Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 1, 1905)
Jtfoyimtf jj &
VOL. XLIV.tfO. 13,775.
PORTLAND, OREGON, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 1905.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
BOUSES HIS IRE
Scorn of World Makes
Grand Duke Writhe.
HE CHAMPIONS RUSSI
Says.. She Has Not Deserved
ALWAYS AMERICA'S FRIEND
Vladimir Says Constitution Means
4 Anarchy to Russia, but the Peo
ple Will Be Given Hear
ing by the Czar.
ST. PETERSBURG, Feb. 1 (1:20 A. M.)
Grand Duke Vladimir, uncle of Emperor
Nicholas and Commander of the Imperial
Guard, granted an interview to the Asso
elated Press at the Duke's Palace, in the
Quay de la Cour, adjoining the Winter
Palace. The correspondent was received
In the Grand Duke's private study
Everything about the apartment, with re
ports heaped upon the table before him
beepoke the man of work. The study
might well be mistaken for the office of
some busy American railway manager.
The Grand Duke Is a man of perhaps G5
years, a. veteran In appearance as well as
In fact, for lie won his spurs and the cross
of St. George 25 years ago In the plains
before Plevna. He Is big-framed and
dark-visaged, and has iron-gray hair.
Although his face and frame show marks
of recent Illness, the nervous energy he
displays gives the impression of a man of
force and action. His stern features soft
ened as he talked, lending to his coun
tenance a charm suggesting the singular
ly genial side to his nature, which makes
him beloved in his home and among his
family and friends.
"You mupt remember," said the Grand
Duke, in French, "I am a Grand Duke,
and a subject of the Emperor. As such
I am extremely loyal to him, and I am
Rusrian from the crown of my head to
tho tip" of my toes," accompanying the
word3 with a sweeping gesture- '
"What information can I give you?"
"The newspapers abroad," suggested
the correspondent, nave made many
statements regarding the event 3 of Jan
uard 22-: "
Had to Save Government.
"I know I have read accounts in the
foreign press. I have stood aghast at
the frightful stories of butchery of inno
cent people which they have printed. !
know they say well-intentioned patriots
with a priest at their head, coming peace
fully tQ place their grievances before His
"Majesty, were ruthlpssly shot down In the
streets; but we know that, beyond this
peaceful procession was an anarchist!
and Socialistic plot, of which the over
whelming majority of workmen were
merely Innocent tools. "We know from
examination of the dead and tlfose arrest
ed that eorae alleged priests were actual
ly revolutionary agitators and students
in disguise. We had to save the city
from a mob. Unfortunately, to do so
Innocent anu-gullty suffered alike. But
suppose 140,000 men had reached the gates
of the Winter Palace: they would have
sacked it, as the mob sacked Versailles,
From the palace they would have gone
elsewhere, and the whole city would have
been delivered over to anarchy, riot.
bloodshed and flames. Our duty was the
' duty of every government.
"The same situation has confronted
cities in other countries. Why, because
this occurred in Russia, should the whole
world point the finger of scorn at us? In
the midst of our difficulties, why should
wo bo turned upon? Why should Amer
ica, especially, misinterpret and think ill
of uk? We have always been friends-
friends of a century, friends when Amer
ica neded friends. I remember when
America was our great friend.
Why Is Russia Denounced?
"Why has all this changed? What has
Russia done to deserve it? What has
Russia dona to America? Why should
tho foreign press, Especially that of Great
Britain, not hesitate before any calumny?
No invention seems too horrible for them
to print They do not explain that on
Saturday every dead wall in St. Peters-
burr was placarded with warnlncs to the
people not to assemble. No: but they tell
that thousands of Innocent people were
lulled and other thousands wounded, and
paint the streets as running red with
blood. They evea say the dead were
pushed under tho ice on the Neva at
night It is infamous.
"They say nothing of isolated officers
set upon by mobs In the streets and ham
mered into insensibility, or of policemen
killed or wounded. As a matter of fact,
complete returns show that exactly 126
are dead. Several hundred were. wound
ed: I cannot give the precise figure of
the wounded, but you shall have an op
portunity to see the full reports.
