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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 23, 1905)
VOL. XLV. 3ST0. 13,794.
PORTLAXD, OEEGOli, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 23, 1905.
PRICE FIVE GENTS.
RUSSIA IS WON
Firing on Fishing Fleet
DECISION IS WITHHELD
North Sea Commission
Hints at Effect.
LONDON PAPERS ARE-FURIOUS
Seml-Offlcial Note Vaguely Suggests
Decision, Which Is Declared a
Severe Blow to Arbitra
tion and Britain.
PARIS, Feb. 22. A semi-official state
ment appeared tonight relative to the
work of the International commission
which has been considering the North
Sea Incident. It Is as follows:
"The Hull Commission met this morn
ing in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and
again this afternoon. In order to proceed
to a final examination of the report re
capitulating its conclusions. The prin
cipal author is Admiral von Spaun (Aus
trian), but all the members of the com
mission collaborated in drawing it up.
The commission gives no opinion on the
question of the presence of Japanese torpedo-boats
in the North Sea. The com
missioners refor to the Russian govern
ment engagement to indemnify the vic
tims of the deplorable incident.
"The report -will be sent tomorrow to
the Bussian and British governments, not
because it Is liable to modifications, but
the commissioners do not wish the pow
ers Interested to simply learn through the
press of the last public sitting and the
conclusions arrived at- There Is nothing
In this preliminary communication except
an act of deference."
The public sitting for the reading of the
conclusions will probably be held on Sat
urday. Members of the commission who
were seen tonight refused to either con
firm or deny the statement, but officials
having opportunities to judge of the re
sults of the inquiry consider the state
ment to be substantially correct.
HOWL OF INDIGNATION ARISES
London Papers Concede Russia Vic
tory and Some Condemn Balfour.
LONDON, Feb. 23. A strong chord of
Indignation is sounded by the London
daily newspapers this morning over the
PQml-offlcIal statement relative to the de
cision of the North Sea Commission, giv
ing to Russia the victory, but it is still
hoped that tho publication of the full text
of the commission's report may modify
the impression produced by the, prelim
inary version, which la one of Intense dis
appointment. Tho Daily Mali goes so far as to de
clare it has dealt a death blow to arbi
tration. Some of tho newspapers blame
the government strongly for ever con
senting to subject such a matter to arbi
tration, while some of the government
organs find cold comfort in the fact that
the country by doing so avoided war with
Russia. No question Is raised that the
decision must be respected, and Great
Britain's share of the heavy costs will be
paid cheerfully, but It is considered that
the decision leaves the question of a neu
tral's right on tho sea In an unsatisfac
tory state, and creates a dangerous ''prec
edent. The Morning Post says: "A new dogma
of International law is thus established,
under which the commander of a bellig
erent fleet may attack and destroy neu
tral unarmed vessels without any other
pica than that he conceived his flhlpg
might be in danger. This doctrine is so
monstrous and inconceivable that we can
only yet hope the official report will give
a different reading."
Just before Parliament rose last night,
replying to the question whether any pre
caution to protect the fishing fleet on the
Dogger Bank during the passage of the
Second Russian Pacific Squadron had been
taken. Premier Balfour said that His
Majesty's government placed Implicit re
liance on Russian assurances that they
had taken every precaution to guard
against the recurrence of any such inci
dent, and that special Instructions had
been issued to the whole Russian fleet
with this object in view.
HOME RULERS WORRY WYND HAM
They Spring a Surprise and Cut
Down Government Majority.
LONDON, Feb. 22. Encouraged by the
reduced government majority In the di
vision of the House of Commons last
night, the Irish party unexpectedly re
turned to the attack today more fiercely
than over. Immediately after the opening
of the session John Redmond gave no
tice of a motion to adjourn in order to
discuss the condition under which Sir
Anthony McDonnell holds the post of
under secretary to the Lord Lieutenant
of Ireland. The speaker set the debate
in motion for the commencement of the
It had been expected debate on Mr.
Norton's amendmont calling the atten
tion of His Majesty to the condition of
the army, which came up this afternoon,
would occupy two days. A number of
Unionist members, taking advantage of
this, absented themselves. Mr. Redmond's
tactics caused a great scurrying by the
whips and much upsetting of arrange
ments. The debate lasted till midnight, when
tho motion to adjourn was defeated, but
Mr. Redmond scored a point by compell
ing Mr. Wyndham to read the correspond
ence between himself and Sir Anthony
MacDonnell, by which it was shown that
the under secretary was given extraordi
nary powers and authorized to arrange
for co-ordination in the control and di
rection of boards and administrative
agencies. It was shown that Premier
Balfour had concurred in this arrange
The Nationalists were heckling Premier
Balfour and Mr. Wyndham. Chief Secre
tary lor Ireland, in an effort to extract
further Information as to how far Mr,
Wyndham was involved in what he has
termed the under-secretary's "IndefensI
ble" course connected with the revolution
scheme, when John Redmond, ...ie Irish
leader, turning to Mr. Wyndham. shout
ed: "You might as well tell the truth at
Mr. Balfour immediately raised a point
of order, the Speaker ruled that the re
mark was "offensive." and Mr. Redmond
promptly apologized and explained that
he had not meant to imply that untruths
had been told, but that the whole truth
had not been told yet, and that he did
not want to be obliged to drag it out
Repeating his apology, Mr. Redmond
said the government was withholding the
facts which he proposed to force it to re
late. He said Mr. Wynham admitted he
knew the gist of MacDonnell's views. It
was strange that he belatedly repudiated
his under secretary.
