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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 12, 1905)
THE HORNING OREGONIAN, "THURSDAY, JAKUART 12, 1905.
TO GUT 0 FF SALARIES
Injunction Asked of County
CourtFrom Cottage Grove.
HIGH SCHOOLS INTERESTED
It Is Alleged That Few -Institutions
of the Kind in Oregon- Have
Been Established by Pop
EUGENE. Or., Jan. 11. (Special.)
The new Shlveley case, from Cottage
Grove, has now been brought before the
County Court in the shape of an appli
cation 'of attorneys Medley and Johnson
for an injunction restraining me ocnooi
Board of the Cottage Grove District from
paying out moneys belonging to the dis
trict for salaries of the three teachers in
the Cottage Grove High School. The re
straining order is asked on the ground
that said high school has not been legally
The defense appeared and argued that
the law in regard to voting on the organ
ization of a hlsh school by the voters of
the district, which law was passed in
1901. cannot apply in this case, as the
Cottage Grove district has in reality been
maintaining a high school for ten years,
and the voters have annually been voting
a tax to sustain the same.
If the law applies to Cottage Grove It
must necessarily apply to Eugene and
nearly every other district in Oregon
whero a high school exists, as very few,
Jf any, of them have ever submitted the
question of organizing a high school to
a vote of the people. The hearing of the
case is set for Saturday.
CENTRALIA GIRL RUNS AWAY
-Believed to Have Gone Somewhere to
Become an Actress.
CENTRALIA, Wash., Jan. 11. (Spe
cial.) Pretty little Jessie Eastman,
the 16-year-old daughter of Mr. and
Mrs. George Eastman, of Centralla, has
been missing from her home for one
week and her parents have no knowl
edge of her whereabouts. Miss East
man left her home last Thursday morn
ing to come down town to do some
shopping for her mother.
When she did not show up in the
GOVERNOR MEAD'S MESSAGE TO
OLYMPIA, Wash., Jan. 1L Governor E.
Mead today in the Introduction of his
message to the Legislature glowingly eulo
gized ex-Governor Ellsha P. Ferry and
quoted a part of the tetter's annual mes
sage of 1893.
Mr.. Mead compared the first Washing
ton Legislature with that of today, say
ing that while the Issues of 1S52 were
widely different from those of 1905, the
same necessity that the efforts of the
Legislature be for the best Interests of
the commonwealth is manifest.
Tho most salient features of Governor
Mead's message are as follows:
Under this head Governor Mead argues
that owlng to the healthy condition of
the -state's finances a probably tendency
toward extravagance might result, and
that, -in the. even. appropriations should
exceed .the maximum limit, the executive
veto would necessarily be exercised. Ex
cepting additional expenditures necessary
for the state lo keep pace with the prog
ress and civilization of the age, econom
ical appropriations were urged and con
cluding Governor Mead thought that the
general expenses for the state government
uhould not be in excess of those of the
past two years.
United States Senator.
With reference to the appointment of a
United States Senator, Governor Mead il
lustrated tho importance of National du
ties that might devolve upon the Wash
ington Senator and suggested that ex
ceptional caution be resorted to In mak
ing the selection. He further suggested
that during the six years' term of the
Senator he be given the undivided support
and confidence of the legislative body.
Governor Mead's reference at length to
this much-mooted question Is given in full
I recommend the enactment of a lair estab
lishing a railway and transportation commis
sion In this state, to consist of three members,
to be appointed by the executive, to perform
the duties and exercise the powers contem
plated by the provisions of section 195. article
2. of the State Constitution, which is as fol
lows: "The Legislature shall pass laws establishing
reasonable maximum rates of charges for the
transportation of passengers and freight, and
to correct abuses, and to prevent discrimina
tion and extortion In the rates of freight and
passenger tariffs on different railroads and
other common carriers in this state, and shall
enforce such laws by adequate penalties. A
railway and transportation commission may be
be appointed and its powers and duties fully
defined by law."
Salaried commensurate with the duties to bo
performed and ability and fidelity required of
the commissioners working under such law
should be provided. Otherwise, its operation
will not meet the expectations of even Its
most conservative advocates.
1 am advised that a difference of opinion
exists among eminent members of the bar of
this state concerning the constitutional right
'f the Legislature, under the section quoted,
to empower such a commission with the author,
liy to" establish maximum rates for transporta
tion of paescngers and freight, and with power
to correct abuses and prevent discrimination
in freight and passongcr tariffs on the different
railroads and Other common carriers In this
state. Those challenging the right of the Leg
islature to delegate these powers claim that a
railway and transportation commission could
l-erfortn only such duties and powers as not
specifically reserved for legislative action.
Those Interested in the passage of such a
measure and the speedy settlement of any ob
jection that may be urged thereto, will be in
accord with tne in hoping that you will consider
this recommendation early in the session. If a
measure be adopted by this Legislature em
powering such a commission with the authority
to regulate freight and passenger rates, and to
perform such other duties specified in the
constitutional provision quoted, and If such act
contains an emergency clause, a test case
might be submitted to the Supreme Court, ana.
If diligently prosecuted before that tribunal, a
declison might be rendered before your final
adjournment that would prescribe how far sueh
a commission could perform Its duties without
encroaching .upon the iwers reserved In the
Theactwhich may Anally receive a constitu
tional majority at your hands must not only
conform to the mandate of the constitution
quoted, but should be so framed that is execu
in will be In accord with the plainest prin.
olples of Justice between shipper and carrier.
On November 8. 1904. the people of this coun
try gave to the present Cblof Executive of this
Nation an expression of their confidence and
good-will mora pronounced than ever before
extended to a Chief Magistrate by the volun
tary act of a free people. It is a pleasure to
qute. and equally pleasurable for you to hear
end indonw In this connection the sentiment
expressed In an extract from, the mMase of
President Roosevelt to Congress, given in De
cember. 1101. concerning the amendment of
the pretent Interstate commerce act. I quote
"The railway Is a public servant. Jts rates
uhould be Just to and open to all shippers alike.
