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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (April 5, 1905)
PORTLAND, OREGON, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 5, 1905.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
VOL. XLV. jTG. 13,829.
Public Ownership Car
HARLAN IS SLASHED
Faction.Combines With Social
RACE SUICIDE A SIDE ISSUE
Judge Dunne's Thirteen Children
Figure in Canvass Winner Says
He Will Take Charge of
the Street Railways.
THE RESULT IN CHICAGO.
CHICAGO. April 4. Judge Dunne
was ejected Mayor by a plurality of
21.248 and received a majority of 045
of all the votes cast. He also had the
distinction of receding the greatest
vote ever cast In Chicago for a candi
date for the office of Mayor. He "was
given 161.00 votes out of a total of
322.373. Mr. Harlan, the Hopubllcan
candidate, received 187,411; Collins.
Socialist. 20,323, and Stewart, Prohibi
John F. Smuleki, the Republican
candidate for City Attorney, was re
elected oer his Democratic opponent
by nearly 15,000 votes. Tho other
candidates on the Democratic city
ticket were elected by pluralities
somewhat smaller ' than Judge
Dunne's. Frederick "W. Blockl -was
elected City Treasurer and Adrian C.
Anson City Clerk.
The new City Council will prob
ably be Republican. The total count
of wards has not yet been completed,
but the indications arc that the Re
publicans will have 36 members in the
Council to 34 Democrats.
CHICAGO,. April 4. A political tornado
today overwhelmed one of the most rug-
cedly unique leaders "in the country. IncI- J
aentally, the Republican party -met defeat !
in a memorable effort to capture tho
Mayoralty of Chicago. As a direct result,
tb.e city Is officially committed to the
policy of the quickest possible cessation
of private franchisee for public utilities.
Municipal ownership is especially threat
ening street-car lines valued high up in
After winning successively four remark
able biennial lights of independents
against the regular Republican organiza
tion here, John Maynard Harlan, son of
Associate Justice Harlan, of the Supreme
Court of tho United States, was a loser
as Republican candidate for Mayor. The
defeat is attributed to an extraordinary
whirl of causes, starting with political
revenge and taking in a wide sweep, em
bracing the most up-to-date Socialism as
a factor. The victor is Judge Edward F.
Eeldom, if ever, has Chicago witnessed
a moro lively, picturesque contest. Today
the city was hideous with the ringing of
cowbells and the roar of cannon crackers.
Many Defections From Harlan.
The Republican candidate suffered heav
ily from campaign attacks charging that
he was a political assassin. Alleged un
worthy leaders of his own party who had
been thrust from office and power largely
through Harlan's aggressiveness in previ
ous campaigns were conspicuously absent
from his support. The result was pain
fully evident before the balloting today
had been In progress an hour. Districts
where Republican majorities had seemed
constant And time-honored as the seasons
were ominously reported today as "slow."
It was a raw, blustering day, gloomy and
cold for tho most part until about the
hour for the close of voting.
Appeals to fear of domination by cor
porate wealth appeared to sway many
voters, and perhaps more than any other
Influence were Incorrectly gauged by the
Republicans. Harlan had been savagely
harassed during the campaign as the re
puted representative of Wall-street Inter
ests Intent on fastening burdensome fran
chlse grants upon the city. The Repub
licans, however, had figured that the
voters susceptible to appeals of this kind
would support the Socialist candidate.
Collins, and that losses, if any, to the Re
publicans would be more than made up by
Harlan's old-time admirers among inde
pendent voters. Estimates, however, of
50.000 votes as the total for Collins (So
cialist) fell woefully short.
Colored Voters for Dunne.
Calculations unpn colored voters were
another source of error in Republican ex
pectations. An unmistakable defection.
suddenly manifested today In districts
where Afro-Americans are numerous,
gave a severe Jolt to Republican campaign
managers. The most plausible explana
tion Ivas that Judge Dunne from the
bencb years had shown an unexampled
spirit otyialrnees toward colored men and
women lri exigencies where freedom from
race prejudice was sorely needed.