Mr. Wyndham, replying, read the letters
and then repeated hJs explanation made
during Monday night's debate, in which
he attributed the misunderstanding to hl3
own "ignorance of Indian affairs."
John Morley, who followed, scathingly
assailed the government's administration
in Ireland. He said Sir Anthony Mac
Donnell had been censured without a
hearing for doing what he had warned
thorn he would do. The Earl of Dudley,
Mr. Morley said, had been overthrown by
the Premier, and the under secretary's
conduct was described as Indefensible.
"What a picture," said Mr. Morley, "of
confusion of administrative forces worse
Mr. Morley admitted, however, that
nothing was shown by the correspond
ence that was dishonorable.
Premier Balfour said the letters showed
that, when MacDonnell was appointed
under secretary to the Lord Lieutenant,
nothing In the shape of devolution was
contemplated. Sir Anthony's conduct, he
said, was Indefensible because In respect
of the Dunraven scheme he had exceeded
the bounds laid down. This, however.
3ir. Balfour, said, Implied no criticism of
his. services. The whole episode was due
to a misunderstanding and Mr. Balfour
appealed to thc House to bury it.
Mr. Moore, In behalf of the Irish Union
ists, said the resolution showed that Mr.
Wyndham had tried to form a moderate
party in Ireland which would have de
stroyed the Irish Unionist part. This,
Mr. Moore said, justified the attitude of
the Irish Unionists toward Mr. Wynd
ham. The division followed on the motion to
adjourn, which was defeated, 263 to 222.
The announcement of the figures was
greeted with loud shouts from the Irish
members of, "Resign, Wyndham."
Following is the gist of the correspond
ence: "On September 22, 1902, Sir Anthony
(Concluded on Pace 12.)
CONTENTS OF TODAY'S PAPER
TODAT'S-Cloudy to ;artly cloudy, with rain
et intervals; cooler; south to west winds.
TESTKRDAY'S Maximum temperature, 56
deg.; minimum, 4S dcs.
The War In the Far East,
President Roosevelt Informed Japan made first
move for peace. Page 4.
Japanese jaid to have outflanVed KuropatVln
and forced his retreat. Page 12.
Clado predicts great naval battle, and Japan
will have advantage. Page 12.
Affairs In Rut6la.
Rebels in the Caucasus capture officials and
form provisional government. Page 4.
Railroad traffic from Warsaw suspended by
atrlkc. Page 4.
Funeral of Sergius coachman. Page 4.
Great crowds view remains of Sorglus. Page 4.
North Sea Commission suggests decision will
favor Russia .and London papers are In
dignant. Page 0.
Irish in Parliament worry Secretary "VVynd-
nam ana cut flown Tory majority. Pae J.
-German Reichstag approves, commercial treat
ies, i ace j.
Mexican troops make great killing of Xaquls.
President Roosevelt speaks on maxims of
Washington. Page 1.
Senate talks on Government ownership of rall-
roaca. .rage 3.
House rejects Senate amendments to Army
cm and considers rivers and harbors.
Good prospects for river and harbor bill.
Hitchcock called on to explain about Osage
oil case. Page 1.
President holds back report on beef trust's
.crimes. Page 3.
President Harper successfully endure op
eration, hut proves to have cancer. Page 1.
Ambassador Jusserand speaks on George
Commercial and Marine.
Weekly review of local produce and Job-
Ding roarKets. .rage 13.
Chartering of tramp steamers for flour be
ing considered. Page 13.
West-bound traffic taxes vessels of Portland
t Asiatic fleet. Page 13.
Loaded ship reported off the mouth of the
uoiumoia. I'age lli.
Governor Chamberlain vetoes four more
measures passea oy the Legislature.
Washington House railroad commission
bill will be used to trade with. Page 4.
Adolph Weber found guilty of matricide at
Auburn. CaL Page S.
Annual banquet of Forest Grove Board of
Trade. Page S.
B. B. Tongue on Oregon Kid wins Hunt
Club run. Page 0.
Columbia University wins track -meet from
Y. M. C. A. Page 9.
McCredle will sign Trainer for his team.