The Government should see to it that within
Its jurisdiction this Is so, and should provide a
speedy. incxienslve and effective remedy to
that .end. At the same time It must not be
forgotten that our railroads are the arteries
through which the commercial life blood of the
Nation flows. Nothing could be more foolish
than the enactment of legislation which would
"evening ber father -started- to -search
for her. He found that she bad gone
to a clothing- house and purchased a.
brown coat for herself and also pur
chased a brown hat. As she was wear
ing a brown skirt at the time she left
Centralla she was dressed wholly in
brown. Her cast-off clothing was found
at one of the stores that she visited.
She made the remark to a little friend'
that she would not be seen again for
several weeks. She went to the depot
and purchased a. ticket for Tacoma,
which was the last seen or her. The
girl is described as being of medium
height, about five feet tall, dark com
plexioned, and very Jolly and winning
in her ways. She is believed to be
Valuations in Lane County.
EUGENE, Or.. Jan. 11. (Special.) A
summary of the tax rolls of Lane County
for the year-1904 shows the following as
Tillable land. 112.493 acres 51.409.570
ifontlllable land, 1.230,544 acres 3.197.133
improvements on deeded lands...- 4S&,Hj
Improvements on lands not deeded 27,550
Improvements on town lots.. 1.00S.SSO
Town .and city lots 37,120
Railroad bed 294.075
Telegraph ahd telephone lines.... 16.193
Railroad rolllnk stock ........... 37,195
Pullman rolling stock...'. 2,560
Engines, machinery, etc.. .... . 163.460
Farm Implements, etc 148,303
Notes and accounts :.. 363.140
6hares of stock 120.CS0
Household goods 313,075
Horses and mules, 7029 177.840
Cattle, 24.4S7 i 284.675
Sheep and goats. 35,215 59,460
Swine, 4834 , 12.215
Growth of Hood River.
HOOD RIVER. Or.. Jan. 11. (Speclal.)
The receipts of the Hood River postofflce
for the year 1904 show an Increase of
5119S.89 over the preceding 12 months for
1903. The total figures for 1904 are 56565.21;
for 1903, 55367.82. This is an increase of
22.5 per cent.
The Hood River. Glacier has completed
its annual census 'tof the city and finds
the population to be 1781. an . increase of
375 over one year ago. The city's popula
tion increased In 12 months 26.5 per -cent.
During 1904, 5165,705 was expended in
brick buildings and residences within the
City of Hood River.
To Open Up Copper Mine.
BELLINGHAM, Wash., Jan. 11.
(Special.) The first copper mine In
this part of the state is soon to be
opened by George Squire, who repre
sents Eastern capitalists. Squire has
an Interest m some copper property In
this county about four miles north of
Maple Falls. This month he expects
to start a crew of men to work on the
vein. He says that he will have- ore
on the dump, ready to ship, within six
months, although he does not expect
to begin shipping that soon.
unnecessarily Interfere with the development
and operation of these commercial agencies."
Governor Mead warns the members of
the Legislature against unwlso or radical
legislation and requests that their bills
be properly enrolled with the assistance
of competent clerks so as to avoid all
confusion. He further requests that the
members ignore the entreaties of friends
for the introduction of bills that would
prove injudicious and inexpedient.
Submit Bills to Supreme Court.
Emulating the example of other states.
Governor Mead's message under this head
I am heartily in favefr of the system fol
lowed In some of our sister states where
by the Legislature by two-thirds vote may
submit any bill under consideration by that
body to the Judgment of the Supreme
Court, and tinder the law It is made the
duty of the Supreme Court to at once de
termine its validity and so report to the
I. therefore, earnestly recommend the en
actment ot such a statute or amendment of
our constitution to permit auch a practice,
if constitutional amendment be necessary.
On account of the absence of any suoh pro
vision by statute or constitution of our sis
ter State of Oregon, when a revenue law
recently enacted by the Legislature of that
state was declared unconstitutional, the ex
ecutive was compelled to call an extraor
dinary session of the. Legislature In order
to raise funds so that the state government
and its various subdivisions could continue
An amendment or practice such as I sug
gest might in the future save this state the
expense of a special session of the Legist
The greatest good, in my judgment, which
would result from such a requirement would
be the fact that, when the Legislature and
the Supreme Court have pronounced upon
the enactment and validity of a statute,
the people and public officers have definite
assurance that the law is stable and. bind
ing, and can proceed accordingly.
State Supreme Court.
In order to dispose of the constantly ac
cumulating causes before the Supreme Court.
I urgently recommend the passage of an
act, at the earliest possible time, providing
for an increase of the membership of that
tribunal from five to seven members, and
that such increase be permanent.
Criminal Code Amendment.
I would suggest amendment of the statute
to require that judgment In criminal cases
be entered immediately after the verdict of
guilty is returned; that the time be limited
In which the person convicted may apply
for a new trial; that It his application for
a new trial be overruled, the Judgment of
the court may be Immediately executed, un-i
less notice of appeal Is given; that immedi
ately after the trial and conviction of a
person charged with infraction ot the crim
inal statute and the denial of a motion for
a new trial, the court stenographer prepare
a transcript of the testimony, serve a eopy
upon the defendant or his attorney, and
that when the testimony Is authenticated by
the trial Judge it be filed with the clerk
of the Supreme Court.
Governor Mead recommends further
amendments requiring that the Supreme
Court shall give preference to criminal
causes pending and if necessary forego
the hearing of civil cases. Lessening of
time for the filing of briefs Is recom
mended and that extensions only be
granted on order of the Superior Court.
