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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 17, 1905)
THE MOKNIKG OREGONIA, FRIDAY, . FEBRUARY 17, 1905.
WRESTLE WITH BILL
Railroad Amendments Ac
cepted by the Committee.
GOVERNOR LEFT IN CONTROL
Eastern Washington Members Are
Showing Great Dissatisfaction
Another Measure Will Proba
bly Be Prepared.
OLYMPIA, Wash.. Feb. 1C. (Special.)
Almost every amendment proposed
by the railway companies to. the rail
way commission bill, in process of for
mation in the Joint committee, was
adopted by the committee In legisla
tive session tonight. The bill as It will
be reported out by a majority of the
committee, while giving the commis
sion the arbitrary rate-making power,
will not confer upon it initiative pow
ers in Instituting Inquiries; It will not
impose upon the railway companies the
full "burden of proof," when com
plaints are made against alleged dis
criminations or unjust rates, and will
give the commission Jurisdiction over
Joint rates only where the connecting
lines are controlled by the same road
All the 'leading features contained In
the original bill as drafted by the sub
committee appointed for the purpose,
with the assistance of the Attorney
General, are eliminated or greatly
Mohlstad, of Skagit County, who was.
in the Legislature two years ago, and
was a radical McBride. man, tonight
voted to take away from the bill the
Initiative powers sought to be con
ferred upon the commission in Inves
tigating discriminations, and he voted
against retaining the joint-rate feature
of the bill and for modifying the bur
den of proof feature.
Power Still With Governor.
The one principal amendment that
failed was that which sought to re
lieve the Governor of absolute power
In naming the commission. This amend
ment was to the first section of the bill
and provided that the nominations
should bo submitted to the Senate for
Approval. The amendment was lost by
a vote of 9 to 14. An amendment to an
other section requiring the Governor
to make a new appointment, and sub
mit to the same session in the event
the Senate should fall to confirm, was
made and then withdrawn by Davis
upon the objection that the subject
matter had been covered in the defeat
of the amendment to section 1.
The amendment to section 3 was
apodted as published In Thursday's Ore
jroriaji, except that prior to its Intro
duction the CO days' time limit upon
the taking effect of the findings of the
commission was changed to 30 days,
and an additional clause added which
requires that appeals shall proceed in
courts as do other equitable, actions.
Initiatory Powers Removed.
"''his amendment." said Crane, "takes
away all the Initiatory powers the
commission would have to fix rates,
and without such power this is not a
"I tnink the amendment is a fair
on?,". said Davis. "It gives anybody or
any tpn or municipality a cbanculo
Crane then objected to the portion of
thp. amendment relating to appeals. He
paid the committee, in framing the bill,
had endeavored to draft It so that liti
gation over the commission's findings
would be given the right of way, and thus
prevent the railroad company, by reason
of its financial strength and ability to
tarry out lengthy litigation, from wearing
out the ordinary person or Individual en
gaged in the action. The rollcall carried
the amendment, 14 to 11, as follows:
Ayes Davlp. Klnnoar, Sumner, Rands, Ven
ets. lilaker. Booth. McNIcol. Lambert, Miller,
Wolstad, Stevens, Huxtaule, Dobson 14.
Noes Brown. Rusnell, Hutoon, Dickson, Mi
nard, Allrn. Hare. Reltcr, Crane. Smith, Wil
Shorn of More Power.
The amendment for section 4, or the
joint-rate feature, was also opposed by
Crane, who said the amendment took
away absolutely all power of the commis
yion to fix joint rates.
Davis said people should be given an
opportunity to run their own business
and that there was no reason why a com
mission should take a car from one trans
continental line after it had hauled it
for 20 miles and give it over to a compet
ing line to haul 1000 miles and then have
the power to adjust the freight charges
between the roads. The amendment car
Tied by the samo vote, with Falconer
ddPd to the "aye" column, he having
not been present during the earlier part
of the evening.
Following the adoption of this amend
ment, Haro moved to shut off debate
on amendments made thereafter, and the
motion carried. An amendment was pro
posed by Davis to section 6, changing the
mode of procedure In services of process
and making up of issues in complaints
heard by the commission, but the amend
ment was lost.
Announced as Defeated.
Davis' amendment to strike out section
7, which confers arbitrary rate-making
powers on the commission, was announced
by the clerk as 13 noes and 12 yeas, and
th chairman declared the amendment
lost. The vote, however, as taken by sev
eral newspaper reporters, showed the
amendment had carried, 13 to 12.
In dealing with section 12, the commit
tee cut out all requirements that the
commission should investigate the indebt
edness, the cost of franchises or deter
mine the amount it would require to re-t-onstruet
the road and similar details,
but allowed to remain tho provision that
the commission shall ascertain the amount
of money expended in construction and
equipment and the amounts paid In sal
aries and wages.