The smaliuess of the Prohibition vote
is regarded by many as evidence that
temperance voters, regarding Jtiarian as
a special enemy, voted for Dunne. This
antipathy to Harlan was due to his ac
tion lw connection with local option mat
ters 'while a member of the Board of
Aldermen some years ago.
Race Suicide an issue.
One of the amusing features that to
night is recalled as tending to center
good-natured feeling In Judge Dunne's be
half is his record as a father. Ho is the
happy parent of thirteen children. This
Tihase of the campaign was shared hyjjother buildings. Loss 575,000, .
"Pap" Anson, who has an almost equally
meritorious Tecord in family matters. An
son, tne oia-time nero or oawjoaji, waa
the Democratic candidate for City Clerk.
His popularity personally was beyond a
doubt a potent help to the Democrats,
who soem to hugely appreciate his cam
pagn statistics, designed to prove that
the Democrats, at least in Chicago, are
the original and only genuine opponents
of race suicide.
Orders issued by Chief o Police O'Neill
that every saloon in the city should be
closed were flagrantly disregarded in the
The plurality for Dunne (Dem.) was
estimated at between 22.000 and 23,000
votes over Harlan. In the city election
two years ago Harrison (Dem.) defeated
Stewart (Rep.) by 7660 plurality. The
city, however, was carried by the Re
publicans in the Presidential election last.
Fall by a plurality of nearly lW.OOO.
John M. Harlan listened to the returns
at the Republican headquarters. As early
as 7:D0 o'clock he acknowledged dofeat
and left for his home. "When askod for
his opinion as to the cause of his de
feat, Mr. Harlan said:
The people of Chicago became Infatuated
with the Idea of immediato municipal own
ership and the majority of them cast their
votes that way. I believed and still believe
that sure plans for the settlement of the
traction question are the best, but the peo
ple thought differently and voted In accord
ance with their convictions. There not
much that can be said about my defeat; the
figures tell the story.
Dunne Will Take Car Lines.
Judge Dunne raid tonight:
Party lines and personalities of candidates
were entirely forgotten In today's election.
Municipal ownership was the one great issue
before the people of Chicago today, and the
returns show very plainly how tho majority
feel toward the private ownership of public
utilities. It Is the greatest victory municipal
ownership ever won in this country.
Every pledge that I made during the cam
paign will be kept. Chicago wants munici
pal ownership and during my tenure of
office it will be my aim to bring about such
a condition as rapidly as possible. I will
appoint a corps of engineers to make a sur
vey of all the street railways In the city,
so that we will know Just how the city,
when it secures control of the lines, will be
able to handle the proposition. I believe
that before many months we will see the
city of Chicago owning and operating at
least one street railway line. The traction
question depends In a great measure on the
action of the courts, but In a case wher
legal proceedings are pending I will endeavor
to bring about an immediate settlement. It
will be years before the city will come Into
possession of all the street railway fran
chises in Chicago, but we will gradually
assume control of the different lines, and I
believe the day will come when the people
will control the entire street railway sys
tem of the city.
DEMOCRATS SWEEP COLORADO
Carry Nearly All Town?, and Liquor
Element Is Beaten.
DENVER, April 4. A Democratic land
slide struck Colorado, where municipal
elections were held today in all cities and
towns excepting Denver. In Pueblo, Colo
rado Springs and Leadville, normally Re
publican, tho Democratic tickets were
.successful, in the latter case for the first
tlralv in 20 years. In tho smaller towns,
where party lines were drawn, tho Demo
crats won. the notable exceptions being
Cripple Creek. Victor, Golden and Cen
tral City. A vigorous fight was made in
Northern Colorado towns and also in
towns on the western slope, against sa
loons, ' and in only one instance, that of
Montrose, was the liquor element victo
rious. Heavy roads, duo to recent storms.
caused a light vote to be polled. .
In a number of towns only one ticket
was in the Hem, ana in neany au in
stances where there were more than one
the contest was friendly.
At Gunnison the proposition to bond
the city in the sum of 5100,000 for water
works and an electric light system carried.
At Golden and Central City the Republi
cans were victorious.
At Colorado Springs, Honry C. Hall.
Democrat and nonpartisan, was elected.
