THE MORNING OHEGQKIAN, THURSDAY, EEBBOAKY 23, 1905. Entered at the Postofflce at Portland. Or., as second-class matter. SUBSCRIPTION KATES. INVARIABLE IN ADVANCE. (By. Mall or Express.) Dally and Sunday, per year $9.00 Dally and Sunday, six month 5.00 Dally and Sunday, three months 2.55 Dally and Sunday, per month - 85 Dally without Sunday, per year 7.30 Dally without Sunday, six months 3.90 Dally without Sunday, three months 1-95 Dally without Sunday, per month ...... .05 Sunday, per year 2.00 Gunday, elx months 1.00 Sunday, three .months 00 BY CARRIER. Dally without Sunday, per "week 15 Dally per week, Sunday Included 20 THE WEEKLY OREGONIAN, (Issued Every Thursday.) weekly, per year 1-50 "Weekly, six months . 75 Weekly, three months 50 HOW TO REMIT Send postofflce money order, express order or personal check on jour local bank. Stamps, coin or currency are at the sender's risk. EASTERN BUSINESS OFFICE. The S. C. Beckwith Special Agency New Tork: Rooms 43-50 Tribune building. Chi cago: Rooms 510-512 Tribune building. The Oregonlan does not "buy poems or stories from individuals and cannot under take to return any manuscript sent to It without solicitation. No stamps should be Inclosed for this purpose. KEPT ON SALE. Chicago Auditorium Annex; Postofflce Nws Co., 178 Dearborn street. Dallas, Tex. Globe News Depot, 260 Main Btrtet. Denver Julius Black, Hamilton & Kend rlck, 906-912 Seventeenth street, and Frue Jiutf Bros., 603 Sixteenth street. Dm Moines, la. Moses Jacobs. 309 Fifth street. Kansas City, Mo. RIeksecker Cigar Co., Ninth and Walnut. Lou Angele Harry Drapkln: B. E. Amos, 614 West Seventh street: Oliver & Haines. Minneapolis M. J. Kavanaugh, 50 South Third; L. Regelsburger. 217 First avenue South. New York City L. Jones & Co.. Astor House. Oakland, Cal. W. H. Johnston. Four teenth and Franklin streets. Ogden F. R. Godard and Meyers &. Har rop; D. L. Boyle, Omaha Barkalow Bros.. 1612 Farnham; Mageath Stationery Co.. 1308 Farnham. Phoenix, Ariz. The Berryhlll News Co. Sacramento, Cal. Sacramento News Co.. 429 X street. Salt Lok Salt Lake News Co.. 77 West Second street South. Santa Barbara, Cal. S. Smith. San Diego, Cat J. Dillard. San Francisco J. K Cooper & Co.. 745 Market street; Foster & Crear." Ferry News Stand; Goldsmith Bros.. 236 Sutter: L. E. Lee. Palace Hotel News Stand; F. W. Pitt?. 1008 Market: Frank Scott. SO Ellis; N. Wheatley, S3 Stevenson: Hotel St. Francis News Stand. St. Louln, Mo. "E. T. Jett Book & News Company, 806 Olive street. ' Washington, D. C. Ebblt House 'News Stand. PORTLAND, THURSDAY, FEB. 23, 1005. f TERMS OF PEACE. The dispatches reporting that Em peror William had suggested terms of peace to the Czar, and that King Ed ward and the Austrian Emperor were exerting1 themselves in the same direc tion, tell, if reliable, the best news that has come for many months. It may te assumed that these high and mighty plenipotentiaries would not have set themselves in motion without, first, a common understanding, and, second, a lair prospect that the suggestions they made would be seriously considered. And they surel5r must have been ad vised that Japan would limit hpr de mands so as to avoid insult to Russia's pride. Probable points of agreement are stated. Corea and the Llao Tung Pen insula, with Port Arthur, are to go to Japan, Manchuria from Harbin east ward to be restored to China. Vladivo stok is to be declared a free and open port, and the Eastern Chinese Railroad, connecting the Siberian Railroad with Vladivostok as its port, is to be neutral ized. The knotty question or money in demnity .to be -demanded by Japan from Russia remains. This will tax the skill of the. negotiators, and the prudence of Japan. Plainly it re more a question of principle than of amount The finan cial benefits that Japan must gain from a.freehand in Corea,andJn undisputed trade supremacy in Manchuria, are evi dently of Immense value. The progress of the war has shown that the nation in command of those Eastern seas is queen of the situation. The foresight of Japan in devoting the Chinese In demnity she gained at the close of the Chinese war of 1895 to buying, building and equipping warships enough to hold her own triumphantly has been abun dantly justified. But she will still go on -to strengthen herself with ships and guns, and men. until the fear of being crushed by the Pacific squadrons of any European power has passed for good. "We may depend on it that she will accede to no settlement which fails to secure her the means of making ef fective this natural ambition. Although Japan has dropped her cus tomary veil of secrecy around Port Ar thur, and no details of her work toward raising the sunken Russian ships are allowed to escape, yet from hints which have appeared it Is plain that she is busily, feverishly, occupied with thou sands of men in getting the ships' afloat once more. It will be a proud day for her if and when the standard of the Rising Sun flies at the masthead of the Sevastopol and her sister ships. Success here willgo. some way to influ encing Japan lo keep her indemnity de mands within moderate limits. Possi bly some further solatium might be found at Vladivostok, where, if the port is opened as a purely commercial city, Russia would have no use for war ships, guns, military and naval stores and equipments. A new day will dawn when peace is signed, and the East for the Easterns will be the watchword. Putting color line and prejudice aside, it is' hard to see where American com mercial interests can be losers by the substitution of Japan for Russia as the dominant power. Traders with China and Japan seem of one mind in uphold ing the word and bargain -keeping of the Chinese merchant as an example worthy to be followed by the commer cial classes of Japan. Very remarkable is the gradual prevalence of "Western ideas of commercial honesty in Japan, as the nation