The definition of unjust discrimination
as between long and short hauls, specified
in section 15, is made much milder by
amendment, and several amendments in
minor particulars suggested by Davis were
adopted. A motion by him to cut out all
reference to express companies In the
bill was defeated, however, and a motion
to permit Reiter to draft and Incorporate
in the bill a section exempting street
railways and lnterurban lines was beaten.
A motion to have the amended bill
printed for the use of the Joint committee
carried and adjournment was taken to the
call of the chair.
Inconsistencies in Bill.
Tho bill as amehdod tonight contains
various inconsistencies. In some of the
amended sections express companies arc
stricken out, while in other sections they
are to remain in a conflicting manner.
One class of legal action arising from
the findings of the commission given the
right of way and- another class is re
quired to proceed as do other actions In
The Eastern Washington members are
extremely dissatisfied with the bill. Fol
lowing the joint meeting there was an
informal talk among a few of them In the
corridor -and It was tacitly agreed that
the minority of the committee should pre
pare a. bill and submit It to the .House.
The opinion expressed by the House com
mittee members opposed to 'the amended
bill Is that they can pass the original bill
or one as far-reaching. They express
doubt as to their ability to carry it In the
Senate. One member remarked as the
conference broke up:
"Well, we will go home with Just as
much of a commission In existence as
we had when we came here"
HOPE GOVERNOR WILL VETO
Olympians See Way to Prevent Re
moval of Capital.
OLYMPIA, Wash., Feb. 16. (Special.)
The promoters of the capital-removal
bill will attempt to force the measure
to final action tomorrow when it comes
up as a speclai order on second reading.
It is alleged by them that they have
ample votes to pass the measure and
there is at this time no occasion to
doubt the truth of their claims.
Discussion of the measure has now
reached the stage that people are won
dering what the Governor will do with
the bllL There is a feeling s quite
prevalent amon? the frlerfds of removal
that he will veto It and it is realized
that the bill Is not strong enough In
the House to be passed over the veto.
The assertion Is now being made, with
the allegation that "it has the weight
of legal Investigation, that It is not
necessary to submit the bill to the
It was a Seattle attorney who dis
covered that the constitution does not
Hallie ErmlnJe TUtcs, Author of "Hearts
Courageous," "The Castaway."
While they are intended specially for young children, the mother
who reads them cannot fail to be impressed by the puritj' of their
diction and their human interest. Nowhere in the realm of juvenile
fiction can there be found more charming tales.
The story for next Sundaj' is from "The Old Curiosity Shop,"
and deals with Little Nell aud her grandfather. For the following
Sunday, a story from "Oliver Twist."
provide that submission of the capital
removal question must be provided for
by the passage of a bill, and by some
it is contended that tho capital measure
is in reality a bill to submit a con
stitutional amendment. It is asserted
that the question could have been sub
mitted by joint resolution.
In view of the peculiarity of the
wprding- of the constitutional provision
relating to removal of the seat of
government It is. maintained.-, that the
Governor has no' veto power on this
The question was asked of Governor
Mead today If It had been presented to
him in that light and he said it had
and that he had talked It over with a
number of persons. He declined to ex
press any view of the correctness of
the contention, and said that the Sen
ate would hav the first opportunity to
accept that view of the case.
If tho Senate deemed that the Gov
ernor had no veto power over the meas
ure it could voto to transmit the bill
upon passage 'llrcctly to the Secretary
of State. If the Senate elected to send
it to the Governor, he said nc might
refer the question to the Attorney
General. The new view of the case oreatcs
somewhnt of a tangle. If the bill pro
vides for a constitutional amendment,
it must pass the Legislature by a two
thirds voto. which It will fail 'to re
ceive In the House. If It is a bill the
promoters of removal are wary about
presenting it to the Governor, and if
they thought his signature was not nec
essary they would undoubtedly secure
Its Immediate transmission to the Sec
retary of State.
AMERICAN TTJENED CHINESE
Strange Case of White Boy Raised
One of tho most remarkable cases
ever brought to light by .the police of
Portland is that of Lick YI. now 14
years old, and of white parentage. This
lad. although an American by birth,
has lived as a Chinese, with Chinese,
wearing a queue and Oriental garb,
and he speaks the language of the Ce
lestial Kingdom exclusively.
Patrolman Galbralth made the dis
covery at 1 o'clock this morning, and
reported th case to Captain Moore. To
day Chief Hunt will probably take up
the matter and sco If there is anything
that should be done by the officials.
Nothing like this strange case has ever
come up for consideration in the history
of the city.
As tho matter stands, the boy, al
though an American, does not know it,
for when he was but 3 months old. a
Chinese woman 'now living In Astoria
secured him from his mother and kept
him for many years. He is now living
in a Chinese establishment at the
northeast corner of Fourth and Pine
It is a case, the police declare, where
an American-born lad has been robbed
of his nativity and the privilege of
growing up as others, being deprived
of even the knowledge of the difference
between his .present life and what he
should have been. He has none of the
features peculiar to the Chinese, but,
being raised as one of them, has sim
I0TJBET WILL . SOON BETLBE
In Order to Insure Election of Suc
cessor by Present Parliament.
