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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MORNING QREGOKlik, JLY ;jAtTATY , l&OS.
USE THE f URESIS
President Says Tliey MUst,Not
jBe - Destroyed,.
DEMAND' POR LUMBER -GROWS
He Appeals;' tS. .Producer and . Con
sumers VFaritt-iPraiucU'.t Aid
Government' In Werk How
France Manages Fireete.
WASHINGTON, r. 31: '5.-n-Tresldcnt
Roosevelt ins tne rlndpal' speaker at a
special session o th.e American forestry
Congress, held this -afternoon at the Na
tional Theater. As the President ap
peared before the immense audience,
which filled overs; part ol the house, the
people received, him standing. . -evlille the
theater rangwJth applause and the or
chestra played patriotic air.
Secretary Wilson presided oyer the ses
sion, and many ot the most distinguished
people In official and social life were in
uc audience." Secretary Taft and Mrs.
Tatt, Secretary' Hltchc&ck, Mrs, Hitch
cock and Miss Hitchcock and Sir .Morti
mer Durand,-th"e British Ambassador, oc
cupied boxes. On the stage were many
prominent members of the Forestry Con
gress. Secretary Wilson, in presenting Presi
dent Roosevelt, who was the first speaker,
made no address, simply introducing Mr.
Roosevelt as the President of the United
Btates. After the applause bad subsided,
the President spoke as follows, his ad
dress being punctuated frequently with
Address by the President.
It ia -a pleasure to greet the members of
the American Forestry Congress. Tou have
made, by your coming, a meeting which Is
without parallel In the history of forestry.
For the first time the great buaineis and the
forest Interests of the Nation have Joined to
gether, through delegates altogether -worthy
of the organization ' they represent, to con
sider their Individual and their common In
terests In -the forest. This meeting may well
be called a concrete ot forest users, for that
you are users of the forest, come together to
consider how best to combine use with con
servatism, is to me full of the most hope
ful possible promise for our forests.
The producers, the manufacturers and the
great common, carriers of the Nation had long
Sailed to realise their true and vital relation
to the great forests of the United States., and
forests and lnduttrles both suffered from that
failure. But the time of Indifference and
misunderstanding h&a gone by. Your coming
Is a very great step toward the solution of
the forest problem, a problem which cannot
be settled until It Is settled right. And It
cannot be settled right until the forces which
bring that settlement about come, not from the
Government, not even from the newspapers
and public sentiment In general, but from
the active, intelligent and effective Interest
of the men to whom the forest la Important
from tba business point of view, because they
use It and Its products, and whose Interest
in, therefore concrete Instead of general and
Question for Users of Forests.
I do not In the least underrate the power
ot the awakened public opinion, but in the
final test It will be the attitude of the Indus.
tries ot the country which more than any-.
thing else will determine whether or not our
forests at to bo preserved. This Is true b
c&ufte by far the greater part of all our for
must pass Into the hands of forest users,
whether directly or through the Government,
which will continue to hold some ot them,
but only as trustee. The forest Is for use
and Its users will decide its future.
The great significance of this congress
comes from the fact tbat henceforth the
movement for the conservative use of the
forest In to come mainly from within, not
from without; from the men who are active
ly interested in the use of the lorest In one
way or another, even more than from those
whose Interest Is phllanthroplo and general.
The difference means to a large extent the
difference between- mere agitation and actual
execution, between the hope of accomplish
ment and the thing done. We believe that at
last forces have been set In motion which
will convert the only distant prospect of the
conservation of the forest by wise use Into
the practical accomplishment of that great
end: and of thts most hoperul and significant
fact the coming together of this congreis is
the nufflplent proof.
' More Wood Is .Used.
The pjace of the forest in the life of any
nation iser to.o large, to be described in
the tlmo- at "my. command. This Is particu
larly, truc'-of Jts place In the United States.
The great industries of agriculture, trans
portatlon. mining, grazing -and, of course,
lumbering, are each one of them vitally and
irr.Tnedls.lely dependent upon wood, water or
crass from the forest. The manufacturing
Industries, whether or not wood enters dl
rectly nto their finished product, are scarce
ly, if at all, .less dependent upon the forest
than those whose connection with It Is obvi
ous and direct. Wood Is an Indispensable
part of the material structure upon which
civilization rests, and civilized life makes
continually greater demands upon the for
est. We use not less wood, but -more. For
example, although we consume relatively
less wood and relatively more steel or brick
or cement In certain Industries than was
once the case, yet In every Instance which
1 recall, the amount of wood used Is very
great. Thus, the consumption of wood In
shipbuilding Is far -larger than it was before
the discovery of the art ot building iron
ships, because vastly more- ships are built.
