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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE. MORNING OREGONIAN, WEDKESDAY, -MA3JCH 22, 190o. :
Xstered at the Postofflce it Portland. Or
il second-class matter.
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WEDNESDAY, MARCH 22.
NORTHERN PACIFIC ENTERPRISE.
Presepce of numerous surveying par
ties, frequent visits of high officials,
purchase of a great tract of waterfront
at "Portland and acquisition of right
of way for almost the entire . distance
down the north bank of the Columbia,
all lend strong color to repeated rumors
that the Northern Pacific Intends to
enter Portland territory on more ad
vantageous terms than it now enjoys.
The latest rumor has it that the North
ern wltl extend its branch line from
Pendleton over into Central Oregon,
and will also build into the Wallowa
country. In both of these new flejds
there will be developed an enormous
traffic Possibilities for this develop
ment are so great, and the wonderful
resources of the country so plainly vis
ible, that it has for years been surpris
ing that they should be so long neglect
ed by the raJlroadB.
In both the "Wallowa and the Central
Oregon country are large numbers of
settlers who have been waiting for
years for the coming of transporta
tion facilities. Pending the building of
a railroad, opportunity to reap 'any
thing but the most scanty- rewards for
their efforts Is unavailable, but there
has been such a heavy-increase in the
population of these isolated localities
that they cannot much longer be de
prived of rail communication with the
outside world. The late TV. S. Strat
ton, of the Independence mine, in Colo
rado, is said to have restricted continu
ally the output of that wonderful mine.
and, when asked for a reason for so do
ing, explained that his unmlned riches
could not get away from him, and he
was taking the gold out as rapidly as
he desired. A similar principle seems
to have been followed by the O. R. &
N. Cb which, with the exception of the
Condon branch, has failed to extend its
lines Into any new territory within the
past twelve years. The assumption of
the Harrlman people seems to be that
none" of this big traffic which is des
tlned to come out of Central Oregon or
the Wallowa country can get away
from them, and accordingly they can
work out the mine where their shafts
and .tunnels are already made, before
sinking in a new place. Theoretically
this may be all right, but In practice It
will reveal limitations.
The Northern Pacific and the Great
Northern, which divide with the O. R.
&. N. Co. the traffic of Oregon, Wash
lngton and Idaho, have always been
more aggressive in territorial acquisi
tion than the Harriman roads. Both
the O. R. & N. and the Northern Pacific
started for the Clearwater country at
the same time, the O. R. & N. over an
ea6y and natural route, and the North
ern Pacific over a difficult and unnat
ural route. The O. R. & N. was quickly
bluffed out of the race by the Northern
Pacific, and the latter road Is today
haullng out of a territory that Nature
herself intended should come out over
the O. R. & N., an immense traffic One
O. R. & N. administration after another
has been promising to build Into the
Wallowa country, to lay the rails on
the practically completed grade up
Snake River from Lewiston, to go Into
the Central Oregon country, and even
to enter the marvelous forests of the
Nehalem; but nothing has ever come of
these promises. This indifference, cow
ardice. lack of Judgment, or whatever
may be the cause of these dilatory tac
tics, -has resulted in large diversion to
other ports of a volume of traffic which
would naturally have sought an outlet
But the Northern Pacific Is nearlng
the limit of its power for diverting
traffic from Portland territory to Puget
Sound. It desires to handle the traffic
and develop the country, but, in order
to do so, must now seek an outlet at
Portland. If, as reported, this road-
opens up Central Oregon, the bulk of
the traffic will find its depot in this city.
Even if it were otherwise, the Northern
Pacific should be welcomed into lb
field. The California, Nevada & Oregon
road is within a lew miles of the south
ern borders of the state, and is push
lug northward. It is already draining
away to California traffic -which right
fully should have sought an outlet far
ther north. .Unless a road from the
north is- speedily constructed, it will
be a question of locking the stable door
after the horse is stolen. Portland has
for years hoped that the O. R. & N.
would let her into that rich field for
trade, but, now that hope is dead in
that direction, our chances are much
better with the Northern Pacific than
with a road that would come up from
A fact that may have no small bear
ing on the present desires of the North
ern to- get Into this territory is that
Messrs. Campbell and Woodworth, two
high-class traffic men, who have re
cently moved up very close to the
throne on the Hill roads,- spent many
years in this country and are very fa
miliar with its trade possibilities. If
their counsel is taken at its worth by
the men who control the destinies of
the Hill lines, Portlajid will not suffer
greatly by the failure of her own road
to grasp the situation and go after' the
business so long neglected.
CARABOBO, BOMBON'A AND AYACUCHO.