A majority of tho Aldermanic candidates
of that city was also successful. A bitter
fight was carried against the Republicans
on the ground that they were friendly to
the "whisky interests." Colorado Springs
is normally Republican.
At Leadvllle the Republicans clectod
onlv two Aldermon. less than a majority.
thn balance of tho offices going to the
John T. West, Democrat, was elected
Mayor of Pueblo by at least S00 majority.
The rest of the Democratic ucket was
victorious by larger majorities.
Cripple Creek and Victor went Repub
In all towns where -the issue was the
saloon, the opponents of liquor won ex-
ceot in Montrose. Tho Democrats were
successful In the majority of towns whore
party lines were drawn.
DEMOCRATS WIN IN KANSAS
Female Voters Help Them in Kansas
KANSAS CITY, Mo., April 4. Elections
wer6 held in tho larger cities of Kansas
todav. The Democrats carried Kansas
Ciav and Leavenworth, this being a rovo
lutlon and entirely unlooked for in each
case. In Topoka Davis (Rep.) is elected
Mayor by a majority of at least 400.
W. Rose. Democrat, was elected Mayor
of Kansas City. Kan., by probably 1600
plurality, defeating the present Republi
can Mayor. Thomas B. Gilbert: M. A.
"Waterman, Independent, and TV. J. Kelch
ner. Socialist Tho election aroused more
Interest than any previous election in
Kansas City. Kan., and it was notable
because of the activity of women voters,
Of a total registration of 1S.O00 voters,
5000 were women, and the election of Rose
is due to the support of the women voters.
Leavenworth elected Peter Everhardy
Democrat, by 200 majority over D. R.
Finley Ross, Republican, was elected
Mayor of "Wichita by a large majority
with the entire Republican ticket.
WELLS AHEAD IN ST. LOUIS
Three-Fourths of Precinct Give Dem
- ocrat Small Plurality.
ST. LOUIS. April 4. With 103 precincts
missing out of a total of 405, Mayor Rolla
Wells, Democratic nominee for re-election,
is leading John A. Talty, Republican, by
774. The returns for 205 precincts give
Wells 23,719: Talty, 32.945; Leo Merrlweth
er. independent public owneishlp. 2239.
The $9,000,000 bond Issue, the proceeds of
which were to have been used for muni
clpal improvements, is generally conceded
to have been defeated by a big majority
ST. LOUIS, April 5. At 2:15 A. M.
312 precincts out of a total of 403 gav
Mayor Wells a plurality of 1005. The
mayoralty vote in these precincts fol
lows: Wells. 37,050; Talty, 36,015; Meri
Fire Destroys Opera-House.
ORANGE, Mass.. April. 4. Fire tonight
destroyed the Putnam Opera-Houso and
Culmination of Trouble
SERIES OF DISAGREEMENTS
Miss McLeod Complains of
FIRST REFUSES TO -LEAVE
Ali of the Patients Sign Petition for
Her Retention and Threaten to
Leave the Institution if.
She Is Removed.
A few miles up the Willamette River,
nestled among a picturesque grove of Or
egon firs and overlooking a broad ex
panse of tho beautiful stream, is situated
the Portland Open-Air Sanatorium, where
peace and plenty of sunshine arc sup
posed to be the mottoes,, yet within tho
confines of the rustic fences that surround
the health resort there is strife, strife
without end, and It has spread until it
has finally found lodging within the
breasts of the patrons and officers of the
Yesterday morning the trouble reached
a crisis when a telephone message was
received by Miss Maggie McLeod, the
matron, from Dr. Woods Hutchinson to
pack all her belongings and get off tho
grounds before noon. Miss McLeod is
portly, weighing about 250 pounds, and she
has about as much courage as weight, and
when she realized the purport of Dr.
Hutchinson's message she replied that she
would not leave. Dr. Hutchinson Informed
her that an officer would be taken along
to assist her to the gate, but she told
the doctor that three policemen would be
necessary to move her and that a patrol
wagon and a strong pair of handcuffs
might be handy when "things started."
An Exciting Visit.
