Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (March 9, 1905)
THE MORXLNG OftEGONIAU, TUESDAY, MAKOH 9, 190o.
Canal .Commissioners Are to
, " 'Be Shaken Up.
PRESIDENT TO MAKE CHANGES
He-W.Hl'"Reniovr Some Members and
Reduce Commission to Three by
' Leaving Places Vacant
Walker Is boomed.
"WASHINGTON. March S. Radical
changes arc to be made In the person
nel' of the Panama Canal Commission
President Kodscve'lt has let members
of .-Congress know that he is not at all
satisfied with the Work of the com
mission as It at present Is constituted.
He had hoped Congress, at the .session J
which closed last Saturday, would en
act legislation under which he could
reconstruct the commission and place
the work of building the canal on a
more practicable basis than now ex
ists. Congress, however, did not take
the initiative, contenting Itself with
extending the operation of the Spooner
aot until Congress should provide other
"While no authoritative statement
concerning the President's intentions
Is obtainable at the White House, it is
Renown to he bis purpose to make such
changes in the membership of the
Canal Commission as in his judgment
will facilitate work on the great
waterway. His desire, it is under
stood. Is to reduce the commission to
three members, all of whom shall "be
practical engineers of eminence. Un
der the Spooner act, one o& these en
gineers must be from the Navy and
one from the Army. Admiral John G.
Walker now represents the Navy and
General George W. Davis the Army on
the commission. It Is said positively
that Admiral "Walker will not continue
long as a member of the commission.
The achievements of the body under
the direction of Admiral Walker have
not been satisfactory to the President.
As constituted noxv. the commission
Is said to bo unwieldy. It is regarded
as containing too many elements which
have to be adjusted, one to anothor,
before anything definite can be done.
To remedy this defect tho President, it
is believed, will roduce the member
ship of the body and place in Imme
diate supervision of the canal work
men who will work in consonance with
the Ideas of himself and Secretary
Taft. In doing this, the President will
exercise his discretion about appoint
ing seven members of the body, as
provided for under the Spooner act. It
is very likely, indeed, that eventually
he will reduce the commission to three
members, simply by not filling the
places of those whose resignations
have been accepted. By adopting such
a plan as is here outlined, the Presi
dent hopes to get together a homo
geneous and harmonious working force
ja force that will achieve results.
' EXPENSES OF GOVERNMENT.
Summaryof Appropriations as Viewed
by Each Party.
WASHINGTON. March S. Statements
were Issued today for publication in the
Congressional Record by Hemonway, late
chairman of the House committee on ap
propriations, and Livingston, the ranking
member of the minority on the same com
ml t tee, relating to the appropriations by
the session of Congress Just closed. The
statements as to tho total appropriations
of the session agree, being $818,478,914, for
the fiscal year ending June 30, 190S, as
against 7S1,1 2,075 for the previous year.
Mr. Livingston makes a comparison of
the four years of the last Cleveland Ad
ministration and the four years of Ihe
Administration just closed, showing that
In 1S93-1S96 the appropriations were 52,016.
543.753, and during the years 1903-1906 they
In addition to the statements made by
Hemenway in the House on Saturday, he
submits additional figures and comments
on Governmental expenditures. He says:
Reduction of National Debt.
Cnder the operation of the st&tuto and
the provisions of tho sinking fund law, the
public debt has been reduced since AuCTict
1. 1S55. at which It reached lu highest
point $2,700,431,571 to $1,280,255,897 at the
close of Febniary. 1005. or more than J416,
000.000 In excess of the liberal requirements
of the sinking fund law. During- the four
fiscal years (1S83-1S9C) of President Cleve
land's last Administration, there was ap
propriated to the sinking fund only $18,400,-
oti, or an average of little. more than 13.000,
000 per annum. During the eight fiscal years
USD7-1DCM) of the Administration of Presl
dents. MeKJnlcy and Roosevelt, the aggregate
amount applied to the sinking fund was
J3. 510,069, or an averaco of nearly 130,
000.000 per annum.
Another permanent annual appropriation
-wliloU does not affect the ordinary receipts
and expenditures of the Government Is for
thr redemption of circulating notes of Na
tional banks that are retiring or reducing
circulation. These redemptions are made
out of deposits cf National banks required
,hj- law for that purpose and the estimated
amount that will be paid out of thes de
posits for these redemptions during tho fiscal
S'ear 1B08 l $30,000,000.
Deficit Will Be Small.
