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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 25, 1905)
THE - MORN1KG OREGONIAKr WEDNESDAY, I JANUARY
NO CAUSE TO YIELD
Port 'Arthur Could Have Held
Out for Months.
FOOD AND MUNITIONS ABOUND
London Times Correspondent Declares
Surrender. Most Discreditable in
History, and Stoessel Any
- "thlng-but'a Hero.
LONDON. Jan-; 25. The Times cor
reapohdcrjti. it-'Pekln. , -tvho has returned
froni a visit to "Tort 'Arthur,..describds the
Impressions Jits gained there 'and says:
Without seeing them, nobody could form
Bny Jdea of the stupendous strength of the
idxpe ; or, the Incredible heroism displayed
In' their capture. !No foreign; officer Is able
to explain the reason for the surrender of
Port "Arthur. Those fho have seen the
condition of the fortress believe that no
inord ' discreditable surrender Is recorded
There were 25,000 able-bodied men capa
ble of making a sortie. nd hundreds of
officers, all -well nourished, and plentjrof
ammunition, the Jargcstjanagazine being
untouched and full to tfie roof with all
klndG 'of ammunition for naval guns.
There was, further, ample food for three
months, even If no fresh supplies could be
received, and beside the waters are teem
ing with fish. There was an abundance of
wine and medical comforts and large
quantities of fuel of all kinds. The stories
that the Red Cross buildings were wrecked
by the Japanese fire are admitted by repu
table residents to have been pure fabrication-
to excite sympathy.
All accounts agree in condemning the
majority of the officers, who feared the
failure of comforts more than ammunition,
and agree that no man ever held a respon
eible command who less deserved the title
of hero than General Stoessel.
CHINA SAYS SHE DIDN'T.
Denies All Russia's Charges, and Says
Russia Herself Is Guilty.
"WASHINGTON. Jan. 2L China's an
swer to the American Government's com
munication calling attention to the Rus
sian 'charges that the Chinese were vio
lating neutrality was delivered to Secre
tary Hay at his residence today by Sir
Cheng Tung Liang Cheng, the Chinese
Minister. It will later be sent to the
President. Until the Chinese answer has
"been read by the President, Its text Is
withheld, but the Associated Press has
obtained an approved synopsis of the con
tents of the note, as follows:
Regarding the charge that Chinese ban
dits were enlisted In the Japanese army,
the Chinese government calls attention
to the fact that they were enlisted first
by the Russians as frontier guards and
fought against the Japanese army. If
It is true, as alleged, that they enlisted -In
the Japanese army, that is a matter for
the belligerents. In the opinion of the
rChlnese government the subjects of a
neutral power have the right as private
citizens to enlist in a foreign army. This
is an established fact In the law of na
tions, for Which China cannot be held re
sponsible. "Whenever these bandits en
tered the Chinese neutral zone every ef
fort was made for their arrest and pun
ishment, and In most cases they have
been, arrested. The answer continues:.
We flnd no Japanese officers In our north
ern army at all. T do And In the jrovern
ment school at raotlngu soveral Japanese
translators. All "of thpm, however, had
len engaged before the war and after hos
tilities broke out they were required, to give
their ivord of honor to liavp nothing to do
with the conflict. These Are on the same
footing as Ruffians and other foreigners In
educational Institutions throughout the em
rlre. and In our maritime custom-houses.
China further regards this as' a matter of
Internal administration, -of which no other
government has cause to complain.
Regarding the Iron ore said to hai-e been
furnished the Japanese army, this ore !s
from certain mini-s owned by Chinese mer
chants separate from She government mines
at Jlanyan. The iron sold . haeoot gono
through the furnece process. Transportation
Is entirely between Japanese and Chlncsa
merrhants. and. In tulflllmcnt of a contract
made In 1000. The transactions are not
recognized by the Chinese government. In
ternational law -doe -not Include" this ar
ticle under the head of contraband of war.
The Maotao Islands are said to have' been
used by the Japanese as a base for their
nan- The Chines government for th
past year has stationed the swift cruiser
Haikl to watch these Islands, and the local
Prefect summoned there the gunboat. Halpu
to patrol these waters. No lgn of any
landing of Japanese has been reported to
the government, and It la unnecessary- to
add that no such permission has been given
by the Chinese government to Japan.
Regarding the articU?H of contraband al
leged to have been sent to Dalny. no ships
have left Chcfoo with the knowledge of
the Chinese government for Dalny. and no
clearance papers for that port have been
Issued by the Chinese custom officials, if
ships have run the blockade that Is the bel
ligerent's lookout- China Is doing all. she
can to maintain it.
Regarding the Ryeshltelnl incident, the
selture was as unexpected by the Chinese
as by the Russians. The Chinese government
later reo.uested Japan to return the ves
sel, and. while the Incident is not yet closed,
China considers that her government has
done alt possible In the matter.