NEW YORK. Feb. 15. President Loubot
will resign office before the expiration of
his seven-year term, which ends Febru
ary 18, 1906. according to a Herald dis
patch from Paris. His reason for this
step Is that the triennial renewal of the
Senate and the general election of mem
ber of the Chamber of Deputies will take
place next 3ear, and Parliament will not
meet until the close of 1903.
It Is stated he will resign in time for
his successor to be elected by the pres
ent chambers reunited In national as
sembly, according to the constitution.
Danes Escort Third Squadron.
COPENHAGEN", Feb. 16. Twtf Danish
torpedoboats are awaiting at GJeresby to
escort the Russian third Pacific squadron
through Danish waters'.
AGT AS A GUARDIAN
(Continued from. First Page.)
other governments more and more to aid diplo
matically in the enforcement of the claims of
their subjects. In view of the dilemma in
which the Government of the United States la
thus placed. It must either adhere to Its usual
attitude of nonintervention In such cases an
attitude proper under normal conditions, but
one which In this particular kind of case results
to the disadvantage of Its citizens In com
parison wltli those of other states or else I;
must, la order to be consistent In Its poller,
actively Intervene to protect the contracts and
concessions of Is citizens engaged In agricul
ture, commerce and transportation In competi
tion with the subjects of other states. This
courts would render the UnlUd States the in
surer of all the speculative risks of its citizens
In franchises of Santo Domingo.
Under the plan of the protocol herewith sub
mitted to the Senate, Insuring & faithful col
lection and application of the revenues to the
specified objects, we are well assured that this
difficult task can be accomplished with the
friendly co-operation and good-will of all the
parties concerned, and to the great relief of
the Dominican republic
Conditions in Santo Domingo.
The conditions In the Dominican republic not
only constitute a menace to our relations with
other foreign nations, but they also concern the
prosperity of the people of tho Island as well
as the security of American Interests, and they
A SERIES FROM
THE PEN OF
H ALLI E ER
IK IN IE RIVES,
Commencing with the next is
tme, The Sunday Oregonian will
publish a series of six STORIES
OF DICKENS, from the pen of
Hallie Erminie Rives, autho.r of
"Hearts Courageous," "The
Castaway, " "Smoking Flax,"
nre InUmately associate with the Interests of
the South Atlantic and Gulf States, the normal
expansion of wheoe commerce lies In that di
rection. At one time, and that only a year
ago. three revolution were in progress In the
Wand at the same time.
It in Impossible to state with anything like
approximate accuracy the present population
of the Dominican Republic In the report of
the commission appointed by President Grant
In 1871, the population was estimated at not
ovr 150.000 souls, but according to ihe ntato
menus for 10M the est' ma led population In
ISSS Is given as 010.000. Thf Bureau of
American Republics considers this the best
estimate of the present population of the re
public. An shown by the unanimous report ot
the Grant commission, the public debt of the
republic including- claims, was 51.564. 31. The
total revenues were T72.CM. The public In
debtedness of the Dominican Republic, not In
eluding all claims, was on September 12 last,
as the Department of State Is advised. $32.
280.000; the estimated revenues under the Do
minican management of custom-houses were
$1,850,000: the proposed budget for current ad
ministration was Jl.So0.000. leaving only $350.
000 to pay foreign and unliquidated obliga
tions, and payment on these latter wilt In all
during the ensuing year amount to $700,000.
besides Sl.90ft.00U of arrearages of payments
overdue, amounting In all to $2,fi00.000. It Is
therefore Impossible, under existing condition,
which are chronic, and with the estimated
yearly rcenues of the republic, which during
the laiit decade have averaged approximately
Sl.COfUmo. to defray the ordinary -xpenses of
the government and to niict Its obligations.
The Dominican debt owed to Europe!) cred
itors I about $22,000,000. and of this sum
over $18,000,000 Is more or less formally rec
ognized. The representatives .of European gov
ernments haw several time approached the
Secretary of State, setting forth th wrongs
and Intolerable delays to which they have been
subjected at the hands of the successive gov
ernments of Santo Domingo and Intimating
that, unless the Dominican government should
receive wme assistance from the United States
In the way of rcKulatlnr Its flnanrm h
creditor governments of Europe would b forced
to resort to more effective measure of com
pulsion to secure the settlement of their claims.
Other Nations Might Get Preference.
