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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (March 16, 1905)
VOL. XLY. !NO. 13,S12.
PORTLAND, OREODN, THUESDAY, MAEOH 16, 1905.
PRICE FIVE GENTS.
TIE PUSS TAKEN
Preceded by Abortive
Attack on Enemy.
RUSSIANS SHORT OF FOOD
Officers Starve Correspon
dents Out of Camp.
NEW GENERAL IS SELECTED
Grand Duke Nicholas Succeeds Kuro
patkln With New Army Series
of Blunders Which Caused
TOKIO, March 1C. (.Noon.) The
Japanese occupied Tie Pass at mid
night, March IS.
TOKIO, March 1C. (Noon.) Details
o't the occupation of Tie Pass have not
yet been received nt Imperial army
headquarters. An official bulletin re
ports the action and that the Japanese
are In hot pursuit of the rctrcatinc
Russians, but It docs not mention any
particulars about the right.
REPORT IS DOUBTED IN LONDON
It Comes From Shanghai, Saying the
Russians Were Worn. Out.
LONDON, March 16. The Post's Shang
hai correspondent cables a report that the
Japanese have already occupied Tiding.
Many of the defeated Russians are try
ing to escape to KIrln. The Japanese,
since the retreat from Mukden -was be
gun, have been using the guns that
brought about the fall of Port Arthur, and
the artillery fire has caused enormous
losses to the Russians.
JAPANESE FLANKING AGAIN.
Mysterious Column Attacks Mist-
chenko on Russian Right.
ST. PETERSBURG. March IS. (2 A. M.)
Flanking tactics by the Japanese ap
parently are In progress again, the Asso
ciated Press correspondent who remains
at Tie Pass telegraphing that General
Mls-tchenko on March 15 engaged a Japan
ese force on the Russian right. It is pos
sible that the attacking force was a Jap
anese column whlcfx disappeared from ob
servation during the battle of Mukden.
The Japanese do not appear to have re
newed the frontal attack up to noon yes
terday, the demonstration on Tuesday
having shown that the Russians were
prepared to make a determined resist
ance. The office of the censor has already
removed to Santoupu, a point eight miles
north of Tie Pass, and there are intima
tions that it may soon be established
even further north. The Associated Press
correspondent, though saying nothing re
garding the commissariat arrangement
for tho" troops, declared that the news
paper correspondents have practically been
starved out of Tie Pass. This may per
haps be an indication of the amount of
food, available for the army. Immense
quantities of which were destroyed at
Mukden, where practically the entire re
serve commissariat had been accumu
lated. The rumor of the murder of SO foreign
ers, including Richard H. Little, corre
spondent of the Chicago Dally News, at
Mukden, is believed here to be unfounded.
It Is assumed that they havo been cap
tured by the Japanese, as it has already
been reported that a French correspond
ent named Nadeau is in the hands of the
According to the Chinese reports, the
Governor of Mukden gave a banquet In
honor of the Japanese generals after
their triumphal entry into the city, and
a Russian journalist wires that, with
the occupation of Mukden by the Jap
anese. Russia's prestige with the Chinese
has been utterly destroyed. The corre
epondent says that this Is already notice
able and that a triumphant victory would
not restore Russia to the place In the es
timation of the Chinese which she hold a
It Is rumored that a general order for
a general mobilization has been prepared
and that a new army will be forwarded
to Manchuria as fast as possible by rail
way and the Summer steamer service.
JAPANESE ATTACK REPULSED
Russians Protect South Front Ru
mored Massacre at Mukden.
SANTOUPU, March IS (Noon.) A san
guinary combat occurred on March 14 on
the center advanced line of the Russian
army eight miles south of Tie Pass. The
Russians repulsed the attack, and even
made a small advance through a thousand
corpses of the Japanese, advancing a
large foreeon the right flank, where Gen
eral Mict chenko, who has command of 'his.
detachment, is holding the Japanese in
check. The Russian troops have re
gained their normal spirits and fought
It Is rumored that Chinese killed SO for-
'clgners In Mukden after the a.usslan
evacuation of that place. Including Cor
respondent Richard H. Little, of the Chi
cago Dally News. The fate of Nadeau,
a French newspaper correspondent, who
lived with Little, Is unknown. A message
was sent to Field Marshal Oyama today,
asking for information as to the fate of
the two correspondents. M. Nadeau is
reported to have been captured by the
The office of the censor has been re
moved to Santoupu, eight miles north of
Tie Pass, as existence at Tie Pass for
civilians is almost Impossible. Practically
all the newspapor correspondents have
left for Harbin. For several nights the
Associated Press correspondent has slept
without covering on the frosty ground,
and for two days he has had nothing to
Little Sfe at Yinkow.