The Chinese government considers that
Russia has violated neutrality in a num
ber of instances. Bridges have been built
by the Russians west of the Liao River,
and Russian troops have encamped on the
west side of-the river, which Is supposed
to mark the "boundary lino of the neutral
zone. In many places In the neutral zone
the Russians have forced the sale of pro
visions. The Chinese have made many ar
xeatB of Russians smuggling ammunition,
arms and other contraband articles. The
Captain of the Ryeshltelnl. while going to
Shanghai under military escort, made his
escape from the authorities In whose
charge ho was.
It Is stated. In conclusion, that. In view
of the baseless charges made by a bel
ligerent. China feels It incumbe'nt upon
her to make this answer and let the truth
be known; that the Chinese government
has not swerved one lota from her neu
trality, and that the general attltudo of
her people is peaceful and has been appre
ciated as such by the powers.
Japanese Win Two Skirmishes.
TOKIO. Jan. 24. The Japanese
headquarters at Siencliang, Manchuria,
reports that a Japanese force dis
lodged about one company of Russian
cavalry northwest of AVelst Zuku on
Monday, occupying- the position and
capturing some horses and arms.
Another Japanese detachment routed
a. force of Russians In the neighbor
hood of Cnancheng, Inflicting over iO
casualties. The Japanese captured five
officers and men. with their horses.
Being Changed Into Warships.
VENICE, Jan. 2i On representation
from Japan, -the Italian government has
Inquired about the Russian merchantman
Knlaz Gagarin, which 4s being trans
formed here Into a warvessrl. It appears
that the work Is not being done for Rus
sia, the Gagarin haying been bought by
the Republic -of Hayti. .
Long Sentence for a Traitor.
TOKOHAMA, Jan. 24. - H. B. Collins, of
Portuguese decnt. but long a resident of
Japan, who was publicly tried January
13 and found sulltyof Jdoslng,mlUtary..
nrvueis, was loiay sentenced to a years
.imprisonment at hard labojy
To Feed the Russian Tars.
KIEL, Prussia, J.au." 24. The banish
steamer Krohborg ia loading here with
SfttOOO bags of flocCr for the Russian second
Pacific squadron. She will sail for her
destination by way of the Suez Canal.
HAILS THE EiSING WITH JOY
Japan Sees in Russian Revolt Har
binger of Peace.
TOKIO. Jan. 24. The Japanese are keen
ly watching the developments at St. Pe
tersburg. The newspapers publish extras
with accounts of the riots, which arc
eagerly read. The people were shocked
at the -death roll, and there Is a wide
spread feeling that the bureaucracy will
be powerless to stem the tide of reforms,
and that the downfall of tho bureau
cratic system must end. the war. A mem
ber of a foreign legation said:
'The war is over unless the Russian
people are crushed with an Iron heel. It
has brought about a crisis. The Japan
ese army Is now fighting the battle of
the Russiaji people." ,
ANARCHISTS BUSY IN LONDON
'Big Meetings Called to Raife Funds
.Revolt of Army Predletedl
LONDON. Jan. 24: A umber of an
archists are Jcnown to be here ''who at
tended an international anarchist
.meeting In London on January 20.
commomorating the death of . Louise
Michel. The police say several minor
gatherings have been held la these
quarters since the reception of the
news from St- Petersburg and that a
hlg- meeting is called for January 29
in a notorious hall In the East End
Tor the announced purpose of ex
pressing indignation at what the cir
culars term the "St. Petersburg mas
sacre." The Society of the Friends of. Freo
Russia met this afternoon and decided
to raise a fund fjr the St- Petersburg
sufferers. An appeal will be made
through the newspapers. The same so
ciety is arranging for a mass meeting
in Queen's Hall on February 2.
It Is firmly believed and confidently
stated by many Russians in London
that the army will quickly become dis
affected. These Russians say that much
depends upon Moscow, which is the
true center of the revolutionary spirit,
and assert that a declaration of inde
pendence "will be issued at Moscow,
probably at a meeting of Social Demo
crats there tomorrow, to celebrate the
ISOth anniversary of the foundation of
Russia's first university.
Petty Outrage at Russian Embassy.
LONDON, Jan. 24. A big brass plain
at the entrance of the Russian Em
bassy here was wrenched off at 2
o'clock this morning. A special Con
stable on duty at the Embassy wit
nessed the act. but was unable to get
to the spot in time to arrest tho man,
who eluded pursuit. The incident Is
regarded, as simply the act of a com
mon thief. The Embassy is guarded
by two policemen tonight, but this Is
merely a precaution' against a repeti
tion of what Is considered as tho an
noying act of an Individual rather than
in expectation of any demonstration.