Upon this question, which at present
Is apparently of almost universal impor
tance. Governor Mead suggests that if
the law made desertion a felony and pro
vided for the prosecution of such felony
fewer decrees would be applied for. The
Introduction paragraph in divorce reform
Our courts are often subjected to criticism.
but In many instances unjustly, on account of
the large number of decrees granted in divorce
case. The fault, in my Judgment, is not with
the courts, but with the law regulating the
divorce system. The courts are tound to re
spect the law. even If Its administration results
In the dissolution if tne marriage contract in
Ttather than Inaugurate a radical ehange In
the divorce system. I would recommend that
certain provisions be strengthened and given
life and vigor by judicious, amendments.
Governor Mead suggests that court
stenographers should be given a legal
status and some measure adopted to gov
ern their fees and salaries, but states that
In no Instance should these be borne by
the state, but by the counties sorved and
by the litigants.
He strongly urges that juvenile courts
be Instituted in the larger cltle, feeling
that they will be beneficial and tend to
elevate the future citizenship.
An entire change is recommended for
the method of procedure in probate cases
so that the expense of estate settlements
will be lessened and the distribution
among beneficiaries accomplished with
Under the heads of "Recommended Leg
islation." "Tax Commission." "Revenue
and Taxation" and Delinquent Revenues,'
Governor Mead's message is as follows:
The enactment of a law preventing the ac
GOSSIPS ARE BUSY
Stockton Woman Alleged to
Have Fled to. Relatives.
HUSBAND ENTERS A DENIAL
Mrs. Daisy Wilson May Have Been
the Woman Who Pawned Dia
mond at Oregon City, to
STOCKTON, " Cal., Jan. 11. (Special.)
There was much gossip today when
a report reached Stockton from Oak
land that Mrs. Daisy Wilson," wife of
Parke Wilson, a local capitalist, had
separated from him in Portland and
gono to Oakland to reside with rela
tives. Some months' ago the couple
went to the Northern city to make their
home, and rumors of disagreements
reached friends here, but It was be
lieved that the couple would adjust
Then came a telegram saying that a
Mrs. "W." Wilson had pawned a ring
of her husband in .Oregon City and
started for relatives In Oakland. Later
developments show that she preferred
to go there to coming to Stockton. Last
night her husband arrived in Stockton
and denied that there was any truth In
the report of- trouble or that bis wife
had left Oregon. vHe said she would
join him here about the first of next
month and would then go to Los An
geles for a short time, but later would
return to Portland to reside.
Mrs. Wilson has a home place home
steaded and also holds deed to a valu
able business block in this city on Main
January 6 a Mrs. Wilson, said to be
from this city, pawned a diamond ring
in Oregon City for funds to purchase a
ticket to Oakland, stating to the friends
who made the loan that her home life
was unpleasant and that she feared
violence at the hands of her husband.
She wired relatives in Oakland for
money, but as it did not arrive by train
time she pawned the ring.
Her husband followed h-;r to Oregon
City and endeavored to persuade her
to return, but she refused to do so. The
identity of this couple was not further
disclosed, as their Initials were not
quisition and indefinite holding of large tracts
of state timber lands to the exclusion and
prejudice of small ralllowners and consumers;
the passage of an antlpass bill in compliance
with the provisions of our state constitution;
the enactment of legislation for the protection
of the Interests of our laboring classes along
the lines urged br the State Federation of
Labor: the repeal of the present road law; the
enactment of such laws as may be necessary
to secure the completion ot irrigation projects
in Eastern Washington by the United States
Government; and the enactment of a law pro
viding for a commission with power to deter
mine, for the purpose of assessment and taxa
tion, the value of all corporate property, both
real and personal, to the end that the burden
of the government may be borne without preju
dice, fear or inequality, are provisions of the
platform adopted by the Republican party of
this state, in convention assembled In the City
of Tacoma, on May 11. 1901, which nominated
for office the persons now constituting the ex
ecutive department of this state.
The verdict, of the people rendered at the
November polls Indicated In no uncertain way
that a majority ot the people favor the enact
ment of these platform utterances Into laws.
Giving expression, therefore, to the will of
the people, I recommend early consideration of
each and all of these promises and pledges so
that the accumulation and congestion of bust
ness upon the respective calendars of each'
branch of the Legislature will not militate
against the passage of those measures which
constitute a part of the political faith of the
dominant party of this state.
Many demands will be made upon you
during the session for the enactment of
measures which 'will tend to materially in
crease the state appropriations for the
ensuing two years. Those so interested in
Increased appropriation will not perhaps
manifest the same zeal in promoting legis
lation by which the exchequer of the state
may be replenished and increased appropri
I would, therefore, suggest that, prelim
inary to the adoption of a final decision
upon your part to appropriate money from
the treasury for purposes other than the
usual and necessary running expenses of the
state government, you take up for con
sideration proposed legislation suggested by
that plank of the "Republican state platform
favoring the creation ot a State Tax Com
mission. Revenue and Taxation.
In your deliberations It would be well to
bear In mind that equally Important with
the duty ot appropriating public moneys Is
the task of providing the state revenue,
though in the one you are apt to receive
far more outside aid and counsel than In
the other. I look forward hopefully to that
day when It will no longer be necessary to
levy direct taxes for the support of the
state government, and I believe that, with
the equal and just taxation ot all property,
contemplated by the constitution, that day
is not far distant. We already receive a
revenue from fees and licenses which prop
erly should be larger than It Is, For in
stance. I am convinced that the present law
Is lame In the collection of annual license
fees from corporations and that Incorpora
tion fees paid to the office of the Secre
tary of State might legitimately be in
creased. An Intelligent tax commission, the creation
ot which I recommend to you In another
portion of this message, has a broad field"
of labor In determining what tax shall be
borne by those valuable but Intangible
forms of property, hitherto untaxed, in the
class with franchises. In the meantime, I
see no Impropriety in this Legislature pro
ceeding to levy a tax on the gross earnings
ot express companies, street-car companies
and sleeping-car companies doing business
in this state, to the end that those hold
ings contribute their proportion to the
maintenance of the state government.
