THE MORNING OBEGONIAN,-3OXDAY, JANUARY 2, ISflff. 15 the meeting, and fhey were representa tive men from every part of the county, were so earnestly In favor of a creditable exhibit that they did not place any limit upon the cost. The purpose Is to make a display of Marlon County products that will prove to visitors at the Fair -what this part of the state can 'do, and count "the cost afterward. This does not mean that there will be extravagance in the expenditure of money, but that the peo ple believe that the opportunity now of fered to advertise this county Is so great that no expenditure judiciously made will be Ill-spent. In other words, Marlon has cone after the first prize In the .county exhibit contest. The work of planning and prepar ing the exhibit was delegated to a committee of nine, composed of the three members of the County Court and six other taxpayers, namely: County Judge John H. Scott Commissioner Wil liam Miley, Commissioner Isaac Need ham, H. S. Glle, Salem; Walter L. Tooze. Wood burn, D. H. Looney. Jefferson: F. X. Derby, Salem; "V. A. Taylor. Macleay and H. B. Thielsen, Salem. The commit tee has organized by electing Judge Scott, chairman, and Mr. Thielsen, secretary. In order to insure systematic work, avoid confusion and make certain that no resource of the county is overlooked, the details of the preparation of exhibits were assigned to nine bureaus, each member of the committee being the chairman of a bureau. Each chairman was authorized to appoint four other members of his bureau, so that 45 men "will be engaged in collecting exhibits. The membership of the bureaus has not yet been completed. The members of the general committee have been assigned to bureaus as follows: Judge Scott, educa tion: Mr. Miley. mining; Mr. Needhaift, grasses, Mr. Glle, fruits; Mr. Tooze, hops; Mr. Looney, dairying; Mr. Derby, timber and manufacturing; Mr. Taylor, grains: Mr. Thielsen. wool and mohair. "While we are after the first prize in the competition, that is not our primary object." said Judge Scott, In speaking of the plans of the committee. "Our pur pose is to put up the best exhibit we can in advertise Marion County and the State of Oregon. Wo hope to see every other county do the same, and if they surpass us. all right. An exhibit that re flects credit upon the county that pre pared it is a good advertisement for the entire state. Whatever helps some other county helps us, and for that reason we hope that every county will be repre sented at the Fair by an exhibit that will make the visitors from the East wish they lived in Oregon, and that will induce them to conic here to make their homes." MORROW. THE exhibit of Morrow County "will consist of livestock, wool, grains, grasses, fruits, vegetables and fuel. W. O. Minor's herd of Shorthorn cattle, bred and raised by htm near Hcppner, which took prizes at the Chicago Expo sition, at St. Louls-and have won medals and cups wherever exhibited In Oregon and Washington, will be at the Expo sition. Morrow County has grown sheep since her earliest settlement and her ranges now support 250.C00 head. The pick of these flocks will be sent to the Lewis and Clark Fair. Pure strain Ramboulllets from the breeding-farm of James Nunns maker, high-bred Merinos and Llncoln shlres from the ranges of Ed F. Day, and great stocky Cotswolds from the pas tures of those growers who fancy this class of animals, will show what Morrow County has in 'the way of fine shep, while the wool grown on these high class animals, their ancestors and pro geny, some of it weighing 30 pounds p the fleece, will demonstrate that Morrow, with her yearly clip of a couple million pounds of wool, Js doing her full share in this industry. Our county produced this year 1.750,000 bushels of grain wheat, barley and rye. From tills crop the" best specimens, both In the straw and in the berry, have been selected for our exhibit. Our display of xxalns will contain samples of club, bluestem, red chaff, Mediterranean and maccaroni wheat, bearded and beardless barley, white and Russian rye as good as any grown In the world. We "will have samples of alfalfa which 3 ields three crops a year, giving a yearly product of six to ten tons of hay for each acre sown, as well as samples of Italian rye and other grasses. In the line of fruits we will have ap ples, pears, peaches, plums, prunes, apri