The detective force of London, how
ever, is closely watching the Anarch
Britons Sympathize With Rebels.
LONDON. Jan. 24. War Secretary For
rester, speaking at Croydon tonight, ex
pressed the sympathy of the people of tho
United Kingdom, with the people of Rus
sia. Ho said the Britons desired tho
"peasants- of Russia to enter upon the heri
tage of liberty and freedom which all
Britons enjoyed and obtained through the
sacrifices of their forefathers.
Must Not Denounce Russia.
VIENNA. Jan. 24. Workmen held a
meeting In a hall here last night to dis
cuss the strike situation at St. Peters
burg. As soon as tho first speaker men
tioned the word St. Petersburg, the police
official who always attends such meet
ings ordered the meeting to be dissolved.
His order was carried out amid consid
erable tumult and protestation, but there
was no disorder.
Italian Socialists Speak Out.
ROME. Jan. 24. In the Chamber of
Deputies today the Socialist members
gave notice of an intervellatlon of the
government asking if the Ministry
had communicated to St, Petersburg
the feeling of indignation and horror
of Italy for the "butchery of the strik
ers In St. Petersburg."
Austrian Mob Hoots Czar.
TRIESTE. Jan. 24. Several hundred
workmen assembled before the Russian
Consulate here last night, crying "Down
with the Czar.' "Down with tyranny."
"Down with absolutism." The police dis
persed the crowd without difficulty. A few
arrests were made.
Paris Students Express Sympathy.
PARIS. Jan. 21. Till" shirlonta th.
Latin Quarter. Including a number of Rus
sians, new a meeting today In sympathy
wlth the St. Petersburg strikers, and at
tempted to make a demonstration. The
police broke up the meeting. No serious
BRIEF TELEGRAPHIC STEWS.
The Rogers Locomotive Works, at
Paterson. N. J., have been sold to the
American Locomotive Company.
Alfred G. Vanderbllt Is suffering
from a badly wrenched ankle as a re
sult of a. fall while riding horseback dur
ing a military drift.
The bills providing dental surgeons
for the Navy and to increase the ef
ficiency of the Navy Hospital Corps will
be reported favorably to the "House.
B. J. Yoakum, a director of the Rock
Island Road, has bought the Colorado
Springs & Cripple Creek District Rail
road, which runs belween Colorado
Springs and Cripple Creek.
The Supreme Court of Hawaii has
decided that six miles, of the Trans
Pacific cable, which lies within the
three-mile limit below low-water mark,
is taxable, and values It at $15,000.
L. Gencau; master-at-arms of the !
L ulted States gunboat Wheeling, has
been convicted at Honolulu of- man
slaughter in the third degree in kill
ing "Useless" Harris, a negro pugilist.
A. G. Chaplin, fireman, was killed and
several passengers were injured yes
terday in the- wreck of an Illinois Ter
minal Railroad train near Alton. I1L
A car containing 30 passengers turned
Domingo Valles has confessed that he
murdered Colonel J. Francisco Chaves,
a prominent politician of Pinas Wells.
N. M.. out of revenge for being con
I victed of horsestealing. He !as been
j in jail on suspicion for some time.
1 Campbell Russell, one of the best
known stockmen of the Southwest, has
j filed a petition in bankruptcy at Mus
j kogee. I. T. His liabilities are placed
j at $113,166, and asset at 5S5.747. He
founded the town of Russell, I. T.
The annual meeting and dinner of
the American Irish Historical Society
was held in New York last nlirht- Prosi.
1 dent Rooscve!U'a member of the so
ciety, naa oeen expected, but sent his
While Policeman Ennis. jot New York,
on a bicycle was pursuing ah automo
bile In which four men were rannlher 40
I roues an nour. the machine suddenly
; stopped and backed up. Ennla bicycle
came in violent collision with it and
j was smashed and Ennls -was. thrown
j into the road and seriously injured.
IN STATE OF SIEGE
(Continued from Page- I.)
men to use bombs, dynamite and other
weapons. Invites the students to Join and
absolves tho soldiers from their oaths of
fealty. The destruction of government
property is recommended, but the proc
lamation requests the followers of Father
Gopon to spare private property and ran
sack only shops containing victuals and
arms, and urges all to continue the fight
until they succeed In obtaining a national
TREPOFF WILL RULE CAPITAL
Appointed Governor-General of St.
Petersburg With Unlimited Powers.
ST. PETERSBURG. Jan. 24. The" ap
pointment of General Trcpoff. the former
Chief of Police of Moscow, to be Governor-General
of St. Petersburg was ac
companied by an imperial decree an
nouncing the crcadon of the post of Governor-General.
