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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MOBjSISG OKEGptraAffy BATmTOAY, ICiLBOH 18, 190S.
lere "at the PoetoOco at Portland. Or.,"
as second-daac matter.
IXVAIUABLT IN ADVAKCE.
(By Xaii or Erpress.)
Dally and Bun day. per year. . . .J9.G0
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Daily and Sunday, three saonth ZJSS
Daily and Sunday, per month
Dally without Sasfiay, per Tear 7.50
DaiJy -srithout Bunfiay, six monthi ...... 3.90
Duly -without Sunday, three" months .... l-GS
rjaliy without Sunday; per month ...... .OS
Bcnday, per year ...................... 2.0SF
Sunday, six mofcthn ................... 1.00
Bimday. three months ................. .60
, ST CARRIER. v
Dasiy -without Sunday, per week .15
Daily per week. Sunday Included -20
THE "WEEKLY OREG ONTAN.
4 (Issued; Every Thursday.)
Weekly, per year 1.50
Wtekfy, rix montha .73
Weekly, three months JJ0
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PORTLAND, SATUHI7AT, MARCH 18, 1005.
ritOFERTr AND PROGRESS.
The laws that regulate the descent of
property by inheritance, a friend who
writes The Oregonian tells us, are all
wrong "becaufie they perpetuate In
equality, maintain an aristocracy of
wealth, and leave the masses without
hope of improving their condition."
This is too general. It needs closer
examination. Descent of property from
parents to children Is the chief bond of
society. It is the main thing that con
nects one generation with another. It
makes stable conditions, necessary for
the Industrial and mora, progress of the
It is. not denied that the state may do
what it will with all property within Its
Jurisdiction. Under our system the
state may take any property or all
property, for its purposes, by allowing
reasonable compensation; and under
revolutionary conditions it may go as
far in sequestration of property as gov
ernment may will. There is no limit, in
fact, to the power of the state over the
property of the individual -or himself.
But it is a matter of Judgment and of
expediency. No community could exist
without property. No community has
been able to thrive without Individual
property. Man has an ethical and nat
ural right to property which he has
accumulated by his own efforts, In a
lawful way; and the civil power can
jistly ignore this right no more than
it can ignore any other natural right.
Only through property, and on prop
erty, as a basis, can the state exist;
and the property necessary for the
basis of the state will not exist, will
not be created, unless It can be Handed
down from parents.
For the family spirit Is the leading
cause of the production and preserva
tion of wealth. Parents, to insure their
children an inheritance, will perform
labor and undergo privations to which
no other considerations would induce
them to submit. All parents, in all
walks of life, know this is true. In
deed, if the wealth of a man were not
to pass to his descendants, he could
scarcely derive any real advantage
from . his property, even during his
own lifetime. A nation in which chil
dren were excludedfrom succeeding to
their parents would fall "quickly, and of
necessity, .to a stage below civilization.
There can be no doubt about it.
Yet the etate has a right, as it has
power, over property; which, however.
It must exercise within reasonable lim
its, or it will destroy its own founda
tions. "It may lay a tax on inherit
ances, to an extent moderate and rea
sonable; and such tax, in almost all
states, is coming Into vogue. But the
state, without destroying Its own basis
of existence, cannot push this right to
the extent of destruction of the right
of Inheritance that is, to confiscation.
Denial of the right of Inheritance Is
not a part of the creed of Socialism,
but has affiliation with it. Socialism
would practically destroy private prop
erty, or become the negation of It, by
placing all the means of production and
distribution In the hands of the 6tatc
So the Individual all sources of profit
or accumulation being cut .off would
have no way to build up or maintain
further store. Of course no individual
member of the state has the right to
use his property as he pleases. If he
should please to use It for Injury of the
state, or in ways hurtful to his neigh
bors, the state, through Its .govern
ment, will put a limit upon his use of
his property, and If necessary partlc
ularly If he use his property to abet an
enemy In time of -war will deprive him
of it altogether. These things are all
obvious, they all come within reason;
nor is denial of the general rights -of
property supported by them, nor'denial
of Inheritance, either. .For on these
rights rest the whole structure and" tab
rlc of states and of government. Care
for .posterity is ahe bond that holds so
clety together. and marks the difference
between the human race and the flies
of a Summer.
If the Legislature will make it e .con
dition that every teacher In. the public
sc&oo1&-o Oreroo. ehall be a graduate
of one -or another of the. state's, nor
mal schools, there may be an argu
ment "then for normal schools support
ed "by the -state, for -preparation of
teachers for their work. But the Legis
lature will not do his at all. Not 5 per
cent ox me teacnera ol uie auiic uc
graduates of Its normal schools. The
so-called normal school Is simply an
expedient of supporting local high
schools at various places at the ex
pense of the state. Let all pretense
be thrown aside, and the fact, plain
and straight, he admitted. Anyway,
nobody is fooled; though the normal
school towns seem to think they are
fooling others. There is one principle
of equity in this business, namely: If
you want your local high school, tax
yourselves and pay for them. The nor
mal schools are subterfuges. They
don't furnish any appreciable number
of teachers for the public schools, anU
as good teachers or better are sup
plied from other sources.
