Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, January 25, 1905, Image 1

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    "VOL. XLIV. !NO. 13,769.
Reformers Will Create
Bombs the Weapons to
Be Used in Revolt.
Leaders Go Into Provinces to
Recruit Patriots,
Government Strives to Kill Nucleus
of Revolutionary Movement
Mutinous Reservists to Join
the Rebels.
ST. PETERSBURG, Jan. 24 (9:00 P. M.)
Russian officials today stand aghast be
fore the possibility of a provisional gov
ernment being established toy a number
of Liberals and moderate Socialists who,
It Is stated, are men of wealth and posi
tion. The authorities lost no time when
this report became known In arresting
M. Annesky, one of the few leaders of
this latest movement whose names are
known to the public, and It is stated that
Maxim Gorky, the novelist, also identified
with the political revolt, has received
warning to withdraw from active partici
pation If he values his liberty. Others are
ulsd "stated t& have been taken into cus
tody, but their names wllf not- be divulged
at present by the omcials.
Bombs the Next Thing.
At this hour it would seem as though
the government had succeeded In impress
ing the strikers with the uselessness of
mob resistance to the guns of the troops,
The general opinion is, therefore, that
clashes will become less frequent, and
that those who consider violence the only
lilting reply to the government's course
will resort to bombs.
One incident of this character, at least.
has already occurred, but the attempt
was frustrated. The crowds. It Is thought.
may now scatter. Their places will then.
according to the Socialist leaders, be
taken by small groups of two or three.
who will make their way to the govern
ment buildings and palaces, and, by plac
ing bombs, inflict more damage and loss
of life than would be In the power of the
full force of strikers.
Form Provisional Government.
But even this outlook does riot frighten
Russian ofilclals so much as does the fear
of establishment of a provisional govern
racnt. It is argued that such a body could
call a parliament and proclaim a const!
tutlon, and, by gaining the confldonce of
a large percentage of the population.
maintain a semblance of authority, the
stability pf which would bo dependent
upon the moral support of the outside
world. The Idea that the Russian govern
ment could exert Its physical power to the
xtent of placing under arrest or dispers
ing by main force the members of such
a parliament Is scouted by the political
leaders of the movement. It is not ex
actly clear upon what hopes or assur
Hin-es they base this belief, but their con
Jidenie wems to be sueh as to warrant
Uv assumption that the agitation has
already borne fruit In some hitherto un
euHpectod quarters.
Popular report has It that funds In
plenty will be available within a short
time and that much of the money Is to
come through the agency of the so-called
"Illegal Red Cross Society." which has Its
working headquarters in Berne. Switzer
land, and is said to have members among
some of the highest and wealthiest fam
ilies of Russia.
Organizing Rebel Army.
In connection with these facts may be
recorded the rumor, though it Is entirely
without corroboration so far, that the or
ganization of a revolutionary army Is in
progress and will soon become a fact. Xike
most of these reports, the story cannot be
traced to any particular source. The only
substantiation so far obtained is to be
sought In the mysterious activity through
out the country districts of well-known
student leaders and other agitators. Hun
dreds of these men have been from their
regular haunts for days. It Is barely pos
sible their disappearance is due to their
having been arrested by secret order. But
their number is so great that in sonic in
stances, at least, the public would have
received an Inkling of their Implsonmcnt
and It is therefore assumed that these
men are at liberty and at work on some
concerted plan.
Leaders Arouse the Provinces.
Until yesterday the general beHcf was
that they had made their way Into tho
provinces for the purpose of acquainting
the peasantry with the happenings at St.
Petersburg, Moscow, Sevastopol and other
strike centers. Since the announcement of
tho intention to establish a provisional
government, however, the rumor Is heard
on all sides that hese students and So
cialist leaders are organizing an army,
mainly In Russian Poland, which, is to
serve as the material backbone of a popu
lar parliament to come. The reservists.
many of whom are already under arms,
will. It is stated by those who place
credence in the report, serve as the nu
cleus of Russia's revolutionary army.