The Incumbent of this
office, the decree states, will be In con
trol of all the departments of administra
tion of the city government of St. Peters
burg, with power to demand the assist
ance of the military and possessing all
the rights of the Minister of the Interior
over appointments to the Municipal Coun
cil and the Zemstvos and also the right
to forbid individuals to remain In the city.
The decree, which is. addressed to the
Recent events have shown the necessity
for the. adoption of measures for the pres
crvatlorof state Institutions and public se
curity adapted to the extraordinary circum
stances of the times. On this account we
have considered It necessary to create the
offlce of Governor-General of St. Peters
burg on the basis of the provisions of the
law prescribing the duties of Chiefs and
Governors-General and of the following reg
ulatlons: First The city and government of St.
Petersburg are to be placed under the au
thority of the Governor-General.
Second On the questions where the main
tenance of state Institutions and public se
curity arc at stake, all the local civil au
thorities and all the educational Institutions
arc made subject to the Governor-General.
Third The Governor-General has the
right, with the assent of the Minister of the
Interior, to enforce measures sanctioned by
article 140 of the censorship statute.
Fourth Apart from the right of making
obligatory the regulations In accordance
with a law providing for stricter mainte
nance of order, the Gove.-nor-General will
be empowered to make obligatory the regu
lations affecting objects of property of any
kind In the interests of the public tran
quility and order in his Jurisdiction; while
in cases of violation of these regulations
the Densities and method of procedure pre
scribed In articles 15 and 16 of the law
for the stricter maintenance of order are
to be adopted, whereby the Governor-General
can commission the government and
the Prefect of St. Petersburg, who are sub
ject to him, to deal with said cares.
Fifth The Governor-General is empow
ered to summon the civil authorities to
support him militarily as soon as he deems
It necessary, and the forces he considers
needful will be placed at his command.
The sixth section subordinates to tho
Governor-General all the gendarmes In
Under the seventh section, for pollco
purposes, all Government factories and
workshops In his official district arc sub
ordinated to the Governor-General.
Under the eighth section all the rights
of the Ministers of the Intorlor, with ref
erence to the confirmation In office of
members, of the communal authorities and
Zemstvos In the territory of the St. -Petersburg
government, are transferred to
By the ninth section tho Governor-General
is empowered to prohibit individuals
remaining in his official district.
At his own request General Fulton has
been relieved of the office of Prefect of
St. Petersburg, and is given the rank of
GORKY IN A DUNGEON.
He and Four Others Appealed to
WItte on Behalf of Workmen.
LONDON, Jan. 25. There are con
flicting reports about Maxim Gorky.
The Standard's St. Petersburg corre
spondent says the novelist narrowly
escaped capture, but the Dally Tcle
graph'p correspondent, who was him
self arrested but subsequently released,
says that Gorky was among those as
sociated with those whose only crime
consisted of having been members of
the delegation that visited M. Wlttc,
President of the Council of the Em
pire, after a vain attempt to Interview
Minister of the Interior Sviatopolk
Mlrsky. They are all, the correspond
ent adds, now interned in a secret sec
tion of the St. Peter's and St. Paul's
fortress iThe correspondent says:
"They'are guilty of no illegal act ex
cept being present at a meeting in
cluding five persons. Not one of them
wonld have anything to do with secret
committees or underground agitation.
It was they who, in my presence, re
fused to listen to a suggestion that a
permanent committee should be form
ed to direct a revolutionary movement.
A young woman who had been collect
ing money for hungry workmen was
The Daily Telegraph's correspondent
adds: "I am able to slato emphatically
that neither "Witte nor Svlatopolk
Mirsky had any hand or .part In the
deeds of the last three days which they
both sincerely deplore as blunders and
The Dally Chronicle's correspondent
at St. Petersburg also states that Min
ister" of Finance Muravleff appealed to
the Emperor not to appoint General
Trcpoff to the Governor-Generalship of
tho city and government of St. Peters
burg or to declare the city in & state
CAPITAL STILL IN PANIC.
Stores Sacked in Darkness Leaders
of Revolution Arrested.
ST. PETERSBURG. Jan. 24. Cossacks,
while dispersing a. crowd of strikers at
4 P. M. drew their swords and wounded
several men. Work has been suspended
at the works of the Belgian Electrical
Compnny, which furnishes the majority
of the electric supply of St. Petersburg.
The crowds m the streets arc sullen,
and several additional bodies of troops
were brought in at daylight and housed
In barracks. Machine gun batteries were
also placed at several points for emer
gencies. Many, foreigners are leaving Russia.
Learn to say "Pears'"
when you ask for soap.
There are other soaps, of
course, "but Pears' is best
for you and matchless for
Yoa caa bay Fears' cverywltere,
Traffic belween St. "Petirsbwrg. asd Mos
cow and St. Petersburg and "Warsaw, is
uninterrupted. The Northern Express ar
rived on schedule tirae.