Portland and Vicinity.
New site selected for Washington building
at Kxposltlon. Page 12.
President Wheelwright, of the Chamber of
Commerce, proposes system for civic Im
provement, Page 8.
City elections to vote on annexation ques
tion and 2-mIU bridge tax levy. Page 10.
Friendly suit to be brought to determine
application of direct primary law. Page 7.
Empire Theater to be leased by prominent
actors. Page 7.
Threatened strike at Lewis and Clark Fair
is peacefully settled. Page 12.
Federal court decides that Senator Mitch
ell must wait his turn for trial. Page 12.
Charles E. Marchand and P. R. Treau ar
rested for daring robbery of saloon.
Subpenas issued for witnesses h C. B.
Thomas bribery case. Page 12.
US TRUE AS EfEfi
Maxims Of Washington
Applied in 1905
BY PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT
Foreign Policy, Upbuilding of
JUSTICE BACKED BY FORCE
Principles of Washington's Farewell
Address Recalled at Conferring
of Honorary Degrees
PHILADELPHIA. Feb. 22. Com
memoration of Washington's blrthdav
by the University of Pennsylvania was
made notable by the fact that the rep
resentatives of three world powers
participated in the exercises: Th
United States, represented by the Chief
executive or the Nation. President
Roosevelt: Germany, represented by
.Baron bneck von Sternbercr. Ambassa
dor to this county, who acted as the
personal representative of Emperor
wmiam, and Henry Mortimer Durand.
the British Ambassador. The occasion
was marked by one of the most en-
musiasuc demonstrations ever wit
nessed in the Academv nf Music, whpro
the exercises were held. Preslilnt
Roosevelt was the orator of the day. his
theme being "Some Maxims of "Wash
ington." President Roosevelt and Emnsrnr
William received the degree of doctor
01 mws, tfaron Speck von Sternberg,
the German Ambussador, accepting the
honor for his sovereign.
The exercises were held In the Acad
emy of Music, which scats about 3000 per
sons, and at least 20,000 requests for tick
ets had been made. By special -permission
of. the Mayor, the trustees of the
university were given the privilege of Is
suing admission tickets, the supply of
which was soon exhausted. The theater
was crowded from ult to dome, ami at
the first glimpse of President Roosevelt
tne vast assemblage arose en masse and
gave him an ovation. The class and col
lege cries of the students mingled with
the cheers of the spectators in the bal
conies and galleries, a'ndithe women "fran
tically waved their handkerchiefs. The
exercises were ODened with nrawr fol
lowed by the hymn "Now Thank "We All
uur uoa, sung by the audience.
Speeches of Presentation.
Dr. S. W. Mitchell, the "nubile orator"
presented each of the candidates in turn
witn nis aegree. in presenting the Presi
dent. Dr. Mitchell said:
Mr. Roosevelt. President of the United
States:. On the Fourth of July. 1S3. the
University of Pennsylvania conferred the
degree of doctor of laws upon the first Pres
ident of the United States of America. The
trustees of the same university do now, af
ter 122 years, once again request tha provost
to honor with the same degree our latest
President. This makes all other comment
In Dresentinsr the nnmp nt Fmnnmr
William. Dr. Mitchell said:
Thu breadth an dearneftnes of His Imperial
Majesty's Intellectual sympathies, the nersonxl
generosity which has fostered science and lit
erature, and his far-sighted Interest In the In
ternational exchange of university Influence,
make It most fit that a great unlverslt
nlze both in the man and in the ruler of a
kindred race his services to learning. There
fore, at tne tequest and by the authority of
the trustees of the University of Pennsylvania.
I ask the provost to confer uoon His Imnrlai
Majesty, the German Emperor and King of
I'ruEsia. through his AmbaNsador. the decree
of doctor of laws.
Other degrees were conferred as fol
Doctor of laws Sir Henry Mortimer Durand
Ambassador from Great Britain: Rear-Admiral
Charles Edgar Clark. United States Navy;
senator Philander Chase Knox and David
Thompson "Watson, of Pittsburg.
Doctor of letters Thomas Bailey Aldrich.
Doctor of science Robert SlmDson Wood.
ward, president of the Carnegie Institute.
In conferring the decree of dortor nf
laws -upon Sir Henry Mortimer Durand.
tne iJrmsn AmDassauor, ur. Mitchell
The country and the University of Pennsrl-
vanla gladly recognize in the personality of
the iving or or eat Britain, His Majesty's con
stant friendship for this country, and are
gratefully reminded of the vast services ren
dered us by the Queen, his mother. In the days
of our utmost National peril. Recalling your
varied and brilliant career in India, Afghan
istan, Persia, and remembering, too, the his
torian and novelist, we. the trustees, desire to
express by our action the satisfaction with
which this country has welcomed in you an
Ambassador of especial distinction. As a dip
lomat, you have no disputes to settle, no er
rand save that of adding to the ties of ma
terial Interests those immaterial bonds which
make for cood will, as the safeguard of
treaties, and lead law-abiding people, to turn
always to the court3 of international Justice
for the settlement of every difference. There
fore, In the name and by the authority of the
trustees of the University of Pennsylvania. I
ak the provost to confer upon you. Sir Henry
Mortimer Durand, the degree of doctor of
Admiral Clark and the Oregon.