"They say that Gorky will be hanged,"
suggested the correspondent
"Nonsense," replied the Grand Duke.
Says Troops Are Loyal.
"It is asserted that some of the troops
refuscd-to obey commands," was the next
"There is no question of the loyalty of
the troops," asserted the Grand Duke.
"They did their duty. They are ready,
as I am ready, to 'die in the streets for
"May I ask your Imperial Highness'
views of the present situation?" said the
".With, this nnhapjpy. yar on. our, j-L.quI3J.iha
ders," said the Grand Duke, "we are
passing through a crisis. I will not at
tempt to conceal it It cannot be con
cealed, but, with the help of God, we will
emerge from ,it as we have emerged from
other troubles in tho past In. the Inte
rior there are many elements of discord.
but the situation Is not so had as it is
painted. The disorders at Warsaw, Kieff
and elsewhere are largely -industrial, pro
duced by trade depression and consequent
lack of employment on account of the
war. They aro not revolutionary at base."
Constitution Mean's Anarchy.
Then, without being asked, the Grand
Duke went on:
"People speak, of a constitution. A
constitution would mean the end of
Russia, as tho state would be gone, an
archy would supervene, and "when it
ended the empire would be disln
teg-rated. Finland, Poland, and perhaps
other frontier provinces, would have
broken away. Russia is not ripo for a
constitution. Go out among the peas
ants, who comprise the vast bulk of tho
empire's population, and try to explain
them government by suffrage. The peas
ant knows nothing- of government; ho
does not even know what the word
means. He knows his Emperor. For
him tho Emperor is everything-. Givo
the peasant a vote, and all would be an
archy. Still, there is necessity for re
forms, and they will be granted by
"Maintaining- the principle of the au
tocracy; then the people will have an
opportunity to be heard In the govern
ment?" questioned the correspondent.
"Yes," was the reply, "they can, and
I am sure they -will, be given a voice.
Of that I am certain," and he repeated
the words emphatically, "I am certain,"
and continued even more deliberately.
"they will be given the means of pre
senting their needs and grievances di
rect to the sovereign."
With these significant word3, fore
shadowing, perhaps, the immediate
granting of something In the nature of
the Zemokyzabor (land parliament), the
Grand Duke, who is three times re
moved from the throno of the Roman
offs, ended the interview.
NO CHANGE UNDER THIS CZAR.
VYitte Says Russia is Misunderstood
and Tells Her Difficulties.
BERLIN, Jan. 31. M. Wltte. ex-Min
ister of Finance and leader of the mod
erate reformers, said to a prominent
American who was recently; Jn St
"The world grievously mlsunder-
stands Russia. Remember, we have
20,000,000 people1 fit for self govern
ment and 123.000.000 totally unfit
Should we accede today to the demand
for a constitution, a parliament and
other popular institutions, Russia
would plunge headlong to disaster.
which would not only wreck its own
existence, but endanger the peace and
i.eeuritj', of aU-Barojie. 'Iti-wvruldbe
like giving the hit to- a runaway horse.
1 tear no radical changes of any
kind are possible with us under the
prsent regime. What must be done
before all else Is to organize our go-
ernment departments along some sys
tematic lines. At present only the
organization of the Ministry of Fi
nance answers that description. The
others are in chaos. We must weed
out Incompetency and corruption and
install system where now confusion
and incapacity rule supreme.'
It is suposed that Wltte referred to
the Czar when he depicted the hope
lessness of improvement under tho
r-LANS FOR REFORM.
Committee of Ministers Tells of First
Attempt at Representation.
ST. PETERSBURG, Jan. 3L The fol
lowing statement was Issued this eve
"The conference of the committee of
Ministers on the reforms proposed in the
imperial decree of December 26 was con
cluded on January 9 and the order In
which the proposed reforms shaU'be car
ried out was announced on January 10.
The committee deemed it necessary to
consider each measure separately, and it
was subsequently proposed that Individ
ual Ministers should draw up plans for
the execution of reforms affecting their
respective departments, or that special
conferences, to be attended by delegates
of Institutions interested and "by local
representatives, should be held under the
presidency of tho Emperor.
