THE MORNING OBEGOyiAN, MONDAY, JANUAEY 2, 1905. IT toons, pictures and camples of written work. Mount Angel Academy bad a complete exhibit of all school -work. The - finely embroidered seal of the state, decorating the front angle of the Oregon booth, -was executed by the Benedictine Sisters of mis institution. State SuDerlntendent Ackemfln played copies- of school laws, courses of study, various blank forms, questions for eigntn-graae examinations and teachers' examinations, photographs of the office ana scnooi statistics from 1873 to 1902. The lanrest exhibit wm from Pnrioni In which all phases of school work were represented, me next most comprehen sive exnimt was from Baker City. The drawing and color exhibits of those two schools were enual to nv tVi fir Then followed commendable exhibits from xne .uaiies, faalcm, Astoria, Union, Ash land. RoSehUriT T ttranAa Pon-llotnn McMInnville, Hillsboro. Huntington. "Hood suvcr, t-owage drove. Jfewberg, Sumpter, Lostlne, Antelope, Elgin, Athena, Ban don, Corvallte and other towns, as well as irom rural districts. The Orejron schools wpre hftsr rinr sented In manuscripts of the pupils' dally exercises, wnicn lormed about 250 bound volumes of -400 pages each, and contained the work of more than 50.000 pupils. The volumes of different schools were distin guished by different colors of binding. On this disnlav. Oreeon received niii medals, silver medals and bronze ureaais. OREGON'S VAEIOUS WOODS. Huge Timbers and Fine Furniture Woods Astonish tie Missiourians. THE best Idea of the scope of the forestry exhibit may be obtained from the statement that Oregon used a larger space in this department than nnv other state. The exhibit occupied three spaces, one outside and two Inside the Palace of Forestry. Fish and Game. The outdoor exhibit consisted of the largest four logs and timbers at the ex position. These included a fir log nine feet in diameter and 30 feet long, con taining 12.000 feet of lumber, it being the butt log of seven cut from a tree which was 200 feet to the first limb, and scaled 40.000 feet; a squared Umber. 48x42 Inches, containing over S000 feet, and sawed from a nine-foot long,, and two Port Orford cedar sections, six 'feet In diameter. The Indoor exhibit was placed in two booths. The entrance to the main booth was in the form of a beautiful house front, constructed of Oregon fir, and fin ished In the natural wood. In the front were beautiful fir panels, and In the of fice and entryway were the different kinds of mill work. The decorations were of sugar pine conef,. 12 to 1C inches long, used to give the effect of a roof and cor nice. The rear wall consisted of No. 1 clear Oregon lumber of every kind manu factured, placed on end in 12-foot lengths. An attractive part of the exhibit was the collection of polished specimens of all of the woods of the state that at tain the dignity of trees. Many beauti ful pieces of Inlaid work, representing flowers and scenery, served to show the wide range of color and the value of Oregon wood-? for cabinet work. Cones and fruit were shown In attractive cases A unique exhibit consisted of mattresses pillows, cigars and a full line of 'toilet preparations, cough medicine, etc., all products of the pine needle. A valuable map of Oregon was shown which has the range and density of the timber in dicated In water colors. A petrified stump from the Columbia River told a silent tale of how old Oregon fir is and what dimensions It attained in former ages. In one end of the booth was a rustic home for the China pheasants, construct ed of rough fir poles with bark on. and roofed with Oregon cedar shingles. A roll of tanbark from the Southern Ore gon oak forests was displayed. The l)ooth was adorned with many scenes from the forests. The auxiliary booth presented a rustic facade, constructed of Oregon fir poles in 'the rough, and trimmed with white cedar broomhandles and sugar-pine cones. It contained two spruce box exhibits, fur nished by Portland firms, the only ones In the Palace of Forestry. One thousand specimens of the trees, shrubs and wild flowers of Oregon, mounted on white pa !ler, were placed behind glass In revolv Ung standards. There was an excellent exhibit of spruce doors, and also spruce. Ihemlock. cottonwood. myrtle, oak, ash sand