For generations the United States has
dreamed in a fool's paradise Ameri
cans have fondly deemed themselves
secure from armed Invaders, shielded
by the Inviolate sea and terrible in lat
ent military power. Now the dream is
dispelled, and the hostile trumpet-call
of Colonel Juan Bautlsta Lamedo, sol
dier-diplomatist of Venezuela, rings In
the ears of eighty million startled peo
ple. Ah, the black strategy of Lamedo,
the daring ingenuity of his murderous
scheme! As chief military adviser to
the calm and courageous President
Castro, this Lamedo, filled with Cas-
tllian honor and tropical ferocity, has
perfected a plan to humble the United
States, to chop up our citizens on their
own streets and farms.
'Terhaps 30,000 Venezuelans," says
Lamedo, in a burst of magnificent elo
quence, "bearing the glorious national
banner, that very banner whose float
ing Iris illuminated the waters of La
Plata with the splendor of the Vene
zuelan fatherland to the echoes of 4he
clarions of Carabobo, of Bombona and
of Ayacucho, would today be sufficient
to wash away the Insult which our
glorious flag has received from the
United States, In the very waters of the
Mississippi." What a blood-stirring
call! How grandiose the names Cara
bobo, Bombona and Ayacucho! With
their long, rolling "o's" they are lrideed
clarions, trumpet-calls, drum-beats.
Thirty thousand men chanting "Cara
bobo, Bombona and Ayacucho!" would
be more terrible than a Japanese
army with banners and shouts of
'Banzai!" Withal Lamedo Is not bom
bastic. He knows the United States
has a navy and that Venezuela has
none. So he calls upon Colombia, the
Central American States and Mexico to
grant passage to the 30,000 avengers,
observing with acumen that "the
North American squadrons cannot op
erate In the forests." Alas, no. Our
battleships lack wheels, and never op
erate upon more land than Is occasion
ally found In an uncharted rock. Thus
Lamedo will lead his 80.000 through
the. Jungles, while our fleets steam im
potently up and down the Caribbean.
The guile of the man!
Having entered United States terri
tory, what has Lamedo to expect? Let
him answer for himself. "Traders will
always be traders, inept and cowardly
in feats of heroism." This nation of
shopkeepers cannot stand up against
Lamedo and his 30.000. With their gal
lant leader they cry, "Our hearts swell
within us and we are willing to take
our stand ln'the vanguard, among the
distinguished heroea of the New World,
who are called once more to prove that
Venezuela is Immortal and is the first
to take up the glove, which Is thrown
down today to the whole of Spanish
America." Our traders, it will be seen.
are doomed. New Orleans, wJjich once
stood as bulwark against an invader, is
doomed. The whole South Is doomed.
It may'bevselflsb, but Oregon will pray
that LameSb's vengeance may be sated
before his 30,000 swollen-hearted Invad
ers make a trail of blood across the
May Portland never hear the echoes
of "Carabobo, Bombona and Ayacu
News that the old Emperor Francis
Jnwnh had betaken himself to the an
dent City of Budapest to consult with
Count Andrassy, ex-Premier of Hun
gary, on the existing deadlock. Is very
suggestive Not many years ago such
a position would have been put a short
end to by the sovereign's flat, support
ed by soldiers and armed Interference
in case obedience were not instant and
complete. Today the King and the
statesman meet and talk things over
quietly. It will be borne In mind that
the dispute has a twofold foundation.
The Hungarians demand that the army
which they raise and support should
be bo far Independent of the Austrian
that it should receive the word of com
mand in the Hungarian tongue. Instead
of in German a difficulty, to the ordi
nary outsider, of a sentimental kind
They claim more complete Independ
ence of Austria in fiscal matters. Other
questions there were, but they seem to
be reduced now to those mentioned. If
an adjustment could be reached It Is
expected that the Emperor-King would
be. satisfied to call the leader of the
Independence party, M. Kossuth,- to a
high position, If not to the Premiership,
This Independence party has disclaimed
the idea of Insurrection or revolution
and says that it will gain its end by
constitutional means. In all other mat
ters the Hungarians live a free and in
dependent life, the best proof being that
they base their plea for restoration of
comnlete national Independence on
these grounds, far as the poles apaft
from the grievances of the nationalities
on the other side of the Russian bound
The cannon In Manchuria echo
through Europe, and one after another
of the nationalities which have been
gathered Into the huge Russian mass
has awaked. All seem to have the same
grounds' for bitter and resolute revolt.
Tet the so-called Conservatives of Rus
sla are pointing to the plight ofAustria
Hungary as an awful example of what
comes of constitutional government
The onlooker may suggest that it might
be better to give these Russian sub
Jects the chance to rise to the same
level of life, toglve them the same
chance In the pursuit of happiness. So
should each and all of these races have
a voice In making their own laws, in
setting the scheme of their own taxa
tion. They should speak, plead, and be
taught in their own ancient tongues.
All classes should enjoj; equal rights
and equal protection under the law.