A NEW CAMPAIGN ISSUE.
It requires no prophet to foretell at
least one of the issues of the political
campaign In Oregon in 1906. Discus
sion of the million-dollar appropriation
bill and of the normal school question
has already proceeded far enough to
make it certain that the subject of ap
propriation bills will be debated at
every party rally when candidates for
seats In the Legislature are before the
people next Spring. Should the appro
priation bill be referred to a vote of the
people, as now seems certain, the ques
tion will be. Shall the bill be Indorsed?
Every candidate for a legislative ofllce
will be called upon for an expression of
his views. If the referendum petitions
should not be filed, and the appropria
tions be permitted to stand, candidates
for the Legislature will be asked to
pledge themselves on the manner of
drawing appropriation bills. If the
present temper of the people continues
until June, 1906. it will be difficult for
any legislative candidate to be elected
if he indorses; the manner in which
fhat appropriation bill was drawn. It
1b quite certain! that no man can be
elected if he should go on the stump
and tell the people of his county that If
elected he will favor putting th Nor
mal School appropriations as riders on
the. bill for the maintenance of the
Asylum, Penitentiary, Reform School,
2t is safe to say that there will be a
rush for the band wagon and that
every candidate for the Legislature
next year will be hammering at the
omnibus bill of the session of 1905 and
will be assuring the voters that he
won't favor any" such measure during
his term of service In the legislative
halls. All remember how candidates
for offices in 1902 took up a popular
measure and used It to help themselves
in securing votes. The initiative and
referendum amendment was before the
people in that year. Anticipating that
the Democratic State Convention would
indorse the amendment and thereby
gain popular favor, the ""Republican
State Convention Inserted a plank In
Its platform favoring adoption of the
amendment. The movement gained in
popularity until every candidate for
ofllce, from Coroner to Governor, had
printed on his card: "Vote for the ini
tiatlve and referendum." No wonder
ihe amendment was adopted by an
overwhelming majority, for no man
dared go on the platform and oppose
It will not be surprising if in the
campaign next' Spring we see every
candidate for the Legislature handing
out cards bearing his name and the
words "Opposed to omnibus, appropria
tion bills," or, "Favor abolishing two
normal schools." The demand for re
form In this direction is already too
strong to die out before the next politi
cal campaign begins, and candidates
for office will not be slow In getting
on the popular side of the question.
As a consequence, we may expect that
in the next Legislature there will be an
overwhelming majority of members
pledged to oppose any such bill as that
which has aroused each a storm In the
last three weeks.
THBORr VANQUISHED BT. PRACTICE.
The well-meaning but misguided in
dividuals who are ever seeking to ex
periment with some new theory for the
correction of sailor abuses will learn
with' surprise that British Columbia,
after endeavoring for years to preyent
payment of advances of more than 5)
cents per man, has at last been forced
to abandon the policy and permit the
business to be conducted in the same
manner as it is handled in other parts
of the world. It has been many years
since the law was placed on the Cana
dian statute-books, and, as laws are
generally enforced across the line
practically all of the vessels loading at
British Columbia ports were forced to
go to Port Townsend to secure their
crews, it being Impossible to pick up a
crew by the payment of a fee of but
50 cents. This worked a hardship on
the vessel-owner in two directions
First, his inability to secure men In
the port where he loaded caused delay
In shifting to the port where they could
be secured; and second, the fact that
the Port Townsend boafding-house
master, taking advantage of his load
ing at an alien port, had no compunc
tions against going 'the limit In his
charges for blood money.
The result of these years of discrim
lnation against the Canadian ports in
the matter of shipping sailors was
growing tendency on the part of ship
owners to steer clear of those ports and
give Puget Sound ports the preference.
The Canadians, In their efforts to
lighten the burden of shipping, had In
reality added heavier burdens. The
oretically, Imposition of a 50-cent fee.
Instead of the ?S0 to 550 fee exacted on
the American side of the line, was an
advantage, but in practice ah of the
advantage vanished for the reason that.
while men could be secured when need
ed at the higher price, they could not
be secured at the price fixed by law by
the Canadians. After years of expert
menting, with nothing to show for their
work but trouble and expense for the
ship, the Canadians have at last
amended the law so that shippers may
pay to the shipping masters a "reason
able fee" for their services.
