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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (March 29, 1905)
VOL. XLV. 250. 13,823.
PORTLAND, OKEjGON, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 29, 1905.
PRICE FIVE 'CENTS,
MAKER OF PEACE
America Helps Toward
inding War. -
JOINED WITH FRANCE
Two Republics Bring
ROOSEVELT ACTED FIRST
Learned Japan's Terms and
Sent Them to France,
RUSSIA READY TO NEGOTIATE
Official Announcment That Peace la
at Hand Follows Long Session
of Czar's Council Outline
of the Terms.
ST. PETERSBURG, March 2S. Uu.i
ia has outlined the conditions madcr
vklcli she Is prepared to negotiate
It was stated tonight, with every
semblance of Authority, that, than Us to
the ffood office of the United States
and France, the question pence had
aniiuned practical shape. .
LONDON, March 2S. (5:22 P. 31.)
A telegrram from a Northern European
capital, received In London this aftex
"I Jiave Junt learned on reliable au
thority that Itusla has asked Belcasse
to act as Intermediary and open peace
negotiation "with Japan.
"DelcWje hsut signified his -mlliDc-nm,
Jut considers tLat LansdOTrne's
co-operation Is "csontlal to (.access."
ROOSEVELT TOOK FIRST STEP
Learned Terms and Forwarded Them
Through French Ambassador.
WASHINGTON, March 2S. (Special.)
The action, of the Government, -which Is
credited as being the Initial step toward
an arrangement for peace, was taken by
President Roosevelt about February 15.
Minister Takahlra, the Japanese repre
sentative here, 'lslted the "White House
and outlined to the President "what -would,
constitute a basis for peace negotiations.
The President subsequently repeated
these suggestions to M. Jusserand, the
French Ambassador, and he cabled them
to his government at Paris, -whence they
were transmitted to St. Petersburg.
The basis on -which Minister Takahlra
disqussed peace -with President Roosevelt
was the acknowledgment by Russia of
Japanese Interests In Manchuria, the joint
international management of railroad
lines in Manchuria and the transfer of
Port Arthur to Japan.
It Is not known here what suggestions
j&ro advanced by Russia as preliminary
to beginning peace negotiations.
RUSSIA HAS OFFERED TERMS
Official Admission at St. Petersburg
Bluffing on Indemnity.
ST. PETERSBURG, March 29. After
a meeting- of the Council of Ministers,
which lasted until after midnight, the
positive information was given out
through an oflicial channel this morning-
that Russia has outlined the terms
Under which she is prepared to nego
tiate peace. It ias asserted on the same
authority that, thanks to the good of
fices of the United States and France,
the question of bringing about the ter
mination of the war had assumed tan
gible form and that preliminary steps
In the negotiations would be taken in
the Immediate future.
Of the terms upon wblch Russia
would be willing to begin negotiations,
enough was known tonight that Russia
will maintain to the 11th hour an
absolute opposition to any Japanese
proposal to Impose a "direct Indemnity
upon her conquered foe. It is also in
timated thp.t a demand for the cession
of Russian territory would meet with
the same vigorous opposition.
It is apparent, however, that the Czar
himself is convinced of the Russian sit
uation In the Far East and of the ina
bility of the Russians to resume hos
tilities with any chance of success in
the event of a suspension of prelimi
Tho opinion was expressed yesterday
by all exceptionally well-informed for
eign diplomats here that the demon
strative declarations of Ministers on
tho subject of indemnity and cession of
territory are Intended as a ballon d'
essai to draw out opinion on the subject
in Toklo. Eventually, this diplomat as
serted, Russia is prepared to accept
peace on any terms that Japan may be
willing- to offer.
NO MEDIATORS ARE WANTED
When Negotiations BegIn,They Will
Be Carried on Directly.
LONDON. March. 28. "When peace-ne-.
gotiations commence. It will be between
Russia and Japan direct and not through
any Intermediary," was Minister Hay
ashl's comment to tho Associated Press
tonight when shown the .dispatch from a
Northern European capital stating that
51. Delcasse, the French Foreign Minis
ter, had been asked to act as an inter
mediary to open peace negotiations.
Minister Hayasbl said he attached no
Importance to the statement, but believed
that France was trying to Influence Rus
sia to open negotiations for peace.
"So far as I know," he added, "no ne
gotiations have been begun; but, when
Russia is ready to make terms, Japan
will be happy -to consider them."
Minister Hayashi repeated his previous
statements that Japan is not noticing
peace rumors, but steadily preparing to
prosecute the -war to the bitter end.