Speaking of the appropriations, Hemen
I am advlted by those most competent to
judge that the deficiency In the revenues of
the Government for the current fiscal year
will net exceed $15,000,000. Thl deficiency
is bronght about by unforeeeca expenditures
In two directions, namely $ IS, 000.000 on ac
count of new khlps for the Navy and also
in the probable excess of five or six million
dollars of expenditures for the postal serv
ice over the postal receipts for 1805.
From Democratic Viewpoint.
Livingston, after giving various expend!
Contrasting Cleveland's second Admlnlstra
tlon as to appropriations with that of Roose
velt, we Ami that a strenuous government.
dominated by the policy of a "big stick,"
oasts under Mr. Roosevelt $220,412,328 more
fer the Army. $25,184,157 more for the
Navy. $18,477,503 more for fortifications, and
for . thf three combined military purposes
4WS.074.0&0 more than did the same ob
jocts under Mr. Cleveland's last four years
l nfflpc. a sum large enough to erect a pub
lic buUQlng in every city and town In the
auntry with enough io spare to lmprov
ererj- harbor and waterway so necessary for
Cke promotion of our commerce, or It would
have lieeu sufficient to build 200,000 miles of
perfect roadway throughout the whole land.
CONFIRMED BY THE SENATE
Large Number of Diplomatic and
WASHINGTON, March S. The Senate
today in executive session confirmed the
following nominations :
Ambassadors Whltelaw Reid, of New
York, to Great Britain; Robert S. Mc
Cortnlck, of Illinois, to France; George
V. I Meyer, of Massachusetts, to Russia;
ICdwiR H. Conger, of Iown. to Mexico;
Henry White, of Rhode Island, to Italy.
Ministers W, W. Rockhlll, District o?
Columbia, to China; David H. Hill, of
New York, to The Netherlands; Henry
Lane Wilson, of Washington, to Bel
glum; William M. Collier, of New York,
to Spain; Brutus J. Clay, of Kentucky,
to Switzerland; Charles H. Graves, xZ
Minnesota, to Sweden and Norway:
Thomas J. O'Brien, of Michigan, to Den
mark; Edward O. O'Brien, of New York,
to Paraguay and Uraguay; John Ti.
JfCekyon, of New Jcirey. to Greece and
Montenegro and Diplomatic Agent in Bul-
garla; John W. Kiddle, of Jlnnesota. to
Koumania and Servla; Samuel R- Glim
mers, of New Jersey, to Morocco.
Consuls-General Robert J. "Wynne, of
Pennsylvania, at London, England: Frank
H. Mason, of Ohio, at Paris; Hoffman
Phillips, of New York, at Tangier; Thomas
Sammons, of "Washington, at Nlu
rJiiranp rrhinn.? Sfouilev Stoner. ot Mis
souri, at Calcutta, India; Henry B. Miller. '
of Oregon, at Yokohama; J. uynn noa
gers, of Ohio, at Shanghai. China
Joseph R. Hawley and Peter J. Oster
haus to.be Brigadier -Generals on the re
1 Consuls Robert J. Thompson, of Illli
nois, at Clenfuegos, Cuba; John B. Rich
ardson, of Kansas, at Port DIetrIck, Nica
ragua. Also promotions In the navy.
INVESTIGATE " RACE QUESTION
Negro Bishops Ask President to Ap
WASHINGTON, March 8. Bishops
Grant. "Walters and Arnett, o? the African
Methodist Episcopal Church, headed a
delegation of members of the Sociological
Congress, which called on. President
Roosevelt today to request him to recom
mend to Congress the appointment of a
commission to Investigate and consider
every phase of the race question In the
United States, with the -view of suggest
ing some plan for the betterment ot the
condition of the colored people and bring
ing about a more harmonious relation be
tween the races In this country. Infor
mally the delegation suggested to the
President the subject of the reduction of
the representation in Congress from those
states which discriminate politically
The President did not indicate to the
committee what action he might fake re
garding its request for the appointment
of a commission, promising simply to give
the subject consideration.
NEW POSTAL SCANDAL SCENTED
Investigation of Masten's Twine and
"WASHINGTON, March S. An investi
gation of certain contracts for twine and
the Bundy time clock with which the
Postoffice Department under the adminis
tration of J. M. Masten as chief clerk
to the First Assistant Postmaster-General,
la being conducted to the present time
under specific orders from President
Roosevelt. These contracts, .though
touched on incidentally In the reports of
ex-Fourth Assistant Postmaster-General
Bristow, arc declared to be lacking In
detail, hence the special Investigation at
During the general Investigation Mr.'
