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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (March 20, 1905)
THE MORNING OEEGONIA27, MONDAY, MARCH 20, "1905.
H UPPER HAND
Beef Trust Holds Up the
NO AVENUE OF ESCAPE
Combine Catches Them Both
Going and Coming.
80ADS SUBMIT TO EXTORTION
Charles Edward Russell Alleges Trust
Rots Roads and Gouges Money
From Them in Many Ways
They Cannot Retaliate.
How the railroads of the country we.
"held up" by the Beef Trust Is told by
Char lea Edward Russell, In the April
Everybody's Magazine, from which the
following- extracts are taken:
Ton think it strange that the rail
road companies should submit to the
bullying: and browbeating of the beef
trust; you think the story of the big
pistol and the terror it Inspires Is im
probable or exaggerated. And yet I
have not begun to tell the real extent
of the awe and dutiful submission
wherewith these great corporations
have come to regard tho trust. .The
railroads of America not only endure
the extortion of mileage for hauling
trust cars, but the trust robs them
and gouges money from them in many
-ways, and they know full well they are
robbed and dare not stop tho robbery.
To begin with, and to make the sub
ject clear to the layman, I must ex
plain that under the present system
of railroad freight charges, commodi
ties are classified, and different rates,
by the hundred pounds are applied to
the different classes. Thus the pub
lished charge for carrying dressed beef
from Chicago to New York is 45 cents
a hundred pounds by all railroads be
tween the two cities; the established
rate for packing-house products (that
ip, salted and preserved meats, lard,
and so on) is 30 cents a hundred
pounds; the established rate for dairy
products (butter, eggs, cheese) is 65
to 76 cents a hundred pounds. Now
these rates are for full carloads. On
anything less than full carlo'ads the
rate is 20 per cent higher.
Good. But it is evident that if any
shipper can succeed in shipping dairy
products as dressed beef or as packing
house products, he will effect a great
saving in his freight charges.
National Vice of Underfilling.
To guard against such a fraud, con
stituting -what I had almost called the
national vice of "underbilling." the
railroad, companies have men detailed
to watch the loading of cars, or to
examine them after they are loaded,
and to see that the contents tally
with the billing. That is, they do in
the case of ordinary shippers. In the
case of cars shipped by tho trust the
inspection is merely farcical. The rail
roads know It Is farcical; they design
edly make it farcical, and there have
been times when 19 In every 20 cars
shipped out by the trust went without
any kind of Inspection arid the twen
tieth "was Inspected by a blind man.
The result is that the trust can send
out Its cars "underbilled" and thus get
a lower rate than any other shipper
can get. That is to say, it can get
still another form of rebate.
All this was succinctly laid before
the Interstate Commerce Commlsion at
its hearing In Chicago, October 10-12,
1904. Mr. F. O. Becker, who has charge
of the Inspection work for the inter
ested railroads, admitted that it was
perfectly easy for the trust to under
bill its cars if the inspector were not
present, and the inspector usually was
not present: It was out of the question
for him to see more than a small pro
portion of the cars shipped from the
Beef Trust's Ready Axe.
Of course, lax inspection is a fraud,
and the railroads know it is a fraud,
but they submit to it. Why? Woll,
in any railroad organization the head
of any department that enforced a too
rigorous inspection of trust cars would
quickly find himself without a job. The
trust would simply complain of him to
his president or general manager, and
accompany the complaint with a hint
of diverting cars from that road, and
off -would go the offender's bead. In
the trust household the useful axe
hangs hard by the ready plstoL More
than one promising career has -been cut
short when overzeal has run against
these necessary Implements of trust
The trust compels the railroads to
expedite its cars so that the average
dally run of a trust car is 10S miles,
while the average dally run of an ordi
nary car is only 5 miles. It also com
pels tho railroads to repair its cars, a
curious, but very profitable extortion.