Incidentally it is stated that plans have
been formed for the smuggling of large
quantities of arms and ammunition into
Russia by way 'of the Prussian and
Austrian frontiers, particularly the latter.
These reports are recorded in this dispatch
with all reservations.
Gopon Absolves Soldiers From Oath
of Allegiance, Destroying Discipline.
ST. PETERSBURG. Jan. 25, 12:30 A. M.
-A letter from Father George Gopon is
in the hands of the Russian soldiers. It
was smuggled Into tho camps and bar
racks by emissaries, many of whom have
already been arrested, but the damage
has been done, and the words of the proc
lamation are being repeated from moutn
to mouth.
"This Is a holy war," writes Father Go
pon, "which is being fought in the cause
of liberty and truth. I promise you, the
soldiers of Russia, absolution from the
sin of violating your oath of allegiance.
It is your duty towards your brothers to
join in this holy crusade. I bless you all
who will take part In this war for trutn
and liberty."
This new development Is being viewed
by the authorities with great consterna
tion. The correspondent of the Publish
ers' Press has been Informed by a high
army officer that this letter Is the worst
blow .which has been struck at the disci
pline of the army since the outbreak of
the insurrection, xie expressed the opin
ion that It will be an extremely dangerous
proceeding to ask soldiers who have read
thft letter to shoot at the strikers. .Last
night the name of Father Gopon was
again on everybody's Hps, as it was on
the day of the uprising.
Another manifesto has been published
signed by 250 literary men, lawyers and
well-known reformers, all of whom enjoy
the highest respect of the community.
This " proclamation is addressed to the
population of St Petersburg generally,
and was distributed freely at all points.
It recounts the events of the last few
days, giving some details of a frightful
character which have hitherto been un
known. It continues:
"The public should understand that the
government is not protecting property or
preserving order, but that It has declared
war on the entire Russian people. "We
summon all of the vital energies of so
ciety to the assistance of the worklngmen
who have begun the struggle for the com
mon cause of the working people. lt
shame overwhelm those who oppose the
people and join In the ranks of the hang
They March Frem'Factory to Factory,
Vhile Soldiers Patrol Moscow.
MOSCOW, Jan. 4. Employes of the
Bachrushln Mlchalloff, Binder and
Schraeder factories have joined in the
strike. The strikers here at noon today
totaled 10.000.
A body of strikers at noon today forced
their way into, the works of the firm of
Hopper and compelled 500 men to join the
strike. Simultaneously factories and other
works were closed throughout the district
adjoining Dalntoff street.
Small groups of workmen collected In
the suburbs during the day, but the city
and the Kremlin district are quiet Traf
fic and business are proceeding as usual
The employes of the Bari Boilerworks
began work this morning, but the strik
ers forced their way into the works and
ordered the men to cease work. They im
mediately complied.
Infantry and cavalry are patrolling the
city tonight Several groups of drunken
demonstrators have been forcibly dls
A conference of employers met at the
Bourse today, but achieved nothing, as
the strikers have at no time formulated
their demands.
Moscow Paper Openly Denounces the
Massacre in St. Petersburg.'
MOSCOW, Jan. 2i. The Liberal paper
Rusky Viedomosti has created a. sensa
tlon owing to Its common t on the official
statomont of the St Petersburg shooting.
The paper says:
"This official report docs not come from
the scene of war; the vlctlmsfchave not
fallen on the battlefields of Manchuria,
nor In a light with a foreign foe, but In
a bloody conflict between troops and Rus
sian burghers. Arms and slaughter may
avail to put down a peaceful demonstra
tlon, but force Is not powerful enough to
quench the aspirations of the Russian
heart ward off the consequences of Sun
day's volley and prevent the movement
for liberty and a justly organized govern
ment from coming to a full fruition."
They Parade Streets of Capital and
Smash Many Windows.
HELSINGFORS, Finland, Jan 24.