maple lumber. A panel of polished woods and a series of polished doors were hung so that both sides might be seen. The walls and facade were adorned with bromide enlargements of forest scenes, including Oregon's giant tideland spruce, SO feet In diameter. Facts about Oregon's lumber Industry were placed on placards and hung In (conspicuous places In the three exhibits, .as well as In the Oregon state building. ALL KINDS OF MINERALS. Oregon's Variety and Abundance of Such WeaKh Fully Displayed. MINING in Oregon was worthily repre sented by a lavish and thoroughly representative display of all kinds of ores, gold bars, placer gold and all mineral sub stances. In the Mines and Metallurgy Pal ace. These were arranged In handsome cabinets and cases or on tables, and were reflected from a large mirror. In the center of the exhibit was the superin tendent's office, shaped like a cabin with the name "Oregon" In glided quartz on all four sides, photographs of Oregon mines embellishing the columns, and large min eral specimens being spread over the roof. BALCONIES Or FORESTKr BUILDING, LEWIS AND CLARK FAIR. The rest of the walls had a veneer of 20 panels of quartz from as many noted Ore gon mines, separated by borders of shim mering concentrates. Above all was a banner bearing the words: "Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition, Portland, Oregon, 1905." The main feature of the exhibit was a lavish display of gold quartz and nuggets, of which the North Pole mine alone sent 55000 worth. Tobe Reed sent a boulder weighing 135 pounds and containing 52000 in gold from his Pine Creek placers; the Langer mine sent a gold bar weighing C3 ounces, the Virtue sent a specimen which Is half gold, and several miners sent sev eral hundred dollars' worth each of gold dust, nuggets and extremely rich quartz. There were exhibits of gold ore and gold bars from the North Pole, near Sumpter; the Sanger. Emma. Highland, Balsley rElkhorn. Virtue. Flagstaff, Bonanza, Gol conda, Last Chance. Baby McKee and Mammoth minea in Baker County; the Shorty, Hope and Ashland, In the Ashland district; the Greenback on Grave Creek; the Mount Reuben. Gopher and Y-ellow-horn In Josephine County; the Del Monte and Gem, near Sparta: the Columbia, Eu reka and Excelsior, Midway. Cracker Sum mit and Sampson. In the Cracker Creek district; the Listen Lake, In Greenhorn district; the Mayflower on Ochoco Creek, Crook County: the Lucky Boy and Badg er in Blue River district: the Red Boy, Dixie Meadows and Oregon Monarch, in Grant County; the Braden, on-Gold Hill; the Granite Hill, at Grant's Pass; the North Falrvlew and Musick, In Bohemia district; the Bowden, in Blackwell dis trict near Gold Hill; and the Continental, on Myrtle Creek, in Douglas County. Copper ores of several varieties were shown from the St Patrick, McDougal group and Iron Dyke, on Snake River; the Queen of Bronze and others in the Waldo district; the Copperopolls, of Quartzburg; the Indiana, on Big Creek, and the Copper Butte, of Burkemont, in Baker County; the Rainbow, at Perdue, in Douglas Coun ty: and the Almeda, on Galice Creek. Galena ore carrying gold, silver, copper and lead was exhibited from the Le Rol In Bohemia district, and ores carrying both gold and silver from the Badger at Susanville. Grant County, and the Cornu copia mines. There was gypsum from Lime, near Huntington, graphite from Malheur County, coal from the Heppncr mines; shellmarl, the raw material of cement, from Scappoose; cobalt and gold 'tJ mam r OREGON'S AGIU CULTURE ore from the Standard Consolidated mine. near Sumpter; raw sienna from Walker; opais rrom uurkee; sandstone from the pioneer quarry In Lane County: soap- stone from Douglas County; cinnabar from the Black Butte mine. In Lane County: Iron from the great deposit at Scappoose: marble from near Roseburg; molybdenite from Baker and Union Coun ties; granite from Baker City, and nickel from near Riddles. It was a complete, representative dis play of the richness, abundance and va riety of the mineral resources of Oregon. PIRST IN LIVESTOCK Oregon Scores" Series of Victories for Cattle, Sheep and Dairy Produce. !N no other department of its exhibits at St. Louis did Oregon score such tri umphs as in that of livestock. Her citi zens won prizes for both beef and