In many cases it compels the railroads
to refuse to furnish other than trust
cars; in all cases it compels them to
act without charge as the trust's col
lector and agent, and to blacklist and
persecute shippers that earn the trust's
Tho Tallroads have not submitted
gracefully to these impositions. Men
of independent spirit among railroad
executives have not ceased to protest,
to complain, to propose remedies. Of
course, if all the railroads were to
unite in a firm stand against the ban
dit, he would be put to flight, but the
fact is that so far it has been utterly
Impossible to secure any such union.
I can give the history of all attempts
to get united effort in this matter by
reciting one; the rest are as like it as
For this I must go back a little. In
addition to the swindle of "mixed car
loads." another device by which the
trust is able to gouge the railroads is
afforded by means of the "minimum
load limit." This Is a rule of the rail
roads, by which not less than a certain
weight (20,000 pounds in the case of
dressed beef and like products) can be
accepted as constituting a carload lot:
ir less, the shipment must be charged
for at the less-than-carload rate,
which is 20 per cent higher. Now, It
is to the interest of -the railroads to
keep the minimum loading limit as
high as possible, but-the present low
minimum. 20,000, -was fixed by the
packers and the railroads have oeen
unable to raise it
Their Impotence In this respect was
a sore grievance to many presidents
and managers; the Idea of having the
limit fixed by shippers was an intol
erable humiliation, and about two
years ago a quiet agitation was begun,
by one. ot thc-more Independent .presi
dents to secure joint action. He found !
everywhere the most cordial -welcome
for Ills Idea. Unite to resist this out- I
rageous imposition? Splendid idea! So
he arranged to call a meeting.
Timorous Railroad Presidents.
So on December 12, 1903, 16 presidents
or managers of the greatest railroads in
America, eminent citizens all of them,
captains of industry, kings of finance,
some multimillionaires, sneaked into New
York and gathered one by one in a back
room upstairs in the Metropolitan Club.
Some, I am informed, did not dare to reg
ister at a hotel. You would have thought
they were a band of burglars preparing
to crack a bank, instead of some of the
foremost citizens of the country met to
defend their property from a gang of
freebooters. The meeting was spirited
and harmonious. To give heart to tho
timid it was agreed that nothing about It
except the result should be made public.
After a free exchange of opinion in which
the enormities of the trust were very elo
quently portrayed, a resolution was unan
imously adopted that after 3) days from
date on all the railroads represented at
the meeting, the minimum load should bo
This resolution, you -understand, was
solemnly agreed to by the representative
of every railroad, and the meeting ad
journed with the best of feeling. So the
minimum load was increased, you think,
the trust was hammered, the indepen
dence of the free-born American citizen
once more vindicated, and so on? Not
exactly. The matter was never heard of.
again; nothing "was done, nothing came
of all that indignant eloquence. The mini
mum load was not raised in 30 days nor
at any other time, but within 4S hours
the trust people knew all about the meet
ing, who' had been there, and what each
man had said. I do not know now I
could better illustrate the terror Inspired
by the Big Pistol than to recall the fact
that It -was a meeting of gentlemen and
that they had agreed to secrecy.
Why are the railroads so easily fright
ened by these banditti? you say, and why
do they not combine to protect them
selves? They can combine easily enough
when it comes to raising freight rates.
That is Just the point In this matter they
can not so combine that they will trust
one another. In every attempted combi
nation one or two railroads are always
weaker than the rest and at a natural dis
advantage in getting business. These
roads are like hungry Indians on the
trail; they are out for freight on any
terms they can get. No agreement has
ever been formulated that will bind such
roads. Rebates are so easily arranged,
they have a thousand such plausible dis
guises, they are so difficult to detect that
no road feels any security against a pi
ratical competitor. Again, between Chi
cago and the East are two Canadian lines.
These are not under the operation of the
interstate commerce law nor of Federal
authority; there is no way to regulate' or
control them. The constant threat of the
trust is that it will divert its shipments
to these Canadian lines, and the American
roads, having learned to their bitter sor
row what that diversion may mean, have
no desire to get In the way of It.