Following out 'this plan we should at
tain that position now occupied by some
of the older states where direct taxes are
paid only for the .support of municipal and
county governments. Such a system would
abolish the unseemly scramble among the
Assessors of the different counties to les
sen valuations of real and personal property
so that each particular Assessor's county
mar not pay more than Its proportionate
Khurc of state taxation. At the same time.
It would make for that equal and just tax
ation of all property which Is burdensome.
The neglect, which amounts to refusal, on
the part .of a number of incorporated cities
and towns to pay to the state the- portion
of municipal liquor license fees exacted by
the state law. works a serious depletion of
the state's legitimate revenues. I learn
from the office of the States Treasurer that
these delinquencies are estimated at from
$C0.000 to J 100.000. although, under the
present system, the only way to obtain the
accurate figures is by checking up the books
of the separate municipalities, a work which
has not been provided for In any state ap
propriation I recommend to you such legislation as
yea may deem proper to bring about the
collection of these delinquencies and to pre
vent further withholding ot state funds by
municipalities Tul latter result might
readily be, achieved by requiring that all
liquor licenses bear th signature ot the
State Treasurer, which signature and seal
would be affixed only after the state has
received its percentage ot the license fee.
Another means of attaining the same end
would be to make it a misdemeanor on the
part of municipal officers to fall to turn
over promptly to the State Treasurer the
state proportion ot the fee.
Investigation shows that the stat is not
deriving the revenue It should from the
inheritance tax law, many county and Ju
dicial officers falling to inform the State
gtverv-but Ust-Mrs, "Daisy Wlteoe" re
ferred to in the above dispatch is sup
posed to Thave been the one who pawned
BODY FOUND IN THE BAY.
Thomas O'Connor Believed to Havs
Met Accidental Death at Olympla.
OLYMPIA, Wash.. Jan. 11. (Special.)
The body of Thomas O'Connor, cash
ier at Percival's dock In this city, was
found this afternoon lying face down
ward In the bay near the end of the
wharf on which he was employed.
Mr. O'Connor had been missing since
New Tear's day. and was last seen
about 7:30 in the evening In the vicin
ity of the dock. He was sober in hab
its, there are no marks of violence as
yet discovered, and no reason is as
signed for suicide. That he accident
ally fell from the dock Is the only the
O'Connor's people are known' to live
in Portland, where it is said he was
once in very good financial circum
stances. He was educated In Europe
and for ten years was Consul in Port
land for Belgium. He came to Olympla
eight years ago to manage an oyster
company's business. Mr. O'Connor
leaves a family. An Infant son was
born since his disappearance. An
autopsy will be held tomorrow.
DOLLAR'S WORTH OF DAMAGES
Gervais Man Has Costs Taxed in Suit
for Rough Handling.
SALEM. Or., Jan. 11. (Special.)
One dollar was all the jury allowed
Edward Boyer In his suit for 55000
damages against B. A. Nathman, a
prominent hardware merchant of Ger
vais. Boyer Is tc well-known citizen of
Gervais and last June had trouble with
his wife In which his neighbors Inter
fered and ordered him to leave town.
He refused to go whereupon several
prominent citizens tried to force him
to go. and finally, after a rough-and-tumble
fight, placed him in Jail.
It was alleged by Boyer that Nath
man was in this crowd of citizens and
the suit was brought to recover for
wounds and indignities suffered.
Though Boyer was allowed 51 damages
he will be compelled to pay the costs,
which will bo heavy.
PATIENCE OF THE JAPANESE.
Consul Miller Accounts for Success
Against the Russians.
UNIVERSITY OF OREGON. Eugene,
Jan. 11. (Special.) Villard Hall was
crowded today to hear Consul-General
H. B. Miller deliver an address on "The
War Situation In Manchuria." A special
musical programme was delivered and all
classes were, excused, giving Mr. Miller
two hours to explain conditions as they
Treasurer when estates on which the tax
should be collected come Into court. I
recommend the amendment ot the Inheri
tance tax law to compel the proper officers to
make these reports to the State Treasurer.
State Inspection of Banks.
Statutory and constitutional provisions con-,
cernlng criminal and civil liability ot bank
officials should be supplemented by legis
lation so that deposits In the different banks
of the state will be safely guarded by the
custodians and paid on demand.
With the purpose In view of protecting
bank deposits, a system ot state Inspection
of state, foreign and private banks should
be provided, to the end that every depositor
can rely upon the Integrity and honesty
of every banking institution subject to reg
ulation by the state, holding Itself out as
a bank and Inviting deposits.
I would commend to your earnest and careful
consideration, the report, which wilt be pre
sented Wyni of-tho irrigation commission ap
pointed by my predecessor. Governor McBride.
to investigate the subject of irrigation, and
recommend socti changes In our system of
Irrigation as night be deemed for the best In
terests of the state.
The remarkable progress In recent years In
the science of Irrigation and the almost mirac
ulous results we have seen in this state follow
ing the application ot water to hitherto barren
and unproductive lands, bring us to a realiza
tion that In our vast arid and semlarid lands
ot Eastern Washingtoa we have an asset of
Immense potential value. Under wise and
benlngn enactments by the Congress ot the
United States the General Government now
stands ready, under certain condltlos. to re
claim for our people and for our prospective
population portions of those lands, making
them productive and providing homes and
means of livelihood for thousands. But, as a
condition precedent to applying the benefits of
the National reclamation act In this state, the
General Government requires that our state
laws on the subject of water ownership In non
humid regions be not Incompatible with the
theory of water ownership as set forth In the
reclamation law. That theory Is succinctly
worded in the President's declaration that "In
Irrigation this right (the right of water) should
attach to the land reclaimed and be Insep
To bring about harmony between our state
laws and the Federal enactment Is the problem
before you. If we are to receive any benefit
from the Federal Government. The irrigation'
commission, -with the aid of various distin
guished gentlemen learned In Irrigation law.
has prepared a code, which will be submitted
to you for your consideration.