dairy cattle, sheep and goats; in fact the only limit to the prlzewihning was that of the exhibits. Owing to the risk of trans porting stock such a distance, the Inev itable depreciation and the expense, the number of exhibits was small, but they proved by results that their exhibits were of the best When the winnings for beef and dairy cattle are taken in conjunc tion with the capture of the grand prize for grains and grasses and the grand prise for creamery butter, it is evident that Oregon's pre-eminence as a grazing state Is proved all along the line. Among shorthorns, a beef cattle, the state was represented by Charles E. Ladd's herd of Ave. It won the first prize as a herd, and one of its members. Orange Blossom of Falrvlew III, also won first as an aged female, An even greater victory was scored In COST OF OREGON EXHIBIT AT ST. LOUIS FAIR. Salary of general superin tendent and assistants. ..4 4.T5L80 Agriculture (Including sal ary of superintendents)... 7.117.19 Horticulture (including sal ary of superintendents)... - 6,143.14 Education (Including sal ary of superlntenccnts)... 3,737.83 Forectry( including salary of superintendents) 3,255.59 Mining (including salary of -superintendents) 4,915.73 Fish and game (Including salary of superintendents) 2.273.03 Oregon building S.S41.74 Freights" and transfers 4.398.E2 Incidentals , 787.27 Total J45.S03.34 The above amounts include ap proximately $1000 each for the publi cation of pamphlets on agriculture, horticulture, mining and forestry for distribution at St Louis. There are not included salaries since the close of the Exposition, cost of packing and shipping exhibits home and expense of return of superin tendents, which are expected to ex haust the balance o"f the $50,000 ap propriated for the exhibit at St Louis.' the buttermaking test of dairy cattle, also by Mr. Ladd. .Not only did his Loretta D. win first In classes A and B of the "Jersey cattle, but she also won the prize as the best dairy cow of any breed. Among his herd of 25 he had four prizewinners, for ne also won fourth, fifth and ninth, and thus made the greatest aggregate winning of any state. By winning the prizes for coth A and B tests, Luretta D. proved that she leads, not only in economic pro duction of butter fat and butter, but In v- vrsiiriv , Jrn9m EXHIBIT AT ST. LOUIS. economic production of milk for all pur poses related to dairying. Among sheep, the only exhibit was a band of SO Ramboulllets. sent by the Bald win Sheep & Land Company, some of which died on the Journey East The Ramboulllets were divided Into ten sec tions, for each of which there were five prizes, and the Baldwin band made the largest aggregate winning among these. It thereby won the premier championship for breeder, a diploma for "the best showing of Ramboulllet sheep, as deter mined by the largest aggregate amount awarded to animals bred by any one breeder represented": also the premier championship for exhibitor, a diploma for the best showing owned by one exhibitor. The Oregon climate has such virtues for the production of rapid growth of mohair that this proved a handicap, owing to the Ignorance of the Judges of the fact. The rules as to Angora goat exhibits read that the goats must have been sheared since April 1 preceding the Exposition. The Oregon exhibitors had complied with this rule, but the subsequent growth was so long that the Judges would not believe it and Insisted that the hair was a whole year's growth. They therefore ruled out all but' a few of the Oregon goats, one of whioh, owned by William Riddle & Son. of Monmouth, won first prize as a doe kid One goat, bred by J. B. Stump, of Mon mouth, had hair dragging on the ground all grown since April 1. ine exhibits of wool and mohair were placed In the agricultural exhibit under the rules, and drew many admirers. The long Cotswold wool was 22H Inches long, and was so eoft and white that many people mistook it for flax, mohair or even cotton. The Eastern Oregon pure bred and grade merino wool, though of a much shorter staple, was so fine and kinky as to get particularly favorable comments. One German expert pronounced it second only to the Saxony, which he called the best The mohair display, while small, was splendid and was closely exam ined by men who have In mind the