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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (March 8, 1905)
VOL.XLT. m 13,805.
POETLA2D, OREGON, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 8, 1905.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
Russia Admits Her
ITS RETREAT SECURE
Valor of Her Soldiers
Keeps Way Open.
HOST FEARFUL OF BATTLES
Storm of Lead and Iron Sweeps
Whole Vast Plain.
BOTH SIDES CAPTURE GUNS
Russians Lose Big Siege Guns, While
Japanese Suffer Loss of Machirre
. Guns Hunger Attacks
nCHTTNG TO COVEB RETREAT.
Ifor ten days the Japanese dnd Ruv
tmn armies In Manchuria have been cn
fyaged In a mighty conflict, the issue of
yWhich has not yet been reached. Al
though most of the news from the scenes
at battle comes through Russian source.
It Is evident that the Japanese made
some gains yesterday.
St, Petersburg has an unofficial report
that General Kuropatkln's center has
been broken and that 13 siege guns have
fallen Into the hands of the Japanese.
These guns, -which are of six and eight
inch caliber, were given permanent em
placements on .the line of the railroad
north of Shakhe station, that fact evi
dencing the confidence at the iRunians
that the Japanese could not penetrate
ItJs generally 'believed thM Kuropct
Vln was yesterday nghflng a. rearguard
action to cover his retreat, and that
the nlgbt will have , witnessed a. large
wlthdruTval of trobpo toward 7lo Pass.
All of the Commander-in-Chief's ability.
-It is considered, will be required to ex
' tricate bis army from Its present pre
dicament. The Issue, It Is expected, will
be- decided today.
L.OXDOX, March 8-Tbe Dally Mall's
correspondent at Tokto snys:
Report are current here that the
Russians are In retreat and preparing
to destroy the railroad north of Mnk
rfen. General Kuropatkln is atd to
Siave goae to Fuibun after holding: a
council of "war of 100 officers.
HU left rearguard, consisting of 20,
600 picked troops, Is retiring.
Chinese report that Mukden has been
completely evacuated and that Its irreat
magazines were set on fire by Japanese
ST. PETERSBURG, March S. !2:15
A. M.) That the battle of Mukden will go
down in history with Uao Yang In the
long list of Russian defeats Is the almost
universal belief in pessimistic St Peters
burg, which has forgotten the meaning
of the word 'victory." The War Office
does not admit that the issues of tbe
great battle which already exceeds in
magnitude of operations and losses that
of Shakhe, has been decided, although it
Is positively stated in high quarters that
Kuropatkln has telegraphed to Emperor
Nicholas that it will be. impossible to hold
Mukden and that the withdrawal of the
army northwardi has already been begun.
Nothing from General Kuropatkln later
than Monday has been given out but ad
vices to St Petersburg newspapers and
dispatches to the Associated Press dated
at 6 o'clock last night Indicate that the
position of tbe Russian army after a day
of furious fighting Is desperate, but not
absolutely hopeless, some Russian cor
respondents even predicting a Russian vic
tory soon, and one affirming that the ex
treme Japanese left has already begun to
retire southward. Everything probably
now depends on General- Kuropatkln's re
serves. Kuropatkln Holds His Own.
"While the . Japanese hurled themselves
forward at every point yesterday, their
main, energies -were behind the blow west
and southwest in, an attempt to envelop
the Russian right and drive a wedge
through the line at Madyapu. but General
Kuropatkln seems to have been able to
successfully change front on the line of
his shattered right and at nightfall it -was
reported he was practically holding all his
positions. At the same time he was draw
ing in and shortening his line to the
southeast According to reports, all the
concentrated attacks of the Japanese to
the westward failed and the efforts qf
Generals Kogt and .Oku to push their en
circling movement north and east across
General Kuropatkln's line of communlca
tlons "were blocked. Reports, however, are
conflicting. One correspondent telegraphs
of hearing firing northward toward Tie
Pass, which may have been Cossacks and
& flying column of Japanese.
