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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 2, 1905)
THE MORNING- OEEGONIA2S, MONDAY, JANTJABY 2, 1505.
JThe exhibit is designed to serve a
double purpose; to show present-day
methods of handling the mails, and to
call attention to the wonderful strides
that have been made In the develop
ment of the postal Service since Its In
auguration. A branch ppstoffice will he estab
lished In the Government building, and
will be operated daily, as a branch of
the Portland Cfrjr office. Being
equipped with all modern appliances
for handling the mails, Itwill serve as
an .object lesson to persons who have
never seen the Interior of a big post
office. A considerable portion of the space
allotted to the postal exhibit will be
devoted to a mutoscope exhibition. At
considerable expense the Department
has collected a complete set of moving
pictures, showing all phases of the
postal service. These pictures will be
shown continually each day.
One of the greatest labor-saving in
ventions of modern timeB Is the can
on a very small scale. Most of the mod
els measure, eight to ten feet in length,
and cost the Government all the way
from $10,000 to $15,000 apiece. This array
of models will Include reproductions of
the battleship Oregon, the old Maine,
which was sunk in Havana harbor: the
Brooklyn (Schley's flagship at Santiago),
the Olympla (Dewey's flagship at Manila),
besides the New York. Missouri. Colum
bia, Kearsarge, Iowa, Newark. BL Louis,
Texas, Arkansas. Nashville, Chesapeake,
Helena, Tacoma and Annapolis, and prob
ably several newer models which were
not shown, at St. Louis.
The most fascinating feature of the
model exhibit will be two working models
of dry docks, one the familiar type of
dock found at most of the navy-yards of
the world; the other a floating- dock pat
terned after the new docks recently In
stalled at New Orleans and Pensacola.
A steel dock of this same type is now
being constructed for the naval station In
the Philippines. These models will be
operated continuously, showing the man
ner of docking and undocking ships of
diminutive models of all tha ships of the
Navy? These models will be moved about
from day to day, so that at a glance a
visitor can tell the location of every ship
in the service.
f rOEESTS AND ailGATIOK.
Llfelike'Forect Scenes and Models ef
OBEGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington, Dec. 31. Because of the in
timate relation that exists between the
Bureau of Forestry and the Irrigation
Service, these two bureaus will combine
-their exhibits. In a way they will demon
strate the various kinds of work which
the Government has lately undertaken,
looking not only to the preservation and
care of Its forests, but the protection of
the water supply throughout the West,
and the application of surplus or was to
the Governs eat bulldkig. Light will strike
the pictures froaa the outside, and the
public will view the forest scenes from
the interior of the arcade, which will be
darkened. The views will show all sorts
of forest conditions In the United" States,
as well as the cutting of timber forests,
their renewal, damage done by fire, in
sects, over-grazing- and torrents. 'Forest
planting will be shown, along with plan
tations In treeless regions and where for
ests have been destroyed. "Various In
struments used by foresters in field' work,
and In making timber tests, together with
charts, maps, etc., will complete the in
door exhibit. ,
The irrigation exhibit will consist large
ly of working models of irrigation projects,
the largest patterned after the $3,000,000
dollar plant now being built in Southern
Arizona. These models will show the
manner of storing the water by reser
voirs, tho method of carrying Jt onto the
lowlands by systems of ranaN and'flumes.
and Its final distribution to the lands, to
be irrigated." In other words, the exhibit
will show a complete Irrigation work, as
It actually appears, but reduced to a very
single 'case 75 feet long and five feet high.
It will include samples of ore. largely
gold and copper, from all the more
prominent mines. The Treadwell mine
will have an individual- exhibit, showing
that this mine alone in 22 years has pro
duced over $22,060,000 worth of gold, more
than three times the original cost of the
whole of Alaska.
The fisheries exhibit is being prepared
to show method of catching and pack
ing salmon In Alaska, and to convey to
the public some idea of the scope of this
industry, and the great capital It repre
sents. There will be' a fine line of Alaska
furs. Including skins from all .the various
furbearlng animals native of the terri
tory. Some of these skins, made into
rugs, are worth $1000 each.