Masten was transferred from his former
position to that of Assistant Superintend
ent of the railway mail service, although
his dismissal was recommended by As
sistant Postmaster-General "Wynne.
CANNOT ESCAPE PUNISHMENT
Captain Kirkman, Accused of Scan
dalous Conduct, Resigns.
"WASHINGTON. March 8. Captain
George "W. Kirkman, Twenty-fifth In
fantry, who i3 being tried "by court-martial
at Fort Niobrara. Kan., on charges
vof scandalous conduct to the prejudice
of good order and military discipline, has
tendered his resignation as an officer of
the Army, and the question of Its ac
ceptance Is under consideration by the
President and the Secretary of "War.
Tho court engaged in the trial has taken
a recess until May 10, in order to await
the receipt of certain evidence from the
In the meantime additional charges of
a serious character have been preferred
against Captain Kirkman. and it is said
to be unlikely that he will be allowed to
quit the service without punishment.
AXE FOR FOUR COMMISSIONERS
President Decides He Has Power to
"WASHINGTON, March 8. (Special.)
The President has decided that he has
sufficient power under the Spooner act
to abolish the Panama Canal Commission
if he wishes.
He will request the resignation of Ad
miral Walker, of the District of Colum
bia, and Commissioners Grunsky, of Cali
fornia; Horrod, of Louisiana, and Burr,
of Pennsylvania. He will retain Commls
sloners Davis and Parsons and will ap
point Chief Engineer Wallace, of Chi
cago, a commissioner
WILL APPOINT A DEMOCRAT
President Will Yield to Southern
Sentiment In Georgia.
WASHINGTON, March 8. It is stated
that President Roosevelt will appoint ex-
Renresentatlve A. C. Tate, a Democrat.
TJnlted Stales District Attorney for the
Northern District of Georgia, to succeed
E. A. Angler, Republican.
New Batch of Appointments.
WASHINGTON. March S. Tho Pros!
dent today sent the following nominations
to the Senate:
First Assistant Postmaster-General,
Frank H. Hitchcock, Massachusetts.
Third Secretary of Embassy. John W.
Garrett, Maryland, at St. Petersburg.
Secretary of Legation, Roger Sherman
Gates Boutcll. Illinois, at The Hague.
Consul, Jerome A. Quay, Pennsylvania.
at Florence, Italy.
Brigadier-Generals on the retired list of
tho Army. John R. Hawley, formerly a
ungacier-Generai and Brevet Major-Gen
eral of Volunteers during the Civil War;
Peter J. Osterhaus. formerly -a Major
General of Volunteors during the Civil
Philippine Scouts Going Home.
WASHINGTON, March '8. Quartermas
ter General Humphrey has arranged for
the transportation of tho battalion of
Phillpplno scouts now in this city, back
to the Philippines on the transport Thom
as, scheduled to sail from San Francisco
on March 3L The second squadron of
the Eighth Cavalry will proceed to the
Philippines in the same vessel. The
scouts left here today for Fort Thomas,
Ky., where they will remain until they
leave for San Francisco to embark for
Cortelyou Keeps His Secretary.
WASHINGTON, March S. The first ap
pointment made by Postmaster-General
Cortelyou was that of H. O. Weaver, of
Ohio, to be his private secretary. Mr.
Weaver sustained this relation to Mr.
Cortelyou during the last two years -of
his White House work, went with him to
the Department of Commerce and Labor,
then to New York when Mr. Cortelyou
assumed the management of the Repub
lican National campaign.
Contract for Submarine Boats.
WASHINGTON, March 8. The Secretary
of the Navy has made a contract with
the Electric Boat Company for the con
struction of two submarine boats, one
to cost 50X00 and one to cost $200,000.
The contract calls for the completion of
the vessels within eight months. With
these two vessels the United States Navy
will include ten submarine torpedo
boats. Warner Takes Charge of Pensions. J
WASHINGTON, March S. Vespasian
Warner today assumed his office of Com
missioner of "Pensions to succeed Com
missioner Ware, who retired November
Consul Miller Confirmed.
WASHINGTON. March 8. The Senate
today confirmed the nomination of Henry
33. Miller, of Grant's Pass. On, to be
Consul General at Yokohama, Japan.