If the United States Government declines to
take action and other foreign governments re
sort to action to secure payment of their
claims the latter would be entitled, according
to the decision of The Hague tribunal In the
Venezuelan cases, to the preferential payment
of their claims: and this woukl absorb all the
Dominican revenues and would be a virtual
sacrifice of all American claims and Interest
outstanding. If. moreo-cr. any such action
should be taken by them, the only method to
onable them to secure the payment of their
clalmn would be to take possession of the
custom-house, and. considering the state of
the Dominican finances, this would mean, very
po.lbly. permanent occupation of Dominican
territory, for no period could be net to tho
time which would necessarily be required for
the payment of the obligations and unliqui
dated claims. The United "States Government
could not Interfere to prevent such seizure
and occupation of Dominican territory without
either itself proposing some feasible alterna
tive In the way of action or els virtually ray
ing to the European governments that they
would not be allowed to collect their claims.
It would be an unfortunate attitude for the
Government of the United States to maintain
at present. H rannot with propriety say that
It will protect Its own citizens and Interests
on the one hand, and yet on the other hand
refute to allow other governments to protect
their citizens and Interests.
Finances of Republic.
The actual situation In the Dominican Re
public perhaps cannot be more forcibly stated
than by giving a brief account of the case of
the Santo Domingo Improvement Company.
From 1S60 to 1897 the Dominican government
Issued successive e-triex of bonds, the majority
of which were In the hands of European hold
ers. Succwive issue bore Interest at rates
ranging from 2 to 6 per cent and. what with
commission and other deductions and the
heavy dUvount In the market, the government
probably did not receive over CO to 75 per
cent of their nominal value. Other portions
of the debt were created by loans for which
the government received only one-half of the
amount It was nominally to repay and thee
obligations bore. Interest at the ram of ' I fo 2
per cent on their face. ?ome of them com
The Improvidence of the government In its
financial management was due to Its weak
ness, to its Impaired credit and to Its pecuniary
needs, occasioned by frequent insurrections
and revolutionary changes and by inability to
collect Its revenues.
In 1SSS the government. In order to secure
the payment of one Issue of bonds, placed the
custom-houses and the collection of its customs'
duties, which are substantially the enly rev
enues of the republic. In the hands of the
AVcstendorps, bankers of Amsterdam, Holland.
But the national debt continued to grow and
the nation finally entrusted the collection of
Its revenues to an American corporation, the
Baato Dominxo Improvement Company, which
was to take over the bonds of the We-itendorps.
Case of Improvement Company.
The Dominican government finally became
dissatisfied with this arrangement and in 1S01
ousted the Improvement company from its cus
toms bouse and took Into Its hands the collec
tion ot its revenues. The company thereupon
appealed to the United States Government to
maintain them In their position, but their re
quest was refused. The Dominican govern
ment then sent its Minister of Foreign Affairs
to Washington to negotiate a settlement. He
admitted that the Improvement company had
equities which ought not to b disregarded and
the Department of State suggested that the
Dominican government and the Improvement
company should effect by private negotiation a
They entered into an agreement for a settle
ment which was mutually satisfactory to the
parties. A similar arrangement was likewise,
made between the Dominican government and
the European bondholders. The latter ar
rangement was carried Into execution by tho
Dominican government and payments made
toward the liquidation of the bond held by the
European holders. The Dominican Congress
refused to ratify the similar arrangement made
with the Improvement company and the gov
ernment refused to provide for the payment
of the American claims.
Creditors Might Seize Island.
In this state of the case. It was evident that
a continuance of this treatment of the Amer
ican creditors and ltd repetition In other cases
would. If allowed to run Its course, result in
handing over the Island to European creditors
and in time would result in serious contro
versies between the United States and other
governments unless the United States should
deliberately and finally abandon Its Interests
in the Islands.
The Improvement company and Its allied
companies held be.'lde bonds certain banking
and railway interests In the Island. The Do
minican government, desirous to own and post-ess
the properties, agreed with the company
that the value of their bonds and properties
was $4,500,000 and they submitted to arbitra
tion the question as to the Installments in
which thcxe sums should be paid and the se
curity that should be given. George Gray.
Judge of the United States Circuit Court of
Appeals, and Manuel do J. Galvan, both
named by the Dominican government, and J.
G. Carlisle, named by the United States, were
the arbitrators, and rendered their award on
July U. 1004. liy its terms the Dominican
government was to pay the above-mentioned
sura of 5-i.5O0.0C0 with per cent Interest per
annum in monthly Installments of $37,500 each
during two years and of 541.GO5.G0 each mouth
thereafter, beginning with the month of Sep
tember, 1004. raid award to be secured by the
customs revenues and port duties of all the
ports on the northern coast ot Santo Domingo.