"The committee further deemed it nec
essary to request the Emperor to submit
certain questions to tho consideration of
local committees. As to questions which
may be decided through legislative chan
nels, the committee resolved to hold a
provisional discussion which would serve
to bring harmony out of the different
-views prevailing with regard to the con
flicting points of tho various questions.
"The Council of State, however, will
retain power to veto the final decisions.
"Having agreed upon these methods of
discussion, the committee concluded that
would be advisable to ascertain the
ipws of the chiefs of the different gov
ernment departments and other non-mm-
isterlallsts. It was also resolved that an
imperial ukase should be drawn up In
the briefest terms possible and steps as
suring realization of the reform schemes
should be taken.
"The committee Is of the opinion that
success will be rendered surer -by the-
publication of its decisions, which will be
confirmed by the Emperor.
"The decisions already were sanctioned
by His Majesty on January 22."
STRIKE WILL BE GENERAL.'
AH Russian Poland Will Join Looks
Like Besieged Fortress.
BRESLAU, Jan. 3L Information re
ceived here from Hues Ian merchants show
that a general strike is expected in the
Industrial towns of Russian Poland. A
press dispatch from Lodz, the ereatest
manufacturing center of Western Russia.
says the town looks like a besieged fort
ress. Soldiers In detachments of 50 are
patrollng the streets to preserve order.
All the stores are closed and their xc-in.
dows boarded up.
Hundreds of people are waiting before
U&keries lor. bread.
GREED ID VOTES
Bard Says They Mix in
WHERE SCHOOL FUNDS CO
He Says Catholic Missions Ge
WAS OFFERED POLITICAL AID
Startling Charge of Church Interfer
ence In Politics Made Before Sen
ate Ccrnmittee President Said
to mhor Sectarian Schools.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 31. Charges
that Indian trust funds are diverted to
the support of Catholic schools, and
that offers had been made to him to
carry certain districts in California for
the Republicans In return for his in
fluence in securing a continuance of
these favors were laid before the Sen
ate committee on Indian affairs by
Senator Bard today. He charges that
Roman Catholic schools have received
9S per cent of the money expended
under contract by the Indian Commls
slonr for school purposes, and that his
aid. in obtaining a continuance of such
contracts was sought by a Catholic so
ciety in exchange for political support
The statement of Senator Bard
created a stir in the committee, and he
was asked to give a detailed account
of the transactions, as well as any oth
er matters relating to the use of trust
funds for sectarian school purposes on
which he was informed. He filed with
the committee a statement covering
the conversation, and also a list of the
districts the Catholic -association pro
posed to carry for him.
He then discussed the statement of
S. M. Broslus, agent of tho Indian
Rights Association, and also quoted
from a circular Issued by M. K. Shif-
fen, secretary of the association,
charging that the discrimination In
fa&'or ot Jioraan Catholics was by-dt-
. rectlon of the President
Votes in Exchange for Funds.
Senator Bard addressed the committee
after statements had been made by S. M.
Broslus, agent of the Indian Rights As
sociatlon, and Francis E. Leupp, Com
missioner of Jndian Affairs. The Senator
said that he hod been visited by Dr. E.
Li. Scbarff. an. agent for a Roman Catho
lic mission society, and asked to use his
influence with the Republican members
of Congress looking to forwarding the In
terest of Catholics in getting a diversion
of Iudian trust funds for the support of
Catholic schools on the reservations. He
quoted Dr. Scharff as saying that if the
Republicans would agree to help the de
sired legislation, the Catholics would see
that the Twentieth Congressional DIs
met in wnicn tne Kepubucans were
weak, was carried for the party.
Senator Teller questioned Senator Bard
as to his construction of the offer of Dr.
Scharff and received the reply: "I thought
It purely political, and at the time placed
little credence in it"
senator xeuer said tnat if It was
proved that the statement of Dr. Scharff
was made In earnest there was more
cause to complain of the interference of
the Catholic Church than of the Mormon
Church In the political affairs of the
Says President Favored Scheme.