As there is nothing In the amend
ment that states what may be consid
ered a "reasonable fee." It may be
taken for granted that the framers of
theamendment nave made a thorough
study of the sailor business and recog
nlze that what is a reasonable fee at
fine time might he too high or too low
at anpther. There Is something In the
traffic in sailors that Is always repug
nant, and the term blood money" has
jl harsh soand. but so lonjr as shlDS sail
the sea and the sailor remains the same
.Irresponsible, .devil-may-care eort of an
Individual that he has "been since ne
was before the mast with the fleets of
Ulysses on the. Aegiart Sea, lie will
necessarily be handled from a practical
and not a theoretical standpoint.
The Oregonlan has frequently in the
past called attention to this matter,
and mentions It now only because. In
former discussions, we have had the
British Columbia law held up to us as a
model measure for prevention of sailor
abuses. No law that Is rendered: In
operative by its own provisions can. be
good law, and the Canadians In
adopting American methods for deal
ing with a question that has never yet
been satisfactorily dealt with acknowl
edge their own failure. This, however.
will not discourage the theorists and
dreamers from continuing to work out
the salvation of poor Jack on lines de
void of all of the elements of practi
A maXY. ALARM.
In voicing the opinion that the type
of tuberculosis prevalent upon the Pa
cific Coast is much more virulent and
rapid in Its progress than that which
Is known upon the Atlantic Coast, Dr.
"Woods Hutchinson presents a com
monly accepted fact which has' been
commented upon In a less learned way
in this section for many years. There
have been many cases within the
knowledge of all observant persons
wherein those In ordinary health, with
perhaps the physical tendency to con
sumption, but as yet without the In
fection, have been attacked by the dis
ease and died within a year after the
first indications were noticeable, while
all who recall instances' of decline sad
death -from this malady in rigorous
New England or west to the Mississippi
River remember the slow years in
which1 patients thus afflicted coughed
and wasted and still lived on.
As long as consumption was consid
ered absolutely incurable, the swifter
type of the disease was the more mer
ciful, since the pathetic and hopeless
struggle was the sooner ended. Now,
however, that the pathology of con-
iptlon- is clearly understood and
medical records abound of Instances in
which persons In the first stages of the
disease have been cured and those fur
ther advanced have been relieved and
returned to the activities of life for
longer or shorter periods, the sufferer
from the sluggish or from the more
virulent type is not without hope of
recovery, though with the latter prompt
and decisive measures are more neces
sary for putting the foe to rout. "With
this enemy there can be no temporiz
ing, no giving truce of battle, no drug
ging of the sentinel at the gate .of life
with cough-allaying potions. Nature,
attacked in her citadel by an unseen
foe, must make prompt and bold rally
of her own forces for defense. These
forces are fresh outdoor air, pure water.
nourishing foods, sleep and gentle ex
ercise. Nature Is the physician. vThe
intelligent man of science only points
the way to her vast free pharmacy.
and. sounding a call of alarm, bids
those who have contracted consump
tion go thither without a moment's de
lay, leaving all drugs behind them.
HEAVY. DECREASE T EXPORTS.
The monthly bulletin of the Bureau of
Statistics in the Department of Com
merce and Labor shows continuation of
the heavy decrease in domestic exports
from this country, the value for Feb
ruary this year being $12,000,000 less
than for the same month last year.
Practically the only commodity on the
list which failed to show a decrease
was corn, and even in this staple an
increase could not be shown had It not
been for the abnormally small ship
ments a year ago. The statistics con
tained in the bulletin just received
place Portland well in the lead of all
other American ports In wheat ship
ments, not alone for the month of Feb
ruary, but for the first eight months of
the current cereal year. This lead is
not held by a narrow margin, for In
February the Oregon metropolis
shipped nine-tenths of all the wheat
shipped from the United States, and
of the total shipments for the first eight
months of the season more than one-
third were from this city.
It is In the heavy decline in exports
of breadstuffs lhat this country is rap
idly shifting the trade balance to the
wrong side of the ledger. Last year.
in the eight months ending February
2S, the breadstuff exports were valued
at $114,927,648, while this year they have
fallen away to $63,067,540. This loss of
more than $51,000,000 promises to be in
creased in the same ratio until the end
of the fiscal year, June SO, (and, with
but few gains in other directions to
offset it, the outlook is rather uhsatis
factory. There Is quite an increase
shown In the quantity of cotton
shipped, but as an after-effect of the
corner of last year the price is de
pressed to such an extent that the
value or tne exports nas snrunK irom a
total of $205,754,043 for the season to
February 28 -last year, to $277,063,149 for
the same period this season. These
losses, together with a decline of $11,
000,000 in the value of provisions export
ed this season, bring the decrease In
this particular branch of our export
business up to a total of more than
$92.001000. with the end of the season
yet four months away, and no pros
pects for a change for the better. "With
the exception of corn, the only com
modify mentioned In this latest bulletin
as showing an Increase over last year's
exports Is mineral oils, of which' 35,
000,000 gallons more have been exported
this season than for the same period
It may speak well of the prosperity
of a country that can suffer such
slump in business with foreign coun
tries without showing visible signs of
distress, but at the same time it is not
pleasing to reflect on the fact that, like
the bear which goes Into "Winter quar
ters, we are living on our "fat'
and at the end of this enforced
period of hibernation may emerge lean
and wobbly on our legs. Dollar wheat
Is a great blessing when we can sell
it to the foreignerand spend the dollar.