While some Russian correspondents per
haps attach undue importance to several
minor Russian Successes on the southern
front, which evidently were simply coun
ler attacks and In no sense real offensive
movements, it Kuropatkln has a plan for
striking a real blow upon which, in the
opinion of the experts, his salvation de-
-penoBt uera u no inaicauoa ot eucn a
pnrpose as yet. The commander-in-cnler
has been confining his strategy, as at
Xiao Tang, to meeting: attacks ot the Jap
anese -and accepting' battle at places
chosen by Field Marshal Oyaxna.'
Both aides are terribly exhausted by
ten days of continuous fighting.
All Consider Him Beaten.
At the military headquarters here- Gen
eral Kuropatkln Is already regarded as
beaten. Those who believe there la still
chance of actual Russian victory are
few and far between. Tho majority re
gard the fighting yesterday as in reality
a rearguard action, entertaining so doubt
that there "will be a heavy "withdrawal
during the night.
General Kuropatkln's critics among
military men are Increasing in number.
the burden of complaint being that in
every action he has shown lack of Initia
tive. With defeat now, whether, dlsas;
trous or otherwise, they declare his star
will set On the other hand, it Is be
lieved that Fie.d .Marshal Oyama's dar
ing strategy, if successful in this battle.
will entitle him to rank as one of the
greatest captains of the age.
May Bring Russia to Terms.
Politically the result may determine'
the question ot continuing prosecution of
the war. An overwhelming disaster, it
Is believed, will surely bring Russia to
terms, but anything less might not break
the stubborn resolution of the govern
ment. In Its bearing on the Internal situa
tion, the result of battle ie regarded as
No exact figures are hazarded as to the
losses, although it Is evident that they
will exceed those at Liao Tang on both
sides. According to all accounts, the
Japanese, who had attacked, were the
heavier losers everywhere except In the
west. In the mattor of supplying, food
and ammunition, the Russians, occupying
defensive lines, enjoy a greater advantage
which may prove decisive at the crucial
moment, all the dispatches from the
front dwelling upon the terrible exhaus
tion and hunger of the Japanese prison
ers who have been captured.
OYAMA'S STRATEGY UNVEILED
Russians Fight Like Demons to Pre.
vent His Trap From Closing.
MTjKDEN, March 7. The outlines of
Marshal Oyama's strategy have been well
defined since March 4. While maintaining
a series of energetic attacks on tbe east
ern front and demonstrations on the cen
ter, the Japanese made their principal
stroke -westward, the chief effort being
an endeavor to break through the trian
gle of Ullnpu, Madyapu and Erthtaitzu,
thus severing the eastern army, and
frontal force from Mukden, and at the
same time threatening a further advance
to the northward to deprive the Russians
of the road by which to retreat to Tie
Against this plan General Kuropatkln
decided to accept battlo both on tho front
and west of Mukden, and ordered an at
tack beginning at dawn on March 5. There
was a terrific artillery fire and a rain of
ijnnisHts from-xen batteries. .Major-Gen-
erai Tserpltsky's battalions fought
with fierce determination, apparently
realizing that seven miles Jn the rear.
in Mukden, were its tons of commls
sary, artillery and hospital supplies. !
Japanese Fight Like Madmen.
In the Mukden railway station there
-was a scene of feverish activity. Trains
were moving now norxn and now south.
wnue the streets were filled with
wounded, indicating the seriousness of
the fight that was in progress. The
Japanese, like madmen, threw them
selves upon the regiment occupying a
position east of the old railway em
bankment ' and drove it eastward.
where the same attack -was met by
stubborn resistance. Toward evening
the fighting slackened on the railroad
and the cannonading was stilled, but
in the twilight the Russians, by a bril
liant attack, captured Podyza and Pad
aotun. Through the utter darkness of
night the same regiments were en
gaged in a series of ngnts, giving other
regiments and batteries in the rear a
chance to rest.
Charge Through Hail of Lead.
At dawn on March 6 began s fight
long to be remembered In the history
of wars. It was of terrific grandeur,
and might be compared to a vast thun
der storm of lead., shrapnel and bullets
pelting mercilessly a strip of land 20
miles long and seven miles broad, mow
ing down victims by thousands, with
the explosions of Shlmose shells and
the scythelike work or six-inch shells
razing whole villages. Through this in
ferno Japanese and Russians charged
and counter-charged by regiments.