cots, nectarines and the small fruits which. In size and quality, will not be surpassed by the fruits of any part of the state. We now have In our fruit exhibit apples which weigh 40 ounces each, plums and prures three of which All a small fruit jar, and even gooseber ries which are as large as pullets' eggs. We will send to Portland a display of coal from the Heppncr mines. In short we will furnished a large ex hibit of the materials with which we are feeding, clothing and warming our full share of the people to whom we have access. As the products of our fields, herds and flocks during the year Just closed brought to our small population of 5000 people over $2,000,000. and as In consequence we are all prosperous and happy, we expect to exhibit at the Ex position most of our people. T. W. AYERS, County Judge. SHERMAN. AT the July term of the County Court J. H. Smith was appointed to gather samples of the best grains and grasses he could And in the county and later I asked F. E. Brown to gather a se lection of fruits. They have both done their duty well and we now have gath ered together as line a" lot of samples of wheat, barley, oats and rye as can well be found anywhere In the straw. We will also have a lot of samples of grain as It has come from the thresher, which I do not believe can bo beat by any county In" the State of Oregon. This county Is mainly known as a grain-producing country, but we expect to show some fruits which will compare favorably with the product of some of cur far-famed fruit counties. Mr. Brown has gathered and preserved from the orchards along the Columbia River about ,othy and ether grasses -will be .gathered and seat down la June,, 2M5. Union County la Justly proud of her'' products, and truly the words of the "pathfinder," under the leadership of Lewis and Clark, are bsing fulfilled, lor he said: "Here In time will be cne of the most magnificent counties ra,the Con tinent." Today she ranks third with her sister counties In wealth and Importance of her Industries. M. X CAUSET. scoured, and assorted, and as it is taken frem the sheep. Wasco County is not going to occupy as such space as some other- counties, but hopes to make up in quality what may be lacking in quantity. A. E. LAKE.' County Judge. DOUGLAS. DOUGLAS COUNTY will make an ex hibit of Its endless variety of re sources, through the co-operation of' the County Court and the Commercial Club. It will show specimens from its many mineral veins, carrying gold, silver, cop per, lead, iron, cinnabar, graphite and nickel, and from Its dcaosits of marble, lime. coal, fire clay, brick and tile shales. alum and ?alt, and from its mineral springs. , Turkeys, which are raised in great numbers. Angora goats, cattle and 'hogs will figure. in the livestock exhibit, and hay. hops and fruit will be shown In the Agricultural building. Of manufactured products, the county will display lumber, butter, cheese, canned salmon, leather tanned in the county, brick and tile, and brooms. As the advantages of irrigation are more appreciated, even In a climate which has a reasonable amount of mois ture. It Is more practiced and some re markable results will be shown. Success In prunegrowlng is attested by the fact that a gold medal was awarded the Doug las County product at the St. Louis Fair. BAKER. BAKER COUNTY people have some conception of the magnitude of the thousands of people who will visit Oregon and the Northwest generally and they pro- fe. products, ana truly tne worcs or the !HEaBifl"9iSEH .H' "pathfinder," under the leadership of RHSsFW1' 'fEoiaESilSiflBtfll Lewis and Clark, are being fulfilled, lor BoH ' -JKSTSkS 1H Hfllfc. said: "Here In time will be cne of jjtfTiSjk - MBIsMSsMslaNtSHg HHB he most magnificent counties ra,the Con- jBES&sIBKk ."jiHHI. tlnent." Today she ranks third with her 3 . "sSHK $SMHl9ii HpP 'Slr. ulster counties In wealth and Importance 9ttlHK jfifi KTB IT IS our DUrDoae to Butke of the ex- BIsBISSS mtf'm K -R BFPB I hiblts a complete exposition of the re- IRHhRV 395 j jB Bp y B 'B 'vB sources of Wallowa County, and these ff HSBmSbI B rSs&SjP fit yS -'Bk 1-' f"P ' resources are so "vast In extent and so ' BH&rl feBBSSMSWisP remoteness from transportation facilities, ite a atr C0Unty neeS mart jfcT J f J : ' I H BnKu X flM lO.Od) hogs, which number could be mult!