but when we become the consumer that
must pay the dollar, and the money of
the foreigner ceases to flow In our di
rection, there is a strain in our eco
nomic system that Is not pleasant or
profitable. About the only consolation
that can be drawn from this un favor
able statistical showing lies In the fact
that the Pacific Coast -makes a better
comparative showing than any of th
Atlantic or Gulf ports, and of the Pa
cine ports Portland exhibits a smaller-
decline than any of her neighbors.
Our new jtossesslons In the Far Bast
to make a favorable anneal to
American capitalists. The entire Issue
of $2,500,000 puDiic worKS ana improve
mAnt 'Phlllnrilne bonds Was sold In :
St. Louis trust company at a fraction
over $1-09. There were thirty-one bids
for .the Issue, -and the lowest bid sub
mltted was' U4 The bonds bear) 4
per cewt, sad are payable in tea years.
sad due la thirty years. The price i
nearly 2 per cent higher than was paid.'
for the friar land bonds. An Interest
ing feature' of the bids was the much
higher prices offered by the "Western
financiers than by the New York and
Boston men who submitted bids. Okla
homa and Kansas City bidders who
captured some of the friar land bonds
made much more favorable offers for
this latest issue than were obtainable
from the Eastern men.
"Whenever anybody talks about De
crease of taxes being due to Multno
mah comity's demand or support, two
ears ago, for an appropriation; for the
Lewis and Clark Fair, and for the
portage railway at Celllo, he talks sim
ple demagogic stuff, that should dis
gust everybody. First place, the ap
propriation for the Fair was $400,000,
not 5500.000; for $50,000 was for the ex
hibit at St Louis, and $50,000 for a me
morial building not likely to be erected,
and the money will go back to the
treasury. Next thing, this appropria
tion Is as much for every other part of
the state as for Multnomah. Again,
Portland has put up for the Fair, by
subscription, more than the whole state
has appropriated, and Multnomah,
moreover, pays one-third of what the
state has appropriated. As to the ap
propriation for the Celllo portage, it is
as much for the Interest of the whole'
state as for the Interest of Portland,
and more. That there may be no mis
take, let The Oregonlan say, specific
ally, that these statements refer to cer
tain cheap stuff in a letter from the
President, of the State Senate, printed
in another place today.
The determined little men of the East,
who can die but cannot fail," have
been again victorious over the fleeing
hosts of Russia. Events of the past
week In Manchuria have given stern
rebuke to the blind insolence which
thought to crush the "impertinence" of
the yelow islanders. Japan went to
war in support of her right to live.
Hojv bravely and successfully she has
upBeJd -this right is told In the captured
fortress left behind and the grand prog
ress of Oyama on to Mukden and be
yond, sweeping the hosts of Russia be
fore him in wild confusion and hope-
ess defeat. Japan was practically un
known to history for centuries, but she-
is writing her name Upon its pages now
with the sharp point of a victorious
sword. The fruits of her victory over
China, when, ten years ago, she sprang
Into the arena fully equipped for war,
were wrested from her by arrogance
sfnd power. The "fruits of her present
and swiftly coming victories she will,
it may be hoped, garner for her own
A. J. Ap person, whose death occurred
at his home In this city yesterday
morning, was among the oldest of the
second generation of Oregon pioneers.
Born In 1839, coining across the plains
to Oregon Territory in 1847, attending
the pioneer schools of Portland in his
childhood, working In such industries
as were prosecuted In those early years
during his boyhood, a volunteer in the
Indian wars in his early manhood, a
local politician of some prominence In
his middle life and an exemplary citi
zen all along the way, A. J. Apperson
lived, performed his part and passed
on, honored and respected. The funeral
will take place at McMInnville, the
home of Mr. Apperson during many
active, useful years. The burial will
be In 'the Masonic Cemetery at that
Attention of the International Sail
ing-Shipowners' Association is called to
the fact that, while more than forty of
their vessels have been obliged to leave
San Francisco In ballast for Australia,
Portland Is still supplying lumber car
goes for those which failed to secure
wheat charters. Inasmuch as the own
ers' combine levied a differential of 5
shillings per ton against Portland In
favor oCSan Francisco, the justice of
such action would be a little more-ap
parent If they could get something be
sides ballast for their vessels to carry
away from the Bay City. Thus far
about all that the combine with the im
posing name has accomplished has been
the retirement of most of their vessels
and the dispatching on ballast voyages
of the others.