Such simple and .obvious rights have
come to Austria-Hungary as the fruit
of the overturn of the old system of
autocracy In 1S4S. Undef them tie peo
ple have prospered. So endowed they
have worn lightly the bond of constitu
tional monarchy through the changes
of the years. While the old Emperor
Klng survives, his people of many
tongues," many races, will probably live
In peace, with the occasional efforts at
entire independence that are seen in
Hungary today, and with no more Seri
ous grievances to redress. He Is an old
man, with a troubled life" of many
trials, public and private; to look back
on, probably one of the most pathetic
figures on the stage of high politics to
day. After him the. deluge. The open
question Is whether the seething and
boiling on the north and east of the
Russian line will not sooner break
through and over artificial boundaries.
The flask of quicksilver will be 6pllle'd
on the smooth floor of Europe, the glob
ules will run here, there and every
where. No one can predict today which
will exercise the sreatest drawing
power over its neighbors, and collect
the unstable globules Into the largest
and most stationary mass.
AS TO FOOD ADULTERATION.
We hear a great deal one time and
another about fraud in food manufac
ture. -From the wooden nutmegs of old
Connecticut to the oleomargarine that
has been turned out literally by the ton
from Western factories; from honey
that never knew the busy bee and ma
ple syrup innocent of any connection
with the maple groves of Vermont or
Canada; from coffee that merely lends
a slight flavor to chlckory, and pepper
and all spices which are used merely to
give pungency to prepared sawdust and
pulverized barks all along the line of
our common food products, we find, or
our friends, the food inspectors, have
found for us, pretenses and shams in
the place of the things for which the
Fortunately the substances used In
adulteration of most foods are innocu
ous, apparently, as far as health is con
cerned, resembling in this way the
great colonies of microbes that we are
told Inhabit our bodies in endless vari
ety. They consist for the mcst part
of cheap and worthless makeweights
added to Increase the profits of the
manufacturer or to meet competition in
price They are frauds Just the same,
but -not dangerous to human life.
Dr. H. W. Wiley, chief of the United
States Bureau of Chemistry, in re
sponse to the lively Interest manifested
in this subject throughout the country.
has made some statements in this con
nection that, while they are calculated
to allay the fears of those who hesitate
to partake of manufactured foods, lest
their health be undermined, or per
haps their lives suddenly endangered.
disclose the enormous frauds that are
perpetrated in the adulteration of foods.
It is a fact that a food product may be
so manipulated as to leave It still with
the physical appearance and In the gen
eral condition of the genuine article,
though a largt part, it not the whole,
of the genuine article has been replaced
with a cheaper substitute This sub
stitute itself may be a food product of
value, but by reason of its greater
cheapness can be profitably mixed with
or .substituted for the pure product.
It was upon this plea that the manu
facturers of oleomargarine a. few years
ago based their right to make "process
butter' and offer it in the place of thq
dairy product. The right to manufac
ture oleomargarine under certain sani
tary restrictions was not dented, but
when It came to floating it Upon the
market as "butter," dairymen through
out the country uttered a. combined
protest, which was heard In state leg
islative halls, and even in Congress,
with such effect that the manufacturers
of the spurious article were compelled
by law to label their product honestly
before placing it upon the market. As
long as this Is done and consumers buy
'process" butter, because of Its relative
cheapness, knowing what they buy,
there can be no objection to It.
The right of the well-Instructed In
dividual to choose for himself what he
should eat, drink and wear, provided
he offend none of the established laws.
should be guaranteed In every possible
way, but chiefly perhaps by abstaining
from meddlesome legislation. There
are,, says Dr. Wiley, many persons who
sincerely believe that the addition of
preservative substances to foods is
beneficial, and who prefer to eat foods
of this character. He does not see how
a law could be framed to protect those
who do not want foods of this kind and
at the same time not Interfere with the
rights of those who do. He regards the
attitude of our people toward prepared
foods, which are more or less ready for
Immediate consumption, as unfortu
nate, since it paves the way for a vast
volume of "predigested foods," tne
habitual use of which must necessarily
lead to weakness, atrophy and physio
logical Inefficiency of the organs of dl
gestlon. It .appears from these and
other statements based upon experience
that in this matter, as in many others.
It is quite as difficult to protect people
from themselves as from the wiles of
NO BEASOX FOB ALARM.
A considerable rrambcr of our people
are going out of their way, as it would
seem, in the attempt to discredit tne
rapid progress of Portland, on the as
sumption that this progress Is' of a tem
porary nature, and will be followed
"after the Fair," by a sharp decrease
in property values ihat will Involve
many enterprising citizens In financial
distress and enable intending buyers to
get homes. and other' property "at their
own price." This assumption Is not
only absurd, but It Is vicious, since to
the extent of Its power It lays a para
lyzing hand upon a real estate move'
ment that Is at once a natural and
healthful exposition of the city's
That Portland Is growing, even these
short-siRhted croakers must admit.