I urge upon you the necessity of. devoting
much of your time to the subject, for. as the
President has stated. In It you are "dealing
with a new and momentous question, in the
pregnant years while Institutions are forming."
and vihat you do will affect not only the'pres
ent but future generations.
With reference to this subject. Governor
Mead urges co-operation with the Fed
eral Government In the work. The entire
state, he feels, should be encouraged to
contribute to harbor enterprises Insofar
as the inland producers are equally bene
fited with the seacoast merchants by such
The employment of modern methods In
road-building Is suggested as follows:
The platforms of the two great political par
ties call for the repeal of the present road law.
However. I am not convinced that the people
of this state desire to return to the old road
supervisor system of constructing and Improv
ing county highways.
All must recognize that we have entered
upon an era of scientific road building, and
have reached a period when the services of
practical roadmakers should be utilized in the
construction and improvement of our county
highways. We have relegated to the past the
system which permitted Road Supervisors or
County Commissioners to experiment with the
people's money in building a system of reads
not In accordance with practical or scientific
The unconditional repeal of the town
ship organization act Is recommended by
Governor Mead. This act. he says. Is
so conflicting in Ib provisions as to have
cansed much controversy In the different
counties, and he feels that its repeal will
tend to strengthen the present system
of administration of affairs.
Governor Mead's reference to this sub-M
You will be called upon during this session
to consider and legislate upon the subject of
the fisheries of this commonwealth. The output
of the fishing industry in times past ha added
immeasurably to the productive wealth of this
state. The industries Involved in catching and
preparing ealmon as a commercial food product
has furnished employment to a large number
of our people, and Is an Industry of which
we may well be proud.
If any policy of the state will save this in
dustry to the people, or will insure its per
petuation to future generations, or will mate
rially Increase the propagation of ash having
the greatest commercial value, such actios
should be speedily taken, as its prostponement
will result in the impairment ot one of the
greates industries of the state. We can well
afford to use every means within legislative
power to promote the industry and to increase
the supply of salmon Inhabiting the waters of
Puget sound ana tne Columbia itiver.
The fishing interests' of the state, however.
are not alone interested in the preservation
exist In. Manchuria. He said la part as
"Manchuria has long been the prtze
ring in which the nations of the Orient
have contested to assert supremacy. Rus
sian expansion toward the Pacific Coast
began about 0 years ago and since that
time Manchuria has been the point at
Issue between the contending powers.
Later, in 1E35. China and Japan engaged
in war and China not only lost an an
nual tribute from Corea. but the Japanese
won control of a portion of Manchuria.
"According to an agreement between
Japan and Russia, all Russian control in
Manchuria was to be withdrawn before
the outbreak of the present great war.
Russia, realizing that other world powera
would not act, decided to remain in Man
churia, thinking that Japan would not
dare to oppose the forces of united Rus
sia. It was a surprise to the -Russian
government when the people of Japan
rose, up against the eastward' march of
Russian power, but the Japanese realized
that the power of their empire would be
limited should Russian rule sway-in Man
churia and eventually Corea. .
"Such a spirit of patriotism; coupled,
with & burning desire to make Japan the'
power of the Eastern Pacific, Is In some,
measure the secret of Japanese success.
The glory of sacrificing life for country
is impressed upon the people of Japan so
forcibly that the entire population rose
as a man when Russia refused to with
draw from Manchuria. On the contrary,
the Russian forces are not united. No
General can Issue an order and feel cer
tain of Its execution, for the simple rea
son that his authority Is not only ques
tioned but is also Ignored by those under
"But the real secret of Japan's great
ness Is not due to mental brilliancy, as Is
generally thought. Their success is due to
their enormous industry. They have pati
ence to master details, which Is a neces
sary requisite for success In anything. As
a result of the characteristic which has
had much to do with Japanese success, I
predict that the little Japan Is within ten
years recognized as one of the greatest
powers of the world. The war Is soon
to end and Japanese power is certain."
Funeral of Engineer Dennis McCarthy
ASHLAND. Or.. Jan. 11. (Special.) The
funeral of the late- Dennis McCarthy, who
died at Albany Sunday, took place hero
today under Masonic auspices and was
very largely attended. Rev. J. W. Mc
.uougaii conducted religious services at
the Presbyterian Church.
Mr. McCarthy was one of the most wide
ly known locomotive engineers in the state
and pulled the first passenger train that
ever came Into Ashland.
Mrs. W. H. Clevenger.
ALBANY, Or.. Jan. 1L (Special.) Mrs.
W. H: Clevenger died at the family home
In this city last night after an Illness
of three wee?cs. She leaves a husband
and two sons. Frank and Willard. The
remains wilf be buried at Lebanon, where
tne lamiiy formerly resided.
of this Industry, but It la a matter of vital
Importance to the people of the entire state.
The extermination of "wildcat mining"
schemes Is suggested, because, in the
opinion of Governor Mead they have only
served to retard the advancement of le
gitimate enterprises and detracted from
the fame of the state as a mining center.
Lumber and Shingles.
Governor Mead recommends that the
Legislature carefully take this Industry
under consideration and enact laws which
will aid in restoring it to its normal pros
Under this head Governor Mead says In
Our state Is entitled to special prominence,
when compared with any other state In
the Union, as a country possessing a health
giving climate. Its abundance of fresh
water for domestic use. Its bracing air. un
tainted by' the poison of malaria, are great
factors In lessening the progress of disease.