In conferring the degree of doctor of
laws upon Rear-Admiral Clark, Dr.
The unequalled story of the battleship Ore
gon is well known to all this vast audience.
It served but to crown with larger popular
recognition a career long familiar to the Navy
as a valuable example of the eklll of an of
ficer, and the ability of the diplomat in condi
tions of unusual difficulty. I feel honored in
this opportunity at the request and by the
authority of the trustees of the University of
Pennsylvania to ak Jthe provost to confer
upon you. Charles Edgar Clark, Rear-Admiral,
the degree of doctor of laws.
At the conclusion of the ceremonies.
Provost Harrison .made a few Introduc
tory remarks, and President Roosevelt
delivered his oration. He said:
As a Nation we have had our full chare of
great men, but the two men of pre-eminent
greatness who. as the centuries go on, will
purely loom above all others are Washington
and Lincoln: and It is peculiarly fitting that
their birthdays tbould be celebrated every
year, and the meaning of their lives brought
home close to us.
No other city in the country ! o closely
identified with 'Washington's career as .Phila
delphia. He served.her In 1775 in tho Conti
nental Congrets. He was here as Commander
of the Army at the time of the battles of
Brandy-wine and Germantown; and It was near
here that with that army he faced the deso
late Winter at Valley Forge, the Winter
which marked the turning point of the Revo
lutionary War. Here he came again as Pres
ident of the convention which framed the
Constitution, and then as President of the
United States, and finally a XJeutenant-Gen-eral
of tho Army after he had retired from the
One hundred and eight years ago. Just be
fore ht left the Presidency, he issued his fare
well addrees, and In It he laid down certain
principles which he believed should guide the
citizens of this Republic for all time to come,
his own words being, "which appear to me all
tmportant to the permanency of your felicity
aa a- people."
Washington, though In some ways an even
greater man than Lincoln, did not have Lin
coln's wonderful gift of expression that gift
which makes certain speeches of the rail-splitter
from Illinois read like the Inspired utter
ances of the great Hebrew stern and prophets.
But he had all of Lincoln's sound common
sense, far-sightedness and devotion to a lofty
ideal. Like Lincoln he sought after the no
blest objects, and like Lincoln he sought after
them by thoroughly practical methods. These
two greatest Americans car fairly be called
the best among the greet- men of the world,
and greatest among the good men of the world.
Each showed In actual practice his capacity
to secure under our system the priceless union
of Individual liberty with governmental
strength. Each was as free from the vices of
the tyrant as from the vices of the demagogue.
To ch the empty futility of the mere doc
trinaire was. as alien as the baseness of the
merely self-seeking politician. Each was in
capable alike of the wickedness which seeks
by force of arms to wrong '.others and of the
no lesa criminal weakness which falls to pro
vide effectively against being wronged by
Relations With Other Nations.
Among Washington's maxims which he be
queathed to his countrymen- were the two fol
lowing: "Observe good faith and Justice toward
all nations-." and "To be prepared for war Is
the most effective means to promote peace."
These two principles taken together should
form the basis of our whole foreign policy.
Neither Is sufficient taken by itself. It Is not
merely an Idle dream, but a most mischievous
dream, to believe that mere refraining from
wrongdoing will Insure -lis against being
wronged. Yet. on the other hand, a nation
prepared for war la a menace to mankind un
less the national purpose is to treat other
nations with good faith and Justice. In any
community it Is neither- the conscientious man
who Is a craven at heart, nor yet the bold
and strong man without the moral endc. who
is of real use to the community; It is the
man who to strength and courage adds a real
izing sense of the moral obligation resting
upon him. the man who has not only the de
sire but tha power to do his full duty by his
neighbor and Ty the state. So. In the world
at large, the nation which Is of use in the
prosre of manxind is that nation which com
bines strength of character, force of character,
and Insistence upon its own rights, with a
full acknowledgment of Its own duties toward
others. Just at present .the best way in which
we can show that our loyally to the teachings
of Washington is a, loyally of the heart and
not of the lips only is to sec to it that the
work of building up pur Navy goes steadily
on, and that at the same time our stand for
international righteousness is clear and em
phatic. Washington Favored Strong Nary.