The award further provides for the appoint
ment of a financial agent by the United States,
who was 'authorized. In case of failure during
any month to receive the sum then due, to
take poifesslon of the custom-house at Puerto
Plata In the first Instance and assume charge
of the collection of customs duties and port
dues and to fix and determine these duties
and dues and secure their payment. In case
the cams collected at Puerto Plata should at
any time be insufficient for the payment ot the
amounts due under the award, or In case of
any other manifest necessity, or In case the
Dominican government should so request, the
financial agent of the United States was au
thorized to have and exercise, at all of the
other ports above described all the rights
and powers vested In him by the award In
respect of Puerto Plata. Under the award the
financial agent could only apply the revenues
collected toward Its payment after he had
first natd the expenses of collection and cer
tain other obligations styled "Apatdos." which
constituted prior charges on the revenues as
signed. The Dominican government defaulted In the
payments: and In virtue of the award and the
authority conferred on the Dominican gov
ernment, and at Its request. possesion was de
livered of the custom-houses of Puerto Plata
to the financial agent appointed by the United
Slates to collect the revenues assigned by
the arbitrators for the payment of the
award, and In virtue of the same authority
possesion of the custom-boufse of Monte Crlstl
has also been handed over. I submit herewith
a report of John D. Moore, agent of the United
Stales In this case, and a copy of the award of
During the past two years the European
claimants, except the English, whose Inter
ests were embraced In those of the American
companies have, with the support of their re
spective governments, been growing more and
more Importunate in pressing their unsatis
fied demands. France and Delglum in 1001
had entered Into a contract with the Do
minican government, but after a few payments
were made on account It fell Into neglect.
Other governments alo obligated the Do
minican government to enter into arrange
ments or various kinds by which the rev
enues of the republic were In large part se
questrated hnd under one of the agreements,
which was concluded with ItaJy In 1083. the
Minister of that government was empowered
to collect from Importers and exporters that
portion of the customs revenues assigned to
him as security.
Strong Government Must Control.
As the result of chronic disorders, attended
with a constant Increase of debt, the tate of
things in Santo Domingo has become hopeless
unWs the United States or some other strong
government shall Interpose to bring order out
of chaos. The custom-houfes. with the ex
ception of the two In the posaecslon of the
financial agent appointed by the United States,
have been unproductive for the discharge of
Indebtedness except as to persons making
emergency loans to the government or to Us
enemies for tho purp ot carrying on po
litical contests by force. They have. In fact,
become the nucleus of the various revolutions.
The first effort of revolutionists Is to take
poss&vslon of a custom-house m as to obtain
funds, which arc then disposed of at the
absolute discretion of those who aro collecting
them. The chronic disorders prevailing In
Santo Domingo have, moreover, become ex
ceedingly dangerous to the Interest, of Amer
icans holding property In that country. Con
staut complaints have been received ot the
Injuries and inconveniences to which they havo
been subjected. As an evidence of the In
creasing aggravation of conditions, the fact
may be mentioned that about a year ago the
American railway, which had previously been
exempt from eurh attacks, was seized. Its
tracks torn up and stations destroyed by revo
The ordinary resources of diplomacy and In
ternational arbitration are absolutely Impotent
to deal wisely and effectively with the situa
tion In the Dominican Republic, which' can
only be met by organizing Its finances on a
sound basis and by placing the custom
houses beyond the temptation of Insurgent
chieftains. Either we must abandon our duty
under our traditional policy toward the Do
minican people, who aspire to a republican
form of government while thpy are actually
drifting Into a condition of permanent anarchy,
in which cas we must permit oms other
government to adopt its own measures in order
to safeguard its own Interests, or else wo must
ourfclves take seasonable and appropriate
Has Sought American Protection.
Again and again has the Dominican gov
ernment Invoked on Its own behalf the aid of
the United States. It has repeatedly done so
of recent years. In 1800 It sought to enter
Into treaty relations by which It would tm
placed under the protection of the United State
Government. The request was refused. In
January, J004. its Minister of Foreign Affairs
visited Washington and besought tho help of
the United States Government to enable it to
escape from its financial and social disorders.
Compliance with this request was again de
clined, for this government had been reluctant
to interfere In any way and. finally concluded
to take action only because It has become evi
dent that failure to do ro may result In a
situation fraught with grave danger to the
caufie of International pace.
In 1903 a representative of a foreign govern
ment proposed to the United States the Joint
fiscal control of the Dominican government by
certain creditor nations and that the latter
should take charge of the customs-houres and
revenues and give to the Dominican govern
ment a certain percentage and apply the resi
due to the payment ratably of claims of for
eign creditors. The Urlted States Government
declined to approve or to enter Into such an
agreement. But It has now become evident
that decided action of some kind cannot be
much longer delayed. In view of our past ex
perience and our knowledge of the actual situ
ation of the Dominican Republic, a definite
refusal of the United States Government to
take any effective action looking to the relief
of the Dominican Republic and to the dis
charge of Its own duty under the Monro doc
trine can, only be considered as an ac
quiescence in some such action by another
Apply the Platt Amendment.