The remarks of Senator Bard attracted
attention to letters that had been put In
the Record by Broslus. Among these
were a number from priests In relation
to the use of Indian trust funds. Two of
them alleged that tho President was fa
vorable to the diversion of the funds for
the promotion of the Catholic schools on
Mr. Broslus was questioned as to the
date of those letters, and said that the
corespondence he had been able to get
hold of Indicated that the interest of the
Catholic church developed during the re
Position of the President.
The views of Mr. Leupp were substan
tially that, as he understood It the con
tracts with the sectarian schools were
made pursuant to an order of the Pres
ident based on an opinion from the Attorney-General.
He said that the President
doubtless would welcome a Judicial defi
nition of the status of Indian rights in
sucb matters. The Irrevocable settlement-
of the question of the limitations of the
Government's authority as trustee of the
Indian funds In the United States Treas
ury, he said, waa In the highest degree de
sirable. He advocated legislation for the
Individualizing of the funds of the sev
eral tribes, still keeping their control In
the hands of the Government, but open
ing a separate account with each Indian
whd now is entitled to an Individual In
terest In any tribal fund. A particular ob
ject to be gained by the Individualizing
of the trust funds, is to enable each In
dian to say for himself how the income
from his share shall be expended In the
education of his children.
Senator Bard said that he attached
great importance to the act of Congress
of June 7, 1S97, which declared that it
was "the settled policy of the Govern
ment to hereafter make no appropriation
whatever for education In any sectarian
The Senator stated that he had been
Informed that there was no record at the
Interior Department of authority for -the
diversion of these trust funds to the sup
port of Catholic missions, but he had the
statement that It was done on an oral or-"
der, which agent3 of the Indian Rights
Association allege to have been Issued by
The committee took the statement seri
ously, and It was tho sentiment that at
the next meeting an amendment would
be offered to the Indian appropriation bill
prohibiting In future the use of tho
Indian trust funds In the manner charged.
Senator Bard said he had been In
formed that a very small percentage of
the Indians interested gavo their consent
to the application of their funds to the
support of sectarian schools, and that
a large majority of the Indians were
communicants In the various Protestant
churches located within the various res
President Returns to Washington.
WASHINGTON, Jan. SL President
Roosevelt and party returned to Wash
ington from Philadelphia this morning.
At 7:40 o'clock the President left tho train
ana was driven direct to the White House,
wnere he breakfasted with his family.-
CANNOT AJTOKD TAETET WAR
Germany Will Give United States
BERLIN, Jan. 31. The Bundesrath
acepted all the commercial treaties to
auy. anis is merely a formal act
preparatory to submitting them to the
Reichstag tomorrow. They have been
considered for some days In the Bundes
ratn m relation not only to the
treaty nations, but with reference also
to Germany's- trade with other coun
tries; The preyalllng view, as the As
sociated Press learns, Is that the
most-favored -nations"- practice In aD
plication with other countries should
continue as heretofore.
Prussia's perpetual treaty with
France Is perpetual in the sense that
there is no time limit in which it
would have to be abrogated. Were
Germany to exclude the United States
and other states from the "most-fav
ored-natlon" provision In the 39 treat
ies which Prussia, of the German em
pire, has with other states, including
tne united States. Prussia would be In
the highest degree unwilling to abro
gate the treaty wita- France.
In discussing trado relations with
the United States, the controlling
opinion In the Bundesrath wa3 that,
although there was a measure of in
justice In the United States claiming.
as she certainly would, all the privi
leges Germany obtained by commercial
treaty with other states through tariff
concessions, yet Germany could 111 af
ford to engage in a tariff war with the
United States, -because she must have
American. raw materials, such as cot
ton, while the United States would
strike nurd by practically excluding
$80,000,000 of manufactures. The ef
feet of a tariff war. it was added, would
be to greatly Injure the German
steamship lino3 and destroy the pleas
ant political relations between the two
The decisive aet however. Is that
all the "most-favored-nations" discus
sion In the Bundesrath was on tho ex
istlng treaty with .France.
CONTESTS OgpATS PAPER
TODAY'S Gentraly fair, probably followed by
ocaslonal rain during the venlnc or nlsht;
brisk wisda, mostly easterly.
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. 42
dep.; minimum, 33. Prelpltatlonnone,
The War In the Far Kat.
Kuropatkln abandons attack on Japanese
lines. Page C.