18 IN FULL FLIGHT
fContlaued liom Flrsi Pag4.j
taking complete possession of tho village,
which is of great strategic importance
for the accomplishment of the with
drawal.. No attack on the position at Madyapu,
west of the railroad, has begun at this
hour. The Japanese hold the heights five
miles west of Hushatai, though Russian
cavalry In this region yesterday drove in
outlying parties. It is also reported that
there Is a. Japanese detachment east of the
railroad In the same region.
Telegraphic communication with Harbin
was destroyed by the Japanese early this
morning, but has since been restored.
The Russians on Tuesday night cap
tured K)3 prisoners, who appear to be al
The losses on both sides have been enor
mous. The casualties on the Russian left
flank on Tuesday exceeded 7000.
The burning of commissariat warehouses
and the destruction of supplies south of
Mukden is said by Russian officers to be
complete. Everything that could not be
carried, away was destroyed.
Today the situation Is more tense. A
terrific cannonading Is in progress, and
the streets of Mukden rumble as with ten
RUSSIANS FLED IN WILD PANIC
First Four Days of Battle Gave Ku-
rokl Easy Victory.
WITH THE JAPANESE LEFT AR
MIES, Saturday, March 4, 10 P. M, (via
Tientsin. March 8.) The first four days
fighting on this flank has ended as suc
cessfully as the Japanese could wish. It
has resulted In the complete turning of
the Russian right and promises the cer
tain defeat of the entire Russian army.
It Is hard to see how the Russians can
possibly hope for any other result. Tho
left Japanese armies have swung north
to a point on the main highway Ave miles
north of the Mukden line.
The two left arm I ftp which are execut
ing the turning movement are now paral
lel to and four miles westward of the
railroad. The two armies swung around.
with Chantan as a pivot, until they
reached a position at right angles with
the original line, and are now advancing
directly east. The Russians made a
strong fight at tho start, but later their
resistance was slight, their nen retreat
ing in disorder before the onward rush
of the Jananese. who have advanced over
20 miles in four days, constantly In touch
with the Russians. The Russians had
many strong defenses in several lines, but
did not defend them as strongly as ex
pected. The soldiers everywhere are dis
heartened by the fall of Port Arthur, and
it is believed, they are almost In open
Russian Right Demoralized.
A number of strong positions were giv
en up without a show of resistance, and
the battlefield shows evidence of hasty
retreat, bolng covered with clothing.
heavy felt boots and thousands of whips,
thrown away probably because they Im
peded the Russians' hasty flight Many
rifles and thousands of clips of rlflo cart
ridges were thrown away, the Russians
retiring cast and north in confusion. It
was evident that all their plans for re
treat were disconcerted by the rapid
rushes of the Japanese.
The entire Russian right seems alto
gether disorganized. Today's reports
show the Russian troops are almost In
a panic-stricken condition, one army corps
opposed to the Japanese extreme left
army retiring rapidly and probably mak
ing no attempt to stop the Japanese. The
Japanese victory was even greater moral
ly than physically. It Is estimated that
tho Russian looses were over 10,000. Tho
prisoners' statements give evidence of
even greater loss. The Japanese loss with
the left army during the four days does
not exceed 4000.
The Russian center near the railroad,
when last heard from, retained its former
position, but it may since have . retired
The entire command, it Is believed, will
be eurrounded and cut off.
Tiwankampu, on the left bank of
the Hun, was captured last night by
the Japanese, who secured large quan
titles of supplies and light railroad
material. The Russians retreated pre
cipitately, not having time to carry
away or destroy their stores.
Will Give No Time to Rally.
The advance just made Is the most
rapid the Japanese ever accomplished.
They recognize the fact that the Rus
sians are demoralized and aro deter
mined not to allow them time to
rally. The seizure of the railroad north
and south of Mukden will end tho
Tho J&paneso have not -.captured any
guns, but have captured many rifles
and much ammunition.
The Jupaneso engineers, taking ad
vantage of the Ice. are already erect
ing several bridges across the Hun.
The ice is still firm enough to bear the
weight of guns.
The weather is warmor, with a north
wind and dust storms, which perfectly
j conceal the guns.
; The movemont of the Japanese troops
practically throughout the entire bat
tle was conducted by telephone, the
perfect flatness of the country not al
lowing any hill from which a com
mander could direct the movement of
the troops. The ground is still frozen
and, therefore, it is impossible for the
advancing Japanese to throw up any
shelter, and they are using various de
vices for protection, some being fur
nished with small steel shields large
enough to cover the head while lying,
and others carrying sand bags.