That most wise measure of international
statesmanship, the Piatt amendment, has pro
vided a method for preventing such diffi
culties from arising in the new Republic of
Cuba, la accordance with the terms of this
amendment the Republic of Cuba cannot issue
any. bonds which can be collected from Cuba,
save as a matter of grace, unless with the
consent of the United States, which Is at lib
erty at all times to take measures to prevent
a violation of the letter and spirit of the
Piatt amendment. If a similar plan could
now be entered upon by the Dominican Re
public, it would undoubtedly be of great ad
vantage to them and to all other peoples, for
under such an arrangement no larger debt
would be Incurred than could honestly be
paid, and those who took these debts not
thus authorized would by the mere fact of
taking them put themselves in the category ot
speculators or gamblers who deserved no con
sideration and would not be permitted to re
ceive any: o that the honest creditor would
on the one hand be sate, while on tho other
hand the republic would be safe as against
molestation In the Interest of mere specu
lators. But no such plan at present exists, and under
existing circumstances, when the condition ot
affairs becomes such as It has become in Santo
Domingo, either we must submit to the likeli
hood of infringement of the Monroe doctrine
or we must ourselves agree to some such ar
rangement as that herewith submitted to the
Senate. In this case the prudent and the far
seeing statesmanship of the Dominican gov
ernment has relieved us of all trouble. At
their request we have entered Into the agree
ment herewith submitted. Under It the cus
toms-housed will be administered peacefully.
honestly and economically, 45 per cent ot the
proceeds being turned over to the Dominican
government and the remainder belng used by
the United States to pay what proportion of
the debts it is possible to pay on an equitable
basis. The republic will be secured against
over-sea aggression. This really entails no
new obligation upon us. for the Monroe doc
trine means precisely such a guarantee on
Republic Welcomes Americas Aid.
It Is perhaps unnecessary to state that no
step of any kind has been taken by the ad
ministration under the terms of the protocol
which Is herewith submitted. The Republic
ot Santo Domingo has by this protocol wisely
and patriotically accepted the responsibilities
as well as the privileges of liberty, and Is
showing with evident good faith Its purpose
to pay all that its resources will permit of Us
obligations. More than this It cannot do, and
when it has done this, we should not allow It
to be molested. We on our part are simply
performing In peaceful manner, not only with
the cordial acquiescence, but In accordance
with the earnest request of the government
concerned that part of the Interest due which
is necessarily involved In the assertion of the
Monroe doctrine. We arc bound to show that
we perform this duty in good faith and with
out any Intention of aggrandizing ourselves
at the expense of our weaker neighbors or ot
conducting ourselves otherwise than eo as to
benefit both this weaker neighbor and those
European powers which may be brought Into
contact with her.
It Is In the highest degree necessary tnal we
should prove by our action that the world may
trust in our good faith and trust that this in
terest due will be performed within our
sphere. In the Interest not of ourselves, but
of all other nations and with strict Justice
toward all. If this U done, a general ac
crptancc of the Monroe doctrine will in the
end surely follow; and this will mean an In
crease of the sphere In which peaceful meas
ures for the settlement of International dlftl
cultles gradually displace theso of a warlike
We can point with Just pride to what we
have done In Cuba as a guaranty of our good
faith. Wc stayed In Cuba only so long as to
start her aright on the road to self-govern
ment, which she has since trod with such
marked success; and upon leaving the island
wc exacted ao conditions save such as would
prevent her from becoming the prey of the
stranger. Our purpose in Santo Domingo la
as beneficent. The good that this country got
from Its action in Cuba was indirect rather
than direct. So it Is as regards Santo
The chief material advantage that will come
from the action proposed to be taken will be
to Santo Domingo hersolf and to her cred
itors. The advantages that will come to the
United States will be Indirect, but nevertheless
great, for It U supremely to her Interest that
all the communities Immediately south of us
should be or become prosperous a stable, and
therefore not merely In name, but in fact.
Independent and self-governing.
I call attention to the urgent need of prompt
action on this matter. Wc will have a great
opportunity to secure peace and stability In
the Island without friction or bloodshed, by
acting in accordance with the cordial invita
tion of the governmental authorities them
selves. It will be unfortunate from every
standpoint if wc fail to grasp this opportunity;
for such failure will probably mean Increas
ing revolutionary violence In Sant-J Domingo
and very possibly embarrassment in regard to
foreign complications. This relief affords a
practical test of the efficiency of the United
States Government in maintaining the Monroe
doctrine. THEODORE ROOSEVELT.
The White House, Feb. 15. 1005.
American Agent's Report.
The report yf John BasnetL Moore,
agent for the United States in ihe Do
minican arbitration referred to by tno
President, 13 a long statement of all the
financial operations of the Dominican
government in relation to the Santo Do
mingo Improvement Company and with
EiirnnMn svndli'ates. The imnortant
tacts in Mr. Moore's report so far as '
they toucn tne protocol submitted yes
terday are set out in the President's
The report embodies the full state
ment of the protocol of January 31,
1905, under which the arbitration was
arranged and the award u$ Hie arbi
trators appointed thereunder.