At Foreign Secretary Lansdowne's resi
dence tonight the Associated Press was
Informed that It would bo useless to ask
Lord Lansdowne for an expression of
opinion at the present juncture, as he
must decline to give out any statement
on the subject of peace.
PULLMAN'S BIGHT -HAND HAN
Thomas Wickes, of Pullman Com
pany, Taken Suddenly.
CHICAGO. . -March 28. Thomas H..
Wlckes, vice-president of the Pullman
Palace Car Company, Is dead. His death
occurred today as he was on the way
to his office.
The tire of one of the wheels of his
automobile was punctured, and Mr.
Wlckes sent the machine to a shop to
be repaired. He started to walk down
town, but had proceeded only a short dis
tance when he was attacked with acute
indigestion. He hailed an automobile And
was taken home, dying shortly after he
Mr. "VVickcs was born in England, and
was 58 years old. Ho had been identi
fied with the Pullman Palace Car Com
pany for 25 years. His first position was
as agent at East St. Louis. He subse
quently became division superintendent at
St. Louis, "Western general superintendent
at 3alcago, general superintendent, sec
ond vice-president and vice-Dresident.
holding the latter position at the time of
Adrian Iselin, Aged Banker.
NEW YORK, March 23. Adrian Ise
lln, the banker,, died at his home here
tonight, aged .92 years. Mr. Iselin was
the founder of the banking firm of A.
Iselin & .Co. of New York, and the
father of C Oliver Iselin, the yachts
man. He was a native of Basle, Swit
zerland, and came here 50 years ago.
Mr. Iselin was one of the incorpor
ators of the Museum of Natural His
tory and of the Society for the Preven
tion of Cruelty to Children. For more
than 20 years he was the Swiss Consul
here. He was a member of the Union,
Knickerbocker, Metropolitan and . a
large number of other clubs.
The children are C Oliver Iselin,
who. was managing- owner of the yachts
Vigilant and Defender; William E. Tse
lin, Columbus; O'Donnel Iselin and
Adrian Iselin. Jr., Mrs. Delancey Astor
Kane and the Misses Emily and Geor
George R. Frankland, Newspaper Man
NEW YORK. March 2S. George R.
Frankland. formerly a well-known news
paper editor of Chicago, is dead at his
home in Caldwell, N. J., after a long Ill
ness. He was 54 years old. The Inter
ment will take place at Oak Park. 111.,
March 30. .
Lord Norton, British Statesman.
LONDON, March 2S. Lord Norton,
who, as Charles Adderley, took an ac
tive part in the establishment of co
lonial self-covernment, is dead, aged
STATESMEN VISIT HAVANA.
Secretary Morton and Congressional
Party Arrive Same Day.
HAVANA, March 28. The dispatch
boat Dolphin, with Secretary of the
Navy Morton, Speaker Cannon ' and
others on board, arrived here today
from Guantanamo. Captain Swift, who
was not In good health upon leaving
Washington, was much worse today
and was taken ashore to the hospital.
It is believed he is suffering from ty
phoid fever. The Dolphin will sail at
midnight lor Fernandlna, Fla., from
which port Mr. Morton will take a
train for Washington.
The transport Sumner arrived today
from Santiago "and will sail tomorrow
evening for New Orleans, and from
that city some of tho Congressmen will
so home by ralL All the Congressmen
went ashore soon after the Sumner's
arrival and later, accompanied by Min
ister Squlers, they called upon Presi
dent Pal ma.
NO POOL ON CONVENTION BATES
Attempt of Western Railroads to
Combine Has Collapsed.
CHICAGO, March S. The proposed
pool of the Western railroads for the
division of convention business mov
ing between Chicago and tho Pacific
Coast has collapsed. All the roads will
act separately, as they have done in
the past. In getting convention business
and there will be no limit to the num
ber of free tickets given to delegates
to secure business.
Several of the Western roads started
out two weeks ago to form a pool oa
convention business, of which there Is
a large amount In prospect for the
comlns Summer. Competition In past
years has led to the practice of giving
away tickets to secure business. It was
proposed to put a limit on the number
of free tickets and to divide the busi
ness equally among- all the roads.
DENIES. ST. PAUL WILL EXTEND
Roswell Miller Says Rumors of De
cision Are Unfounded.
NEW YORK, March 2S. Reports
that the Chicago. Milwaukee & St.