The Chinese are suffering greatly as
a result of the fighting. Many or their
villages have been burned by shell Are
and others have been 'set on flro by
the Russians. All the houses contain
ing anything of value have been looted
by the Russians.
NO MORE WIRE FROM MUKDEN
Sign That Japanese Have Cut Com
munication With City.
ST. PETERSBURG. March 9. A
number of long cipher telegrams were
received from General Kuropatkin last
night confirming tho press reports that
the result of the fortnight's fighting In
and about Mukden had been disastrous
to tho Russian cause. Almost Imme
diately after they were received com
munication with Mukden ceased, indi
cating that the Japanese movement to
the north of the city had been, at least
In part. successfuL
The latest news of reverses to Kuro
patkin's army has been suppressed and
will be held until the Russian com
mander Is again heard from. The gen-
erj. staff professes that General Kuro-
patkin will succeed In reaching Tlo
Pass with most of his main army, al
though it is admitted that General
Rennenkarnpff's forces are in grave
danger and may be annihilated.
The last press dispatches to get
through from Mukden- presented a
graphic word: picture of conditions In
Jhat city. It is stated that the Japanese
were driving the Russians into the
city from all four quarters of the com
pass, and. that a general battle was in
progress at the Imperial Manchu
Tombs, three miles eastward of the
city. This probably means the com
plete destruction of these historic landmarks.
TOO MUCH OF A BUREAUCRAT
Kuropatkin's Failure Due to Over
Attention to Details.
ST. PETERSBURG. March 8. A Gen
eral who has just returned from the front
Informs the Associated Press that Gen
eral Kuropatkin's faults as Commander-in-Chief
are due to bis bureaucratic train
ing and bls-desire to keep all the reins
In his own hands.. Instead ot relying upon
the judgment of the army commanders
to carrying 'out his general orders, he
made of them 'simply orderlies for the
transmission of specific orders to Indi
vidual units, and kept constantly before
him a map showing the location, not only
of the corps but of the brigades and regi
ments, and undertook to control the move
ments of every unit
"The genius of - Napoleon." the General
referred to added, "could not accomplish
the task Kuropatkin set himself."
FIERCE FIGHT WEST OF MUKDEN
As Usual. Russians Tell Only pf
ST. PETERSBURG, March 9 (12:53 A.
M.). The afternoon edition of the Bourse
Gaxetto yesterday published a dispatch
dated Mukden, March 7, 8:45 P. M-, which
There was flerco cannonading today
(Tuesday) west of Mukden, and heavy
rifle firing. We succeeded in repulsing
today's attacks to the westward and cap
tured several villages to Hhe northwest
Our cavalry discovered on March 6 a de
tachment of Japanese horse Infantry
soven miles from Hushatai Station, en
deavoring to break through and cut our
line. Our cavalry drove them south. The
enemy stubbornly attacked our left flank
'It Is evident that, up to today, the
Japanese have made only demonstrations
In this region."
LAST DISPATCH FROM MUKDEN
Russians Repulsed "North of City, and
Telegraph Line In Danger.
MUKDEN. March S (4:3) A. M.) The
Japanese last night attacked the Russian
positions north of Mukden and forced
the Russians to fall back a little. The
Japanese are concentrating on the west
This may be the last dispatch out of
Mukden, as the telegraph line is in dan
ger of being destroyed. The battle Is
In full progress.
SHELLS REACH THE RAILROAD
Japanese May Yet Cut Off Retreat of
MUKDEN, March S. 11 A. M.) The
Russians arc retiring from the lines of
the Shakho River and the left flank of
the line of fortifications on the Hun
River. Japanese are north of Mukden
and advancing against the railroad at
A fight is raging two miles, west of the
railroad and projectiles are reaching the
RAY OF HOPE FOR KUROPATKIN
Large Reinforcements May Save
Him From Disaster.
LONDON, March 9. The Time3 St,
Petersburg correspondent says that Gen
eral Kuropatkin received considerable re
lnforcements a few .days ago and that It
is hoped these fresh troops will stave off
a crushing defeat and save his retreating
VILLAGE TAKEN AND RETAKEN
Both Armies Fight Until Ammunition
MUKDEN, Tuesday. March 7 fll P. M.)