Thousands of workmen joined In a
demonstration liere tonight Assem
bling on the huge steps of the Xicolal
Cathedral, they paraded the streets
until midnight waving red flags.
The windows of public houses, hotels
and a number of newspaper offices
were broken. The police interfered,
arresting 30 of the workmen.
Moscow Council Shows Sympathy
With Revolutionary Movement.
MOSCOW. - Jan. 24. The Municipal
Council today, by a vote of 113 to 10, re
elected Prince Galitlzln Mayor of Mos
cow. The Prince is a prominent leader in
the local reform -movement and resigned
recently on the Issuance of the Govern
ment declaration condemning the re
formers' propaganda. ,
Deny That Sailors Mutinied.
SEVASTOPOL. Jan. 24. The report
that the fire at the arsenal on Monday
was the outcome of a. mutinous outbreak
of sailors and troops is wholly unfounded.
Tho commandant of the port reiterates
that nothing definite is known as to the
origin cC the fire,
Will Be- Proclaimed
in Capital.
Trepoff Appointed Gov
ernor of Great City.
Reform Leaders Arrested and
Thrown in Prison.
PopVilar Chief Urges People to De
stroy Government by Force, and
Seize Arms and Provisions
for the Purpose.
(Special Cable.)
ST. PETERSBURG, Jan. 23. A. new
grave dosser has ariaen In the Inter
ruption of dlapntch of Hupplics to the
front nm a result of the ntrlke. Un
Ichm Home jne&ns enn be found to se
cure the provisions and other muni
tion (if irar -which, were to be started
from St. Petersburg on January 30,
General Kuropntkla's army may find
Itself In a most serious predicament.
Petersburg will be declared in a state
of siege tomorrow. General Trepoff.
until recently Chief of Police of Mos
cow, has been appointed Governor
General of St Petersburg, and has
taken up quarters in the "Winter Pal
ace. Strangely enough, the onlypre"
cedeut is the case of General TrepofTa :
father" during the reign of Nihilistic
terrorism under Alexander II. and It
is also a strange coincidence that un
successful attempts were made on the
lives of both. General Trepoff Is a man
of great energy, but the measures ho
adopted at' Moscow for the suppres
sion of the student demonstrations in
December last provoked much resent
ment, and the revolutionists recently
condemned him to death.
The aspect of the Russian capital is
decidedly more calm. Business, which
had been at a complete standstill, has
been resumed upon a limited scale. The
employes In a few of the smaller fac
tories went back to work today, and
the crowds of strikers In the streets
were diminished. The troops in evi
dence were not so numerous as on Mon
day, and a more confident feeling ex
ists in official circles. The energetic
measures which have been Inaugurated
will insure the safety and quiet of the
Secret Plotters at Work.
Beneath the surface, however, the
ferment continues, and the public
nervousness and apprehension as to
future developments is still unallayed.
Secret meetings of different classes In
opposition to the existing order of
things were held In various places dur
ing the afternoon and evening, but tho
divergent elements which were sud
denly brought together by the tragic
events of last Sunday arc advancing on
divergent planes, and no common
ground of action has yet been found.
In the meantime the police are ac
tively searching out the leaders. Three
well-known Russian authors were ar
rested today, and prisons were filled
with agitators, revolutionists and stu
dent orators. Such measures may re
sult In bomb-throwing and terrorise
the people,but the concensus of opin
ion is that the future action of agi
tators will depend upon what occurs in
Moscow and other large cities of Rus
sia, Where the workmen are beginning
to strike.
Moscow the Storm Center.