Paul Railroad Company Is considering
the expenditure of $130,000,000. or any
like sum, for extraordinary Improve
ments to the system, were denied to
day by Roswell Miller, chairman of
the board of directors. A sum not exceeding-
5600,000 will be spent in extending-
the system In the Dakotas,
but beyond this, according to Mr. Mill
er, no further improvements nre un
der consideration. As for the story
that the St. Paul road Is considering
the advislblltty of extending its lines
to the Pacific Coast, Chairman Miller
said that this matter bas not been
discussed, even -casually, by the board.
HUT BE CUT OFF
Lin ievitch Has No Report
From His Army.
RUSSIA IS IN DREAD
Commander at Harbin Knows
Not of Events,
NEW GENERAL OF THIRD ARMY
Batjanoff a Veteran of Many Wars
Chinese Governor of Manchuria
Has Been Kidnaped by the
LONDON, March 29. The Times' St.
Petersburg correspondent telegraphs as
The entire absence of press and private
telegrams from the front, together with
a laconic message from General Llnle
vltch tonight dated Harbin and saying,
"No reports from the armies," evolves
fears that communications have been -cut
and that the Japanese have turned the
PRISONERS ARRIVE IN JPAN
Japan Estimates Total Losses in Re
cent Battles at 57,000.
TOKIO, March 29. Twenty thousand
.Russian prisoners captured in the bat
tle of Mukden have already arrived in
A rertstd. unofficial estimate of the
Japanese casualties In the battles of Muk
den and Tie Pass place tho number at
57.000. Flags captured at Mukden have
been presented, to the Emperor.
General Mayeda. who was wounded at
Mukden, is dead.
GENERAL OF THE OLD SCHOOL
Batjanoff a Seasoned Veteran Kuro
patkin Censured Ten Generals.
ST. PETERSBURG, March 29. 2:43 A.
M.) General Batjanoff, the new" com
mander of the third Manchuzian army,
of which General Bilderllng has been tem
porarily in command .since the .transfer
of General 'Kaulbars to succeed General
Gripenbcrg as commander of the second
army, Is one of the old-school Russian
army commanders, having commenced
his military career In 1S53. He served
with distinction In the Russo-Turklsh
and Crimean wars in the 50s; in the cam
paigns in the '60s and in the Russo-Turk-lsh
war of 1S78. He was commander of
the 12th corps from 1S93 to 1S56, then com
mander of the 16th corps, and after his
promotion to be a full General In 1S09
was made a member of the Council of
War. He Is 70 years of age, but active
and energetic. It Is noteworthy that he
does not belong to the general staff, as
also do not Generals Linlevltch, Kuropat
kin and Kaulbars.
General Bilderllng probably will resume
command of his corps, though he has
been blamed to some extent for the de
feat at Mukden by defective disposi
tion of the third corps during the retreat
from the Shakhe River and permitting
the Japanese to break through Fu Pass
just at the moment when Kuropatkin.
personally leading the strategic reserves
of 65 battalions, was rolling up Nogi's
right flank and threatening to sever the
third Japanese army from Oku. This de
stroyed the last hope of winning the bat
tle, and necessitated the quick retreat in
which the second arid third armies suf
fered so heavily.
The Associated Press correspondent with
the third army partly excused General
Bilderllng on account of the blinding dust
storm which came up during the retreat
and the failure of subordinates to occupy
positions to which they had been as
signed, leaving the crossing ot Fu Pass
guarded by only three companies.
fhe Associated Press learned from the
general staff that Kuropatkin. aftor the
battle, severely censured ten Generals for
failure to execute orders. It now develops
that Bilderllng was Included in the num
CHINESE GOVERNOR KIDNAPED
Russians Stole His Seal Abortive
Scheme to Capture Kuropatkin.
VICTORIA, B. a. March 23. Mail ad
vices were received by the steamer Em
press of Japan today that the Russians
kidnaped General Tseng, Chinese Governor-General
of Manchuria, when Mukden
tell. Sixty Cossack's went to the Yamen
when the evacuation of Mukden was
imminent and forced the old Governor to
mount his sedan chair. He resisted and
professed himself anxious. to poison him
self by swallowing opium, as he had not
been permitted to leave his post by the
The kidnaping of the Governor was
done In order that his seal might be used
to Induce Chinese .to supply the defeated
Russians on their retreat. The Governor
was allowed to return some days later,
but his seal was (Stolen.
When General Nogi's army made the
wide outflanking movement on the Rus
sian right with forced tn arches, a force
-was detached with the object of capturing
General Kuropatkin and his staff, but they
had escaped to Tie Pass by ralL The
force was furiously disappointed arid
sought to follow the Russian staff, but
was prevented through contact with a
force of retiring Russians.