During the day "several of the smaller
mills resumed work, and the men at other
mills assured their employers that they
were anxious to return, but that the strik
ers threatened to kill them if they did so.
In certain quarters where the "woes of
Russia are always laid to the door -ot
Great Britain, the feeling against the
British had become intense. It being
charged that the "British are furnishing
money to bring about a revolution.
The correspondent of the Associated
Press drove up the Nevsky Prospect
and with the help uf daylight realized
that the damage done to the store
fronts was more considerable than ap
peared last night. A large number ot
business premises were wrecked, the
mob having devoted Itself principally to
confectioners and pastry cooks.
Father Gopon's popularity Is. unim
paired. He has, sent a letter to the Social
Democrats in the following terms:
"They have fired upon and massacred
us, but we are not vanquished and tb
day of our triumph is nigh. Do not spoil
our triumph by taking up arms and re
sorting to violence. Content yourselves
with destroying the portraits bf him who
Is no longer worthy to bo our Emperor."
This pacific admonition Irritated "the So
cial Democrats, and does not meet with
a response from the worklngmen, who
apparently are thirsting for. . vengeance
and aro clamoring for their leaders to
M. Hessen. editor of the Pravo, whose
advanced liberal views are well "known,
has been arrested.
The Worklngmen's Club has been closed
by order of tho Prefect of Police.
Professor Karsaff and William Annen
sky and Pechsechonoff. three well-known
writers, and Town Councillors Kedrin
and Schnltikoff, who are also lawyers,
were arrested during tho night.
There is no truth in the report circulat
ing that strikers 80.00) strong aro march
ing upon Kolplne, DO mlies from St.
Petersburg, for the purpose of seizing the
small-arms factories there.
A meeting of 350 barristers and solicit
ors has passed a resolution of sympathy
with the strikers, protesting against the
action of the government In provoking
bloodshed, declining to plead In the courts
and deciding to open a subscription In
aid of the propaganda.
TO ARMS! IS THEIR CRY.
Revolutionists Denounce Rulers as
Murderers, and Urge Rebellion.
ST. PETERSBURG. Jan. 24,-The cor
respondent of the Associated Press this
afternoon noticed several men distribut
ing proclamations. The people were for
merly shy of accepting such documents,
now they nre eagerly accepting them, and
have nicknamed them "lastofchke" (swal
lows), an allusion to the Spring, which
has become a synonym of revolution. The
correspondent secured a number of copies.
They are all signed by the "Russian So
cial Democrat Labor Party." One proc
lamation, dated January 22, reads:
"Comrades: So long as autocracy exists
no Improvement In our condition Is pos
sible. Therefore, we continue to Inscribe
on our banners the following demands:
The Immediate cessation of tho war.
"The summoning of a constitutional
assembly of representatives of the peo
ple, elected by universal and equal suf
frage and direct, secret ballot. v
"The removal of class and race privi
leges and restrictions.
"Tho Inviolability of the person and
"Freedom of conscience, speech, the
press, meetings, strikes and political as
sociations." A second proclamation, dated January
"The proletariat of all countries are
united. Citizens, you yesterday witnessed
the bestial cruelty of the autocratic gov
ernment. You saw blood flowing in the
streefa. You saw hundreds slaughtered,
defenders of the cause of labor. You saw
the death and heard the groans of wound
ed women and defenseless children. The
blood hnd brains of worklngmen were
spattered around where their heads had
lain. Who directed tho soldiers to aim
their rifles and fire bullets at the breasts
of tho laborers?
"It was the Emperor, the Grand Dukes,
the Ministers, the Generals, the nobles of
the court. They are the murderers. Slay
"To arms, comrades! Seize the arsen
als and the arms at the depots and at the
gunsmiths. Lay low the prison walls.
Liberate the defenders of freedom. De
molish the police and gendarmerie sta
tions and all the government and state
"We must throw down the Emperor and
tho government, and must have our own
. "Long live the revolution! Long live the
constituent assembly of the representa
tives of the people!"
A third proclamation appeals to the peo
ple not to attempt to Injure private prop
erty. JACOBIN CLUB IS FORMED.
Leaders of Reform Movement Tell the
Wtrld Their Plans.
ST. PETERSBURG. Jan. 2 i. Maxim
Gorki, M. Hessen. M. Arsenleff and other
well-known men have formed a true Ja
cobin club, aiming at the overthrow of
the present Russian dynasty and the adop
tion of a provisional government. These
men have already Issued a remariiable
statement of their policies, in part as fol
lows: "We are ready to respect Russian tradi
tions, pay Interest punctually on loans
heretofore negotiated and leave nothing"
unaccomplished to avoid repudiation of
the public debt, or measures that would
discount obligations already undertaken.
