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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 24, 1905)
THE MORNING OREGONIAN, TUESDAY, JAITUAEZ 24, 1905.
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PORTLAND, TUESDAY. JANUARY 24. 1905.
THE PAN ASIA CANAL.
The Panama Canal doesn't "get on."
It Is stalled stuck fast. The Commis
sion doesn't "push things." Perhaps It
doesn't know how. It consists of
seven members, who seem to be unable
to agree on any definite or positive line
of action. Yet the. President was ex
tremely careful In making the appoint
ments. The trouble, ' however, is that
the members of the Commission are too
scientific and too old. Hesitation and
doubt control them. This Commission
Besides the plan adopted by Congress,
for a Commission of seven persons, on
so great a matter, was faulty. -There
is no concentration of purpose, much
Jess of authority. The Commission
should consist of no more than three
persons. One -would be better. Then
something would be done. President
Roosevelt .sees the cause of the diffi
culty and delayr In a message sent to
Congress he says that he concurs with
the Secretary of War "In the view that
the preseht'jjrbvislon 6f Jaw, hy -which
the" -work of building the canal has to
be done only thrSugh, a body pf seven
members, is inelastic and clumsy," and
he earnestly recommends "a change so
that the President, who is charged with
the responsibility of building the canal,
may exercise greater dlscreMon in the
organization of the personnel through
whom he is to discharge hisduty.-' The
President has included, "that" it, "wl'U
most effective service under the limi
tations prescribed hy law." . ..
It seems to The Oregonlan that one
man alone "one only man" Is wanted
for this duty who can say to this man
go and he goeth, to another come and
he cometh. Deliberation among many
Is fatal always in great matters. There
are Immense natural obstacles to be
surmounted at Panama. But every ad
ditional man on the Commission multi
plies obstacles by his suggestions,
doubts and hesitations.
If we are to construct a canal at Pan
ama, we should put a man In charge
and have him construct It. Theodore
Roosevelt wljl find such man. One
man. In control of such an undertaking.
is better than two or three or a dozen
11 Charge of the work the more rapidly
t'tlfk it be prosecuted. One man, there
orJb one only should be put In charge.
The Roman Consuls, who counseled
iIth each other and commanded on
alternate days, achieved nothing but
defeat. Not so with Marlus, not so
with Caesar. r
GOODS ON INSTALMENT.
Many goods. In many lines, are sold
T in Portland and throughout Oregon, on
the so-called instalment plan. This
N rwrIfj -of trnflc Is snMJnlIv hpaw An
household goods. A bill has been In
troduced. In the Legislature to require
all such sales, to be recorded In the of
fice of the County Clerk. Before offer
ing such document for record. It must
first be acknowledged before a notary.
The reason given for such bill Is the
assumed necessity of protecting the In
nocent purchaser of goods, which still
belong to the original owner, until paid
for. These transactions are called con
ditional sales. But there Is a multitude
of dealers in Portland, and elsewhere
in Oregon., who protest against this bill.
They urge that, In the first place. It Is
not necessary; because an Intending
purchaser can easily ascertain whether
the person who offers the goods Is ac
tually the owner of them, or not. But
there Is grave objection, on the other
side. Such bill would virtually kill a
very large class of trade. For many
reasons, persons will not buy goods. If
such 'recorcVIs to be made. It would
give -them a publicity which they would
shrink from, since such publicity would
subject them to annoyances of many
kinds. Small sales, innumerable, are
made on the instalment plan, and these
would practically be prohibited. Be
sides the publicity, there would be In
every case the added expense of the
notary's and the recorder's fees. As a
rule, when considerable bills are sold,
on this plan, leases are taken, by the
seller, and as these are recorded, the
proposed act Is unnecessary as to them.
It Is the small sales, on Instalment
that this act would Interfere with; and
such sales constitute large part of the
business of retail dealers In many
lines of goods. ' - -
The State of Washington had a libel
law that was favorable to the' news
papers, and the Legislature has just re
pealed It. Its motive appears to have
been that .one or two journals had said
some things and done other.things that
offended greatly some of the Senators,
and they proposed' to get even. Now
there is talk that the extremely rigor
ous libel law advocated by Governor
Pennypacker will toe adopted; but it Is
not to be supposed that the gentlemen
at Olympia will be so foolish. How
ever, there is no occasion for the
newspapers to worry. In this enlight
ened age no Jury will find for any ag
grieved citizen under any sort of law
unless he has actually been libeled; and
if a libel has been committed, doubtless
he should have a remedy. But libel Is
now a question both of fact and of In
tent, rather than of law, so that the
Washington Legislature may enact
whatever statutes it pleases. The re
sult will be the .same. In the end.
PARALLELS AND DIFFERENCES.
As the scenes of the great drama In
Russia are unfolded, comparison with
other popular uprisings, insurrections
and revolutions is naturally suggested.
