Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, January 02, 1905, PART TWO, Page 15, Image 15

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the meeting, and fhey were representa
tive men from every part of the county,
were so earnestly In favor of a creditable
exhibit that they did not place any limit
upon the cost. The purpose Is to make
a display of Marlon County products that
will prove to visitors at the Fair -what
this part of the state can 'do, and count
"the cost afterward. This does not mean
that there will be extravagance in the
expenditure of money, but that the peo
ple believe that the opportunity now of
fered to advertise this county Is so great
that no expenditure judiciously made will
be Ill-spent. In other words, Marlon has
cone after the first prize In the .county
exhibit contest.
The work of planning and prepar
ing the exhibit was delegated to a
committee of nine, composed of the
three members of the County Court and
six other taxpayers, namely: County
Judge John H. Scott Commissioner Wil
liam Miley, Commissioner Isaac Need
ham, H. S. Glle, Salem; Walter L. Tooze.
Wood burn, D. H. Looney. Jefferson: F.
X. Derby, Salem; "V. A. Taylor. Macleay
and H. B. Thielsen, Salem. The commit
tee has organized by electing Judge Scott,
chairman, and Mr. Thielsen, secretary.
In order to insure systematic work,
avoid confusion and make certain that
no resource of the county is overlooked,
the details of the preparation of exhibits
were assigned to nine bureaus, each
member of the committee being the
chairman of a bureau. Each chairman
was authorized to appoint four other
members of his bureau, so that 45 men
"will be engaged in collecting exhibits.
The membership of the bureaus has not
yet been completed. The members of the
general committee have been assigned to
bureaus as follows: Judge Scott, educa
tion: Mr. Miley. mining; Mr. Needhaift,
grasses, Mr. Glle, fruits; Mr. Tooze,
hops; Mr. Looney, dairying; Mr. Derby,
timber and manufacturing; Mr. Taylor,
grains: Mr. Thielsen. wool and mohair.
"While we are after the first prize in
the competition, that is not our primary
object." said Judge Scott, In speaking of
the plans of the committee. "Our pur
pose is to put up the best exhibit we can
in advertise Marion County and the
State of Oregon. Wo hope to see every
other county do the same, and if they
surpass us. all right. An exhibit that re
flects credit upon the county that pre
pared it is a good advertisement for the
entire state. Whatever helps some other
county helps us, and for that reason we
hope that every county will be repre
sented at the Fair by an exhibit that will
make the visitors from the East wish
they lived in Oregon, and that will induce
them to conic here to make their homes."
THE exhibit of Morrow County "will
consist of livestock, wool, grains,
grasses, fruits, vegetables and fuel.
W. O. Minor's herd of Shorthorn cattle,
bred and raised by htm near Hcppner,
which took prizes at the Chicago Expo
sition, at St. Louls-and have won medals
and cups wherever exhibited In Oregon
and Washington, will be at the Expo
sition. Morrow County has grown sheep since
her earliest settlement and her ranges
now support 250.C00 head. The pick of
these flocks will be sent to the Lewis and
Clark Fair. Pure strain Ramboulllets
from the breeding-farm of James Nunns
maker, high-bred Merinos and Llncoln
shlres from the ranges of Ed F. Day,
and great stocky Cotswolds from the pas
tures of those growers who fancy this
class of animals, will show what Morrow
County has in 'the way of fine shep,
while the wool grown on these high
class animals, their ancestors and pro
geny, some of it weighing 30 pounds p
the fleece, will demonstrate that Morrow,
with her yearly clip of a couple million
pounds of wool, Js doing her full share
in this industry.
Our county produced this year 1.750,000
bushels of grain wheat, barley and rye.
From tills crop the" best specimens, both
In the straw and in the berry, have been
selected for our exhibit. Our display of
xxalns will contain samples of club,
bluestem, red chaff, Mediterranean and
maccaroni wheat, bearded and beardless
barley, white and Russian rye as good
as any grown In the world.
We "will have samples of alfalfa which
3 ields three crops a year, giving a yearly
product of six to ten tons of hay for each
acre sown, as well as samples of Italian
rye and other grasses.