eco nomical clearing of land. Oregon owns nearly one-quarter of the entire number of Angoras in the United States. Most striking of all the dairy exhibits In the Agricultural Palace was that which the Hazel wood Cream Company made on behalf of Oregon at very large expense It was a group of life-size statunrv carved in butter, consisting of three children eat ing bread and butter frerh from the chum and a dairymaid churning cream. The ex pression and features were so true and lifelike that the Impression was created that the figures were alive. Below was a large plate-glass mirror, which duplicated the exhibit and added greatly to its artis tic effect. The butter was manufactured in Portland and shipped 2000 miles in re frigerator cars, arriving in splendid con dition. . EXCELLED IN FRUIT. Oregon Apple3 and Other Orchard Products Astonish Easterners. FRUIT from all parts of Oregon, the largest and best poured in a steady stream Into the Horticulture building at St Louis and made good the boast of the state that it excels the world in its fruit product The exhibit was started with a shipment of about 300 boxes of apples, which were placed In cold storage at St Louis and taken out In small quantities In order to bridge oxer 'the period until fresh fruits could be shipped from home. Strawberries, In which Oregon, particu larly excels, could not be .shipped from this distance, but cherries, the like of which bad never been seen by Eastern people, were sent from both east and 'west of the Cascade range. Royal Annes and Sings, over an Inch in diameter, "were sent at Intervals, so as to keep fresh ones on hand. Pears, peaches, plums, early apples, crapes, etc. were sent regu larly during the season. And, although large quantities could not be sent owing to the small amount of money available and thereby many points were lost In the scramble for awards, yet the quality of what were sent was most excellent, and was a source of wonder to horticulturists, as well as to others who were sufficiently interested to examine for quality. Later in the season when apples came in, the State - Commission sent, as fast as they could be bad. York Im perial, Gano, Northern Spy, Babbit Blue Pearmaln, Yellow and While Bellflower, Springdale. Fall Pippin. SpJtxenberg; King- of Tompkins County, Oregon Red. Rhode Island Greening and numerous other varieties, making a specialty of apples, as Oregon, no doubt can beat the world In this line. As a final accession the Commission sent 5600 pounds of apples from Hood River, comprising the varieties enumerated, above, and many others, and this made the Oregon horti cultural exhibit surpass anything In the building, and It is doubtful if such a fine exhibit of apples was ever seen any where. The fresh-fruit display alto gether consisted of 69Q4 plates. In addition to an Immense quantity of apples dis played in commercial packages. Professor N. E. Van Demon, late Chief Pomologist of the United States, stated that our fruit "was simply perfection and that there was nothing like it in the whole building." A specialty was also made of peaches from the Rogue River Valley, and the finest peaches obtainable were sent In lots of five to ten boxes at Intervals to keep a fresh supply on hand. Considering the fact that the State Commission only had about $5000, which could be expended for this exhibit, and that express rates were about $6.50 per 100 pounds, the horticultural exhibit was excellent, and was one of which the Com mission feels Justly proud. An even better showing would have been made had not the rules of the Exposition required that preserved fruit be placed In the agricultural exhibit The prune demonstration In that department proved to be a great success and the rapid favor prunes gained with the housewife created J a oig acmana ior me uregon prune, iacn day from 3500 to 4000 people were served and from 20 to 25 gallons of cooked prunes were used. Oregon also had. in its agricultural ex hibit quite a large and fine display of canned fruits, vegetables and. Jellies. They attracted a great deal of attention, not alone on account of their excellence, but because they are grown In Oregon, the land so little known. Just why people should be surprised that Oregon can grow such fruits Is hard to understand. What