adjusts Itself to new rela tions. Prior to the revolution of 1868 traders in Japan, and merchants of all classes, occupied a very low place in the national pyramid. One of the re sults of that stirring of all -the constit uents of the nation in the boiling cald ron of revolution was that, under ne cessity's pressure, many members of the fighting Samurai class were driven into the life of trade and commerce. The common axioms of fair dealing up der which commerce flourishes were to them largely ah unknown tongue. They have, .however, shown themselves quick to learn. One of the results of the mag nificent bravery with which the Japan ese soldiery of the regiments forming the first active army have devoted their lives to their Emperor and coun try has been still farther to diminish the numbers of the Samurai class. Un der new conditions, after the war is over, we look for similar effort by the Japanese after commercial success to that which they have shown for military-supremacy. And they will be as quick" to adopt the rules for success in the one world as in the other. No na tion will gain more largely than the United States from these revised con ditions of Oriental commerce, for no na tion will be more ready to meet the new Japan and the rejuvenated China on equal terms. It is a really awful thought that if these -warring nations are as near to a settlement it should yet be deferred until a mass of men to the number of half the population of Portland must first be killed and wounded in the Kuropatkln and Oyama armies, so that the pride of one or the other nation should not suffer. The history of the war indicates that the chances are all against such a Russian victory as would compel Japan to peace. On the other hand, no pitched battle has so far ended in anything like a complete Rus sian defeat The probability is that one more huge fight would end like the others, and the relations of the coun tries towards final victory or defeat remain unaltered. But the thousands of dead and wounded warriors would cry to high heaven as the victims of national pride. FATE IS IN TILE BALANCE. The House and Senate committees of the Washington Legislature have reached the parting of the ways on the railroad commission bill, and, as pre dicted In our Olympla correspondence more than a fortnight ago, their differ ences seem irreconcilable. Olympia ad vices were yesterday that the House committee members had withdrawn from the joint committee and had in augurated a fight on their own account, independent of the acts of the Senate. They have apparently determined to force matters with the rather drastic. Dill returned by the subcommittee a bill naturally very unsatisfactory to the railroads. This bill, for reasons set forth at the time of its appearance, is an unfair and dangerous measure, and can only result In forcing the railroads deeper into state- politics than they have ever been. The desire of a number of well-meaning but perhaps timid House members to placate a constituency which, through skillful political legerdemain, has been taught to believe that a rail road commission bill is all that is re quired to place them on the high road to prosperity. Is undoubtedly at bottom of the attempt to shake off the amend ments with which the railroads loaded down the bill as soon as it emerged from the hands of the subcommittee. The subcommittee bill, if it becomes a law, would virtually result In placing the roads, regardless of their solvency, in the hands of a receiver, and that re ceiver, or rather board of receivers, would be under exclusive control of the Governor, who is given power to re move at will without showlnsr cause. JThe Senate members who sought to temper the bill by curtailing the pow ers of the" Governor and permitting the railroads to have some voice In the management of their property will hardly recede from the stand they have taken, and, in lieu of the Till now be fore the house, they will probably sub mit something on the lines of the sub committee bill as originally amended by them. The railroads have some strong friends in both houses, and they are exceptionally strong in the Senate. Naturally these men will Insist on a bill that is not harmful to their friends. The commission forces have in both houses a number of men who will be satisfied with nothing short of a bill that virtually amounts to confiscation of railroad property. Between these two forces, holding the balance of power, is a large number of members who will not vote for a bill that Is un fair to either side. They would like to vote for a, commission bill, not because they have much faith In the measure, but in order that the political clamor that- has been raised over the Issue might be silenced. They wilLnot how ever, assist a measure that would ren der easy the upbuilding of a greater political machine than any yet con structed in -the state. For these rea sons it is within the range of possibili ties that the Evergreen State will be obliged to worry along for another two years without this fifth wheel on her administrative wagon. Unless the temper of the . two houses has been misgauged, the House bill will fail to pass the Senate, and a Senate bill would die in the House. A her maphrodite bill even partly satisfactory to both factions would accomplish no good and be a source of heavy expense to the state. Industrial enterprise in Washington will not suffer if the bill is killed altogether: and, if railroad com mission sentiment should continue to disappear, as has been the case since McBridelsm reached a climax, two years hence would find the politicians and placehunters alone In their glory in shouting for a c6mmlssion. This suggests the thought that the railroads can contribute to removing this specter by recognizing to the full est extent that their interests are iden tical with those of the people whom they