- "'M'' W y' 1f I -B"BBl m B- Plied many- times if it were less difficult TURRET OT ORIENTAL liULLD- " A I TJ W - ' i mrPflfl' I'MBsnF ' gct tnem to market Of cattle there ING. M I"B" 4 "' f M WHI M are from 25,000 to 20.000. and of these from J ' ' iksl JfHI m JS BfiBB ifiMr" ' -w' 6000 10 oa) are so,d each Year- There arc, 1 ' ' - AS'll'l i'Wi W ' IT I liEB-. m iflKe also about 10.000 horses. The farmers and ;:: BBBfl I P. qfc Jktt -, W m- K stockmen are aggressive and up to date, the Fair makes It necessary, in order to Sal" Z fT 1 frWbfft j"B$ M introducing improved strains of the varl- keep up with the procession, to expend -. B W'5 Mf"Sfc;' jl jrr MMj ous Wnds o stock and breeding 'superior more money, and to make a greater ef- liWy f '3. BBlaLA-'! jfBfcifclfS animals. fort than was at first contemplated. : mWJit' t--m f "JL' BKBlblHBv'Ti But It fa only because of lack of trans- However, I am more than pleased to note havo taken similar action. First of all. It is proposed to make an exhibit of the mln. erals of the county that will give aa ade quate Idea of the wonderful resources at the three great mineral belts of Eastern Oregon. In this exhibit it Is hoped to in clude the large and valuable collection of Fred H. Mellls, which is perhaps the handsomest collection ever shown of any. one district. The alfalfa, oats, barley, wheat, fruits and vegetables produced on irrigated and OREGON AS A MANUFACTURE - ING STATE. No of industries , 106 No. of establishments 3,490 No. of officials engaged in management 1.784 Salaries of officials $1,547,927 No. wage-earners, largest 27.113 No. wage-earners, smallest 17,716 No. wage-earners, average 25,3&t Wages 7. $13,135,422 Capital Invested $36,191,067 Value of products $52,007,775. unlrrtgated lands, the apples of Eagle Val ley, pears, apricots, grapes, peaches, plums, prunes, all will be exhibited. Speci mens of Baker (Jounty cattle, sheep and wool will be in evidence. It is also the intention to send . to the Portland Fair samples of the magnificent pine, millions of feet of which Is growing In the forests of the mountains. This pine Is particularly valuable for ..the manufacture of an, and doors, and la being shipped to the t-asi in large quantities daily. The Sumpter smelter will exhibit. various kinds of mattes, smelted in Baker County from Baker County ores. This portion or the Inland Empire will go down to the Willamettn Til vat- hn hground with a representation of its prod ucts ana resourc.es second to none in tho state. CORNER TOWER OF EUROPEAN BUIXDES'G. CORNER PAVHJON OF AGRICULTURE BUILDING. YAMHILL. samples of icool which will no doubt show up favorably for this county. Having no. timber or minerals, our ex hibits in those lines will be noticeable by their absence. GEO. B. BOURHILL. County Judge. TILLAMOOK. TILLAMOOK COUNTY will make an exhibit but, owing to the nature of our products, we shall not be able to complete it until late in the season of. 1905. Consequently we have not, as yet, fully determined upon the features of our display. But rest assured that from the abun- BOSS ON MAIN TOWER OF EURO PEAN BUILDING. In the way of fruits and vegetables. The Milton country will, of course, make the largest showing in fruits. In the matter of manufactures there will be fine exhibits of flour, breakfast foods and other mlllstuffs. Indian robes and blankets, scoured wool and pressed bricks. The several breeders of pure-blooded sheep will be there with some of the fleeces grown on the range of Eastern Oregon. " Lee Moorehouse. famous for his Indian pictures, will be given a corner In the space allotted for a display of his works of art. The funds for defraying the expenses incident to making the collection and completing the exhibition of the same In Portland have been pledged jointly by the County Court and the Commercial Association of Pendleton, which latter or ganization is ever awake to" the best in tcrestsof the county in general. No definite plan of exhibiting the col lection has yet been agreed upon. All work so far has been directed to secur ing material for the exhibit. S. H. FORSHAW. Commissioner' for Collection, of Exhibit. dance of our wealth of golden cheese, butter, vegetables, fruits, grasses, grains, timber, livestock, etc., we will make a very creditable display, and In all prob ability carry off the capital prize In each line. W. W. CONDER, County