Trust's Enormous Shipments.
You must remember that the freight
traffic controlled by tho trust Is really
tremendous; the trust is the largest ship
per In the world. From Chicago the an
nual shipments of dressed beef are about
1.500,000,000 pounds, of lard 375,000,000
pounds, of barreled pork about 175,000 bar
rels, of other pork products about 600,000,
000 pounds. Kansas City packs nearly
1.000,000 hogs a year. South Omaha a lit
tle less, St. Louis 500,000, St Joseph about
the same, Sioux City half as much, StL
Paul a little more than Sioux City. And
this Is only a part of the story. Consider
the enormous shipments of dairy prod
ucts East and Westi 57,000,000 pounds
-of cheese, 337,000,000 pounds of butter.
more than 1,000,000 cases of eggs- from
Chicago In 3903, a great part controlled
by the trust; consider also the va3t ship
ments of dressed poultry, country prod
uce, fruit of many kinds, -the great trade
in fertilizers- and offal, tho canned goods
and soap that are shipped out by the
trust and the salt and other supplies
that are shipped In, and It Is no wonder
that any railroad president should be ter
rified at the prospect of losing his share
of this huge traffic
Evil Fruito of System.
Some of the fruits of this system, come
to the surface from time to time lnways
calculated greatly to shock the good souls
that repose pleasantly in a belief in the
general morality of business. Before the
Interstate Commerce Commission last
October were examined many witnesses
supposed to know about the system of
paying rebates to shippers. They were
clerks, officers of some of the car lines
and men subordlnately connected with
railroads, for instance. When they were
questioned about rebates said to be paid
by their respective lines, they all denied
knowledge of any such matter. . . . .
But when the general manager, the gen
eral auditor and other general officers
of a great railroad system, men of the
highest standing and repute, are willing,
as I shall show hereafter, to go upon the
witness-stand and ewcar to statement af
ter statement absolutely untrue, and
proved to be untrue from their own rec
ords, what kind of moral tone shall we
expect of subordinates who hold their po
sitions from day to day and with fear and
.The fact is that no one can give close
heed to this subject without getting a
distinct impression of general depravity.
The trust robs the railroads, the railroads
In Innumerable thievish ways gouge the
shippers, the shippers pass over to the
public the crushing burden of the illegal
tribute, tho laws are violated a thousand
times overj' day by every railroad, until
to mention law is to cause the initiated to
laugh, the traffic of the country Is rot
ten with forbidden rebates and scandal
ous discriminations, railroad executives
risk the penitentiary to pile up their traf
fic figures, and behind all Is the bandit of
commerce, taking tolL
RAGING FOR HARBIN
Sherman Statue at French Salon.
PARIS. March 19. Augustus Rpdin.
the sculptor, has written to Ambassador
Porter, saying that the colossal eques
trian statue of General Sherman will
be the central feature of the coming
national salon. The statue is from
Carl Rohlsmith's cast from which the
original, now on tho south front qf the
Treasury building at Washington, was
made. Mr. Rohlsmlth is here superin
tending the exhibit The salon author
ities have decided to accept the statue,
although the entries are already 2000
in excess of the limit
Banquet to Minister Meyer.
ROME. March 19. Seventy members of
the aristocracy and court representatives
of the Vatican gave a farewell dinner to
night to American Ambassador Meyer.
Among- those present were Princes Rus
polU Trlggiano and Paterno. and ex-For-elga
Minister Count Cappelll. The Duke
of Ztmoneta proposed a toast to Mr.
Meyer, declaring that his departure is a
loss to the society of Rome.
Mr. Meyer returned his thanks, and
said that he should always preserve the
kindest remembrances of his sojourn In
Private View of Water Color Club.
LONDON. March 19. The' private
view of the New York Water Color
Club this afternoon was well attended,
representatives of the fashionable
world, critics and British artists being
present and these declared the show
to be an admirable one. The exhibition
will remain open until April 8.