Every community In Christendom
wrestles with the problem of caring for
ex-convicts. Few towns or cities in
this country are free from the hard
ened criminal typified by "Victor Hugo's
Jean Valjean. He happened to get a
fresh start In life through a Christlike
bishop. Unfortunately, men of this
stamp are rare, hut there is an Amer
lean woman who is trying" to do for re
leased convicts what Hugo's bishop did
and without lying. This woman i3
Maude Balllngton Booth. She has es
tablished three homes which she calls
"Hope " Halls." Her methods are de
scribed in a very Interesting article to
be published In The Sunday Oregonian
The Seattle western Central Labor
Union proposes to fine all members who
attend the Lewis and Clark Exposition
until and unless It shall first have been
declared "fair." The Seattle union may
reasonably contemplate the prospect of
an overflowing treasury.
Chancellor Von Buelow crushes hos
tile criticism in the Reichstag by show
lng that German neutrality, like that of
several other nations, was strictly ob
served up to the point beyond which
It would cause a loss of money.
A party of Senators and Represehta
tives will make a voyage to see ih
Philippines. As the Philippines will
thus see the Senators and Represents.
tives, the surprise is likely to be mu
Los Angeles sends out the news that
the "sun is shining brightly today.1
monotony of the' Southern California
Apparently the Czar has never heard
of Dr. Osier. General Liae'vitch is more
than iu years ot age.
Fire engine horses are said to be
growing too fat. Nothing like work
lng for the city.
Peabodys "'strategic movement .to
the rear" was better planned" 'than
It is evident that General Kuropat
kin's next orderly retreat willbe to -St.
Petersburg. " 1
Perhaps the mostperfectly organised
fightings force in the world la the Brit
ish navy. In what other service could
such an incident as that reported from
Sydney be possible. The cruiser Py-
lades, on her way home from Australia,
ran upon a reef In Torres Straits, exact
ly as she had done a couple of years
before on her way out. Could there be
better proof of method, organisation,
attention to detail?
Colorado strives for peace with dis
Binger Herrmah's portrait is missing
from Ilbe Land Office. Could some
Roosevellian clerk have taken it home
to scare the babies into beingVmiet. or
could some admirer' have swiped the
picture to brighten up his home?
The Russian army is strunsr out
along, the" railroad." Perhaps Kuropat
kin can answer the question: How long
is a piece of string?
Public interest keeps from boiling
over in the matter of the draughts or
checkers games being played between
British and American experts. "When a
dull affair, such as u polo game or an'
America's cup race, arouses the people.
it is strange that the exciting game of
checkers, so beloved of the Scotch, does
not create a furore. To watch a good
game of checkers is only a little less
exciting than to watch a man laying
bricks just before "quitting time."
The visit of 60 Congressmen to the
Philippines will bo a great thing for
the nation; especially if anything hap
pens to keep the Congressmen in the
Making goo-goo eyes is now placed
In the same category as spitting on
the sidewalk, and the offender Is liable
to arrest In either case. "We look for
some nice decisions by Judge Hogue
on just what turns an ordinary oye
into one of the goo-goo kind. Is the
glance of respectful ndmiraf?on to be
withheld from the sweet creature
whose appearance demands it, and must
the stare of surprise and wonder be de
nled the fa' r creature whose attire is
skillfully designed to take away the
beholder's breath? Let us hope these
Important questions will be settled be
fore the suns of Summer bring forth
the musliny, .lacy girls from their co
coons of covert coats.
"Whisky In Kentucky has a religious
savor, or porbaps it Is that religion has
a splrltous savor. In telling of a "moon-
Bhine" raid, the Louisville Post men
tions that "The, Rev. Jeff Edwards,
charged with selling whisky without
a license, was also captured while en
gaged In a meeting.
Otto Frag- has lost als star;
He don't know just where be are.
But It behooves the tyrant Mayor to
double his guards.
A man who can "locate wild bees'
is to attend the Fair. The. best way to
locate a "bee, so far aa we can discover,
is to let it sting you.
Frogs are being shipped from Puget
Sound East for vivisection. Has the
frog no friends? If the world can pity,
with Mrs. Leo Hunter, the animal or
is a frog an Insect? that inspired the
magnificent lines ,
On a lor,
, Expiring frog
"Will no one raise his voice in favor
of the poor frog that must expire upon
the operating table?
Of Kuropatkin let it be saidVsimply
that ho done 'the best he knew how to.
Venezuela will provoke France into
taking off her slipper pretty soon.
The Duke of Manchester finds that
his wife will not let him have money
to bUrn. That's another advantage of
marrying an American girl.
Patriotism reaches Its zenith In the
Irish girl with red hair who wears
bright green ribbon in honor of St.