Heavy losses on both aides. Page 5.
Refugees from Port Arthur perish In storm.
The .Outbreak In Russia..
Grand Duko Vladimir defends actions of
government and outlines reforms. Page 1.
Committee of Ministers publishes plan for
popular representation. Page 1.
Disorder In Warsaw continues and dead
are heaped In streets. Page 2.
Three would-be assassins ot the Czar cap
tured at Tsarkoe-Stlo. Page 2.
Russian officers tell North Sea Commission
they saw torpedo-boats. Page 4. '
Bomb found In front of hotel In Paris.
Page 4. f
House committee reports bill abolishing
Canal Commlslson and giving Its powers
to the President Page 4.
President will prosecute beef trust crim
inally If it disobeys Injunction. Page 4.
Cushman clashes with Foster on appoint
ment of Tacoma Postmaster. Page 3.
Senate debates bill relating to Malheur
River Irrigation scheme. Page. 3.
House disagrees with Senate on retired Army
offlcrs. Page 1.
Senator Bard accuses Catholic Church of
mixing in politics to get Indian funds for
its schools. Page 1.
Evldince for Peabodr closed Jn Colorado con
tent: basis of his claim
More legislatures declare for Roosevelt's
Chemist's analysis gives evidence that Hoch
poisoned his wives. Page 5.
Commercial and Marine.
Exciting day in San Francesco grain ex
change. I'age 15.
Boston wool market, dull but strong. Page 15.
Fluctuations in Chicago kgrain pit Page 15.
San Francisco apple Market overstocked.
Great strength shown by Vanderbllt stocks.
Imports of foreign merchandise at Port
land. Page 14.
Lumber and. grain exports, in January. Pago
Nelll knocks out Hyland in 15 rounds.
Records smashed at automobile meet
Rev. Mr. Matthews has exciting time be
fore the Seattle City Council. Page 7.
Forger Mclntyre. who worked the North
west, confesses In New York. Page 7.
Pacific Coast Legislatures.
Majority In Oregon Senate and House is
against Constitutional Convention bllL
Page C. x.
Washington commission committee hears
the views of railroad lawyers. Page 7.
California Acsembly passes -Klamath irri
gation bill. Page C.
Portland aad Vlclaltr.
Federal grand Jury returns three indict
ments. Page 1.
Council divided on question of revoking li
censes of combination houses. Page 10.
Charles W. Walton, the boy bandit Is taken
to the penitentiary. Page 10.
Councilman defends trip to Los Angeles.
Shortage In log supply -may occur and i
cause raise In prices. Page. 14.
Bids for furnishing stone for. construction
work at Columbia's mouth are opened.
Page 14. .
Police are busy duriag month of January.
Strike at Lewis and Clark Eziosltlon
Groua&j saay bftefisia aci6.Pajir-2A
Railroad Men Before
POWER OF COMMISSION
Fixing of Shipping Rates De
clared to Be a Menace.
STATE SHARES IN THE DANGER
Lawyer Cotton Relates Experience of
Oregon With the Idea-and Tells
Washington Legislators That
No Necessity Exists.
OLTMPIA, Wash., Jan. 31. (Staff
correspondence.) The railroad commis
sion bill, which has Hept tho State of
Washington in a political turmoil for
the past 10 years, has supplanted the
Senatorial fight as the main object of
Interest at the State Capitol. It had its
first inning tonight before a large and
select delegation of railroad men. The
commission bill, divorced from the Sen
atorial fight, is not so much of a draw
ing card as it was when it was coupled
up with the fight which ended last
The Joint committees from the House
and Senate met In the Senate chamber
this evening for the purpose of dis
cussing the matter. A largo number
of prominent railroad men had been in
vited to attend and state their lews
on the matter. The O. R. & N. was rep
resented by W. W. Cotton, general
counsel, from Portland; the Northern
Pacific by the new traffic manager, J.
W. Woodworth, C. M. Levy and J.M.
Hannaford; the Great Northern by Ben
jamin Campbell, the now traffic chief.
and J. D. Farrell, and the Bellingham.
Bay & British Columbia by J. J. Dono
van, general manager.