Xrger supplies ofw building lumber are re
quired, directly or Indirectly, for use In the
construction of the brick and steel and
stone structures of great modern cities than
were consumed by the comparatively few
and comparatively small, wooden buildings
In the earlier stages of these, same "cities.
Whatever materials may be substituted for
Wood In certain uses, we may confidently
expect that the total demand for wood will
not diminish, but steadily Increase.
Must Avert Timber Famine.
it: i a fair question, then, whether the
vast demands of the future upon our for
ests are likely to be met. No man is a true
lover of his country whose confidence in its
progress and greatness Is limited to the
period of his own life, and we cannot afford
for one Instant to forget that our country Is
only at the beginning of Its growth. Unless
the forests r the United States can be made
ready to meet the vast demands which this
growth will inevitably bring, commercial
disaster is Inevitable. The railroads must
have ties, and the best opinion ot the ex
perts la that no substitute has been discov
ered which will satisfactorily replace the
wooden tie. This Is largely due to the great
and continually Increasing speeds at which
our trains are run. The miner must have
timber or he cannot operate his mine, and in
many cases the profit which mining yields
Is directly proportionate to the cost of the
The fanner. EStt. and WesJ. must have
timber for.' numberless uses tmhls farm, and
he must be protected by forest cover upon
the headwaters of the streams he uses.
against flood In the East and the lack of
water for Irrigation In the West. The stock
man must have fence posts and very often
he must have Summer range for his stock
in the National forest reserves. In a ward.
both the production of the great staples and
the movement In commerce throughout tt,
United States ars inseparably dependent
upon th existence ot permanent and suit,
able supplies from the forest at a reason
If the present rata of forest destruction Is
allowed to continue, a timber famine tc
obviously Inevitable. Fire, wasteful aad de
structive forms of lumbering, and legitimate
" us, are together destroying our forest re
source far more rapidly the they are bet
lag replaced. What such a famine would
nean to each of the taauatriei of tk "U ailed
States. It-- Is scarcely possible. io,-lauaee.v
And the seriod of recovert- froaathe mhi-
rles which "a. timber famUie would sall
would be seizure by the alowgrawth. of.
the trees tbenuelrea. ' "!
Tfawe Interested MuttHtfJ-
Fortunately the remedy is a .simple one.
and your presence here Is proof that it Is
being applied. It is to the rreat merit of
the Department ot Agriculture In It forest
work that Its efforts have been directed to
enlist the sympathy and co-operation rt the
users of wood, water and grass, and to show
that forestry will pay and does pay,, rather
than to exhaust Itaelt'la the futile attempt
to introduce conservative methods by any
other means. The department gives, advice
and assistance, which it will be worth bur
while to know more about, and Its policy
Is one of helpfulness throughout, and never
of hostility or coercion toward any legitimate-
In the very nature of things, it can make
little progress apart from you. Whatever It
may be possible .for the Government to ac
complish, its work must ultimately fall un
less your Interest and support give It per
manence and power. It is only as the pro
ducing and commercial Interests ot the
country come to realize that they need to
have trees growing up in the forest not less
than they need the product of the. trees
cut down that we may hope to see the per
manent prosperity of both safely secured.
This statement is true not only as to for
ests in private ownership, but as to the
National forests as welL Unless the men
from the West believe In forest preservation.
the Western forests cannot be preserved.
The policy unSer which the President cre
ates those National forests Is a part of the
general policy ot the Administration to give
every part of the public lands their highest
use. Tbat policy can be given effect In the
long run only through the willing assistance
of the Western people, and that such assist
ance will be- given in full measure there, can
be no longer any doubt.
I assert with all the Intensity that I am
capable of. that thei men of the West will
remember the sharp distinction I have tfrawn
between the roan who skins the land and the
man who develops the country. I am going
to work with, and only with, the man who
develops the country. I ant against the land
skinner every time. Our policy Is consistent.
to give to every portion or the "public domain
Its highest possible amount of development.
and, of course, that can be given only through
the hearty co-operation of the Western people.
' Concentrate the Work.
I want to add a word as to the creation
of a National forest service which I have
recommended repeatedly in' messages to the
Congress, -and especially in the last. I mean
the concentration of all the forest work of
the Government in the Department of Agri
culture. As I had occasion to say. over
and over again, the policy which this Ad
ministration Is trying to carry, out through
the creation of such a service is tbat of
making the National forest more actively
and more permanently useful to the people
of the West, and I am heartily glad to know
that Western sentiment supports mere and
more vigorously the policy of setting aside
National forests, the policy of creating a
National forest service, and especially the
policy of Increasing the permanent useful
ness of these forest lands to all those who
come in contact with them.