Linievitch May Save the Rem
nant of His Army. .
RAILROAD IS. STILL OPEN
Report That the Japanese' Are North
of the Russian Main Body Is
Not Given Any Credence
LONDON", March 30. The military ex
perts of the British Empire, despite their
pro-Japan eaa leanings, admit that there
Is still a chance that General Unlevitcb
will succeed In extricating his army from
its present perilous position. They base
their opinion on tho reports that have
como from the front by both Japanese
and Russian soldiers, to tho effect that
the Japanese were so badly pressed at the
battle of Mukden that for 24 hours the
fate of the Japanese army hung in the
In fact but for the fact that General
Oku, despite the fact that his last re
serves were engaged, detached a division
to tho aid of Nogi's veterans, Kuropatkln
might have secured a complete victory.
Had the Russian Commander possessed
sufficient Initiative, he would havo drawn
his last reserves into the battle, and must
surely have checked the desperate Jap
It Is believed here that the Japanese
and Russians are now engaged in a race
for Harbin, and that neither has any de
cided advantage. In fact there is reason
to believe that the Japanese reports to
the effect that a Japanese army had suc
ceeded In getting to tho northwestward of
the retreating Russians Is not true, and
that at the most all that has been done
Is to send a scouting party in so far as
the railroad without any supports or sup
plies, and absolutely unable to hold their
lines Intact against any large force of
The reason for this belief Is that nu
merous press dispatches, filed at the sta
tions Immediately north of Mukden, were
delivered In St Petersburg on Sunday.
While they covered merely the accounts
of the fighting from March 6 to 18, and
contained practically nothing that was
new, the mere fact that they have reached
tho Russian capital would indicate that
the Manchurian railway lines of retreat
arc still open.
The failure of the Russian Commander-in-Chief
to attempt to hold tho per
manent defenses at Kaiyuan is a surprise
here, as It was thought the Russians
would make a stand there. However, un
less they are heading for the Sungarl
River, and do not intend to stop until it
Is reached, it Is believed that word will
soon be received that they are holding
the station at Kuanchengtse, where there
are extensive storehouses, and where tho
depleted supplies of the army can be
The Japanese western forces are ap
parently only Just keeping pace with the
Russians, and have not yet succeeded In
passing them. In fact should It be the
intention of General Linievitch to retreat
to the positions north of the Sungarl
River, he Is now In a position to not only
do so, but to withdraw most of his army
That the Japanese will try to take Har
bin is sure, but tire result of the Russian
resistance must remain probable until
such time as it is learned Just how large
a quantity of supplies General Kuro
SCENES OF BLOOD AND DEATH
Dr. Harper Is Improving.
NEW YORK, March 19. Dr. William
R. Harper, president ot Chicago Uni
versity passed an easy .day today at
the hotel where he is stopping. His
physician -says . ho showed, decided im
Belated Dispatches Tell of Horrors
of Retreat From Mukden.
ST. PETERSBURG, March 30.-0:30 A.
M.) A sheaf of belated Associated Press
dispatches filed at Mukden, Tie Pass and
Kaiyuan, reached St- Petersburg last eve
ning, having been discovered among other
papers committed to the censor at the
front, where they had lain from a week to
Writing under date of March 8, the cor
respondent mentions that General Kuro
patkln'a confident declaration of satis
faction -with the situation had steadied
and encouraged the army after eight days
of battle, until the wounded, exceeding In
number those of the battle of Llao Yang,
were crowding the station and the Rus
sian settlement and In the settlement
cemetery chaplains were conducting fu
neral ceremonies. A few quotations from
the correspondent's notebook indicate the
gruesomeness of the scene.
"Everywhere, were pale faces of corpses
sleeping among .dead horses, slaughtered
animals and abandoned quarters of beef.
Bloody bandages which had fallen off
strew the road. The bursting shrapnel
was every where. The wagon trains ahead
have stopped and two soldiers are -quarreling
about horse feed. -Dead and wound
ed arc passing on the shoulders of sol
diers or In carts or Chinese vehicles.