CHICAGO, March 15. Mr. Little cabled
direct from Yinkow yesterday to the Chi
cago Dally News. He said he had been
captured by the Japanese, and was being
taken to Kobe. The cablegram contained
references which demonstrated that the
message was from Mr. Little personally,
and that he was alive and welL Yinkow
is the seaport of Niuchwang, and is the
place where Little would naturally be
taken on the way to Japan.
RUSSIANS ARE BRACING UP.
Report of Decisive Defeat of Nogl
ST. PETERSBURG, March 15. Now
that It has been definitely determined to
prosecute the war against Japan to the
end and that a new commander-in-chief.
In the person of Grand Duke Nicholas
Nicholalvltch, has been designated to suc
ceed General Kuropatkln, a more hopeful
feeling prevails here.
Reassuring news has also come from
eGneral Kuropatkln during the last few
hours. Instead of his army being utterly
Meager reports have been received
from a Russian sourc of a fight eight
miles south of Tie Pass between a Rus
sian force under General MUtchenko and
a Japanese column, the Identity of
which Is unknown. The latter was re
pulsed. It it said, with a loss of 1000
The rumors that after the evacuation
of Mukden SO foreigners. Including an
American newspaper correspondent, had
been murdered by Chinese is discred
ited by the fact that the correspondent
in question reported, on March 14 that
-he had been captured by the -Japanese
and was bclr.gr taken to Kobe.
A steamer arriving at BIngaporej re
ports having- passed a squadron of 22
Japanese ships about 20 miles cant of
the. entrance to tht Straitsof. Malacca.
Two Japanese -cruisers and? ttnTsSi.'.
Mary cruisers have arrived at Singa
pore Presumably these vessels are on their
way westward la search of the Russian
pocond Pacific squadron, last reported In
routed and a disorganized mob, he suc
ceeded in restoring confidence and is now
engaged in repelling the renewed Japanese
attacks with considerable success. The
Japanese, flushed with victor, attempted
to completely destroy the Russian army
at Tie Pass, and recklessness took the
place of strategy, with the result that
Kuropatkln has been able to turn the
tables, at least in part, on his foe.
General Nogl's soldiers are reported to
have been cut in two and one division
of Ills army at least is in danger of being
totally destroyed. Three Japanese at
tacks have proven unsuccessful, while
Russian counter-attacks have resulted in
the driving back of the enemy.
It is now believed that Kuropatkln can
hold his positions about Tie Pass until
a new army can be placed In the field.
ATTACK PROBABLY A FEINT
Japanese Supposed to Have Made
Real Attack Elsewhere.
LONDON, March 16. In the absence of
reports from Toklo, the story of a Jap
anese repulse at Tiellng is not considered
to be of moment. Oyama has intelligent
engineers, who are well informed as to the
strength of defenses of the Russians, and
it is not considered that the Japanese
would attack without having a chance of
The probable explanation of the attack
and repulse Is that the Japanese assault
and retreat "was a feint to cover the real
attack now being made elsewhere. The
fact that there Is no news of the Tiding
fight from Toklo lends color to this, as
Toklo docs not hear from the Held head
quarters until the object sought by her
commanders has been obtained.
MIKADO THANKS HJS TROOPS
Rejoices in Their Victory and Looks
for Greater Exertions.
TOKIO, March 16. The Emperor of
Japan has sent the following message to
his -victorious Manchurlan armies:
"Since Autumn the enemy erected
strong defences around Mukden, hold the
district with superior forces, and wore
confident of victory. Our Manchurlan
armies, however, forestalling tho enemy,
boldly and vigorously assumed the offen
sive, and, after strenuously fighting for
more than ten days and nights, through a
enow-bltlng wind defeated their strong
foe, drMng him to Tie Pass, taking tens
of thousands of prisoners, and otherwise
Inflicting serious injuries.
"By this signal victory our Manchurlan
armies have enhanced the military pres
tige of our country at home and abroad.
We are deeply gratified by the courage
and endurance with which our officers and!
men have been able to achieve such a
great success, and we look lo you for
even greater exertions in the future." '
Russian Guns Sunk in Rivers.