With what is rapidly getting to be the
unbroken sentiment of the West behind this
forest policy and with what is Tapldly get
ting to be the unbroken support ot the great
industries behind the general policy of the
conservative use of the forest, we have a
right to feel that we have entered on an era
ot great and lasting progress. Much, very
much, yet remains to be done, but the fu
ture is bright, and the- permanence of our
timber supplies la tar more nearly assured
than at any previous time in our history.
To the men whom this Congress contains
and represents this great result is due.
In closing I wish to thank you who are
present not merely for what you are doing
in this particular movement, but for the fact
that you are Illustrating what I may call the
typical American methods of meeting, ques
tion ot great and. vital importance to the
Nation tne method or seeing whether the in
dividuals particularly concerned cannot, by
getting together and co-operating with the
Government, do lnfilnltely more for themselves
than It would be possible for any government
to do for them. I believe In the future of
this -movement becants I think" you have-tha
right combination of qualities the quality
Of Individual Initiative, the quality of Indi
vidual resourcefulnees. combined with the
quality that enables you to come together for
mutual help, and, having so come together,
to work with the Government, and I pledge
you In the fullest measure the support of the
Government in what you are doing.
At the conclusion of the address, the
President, bowing his acknowledgments
'to the -audience, left the theater and re
turned to the White House, the audience
standing and the band playing "The Star
Spangled Banner" before he left the stage.
Secretary Wilson then Introduced M.
Jusscrand, the Ambassador of France,
who delivered an address on "The Forest
Policy of France."
How They Do It in France.
After, a complimentary allusion to the
President, he referred to the destruction
of trees which had come (under -his ob
servation in trips over portions of the
United States, and said he questioned
whether we could continue to be so lav
ish. He continued:
The policy of France In the matter of forests
Is a time-honored one. There is a national
school of forestry, where the sound principles
of forestry are taught. The French forests
have .not only a code, but an army of 6000
foresters, rangers and keepers a real army,
submitted to military discipline, which In time
of war is transferred from the Ministry of
Agriculture to the Department of War. When
the owner of mountains or mountain slopes
refuses to reforest them if denuded, the gov.
ehment has the right to pay him a fair sum
for his land and expel him and plant the treear
so Important Is It considered for the whole
Now the question Is, Which sort of forest is
to be favored here? It-is a great thing for this
country to know what your Intentions
are and what you mean to do. In doing it, in
fulfilling your duty as good foresters. It soon
happens that you will at the same time second
what Is uppermost In the mind of every good
American, that Is. to help, so tar as is in
you. to the spreading of civilization. L
In conclusion, he pointed out that there
are two great classes of forests and no
more the wild and the civilized "forest
People who know forests only through
books fancy that the wild forest is the
thing, but the truth Is quite different
Forests need the eye, the mind, the heart
-When the Ambassador had concluded,
the band played "The Marseillaise."
Other speakers at the session were How
ard Elliott president of the. Northern Pa
cific Railroad, who, la discussing "De
pendence of Business Interests on the
Forests." showed the Importance of the
railroads co-operating cordially with the
Government' In the preservation of tim
ber lands, the interests ot both belhj de
pendent the one upon the other; President
Hill, of the Great Northern Railroad:
members of both houses of Congress and
representatives of educational Institutions,
lumber and livestock Interests.
The board of directors reported action
looking to the creation ot. an advisory
board of the Forestry Congress, to consist
of representatives of various Industrial
bodies and to meet annually In Washing
ton. Charles F. Manderson. general so
licitor of the Chicago. Burlington &
Qulncy. and ex-United States Senator
from Nebraska, characterized the preser
vation of the timber Industry of the coun
try as "the paramount l3sue." and urged
the planting and husbanding of timber
wherever trees can be grown. He spoke
of the enormouH demands for ties.
"Of the ties nqw on the railroad tracks
of the country," he said, "10 per cent havs
to be replaced annually: their average
cost Is So cents, making fen annual expen
diture for this purpose of W5.008t00 which
is exclusive of the labor employed and
cost ot local transportation, No feasible
substitute lias been found for the wooden
tie.' He urj;ed the repeal of the timber
and stone land sale act
Herman von chrenk. of -the Bureau or
Forestry, detailed the good results al
ready announced In the preservative treat
ment of railroad timbers to prolong their
KELSON SAYS LAND IS DRY
Only One Per Cent of Arizona and
New Mexico Can Be Irrigated, Says
Wolcott Western Senators
. Oppose Territory Unian.