The chief objects of the bloody Titanic
combat west of Mukden today were the
villages of Ushuntun, seven miles west
ot Mukden station, and Tatchcklao, where
the results practically were a,-draw, but
a further turning movement has devel
oped. The Japanese are extending their
forces still further toward Tie Pass.
At dawn today, after a night broken
by Irregular musketry fire and cannon
ading, the fight began at Ushuntun and
Tatchekiao, both of which are large vil
lages nestling In groves of tamarinds.
now bare of leaves and the houses aro
constructed with thick walls and tho vil
lages arc surrounded by high clay ram
narts. converting them Into fortifications
Impervious to rifle bullets. It was most
difficult to approach these villages and
each house had to be taken singly by
Tho Russians, who held Ushuntun for
a night, were forced to withdraw at dawn
the next day by a fearful fire of shrap
nel and Shlmose shells, under which the
village seetned as it in a cauiaron. .But,
reinforced by the brigades of riflemen and
reserves, the Russians again advanced to
Under the eyes of General Kaulbars.
who with his staff moved about where
the hall of iron was thickest and who
seemed to bear a charmed life, the rifle
men deployed over tho plowed fields as
If at maneuvers and without firing
shot, though bespattered by the continu
ous bursting of shrapnel and shells. They
pushed closely In skirmishing order, cap
tured the village and advanced on the
Tho fight then grew more bitter, the
Japanese attacking madly, but a 4 in
the afternoon the Russian position be
came secure, and General Kaulbars. who
had spent most of the day at this point.
moved oft to visit the other Russian post
tions. the Japanese bidding him adieu with
a burst of Shlmose shells. Opposite Tat
chekiao the fighting was of an equally
desperate nature. The Russians estab
lished themselves In the villages of Tsun
huanche and. Lludyaofan. but night fell
with Tatchekiao still in the bands of the
Japanese. Northward of Tatchekiao tho
cannon also roared. Tho regiment under
tho command of Colonel Zapolsky clung
tenaciously to a village under a. shower
of shrapnel. Toward evening General Ky
ropatkin rode out pf Mukden In -an auto
mobile and examined personally the po&I
tions of the Second Army.
-At the close of the fighting this eren
Ing the Infantry on both sides were short
ot ammunition, and the night was devoted
to replenishing supplies of, individual sol
diers. Southwest of Mukden, at the
Shkntan pivot fight, the Japanese suc
ceeded in establishing themselves in tho
southern part of the village, but they
were expelled by the Russians.
Reports received here say the repeated
attacks of the Jananese on Putlloff and
Novgorod Hills have been repulsed with
the heaviest loss. A division of Russian
cavalry which was patrolling the Llao
j valley" and was cut off March 2 by the
rapid advance of the Japanese, succeeded
today In rejoining the Russian army with
out sustaining any losses and taking
number of prisoners,
This has been a regular Spring day.
The ground is becoming damp, and in
places the mud Is showing itself.
An attack Is expected to take place to
morrow on the Kaplan center.
Russia's Troops Needed to
ARMY GOING TO CAUCASUS
News of Kuropatkin's Defeat May Be
Signal for Fresh Outbreak
Christians and Moslems
Make Common Cause.
' ST. PETERSBURG, March 9. Fear
ing the almost certain defeat of the
Russian army in the field in Manchuria
and a probable uprising in the princi
pal cities of the empire following the
receipt of the news that Mukden has
fallen, the Russian government Is this
morning wrestling with the problem of
how to restore order in the sections
where anarchy reigns supreme, and
where hourly conflicts between the au
thorities and discontented residents
are the order of the day.
The situation Is so serious that a
number of conferences have been held
between the higher army chieftains,
with the result that all of the troops
In the larger cities have been directed
to hold themselves In readiness to
quell rioting, and their commanders
have been Instructed that so soon as
a hostile demonstration against the
government is set on foot, such an act
shall be the signal for stern repressive
All Poland Is in a state of revolt, and
only the presence of enormous bodies
of troops is holding the people In
check. At Moscow the terrorists are
distributing anarchistic literature at
will, whilo from Batoum comes news
of the gravest import. Certain. ad-
Ices reclved from the secret police be
fore midnight last night Indicate that
the reign of terror In the Caucasus Is
working havoc there. The Moslems
and Christians there, for the first time
In the history of the land, are uniting
and making common cause against the
government, refusing to pay taxes and
using bombs against the soldiers from
So serious is the situation consider
ed that an expeditionary force of seven
battalions of infantry and six of ar
tlllery has been mobilized to enter the
disaffected districts. They are com
manded by the veteran General Allen-
boff. who has made a reputation for
quelling disturbances. The report is
general that the first shot fired against
the people will be a signal for a gen
eral uprising against Russian rule.