Though, some of these have been
pounded by batteries for six days, they
fought with determination and firm
ness. Regiments were reduced to com
panies and companies to squads; hut
these managed to unite, and with fresh
troops took up tbe fight
As this dispatch is written, at 8
o'clock A. M., the fight is again raging
with all the Intensity of yesterday, and
increasing constantly. .
RESISTANCE IS WEAKENING.
Direction of Cannonade Indicates Re
treat Is Cut Off.
MUKDEN, March. 8. The situation.
so far as tbe Russian army defending
Mukden is concerned, remains most
serious, and the resistance is undoubt
edly weakening. . In fact. It now seems
certain that the present contest cannot
last another three days, and that the
Russian forces will be compelled to re
treat, and even another day may fin
The center remains firm, but the
Russians on the southwest are falling
back rapidly, and the several com'
manders admit that they ca'nnot much
longer withstand' the rushes of the
Japanese, who, regardless of life, are
moving forward In a frantic attempt to
drive back the Russians. Fighting-
now general all along the line, and last
night's cannonading could be heard to
the northeastward of the city. This is
believed here to Indicate that the Jap
anese flanking movement has been suc
cessful and that the Russian columns
dispatched to maintain the "open road
failed to reach the designated positions
Absolutely, no Information can oe se
- (Coasluded ea.iurUi rcl.
NO PARTY LINES
Santo Domingo' Treaty
Will Escape Them.
QUJGK ACTION ASSURED
Committee Will Report to Sen
ate Without Delay,
CRITICISMS ON PRESIDENT
Bacon Wants Investigation, and Says
Authority Was Exceeded In Mak
ing Treaty Morgan. Would
WASHINGTON, March 7. Without
determining any question of policy in
regard to the Santo Domingo treaty,
the Senate decided today that the
treaty should be reported as soon as
possible from the committee on foreign
relations and the entire question
fought out In executive session. This
was the sentiment of the foreign re
lations committee, as well as the Sen
ate, and in two sesions of the com
mittee tbe proceedings were with a
view to reporting the treaty tomorrow
The amendments offered in commit
tee were confined to a reduction of an
alleged surplus of words. They were
offered verbally and taken down by a
stenographer. They are to be printed
and considered when the committee
meets tomorrow. By a tacit under
standing, the policy involved in the
treaty was not taken. up by the com
mittee, and It was understood that the
action in submitting amendments In
this manner did not commit any Sena
tor to support the treaty. The pro
gramme was merely to facilitate ac
tlon and remove all chance of its being
made a party question In the commit
The prompt action of the foreign re
lations committee undoubtedly will re
suit in a much earlier dcolslon in the
Senate. Nearly every Senator who dis
cussed the. treaty today, express e,i
aesire ;naL mo measure oc jtcpi irum
becoming a ,party question. To prevent
this Senator Bacon offered to withdraw
his resolution offered yesterday, that
the committee on foreign relations
make an Investigation of the protocol
of an agreement made January 31, 19(53,
by which the United States undertook
to regulate the collection of customs
of the Dominican government and pay
the claim of the Santo Domingo Im-
provement Company and modify It
When he again offers it the resolution
will be general in character and ask
that the foreign relations committee'
Inquire and report whether the execu
tive had tbo author'ty to make an
agreement by which the United States
takes charge of the customs of another
Says Authority Was Exceeded.
Bacon addressed the Senate on his
resolution. He conceded the right of
the United States to enter into an
agreement with another country for
the collection of a claim held by a
United States citizen or company, but
he contended that the Executive ex
ceeded his authority in entering into
an agreement to take charge of the
customs affairs of such government
without first submitting the question
to the Senate and receiving Is ap
Spooner agreed with Bacon's views
as to the authority of the President
to make such an agreement with Santo
Several other Senators objected to
the form of the resolution, saying that
it went too far. Bacon met this criti
cism by withdrawing the resolution,
with a view of remodeling it and offer
ing it again.