NIUCHWANG. March 15. The military
men here advance the theory that the
difference in tho number of guns the
Japanese are reported to have captured
and those General Kuropatkln is reported
to have lost. Is owing to the Russians,
when routed, dropping their guns into
the rivers through the Ice and aban
doning others in ravines and gutlUes. It
is expected that, as soon as the present
rush at Mukden is over. Bearch for the
-loot artillery, will ,be "well rewarded.
HEADY TO SPHING
Togo's Fleet in Track
IT LEAVES SINGAPORE
Twenty - Two Warships
Malacca Straits. -
WILL WAIT FOR THE ENEMY
Great Naval Battle Seems to Be Next
Scene in the Oriental Military
Drama Unless Rojestvensky
LONDON, March 15. A dispatch to
Lloyds, dated Singapore, 6 P. M., says the
British steamer Hongwan I reports hav
ing passed 22 Japanese warships off Hors
hurgh, 20 miles east of Singapore, at the
entrance to the Straits of Malacca.
LONDON, March 16. A dispatch from
Singapore to the Daily Express, dated
March 15, says:
"The Japanese fleet departed this af
ternoon." SINGAPORE. March 15. The Japanese
cruisers Kasagi and Chltose and the
auxiliary cruisers Yawata and America
arrived here today from the eastward.
IN TRACK OF ROJESTVENSKY
Togo's Fleet Waiting to Clip a Syl
lable Off Rival Admiral.
- LONDON. March 16. The appearance
of Vice-Admiral Togo's fleet In the track
that would be used In any attempt by
Vice-Admiral- Rojestvensky to make for
Vladivostok is the most Interesting news
of the day. It is not known whether,
VIce-Admlral Togo himself is with the
According to the Daily Mail's corre
spondent at Singapore, who visited the
fleet, the officers were unusually reticent.
Two Japanese officers landed and con
ferred with the Japanese Consul, and it
was understood bj the correspondent that
the squadron would shortly sail again,
as H required nothing.
The presumption Is that Rojeslvensky's
squadron Is still off the coast of Mada
gascar, but. as the Ice in the harbor of
Vladivostok is beginning to give way,
the Russian Admiral must soon make a
decision whether to dash for Vladivostok
or return to Russia.
Naval experts here believe that Togo
will not come much further In quest of
the Baltic squadron, on the ground that
he cannot afford to run unnecessary risks.
The Russian volunteer cruiser Kostroma,
converted into a Red Cross ship, passed
the Bosphorus yesterday on the way to
Join Vlcc-Admlral Rojestvensky.
LONG CHAPTER OF BLUNDERS
Defects in Russian System Respon
sible for Series of Defeats.
ST. PETERSBURG, March 15. M.
Klriloff, one of the Associated Press
correspondents who was wounded at
Llao Tang, continuing today his 'de
scription begun yesterday of the
causes of the Russian defeats, has
drawn a powerful picture of the com
plete, criminal lack of knowledge on
the part of the' Russians of the coun
try and the enemy's movements and of
the utterly Imprudent gossip and bab
bling which acquaints the Japanese
with every movement and plan before
they are inaugurated. He compares
the Russian army to a powerful yokel
moving forward blindfolded, wildly
brandishing his arms and shouting
aloud what he will do to tho enemy
when he catches them. He cannot see
his path nor his enemy. Here he stum
bles up a hilL There he falls Into a
valley. The keen-eyed enemy easily
avoids his waving arms and mighty
fists, and pours In a succession of blows
which send tho Russian yokel reeling
backward in his bitter astonishment.
M. Klriloff adds that the blame for
the successive defeats is not Kuropat
kin's. It is simply due to the fact
that the machine is out of order. A
good workman was given bad helpers
and miserable tools. The elements of
misfortune were in the army itself.
Behold the result. The mishaps were at
tributed to the defensives position of
Kuropatkln and It was said that when
the Russians assumed the initiative,
all would be well. This was not real
ized, because every movement was pre
ordained to failure by the premature
publication or dilatory execution of
the plans. The merest stripling sub
Lieutenantchattcrs recklessly and is
informed of dispositions and move
ments which should be known only to
the few chiefs. The disposition and
plans of the battle of the Shakbe
River, for example, were openly dis
cussed several days in advance In the
railroad restaurant at Mukcfen In tho
hearing of many Chinese civilians and
'The general staff gives information
to whomsoever asks It. .Babbling Is the
bane of bureaucracy," says M. Klriloff.