That its growth is of a substantial na
ture Is everywhere In evidence Look
at the hundreds of homes that have
been built in every direction within the
city limits In the past year. Look at
the hundreds that are now in process
of construction and observe the street
cars crowded to the limit of their re
cently Increased number and capacity
with laborers, many of whom leav
their homes in the morning and return
thereto In the evening of each day,
having earned between S o'clock A. M.
and 5 o'clock P. M. more than a good
Ilvlngwage. Relatively few of this
host of laboring men and women have
work that is In any way connected with
the coming Fair. Why, then, should
they be "out of work when theFaIr Is
over" and unable to keep up payments
upon their homes or to make a living
J for themselves and families: Again
the business health of Portland was
never better, the business pulse never
so strong; as now. This surely cannot
be due to the Fair, the opening day of
wnich is still more than three months
And where, it may be asked. Is the
local pride, the decent loyalty, of the
citizen who hangs upon the skirts of
civic enterprise and grbwth. croaking
of coming disaster? Out upon such dis
loyalty, and may Intending Investors
who croak of a coming "slump" in
values, and of business disaster followf
ing the Fair, have to pay next Fall a
sharp advance upon present prices fof
real estate or leave Portland for a city
that has got Its growth and offers In
ducements to croakers who are looking
for something "cheap."
It Is the belief of well-informed per
sons in European countries that Rus
sia's finances are In severer straits than
those of. Japan, for a prolonged strug
gle The Berlin correspondent of the
New York Staats Zeitung reports- the
Kreuz Zeitung, of Berlin, as saying
that Russia's announced determination
to go on with the war in the Far East
at all-hazards Is merely an attempt to
influence Japan as much as possible to
moderate the conditions upon which
she would make peace. The Kreuz
Zeitung. In spite of the fact that all its
sympathies are with Russia, says fur
ther that the Jig. Is up with Russian
military efforts in Manchuria, and that
Russia within a short time will be
forced to conclude a peace" The Co
logne Gazette which often Bpeaks for
the German government contents It
self with saying that the losses at Muk
den on both sides must increase the
wish for peace in both Russia and
Japan; while the St. Petersburg- corre
spondent of the Gazette reports that
the Russian government is powerless to
mobilize any considerable number of
fresh troops for service In Manchuria
unless the mass of the Russian people
approve of the continuation of the war.
All the reports Indicate that artic
ulate Russia, outside of the imperial
Grand Dukes, Is very nearly unanimous
in favor of peace To all of which may
be added a very wise remark made by
the. editor of the National Review in
the March number, namely: "The fact
is that no Westerner can understand
the Russian temperament or foretell
the action of Russia or Russians In any
Turkey makes haste slowly In the
march of improvements, and makes
queer distinction between different
branches of scientific growth. For ex
ample, there Is the Sultan's ban against
electricity In his dominions. There are
no electric lights, yet there are gas
plants; there are no telephones, yet the
Turks utilize the telegraph, and the
first electric railway Is yet to be built,
although railway cars propelled by
steam are no longer a novelty. This
discrimination against applied electric
ity cannot continue ranch longer.
United States Consul Ravndal reports
that' plans for an electric railway, and
for lighting Damascus, the oldest sur
vivlng city in history, are under con
sideration. There is little doubt but the
enterprise will succeed. In which case
American electrical engineers, manu
facturers and promoters will make
haste to enter and possess this great
field of endeavor.
Engineering science has paseed to a
degree that makes the explosion of a
steam boiler not only unnecessary un
der ordinary circumstances, but wholly
inexcusable The cause of the explo
slon of the boiler in a large shoe menu
facturing establishment at Brockton,
Mass., la not given. It may well be
surmised, however, that the boiler was
overworked, perhaps without the
knowledge of the proprietors of the
shoe plant, they having delegated their
responsibility In the matter to a steam
inspection insurance company. What
ever the cause, the effect was terrible.
It transformed a busy hive of human
I T 4 I - 4 tM n 7 1 U
out a moment's warning, into a human
slaughter-pen, bestrewn with headless
trunks and mangled bodies, around
which the flames, let loose from the
furnace, surged and roared. The loss
In life was between three and four
score, and In property about $2001000.
The nine lives which a cat Is supposed
to have are only a few compared with
those which the Mad Mullah seems to
enjoy. After periodically killing the
angry man of Somallland every few
years for the last third of a century.
Great Britain has at last given up the
task as a hopeless one. In company
with Italy, she has entered into an
agreement with the Mad Mullah by
which he accepts a certain territory in
Somallland and grazing rights in both
Italian and British territory. Dis
patches conveying the news state that
the arrangement puts an end to the
difficult and costly British expeditions
against the Mullah." As similar an
iouncement was made every time the
Mullah was reported killed In the past.
too much confidence should not be
placed In the report. He refused to re
main "killed" in the past, and he may
now refuse to remain peaceful.
The Sultan of Morocco has appointed
Bandit Raisull Governor of a number
of Important tribes between Tangier
and Fez. As Mr. Raisull held up the
greatest government on the face of the
earth for a substantial ransom for the
release of one of her citizens, he will
probably have no difficulty in raising
sufficient campaign funds to keep him
In office so long as he cares to remain.