"Here one Russian and one Japanese
wounded, side by side, feed each other;
there He seven Japanese wounded, to
whom the big Russians are attentive. In
the sunshine gravedlggers are at work
on all the roadways. Japanese officers
who had been taken prisoners are seen
in the streets. Everywhere are evidences
that the two armies have come closer
than ever before."
In the concluding portion of a dispatch
from Tie Pass, the first part ot which
was published March 31, the correspond
ent states that according to Information.
the Japanese strength in Mukden was SO
battalions less than that of the Russians.
The Japanese were also inferior in guns
at many places. The number of men at
the beginning of the battle was 709.000,
manning the greatest field works ever
constructed. Not only in duration and
number of troops and guns engaged did
the battle exceed all former contests, but
also in expenditure of ammunition.
Describing the retreat the dispatch pic
tures debris strewn along the road, the
marching soldiers Increasing their loads
by spearing bread, vegetables or fruit on
their bayonets, at the same time discard
ing heavy boots, Chinese garments, knap
sacks and blankets. The correspondent
"After the Initial excitement at Tava.
where a few wagoners plunged without
reason over Impassable gulches, the en
tire body arrived at the steep banks of
the Pu River, where heavy artillery has
tened down upon the Ice. which slowly
gave way, and tremendous exertion was
required in getting the guns ont and up
"The passage of a division through the
retreating column on the way to the
southwest to strengthen the right flank
gave confidence of short duration, for
Japanese cavalry overtook us at Santa
titse. The road and fields are a solid
mass of transports, and the dust is so
formidable that it Is Impossible to see a
Japanese grenades gave the Initial Im
pression of shrapnel, and. with tine fire.
set the Jammed mass Into confusion. Day
break disclosed the plain covered with
riderless horses, horseless vehicles, frag
ments of harness, and heaps of stores
and furniture. Night found the army"
bravely bivouacking on bare plains
swept by a cold, searching wind, with not
a single dugout to shelter them, but pre
paring a new position."
Under date of March 33 the correspond
"The Russian army cast of the point
where the Japanese pierced the line, at
Fn Pass was entirely unaffected by con
fusion during March 10. Fully two bat
(alios of ratted troops escs2e3noxik hyjjsoast.
rail and were found at Gunshu Pass. 153
miles northward. The Japanese In battle
employed phenomenal Innovations un
known to. European military practice,
showing that they, are not mere copyists.
"One Japanese detachment had the Rus
sians beaten near the northern tombs and
could have entered Mukden twqdays ear
lier, but retreated, simultaneously oppos
ing Russian regiments."
DEAD MARK PATH OF FLIGHT
Russians ' in Retreat Make No At
tempt at Burial.
GENERAL KURORTS HEADQUAR
TERS IN THE FIELD. March IS (via' Fu-
san). General Kurokl'a army continues to
lead the Japanese forces, which "have
now been engaged for nine days In a
hard pursuit In which they have covered
distance of more than 9a miles, with
frequent fighting. The weather In the
mountains is very cold, with frequent
The brigade In advance occupied Tie
Pass Wednesday night, after a brief en
. The Russian retreat became more' disor
ganized dally after the storm. During the
first day the Russians burled their dead,
but slnco then they have left the dead
wherever they fell. Tuesday tho Rus
sians mads an attempt at resistance In
entrenchments north of the Hun River,
but abandoned them after they had been
shelled for two hours.
General Kurokl's army captured the
colors of the Fifth Regiment of rifles.
The colors were presented to the regi
ment by the Emperor In 1S53. Most of
the captured organizations succeeded in
burning their standards before surrnder
lng. A few prisoners are secured daily.