"and the sooner it is corrected the bet
ter." While thus opening the Japanese's
eyes, the Russians close theirs. Not
only company and battalion command
ers, but even Colonels,, and at times
commanders of divisions, enter into
battle Ignorant of the very maneuvers
tney are expected to execute. For In
stance. General Orloff ori September 2,
.was Intrusted with the movement .on
which the battle of Llao Tang hinged,
and he blindly led 15,000 men into ac
tion Ignorant of why. wherefore or
-whither. Naturally there was a disas
ter Instead of the destruction of Gen
eral Kuroki's forces and a victory.
The general staff is inattentive to
the all-important duty of mapping.
Even now the Russians have unsatis
factory maps and units in the hill
country are vnable to keep In touch with
each other. The .Russian intelligence
department is defective. It knows noth
ing of the Japanese numbers, positions
or movements, not only In the unset
tled mountainous regions, but even on
the populated plains of Manchuria.
Instead of easily' securing the sym
pathy of the Chinese, the Russians
alienated them and they now side with
the Japanese. The Russians drove away
the Chinese bandits, who are now the
eyes of the Japanese army and who
destroy bridges and communications
as welL Kuropatkln is also hampered
by frantic reports from nervous Gen
erals, particularly those of Rennen
kainpff, who sends "poems Instead of
results." The late Lleutenant-General
Keller was also at fault. Kuropatkln
was obliged to reprimand him sharply
a short time before his death. These
faults existed and still exist. The army
has been defeated and will be in the
future, unless they are remedied.
MOBILIZING NEW GRAND ARMY
Governors of All Provinces Ordered
to Draft Troops.
ST. PETERSBURG. March 16. A new
army is to be rushed to Manchuria to re
place the shattered Russian ranks. A gon
eral mobilization has been ordered. Dis
patches have been sent to Governors of
all the provinces to draft their quota of
fighting men for tho new army.
Linevitch Defended Fan River.
LONDON, March 16. The Times' cor
respondent at St. Petersburg- says that
the defenders of the Fan River consist
ed of the whole Fourth Siberian Army
Corps, belonging to General Llnevitch's
army, whlcn suffered least during the
retreat from Mukden.
PI0UR TO PEED THE RUSSIANS
Pacific Coast Swamps Minneapolis
With Orders for Japan.
MINNEAPOLIS, Minn.. March 15.
(Special.) Portland and Seattle bro
kers have taken upon themselves the
gigantic task of feeding the thousands
of Russian prisoners taken by the Jap
anese in the battle of Mukden. They
are thrusting a part of their burden
upon local millers, who are fairly
swamped by their great orders for
An aggregate of 200,000 bags has al
ready been ordered for shipment to the
Orient and, judging from the manner
in which orders poured into tho city
today, there will be no early cessation
of heavy buying. The capacity of the
mills lr already taxftd.
CONTENTS OF TODAY'S PAPER
TODAY'S Showers. Variable winds.
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. 60
degrees; minimum, 53 degrees. Precipita
tion, .05 of an Inch. .
The War In the Far Cast.
Japanese capture Tie Pass. Page I.
Russians claim victory at Fan River. Fage 1.
Togo's fleet at Singapore on Its way to
meet Rojestvensky. Pace 1.
Reported massacre of foreigners at Muk
den! Page L
Chinese openly rejoice at Russian defeat.
French bankers, unwilling to float Russian
loan. Impose hard terms. Page 2.
French statesmen saJdto have urged peace.
Estates of Grand Dukes destroyed by peas
ants. Page 5.
Terrorists warn Csar to call Parliament.
Wltte's reform programme a failure. Page 3.
German Chancellor denies having favored
either Russia or Japan. Page 3.
Terrible storm sweeps British Isles, causing
many shipwrecks. Page 3.
French Chamber hears report on separation
of church and state. Page 3.
Italy will fortify her frontier. Page 3.
Senate In a qaundary over Dominican treaty.
Fulton will make recommendations for
Roseburg Land Office. Page 3.
Peabody may be seated -as Governor for a
day. then resign. Page 6. .
Missouri Senatorial deadlock causes lively
scenes. Page 6.
Missouri Legislators indicted for bribery.
Representative Hull' predicts war between
United States and Japan. Page 1.