serve. A broad-gauge policy on the part of all the railroads would play sad havoc with, some of the plans of the narrow-gauge politicians, whose stock in trade is an ability to magnify the differences between the railroads and the people. CHILDREN AND SCHOOLS. The Saturday Evening Post raises a great cry because half of the children of school age are not in school. On the face of it that looks bad for the educa tional Interests of this country, but the conditions .are not so appalling when one stops to think what is meant by "school age." In this class are includ ed all the children between the ages of four and twenty years, the period within which a child is supposed to get his common-school education. Now, as a' matter of fact a child does not ordi narily enter school until he is six, and if he attends regularly he will complete the course by the time he is fourteen, or, in the country, where terms are fchort by the time he is seventeen. Af ter a boy or girl has completed the common-school course it is not desirable that he continue longer In school unless he enters the High School. Working on a farm or learning some useful trade is the place for the great majority of the boys after securing a common-school education. The brighter ones may go on and pursue the studies of the High Sfchool and college, but the greater number must earn their livings by the work of their hands, and the sooner they prepare for it after getting a com mon-school education the better for them. If, now, we deduct from the total number of children of school age who are not in school those who are too young and those who Have completed the course, and the further number who, by unfortunate circumstances, are compelled to work, for the support of themselves and relatives, we shall find that the showing is not at all disheart ening. Practically all the children who ought' to be in school are in school, the exceptions being chiefly in the large cities and the thinly-settled rural dis tricts where schools are far apart. RED LIQUOR AND THE COLONEL. Buffalo Bill has been long in the pub lic eye.. At the head of his ululating Indians he has cut a dashing figure before thousands of his countrymen and before most of the crowned 'eads of Europe. He has given joy to myri ads of small boys and furnished copy to hundreds of reporters. But never in his buekjumplng, bullseye-hltting, hair flying, ride-for-llfe, daredevil, houp-la career has the terror of the plains ex cited more interest than In the exhibi tion now going on In Wyoming. Buf falo Bill Is suing for a divorce from his wife of a lifetime. In the testimony of various friends of Mrs. Cody's and of the Colonel's the world is given glimpses of the hero In undress: the "human interest" side Is given H3 due prominence. Colonel Cody, who appeared in the Cheyenne court in a buff New market coat, a black slouch hat with a brim in keeping with Western generosity, a loosely-flttlng black suit and a flowing cravat in which a royal scarfpin glistened, accuses his wife of subjecting him to great indignities, of attempting to poison him, of insulting his guests and of a few other like of fenses. Mrs. Cody denies all these ac cusations, and asserts that she had to support the family by sewing, while the Colonel caroused. It is upon the "ca rousing" question that most of the tes timony in the case has so far centered. Mrs. Boyer. a witness for the plaintiff, was asked if the Colonel was generally drunk when at home. "Oh, he came home sober quite a few times to my knowledge," she replied. Another wit ness for Buffalo Bill rejoiced in the striking name of Pony Bob, and he fixed the date of his first meeting with the plaintiff as the month in which he got his front teeth shot out by an In jun's arrow. Pony Bob. an authority, declared that it required an expert to decide when the Colonel was drunk, for he could stand a powerful lot of liquor. As to the poison said to have been given the Colonel by Mrs. Cody, It ap pears that the defense holds the potion was something Intended to "sober him up," an attempt so much resented by the scout that he "grabbed a 'bottle of red liquor off the sideboard- and took a long drink, sayipg that the only way to get along with such a woman was to get drunk and stay drunk." Banker McNamara, of North Platte, testified that whisky was the only poison which had made the Colonel sick. The occa sion was the great banquet at North Platte in honor of the Wild West show man's return. During the festivities the guest of the evening asked for a cup of coffee, but the observant waiter, deciding that a bracer was needed, gave the Colonel some whisky in a cup. These.are trifles, however. Pony Bob is satisfied that Buffalo Bill is a tem perate man. Another revelation of the trial that will shock thousands who hold the great flcout as their exemplar is that Mrs. Cody used to call her husband "Willie." Think of it the mighty head of a mighty show, the peerless West erner, the long-haired friend of .royalty, to be called "Willie." It must be that Buffalo Bill was a mistake and should have been Buffaloed Bill. WORK OF GRAND JURIES. The people of Minnesota have voted to abolish the grand jury system and the Legislature will pass an act carry ing the wish of the people into effect. This is going farther than Oregon has gone, and Is probably an extreme change which time will prove to be un- 'wisei In this state we have abolished grand juries for all ordinary occasions, and the Prosecuting Attorney has the power to present informations with all the force and effect of indictments. There is. however, a sort of unwritten law that a grand jury shall be sum moned at least once a year, and the Circuit Court has authority to call a grand jury at any time in the year. While we have placed In the hands of the Prosecuting Attorney much greater power than he had before the new sys