they saw was not the pickings from a few choice trees, but Just what can be seen, and eaten, too. on any well-kept Willam ette Valley farm. Oregon was certainly In the front rank with tho premiums, for she received grand prize on grains and grasses, gold medals, silver medals and bronze medals. f . LOADED WITH HONORS. Oregon and Her Citizens Capture High Prizes at St. Louis. PRIZES were won by Oregon as a state or by Oregon exhibitors in every de partment In which they entered Into com petition at St Louis. Outside of the live stock classes. In which money prizes were given, and In which Oregon excelled, the state came home with three grand prizes. C6 gold medals, 152 silver medals and 71 bronze medals. In everything relating to cattle Oregon won all along the line literally swept the board. She began by taking the grand prize for grains and grasses. Then she won first prize for a herd of shorthorns and an aged shorthorn cow, among the beef cattle. She also won first among the Jersey cows In .both dairy tests and with the same cow won the championships for ball dairy breeds. She clinched her su premacy by taking first prize fpr butler on the exhibit of the Hazelwood Cream Company. She captured two premier champion ships for the largest aggregate" winnings for Ramboulllet sheep and two cham pionships for Angora goats. In the department of horticulture Ore gon apples won the grand prize for qual ity and a second grand prize for the man ner of installation. In the mining department the state has been awarded a gold medal for Its general exhibit and has entered a claim for the grandprize. A summary of the winnings in each de partment follows: o DEPARTMENT. M 3 SC. Agriculture .... Horticulture ... Fish and Game. Mlnlnc Forestry Education- Totals 3! .6S 152j 22 Livestock Prizes. Shorthorn Cattle Prizes for charnDlon herd of five and champion aged cow, one second, one third, two fourth and two fifth won by Charles R Ladd's herd of 12. valued at 512.000. exhibited at exDense of the state. Largest aggregate award to any one exhibitor. . Dairy Cattle First prize amomr Jer- seys. both on butter and milk tests, and 3c 313;; EL IE. 'LS ST jsf laT Zooot. o lumber cut from arte Doutjta. fir uz Oregon composed, of oo joiarufe eof(. lany.izncA thick .JscncAes aitfc &sooum6rr cutrofn one pine in ffliehttjan composed , of Htzptanfzs.AOt long ttnet thick, ixinches uide. A CONTRAST LUMBER CUT FROM AN AVERAGE TREE IN OREGON AND MICHIGAN. championship of all dairy cattle won by W. M. Ladd's Loretta D. Sheep Among Ramboulllets. six sec onds, five thirds, one fourth, two fifths, one highly commended, two commended. won by Baldwin Sheep & Land ComDanv. which thereby won two premier cham pionships, one for the largest aggregate amount awarded to animals bred by one breeder, another for the largest aggre gate amount awarded to animals owned by one exhibitor: among Dejalnes, two fifths, two highly commended and six commended: among Merinos, one com mended and one highly commended, all to the same exhibitor; among Kent sheep. one second prize won by William Riddle of Polk County. Angora Goats Championship for doe. championship for 12-months-old and re serve for grand champion doe, won by William Rladle of Polk County. To Whom Credit Is Due. Credit for these victories must be di vided among the individual exhibitors, the Oregon State Commission and its secre tary. EL C. Glltner, who secured and for warded the exhibits, and the superintend ents In charge of the several departments at St Louis, who were: W. H. We h rung, general superintendent; forestry, E. P. Sheldon; flsn and game. George T. Myers. Jr., and W. G. Hare; horticulture. Charles o alio way and Lay ton Wisdom: agri culture, Gilbert Scott and William T. Johnson; mining, Fred R. Mellls; educa tion, a, S. Lyman. FOREST PRODUCTS OF STATE LARGEST AND DENSEST GROWTH IS IN OREGON . THE PRODUCT WORKED INTO FINISHED SHAPE 7" MERICA'S lumber supply, must hereafter be drawn mainly from the Pacific Coast for the forests, of. the East and Middle "West are almost ex hausted, and the only other large timber belt is the yellow pine forests of the South. . In order that this source of sup ply may not be destroyed by tho waste which has characterized the cutting of the forests of the older states, the Gov ernment