WASHINGTON. Jan. 5 The joint
statehood bill' again today occupied the
major portion of the attention of the
Senate and Nelson completed his speech
in support of It The omnibus claims
bill was read In part but no effort waa
made to secure action on It Bills- for
the reorganization of the medical corps
of the Army and regulating promotions
of Army officers in the Ordnance De
partment were passed.
One of the most elaborate floral designs
ever exhibited In the Senate chamber, sur
mounted the desk of Burrows. It was
a map in flowers of the State of Michi
gan, and was a testimonial from admiring
friends as a compliment upon the Sen
ator's renomlnatlon for the Senate.
The credentials of Murphy J. Foster as
Senator from Louisiana were presented
and placed, on flic. ,
A resolution from the eommittee on
printing ordering the printing of 10,000
copies of the report of. the Commlsslojier
of Corporations was agreed to. A resolu
tion from the committee on privileges and
election's fixing 1 o'clock on February 8
for the canvass by the two houses of
Congress of the vote cast at the late
Presidential election was agreed to.
In connection with the consideration of
a bill concerning the rental of Consuls'
quarters, Teller (Dem., Colo.) called atten
tion to the need of more Consular offices
In Mexico, and Cullom (Rep.. 111.), as
chairman of the committee on foreign re
lations, promised that the matter should
have attention. "
The bill under consideration amends the
revised statutes by removing the limita
tions of 20 per cent of the salary of Con
suls for rent and permitting the allowance
of a reasonable sum for expenses. The
bill was passed.
The following bills also were passed:
Prescribing means for the promotion of
Army dfflcers ot the line while on duty in
the Ordnance Department and fixing the
number of officers of all grades in tbat
Providing for the reorganization of the
medical department of the Army, creat
ing a reserve corps and doing away with
most of the contract surgeons.
Consideration of the statehood bill be
ing resumed. Nelson (Rep., Minn.) con
tinued his speech in support ot the meas
ure. In the course of his address. Nelson was
Interrogated by a number of Senators,
among them being Fo raker, who called
attention to the proviso to the act of the
Territory of Arizona, continuing- it as
"Is not that proviso in the nature ot a
pledge for the continuance of 'the terri
tory as It was created as such until it
should be transformed into a stater
asked the Ohio Senator, but Nelson did
not assent to the proposition.
"But," he said, "even If It was a
pledge. It was not an Irrevocable one.
for Congress remains absolutely In con
trol of the territories until they- become
states, so that it Is perfectly ' competent
to "change boundaries If desired to so do."
Nelson argued that while New' Mexico
and Arizona coyer an extended area, the
section has been backward In develop
ment and will continue to be so. owing to
the lack of moisture. He did not admit
as was suggested by Foraker. that the
backwardness was due to the presence of
hostile Indians or the existence of Mexi
can land grants. He read a letter from
i)Jrector Wolcott of the Geological Sur
vey, saying that only about 1.300.000 acres
of land in Arizona and New Mexico, or.
1 per cent of the total area, was under
irrigation or capable of irrigation.
Newlands and Heyburn joined in the
debate, asking Nelson concerning condi
tions In the Territories of New Mexico
and Arizona, and Indicating objections to
their union. Nelson maintained that
joint statehood would be best for all the
people. He concluded at 4 P. M., and the
Senate went Into executive session.
At 4:10 the doors were reopened and the
statehood bill was laid aside temporarily
In order to allow the omnibus claims bill
to be partly read. At 4:45 the Senate
TO RESUME SMOOT CASE.
Many More Witnesses in Utah and
Idaho Are Summoned.
SALT LAKE CITY, Jan. 6. About 30
witnesses for the defense In the Smoot
Investigation, which will be resumed In
Washington on Tuesday next have been
subpenaed in Utah and Idaho. Most ot
these arc men prominent in the business
and political life of the two' states. Two
women have been summoned. Senator
Smoot, Congressman Howell, Attorneys
Worthlngton and Van Cott and a large
number of witnesses departed for the East
Would Send Minister to Morocco.
. WASHINGTON, Jan. 5. Secretary
Treasury, has asked Congress to ap- J
propriate $7,500 annually to provide I
for an Envoy "Extraordinary and
Minister Blcnipotentiary to Morocco.
He urges that the , establishment of 1
such a mission should not be delayed. !
Our relations with that country are
Trowing, he says, and there are possi
bilities for a large volume ot trade.
