhere." It remains to bo seen
whether the steel king is as quick to take
a hint and act uponv It.
been created under the operation of the
Whether there was, indeed, a thoroughly
formulated plan to this effect, no one out
side of a narrow and naturally .'reticent
circle knows, or, in all human probability,
will ever know-; but the possibility sug
gested Itself to every one who examined
the visible facts with care, and the Sena
tors were vividly impressed.
Senators Likely to Change Minds.
This Is not to say that the treaty would
have been ratified during the last session
in any event. The Irritation produced by
the DIIHngham-Sanchez compact and the
obvious Intention of the State Department
to put It in operation without reference
to Congress, would have secured Its de
feat at that time beyond a doubt. Never
theless, the semi-official bulletin of Tues
day morning declaring "on high author
ity" that the Dominican modus vivendi
vacates the precedence now enjoyed by
the Santo Domingo Improvement Com
pany and places that mysterious concent
on a level with the rest of the creditors
even perhaps to the extent of submitting
its claims, along with the others, to the
scrutiny of a tribunal hereafter to bo cre
atedthis announcement. I say. will so
far toward disarming the bitter opposi
tion which Inspired a majority of the
Senators three weeks ago.
Upon the whole, it would not surprise
me in the least to find the Senate in a
different mood when next It convened and
to see the Loomls-Moralcs treaty go
through with little more than a pretense
of misgiving In any Important quarter. It
would be worth something to know ex
actly what Morales thinks about the new
adjustment, but upon that point he will
naturally observe a bashful reticence.
Even if he conversed fluently, no cau
tious person would, take him seriously.
Measure of Genuine Benevolence.
We shall have to consider the proposi
tion on its merits, therefore. Here is a
measure of genuine, undiluted benevo
lence, advocated earnestly by the Presi
dent of the United States as to whose
personal sincerity no one harbors tha
shadow of a doubt. We are to go to tho
rescue of an unhappy people to enter into
a poverty-stricken, revolution-ridden, be
nighted land that has been despoiled by
usurers and ravaged by u-sorder to lift
them up. heal their wqnnds, deliver them
from the oppressor, bestow tho possibility
of peace, and open up a pathway to the
blessings we ourselves enjoy.
This we are to do for mercy's sake. In
the discharge of our obligations to hu
manity, scorning the suggestion of re
ward, committed only to beneficence. It
isn't the Monroe Doctrine. That is a
mere political expedient of self-protection.
But it is a Christian doctrine, a
noble doctrine, a propaganda of charity,
and philanthropy, and exaltation.
And, now that it has been divested of
the suspicion in which the New York
"Improvement Company" was literally
enveloped. I do believe that the Senate
will make haste tq sanction it and that
the quickened conscience of the American
people will accept that consummation as
Assuming the validity of the semi-official
announcement: taking it for granted
that "high quarters" have spoken with
absolute authority: adopting tho postu
late of the total occultation of the Icccaos
I have not the slightest doubt that the
modus vivendi will be Indorsed. The Unl
ed States Senate is a truer and more
faithful reflex of public sentiment than is
AN AMERICAN CITY WITH A "LORD
Kansas City Star.
Lord Provost of Glasgow: Will you give
the manager of your municipal tramway "a.
vacation of 30 days to visit Chicago to con
fer with me? EDWARD F. DUNNE.
Mayor-elect of Chicago.
Lord Mayor of Chicago: The corporation of
Glasgow unanimously and cordially agrees to
the request of your municipality.
Now will everybody be good? Will those
persons who have been disposed to Jeer at
the bourgeois quality of Chicago repent in
sackcloth and ashes? Will the scoffers at
the culture of the Lake Shore drive go
on a diet of locusts and wild honey for a
few days? In short, will all the maligncrs
of the second city on the continent take
back everything they've said and promise
never to talk that way any more?
Euward F. Dunne, by grace of the cor
poration ot the ancient town of Glasgow,
Lord Mayor of Chicago! Doesn't It sound
too swell for any use, as they would say
on Lake Michigan's shore? "Hlnky
Dink." one of the Lord Mayor's moat ar
dent supporters, will be too far overcome
for words. "Bathhouse John." another
sterling municipal ownership man, r-tll
break forth Into a companion song to
"Dear Midnight of Love." Cap'n Anson,
the newly-elected City Clerk, will have
another incentive to keep up his batting
In fact, the whole town will be lost in
wonder, love and praise. For it has sud
denly been plucked from the slough ami
set upon the heights along with the ven
erable aristocratic Institutions of Great
Britain. The rest of the country may
say what It pleases. What does Chicago
care now, since It has a Lord Mayor?
Dying Eyes for Cattle.
New York Evening Sun.
The Earl of Southesk. who died recent
ly, was very proud of a picturesque herd
of Highland cattle he owned. When he
was dying he was. at his desire, carried Jn
a coach to a window and the cattle were
paraded past it, that he might see them
OUT OF THE GINGER JAR.
"Probe the Equitable." reads a headline In
a contemporary. Why should there be a
probe when It Is only the Hyde that Is
sought to be removed? Tacoma. News.
Sam Johnslng "Hello, Mose; where yo'
workln now?" Mose Snowball "Go 'loag.
man. I ain't workln no mo. I'se married
now." Philadelphia Record.
Hobbledy "Ollln says that everything "
has he owes to his dear old father." Hoy
"Well, lie owes a lot more than h has. to
me." Cleveland Leader.
A young man who was about to be mar
ried was -ery nervous, and. while aklwr
for Information as to how he must act. p
the question: "Is It klsstomary to cusa the
bride?" Brooklyn Life.
Teacher" "Walt a moment, Johnny. What
do you understand by that word 'deficit?"
Johnny "It's what you've got when 5eu
haven't got as much as If you just hadn't
nothln'." Chicago Tribune.
Mrs. Chatters "What do you1 think?' I
dreamed last night that T was at a box party
and ' Mr. Chatters "Ah. that expiates
why you were talking so loud In yoHr
sleep." Philadelphia. Pross.
"Have you ever considered the debt of
gratitude you owe your country?" "Yes."
answered Senator Sorghum. "But It doesn't
bother me. A debt of gratitude can't fore
close any mortgages." Washington Star.
"I reckon Bill must have been cut out for
one o these geniuses that writes for th
magazines," said the old Georgia farmer,
"because he can't make cash enough to have
his hair cut, and would ruther watch a star
than dig a welt I" Atlanta Constitution.
. "Which." said the man who used to be
long to a debating society, "exercises the
greater Influence love of reward or fear of
punishment?" "Love ot reward," answered
the member of the grand Jury. "Nearly
every Investigation of graft shows that th
fear of punishment Is scarcely in evidence
at all." Washington Star.
"A criterion." explained the teaeher. "Is
something to go by, Now, what little bay
or girl will give me a sentence In which the
word 'criterion Is used?" After some mo
ments ot silence and thoughtfulnesa on the
part of the scholars, Maggie Mlgglns llftod
her hand. "Wqll. Maggie, can you give
the sentence?" "Tes'm. Pat Carrally's sa
loon on the corner Is a criterion on ou