Never since the beginning-of our country
hatohthXN3r'te"rt';uSed In' art .un
just war. Never has It failed to render
great and sometimes vital service to the
Republic. It has not been too strong for
our good, though orten not string enough
to do all the good It should have done. Our
possession of the Philippines, our Interest
In tho trade of the Orient, our building the
-ai. our insistence upon" the
Monroe Doctrine, all demand that our Navy
shall be of adequate size and for its size
of unsurpassed efficiency. If It Is strong
enough, I believe it will minimize the chance
of our being drawn into foreign war.
It we let It run, down. It Is certain as the
day that sooner or later we shall have to
cnoose between a probably disastrous for
eign war and a peace kept on terms that
imply National humiliation.
Our Navy is the surest guaranty of peace,
and ths cheapest Insurance against
war, and those who. In whatever
capacity, have helped to build It
up during the past 20 years have
been In good faith observing and living up
to one of the most important of the prin
ciples which Washington laid down for the
guidance of his countrymen. Nor was
Washington the only one of our great Pres
idents who showed far-sighted patriotism
by support of the Navy. When Andrew
Jackson was in Congress he voted for the
first warships we ever built as part of our
regular Navy: and he voted against the
grant of money to pay our humiliating trib
ute to the pirates of the Bnrbary States. Old
Hickory was a patriot through and through,
and there was not an ounce of timidity in
his nature, and of course he felt only in
dignant contempt for a policy which pur
chased an Ignoble peace by .cowardice in
stead of exacting a Just peace by showing
we were as little willing to submit to as
to Inflict aggression. Had a maloritv of
Jackson's colleagues and successors felt as
ne uia aoout tne jfavy. Had it been built up
msicaa oi ocing orougnt to a standstill.
It would probably never have been neces
sary to fight the war of 1812.
Ills Principle In Practice.
Again Washington said: "Give to mankind
the example of a people always guided by
an exalted Justice and benevolence." This
feeling can be shown alike by our dealings
within and without our own borders. Taft
and Wright in the Philippines and Wood in
Cuba have shown us exactly how to prac
tice this Justice and benevolence in dealing
with other peoples a Justice and benevo
lence which can be shown, not by shirking
our duty and abandoning to self-destruc
tion those unfit to govern themselves, hut
by doing pur duty by staying with them and
teaching them how to govern themselves, by
uplifting them spiritually and materially.
Here at home we are obeying this maxim of
Washington's Just so far as we help in every
movement, whether undertaken by the Gov
ernment, or as is, and should be, more of
ten the case.' by voluntary action among
private citizens, for the betterment of
our own people. Observe that Washington
speaks both of Justice and benevolence, and
that be puts Justice first. Wo must be
generous, we must help our poorer brother.
but above all we must remember to be Just;
ana tno nrst step to war a securing Justice
is to treat every man on his worth as a
man, showing him no special favor, hut so
far as may be holding open for him the
door of opportunity so that reward may
wait upon honest and intelligent endeavor.
Again Washington said: "Cherish public
credit." Just at the moment there Is no at
tack on public credit, but it ever the temp
tation arises again let our people at the
outset remember that the worst because
the most Insidious form of appeal that would
make a man a dishone.it debtor. Is that which
would persuade him that it 1 anything but
dishonest for him to repudiate his debts.
Promotion of Education.
Finally, it is peculiarly appropriate, when I
have come to this city as the guest of the
University of Pennsylvania, to quote another
of Washington's maxims; "Promote, as an ob
ject of primary importance, institutions for
the general diffusion of knowledge. In propor
tion as the structure or a government gives
force to public opinion, it Is essential that pub
lic opinion should be enlightened." Education,
may not make a man a good citizen, but
most certainly ignorance tends to prevent his
being a good citizen. Washington was far too
much of a patriot, had far too much love for
his fellow-citizens, to try to teach them that
they could govern themselves unless they could
develop a sound and enlightened public opinion.
No nation can permanently retain free govern
ment unless It can retain a high average of citi
zenship; and.there can be no euch high .average
of cltlzcnehlp without a high average of educa
tion, using the word In Its broadest and truest
sense to Include the things of the soul as well
as the things of the mind. School educating
can never supplant or take tne place of self
cducatlon, still lees can it in any way take
the place of thorn rugged and manly qualities
which we group tpgether under- the name of
t Concluded on Page 2.)
Query to Hitchcock on
Osage Oil Lease.
HIS .CHANGE OF FRONT
Texas Congressman Moves to
NAMES OF LESSEES WANTED
Secretary of Interior Accused of Rec
ommending Extension of Lease
After Saying Indians Should
WASHINGTON. Feb. 22. Another chap
ter in the Osage oil lease incident devel
oped today, when Representative Stevens,
of Texas, Introduced two resolutions In
the House, addressing Inquiries to the
Secretary of the Interior regarding the
Foster lease of the oil and gas lands be
longing to the Osage Indians.