There Is no need for the men at the
head of the movement in St. Petersburg
to try artificially td reproduce the early
stages of the French Revolution, as
was suggested In the dispatches three
days ago. There are too many differ
ences to make It probable that any
resemblances In the early - stages will
Involve' correspondence with the later
developments of the tragedy in France.
Yet it is profitable td recall the early
stages of that Revolution," which upset
the whole system, not only of govern
ment, but also 'of society, a hundred
years ago. That century about repre
sents the comparative5 stages in history
of the two nations, France and Russia,
today. In both cases, France In 17S9,
Russia in 1905, a well-meaning autocrat
was on the throne Louis XVI held in
his hands nearly as absolute a power
as Nicholas II now. Beginning at the
lowest stage of the social pyramid, ig
norance, superstition, grinding poverty,
marked the peasantry, divided by im
passable barriers from the classes next
above them. Attached to the soli, they
tilled, bound by special laws. Taxes
ground the faces of the poor and of the
middle classes, while stealing and pil
fering the proceeds by officials of all
grades so reduced the state's receipts
that loads were of necessity resorted
to lest national bankruptcy should re
sult. Meanwhile the luxury and ex
travagance of the court, and of all con
nected with It. were flaunted In all eyes.
The nation was feeling the conse
quences of the long wars of the two
previous reigns. Trade and agriculture
alike suffered and prices rose rapidly.
While discontent in city and country
grew the court and its hangers-on
thought lightly of It, not deeming It
possible that a "town of citizens could
resist an army." Two parties grew In
the Immediate circle of the King, bit
terly opposed, the one for reform, the
other for haughty retention of all
power. Between them he wavered,
seeking Ministers alternately from
The student of history takes note-
that the Revolution was Ijorn when the
sovereign abandoned reforms and re
turned to repression and autocracy. The
consequent outbreak of disorder In the
nation bastened the approach of revo
lution and brought fuel to its fury. By
alternately offering reforms and limit
ing and withdrawing them the French
King lost with the nation he" merit of
the sacrifices of power he was really
prepared to make. With the outppur
lng of blood- In the- conflicts between
the people and. the guards of the mon
arch, the relation cf King to people was
changed to .the very bottom.
It may be that here, the parallel of
1789 and 1905 wIllno'jQnger iiold good.
The outbreak of. thlsXiast week in St.
Petersburg, it appears probable, .will
be put down. If the soldiers continue to
fire on the people when so ordered. St.
Petersburg has about a million and a
quarter of Inhabitants, Moscow nearly
a million, Odessa about four hundred
thousand, Warsaw about six hundred
thousand. A grave question shortly to
be solved is If the discontent of the
workmen at low wages, tyrannical
management and excessive work has
removed their discontent from the in
dustrial to the political sphere. In St.
Petersburg this appears to be the case;
the other cities are not yet heard from.
It may be that the appearance of or
ganized labor in arms in the streets In
troduces a new phase In the conflict.
It Is the first time that masses of the
working class, condensed In factory -life
on a large scale, have taken part In an
outbreak based on both political and
labor conditions. .
The outcome will be anxiously await
ed. But the main point is that the re
suits, one way or the other, cannot be
said to rest on the single question If
the Russian government can hold the
UDoer hand In St Petersburg. Both
history and the study of modern con
dltions teach that autocracy and its at
tendant classes hold but precarious po
sltlons In this century, even If It be
true that the scene of their conflict with
the seething forces of society below
them Is a hundred years behind the rest
of the civilized, world when th,e lists
are set and the combatants are armed,
We hear a great deal these days about
food adulteration, the vending of spur!
us drugs and the compounding of con
dlments with cheap and more or less
deleterious substances to give bulk and
weight to the commercial product,
Much of this is, unfortunately, not Idle
or speculative talk, but, weighted with
facts and figures, comes to us from offi
cial sources. For example, the" Secre
tary of Agriculture some years ago es
timated the sale of adulterated articles
of food In the United States in a sin
gle year at 5175,000,000, or about 15 per
cenf of our entire commerce in foods.