Over in Paris the other day a dram
atlst disliked the criticisms' made by
the editor of the Presse, so he chal
lenged the critic - and gave it to
him in the neck, "it" meaning his
sword point. "We do things in a much
more Informal and jolly style on this
side. For instance, when Acton Davies
ventured to criticise an actress, her
husband bit hls Davies' thumb.
far more sensible mode or express
lng disagreement. Even our dramatic
authors and "critics are Intensely prac
UcaL Duels may possibly do on the
stage, but for plain, American, every
day use, biting Is far simpler and more
No capable man has yet stepped for
ward to take the job of responsible
editor of the Belgrade Pranda, for the
owner is still advertising for an assist
ant "by nature courageous and not en
tirely Ignorant of the' use of firearms.'
Sir Boyle Roche once began a letter
from Ireland with 'T write this with a
sword in one hand and a pistol in the
"other." That's probably the manner
in which editorials are written In Bel
Mrs. Gllman, an American lecturer.
has been astounding audiences of Lon
don women by telling them that men
are more beautiful than women.
"American women are now too short
from the waist downward," says Mrs.
Gllman, "because, from time immemor
lal they have carried too much cloth
lng around the waist." Further, says
Mrs- Gllman: "When woman runs,
is an agitated waddle; climb she can
-not, and people take hold of her elbows
and help her up and down things
call it an insulting practice, unless
woman has a wooden leg." Whatyer-thlnk-o-that!
On the same principle
man should now be too short from the
neck down, because his clothes from
time Immemorial have hung1 more
less gracefully from his shoulders, and
as for taking woman by the elbows
to help her up and down things, ono
must be on the safe side. How is man
to know she hasn't a wooden leg?
Persons 'who, speaking of gerrymander,
call it "jerrymander," are Justly criticised
by the Springfield Republican. The word
should be pronounced as it is spelled. One
might as well say "jormandlse" or "jet
there as "jerrymander," simply as a mat
ter of giving ita proper value to the "g"
sound. But beyond tnat consideration
the fact that gerrymander is drlved frost
a man's name. Elbridge Gerry, one of the
Vice-Presidents of the united States,
name that was never pronounced Elbridge
Jerry hx all the days of-his life.
fNli?PQN DENJJ" IN THE FIELD
iHtfaraate View ef Jayaaeae Tommy Atldas ea Xkrc aad la BattleFrem
MANX fictions have" been printed In
foreign papers since you took the
center of the world's stage, Nippon Den
JL They give you the quality of fatal-
Ism; a true Mussulman's carelessness
about death. "When Chefoo' lacks for j
news, it tells the world that some offi
cer has committed harikarL I have yet
to hear of a single Instance within our
army; Suicide, besides, ,1s not limited to
Japan alone. "When a captain goes down
with his steamer rather than save him
self, the meaning la the same as the
bariKari of a Japanese officer on a cap
tured transport. Harikari is a particu
lar form of death adopted because It
tested tne victim nerve In the face of
the inevitable. Harikari was never fre
quent. Duels were not frequent in the
last century; but to read Action you
would think that gentlemen, fought every
Of course, I have heard your officers
use that stock expression, "to die for
their Emperor." Their practice is bet
ter. It is to make their lives just as
valuable to their. Emperor as they can.
Fatalism embraces the idea of "I don't
care." And you d6 care, Nippon DenJL
Fatalism says that you will die when
your time comes why bother? It implies
too ready an acceptance of the Inevitable
to make a good soldier. Frequently one
race uses It "as an excuse for another's
courage, thereby, magnifying Its own a
something- dependent upon a higher qual
ity. In Asia you find many fatalists, but
most of them will scarcely lift their hands
to prevent death. The Chinese have that
quality much more than you; for you
never accept death as long aa you have
the strength to send another shot at tne
You must not and do not show your
feelings, Nippon Denjl.- None the less.
you suffer. I have seen you struggling
forward with your limbs aching as. they
took their short and stubborn steps; but
It I smiled you smiled back. I have
heard a groan from a cot in a field hos
pital, and when the occupant saw a for
eigner was present, he drew his teeth to
gether and tried to smile. I nave seen
that same convulsive effort ofl pride in
white men's armies. The samara! youth
were taught to bear pain area hardship
without murmur. Besides, we foreigners
think that your simpler life saven you
from the "nerves" that curse Europeans.
Or is It that you are simply trained not
to have them, as the Christian Scientist
trains himself to the Illusion that there
is no Illness? Nowhere do you better
show that you are a true samurai than
on the march and in camps. You are
obedience itself. Tour officer provides
for everything In the text-book, and you
do as he says. The fault with most
armies is that human nature does not
permit of everything In the text-book.