One resolution calls on the Secretary to
furnish the House with a copy of the Fos
ter leaee and of all subleases under that
parent lease, giving the dates of the ap
proval or rejection and all correspondence
on the subject. The other resolution asks
under what act of Congress the Foster
lease was made, and under what author
ity of law the subleases were approved.
The Secretary Is asked whether he did
not ratify the sublease to the Alameda
Company, and whether tills was not the
first sublease so ratified, and whether Tie
had not previously refused to ratify sub
leases. The resolution asks not only for the
date of the ratification of the Alameda
sublease, but also calls for a list of the
officers, directors and stockholders of the
Alameda Company, with information as
to whether any of these persons are "per
sonally known or In any way related to
hlra (the Secretary), and, If so, the name
of such person and how related."
The resolution directs the Secretary to
say whether he did or -did not on Febru
a.vjf 15 last, -in .a lettvr addressed to the
chairman of the committee on Indian af
fairs, write that the Commissioner of In
dian Affairs "also shows that there Is no
necessity for the proposed legislation In
order to protect the existing rights of the,
parties who hold under the said Foster
lease, and it is not deemed advisable, jior.
Indeed, would It be just, to renew and ex
tend the said lease for a period of ten
years, or any other period, without the
knowledge or consent of the Indians." The
"And If you did write this letter, please
state to this House' what information you
have since received that has caused you
to recommend the adoption of the Senate
amendment to the Indian appropriation
bill extending said lease for ten years on
6SO.O0O acres of said Osage Indian lands
without first securing the consent of the
The statement recently given out by
Secretary Hitchcock Is cited. In which he
said that "the original Foster lease was
an unheard-of monopoly, and nothing
short of a public scandal"; and the reso
lution asks the Secretary If he was thus
correctly quoted, and. If so, to state why
he now recommends extension of the lease.
OIL REFINERY FOR COLORADO
Bill for Erection Favorably Reported
and Independents Offer Aid.
. DENVER. Colo., Feb. 22. Representa
tive Clifton H. Wllder's bill appropriating
$125,000 for the establishment of a state
oil refinery was favorably reported to the
-House by the finance committee today.
The bill also contains provisions to regu
late the price of oil." Independent oil
producers who are supporting the meas
ure have offered to lease and operate the
refinery when constructed, and to advance
the money for its construction at a low
rate of interest.
DOES NOT KNOW THE COMPANY
Hitchcock Answers Attack on Re
newal of Osage Lease.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 22. Secretary
Hitchcock tonight, referring to the Al
mcda Company, concerning which Repre
sentative Stephens, of Texas, introduced
a resolution in the House, said that he
could not recall any such company.
"I know nobody connected with this
company," he said, "and the supposition
that any officer Is related to me In any
way Is absurd.
"There has been no change of opinion
on my part in regard to the Foster lease.
The original lease of 1,500,000 acres, or the
entire Osage reservation, was a monopoly.
Under this lease, however, certain sub
leases were granted and obtained during
the administration of Hoke Smith as Sec
retary of the Interior. It was necessary
that the rights of the sub-lessees under
the original Foster Jease should be recog
nized by the department, for these sub
leases were taken In good faith. I have
therefore recommended an extension of
the lease for ten years on 650,000 acres.
This acreage represents only the sub
leases taken In good. faith under the orig
NEBRASKA LAUDS KANSAS.
Resolution in Legislature Indorsing
Fight on Standard Oil.
LINCOLN. Neb.. Feb. 22. In the lower
house of the Legislature today. Repre
sentative Hunker, of Cummlng County.
Introduced a resolution commending In
the preambje the fight In Kansas against
the Standard Oil Company, and continu
ing: Be It resolved, by the Nebraska House of
Representatives. That on behalf of the peo
ple of Nebraska we express sincere sym
pathy with the people of our neighboring
state In the contest. they are now waxing
against the. greatest of all monoplies. We
bid Theodore Roosevelt. President of the
United States, God-speed in his deter
mined efforts to protect the public Interest
against encroachments of monopoly.
In view of the fact that John D. Rockefel
ler has contributed certain sums toward
the erection of a building In connection
with Nebraska's State University, we desire
that it shall be known that the acceptance
by Nebraska of a contribution which John
D. Rockefeller has made to the university
fund shall In no sense be regarded as an
apology on the part of the Nebraska peo
ple tor the disreputable methods which the
Rockefeller monopoly has employed.
A vote on the resolution will be taken
OIL MEN DENOUNCE STANDARD
Producers of Eastern Oil Regions In
dorse Action of Roosevelt.
WHEELING, W. Va., Feb. 22. A meet
ing of representatives of the oil produc
ers of West "Virginia, Western Pennsyl
vania and Eastern Ohio was held here
tonight to take action on the fight against
the Standard Oil Company In the West,
and especially in the State of Kansas.