In the line of fruits we will have ap
ples, pears, peaches, plums, prunes, apri
cots, nectarines and the small fruits
which. In size and quality, will not be
surpassed by the fruits of any part of
the state. We now have In our fruit
exhibit apples which weigh 40 ounces
each, plums and prures three of which
All a small fruit jar, and even gooseber
ries which are as large as pullets' eggs.
We will send to Portland a display of
coal from the Heppncr mines.
In short we will furnished a large ex
hibit of the materials with which we are
feeding, clothing and warming our full
share of the people to whom we have
access. As the products of our fields,
herds and flocks during the year Just
closed brought to our small population
of 5000 people over $2,000,000. and as In
consequence we are all prosperous and
happy, we expect to exhibit at the Ex
position most of our people.
T. W. AYERS, County Judge.
AT the July term of the County Court
J. H. Smith was appointed to gather
samples of the best grains and grasses
he could And in the county and later I
asked F. E. Brown to gather a se
lection of fruits. They have both done
their duty well and we now have gath
ered together as line a" lot of samples of
wheat, barley, oats and rye as can
well be found anywhere In the straw.
We will also have a lot of samples of
grain as It has come from the thresher,
which I do not believe can bo beat by
any county In" the State of Oregon.
This county Is mainly known as a
grain-producing country, but we expect
to show some fruits which will compare
favorably with the product of some of
cur far-famed fruit counties. Mr. Brown
has gathered and preserved from the
orchards along the Columbia River about
,othy and ether grasses -will be .gathered
and seat down la June,, 2M5.
Union County la Justly proud of her''
products, and truly the words of the
"pathfinder," under the leadership of
Lewis and Clark, are bsing fulfilled, lor
he said: "Here In time will be cne of
the most magnificent counties ra,the Con
tinent." Today she ranks third with her
sister counties In wealth and Importance
of her Industries. M. X CAUSET.
scoured, and assorted, and as it is taken
frem the sheep.
Wasco County is not going to occupy
as such space as some other- counties,
but hopes to make up in quality what
may be lacking in quantity.
A. E. LAKE.'
County Judge.
DOUGLAS COUNTY will make an ex
hibit of Its endless variety of re
sources, through the co-operation of' the
County Court and the Commercial Club.
It will show specimens from its many
mineral veins, carrying gold, silver, cop
per, lead, iron, cinnabar, graphite and
nickel, and from Its dcaosits of marble,
lime. coal, fire clay, brick and tile shales.
alum and ?alt, and from its mineral
springs. ,
Turkeys, which are raised in great
numbers. Angora goats, cattle and 'hogs
will figure. in the livestock exhibit, and
hay. hops and fruit will be shown In the
Agricultural building. Of manufactured
products, the county will display lumber,
butter, cheese, canned salmon, leather
tanned in the county, brick and tile, and
brooms. As the advantages of irrigation
are more appreciated, even In a climate
which has a reasonable amount of mois
ture. It Is more practiced and some re
markable results will be shown. Success
In prunegrowlng is attested by the fact
that a gold medal was awarded the Doug
las County product at the St. Louis Fair.
BAKER COUNTY people have some
conception of the magnitude of the
thousands of people who will visit Oregon
and the Northwest generally and they pro-
fe. products, ana truly tne worcs or the !HEaBifl"9iSEH
.H' "pathfinder," under the leadership of RHSsFW1' 'fEoiaESilSiflBtfll
Lewis and Clark, are being fulfilled, lor BoH ' -JKSTSkS 1H
Hfllfc. said: "Here In time will be cne of jjtfTiSjk - MBIsMSsMslaNtSHg
HHB he most magnificent counties ra,the Con- jBES&sIBKk
."jiHHI. tlnent." Today she ranks third with her 3 . "sSHK $SMHl9ii
HpP 'Slr. ulster counties In wealth and Importance 9ttlHK
jfifi KTB IT IS our DUrDoae to Butke of the ex- BIsBISSS
mtf'm K -R BFPB I hiblts a complete exposition of the re- IRHhRV 395
j jB Bp y B 'B 'vB sources of Wallowa County, and these ff HSBmSbI B rSs&SjP
fit yS -'Bk 1-' f"P ' resources are so "vast In extent and so ' BH&rl
feBBSSMSWisP remoteness from transportation facilities, ite
a atr C0Unty neeS mart
jfcT J f J : ' I H BnKu X flM lO.Od) hogs, which number could be mult!- "'M''
W y' 1f I -B"BBl m B- Plied many- times if it were less difficult TURRET OT ORIENTAL liULLD-
" A I TJ W - ' i mrPflfl' I'MBsnF ' gct tnem to market Of cattle there ING.