It does not. however, possess the temper
ature and other conditions needed by those
seeking relief from pulmonary troubles that
may be found In southern climes.
It is estimated by a writer in one of the
current magazines that of the 75,000.000
living Americans 8,000.000 must inevitably
die from pulmonary tuberculosis. Neces
sarily, we must share In the terrible levy
made annually upon the lives of the peo
ple. Can we afford to be dilatory In align
ing our state with the progressive states
of the Union In declaring war upon the
great white plague which Is In fact the
scourge of the world? I ask you. there
fore, to strengthen the powers of our local
and state boards ot health, arming them
with weapons to give battle to this arch
enemy of mankind.
Lewis and Clark Exposition.
Relating to the Portland World's Fair.
Governor Mead says:
In order that the State of Washington may
be properly represented at the Lewis and
Clark Exposition to be held in the City of
Portland. Or.. June 1. 1003. this Legisla
ture ought to take up early In Its session
the question of what amount shall be ap
propriated for that purpose, how the sum
shall be "expended, and In what manner
this state shall be represented at the Ex
position. In consideration of the enterprise exhibited
by our sister State of Oregon and tho
City of Portland. Its metropolis, and la vte.w
of the possible resulting benefit to our own
state, I would recommend that this Legis
lature make a liberal appropriation and do
so at once. In order that the work contem
plated by the appropriation may be entered
upon, as but little time remains In which
to make adequate preparation for an ex
hibit. National Guard.
Governor Mead praises the present
militia on Its efficiency and advocates thn
continuance of the existing military laws
which he feels are responsible for the
excellent standing of the National Guard.
Investigation of the various state edu
cational, penal and charitable Institutions
is urged and a liberal appropriation for
the maintenance of the Soldiers' Home at
Orting is recommended.
Governor Mead's message Is in con
clusion as follows:
Unfortunately for the cause ot good gov
ernment, legislative sessions are generally
attended by a class of political cormorants
Who endeavor to usurp the powers of ac
credited members. By the exercise of skill
ful legerdemain and a finesse known to the
professional lobbyist, they frequently suc
ceed In defeating the enactment of wise
and beneficial laws. They at times chal
lenge the ability and power of the people's
representatives to act as a self-governing
parliamentary body, and too often wield
greater power than the body Itself.
Tou are the sole custodians of your pre
rogatives, solely responsible to the people
for the record you make. These enemies
of civic righteousness and good government,
bearing no commission from the people, no
letters of marque to engage In political pri
vateering, acting under no oath of office,
worshipping only the god Mammon, cher
ishing no high ideals, will haunt the corri
dors of this Capitol building from now
until adjournment. They dare not fight In
the open, for they realize that, like the fatal
basal isle "whose breath was poison ana
whose look was death." their active, open
espousal of any cause would damn It.
Allow me to quote the denunciation of
this class of legislative lobbyists by Gov
ernor Cummlngs in his message to the Iowa
Legislature ot 1002:
"The professional lobbyist ha. I regret
to say. become one of the features of legis
lative assemblies. Do not understand me
to suggest that the halls of legislation should
be Inaccessible to either the Individual or
the corporation. The lobbyist, however, who
Is for anything or against anything for hire.
whose mission is to promote one measure, or
defeat another, wbo haunts the chambers
of legislation and taints Its atmosphere
with his corrupt designs, who sends for
members for interviews In the cloakroom,
who carries a tally-sheet and watches the
roll-call, who shadows the members at their
homes and hotels. Injecting at all hours
and all places his poison Into the public
service, is a criminal whose approach, is
an Insult, and to whom the doors of the
Capitol should never swing inward."
MARSHAL iS SEIZED
J-ynden Officer Is Locked Up
in Town Jail.
COUNCIL MEETING BROKEN UP
Change of Administration in Belling-
ham Suburb Is Attended With
Scenes of Wildest Disorder
Books and Record Taken.
BELLINGHAM. Wash., Jan. 11.
(Special.) The trouble among the of
ficials of Lynden, a suburb of Belllng
ham. reached n climax last evening
when a wild mob. said to have been led
by ex-Marshal George Erz, broke Into
the City Hall, Ignored the actions of
the newly-elected Councllmen and
Mayor and took possession of all the
books and records belonging to the
city. F. B. Day. the newly-appointed
Marshal, was seized by the angry mob
and thrown into jail while the Council
room was In the possession of old Coun
cllmen and the citizens who were back
The Councllmen elected by the peo
ple in the recent election met in the
City Hall and appointed N. Bame as
Mayor pro tern.
The law says the hold-over Mayor
has power until after the second Tues
day In January after the election, but
no particular hour Is specified. The
new Councllmen set the hour and de
elded to meet at the time they did and
take charge of the affairs of the city.
POINTS FOR NEW GAME LAW
Eugene Sportsmen Reach Agreement
of Sentiment at a Meeting.
EUGENE, Or., Jan. 11. (Special.)
Local sportsmen at a meeting held last
night at the City Hall agreed to the
following summary of desirable points
in a new game law:
They are strongly opposed to any
running of deer with hounds; they fa
vor allowing shooting of male deer be
tween July 15 and November 10, female
deer from September 1 to No' ember 10,
limit of Ave per man in a ear; they
desire rigid enforcement of the law in
the case of Indians, who are ' well
known to make great slaughter and
Inaugural Address Is Firm in Tone McBride, in Retiring,
Urges Economy Upon Legislators.
In conclusion. I trust that your delibera
tions will be characterized by that spirit
of fairness and Justice that Is an attribute
of statesmanship, and that the business of
the state In your hands will be transacted
with harmony and expedition.