The sentiment of the Senate seemed
to be that an early report on the treaty
should be made by the committee on
foreign relations. A suggestion to this
effect met with favor, and it was an
nounced that it had been agreed in the
committee that a report could be made
within a few days, probably tomorrow.
It is not the expectation that the
treaty will be reported from the com
mittee in a form apprwrea by all of the
members, but it is believed that great
er headway can be made by having the
discussion on the floor of the Senate.
Right to Act as Collector.
While most of the debate today re
lated to the Bacon resolution, there
was an incidental exchange ot views
concerning the treaty and the effect ot
the intervention of the United States
in the affairs of the Dominican govern
ment Including the right of the United
States to collect debts due to Amer
ican citizens. On the latter point there
was substantial agreement, but there
was a wide divergence ot opinion as to
Referring to the effort made by the
United States in the interest of the
Santo Domingo Improvement Company,
Piatt of Connecticut advanced the idea
that the United States officials en
gaged in collecting the money for the
payment of this debt are the agents ot
the Dominican government Teller
combated this suggestion by pointing
out 'that they were appointed by the
United States, which, he contended,
robbed them of the most essential fea
ture of the agency.
A new proposition was suggested by
Morgan, which was that the United
States should make an investigation of
J.the; debts of gaato, .jDomlnso "before ea-
tering upon any plan for their pay
ment. He said it -would be dangerous
for this country to engage In the -Business
of debt-paying until the obliga
tions of Santo Domingo had .been in
vestigated and sifted. To enter upon
payment of these debts without any
knowledge of their extent or whether
they -were honest or fraudulent he con
tended, -would Involve this country in
untold trouble and controversy -with
creditors. He took the position that
the treaty should not be ratified-until
such an investigation bad been made.
TREATY WILL BE RATIFIED.
Senators Give President Assurances,
but They May Amend It.
WASHINGTON, March 7. Before the
meeting of. the Cabinet today. President
Roosevelt received scores of visitors, who
merely desired to extend " their good
While the informal reception was in
progress, the President 'incidentally dis
cussed with some of the Senators, who
were among his visitors, the treaty with
Santo Domingo. The consensus of opin
ion among the Senators, including Allison
of Iowa. Spooner of Wisconsin. Nelson
and Clapp of Minnesota. Carter ot Mon
tana. Hopkins ot Illinois and Hansbrough
of North Dakota, was that tho treaty
would bo ratified within a reasonable
time. It seems quite likely that the treaty
will be amended in some particulars be
fore ratification, but the amendments
suggested will not render it ineffective.
KUE0KI JTRAHLY AT HTTEDEN
Russians Try to Break Through His
Lines, But Are Beaten.
GENERAL KUROKES HEADQUAR
TERS IN THE FIELD, March 7 (vhvFu
san). (Delayed in transmission.) The
tenth day ot the Japanese attack flnd3 the
battle progressing favorably. Its long
duration was expected, and it will prob
ably continue several days more before
it is concluded. The Japanese forces have
reach nearly to Mukden, within two miles
of the railway, and are bombarding
The Russians everywhere are making a
desperate resistance, frequently trying
offensive operations and arranging every
defensive device of modern warfare. The
fighting resembles a siege more than
The past two nights there have been
fights in front and east ot Witosan. The
enemy was .closely engaged while the
Russian batteries shelled the trenches
and star shells were used to illuminate
the battlefield. Hand grenades are em
ployed freely In close fighting.
Last night the Russians attempted to
break the Japanese line by crossing the
river west of Witosan, but they were
TRYING TO HOLD RAILROAD
Sole Purpose ct Russians Is to Covert
main minjr neireiu. .
GENERAL OKXrS HEADQUARTERS
IN THE FIELD. March 6 (via Fusan).
(Delayed In transmission.) General
Oku' a army continued the attack on the
villages In the angle formed by the
railway and the Hun river, capturing
two of them.
The Russians are making a fierce re
slstance; desperately attempting to
hold the railway until the main army
retreats. Both sides have brought into
play many heavy guns.
The battle today has been rargely an
artillery dueL The attack towards tbe
Will Retain Kuropatkln.