The patients of the sanatorium wore in
formed of the coming visit of tho staff
physicians, and all the morning the ex
citement was at fever beat. Just about
noon Dr. Hutchinson, accompanied by an
attorney from the office of C. E. S. Wood,
Dr. E. N. Crockett and another physician
made their appoarance. For a few min
utes there was a splendid prospect of
trouble, as the matron was inclined to
create a scene, but boforo hostilities could
be opened In earnest the attorney served
a notice from tho governing body of the
Institution saying that she had been dis
missed from its service, and the legal
as poet of the notice calmed the matron
for a time. Sho entered the cottage and
invited her unwolcomo guests to enter,
but Just about this time one of the pa
tients was seized with a fainting spell as
a result of the unduo excitement and
Miss McLeod was called to care for him.
When the patient had partially recovered
tho matron returned to the cottage. She
had changed her mind about leaving and
decided that the legal looking document
was not all that it seemed at first. Then
followed a spell of strong talking by the
woman as.d friendly advice by the law
yer and Dr. Hutchinson, but It waa with
out effect upon Miss McLeod. Every ar
gument thought of was brought to bear.
and finally, as a last resort. Attorney C.
B. S. Wood was telephoned, and while
awaiting his coming the physicians and
lawyer retired from the firing line to
visit the patients.
Agrees to Leave.
When Attorney Wood arrived he Imme
diately sought Miss McLeod, and In less
time than It takes to tell it she had con
JCDGE EDWARD F. DLXNE.
sented to declare the fight a draw, and
agreed to leave as soon as possible with- j
out further trouble, which she did late
For some time past it has been a com
mon topic of conversation among those in
terested in the welfare of tuberculosis pa
tients that all was not well at the newly
established sanatorium, but just where
the trouble was no one seemed able to
discover. There wero suggestions that
the difficulty arose as the result of Hits
or that person's Interference, but no one
desired to make a direct charge, and there
the matter rested until last Friday, when
Matron Maggie McLeod telephoned to Dr.
Wpods Htitchinson, president of the med
ical staff, that the force of Japanese that
had heretofore been attending to the cook
ing and janitor work at the Sanatorium,
had left for parts unknown as the result
of having too many "bosses."
New Force Employed.
Acting upon instructions from the med
ical advisor, a new force of cooks ana
waiters was employed, and all was consid
ered settled until Matron McLeod came
to town Saturday to demand a hearing of
The first Intimation that there was
trouble brewing at the Sanatorium was
last Friday. But previous to this the news
of tho threatened strike of the Japanese
em ploy os spread among tne patients, and
as a result a petition was signed by every
one of the 20 patients and addressed to
the board of directors, praying that Miss
Maggie McLeod be retained as matron
and Miss Caroline MacKcnzle as nurse,
even though all other employes left. This
petition was given to the board of direc
tors and read at a special meeting of that
body held Monday morning.
Tho trouble really dates back about a
month ago. when Miss McLeod refused to
do the bidding of persons who', she claims,
had no right to Interfere with her work.
Here is the matron's story:
"When I was employed as matron and
superintendent at the Sanatorium it was
with the usual understanding that I was
to conduct tho Institution as I thought
best, always following the advice of the
physician in charge, but I had hardly
become settled before Miss Julia Klrkor,
a stenographer in tho employ of the
State Board of Health,, arrived at the
Sanatorium and commenced to give me
instructions as to the manner in which
the place shoujd be conducted. Natural
ly I resented such interference and told
tho stenographer to mind her own busi
ness. Later she came upon the grounds
and forced one of tho patients to leave
her tent during a downpour of rain while
she seated herself in the only chair re
cently vacated by the patient and warmed
her feet. About thje time wo had a pa
tlont, Grovcr Tucker, who was suffering
from hemorrhages of the lungs, and
whom tho physicians had told me to
house in a tent unhcated by fire as such
heat precipitated tho hemorrhages. This
same , woman came to the grounds and
caused thje 'removal of a now patient to
tho parr.-G tent octmnled Itv vountr Grover.
T&b ntfw man needed a tpe and ono was
ordered for him, although it brought on
another severe hemorrhage of the lungs
of tho first patlont. The poor follow
died a few days later as tho result of
Complains of Interference.