If you are tired, you do not throw off
your blanket and knapsack; you keep on
with it. The road behind a regiment is"
as clean of Japanese equipment as that
before it- You have a marvelous way
of making yourself comfortable when you
break ranks. That Is-"because you equat
Instead of sit. and some cornstalks tied
together make a shadv dace for you- A
true samurai nrivate bathes frequently,
washes his clothes, ana observes sani
tary regulations. You do. That Is ono
of the pleasures of being attacnea. to your
army. Very rarely do you take too much
' THE NORMAL SCHOOLS.
Jumping Over Each Other.
Tanners through the country are Jumping
over each other for an opportunity to sign a
petition for tha referendum of the appro-
prlatlon MI. tio sentiment Ijelng almost uni
versal that -war regardless of party.
Too Many Normal Schools. !
Falls City Logger.
There- la ronch comment 3on the utility to
the taxpayer of tha stats aupportlxs to many
Normal Schools and the opinion la -freely ex
pressed that the Sana amounts ot 'moriey
eouM be more profitably spent In fostering the
public school system.
Normal School System a Farce.
The whole Normal School system is a farce.
The State University and the" Agricultural Col
lege should take care of this wort and could
easily arrange- to do so. To -make- the matter
right, so far aa the country is' geographically
situated, place & good school in Pendleton,
Baker City or Ia Grand; and maintain these
three schools and no more.
Signing for the Referendum.
Toreat Grove Times."
It would nrobaly bo the -part of wisdom to
hare a" special Session and fix this matter" tip.
The referendum on the Ml win be called. Of
that there rn x no doobt now because -In
every community voters are algnlng -th peti
tions almost unanimously. Over .200 hare
signed here In Forest Grove and the same
proportion Is reported elsewhere.'
Cannot Cut Them Off.
Athena Press.- '
The Eastern Oregon State Normal School
will continue whether or no the appropriation
hill will te pasted to the people by referendum.
yamhlllers may Initiate to their heart's con
tent, but their alms and purposes to throttle
education in Oregon will be "cut off at the
pockets" when the vote W taken. In the
meantime the hoard of regents stands as
sponsor for the financial condition of the
Value of Hindsight.
Forest Grove Time.
Some people say that It will be worth all It
costs to 'sfrre tha legislature a. lesson. Per
haps .that may be true. It may be .worth all
It costs" for Russia and Japan to sacrifice
hundreds of thousands- of Uvea and thousands
of millions of treasure, but It would hare been
'more sensible to Save agreed on terms before
the war began. It is the same way In this
case. A little common sense, and a willing
ness to concede that there may be some merit
ha the other fellow side, would save an end
less lot of bother and expense:
From "Sore" Politicians.
The desire to repeal the appropriation bill Is
not a nonpartisan movement. This Is evident
from all sidea where objection Is rataed but
It Is a. move on the part of sore politicians who
tMitve that tier have found, reason to
"croak" over ths action of the last Legisla
ture and pronounce It legislative extravagance.
Ck)1 jt what you may, can we afford to retard
our. educational Interests supported by the
'state by any such action as bar been, suggested
by the executive committee of Yamhill tJunty
appointed to prepare referendum petitions?
- v.llMt1 "M ""
What Local Support Can Do.
The Oregonian wired Us Ashland corre
spondent today asking if the Normal School
here will contliroe If the referendum Is In
voked on the appropriation bill. The answer
given was that Irscst assuredly would. There
"has of course" beanSno recent meeting of the
seaeral board of regents, but the Question of
dtecostlno&nce has not even been considered
jjy- aKyoner coxnected with -the management of
the school as far as known. The Southern
Oregon State Normal School Is la the middle
of the mot prosperous and successful year In
Its "history, with -a, large class' of prospective
gradaatcs. who are doing meat excellent' workv
sake. Property may he left about care
lessly. It Is safe from your hands. Not
even horses are "taken" if not watched
In this army. That is wonderful won
You men ot tne Second Division, to.
which I. am attached, have particularly
won my heart- Your home is In the rug
ged Northern Japan; you are. for the
most part, country boys. Your gentle
ness, your good humor, your smiles while
you march, fan in hand, 'present a picture
almost akin to effeminacy, wholly at odds
with that when you are charging up a
hill or firing steadily from a, trench. Your
manners everywhere give war a certain
refinement. I nave seen a needless cor
respondent ride into the formation ot a
regiment and stop a whole line ot tired
men. If he ha a done it witn nis own
army, blue things would have been said
to him; but you looked at him curiously;
as If you were about to poke your fin
gers into the cage.
You like to fight as squads, companies
and regiments just as well as some white
men whom I know use to ngnt individ
ually. One common weakness you navo
wit every soiaier ot tne worm is Home
sickness. "When I have talked wita you
as best I could through an interpreter.
you have expressed your xmhapplnoss
over a aeiay in camp in a strange uaa
to' which you had come purely for the
purpose ot fighting. I heard you express
the same sentiments that a Kansas man
did one morning In the Philippines, when
his regiment lay In line waiting for the
order to charge. "Come out, Agulnaldo.
and bring all your men and all your
rifles,' he said. "Kansas is ready to
fight you to a finish. A lot of U3 wifi
be killed, but the rest will start back for
the little old United States, anyway."