LONDON. March 8. The Times St
Petersburg correspondent says that
according to trustworthy information
the majority of the war council is in
favor of retaining General Kuropatkln.
W1TTE HAS " RESIGNED OFFICE
Strong Man of Russia Says Czar
Shows Lack of Confidence.
BERLIN, March 7. The Lokal An
zelger's St Petersburg correspondent says
that M. Wltte, president ot the Council
of Ministers, has tendered his resignation
to the Emperor on the plea that the latter
has evinced a lack of confidence In him.
VLADIMIR MUST DIE NEXT.
Terrorists Lie In Walt for Another
Uncle of the Czar.
ST. PETERSBURG, March 7 (4:20 A.
M.). Grand Duke Vladimir, it Is report
ed, has again been (narked for assassina
tion, in splto of the promise contained: In
the Imperial rescript issued March 3. On
account of the receipt recently of several
warnings and terrorist notifications, tbe
sentries at the Grand Duke's palace have
been doubled and ordered to exercise spe
ST. PETERSBURG. March 7. A report
that an attempt had been made by a man
in a general's uniform to gain access to
Grand Duke Vlidlmlr was incorrect
though the Grand Duke received warnings
that such an attempt would be made.
There is reason to believe that many of
the threats received by him do not ema
nate directly from terrorists, but from
persons actuated by a desire for prlTate
vengeance at the loss of loved, ones on
A. 3L PALMES, DIES SUDDENLY
Famous Theatrical Manager Carried
Off by Apoplexy.
NEW YORK, March ". A. M. Palmer,
the theatrical manager, who was stricken
yesterday with apoplexy, died today in a
hospital. Mr. Palmer was for years the
most prominent theatrical manager
America. He was "67 years Of age.
. Mr. Palmer was a native of Connecticut.
For 10 years beginning 1E72 he was man
ager of Union-Square Theater, and after
ward of Madison-Square Theater and
Palmer's Theater. He was a founder and
for 18 years president of the Actors
Fund of America, and one ot the founders
and vice-presidents of the Players Club,
of this city. Lately he had been man
ager for Richard Mansfield.
Dr. David Murray Dead.
NEW YORK, March 7. Dr. David MuS
ray, a well-known educator, Js dead at
his home In New Brunswick, N; J., aged
75 years. In 1S73 Dr. Murray accepted an
appointment as Imperial Minister of Edu
cation. In Japan, where he remained, until
OTHftM TIED UP
Strike on the Railways
COLLISION IN THE SUBWAY
Mad Rushes for Seats on Few
Trains and Cars.
AUTOMOBILES FILL STREETS
Paralysis of Traffic in Great Metrop
olis Caused by Almost Total Sus
pension of Subway and
NEW YORK, March 7. With one col
lision in which 29 persona were Injured,
New York has passed through the first
day of the general strike on its rapid
transit systems. Besides this accident
and some minor casualties due to the ab
normal conditions, the sum total ot the
day was annoyance and vexation to
million or more people usually dependent
upon tho Interborough's lines for trans
portation to and from business. So far
there has been little disorder. Sporadic
encounters between individuals, some bad
language and the action of a few hood
lums in tnrowing missies at passing ele
vated trains tell this phase of the strike.
The annoyance to the multitude was in
creased by a wet snow, which began fall
ing this afternoon.
Service on the elevated roads and the
subway, while not tied up, was crippled
badly. Trains were run on irregular
schedules in the underground, beginning
with the early morning, but the elevated
lines did not fare so well. On the East
Side practically no attempt was made to
Institute service, while the Sixth and
Ninth-avenue lines, which serve the West
Side, were run In a fashion woefully in
adequate. In fact the elevated system of
the Interborough's lines was pretty well
The company's entire energy seemed to
be- directed to an effort to" maintain serv-
ice,ln the subway, and in this it was par-
nally uecessfnU ' Striks-Breaker Farley
and hla crew of TOO or S00 men-werer thrown
into the tunnel; officials of the company
gavo this system their personal attention
and an enormous number of policemen
were detailed to the trains and stations.