Japanese newspapers are Indignant con
cerning Russian actions during the fight
Ing at and about Mukden. They fired re
peatedly on the Japanese hospital corps
and 29 Japaneso. -suxgeoa yexe' killed,.
The Russians also fired fiercely on dead
and wounded after they wero being carried
away by stretchers apd cuts.
The Formosan .garrison, numbering sev
ere thousands, have arrived at Yoko
hama In several transports and will be
dispatched to the front.
The Mitsubishi drydock. 722 feet long,
96 feet wide. 23 feet deep, has been com
pleted at Nagaskl. and . the Hill liner
Minnesota will bo the first vessel docked
there. The work occupied three years.
DEFENDS RUSSIAN CREDIT.
Financial Agent Answers Attacks of
. British Newspapers.
LONDON, March 2S. M. Routkowsky,
the Russian financial agent In London,
has sent a long letter to the London
newspapers protesting vigorously against
what he calls the deliberate campaign
carried on the past three years, not only
by the British press, but also through or
gans connected with the British press in
America and in France, to damage Rus
sian credit by predicting Insolvency and
revolution. Tho letter says:
"Millions of families In Europe have in
vested the savings of a lifetime in Rus
sian securities and would be ruined by
the sale of the bonds in a panic It is
criminal to attempt to ruin such people
by misstatements and in an Individual
case any court of law would award dam
ages to the sufferers."
M. Routhkowsky proceeds to deny that
Russian budgets are In a chronic state
of deficit. On the contrary, he says, the
surplus of ordinary income over expenses
tho past ten years aggregated $900,000,
000, which has been spent, not unpro
ductlvely, but mostly for the purchase
and construction of new railways and tho
conversion of high interest debts.
Further, he says it Is not true that the
revenues of the railroads not cover
the working expenses. On contrary,
the revenues not only cover expenses, but
also meet all fixed charges, and. with the
development of new country, will be still
He then gives details of the state debt,
contending that the British national debt
requires much larger annual expenses for
Interest and sinking fund In proportion
to the national Income than doe.i the Rus
sian national debt, and there is nothing
'to alarm Russian investors, in view of
the country's practically unlimited re
sources. In conclusion M. Roukowsky declares
his conviction that public opinion does
'not approve ot the campaign, which he
asserts, has been carried on from political
SHARP FALL. IN RUSSIAN BONDS
People Unload Old Ones to Invest In
ST. PETERSBURG. March 29. (2:45 A.
M.) The fact that tho new internal 5 per
cent loan offers a more advantageous In
vestment than the 4 per cent bonds pre
viously issued has resulted in the un
loading of large quantities of the latter
bonds, and yesterday there was a sharp
drop of a full point In the price of 4 per
cents. Other securities showed sympathy
and there- was a general decline the clos
ing being weak.
Kentucky Town Flre-llasted.
MARION, Ky., March SS. The entire
business section of Marion' was wiped out
"by tire today. Loss. $20300.
CONTENTS Or JTODATS PAPER
The Weather. i
TODAT'S Showers; southerly winds.
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 4S
deg.; minimum, 41. Precipitation, 0.2S
The War In the Far East.
United States and France bring- about peace
negotiations. Pago 1-
Russians fear their army has had Its com
munications cut. Page I.
Stampede to buy Japanese bonds, while Rus
sian bonds decline. Page X.
Russians kidnap Chinese. Governor of Man
churia. Page 1.
China arming "00,000 men for defense.
Balfour's supporters dodge vole of censure
by staying away from Parliament. Page 5.
Britain proposes joint control of Macedonian
finances. Page 4.
Emperor William banqueted in Lisbon.
President accepts plan tor receivers of Do
minican revenue. Page 3.
Rebels start for Santo Domingo, but United
States will head them off.1 Page 2.
Canal Commission answers Dr. Reed's
charges. Page 3.
Report that he would investigate General
Land Office denied by HitchcocKi Page 3.
Governor Folk speaks on observance of law.
Armour's head man indicted for trying to
fix witness. Pago 4. a
Mission board decides to accept Rockefeller's
gift despite protests. Page 1.
Mrs. Maybrick says failure to receive money
due-her caused her conviction. Page X.
Malheur rancher kills wife in a fit of Jeal-
ousy. Page 6.
Jackson County pioneer refuses Indian war
pension he finds does not belong to him.