Committee Builds Framework.
The committee was called to order by
Chairman Van do Vanter, of the Senate
committee, and considerable time wa3
lost in. getting under way. As has been.
previously stated, all kinds of commis
sion bills have been introduced this ses
sion, and both the House and Senate
commltteeshave been busy eliminating
duplications and Impossible features of
the various bills. Out of this mass of
verbiage the committee has succeeded
SUMMARY OF INDICTMENTS RETURNED BY THE
FEDERAL GRAND JURY
THE MITCHELL-HERMANN INDICTMENT ALLEGES: That John
H. Mitchell, Blnger Hermann et al. did, on February 1. 1902, conspire to
gether to defraud the Government of the United States out of a portion of
Its public lands, situated in towshlp 11 south, of range 7 east That, re
lying on the fact that Binger Hermann was at that time Commissioner of
the General Land Office, and had in his power the expediting and patent
ing of Government lands, the several defendants had by false and fraudu
lent affidavits and applications filed upon public lands In the Cascade For
est Reserve, with the intent and purpose of securing the lands for specu
lative purposes, contrary to the law. That through the influence ot
John H. Mitchell. Senator from Oregon, which influence was gained In
pafit by a bribe of $2000 given him by S. A. D. Puter, the claims were pass
ed Jo patent and title given by the Government That the titles so gained
were transferred to Emma L. Watson and by her to Frederick A. Krlbs
on May 0, 1902.
THE MILLER-KIN CART INDICTMENT SAYS: That Henry W. Mil
ler, Frank B. KIncart, Martin G. Hoge and Charles Nickel, ot Medford,
did, on August 31, 1904, conspire to suborn 100 persons, unknown to the
jurj't to perjure themsqlves In making applications for purchase ot land
near Medford under the timber and stone act; that these persons made affi
davit that they were securing the land for their own use and enjoyment,
and not for speculation; that the defendants procured tho said affidavits
at the same time, giving as an inducement to take the land a contract
with a fictitious Wisconsin corporation offering to buy the land as soon as
it was secured from the Government, but at an advance In the price paid
to the Government; that the defendants charged a location fee for finding
suitable claims for the prospective purchasers from the Government which
- they collected, at the same time. In many Instances locating them on
land already filed upon, and In no case living tip to the contract of re
purchase. THE WILLLVM H. DAVIS INDICTMENT SETS FORTH: That Will
lam H. Davis, of Albany, did. on October 29, 1902, come before Salmon B.
Ormsby, a forest superintendent and special agent of the iEtferior Depart
ment, detailed to make an investigation of timber lands In Linn County,
and at that time did make affidavit to hl3 settlement, cultivation and
residence on a claim taken by him, the said Davis, in which he stated that
he had raised crops, built houses and fences, and resided with his family
upon the claim, when, in fact, he had never been on the land, except once
or twice on hunting and fishing trips; that In result of this Dr. Davis is
guilty of perjury in that he knew at the time the affidavits were false and '
fraudulent and not In any part true.
In securing the framework, of a bill.
which In due season will be presented
to the Legislature.
It was to discuss the main features
Ttl this committee bill tnat the open ses
sion was held, and the partisans of some
or the bill3 were so afraid that their
particular measure would lose Its' power
in the transformation that in order to
get the matter started In a satisfactory
manner the longest bill of the lot ne
Introduced by Senator Kennedy of Lin
coln was read in Its entirety.
Oregon Growers Get Better Rates.
W. H. Paulhamus. a Puyallup Valley
fruitgrower, opened the ball for the
commfysion forces. He pointed out that
Oregon fruitgrowers were given much
better rates to the East- than could be
secured from the Northern Pacific by
the Washington growers. Mr. Paul
hamus stated that it was impossible for
a shipper to secure any fair adjust
ment of rates except through a com
mission. Mr. Paulhamus was one of ex,-Gov-
ernor .'McBride's lieutenants, aud made
a very strong talk In favor of the com
mission Idea. Mr. Paulhamus was fol
lowed by Harry Fairchild, who argued
that power should be given the com
mission to fix freight rates, but the
railroads should in all cases be given a
C. M. Levey, of tho Northern Pacific,
read an extended paper, setting forth
the evils attendant on too radical
measure for regulating the railroads.