The attempt to run express trains was
abandoned early in tho day. Every avail
able man was put on the locals and t
fairly good schedule was maintained dur
ing the evening rush hours until the acci
dent at Twenty-third street took place.
This upset things, but after strenuous
effort they were straightened out and
service was resumed on a headway of
from five to seven minutes.
Fifteen Injured in Collision.
The accident at" Twenty-third street was
a rear-end collision, due, it is said, to the
inexperience of the men on the trains-
Two- cars tad their ends smashed in, and
there was a panic among the scores of
passengers. Of the injured 15 were
severely hurt that they had to be sent to
the hospitals. Traffic was delayed for
over two hours, from 6 o'clock until
xne rear car on tne nrst train was
forced into the rear of the car Just ahead.
all of the lights of the first train went
out and the passengers who were standing
on the platforms of the last two cars ot
the first train were caught as in a vise.
Here all of those who were hurt received
Policemen and firemen were summoned
to chop the cars apart and rescue the
Imprisoned and some of the cooler of the
passengers assisted the women to the
doors at the unbroken ends of the two
cars and passed them through the broken
windows to the platform.
'Mayor Offers Mediation.
Mayor George B.McClelIan late this eve
ning reached the conclusion that the
transportation question had reached such
a serious aspect that it would be necessary
to bring the two factions to some agree
ment He accordingly addressed a letter
to both the Interbo rough Company and
the Amalgamated Association to this end.
No meeting- of the Amalgamated Asso
ciation was held this afternoon, and Vice-
President May, ot that organization, stat
ed that no meeting would be held until
another -i hours had elapsed. If at the
end of tha't time Superintendent Hedley
was still unwilling to accede to the de
mands ot the men, the engineers and fire
men of the Electric and Eccentric Union
would be called out The members of this
organization are employed in the various
power-houses. George Pepper, president
of the Amalgamated Association, in
statement Issued tonight says the asso
xlatlon is caring for 125 men who say they
were brought here to work on a new rail
way. Tbe association was prepared to
enter Into negotiations, out Mr. Hedley
did not show any inclination to do so.
General Manager Hedley says, the com
pany is prepared to maintain and Improve
the service on all of its lines. Mayor Mo
Clellan's letter offering to arbitrate, Mr.
Hedley said, will be replied to by the ex
ecutive committee of the Interborough
The executive committee of the Amal
gamated Association - tonight considered
Mayor McClellan's letter, but the officers
would not say what action would' be
Mad Rush to Trains.
Down-town New York quit business
early this afternoon and put Its mind 'and
effort to the-single purpose . of getting
home. Lower Broadway, and -its irlbu
fa'ry streets were crowded with, private
I' equipages, .ca'ca -and autoaofcil. Frwa
o'clock until dusk the narrow thorough
fare was a moving mass ot vehicles. On
the subway and elevated railways, infre
quent trains were rushed. Now and then
two or three trains would follow each
other quickly, to be succeeded by an in
terval of none. The resulting Jam in uie
stations was tremendous, and as the
green motormcn never succeed in stop
ping a train at the usual place, much con
fusion resulted.. Until nearly 5 o'clock
even the irregular service ot trains was
sufficient to handle tho people, and it son
became apparent that there was a gen
eral Impression that the' road was not
running or that a spirit of timidity had
been engendered. At nearly all stations
the ticket-choppers boxes stood unattend
ed and covered with canvas, and every
one was free to use the subway who cared.
to chance it after a warning that it was
at his own risk. The Brooklyn bridge
station was an exception.
After the collision at Twenty-third
street a fresh squad of police appeared
at the Brooklyn bridge station and guard
ed the exits and entrances. The tlcket-
Bellers windows were, shut, and the
crowds were turned away. After a wait
of a quarter of an hour one train was
sent north, and. there was a wild rush for
places. This turned the travel to the sur
face . lines, and a tremendous jam re
sulted. Fight for Seats on Cars.
Every car bound up-town was filled to
Its capacity when it left the terminal.