"I made a complaint of this intorfer
enco, but nothing came of "the report.
and I continued to administer to the
wants of the consumptives until last Frl
day when the Japanese boys employed
hero Informed me that they had been
instructed that they were in the employ
of and being paid by Dr. Woods Hutchln
son and would therefore do as he told
them. I refused to abide by this and
threatened to leave, with tho result that
the patients drafted the petition that
was later presented to the board.
"Among" the patients that arc in the
last stages of tuberculosis Is Frank Gll
more, of The Dalles. Dr. Hutchinson
Instructed that he be taken away and
accordingly the boy's uncle came to the
Sanatorium to remove him, but he had
become so much worse .that it was not
safe to take him home, and consequent
ly Mrs. M. A. Burrell. a trained nurse,
was engaged to care for him. When Dr.
Hutchinson was miormea mat Ms or
ders had been disobeyed in regard to the
removal of young Gilmoro, he called me
up by telephone and informed me that
at a meeting of the medical staff he had
(Concluded cn Fifth Pag)
MAYOR OF CHICAGO
1L AT OPEN Wi
Equitable Factions Tell
VERBAL CUT AND SLASH
e Accuses Alexander of
Breach of Trust,
TARBELL ALSO UNDER FIRE
Directors' Meeting Will Be Final
Trial of Strength Between
Hyde and Alexander"
NEW YORK. April 4. The fight in the
Equitable Life Assurance Society assumed
a new phase tonight, when several letters
that heretofore have been carefully kept
secret were made public. Further Interest
was aroused by a persistent report, ema
nating from an apparently reliable source,
and so far not denied, that Vice-President
Hyde and his friends In the society had
decided to assume the aggressive. Accord
ing to the report, the Hyde party will
force James W. Alexander and Gago E.
Tarbell to retire from the presidency and
second vice-presidency respectively at the
meeting of the board of directors to be
hold next Thursday.
This report was strengthened tonight by
the fact that both parties gave out certain
letters and statements bearlnc on the
questions in dispute. Mr. Hyde's contrl
button was tho letter which he wrote to
the Equitable directors on February 15,
when the fight for mutuallzatlon first
camo officially" before the board. At the
time this letter was carefully guarded,
and only its general tenor was allowed
to become known. The letter Is a lengthy
history of the Equitable and Mr. Hyde's
position under the terms of his father's
bequest, and In it Mr. Hyde formally
charges President Alexander with "gross
breach of trust to my father and me."
Mr. Alexander's contribution to the his
tory of the controversy Is his letter to
tho State Superintendent of Insurance do
fining his proposition and acquiescing in
tho compromise plan for the mutuallza
tion of the society. It is interesting in
tnat ne declared mat nis consent was
given with reluctance, because he felt
that ho could not take the responsibility
of rejecting even the measure of control
by the policy-holders.
On behalf of Mr. Hyde, a statement was
given out with reforence to this letter,
which charges that Mr. Alexander's ac
tion in this matter was a breach of faith
Second Vice-President Gage E. Tarbell
is the target of an open statemont given
out by Alexander S. Bacon, counsel for
certain policy-holders. This statement de
clares that Mr. Tarbell is the real leader
c-f the Alexander forces, and brings 'up
the charge that Mr. Tarbell, just prior to
the beginning of tho present controversy
sold back to the Equitable for 5135,000 all
his Interest in renewals or future bus!
Hyde's Attack on Alexander.
In Mr. Hyde's letter to the directors, he
says he was called into conference with
Mr. Alexander on February 3, when but
two business days Intervened before the
directors were to meet to elect officers,
and told that "a largo number of officers
of the Equitable Society, under his leader
ship and Initiative, had signed a memorial
addressed to the directors, demanding
that steps be taken which would result In
placing tho policy-holders in control of
the corporation to the exclusion of the
The latter also says he was given a legal
opinion to the effect that it was tho duty
of the officers to bring this matter before
the directors, together with a paper signed
by a majority of the officers, charging Mr.