The protocol signed February 7, 1905.
THINK IT OVER
Something You Can See In Any Restaurant
A physician puts the query: Have you
never noticed In any large restaurant at j
lunch or dinner timo the large number
of .hearty, vigorous old men at the tables:
men whose ages run from &) to SO years;
many of them bald and all perhaps gray,
but none of them feeble or senile?
Perhaps the spectacle Is so common as
to have escaped your observation or com- j
ment, but nevertneless It Is an object lea
son which means something. j
If you, will notice what these hearty
old fellows ar eating you will observe
that they are not munching bran crack
ers nor gingerly picking their way
through a menu card of new-fangled
health foods; on the contrary, they seem :
to prefer a Juicy roast of beef, a prop
crly turned loin of mutton, and even the j
deadly broiled lobster Is not altogether j
The point of all this Is that a vigorous
old age depends upon good digestion and
plenty of wholesome food, and not upon ,
dieting and an endeavor to live upon j
bran crackers. i
Thero is a certain class of food cranks ;
who seem to believe that meat, coffee.
and- many other good things are rank ,'
poisons, but these cadaverous, sickly look-
lng individuals are a wanting condemna
tion of their own theories.
The matter In a nutshell Is that If the
stomach secretes the natural digestive
juices In sufficient quantities, any wholo
somc food will be promptly digested: if
the stomach does not do so, and certain
foods cause distress, one or two of Stu
art's Dyspepsia Tablets after each meal
will remove all difficulty, becauso they
supply Just what every weak stomach
lacks, pepsin, hydro-chloric acid, diastase
Stuart's Dyspepsia Tablets do not act
upon the bowels, and In fact are not
strictly a medicine, as they act almost
entirely upon the food eaten, digesting
It thoroughly, and thus give a much
nccded rest and giving an appetite for
the next meal.
Of people who travel, nine out of ten
use Stuart's Dyspepsia Tablets, knowing
them to be perfectly safe to use. at any
time, and also having foimd out by ex
perience ' that they . are a safeguard
against Indigestion In any form, and eat
ing, as they have to. at all hours and
all kinds of food, the traveling public '
for years have pinned their faith to Stu- :
All druggists sell them at 50 cents for
f ull-s.zcd packages, and any druggist j
from Maine to California, if his opinion j
were asked, will say tnat btuart s Dys
pepsia Tablets Is the most popular and
successful remedy for any stomach trou
l9rtilnliittl.in)iTinn iT.inn'ivrTiiiii.n'iii n t v ivr'""' " - "
I WHen your child is ill
dislike to make it take
tasting medicine. Hence
well to know that Ayer'
Cherry Pectoral is very
pleasant. But it is
medicine, a strong
Time and time again
formula of this cough medicine in the principal
Medical Journals of this country and Europe,
I and have mailed it to
the United States.
So it follows that when your doctor orders it
for coughs, colds, bronchitis, or consumption,
he knows precisely what he is giving.
J Physicians recommend their families to keep
it on hand.
M Kid by tis J. c. Aysr Co.. XowsU, 3am.
3 Also staaufactnrara cf
a ATER'S HAIR VIGOR-For tha hair. AYER' 8 PILLS For CMsttMHa.
3 ATBR'S BARS APARIXLA For tho tlocd.
by Thomas C. Dawson for the United
States and Juan Sanche and Pedro
Velasquez for Santo Domingo, tne terms
of which have already been announced,
was made public today.
ACCEPT PRESIDENT'S VIEWS.
But Senate Cannot Ratify Treaty Till
WASHINGTON. Feb, 16. (Special.) The
tone of the Preeident'3 letter transmitting
the Santo Domingo treaty to the Senate
is viewed with favor by the members of
that body. They are inclined to accept
his view that those who hold to the Mon
roe Doctrine must accept certain responsi
bilities along with the rights It confers.
The present intention of the members
of the foreign relations committee Is not
to meet to consider the treaty until the
regular meeting day on next Wednesday.
m WITH AN
This painful trouble can be relieved and cured by using an
Allcock's Plaster. Warm the plaster before applying if
not relieved by bedtime, place a hot water bag against the
plaster on the shoulder.
REMEMBER Theso phutsra
i i i us tmk itt
sold, and hara ntada more cures than
not to contain belladonna, opioai or
Aro You Staying U&
Nights wiif tho Baby?
Has it totse distressing skin affection T Ko
seed of it. Hoati of happy mothers dally tise
In babj'a bath. Kills dfaease parasites.
Speedily alliya Irritation of scalp and akin.
Inineea restftjl sleep. Kecpa baby sweet and
healthy. For rashes, chatta;, eczema, scrofula,
ltchlnp. all akin soreness. HARFIXA SOAP
is truly wonderful. What it does for baby it
will do for you. It's the. most soothtnr and
satisfying of toilet, bath and nursery soaps.