This estimate was based upon Informa
tion obtained from official sources, and
liberal allowance was made for possible
Senator McCumber, of North Dakota,
published recently a carefully prepared
paper on this subject in the Independ
ent, in which It was shown that almost
every article in common use in the
kitchens, nurseries and hospitals of the
land was adulterated by the use of
some substance foreign to Its nature or
depleted In value by being drained of
its subtle virtues for the benefit of
other compounds. Thus our butchers
local and general foist stale meats
upoli-consumers as fresh by the use of
bbraclc acid; canned mushrooms and
dried fruits are bleached by the use of
sulphites; catsup Is made from the
pulp, skins and other refuse products
of overdue tomatoes; cocoa and choco
late are tampered with to the extent
of from 10 to 90 per cent of their bulk;
glucose, the king of personatorel does
duty In a thousand ways. It forms 4he
basis of our commercial Jellies, Consti
tutes the larger portion of strained
honey, and has practically driven pure
syrups out of the market. Dozens of
brands of liquor are drawn from the
same cask, colored and labeled to suit;
cottonseed and other oils masquerade
as pure olive oil; deodorized lard is
substituted for butter-fat. in makinsr
condensed milk, and so on throughout
the long catalogue of things eatable,
drinkable-,and roediclnaL , ,
This disquieting presentment Is urged
in favor of the passage of at least one
of the pure-food bills now before Con
gress. The efficacy of legislation in
correcting to any great extent the or
der of things thus set forth may be con
sidered doubtful. Still, it Is well enough
to try this remedy. If for no other rea
son than to show that the lawgivers
are not hoodwinked Joy the Innocent ap
pearance of everything that Is -foisted
upon the market as "pure." i
But perhaps, after all, things are not
nearly so bad as they seem. It Is a
common error, as pointed out by the
journal through which Senator McCum-
ber makes his presentment, to maintain
that conditions In this respect are much
worse than they used to be. On the
contrary, it may be safely said that
our food Is now, on the whole, purer
and more wholesome than that of our
ancestors. Our evaporated apples, for
example, are whitened with sulphites.
but they are better than those dried
by stringing them across the living-
room; our macaroni fs colored with tur
meric, but it is not hung In Italian
huts; the meats at the packing-house
are more carefully Inspected than those
killed at home, and biscuit made1 with
saleratus and sour milk many -days old
were probably not more wholesome
than those In which any kind of bak
ing powder Is used. And so on through
out the entire list.
We should' not grow alarmed need
lessly. There is a glamor about old
times and old things. Including "moth
er's cooking," that Is liable to act as a
mirage, distorting or magnifying evils
of the present. There has certainly
been a vast Improvement In the prep
aration and serving of the food of the
masses of working people in the last
fifty years. Let us take courage in the
presence of the fact that the average
term of human life in this country has
been extended during this period, and
reflect that this could1 not have come
about -if, through commercial cupidity
or the greed of manufacturers of food
products, deleterious substances bad
supplanted in a large degree the whole
some elements in the diet of our an
ESTABLISHING A PRECEDENT.
Portland may become famous for the
establishment of an Important prece
dent In the struggle of woman for equal
rights before the law and before the
moral judgment of mankind, thereby
progressing from the companionship of
Indians and idiots in the category of
the official world. Recently a woman,
having taken exception to the state
ments of a lawyer, proceeded to ex
press her feelings by pummellng the
object of her displeasure In a manner
that Is said to have been highly ef
fective. There is nothing new in this
part of the proceedings, of course.
Such action is of almost dally, occur
rence, and the press usually seizes upon
the opportunity to treat the matter In a
humorous way, showing that no great
importance is attached to such whip
pings. The demeanor of the defendant
In these cases Is sure to lack dignity,
and flight Is the wisest course. Will
lam Allen White, of "What's the Mat
ter With Kansas?" fame, was lately
attacked by a whip-wielding woman on
the streets of Emporia, and he took to
Flight was not possible in the case of
Lawyer Hitching?. He was in a room
and. cornered. For that reason he prob
ably suffered more physically than the
victim who has an open street down
which to skip. "What marks the case
as epochal Is the obtaining of a war
rant for the pugnacious weman, whose
equality, both in the arena and in the
forum, is thus publicly recognized. The
revenge of the "Jealous wife or the jilted
sweetheart will hereafter be referred to
not as a horsewhipping, but as an as
sault, a plain, every-day assault, with
deterrent possibilities of fines and im
prisonment. In view of the spread of
the athletic -movement among women
and the fad for such recreations as jiu
jitsu, it is evident that such equality
will come none too soon for the protec
tion of the so-called sterner sex.
the Attractions of 'one home.
A German farmer living near Oregon
City has been fined $25 and costs of
prosecution in the State Circuit Court
for cruelly beating his H-year-old
daughter. The child, according to the
evidence produced by the defendant,
persisted In running away from home.
and it was to compel her to appreciate
more fully the blessings of the pater
nal roof that the beatings six In one
night were administered. It is a per
verse child. Indeed, who would seek to
run away from a home dominated by
such gentle discipline and enlivened, by
such cheery methods to make It at
No mention is made of the mother in
this case. An enlightened public would
fain be told being unable to conjecture
what the mother was doing while the
brutal father cruelly and repeatedly
beat their young daughter. Surely the
husband and father did not monopolize
the only Implement within reach that
could, In stress of circumstance, be con
verted Into a cudgeL Another plea Is
here entered for the training of women
in the subtle art of Jiu-jitsu.
One thing may be said, however. In
favor of this father, and this the Jury
no doubt seriously considered, since it
took three hours to secure his convic
tion and that is that he, at least;
manifested a feeling of parental re
sponsiblllty in regard to the where
abouts of his child. This responsibility
Is altogether praiseworthy. It Is the
method of Its expression against which
Judicious, humane people protest. If
this were the only way by which a
young girl could be restrained of a pro
pensity 'to run away. from home, It
would .be indorsed as the least of the
evils that lie In wait for her.