Uyde with personal unfitness for the office
of vice-president. Tho letter continues:
Mr. Alexander demanded my lmmcdiat
consent tnat my control or the company
mrougu me ownersnip or a majority of its
stock be at once relinquished; that I should
consent that the functions of the stock
should be superseded under a- reorganiza
tion mrougn wmch the vote of the policy
noiuerH oj proxy snouia select a manage
meat to control the company and that
should personally resign and withdraw abso
lutely from any connection with the control
or management of the company, accompany
ing the demands by threats of exposure of
Improprieties on my part In both personal
and official conduct and impressing upon me
that the movement against me personally
had been' so effectively organized as to be
The movement had been conducted in se
cret. So far as I have been able to ascer
tain, no one of the directors except the offi
cers who had been connected with Its initia
tion were aware of any such movement or
of any of tho alleged grounds upon whloh it
was conducted. Communication of knowl
edge of it to me was so timed as to offer me
the least possible opportunity for reflection
and consultation upon a situation Involving
not merely the major part of my fortune,
but my destiny and reputation.
Secret Movement Carried Out.
Mr. Hyde further said in the" letter that
the movement was conceived and guided
by Mr. Alexander secretly, so far as he
and his associates In tho directorate were
concerned, and that signatures to the
charges had been secured from officers
and heads of departments with whom he
had not been in contact. Mr. JHyde con
tinued: I shall not In this statement undertake to
discuss or palliate any personal indiscretions
which may have given occasion for Just
criticism, but I have no hesitation in con
trasting all of these with the attitude which
has been taken in this matter by James W.
Alexander, a man of mature years, of wide
business experience and of such abilities that
it is Impossible he should have miscon
ceived the solemn duties devolved upon him
under the Instrument of trust executed by
He hen .discussed the deed of trust of
the late Henry B. Hyde, his father, un
der which a majority of stock was left
to him, with Mr. Alexandor and General
Fitzgerald (later succeeded by Mr. Mc-
Intyre) as trustees, and then says:
Mr. Alexander is a director of the Equit
able Society and president of that society
solely by the vote of the stock confided to
him by my father and by virtue of the trust
and confidence which I have reposed la him
and which was almost an Inheritance from
Says He Was False to Trust.
By this trust deed Mr. Alexander was not
only charged with the obligations to thus
care for my patrimony, but ho was most
solemnly adjured in that deed (and he ac
cepted the duty thus imposed) to exercise
ail possible Influence with me. when I should
attain the age of 30 years, to Induce me to
renew and extend the trust, thus continu
ing, as far as might be legally possible, the
control and administration of the Equitable
Society initiated by my father.
On the sixth day of June, 100G, I will
have attained (should I live) the age of 30
years, and will then, subject to my duty to
my father's expressed wish, have come into
possession- of my stock. Thus, shortly be
fore the expiration of that period. Mr. Alex
ander, owing his existence as a director and
officer of tho Equitable Society, to his trust
and to the stock confided to his care, has
engaged In a sacret cabal with officers under
his command and in many cases subject to
his coercion, to destroy the value of the
subject of his trust and destroy the reputa
tion and future of the beneficiary.
Mr. Hyde stated that he had never an
tagonized Mr. Alexander in the selection
of Equitable directors, and that he could
not be justly charged by Mr. Alexander
with the usurpation of any of his func
tions. He also praised the character of
the present board. Then he wrote:
There has been no genernl claim or de
mand on the part of the policy holders In the
lino of the present movement. There can
be no long-continued disguise of the true
purpose of the present movement. Its pur
pose is to transfer the selection of the
directors of the Equitable Society and its
management to a coterie of men whose more
immediate contaet with the policy holders
would place them In a favored position to
obtain the proxies of the latter and Mr.
Alexanders gross breach of trust to my
father and to me. with which I herewith
solemnly charge him, has none but the most
specious pretext of high motives.
The letter closes with Mr. Hyde's offer
to transfer his stock vote to a board of
trustees pending the adjustment of a mu
Alexander Reluctant to Agree.