Charles Sweeny sells stock In Federal Min
ing Company for large sum. Page 6.
Latest Oregon code very much out-of-date
since the last Legislature. Page 6.
Jabez White and Jimmy Brltt formally
matched for '.world's lightweight cham
pionship. Page 7.
Marlon Hart, white, awarded decision over
Jack Johnson, colored, at San Francisco
after 20 rounds. Page 7.
Portland and Vicinity.
General Joseph L. Brlstow, Special Panama
Commissioner, here to Inquire into rela
tion of shipping to Isthmian Railroad.
Ministers andchurches pass resolutions ques
- tionlng) Oregonlan's right to speak, on
question of pulpit -ethics. Page 9.
-Whole family engages in a fight with a
burglar. Page 1.
Noted Christian Scientist will lecture in
Portland. Pago 10.
Gcglielmo will be-hanged. Page II.
Gems from the West will be feature of ex
hibition at the Fair. Page 14.
Longshoremen deny that they seek to en
croach on rights or sailors. Page 11.
Hanoaka. the Coroner's Jury finds, caused
death of Fugl. Page 10.
Fishermen object to paying rent to the Gov
ernment for the use of Sand Island. Page
Various factions are seeking- to select win
ners for Coundlmen. Page 14.
O. R. & N. and Northern Pacific anxious to
get lines Into Central Oregon. Page 7.
Telephone franchise will be considered by
Council today. Page 14.
Fire destroys old Weidler mill office and
family occupying It has narrow escape
from death. Page 16.
Commercial asd Marine.
Stronger wool markets In East and Europe.
New York stock market active on descending-
scale. Page 12.
Excellent crop reports cause break in wheat
prices at Chicago, Page 15.
California produces smaller quantity of
cheese. Page 15.
Transports wanted here during Fair. Page 7.
Narrow escapes-of two San -Francisco "grain
anms. .rage i. .
...... - . . . v-
TAKE THE MONEY
Mission Board Accepts
IS ONLY -A - CUSTODIAN
Gladden Makes Vigorous
but Vain Protest,
MONEY WRUNG FROM PEOPLE
Leader of Protestants Proposes Ref
ererfdum on the Question Rev.
A. H. Bradford Argued
BENEFACTIONS OF JOHN D.
Chicago University .....t....S13.000.000
Rush Medical College 0,000.000
Barnard College 1,375,000
Southern Educational Fond.. 1,129,000
Harvard University 1,000.000
Baptist Missionary Fund 1.000,000
Teachers College, New York. 600,000
Vassar College 400,000
Brown University 323,000
Cornell University 250.C00
Bryn Mawr College 2SO.O0O
Medical Research Institute.. 200,000
Newton Theological Seminary 150,000
Adelphl College 122.000
Syracuse University 100.000
Smith College 100,000
T. M. C A. of New York... 300.000
Y. M. C. A. of Brooklyn 100.000
Columbia University 100.000
Acadia Baptist University... 100.000
Denlson College, Granville. O. 100,000
Furmaa University, Green
ville, S. C 100.000
University of Nebraska 67.000
University of Indiana C0.000
Y. M. C,A. of Washington.. 60,000
Shurtleff College, Springfield.
Bucknell University 25,000
William Jewell University... 25,000
Salvation Array, Cleveland... 10.000
Estimated gifts to churches
and individual charity, prior
to 1002 2.000,000
BOSTON", Mass., March 2S. (SpeciaL)
It Is learned by a canvass of the mem
bers of the prudential committee tonight
that It has-been positively decided by the
American Board to accept the Rockefeller-
glft. thou?a no. official Information
win be given out before tomorrow.
The board will take the ground that
the gift was not madd to the aboard as
an official body, but to the various mis
sions specified, and that the American
Board is simply acting- as custodian of
the funds without having any right to
refuse the money or to specify how it
shall be used.
This is the answer that is likely to be
made to the protestants, who created
something of a- stormy scene in the board
session this afternoon.
COMMITTEE HEARS PROTESTS
Decision to Be Officially Announced
at Today's Meeting.