He stated that a commission with power
to fix rates would hold too much power,
and, no matter how good the inten
tions of the Governor might be, there
was a perpetual danger that this power
would work otherwise than to the ad
vantage of the state, as well as the rail
roads. He stated that the railroad bus
lness was at present in a formative and
constructive period, and that it was
still too early to hamper It by any un
Puts Receivers to Solvent Roads.
L. C. Gilman. counsel for the Great
Northern, said that the bills provided
for taking the railroad property out
of the hands of the owners and turn
Ing them over to the commission. In
the belief of Mr. Gilman, the passage
of some of the bills presented obviated
all necessity for traffic departments
and even for an operating department.
He contended that there were no dif
ferences betweene the railroad and the
shippers that could not be settled in
the courts already established.
Mr. Gilman believed that the rail
roads and the shippers could In the
future as In the past work out thel
own salvation, wo urn maKe no
objection to regulative commission
on milder lines, although he did not
think it a necessity. He said the bills
as presented prccticall; appointed re
celvers for railroad property that was
W. W. Cotton put up the strongest
taiK against tne out of any of the
speakers. He called attention to the
udmlsslon of Paulhamus that the rates
In Oregon, where there was no com
mission, were more satisfactory than
in Washington,- and related the experl
ence of Oregon with the commission
Idea. He told his audience that the
O. JR. & N.' Co. got along very well
with its Oregon shippers without the
necessity of a law that was more than
15 years out of date. Like Mr. Gilman
he believed that the demand for
commission was more of a political
than a business demand. His talk was
well received and more clear and con
vincing than that of any of the other
J. J. Donovan, of the Bellingham Bay
& British Columbia Railroad, who on
his own admission was connected with
a short road with a long name, but with
great expectations, made a strong speech
against the bill. He stated that he ex
pected to extend the line he represented
several hundred miles, but it was Im
possible to do it without bringing in out
side capital, and that It would be im
possible to get the capital If they penal
ized railroad enterprise, as the bill un
der discussion proposed to do. He prophe
sled the passage of the bill would be
the death knell of railroad cuilding, . so
long as the law remained on the statute
The Joint committee proving too un
wieldy to work to advantage, a sub
committee was appointed to complete
the committee bill, which will be a sub
stitute for the various bills presonted.
This committee consists of Sena'tors Van
de vanter. Davis and Russell, Represen
tatives Dixon, McGregor, Hare and Rei
ser. Very little was accomplished toward
settling tho vexed question, and It will
probably be a week or ten days before it
reaches a vote. The railroad men will
remain over until tomorrow noon.
E. W. W.
, Operation on British Princess.
LONDON, Jan. 3L The Princess Vic
toria, daughter of King Edward, under
went an operation for appendicitis at
Buckingham Palace this morning. The
operation was performed by Sir Frederick
Trevas, surgeon in ordinary to the King.
A bulletin subsequently Issued says:
"Tho circumstances of the operation
were favorable. The Princess bore it very
well and Is progressing satisfactorily."
The Princess, who has been ill for some
time, came to London January 27 to pre
pare for the operation. She was born in
Weathe. Chief Is Honored.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 31. Professor Wil
lis L. Moore, Chief of the United States
Weather Bureau, has been elected presi
dent ot mo national Geographical So-
UARDS ITS CASE
- New Indictments.
FIRST CHARGES AFFIRMED
IVIitcheli and Hermann Accused
OTHER TRUE BILLS RETURNEDf
Federal Grand Jury Seeks to Avoid
Irregularity W. H. Davis Is
Charged With PerjuryTim
ber Locators Indicted.
The Federal grand jury, lato .yesterday;
afternoon, broke the long silence which
has shrouded it for tho past month, by
returning four indictments, three of
which were made public. The other was
held from the press by tho court while
bench warrants were issued for the ar
rest of the men Indicted.
The principal Indictment In Importance
brought yesterday was practically an
amendatory Indictment provided to take
the place of the charges presented against
United States Senator Mitchell, Represen
tative Blnger Hermann and the Putfir
Watson conspiratdrs, returned some time
ago. It is a voluminous document ex
haustive in detajJL and most definite and
certain In allegation.