The Associated Press covers, the
world. No other news service begins to
approach It In the excellence, complete
ness, promptness and variety of Its ser
vice. It was through the direct In
strumentallty of the Associated Press
that the censorship was for the first
time In the history of Russia a year
ago removed from the political and
other news of that country, except, of
course, as to the usual secrecy regarding
military movements; and the result Is
a marvelously Interesting and graphic
story of the great eents at SL Pe
tersburg Sunday. Nothing Is missing
from the report except possibly an ac
curate statement of the numbers of
killed and wounded,; and that seems to
have been unobtainable because of con
dltions and not because the government
had any motive to suppress the truth.
All who know the old Russia may have
wondered why Father Gopon was not
long ago seized and deported; but they
may have even greater occasion to be
surprised that so much was freely said
by the correspondents about him. his
manifestoes, his activities, his aston
ishing hold on the Deonle. and his an-
Darent Immunity from harm bv" the sol
diery. Internal Russia may be the old
Russia; but externally Russia Is dlffer-
The New York Times has been inves-
tigatlhg. again the returns of the late
election and' It reaches the interesting
conclusion that "one In every eleven
voters who supported Mr. Roosevelt did
not support him because he was the Re
publican candidate." In other words,
the eleventh man- voted for him despite
that fact. The net plurality for Mr.
Roosevelt in -twenty-nine states where
there was voting for state tickets was
,999,373. In those twenty-nine states
the aggregate Republican plurality for
the head of the state ticket was 1.839,-
034. But. several Democratic Governors
were elected, and in other states Re
publican candidates . for Governor ran
far behind the normal Republican vote.
A fairer comparison would be with the
Congressional tickets in all the states.
Roosevelt's popular vote was 7,620,332;
for Republican Congressional candi
dates, 6,842,905; the Roosevelt excess.
777,327, This really represents the
Roosevelt strength over the. mean Re
publican strength. It Is enough.
The purpose of Federal internal im
provement is to develop and to -facilitate
commerce. If Chairman Burton
Is to enforce any rule that there shall
be no Government appropriation for
any Improvement until the commerce
already established requires and jus
tifies it, we shall find that the entire
policy of the Government has been re
versed and we shall be In straits In
deed. However, all know that a great
and fertile territory Is drained by the'
Columbia River; that small part only
of Its resources has been touched; that
the Ce'IIo Canal will open a mighty
river for oOO miles; and that settlement
and development will be Immensely ac
celerated, and cost of transportation
cheapened. That ought to be enough.
The Consolidated Street Railway
Company has been criticised by many
people because of a rule that any nas-
senger desiring a transfer shall ask for
it on payment of bis fare. Yet It is a
perfectly proper and reasonable re
quirement. All travelers are familiar
with delays made by persons who de
mand their transfers at- the last mo
ment, causing annoyance to every one
else; and all ought to know that If the
transfer is asked and given at once.
there is no opportunity for subsequent
confusion or misunderstanding. When
the traveling public has become famil
iar with the TUle, it will cease to com
plain about 1L
Who can settle the Russian trouble
but the Russians? Here is an irre
pressible conflict between the autocracy
and the people. Either the autocracy
will win, because It must win-if It shall
survive, or it will be overthrown by the
mob. What would our peace orators do
now to avert civil war? How would
they compose the vital and bloody dif
ferences between the conflicting forces?
Where would The Hague Tribunal be
gin if It were to undertake mediation?
And if It found an opening, where
would it end? There Is nothing for
Russia to do but to fight It out.
The trust abuse, which becah Ita
greatr display of power in 1S99 by a
consolidation of industrial enterprises
with an aggregate capitalization of
52,663,445,000, increased in 1901 by ?2,S05.-
475.000. is working Itself out. The vol
ume of new securities created by Indus
trial consolidations In 1904 showed a to
tal capitalization of only 5185,000.000.
against 5425.876.000 In 1903. and the 1m
mensely larger capitalization of the
years previously noted. The lesson of
overcapitalization has been learned
and the matter is adjusting itself to
sane financial conditions.
A hunter In the mountains of Idaho
mistook a 14-year-old boy for a cougar
and brought "him down. Of course the
man is "nearly-distracted" at the result
of his Ill-considered shot. That Is the
usual thing in the case of the hunter
who shoots Into a "moving bush" and
kills a man, but It does not palliate in
the least his Inexcusable act and its
resultant homicide. The "didn't mean
to" plea softens penalty, but It does
not excuse criminal carelessness.