Cabinet Dinner at White House.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 5. Tho Cabinet
dinner, the first of the formal evening
social funptions at the White Houso
for the season of 1905, took place to
night Conger Leaves Pekln.
PEKIN, Jan; 5. Mr. Conger, the Ameri
can Minister, left Pekln today for the
Philippines. Secretary Cooltdge assumed
charge of the Legation.
Senate Will at Last Yield to Negro
WASHINGTON, Jan. 5. Tho Senate
committee on commerce. today authorized
a favorable report on the nomination ot
W. B. Crum to be collector of the port
of Charleston, 8. C Confirmation of the
Crum nomination has been opposed for
three sersions of Congress by Senator
Tillman on the ground that "a colored
man is objectionable to many of those who
conduct business- through the Charleston
Crum le filling the position ot collector
under a third recess appointment and the
indications are that ;tic will now be con
firmed by the Senate despite the objec
tions of Senator Tillman.
Cemrnisslo Will do Ahead.
PARIS, Jan. The stateaoeat pub
lished in the 'Unite States that farther
proceedings of Jftt JateimMepal Cocn
mlsslofe os- thW North'- Sea. eitaJrj have
keen aoqrsedTftintO Yzhcmxy la" uprue.
Rcar-Admiral 'iavla prkanjToat th.t the
commission itself has taken no' aech
action and -that the eely ether peeelMe
wSy'to reach such, an aeJouriUBecit would
be Xot Russia .and .Great' 'Britain, to
amend the protocol, which has not been
done and Is not contemplated. Tke sec
retary of the' Russian delegation alio posi
tively denies the report It Is said that
Vlce-Admlral Doubassoff and Admiral
Baron von Spaun will arrive hero tojaor-
.tow, thus completing, the : commission.
wnicn win reassemoie on jsonaay. Jan
EYE 02 SAHT0 DOXTJSGO.
Monroe Doctrine May Require United
States to Step In.
New York. A special to the Journal of
Commerce from Washington says:
"At intervals throughout the past year
there has been talk in Washington of the
possibility of some form of intervention
by the-Covernment of the United States
In the affairs of the republic xt Santo
Domingo. There is no doubt that the
progress of events In that turbulent coun
try has been watched very closely and
with some anxiety by the President and
theState Department but the success of
Morales in establishing some degree of or
der In the republic, since the last gen
eral Insurrection, has removed the prob
ability of immediate intervention -that
might have existed had the conditions
that prevailed a year ago continued. Re
cently there has been a revival ot the
talK of nossible Intervention, resulting
largely from the paragraph In President
Roosevelt's annual mesage on the policy
of the United States toward other nations
ot the Western Hemisphere and his sig
nificant reference to the countries washed
by the Caribbean Sea. The recent speech
by ex-8ecretary of War Root lias also
"been regarded as pointing to the taking
up. by. the United States bt the task ot
regulating the financial and administrative
affairs ot Santo Domingo.
"It can be stated positively that the
tAdmlnlstr&tionghas given consideration to
the possibility that the situation in the
Dominican republic may become such that
the United States will have to take posi
tive action or stand by and allow some
European country to undertake the task
of regulating Dominican affairs Under
the Interpretation put on the Monroe doc
trine b- the Administration. European in
tervention will not be permitted. Action
by the United States might be brought
about by any one of three causes or by
a combination of them. The President
would probably feel called upon to tako
a very decided stand against any form of
European intervention, even though It
ml-ht not be more drastic than, the con
fiscation of the customs receipts at the
ports of the republic for the satisfaction
of European creditors. He might be led
to intervene in the event of another gen
eral insurrection aad the prevalence of a
state of anarchy. The third way In
which intervention might possibly be
brought about would be through the mal
treatment or oppression of American cttl
ns residing In the republic or having
business interests there.
"It has been predicted tbat. in the
event of action by the United States being
necessary to prevent forcible steps being
taken by some other country in the in
terests of foreign creditors, the plan of
action that would be adopted by this
country would be limited to the taking
possession of part of the customs bouses.
if not ail of them, and the setting aside
a part of the receipts for the benefit of
the foreign creditors. It is not certain
that intervention would not go much far
ther than this. There are certain ele
ments in the republic. Including some of
the business interests, that would' like to
see the United States take at least tern
porary charge of the government of the
republic, such as was done In the Island
of Cuba durirfg- the military government
In support of this plan. It is argued that
the mere taking possession of the custom
houses and superintending the collection
of the revenues, while It might be satis
factory to the foreign creditors, would
result In little If any Improvement of con
ditions In the republic Itself. It is ar
gued that it would really result In Uip.sa
conditions becoming worse, as the cus
toms receipts now form tho principal
source or xominican revenue: and if thev
should be withheld tho government of the
republic would bo reduced to sore straits,
"For many years past the naval strate-
gists of the United States have looked
upon Samana Bay, In Santo Domlniro.