This Indictment charges that John H
Mitchell, Blnger Hermann, Stephen A. D,
?uter, Horace G. McKlnley, Emma L
Watson, Dan W. Tarpley. Elbert K,
Brown, Mrs. Nellie Brown, Henry A.
Young, Frank H. Walgamot, Clark E.
Loomls and Salmon B. Ormsby are guilty
of the crime of conspiracy to defraud tha
Government out of a portion of Its publia
lands in township 11 south, of range 7
The allegations sot out In practically
the same form as In the first indictment
the nature of the conspiracy and tho
means adopted to bring it to completion
and success. The purpoeje of the new and
amended indictment is to do away with
any trace of Irregularity which might b
held against the first, and to make mora
definite and certain the charges and alle
gations at first held out against each
and several of the defendants. It waa
though c, owing to the - fact that Mi
Heney was, at the time of the first in
dictment, an Assistant District Attorney,
there might be some ground raised for
objection and error by the defense, and
the evidenco was resubmitted and a new
Elbert Brown and his wife, Mrs.
Nellie Brown, were added to the original
indictment to take the place of Alexander
K. Brown and Nellie Backus, both of
whom wero thought to be fictitious per
sons during the time of the first trial. In
which Puter and his fellow-consplratora
This indictment will, In effect, quash the
one returned some weeks ago against the
same persons, and their cases will be
tried upon the latter instrument, and not
the former. The ground covered is the
same, but each in-dent is set out with
more particular care by the Government,
so that no attack can be made upon the
Indictment when the case come3 to trial.
It covers the work of the Puter-Watson
combination, the trip to Washington by
Puter and Watson, the acts ot Senator
Mitchell arid Blnger Hermann in expe
diting the 12 claims, the payment of the
$2000 alleged to have been mado by Puter
In Mitchell as a reward for tho Influence
of the latter In passing tho claims to
patent, and all of the ground noted In the
Davis Indicted t- Perjury.
The second Indictment returned was one
in which William H. Davis, ot Albany, Is
accused by the Government of tho crime
of perjury, committed on October 20,
The indictment charges that Davis
committed perjury when he went before
S. B. Ormsby, at that time forest super
intendent, who had been appointed to
make an investigation ot the Davis land,
and swore that he had cultivated the
land taken up by him; that ho had built
a house on his claim and had planted
crops and endeavored to the best of his
ability to make the place a home for.
himself and family. The Davis .affidavit
sot forth that Davi3 had been making his
claim his homo for a number of years;
that he had raised large crops there; that
he had not been absent except for a
short time during each Winter, when he
went out to make a living and collect
enough money to Improve his farm. This,
and all of It, so the Indictment sets forth.
is false, and was known to bo so at tho
time the affidavit was made and sworn
to by Davis. It was known that there
were no Improvements made on the prop
erty and that Davis never visited the
claim except for a short time durinc sev
eral years when he went hunting and
fishing in that district and during which
fleeting visits ho had spent a part of a
day on his claim.
This land Is also situated in township
11 south of range 7 east It is the land
concerning which Dr. Davis wrote a per
sonal letter to Blnger Hermann asking
that it be taken from the suspended list
and expedited, which letter tho doctor
signed as chairman of the Linn County
Subornation of Perjury Charged.
The third indictment to be returned is
one in which Henry W. Miller, Frank E.
KIncart Martin G. Hoge and Charles
Nickell are charged with subornation of
perjury, In that .they secured more than
100 persons to swear falsely In regard to
affidavits and statements made by them
in taking land under the timber and stone
Miller and Kincart wore timber locat
ors at Medford. while Nickell was a Uni
ted States Commissioner and Hoge was
a. lawyer in a small way, all living at
The four men conspired together, so
the Indictment reads, to secure timber
location fees from those whom they could
Induce to employ them to find claims for
purchase under the timber and stone act
uneir pian oz campaign was to take a
man into the forest show him a fine
piece of timber. It making no difference
wnetner or not the land had been filea
upon previously., and to charge the pros-
IConchided on Second P&sc).