Uncle Sam Is having a run of legal
hard luck. He was mulcted by the
sugar trust a few daj-s ago In a Su
preme Court decision which cost him
$5,000,000, and now the Cherokee Indians
have won out In a suit Involving the
payment to them of ?4.500,000. "Lo, the
poor Indian," down on the Cherokee
strip, must now be accepted figurative
ly and not literally.
Candidate Merrill Is probably right
when he says the Maine towns are
going 'backwards Instead of forwards,
Bangor went Democratic the other day.
for the Urst time in fifty years. That
looks suspiciously antl-problbltlon from
this distance ,
Mr. Merrill is not ambiguous about
his platform; and no one can have any
doubt about what Mr. Merrill would do
If he were Mayor. Mr. Merrill Is Indeed
his own' platform. There Is nothing
like being perfectly well known to the
General Kuropatkin does not need to
go all the way to St. Petersburg to
explain how it nappenea. une Japs can
tell all about it.
. NOTE AND COMMENT.
Song by 'the winsome soubrette. Spring
Weather: 'Teasinc. teaslnsr: I was only
Tacoma Is trying to establish a "tem
perance saloon." That's about as good a
way as any to lose money.
Santo Domingo means Holy Sunday,
says an exchange. We should have
guessed It to mean Holy Moses! or Holy
Smoke! or some other expletive.
Testerday was the first day of Spring-
by the calendar.
Italy and Great Britain are now trying
to take the Mad Mullah with kindness.
Interview With Thompson Seton.
"I cannot talk to interviewers." said
Mr. Ernest Seton-Thompson-Setoa.
Sadly I left tho room.
Suddenly an idea struck me a heavy
Bending down to the keyhole. I made
noisa like a hyphen.
Quickly the door opened, and Mr. E.
"Come In," he said; "I am always glad
to add to the list of Wild Hyphens I Have
Met and Made Mine."
"You know." continued the great medi
cine man, "I can't bear human beings.
Tho only kind I can stand are the Boy
Woodgraftcrs. as they have been called.
Now a wild anmal Is so respectful dis
tant, as It were whereas men! Well,
some men actually think that animals
don't think! If such an idea became
common, what would become of me tho
great animal psychologist? Mon are in
sufferable creatures. To think that they
should think they can think about ani
mals thinking when I do all the thinking
the animals think!"
And with a wild, lopn-llke cry, Mr. E.
S.-T.-S. tore 13s mane with his claws, t
Alton Brooks Parker Is to be tho
speaker at the Jefferson day banquet In
New Tork. William Jennings Bryan will
be away speechlng In Chicago and G rover
Cleveland will bo away shooting duck
birds. Every man to what he can do
Some peoplo In Los Angeles want to
prohibit treating In saloous. That would
be the quickest way of sil to put the sa
loons out of business.
Americans will soon begin to think-that.
ater all, they are not so far ahead of
the French at canal-making.
Jules Verne has the distinction of hav
ing made more childish eyes round with
wonder than any other writer ever
The King of Slam Is about to ask the
United States to help him In putting
down gambling. No use dear boy; we
can't spare Tom Word at present.
Japanese soldiers smoke cigarettes; but
don't tell the small boy.
The contract for tho superstructure ol the
C P. R. Hotel hero was let yesterday. The
successful tenderer is A. Barret, of Seattle
or St. Louis It Is not certain which. His
price was $.100,000. Victoria. Colonist.
Geo! That ought to make Seattle sore.
Most writers have received at one time
or another a printed slip saying that "the
enclosed MS. is not suitable for the col
umns of the Weekly Bazoo. Rejection
does not imply lack of merit. Any one
of a number of causes may render an ar
ticle unsuitable for the Bazoo." That Is
better than the curt English "Declined
with thanks," but la far behind a Chinese
example which an exchange quotes. The
celestial editor says of the MS. he re
turns: "Wo have read It with Infinite de
light. By the holy 'ashes of .our ancestors
we swear that we have never seen so
superb a masterpiece. His Majesty the
Emperor, our exalted master, if we were
to print It, would command us to take It
as a model, and never publish anything
of & less striking quality. As we could
not obey tflls order more than onco in
10,000 years, we are compelled te send
back your divine manuscript, andbeg a
This Is probably an old story, but It Is
such a bad one that It Is worth repeat
A benevolent old man, waiting his turn
in a barber shop, sees a little girl with
a bunch of roses going along the street.