Schema of Cleveland men to buy Portland
breweries denounced as a fake. Page 3.
Mrs. Chadwlck's greed for dress angers the
receiver. Page 3.
Excursion rates to Orient proposed by Pa
cific steamer lines during the Fair.
Arrangements being made for return match
between Tommy Burns and "Twin" Sul
livan In .April. Page 9.
Repeal of lien land act has doubled value
of Santa Fe scrip. Page 4.
Lieutenant Boone makes dash to escape at
Vancouver Barracks and Is severely shot.
Salem convict cunningly escapes from peni
tentiary, but is captured. Page 4.
Commercial and Marine.
Weekly review of local produce and Jobbing
markets. Page 13.
July wheat active and weak' at Chicago.
New California -wool reaches San Francisco
market. Page 13.
Tone of stock market hesitating and Irregu
lar. Page 13.
Agent of Sailors' Union arrested for harbor
ing seamen. Page 12.
Ship Wray Castle, from Portland, runs
atbore at Queenstown. Page 12.
Fortlasd and Vicinity.
George II. Williams announces he is a can
didate for the primary nomination for
Mayor. Page 1. '
H. C Wortman returns from Eastern trip
' and says thousands are coming to Ex
position. Pae 8.
Anti-machine infant soon to be christened.
Frank H. Grau leaves two wills and both
are filed. Page 9.
Through adopting nexr constitution. Cham
ber of Commerce widens" its field of activ
ity. Page 4.
Liquor license is raised to $500 and money
will pay for more policemen. Page 9.
Council has busy session; automatic tele
phone franchise expected to be killed.
Exposition exhibitors notified that displays
must be ready by the opening day?
' Page S. r ." v "'.. ' .-.
OR IN RAGE
George H. Williams Is
ASPIRES TO NOMINATION
Announces That He Will Enter
the Primary Contest.
PLATFORM ALSO IS GIVEN OUT
Promotion of Welfare, and Progress
of City His' Slogan Reformers
Will Scurry for a Candi- ,
date of Their Own.
First of all Republicans to announce
his candidacy publicly for the primary
nomination for Mayor Is George H. "Wil
liams, who for nearly three years has
been ohlef executive of the city. Mayor
Williams made the announcement last
evening. His- entrance into the course
will probably cause several other aspir
ants for the high throne In the Council
chamber and the first seat In the execu
tive board room to draw out from the
race, for theyhave said that they would
not run against him. One of them is T.
a Devlin, City Auditor.
T am a candidate for the Republican
nomination for Mayor," said Judge "Wil
liams. "If nominated and elected I shall
use my best efforts to promote the prog
ress and welfare of the city. If Repub
licans shall not nominate me, I will not
run as an Independent, and will probably
go back to practice of law."
Mayor "Williams' emergence as a candi
date was quite expected. He has been
beset every hour In the day by persons
eager to know whether he would run. So
frequent became the queries that he de
cided to put them at an end.
On March 26 Mayor "Williams will have
attained his 82d birthday.
Sound in Health,
"I am sound In health," said he yes
terday afternoon, "and believe that I am
able to discharge the duties of this office.
There's a good day's work in it every
day. and it takes my whole time. Never
since I have been in this office have 1
taken a vacation. I have been out of the
city not more than & day or two at a
time, and then always on business. I
hava.never missed a meeting of the Coun
ell gx-of. tho Executive Board, and when
t nave- oeen aosenc irom c committee
meeting, duties elsewhere have keptme
Judge "Williams' announcement will set
tho reform element scurrying anew for a
candidate of their own for the Republican
primary nomination. Each candidate to
secure a place on tho primary ballot must
file a petition with the City Auditor con
taining signatures of at least 196 regis
tered electors. Very many eligibles have
been In the mouths of the reformers, but
none has been settled on as a Moses to
lead to the promised land.
Others Mentioned for-Mayor.
Among those who have been boome'J
loudest for the Republican nomination,
beside Mayor "Williams, are:
, Dr. Andrew C Smith, president of
J yLcuul IcU drki.
FACSIMILE OF MAYOR WILLIAMS' ANNOUNCEMENT OF HIS CANDIDACY.
FOR KK-E LECTION.
the cttate Board of Health and ex-State
H. S. Rowe, ex-Mayor and general
agent of the Chicago, Milwaukee &"St.