Over 100,000 men. are out in the old
capital of the Empire tonight A tele
phone message from Moscow to the
Associated Press at midnight reported
that there had been no disorder there
as yet There will be a big demonstra
tinn in Moscow tomorrow, and It is
feared that It will be accompanied by
The situation confronting the mllltary
authorltles at Moscow Is much more seri
ous than that In St Petersburg. Out of
over one million Inhabitants of Moscow
over two-thirds are workmen. Including
an exceedingly rough and turbulent cle
ment The troops are fewer, and the city
does not lend itself, like St Petersburg,
to natural barriers to prevent the congre
gation of men- The center of the town
has no bridges and no canals, and hills
and narrow streets make it difficult for
the troops to act Only the gates pierc
ing the walls of the old Chinese town
which surrounds the Kremlin would af
ford the military natural places to bar
At Kovno and "Vilna, where strikes also
have been begun, the workmen are fol
lowing St Petersburg's plan of marching
about the city" and inducing or forcing
other workmen to leave their employ
ment The windows and doors of- practically
every 6hop and residence In St Peters
burg are boarded up( and at midnight thej
streets, as on Monday night, are com
pletely deserted except for troops.
During the day there was a great crop
of sensational rumors, including stories
of strikers marching cn ITolplno to sieze
tho small arms factory there, and of tho
assassination of General Tulton, Prefect
of St Petersburg, all of which on investi
gation have turned out to be false. The
Inhabitants have again been warned, to
remain indoors.
Father Gopon a Dynamiter.
It Is not known definitely whether
Father Gopon, the leader of ithe work
men, is In Moscow or in St Petersburg.
A -proclamation, said to emanate from
MbtIri Gorky, Author and Leader la
Buscisn SeTolatios.
him, has been distributed. Indicating that
he has gone over, body and soul, to the
Social Democrats.
The proclamation declares that . since
the Emperor and the Emperor's Ministers
have refused to listen to the people's
grievances and fired upon them, the gov
ernment has outlawed itself, and, that
every man's hand should bo raised
against it and calls upon the people to
slay the outlaws and destroy the govern
ment root and branch. It authorizes the
(Concluded oa Page Four.)
The "Weather.
"YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. M de
crees: minimum. 43 degrees. Precipitation,
---) ox an lncn.
TODAY'S Occasional rain. Southerly winds.
The Outbreak In Rtufla.
Strike spreads to Moscow and many other
clues and, m,ore riots occur. Page J.
Retrm leaders will t.tabllsi-.' provfoonat jcov-
ram3t and Borsna &. rwUatnefc. Pap ij
Open resistance- tu abandoned hi favor -.of
oTBiraiie comas. M"age 1. I
Reformer IirocUlm. xaelr progTaJirue. snd So- i
.i.ifvo kmi pcu-ie in arras, j-ajje i.
Finns riot Ia Helslngfors and wave the red
nog. j-asaiir
Father Gopon "lsus proclamation absolving
soldiers from oatb of allegiance to the Car.
Page' J.
"The War In the rnr East.
China's answer to Russian note received by
Secretary Hay. Page 4.
London Times correspondent says Stoessel's
surrender was discreditable, fool and am
munition being abundant. Page 4.
Meetings throughout Germany denounce coal
mlneowners. but they refuse to yield to
strikers. Paga '4.
Efforts to revive candal about campaign funds
proves failure. Page 3.
Senate organizes as court for trial of Judge
Swayne. Page 1.
House discusses Increase of teachers' salaries
In "Washington. Page 3.
Northwest wins fight for appropriation for
Cetllo and gets funds for Columbia River
ietty asd.lower river. Page 1.
Investigation of Senator Smoot nearly ended.
Page 3.
Charge against United States Judge La combo
of Xcw York. Page 3.
Peabody trustees give $1,000,000 to Nashville
School for Teachers and have $1,200,000 mor
for education. Page 5.
Hoch. tho Chicago Bluebeard, had 13 wives,
all of whom died suddenly. Page 4.
Tucker convTcted of murder or ilUa Page,
Page 4.
Bllrrard brings the Middle "West coldest
weather of the Winter. Page 5.
Man confesses he shirked suicide with woman
after watching ber die. Page 4.
Elections of Senators In several states.
Page -1.
Nledrlngbaus loses more totes. Page 4.
Northwest legislature.