Around Brooklyn bridge and In the open
space to the .south of the City Hall peo
ple packed the streets from curb to curb
With clanging gongs the cars fought their
way slowly to the turning curves, only to
be made the objects of a mad rush from
the mob. Men fought for a foothold on
steps or platforms. Women were mauled
and roughly handled in the jam, and hats
were lost, coats were torn and bundles
heedlessly dropped in the mud. On the
elevated roads the conditions were pretty
much the same. The trains were irregu
lar, slow speed was maintained and they
served to take but a small fraction of
their usual patronage.
Wild Flight of Runaway Train.
A train on the Ninth-avenue elevated
line ran away going north, soon after
midnight after leaving the Ninety-third
street station, and with scarcely any less
ening of speed rounded two curves which
form a letter "S" more than 100 feet
above the ground at 110th street The
train was brought to a stop at 116th street
The motorman was so crazed that he at
tempted to Jump to the street but was
restrained by a policeman. Women fainted
and men shouted when the train was in
Thousands of New Men Hired.
Manager Hedley announced this evening
that he had secured 5000 men to replace
the strikers, or 2000 short of the usual com
plement These men came from all parts
of the country, a batch of 000 arriving
from Philadelphia tonight- Several of the
better dressed, said they were students ot
the University xt Pennsylvania.
The company is so confident of fining
the places, or tle.strikcrsfthatithar. nub-
lished. a schedule for the subway and ele-
Yattd systems differing very little from
the regular schedule, to take effect tomor
CONTENTS OF TODAY'S PAPER
TODAY'S Fair; brisk easterly winds.
YESTEIUJATS -Maximum temperature.
dey.; minimum, 48. Precipitation, none.
The War In the Far East.
RussU. admits defeat of Kuropatkln. Page
Oyama's strategy revealed, but Russians, by
savage fighting; prevent completion of plan.
Terrible cannonade sweeps plains. Page 1.
Russian center reported broken and siege guns
captured. Page 1.
Eye-wltnesst8 describe th fighting. Page .1.
"Wltte resigns oHce In Russian Ministry.
Three hundred Chinese burned to death,
Dudley's resignation as VIceror ot Ireland not
denied. Page 3.
Hungarian crisis may end. in civil war. Page 4,
Iriih land question debated In Parliament.
Senate begins debate on Santo Domingo treaty.
More appointments sent to Senate. Page
2so decision on remo7aI of Marshal Matthews,
Names of candidates for new Washington Fed
eral offices presented. Page 3.
Harry S. New to be Republican National
Chairman. Page 6.
Bribery Investigation at Denver becomes In
veetlgation of Morgan's character; Page
Coe Commission Company In hands of receiver.
Colonel Cody says he will not be reconciled
with his wire. Page 4.
Strike on New York subway and elevated, rail
roads blocks traffic -'Page 1.
Evidence In Chadwlck case favors- the woman.
Page 4. .
Great fire at Cedar Rapids, la. Page S.
American Judge in Philippines foils American
kidnaper of Filipino girls. Page 3.
Fading purple test shows presence of strych
nine In Mrs. Stanford's remains. Page 2.
Oregon State Treasurer says he will not audit
nearly $400,000 In bills If referendum Is car
ried. Page 6.'
Mrs. Birdie Tost, of Portland. In Denver Jail
foe stealing a dress. Page 7.
Olympla House committee has lively debate
on road-making law. Page 6.
Sullivan-Burns fight, at Tacoma. goes 20 rounds
to a draw. Page 5.
Pitcher Garvin appears at Bakers field. Gal
and limbers up bis right arm. Page S.
Pacific Coast League joins strike against dratt
rule. Page 5.
Commercial ani Sfarlae-
Oregon apples bring 'high prices in Scotland.
Stock speculation in waiting attitude. Page 35
Wool markets continue strong; Page 15.
Break in San Francisco natter market. Page
Upper Columbia boats preparing tor Summer
service. Page 6. -
Steamship Ell eric arrives for cargo toe Orient
Psrtlaad as Vicinity.
Railways' announce low rates for the Fair.
Playing the races the .cause of his wrong-doing.
Farmers will be ajked to aid the portage road.
Big lumber mill is assured for St. Johns.