It Is reported that during General Eu
ro patkin's resistance at Tower Hill in the
first day's fighting he was slightly wound
ed by an 31-lncb shell, which fell near
The Chinese officials received the Jap
anese Generals with soldiers, banners,
banzals in almost all of the larger towns
MOVE TO ORGANIZE
FAKOMAN HAS BEEN TAKEN
Linievitch -Is Expected to Make De
cisive Stand Soon.
WITH GENERAL OKU'S ARMY.
March 38, via Fusan. The Japanese troops
have occupied Fakoman, to the northwest
of TIellng. The fighting during the last
two days has been of a most severe
character, but the Japanese forces have
bad but little trouble In carrying the Rus
sian positions so soon as the order was
Reports received from the signal corps
state that the Russians are apparently
demoralized, and are trying to rally to
the northward. Their retreat has been
checked by the. reports from the advance
guard that the Japanese are In a strong
strategic position, where they can check
the retreat and the belief Is general here
that General Linievitch will try to make a
stand soon -.in the hope of gaining some
slight advantage that can be used by him
as a pretext to retire from the supreme
command of the Russian armies.
BIG NEWS IS EXPECTED SOON
Oyama is Closing In on the Retreat
TOKIO, March 20. Despite the op
timistic advices that have been received
from Russian sources during the last few
days to the effect that the Russian army
in Northern Manchuria will succeed In
escaping from the forces of Oyama, It
can be stated upon exceptional-authority
that the Japanese forces operating against
the Russians have succeeded In carrying
all points decided as necessary by the
Commander-in-Chief, and within a week,
at the utmost, news of a momentous
character will be reported from the front
A dispatch from Marshal Oyama re
ceived early this morning states that the
Japanese troops have occupied Kaiyuan,
after a stubborn resistance, in which both
skies lost heavily.
20 MILES BEYOND TIE PASS
Japa .ese Are in Keen Pursuit of the
TOKIO; March 39. Headquarters of the
Japanese army In the field, reporting un
der today's date, says:
"Our detachment continuing Its ad
vance north, pursued the enemy to Kai
yuan (some 20 miles north of Tie Pass).
Kaiyuan was evacuated by the enemy on
Saturday, after he had set fire to the
railroad station." '
Russians Badly Disorganized.
WITH THE JAPANESE L,EFT ARMY
(2 P. M.), via Fusan, March 39. (Delayed
In .transmission.) The Russian army con
tinues Its northern retreat the Japanese
following. They have occupied Fakoman,
to the northwest of Tie Pass. Yesterday
evening the Russian cavalry camped three
miles south of Kaiyuan. Large Russian
columns are retreating toward this place
from the southwest
The natives report that they are not
stopping there, where the hills make a
defense possible. If the retreat is forced
it will probably be continued to Harbin.
The Russians are reported as being badly
Defenses Taken Without a Struggle.
GENERAL KUROKI'S HEADQUAR
TERS, in the field, via Fusan (undated).
The gain of the strongest natural posi
tion on the entire railway, whereon much
money and labor was expended In de
fenses under General Kuropatkln's direc
tion, without a battle, was hardly ex
pected. The greatly elated army shows
how thoroughly beaten are the Russians.
All Indications point to a continuance
of the retreat of the latter to Harbin.
Before leaving the town the Russians
fired railway buildings and those supplies
which they were unable to transport
Report of Post for Kuropatkln.
ST. PETERSBURG. March 20. The re
port Is current here this morning and ap
parently Is credited In high official quar
ters that General Kuropatkln. smarting
under his removal as Commander-in-Chief,
has asked for and obtained com
mand of the first army. It Is believed
here that he hopes to regain some of his
lost laurels by defeating the Japanese on
flank of the Russian army.
Although the report Is generally cred
ited. It cannot he confirmed officially.
Concentration of the Russians.
ST. PETERSBURG. March 39. Com
mander-in-Chief Linievitch, in a telegram
dated aunaay, says:
"On March 17 Japanese batteries bom
barded our divisions in the valleys of
Tavanpun and Yanpu. The enemy ap
peared near Kaotaltse (on the railroad
about ,22 miles north of Tie Pass), and
their cavalry had occupied Fakoman.