Industrial progress makes for nollt
leal progress in Russia. The workmen
gain knowledge from closer association
with their fellows, and the admlnlstra
tlon of Industrial organizations con
vlnces the men that they should hav
voice In the administration of national
organization. As Industrial. In opposl
tlon to agricultural, employment In
creases, so may the demand for a share
in the government be expected to In
Government control of the telegraph
In Russia makes Impossible efficient
communication in different parts of the
empire. It is a most potent instrument
of pacification. Here is a new argu
ment for the advocates of government
ownership m the united States. Or
Land around a "soaD lake" In Drum-
las County has been reserved by the
Washington State government, but s
far there has been no proposal to "ere
ate a Soap Lake County.
As a result of highly efficient as-ira
tlon we shall Drobablv have
game law, which the Legislature of 1907
will upset, at the Instance of a new set
of game experts.
It may be all right for the Legislature
to pass the bill to regulate automobiles.
as proposed; but the obvious need along
mat line is a measure to regulate auto
The Czar Is stricken with grief on
account of the massacre: If he Is truly
conscience-stricken, he might make
some amends by tendering his resigna
The "slight formality about the Joint
convention" of which would-be Senator
Nledrlnghaus spoke so Jocularly ap
pears to be developing into a serial
Possibly we shall have use for an pr
ecutlve mansion when we have a Gov
ernor who lives, or desires to live, at
Salem. When" have we had such a Gov
Snow hides the blood stains on the
streets -of St Petersburg, but the hands
of the aristocrats are still red.
, NOTE AND COMMENT. . v
Liu Grande, boasts a horned hone. Evi
dently the beast realizes that unusual
measures are necessary to attract atten- j
tlon from the automobile.
The Sacramento Bee and the, San Fran- j
clscq Argonaut are having a terrific com
bat over the unanswerable question:
"What la a. gentleman?" Just to show
that the discussion has no personal appli
cation to the editors of the papers, the
Bee accuses the Argonaut of lying. Evi
dently the question can never be an
swered to every one's satisfaction, so far
as the general acceptance of the word
goes. In legal matters it is different.
English courts, we n6tice in an exchange,
have decided that a schoolmaster, a buyer
of silks, a solicitor's clerk out of work, a
commission agent, and an audit office
clerk are not gentlemen. Among those
held to be gentlemen are a sleeping jjart
ner in certain businesses, a medical stu
dent, a dismissed coal agent out of work,
Aud a person living on a parent's allow
ance. Of strange criminals, one of the oddest
is "Jack, the Shoe-Slasher," who is now
at large in -Philadelphia. The man sneaks
up to a girl ou the street and with a keen
knife cuts down the side of her shoe. If
the man devoted his energies to slash
ing a few Inches off any high heels he
came across, he would be filling a useful
place In the world.
"Living statuary" was one of tho at
tractions at a recent ball in New York.
The same thing on a vaudeville stage, and
the house would be raided by the police,
but of course that's different.
Waffles, the Cracked Amateur.
Nit by E. W. Scorning.
It was the same magnetic voice, the
voice that had bid me to become a mur
derer, a thief, a pickpocket and an out
It was the same voice again, the. voice
that had led me but why Tepeat all that
I kicked aside the burning log that lay
in the fireplace, and in a moment Waf
fles, immaculate as ever, slid down the
"Scotland Yard ha! that startles you.
Bunny is watching the door,, so I came
down this way" aud Waffles poured out
a stiff glass of Scotch. .
"How did the game go?" I asked.
"Surrey won. I made about 99999 not
out the umpires and scorers arc working
on the figures now, but won't complete
the count until tomorrow."
'You "Just missed your century of" thou
The Idol of the cricket world sighed.
"To work. Bunny, my boy," he ex
claimed, in the same voice, the voice that
had led me see above.
"Not" I faltered.
"But yes." he replied gaily.
"The Duchess of Dantzig has a dish of
boiled carrots in the larder."
"You won't" I began.
"I will. Bunny, I will those carrots
must be mine," cried Waffles in the voice
An hour later we stood in Dantzig
"I see a footstep," whispered Waffles,
We were lost.
But Waffles. was at his supremest in the
hour of danger. Hastily slitting open an
apple dumpling, he gave me a leg up, and
I disappeared within the cavity.
The footsteps went out of sight.
"How did you escape?" I breathlessly
"I made'myself so scarce they couldn't
find enough of me to see," he answered.
"But the carrots"
Waffles took off his shoe.
It was full of the boiled, vegetables.
"Come on. Bunny." he said, with Inde
scribable buoyancy In his voice, the voice
that, "we shall feast royally tonight."
Fashionable girls are said to be dis
pensing with the chaperon. Quite right.
too; the only Americans that appear to
need chaperons are the fashionable bank
For an unfinished novel of Disraeli's the
New York Times has paid 51 a word,
Speech is silver, O. K.
California, remarks the Los Ancelea
Herald, will have the hardest .name in
Congress, Flint being away, ahead of
stone .Missouri, and Brick (Indiana)
Mudd of Maryland is reputed the softest.
Tho New York Times thinks that "Hel
lo!" is not a nice word to use as a greet
ing over the telephone. It is a great deal
better, however, than its first syllable
A QuaKer evangelist, the Rev. C. F.