The little girl looks at the barber's sign.
stopsand, at last, entering the shop, goes
up. to one of the men and proffers a few
roses. The man shakes his head, and the
little girl goes away crying. The benevo
lent old man thereupon goes up to learn
the cause of the child's distress, and
the barber tells him that she had seen
the sign, "Whiskers Dyed Here," and
had come In to offer a few flowers to
decorate the grave
A lobster trust has been formed. In
The New Tork Evening Po3t thinks
3600O a year a bit too much pay for a
chauffeur. Cut down your chauffeur's
wages, or you'll have the Post after you
"God Is constantly changing his mind,'
says the President of Bowdoin College
No wonder, if he tries to keep pace with
Some bold, bad burglars have been an
noylng the people of Hood River. They
recently entered the house of the post
master and "went through" his trousers.
but didn't get much, because, as the post
master explained, his wife had been be
fore the burglars. But the desperadoes
didn't stop at trousers. They broke Into
the henhouse of D. McDonald and stole
a dozen egg3 upon which a hen had been
sitting for two weeks. "No trace of the
robbers has yet been found," says' the
report, from which we Infer that they
haven't yet broken one of -the eggs.
New York Correspondence.
-Chicago Journal. s
It seems fine to ride- on the street cars
again. , 1
J. P. Morgan, the' Chicago -street car
magnet, is here for a. few days.
Easter will be solemnized at the Baptist
church with special tunes and the
All the cowboys have gone home and
our citizens are out again.
There's a strong sentiment Vhere in fa
vor of a street carnival for Broadway on
the Fourth, if arooKiyn aon t celebrate.
Let's whoop er up.
Several of the correspondents of this
town in Mukden did not succeed In get
Earl Starring, of the Journal staff,
has quit to accept a position as brake
vin&n on the Central.
It Makes a Difference. -New
' French papers are calling upon the
Jananese io be generous in "their victory.
It is to be hoped the Japanese will be
magnanimous, but Russia. Germany and
France, who stepped In and deprived
Japan of the legitimate fruits of Its vic
tory over China, are hardly in a position
to urge a claim for generous treatment.
Th shoe is on the other foot now, and It
vseems. to make a great difference
"NO TIME FOR CHILDREN'
Grim Remark of Bereaved Finnish Father Shows Dour
Spirit of Men That Cling to a Country Without a Flag
(The desperate attempt by a crippled boy
: 15 to assassinate Governor Miasoredoff
at Vlbory on Monday Is a startling evi
dence o the Intensity with which the revo
lutionary Are consumes the Finnish heart.
correspondent of the London Dally Mall
describes. In the following letter, a recent
Journey thro ash oppressed Finland.)
The Black River runs Into the Gulf of
Finland at Ralvola, and all around It are
the mournful pine forests and little stony
hills of the north. From the beach one
may barely see, with a keen eye, the blue
mm of another coast beyend. but In the
night the bold white lights of Kronstadt
blink clearly across the water, peering
at the darkness over their bull-throated
cannon for the foreign enemy that never
comes. And sometimes, In the still of
the day, the woodcutters and fishermen
start upright to listen to' the ominous
mutterof the great guns of the fortress
testing their venom on the Innocent wat
ers of thjs gulf. It Is a kindly country,
this Finland, a hunter's and woodman's
country where they breed fine, strapping,
lovable men, and stout, pleasant, yellow
halre'd women. They are a conquered
race, still chafing savagely under the yoke
of the despot, but they have the germ of
freedom In them, the essence of liberty,
and will not easily merge into the people
that governs them and Is now viciously
active in an endeavor to strangle their
nationality. Tou have but to see with
what a keen self-reliance and restrained
dignity they carry themselves, with what
an adequacy of skill and power they ad
dress themselves to their simple affairs,
to realize that here Is a race individuality
which will not founder without a flght
nor yield to" mere force The Finn is the
Scotsman of Europe, with not much fire.
with little showy alacrity, but tough, very
The analogy does not end here. In
Finland today affairs have a complexion
which recalls vividly the middle of the
38th century in the Highlands" of Scotland.
I cannot say If -they have an Alan Breck
to show, but 4t is probable, for -strained
times commonly bring forth men equal
to the strain, and Alan would have a
grand scope for his peculiar abilities In
Finland at the present time. He would
find the Whig3 reproduced with added
virulences in the Russian administration
and its supporters, the Campbells in the
Moderate party, tho hospitable French in
his neighbors the Swedes, and nls own
people in all the loyal nationalities of
Finland. And recently the death of Gen
eral BobrikofE provided an excellent loose
Imitation of the Appln murder and is
followed by a persecution of the loyalists
even more relentless and searching than
was that which brought James o the
Glen to the gallows. In brief. Stevenson,
with a few differences of name and place.
might have staged his great romance
In Finland as aptly and as much to the
purpose as In Scotland In 1752, Naturally
stranger will, not make much of a
hand of it if he sets out to track na
tionalism to Its lair. There is none of
tho red rosette or white cockade here.
These silent Finns have not learned the
trick of cheap symbolism in politics.
They take their principles raw and naked.