BOSTON, March 23. Positive action
was taken on the question of, accepting
John D. Rockefeller's gift of 5100.000. to
the American Board, of Commissioners "for
Foreign Missions at-a meeting this after
noon of the prudential committee ot that
organization, but the nature of the ac
tion was not disclosed. The committee
announced officially, however, - that a
statement reciting the decision of the
committee would be given out tomorrow,
after the report adopted, which is In the
form of resolutions, had been officially
communicated to a committee appointed
at a meeting of Congregational clergy
men of Boston and vicinity to protest
against the acceptance of the Rockefeller
Dr. James L. Barton, foreign secretary
of the American Board, said today that
already $11,500 of the gift was in the
treasury, and the question to be decided
at today's meeting was therefore whether
this amount should be returned or wheth
er it should be retained and the balance
Before the meeting of the committee,
the opinion was expressed at Congrega
tional headquarters that the gift would
be accepted. It was stated that the
amount already drawn from Mr. Rocke
feller had been apportioned by the Amer
ican Board for colleges In Japan, India
The Missionary Herald, the organ of the
American Board, issued today, contains
an acknowledgement of the $41,500 as a
part" of Mr. Rockefeller's gift, and Indi
cates Its apportionment.
The prudential committee and the com
mittee of ministers who opposed the ac
ceptance ot the gift went into secret ses
sion at Congregational "House, at 6:30.
Not until nearly S& hours later were the
doors of the committee-room opened and
Secretary Baron announced that the com
mittee had voted unanimously not to
make any statement concerning the action,
taken with reference to the Rockefeller
gift until tomorrow, when a formal state
ment "would be Issued.
Dr. Barton said, however, that the re
port of the subcommittee on the ques
tion of accepting the gift, notwithstand
ing the protest, was unanimous, although
he would not disclose In any awy the
nature of this report. He admitted that
the prudential committee had taken some
definite vote in regard to accepting the
gift, but it was deemed, best not to an
nounce it until tomorrow, because the
resolutions passed by the entire commit
tee were not in complete form and be
cause they had not been officially comv
municated to the protesting committee.
ARGUMENTS ON EACH SIDE".
Dr. Gladden's Protest and Rev. A. H.
BOSTON", March 2S. Dr. Washington
Gladden's protest to the American Board
of Foreign Missions against the ac
ceptance of the gift of $100,000 from John
D. Rockefeller Is as follows:
X must ask the privilege of expressing- as
eSDlIdtlv as I can my snrnrlsa and rmt
Jtiit tk acrs- ta-Aaarrlcaa feokssl teva.,
accepted a large sum of money from John
D. Rockefeller. I object to this because the
money thus bestowed does not rightfully be
long to the man who gives It; it has been
u.6iuuur ociiuireu, una au iuo wuim
It may be difficult la many cases to Judge
ot the methods by which wealth has been
.gained. The operations are compler, and we
may be in doubt respecting- their honesty. It
Is no doubt Impracticable to undertake the
investigation of the sources of all gifts that
are offered us. But. when the investigation
has been thoroughly made and the. case is
clear, we are bound to guide our conduct by
the facts made known. In this case tho in
vestigation has been thoroughly made and
the facts are known.
The legislative Inquiries, the records of the
courts, have given the reading people of
this country the materials for a Judgment
upon the methods of the Standard Oil. and
there never was a day when their minds
were as clear on this subject as they, are
now. They know that this great power has
been built up by Injustice and oppression;
they know that Us Immense gains have been
made by forcibly despoiling citizens: of their
honest gains and shutting the doors of oppor
tunity upon them. It has been forcibly
done, I say; it has been largely done through
Illicit and iniquitous control of railways.
Standard QIl has never ceased to use this
power In this way. It la using it today as
effectively as it ever did.
Mr. Rockefeller may deny that rebates are
now given to the Standard, but the Standard
now controls about two-thirds of the rail
roads of this country and Its power Is exerted
in fixing the classification of freights In
such a way that it can kill competition. Re
bates are no longer necessary. Thus this
stupendous power which owes Its existence
to a shameful prostitution of agencies cre
ated "by the public for the public service is
now able to lay its paralyzing hand upon
all the Industries of the Nation and to
force them to contribute to Its enormous
revenues. And this is the money which is
offered to the American hoard. We have no
right to take it. It does not belong to the
man who offers It. It belongs to the people
from whom it has been extorted.
It Is often assumed, I fear, that we do not
need to be very scrupulous about money
which we can use in "doing good." That
indifference is deadly. The "good" that is
done by lowering our ethical standards
might better be left undone. Shall the young
men and women of the missionary colleges
be taught to regard Mr. Rockefeller as a
great benefactor? The colleges might bet
ter be permanently closed.
The American Board has also received
a recommendation from Rev. A. H.
Bradford, of Montclalr. K. J., ex-moderator
of tho National 'Congregational
Council and president of the American
Missionary Association, favoring the ac
ceptance of Mr. Rockefellers gift. Dr.