H. R. Albee, member of the City
Council, and president of the H. C
George H. Howell, member of the
Executive Board and ex-president of
Multnomah Typographical Union.
W- A. Storey, ex-Sheriff and dealer
in coals. ,
Fred T. Merrill, member of the Coun
clL ---Whitney L. Boise, member of the
-Executive Board and. chairman of the
Republican County. Central Committee.
H. H, Nawhall, president of the East
Ralph W. Hoyt. assistant cashier of
the Merchants' National Bank.
For the Democratic nomination the
favorites are: Sheriff Tom "Word, Dr.
Harry Lane, M. J. Malley and George
H. Thomas. "
Mayor "Williams admirers are sayin'g
that he will doubtless get out on the
stump and make a whirlwind cam
paign. They cite his high oratorical
powers and the vigorous use he made
of them In th campaign three years
ago when he put his enemies to rout.
They say he will use those powers over
again In calling his detractors to a turn
and say that victory will be a vindica
tion of his policies as Mayor and a
tribute to his Ions: political service.
Dr. Smith an Enemy of the Machine.
Another candidate vigorous in speech
and action is Dr. Andrew; C. Smith,
whose hostility to the Matthews ma
chine is a byword in political circles,
and whose enmity is reciprocated by
the machine. Dr. Smith Is ready to go
before the primaries for the Republi
can nomination, and should he win in
the primaries he could draw a large
following from the Democratic camp in
the electiont Other, candidates conspic
uously hostile to the machine are H. S.
Rowe. H. R. Albee, George H. Howell
and "W. A. Storey.
That the Republican "organization" will
not put up a ticket is generally taken for
granted, and seems altogether probable;
still Its "Influence" will be used for this
or that candidate without any doubt, and
Is sure to have weight at least, such Is
the ruling opinion in political circles.
Lively Race for Municipal Judge.
Aside from the contest for Mayor, the
most lively are those for Municipal Judge,
which pays J1S0O a year, and for City At
torney, which pays $2400 a year.
Among the Republican aspirants for
Judge are Harry Hogue, present incum
bent: Joseph A. Strowbridge, Jr., A. "Wal
ter wolf, Fred Olson, now clerk of the
Municipal Court, and possibly J. J. Fitz
gerald, Assistant City Attorney.
Among the candidates for City Attor
ney are L. A. McNary. present Incum
bent; G. "W. Joseph, E. C. Bronangh and
E. T. Taggart.
Democratic aspirants for either of the
two places are "W. T. Vaughn, J. B.
Ryan and Oglesby Young.
Candidates for Auditor and Treasurer
are yet to be brought out. T. C. Devlin
may try again for Auditor, and J. E.
"Werlein for Treasurer.
HE PREDICTS "WAR WITH JAPAN
Representative Hull Says Philippines
Will Cause Conflict.
SIOUX CITY. Ia., March 15.-(SpecIal.)
Congressman J. A. T. Hull, chairman of
the House committee on military affairs,
sees promise of trouble between Japan
and America over the Philippines, and
urges increasing the Navy.
"I venture the prediction," said Mr.
Hull, "that if the Japanese win thla war
we will have trouble with them within 15
years. The Japanese want the Philip
pines of that there is no doubt, either
in "Washington or in other capitals. The
Philippines would be valuable to Japan
and right at their door.-The Japanese
feel they can whip any country on earth.
"As It seems to me, the thing to do
is to begin strengthening a Navy that
would be an effective preventative' ,of
trouble. In the event of disagreenent
with Japan, the Navy would have to bear
the brunt of the. trouble. It is 7500 miles
to the Philippines, too great a distance
to transport troops with an effective
hostile Navy lying in wait. So there could
be no land warfare. The only hope would
lie in destroying Japan on the seas.
"We must remember that in a war with
them we should be in the same situation
that Russia is now. Japan would be close
to the scene of war, while we would be
several thousand miles from it. Even if
we had a powerful fleet In the Philip
pines we might have It crippled, as Rus-
sia's. was. Japan would prefer to. buy the
islands and, if she collects a great In
demnity from Russia she may do so."
Great Rush to Europe Assured.
NEW YORK. March 13. An unprece
dented rush Is reported by steamship line
officials here for booking passages by
Americans wishing- to cross the Atlantic
this Summer. From eight to 15 sailings
are, they say, all full, and there are long"
waiting lists for favorite dates, and the
second cabin' accommodations of some
new steamers could be sold at first cabin
rates If the rlrstrclaas dining-room would
hold the travelers at one sitting.