tem was adopted, we have not abol ished that inquisitorial body, which was created for the protection of the rights of the people. There is always the pos sibility that a Prosecuting Attorney will use his power to punish his enemies or to protect his friends. When by some mishap the people have been so unfortunate as to place such a. man in office, there remains the protection of the Circuit Court, unless also cor rupted. No Circuit Judge in Oregon would refuse to call a grand jury if such action- were requested by respon sible citizens seeking to promote jus tice. A short time ago in this city there was a great outcry against the grand jury system because one fool "jury in dicted an aged and respected citizen whom public opinion did not condemn. The agitation was so great for a time that a bill was introduced in the Legis lature requiring that whenever a grand Jury undertakes to investigate a charge the man whose acts are being inquired into must be given a chance to appear and defend himself. The passage of such a measure would have been the height of folly, and the judiciary com mittee promptly killed the bill with an adverse report Had the bill become law, no forgery, burglary, rape or even murder could be Investigated unless the suspected person were given notice, and thereby he might be- enabled to escape, if not already in custody. Though there are occasionally excep tions to the rule, it may be generally said that when five out of seven men on a grand jury agree to indict a man there is reasonable ground for their action. The grand jury system has its faults as well as its merits, but If the people have due regard for their own welfare they will not consent to Its abolition. A possible grand jury may exert a beneficial Influence upon the acts of an unscrupulous Prosecuting Attorney. Something appears to have been the matter with the Good Government movement in Philadelphia. The reform forces organized to flght the Republi can machine. They made a terrific on slaught on -Mayor Weaver and the Di rector of Public Safety, who looks after the red-light district They alleged an immense number of damaging things, and proved some of them. They showed conclusively that there is a col lusive understanding between the Re publican machine and the Powers of Vice. Gambling flourishes, dives are run without regulation, there is a regu lar organization for procuring young women for disorderly houses, the "ca det" system is winked at and coloniza tion and registration of illegal voters go on wholesale. The city election for minor officers occurred Wednesday. The Republican plurality was something like 185,000. The Republicans elected ten magistrates and the Democrats Ave. The result would seem to prove that Philadelphia is "corrupt but con tented." Or perhaps the voters thought the reformers could do no better. Or possibly conditions are not so bad as described. Or perhaps the machine had the election machinery so perfectly under control that it could make its majority as great or small as it chose. Royal immorality has left a good many dark smudges on the family escutcheons In Europe, and so long as the present system of marriage contin ues we may expect periodical scandals in high life. London advices report that Kaiser Wilhelm Is delighted over the prospect of a marriage between his daughter. Princess Victoria of Prussia, and King AJphonso, of Spain. In this country every fatherly instinct would rebel at the mere mention of passing a pure young girl over to the keeping of such a lecherous young rake as AJ phonso has proved himself to be. But Wilhelm is pleased. It is, of course, merely a sale of his flesh and blood for a little more power, and the Princess, like a dutiful daughter, will go to her fate without a murmur. The victim will not be of age for two years, and this the cable tells us is, in the King's opinion, an advantage, as he Is in no hurry to marry. This is strange when it is considered that nothing In his past life, or in that of his ancestors, war rants the belief that the marriage vows will prevent him following his natural inclination to go to the devil with a rush. Lamb tells of an old lady who in time of trouble found, great comfort In the mere repetition of the word "Mesopota mia." The same rolling word heads one of the latest Consular reports. Is sued by the Department of Labor and Commerce, Consul Ravndal telling of the reclamation of the immemorial country which has suppof ted the people of four empires since the dawn of his tory. Irrigation on modern methods Is expected to work wonders, and the whirr of American agricultural ma chinery will soon be heard all over Mesopotamia. Of railroad construction. Consul Ravndal says that the Bagdad line will run through one of the mo3t interesting countries In the world. "The railway will traverse the heart of Asia Minor," he continues, "and will open up the most ancient of the Bible lands, seeing that it will set the locomotive rolling all through the home countries of Abraham and his patriarchal prede cessors." The shriek of the whistle will be heard In Ur of the Chaldees and across the wastes once ruled by Nebu chadnezzar. The son of an Okanogan squaw re cently killed the white man who had married his mother in order to secure her allotment ot,Jand on the Colville reservation. The" despicable and de graded creature was brutally abusing the Indian's mother when he put a summary stop to the proceedings by a well-directed blow that justified his title to manliness. If there Is a human creature whom it Is not murder to kill it is the "squaw man" of the Indian reservation, who lives only to create discord among the Indians, steal their lands and incidentally Inflict the curse of existence upon halfbreed children. The Indian In this case rode 100 miles over a rough country In bitterly In clement weather to give himself up to