Our. armies continue their concentration.'
Kuropatkln Off for Home.
ST. PETERSBURG. March- 20. (2:20 A.
M.) A report In circulation last night
that General Kuropatkln Is remaining In
Manchuria and that he wlU'assume a sub
ordinate coram Jid cannot be confirmed.
and private dispatches from Gunshu Pass,
connrzmng tne earner o racial report state
that General Kuropatkln's train left on
Saturday for St. Petersburg.
Crook County Cattlemen Send
LESSON TAUGHT AT DENVER
Destroyer Lost In Storm.
LONDON. March 19. The Dally Tele
cranh's Yokohama corresoondent says
that during & storm a Japanese torpedo-
boat destroyer was lost off the Ihdo-Chlna
A. L. WIgle Finds That the State
Federation Alone Will Be Able
to. Make impression at the .
Plans set on foot by the executive
committee of the Crook County Cattle
men's Association, at a special meeting
held last Saturday, will result before
many months In a state organization
of all the county cattle associations
and representative cattle owners' in
Oregon, says the Prineville Journal of
the 16th Inst
The word has gone from the local
association that such a move has been
started, circular letters are being ad
dressed to all the cattle organizations
In the state and lnsldo of a few weeks
a date will be set for a meeting of
various representatives from the differ
ent parts of the state for the purpose
of perfecting a permanent organization.
That meeting' will be held in this city
either late In the coming Summer or
early in the Fall.
In the meantime the following letter
has been addressed to all the cattle as
sociations in the state and such men
Interested In the betterment of stock
conditions as it Is believed will lend
their assistance In bringing the pros
pective organization to a successful be
PrlnevUIe. Or.. March 14. 1 DOS. Dear Sir:
At a meeting- held In this city by the executive
committee of ths Crook County Cattlemen a
A&aoclatlon, steps were taken towards the per
fecting ot a. state organization which shall em
body all the local cattle- associations and rep
resentative cattle-growers, not members oi any
such organization. In the State or Oresoa. But
we think that this larger organization should
be composed eo far aa practicable of county
orzanlzatloos. In co-antics where cattle asso
ciations do not exist, we urce that they be
formed at once In order to brine this jrreater
body to a speedy and successful culmination.
This more has been Inaugurated because It la
felt that only through the power wielded by a
state organization along the lines advanced by
the executive committee of the Crook County
Cattlemen's Association will it be possfble in
the future to exert any considerable and ap
preciable Influence either In legislative halls or
In the National Livestock Association. The
need of ouch an organization, through which
the needs of Oregon, cattle Interests could be
voiced, was moat strongly felt at the anneal
convention of the latter body, held In Denver
the first of the present year.
It Is the Intention of the Crook County Cat
tlemen's) Association, therefore, to form Into"
a solid unit all the cattle Interests In this
state, but the preliminary steps which havs
already been taken must first be broached to the
cattle-owners generally for the purpose of se
curing unbiased and advantageous opinions. If
the- anwers sent to this association In response
to these letters prove to be favorable, then
arrangements will be made for a meeting of
the representatives from the different sections
of the state to be held In Prineville during the
Summer or Fall, at which time a -permanent
organization will be effected.
V'n should like to have you talk this matter
freely before all cattlegrowers In your vicinity
and then write us as soon as possible the con
ensud of opinion evalllng, Whether adverse
or otherwise, and any suggestions which may
come to mind. It la proposed to carry this
matter through to an early success, with toe
end In view of gaining for Oregon cattlemen
and tbelr Interests a position of power pro
portionate to the magnitude of the Industry
In which they are engaged, and the vast wealth
which they repreienu Both these should be
more fully recognized In the future than they
have been In the past. An Immediate' reply
will be of resultant benefit, not alone to you.
but to that vast brotherhood of cattle-owners
which in Itself forms one of the state s greatest
.and most sustaining industries.
ii. D. DUNHAM. President.