To persons who have an idea that
Alaska Is a great barren waste, mostly
covered with Ice and snow, the agricul
tural exhibit will be a revelation. This
exhibit will include samples of various
grains grown In- Alaska, which compare
favorably with grain grown In the States,
not to mention samples of the common
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CXHED STATES GOVERNMENT BUILDINGS. SHALL BUILDING ON IX FT TOR FISHERIES EXHIBIT, THAT ON
THE BIGHT FOR FOREST AND IRRIGATION EXHIBITS. BUILT BT J. E. BENNETT.
cellng machine, now used in every
largo postomce in the United States.
These machines easily do the work of
20 men, canceling 1000 letters or post
als a minute, or 60.000 in an hour. A
machine In actual operation will be
exhibited at Portland.
In time the pneumatic tube is bound
to play an important part in the mall
service of great cities, if, indeed, it
does not extend to the transportation
of malls from one city to another. A
model pneumatic tube will be operated
at the exposition.
i None of the visitors to the Fair, un
til they see the Dead-letter exhibit,
;wiH have any conception of the variety
of things that are sent through the
malls. A large case of articles that
Iwere lost In the mails will be sent to
Portland, and will include everything
conceivable, from a corset to an Infer
nal machine, intended for the com
mander of the Spanish warship Viz
cava. which rald a frlendlv visit to
'New Tork harbor Just after the de
istructlon of the battleship Maine.
INTESPRETING THE LAW.
(Documents From Court File and
Management of Prisons.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington, Dec 31. The Department
of Justice, charged with the conduct
of the legal business of tho Gov
j eminent, has very limited resources
for making an exhibit of material ob
jects intrinsically attractive to the av
'erago exposition visitor. The most im
portant feature of its exhibit will be
a collection of rare and curious docu
ments from the files of the Supreme
Court and other courts, showing the
growth and development of their busi
ness, curious legal proceedings, and
documents relating to cases of National
Importance and Interest. Pictures of
Government penitentiaries, showing the
modern method of handling prisoners,
and samples of tho handiwork of in
mates of these institutions, together
with portraits and rare volumes, will
complete this exhibit.
WARSHIPS AND DOCKS.
Models of Great Sea-Fighters and JU
graphs of Naval Life.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington. Dec 31. The Naval exhibit
at Portland will surpass anything the
Navy Department has ever before
attempted at expositions. This dis
play will give an excellent idea of
what tho Navy really is, how it is con
ducted, and how it is scattered to the
four corners of the world. In addition
to its exhibit In the Government build
ing, it is the Intention of the Navy De
partment to station several warships
In tho Willamette River, adjoining the
Fair grounds. Those vessels will be
open to the public .for stated periods
each day. and visitors will be carried
to and from the ships on -launches, in
order that they may see, for them
selves what modern warships look like,
and how they are constructed and
In the Government building the Navy
will have an intensely Interesting exhibit.
Including large models of every type of
modem .warship, from the greatest battle
ship to the little Holland submarine tor
pedoboat, Each of these models is built
en the exact lines of the original ship.
the Navy, some of the ship-models being
used for illustration.
A part of the space allotted to the
Naval exhibit will be partitioned off and
darkened, and there a pleasing and In
structive exhibit of the Navy will be
given in a series of GO biograph motion
scenes, principally scenes aboard ship.
It is Intended that a company of ma
rines shall be on duty at tho Portland
Exposition, throughout Its continuance, to
give exhibition frills and to maintain a
In one corner of the Navy space will
be a map of the world. 20 feet long and S
feet high, on which will be distributed
waters to lands now practically worthless,
because of lack of moisture.
The Forestry Bureau will present sev-
small scale. Aside from working models,
there will be models of various dams, res
ervoirs, etc. and actual instruments used
FACTS ABOUT OREGON'S HOP CROP.