justice. Justice will be subserved by acquitting him on preliminary exam ination and sending him back to his mother's farm on the Okanogan River. The Washington Legislature has passed a law providing for the payment of road taxes in cash. This is another evidence of .the onward march of civ ilization and a savage blow at a time honored diversion which added to the joys of life In the country. No more will the patriotic citizen meet his fellow-man on the highway under the guise of working out the road tax, but In reality for the purpose of relaxation and yarn-spinning. Of course the roads may show some improvement under the new law. but the rural road makers will keenly miss the opportu nity of combining the business of re ducing their taxes with the pleasure of holding protracted social sessions on the highway with their neighbors. John H. Piatt, the doddering old Idiot who gave Hannah Ellas, a negress, $6So,000 and then sued for recovery ofr the money, will fall to get "dem pres ents back." The court has decided that the money was secured without Illegal pressure. This verdict will meet with universal approval. The loss of the money Involved is insufficient punish ment for a lecherous old scalawag who thus transgresses all laws of morallty and decency, and it helps to make the example stick, now that he has parted with both money and reputation. Fear of exposure is a strong preventive against crime, and the experience of this ancient rake may serve as a warn ing to others of his kind. A manuscript poem by Edgar Allan Poe was sold at auction In New Tork this week for 51000. This is a very sat isfactory figure for poetry, but before flooding the market with a new supply lntending makers of verse should re member that the price was not obtain able until many years after the au thor's death. Still, they might some how be encouraged to continue to court Pegasus if they will place their poems on the market only long after their demise. Great is diplomacy. It is reported that Russia -will ask France to ask Britain to ask Japan to tell Britain to tell France to tell Russia what terms Japan would accept if Russia passed the word along the line that she wanted peace. In the light of recent developments it is well enough for the Senate to SDecIfv just what "Senatorial prerogatives" It demands that the resident shall let alone. Addicks has little money left, and his political followers are - leaving . him. Possibly a., mere coincidence. , NOTE. AND COMMENT. Been mentioned for Mayor? If George Washington had come to life yesterday he would have been anxious to learn what sort of an unknown country was this Oregon, where his birthday was being celebrated. Irrlgon now has a citizen bearing with out reproach the grand old name of Smith, and the Irrigator sounds like the name of a saloon, but it's a paper re joices greatly In the acquisition. Why a Smith should be necessary to the happi ness of a town Is not quite clear; isn't Jones or Johnson good enough? The Illustrated Sporting News this week gives several interesting photographs of fencing scenes. Two Radcliffe girls are shown In one picture, and they are wear ing very natty shoes with high heel3. ext we expect to find fencing on stilts has become popular. To "Chadwick" a bank was a good phrase once, but it has already been much abbreviated. The New York Sun heads a swindling story with "Casslcs a Bank." All this adulation of Luther Burbank is sickening to a practical man. Of what use Is a fadeless flower or a coreless ap ple? Such things will only damage the growers, for when everyone has a fade less flower, no more will ever be wanted. Right here in Oregon better work is be ing done. John Hayduck, of Clackamas, doesn't call himself the "Wizard of the Vegetable World," but his experiments have produced results of practical value. Mr. Hayduck having observed the man ner In which farmers lose many apples through theft went to work on a plan to prevent such loss In future, and by cross ing his apple-trees with dogwood has ob tained an orchard of trees with a deep, hoarse bark which scares away robbers. By crossing eggplant with chickweed" Mr. Hayduck has assured a never-failing sup ply of broilers. At present Mr. Hayduck is experimenting with an incubator In tended to hatch; out gooseberries. A speaker is reported by the North western Miller as declaring that "Health foods, like the wart on a lady's nose, have no valid reason for existence." What this country needs is stricter im migration laws with reference to statues. Here is France sending us a statue of Washington and Germany one of Fred erick. There are enougb specimens of home industry in this line without mak ing this country the dumping ground of Europe's misfits. An undesirable alien dies off sooner, or later, but an undesir able statue hangs on for generations, de spite the well-meant efforts of occasional patriots to blow it up with dynamite. Chief Hunt very Justly says that sinco no saloons are open after 1 A. M., it would be impossible for him to have been in side1 one after that hour. So Old Man Piatt cannot recover his 56S5.O0O from the negress. Hannah Ellas. For once both law and public opinion unite in saying, "Serve him blobmln' well right." According to the Toklo correspondent of the London Daily Telegraph, Admiral Kamimura and his squadron are "in the vicinity of the Indian Ocean." A nice, definite locality that recalls Stevenson's chart to Samoa as "the first turning on the left after leaving San Francisco." Seven indictments have been returned against Mrs. Chadwick. She. must feel quite senatorial. It must be mighty unpleasant to be sued for breach of promise by a woman from whom one had previously been divorced. It opens up the possibility of having to pay alimony and also damages awarded by a sympathetic jury in the second case. Should such a consummation be reached In the