M I"B" 4 "' f M WHI M are from 25,000 to 20.000. and of these from J
' ' iksl JfHI m JS BfiBB ifiMr" ' -w' 6000 10 oa) are so,d each Year- There arc, 1 ' ' -
AS'll'l i'Wi W ' IT I liEB-. m iflKe also about 10.000 horses. The farmers and
;:: BBBfl I P. qfc Jktt -, W m- K stockmen are aggressive and up to date, the Fair makes It necessary, in order to
Sal" Z fT 1 frWbfft j"B$ M introducing improved strains of the varl- keep up with the procession, to expend
-. B W'5 Mf"Sfc;' jl jrr MMj ous Wnds o stock and breeding 'superior more money, and to make a greater ef-
liWy f '3. BBlaLA-'! jfBfcifclfS animals. fort than was at first contemplated.
: mWJit' t--m f "JL' BKBlblHBv'Ti But It fa only because of lack of trans- However, I am more than pleased to note
havo taken similar action. First of all. It
is proposed to make an exhibit of the mln.
erals of the county that will give aa ade
quate Idea of the wonderful resources at
the three great mineral belts of Eastern
Oregon. In this exhibit it Is hoped to in
clude the large and valuable collection of
Fred H. Mellls, which is perhaps the
handsomest collection ever shown of any.
one district.
The alfalfa, oats, barley, wheat, fruits
and vegetables produced on irrigated and
No of industries , 106
No. of establishments 3,490
No. of officials engaged in
management 1.784
Salaries of officials $1,547,927
No. wage-earners, largest 27.113
No. wage-earners, smallest 17,716
No. wage-earners, average 25,3&t
Wages 7. $13,135,422
Capital Invested $36,191,067
Value of products $52,007,775.
unlrrtgated lands, the apples of Eagle Val
ley, pears, apricots, grapes, peaches,
plums, prunes, all will be exhibited. Speci
mens of Baker (Jounty cattle, sheep and
wool will be in evidence. It is also the
intention to send . to the Portland Fair
samples of the magnificent pine, millions
of feet of which Is growing In the forests
of the mountains. This pine Is particularly
valuable for ..the manufacture of an,
and doors, and la being shipped to the
t-asi in large quantities daily.
The Sumpter smelter will exhibit. various
kinds of mattes, smelted in Baker County
from Baker County ores.
This portion or the Inland Empire will
go down to the Willamettn Til vat- hn
hground with a representation of its prod
ucts ana second to none in tho
samples of icool which will no doubt
show up favorably for this county.
Having no. timber or minerals, our ex
hibits in those lines will be noticeable by
their absence.
GEO. B. BOURHILL. County Judge.
exhibit but, owing to the nature of
our products, we shall not be able to
complete it until late in the season of.
1905. Consequently we have not, as yet,
fully determined upon the features of our
But rest assured that from the abun-
In the way of fruits and vegetables. The
Milton country will, of course, make the
largest showing in fruits.
In the matter of manufactures there
will be fine exhibits of flour, breakfast
foods and other mlllstuffs. Indian robes
and blankets, scoured wool and pressed
The several breeders of pure-blooded
sheep will be there with some of the
fleeces grown on the range of Eastern
Oregon. "
Lee Moorehouse. famous for his Indian
pictures, will be given a corner In the
space allotted for a display of his works
of art.
The funds for defraying the expenses
incident to making the collection and
completing the exhibition of the same In
Portland have been pledged jointly by
the County Court and the Commercial
Association of Pendleton, which latter or
ganization is ever awake to" the best in
tcrestsof the county in general.
No definite plan of exhibiting the col
lection has yet been agreed upon. All
work so far has been directed to secur
ing material for the exhibit.