Welgle. declares that he is "for shooting
these buzzards." referring apparently to
lukewarm church members. He also saya
that those on the Lord's side must "give
the devil fits," and there can be no ques
tion that the reverend gentleman acts up
to his second declaration, even If certain
legal restraints prevent him from exter
minating the buzzards. The devil is more
foolhardy than we thought if he ventures
into Sunnyslde while this vehement ene
my holds the fort.
SYRACUSE. N. T. The New Tork Central
jvaiuuau uu lunisiuuira sins ior men
clerks In freight nnli tn i.b. ... ...v
cars. The plan will save 20 a month on each
It Is not often that so brle a sentence
as that which ends the above dispatch
throws so much light on a subject.
The Senator's Innocence.
Senator Burton gets a new trial be
cause the money paid to him to secure
favorable action by the Postofflce De
partment, while mailed to him in the
form of checks in St. Louis, was re
ceived by him in Washington, because
it was there that he indorsed the
checks and deposited them to his
credit. Hence his receipt of the money
was outside the Jurisdiction of the
court in Missouri. This case, like many
others that have occurred recently.
shows how difficult It is for a public
official to violate the criminal laws.
Only long training and great care
suffice to accomplish this result.
What Mary Hadn't Learned.
ITatt Hamilton. In Sunset Magazine. January.
Dearest Marr went to college.
"Whern she, took a classic course:
Graduated she with honors
And of wisdom" was the source.
She could solve the very problems
That the world Is facing- stllL
She was deeply philosophic
Talk'd of reason pd the will.
Psychic force to iTer was easy.
Greek and Latin merely play.
And the theory of the heavens
She could make as plain as day.
She could golf and row' and swim, too,
Sweetly warble, and. well, say.
She could tickle the piano
Into spasms any day.
All thes things knew dearest Mary,
When a home she tried to make.
But. alaa!4she found she couldn't
Even fry a .piece of steak.
BE IS WITH ROOSEVELT.
Bryan Supports President's Ptlfcy on
NEW HAVEN. Conn.. Jan. 23. William
J. Bryan was the guest of honor at a dol
lar banquet given toalght. Mr. Bryan
made It an occasion for indicating the rea
son why the Democratic party was so
overwhelmingly defeated In the last cam
paign and also stated what seemed to him
signs of promise for a Democratic victory
In the next Presidential campaign.
"Taking away the personal popularity
of Mr- Roosevelt In the campaign," he
said, "there would be much left in the
results to encourage -.the- Democrats. For
a quarter of a century the Government
has been drifting farther and farther from
tne people, and boss rule and corruption
have been, increasing. But it was a good
sign that the Independent voter asserted
himself In the last election. And I have
been surprised at evidences of help that
the radical element is getting since that
election. We h.ave found persons whom
we did not suspect of such a tendency
helping along good Democratic ways.
"In President Roosevelt himself
there have, been symptoms of reform
that I for one had no suspicion of. I
scanned his conduct and did not be
lieve that reform was to be expected
from him. But since election he has
done several things." First, he an-
iiuuuceu luai ne wouiq hoi again oe a
candidate for the Presidency. That
gave him Independence. I read in his
message his views about publication
of campaign contributions. That will
do more than anything' else to clean up
campaigning. Then he recommended
mora power to the Interstate Com
"I want the Democratic party to for
get Itself and to help the President
carry out whatever is good. If we
help him and he does not succeed, he
will nevertheless help' us educate the
public as we could not alone. And
then, we can make a stronger fight
four years hence."
SALOON MEN ARE BARRED OUT.
MIneworkers Will Not Admit Them to
INDIANAPOLIS. Jan. 23. In the
MIneworkers Convention today Pat
rick Dolan. of Pittsburg, led a move
ment to have the constitutional amend
ment excluding barkeepers and saloon
keepers from membership He over for
a year. W. H. Haskins, of Ohio, led
the temperance forces. The debate
lasted two hours and ended in a decid
ed vote for the Immediate operation of
the amendment. The convention de
clared strongly in favor of co-opera
It was decided to employ an attorney
to draft an employer's liability bill for
presentation to Congress and state
Legislatures, which shall embody a
clause of the examination of miners as
to their Qualifications before entering
mines. At the afternoon session of
the convention the National tellers re
ported the recent vote of the organ
ization as follows:
President. John Mitchell, 79.518; vice
president. T. L. Lewis, 79,802; secre
tary-treasurer. W. L. Wilson. 79.1S9;
.national auditors. John Mossop. Pat
rick Fitzslmmons and Ed McKay; dele
gates to the American Federation of
Labor Convention, John Mitchell, T. L.
Lewis. W. L. Wilson, W. D. Ryan, Pat
rick Dolan, John D. Fahey, John
Dempsey; National tellers. Matt Charl
ton. Illinois; James P. Richard. Ohio;
William Fitzslmmons, Pennsylvania.
an a. orjet aaaress 10 me convention
Just before adjournment. President
Mitchell referred to the co-operatlva
store movement, which will be one of
the pronounced developments of the
miners' organization during the com
ing year. He advised them to go into
the venture carefully and with all pre
caution. President Mitchell then de
clared the convention adjourned.