case now pending, Portland will probably have established a record of her own in this line. Courts arc getting re markably expert in estimating the dollars and cents damage done trusting hearts by faithless wooers and husbands. A Chicago woman who was injured by a too vigorous hug sped for $5000 dam ages. The jury, probably considering the fun she had before her ribs gave way, brought in a verdict for 51. One thousand dollars has just been paid for the manuscript of Poe's poem,"Ula lume." Seven cirlta claimed blind Homer, dead. Through which the living Homer be?sd his bread. The quotation -may not be made quite accurately, but there's enough of it to retain the sense. Hoch doesn't like jail cooking. No won der, after his experiences with home cooking. A member of the original "Florodora" sextette is "hashing" In Seattle. While the lamp holds out to burn, the giddiest girlie may return. Wnx. J. Jottings From New York. Chicago Journal. NEW TORK, Feb. 10. Mr. and Mrs. Bert Whistlelng are rejoicing in the arrival of a bouncing baby boy at their home, and not, as we reported last week, .an 11 -pound girl. Ye correspondent goes to the depot to meet every train, but finds it im possible to record the names of all the comers and goers: suffice it to say a good many are coming and going now adays all the time, for there are cut rates on all the railroads. They are talking of building a trol ley road in Jersey City. Good for Skeeterville! A murder has Just been reported in Mulberry Bend, too late for this batch of Items. Particulars in the next is sue. Hired girls are scarce even at 53 a week. 'TIs said that quite a number of them have given up housework and taken positions on the stage. Wc no tice an Improvement In a number of the plays that are now running here. Ico harvest Is nearly over. Ono firm has put up 100 tons. Guess they think there Is going to be a hot time In this old town next Summer. Mr. Devery, who used to bf City Marshal. Is again talked of for Mayor. The boys long for the good old days. The Herald has hired a new reporter and Is taking the whole Associated Press report. It is getting to be a big paper. Quite a number were In from Stam ford yesterday. We couldn't get all the names, but we noticed old Mr. Yale among thft number. He says Grandma Yale is quite poorly. Hans Anderson celebrated -his 31st birthday yesterday. Quite a number were at his house, and all report that a fine time was had. Many returns of the day. Hans. Willie 'White is quite sick with the measles. Several other children on Lexington avenue are suffering from the same complaint, and there is a good deal of croup In town. Ed Sanderson has accepted a position as fireman on the New- York Centrall Ed has many friends in this town, who wish him success. MORE ANON. GRABBING THE UNITED STATES How the Government Has Been DempoIIed of Vast Arena of Timber Land Under Foolish and Impotent Law?. (Arthur Ruhl In Collier's Weekly.) S MOUNTAINEER went into the great forest of Eastern Oregon in 1902 and acquired title to a 160-acre timber claim. The timber alone was worth at least 513 an acre. Under the timber-and-stone act this man got the tract of land, timber and all, by the mere payment to the Government of 52.50 an acre. This did not satisfy him. He wanted more timber, or rather the lumber company that em ployed him as a "dummy" did. As he was entitled to but 160 acres under the timber-and-stone act, he took up 160 more acres, adjoining the first tract, under the homestead law. To do this he was obliged to swear that the second tract was more valuable for farming purposes than for its timber, that he resided and intended to reside on his "farm" for the purpose of cultivating crops; that he was, in fact, a bona fide fanner. He was compelled, of course, to He. The land was on the top of a mountain, covered with deep snow until June, making it Impossible to cultivate anything but timothy and a few hardy vegetables, even if the land was cleared. This man never lived on the land and never intended to do so. The only pretence he made of complying with any part of the law was- to pile together a few logs into a rough shack, which he called a house. In plain words, he and his witnesses were guilty of perjury, of conspiracy to defraud the United States Government, and what he actually did was to steal 160 acres of valuable land from his benevolent country. More than 3,000,000 of acres of timber land, the greater part of it the magnifi cent timber land of the Northwest, has been practically given away by the Gov ernment In the past two years. Prob ably nine-tenths of this was grabbed either by actual fraud or by violating the spirit of an absurd and impotent law. There is nothing particularly new in this except that the land grabbed has been particularly valuable, the destruction of timber particularly ruthless. Respectable citizens have always thought it proper to cheat the Government. Were It not that such men as Senator Mitchell, Con gressman Binger Hermann, Surveyor General Meldrum of Oregon, and Freder ick Hyde. President of the San Francisco School Board, are under Indictment the blase East would not even now take any Interest The West takes land-grabbing for granted. The whole history of our public lands is one of ruthless grabbing, and still more of Idiotic laws and farci cal attempts to enforce them. The man ner In which the Government has given away its public lands makes the dealings of Mrs. Chadwick's bankers look like the apex of conservative and astute finance. The game of exchanging poor land of tho forest reserves for good land outside was developed to the point of fine art in the operations of the Benson and Hyde ring of San Francisco, the lead ing spirits of which are now under in dictment. They have fought bringing the case to trial through every court, and been defeated lc all, until they are driven at last