Commissioner' for Collection, of Exhibit.
dance of our wealth of golden cheese,
butter, vegetables, fruits, grasses, grains,
timber, livestock, etc., we will make a
very creditable display, and In all prob
ability carry off the capital prize In each
W. W. CONDER, County Judge.
UMATILLA COUNTY reports good
progress being made In securing
products of the soil and exhibits from
Its several Industries. It goes without
saying that this county will be able to
THE FRUIT and cereal exhibit of
Union County contains a collection
of fruits, comprising Crawford peaches,
centennial, .Royal Ann, blng and black
republican "cherries; Bartlett, Elemlsh
Beauty, Idaho and Beu-e Clalrgcau
pears; Hungarian. Italian, petite and sil
ver prunes; greengage, peach and egg
plums; apples and gooseberries: making
138 cylinders -in all.
Added to this is a collection of syrups,
showing the several stages of the ma
terials in making sugar from the beet:
(1) The Ideal sugar beatr (2) its condi
tion after passing through the sllcer; (3)
diffusion juice, as It first comes from the
battery where the Juice Is first extracted
from the ground beets; (4) the juice after
Alteration and sulphuring; i5) thick juice,
as it comes from the evaporators, and be
fore Its final Alteration and sulphuring;
(6) yard molasses, which Is the last mo
lasses from the sugar, and Is Anally
60 large Jars of very Ane peaches, grapes,
plums, apricots, pears, etc.. and will have
a supply of fresh fruits in season con
tinually on show during the time of the
Exposition. The fruit, men of that neigh
borhood are very enthusiastic about the
exhibition and believe that it will be a
great advertisement to them.
Wlille the sheep industry has been
nearly driven out of this county by the
graln-ralsers. we still have a few bands
of sheep and C. A. Buckley, of Grass Val
levi and Duncan Chlsholm. of Kent, have
both promised to furnish somo good
hold its own with any other county In
the state in the matter of grains and
vegeabfes and will not rank very far In
the rear in the matter of fruits. It will
also show what It Is doing In beet-raising.
In this respect tne dry, sandy terri
tory will be made to show what Irriga
tion will make the soil produce. Weston
Mountain will come In with late berries
with size and taste not to be excelled
anywhere. The exhibits from the wheat
sections will show that the soil -will pro
duce nearly all that the home requires
worked by a process of osmosis to extract
Its last sugar; (T) white sugar before it
fas separated from the molasses and dried
for sacking; (S) Anally the white and
brown sugar and the refuse or beet pulp.
The collection of cereals comprises 455
sheaves of grain 25 of bluestem wheat:
SS of white Winter wheat; 63 of 40-fold
wheat: 6S of Chile club wheat; 17 of ball
barley; -23 of blue barley; 17 of club bar
ley: S4 of oats.
Owing to the selection of produce hav
lnr commenced late- In the season, tlm-
portatlon facilities, and not from lack of
soil and climate that general farming
is not followed largely and successfully.
In no other county In the state or in any
other state Is a greater diversify of cli
mate to be found, nor Is there to bo
found sou and conditions adapted to a
greater diversity of crops.
Wallowa Valley proper has an extreme
length of about 45 miles. Covering the
various parts of this valley have been
built entirely by local .capital, at a cost
of at least $100,000. irrigating ditches,
which carry in excess of .75.000 inches of
water. This land Is well .adapted to the
growth of any kind of grain, grasses and
vegetables, while In many parts of it
very superior fruit Is raised.
It is up this valley on the way from
Elgin, the nearest railroad point to
Joseph that 99 per cent of the travelers to
Wallowa Countji come and Imagine they
have seen Wallowa. A more mistaken
Idea could not be. By seeing only Wal
lowa Valley, not the slightest conception
of the vast extent and varied resources
of the county, can be formed. It is re
markably watered by mafiy ever-living
streams from perpetual snow, glaciers
and lakes of the mountains. Some of the
larger of these streams, such as Imnaha
River, the Shceps (Big and Little), Ches
nlmnus and Joseph Creeks, flow at the
bottom of mighty canyons. In which the
climate Is almost semitroplcal, produc
ing everything raised in Southern Cali
fornia, except oranges and lemons. At
the recent county fair held at Enterprise
ates, almonds, English walnuts and other
products not usual in this latitude were
shown, having been grown on Imnaha
River and Joseph Creek.