Foreign loans contracted after January
22 wje will repudiate, however.
"No nation can now lend money to the
Russian government la good faith or re
main in Ignorance of the fact that the
people aro struggling with the bureau
cracy. If It should turn out that the peo
plo win only a partial victory over the
government, and constitutional rule should
be substituted for autocracy, the repre
sentatives of the nation will Insist upon
the same financial policy heretofore stated,
being carried out by the National Assem
bly. It has been resolved by the Russian
people to repudiate all debts contracted
by the autocracy from the day when civil
OFFICIAL STORY OF MONDAY.
Belittles Disorder and Reduces Esti
mate of Killed and Wounded.
ST. PETERSBURG. Jan. 24.-An official
account of yesterday's events Is as fol
lows: "During Monday there was no collision
between the rioters and the troops. De
tachments of soldiers had no need to use
their arms, as the crowds dispersed when
the troops appeared. In the course of the
day an attempt was made to attack the
-Gostlnny Dvor Market, but It was re
pulsed. "Workmen at the electric stations
joined the strike In the evening. Then
some groups, taking advantage of the
darkness, began to break windows in the
shops, but order was everywhere quickly
"No person was killed or wounded on
Monday. The exact number killed on
Sunday was 06; wounded, 33. of whom
53 were treated at the ambulance sta
tions." INFANT CZAREVITCH ILL.
Czar's Hoper-Has Pneumonia, and May
LONDON. Jan. 25. The SL Peters
burs correspondent of the London
Daily Express wires that the infant
Csarcvltcn has hoerf taken seriously
111 with pneumonia, and that his con
dition is grave. The correspondent'
states .that this Information emanates
from the highest authority.
RADOM IN STATE OF SIEGE.
Mobs Return Soldiers' Fire and Blow
BRESLAU, Prussia. Jan. 2. Special
telegrams from Radom. European Russia,
describe that city as bejng- In a state of
siege, with military patrols In every
street. The soldiers occasionally fire on
gatherings of thhe people, who have re
turned the fire, killing three officers. The
people are also said to have blown up
several buildings with dynamite. "
Machine Guns to Shoot Rebels.
BERLIN, Jan. 24. The Rus3ian govern
ment has ordered the Ludwig Loewe
Arms Factory to supply as soon aa possi
ble 500 machine guns.
Admiral Called to Cronstadt.
LIBAU, Jan. 24. Admiral Bcrileft- left
here today for Cronstadt.
MRS. DUKE IS ARRESTED.
Almost Faints When Taken to Court
. on Charge of Swindling.
NEW YORK. Jan. 24. Mrs. Alice
Webb-Duke, wife of Brbdle L. Duke,
was arrested at an office In Broad
street today, on requisition 'papers Is
sued by the Texas authorities. Mrs.
Duke had been indicted by the grand
Jury at Nacogdoches, Texas, on the
charge that she and Charles L. Taylor,
of Chicago, had made false statements
in an Instrument, on the strength of.
which a stockholder in one of the -National
banks in that place was Induced
to indorse their notes for $20,000.
Mrs. Duke was arrested as she was
alighting from a cab to enter an of
fice in Broad street. "When she was
notified that she was under arrest,, she
became hysterical and screamed and
wept. She declared: "I'm the wife of
Brodle L. Duke. His family Is trying
to hurt me. I have done nothing
She Insisted upon making a call In
the building as she had intended, but
tho detective would not permit it and
took her to the District Attorney's of
fice in a cab She sat weeping in that
office until her counsel arrived.
The proceeding? arc entirely distinct
from her matrimonial difficulties.
When Mrs. Duke was arraigned In
Police Court she was held In J3000 ball.
This her counsel was unable to secure
and she was taken to a-cell Vx the Tombs.
Mrs. Duke appeared to be very much dis
tress during her brief stay In the court
room and several times seemed to be
about to faint.
Nature of the Charge.
NACOGDOCHES, Tex., Jan. Z4.-Investl-gatlon
here develops the fact that the In
dictments against Charles L. Taylor, of
Chicago, and Miss Webb (now Mrs. Bro
dle L. Duke) were returned because of
the alleged falsity of statements which
they made In an Instrument upon the
strength of which a stockholder In one of
the National banks here was Induced to
Indorse their notes for 0,000. which were
cashed In Dallas, Tex., and Shreveport,
Will Improve East Stark Street.
Owners of property on East Stark street
reached a partial agreement concerning
Its improvement at a meeting held last
night In the East Side Justice Court.
Ogelsby Young presiding. On motion it
was decided that East Stark bcgraded and
paved with crushed rock between Twelfth
and Sixteenth, and redressed with crushed
rock between Sixteenth and Twentieth
streets! A motion to fill up with solid earth
between East Ninth and East Twelfth re
sulted In a tie. 4 against 4. In order to
Teach an agreement whether a fill or ele
vated roadway should be used ia this portion-
of the street, it was decided that the
property owners should come together
next Monday evening at the home ot W.