with, covteous eyes. Commanding, as it
aoes. tne Mona passage, between the
Islands of Haiti and Porto Rico, its pos
session Dy tne united states would h
particularly advantageous, since It has
been determined that the Panama Canal
is to be constructed by this Government
In the event of intervention by the
united states in any form It Is Jiot lm
possible that the right to establish a
naval station In Samana Bay would be
ERTEuDZR HANDLED B0TJGHLY
Alleged Burglar Is Overpowered and
Held for Police.
After a fierce struggle at an early
nour tnia morning. F. J. Kirke was
knocked out and held for the. police by
J. R, Radies. proprietor of the City
view notei. ana jsa hutt, Radies son-in-law.
Burelarv was the ohnri-A ni9M
against the prisoner's name at the po
nce station, wncre ne was sent by Pa
Kirke made a desperate effort to es
cape from the hotel, after he was dis
covered pillaging a room. Pursued by
Radies and Huff he hrolc th
glass door. In po 'doing, he cut his hands
so badlv that It was npcppjmrv fnr rJn.
tain Moore to summon Assistant City
rnysiaan biocum to dress the wounds.
KCfor Klrkf urntiM nuhmlf ha Va1 m
be knocked out He fought madly, but
jtiun, wno is an atniete. proved too much
for him, and he was made to lay on
the floor In the hallway of the hotel until
Patrolman Stuart arrived. He was then
handcuffed and taken to- jail In a patrol
wagon in charge of officers'.
Kirke declares he is a member of the
crew of the British ship Caledonian. Cap
tain Mansfield, now at Port Blakcley.
Wash., nine mlicea from- Seattle. He
had all his trouble and the arrest "for
nothing, as be did hot succeed in getting
anything bat of the room.
Gorgeous Wedding GiftT
BERLIN. Jan. 5. The ioint wedding gift
ot 100 cities of Prussia to Crown Prince
Frederick William and the Duchess Ce
celia of Mecklenburg-Schwerln. "on the oc
casion of their approaching -marriage, to
which Invitations to contribute were sent
out by a committee of Mayors yesterday,
will represent about 1 cent apiece from
each Prussian city dweller. The present
will be a silver table service for 50 per
sons aad. of more than 1090 pieces of orig
inal designs, costing 125.000, or $25,OX more
than the similar service given to the im
perial pair in 1SS1.
The Turk Refuses to Believe. -LONDON,
Jan. 5. The Turkish Ambas.
sador here said to the Associated Press
"I have no knowledge whatever tending
to confirm the report (printed in the
United States) of the surrender of the
Turkish, garrison at Sanraa. (capital ot
Yemen province, Arabia), I regard the
report as an entire fabrication."
Yellow Fever Cases en Steamer.
HAVANA, Jan. 5. The steamer Dora,
from Colon and Panama, has brought
here 11 passengers,' three of whom, ill
with what may prove to be yellow fever,
have been takes tothe -detention hos
pital. The ofbvr errs hav ben
COTTON AND "CURRENCY
TVO SUBJECTS OF DEBATE , OC-
' CURY. TIME OFt-yOUSE.
Southerners Attack Cotton Crop Esti
mates, and Hill Worries House
With Intricate Interest Tables.
WASHINGTON. Jan. 3. The Govern
ment's cotton report as prepared by the
agricultural and census bureau, formed
the subject -ot an extended discussion in
the House today. Representative- Living
ston, of Georgia, attacked the reliability
of the Government's estimates and
charged that the inaccuracy of the figures
had created a panic in the cotton market
The question came up on a motion by
Wads worth, chairman of the committee
on agriculture, to lay on the table the
resolution presented by Livingston sev
eral weeks ago calling upon the Secretary
of Agriculture for Information regarding
the method of collecting cotton statistics.
The motion to lay on the table prevailed
after Wads worth of New York, Lpvering
of Massachusetts and Sims of 'Tennessee
had vigorously assailed the Government's
estimate. The bill to Improve currency
conditions was further discussed, but ad
journment was taken without final action
When the House convened, Wadsworth
submitted a report on the resolution re
quiring the Secretary of Agriculture to
funush certain Information regarding cot
ton statistics, with the recommendation
that as the estimates of the Department
t)f Agriculture were .found to be honestly
and Intelligently made, the resolution lie
on the table.