Judge. UMATILLA. UMATILLA COUNTY reports good progress being made In securing products of the soil and exhibits from Its several Industries. It goes without saying that this county will be able to UNION. THE FRUIT and cereal exhibit of Union County contains a collection of fruits, comprising Crawford peaches, centennial, .Royal Ann, blng and black republican "cherries; Bartlett, Elemlsh Beauty, Idaho and Beu-e Clalrgcau pears; Hungarian. Italian, petite and sil ver prunes; greengage, peach and egg plums; apples and gooseberries: making 138 cylinders -in all. Added to this is a collection of syrups, showing the several stages of the ma terials in making sugar from the beet: (1) The Ideal sugar beatr (2) its condi tion after passing through the sllcer; (3) diffusion juice, as It first comes from the battery where the Juice Is first extracted from the ground beets; (4) the juice after Alteration and sulphuring; i5) thick juice, as it comes from the evaporators, and be fore Its final Alteration and sulphuring; (6) yard molasses, which Is the last mo lasses from the sugar, and Is Anally FRATERNAL BUILDING. 60 large Jars of very Ane peaches, grapes, plums, apricots, pears, etc.. and will have a supply of fresh fruits in season con tinually on show during the time of the Exposition. The fruit, men of that neigh borhood are very enthusiastic about the exhibition and believe that it will be a great advertisement to them. Wlille the sheep industry has been nearly driven out of this county by the graln-ralsers. we still have a few bands of sheep and C. A. Buckley, of Grass Val levi and Duncan Chlsholm. of Kent, have both promised to furnish somo good hold its own with any other county In the state in the matter of grains and vegeabfes and will not rank very far In the rear in the matter of fruits. It will also show what It Is doing In beet-raising. In this respect tne dry, sandy terri tory will be made to show what Irriga tion will make the soil produce. Weston Mountain will come In with late berries with size and taste not to be excelled anywhere. The exhibits from the wheat sections will show that the soil -will pro duce nearly all that the home requires worked by a process of osmosis to extract Its last sugar; (T) white sugar before it fas separated from the molasses and dried for sacking; (S) Anally the white and brown sugar and the refuse or beet pulp. The collection of cereals comprises 455 sheaves of grain 25 of bluestem wheat: SS of white Winter wheat; 63 of 40-fold wheat: 6S of Chile club wheat; 17 of ball barley; -23 of blue barley; 17 of club bar ley: S4 of oats. Owing to the selection of produce hav lnr commenced late- In the season, tlm- portatlon facilities, and not from lack of soil and climate that general farming is not followed largely and successfully. In no other county In the state or in any other state Is a greater diversify of cli mate to be found, nor Is there to bo found sou and conditions adapted to a greater diversity of crops. Wallowa Valley proper has an extreme length of about 45 miles. Covering the various parts of this valley have been built entirely by local .capital, at a cost of at least $100,000. irrigating ditches, which carry in excess of .75.000 inches of water. This land Is well .adapted to the growth of any kind of grain, grasses and RELIEF BUST OF CHIEF MULT NOMAH. ON TOWER OF EURO PEAN BUILDING. vegetables, while In many parts of it very superior fruit Is raised. It is up this valley on the way from Elgin, the nearest railroad point to Joseph that 99 per cent of the travelers to Wallowa Countji come and Imagine they have seen Wallowa. A more mistaken Idea could not be. By seeing only Wal lowa Valley, not the slightest conception of the vast extent and varied resources of the county, can be formed. It is re markably watered by mafiy ever-living streams from perpetual snow, glaciers and lakes of the mountains. Some of the larger of these streams, such as Imnaha River, the Shceps (Big and Little), Ches nlmnus and Joseph Creeks, flow at the bottom of mighty canyons. In which the climate Is almost semitroplcal, produc ing everything raised in Southern Cali fornia, except oranges and lemons. At the recent county fair held at Enterprise ates, almonds, English walnuts and other products not usual in this latitude were shown, having been grown on Imnaha River