2L Mosher, 6S East Tenth street. Council
man J. P. Sharkey was present with esti
mates from the City Engineer showing
cost of filling up the street. He made the
statement that Inasmuch as East Stark
street was a general highway connecting
with outside roads the Executive Board
had consented to give 5 cents per cubic
yard toward the embankment. The meet
ing adjourned to como together again next
Tuesday -evening in the same place.
Five-Mile Auto Record Broken.
ORMOND. Jan. 25. Arthur E. MacDon
ald. an Englishman, driving a SO horse
power American machine, smashed the
world's record for five miles on the Or-mond-Daytona
racing course today, cov
ering the distance in 3 minutes and 17
seconds flat. The world's record for the
distance was held by W. K. Vanderbllt.
who last year covered five miles in
3:31 1-5. The time was made in a speed
trial between the regular races.
Eastern Freight Agent Here.
A. W. Street, general Eastern freight
agent of the Great Northern at New
York, reached the city last night and
will visit with the railroad colony here
for a day or two. He will perhaps be
present at the conference between the
traffic men and the North Pacific Coast
Jobbers Association on Thursday or
Friday and will then return towards
Puget Sound and his home.
Union Iron Works Reincorporated.
SACRAMENTO. Cji.. Jan. 24. New
articles of Incorporation of the Union
Iron Works Company of San Francisco,
were filed today with the Secretary ot
State. The principal place of business
of the works Is given as Newark. N. J.
The capital stock Is J2.000.000. The di
rectors are G. R. Sheldon, Pllney FIsk,
J. E. Borne and Charles W. We'tmore,
all of New York.
AIL FROZEN HARD
Middle West Has Coldest
Weather of Winter.
MERCURY IS OUT OF SIGHT
High Wind With Temperature Far
-Below Zero Causes Intense Suffer
N Ing Roads in Michigan, Wis
consin and' Iowa Tied Up
CHICAGO, Jan. 24. Reports from
many cltle3 and towns In the West and
Northwest show that the mo3t severe
cold of the "Winter Is prevailing, and In
the majority ot the places the low tem
perature la intensified by a high wind.
In this city the mercury fell from 22
degrees above aero to S degrees below In
24 hours. All of today and through the
greater part of the night a gale of 40
miles an hour was blowing. There was
but little snow, and traffic was not Inter
fered with, although there was much suf
fering In the poorer districts of the city.
From the copper.distrlct of Northern
Michigan and Wisconsin. It was reported
that the most severe storm of the Win
ter came today and tonight. The snow
fall was heavy, blockading railroads and
crippling communication generally.
The temperature In this section, how
ever, was not as low .as at places farther
to the south. From Burlington, la.. 15
degrees below zero was reported, with a
high wind. Around Marshalltown. Ia
business on the Iowa Central and the
Great Western Railroads was practically
at a standstill.
The same general conditions prevailed'
throughout Indiana. At. several points in
the natural gas belt the supply of gas
entirely failed, and there were numerous
reports of damage to steam and electric
railroads and telegraph and telephone
lines. All navigation on the Ohio River
has been suspended.
The most severe cold in several years Is
reported from Southern Indiana and Ken
tucky. Five degrees below zero was re
ported from Louisville, as the prediction
for tomorrow morning. Ten degrees be
low, with a fierce wind from the north,
was reported from Southern Illinois, with
the probabilities of a further drop ot 5
degrees before morning.- It Is expected
that the cold wave will continue over the
greater part of the West until tomorrow
Omaha during the past 24 hours experi
enced the coldest weather of the year. At
Omaha the official register at D o'clock
tonight was 10 degrees below, and at Lin
coln 9 degrees below. Reports from out
side points state that the thermometer
had reached from 10 to 22 degrees below.
Accompanying the cold snap Is a brisk
All Tell the Same Story.
ST. PAUL. Jan. 24. The temperature
in St. Paul today wa3 1C degrees below
zero. This was the warmest spot in the
Northwest. At Winnipeg and Battleford.
across the Canadian line, the mercury
went down to 36 below, with 24 below at
MInnedosa. and 20 at Moorehead, Minn.,
and IS below at Bismarck. N. D..
PUVTTSBURG, N. Y.. Jan. 24. The
thermometer registered 20 degrees below
zero at Saranac Lake today, 24 below
at Upper Chateaugay Lake and at Paul
Smith's, and 17 below at Addison Junc
tion. Lake Champlaln Is completely
frozen over, the Ice being from five- to
twenty Inches thick.