has created To rest reserves cov ering the great bulk of the forested areas which have not yet passed to private own ership, and has made laws regulating the sale and cutting of timber on these re- serves, so that the mature trees may be cut and the young trees saved. This pro vision insures to the Nation a perpetual supply of forest products from the Pa cific Coast The forest reserves are as yet almost untouched, for they are gener ally the less accessible areas, the areas which are accessible to transportation be ing generally In private lands. The-timber on the latter is now being cut, and Is ample to last for many years. Of the land surface of Oregon, which Is 91,560 square miles, 43 per cent 'or 40,223 square miles, are wooded, and 20 per cent, or 2S.S43 square miles, are covered with "merchantable timber, 55 per cent, -or 51.9SO square miles little more than half being open country or having been cleared of timber. These are the figures given by Henry Gannett of the United States Bureau of Forestry. In 1503. and from the timbered area- must be deduct ed the cut of 1904. estimated at 121 square miles. This Ls on the basis of the av erage stand of Western Oreson for a lumber product of 1,405,000,000 feet, of which 200.000.COO feet Is estimated to have been made of logs cut In Washington. The larger proportion of the timber land Is In Western Oregon, the section west of the Cascade Mountains. The timbered area ls 15.0S9 out of a total of 28. S77 square miles, or 52 per cent, as com pared with 36 per cent for the United States as a whole. Of the remainder only 7S9 square miles, or 2?fcr cent was cut timber land, 5159 square miles, or 17 per cent, has been denuded of timber by for est fires, and 7102 square miles, or 24 per cent is open country, most of which was originally timbered, but has been cleared for agricultural purposes. Eastern Oregon is mainly open countrj't but has much timber on the slopes of the Cascade Mountains, on the Blue Moun tains, in the northeast and on their west ern spur, which stretches Into the cen ter of tho state. Of a total land area of 65.CS3 square miles. 13,754, or only 21 per cent. Is timbered. 2S0 square miles, or 0.46 per cent has had timber cut from It 935 square miles, or L4 per cent has had the timber burned off. and 6S-per cent, or 44.S7S square miles. Is open country. The lumber product of Oregon In 1904 Is estimated by O. P. HofT, the State Labor Commissioner, at 1.405.000,000 feet board measure. This ls equal to 266.033 miles of lumber a foot wide, and an Inch thick, which would make a plank road around the. earth at the equator 10 feet S Inches wide. Lumber easily holds first rank among the manufactures of Oregon. The Indus try employs more than half the men en gaged In manufactures, and pays more than half the wages. Under this head are Included logging, sawmills and all factories which use lumber ies raw ma terial. WHERE TIMBER IS DENSE. Western Oregon Has Great Forests, Thickest on Coast. THE density of the Umber ls much greater in "Western than Eastern Oregon. The total stand of timber in the state Is placed by Mr. Gannett at 213,393. 000.000 of feet, an average per acre of 12.200 feet Of this 171.7SO.000.000 .feet or SO per cent Is In Western Oregon, whlch has -only 30 per cent, of the area of the state. The total In Eastern Oregon Is 4L618.00O.0OO feet, or only one-fifth of the whole in 70 per cent of the area. The difference is explained by tho average stand Der acre In each section, this be ing 17.700 feet in the west and only4700 feet In the east The densest growth is in the coast coun ties and along the Columbia River, the highest average per acre being 29.500 feet In Tillamook, the next 37.400 In Clatsop, the third 1,200 in Columbia the fourth 30,300 In Lincoln and the fifth 23,300 In Multnomah. Here the red fir largely pre dominates, with the spruce a good sec ond In Tillamook. Clatsop and Lincoln .and the cedar in Columbia. The lowest average in tho west is In Josephine, 6000 feet, composed mainly of red fir, yellow pine and sugar pme. The highest stand In Eastern Oregon Is on the Blue Moun tains and the eastern, slope of the Cas cades. Baker leads with SI 00. then comes Klamath with 5500, Crook and Umatilla are tied with 4S00. Wallowa has 470O and Union 3S00. The lowest average Is S00 feet an acre in Wheeler, which lies on the borderland between the two main timber belts. Coniferous trees compose almost all the timber of Oregon, the variety being great er, in the west than In the east, Esti- IP xnates for the we3t are 79" per cent of red fir, 5 per cent each of Sitka spruce and hemlock, 3 per cent of red cedar, 2 per cent each of yellow pine, -white cedar, white fir. tamarack, white pine. Incense cedar. Englemann spruce and lovely fir, and 1 per cent each of noble fir and sugar pine- East of the Cascades. SO per cent of the timber Is yellow pine, 11 per cent, red fir, 3 per cent hemlock. 