and Joseph Creek. Across the central and northern parts of the county extends an Immense belt of fir. pine and tamarack timber. In the mountainsto the south of the valley are found solid mountains of mar ble of various tints and colorings, which seems to be equal to Vermont or Italian: granite of at least three different shades.' very. Ane grained and sustaining a bril liant polish; limestone, which makes a lime superior in strength and whiteness. All of the above resources, and many more which 1 have not the space to enu merate, we will endeavor to exploit at Portland next year. If -we do not succeed in making an interesting exhibit, the fault will be .ours, not the country's. A. C. MILLER. WASCO. TO FURNISH a short article descrip tive of Wasco County's proposed ex hibit Is a somewhat difficult task. It has not yet been clearly settled by the Coun ty Court -Just how much Wasco County can afford to contribute out of the coun ty funds. The general interest that seems toi be Increasing In the different counties all over the state In- county exhibits at the lively and competitive Interest that Is being taken In this matter all over our state, and assure you Wasco County, from the general Interest expressed. Is not going to be found lagging behind nor lacking In a Arst-class exhibit. Wasco County Is going to make a strong effort to be In the lead In the fruit ex hibit. With that end In view, the County Court has already bought about 250 boxes of the finest apples that grew in the county this year, and now has them In cold storage to keep for tlje opening of the Fair. When you remember "Hood River is in Wasco County, and that a large part of these apples were selected with care from the orchards of that cel ebrated apple belt, you can look for an apple exhibit that means something. In addition to those from Hood River, will be apples from Mosier, The Dalles and Dufur. Later In the season The Dalles will come In with cherries, peaches, ap ricots and graphs that are going to be hard to beat. Wasco County will show Ane vegetables, grain and grasses. Lumber manufactured from the different kinds of timber in the county will be on exhibition; also wool. pose to do their share towards entertain ing them at the Exposition in Portland and when they shall call .at Baker City, going or coming. The Baker County Court has determined PACK OF CANNED SALMON On Columbia River, and Oregon Coast. 1903 Cases Columbia River (Oregon side) .244,975 Columbia River (Wash. side). 79,750 Columbia River (Fall pack)... 15.000 Oregon coast 4S.O0O Total 3S7.725 1904 Cases. Columbia River (Oregon side). 230.400 Columbia River (Wash. side). .140,300 Columbia River (Fall pack)... 38.000 Oregon coast 55,000 Total 463,700 to appropriate sufficient funda with which to make a creditable exhibit at the Fair and the commercial bodies of Baker City (Air: Bridget Donahue.) IT'S IN the County Yamhill, Just flfty miles from Fair, The prettiest women In all the world Are gathering up with care A thousand choicest samples, A collection most sublime: Just make a place In the county race. And we'll be there on time. Grain and grass from farmers. Cherries and apples red. The peach and pear will both be there. And the prune by nothing led; Hops and spuds tremendous, And honey from the hive We'll beat the squash from the State of Wash. At the Fair of NIneteen-Flve. , With cabbage and tomatoes, And sugar beets so large, ' An acre's crop without the top Would 'load an ocean barge. Horses, swine and poultry The sheep and goats we grow; This woolly flock will surely knock The socks from Idaho. With corn and wine and clover. And berries, rich and fine. And nuts to crack, we're bound to whacle Each county on the Ifne. And when the Fair is over. And victors flags unfurled. With the Ladd cows fame 'make good the claim, "Yamhill against the World." Now, If you want a home, sir, I'll tell you what to do: Arrange to toll on Yamhill soil, . And she'll take care of 5"ou. ' At last on Charon's cruiser. Hunt worlds to conquer, still. When all's complete an hell you've beat. Return to Old Yamhill. J. C. COOPER. Statuary From , St Louis Beautiful Pieces of Sculpture Given to Western Fair. ST. LOUIS has shown her good-will to Portland by presenting ' to the Fair Corporation statuary from the Louisiana Purchase Exposition by the greatest sculptors of the 20th