Acreage .lS.OOCVto 1900
Crop per acre, 1S04, pounds 850
Crop per acre, average of ten years, pounds 950
Price per pound. 1S04. 10c to 32c: average 25c
Cost of production, per pound. Sc to i 10c
Profit per pound. 1201 15c
Total production In 1X4, bales, 82,500; pounds 16.000.000
Total value KOOO.OOO
Total profit '. 2,500.000
eral hundred pictures Illustrating every
phase of forestry. Most of them will bo
transparencies, arranged to form the four
walls of an arcade, to be erected within
TOWER OF MAIN GOVERNMENT BUILDING.
in determining the amount of water that
can be utilized "from any given stream.
If the funds allotted for the forestry
and irrigation exhibit hold out. there will
be -a practical illustration of Irrigation
methods on the grounds back of the Gov
ernment building, while distributed over
the irrigated area the Forestry Bureau
will lay off small tracts with specimens
of different trees that do. or can be made
to, grow under various conditions and in
various climates. If there is no outdoor
irrigation exhibit. It Is at least probable
the Forestry Bureau will demonstrate
tree-planting methods, by means of young
trees which will be collected In all parte
of the country and sent to Portland.
WATCHES OVER COMMERCE.
Lighthouses and Coast Surveys Are
Features of Commerce Exhibit.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington, Dec 21. Interest in tho ex
hibit of the Department of Commerce and
Labor will center around the display made
by the Lighthouse Board, which is to In
clude all manner of lights and lenses used
for lighting our coasts and navigable
rivers, models of various types of light
houses, and a full array of fog signals.
The Coast and Geodetic Survey, which
makes sounalngs of all navigable waters
of the United States and perpares the
charts relied on by mariners, will Illus
trate Its methods by an appropriate ex
hibit. The new Bureau of Standards, created
by the last Congress, will show the meth
ods by which -t establishes and maintains
standards of weights and measures, ex
hibiting a complete line or very, delicate
Instruments which are used In Its work
The Census Bureau and Bureau of La
bor have little, to exhibit, beyond charts,
tables and documents which convey an
idea of their respective functions. The
labor exhibit will be enlivened with photo
graphs. The Census Bureau, among other
things, will show the manner of gathering
statistics, the method of compilation and
tabulation of returns and the publication
of final results.
Rich and Varied Resources of Alaska
WLASKA. sever made so -complete and
Jr comprehensive an exhibit as has been
planned for Portland. Its exhibit at the
Lewis and Clark Exposition, which will
fill halt of one of the smaller Government
buildings, is designed primarily to convey
an intelligent idea of the varied character
and great extent of the resources of the
territory, including Its mines. Its fish
eries. Its furs and Its agricultural possi
bilities. Every part of Alaska will be
represented, from the Islands along the
southeastern coast to the remote regions
along the International boundary and ex
treme western -Alaska, back of Nome.
Many of these remote regions were not
represented at the St, Louis Exposition
and will make their first dleplay at Port
land. A .very valuable ore rxhlhlr will fill a
garden "vegetables that are now" raised in
many parts of Alaska with great suc
cess. Native fruits, berries, etc, many
of them unknown outside of Alaska, will
be on display, along with fruits which
nave been Introduced Into the territory
As surprising aa the agricultural exhibit
will be the vast collection of native flow
ers, running up ftito the hundreds of va
A great deal of charm will be added to
the Alaska exhibit by vast collections of
fine photographs of landscapes, scenes in
the Alaska, towns. In native villages and
among the mines.
Due attention will be paid to the na
tives, and liberal displays will be made
of their handiwork, such as baskets, bead
work, canoes and totem poles. There will
also be- evidences of what education is
doing for the natives.
The. kinds of game that abound in Alas
ka will be shown by mounted specimens,
not only of the various animals, hut of
the countless birds.
The Alaska exhibit Is too elaborate and
Includes too many .details to oe adequately
described In a limited space. It is, in a
word, a general object leeson designed to
show what Alaska produces, and what
opportunities it offers to homeseekers and
seekers after fortunes.
DEPARTMENT OP INTERIOR.