The following resolutions were adopted:
Resolved. That we hereby Indorse the ac
tion taken by our fearless President, Theo
dore Roosevelt, and the people of the State
of Kansas In their efforts to obtain fair,
and honest treatment at the hands of the
mighty octopus known as the Standard Oil
Company, and we feel It our duty to do
everything In our power to have the unfair
and discriminating methods of the Stand
ard Oil Company brought to an end. and
pledge ourselves to assist the proper officials
In any movement toward the welfare of the
CHARGES AGAINST RAILROAD
Oil Producers Say M. K. & T. Is in
Collusion With Standard.
CHANUTE, Kan., Feb. 22. W. E. Con
nelly, for the advisory board of the Kan
sas Oil Producers Association, today
wired Congressman Campbell at Washing
ton charges against the Missouri, Kansas
&. Texas Railroad Company, identical
with the charges filed against the At
chison, Topeka & Santa Fe some days
ago. alleging collusion between the rail
road company and the Standard Oil Com
pany In the matter of rates, and also al
leging the controlling ownership of the
railroad by the Standard Oil Company.
HARPER HAS CANCER.
Operation Confirms Fears of His
CHICAGO. Feb. 22While at the Uni
versity of Chicago hundreds of students
were assembled to participate in prayers
for his recovery Dr. William R. Harper,
president of the institution, this after
noon underwent a serious surgical opera
tion In the Presbyterian Hospital.
For nearly two years Dr. Harper has
been afflicted with severe pains In the
abdomen and about a year ago under
went an operation for appendicitis. This
did not result in permanent improvement
and It was decided that a second opera
tion was necessary. It was generally
thought by the -physicians "that it would
reveal a cancerous condition of the in
testines near the head of the colon. This
diagnosis was confirmed by the operation
The operation, from a surgical stand
point, was a success. The patient rallied
splendidly and Is tonight In a condition
that gives every promise of an early re
covery. The ultimate recovery of Dr.
Harper is a matter on which the physi
cians decline to commit themselves. It
was found that Dr. Harper was afflicted
with carcinoma of the posterior head of
the cqjon, and the disease had progressed
so far that it was found impossible to
remove all of the diseased tissue.
After the conclusion of the operation
Dr. Senn, of Chicago, made the declara
tion that Dr. Harper was afflicted with
cancer, and a bulletin issued by Dr. Bill
ings said that Drs. McBurney and Bevan
were of the opinion that the trouble was
cancer. Dr. Billings himself would ex
press no opinion.
Late tonight Dr. Harper had fallen
Into a comfortable sleep and was In ex
cellent condition. No apprehension was
expressed as to his rapid recovery from
the operation proper. It was, however,
decided by the physicians that It would
be necessary to continue for some time
the medical and X-ray treatment.
Dr. Harper was under the Influence of
the anesthetic for about two hours, al
though the operatlton itself did not con
sume over 25 minutes. After It was over,
a careful examination was made by the
physicians and It was concluded that It
would be impossible to continue the oper
ation further. The operation was per
formed by Dr. McBurney, assisted by Drs.
Senn, Bevan, Billings and Hektoen.
Shortly after midnight Dr. Billings is
sued the following bulletin:
"At 11:30 o'clock Dr. Harper is resting
easily. His pulse is 72, his respiration
and temperature normal. His breathing
"DR. FRANK BILLINGS."
Dr. Billings said that the patient will
have a speedy convalescence.
TROOPER DRIVES OPT INTRUDER
Man Who Rushes Toward Presi
dent's Carriage Hit With Sabre.
WASHINGTON. Feb. 22. President
Roosevelt returned to Washington at 6:03
P. M. The return trip was made in a
private car attached to the regular train
and a crowd had gathered at the Penn
sylvania station to greet him. The Pres
ident was accompanied by the German
Ambassador and Baroness von Sternberg,
and the others who went from hero and
Senator Knox came back with the party.
The President apparently was not an
noyed by an incident which occurred In
Philadelphia while he was driving from
the Academy of Music to the Armory,
where he was tho guest of the City Troop
at luncheon. Before the Presidential
party reached the City Troop armory, an
unknown man dashed Into the street and
got within eight or ten feet of the Presi
dent's carriage. There he was struck
with the flat side of a saber by one of
the four troopers who surrounded the
President's carriage and, checked by the
force of the blow, he staggered, back and
was lost sight of In the crowd. The man
appeared to be a laborer about 45 years
Those who witnessed the incident be
lieve that he merely sought to shake
hands with the President. He had run
parallel with the carriage for over a
block, and Secret Service Agent Tyree,
who rode with the President, had ordered
him to get out of the way. Tyree finally
called to a trooper, who quickly drew
his saber and, as the man refused to
top, struck him a sound blow on the
FACE TELLS TIE
Unmasked Saloon Rob
TWO ARE NOW IN JAIL
C, E. Marchand Visits Police
Station Next Day,
PLAYS SPY ON DETECTIVES
P. P.. Treau Also Arrested aa Con
federate In Hold-Up of Hood
Street Saloon, and Victims
Declare Their Guilt.