The foreign Consuls In the district
have been threatened with death
should they oppose the revolutionaries.
HOW TO PAY THE ADVANCES
Polish Railroad Company Finds That
Strike Concessions Are Costly.
WARSAW. March S (11:05 A. M.)-Now
that the strikes arc practically over, the
employers are beginning to find that the
concessions made in order to secure
settlement of the difficulty will prove too
heavy a tax on their, resources. The man
agement of the Vienna Railway has de
cided to call a meeting of stockholders
to consider the financial position under
the new conditions. A careful revision
of the list of employes shows that the
Increase of wages promised the strikers
adds Vtro.OOO yearly to the payrolls Instead
of 373,000, as originally estimated.
The city Is generally quiet. .Few cis
turbances are now occurring. Another
policeman was killed last night A
drunken Infantryman this afternoon dis
charged his rifle In a crowded street,
severely wounding a man and a little
BLOODY MEASURES ARE URGED
Organ of Autocracy Says Crush Re
volt by Slaughter.
ST. PETERSBURG, March S. A sensa
tion was caused today hy a leading edi
torial in the Moscow Gazette, the tradi
tional spokesman of autocracy, declaring
that the present revolt In the interior
should be put dotrn immediately in the
fashion which Michael Muravleff crushed
the Polish and Lithuanian rebellion in
"It would be a sad sacrifice of life."
says the Gazette, "but a hundred times
less now than If tho revolt wero allowed
to continue until it became absolutely
necessary to take decisive steps."
The Liberals are making a great point
of the fact that at the very time when
Emperor Nicholas Is declaring the neces
sity for strict observance of the law. he
has again set the example of disregarding
it According to the law of the empire.
an Imperial manifesto must be read in
the Senate, which Is the legal body In the
promulgation of laws, before its publica
tion In the Official Messenger. By hl3 di
rect order this formality was omitted in
the case of tho recent manifesto.
ARMED PEASANTS IN REVOLT
They March Through Villages and
Overpower Police Force.
ST. PETERSBURG. March S. The peas
ant movement against the landed propri
etors of Central Russia Is growing-
stronger. Bands of armed peasants are
marching through villages and destroy
ing property. They have even entetred tho
town of Pensaw, where the police force
is not sufficient to cope with them.
DEMANDS OF THE PEASANTS
They Want Freedom Like All the
Rest of Russia.
PARIS, March 9. The Tribune Russe
publishes the text ot a resolution which.
it is said. Is being extensively signed In
the rural communities In Russia, demand
lng the nationalization of land and Indus
trjes, liberty of the press, a representative
parliament, universal sunrage and tho
immediate cessation of the war.
True Cause of Caucasian Revolt.
ST. PETERSBURG. March 3 (3 A. M.).
Mall advices from the Caucasus place
an entirely new complexion on the lawless
condition of affairs, representing the dls
orders as purely riots between Armenians
and Tartars, but in the actual nature of
a rebellion of Armenians against Russian
authority, the outgrowth of tho old ques
tion of sequestration of church funds,
which the authorities are represented as
having sought to answer by Inciting the
Tartars to hostility against the . Armen
Strike in Naval Dockyards.
ST. PETERSBURG. March 8. The
workmen have struck in the Baltic naval
dockyard because three of their repre
sentatives to. the workmen's conference
have been arrested. The director threat
ens to close the works.
Denies That Witte Has Resigned.
ST. PETERSBURG. March 8. The re
port from Berlin that Ml Witte. president
of the committee of .Ministers, has- re
signed, is officially denied. '.
Armenian Rebels Caught at laku.
J TIFXJ.3. March 8Lr-Investigation, showa.
mf Chilly? Just coming dowrf I
A 23j with a hard cold? Where do I
!n the throat? That means hoarseness," sore
throat, tonsillitis. In the chest? Then '-bron?
chitis, pneumonia, consumption.
Do not let your cold settle. Break it up I Drive
it out! Ask your doctor the bqst medicine" f of
this. If Jie says Ayer's Cherry Pectoral,take it
at once. If he has anything bettertake.thate'
3Ca by tb J. O. Xjvt Co.. XMirtll, XcM
Also naaooutarars of
that the recent disturbances at Baku were
the result ot activity by the Armenian
revolutionary committee. A number of
suspects have been arrested, including one
member of the International revolutionary
committee and also two men who were
found in possession of proclamations re
vealing a plot against the government
Work as Antidote to Riots.