Two ballots, wttfi no result In election of Sen
ator at Olymfafi Page 0.
Proceeding? ofth'dregon Legislature. Tage 7.
BUI for 37&.OO0pproirtatlon for 1905 awaits
the signature' of Washington's Governor.
Page C
Pacific Coast,
E. C Tldcorabe, formerly of Portland, kills
his wife and hlnvelf in San Francisco.
Page 6.
C B. Wade, ex-cashier of Pendleton bank,
arrested on forgery charge. Page C
Sheepman wounded In defending range in
Southern Oregon. Page 0.
Manager McCreedte will soon announce line-up
of local ball team. Page 11.
Portland and Vicinity.
Representatives of transcontinental lines ar
riving to take part In conference on distri
bution rates. Page 30.
Taxpayers o" South Portland pes t solution
In support of. House Bill 130. Page 9,
Juror Phelps, who is missing. Is said to cave
been dismissed -and sent home. Page 15.
Jndge Sweek and J. M. Long express dfep
chagrin at the mention of th-ilr names In
connection with the stubborn Jurors In tt
Sorenson bribery ease. Page 14.
East Slders complain of Morrison-street hxldge
and send resolution to the Executive Beard.
Page 9.
Electric road plinned to WashougaL Page 1
Commercial mad Marine.
Big deal in Alaska salmon. Page 15.
Subsidence of activity In stock market. Page
Wbeat tra&Ie restricted by Russian situation
Page 15. .
First. of new clip California, wool reaches San
Francisco market. Page 15.
French bark charttred for Portland loading- at
lowest rate on record. -'Patge 14.
Investigation of accident on steamer Olymp U.
Battler" for the Open
River Is Won.
Burton Yields to Weight
of Argument.
Bill Will Allow Expenditure of
$250,000 This Year.
Determined Fight by Jones and Ful
ton Won at Last Good Allow
ance for Lower Columbia and
Other Coast Projects.
Appropriations which will be made by
present Congress:
The Dalles-Celllo Canal. 5250.000.
Mouth of Columbia River. J 800.000.
Columbia and Willamette.- Portland to
the sea. $300,000 to $400,000.
Smaller euros for projects on Oregon
ington, Jan. 24. The Government will
bulla The Dalles-Celllo CanaL
This- decision Was reached Jy the Rivera
and Harbors Committee tonight alter sev
eral houra spent In final consideration of
the project. The Rivers and Harbors bill,
which will probably be Teported to the
House tomorrow, will appropriate 530,000
cash for Immediate use on the canal and
will authorize the expenditure ot $200,000
additional, this money to be carried in the
sundry civil bill; probably at the next ses
Today's action of the committee com
mits the Government to the canal project
and insures the ultimate construction of
this waterway by the Government -at an
aggregate cost of $3,500,000.
The fight to secure adoption of this
project Is one of the hardest that the
friends of the Columbia River have ever
been called upon to make. In some ways
It was harder than that In behalf of the
Xewis and Clark Exposition bill last ses
sion, for on that measure the delegation
had the active support of President Roose-
celt. This fight was made without such
Result of Jones's Fight.
Senator Fulton, Representative William
son and Representative Jones have been
working unitedly and unremittingly on be
half of the Celilo Canal project ever since
the Rivers and Harbors Committee com
menced framing its bill. Representative
Jones, by reason of his membership of
the committee has been able to render and
has rendered most valuable service. He
was the only -man on the entire committee
to stand up and Insist upon an appropria
tion for this canal.
Chairman Burton early announced his
opposition and declared the project was
too expensive and said there was grave
doubt as to Its practicability. Other mem
bers of the committee either lined up with
Burton or kept hands off. But Jones was
strongly backed up by Senator Fulton and
Representative Williamson, both of whom
have had repeated personal interviews
with Burton, and who presented such a
strong . ahowhjSjpf ,f acts as In the end
shook oyen Burton!3 5oubt as to the jtj&c
ticablllty Qt the canal.