NATE AT SEi
Dominican Treaty is an
MORE VOTES ARE NEEDED
Leaders Would Let It Lapse
MAY ORDER A COMMISSION
Republicans Consider Many Scheme
to Catch Enough Democratic
Votes to Ratify Heyburn
WASHINGTON, March lo.-Republican
leaders of the Senate are all at aea re
specting the action advisable to take in
regard to the Santo Domingo treaty.
Recognizing that tne Democrats control
more than one-third of the vote3, and -that
two-thirds are required to ratify the
convention, the Republican leaders think
that the treaty should be withdrawn by
the President On this subject the Sen
ate and the President do not agree, and
the idea prevails that, after one or two
days more of Inconsequential discussion,
the special session of the Senate will be
allowed to adjourn without date, and the
treat' lapse. But this plan is not popular
in the Senate, and a way to avoid it is
One alternative, which in the discussion
concerning- it was termed merely an ex
cuse for Inaction, is that Cullom. as chair
man of the committee on foreign rela
tions, should offer a resolution directing
the President to appoint a commission to
make an investigation of the Santo Do
mingo debt and other questions involved
in the protocol. This plan was agreed
on tentatively as the programme most de
sirable under existing conditions, espe
cially as it is believed that such a. reso
lution could, be adojted without debate
No decision was reached which may not
be changed tomorrow, however, and other
plans have been suggested or are brewing.
Trap for Democratic Votes,
Senator Newlands offered a resolution;
calling on the President to forward, to the
Senate certain Information believed, to be v
in the possession of the State Depart
ment in relation to Dominican affairs.
The resolution was not seriously consid
ered at this time, and Newlands' speech
advocating adoption received scant atten
tion. Later in the day it was whispered
that, if the resolution were adopted, and
the Democrats felt that all of the infor
mation obtainable would be given to
them, a defection of three or four Demo
cratic .votes might result- This would
ratify the treaty.
The Idea which meets the greatest ap
proval now is that arrangements will be
made' by the Senate to acquire, during
the recess of Congress, all information
concerning Santo Domingo affairs, that
the Senate may desire, in order that it
may pass upon the treaty in a way satis
factory to itself. When the Senate shall
convene next Autumn with, all the mem
bers present, the treaty will be taken
up and considered in the light of the
developments at that time.
In view of this tacit understanding, it
is quite probable the Senate will adjourn
tomorrow or Friday. It is known that
several Senators have made arrangements
to leave Washington the latter part of
After the President has discussed the
treaty with the Senators who had called
at the White House, he had conference
with Secretary" Hay and Secretary Taft.
No details of the discussion were dis
closed. Leaders of the minority party, on thf
other hand, took the position that no in
formation could be forthcoming which
would change the principle involved In the
treaty, and that it is idle for the Repub
licans to hope for aid from that slda. of
the chamber. The resolution, neverthe
less, remains undisposed of, and there
was talk among Republican leaders late
In the day of adopting it and putting it
to a test as a vcte-getter. Among those
who talked for the treaty were Spooner,
Heyburn. Piatt of Connecticut and Ful
ton, while those opposed to it were Mc
Cleary, Morgan, Culberson and others.
Heyburn Wants Annexation.
Soon after the Senate went into execu
tive session, Heyburn of Idaho made an
extended argument In favor of the annex
ation of Santo Domingo. At the begin
ning of the last Congress Heyburn Intro
duced a resolution for annexation, and
supported it In a speech.. Today he-declared
that the destiny of this as well as
other Islands was to be a part of or un
der the control of the United States
Heyburn favored the pending treaty be
cause it was in the direction of annexa
tion. Tilt Between Teller and Cullem.
When the Senate met there was a. very
interesting flurry over the treaty. Teller
(Dem., Colo.) Introduced a resolution of
inquiry, asking the State Department for
all Information concerning relations with
the Dominican government between July
1. mi. and March 1, 13C6.
The reading of the' resolution had
scarcely begun when Cullom objected to
further reading; saying that the natter
pertained to executive, session boMness
and should not be read in open session.,
"The Senator cannot take me off the
floor," declared Teller. "I deny the riyht
of the Senate to Interrupt the readia of
Cullom maintained that he- had a riafet
to inquire-into the nature of. the MtoluX
Concluded on Third. Ft.l