MEAD'S INAUGURAL ADDRESS.
Careful Attention to Public Business
OLYMPIA. Wash,, Jan. 11. Upon his
inauguration today. Governor Albert E.
Mead delivered the following address
before a vast multitude of enthusiastic
Called by my fellow-citizens to fill the
most honorable position In the councils of
the state and Intrusted with the steward
ship of the highest interests of an intelli
gent and hospitable people. I accept the in
vitation, realizing full well in advance Us
grave duties, its mtghty obligations, its
never-ending responsibilities. Its perplexing.
unsolved and almost Insoluble problems.
In obedience to your summons, and mind
ful of the confidence and trust to me ex
tended. I enter upon the prosecution of the
exalted duties of the chief executlveshlp as
prescribed by the constitution and laws of
your state and mine. I do so with the
abiding conviction that the united support of
the sterling and patriotic cltlzensblp or tnts
state, aided and influenced by the favors of
a Just, charitable and kind Providence, will
point the way and Illumine the path of my
ambition to have written In our future an
nals the simple but forceful sentence that
the fifth Governor of this commonwealth
was a faithful, energetic and courageous
servant of the people ,
No Place for Ineffieients.
Va mnclilantliin nf nnlltiral service or
personal friendship will permit the appoint
ment oi inemcient applicants in me jiuu
He service, nor retain In office a proven In
competent or unfaithful public pfflclaL From
the highest official to the lowest subordin
ate, the people are entitled to the very best
service obtainable In the state In the man
agement ot Its affairs and In the conduct of
Its business. . ,
n,,,. Inn a 1 Institutions and DUbllc
school system have been Invigorated by
bountirul contnouuon irom tne nana oi a.
generous and far-seeing government in the
form of various land grants. We bhall con
tinue, in the future, to supplement the reve
nues so received by sufficient amount raised
by direct taxation' to maintain our public
school and higher educational facilities upon
the highest plane. The National and state
governments long ago assumed the duty and
burden of standing for the education of the
children In order to be assured of an In
telligent and patriotic citizenship.
The student In the higher educational In
stitutions should receive wholesome advice
and instruction in the duties and obligations
of good citizenship, and he should be taught
to revere the form of government estab
lished by our forefathers.
American Doctrines for Youth.
Any attempt upon the part of an Instructor
or the management of any of our higher
educational Institutions to arouse In th
minds of the student body a feeling ot
prejudice or hostility towards the form of
government which has survived for more
than a century and has been the mightiest
factor known to history In advancing th
cause of civilization, or to Influence the
boys and girls ot this state to believe that
our system of government Is based upon
fallacious principles and should, therefore,
ultimately be overthrown, will receive Im
mediate attention from the executive depart
ment and the instructor engaged in the ex
ploitation of such un-Americaa ideas will
receive Immediate dlsmlssaL
Modern methods of treating and caring for
the insane confined in our charitable Insti
tutions, and the most approved method of
sanitation In the arrangement of our hos
pitals will be encouraged to the end that
those whose minds are temporarily clouded
may again see the sunlight of Intelligence
and be restored to reason and to their
friends, families and homes.
The people of this state. regard the sup
port ot the Soldiers' Home not as a duty
which Is burdensome, but as a privilege they
are happy to exercise In grateful recogni
tion of the services of their country's defend
ers. Fair Treatment for Convicts.
I recognize" the principle that penal Insti
tutions are established for the purpose of
protecting society and not to punish crim
inals to satisfy any feeling of anger or re
venge that might exist In the heart of the
Injured party. While the Inmates of the
penal Institutions will receive the punish
ment contemplated by the- law, yet they
should at all times be given the humane
treatment man owes to his brother always
and everywhere during the period of their
. . nf tne mrdofllnr DOWer. 1
acknowledge and record my confidence In the
integrity and justice aonunisierea uy um
courts. This extraordinary power ought not.
in my Judgment, to be exercised except la
extreme cases, and then only upon the assump
tion that the courts have pronounced a right
eous Judgment, but that the best Interests of
society would be subserved by Invoking and
applying this constitutional prerogative.
. - ..milnn r-ih ox M wlthfMlt In.
etinctlvely turning back to the early chapters
or our spienaia uisiorj. tc .leim iiuiu u
. , hftn-4 n!t nnrm whfeh this
t.. Aml. Hn mari RarrMl Kv flit
soclatlons and memories akin to those which
have not heretofore been prevented;,
they-favor open seasoa' for ducks and
upland birds saraes as at present, limit
of 20 ducks per day or five upland birds
per day for each hunter; .also Xavor
small license for resident hunters and
heavy license for nonresident huntars.
licenses to go to fund tor the enforce
ment of law; they also oppose selling
of game at any time.
DEATH FOLLOWED AN INSULT
Saloonkeeper Broke Man's Neck
When He Hit With Fist.
SOUTH BEND. Wash., Jan. 11. (Spe
cial.) Vincent Duckwltz. the Frances sa
loonkeeper who, angered by insulte from
Elmer Swan, gave the latter such a hard
blow with his fist as to knock him back.
and over against a saloon bar railing" -so
hard as to break his neck, was up for
preliminary, examination today before
Justice Egbert and was bound over for
trial by the Superior Court. Sympathy
is with Duckwltz. as it Is not believed that
he intended to do Swan any serious in
jury, as he has always borne, the repu
tation for being a peaceable man and not
vicious In any respect.
His only child died the next day after
the trouble, and Duckwltz was released
on his own recognizance to go home to
the funeral, walking 20 miles. He returned
Portage Engineer Has Resigned.
SALEM, Or., Jan. 11. (Special.) A.