Ko animal fats. Medicated. Antiseptic; De
odorising, Refreshing. Healing, Fragrant.
"A Ireatu of PIbc Ealsaa la EYcrjCa&c"
Trr It. Ton'tl hm iwitIiimiI T.arm
cakes. Box. 3 cakes. 65c DraMta.
La5SfactHn5 br PHIIO HAY SPECIAL
NEWARK. N. J. Refuio anjthing
offered without this signature:
O tP . on outside
t 73stZC y)Oi. wrapper.
WOODAKD. CLARKE CO..
Fourth aad Washington SU.
a illoou pulson.
potency morouifhly cured. No failure.
iuuau ausa uouoiou wiiii mgni
B&snzumess, aversion to tsoueiy. wnicn deprive you or your mannooa. liftWi's
YUb tor tSUbLftKSS OH J4AUUIAGK.
MlUDLli-AUKU MKf. who from excesses and strains have lost their
BLOOD AAU MCIN DISEASES, Syphilis. Gonorrhoea,, painful, bloody urlns.
Gleet. Stricture. Enlarged Prostate, Sexual Debility, Varicocele. Hydrocele, Kid
aey and Liver troubles cured without MEitCUuV UK OTHEK POISONOUS
DKDGS. Catarrh and rheumatism UUHEU.
Dr. Walker"s methods are regular and sclentmc He uses no patent nos
trums or ready-made preparations, but cures the disease bv thorough medical
treatment. His New Pamphlet on Pri ato Diseases sent freo'to all men who de
scribe their trouble. PATIENTS cured at home. Terms reasonable. All letters
answered In plain envelope. Consultation fre and sacredly confidential. Call
on or address
DR. WALKER, 181 First Street, Corner Yamhill, Portland, Or.
- ' '"'--l ,,(,. p?--"- ,'
we have published
nearly every physician in
ATBR'S AGUE CURB-For malaria MM ttt.
Inasmuch as but eight legislative days
will then remain until Congress dies, the
Impossibility of the treaty being ratified
before the special session of the Senate
Immediately after March -1 is recosnized.
Anglo-German Royal Betrothal.
COBURG. Feb. 16. The betrothal is an
nounced of the Duke of Saxe-Coburg .and
Go tha to the Princess Victoria, eldest
daughter of Duke Frederick of Schleswig
Holstein - Sonderburg - Giucksburg. The
Princess is a niece of the German Em
press, while the bridegroom-elect is a
nephew of King Edward of England.
Miss Anna Larson.
KELSO. Wash., Feb. 16. (Special.)
Miss Anna Larson, one of the most pop
ular teachers in the Kelso publle schools,
and a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Martin
Larson, died Thursday morning of heart
failure. Funeral Saturday from her late
home, at 11 A. M.
are good for all pains and aches. They
twn ?mihKl men th&n any article vr
any other external remedy. Guaranteed
any powon. wnsieTtr.
RES TO REM
to Youfhfui Color
"Had beeen troubled with dandruff a longtime.
After using one bottle of Halraealtb I found tha
dandruff gone and my hair, which -was two-thirds
gray (I am 4S years old) restored to its natural
auburn color. G. EICHMAN, La Crosse. Wis."
Halrhesltb. quickly brings back youthful color
to stay hair, no natter how long It has been gray
r white. Positively remoTea dandruff, UIHo tha
Iterm and stops hair falling. Does not stain skis,
'or linen. Aided by HARFIXA SOAP and SVin
health. It soothes and heals the scalp, atcps itch
ing and promotes one hair growth. Large 50c.
bottles, druggists'. Take nothing without signa
ture Phllo Hay Co.
Free Soap Offer SWAS
Sign this coupon, take to any of the following
druggists and get a 50c. bottle Hay's Halrhealta
and a 23c. cake Harflna Medicated Soap, best foe
hair. bath, toilet, both for 60c.: or sntb?PbH
Hay Specialties Co.. Newark. N. J.. express pre
laid, on receipt of 60c. and thia adv.
Following druggists oupply Hay's Hllrhealta
and Harflna Soap ia their shops only;
tfOoDAHB. CLAKKE A CO..
Fourth and Washington St.
Twenty Years of Success
In the treatment ot chronic diseases, such aa liver,
kidney and stomach disorders, constipation, diar
rhoea, dropsical swellings. Bright' disease, etc
Kidney and Urinary
Complaints, painful, dlfflcult. too frequent, milky oe
bloody urine, unnatural discharges speedily cured.
Diseases of the Rectum
Such as ples. ft 3 tula, fissure, ulceration, mucous and
bloody dschargea. cured without the knife, pain oz
Diseases of Men
Kioeu jwiciura. uuniural losses. iu:
emissions, dreams, exhauatlnsr drains.