2 per cent each of white flr and tamarack, 1 per cent each of noble fir and sugar sine. The trees which reach the greatest size are the red flr. yellow flr and Sitka spruce. Fir trees 12 feet In diameter and 300 feet in height are frequently found, while the spruce has been found FORESTRY BUILDING, LEWIS AND CLARK FAIR. BUILT BY THE BURRELL CONSTRUCTION COMPANY. 20 feet in diameter and of equal height The rate of growth of Oregon timber Is illustrated by an examination of two yel low firs in Clatsop County, each eight feet In diameter. One, which had bark three to four Inches thick, was 12 Inches In diameter at 27 years, 24 Inches at 65' years, 35 Inches at 100 years, and had taken 431 years to reach a diameter of 8 feet The other, with bark twice as thick, measured 12 Inches at 24 years, 24 Inches at 40 years, 40 inches at 100 years. and did not reach its present diameter of Oregon Fir. Michigan Fine. Average Size on Same Scale. eight feet until It was 448 years old. These measurements do not include the bark. While the tree with the thick bark grew faster during its first century. It took longer to reach Its full size after that time, but Is of finer grade than the oth- MANuTACTTJRES OF WOOD. Great Forests Gradually Centering Them in Oregon. LUMBER holds the chief place, not only among the natural products of Oregon, but among the materials of Its manufactures. AH Industries in which lumber Is largely used are gradually centering In this state, and ' it Is evident that it will eventually become their home. At present, the larger proportion of such products Is consumed at home, but al ready Oregon manufacturers of lumber products are branching out extensively Into the Interior, and their field of trade extends east to the Rocky Mountains, and they are becoming large exporters. The great variety of timber growing in the forests is attested by the almost equal variety of industries dependent upon it One cause of the rapid accretion of wealth in this state is the fact that al most all the articles used In Its various l . LUMBER, THE GREAT INDUSTRY OF OREGON. Number of mills .' 450 Output In 1904, feet : 1,405,000,000 Value 4- $12,650,000 Of this total, Western Oregon produced about L012.O0O.0CO Of this total Eastern Oregon produced about 138.C0O.0O0 Number of employes i 5,735 Wage3 paid In 1904 , : 2,627.500 Employes In logging camps, estimated 6,000 Wages paid in 1904 ; $2,612,500 Manufactures of lumber, value of output $6,620,400 Number of employes 2,494 Wages paid to 1904 $1,216,005 Total number of men employed in lumber Industry 14,229 Total wages paid In 1504 $6,450,005 Standing timber on an acre In Oregon.feet, average 12.200 Standing timber on an acre In Western Oregon, feet,' average.... 17,700 Standing timber on an acre In Eastern Oregon, feet average... 4.7CO Standing timber in Michigan, feet, average, 3.000 to 12,000 Number of trees which make 100,000 feet of lumber in Western Oregon, red flr 50 Number of trees which make 100,000 feet of lumber in Michigan Pine . 400 Number of trees which make ICO.OOO feet of lumber In Michigan hemlock 200 Average diameter Oregon flr tree. Inches 35 Average diameter Michigan pine tree, inches ...... 