Only today, Just before the committee
took final action, Senator Fulton had a
half-hour conference with Burton, Jones
being present. He insisted In the strong
est terms that this project be adopted
and that an appropriation be made to be
gin work. He stated that the State of
Oregon had already purchased the Tight
of way for a Government canal, assuming
that the Government would proceed in
good faith and open the river; he told Bur
ton that if the Government failed to un
dertake the building of this canal it would
be charged, and justly so, that Congress
bad broken faith with the State of Or
Fulton Takes NoXompromise.
Burton urged Fulton to accept a com
promise and consent to have another ,ex
aminatlon made to finally determine
whether or not the canal Is advisable and
whether commerce would justify so large
an expenditure. Fulton would not com
promise." Instead he presented to Burton
an array of facts that left no question as
to the feasibility of the project and which
showed beyond any doubt that the bene
fits that will accrue from the canal would
easily Justify the expenditure of $3,800,000.
He showed the-vast area of country which
is dependent upon an open river la order
that It may ship Its products to the sea
board at reasonable rates He convinced
Burton that, when the river Is opened,
commerce will develop and tho farmers
of Eastern Oregon, "Washington and Idaho
away beyond what it will cost the Govern
ment to build this canal.
Fulton knew ha was making his last
stand, and he took a firm position. He
was backed up In every assertion by
Jones, and when Fulton left and tho com
mittee resumed Its session Jones again
went over the entire ground and repeated
to the committee all the arguments in be
half of the canal project. He also laid
before the committee written statements
prepared, by Williamson showing the cry
ing need of an open river, explaining the
demand that Is being made for the con
struction of the canal and pointing out
how important Is this canal to the devel
opment of the Inland empire.
Burton at Last Gives in.
Altogether, the showing made was so
strong so unanswerable that Burton gave
in and consented to the appropriations
above named. The committee readily ac
quiesced and 5250,000 is assured to 'begin
work. While the amount Is not as large
as at first hoped for, if Is $250,000 more
than was really expected, in view of Bur
ton's position. The fact that an appropri
ation is made is most essential. If the
amount actually carried Is comparatively
unimportant, the canal will be built; that
Is the main point.
Ample for Jetty and Lower River.
Another cause for congratulation is the
fact that the committee did not sacrifice
the appropriation for the mouth of the
river In making the provision for the Cel
ilo Canal. As agreed .upon tonight, the
bill will carry "PQOiOOO cash for the mouth
of the river, and will authorize the ex
penditure of an additional $300,000, making
$600,000 in alL In the opinion of the Chief
of Engineers, who was before the com
mittee today, this is all that can be ex
pended on the jetty during next year,
there being quite a. large unexpended bal
ance still on hand, not to mention the
large amount covered by existing con
tracts. Between three and four hundred
thousand dollars will be appropriated for
the Willamette and Columbia River from
Portland to the sea. While not all that
was recommended by the engineers, It is
liberal In proportion to most other appro
Smaller amounts will be carried for
maintaining various minor propects
along the Oregon coast and smaller pro
jects In the interior of tjie state. There
will be sufficient appropriations to dredge
out the Puyallup waterway, in Tacoma
Harbor, and smaller amounts for a num
ber of minor Washington projects.
New Survey of Seattle Canal.
Because of tremendous pressure for the
Lakes Union and Washington Canal at
Seattle, the bill will authorize another
survey to determine how its cost can be
reduced and to determine whether or not
a canal with one lock can be substituted
for the two-locks canal provided for in
tHe last survey.
In view of the great opposition which
he had to face. Representative Jones has
acquitted himself well. This is the first
time a river and harbcr bill has been re
ported since he became a member of the
river and harbor committee.
There Is a prospect that the appropria
tions for the Celilo Canal and for the
mouth of the Columbia may be increased
when the bill reaches the Senate. Just
what increases can be secured It is Im
possible to say. Especial effort will be
made to get more money for the Celilo
Canal, so that there need be no delay on
that work when it once commences. Sen
ator Fulton will interest himself in behalf
of that project at the proper time, and
has hopes of getting a material increase
In this Item,, as for that for the mouth of
the river. Other increases will be asked
for. but these two will receive the most
careful consideration.