to the United States Supreme Court, where their case is soon to bo heard. Frederick A. Hyde, the principal defendant, is president of the Board of Education in San Francisco, and has been a well-known citizen of that city for the past SO years. John A. Benson, his partner, is a wealthy man. who was indicted in another lot of land frauds, some years ago, but escaped conviction. Diamond, a well-known attorney, their lawyer; one Joost H. Schneider, of Tuc son. Arizona, their practical man In the field, and several Implicated with them, are also under indictment Hyde and Benson, with the assistance of Diamond and Schneider, it is alleged, acquired 300,000 acres of forest reserve land in California and Oregon, by the use of dummy settlera, by employing fictitious names, and securing the signatures of bootblacks, laborers and other unsuspect ing persons to applications and affidavits, and by manipulating persons in the Land Office. Their interest In the land was purely speculative. Having obtained it they exchanged their scrip for better land outside of the forest reserves. It has been asserted by the prosecution that not a single acre of their enormous hold ings was honestly obtained. Senator Mitchell and Congressman Her mann, whose indictment has fluttered a bit the bored indifference of the East to the land frauds, are accused of hav ing accepted bribes to secure the Issu ance of patents to land. Senator Mitchell Is TO years old, his reputation In Oregon and in the Senate has been good, and whether guilty or not of the specific charge brought against him. his Individ ual role Is of trifling importance In com parison with the vast business of land frauds itself. Binger Hermann, however, was Commissioner of the Land Office for six years. He was appointed by Presi dent McKinley In 1S37, and served until February. 1003. when, under the pressure of considerable gossip, ho resigned, hav ing served, as he demuroly remarks in his Congressional biography, "a longer continuous period as commissioner than any of his predecessors except two." Having resigned, he ran for Congress NO INCREASE OF INSANITY. More of It Found in Small Communi ties Than In Large Cities. New York Herald. Is Insanity on the Increase? Statistics Indicate that It Is. The opinion seems to prevail that this increase Is due to the fact that registration is compulsory and that more insane are cared for in asylums today than In former years. .Most cases of Insanity are hereditary. This Is ad mitted by all experts. This startling fact leads to a ramification of arguments for a better marriage law. for a broader edu cation on the duties and responsibilities of the marriage state, for a more scien tific provision for the future of the race. The statement which many make that tho nervous strain, the rush, the noise, the confusion of city life, are great causes of Insanity is contradicted, and the state ment is made that there Is more Insanity among the dwellers in small communi ties than In large cities. Consangulnous marriages bear the bur den of much of the Insanity in our prov incial towns, and are responsible for the increasing number of idiots and imbeciles. Excessive immigration is another potent factor in the Increase of insanity, espe cially In our crowded seaport towns and cities. The immigrant landing on American soil Is loath to go out Into the great open Western prairies and there build himsolf a home in a sanitary environ ment He prefers to remain huddled in tho cities, where his already weak intel lect falls easy prey to a hereditary taint of insanity In his blood. One brain expert makes the statement that there are fewer cases of insanity among the Russian Jews than among any other race of Immigrants coming to these i shores. He says, as a people, they are immune to all kinds of hardships and de privations, and that the brain, becoming In a measure torpid, is a l?.3 fertile field for insanity than that of the hardier races. Another statistical statement is rather startling to the preconceived idea that "when a man marries his troubles begin." Tliore are fewer cases of Insanity among married men than among single men. the ratio being one to three. Statistics as to the actual number of insane of foreign birth in the hospitals, taking as an aver age years 1902-3. also furnish some aston ishing facts: Of Irish. S74: Germans. 618; Russians. 237: English, 155; Italians, 16S; Austrlans. 14S. Inthe last sixteen years only eleven Japanese have been received In New York Institutions for the insane. to "vindicate" himself, and the Republi can machine of Oregon, apparently to show Western disapproval of the agita tion against land frauds, obediently elected him. In the Senate, recently Sen ator Mitchell denied with tears that he was guilty. Mr. Hermann made sim ilarly strenuous denials without the tears. As Commissioner of the Land Office it was Hermann's duty to pass upon tv- validity of claims. As a citizen of Ore gon it was naturally his pleasure, ar.d that of Senator Mitchell, to expedite the claims of his own friends and fellow citizens. The Government alleges that this process of expediting reached th point of bribery. The investigation which resulted in their indictment after those who accuse them of bribery had been convicted, shows hundreds, perhaps thou sands, of Oregon men were implicated in frauds, the chief beneficiaries of which were the lumber kings of Minnesota. Michigan. Wisconsin, and other Central Western States. One of the agents of these lumber kings is said to have ob tained 300,000 acres of timber land for his principals within the last three years. The case which was immediately Instru mental in bringing about the indictment or Mitchell and Hermann was that in which the principal was S. A. D. Puter. Puter and his accomplices filed a dozen homestead claims, covering mountain lands in the Cascade Forest