Great Inventions, Geological Survey
Work, National Parks and Indians.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington, D. C., Dec. 31. The Alaska
and Irrigation exhibits really form a part
of the exhibit of the Interior Department,
but there are other interesting details
sort of an It
1n the Govet
larly of the.
Work of Ai
" REG ONTAN NEWS BUI
J. ington, Dec 3L EaoH
of the Department of irfc
stall an exhibit at Portland -
idea of the characterise wori
is engaged, owing Mrtat;
reaus and the wide?
formed by each the. agricl
will cover a great amount
will open the eyes of the
that this department is-1
for the farmer, but In tha
One of the striking exh
of the Bureau of Animal
NATURAL INCREASE OF POPULATION,
Number of Births in Portland Far Exceeds Thi
Number of births in 1903
Number of births in 1904 (December estimated)..
Increase, 22.5 per cent
Number of deaths in 1903
Number of deaths in 1904 (December estimated) . .
jLxiui.caccj w w jjui. vcub. ............................
Marriaee licenses issued in 1903 -.2v.tf.-'
Marriage licenses issued in 1904 (December estimated) t C. JSfiSiL "'I
Increase. V.yu per cent ....t aLaX-iu
which this department of many ramifica
tions has to offer.
The Patent Office presents quite an ar
ray of models of various interesting in
ventions which have been patented, many
of them of well-known contrivances, now
In common use. The main figure In the
Patent exhibit Is the De Forrest wireless
telegraphy exhibit, nothing more nor less
than a working instrument, which will
demonstrate to visitors how messages are
received and transmitted by means of
this most wonderful of modern electrical
tag means tht'aSSSJRt.
cate contagious rtfcaeM'Jatnongi
cattle, sheep aie4jMrjsti audit
cauuons inar &re;in n . m pro
public against- tita.' -iMkcted.
For several- ymrkbm jaftreauisf
Industry has been atujmt
plants of the WstArjLiniresr The
be a comple' ekMhlt.rti all; plants
lous to stpcic. iHMa
and giving a, renaWF.,"
Illustrate th Vi
DAIRY PRODUCTION OF OREGON IJT
Creamery butter, pounds
Dairy butter, pounds
Cream other than that used for butter, gallons
uonaensea. miuc. cases
inventions. This exhibit Is owned and
operated by the De Forrest people.
The General Land Office -will show maps
and statistical matter, along with historic
records of the tjfUce.
In the flies of the Pension Office are
many curious papers and documents. A
choice collection will be sent to Port
land, together with various pension
blanks, etc, showing how Uncle Sam doles
out his pension money to the survivors
of various wars. This exhibit will par
ticularly interest the Indian War Vet
erans. The Bureau of Education has little
to show, beyond statistics and photo
graphs, but it will be represented.
To Western people the display of -the
Geological Survey will be of Interest.
It will ilustrate the various kinds of
work that this- bureau is doing.
'The Secretary of the Interior has di
rect supervision over the various Na
tional parks In the West Crater Lake,
Mount Rainier, the Yellowstone. To
semite and General Grant. "Very attrac
tive exhibits, mainly photographic
views of these various parks, will form
a feature cf the department's exhibit.
It has hot been fully determined what
cvated crops and
treatment. A fine!
what has been doc
fiber plants in this
made, and Americ
trasted with the
The Bureau of CI
gained fame because
terated foods, and latt
exposure of adulteratn
whiskies, will show the
of frauds. It has dlscri
methods by which sin
Every farmer will
exhibit of the Bureau
tlons and QfthfiJ3hi3lo
mention the axhlSHTtbif'
who has been 3ts'dybg 1 1
icatins the varkHW'ptfc 1 1
While not L-ctlrV
other bureaus, tint JWW
part of the' Agricultural!
will present X 'Mil JhvJ
used In. recordlEg. .wcw'tjT;
daily weataec sap vim
will be-dlstrlbuted dfyj
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FOUNTAIN XX TOWER OF MAIN GOYERNTDENT BUILDING.