That Charles E. Marchand is the man
who held up and robbed three men in
a saloon at 763 Hood street Tuesday,
night and that P. R. Treau, an alleged:
victim of the highwayman, was the
bandit's confederate, are charges made
by Headquarters Detectives Hartman
and Vaughn. Treau entered, and or
dered a drink just before the robbery.
The two men were taken prisoners
yesterday afternoon and lodged in the
City Jail, after a series of remarkable;
events in which the officers say they
have brought to light Indisputable evi
dence of guilt. Positive identification
has been made by Albert Hoeft and. E.
If the charge3 of Detectives Hartman
and Vaughn are true, Marchand may
rightfully be termed a criminal pos
sessed of unlimited nerve and daring,
who by the very audacity of his acts
planned to deceive the officials. Yes
terday morning, not 12 hours after no
is alleged to have perpetrated the sa
loon robbery, he entered police head
quarters with his wife, and to de
tectives, who carried his complete de
scription In their pockets, reported he
had been robbed of some clothing the
previous afternoon. He remained in
the station 15 minutes while Clerk
Leonard took notes of the alleged theft
from tne man now accused of one of
the most daring crimes ever recorded
Marchand and Treau do not nrakct
positive denial of the charges, but they
have not yet been able to overcome
the strong and unqualified identification
made by Hoeft, the proprietor, of the
saloon where the hold-up occurred, and
FInley, who was robbed.
One remarkable circumstance, and
one which Detectives Hartman and
Vaughn consider very Important, is
that Marchand, when he entered the
saloon, as Is alleged, commanded Treau
to do the work of searching Hoeft and
FInley, of taking the money from the.
cash register and of searching himself
and turning bis money over to the rob
ber with the leveled revolver.
Another feature that goes far to male
this case one of the most remarkable ever
coming to the attention of the police, is
that if Marchand actually held up and
robbed the place, he wore no mask, there
by laying himself open to positive identi
fication, as has already been made. It is
not regarded by etcctives Hartman and
Vaughn, or any other detectives, thatsuch
strange coincidences could occur. That
Marchand and Treau are the guilty men.
Is thought to be the fact.
Confederate's Nerves Weaken.
Detectives Hartman and Vaughn were,
assigned to the case by Captain of Police
Moore, as published yesterday morning.
They went directly to the saloon, where
they found Hoeft, FInley and Treau. Tfte
latter was decidedly anxious to get away,
but had been kept there by the other
victims. When questioned, he perspired!
freely, was very nervous and anxious to
escape from the questions put to him.
He was immediately suspected, becausa
of his actions. He said he had been room
ing alone at the St. Johns Hotel, and in
vestigation by the detectives proved
Marchand had been rooming with him.
Detective Hartman loaned Treau car
fare for the trip down town after tho in
vestigation of tho affair at the saloon,
and he was to repay It yesterday morn
ing. He kept his promise. Marchand was
later found and watched. He paid a bill
of 510, and caught sight of Detective
Hartman, who was keeping In touch with
him. He attempted to escape by leaping
upon a street-car, but Hartman boarded
it also and arrested him. r
Maintaining his remarkable nerve to
the last, Marchand freely told where
Treau could bo found, after admitting
they were friends. Hartman then brought
In Treau. Both were booked and locked
up. They tell conflicting stories. March
and is married, and has lived hero Ave
years. Treau is from Michigan. They
met In Kelso, Wash., where they say they
were arranging to start a laundry.
Marchand is aged 2S and Treau 24 years.
HALF THE BODIES ARE FOUND
Only Three Entombed Miners Recov
ered Alive and They Soon Die.
BIRMINGHAM, Ala., Feb. .22. At 8
o'clock this evening 75 blackened anl
disfigured bodies had been recovered,
from the Virginia mines, in which the
awful explosion occurred on Monday
afternoon, entombing more than 150
Tomorrow will be a day of funerals
at Virginia City. Bozeman, Pratt City
and Enslway. The men have been taken
to Bessemer as fast as Identified. An
extra supply of coffins from neighbor
ing cities arrived today.
Tho rescuers are still heroically at
work in the stope. and as they advance
the bodies further In the mine are
found to be worse burned and mutilated,
than those nearer the exterior. No
hope Is now held out that any are alive.
Three men were found yesterday whose
hearts were still beating, but they ex
The Birmingham district has come
promptly forward in relieving the des
titute families of the victims, and mass
meetings have been held for that pur
pose. Hundreds of dollars have been
subscribed, and the Birmingham Com
mercial Club has raised more than
$3000. Alubama District. No. 20. United
Mine Workers of America, today voted
55000 to be distributed among the families.