Across the central and northern parts of
the county extends an Immense belt of
fir. pine and tamarack timber.
In the mountainsto the south of the
valley are found solid mountains of mar
ble of various tints and colorings, which
seems to be equal to Vermont or Italian:
granite of at least three different shades.'
very. Ane grained and sustaining a bril
liant polish; limestone, which makes a
lime superior in strength and whiteness.
All of the above resources, and many
more which 1 have not the space to enu
merate, we will endeavor to exploit at
Portland next year. If -we do not succeed
in making an interesting exhibit, the
fault will be .ours, not the country's.
TO FURNISH a short article descrip
tive of Wasco County's proposed ex
hibit Is a somewhat difficult task. It has
not yet been clearly settled by the Coun
ty Court -Just how much Wasco County
can afford to contribute out of the coun
ty funds. The general interest that seems
toi be Increasing In the different counties
all over the state In- county exhibits at
the lively and competitive Interest that Is
being taken In this matter all over our
state, and assure you Wasco County,
from the general Interest expressed. Is
not going to be found lagging behind nor
lacking In a Arst-class exhibit.
Wasco County Is going to make a strong
effort to be In the lead In the fruit ex
hibit. With that end In view, the County
Court has already bought about 250 boxes
of the finest apples that grew in the
county this year, and now has them In
cold storage to keep for tlje opening of
the Fair. When you remember "Hood
River is in Wasco County, and that a
large part of these apples were selected
with care from the orchards of that cel
ebrated apple belt, you can look for an
apple exhibit that means something. In
addition to those from Hood River, will
be apples from Mosier, The Dalles and
Dufur. Later In the season The Dalles
will come In with cherries, peaches, ap
ricots and graphs that are going to be
hard to beat.
Wasco County will show Ane vegetables,
grain and grasses. Lumber manufactured
from the different kinds of timber in the
county will be on exhibition; also wool.
pose to do their share towards entertain
ing them at the Exposition in Portland
and when they shall call .at Baker City,
going or coming.
The Baker County Court has determined
On Columbia River, and Oregon
1903 Cases
Columbia River (Oregon side) .244,975
Columbia River (Wash. side). 79,750
Columbia River (Fall pack)... 15.000
Oregon coast 4S.O0O
Total 3S7.725
1904 Cases.
Columbia River (Oregon side). 230.400
Columbia River (Wash. side). .140,300
Columbia River (Fall pack)... 38.000
Oregon coast 55,000
Total 463,700
to appropriate sufficient funda with which
to make a creditable exhibit at the Fair
and the commercial bodies of Baker City
(Air: Bridget Donahue.)
IT'S IN the County Yamhill,
Just flfty miles from Fair,
The prettiest women In all the world
Are gathering up with care
A thousand choicest samples,
A collection most sublime:
Just make a place In the county race.
And we'll be there on time.
Grain and grass from farmers.
Cherries and apples red.
The peach and pear will both be there.
And the prune by nothing led;
Hops and spuds tremendous,
And honey from the hive
We'll beat the squash from the State of
At the Fair of NIneteen-Flve. ,
With cabbage and tomatoes,
And sugar beets so large, '
An acre's crop without the top
Would 'load an ocean barge.
Horses, swine and poultry
The sheep and goats we grow;
This woolly flock will surely knock
The socks from Idaho.
With corn and wine and clover.
And berries, rich and fine.
And nuts to crack, we're bound to whacle
Each county on the Ifne.
And when the Fair is over.
And victors flags unfurled.
With the Ladd cows fame 'make good the
"Yamhill against the World."
Now, If you want a home, sir,
I'll tell you what to do:
Arrange to toll on Yamhill soil, .
And she'll take care of 5"ou. '
At last on Charon's cruiser.
Hunt worlds to conquer, still.
When all's complete an hell you've beat.
Return to Old Yamhill.
Statuary From
, St Louis
Beautiful Pieces of Sculpture
Given to Western Fair.