Portland Business Men Are Gratified
at Recognition of Celilo Canal.
The news that the rivers and har
bors bill would contain an appropria
tion for The Dalles-Celllo Canal was
telephoned to a number of Portland
business men. Others were included in
the list, but could not be reached.
Those to whom the dispatch was read
were highly pleased. Henry Hahn said
The news from Washington, is
pleasant surprise. I have always felt
that with proper recognition the Gov
ernment would do the proper thing.
We, of course, knew that the appropria
tlon was held back by reason of econ
omy. What we most desired was that
the canal should be put under a con
tinulng contract, buCtne $50,000 ap
proprlation at hlsytlme rSlLhe ni03t
"I am extremely gratified," said R.
J. Holmesr president of the Manufac
turers" Association. "It 'will be a great
thing for this country, especially Ore
gon. It was a glorious victory that
Oregon s delegation won for the canal,
and Representative Jones should come
In for a share of our thanks."
J. W. Allen, President of the Board of
Trade, said: "It is a splendid victory
for Oregon. I think that Oregon owes
a vote of thanks to Representatlv
Jones, of Washington, and to our own
delegation. Portland's commercial
bodies are also to be. congratulated. It
lsa splendid victory."
Santa Fe Railroad Votes Stock and
Bonds for New Lines.
TOPEKA. Kan., Jan. 24. Practically
no opposition was manifested at the meet
ing of the stockholders of the Santa Fe
today to the proposition to increase the
common stock of the- company and issue
$30,000,000 of convertible bonds. The only
opposition was expressedVby the proxies
of a small number of the holders ot
The common stock of the company Is
thereby increased from $102,000,000 to $152,
The money realized from the sale of the
bonds will have to be used solely In build
ing or acquiring actually new and add!
tlonal mileage or property. Work on ex
istlng lines is taken care of in a separate
Southern Pacific Train Wrecked.
OGDEN, Utah., Jan. 24. Southern Pa
cific passenger No. 1, known a3 the
Overland Limited, which left here at 3:55
P. JL yesterday, jumped the track at
Kodak, four miles east of Lovelocks,
New, about 5 o'clock this morning, and
eight of the ten cars composing the
train left the rails. Reports from the
scene state that no one was seriously In
jured, although a number were bruised
badly. .
There Is a cut at the point at which
-the derailment occurred, and as the
wrecked train Is in the cut, it will be
necessary to build" a "shoo-fly" track
beiora. trains -can b operated.
Senate Organizes as
High Court.
Chief Justice Administers Oath
to Senators,
Piatt of Connecticut Will Preside
Trial Will Probably Continu
Until Expiration of Pres
ent Congress.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 24. The Senate
today took an Important step in the Im
peachment trial of United States Judge
Charles Swayne, of the Northern district
of Florida. The organization for the
trial was affected by the swearing of the
Senators for that purpose; the managers
of the House were received for the pur
pose of formally presenting tho articles
of Impeachment, and a resolution sum-
monlng Judge Swayne to appear was
adopted. Piatt of Connecticut was elect
ed to preside at the trial sessions. Fur
ther proceedings were postponed until
Friday next, when Judge Swayne is ex
pected to appear before the bar of the
Senate. The ceremony was impressive
and was witnessed by a full Senate and
by well-filled galleries.
Estimates as to the length of time that
the trial will occupy vary from ten days
to a month after It Is once begun. It 13
believed that when Judge Swayne appears
next Friday he will ask a few days to
make answer, and that when he does an
swer a day or two more will be given for
the presentation of the replication. A
number ot witnesses will be heard and
considerable time will be consumed by
attorneys. It is therefore probable thaC
a conclusion will not long precede the day
of final adjournment in March. It is
stated, however, to be the purpose of Sen
ators to press the matter as rapidly as
possible, and the present expectation Is
that the dally sessions will be advanced
an hour or two. A part of each day will
be given to the trial when, the prelim
inaries are disposed of.