TOPEKA, Kan.. Jan. 2S. Zero weather
prevails throughout Kansas tonight. The
cold Is made more severe by a gale from
the Northwest. A light snow fell this
PLEADS FOR.- HIS $50,000.
Bryan Argues Appeal of Bennett Will
Case In Connecticut.
NEW HAVEN, Conn., Jan. 24. Argu
ments were heard In the Connecticut
Court ot Errors today on the appeal of
William J. Bryan from the decision of
the Superior Court, denying his authorlty
to receive $50,000 mentioned in the famous
sealed letter left by the late Phllo S.
Bennett, ot whosi- estate Mr. Bryan Is
executor. Mr. Bryan spoke eloquently for
three-quarters Of an hour. He said It
was due him In this case to say a few
words as to the Intent of the testator.
This Intent, he thought, was very plain,
and he hoped the court would be explicit
as to whether the sealed letter could be
received as a declaration of trust, even
If not a part of the will.
He said that most will contests turned
on two or three questions usually on the
capacity of the testator to make a will,
on the question of undue Influence, or on
the Intent of the testator In making be
quests. In this- case he thought Mr. Ben
nett Ideally competent to make a will.
As to the question of undue Influence, he
cited the fact that Mr. Bennett traveled
1500 miles to Nebraska, carrying wiin
him a will to be U3ed as a model, and
afterwards traveled 1500 miles back to
New York, where he duly executed the
will. The question, therefore, turns on
the Intent ot the testator.
Mr. Bryan, referring to his personal in
terest in the case, said:
I trust that the decision of this court will be
so exsllclt that It will be Instructive to all
who hereafter draw wills. No matter what
this court mar think of the purposes of thla
bequezt, the right of a man to make his prop
erty go to the person or for the purposes he
wUhes Is sacred to u.t all.
Wlti Mr. Bryan's remarks the case
course consumption can
be cured. Modern medicine
teaches it. No one longer
Babies have it. Young mothers
have it. The aged have it. None
For over 50 years doctors have
prescribed Ayer's Cherry Pectoral
for this disease. It quiets the cough,
controls the inflammation. If inter
ested, talk this over with your doctor.
Xid til J". O. Xrr Oa.. XwtU, 3Cm.
Also misH&etufem or
AYra'S CATaeAPABTTTA- ITPtl-O Iran) mra.
' ' '
I Purity J
I Quality J
1. Flavor J
Won the Grand Prize at the
St. Louis Exposition for
BoM st all flrt1Ji esfes nd br Jobbers.
WH. L ANA HAN & S05.BalUmora.31d.
with Harflnn Soap. SUinHealtb. (oint
ment) and SkinHenlth. Tablets. A pojl
tlre and speedy cure for erery itching., bnrnlng,
scaly, bleedlnjr. crusted, pimply and blotchy
humor, with loss of n&lr. Produces clear, bril
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Treatment 75c Mm
consists of Harf! n a SoapCsScmedlcated.an tl
septic: SUInUeaIth(oInt.).25ctokItl germs,
heal tbc skin, and SUlnllealth. Tablets,
S5c, to eipel humor germs.- All druggists.
Harflna Sctep for the Complexion,
for pimples, blackheads, rednes. roughness, chaf
ing, chapping; rough hands. Nothing will glra
euca a speedy cure. 25c; 3 calces, CSc.
Send Be. postage for Free Samples and
booweta to PHILO HAT CO.. NEWARK, N. J.
WOODARD, CLARKE S CO.,
Fourth sad Washington.
The Terrible SKlnScocrgej Itching. Burning,
Bleeding Weeping, Cresting, Scaling.
Clttl tables most afflicted. No sleep.norestfroa
turning, itching. Hopeless mothers worn outtrtta
ireatytratcliinr. There la a quick, positive cure la
Coc lists of Harflna Soap, medicated, antisep
tic; SUlnhenltU (otnt.1. to kill tnmor germs,
teal the skin and stop Itching, and Skin health.
Tablets, to expel bumor genus. Mllri
treatment trUa Harflna Soap for Immediately
rellexlng and quickly enring all kinds of distress
ing humors from Infancy to old aTge. for beauti
fying the skla and hair, aoothtas all Irritation,
and for mazy antiseptic uses. Druggists.
WOOIJARD, CL.ARKE fc"CO.,
Fourth and iVasbl&rttH.
&botlt Hi TomnWnl
MARVEL Whirling Spray
The New Ladles' Syringe.
tsesz. barest. Most
AA mr 4rsacbt ter U.
I f hArsanol sapvl r Uia
3UI11L. IfcCDt BO
other, bm sent sump for 11
.luscntaa txxk w.H gtrea
inn n&7tlrojinanit flirerttonftfrt.
ralnabta to ladtf. 'HAftVKI.co,, Of
u faric saw, acir lorjc.