J. McMillan, who has been In, the em
ploy of The Dalles-Cclllo Portage. Rail
way Commission, as engineer Jn charge
of the construction of the road, has
tendered his resignation. Mr. McMil
lan prepared the plans and specifica
tions upon which the construction, for
the building of the road was let, and It
was expected that he would continue to
represent the state until the work
should be completed. Ill health is tho
reason given for his resignation.
The board has not yet taken any ac
tion and will probably not do- so untir
McMillan's successor can be elected.
Corvallla Postofflce Receipts Grow.
CORVALLIS, Or.. Jan. ' 11. (Special.)
The receipts of the Corvallls postofflce
during the past year showed an Increase
of 10 per cent and during the last quar
ter of the year an Increase of 15 per cent.
The total receipts for the year. In round
numbers, were 57000. Seven years ago
the aggregate receipts were- $40, tho vol
ume of business having grown during the
period nearly 60 per cent
Secretary of Willamette Trustee.
WILLAMETTE UNIVERSITY. Salem.
Or.. Jan. 1L (Special.) Professor W H.
McCall. who has been an instructor in
German at Willamette for the past threa
vears. has been elected registrar and sec
retary of the trustees, to fill the vacancy
caused by the resignation of La ran A.
Kerr. . t
cluster around the Imperishable Plymouth Rock
or which arise from the ruins and desolation
of unhappy Jamestown, for here was rocked
the cradle of a future state; here on Septem
ber 11. 1S52. a weekly newspaper published
Its Initial number and at once dedicated) Its
columns to the plan of dividing Oregpn Ter
ritory: here It was that In the year 1852 a
Fourth of July orator In the fervency of his
eloquence first gave public utterance to the de
sire of the early pioneers for a division of
Oregon Territory, and for the creation of a
territorial government of their own.
The children of this commonwealth, who love
Its- history and revere the sacrifices of Its pio
neers, will some day. without the asslstance
of an appropriation bill, contribute from their
Individual treasuries to the building ot a
monument commemorating the sacrifices ot
those who broke the stillness of this far
Northwest, laid the corner-stone of this com
monwealth, ushered into existence a possible
new state, and planned the addition of another
star to their country's banner.
Building of an Empire.
We may advert, at this time, to the simple
story of the rise and upbuilding of American
commonwealths, and contrast the splendid op
portunities we now enjoy with the conditions
which existed early In the history of this ter
ritory. We have advanced since then with
amazing rapidity. Our progress, however, could
not have been so marked had we not been en
dowed by the God of creation with a variety
of resources and with an industrious, liberty
loving. God-fearing citizenship drawn from
the sturdy loins of the descendants of Puritan
and Cavalier. Invigorated with the industrious
emmlgrant from the crowded centers of North
ern Europe, who rapidly assimilated with the
character of American citizenship. All con
centratlng in this far Northwest to force from
the rugged face of Nature the golden plenty
of peace and comfort, and to pursue the high
est mission of mankind, that of transforming
a wilderness Into homes.
When the humble Nazarene walked upco
earth among men, our mighty forests were
planted upon the ocean aide of a precipitous
mountain range, from which we have furnished
material for the construction of homes and
habitations of an empire. In the valleys and
plains lying upon the east slope "the wheat
looks the sunshine In the bearded sheaf." and
the husbandman sends the llfeblood pulsating
through the veins of a million human bodies.
Memory of the Empire.
I have no foreboding of the future of this
state to express; no discordant note to sound;
no gloomy picture to paint of the destiny of
this fair land now having Just passed the half
century mark of Its existence as a territory
and state. The period of our state's Infancy
may well be rehearsed upon occasions such aa
this when friends and fellow-cltlxena gather to
witness the coming and the departure of those
commissioned by the people to transact the
So long as the English language Is spoken
the memory of our early pioneers, led on by
that Intrepid and indefatigable citizen and sol
dier, Isaac L. Stevens, will be cherished. Splen
did examples of typical American citizenship
were they. Citizen and soldier upon one day;
builders of commonwealth and lawmakers upon
the next. God bless their memory, and prosper
the fortunes of their successors in the nobis
service of Improving and extending the edifice
of our State Government in order that It may
fully protect, benefit and comfort Its citizens.
M'BRIDE URGES ECONOMY.
Hopes Washington Legislature Will
Pass Effective Commission Law.
OLYMPIA, Wash., Jan. 1L Governor
Henry W. McBride today read his annual
message to the Legislature. In the mes
sage the retiring Governor called atten
tion to the wholesome condition of the
state's finances, laying particular stress
upon the economical manipulation of vari
ous funds, which has resulted In the re
turn of about $90,000 to the State Treas
ury. Governor McBride was emphatic in cau
tioning the Legislature against making
large appropriations, which, he argued,
would only serve to Increase the state In
debtedness, and urged that the state In
stitutions for the insane and incorrigl
bles and the educational institutions wero
their first consideration in estimating ap
propriations. The Governor further urged that meas
ures be adopted to have the Washing
ton contribution to the "reclamation fund"
expended for exploiting Irrigation in the
The message embraced reference to sev
eral matters of local Importance and was
concluded with the following paragraphs
relating to the Railroad Commission:
I feel like congratulating the people of the
state upon the fact that sentiment Is now al
most unanimous In favor of the passage of a
railway commission bill. Many who have been
bitterly opposed to It In the past now seem to
be clamoring for the enactment of such a
measure. Their sincerity will be put to the
test during this session. It Is needless for me
to say that thers are commission bills and
commission bills. A commission bill that Is a
commission bill In name only, instead of quiet
ing, would serve to increase the agitation that
has been carried on In this state upon this
What Is needed la a regulative, appointive
railway commission, clothed with ample power
to remedy existing abuses. Any other kind of
a commission. In my Judgment, would prove to
be worse than useless. I trust the wisdom of
this Legislature may be sufficient to-settle this
question properly, for. In my Judgment, It will
never be settled In this state until It la settled