Of course, there was no element ot fatal
ism lnthe remark made by a white man.
or in the frequent announcement of a
regular going Into 'a fight, that every
body has to die sometime and may be- it
will be his turn today.
Like every other soldier, you make your
new land as much like home as .yon can.
You lay out little landscape gardens in
Chinese yards; you build paths out Jto
the road. You paste rice paper that you
buy at the canteen oh, that glorious
canteen that has delicacies from Nippon!
upon the walls' of your rooms fa a- Chi
nese peasant's house. You nut a mat on
the floor, after washing It, and yoa al
ways take off your boots when you so
In. If you have not a house you snuggle
under the shelter tent that you carry In
sections on your back and take oft your
boots just the same. Oh, the joy of
taking oft your boots! They are the
hardest of all the samurai equipment to
"We have' traveled far together, Nippon
DenjL first over Core an roads and then
over Manchurian roads. You are as truly
a foreigner in this land as I, though yon
can make Ideographs on the sand which
Corean or Chinese -will understand.
Homesick you may become; it will not
make you less martlaL Rather it
speaks your praise. One of these days,
if you survive, you will return, a village
hero, to the clean mats of your own
house. According to popular chronicle,
your mother will be sorry that you did
not die for your Emperor. The truth Is
that she is human and she will be heav
enly happy; but either way she would
and the largest attendance of students ever
known, at the . school, where splendid, normal
work Is being done, under direction ef a
most competent corp of instructors.
Doubt Its Wisdom. '
Petitions askln? that the referendum be in
voked on the -big- appropriation, blU have been
circulated in this county and quite freely
signed; yet there are many who, while they
ftftnrtwrm tha action ot the Legislature, doubt
the wisdom of-invoking the referendum. They
feel thai it la not "Just1 the proper thing to tie
up the "whole thing" In order to reach a. few
Items, Some of theso parties bellev that tha
Normal School Issue could be better met by an
initiative petition carrying a law- that would
govern the ease. Others think thai a special
eesslon of tiro" Legislature should ba called.
bellevlnr that the members, now that they
have heard from the people, would' remedy the
"Opportunity knocks ones at every
man's door." but often makes sura the
man Is out before knocking.
'It takes two to make a ouarreH." How
about husband and wife, who are. one?
'A fool and his money are soon parted.
when the fool hasfrienda.
"Whatever' man has dona man can, do"
"Look before you leap" out of the fry
ing-pan into the Are.
"Honesty Is exact-to a penny," but not
always to larger amounts.
"The best things are not bought and
sold;" they are stolen and kept.
"Pity Is akin to love," but' kinship does
not always signify friendship.
"Tha second blow makes the tray.
but not If tho first Is wall placed.
"There's many a aup twixt." tne cranio
and the grave.
''Rvftrvt'hln? comes to tha man who
waits," except that for which Bo- waits.
"A fool Is never wrong:' ;aaw or us are.
"No -fool like "an old -fool" In the" toils
of a woman.
'He who hesitates" when lying "Is
rtlaHl a. man finds a wife ha Is only
hair; thereafter he is lesa.
Two Wise Reflection.
Prom a Letter by 'Sydney "Smith.
If If be my-lot to crawl,-1 will -crawl
rmitpntediv: if to flv. I will fly with alac
rity; but as long as I can possibly avoid
it I will never "tie tm nappy, xi witn a
pleasant wife, three children and many
friends who wlsn mo weu J. cannsc ne
happy, I am a very silly, foolish fellow,
and" what becomes of me la of very little
Prom Bliss Carman's iTOenasnip ox Art.
Indifference, may not wreck the man's
Hf t jittv one tnra. hut it will" destroy
him with a kind of dry rot in the long
run. To keep your mm a aire stay maae
up is to be- dull and fossiliferous; not to
be able to make it up at all Is to be
watery and supine.
A Juvenife Convert.
The once beautiful doll was undeniably
! It had lost both arms, its nose was
gone, one1 foot was missing, . and nearly
an the sawdust had run out through a
yreatVgash in the -back.-:
'Poor, dolly!" mournfully exclaimed the
little girl. "You. ain't no" 'tount-any-more.
I deas TH have to tloroform you!"
"Please, God. make Hamle Ross a good
girl. Please make her a awful good little
girl. An1 If It: ain't too much trouble,
please make her sd good that I can take
her new dol aa she'll think. It's noble
an self-sac-cin? never to aslc for it hack
A Hard One for Mamma.
Charley (who thinks) Say mamma, IC
we're made of dust why don't we. get
muddy wben-we drink? ";.