THEY AVOID A STRIKE.
Pennsylvania Managers and Train-
. men Compromise Differences.
PHILADELPHIA. Jan. 23. The
strike sltuatiqn on the Pennsylvania
Railroad has been amicably settled.
There will be no strike. This announce
ment will be made today alter a con
ference between General Manager At
terbury, of the Pennsylvania Company,
and Grand Master Morrissey, vice
Grand Master Lee and the board of ad
Justment of the Brotherhood of Rail
A Joint statement issued by Messrs.
Atterbury and Morrissey states that
both sides have made concessions, the
railroad granting, certain increases of
pay and the trainmen agreeing: that
brakemen shall assist tho firemen when
Civic Federation Intervenes.
NEW YORK. Jan. 23. The National
Civic Federation has decided to at
tempt a settlement between the Build
Ing Trades Employers' Association and
the 5000 locked-out men in the build
ing trades. The conciliation commit
tee has been appealed to as a peace
maker, and will proceed under the first
commission of the Federation's new
president, August Belmont. Several
previous attempts to settle the lockout
havo failed. It has been in progress
six months and many of the men. prin
clpally carpenters, have returned to
Packinghouse Teamsters May Strike.
CHICAGO, Jan. 23. A strike of 300
teamsters against the packing firms of
Nelson, Morris & Co. and Armour & Co.
has been voted by the Packing-house
Teamers Union, if such action be
comes necessary to procure the rein
statement of three men discharged.
APPEALS TO SUPREME COURT.
Harrlman Files Briefs in Contest
About Merger Stock.
WASHINGTON. Jan. 23. The petition of
Edward H. Harrlman and WInslow SL
Pierce, the Oregon Short Line Railroad
ComDany and the Equitable Trust Com
pany, for a writ of certiorari to the Cir
cuit Court of Appeals for the third circuit
in their proceedings against the North
ern Securities Company, was presented to
the Supreme Court of the United States.
today by Attorney Guthrie, of Isew York.
The plan consisted of a formal filing of
briefs, the principal contention of which
was that, following the different Govern
ment suits against the Northern Securi
ties Company, there should have been a
complete restitution of stock rather than
a pro rata distribution. If the petition is
granted, the effect will be to cause a re
view of the entire case by the Supreme
NEW YORK, Jan. 23: The adjourned
annual meeting of the Northern Securities
Company at Hoooken, N. J.. was again
adjourned today until Monday next.
FOR SHOOTING AT THE CZAR.
Captain and Senior Officer of Battery
ST. PETERSBURG. Jan. 23. Davidoff,
the Captain, and Kurzeff, the senior offl
cer of the battery from which the loaded
shells were fired on January 19. striking
the imperial pavilion and other buildings.
have been arrested.
Ball in New Union Courtnouse.
LA GRANDE, Or.. Jan. 23. (Special.)
Hundreds of people from all parts of
Union County are in attendance at the
big dedication and ball given by the La
Grande- Commercial Club tonight In. honor
of the new -courthouse recently erected In
La Grande, costing 196.080. It is tho big
get occasion of the sort in tho history of
PRESI DE ST AFTER JACKRABBITsi;
Hunt of Mule-Ears AVill InciiicM
in Visit td Texas.
ST. LOUIS. Jan. 23. The Renublic will
President Roosevelt has arranged to
hunt Jackrabbits In Texas some -time be
tween Jiarcn z and April 5. Accompanied
by Secretary Loeb. he will go to SL Louis,
where, he will be met by Cecil LyonA
wejuuiy lumDerman of Sherman. Tex.,
and W. S. Simpson, of Dallas. Tex. Mr.
Simpson was a member of the Rough
Riders and was In the charge at San
The Dartv will trn 4iru.t n rn- - n-v.
President will visit Houston and" Dallas
and attend th T?nnr-Vi pm. w.i .
Sao Antonio. He will then be taken to k
"section of Houston known as the "Big
Thicket." which abounds in Jackrabbits
and other game. The President will spend
some days In hunting. His itinerary on
the return trip ha3 not been definitely
HAS TO THINK FOR TOO MANY.
Andrew D. White's Explanation of
the Czar's Failure to Rule.
ITHACA, N. Y.. Jan. 23. Andrew D.
White, former Ambassador to. Russia, and
one of the best-Informed Americana on
Russian affairs today, made the following
statement In regard to the. situation in
"The main difficulty In the whole
is .that the Emperor is supposed to do all
the thinking for 410,000,000 people scattered
over the largest territory possessed by
any government in the wbrld. with all
sorts of different races, religions and
ideas, and this no man can do, and least
of all In a Ume like this.