Livingston demanded tlmo to be heard
In favor ofcthe resolution, alleging that he
had rrad no oppo.rtunity to speak in its
favor before the committee. It finally
wag agreed that the subject should be dis
cussed for two hours. Pending Its con
sideration. Llttauer, from the committee
on appropriations, reported the fortifica
tions appropriation bill.
In criticising the action of the commit
tee in ordering the resolution to lie on
the table, Livingston eald that there was
nothing !n his resolution which charged
dishonesty or falsehood on the part of the
Agricultural Department but there was
dissatisfaction In the South over the de.
partment's report The cause for this.
he said, was that the department esti
mated the acreage of cotton last year
more than 1.000,000 acres too much, and
corrected the estimate In October.
"The department" he said, "that could
make a mistake of LOCO. 000 acres In the
production of cotton In the South In one
season ought to give the country the In
formation upon which such estimate was
The Inaccuracy of the census and agri
cultural figures, he declared, had pro
duced a panic at a most unexpected time,
Burleson defended the Government
estimates, and vehemently declared that
the "gentleman from Georgia nor any
other man can name one single producer
of cotton content with receiving the legiti
mate price for his staple tbat Is. the
price fixed by the law ot supply and de
The debate was brought to a close by
bcott a member of the agriculture com
mittee, who defended the committee rec
By a vote of SO to 17, the resolution
then was laid on the table. The House, on
motion of Hill, then went Into committee
of the whole Tor the future consideration
of the bill to improve currency condt
Fowler, chairman of the committee on
banking and currency, called attention
to the remarks that had been made in
the House about the payment of Interest
on Government deposits, and said he had
received information from the Secretary
of the -Treasury which proved conclusively
tnat no bank anywhere In the United
States, under any conditions, could afford
to pay interest at any rate.
For nearly an hour Hill, with the aid of
an immense chart explained certain fig
ures bearlns on rates of Interest on bonds
In different parts of the country. Will
iams of Mississippi ridiculed the explana
tions of Hill as "the supremcst sort of
fallacy," and said Hill "has me. so
wrapped up In figures that I don't know
what has become of my nervous system."
The bill was laid aside and the House
at 4:36 P. M. adjourned until tomorrow
SHE DODGES SERVICE.
Rich Woman Evades Testifying in
XEW YORK. Jan. 5. Following un3uc
ccssful attempts of representative of Dis
trict Attorney Jerome to serve a subpena
tonight on W. R. Gelcheng. widow of tho
ex-president of tho Fairfield National
Bank, at her home on Fifth avenue, a
letter was made" public at the District
Attorney's office, which was written by
air. Jerome to iirs. Gelcheng. who Is
wanted as a witness before the grand
Jury tomorrow in the investigation grow
ing out of the Morse-Dodge divorce
The letter requested Mrs. Gelcheng to
appear at Mr. Jerome's office on Janu
ary 3, 4 or 5, but Mrs. Gelcheng failed to
appear. After the subpena's service
failed to find Mrs. Gelcheng several of
her servants were summoned to appear
before the grand Jury.
Tho object of her evidence before the
grand Jury was not made public. Mr.
Morse was an executor of the estate left
by 'Mr. Gelcheng, which. It is understood,
ran up into millions of dollars.
Ocean Liner Runs Aground.
NEW YORK, Jan. 6. The Hamburg
American Line steamer Prlnz Ad'elbert,
from Palermo and Naples, with pas
sengers and a general cargo. Is report
ed aground in New York lower bay.
The vessel struck shortly after 1
o'clock this morning in the "Wash Chan
nel, near Romcr beacon, as she was
coming up the lower harbor from sea.
The vessel is in no danger.
Of Interest on Rural Routes.
BUCYRUS O.. Jan. 5. Postmaster
Hall, of this city. Has a ruling from the
Government which Is of Interest to
every community where the rural free
delivery system is in force. A local
carrier found in a mall box on hjs route
two letters that were intended for the
Scott's Emulsion .
' the old sory, told times
without number and repeated
ever and over again for the
last thirty years. But it's
ailways a welcome story to
those in need of strength and
health. There's nothing in
the world that stops wasting
diseases asquickly as, Scott's
Well Med yos a isaplc. free
SCOTT& Purl Sfteet, KaarYefk.