LODZ, March 8. In. consequence' of
threats of anti-Semitic disturbances, the
authorities have Induced M. Poznanski,
who is a Jew, to withdraw his orders
shutting down his mill Indefinitely and
throwing 6C00 persons out of work. . The
mill was reopened today and the men re
turned to work.
Japs Take Two More Contrabands.
TOKIO. March S. The British steamer
Venus, from Cardiff, for Vladivostok, was
captured by a Japanese warship March A,
and the British steamer Aphrodite, from
The Kind Yon Have Always
in tea for orer SO years,
rtvVy! sonal supervision since its infancy..
yt 'Ctfc44Q AHowno one to deceive you in tMsv
All Counterfeits, Imitations and " Just-as-good" are but;
Experiments that trifle with, and endanger the .health off
Infants and Children Experience against Experiment
What is CASTORIA
Castoria is a harmless substitute for Castor Oil, Pare'
goric, Drops and Soothing Syrnps. It is Pleasant. Ifc
contains neither Opium, Morphine nor other Ifarcotip
substance. Its age is its guarantee. It destroys JW orms
and allays Feverishness. It cures Diarrhoea and. Wind
Colic It relieves Teethingroubles, cures Constipation
and Flatulency. It assimilates the Food, regulates the
Stomach and Bowels, giving healthy and natural sleep
The Children's Panacea The Mother's Friend.
GENUINE CASTORIA ALWAYS
The Kind You tee Always Bought
In Use For Over 30 Years.
THE CCNTAUK COMPANY, TT MURRAY STXCCT. NEW YORK CITY.
Best receeMtai aas
fcj diseaaea of ran.
u se&cal dlelanua.
Uceaaes aad sewsa-
Bcr record tnovr.
Poison, Rectal, Money ana urinary diseases
u aU diseases aad TreakeMe due to laherltaace, evil kablts, ex
cesses or the result of spec 18c diseases.
CONSULTATION AND EXAMINATION FREE J2i" VTSSSSt
Office Hours: S A. JL to 8 P. M.; Sunday 10 te 12 oalyi
St. Louis IuerSand Dispensary
Cer. 2eca aad Yamhill Streets, Portland, Or.
L- ' - -
I llr01" the Bowelsgj
AYER'S PILLS "For eootti patios.
AYER'S AGUE CUBS For rsaUria as tgie.
Cardiff for "Vladivostok, was seized by a
warship of Japan March 5. Since the
war began Japan has taken possession
of 32 steamers carrying contraband of
war. These vessels are of 1000 tons and
upwards, tho whole totaling 100,000 tons.
Warning to Fire Insurance Men.
CHICAGO, March S. Insurance com
panies 'accustomQd to using the mails tq
notify their policy-holders of the cancel
lation of policies roust reform, according
to a decision just rendered in the branch
Appellate Court. The decision was lrithe
case wherein the Potomac Insurance
Company sought to evade paying "W. B.
At wood, of Dekalb, 111., a fire loss. The
Potomac Company gave Atwood a, policy
covering a stock of merchandise. It af
terwards sent him a registered letter giv
ing tho agreed five days notice cancelling
tho policy, but the postmaster failed to
deliver it until after the fifth day had ex
pired. Next day the property was burned
and Atwood sued for the insurance.
Bought, and wlilclr Las bees,
lias borne the signature &
Las been made under bis per
Above all other thlass, ire strive to tare the. thou
sands of young and zalddle-asred men. who are plunging-
toward the grave, tortured by the ivoe3 of nervous
debility. We have evolved, a special' treatment tor
Krvous Debility and special weakness that Is uni
formly successful in cajes where success was before
and by other doctors deemed Impossible. It does not
stimulate temporarily, but restores permanently. It
allays Irritations ot the delicate tissues surrounding
the lax and unduly expanded glands, contracting them
to their normal condition, which prevents lost vitality.
It tones up and strengthens the blood vessels that
carry nourishment. The patient realizes a great blight
has been lifted from his life.
We want all MEN WHO AilE STHTFEKING from any
disease or special weakness to feel that they can. come
to our office freely for examination and explanation
of their condition JTllKC OF CHARGE, without being
bound by any obligation whatever to take treatment
unless they so desire. We cure
Nervous Debility, Blood