16 Average diameter Michigan hemlock tree. Inches 24 the state. Every frame bouse built In any Industries are made at home. Thus, sal mon Is shipped in boxes made in Oregon of Oregon lumber; the same is true of fruit, and they are hauled to market In freight cars of which the body is Oregon lumber and many of which are built in Oregon city Is made of Oregon lumber,, from the sllfa to the shingles which cover the roof and the moldings' which ornament j the porch and Interior, and all are made In Oregon. The show cases In which goods are dis played In stores are of home man ufacture, so are the wheelbarrows used by the workmen in building the store. Many of the wagens In which farmers haul their products to market are made within the confines of the state, and a factory In the "Willamette Valley Is turn ing out buggies and carriages. The frames which surround pictures of Oregon sce nery are made In the state, as Is the fur niture which fills many homes. The trunks which accompany Oregonlans on their travels are, many of them, homo products. Even the pillows are often found to be filled with plne-needle fiber of home manufacture. The leather of which shoes, saddles and harness are made is tanned with the extract of bark taken from the state's forests. The bar rels of which flour, Is shipped to tho Orient are made In the state of lumber grown "on Oregon soli. Not only are ships and boats built on the Willamette and Columbia rivers, but large timbers for shipbuilding are shipped to other less fa vored states. The streetcars in which vis itors will ride to the Lewis and Clark Fair were built In Portland of lumber which the state produced. Enjoying such Independence of outside sources of supply, the. state Is" continually enriching Itself by pouring back into Its own channels of trado nearly all the money which It pays for labor and mate rial. It does- this by working up Into the finished shape Its own forest products in successful competition with those of other states and nations, and Its citizens co operate by giving the preference in buy ing to their own neighbors.. ALL COMBINE TO HELP INFLUENCES WHICH WILL DRAW VISITORS TO FAIR A LL INFLUENCES conspire to causo Clark, Fair out of all proportion to lt3 size and the population of the tributary territory- It will be the first really Na tional Exposition held on the Pacjfic Coast, It has enlisted the hearty support of all the states west of the Rocky Moun tains, and of many east of that range; It has been advertised by an unequaled combination of agencies, and it will afford many an opportunity to gratify a keen deslro to see the Pacific Coast and its beauties. An Indication of the Interest the Fair has aroused throughout the Pacific States Is the preparations being made in Cali fornia, headed by Governor Pardee, for large excursions to Portland while the Exposition is in progress. Similar excur sions are to be organized from the Puget Sound country, Eastern Washington, Idaho and Montana. The railroads which traverse the Ore gon country have been quick to see the advantages which will accrue to them. They have made an excursion rate from Missouri River points to Portland and return of one fare for the round trip, or J 15, as compared with a rate of $67.50 from Portland to St Louis and return. The Union Pacific Railroad has Instruct ed its SCO immigration agents in the East to advertise the Fair, and stimulate trav el to It The Northern Pacific Company has sent excursions toits Eastern agents for both passenger and freight depart ments to the Coast to see the Fair and the whole country, that they may ad vertise both effectively during the year 1905. The newspapers throughout the country have been used most effectively to make the progress of work on the Fair widely known. The Associated Press, which dis tributes news among all the great dally papers, has sent thousands of words over the wires in the last two years. Illus trated articles have been sent to 5000 newspapers In all states, and the work of the Press Bureau- will be systematical ly prosecuted down to the opening day. While the officers of the corporation have thu3 neglected no means to attract visitors to the Fair, they have also taken precautions that the city's guests shall be comfortably housed and fed, and that they shall not be subject to extortion and Imposition. To this end a contract has been made for the erection of a large hotel on the Fair Ground, providing that certain specified rates shall be charged. A bureau has also been organized which will provide visitors with accommodation, and to this end is registering all rooms in the city which are available for tem porary lodgers, and is making contracts fixing the price to be charged for them, that there may be no extortion.