A. L. WIGLE, Secretary.
The foregoing letter, which clearly
defines the position taken in the matter
by the local association, is the cmbodl
ment of the Ideas given the executive
committee last Saturday by A. L. "Wigle,
It will be remembered that the latter
was elected a delegate to the Denver
convention of the National Livestock
Association, and upon his return here
he Immediately advised that .the Crook
County cattlemen Join hands In taking
the first steps tiward organizing
state association through which some
power could be wielded and some'rec
ognition of rights be obtained.
Mr. "Wigle drew some very forcible
conclusions at the Denver convention.
where he saw the systematic working
order of the representatives from such
states that had well organized cattle
organizations. In the face of the in
fluence and power which they exercised
at that time It was next to impossible
for delegates from local associations
such as he represented to make any
headway. Measures of vital import
ance to the whole stock region of Bast
ern Oregon were quietly laid on the
shelf and other matters of more than
passing benefit were pigeonholed to the
In consequence, Mr. Wigle saw the
need of an organization in this state
which, if thoroughly organized, would
be capable of exerting as much power
as those in the states of Texas, Colo
rado and other districts where the cat
tie industry is among the first, and the
Ideas which he advanced to the Crook
County Cattlemen's Association a few-
weeks ago andto the executive com
mlttee last week are embraced in the
above-quoted letter. 1
It is believed by the local cattlemen
that the move which has been made
will be of great benefit to every cattle
owner In the state and the latter are
as a result much elated over the pros
pects In view.
It Is not probable that the meeting
to be held In this city for the purpose
of permanently organizing a state as
sociation will be on the schedule before
early Fall. In other words, the date
will be fixed for such a time as will not
Interfere with the harvest season or
the Fall round-ups.
A TRAINED NURSE
After Years of Experience, Advises Women in
Regard to Their Health.
lira. Martha Pohlman
of 55 Chester Avenue,
Newark, N. J., who is &
graduate Nurse from the
Blockley Training School,
at Philadelphia, and for
six" years Chief. Clinic
Nurse at the Philadelphia
Hospital, writes the letter
printed below. She has
the advantage of personal
experience, besides her
and what she has to say
may be absolutely relied
Many other women are
afflicted as she was. They
can. regain, health in the
same -way. It is prudent
to heed such advice from
such a source.
Mrs, Pohlman -writes:
"I am firmly persuaded,
after eight years of experience
with Lydia. E. Pinkham's
Vegetable Compound, that it
Is the safest and best medicine
for any suflerinc woman to
"Immediately after my
zn&rri&re I found that my
health beean to fail ma. I be
came weak and pale, withse
Tere bearing-down pains, fear
ful backaches and frequent
dizzy i palls. The doctors pre
scribed for me, jet I did not
imorove. I would bloat after
eatimr and freauentlv become
nauseated. I had an acrid discharge and'
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trouble as I hare ever known. Lydia E.
PinVham'i Vegetable Compound, however,
cured me within four months. Since that
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forms of female difficulties, and I find that
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ommend a patent medicine, I can honestly
recommend Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable
Compound, for I have found that it cores
female ills, where all other medicine fails. It
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Money cannot buy such testimony as
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"When -women are troubled with ir
regular, suppressed or painful men
Btrnation, weakness, leucorrhcea, dis
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that bearing-down feeling, inflamma
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The needless suffering of women from
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perience has proved this.
It is well for women who are ill to
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In her great experience, which covers
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Mrs. HUMPHRY WARD
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We want all .REX WHO AJlE SUFFERING from, any
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matt ssccesaful and
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mm medical diploma.
Heeases aad newspa
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Stricture, Varicocele, Nervous Debility, Blood
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ana all diseases sad wtalsnewei due to Inheritance, evU habits, ex
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A 1. Mil 5.
Twenty Years of Success
Every Man. Woman and
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Blood poison, gleet, stricture, unnatural losses, 1m-