Potache, ifcLangblin Bros. prize-wjnning 2-year-oTd and no
doubt the greatest Percheron stallion of his. age in. Americltoday, was
sold last week to Mr. T. K. Faucett, of Cbrvallis, Oregon! ,"Also the
World's Fair prize-winning 3-year-old. Belgian stallion Fortin, was
sold to Mr. James L Edison and others, of Silverton, Oregon. The
horsehreeders of the Pacific Northwest atfe extending the glad hand to
McLaughlin Bros., the world's largest importers of Percheron and
French Coach horses, who are bringing to Portland the very best
-horses Francs produces. Their terms and guantee are the most
liberal and this makes it possible for any neighborhood to' own one of
these magnificent stallions.
"Write x)r call on B. M. and J. M. Slonaker, "Western representa
tives, Frazier & McLean's. Livery Barn, Fifth and Taylor Streets,
SECURITY SAVINGS AND
266 MORRISON STREET, PORTLAND, OR.
STATEMENT OF CONDITION JANUARY 1, 1905
Bonds , SS2454.91
Real Estate H;lS8.10
Cash and Due from Correspondents 471,069.15
- ' ' $3,516,490.31
Surplus "....- 125,000.00
Undivided Profits ; 10.808.66
INTEREST PAID ON SAVINGS ACCOUNTS AND
ON TIME CERTIFICATES OF DEPOSIT
C. A. DOLFH
A. L. MILLS
owner of tho box and had. been put
there by some one "Jn passing. Tho
letters were confiscated and sent to
the Government at Washington with a
request for a ruling-. -The Government
approved the action or the carrier and
said that all mall found In any box
without stamps or the proper amount
of money for postage musf be collected
and taken to the post office from which
the route is operated and held for post
age. This ruling means that the owner
of the mall box has absolutely no con
trol over It. -.
To Permanently Endow Hacvard.
BOSTON. Jan. 5. The Advertiser to
morrow' will say: Plans are being work
Tear a.n Alleocfcs Plaster in two, lengthwise, and apply on
solea of feet; renew the plaster every time the feet ars
"bathed. Yon will be surprised how It will relieve rheu
matism in the feet or ankles.
For tired or lame feet relief is afforded at once.
Alkcck's Plasters ere tfee original aad genuine porous platters aedbara
aeTer bean equalled a paiE-curw. We guarantee them to contain no beUa
doaaa, opium or any poison trhaterer. Absolutely safa, wonderfaUy csratlva.
Iftstet Upo Having ADcock's.
potency thoroughly cured. No failure. Cure guaranteed.
YOUNG HkiS troubled with night emissions, dreams, exhausting drains,
bashfulnees. aversion to society, which deprive you of your manhood, UNFIT
YOU fr BUBIXKSS OK MARRIAGE. , ,
MIDDLE-AGKD HEN, who from excesses and strains have lost their
BLOOD AND SKIK DISEASES, Syphilis. Gonorrhoea., painful, bloody urine,
Gleet, Stricture, Enlarged Prostate, Bexual pebilltv VaricoceleydroceJe, Kid
ney and Liver troubles cured without MEHCUKY OR OTHER POISONOUS
DRUGS. Catarrh and rheumatism CURED.
Dr, Walkers methods are regular" and scientific. He uses no patent nos?
truraS or ready-made preparations, but cures the disease by thorough medical
treatment. His New Pampnlet on Private Diseases sent free to all men who de?
scribe their trouble. PATIEXTS cured at home. Terms reasonable. All letter
answered in plain eBvelopa. Consultation frea and sacredly confidential. Call
or or address
DR. WALKER, 181 First Street, Corner Yamhill, Portland, Or,
L. A. LEWIS
C. F. ADAMS
JAMZS F. FAILING
J. X. TEAL
ed out among the faculty of Harvard
for the raising of a permanent endow
ment rund for the university of at
least $3,000,000, while some of those in
terested hope it may reach $10,000,000.
Coming Home to Report.
ST. PETERSBURG. Jan. 5. Captain
Carl Reichmann. of the Seventeenth Unit
ed States Infantry, and Lieutenant-Colonel
W. S. Schuyler, of the Second United
States Cavalry, who were with the Rus
sian army In the Far East, and have been
recalled, have left St. Petersburg- "The
former- will stop a fortnight .in Germany
to visit relatives and the latter will go
direct to Washington and report to the
Twenty Years of Success
In the treatment of chronic diseases', such as liver,
kidney and stomach disorders constipation, diar
rhoea, dropsical swellings. Bright s disease, etc.
Kidney and Urinary
Complaints, painful, difficult, too frequent, milky or
bloody urine, unnatural discharges speedily cured.
Diseases of the Rectum
fuoh as plies, fistula, fissure, ulceration, mucous and
loody discharges, cured without the knife, pain or
Diseases of Men
Hinon nnmnn. sleet, stricture, uunatural losses. Im-