ST. LOUIS has shown her good-will to
Portland by presenting ' to the Fair
Corporation statuary from the Louisiana
Purchase Exposition by the greatest
sculptors of the 20th century, valued at
nearly a quarter of a million dollars.
This will be placed about the grounds
greatly enhancing their artistic flnish.
Most striking of all is a group of cow
boys by Frederic Remington, which it Is
proposed to place opposite the entrance
In place of the Public Shelter. Others
are a group composed of Thomas Jeffer
son, Meriwether Lewis and William
Clark, by Lopez and Ruckstuhl; Daniel
Boone, by Vaudell; Indians having a
buffalo-dance, by Borgium; a resting
cowboy, by Borgium; "Step -to Civiliza
tion," showing the transition from Prim
iUve to modern America, by Borgium;
"Pioneer Seeking Shelter,"- a Ane piece
by Borgium; "Four Neptunes," by Karl
Bltner; "Cherokee Chief and Sioux
Chief," by Bltner; buffalo and mountain
lion flghting, by Borgium; "Destiny of the
Red Man," by Weinman; and 12 large
carved urns.
GROWING grasses, forage plants,
vegetables, flowers, fruit trees will
be exhibited on the experimental
ground by the State Agricultural Col
lege, the purpose being to demonstrate
by means of growing examples the
possibilities of the Oregon soil and cli
mate. Every variety of- every differ
ent kind of plant which contributes
to the food of man or domesticated
beasts will be found there, in order to
make this display thoroughly repre
sentative of what can be found in- an
up-to-date farm. These growing crop's
should be an Impressive object les-
gels, three of turnips, two of fleld car
rots, rape and kale.
There will be upwards of 70 varie
ties of vegetables best suited to the
climate and soil of the Willamette Val
ley. The following" varieties of vege
tables will be used: Six varieties of
cabbage, two of brussels sprouts, cu
cumbers six, onions six, celery three,
corn four, melons six, peppers three,
peas six, tomatoes, six, squash six, tur
nips three, cauliflower four, lettuce
four, and of hqps six. There will be
grown several varieties of Bohemian
hops, a partion two years of age and
the remainder one year, to convey an
Idea as to the growth of hop3 on WII-
rants, gooseberries, quinces, cherries,
pears, piums, peaohes, apricots and
apples. Under favorable climatic con
ditions, the crops should be of much
interest to outside visitors.
From the department of floricultura
there will be various plats Ailed with"
over CO varieties of the following an
nual and perennial flowers: Astors,
carnations, cosmos, escholizia, holly
hock, nasturtium, single and double
petunias, vtrbenias, double and slngl
dahlias, stocks and zinnias. There will
bo a display of student work in hor
ticulture, illustrating the manner of
Centennial Park is in itself an ex-
son to visiting agriculturists. They
will illustrate why Oregon stands out
pre-eminently as a stockgrowing state.
An effort will be made to eliminate
everything- artificial and employ only
practical cultural methods as applied
to general farm conditions.
The agricultural section will be de
voted to the growing of various for
age plants, including about a dozen
varieties of the domestic grasses com
monly grown In Western. Oregon, four
of clover, four of fleld peas, three of
vetch, alfalfa, two varieties of man-
lamette Valley soil at their respec
tive ages.
There have been planted a number
of varieties of choice orchard and
small fruits. Many of these though
only-one year out, will be fruiting: An
other point will be to give an example
of PaciAc Coast methods in training
orchard and garden plants. While no
one expects to see a fully-rown or
chard at an -exposition. It will be a
feature to seer a real young one bear
ings its first crop of fruit, from rasp
berries and blackberries through cur-
hlbit of the wealth of trees and flow
ers which Oregon produces. It wasHaid
out by the greatest landscape artist in
the United States with a view to mak
ing1 the most of. the natural scenic
beauty of the site. On the. crest of the
hill at the south end I a great bed of
roses of every variety. Extending
from this point Is a network of roads
and paths winding among" the grassy
slopes, which are thickly dotted wlth
trees and shrubs, both evergreen and
deciduous, of 36 varieties, all native to
the Oregon country.