century, valued at nearly a quarter of a million dollars. This will be placed about the grounds greatly enhancing their artistic flnish. Most striking of all is a group of cow boys by Frederic Remington, which it Is proposed to place opposite the entrance In place of the Public Shelter. Others are a group composed of Thomas Jeffer son, Meriwether Lewis and William Clark, by Lopez and Ruckstuhl; Daniel Boone, by Vaudell; Indians having a buffalo-dance, by Borgium; a resting cowboy, by Borgium; "Step -to Civiliza tion," showing the transition from Prim iUve to modern America, by Borgium; "Pioneer Seeking Shelter,"- a Ane piece by Borgium; "Four Neptunes," by Karl Bltner; "Cherokee Chief and Sioux Chief," by Bltner; buffalo and mountain lion flghting, by Borgium; "Destiny of the Red Man," by Weinman; and 12 large carved urns. WHAT GROWS ON OREGON SOIL STATE AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE WILL MAKE LIVING DISPLAY ON EXPERIMENTAL GROUND GROWING grasses, forage plants, vegetables, flowers, fruit trees will be exhibited on the experimental ground by the State Agricultural Col lege, the purpose being to demonstrate by means of growing examples the possibilities of the Oregon soil and cli mate. Every variety of- every differ ent kind of plant which contributes to the food of man or domesticated beasts will be found there, in order to make this display thoroughly repre sentative of what can be found in- an up-to-date farm. These growing crop's should be an Impressive object les- gels, three of turnips, two of fleld car rots, rape and kale. There will be upwards of 70 varie ties of vegetables best suited to the climate and soil of the Willamette Val ley. The following" varieties of vege tables will be used: Six varieties of cabbage, two of brussels sprouts, cu cumbers six, onions six, celery three, corn four, melons six, peppers three, peas six, tomatoes, six, squash six, tur nips three, cauliflower four, lettuce four, and of hqps six. There will be grown several varieties of Bohemian hops, a partion two years of age and the remainder one year, to convey an Idea as to the growth of hop3 on WII- rants, gooseberries, quinces, cherries, pears, piums, peaohes, apricots and apples. Under favorable climatic con ditions, the crops should be of much interest to outside visitors. From the department of floricultura there will be various plats Ailed with" over CO varieties of the following an nual and perennial flowers: Astors, carnations, cosmos, escholizia, holly hock, nasturtium, single and double petunias, vtrbenias, double and slngl dahlias, stocks and zinnias. There will bo a display of student work in hor ticulture, illustrating the manner of instruction. Centennial Park is in itself an ex- MACHINERY, ELECTRICITY AND TRANSPORTATION BUILDING. BUILT BY THE BUKRELL CONSTRUCTION COMPANY". son to visiting agriculturists. They will illustrate why Oregon stands out pre-eminently as a stockgrowing state. An effort will be made to eliminate everything- artificial and employ only practical cultural methods as applied to general farm conditions. The agricultural section will be de voted to the growing of various for age plants, including about a dozen varieties of the domestic grasses com monly grown In Western. Oregon, four of clover, four of fleld peas, three of vetch, alfalfa, two varieties of man- lamette Valley soil at their respec tive ages. There have been planted a number of varieties of choice orchard and small fruits. Many of these though only-one year out, will be fruiting: An other point will be to give an example of PaciAc Coast methods in training orchard and garden plants. While no one expects to see a fully-rown or chard at an -exposition. It will be a feature to seer a real young one bear ings its first crop of fruit, from rasp berries and blackberries through cur- hlbit of the wealth of trees and flow ers which Oregon produces. It wasHaid out by the greatest landscape artist in the United States with a view to mak ing1 the most of. the natural scenic beauty of the site. On the. crest of the hill at the south end I a great bed of roses of every variety. Extending from this point Is a network of roads and paths winding among" the grassy slopes, which are thickly dotted wlth trees and shrubs, both evergreen and deciduous, of 36 varieties, all native to the Oregon country.