"The simple fact Is that the evils of the-
old system have now become absolutely
Intolerable and when you add to that
fact the sending oft of Immense numbers
of the best young men In the country to
an utterly useless and wicked war, and
the pressure of taxation which grinds the
people to the dust, you have a situation
which none but the very strongest rulers
In all human history can cope with.
"The Czar has no strength of character.
no proper education and is hopelessly
unflt to grapple with the situation. "No
doubt the worst of the features of the
situation have been kept from him."
HOCH HAD THIRTEEN WIVES.
Four Died Soon After Marriage, Sup
posedly by Poison.
CHICAGO. Jan. 23. That John Hoch.
whom the police allege to be a modern
Bluebeard, la an expert chemist and
may possess knowledge of a secret
poison, was the decision of Police In
spector Shippy today.
'This man is poisoning me," are the
words Mrs. William Stelnbecker told
the police today, that her mother-in-
law said shortly before her death ten
years ago. Mrs. Stelnbecker told In
spector Shippy that after her mother-in-law's
death property valued at $4000
was disposed of by Hoch.
Tho police now assert they have' evi
dence that Hoch had 12 wives who are
living, and at least four have died. The
police also have information of three
or four suspicious deaths.
Police Inspector Shippy declared to
night that Hoch had married at least
13 women in the last ten years. Four
of them, died within aT short time after
their marriage. No trace of Hoch has
as yet been found. The police have no
proof of murder against him, but de
clare they have a clear case of bigamy,
on which charge they wi'l arrest hlra
as soon as. possible.
NEW FRENCH CABINET.
Rouvier Finally Arranges to. Carry orr
PARIS. Jan. 23. President Lotibet to
day received M. Rouvier. who announced
his definite acceptance of the mission for
the formation of a Cabinet. M. Rouvier
later held a meeting with M. Eugene Etl
enne, Gaston Thomson, Raymond Poln
care, Henri Berteaux. Ferdinand Dublef,
Blenvenu Martin, Joseph Ruau and Jean
Dupuy, who. with M. Delcasse and one
other still doubtful will probably consti
tute the new Ministry.
Following is the list of the new Cabinet
Ministers as finally arranged:
President of the Council and Minister
of Finance, M. Rouvier.
Minister of Justice, M. Chaumie.
Minister of Foreign Affairs. M. Delcasse.
Minister of the Interior. M. Etienne.
Minister of War, M. Berteaux.
Minister of Marine, M. Thqmson..
Minister of Colonies. M. Clementel.
Minister of Public Works, Armant Geau
thler. Minister of Public Instruction., M. Ble
Minister of Commerce, M. Dubief.
Minister of Agriculture, M. Ruau.
EXPERTS ON DENVER FRAUDS.
Orie-Third of Votes Examined Are
DENVER, Jan. 23. The joint Legisla
tive committee which Is considering the
Peabody-Adams Gubernatorial contest to
da$ received the reports of nine handwrit
ing experts on the ballots of 19 precincts
exaLiined by them. Out of the total of
4079 votes, the experts deemed 1438 to be
fraudulent. .One expert found that out of
23S balfots in one box. 1SI had -never been
numbered, as provided by law.
Five wVnesses were examined at to
night's Besslon. One man testified he
assisted in ifraudulent voting on election
day, and th. others testified to false vot
ing which ime under their observation
on election day.or y the- i-anfirmatlpn of
such testimoiiy already oftcrctzJ -
The comm-ittee adjourned until tomoN
row afternoon, when the experts will re
port on the votes found in other ballot
boxes. About 50 more ballot-boxes still
remain to be opened.
LA FOLL&TTE FOR SENATOR.
Republicans of Wisconsin Nominate
yim Agafnst Quarles.
MADISON,. Wis.. Jan. ' 23 Governor
Robert LaFollette was tonight, in Re
publican caucus. ;chosen for United States
Senator to succeed J. V. Quarles. The
Governor reTcelved 65 votes out of 10T on
the Informal; ballot, which, upon motion,
was made formal.
Uporr-a- mbtionjfto make the nomination
unanimous a -few-members rose to their
feet and, voted against it. ,
Senator Quarles received 26 votes, the
other 16 being divided among three can
didates. Stole Diamonds as a Bellboy.
CHICAGO. Jan. 23. It was discov
ered by the police here today that the
man arrested several days ago on a
charge of being a pickpocket, and
who gave the name of Jack Williams,
Is really Andrew Yates, a much-wanted
diamond thief. Yates made a con
fession today, and said he is wanted
In San Francisco for robbing a man
and woman named Gundlefinger while
employed In the Dorchester Hotel as a
Yates said lie thrust a revolver In the
guests' faces, and they were too sur
prised to resist. He will be taken back
Justice Hooker Asks Investigation.
ALBANY. N. Y.. Jan. 23. Justice
Warren B- Hooker,, of the New York Su
preme Court, against whom charges were
brought during the recent meeting of the
State Bar Association, today sent a com
munication to the Assembly asking an