Bradford's statement in part follows:
Mr. Rockefeller Is not seeking vindication
and is not -trying to find some one to shield
him on his evil courses. He Is, as is well
known, a majority stockholder lp the Stand
ard Oil Company and a large part of his
wealth has been derived from other sources.
This was not a case of Mr. Rockefeller's
seeking a means of self-Justification, but It
was that oC a noble enterprise in its ex
treme need making Its appeal to him. To
that appeal ho yielded, not In any way mak
ing the board his partner and. not asking It
to give him any approval.
Why refuse Mr. Rockefeller's money and
accept the gifts of other stockholders of thet
Standard OH Company? No one doubts tnat
much money derived from that and other
similar sources goes Into"- the treasury. If he
had asked It to go Into partnership with
him. It ought to bo refused. But he has
asked nothing ot the kind. He has simply
aid: "I realize that certain branches of
missionary work seriously need help, and I
request you. as the one agent who can do It
to the best advantage, to place this money
where it will do the most good."
Monev which leaves the receiver free from
ail obligations except that ot using it wisely
should be received, unless some one else is
ready to prove that It belongs to him.
LET THE. CHURCHES DECIDE
Dr. Gladden Recommends Referen
dum on Acceptance of Money.
COLUMBUS, O., March 28. Dr. Wash
ington Gladden, moderator of the Congre
gational Church, filed a written protest
today with the prudential committee of
American Foreign Missions, now In ses
sion at Boston, against the committee's
accepting the gift of $100,000 from John D.
"This committee," he said today, "Is
merely a supplementary committee any
way, and ought not to take upon itself
tho responsibility of accepting this gift.
In view of the widespread feeling all over
the country ' among religious people. I
shall continue to protest until the con
ference of the Congregational Church, in
September, when some cction will be
taken. The churches should adopt some
form of referendum in such matters, so
that the people of the churches can ex
press their feeling: and desires In such
cases. All should protest against the ac
ceptance of this gift."
NEW YOEK WORSE THAN WEST
Bat Masterson Says People Carry
Guns, but Can't Shoot.
NEW "YORK, March 2S. William. B.
Masterson, known as "Bat" Masterson,
was sworn in here today as a Deputy
United States Marshal. He was recom
mended for the appointment by President
Roosevelt. Masterson, sold he hoped to
make a. good record in his new position.
Incidentally, he expressed the opinion that
there is more carrying of concealed weap
ons In New Tork than in the West.
"Out" wher I come from," he said, "a
man does not carry a gun unless h'o wants
to use It Out there the game Is to leave
your gun at home. Then when a fellow
draws a bead on you, you can throw up
your hands and show blm you are un
armed. He won't shoot if you do that.
"But here in New Tork every little
sneaking son of a gun who has got the
price of a pistol buys one and carries It.
You can't go Into a restaurant or cafe
In this town without seeing a dozen cheap
sports with guns twisted in their hip pock
ets. Why, they could not get them out
in an hour, and. if by hard work they did
manage to yank one of these toy pistols,
they could not hit their mark. Where
there's one murder in the country I come
from, there's a dozen here."
COULD HAVE SHOWN INNOCENCE
Mrs. Maybrick Says, Failure to Re
ceive Money -Caused Conviction.
WASHINGTON. March 28. Mrs. Flor
ence Elizabeth Maybrick appeared before
a- notary here today to make deposition
in a suit technically known as Caroline E.
von Roques against David W. Armstrong
et aL. a case Involving tracts of -valuable
land In Virginia. West Virginia and Ken
tucky. Mrs. Maybrick is a witness for
her mother, the Baroness von Roques,
Mrs. Maybrick today acknowledged
signing, while in prison, some papers
brought to her by the United States
Consul, who told her that they related
to the conveyance of certain Kentucky
lands in which she was interested. She
was asked If her mother and herself had
received their share of the $3000 paid to
Mr. Armstrong In March, 1SS9, by the
Kentucky Land Union Company and If
that would -have affected her trial. She
replied that this money, which had not
been received, would have enabled her to
.bring witnesses from Norfolk. Va., by
whom she could have proved her hus
band's habits In regard to his use of
arsenic and to have secured expert tes
timony that would have shown that
eatk was due to liaturaL causes.
Whole Family Battles
FATHER SHOT IN STRUGGLE
Mother Beaten Down With
DAUGHTER TO THE RESCUE
Masked and Armed, a Thief Enters
Home of C. G'.'Santesson at Hills
dale and Has Fearful En
counter With Occupants.