And there are no public meetings, no
stump orators, no loose talking on great
themes. The taint of revolution has so
deep a root that It Is not seen on the
But be sure it Is there In the rich
ground of these primitive souls and sim
ple Intelligences it has such a hold, such
tenacity, that evidences of Its exist
ence and grim force .will not be smoth
ered eternally. It is hidden, but it grows,
silent but purposeful, slow but deadly.
PESNSYLYANIAAr 05 FAIR.
Stats Is Urged to Make Adequate
Although the preliminary appropriation
for an exhibit of this state at the Lewis
and Clark Exposition at Portland has not
been approved by the Governor, there is
reason to believe that matters In contro
versy can be adjusted so that this state
can be properly represented this. Sum
mer. The time is short and it is impos
sible to enter upon any extended display.
but there are some things which can yet
be accomplished and which ought to re
ceive immediate attention. . An appropri
ation of $50,00 would, provide for a dem
onstration of a sort that would be ef
fective It would not suffice to transport
to tho Pacific Slope a sufficient material
display, but there are left over from the
St. Louis Fair certain exhibits which are
important and domonstratlveaot the com
mercial, agricultural asd Intellectual
wealth of this community.
It is still possible to collect maps, draw
ings and educational exhibits which would
make a fair showlrfg, and the dignity and
importance of the commonwealth demand
that thev be not neglected. As the sum
is small, much would necessarily be taken
' . . ' .
would remain to show to the people of the
extreme Northwest that this state Is still
the keystone of the republic. The mat
ter is of the more local importance be
cause in this city repose th6 original
Journals and reports of Lewis and Clark,
who made the famous expedition which is
thi3 year to be celebrated. What they
saw and did opened the eyes of some of
the great' men of the country. It was
Benton, of Missouri, who at the last pre
vented the cession or that country to
Great Britain without a protest. The
wealth and Importance of what was then
known as the Oregon Country are great
today, but in the coming century they
are destined to an extraordinary devel
opment. There are more than a million
people now In the States of Oregon and
Washington. A few years hence they
will be many times that number. This
state should extend the glad hand to a
section so rich, resourceful and enter
prising. Small Women Fashion's Favorites.
New York Press.
Small women are "fashion's favoriites
this season, for she has designed most
of her nodes' for their especial benefit.
Who but the petite beauty of arch man
ners and a nose of a certain type (minor
poets call It tip-tilted, folk of fashion use
the word retrousse and plain persons say
"pug") can stand the new spring hat.
It Is a tiny affair, tilted up in front
and about tho right size for the average
doll. Ribbons and trimmings must point
Jauntily skyward, and even shoulders, by
the ingenuity of dressmakers, are to be
raised for an inch or so. What is to be-
kcomo of the woman who has been gliding
ing shiffons and drooping hat? Will she I
give up her pose of gracefulness and frisk
ana romp wiin snori snns swirnng aoout
her heels? It is to be Koped that large,
stately women, in their attempts to adapt
themselves to the atmosphere of the co
quettish new hat, will not reach the stage
Knew Him Well.
When the late Dr. Bartlett. of Wo-,
burn, was pension examiner under the
late Cleveland administration he was one
dayexamlning "witnesses. He asked one
of them: "Terrance McCartney, do you
swear that you know the applicant, Mi
chael Murphy, who has made application
for an Increase of pension7" "You may
well say that I do." said Terrence; "me
and him were shot in the same leg at
sure to flame The proof of its presence,
which is easiest to find, consists in the
measures which Russia exercises to de
stroy it The whole activity of the gov
ernment 13 directed to disintegrating or
ganizations which It suspects to have been
formed. The wolves run at their ease in
the woods of Raviola this Winter, for
the men of the district have been poured
prodigally into Kuropatkln's fighting line.
No province of all Russia has been sucked
so dry in the matter of men as Finland.
The war has served its turn in this con
nection, for the Finn's are facing the Jap
anese in inordinate numbers, and there
Is not a village that has not lost its best
and most dangerous members, raked up
In the merciless net of the Russian mili
tary system. But in the towns little do
mestic towns like those of the Swiss can
tons, where the village Idiot is the most
prominent citizen there were men who
could not with airy degree of decency be
uprooted to become soldiers. A convict
that is what it amounts to must be
trapped, not snatched. There were law
yers, doctors', agents; bankers, morchants,
all the cozy aristocracy of the little town,
and these could not be made to serve in
But since no one can ask questions ot
the government of Russia, the remedy
was simple. They were furnished with
passports to- the Interior of Russia, and
these passports made no provision for re
turn. They were decanted, lifted from
their homes and planted down In a new
place, to live under the eye of a hostile
police and do as best they could for
themselves. There la now no Finnish
flag. It may not fly; there is a price on
the head of any one who rives It to the
air. And though you niaj sing "The
Wearing of the Green" or shout "Banzai"
anywhere without offense, a bar of the
old Finnish national anthem Is a key to
open prison doors, and a free pass over
the border. Tet, one blissful evening not
long ago, coming down the Black River
in a boat, borne by the current through
one pine-walled pool to the stainless mir
ror of the next, I think I heard It on
a mouth organ, played furtively In the
woods. It Is a mournful melody, eerie
and proper to those troll-haunted glades,
a survival of a music older than the
Iliad. Heaven knows who solaced him
self with it on that still evening, or who
else heard him play it. Perhaps who
knows? they were drilling there in the
forest, as of old the clansmen drilled in
readiness for the Forty-five. But where
the countryfolk keep their tunes in the
face of dire oppression, is It not-plain that
he who made the song will In the end be
stronger than they who tangle the laws?