Mr. Alexander's letter to Mr. Hendricks.
written on March 27, was in reply to that
official's Inquiry as to Mr. Alexander's
attitude on the proposed amendment of
the Equitable charter. He said:
I acquiesced in the committee's recom
mendations, believing that I could not take
tho responsibility, in view of the commit
tee's opinion and in view of the action of the
boardM of rejecting that measure of control
and participation which it secured to the
policy-holders. I believed at the time that
the amendment of the charter in the man
ner proposed would not exhaust the power
of the amendment conferred by the insur
ance laws and that when the Inadequacy of
the arrangement had been demonstrated,
further amendment might be made. Since
then I have been advised that my views on
the subject have been erroneous. I cannot
say, therefore, that the proposed amended
charter is satisfactory to me.
Alexander Called Disloyal.
The statement given tonight in Mr.
Hyde's behalf by one of his friends denies
the charge made by Mr. Alexander that
Mr. Hyde had largely usurped the powers
and authority of the president, and quotes
from the by-laws of the Equitable to
show that practically all the power of
the secretary Is vested In the president.
The statement then takes up Mr. Alexan
der s letter of March 27 to the State Su
perlntendcnt of Insurance, which. It says.
"Is referred to by the friends of Mr. Hyde
as another proof of their assertion that
Mr. Alexander has acted disloyally and In
bad faith to his board of directors." The
It will be recalled that he and Mr. Tar
bell had Joined with other members of the
mutuallzatlon committee in recommending
the amended charter, which passed the
board and was forwarded, by the directors
by unanimous consent to he superintendent
of insurance for approval. AH contending
parties agreed to support that charter.
"When the question came before the super-
(Concluded on Third Page.)
CONTENTS OF TODAY'S PAPER
TOD AT' S Fair and probably slightly cooler.
Variable winds, mostly easterly.
YESTERDAT'S Maximum temperature. 74
deg.; minimum, -48. Precipitation, none.
Tho War In tho Far East.
Russians hope Rojestvensky's fleet will turn
tide of war. Page 4.
Llnlevltch's army in bad position. Page 4.
Great earthquake shakes India and causes
loss of life. Page 4.
Probable effect of Kaiser's policy on Euro
pean alliances. Page "3.
England accuses Germany of violating
agreement regarding Island trade. Page 4.
President Roosevelt speaks at Louisville and
other towns on Journey to Texas. Page 2.
Baker will be appointed Marshal, but Linds
ley appointment Is doubtful. Page 3.
Democrats carry Chicago on municipal own
ership Issue. Pago 1.
Democratic success in St. Louis and Colo
rado cities. Page 1.
Open war between Uyde and Alexander In
Equitable dispute. Page 1.
Harry Thaw secretly married to an aetrese.
Chicago woman declares children are de
stroyers of homes. Page 1.
War on Rockefeller's methods continued by
preachers. Page 3.
Ground broken for Medford & Crater Lake
Railway amid ceremonies. Page o.
Mrs. Keen No. S denies testimony in big
damage salt case. Page 6.
Fish "Warden Van Dusen praises Columbia
River canners. Page 6.
Despite excellent playing. Portland Is
"whitewashed" by San Francisco. Page 7.
"Battling" Xelson and Joe Gans are
matched to fight. Page 7.
Portland and Vicinity.
Trouble at Open-Alr Sanatorium for Con
sumptives culminates In the removal of
Matron McLeod. Page 1.
Architects and School Board wrangle over
proposition to draw plans. Page 0.
Conference will determine today whether
rates shall be lowered so -that Portland
Jobbers may do business In inland terri
tory. Page 10.
Grand jury takes up the investigation of
land frauds. Page 16. ,
Dr. Gladden, who refused Rockefeller's
"tainted" money, will speak at conference
at Exposition. Page 14.
Company M Is awarded the trophy. Page 7.
Business bouses will close for noonday
prayer today. Page 10. .
Council may grant franchise on Stark street
to Oregon Traction Company. Page 10.
Oregon Development League will have big
convention. Page 14.
"Work of a year at Home for Children re
, viewed. Page 14.
Trial resulting from scandal 1b delayed.
Commercial and Marine.
New prices announced on fruit jars. Page 15.
More activity in butter market. Page 15.
Erratic motion of Tennessee Coal unsettles
stock market. Page IS.
Slight advance In California hops. Page 15.
Steamer Ferndene chartered to carry flour
ixosi Portland to Japan. Page 7.