DESPERATE THUG'S DEED.
Mask el and armed, 'a burglar entered
the home of C G. Santesson, at Hills
dale, at S o'clock Monday night. His
demand for money being met with, re
sistance, he fired to protect himself
from Mr. Santesson.
The first bullet went wild, and Miss
Agnes Santesson leaped to the aid of
her father. The desperado leveled his
revolver at her head, and fired point
blank at her, hot her father. In the
scuffle, knocked her aside on the floor,
and himself received a scalp wound. Ha
fell to the floor, dazed.
Seeing her husband .and daughter pros
trate before her, plucky Mrs. Santesson'
attacked the now thoroughly desperate
and murderous man behind the mask
and revolver, and he broke the barrel
of his weapon over her head, felling her.
He then rushed out.
At the home ot C. G. Santesson, Hills
dale, Monday night shortly after 8
o'clock, a desperate struggle took place
between a masked and heavily armed
robber, Mr. and Mrs. Santesson and Miss
Agnes Santesson. The murderous crim
inal demanded the money of the house
bold, entering with leveled revolver. In-i
stead of making compliance with his re
quest, the man of the house attacked
him, precipitating a battle In which two
shots- were fired, and the entire family
wna felled and left lying on the floor,
after which the bandit escaped.
The bravery of Mrs. Santesson and Miss
Agnes, the daughter, was remarkable.
They In turn attacked the murderous
thug, who "fired twice and had a heavy
revolver In his hand and made attempts
to kill the entire family.
The net result ot the fight follows:
Mr. Santesson, shot In forehead, scalp
wound and badly bruised by blows.
Mrs. Santesson, beaten into insensibil
ity by the robber; who struck her over the
head several times with the butt end of
bis revolver, breaking the barrel of the
Miss Agnes Santesson, felled to the
floor by a blow from, the thug's revolver.
The robber flees from the scene, leaving
father, mother and daughterlylng on the
Entering by the front door, the masked
and armed robber found the family seat
ed. He was cool and collected and stood
facing them, leveling his revolver at their
"I want your money," he said. "I want
It quick, too."
Without making reply in vwords, Mr.
Santesson, who is quite well along in
years but possessed of sufficient nerve
and strength to put up a hard fight,
leaped at the masked man. He struck-the
robber in the .face and attempted to clinch
with him, but jumped aside to escape a
bullet flre,d by the desperado.
Backing off, hardly knowing what ac
tion to take, the- robber glowered at Mrs.
and ?tirit Santesson for a moment. See
ing her father on the floor, Mls3 Agnes
Santesson excitedly made a rush- toward
the Ty" with the weapon, and her father
got up just in time to knock her to one
side as a second bullet from, the revol
ver wa3 fired. She was saved frora harm,
but Mr. Santesson was struck, in the
forehead, the bullet glancing and inflict
ing a scalp wound. He was stunned,
however, and fell to the floor.
Then Mrs. Santesson boldly rushed
toward the robber. She made an attempt
to strike him with her fists, but he. laid
hold of the barrel of hl3 revolver and
struck her repeatedly with the butt end.
beating her to the floor and finally break
ing off the barrel of his weappn.
Viewing the three victims lying about
and evidently fearing assistance would
reach the family from outside, the foiled
desperado turned and fled. He had been
thoroughly beaten In his attemptat rob
bery, had nearly killed the family and had
103t his weapon.
It was not long until Mr. and Mrs. San
tesson and Miss Agnes recovered suffi
ciently to get up and call for help. A
physician was summoned and the wounds
of the Injured attended. Fortunately
none of the family was- seriously hurt.
Mr. Sautesson's scalp wound was not bad,
Mrs. Santesson Is not expected to suffer
any serious results and Miss Agnes was
quite recovered by morning.
Hillsdale is outside of the corporate
limits of Portland, bu E. H. Santesson,
son of the aged couple-, called at police
headquarters just before noon yesterday -and
gave a detailed report of the sensa
tional affair. The son Is an employe of
the Crane Company, a. local machinery
firm. He lives In the city, as his work
makes it necessary, and was not aware
ot the trouble until It was over.
Admiral Evans Will Take Command.
WASHINGTON, March 28. Rear-Ad-mlral
Robley D. Evans left here today
for Pensacola, Fla., where he will as
sume command of the North Atlantic
fleet on March 31, on which day Rear
Admhral Barker will lower- his flag and
retlro from active service.- , -