Reserve, none of the land being cultivable. Some was covered with snow all the year round, and much of it was so precipi tous that nothing but a Rocky Mountain goat could find footing thereon. Puter alleges that after the claim had been, held up for some time, he paid Mitchell two thousand dollars, and that the next day Hermann told him that he "thought the matter could be fixed up." Three days later, he alleges, patents were is sued. Two years ago the President called the attention of Congress, in the strongest possible terms, to the necessity of doing something to stop the depredations on. public lands under the timber-and-stone act. The Secretary of the Interior said, at that time. In his annual report: "The timber-and-stone act will, if not repealed or radically amended, result ultimately In the complete destruction of the timber on the unappropriated and unreserved, public lands." President Roosevelt and his Secretary of the Interior re Iterated their demands In 1903, and in the last session of Congress the Senate actually passed a bill repealing this ridiculous law. The House pigeon holed the bill, and at this writing it Is still lying In that committee. In spite of the President's earnest efforts to have something done and In spite of the in dictments which the Oregon grand Jury continues to bring In. In the two years that have expired sinco the President called the attention of Con gress to the timber-and-stone law. there have been located under it over three million acres of timber land, of which the timber Itself, aside from the land, was worth. anywhere from 515 to 5100 an acre. In other words, the Government has thrown away 570,000, 000 of the people's money in "the last two years. If. as one competent observer hasr remarked, some Ingenious person had succeeded In tunneling under the United States Treasury and was carrying oft? nearly 5100,000 a day. people might wake up to the fact that the time had come for action. As this is being written, the report of the special Public Lands Commission, ap pointed by President Roosevelt, is prac tically finished. As to what specific rec ommendations the committee will make it la, of course. Impossible to state. They will favor, however, the repeal of th timber-and-stone act, and such amend ments to the desert land and homestead acts as shall make these laws "adapted to the present conditions. The findings of the Oregon grand jury, which Investi gated the land frauds, are interesting in this connection. These men, a number of whom were farmers and stockmen, de scribed the commutation clause of tho homestead law as "a prolific source of crime, whereby perjury and subornation of perjury have become fine arts." The desert land law, said they, had been "used chiefly for the purpose of securing large tracts for grazing purposes, and- not for the reclamation of land for agricultural purposes. It Is," said the grand jury, "more of a burlesque than the late tim ber culture law. The lieu land law." they continued, "whereby worthless land with in forest reserves may bo exchanged, acre for acre, for the most valuable forest lands outside, In such a flagrant viola tion of the equities as to be indefensible by any rule of justice." The Jurymen recommended that a commission be ap pointed carefully to classify all lands ac cording to their natural resources and value: that the commutation feature of the homestead law be repealed, that lands valuable for grazing be leased to actual residents of a locality for a nominal rent al, and that lands available for timber be retained by the Government In Its possession forever, to be leased to the people under such laws and regulations as Congress might from time to time en act, for the salo and removal of ma tured timber. F0DR-CENT FARE TEST FAILS. Cleveland Electric Line's Second Ex periment Is Unsatisfactory. Chicago Chronicle. CLEVELAND. O. The experiment of the Cleveland Electric Railway Com pany with a 4-ccnt cash fare without a transfer was ended at midnight Sun Jay, and Monday the regular 5-cenfc fare with transfer was resumed. The president, Horace E. Andrews, said Sunday that the test has been carried on long enough to prove that the com pany could not afford to carry passen gers for a further continuance of the test. The 4-cent fare trial is understood to have caused a loss approximating 25 per cent of the company's earnings, based on a 5-ccnt fare. The 4-cent fare experiment is the second of the kind within three weeks which street car patrons of this city have undergone. A two-weeks trial of a 3-cent fare with a two-mile zone ended a week ag.) with dissatisfaction general. The 4-cent fare for a full ride, but with no transfer, was put on for one week, and has given better satisfaction so far as a large proportion of the passengers were concerned, bnt President An drews statement shows that it was not satisfactory to the company. Tho experiments are understood to be pre liminary to a general extension of franchises to tho Cleveland Electric Railway Company1 when Its present grants expire. No statement has been given out as to the actual result of the two-wocks 3-cent fare trial, and none probably will be until the data for the 4-cent fare experiment are also ready for publication. - Society Take3 to the Auction Fad. New York American. Society is developing the auction fad, which 1.- so prevalent in England. Fol lowing closo upon the sale of Mrs. Frrd Nellson's household effects at 100 Fifth avenue, where she has dispensed hospital ity for so many years, comes the an nouncement of the disposal by auction of the furniture and appointments of Jamos Henry Smith, former "home at 60 Wist Fifty-second street, for which, sine ld3 acquisition of the late William C. Whit ney's house on Fifth avenue, h.c has r.j further use. The house with its. contents has been thrown open for exhibition to prospective buyers.