1 T 1
A WOMAN THE ACCUSER
Pesky Youngsters Bring Sor
row and Heartbreak.
CAUSE QUARREL AND DIVORCE
Chicago Woman Discusse3 Destroy
ers of Home and Evolves Start
ling Theory, in Spite of the
CHICAGO. April 4. (Special.) "Chil
dren break up tho hom."
Such was the diagnosis of family trou
ble that was dropped Ilka a bomb into a
session of the Social Economic Club by
Mrs. J. H. Burlingame.
"What are tho destroyers of th home?"
was the topic of the day's discussion, and
Mrs. Burlingame without hesitation placed
offspring at the head of her list of de
stroyers of domestic happiness.
"I have known many cases in which the
children wero tho reason why happy
home3 were broken up. Tho great mass
of people give very little thought to the
training of their boys and girls, and from
this spring sorrow and heartbreak. We
all know that very few children are an
gels when the father and the mother do
,not consult together for the elimination
of the bad traits in- their children's char
acter, as Is common in the United States.
The consequences often are tragic.
Fathers Neglect the Boys.
"Chicago fathers as a rule neglect the
training of their children. Half of them.
In fact, do not know what tholr boys are
doing In the afternoon and evening. There
are many men who are not fit to train
their children. The mother sees that the
example of the father Is a bad one. and
quarrels begin, which end in separation
Mrs. Margaret FoYwerg asserted that
the average homo was not much of an
Institution and was founded upon selfish
ness. "The home." she said, "is only a place
in which to rest a while, preparatory to
plunging again Into the struggle for cul-
j ture and tho Intellectual ferment of the
women's clubs. The sooner wo gat away
from the hard -and fast Idea of home the
better for the world."
Dogs and Other Destroyers.
Mrs. Elmlna Springer declared dogs
were home-destroyers, and Dr. Frances
Dickinson proclaimed that homes cannot
exist upon love alone.
Among the other "destroyers" named by
various speakers were "lack of compan
ionship between husband and wife." "cen
tralization of capital," "gossip." "selfish
ness," "discontent." "excessive Indulgence
In emotion." "bad cooking." "poor ser
vants" and "disease."
The meeting was the last of the 'club's
season. Mrs. John F. Thompson was
elected President to succeed Dr. Dickin
son. HOBE GASOLINE MOTOR - CARS
Union Pacific Will Build When First
Is Proved Success.
OMAHA, Neb., April 4.-(SpecIal.)
Union Pacific motor car No. 1 will be
given another trial trip to Valley and re
turn next Sunday. Before being sent to
Portland where it is to be placed In
service it is to be subjected to every pos
sible test and no date has yet been set
for the Journey West.
W. Lv Clark, general superintendent of
the Union Pacific, says that as soon as
the complete success of this car Is proven,
others like it will be built. 'Our aim
is," said Mr. Park, "to get tho car we
now have up to the highest standard be
fore building more."
MARTYR TO LEPER COLONY
Brother Seraplon Takes Disease From
Those He Ministered To.
HONOLULU, April 4. The Star says
that Brother Seraplon von Koop, of the
leper settlement at Molokai, Is a victim
of leprosy. His case Is similar to that
of Father Damlen. Brother von Koop. who
Is a native of Holland, went to the settle
ment in 1S95. Eighteen months ago he de
tected signs of the disease in his system,
and came to Honolulu, where an exam
ination confirmed his fears. He returned
to the settlement, where he is now living
as a ward instead of a helper.
C0MERP0RD IS RE - ELECTED
Expelled Memoer of Illinois Legisla
ture Goes Back.
CHICAGO, April 4. Frank D. Comer
ford, who was expelled by the House of
Representatives of the Illinois Legisla
ture early in the session for failure to
prove charges of bribery which he made
against members, was re-elected today.
Denies They Avoid Testifying.
NEW YORK, April 4. F. J. Stolz. gen
eral superintendent for Armour &. Co. in
this city, in a statement today regarding
the Federal investigation of the Beef
Trust In Chicago, denied that the Armour
concern employes had attempted to evade
the service of subpenas for grand jury
appearance. Published charges have been
mada to Jhls effect.