Judge Swayne is now In Wilmington,
DeL, and. Sergeant-at-Arms Ramsdell, oC
the Senate. left for that city tonight to
serve the Senate's summons on him.
Other proceedings of the Senate today
consisted of a speech on the statehood
bill by Mn McCumber and discussion of
the-Bacon resolution of Inquiry concern
ing the agreement between the United
States and Santo Domingo. The resolu
tion was referred to the Senate Commit
tee on Foreign Relations.
Notice Given of Impeachment.
When the. managers on the part of tha
House in the impeachment proceedings
against Judgq Swayne made their ap
pearance, of the seven managers only
five appeared. Powers and Olmsted being
absent. They were escorted to their seats
by Sergeant-at-Arms Ramsdell, who then,
ascended to the president pro tempore's
stand, and Impressively and in stated
terms demanded silence: saying:
"Hear ye, hear ye, hear ye! All persona
are commanded to keep silence on pain ot
imprisonment, while the House of Repre
sentatives Is exhibiting to the Senate of
the United States articles ot impeachment
against Charles Swayne, District Judge
for the Northern District of Florida."
Palmer was then recognized and read
the articles of impeachment. Immediately
afterward the House managers withdrew!
and Fairbanks presented a resolution pro
viding for the appointment ot a commit
tee of two Senators to wait on the Chief.
Justice and ask him to appear in the Sen
ate chamber at 2 P. M. to administer tha
necessary oaths to Senators and members
of the Impeachment court. The resolution v
was agreed to, and Fairbanks and Bacoot
were appointed to perform that duty.
President pro tern. Frye announced his,
decision not to preside during the impeach
ment proceedings. He said that he had"
not entirely recovered his strength since.
his recent illness and feared it would nog
be sufficient for that duty and for his work
as presiding officer in legislative session.
Piatt of Connecticut was selected to pre
side over the impeachment court.
A resolution by Allison authorizing tha
payment of the expenses of the trial from
the contingent fund of the Senate was ac
cepted. Impeachment Court Organized.
At the instance of Piatt (Conn.) a roll
call was ordered a few minutes before 3
o'clock in order to insure a full attendance
at the time of the administration of tha
oath. Seventy-two Senators responded to
their names and the last name In the list
had scarcely been announced when Chief
Justice Fuller appeared at the door of the
Senate chamber, flanked on the one side:
bv Fairbanks and on the other by Bacon,
He was clad In the full robes of his office
The entire Senate had risen when the
Chief Justice was announced and remained t
standing until he was seated on the left of
President pro tern. Frye. He proceeded
immediately to administer the oath to the
president pro tem. and then to Piatt as
the presiding officer for the trial. After
he had been sworn in the roll was called
and Senators appeared In groups of ten be
fore the bar to take the oath, which was
administered by the Chief Justice. The
Chief Justice retired at the conclusion, of
the ceremony and Piatt succeeded Frye
as presiding officer. Resolutions directing
that the House be notified of the organiza
tion as a court and that a summons for
Judge Swayne be Issued, returnable Fri
day next at 1 P- M., were passed.
'"-Philippine Railroad Bill Passed.
The Senatorial court then adjourned un
til that time and the Senate proceeded
with the legislative business. The entire
ceremony consumed only a little more
than 30 minutes.
McCumber spoke in support of h!3
amendment to the statehood bill provldlng
for the admission ot each of the four Ter
ritories as a State.
The conference report on the Philippine
Railroad bill was agreed to without dis
cussion. Proctor, from the Committee on
Military Affairs, reported the army appro
priation bill.
A resolution introduced by Gallingef,
calling upon the Commissioners of the Dls-
viCohcIudeC. ,oa Paga. Pive.Jj