Pae 14- '
Strike Is practical ly dead. Tage 10. t
Citizens must obey the laws to keep Portland
clean. Page If. -What
the politicians have to say; Page 18.
Democrats hold , caucus to. decide 6a candidate
for Xayac. Pate la, ;',
Armies Contend With
JRGED BY HUNGER
Russians Kiss a Victor
00D IS WON BY BAYONETS
Famished Japanese Driven
From Meal by Eiiemvr-
RUSSIANS TAKE SMALL. GUNS
Plains Swept by Hail of Cannon.
Which Levels Villages Trenches
Captured and Recaptured
Again and Again.
MUKDEN", March 7 (4:35 P. M.)
Fishting- of the fiercest Ttind, which is
likely to decide the fate of the hattle
which has been in: progress for ten
days, began at dawn today and has' con
tinued uninterruptedly up to the pres
ent time on a -front li miles long1, west
of the railroad and on a line with the
Shakhe River. The Japanese also-have
made a desperate attack.- on Bentsia-
putze, and reports are arriving- here
that fighting- was renewed this morn
ing on the extreme left ot the Russian
Both sides are fighting with despera
tion to the westward, though the
troops are Well nigh exhausted. The
Issue of the battle may depend' largely
on the relative physical conditibrrt&.N ,
the rank and. file. In its mafn features
the combat Is very much like ttiat. at
Uao Yang, and if the Russians should
be able to crush the flanking force vic
tory may be regarded as won.
The losses in the ton days of battle
on both sides are alraay far .greater
than were the casualties in the .battle
of Ltiao Tang, and are likely to increase
as the days pass before the Issue is
Beginning at 2 o'clock A. M., the
Japanese made a succession of desper
ate attacks on General Tserpitzky's
division, on the west front, south of
.Mukden, repeating the assault at inter
vals of two hours with constant rein
forcements. About 60,000 Japanese,
with 200 pieces of artillery, particin
pated. All the attacks were repulsed,,
thero being enormous losses on both
Kiss Victorious General.
One extremely important position
changed hands several times. Finally
General Tserpitsky, on horseback,
placing himself at' the head of his
troops, led his regiments to the attack,
with colors flying and music playing.
The attack was successful. After it
was over the victorious soldiers crowd
ed around Tserpitsky, shouting- praises
and even kissing his hands and feet.
The Russians captured several Quick
flre guns and many Japanese prisoners,
It was reported that Major-General
Gorngross, of the East Siberian Rifles,
toward evening- had taken and held
Tatcheklao. Here and to the northward
the Russians many times attacked by
columns and battalions, storming posi
tions with the bayonet and without fir
ing a shot. Foreign correspondents and
military attaches found language in-
adequate to express their admiration
of the heroism ot the Russian troops.
All last night and today Japanese
prisoners have been arriving in Muk
den from the west front. The majority
of them are wounded, and all appear
downcast and ravenous, many of them
Battle for a Breakfast.
Monday night the Japanese attacked
Yenheltun, Alanpu and Erthtaitzu and
also made four furious attacks on the
village of Luhuantuh early this njorn
Ing. On the fourth attack the Japanese
were temporarily successful In "driv
ing out the Russians and rushed 'di
rectly toward the field kitchens, where
the morning meal was being prepared,
and commenced to bolt the food. The
Russian troops, however, with a" shout
of "Save our 'dinner, brothers!" fell
upon the Japanese like a hurricarfe
and drove them out of the village at
the point ot the bayonet.
A captured Japanese said they had had
cnothIns" to eat since Sunday and they
had been told this morning either Jta
capture the Russians dinner or etarye.
At Erdagou, on the center, a regi
ment of Chasseurs made a night at
tack, but the Russians were caught by
the Japanese flank and many of them
were killed. 50 being- captured.
At Bentsiaputze the Japanese stormed
as far as the wire entanglements, but
were repulsed with great loss.
Japanese Guns Capture.
An attack on the east front -early
this mcrnlng resulted in the capture" of
several . Japanese positions neat-OuMa'-epusa
and the seizing of two Japan
quick-firing' guns. The Japanese. maA