There was diphtheria in one village that
I visited If I gave the name of it some
poor fellow might suffer. Nine children
had died in the night while men on horse
back were scouring the countryside for. a.
doctor. There should be a government
doctor within reach, but he was not to be
found that night, and one after another
the babies gavo up the struggle and died,
and when at last a man came back with
a medical student he had chanced across
at a railway station, there was nothing
left to do but stralgjiten the little limbs
and cover the faces. The people of the
village were more silent than of wont
when I saw them, and I had been talking
to one of them for some time before it
slipped out that in his home there had
been two deaths. It was impossible to
say anything adequate, such was the grim
reserve of the big stricken man. No for
mulaof condolence but would have been
Impertinent, but one could not be dumb.
I stammered eomething.
He shook his head. "At the best," he
answered, gravely, "these are no times
MARK TWAIN'S TYPEWRITER.
Humorist Tells an Amusing Story" pf
His First Writing Machine.
Mark Twain in Harper's Weekly,
I saw a type machine for the first time
in what year? I suppose It was 1S73
because Nasby was with me at the time,
and it was in Boston. We must have been
lecturing, or we could not have been in
Boston. I take it. I quitted the platform
But never mind about that; it is no mat
ter. Nasby and I saw the machine through
a window and went in to look at it. The
salesman explained it .to us, showed us
samples of its work, and said it could do
67 wo?ds a minute a statement which we
frankly confessed that we did not be
lieve. So he put his type girl to work, and
we timed her by the watch. She actually
did the 57 in 60 seconds. We wero partly
convinced, but said it probably couldn't
happen again. But It did. We timed the
girl over and. over again with the same
result always"!; she won out. She did her
work on narrow slips ot paper, and we
pocketed them as fast as she turned them
out, to show as curiosities. The price of
the machine was $125. I bought one, and
we went away .very much excited.
At the hotel we got out our Blips and
were a little disappointed to find that they
tilf contained the same words. The girl
had economized time and labor by using a
formula which she knew by heart.
i At home I played with the toy, repeating
and repeating and repeating. "The Boy
St00d on tne Burning Deck," until I could
turn that boy's adventure out at the rate
of 12 words a minute; then I resumed
the pen, for business, and only worked the
machine to astonish Inquiring .visitors.
They carried off many reams of the boy
and'hla burning deck.
New York Sun.
To the Editor In answer to "Spinster"
I would say that a girl never ceases to
be a girl. All women are young, but some
are younger than others. No girl is an
old maid until she dies.
It Is satisfactory to hear that "Spinster"
has not used the term "us girls" for three
years, even if it is only on account of
grammar. Hasn't she read "The Jack
daw of Rhelms" In the "Ingoldsby Le
gends"? jfcd regardless of grammar they cried out
A girl is always a girl. There are:
Good girl, bad gtrli. jolly girls, sad girls:
Battlinir. prattling; tittle-tattling girls.
Stout girls. lean girls, mean girls.'clean girls, .
Smoking, joking and provoking girls.
Sorrowing girl and borrowing girls.
Airy, fairy, very wary girls.
Dark girls, fair girls, plump girls, spare girls
Daring, staring, ever varying girls!
Bold girls, old girls, sweet girls, spappy
Doubting, pouting, wretched, happy girls
Shy girls, sly girls, mooney, spooney girls.
Dancing, entrancing and romancing girls!
Beautltul. dutiful, despotic, rotle.
Ever distracting girls!
But they are all girls, "Spinster," no
matter what their age. At 33 a woman Is
still a girl, not an old. maid, for the time
may still come whei but no "matter!
Live on! Hope on! L. H.
John Sharp's Sharp Wlt.
The Democratic defeat ot last Novem
ber was being discussed-by Representa
tive John Sharp Williams, ot Mississippi.
"It reminds me." said he, "of the farmer
whose house and barns were picked up by
SL cyclone and blown into tne Mississippi
River. The farmer landed on "top of a
sawlog. As he came to the surface, blew
the water out of s 'hose,, wiped his eyes,
and got a better grip on the log, he said:
Well, that was so danged sudden It is
President Roosevelt, Please N. B.
Rainier Corr. St. Helens Mist.
Born On March 10, to the wife of Frits
Bltte. a fine ll-pound boy; and also to
the wife of Mr. Pierce, an , eight-pound
girl. Rainier la strictly against race suicide